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Geryka Fortunato
January 25, 2016

What is the problem/topic?

If you were to choose between two different
types of farming where your food will come
from, would you go for organic or stay
Organic and conventional farming are the two
of the main farming strategies in the world
today which provides food for hungry mouths,
and feed for animals on their way to
Organic farming focuses on growing foods the
natural way - no pesticides to prevent food from
rotting fast, no food additives, and doesnt use
fast-growing hormones on crops, which makes
organic foods grow slower and more difficult
for the laborers and the crops are sold at a
higher price.
Meanwhile, conventional farming is the
opposite. It uses pesticides on their crops to
prevent them from rotting quickly, use fastgrowing hormones because they have millions
of stomachs to fill, and conventionally-grown
crops are usually less expensive.
Today in the agricultural world, it is debated
whether or not to go organic or stay
conventional but it is up to the consumer to
choose which type of farming they want their
food to come from.

Organic farming is known for its better and

healthier way of producing food where consumers can
give and receive benefits from purchasing it. For
example, Organic farming is designed to conserve
soil and water conservation and also reduce pollution.
Farmers that produce organic foods dont use
conventional ways to fertilize and control weeds. They
usually use natural fertilizers for feeding soil and crop
rotation for managing weeds. (Mayo Clinic Staff,
2014). This means that the environment is becoming
better because of organic farming and helps reduce
pollution and drought in the world. In addition,
because of these organic ways/practices being done, it
is clearly seen that organically grown foods are treated
with respect and organic farmers let the crops to take
their time to grow normally.
According to another source, organic produce
is healthier than conventional because if organic food
is consumed, there is a big chance that the food has
less to no pesticides and insecticides on it and still get
the same amount of nutrients people get when a
conventionally grown one is eaten (Lippert, 2011).
This shows that by eating organic, it can benefit the
body and the consumer knows that what they are
eating is safer for them. Moreover, even though
organic foods dont really offer more nutrients than
conventional ones, staying away from pesticideinfused foods is better. Thus, the combined evidence
provides us with a better understanding that by
choosing foods that are organically produced, you are
not only benefiting yourself, but also the world around

What is causing the issue?

What are the impacts to the environment?

Picking between organic or conventionally

grown foods can definitely create a debate between
people, whether it concerns the cost or how beneficial
it is for the consumers. For example, The demand for
organic food is mostly in developed countries. More
consumers are willing to pay for the high price of
organic foods because it is clean and safe to eat.
(Lester, 2006). This means that people are buying high
priced foods for the sake of their health. Also, more
and more people are starting to buy organic foods and
raises up the food cost, considering the tough labor and
expensive farming practices which farmers have to go

Conventional and organic farming has a big

impact on the environment. For example,
Conventional farming can cause water and soil
pollution. The use of agrochemicals in conventional
farming may cause soil and land degradation. It may
also cause climate change because of chemical
fertilizers and the use of pesticides. Because of mass
production, it may cause the loss of biodiversity from
growing too much single food varieties. (Sustainable
Table, n.d.). This shows how much impact
conventional farming can make to our surroundings.
This reveals that conventional farming is harmful to
the environment and shows that it provides more
negative than positive things to it.

Another example is, It still is not proven that

organic produce is healthier than conventional but
there are reasons why people are starting to avoid
conventional produce. (Lippert, 2011). This shows
that there isnt enough evidence to support the claim
that organic foods are more nutritious than
conventional ones. However, people are still going for
organic more than conventional because information
about conventional foods containing tons of pesticides
is known to harm human health. Looking at both of
these pieces of evidence, they provide us with a better
understanding that organic foods are slowly working
its way up to the top of the market and may even beat
conventional foods very soon because they are
naturally grown and safer to consume.

On the other hand, organic farming is very

friendly to the environment. It prohibits the use of
pesticides, which lessens air pollution. The
management relies on the field or habitat itself and
rejects the use of synthetic agrochemicals and
genetically engineered foods or ingredients (Organic
Farming Research Foundation, 2015). This means that
organic farming is nicer to the environment because it
doesnt use toxic chemicals that can go into the air and
harm the oxygen we breathe. In addition, the
prohibited use of pesticides and chemicals that
shouldnt be in our food makes it obvious those foods
which come from this type of farming are safer to eat.
Both of these pieces of evidence show us what
conventional and organic farming does to our
environment and the world we live in.

What are the impacts to personal health?

A persons health is affected by what is
consumed and impacts it greatly. For example, eating
organic foods do not provide more nutrients or other
vitamins from eating it, which is similar to
conventional foods. But, consumers reduce their
exposure to toxic chemicals given by pesticides on
conventional foods by choosing to go for organic ones
(Sustainable Table, n.d.). This reveals that choosing
organic over conventional would be better for ones
body because of toxic and chemical prevention.
Furthermore, organic foods are less likely to contain
pesticide residues than conventional foods which make
it safe to consume.
According to another source, organic produce
is better for the health since there are no harmful
chemicals consumed from eating them. Conventional
produce, however, isnt very ideal since almost all of
them have been coated with pesticide (Lippert, 2011).
This shows that organics are safer since farmers
prohibit spraying pesticides, which is detrimental to
the body. Moreover, toxic chemicals used in
conventional farming can be very critical to a persons
health, since theyre not supposed to be consumed but
are on conventional products. These two evidences
show us how organic and conventional products affect
our health positively and negatively.

What are current solutions?

As of right now, there are current solutions that
have been done concerning organic and conventional
farming. For example, like what the farmers had been
doing, using all natural fertilizers, no spraying of
pesticides and not using additives in order to not harm
crops is a step towards a better and safer world (Pitts,
1998). This means that continuing the organic
practices of farmers and serving organically produced
foods is a good start for solving a big problem our
world is facing today, which concerns the well-being
of people. In addition, keeping this way of organic
farming can lessen health problems and help the
environment to be healthier.
Another example from a different source is to
change the agricultural business to organic farming,
which might end world hunger (Sustainable Table,
n.d.). This shows that it is not impossible that organic
foods can feed the whole world. Moreover, the organic
practices, such as using less energy, having less air
pollution (pesticides and gas emissions), and
maintaining biodiversity, are solutions that will take
time to be implemented and feed the world
organically. These evidences show that we are
currently going towards the right track - trying to make
a difference in the world by making organic farming
and produce more known for our healths sake.

What are new solutions?

There are a few new solutions for organic
farming, since conventional farming is trying to be
eliminated because of its harmful ways. For example,
making more products organic-style will help people
get used to it and eventually consume healthier foods
(Science for all, 2008). This means that having 0rganic
be more dominant over conventional is better for
everyone because of the benefits it provides. Also,
having more organic products will help give a safer
place for everyone and prevent them from consuming
foods that could make them sick.

Another solution is going towards Developing

biological diversity in farming for replenishment of
soil fertility (Organic Farming Research Foundation,
2015). This reveals that organic farming helps the
environment to have more varieties of foods to grow
and for consumers to choose from. Moreover, organic
farmers try to prevent the soil from being harmed with
damaging chemicals and still offer, grow, and meet
consumersdemands. The combined evidence provides
us with a better understanding of how there are new
solutions being put into action right now and more to
come in the future in order to have better agricultural
and marketing strategies thatll make our lives easier
and healthier in the coming years.

To sum it all up, organic and conventional

farming has had a huge impact on our lives, since we
receive our food from either one or both of these types
of farming. Both organic and conventional are known
throughout the world and it depends on personal
preference whether people choose one over the other.
The environment is greatly affected by both organic
and conventional farming, but organic helps it be
better while conventional is hurting it. Both farming
strategies also affect how a community is determined.
It can go either way - organic (higher cost but
healthier) or conventional (less expensive but may be
critical to the health). Current and new solutions such
as having organic farming and produce becoming
more known locally and globally is the key to a better,
safer and healthier world. Our lives would have been
different today if only organic or conventional farming


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