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Nwac Sis Report 2010 Lite

Nwac Sis Report 2010 Lite

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Published by tehaliwaskenhas
What Their Stories Tell Us: Research findings from the Sisters In Spirit initiative
What Their Stories Tell Us: Research findings from the Sisters In Spirit initiative

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Published by: tehaliwaskenhas on Apr 21, 2010
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10/25/2011

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In looking at the outcomes in cases of missing and murdered Aboriginal women and girls,
NWAC also wanted to identify if there was a difference in clearance rates by province or
territory. Table 1 identifies the clearance rate by provinces in cases of homicide.

Table 1: Clearance Rates by Province, 2010

Province or Territory

Cleared by
charge

Cleared
by suicide

Cleared
otherwise*

Not
cleared

Unknown

British Columbia

47.0%

49.0%

4.0%

Alberta

42.3%

9.0%

42.3%

6.4%

Saskatchewan

78.4%

21.6%

Manitoba

51.6%

1.6%

45.3%

1.6%

Ontario

51.8%

3.6%

41.1%

3.6%

Quebec

56.3%

6.3%

6.3%

31.3%

New Brunswick

50.0%

50.0%

Nova Scotia

40.0%

60.0%

Newfoundland and
Labrador

66.7%

33.3%

Yukon

75.0%

25.0%

Northwest Territories

62.5%

12.5%

25.0%

Nunavut

93.3%

6.7%

Outside Canada

66.7%

33.3%

Total

53.2%

3.3%

0.3%

39.4%

3.8%

Source: Calculations by NWAC using data from the Sisters In Spirit (SIS) database, 2010.

*refers to cases where a charge was laid, but not for homicide (e.g. a charge of assault)

While the overall clearance rate is low, there are some provinces or territories that stand out as
having higher clearance rates than the national average. Notably, all known cases in
Newfoundland and Labrador have been cleared, either by charge or suicide of the offender. The
Territories have a higher than average clearance rate, with 93% of cases in Nunavut and 75% of
cases in the Yukon cleared by charge. In the Northwest Territories, 62% of cases are cleared by a
charge and an additional 13% are cleared by suicide, resulting in an overall clearance rate of
75%. Based on reports of higher levels of family violence in the northern territories, it seems
likely that the higher clearance rates in these regions may reflect that is is generally easier to lay
charges when the offender is someone close to the victim (e.g. a partner or family member)
versus an acquaintance or stranger. What is of interest, however, is the clearance rate in
Saskatchewan which boasts a high (by comparison) rate of 78% of cases cleared by a charge.

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