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Mid semester presentation at IIT Kharagpur, Department Of Aerospace Engineering

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For Predicting

Radiant Heat Transfer

Mid Semester Presentation

23rd September,2015

Rajibul Alam

GUIDE

Dr. Ratan Joarder

Department Of Aerospace Engineering

IIT Kharagpur

Why?

There is a solver already to solve Navier-Stoke equation. In the

present solver, heat transfer term present on the right hand side

consists of conduction and convection heat transfers only.

How ever there are several cases like combustion chamber,

reentry vehicle etc. where radiation heat transfer is not

negligible.

In such cases it becomes necessary to predict radiant heat

transfer correctly to save shielding material.

What?

Finite volume method used for other cases gives satisfactory

results.

philosophy and even if it uses same computational grid as the

solver already existing to solve the Navier-Stoke equation.

introduce radiation term, finite volume method is used.

How?

Radiative Transfer Equation

Radiative Transfer Equation is obtained which is given as

dI

( K S ).I ( KI b S I )

ds

Where,

I (r , s )

1

I ( r , s ' ) ( s , s ' ) d '

(1)

(2)

applying divergence theorem yields the desired integral equation

which is

S

S

I

(

s

.

n

)

dA

d

(

K

)

I

KI

I ]dVd

S

b

S

AS

within

that leaves through all surfaces of the volume is

exactly balanced by the excess, within the volume, of

inscattering and emission over outscattering and absorption.

The objective of the finite volume method is to find

,the

intensity at each node P associated with each discrete bundle

An algebraic equation for

is obtained by introducing

approximations into equation (3).

With such an approximation, right hand side of the equation

becomes

VP

l

[( K S ) I KI b S I ] dV d [( K P P ) I Pl K P I bP

P I lP ]VP l

S

(4)

no of elementary surface panels . Denoting radiant heat

transfer through each panel as

, the integrated equation

becomes ,

Nf

Nf

Q A I

f 1

l

f

f 1

S, f

( s.n f ) d [( K P PS ) I Pl K P I bp PS I Pl ]V l

(5)

Level 2 approximation:

Relations are required between intensity at integration point f

and intensity at the node P.

Here ray is traced back to the point uf where intensity can

easily found by the interpolation of nodes.

point f and putting it back in the basic equation

gives,

Q AS , f I e

l

f

l

uf

k f S

N AS , f R 1 e

l

f

l

f

k f S

l

f

AS , f

kf

(1 e

k f S

R l

(1 k f S )) ( ) f D ljf

j 1 x j

3

(6)

Where,

k K S and R ( KI b S I ) / k

and N lf l ( s.n)d , D ljf l (e j .s ) ( s.n f ) d

scattering, the value of R at a node for all solid angle becomes

equal to the average intensity at that node which is also equal

to the black body radiation at that node.

i.e.

R RP I aP I bP

l

P

I ( r , s ' ) d '

is solved.

and emissivities respectively enclosing a scattering emitting

medium and in radiative equilibrium.

Finding the heat transfer on the two surfaces above and below a

Given node P, which are designated as North node and South node

and putting these values in equations (5) & (6) , gives a relation,

a Pl I Pl aSl I Sl a Nl I Pl bPl

(7)

meanings.

intensities at different nodes are found ,sweeping upward till

the second last node.

With that intensity, heat transfer from the upper plate is

determined .

on the upper surface is also calculated with the diffuse surface

boundary condition which is given by

l

l

Q

I

T

S

T

s l .e3 0

intensity on the upper surface.

This cycle is repeated till two consecutive values of intensities at

any node have difference more than 0.000001. [ 10^(-6) ]

The value of R is then iterated till the two successive values of

heat transfer on either plate have difference more than 0.0001

[10^(-4)]

A program is written in FORTRAN95 for the

above problem. Though the program runs

without any error, but desired accuracy is not

achieved yet.

References:

1) A Finite volume Method for Predicting a Radiant

Heat Transfer in Enclosures With Participating

Media- G. D. Raithby & E. H. Chui

2) Finite Volume Method for Radiation Heat Transfer

-John C. Chai , HaeOk S. Lee & Suhas V. Patankar

3)NUMERICAL MODELING AND ANALYSIS OF HEAT

TRANSFER IN SEMITRANSPARENT :JEDIA WITH

COMBINED RADIATION AND CONDUCTION

-ZIRONG HU

4) RADIATION HEAT TRANSFER IN COMBUSTION SYSTEMS

-R. VISKANTA and M. P. MENGD

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