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$ gRi[aSRV ssVM

$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV
s[aRP*LRi xqsLizy
@R xmsRsWsyRVM
sVVs xmsaRP sLRissVV
$ gRi[aSRVssVM $ gRiVLRiV[ssVM e $ xqsLRixqs*Q\ssVM e @R bPsxmsoLS[ xmsRsW
s[aRP*LRi xqsLizy FyLRi[ e
ARLiRsVLigRi sVR xqssWs ssWLRiLi RdsVaRP sVLSsVLRi sWR[ssV e
xmsLiyssLi xms xmsLiRs[RbdPLi xqsLis[V sVszqs aRPLiNRPLRisVLiZNP[aRPsV ee 1
yxqs DyR e
RLRiQZOP[Q [ sVZOP[Q [ gRiLigSNSLij xqsLigRis[V e xmsRWlgi[ xmsLRis[V xmso[ x[NRPxqs
sLRiQs ee 2
sVVsRVaRP+LizqsyRs xqs=RsR xmsLSRVM e sVxr sVgS sVxqsRLi
s[slLi[ ee 3
$ gRi[aRPVsNRPV ssVryLRisVV. $ gRiVLRiVsoNRPV ssVryLRisVV. $ xqsLRixqs*NTP
ssVryLRisVV. BxmsoRV bPsxmsoLSsVV sLiRV sVVRj RVWgRi s[aRP*LRi xqsLizR
ALRiLiLixmsRVRVsj.

aRPLiNRPLRiVRV Aj[, @LiRsVV[, sVR RVLiRV NRPWR sVLigRi xqs*LRiWxmsoRV. ARVs][


xqssV\sVs RRQ*sVV FsNRPRsW [RV. ARVsNRPV ss sVLRisVVV [so. gRi` xqsXztsQ,
zqs, RV, L][ys, @sVgRixsVVs[ @LiVVRV NRPLRisV ARVs xqsVyRWxqssVVgS
[RVVsV. ARVs HRV sVVsVVV gRiyRV. @ xqsLRi*ZaP[xtsvRgRiV, gRikaRPV\s
@LiNSxmss sVsxqsV=[ ysLiRsV (1).
yxqsVRV BV xmsZNPsVc
RLRisVVsNRPV g]xms ZOP[Q RsVV, gRiLigS RVsVVy xqsLigRisVryssVV, x[NRPsWLRisVV,
xmsLRisV xmsoxmsRsVV sgRiV xmsRWgRi ZOP[Q RsVVsLiRV(2), [LijRVVV, xqsRsVVsV
sRsVVgS FyLiRVyLRiV, g]xms [aS+VLRiV, sVRVV sgRiV sVVsVV sV
xqsRRWgRisVVsV @sVztsQLiLji (3).
RR xqsRLi xqssWNRPLRiQ yxqs bPu sVsVVsM e AgSsV sVVsLRiQxtsvLi xqsWRM
FLSN][RsVM ee 4
RLi RXuy*xqsWR sWRWLiRLi xL<jiy sVVsRVxqsy e [Rry xqsVxmsxqss[s xmspLi
RNRPVLRiysjee 5
R][ ssRV xqsLiRVVNSM FyRVry=LiRVaRP [ e xqsVxmsxqsy sVRsM xqsVLi
NRPXy* RVysj ee 6
L][sVxL<Ri xqsLRi* ys \s gRig_LRiy` e xmsoLS sysVLi yry`
xmsRLRidsVLiVVys ee 7
Rry yaRPLRiWyyLi NRPyyLi R*Li z ssV e LRiyy sVVLRiVryLSLi
LRiRNRPLRi ByLRisM ee 8

yxqsVs bPxtsvRV, xmsoLSs[R[ ZaP[xtsvRV sgRiV xqsWRsVsVVs @R xqsRRWgRisVV


LRiVgRiVRVsRs ss, RWRVNRPV s[|qssV (4). xqsWRsVxL<ji sRVRVLiRgS RWs
sVVsVV y xqsLiRzqsLi, sVNTP xmsxqsssVgRiV sVsxqsV=][, aSrQQ NRP sjgS ARVssV
xmspLiLji (5). RLRiVyR A sVRVgRiV VVxtsvV ssRVsVV][ ][zqs VVgji.
sVNTP xmsxqsssVgRiV sVsxqsV=][ ARVssV xqsVLiLji, BsLji (6). J L][sVxL<Ri*!
dsso xqsLRi*Rso. dsgRisVV g]xmsj RVgRiV[ yxqssVxL<ji sR sVLiT xmsoLS
sRsV xqsLixmspLRisVVgS F~LijRVVLis (7). @LiRVsss[, g]xms sV\ss LRiRsVVNRPV
xqssVVRsVV ANRPLRi\sVsV, sxqsRVsVVsV NRPgjiLiRV gSRNRPV dsso sjs @LiVVs (8).
______________________________________________
* xqsWRVs xmsoLS gSRsV ss a][RNRPV gRigRiVLSV NRPlgiTj. NSs ARVsNRPV
L][sVxL<RiVRV @sV }msLRiV NRPlgisV.
RVR WRLi R sLi R RVysR*xqsV sLRi[ e s R*RWssjRLi NTPLi` xtsv
[ZNP[xtsv sR[ ee 9
R*Li sVjxtsQ saSRxqs RLRi+yLRi sVgRiRM e NRPVLRi*s NTPsVzms sM ZaP[W s sXy gRiLiRV
sVL>Rizqs ee 10
RRQ*Li aRPVRLi xqs sM xqsLRi*Li xmspLRi*s[Vs aRPVaRPVsV e s RXzms sVjgRiysVM
aRPs[y sVxLRiVxM ee 11
Byds s[VNRPs[Vyzqs a][RsLi xqsWR xqss[ e RRxxqs sVzms Wz RVj
[ ssVgRix[ # s[` ee 12
Fy}ms NRPRVVlgi[ |mnsWlLi[ sLSM xmso ssLjiyM e RVLSyLRi LRiyxqs=lLi[* xqsR yLS
xmsLSVM ee 13

xmsLSxmsyR sLRiyM xmsLRiRyztsQM e xmsLRi{qsQxqsNRP sVsxqsM xmsLRizLiry xmsLSRVMee 14


Ljigjisj gSs, LRiVgRi[[Vj gSs dsNRPV RVs sXyLiRsVV, [NRP sxqsVso
sVV[NRPsVV[ GjRVW [RV (9). dsso y gRisaRPsVVs RWgRisVVsV RWRVNRPV
BRNRPV s[zqss. sWNRPV G][ INRP ZaP[RVxqsV= **sV NRPgjiLiRNRPVLiy dsso sXygS
sVLRiFLSRV (10). s[VsVLiRNRPV sVVLiRV aRPVaRPVsVVgRiV RRQ*sVVsV gRiVLjiLi ss
RVVssW, sWNRPV RXzms NRPVgRi[RV. sVLRi sVLRi sssss[ N][LjiNRP NRPVgRiVRVsj
(11). JxqsWy! dsso xqsRVj+gRiyRso. s[VsVxmsVRV ssRgjisj INRP[V gRiRV.
@j LRixxqss[V NSsRVsV. @LiVVssW, dsNRPV sW RVLiRsVgRixsVVs][, yss
sWNRPV xmsVsVV (12).RVLiNRPLRisVgRiV NRPRVVgRisVV LSgSs[, sWssoV @LiRLRiV
xmsoRWLRiVgRiVRVLRiV. yLRiV RVLSyLRisVV LiRV {ms gRiyLRiV, xqsRyNRPsVV sLiRV
aRPR [syLRiV (13). Fss[ BRLRiVsV sLijLiRVyLRiV, BRLRiV RssVVs
NSaRPxmsRVyLRiV, xmsLRi{qsQ RVLiRV gRiQQ\sVs sVsxqsV= gRiyLRiV, BRLRiVsV
zLizqsLiRV[V xmsysNRPXRsVVgS gRiyLRiV @gRiVRVLRiV (14).
[R RXxtsQRW sVWy yzqsNSM xmsaRPVVRRVM e sWRXzmsRX NRPXR [*uyM {qsQ [yM
NSsVNTPLiNRPLSM ee 15
sFy [ gRixgRiry s[R sNRPRV ssM e RyLRiyLRi sVxqs sy sVR ssWzyM
ee 16
RQQNRP xqs* NRPLSM FyRVaRPM xmsLRisLiRNSM e NS xqsLiRRW {y x[R
ssLjiyM ee 17
@RRWM xmsLiTRLi sVy ry=Q*yLRi sR[xmsNSM e NRPXxtsvRsVLRiyM NRPWLRixqs*y
sVyaRPRWM ee 18

ORPQ RWaRP Ry xqslLi[* xqs*RLRiygRi bdPsM e @xqsR=LigSM FyxmsLRiy syLRi


xmsLSRVM ee 19
@aRPWLS @LRi {msyM xmsRVs xmsLSRVM e NRPV_LRi sXRRVaRPW+yM NSsVNTPLiNRPLRi[R
xqsM ee 20
sWssoV [xs[V ARRVsV sVWLRi RXztsQ gRiy\lLi, yzqsNRPVgRiVRVLRiV. xmsaRPVso s
Vj{sV\, RRLiRVsV [*ztsQLi, {qsQsV [gRiryRssVVVgS sLiRVy\lLi,
NSsVsVVsNRPV sxqs gRiVRVLRiV (15). xVV [sVV @s[ RVsVV
As[bPLiRV[, s[RsVVsV sNRPLiVVLi RssVVsV xqsLiFyjLiRVLRiV. yLRiV RssVVsV
xqsLiFyjLiRV N]LRi\ZNP sRsV s[Lji, AgRiLRi*sVV][ I RVNRP DLiRVLRiV (16) RsV
NTP xqsLiLijLis NRPLRisV dsT, RLRiRVgS BRLRiVsV sWxqsgjiLiRLRiV. sVWRV
NSsVV RVLiRV xqsLiysLiRssVVsV ARLjiLiRLRiV. yLji[ xssVV aRPWssVV
(17). yLjiNTP RRWgRiVsVV DLiRRV. ysVV xmsLiTRVsVsV @xLiNSLRisVVsV
NRPgjiRVVLiRVLRiV. yLji RVLiRV bdPsVV, sRsVV [zmsLiRVsV. ssryRVsVVsV
[RVV RVLiRV {ms NRPgji, NRPWLRisVgRiV xqs*ssVV, RVxtsQVj NRPgjiRVVLiRVLRiV (18).
@[ sRsVVgS, ORPQ RVVLiRLRiV xqs*RLRisVVsV sRy[ xqs*ssVVsV NRPRVVLiRVLRiV.
RVxtsv xqsxyxqssVV][ FyxmssVV yRLjiLiRLRiV. syLRisVV sLiRV
ssVgRiVgRiVRVLRiV (19). afLRisVV [sy\lLi, RVVRsVV sLiRV @LRiVs g][[LiVV,
FyLjiFso RVLiRV {ms NRPgjiRVVLiRVLRiV. RVxtsv\, ][LRiV\, NSsVsVVsNRPV sxqs\
sLiRLRiV (20).
aRPryQxqsQ sRRW {y [sV sFys[ yM e aRPLRiss {yaRP NSsVsW
sVXgSxqs=y ee 21

xmsFys xqsRLRi s{y [gRiRRLSM e xmsxqsLiLRiNS RVuy szLixqsNRPLS sVVy


ee 22
\saSxqs=LiryLRi{y}qs
NRPLRiNRPVsXRRVM ee 23

xqs*RLRiygRibdPsMe

NRPVxmsyM

ry*LRisLRiyxqsV

gRiVLRiV[s j*dyLi NTP{yM NRPVVRRVM e @[R j*M FyRVM NRPXxms R


sVVxtsQRVM ee 24
_____________________________________________
** ZaP[RVxqsV= @sV xmsRsVVsNRPV sWORPQsVV @s RVLRisVV. sWORPQsVV ARLiNRP
ZaP[RVxqsV=. ys NRPLi RNRPVs xmnssVV RVLiRV NRPWR ZaP[RVaRP+sVV
xmsWgjiLixmsRsRVsV.
+ xqs` @sgS xmsLRisWR @sV @LRisVV NRPWR gRiRV.
NSsVds LRis[xtsv xqsVLRiy sVyaRPRWM e [sWx s[RryM xmspLSj xqsVsXu
yM ee 25
sVLjiRVV yLRiV aRPryQxqsQ sR sLRiVLigRiLRiV. g][sosV, xVsV LRiOTPQLi[
RLRisVVsV sTRLRiV. aRPLRiV s yss LRiOTPQLiRLRiV. xqsLRi*NSsVV[ xmsaRPVso s
NSsVds {qsQ][ xqsLi[gjiLiRLRiV (21). xmssV LRiOTPQLiRV @s[ g]xms RLRisVVsV
FyLiRLRiV. [gRixqsV\, RVxtsv\, xmssV xqsLixLjiLiRLRiV. AsLiRsVV][
szLixqssV [|qsRLRiV (22). \saRPVV xqsLiryLRisVVV [sy\lLi xqs*RLRisVVsV dsRV
xqs*ssVVsV NRPRVVLiRVLRiV. yLRiV RxmsVyLji[ sTRLRiV. RWNRPsVV[ sWxqssVV
[zqs RssVVsV xqsLiFyjLiRV[ {mss NRPgji RVVLiRVLRiV (23). RVLRiVRVgRiV dsLjiNTP
gRiVLRiVso RVLiRV, [sR RVLiRV, xV RVLiRV NTP DLiRRV. yLji[ y

sVLij [V\, zmsTNTP gjiLiRVN]s, xVNRPV [ssVVsV |msLRiV (24). s[aRP


RVW LRiVgRiV sV\, sVsxXRRVsVVgRiVRVLRiV. [sVV [RsV, @ssVV
[RsV Ts Vj gRiy\lLi, sWRVV Rs*LiRV, sV FyLiRV sVVRgRiV
xmsoNSLRisVVsV RLiRLRiV (25).
RR*RWyaRP [V ZNP[` xyLRi RRLSM e D*NRPXRW sVWyM
xqs*RLRi ygRibdPsM ee 26
xmsNRPW syLSaRP NRPV j*RWxtsQNSM e RssLiRM NRPVNRPLS[ sysLi][ syjsM
ee 27
xqsVWuyNRPXRW RLiM xqsVyyL][ sVsVyM e sFyks }qssNSs sVy*
sVssWy sLi xmsVsV ee 28
xqs*RLRi LRizy sVWyxqs=LiNRPLSM NRPWLRiVRRVM e sVsWs[ sRLi
RRVLRi*LRis[xmsNSM ee 29
@[ sRsVVgS, aRPWRVV N]LiRLRiV xV AyLRisVV[ aRPRsV RW|msRLRiV.
sVWRVgRiV yLRiV xmsNSbPLi[ s[xtsQsVVsV RLjiLi, xqs*RLRisVVsV dsRV xqs*ssVVsV
NRPgjiRVVLiRVLRiV (26). yLRiV NRPVV\lLi, RLRi sLRiVRsVgRiV A[RyxqsLRi NRPgji,
xVsV RWztsQLiRVLRiV. yLji[ RssLiRVV RxmsV xmssVsV [|qsRLRiV.
sysLiRVV yRsyRsVV[ FysVRVLiRVLRiV (27). yLRiV sV\ss
@LiNSLRisVVsV RLjiLiRVy\lLi, ysVV [}qs RLRiNSLRisVVNRPV sLjisgS
xmsyLRisVVsRLRiV. yLji[ ysbdPsVV gRiyLRiV y gRiLji*RV\ RVVLiRVLRiV.
xVsV RsV }qssNRPVVgRisV, RsVsV ysVV xmsVsoV gRisV sLiRVLRiV (28).
yLRiV sVWRV\, xqs*RLRisVVsV dsT, NRPWLRisVgRiV sVsxqsV= NRPgjiRVVLiRVLRiV. sVLjiRVV,

xqsLRi*y @xLiNSLRisVVsV NRPgjiRVVLiRVLRiV. C dLRiVs yV sLRisVV yLRiV


xqs*RLRisVVsV dsTRVVLiRVLRiV (29).
zqsQRVaRP FyRVa][ uy LRiQss NSLjiNSM e aRP*aRPVLRi][x NSLji[ sLRiRW
sVyaRPyM ee 30
NRPVsssLRiyM NRPVbdPM xqs*LRisx*M e LRixqsLigRiLRiy sRLi xqs*ry*sV
ssVVxqsy ee 31
RsRW sWRXzms][aRP NTP{y RVLSaRPRWM e @syFyhRiNS sRLi L][gRigRizqsR
[xNSM ee 32
G[uyLi sxtsQVkyLi xqs*RLRi ygRibdPysV e xmsLRi[ZNP[ {msx [ZNP[ NRPRLi xqsWR
gRiLRis[` ee 33
B LiyNRPVLi RLi RV[ xqsRRLi z sM e xmsL][xmsNSLRi xqsRXa][ yzqs RL][xmsLRiM
VV ee 34
xmnsVWFy[Vs [V\suyLi # s[` xqs][xmnsV yaRPssV e xqsLRi* zqsyLiR sRQ*Li z
NRPXxmsRW RR*yRVy ee 35
{qsQ[ @jNRPVV xmsRV @gRiVRVLRiV. LRisV @ssWssVV [|qsRLRiV. sWsVNRPV
][xsVV R|msRLRiV. RVsVVsV dsT, RVxtsQsVgRiV ALRisVVsV {qs*NRPLjiLiRLRiV(30).
RV sssVVsV xmsRLji+LiRLRiV. bdPsVVsV dsT, NSsVyxsVV gRiy\lLi,
sRsVV xmsLRixmsoLRiVxtsv][ [gjiLiRLRiV. RsV LRiRVLiRV @sVLSgRisVV [NRPRVVLiRVLRiV
(31). N]RVNRPVV RRLiRV RVLiRV NTP [sy\lLi, RVxtsQVj NRPgji, RV RRVsoV
RjsRLRiV. yLji [xsVVV xqsLRi*y L][gRisVV][ sLiTRVVLiRVsV (32).J xqsWy!

syaRPsVV Lijs Vj NRPgji, xqs*RLRisVVsV ds[ xqs*ssVV gRi dsLjiNTP C [NRPsVV[,


sVLjiRVV xmsLRi[NRPsVV[ GsV gRixmsVsV? (33). sWNRPV C sxtsQRV\sV sVsxqsV=[ LiR
sRsVV NRPVgRiVRVsj. xmsL][xmsNSLRisVV][ xqssV\sVs sVRLRisVV [RV gRiy! (34).
dsLjiNTP bdPxmnsVsVVgS FyxmssVVV ]gjiF[V [NRP DFyRVs[Vj dsso zqsyLiRsVV
ssds VLjiLigjisyRso. NSs RRV][ Bxmso[ A DFyRVsVVsV xmsVsVV (35).
yxqs DyR e
ByNRPLRiQ sR}qsuyLi sVVdsyLi syRysV esVsry aRPLiNRPLRiLi xqsQXy* xqsWRM
FyR ysVdss ee 36
B $\ZaPs[ sVxmsoLS[ s[aRP*LRi xqsLizyRWLi sVVs xmsaRP sLRisLi ysV
xmsRsW syRVM (1)
yxqsVTV xmsZNPsVc
xmssRsVgRiV @LiRMNRPLRisVV gRi A sVVsV C xmsVNRPVsV ss, xqsWRVRV sVsxqsV=[
aRPLiNRPLRiVs xqsLjiLi, A sVVsV][ sssV.
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[s s[aRP*LRi xqsLizR RVLiRV sVVs xmsaRP sLRissVV @sV
sVVR @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj.

@R j*dWsyRVM
bPsxmsoLS xmsLjiRRVsVV
xqsWR DyR e

ryRV xmsXxtsQLi ryR[ s|q^s#Q[NRP zRNSLRiNRPsV e gRiVLRiVLi xqsQXy* s[=Q R*QZOP[Q


RRQXVyRLS` ee 1
s[yLiR ryLRi xqsLRi*xqs*Li xmsoLSLi \ZaPssVVRsVsV e xqsLS*xmns|mnsWyLRiNRPLRiLi xmsLRiR xmsLRisWLRiRsV ee
2
NRPNRPxtsQ sR*Lizqs RVzqss bPsRVaRPM xmsLRisV e sXLi# [ xqsy sFyaRPRVLRi*LRi xmnsxmsRsV ee 3
RryRRVs sW[ xmsoLSxqs j*[RsWM e xqsL][*RsVxqs \ZaPsxqs [ RWxqsLi xqsVxqsRsV
ee 4
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsVc
J ryRVsoLS! dsVNRPV, sVV[NRPsVVNRPV zRsVVsV NRPgjiLi[ RVVNRPsVgRiV xmsaRPsV @TgjiLji.
gRiVLRiVsosV xqsLjiLi, dsV RVLiR \sVss |msRsV gSs, ARLRisVV][ ssVRV (1).
bPsxmsoLSsVV sLiRV DxmssxtsQy=LRisVLiRRVW gRiRV. Bj DRsV\sVs xmsoLSsVV. xqsLRi*
FyxmsLSaRPV sVLiT sWsso sVRLjiLi, [xygSsLiRLRisVV xmsLRisV xmsoLRiVuyLRisVgRiV sWORPQsVV
sRVsV (2). J sxmsoLS! ks RVLiRV NRP][xtsQsVVsV syaRPsVV [RVVsRVV, RLSLRi
NSsVsWORPQsVVs[ yV xmsoLRiVuyLRisVVsV BRVsRVV, xqsL][*RQXxtsQ\sVs bPsos NUPLji @LiR
sXLiLi RVVLiRVsV(3). J x[RsVVLS! C xmsoLSsVVsV @RRVssVV [zqssLiR
sWys, sWssoV xqsLRi*ZaP[xtsvRgRiV bPsNRPVRV F~Li[ DRsVgRis F~LiRgRiLRiV (4).
ysj*XLi# [ FyxmsLi xxy xmsoLRixqs=LRisV e RWssxmsoLSLi z[[xtsQ gRiRx[
ee 5
ys sVx[yyM xqsLiRLjixtsQLi sLRiRWM e RWssxmsoLSLi z[[xtsQ gRiRx[
ee 6
ysR=LS* aSryQ ssRLi xmsLRixqsLRisV e RWss xmsoLSLi z [[xtsQ gRiRx[ ee 7

ysR=Q*LRiWxmsLi RVL][RLi bPsxqs sVxysVzms e RWss xmsoLSLi z [[xtsQ gRiRx[


ee 8
bPsxmsoLSsVV [NRPsVV[ xmsyLRisVVsV F~LiRVsLiRsLRiNRPV sWRs[V xxyj FyxmssVVV
xmsRVVLiRVsV. GsV AaRPLRisVV! (5). bPsxmsoLSsVV [NRPzmsRVsVV NSsLiRsLRiNRPV sWRs[V,
|mnsWLRisxmsRVV sLSLiNRPsVVgS xqsLisLiRVsV(6).bPsxmsoLSsVV yRLRi F~LiRsLiR sLRiNRPV
sWRs[V, aSxqsQsVVsRVW INRPys][ NRP F xmsRVRVLiRVsV (7). @LiRsLRiNRPV sWRs[V
bPsos RRQ*sVV sVRVNRPV NRPWR RV LSNRPVLiR sVLiRVsV(8).
ysRsV M NRPWLSM xqsLiRLjixtsQLi sLRiRWM e RWss xmsoLSLi z[[xtsQ gRiRx[
ee 9
ysR=LRi* xmspLSs xmsgRiLRiLi sV{R[ e RWss xmspLSLi z[[xtsQ gRiRx[ ee 10
ysR=LS* dLSs ssRLi sV{R[ e RWss xmsoLSLi z[[xtsQ gRiRx[ ee 11
ysR=LS* sVLiy ssRLi sV{R[ e RWss xmsoLSLi z[[xtsQ sV{R[ ee 12
ysR=LS* ZOP[Q y ssRLi sV{R[ e RWss xmsoLSLi z[[xtsQ sV{R[ ee 13
bPsxmsoLSsVV [NRPsVV[ Rs sVzsVsV RWxmssLiRsLRiNRPV sWRs[V, C [NRPsVV[ NRPWLRiVgRiV
RVsVVV sLRiRVsVVgRi xqsLiRLjiLiRLRiV (9); BRLRi xmsoLSsVVsRVW gRiLjiLiRVRVLiRVsV
(10); xmsodLRisVV sRVV xmsLRixqsLRisVV RgRisoRVsV (11); sVLiRsVVsRVW INRPys][
sVLjiVVNRP FxmsRVsV (12) ; xmsoQZOP[Q RsVV sRVW xmsLRixqsLRisVV xqsLRisV NRPgjiRVVLiRVsV
(13).
ysR=LS* {mshSs ssRLi sV{R[e RWss xmsoLSLi z [[xtsQ sV{R[ ee 14
ysR=LS* yys ssRLi sV{R[ e RWss xmsoLSLi z [[xtsQ sV{R[ ee 15
ysR=lLi[* R [ [y ssRLi sV{R[ e RWss xmsoLSLi z[[xtsQ sV{R[ ee 16

ysR=lLi[* R zqsyLiy ssRLi sV{R[ e RWss xmsoLSLi z[[xtsQ sV{R[ ee 17


bPs xmsoLSsVV VVNRP sVzsV [NRPsVV[ xmsNRPsVV NSsLiR sLRiNRPV sWRs[V, xqsLRi*{mshRisVVV,
xqsLRi*yssVVV, xqsLRi*[sRV sVLjiRVV xqsLRi* zqsyLiRsVVV INRPys][ sVLjiVVNRP
g]xmsRssVV N]LRi\ZNP RgRisoRVsV (14c17).
@xqs \ZaPsxmsoLSxqs NUPLRis aRPs` j*M e xmnsLi sNRPVLi s aRPN][sV NSL`i }qsQQs sVVsxqsRsWM ee
18
Ryzms Rxqs sVRQLi sZOP[Q NTPLiRV [ssxmnsWM e RsWyRV aRPXVR y}qs[NRPLi xmsoLS
sVsV ee 19
GR s xmsoLSLi za][NRPLi a][NSLRis[Vs R e RVM xmslhi[RQ NTP xqsLiRVVNRPxqs= FyFysR[ ORPQ` ee
20
GR s xmsoLSLi zRVM xmsRxsVRLijRM e RVyaRPNTP xmslhi[RQ NSQxqs ssVQQNRP DR[ ee 21
GR s xmsoLSLi z W NSQLRi RV[ xqsy e js[ js[saRP*s[VRxqs xmnsLi FyFR
xqsLiaRPRVsV ee 22
GR s xmsoLSLi RVry=yLRi xms[RRW e @sRM aRPXVRW][=szms sV][ sVV[R
FyRNS` ee 23
J j*LS! C bPsxmsoLSsVVsV xmsV ss, ssV ss Li[ xmnssVVsV s[sV xmspLjigS
xmssV (18). J sVVs ZaP[xtsvLS! @LiVVssW, s[sV ys sVRQsVVsV N]LiRsLRiNRPV
|msRsV. J xmsoRVLS! dsVLRiV sVsxqsV=sV gRisVV [zqs ssVRV. kss xmspLRi*sVV yNRPV
yxqsVRV zmsRVVLisV (19). C bPsxmsoLSsVV[s INRP a][NRPsVVsV gSs, ys[
xqsgRigRisVVsV gSs Fss\lLi[ NTP][ xmshjiLiRV[, @ sQQNTP ORPQsVV[ FyxmssVV sVLiT
ssVVNRPVRgRiVsV (20). C bPsxmsoLSsVVsV Fss\lLi[ xmsjssVV rsVLjiRssVVsV dsT aRPNTP s[VLRiNRPV
NTP][ xmshjiLiRL][, @yRV ssVNRPV RsRVsV (21). C bPsxmsoLSsVVsV Fss\lLi[

xmsjssVV NTP][ xmspLiRV[, ysNTP @aRP*s[VRRWgRisVVsV [zqss xmnssVV LiRVssV[


xqsLijRVsVV [RV (22). C bPsxmsoLSsVVsV Fss\lLi[ NTPNRPsVgRiV xmsRss g][Lji, BRLRiVs sVLiT
ssV[, @ xmsRdsNSLiORPQ gRi sQQNTP NRPWR FyxmssVV sVLiT ssVVNRPVRgRiVsV (23).
GR s xmsoLSLi W ssVxqsVLSR RWLRiRM e xqsLRi*[yLRis xmnsLi xqs FyF s xqsLiaRPRVM
ee 24
GR s xmsoLSLi \s y* xmsoxqsNRPLi xqs*RVsV e W Rys# ZNP[ xqsxqs xmsoxmnsLi
aRPXV ee 25
@k[xtsv R aS}qsQxtsv s[[xtsv yNRPX[xtsv R e RVRLi RVLRiLi [ZNP[ RRLi Rxqs
xqsLi# s[` ee 26
GR s xmsoLSLi z RRVLRiaSsVVFztsQRM e bPsNRP xqsRWLi W yNRPL][ xqs DRsVM ee 27
xmsRQORPQLRiLi RV gSRVd xmsoLRiaRPLSxmnsLi [` e Bx VNSQ*ss NSsWsLi[ sLS*yLi
s[` ee 28
DuztsQRaRPRVLRiaSLi LSf gRiLRi s*RM e RVM xmslhi[RQXVRWy*zms Rxqs xmsoLi
sysVxsV ee 29
NRPVLRiVZOP[Q yj s xmsodlLi[xtsQ*s[NRPaRPM e ARRVRsLi xqsWLRigRix[ xqsLRi*][sVV[ ee 30
s}ms[ yxqssVV[[ RyQ* RVRsVaRPV[ e RRLi xqsLi# s[Rxqs xqsRLi xqsRLi s
xqsLiaRPRVM ee 31
Fss\lLi[ C bPsxmsoLSsVV RgRiLRiNRPV s ssVxqsLjiLiRV[, ysNTP [sR sLiRLjis xmspLis
xmnssVV LiRVssV[ xqsLijRVsVV [RV (24). C bPsxmsoLSsVVsV Fss\lLi[ xqs*RVsVVgS
yzqs, bPsNRPVNRPV BRV[, @ys xmsoxmnssVVsV ssVsVV (25). aSxqsQsVVsV, s[RsVVsV
@RRVssVV [zqs, xmssRssVV [RVV ss Bx[NRP RVLRi# \sVs Fs xmnssVV LiRV[,
ysNTP @ xmnssVV LiRVsV (26). Fss\lLi[ RRVLRibPyRV DxmsyxqssVV [zqs bPsNRPV xqs[

C bPsxmsoLSsVVsV xmssRssVV [RVV[, @ DRsVVRV (27) xmsZNP[ xms @ORPQLRisVVsNRPV


gSRVd sVLiRxmsoLRiaRPLRi (@ORPQLRiORPQsV zmsLiRV) VVNRP xmnssVVsV F~LiRVsV. sVLjiRVV, C
[NRPsVV[ NSsVs ssds @sVsLi, [xFyRsVV RLRiVyR sWORPQsVVsV F~LiRVsV(28).
Fss\lLi[, RRVLRibPyRV DxmsyxqssVVLiT, LS gRiLRisVV [zqs, kss RRVso[, [y ssV[,
@ ysNTP LiRV xmsosVVsV ssLjiLiRsV (29). NRPVLRiVZOP[Q RsVV sVVRgRiV xmsodLRisVV[
xqsLixmspLRi xqsWLRigRixsVV yRV @s[NRP xmsLSRVsVVV Rs LRiVso][ xqssWs\sVs RssVVsV
(30), yxqsVRV sVVRgRiV xVNRPV Bs][ G xmnssVV LiRV[, A xmnssVV CRsNTP
LiRVsV. Bj sVVsWNUP xqsRsVV. xqsLi[xsVV [RV (31).
GR s xmsoLSLi z gSRV[ W xxLjiaRPsV e ALi Rxqs xmsdZOP[QLRis [y
BLiRxmsoL][gRisWM ee 32
GR s xmsoLSLi RVM xmshRis aRPX*s z sRaRPM e RVRRL][ xqsRLRi R][ gRiVRLi
# s[` ee 33
xqssWzRM xmslhi[RxqsV RR $ LRiVRxqsLizysV e xqs x|mnsVszms xmspyy lLi[s
j\sLRis[` ee 34
yLi LRiVRxqsLizyLi RVxqsV \LRisxmssWLiZNP[ e M xmslhi[` xmsRxLi sds xqs NSsWs s
[` ee 35
yLi LRiVRxqsLizyLi RVxqsV xqs xmslhi[R* *WM e xmsROTPQLi xmsNRPVLS*[ xxy ssLRi[
ee 36
C bPsxmsoLSsVVsV LSLis gSssVV [RVVys A N]LRiNRPV BLiyj [sRV
s[RVVLiRVLRiV (32). C bPsxmsoLSsVVsV sRsVV xmshjiLi[, ss[ sQQNTP G xmsoNSLRisVVsV
[zqsssW, ys xmnssVV N][ lLiV @gRiVsV (33). ys RVLiR LRiVRxqsLizRsV sVsxqsV=
gRisVV[zqs xmshjiLi[ sQQNTP xxRsV [zqss y\ssW sVWRVL][[s[ xmssR\sVs
@LiRMNRPLRisVV NRPyRgRiVsV (34). Fss\lLi[ A LRiVRxqsLizRsV xmsjssVV ss\V sVWRV

xmsLSRVsVVV \LRis (bPsos INSNRP LRiWxmssVV) xmssV sR xmshjiLiRV[, ysNTP NSsVssRVW


LiRVsV (35). Fss\lLi[ sVLjiVsV, sWlLi[RV VsV xmsROTPQsVV [xqsW, A LRiVRxqsLizRsV
xmshjiLiRV[, @ys xxy][xtsQsVV ]gjiFsosV (36).
\ZNPxqs xqsLizy RR R][szms xmsLRisW xqsQXy e xxqs*LRiWzms ryOSQRQyLRi xmsNSbPNS ee 37
\ZNPxqs xqsLizyRWxqsV sVRQLi s[ aRPLiNRPLRiM e NRPXR=QLi RRLRiLi yxqsaRP RRLRiLi s[RQxLi
j*M ee 38
RR NTPLi` xmssOSQQsV NRPXR=QLi sNRPVLi s aRPNRP[ e RV` y* R` ORPQ[NRPbPR aRPVj
sVyxmsoRW` ee 39
ys[s \ZNPxqs xqsLizR BLiNRPsW xmssR\sVsj. ryOSQRVgS s[RsVV A xqsLizRgS
LRiWxmsoysj. ys[ JLiNSLRisVV VVNRP @LRisVV sLRiWzmsLixmsTsj (37). \ZNPxqs xqsLizR
VVNRP xmspLRisWRQsVVsV aRPLiNRPLRiVRV VLRiVLigRiVsV. ys[ xqsgRisVV yxqsVsNRPV RVVsV. J
xVLS! yxqsVsNRPV zqss ys[ xqsgRisVV yNRPV RVVsV (38). s[sV ys[ N]LiR
|msRsV. xmspLjigS xmsV xqsLissVV NSRV. A xqsLizRsV VLjiLigjis sVLRiVORPQV[ sWssoRV
RaRPVjs F~LiRVsV (39).
s yaRPRV RVyxmsLi ry L_k xqsLizy j*M e Rs xmsaSsVxLi [ZNP[ sWLRisW[szms
xqsLRi*y ee 40
bPs[[xmssxtsQ=LiRV sVLiy[yjyLi sVVy e NRPVsWLSRWLjiyLi yLi \s xqsVyLi
{msy*ssVL][ # s[` ee 41
xxyj FyFyyLi sxtsQQXLi NRPLRiVsVVRRM e sWxqssWRLi xqsLizyLi yLi xmshjiy*
sVVR[ RRM ee 42
RVxtsQQgRix RVL][ RVLSFyj xqsLissV e FyxmsLi xqsNRPX` NUPLRis[s xqsLizy ry
syaRP# [V` ee 43

bPy[V *ss[ xqsLizyLi yLi xmslhi[RV RVM e xqs RR sVyF RVy*][ szmss g][RlLi[
ee 44
xqsLizyLi yLi xmshRis NSQ RVM aS[ [[V` j*s e Rxqs [V zmsRLRixqs=lLi[* RWLi
aRPLi[M xmsLRiLi xmsRsV ee 45
RRVLRiaSLi sLSL][ RVM xmslhi[R=LizyLi R ysV e *sVW[ bPsry=QOSQR= [\saRP
xmsxmsp[ ee 46
J xVLS! A LRiVR xqsLizR yaRPssVV [RV[s FyxmssVV [NRPsVV[ FsLiR sjNTPy yNRPV
NRPsR[RV (40).bPsoRV DxmssxtsQRVs[ xqssVVRsVVsV sVjLiRgS xmsos LRiVRxqsLizR @s[
@sVXRsVVsV NRPVsWLRiry*sVNTP @LjiLisV. A @sVXRsVVsV FyssVV [zqssyRV (@sgS
LRiVRxqsLizRsV xmshjiLisyRV) @sVLRiVRgRiVsV (41). xxR sVVRgRiV FyxmssVV sVLiT
sxtsQQXs g][LRiV sQQNTP sL][V A xqsLizRsV xmshjiLis][, FyxmssVV sVLiT ssVVNTP
NRPVgRiVsV (42).C xqsLizRsV INRPryLji xmshjiLis][, RVxtsQyssVVsV {qs*NRPLjiLis FyxmssVV,
sNRPWRs ALRisVVsV ss FyxmssVV, xmsVNRPNRPWRs xmsVNRPVsV xmsNTPs FyxmssVV Byj
FyxmssVVV sbPLiRVsV (43). bPyRVsVV[s sWlLi[RV sssVV[ A xqsLizRsV xmshjiLiRVysNTP
NRPVgRiV xmnssVV sW][ sLjiLiRV @xqsLissVV (44). Fss\lLi[ aSRsVV sLiRV A xqsLizRsV
NTP][ xmshjixqsW, xVNRPV [ssVV |msV[, ys zmsRLRiVLiRLRiV bPsos xmsLRisVxmsRsVVsV
F~LiRLRiV (45). Fss\lLi[ RRVLRibPyRV DxmsyxqssVVLiT, sWlLi[RV V sVWsVVsLiRV A
xqsLizRsV xmshjiLiRV[, @ sQQNTP ryOSQRV bPso[. [sRV NRPWR ARss xmspLiRVLRiV (46).
@yzms xqsLizy RR xqsLRi*NSsV xmnsxmsy e D[ sbP}tsQ s[[V d ssxmspLji[ ee 47
RjRLi \ZaPssWRLi xmsoLSLi s[RxqssVRsV e sLjiRLi Rs[\ss xmsRsVLi xxqsLisVRsV
ee 48
s[aRPLi R Ry L_RLi \syRVNRP sV_sVNRPsV e sWRLi LRiV\QNSRaRPNRPLi \ZNPxqsLi aRPRLRiVRNRPsV ee
49

N][ LRiVR xqsxryRLi N][LRiVRLi R\s R e yRVdsRVLi RLRixqsLiLi xmsoLSsV [RRM ee 50


ys RVLiRV N][Ljis xmnssVV ssds B[ sVLjiN]s xqsLizRV NRPWR gRiso. sVVsVVgS
bPsos dsV sLjiLis lLiLiRV xqsLizRV y g]xmss (47).C bPsxmsoLSsVV s[RsVV][
xqssWs\sVsRs xmsRVsV. s[RRVsVgRiV kss sVVLiRVgS bPso[ sLjiLisV (48). ks
RVLiRV s[aRP*LRi, LRiVR, syRVNRP, DsW, sWRX, GNSRaRP LRiVR, \ZNPxqs, aRPRLRiVR (49),
N][LRiVR, xqsxxqs N][LRiVR, yRVV, RLRixqsLizRV @s[ LiRsVVV gRiso (50).
xqsLizy y*RaRP sVy sVxmsoRLS sVy e yryLi xqsLiLi Vs[ sFyM
aRPXVyRLRi][ssV ee 51
s[aRPLi RaRPryxxqsLi LRiVRLi \syRVNRPLi Ry e KsVLi sWRXxmsoLSLi xms[NSxtsQxqsxxqsNRPsV
ee 52
RWRaRP xqsxxqsLi z LRiV\QNSRaRPNRPLi j*M e xtsQ xqsxxqsLi R\ZNPxqsLi aRPRLRiVRLi RRLRiNRPsV ee
53
N][LRiVRLi gRiVR s[VNSRaRP xqsxxqsNRPsV e xqsxxqs N][ LRiVy sVVjRLi gRiLiRxqsLiRW ee
54
yRVdsRVLi aRPRLi RLRiLi LRis xqsxxqsNRPsV e R[sLi ORPQ xqsLiNRPLi \ZaPsLi xqsLis[RRM ee
55
C xmssLiRV xqsLizRV sVxmsoxmsRsVVV. JsxmsoLS! y[s a][NRPxqsLisV |msRsV.
ARLRisVV][ xqsLixmspLRisVVgS ssVRV (51). s[aRP*LRi xqsLizR[ xmsjs[V, LRiVR, syRVNRP, DsW,
sWRX xqsLizR[ IN]NRP FsssVj s[V (52). GNSRaRP LRiVR xqsLizR[ xmsRsVWRVs[V,
\ZNPxqs xqsLizR[ ALRiVs[V, aRPRLRiVR xqsLizR[ sVWRVs[V (53), N][ LRiVR xqsLizR[
]sVjs[V, xqsxxqs N][ LRiVRxqsLizR[ xmsRN]LiRVs[V (54), yRVV xqsLizR[
yVgRiVs[V, RLRixqsLizR[ xmssLiRVs[V, sLRizqs ORPQ a][NRPsVVV C bPsxmsoLSsVV[ gRiso
(55).

y}qss RRV xqsLiOTPQxmsLi RRVLji*LiaRPR= xxqsNRPsV e \ZaPsLi RR RRVLRiLi \s xmsoLSLi xqsxms


xqsLizRsV ee 56
bPs[ xqsLiNRPRLi xmspLRi*Li xmsoLSLi gRiLiRxqsLiRW e aRPRN][ xmssWLi z xmsoLS xqsXu
xqsVsxqsQXRsV ee 57
s}qssuyaRPy \s xmsoLS[ y*xmsLSjxtsv e RRVLRiZOP[Q xqsLiOTPQ}ms NRPX[ \Q*FyRVyjM ee 58
FNRPLi bPsxmsoLSLi z RRVLji*LiaRPR=xxqsNRPsV e a][NSyLi xqsLiRW xqsxmsxqsLizRLi
xxqssVRsV ee 59
yxqsVRV yss xqsLiZOP[QxmssVV [zqs, GRV xqsLizRV, BLRiVsj yVgRiVs[ a][NRPsVVV gRi
bPsxmsoLSsVVsV sLjiLisV. Aj xmsoLSsVV[ ysj (56). bPsoRV xqsXuyj RVLiRV
sLiRN][ a][NRPsVV][ NRPWTs, sVNTP sxqsQXR\sVs IZNP[ xmsoLSsVVsV sLjiLisV(57). y*xmsLSj
RVVgRisVV[ yss NRPXxtsQ\Q*FyRVyj sVxL<RiVV yVgRiV ORPQ a][NRPsVVNRPV NRPVjLi,
xmsssVj xmsoLSsVVVgS sgRisVV [zqsLji (58).s[RRVsVgRiV bPsxmsoLSsVV[ GRV
xqsLizRV, BLRiVsj yVgRiVs[ a][NRPsVVV gRiso (59)
s[aRP*LS Ryy L_k [RW j*dRVNS e RXdRW aRPRLRiVy N][LRiVy RRVLRiNS ee
60
xmsLiRdsV \s ssW xtsQ{tsQ \ZNPxqs xqsLiNS e xqsxmsdsV yRVdsRW xqs|m^s#sLi xqsLizy
sVyMee 61
xqs xqsxms xqsLizRLi jsLi xmsoLSLi bPsxqsLiNRPsV e sLkisLji xRVLi xqsL][*xmsLji gRixmsRsV ee
62
GR s xmsoLSLi z xqsxms xqsLizRsWRLS` e xmsLjixmspLRiLi xmslhi[RxqsV xqs ssVQQNRP DR[ ee 63
aRPVxqsQX xmsoLS[ rygRisVaRPys R e GR s xmsoLSxqs yL>RiLiRLi NRPsVzms ee 64

ys RVLiRV sVVRj s[aRP*LRi xqsLizR. lLiLiRsj LRiVRxqsLizR. sVWRsj aRPRLRiVR xqsLizR.


ysj N][LRiVR xqsLizR (60). HRsj DsWxqsLizR. ALRisj \ZNPxqs xqsLizR. GRsj
yRVVxqsLizR (61). GRV xqsLizR][ NRPWTsj, s[RsVV][ xqssWs\sVsj, xqsLRi*ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV
sWORPQLRiWxms xqsRs BRVsj, jsQ\sVsj @gRiV bPsxmsoLSsVV xqsL][*RL<RigS sVsj (62). GRV
xqsLizR][ NRPWTs C bPsxmsoLSsVVsV xmspLjigS xmshjiLiRV sQQNTP ssVNRPVRgRiVsV (63).
aRPVRVV,xqsQXRVV, xmsoLSsVVV, BxqssVVV, @gRisVsVVV sLiRj\VssW C
bPsxmsoLSsVV VVNRP sVzsV[ s @LiaRPsVVs\ZNPssW ryLSso (64),
\ZaPsLi xmsoLS sVsVLi bPsNUPLjiRLi R` y}qss \ZaPsxmss[s xqsLigRiX{RsV e 65
xqsLiZOP[QxmsRM xqsNRP sgRi[xmsNSlLi[ yxmsRRVxmnsV sVRVLi bPsRLi xqsyLi z ee
s\ZNPR[ RLRi Bx xmsgki][ s[yLiR sssVRVM xmsysM e
@sVR=LSLiRLRiVR s[R sxqsV xqs` N`P xms sV\Qs sLRiRVVNRPsV ee 66
\ZaPsLi xmsoLSNRPLi V xqsRVLSLi s[yLiR s[R sxqsRLRi sxqsVgkiRsV e
W \s xmslhi[R aRPXVRWRLRisWRlLi[ aRPLiVzmsRVxqs= z [RLRisWLi gRiLi \s ee 67
B $ bPs sV xmsoLS[ s[aRP*LRi xqsLizyRWLi j*dWsyRVM (2)
bPs sLjiR\sVs C xmssR xmsoLSsVVsV bPsNSgRigRiVRgRiV yxqsVRV gRizLi, xqsLRi*sWsyNTP
DxmsNSLRisVVsV [RVg][Lji, xqsLiOTPQxmssVV [|qssV. ry[s C xmsoLSsVV Aj\sNRP, AjNRP,
AyNRP RVMsVVsV Fg], xqsRVLRiVxtsvNRPV sVLigRisVV sRVsV (65). ksRVLiRV
xmsyssVVgS DxmssxtsQRQFyjR\sVs sWORPQRLRisVV sLRiVxtsQsVVgS xmsFyjLixmsTsj.
sWR=LRisVV [s Vj][ sy*LixqsVV RVRgjis xmsLRisWR RRQ*sVV, ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV
sVLiRsVVV, sVLjiRVV RLSLRi NSsVsVVs[ xmsoLSuyLRisVVV NRPWR ks RVLiRV sLjiLixmsTss
(66). xmsoLSsVV[ ZaP[xtsQ\sVs C bPsxmsoLSsVV[, DxmssxtsQRV RVLiRV, s[RsVV sLiRV

xmsFyjLixms[ xmsLRisWRRRQ*sVV gSssVV [RVTsj. kss g]xms ARLRisVV][


xmshjiLiRVyRV bPsos {msNTP FyRV\ xmsLRisVgRis F~LiRVsV (67).
$ bPs sV xmsoLSsVV[ s[aRP*LRi xqsLizR RVLiRV lLiLiRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj.

@R RXdWsyRVM
ryRryRs syLRisVV c aRPs sVss NUPLRissVVV
yxqs DyR e
ByNRPLRiQ sR r=RLi FRV}qs xmsLRisVL<RiRVM e s[yLiRryLRi xqsLRi*xqs*Li xmsoLSLi
aSsRWRVRsV ee 1
B aRPVy* sVVdsyLi xqs sRsLi xqsVxmsxL<jiRM e xqsLixqsLRis aRPLiNRPLRiLi xqsWRM FyR sVVsxqsRsWs
ee 2
yxqsVRV BV xmsZNPsVc
xqsWRVs C xmsVNRPVsV ss A sVxL<RiVV "DxmssxtsQy=LRisVV sLiRsW Rs[ NRPgjiRVVs A
@RVRsVgRiV xmsoLSsVVsV sszmsLixmsosVV' @s N][LjiLji (1). sVxL<RiV C sWsV ss FsLiRW
xqsLiRzqss xqsWRVRV aRPLiNRPLRiVs xqsLjiLiRVRW, A sVVs ZaP[xtsv][ sssV (2).
xqsWR DyR e
aRPX*LiRV VVxtsQRVxqs=lLi[* xqsQXy* bPssVysVRVsV e xmsoLS xmssLRiLi \ZaPsLi xmsoLSLi
s[RryLRisV ee 3
RVR gkiRLi NRPLi {msy NTP s sLSgRiNRPsV e s[yLiR s[RLi xqsR*xqsV sZaP[}tsQ xmssLjiRsV ee 4

xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
VVxtsvLiRLRiV sVLigRi xqs*LRiWxmsoRgRiV bPsos xqsLjiLi, s[RsVV VVNRP ryLRiLRiWxmssVVgS xmsos,
xmsoLSZaP[xtsQ\sVs bPsxmsoLSsVVsV ssRLRiV gSNRP! (3). ksRVLiRV NTP, ssVV, \sLSgRisVV,
sVLjiRVV DxmssxtsQRV RVLiRV sLRiWzmsLixmsTs xmsLRix xqs*LRiWxmssVV xms[NRPsVVgS
sLjiLixmsTss (4).
xmsoLS NS[s sVxy NRP[sd[ xmsosM xmsosM e @zqssVxmszqs[ NRP[ xmssX[ xqsXztsQNRPLRi ee 5
sVVdsyLi xtsQ NRPVdyyLi Vsy sVRlLi[ RLRisV e BRLi xmsLRisVRLi s[ syR xqsV=sVs W`
ee 6
[s gRiVLji*y yLRiLi Li xmsxtsv sVsRVsV e ygjiLji*sRV gRiLS xqs=lLi[*
FyLiWsVss ee 7
R*Li z xqsLRi*gRiyy xqsLRi*NSLRi NSLRisV e NRPM xmsosWs xqsLRi*R[Q*M xmsoLSM xmsLRiRM xmsLRiM ee 8
yNSsVV NTPLiR xmspLRi*NRPsVV gRiR, xmsxqsVR NRPsVV ALRiLisVVsV. xqsXztsQNSLRisVV
FyLRiLi# \sVs A xqssVRVsVV[ (5), ALRiV xqssVVyRVsVVNRPV Lijs VVxtsv sVR INRPLji][
sVLjiVVNRPLjiNTP "Bj g]xmsj; Bj g]xmsj NSRV' @LiW syRsVV NRPlgisV (6). @xmsoRV yLRiV
yaRPLRizRVRgRiV xgSLjis xmsbPLiRVNRPV ARVs sRNRPV s, [RVV [TLi, ssRVsVV][
sLiTs xmsVNRPV][ ssLji (7). "dsso xqsLRi*gRiRVsV xqsXztsQLisyRso. NSLRisVV NRPsNUP
NSLRi\sVsyRso. @s RRQ*sVV NRPLi xmspLRi*sVV sLiRVsyRV, xqsL][*RQXxtsQsVgRiV
@sQQNRPsVV NRPLi DRQXxtsQ\sVs xmsoLRiVxtsvRV Fss*LRiV?'
x[yR e
RV][ y][ ssLRiLi[ @Fyxms sVsry xqsx e RVryR=LRi*sVRLi x sxtsv LRiV[LiR
xmsoLRi*NRPsV ee 9

xqsx W[Lij\V xqs=Q\lLiQQ*M xmsRsVLi xqsLixmsxqsWRV[ e GxtsQ [[ sV[sM xqsLRi*[ gRikaRP*LRiM


ee 10
@RVLi RV xmsLRiRW NSQ RXaRP[ yssy NRP*` e LRiV][ xLjiL>RiLRi\ZaPQQs Rys[ R
xqsVlLi[aRP*LSM ee 11
NSQ xmsLRisVRW Rxqs sRLi RLRi+sNSLiOTPQM e xyR NTPsVVZNP[s bPs[ NSQ ssVVR[ ee 12
Fssss sLjiLiRV[ sxmns\sV yNRPV ssVNRPNRPV sVLRiV[; FssRV (@xqsLixqsQXRsVgRiV)
sVsxqsV=sNRPV NRPWR @LiR][; xqsXuyj RVLiRV x, sxtsv, LRiVR, BLiyj [sR][ (9) ,
xmsLiRWRsVV][, BLijRVsVV][ NRPWTs C xqssVxqs gRiRV Fsss sVLiT DRsLiRVRVs][
, @ \ssVV sV[soRV. ARVs xqsLRi*RV;gRiRQVso (10). xmsLSNTP][ ARVssV
RLji+LiRV xqsLiss[V. ARVssV RLji+LiRVNRPV sVL][ sWLRisVV [RV. LRiVRVRV, sxtsvso
sVVRgRiV [sRV (11) xmsLSNTPs NRPgji, sRsVV ARVs RLRi+ssVVsV N][LRiVRVLiRVLRiV. Bs
sW[? bPsos RVLiRV NTP Ds][, sWORPQsVV NRPVgRiVsV (12).
xmsryy[sy NTPM xmsry][ NTP xqsLisM e RV[LiNRPVLRi][ dLi d][ y RVyLiNRPVLRiM ee 13
RrykaRP xmsryyLRiLi RVWRVLi gRiy* V sLi j*M e kLRi xqsRLi xqssWNRPXR*Li RVWRVLi sL<Ri
xqsxxqsNRPsV ee 14
@sVV\|tsQ# yR*lLi[aRPxqs bPs\|qs#s xmsryRRM e s[][NRP syryLRiLi RV RV[ ryRryRssV ee
15
[NRPsVV[ @LiNRPVLRisVV sVLiT dsVV, dsVV sVLiT @LiNRPVLRisVV xmsoVdLRiVs, [ysVgRixsVV
sVLiT NTP, NTP sVLiT [ysVgRixsVV xmsoVsV (13). NSsos, J j*LS! dsVLRiV
W[NRPsVVsNRPV s, CaRP*LRiVs @sVgRixsVV N]LRi\ZNP, s[LiVV xqsLisR=LRisVV kLRi xqsRRWgRisVV
ssVztsQLiRVRV (14). RV[aRP*LRiVRgRiV C bPsos @sVgRixsVV ss sWRs[V s[RsR VVNRP
ryLRiWR\sVs ryRryRssVVV RVRVsV (15).

sVVsRV ERVM e
@R NTPLi xmsLRisVLi ryRLi NTPLi y Ry=RsLi xmsLRisV e ryRNRPM NUPRXaRPxqsR RjRLi Wz RRQ*RM
ee 16
sVVsVV BV xmsNTPLjic
xqsLRi* ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV ryRsVV Gj ? A ryRsVVsV F~LijLi[ ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV ryRssVV Gj? A
ryRsVVsV g][LRiV ryRNRPVRV FsVLiRVsV? sWNUP ryRy xqs*LRiWxmssVVsV xmsVsVV (16).
x[yR e
ryRLi bPsxmsR FyzmsM ryRsLi Rxqs }qssssV e ryRNRPxqsRQryy][ssyj xmns sxqs=QQXxM
ee 17
NRPLRi NRPXy*RV s[][NRPLi RRLjiR sVxmnssV e xmsLRis[VaRP xmsRFyxmsM ry[NSj NRPsWR RM ee 18
RR RQ NRPQsVrylLi[ xqslLi[*uyLi xmsLRisVLi xmnssV e Ry=RsLi xsRLi ryOSQkZaP[s [jRsV ee
19
xqsLiOTPQxms RR sry=LRiLi ryRsLi xmsdssVxsV e a][ [ aRPsLi Rxqs sRry NUPLRisLi Ry ee
20
sVsry sVssLi Rxqs sVryRs sVVR[ e a][RsM NUPLjiRsaRP sVLiRsaRP sV}aRP*LRiM ee 21
x LiVVV xmsZNPsV c
bPs xmsRsVVsV F~LiRV ryRsVV. bPsos }qss[V ryRssVV. bPsos @sVgRixsVV[
@sRsVVgRiV xmnssVV RVLiRV NSsVs [s sQQNTP[V ryRNRPVRV (17). sWssoRV s[RszR
NRPLRisV ARLjiLi, ys sVxmnssVVsV bPsosNRPV @LjiLi, ry[NRPsVV, rydsVxmssVV Byj
NRPsVsVV[ xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVs xmsRsVVsV F~LiRVsV (18). sWssoLiRLjiNTP yLji yLji NTPs ARW

g]xms xmnssVVV LiRVsV. C NTP[ xsR ryRssVVV gRiso. ys ryOSQRVgS


CaRP*LRiV[ [jLiyRV (19). ys NRPVjLi s[sV dsVNRPV ryLRiWR\sVs ryRssVVsV
|msRsV. so][ bPsos sVzsVsV ssV, yNRPV][ bPsos NUPLjiLiRV(20), sVLjiRVV
sVsxqsV=][ bPsos ysLi RV @sV C sVWRV NRPzqs sVryRs sVsRVsV. sV}aRP*LRiVs
sVzsVsV sy; NUPLjiLiy; sVLjiRVV ysLiy (21).
B aRPV xmssWLi sM ryRs[ysVVy xmsLRisV e ryRLi sR xqsLS*LRi ryR\sNRP xmsLSRVM ee 22
xmsRQORPQLi RORPVuy RXuy* RR [NRPM xmssLRi[ e @xmsRQORPQLi z xqsLRi*R y* a][[ [xtsQ[ ee
23
RryRQss[Vy_ aRPVy* gRiVLRiVsVVRVRM e RRxqs=LiryR[V Rs` NUPLRisLi sVssLi
xqsVkM ee 24
NRPsWsss xmsLRiLi[ ryRs[szqss xqsVryj[ e bPsWg][ #s[[s ry[NSj NRPsWRQ\sM ee 25
xqsLS*LigRiyRRVM xmsaSR=LS*
xmsaSyRLiRsVLigRisV ee 26

sLiRaRP

dRV[

@ry`

ZNP[aRP#s[VR\Q*

B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ s[aRP*LRi xqsLizy RWLi ryRryRs Li[ RXdWsyRVM (3)


C sxtsQRVsVV[ sVsNRPV s[Rs[V xmssWsVV. dsVLRiV C ryRssVV][ xqsL][*RQXxtsQ sVgRiV
ryRsVVsV F~LiRVRV. xqsLRi*xmsoLRiVuyLRisVV xqslgi[ C G\ZNPNRP ryRssVVsV RRLRiR][
@sVztsQLiRVRV (22). sWssoRV sVVLiRVgS INRP sxqsVsosV NRPLi][ RW, RLRiVyR ys RVLiRV
xmssLjiLiRVsV. NRPLiNTP NRPsRs y gRiVLjiLi s][ ss RRsVgRiVsVVgS [xtsQsV [RVVsV (23).
@[sRsVVgS, sy*LixqsVRV sVVLiRVgS gRiVLRiVsVVsVV sVLiT aRPssVVsV [zqs, RLRiVyR aRPR][
NUPLRissVVsV, sVsssVVsV [RVssV (24). C sRsVVgS sVsssVV sLRiNRPV gRi C ryRssVVsV
gRiVgS @zqsLis NRPVRV N]LiR NSsVV RLRiVyR ry[NRP ryLRiWFyj sLRiVxqs[ bPsos][
HNRPsVVsV LiRVsV (25). C ryRssVV ss [xsVV[s @s @sRVssVV L][gRisVVV

sbPLiRVsV. NTPNSsLiRsVVV dssVgRiVsV. C @xqssVV ]VR NRPxtsQsVVgRi sVssW, Aj


sVLiT @LiRsVV sLRiNRPV sVLigRisVV sRVsV (26).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[s s[aRP*LRi xqsLizR RVLiRV ryR ryRs LiRsVV[ sVWRs
@yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj.

@R RRVL][syRVM
aRPs sVss NUPLRissVV sVzsV
sVVsRV ERVM e
sVssLi NUPRXaRPLi xs aRPsLi yzms NUPRXaRPsV e NUPLRisLi y NRPRLi Rxqs NUPLRiQ\VR Ry
RVRsV ee 1
sVVsVV BV xmsNTPLjic
J xs! sVss sVsgS s[sV? aRPssVV Vj? bPsos NUPLjiLiRV VV? C sxtsQRVsVVsV
WgRisVgRiV NRPsVsVV[ sLjiLixmsosVV (1).
x[yR e
xmsp }msaRP gRiVLRiWxms sxqs ysWLi RVVNTP zms[V sVsry xmsLjia][RsLi RV` e
RR=LiRRLi sVssdsVaRP*LRi RXztsQ Li xqslLi[*xtsv ryRsslLi[xtsQ*zms sVVsVVsV ee 2
gkiyRy aRPVxms[s R xtsQRW y aRPLiV xmsyxms gRiVLRiWxms sxqs ysWsV e
yy xqsVLi RV LRixqss` xqsssLi RVRxqs RdQQLRisLi s ryRs sVR sVRsV ee 3
[Vyzms ZNP[s NRPLRi[s R aRPxmsoLiLi RVR NRP*sxmsLRiLi aRPs[Lij[V e

{qsQZNP[s` RXR RLRiLi xmskRV[ RV` R\Q* VyM aRPssVR gRiRQzqsRsV ee 4


xqsR=LigRis[Vs s aRPsLi xmsoLRiry` xqsLiNUPLRisLi xmsaRPVxms[ LRiR R` RXRLi ry` e
xqsL][*RsVLi s RsssLi RRLi[ xqsLRi*Li z xqsLis aRPLiNRPLRiRXztsQFy[ ee 5
xgSLRiV BV xmsNTPLjic
bPsos xmsp, bPs sVLiRxmssVV, bPsos gRiVsVVsV, LRiWxmssVVsV, dsV, ysVsVVsV, RVVNTP
RVLiRV @LRiV gRi sVsxqsV=][ xqsLRi*NSsVV[ LiLiRV @sVss sVsssVgRiVsV. g]xms
ryRssVV sLi[ @ ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV C sVsssVV bPsos @sVgRix RXztsQ ss sWRs[V
LiRVsV (2). bPsos xmsyxmssVVsV, gRiVsVVsV, LRiWxmssVVsV, dsV, ysVsVVsV
gSsLRiWxmssVVgS gSs, s[yRRVs LRiWxmssVVgS gSs, [NRP NTPNRP uyLRiWxmssVVgS gSs xqsxtsQsVgRiV
yNRPV][ LRixqssRLRisVVgS NUPLjiLiRV lLiLiRsryRssVV (3). NSLRisVV G\y, xqssVV G\y
bPsos NUPLjiLi[ aRPsVVsV a][[LijRVsVV][, zmsRVVRV zmsRVVLS sRssVVsV s sVNTP
aRPR][ ssVsV aRPssVs xmsLiTRVV |msRLRiV. C aRPssVV [NRPsVV[ xmszqsj gSLisj[V
(4).sVVLiRVgS xqsRVLRiVxtsv xqsLigRisVV ss aRPssVV zqsjLiRVsV. RLRiVyR bPsos NUPLRissVV
RXRsVgRiVsV. ys RLRiVyR xqsLRi*ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV bPsos sVsssVV zqsjLiRVsV. aRPLiNRPLRiVs @sVgRix
RXztsQ RVVs][ xqsLRi*sVV zqsjLiRVsV (5).
xqsWR DyR e
@zqss ryRssV[Q
aRPXVR*sVsysRM ee 6

xmsoLS

sXRLi

sVVdsaRP*LSM

RVVxtsQRLRiLi

xmssOSQQsV

xmsoLS sVsV gRiLRiVLS*QxqsM xmsLSaRPLRisVVs[ xqsV=RM e RxmsaRPyLRi xqsLiLiRM xqsLRixqs*yxqs[ aRPV[ ee 7


gRiRs RVRXRRW RR ssWs[ yLRi L][uy e xqssRVsWL][ gRiys RRLRi+ sV sV
[bPNRPsV ee 8

yyLRiWRM xmsV][sr RRLRi+ RsVRsV e xmsxmsyx xqsLiLiRM xmsLRiLi N_RVxLi


sVVsM ee 9
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
J sVVs ZaP[xtsvLS! C ryRssVV VVNRP sVzsVsV ssLjiLi[ INRP xmspLRi*gSRsV dsVNRPV
|msRsV. aRPRgS ssVRV (6). xmspLRi*sVV yNRPV gRiVLRiVso, xmsLSaRPLRi sVxL<ji VVNRPNRPVsWLRiVRV sgRiV
yxqssVxL<ji D[RV\, xmssRsVgRiV xqsLRixqs*d sk dLRisVV sLiRV RxmsxqsV= [|qssV (7). @xmsoRV
gRiys xqssRVsWLRiVRV xqsWLRiVs s xmsNSbPLi[ ssWssVV[, @sVN][NRPVLiy @[ yLji[
s, y gRiVLRiVso @gRiV yxqsVs RWsV (8). @xmsoRV yssVV[ sVs yxqsVRV RLRiVyR
yssVV sVLiT [, FsRVLRiVgS xgSLji NRPVsWLRiVRgRiV A xqssRVsWLRiVs RWsV. sLis[,
yxqssVxL<ji NRPLigSLRiV][,sVNTP NRPVRWxsVV][ ARVsNRPV ssVxqsLjiLisV (9).
RyQ*QLRiQ sV\|qs# xmsR_ [sWgRiLi R sxtsQLRisV e xmsxqssM Fyx RLi xmsx*Li
xmsVLRiLidLRiRW gjiLS ee 10
xqssRVsWLRi DyR e
xqsRLi sxqsV sVVs[ RyM ryOSQRLRi g][RLRiM e xqs bP[y xqs WR RxmsaRPLRizqs NTPLi NRPX[ ee 11
GssVVNRPM NRPVsWlLi[ FyR ry*aRPRVLi sVVsM e RLSLRi NSsVsWOSQaRP s[RsWlLi[ NRPXyRLSM ee
12
xy ryzmsy [ZNP[ sVRW R*RQXxmsRW Ry e GsLi WRxqs s[V }mssLi gRiVLRiVWRxqs
xqsLRi*RM ee 13
sVVNTP ryRsNRPLi sLi [[ xmsLRisWRVRsV e RxmsaRPLSsV sVVNRPQLRiLi s s[ RR NSLRisV ee
14
yxqsVRV ARVsNRPV @LRiQsVVsV, [sR NUPRVRgjis AxqsssVVsV BsV. xqssRsWLRiVRV
xqsLiRzqsLi, sdsRVRgRiV yxqsVs][ gRiLidLRisVgRiV yNRPV][ sssV (10).

xqssRVsWLRiVTV xmsZNPsV c
J sVxL<ki! xqsRsxqsVsosV ysLiRVsVV. xqsVsVVgS ryOSQRLjiLi[ bPso[ A xqsRsxqsVso. ds
sR sxqs=RVVRVgS sVLiT [sN]LRi\ZNP RxmsxqsV=sV [RVVRVyso?(11). xqssRsWLRiVTV
xmsVNRPgS, s[RyxqssVVs Rs sVsxqsV=[s sWsV BV |mssV. \sjNRP sssVV[ RLSLRi
NSsV sWORPQsVVsV xmsoLRiVuyLRisVVNRPV xms[NRPsVgRiV ARLRisVV gRiRV (12). RsVLji RRV][ s[sV
ys [NRPsVV[ @s[NRP xmsNSLRisVVVgS ryzmsLiRgRis. s[sV xqsLRi*R gRiVLRiVsogS
ARLjiLixmsRVRVysV (13). @LiVVssW, yNRPV sVVNTPNTP ryRssVgRiV ssVV NRPVgRi[RV. Bj
sVNTP AaRPLRisVVsV NRPgjiLiRVRVsj. yNRPV NSLRisVV RVNRPVsj. s[sV sVVNTP N]LRiNRPV
RxmsxqsV=sV [RVVRVysV (14).
BRLi NRPVsWL][ gRiys y}qss sVVsyLjiRM e xqssVLRiM Fyx s}msLiy saRPRVLi sVVNTPNSLRisV
ee 15
aRPsLi NUPLRisLi aRPLi[LRissLi R sVxRLRisV e RRVLi ryRs sVVNRPLi R sR[ s[R xqsLisVRsV
ee 16
xmsoLSxsVR xqsLiLi][ s ryRs xqsLisVM e @R[ sVLiRlLi[\ZaP[ RxmsaRPLRi sWRLRisV ee
17
bPyRW RRM FyF gRiysLijZNP[aRP*LRiM e xqss[V RRWV LRigRiys xqsLRi*ryOUPQ gRi[aRP*LRiM ee 18
DyR sVxLi xqs }qsxLi sVVNTPryRs sVVRsVsV e aRPsLi NUPLRisLi aRPLi[LRissLi
s[RxqsLisVRsV ee 19
NRPLi R ryRsLi sVVN_ bPs[s sVsV ztsQRsV e aRPsjLi NRPLi xs NRPVLRiV}tsQ*
sVVxLRiVxM ee 20
J sxmsZaP[xtsvLS! C sRsVVgS xqssVLRiVRgRiV gRiys xqssRVsWLRiVRV yxqssVxL<ji[
FyLjiLixmsTsy\, sVVNTP ryRssVVsV saRPRVsVV [zqs |mssV (15). bPsos aRPssVV,

NUPLRissVV, sVLjiRVV sVsssVV @sV sVWRV NRPzqs xqsLRi*ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV, s[R xqssVR\sVs ryRssVV
@s |mssV (16). xmspLRi*sVV s[sV NRPWR BRLRisVVV ryRssVVs[ Li NRPgji, sVLiRLRi
xmsLRi*RsVV sLiRV RxmssVVsV [zqss (17). @xmsoRV bPsos A[, RRW xXRRVVRV, xmssVR
gRijxms, xqsLRi*ryOTPQ RVgRiV gRiys sLijZNP[aRP*LRiVRV y sRNRPV ssV (18). bPsos aRPs ,
NUPLRis, sVsssVVV sVWRV NRPzqs s[R xqsLisVRsVgRiV DRsV sVVNTP ryRssVgRiVss (19), bPsoRV
yNRPV zmsRVVyRV. NSsos, J xqssRVsWLS! dsds sVWTLis ARLjiLiRVsVs yNRPV
sLikaRP*LRiVRV @s[NRP xmsLSRVsVVV zmsyRV (20).
Gs sVVNSQ* R][ yxqsLi rysVg][ sjsLiRsM e gSsV xqs*ssWs[s xmsRLi xmsLRisV a][ssV ee 21
Gs sVVNRPLi xqssW}qss xmspLRi* sXyLiR sVVRsVsV e
VVxtsQRV ERVM e
aRPsjRRVLi xqsWR sVVNRPVQFyRVxqsQ*[VLjiRM ee 22
aRPsj ZNP[saRPNRPM NTPLi NRPXy* sVVR[ sM e @RV[ \ss sVVNTP ry=Q` NRPLRi ZNP[s }RVy
ee 23
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ xmsRsWRWLi s[aRP*LRiLi xqsLizyRVLi ryR ryRs Li[
RRVL][syRVM (4)
BV yxqsVs][ xmsNTP xgSLji NRPVsWLRiVRgRiV xqssRVsWLRiVRV @sVRLRiV][ NRPWT Rs
ssWssVV[ xmsLRisV xqsVLiRLRisVgRiV x[NRPsVVsNRPV RssV (21). s[ds DRsV\sVs xmsoLRi*gSRsV
xqsLigRixsVVgS zmss.
VVxtsvV BV xmsNTPLji c
J xqsWy! aRPs, NUPLRis, sVsssVVs[ sVWRV, sVVNTPNTP DFyRVsVs dsso zmss (22). C
sVWTLis ARLjiLiRVNRPV aRPNTP[s sWssoRV GsV [zqss][ sVVNTPs F~LiRVsV? GNRPLRisV
ryRssVVgS [xqsVN]s sWssoRV xqsVsVVgS sVVNTPs F~LiRVsV? (23).

$ bPs sV xmsoLSsVV[ sVVRRgRiV s[aRP*LRi xqsLizR RVLiRV ryRryRssV LiRsVV[


ys @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj.

@R xmsLiRsWsyRVM
LigRisVV c sVWLji
xqsWR DyR e
aRPsjZNP[saRPNRPM LigRi [LRiLi R aRPLiNRPLRisV e xqsLiryxms sRsVLRiQ RlLi[R=LiryLRi rygRiLRisV ee 1
@zms RsLi s}[s RVy sVsLiRRVs e @LRi[VLigRi [LSLji sVLRi[VRzms xqsLiRRsV ee
2
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
aRPs, NUPLRis, sVsssVVs[ sVWTLi RVLiRV aRPNTP[syRV aRPLiNRPLRiVs LigRisVV sLiRV, sVWLji
RVLiRV Ayxs [zqs, xmsjssVV @LjiLi, xqsLiryLRi xqssVWRsVVsV ys[RVVsV (1). aRPNTPs
sVLiRNRPVLiy, sLiRs [NRPVLiy RssVVsV xqsLiFyjLi, sRsVV bPsos LigRisVVsNRPV, sVWLjiNTP
@LRis N]LRiNRPV @LjiLiRssV (2).
sVLiRxmsLi g][xmsoLRiLi dLRiLi sVhRiLi ZOP[Q RLi R][R=ssV e sxqsQLi gRiLiRLi R sWLi R RWxmsLi kxmsLi
R NTPRM ee 3
ssysLi R \ss[RLi @xmspxmssLi\sLRiVRsV e RRLi R*Li R ssLi ysVLRiLi yzms
ryLigRiNRPsV ee 4
LS[xmsyLRi sR=LRi*Li yLRi[VLigRi [LRiWM e xmsROTPQLi ssVryLRiLi RVyaRPNTP xmsLi Ry ee 5

Ayxyj xqsLSLiRLi sRLi NRPVLSRV= NTPRM e BR sVLRiRVs [sLi Lilgi[ [lLi[ R aSLiNRPlLi[
ee 6
zqsjs[V bPs{msy zy*zms aRPsjNRPsV e LigRi [LSLRiy sWysVQQNSM xmsplLi[* sV yM ee
7
sVLiRxmssVVsV, g][xmsoLRisVVsV, xqsdsVxmssVV[ aRPRVsVVsV, sVhRisVVsV, bPxmsZOP[Q RsVVsV sLjiLi,
DR=ssVVsV [RVssV. sxqsQsVVsV, gRiLiRsVVsV, xmsoxtsQsWNRPsV, RWxmskxmssVVsV NTP][
@LjiLiRssV (3). @xmspxmssVV][, xmsR][ NRPWTs ssyssVVsV \ss[RsVV
[RVssV. RRsVV, R*sVV, sLisVLRisV dsRV Byj }qss ssLids (4),LSsNRPV
DxmsyLRisVVV [zqss dLRiVs [RVssV. sVLjiRVV xmsROTPQsVVsV, ssVryLRisVVsV, aRPNTPs[VLRiNRPV
xmssVVsV [RVssV (5). xmsjssVV AyxssVV sVVRVN]s sxqsLRissVV sLRiNRPV NTPaRPR][
[RVssV. BV bPsos LigRisVVsV, sVWLjis @LjiLi (6), bPsos @sVgRixsVVsV F~Lijs
sQQNTP, aRPsRVsV sTssW, zqsjs F~LiRVsV. xmspLRi*sVV sVRVV LigRisVVsV, sVWLjis
@LjiLiRV sWRsVV [Rs[ sVVNTPs F~LijLji (7).
sVVsRVM ERVM e
[LRi sW[ RV xqsLRi*R xmspLi[ [sy gRiM e Lilgi[ [lLi[ R xqsLRi*R NRPRLi xqsLixmsp[ bPsM ee
8
sVVsVV BV xmsNTPLji c
[sRLiRLRiV sVWLji LRiWxmssVV[ sWRs[V xmspLixmsRVRVLiRgS, bPsoRV LigRisVV sLiRV,
sVWLji RVLiRV NRPWR xmspLixmsRVNRPV NSLRis[VsV? (8)
xqsWR DyR e
@x[ sVVdsaRP*LSM xmsoLi xmsaRPs[VRsRVRsV e @R sNS sV[[ y[szqs xmsoLRiVxtsQM
NRP*` ee 9

bPs[[NRPLi xmssOSQQsV NRPsWRVLRiV sVVRVQRsV e bP\sN][ xLRiWxmsy*sxtsQM xmsLjiNUPLjiRM ee


10
LRiWzmsy* R=NRP xqsR*` RryR=NRP sxtsQM e sxtsQy*sLSNSLRiLi LigRiLi Rxqs xqssWgRiRsV
ee 11
xqsNRP y*Ry [LRiLi ryNSLRiLi Rxqs xqsLigRiRsV e xqsNRPNRPLRiWxmsy* RQx aRP RM xmsLRiM ee
12
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
sVVs ZaP[xtsvLS! dsVLRiV s[zqss C xmsaRP xmssR\sVsj; sxqsRVsVVsV NRPgjiLiRVsj. ksNTP
sV[soRV RNRP xqssWyssVVsV xmsgRi xmsoLRiVxtsvRV sVLjiVVNRPRV FsNRPRsW [RV (9).
bPsos[R xmsT, gRiVLRiVso sVLiT y[ RVTs xqssWyssVVsV NRPsVRsVVgS
|msRsV. bPsoRV INRP[ xmsLRixLRiWxmsoRV. NSsos, ARVs sLSNSLRiVRs xmsRVsV (10).
bPsosNRPV LRiWxmssVV NRPWR DLiRV[, ARVs sLSNSLRiVRV, ryNSLRiVy NRPWy. CaRP*LRiVRV
sLSNSLRiVRV gRisVNRP, ARVs sLSNSLRisVgRiV LigRisVV sLiRV xmspLixmsRVRVyRV (11). ARVs
ryNSLRiVRV gRisVNRP sVWLji RVLiRV NRPWR ALSjLixmsRVRVyRV. BV ARVs ryNSLRi, sLSNSLRi
LRiWxmsoRgRiV[, xmsLRix aRPyRVRgRiVRVyRV (12).
@zms Lilgi[ R [lLi[ R sRsVLRiQ[ \sM e @xy*RRs[uyLi sxtsQR*Li s z NRP*`
ee 13
Rry[ sxtsQ[ Lilgi[ yLSRLi[ xqsVlLi[aRP*LSM e @xy*R sy*Rys[ [sygRiM ee
14
RW{tsQLi xqsNRP sWRy* RLRiQLi[ [LRisWRZNP[ e sR*Li aRPLiNRPLSs[uyLi xR*Li aRPLiNRPLRixqsR
ee 15
s[yLiR ryLRi xqsLizqsRLi xmsylLi[ xmsNSaRPy` e Gs s[Vs xmsLSsVXu sVLiRlLi[ sLijZNP[aRP*LRiM ee 16

xqssRVsWLRi sVVsy xxmso[ ksVy e


bPsoRV sWsso[ LigRisVV sLiRV, sVWLji RVLiRV NRPWR sRsVV ALSjLixmsRVRVyRV.
BRLRi [sRV xmsLRix LRiWxmsoV NSRV gRisVNRP, yLjiNTP sLSNSLRiR*sVV [RV (13). NSsos, BRLRi
[sRV xLRiWxmsoV NSNRP, sogRiV[ sLSNSLRisVgRiV LigRisVV sLiRV ALSjLixmsRLRiV (14).
yLRiV ryNSLRiVV sWRs[V. gRisVNRP, sVWLji RVLiRV sWRs[V ALSjLixmsRVRVyLRiV. aRPLiNRPLRiVRV
xmsLRix; aRPLiNRPLRiVs NRPLi sVQQ\s [sRV soV (15). aRPLiNRPLRiVs xR*sVV DxmssxtsQRV
ryLRisVVgS, JLiNSLRisVV VVNRP @LRisVVgS sLRiWzmsLixmsTsj. sVLiRLRi xmsLRi*RsVV sLiRV (16)
xxmsoRVRV, VjsVLiRVRVsgRiV xqssRVsWLRi sVxL<ji sLijZNP[aRP*LRiVs B[ dLRiVs xmsbPLisV.
xqssRVsWLRi DyR e
bPys [s saSsLi xqslLi[*uysVzms xqsLRi*RM ee 17
[LRisWRLi R xmspLRiLi aRPVRLi RXxtsQLi R WLjiaRPM e bPssWRxqs xmspRWLi LigRiLi [LRiLi R
RXaRP[ ee 18
@Rxqs RWQz NRP RRQ*Li s[V ryRV [RssV e
xqssRVsWLRiVTV xmsZNPsV c
bPsos NRPLi sQQ\sVs [sRsV NRPVV xqsLRi*R (17), sVWLji RVLiRV [RVV ALSRssV
gRiVLjiLi sWRs[V ssVRVysVV; NRPsVRVysVV. ZNP[ssVV bPyLRis RVLiRV sWRs[V
LigRisVV, sVWLji NRPsRVsV (18). NSsos, J sVLigRi xqs*LRiWFy! yNRPV gRiVgS @LRisVgRiVsV C
RRQ*sVVsV ssLjiLixmsosVV.
sLijZNP[aRP*LRi DyR e
@sVRLRi sVsVLi xmsaRPLi LRixxqsLi xORPQsV ee 19

NRPRRWsV bPs[[NRPLi NTP RVVNRPxqs [ssxmnsV e bPsxqs xLRiWxmsy*sxtsQy*R sxtsQsV ee


20
LigRiLi R\|qs#s xmspRWLi xqsLRi*s[[xtsv xqsLisVRsV e R\|qs#s xqsNRPy*R Ry xqsNRPsxtsQsV
ee 21
xqsNRPLi R Ry [LRiLi xmspRWLi [NRP xqsLisVRsV e bPys[uyLi R sy*` xqsNRPy*R
xqsLRi*RM ee 22
[LRisWRLi R xmsp RWLi xqsLisVRLi s[R sLRi[V e ry*sLSs[ R [yyLi xqsNRPLi LRiWxmss[Vs
z ee 23
bPsxqs LigRiLi [LRiLi R RLRi+s[ RXaRP[ V e
sLijZNP[aRP*LRiVTV xmsZNPsVc
C xmsaRPNRPV xqssWyssVV @xqsLissVV. Bj LRixxqssVgRiV x sR (19). FyxmssVVV
[syy! NRPVRsgRiV dsNRPV bPsoRV zmss C LRixxqssVVsV |msRsV. bPsoRV xmsLRix
xqs*LRiWxmsoRV. sLSNSLRiVRV (20). bPsosNTP sWRs[V LigRisVV sLiRV @LRis s[RsVVs RVLiRV
sLkiR\sV RVVsj. bPsoRV ryNSLRiVRV NRPWy (21). NSsos, [NRPsVV[ bPsoRV sVWLji LRiWxmssVV[
NRPWR xmsp sLiRVN]sVsV. bPsos NRPLi sQQ\sVs [sRV soV, ryNSLRiVV (22). NRPsVNRP,
yLjiNTP sVWLji RVLiRV sWRs[V @LRis s[RsVV[ sLRiLiVVLixmsTsj. [sRV
AsLRisLisxmsVRV ryNSLRisVVgRis[ AsLRisLiRVLRiV. (23). NSs, bPsoRV LigRisVVgRisV, sVWLjigRisV
NRPWR RLRi+ssVRVsV.
xqssRVsWLRi DyRe
DNRPLi R*RW sVgRi LigRi[LRi xmsyLRisV ee 24
bPsxqs R RRs[uyLi s xmsLRisWLRiRM e RryR[s xmsLRisVLi LigRi[LSj xqsLissV ee 25

a][RVsVysV WgkiLiR LigSsLSs ORPQsV e


xqssRVsWLRiVTV xmsZNPsVc
J sVsVy! (24), bPsosNRPV LigRisVV sLiRV, sVWLji RVLiRV @LRis, BRLRi [sRNRPV sVWLji
RVLiRV sWRs[V @LRis xmsyLRisVV[ sVLiRVNRPV gRi NSLRisVVsV sgRisVV [zqs, dsso
xmsLRisWLRi RXztsQ][ ssLjiLis. NSsos, J Wgji ZaP[uy! s[sV ZaP[xtsQ\sVs LigRisVV, sVWLji
ByRV AsLSssVVsV gRiWLji (25) ssg][LRiVRVssV. J WgjiZaP[uy! LigRisVV AsLRisLis
sRsVVsV VxmsoRV.
sLijZNP[aRP*LRi DyR e
aRPXV sR= sdQQ\Q sOSQQsV xmsLRisWLRiRM ee 26
xmsoLSNRP[ sVNS[ xmsxmss[ [NRPsaRPV[ e @RVV[yLi sVy_ x sxtsw xmsLRixqsLRisV ee
27
RWLSsLi sLSNRPLRiVLi Rs[ xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiM e sxtsQxqsLi LRiW}ms xqs*LRiWxmsLi xqssVRLRi+RV` ee
28
RRM xqs*LigRi xy*` xqsLi][ sxtsQLi bPsM e xqs*LigRiLi RLRi+RW sWxqs gRiyLi
zRNSsVRW ee 29
RyxmsX [ZNP[xtsv sxtsQLi LigRi\sVaRP*LRisV e xqsNRPLi R Ry [LRiLi bPs\|qs#s xmsNRPRsV ee 30
bPys[uyLi RV [yyLi [LRisWRLi xmsNRPRsV e RR[LRiLi RV [yyLi RR][gRixmsRLi
aRPVsV e
bPsxqs LigRi[LRiR*Li [gRisWORPQ xmsRLi aRPVsV ee 31
B $ bPs sV xmsoLS[ s[aRP*LRi xqsLizyRWLi xmsLiRsWsyRVM (5)

sLijZNP[aRP*LRiVRV BV xmsZNPsVc
J sy=! ds {ms N]LRiNRPV xmsLRisWLRisVVsV |msRsV. ssVsVV (26). xmspLRi*NRPsVV sLiRV
xmsRVNSsVV xqsLiFyxmssVV NSgS, sVRVgRiV x sxtsvsoV INRPLji][ NRPLRiV FRVN]sLji
(27). yLji @xLiNSLRisVVsV ]gjiLiRV\ZNP, xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV yLji sVR[ sLSNSLRisVgRiV
xqsLiLRiWxmssVVgS Rs LRiWxmssVVsV xmsRLji+LisV (28). @xmsoRV bPsoRV [NRPsVV ZOP[QsVsVVsV g][Lji,
A xqsLisVV sVLiT sLSNSLRisVgRiV LigRiLRiWxmssVVgS AsLRisLisV (29). @xms sVLiTRVV,
[NRPsVV[ bPsosNRPV sWRs[V sLSNSLRisVgRiV LigRisVV sLiRV, ryNSLRisVVgRi sVWLji RVLiRV
@LRisV [RVRVRVss (30). bPsos NRPLi ssVgRiV [sRNRPV sVWLji @LRis sWRs[V
szR\sVsj. [sRV ARW sVWLRiVsV @LjiLis][, A RW [gRisVVV, aRPVsVVV
NRPVgRiVsV. bPsos LigRisVVsV, sVWLjis @LjiLis][ [gRisVVV, aRPVsVV, sWORPQsVV NRPWR
LiRVsV (31).
$ bPs sV xmsoLSsVV[ s[aRP*LRi xqsLizR RVLiRV HRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj. (5)

@R xtsQusyRVM
x sxtsv xqsLigSsVsVV
sLijZNP[aRP*LRi DyR e
xmsoLS NRPy][gkiLiR sxtsvLji*xtsQRLSxqssM e xqsVuy*xms xmsLRiRW Wy rysV\lgiLRizms xqsLisXRM ee 1
RVRXRRW gRiRxqsR x syLi sLRiM e @xmsXRRVLiRLkiNSORPQLi aRPRWsLi
xqsLRi*xqsVLiRLRisV ee 2
NRPxqsQ*Li xmsoLRiVxtsQs[}tsQ RXuy* sWsVzms RXxmss` e DRxtsQ sR= sWLi xmsaRP Rs
yRRsVgRiRsV ee 3

AgRiRLi gRiVLRiV sWLSRLi RXuy* W RXxmssRlLi[` e ][zxqsxqs sVWRxqs FyRVbPRLi


skRV[ ee 4
sLijZNP[aRP*LRiVTV xmsZNPsVc
J WgjiZaP[uy! xmspLRi*sVV INRPyRV sxtsvso g]xms \sssVV][ ZaP[xtsQaRPRVssVV\|ms sjLisV.
@sVRLRiVV ARVssV RVVyLji RVVLiTLji (1). s[Rs[R[ ZaP[xtsvRgRiV x @RNRPV
@sVN][NRPVLiy s, xmsRsVV sLi s[RsVVV gRiyRV, xqsLS*LigRixqsVLiRLRiVRV sgRiV sxtsvso
xmsLRiVLiTRVVLiRgS, BV xmsbPLisV (2). ""dsssLRiso? ssV RWzqs NRPWy gRiLRi*sVV][ ZaP[xtsvs\|ms
xmsLRiVLiTRVVyso. Jsy=! sVV. s[sV ds xmsVsosV sRVVysV. ssV RWRVsVV (3).
ALSRdsRVV\s gRiVLRiVso ssxmsVRV RW NRPWy Fss\s[ gRiLji*Li xmssLjiLiRV[, @
][xVj gRi sVWLRiVsNRPV FyRVbPRsVV sjLixmsRVsV (4)''.
BaRPVy* sRM NRPV][ zaS+LiRsyRLRi`e xqs*zqs [ ry*gRiRLi sR= xtsQ {mshRisV][ saRP ee 5
NTPsVV[ sgRisR*QQNRPQLi s sxtsQs[VORPQsVe
C sWsV ss sxtsvso, N][xmssVVsV F~LijRVW, xsVVgS aSLiRVs ss[ ARLjiLi, BV
xmsZNPsV. ""J sy=! dsNRPV ry*gRiRsVV. xmsNRPNRPV LRiVgRiVsVV. Bjg][ AxqsssVV .NRPWLRiVLiRVsVV. (5)
ds sVVsVV LiygRixqsQ\sV RVVs[? ds RWxmsoV xmsxqsssVVgS [so.''
x[yRe
sR= su sVsWs sWgRiRLi NSs[gRiRM ee 6
zmsysVaRP gRiRM Fyy R Rs sR=NRPe
x BV xmsZNPsVc
sy=! su! g]xms @sWssVV gRi s[sV NSsVV][ xqssWs\sVs s[gRisVV][ sysV(6).
zmsysVxRsV. sy=! gRiRVsV, ssV NRPWy LRiOTPQLiRVyRsV.

sxtsvLRiVyRe
sVR=Li gRijRLi sR= sVsV}tsQ R*Li z ][LRis`ee 7
sVy NRPsV RM xmsoRxqsQ*Li xtsQ}qs sXye
sxtsvso BV xmsZNPsVc
sy=! C gRiRV y RVLiRV Dsj. dsso ][LRiVs s xmssLjiLiRVyso. (7) dsso y y[s
xmsRsVV sVLiT sLis y xmsoRVRso. dsso sLRisVVgS xmsVNRPVRVyso.
sLijZNP[aRP*LRi DyR!
GsLi z sR][xqsR sVVgRiWLRi Wxqsyee 8
@xs[Vs sL][ s R*sVxLi xmsV LRixLi xmsVM e xmsLRixqsLRiLi xLiRV NSs
RNRPRVxqs=sVL][RsVsVee 9
RVVRVVy[ssVL_ dsL_ xLixqs xmsOUPQLiQRyx _e \sLRiLiy \sxtsQyZaPs sV][ RVVRVVjlLi[
Ry ee 10
ysj*sWsgRiRRVM xqsLS*Q\s [sRRVM e jRXORPQsxqs=sWgRiVM xqssVLRiLi RLi sVRVRsV ee
11
sLijZNP[aRP*LRiV TssVc
@gRiV yLjiRLRiV @xmsoU dLRiVsV sWxsVVsV F~Lij sWR Lji(8) "s[s[
g]xmsyRsV; dssoNSRV; s[sV xmsVRsV ;s[s[ xmsVRsV' @LiW yLjiRLRiV INRPLjiNRPLRiV
zLizqsLiRg][Lji, RVVRsVVsNRPV xqssRVV NSLji (9) NRPsVsVVgS xLixqs, gRiLRiVRVRV
yxssVVV gSgRi A [sy dsLRiVRLRiW RVVRsVVsV [RVVRVLiRgS, yLji yLji
@sVRWRVVV NRPWy xmsLRixqsLRisVV RVVRsVV [RV sVVRTLji(10) @xmsoRV [sRV

yLRiLiRLRiW ssWssVV sjL][zLi, A sVRVR RVVRsVVsV RWRV DRLihRi][ @RNRPV


s[zqsLji(11).
OTPQxmsLiRM xmsoxtsQsL<S xmsaRPLiRM \|qs#*LRisVLilLi[ exqsVsLRi yxsxqsR NRPV][ \s xsORPQzqsee 12
sVVsWR s xqs sryQLiaRP ssys xs e sVVsWyR sjM NRPV][ suLRiVLRizqs
RVxqs=s ee 13
ssxqsLiNSaSs @ryQLiaRP xaRPxqsye RyaRPLRisV xqsxtsQLi RWxqs=sVLRig][RLRisVee 14
xqsdsVORPQ \sRgRi aRP+aRPLixqsVLRiQX aRPsWNRPVM e R][ sxtsv xqsV=xqsLiNRPVRM aRP*xqss sxqss NRPLji+RM ee
15
sV}aRP*LSxqsQLi sVsWs xqsLiR[ x[xmsLji e R][ XaRPLi NRPVRM NRPLixmsRVs saRP*s[Vs
zee 16
@xqsQLi FyaRPVxmsRLi |mnsWLRiLi xqsLiR[ sxtsv sORPQzqse
yLRiV ANRPxqssVV sVLiT RWRVRW, RV[RgS xmsoxtsQsXztsQs NRPVLjizmsLiLji. @xmsoRV gRiLRiVR
yxsVRV N][zmsLi, x VVNRP sORPQ xqs=sVV sLiRV (12) , xqszLixms aRPNRPsVV NSs
sVVsV, ssR @xqsQsVVsV xmsWgjiLisV. @xmsoRV x N][zmsLi,
sxtsvso VVNRP sORPQ xqs=sVV sLiRV (13), @gjix[RsVV s xqszLixms aRPNRPsVV NSs
sVVsV, ssR @xqsQsVVsV xmsWgjiLisV. yLji A RVVRsVV AaRPLRisVVsV NRPgjiLisV.
(14). [sy gRisVV A RVVRsVVsV RW, y NRPLigSLRiVxmsTLji. @xmsoRV sxtsvso sVNTP
N][zmsLi, gSRVsVV[ {msTRV\, kLRi saS+Q*xqssVVsV sT|msVRW (15) sW}aRP*LSxqsQsVVsV
xqsLjiLi xQ\|ms xqsLiyssVV [|qssV. @xmsoRV x BLiNRPsW N][zmsLi, gRiRVsV sNTPLixms
[RVVRW (16), sxtsvso VVNRP sORPQ xqs=sVV\|ms RVLiNRPLRisVgRiV FyaRPVxmsyxqsQsVVsV xqsLiyssVV
[|qssV.
RRxqsRVRLi [sV RxmsyRVVR xqsssV ee 17

xqsxxqssVV sVRVgRiLi RLiRyR RVLiNRPLRisVe @xqsQ R*RVsVRLi RR x


suLRiRVLiNRPLRisV ee 18
BRLi Ws xqssVL][ x su*M xmsLRixqsLRisVe e R][ [sgRi xqs=lLi[* sxtsQ XaRPsWNRPVM ee
19
ERVM xmsLRixqsLRiLi yR LSO][Q[ RVy j*Me xqsXztsQM zqsaRP
xqsLiLRiM L][ [sxmssVgRiM ee 20
RVryRQsLRi[ R\|qs# x[ R aRPWs[ e
@aRPNRP sV\sQLRiRsVgRixLi sy RXORPQWsxmsR RVRXRRW NRP*`ee 21
A FyaRPVxmsyxqsQsVV ANRPxqssVV sLiRV [, N][ xqsWLRiV xmsNSaRPsVV][ (17), s[LiVV sVVsVVV
gRi\ RLiRyRVVso s sVNTP RVsVVsV g]VRVLisV. x sxtsvso C lLiLiRV
@xqsQsVVV y ds g]VRVLisV. (18). C sRsVVgS x sxtsvso R*LiR*RVVRsVV
N]srygRiVRVLiRgS, [sgRisVV yLRiLiRLRiW sVNTP NRPLigSLRiVxmsTLji(19), sy=! LS
FyryRsVV[ xqsLiO][QsVV GLRiTsxms xV s, A [sRV xmsLRixqsLRisVV BV
xmsVNRPVRVLiTLji. xqsXztsQ, zqs, xqsLiLRisVV (gRiRV xmsNRPX RVLiRV RVsVgRiV), L][ssVV
(xmsNRPX xmsLRisWR RVLiRV RVsVgRiV), sVLjiRVV @sVgRixsVV (xmsosxqs=QXztsQNTP @sV) @sVss
(20) G xmsLRix sVLiT xmssLjiV[, @ aRPW RVgRiV bPsosNRPV ssVryLRisVV. ARVs
@sVgRixsVV [s[ C [NRPsVV[ FsNRPQ\ssW BRLRiVV gRiTFRsV NRPWR RVLiR[LRiV (21).'
B [y RVLi NRPXy* ss*LiRM bPsORPQRVsV e gRiVM\ZNPxqsbPLRiLi RVy}qs RLiRZaP[LRiM ee
22
RX|t^sQ*ssVsVLS xXuyM xmsRLi RyLRis[VaRP*LRisV e xms[sVVM xmsyNSLRiLi xmssuyxqsR xqsRs ee
23
[zms RR xqssV[ sVLiR}ms sV sxtsQlLi[ e sLSsWssVVsVRW RRXaRPVlLi[sxmsoLigRissV ee 24

xqs[RlLi[RLRi xmsRLi RRLjiR NRPLSLiVsV e xqs*gRi\ xqs=LRi*][ xtsQLi xqsLRi*ORPQ OTPQRsV ee 25


dssWsLi sZaP[xtsQ^M {qsQ\s {qsss\sM e aRPxqssWsLi xqsy s[\LRisVgRiXxLiR dsVaRP*LRisV ee 26
RX|t^sQ*s dsV aRPsVsVLSxqs=Li][xtsQ xqs[ORPQM e RLiRsRWLRi][ sR= ssVaRPNRPVLRigRiM ee 27
ys s[ORPQ xmslLi[ys xqsdsV}ms yx*RVR\M e @R xqsLiRRVs [ys[[ [sbPsVM e
@[R RLRi gRiLidLRiLi sRsLi sVRV sVLigRisV ee 28
B $ bPs sV xmsoLS[ s[aRP*LRi xqsLizyRWLi xtsQu
syRVM

(6)

BV ds [sRV bPsos syxqssVVsV sRVNRPVRW \ZNPxqs bPLRisVVsNRPV sLji. RLiRZaP[LRiVRV


sszqsLiRV ryssVj[V (22). [sRV xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVs A ryssVVsV RW, xqsLiRzqsLis y\lLi, A
syxqssVV [xms xmss[bPLi, JLiNSLRi xqs*LRiWxmsoRgRiV bPsosNRPV xmssVLji (23). @R
xqssVRsVV[ sVVV F~jgjis sVLixmssVV sLiRV DsW[s][ NRPWT sLSVRVs
sV[sos gSLiLji (24). ARVs FsRsV NS\|ms NRPVTNSs DLi, ys\|ms xmsRsVV sLi [s
DLi NRPWLRiVLisV. xqsLRi* NRP gRiVsVV][ sLS[ bPsos xmssVR gRisVVV RVV yLji
RVVLiTLji (25).xmsLjiyLjiNRPV aRPR][ sLisVLRisV dsRVRVLiTLji. s[RsVVV xqsLiRRsVV
ARVssV xqsVLiRVRVLisV (26). Jsy=! CsRsVVgS sVs CaRP*LRiVs RWs [sy
gRisVVV AsLiRsVV][ NRPsV dsLRiV gSLRiVRW, ryuyLigRi xmssVsVV yRLjiLiLji (27).
@xmsoRV bPsoRV xmssVR gRisVV [R A [sRsV RgRiLRiNRPV zmszmsLisV. [s [soRgRiV bPsoRV
@xmsoRV [sR ysLiRxmsLRiRVRW, RVs, @LRi gSLidLRisVV gRi, sVLigRiNRPLRi\sVs sWsV
xmsZNPsV.
$ bPs sV xmsoLSsVV[ s[aRP*LRi xqsLizR RVLiRV ALRis @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj(6).

@R xqsxmssWsyRVM
NRPW ryORPQ sVV
CaRP*LRi DyR e
sR=NSM xqs*zqssM NRPR*QQLRi[ sVsV aSxqsy` e gRiR [sy sLiaRPM xqs*xqs*NRPLRi NTPLi s y ee 1
Fylgi[s sjRLi RVVRLi x su*LRiRW xqsVLSM e sy sVy}mss FsLRiVZNP[Qs ztsQRsV
ee 2
B xqszqsRRW sWyQ* NRPVsWLRi xmsLjixtsQRW e xqssV][xtsQRVRLiRWM xqs xmsxqsRV=LRi ssV
ee 3
@R RVVyLigRiLi gRiLiRVLi xLjiy][ LRikaRP*LRiM e AxmsRVR[aSyLi aRPRLi RR\s xqsLixqsj ee 4
CaRP*LRiVTV xmsZNPsVc
zmsRV\sVs [sRLS! y aSxqsssVV ss dsVNRPV sVLigRiNRPLRisVVgRi sVsy ? gRiRV, [s
sLiaRPsVVV RsV RsV NRPLRi RVLiRV ssVgRiQQ\sV RVVsy, [y? (1) J [sRLS! x
sxtsvso RVVRsVV yNRPV sVVLiRVgRis[ [RVVsV. dsV NRPsLRisVVsV RWs yNRPV sVLRi
zmss^sj (2). @LiNSxms C sRsVVgS LRiVsso*][ NRPWTs [s xmsVNRPV][ NRPVsWLRiVsV
Lis dLRiVs xmsNTP A [sRsV xqsLi][xtsQ|mssV (3). RLRiVyR, x sxtsvNRPV xmsVso
@gRiV bPsoRV A xqs[ sLiR xmssVR gRijxmsRVsV RVVRLRiLigRisVVsNRPV sRs
AzmsLisV.(4).
R][ yRLi xsRLi xmsRWRV xmslLi[bPRVM e gRi[aRP*LSaRP xqssQy yyyxs WxtsQM ee
5
xmsyNSLRi sWRLi RLi xmsLiRsVLiR sVLiTRsV e ALRiVL][x LRiRLi R sVLiNSxms LkiaRP*LRiM ee
6

xqsxqsWsV gRi sVLiyyM xqslLi[*xtsQsV RVRVVxqsV=LSM e RR* ss ysVLRi xmsoxtsQ sL<Ric


xqsLigkiR sXR ss\|LRizms yRslL^iM e
xqssWsRM xmsaRPVxmsM xmsLRiRW R [y ryNRPLi RWxqs=sVLRi WsV sVgSR= \|qssM ee 7
@xmsoRV bPsos xmsRWsVV N]LRiNRPV @s[NRP sRsVV yRsVVV, @LiNSLRisVV][ NRPWTs @s[NRP
yxssVVV zqsRsVV [RVsV. xmssVR gRijxmsRVV NRPWR zqsR\sVyLRiV (5). JLiNSLSNSLRisVV
NRPs, @LiVVRV sVLiRsVV[ @LiNRPLjiLixmsTs, sVLigRiNRPLRisVgRiV sVVsVVR LRiRsVVsV
@LiNSxms RVgRiV bPsoRV @jztsQLisV (6). NRPVsWLRiV][, gRisVV][ NRPWT RVVs bPsos
BLiyj [sRLiRLRiV @sVxqsLjiLiLji. LRiLigRiV LRiLigRiV R*sVV][, sLisVLRi][,
xmsoxtsQsL<RisVV][, xqsLigkiRsVV][ ysW[ gRiVLixmso][, yR xqssVWxsVV][ @LSLRiVRVs
xmsaRPVxms xmsLS[s][ gRiWT \|qss xqss[VRV\ yLjiRLji RVVRLRiLigRisVVsNRPV ssV (7).
xqsdsVORPQ RV RW LRiVRLi sgRiW][sLi xqssWzqsRM e xqssWxms yR sL][xtsQM aSLi][LRiVgRisM
xqs*sM ee 8
@R RVf dsL_ xLiRVNSs xmsLRixqsLRisV e sV}aRP*lLi[ y}qsQ Ry FyaRPVxms[s R ee 9
@xqsQ*Q\LRi][ RgRiLi xsu*LRigRiRQRVsV e Ca][zms RLi sLkiOSQQR xNSxmsRVLi
XaRPsV ee 10
sVsxqsLi sdxtsQNRPXLRiWs RsRR[ xqs sxtsQM ee 11
bPsoRV ANSaRPsVV sLiRV LRixxqssVVgS sVLiT yLji RVVRsVVsV NTPLisV. yRsVV |mnsWxtsQ
Azmss[RVsV. gRisVVV [RVV |msR R*s RlLisV (8). BLiR[ dsLRiVgRiV x sxtsvsoV
xmsLRixqsLRisVV xqsLixLjiLi[ D[aRPsVV][ sV}aRP*LRi, FyaRPVxmsyxqsQsVVsV xmsWgjiLiRVVLiTLji
(9). x, sxtsvso C @xqsQsVV *[ sVV[NRPsVVV RgRiVRVRVLisV. A
sLSNSLRiVRgRiV bPsoRV C dNRPLRisVgRiV @NS xmsRVsVVsV RWzqs (10). @ RVLiNRPLRisVgRiV
ANSLRisVV gRi |msR @gji xqsLisVV VVNRP ANRPXs y yLjiRLji sVR ssV (11).

[ @}qsQ yzms xqs *[ [NRPxqsLixLRi ORPQs[V e s}msRRVM ORPQ[\ss sLRiW[ sVs[ ee 12


RXuy* RRRVRLi R sVxqsQ aSLiNRPLRiLi aRPVsV e NTPs[V R RRVyNSLRi sVRWRVaRP
xmsLRixqsLRisV ee 13
@dLijRVsVRLi xqsLisVgjiLRiWxmsLi NTPsVVRsV e @rLRiQ* sVzms yRaRP @sWLRiORPQ s[Vs z
ee 14
B sszqsfdsL_ sVf dsLRisWs_ e RRL_ RRLkiOSQLRiLi xmsRry[sR xqsR*LRisV ee 15
[NRPsVVsV RgRiV[ sRsVVgS sVLiRVRVs A lLiLiRV @xqsQsVVV @R AsLRisLis
sVgji xqsLisVV[ xmsT ORPQNSsVV[ ys[ NRPzqsFVsV (12). C sRsVVgS @xqsQsVVsV
aSLiLixms[zqs, aRPVsVVsV NRPgjiLis A sxqsRWsxsVgRiV sR @gji xqsLisVVsV RW,
[sRV RsV[ ysVV ""GsV C @RVRsVgRiV ANSLRisVV!'' @s sWR [Lji (13).
""BR AsLRisLis C @gji xqsLisVV RVLjiLkiORPQ sVVgS sVsj. Bj G\sV DLiRVsV?
sVssVRLRisVV ks ARLiRsVVsV NRPsVg]sssV (14).'' @s A dsLRiVgRiV x sxtsvsoV
saRPLiVVLiRVN]s, RsV xmsLSNRPsVsVVsLiRV @aRPLiVVLis gRiLRi*sVV gRiy\lLi, AxqsLisVVsV
xmsLkiOUPQLiRV RVLiRV gRiQQ\sVs sVsxqsV= gRiy\lLi, ssVsLis[ RVV[LjiLji (15).
AsWLjiaRPWxqsR NSLRis[VNRPLi s xqsLi# s[` e BRVQQNSQ* xqsWNRPLRiRsVM sxtsvxqsryj
dsVLiVVsys ee 16
Ry x xLixqs RsVxqsLiRLiRLi dsOTPQRVLi RVR e yQ* Fyy sRVLi gRiy* RWLRiRLRiLi
xLjiM ee 17
yxmsaRPRxqs xqsLirysLi xqsLiryssLRixqsM e aSLiRxqs= xqsWNRPLRixLjiM Fyxms xmspLRi*Li LRiLigRisV
ee 18
"sVssVRLRisVV NRPzqs ss][, INRP @gRisVVsV RWR[NRPFysVV' @s xmsNTP sxtsvso
sLSxLRiWxmssVVsV y, ys Ajs [LRiVNRPV RVV[LjissV (16). @[ sRsVVgS, x

xLixqsLRiWxmssVVsV y, ys @LiRsVVsV RWRVNRPV ssV(17). sLSxLRiWxmsoRgRiV sxtsvso A


@gji xqsLisVV VVNRP Ajs NRPsVg]s[NRP, @zqs, sVLRi RVVRryssVVsVNRPV xNRPLi
sVVLiRVgS LjigjissV (18).
@R gRiRLixqsV [sW R sjryR zmsy Rs e RRLRi+ ZNP[RNUPxmsoxtsQLi NTPLij*RVR sVRVRsV
ee 19
@ rLRi sVsWsLi xsL<RiRVRLi Ry e @ds*QORPQ R RWM NRPXRLi gRiys xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiM
ee 20
xmsLjixqsLi RV NRPXRys NRPLixmsyRRLi bPLRiM e Rryy ssVgRiXRVLi RVRLi ZNP[RNRPsVVRsVsV
ee 21
NTPLi R*Li xmsRzqs xmso}tsQaRP xmsoxtsQLS ZNP[s y RXRsV e Aj sVry xmss[VRVxqs
xqsLisVyRVQRbPLRisV ee 22
s xqsLixmsaSsV RryRQ*Li aSsVLiR RLRi+s[ e @ryLiRxqs R }qsyLRiLi xLixqssVWLji
LjigRiRM ee 23
BRMxmsLRiLi xqs[s[VsR R*RW NRPLRisdsVzms=RsV e sVRW xqsx R*RW yR s[VR j*uaRP
xqss_ ee 24
xqsLiLi][ dsOTPQ][ yy RR ryORPQ xsVRVR e BRVQQ NSQ* ZNP[RNRPLi RR xmsysV xmsosM xmsosM
ee 25
Jsy=! dsRLiT RVgRiV x ANSaRPsVV[ sRW, N]LisVV xmsNRP sVLiT LRiVRVs
@RVRsVgRiV sVVgRixmsoso*sV RWsV (19). @j yRs\, sVNTP xqsVgRiLiRsVV NRPgjiRVVLisV.
@j Lji y NSsVV gRiRsV. yLjiRLji xmnsVL<RisV RW, gRiysVRgRiV xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV (20)
ss*gS, A NRPRNRP ss bPLRixqsV= sVLiT DRsV sVgRiV sVVgRixmsoso* lLisV. C sRsVVgS bPsoRV
yLjisRLjis @sVgRizLisV (21). "JxmsoxtsQLSsW! dsso G xmsRVRVLis?ssV RLjiLisj

FssLRiV?' @s x xmsbPLisV. "s[sV RVLjiLkiORPQ sVgRiV C xqsLisVV VVNRP Ajs RWR[RV.


s[sV LRiNSsVV NTPLiR xqsLisVV VVNRP sVRgRisVVsVLiT Ljis (22). NSsos ks
@gRisVVsV RW[ AaRPsV dsso sRVN]sVsVV' @s xmsoxtsQsVV RVsV. "s[sV ks @gRisVVsV
}qssLiRV\ZNP xLixqsLRiWxmssVV][ BRNRPV ss (23)'. J sVRsW! dsso BxmsoRV yNRPV INRP
N][LjiNRPsV sLRis[LS. dsso y][ sxtsvso sRNRPV s (24), "xxqsLisVV VVNRP @gRisVVsV
RWyRV; J@RVy! s[sV ryORPQ sVV' @s xmsssV @s xmsNTP, x A xmsoxtsQsVVsNRPV
@s[NRP xmsLSRVsVVV xmssVsV (25)
@xqsRsVzms aRPxqsLi ryyxmskRsVaSxqsssV e xqsdsVORPQ Ry RVR sWRVR aRPsVLi xmsxtsQ xL<RiLi
RV ssLRi xL<S` e
DyR \sLi xmsLRisWLRi sVRVRLi xtsQLiyRyR xqs= sjxqs][sRVRsV ee 26
xqsLigRis[VRR=sVV kOTPQRLi xlLi[ R\Qs ryOUPQ ssV ZNP[RNRPLi *RsV e
R][ssRRR z ZNP[RNRPLi sVXuy R[ RyRX sRxqsRLiZNP[ ee 27
xLjiaRP RR=RsVds LiR RVs RNSLRi R\|qs# sR[V ssVM xqs*RVsV e
uR\ZaPLRiVxmsy\lLiaRP xmspRWsWxqs RLi sjsV ee 28
AxmsysVV[ @xqsRsWRV aSxqsQ xqssVRs[Vss x A xmsoxtsQsVVsV IzmsLisV. sxtsvso
sVNTP aRPsVsV Lij, xL<RisVV ]gjisy\, RVVRLRiLigRisVVsLiRV DLiRVsV gSLis x
AsLiRsVV][ sXRsVV [|qssV. @xmsoRV @xqsRsVVsV AxqsLSgS [xqsVN]ss x xqsRsVVsNRPV
NRPVTs sxtsvsosV D[bPLi BV xmsZNPsV (26). J xLki! s[sV CxqsLisVV VVNRP
@gRigRisVVsV RNRPgS RWs. ksNTP C ZNP[RNRPxmsoxtsQs[V ryOTPQ @s xmsZNPsV. @xmsoy
ZNP[RNRPxmsoxtsQsVV sxtsvso][ "@sosV' @s @xqsRsVVsV xmsZNPsV (27). sxtsvso A sW
xqsRs[Vss sLi, xNRPV ssVxqsLjiLi, uRa][xmsyLRisVV][ xmspLisV (28).
sjLi xmsxLRiVLi aRPhRisVgji LigRiRM xqs CaRP*LRixqsR Ws ryNRPXM e

xqssVVRM ry*sV s[NRPyRVsM xmsNRPLixmsFyM xmsLjigRiXx RRRsV ee 29


ARLiR{ssxmsoztsQ R*LiVV sWx Vy* e WRWj*sVLRi+ Bx ys NSsV[RM ee
xqs R*Li xms{qsR NRPLRiVNRPLRi NRPaRPLi _ e sVXxtsQLi ORPQsVxqs szRLi s\s ZNP[ ee 30
sWxqssVV [zqss xsV bPOTPQLiRV\ZNP CaRP*LRiVRV @gjiLigRisVV sVLiT @R ryNSLRisVVgS
AsLRisLisV. sxtsvso CaRP*LRiVs RW, [, sNRPVRVs [RV][ ARVs FyRsVVNRPV
ssVxqsLjiLi BV xmsZNPsV (29). ds C [xsVV Aj, @LiRsVVV [sj. NSs, s[VsVRLRisVV
sWxsVV][ sLiTs Vj gRiyLRi\sV , ds LiVW @gjiLigRisVVsV xmsLkiORPQ [RVsss RLisV.
RRVNRPV sRV\sVsyy! dsso xmsxqssVR\s, sW LiVW ][xtsQsVVsV ORPQsVLiRVsVV. Bj @LiRRVW
ds d[V gRiy! (30).
CaRP*LRi DyR e
sR= xmsxqs[szqs xlLi[ RVRxqsQ*Li CaRPR*sVRszms xqsRyNRPsV e
WRWxqsR}qs sy s[xtsv rysVLi sVRW xqsRQX LRixms FyM ee 32
BRMxmsLRiLi [ xmsXRgSRs aRP e ZOP[Q R xmsuR=s xmspsLi R ee
B [sM xmsoLS {msRM xqs[s xLRi[V xmsLRisV e R_ xqs*rysVsVRLRiLi [s xqsLi}mnsV R xmsaRPee
33
B $ bPs sV xmsoLS[ s[*aRP*LRi xqsLizyRWLi xqsxmssWsyRVM (7).
CaRP*LRiVTV xmsZNPsVc
sR=!su! dsso CaRP*LRiR*sVVsV N][LRiVyRs[ @LiVVssW, xqsRsVgRiV sWsV xmsNTPs.
@LiRVss, s[sV y xmsxqssVR\ss. dsNRPV sWsso[ y][ xqssV\sVs xmsp xqsyLRisVVV
LiRgRiso (31). C \|mss y NRPLi s[LRiVgS dsNRPV NRPWR ZOP[Q RsVV, xmsxtsQ, DR=ssVV, xmsp

DLiRgRiso (32). bPsoRV C dLRiVs sxtsvso VVNRP xqsRyNRP FyssVVsVNRPV sVNTP


xqsLiRzqsLi, [sygRisVVV RWRVRVLiRgS, Rs][ xqssVsVgRiV ryLiVVs BsV (33).
$ bPs sV xmsoLSsVV[s s[aRP*LRi xqsLizR RVLiRV GRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (7).

@R @xtsQsWsyRVM
@xqsRsVV xmsNTPs R gjisj
sLijZNP[aRP*LRi DyR e
xqsxqsLSR sV[sM xmsoLRiVxtsQLi
RQxRLRixmnsWLixqsRW ee 1

NRPLi

RRVRsV

\LRiyLi

[LRiy

xqs\s Ry RR xmsLi xmssV bPssVLigRi[ e NTPLi NSLRiLi NRPLRiyR bdPxmnsV sWxmsRV xms[ee 2
sR= WsRVLi sj ry=QOSQgRiy sWRQ\sRsV e sWssVLRiRV [s lgi[s sry xmsLRisV
ee 3
xqs\s gRiX{\Q*NRP NRPlLi[ ZNP[aRPLi RRLiRsVLi RXxms sVxqsRxtsQsV e
y* bPLSLixqsxqs sxLiRV sVVRRM xmsNRPLixmsRVs RsV xqsVLi NRP\lLiM ee 4
sLijZNP[aRP*LRiVTV xmsZNPsV c
@xmsoRV sV[soRV x[sos gRiLRi*sVV sRLiRV N][LjiNRP][ NRPsVsV sVR sVLiT
\LRisoRs[ @RVRsVgRiV INSNRP xmsoLRiVxtsvs xqsXztsQLisV (1). @xmsoy xmsoLRiVxtsvRV A
LRiLigRisVV[ xmsVsgRiV bPsosNRPV ssVxqsLjiLi, "xms[!s[sV [RVRgjis xmss [Vj?
ssVsLis[ AzmsLiRVRV' @s xmsZNPsV (2). "sy=! C x [NRPsVVNRPV sVVR \ssVV.
NSsos, CRss s[gRisVVgS xmsRV\ss NRP][ saRPRVsVVgS gRiVgS @LjiLiRVsVV' @s bPsoRV

xmsZNPsV (3). A \LRisoRV INRP [][ VsV xms, gRiLji*Lis x VVNRP @xqsRsVVsV
xmsNTPs HRs bPLRixqsV=sV LiTLi, xmsNSbPLi[ NRPs [RV][ xmsVRW, sVgjis bPLRixqsV=sV
NRPWR LiTLiRVNRPV zqsRxmsRVRVLisV (4).
zmsy R[R=QXxtsQ sWxtsQLiLRi xqsgRiVRLkiRWsVZNP[aRP xqsLixM e
xmsyR LRiLi[s [s RLiRM xmsFyR \s \LRisFyR xmsLiNRP[ ee 5
ysj*jLi yR jRXORPVLRiRVRM NRPXFyVLRixqsR FyRxmsssV e
sztsQR \|tsQ# LRisR` NRPXyLiM RVy bPaRPVxqs=Q*Li zmsRLRiLi NRPORPQLRisV ee 6
ds RLiT @LiNSLRisVVsV, DRLkiRVsVVsV, sWsV, xqs*RsVgRiV ZNP[aRPsVV sVVTs LRisR,
RVFnysV[ @LRiV s, dgRi s sNRPVRW, \LRisos xmsRsVV sLi FyRsVV\|ms xmssV
(5). BLiR[, xsV LRiOTPQLiRV D[aRPsVV][, RRVgRi sxtsvso, sVs xmsVso @gRiV bPsos
gRiVLRiVNRPV sLi FyRsVVsV NRPds][ @}tsQNTPLi, ][zqs VVgji, zmsyRV Rs RLiTs
s[RVN]s dLRiVs, sVRVLRisVgRiV xqs*LRisVV][ BV xmsZNPsV (6).
@RVR DyR e
R*RW xmsRV[s xmsoLS z RRLi RVRxqs xmsLiyss dsVaRP xsV e
Rry` ORPQsVry*R sVsVgRiL>RiLi NRPVLRiV xmsryRLi sR[V xsVV\|tsQ#ee 7
BRLji][sRV[ s[aRPM RVxtsQxqsV=LRigRiLigRi[ e ssLRiRWsWxqs Ry \LRisLi xRLiRRM ee 8
@yx [sM NTPRsLi sjLi sgRiRNRPLiRLRisV e xLi xqsQ* sVL>RiNSLiOUPQ aRPhRidsVaRPR* sWzqsRM ee 9
yR}qs xqsRQXL][ZNP[ WRV` ry[R=yjNRPsV e
sxtsvso BV xmsZNPsVc

xmspLRi*sVV dsso C xNRPV CaRP*LRi xsVVgS HRV sVVsVVsV xmsRVRxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS


sRVVLis. @LiRVss, CsVVR \ssVgRiV xsV ORPQsVLixmsosVV. CRRV ds
@sVgRixsVVsNRPV WgRiVRV. dsso C x RVLiRV xmsxqssRsV RWxmsosVV (7). sxtsvso[
[sR xqssVORPQsVV[ C sRsVVgS FyLjiLixmsRs bPsoRV xsV RLiTLiRsRs \LRisos
@xmsoRV ssNRPNRPV zmssV (8). @xmsoRV bPsoRV, sWxqssVV [zqs RsV Fg]VNRPVs x][
sssV. J xs! dsso CaRP*LRiR*sVVsNRPV @L>RiRsV xqsLiFyjLiRg][Lji, sWxqssVVsNRPV RxmsTs
gSs (9) [NRPsVV[ dsNRPV ryssVV, DR=ssVV, xmsp sVVRgRiVss [NRPVLiRVgSNRP!
x[yRe
ry*sVs xms{qsyR sVsW[ e sVs[ sLRiLi sLRiR s[V bPLRixqsM xmssWORPQsV ee 10
ssVxqsVLi gRis[ LiRs[ saRP*Ws[V e xqszxtsQs[ xqsLRi*][uyLi aRPLi# s[ \ZaPRs*s[ ee 11
x BV xmsZNPsV c
ry*dsV! dsso sV sVzsWs*RVRso. xmsxqssVRso NRPsVV. sLRisVV sRVyy! bPLRixqsV=
gRiVsV s[sV sLRisVVgRis[ sLiRVRVysV (10). gRisLiRVRV, LiRVso, gRiyLRiVRV,
][xtsQsVV sss xqszLiRVyRV, s[VLRiV xmsLRi*RsVV RsxqsV=gS gRiyRV, sVLigRixqs*LRiWxmsoRV
sgRiV ds N]LRiNRPV ssVryLRisVV (11).
CaRP*LRi DyR e
@LS RVs[VR\Q* gRiR=LRi*Li sbPxtsQ e RRxqsQ*Li z RLiyL>RiLi sx [NRPRVLRiLi bPa][ ee 12
sLRiLi RysV [ RR gRiX RVLRiLi xmsLRisV e \sysZNP[xtsv gRiX}xtsv RV[xtsv R ysVLRiVM ee
13
sxtsQxqsQ*RX[ RVM ryLigRiaRP xqsx ROTPQM e @yx [sM NTPRsLi ZNP[RNRPLi NRPWryOTPQsV ee 14
CaRP*LRiVTV xmsZNPsV c

dsso sbPLis][, FyNRPVs RVsVV[s C gRiRV xmspLjigS sbPLiRgRiRV. @LiRVss,


RLiyL>RiRsgRiV ssV sT|msysV. JVy! dsso [NRPsVV VVNRP LRisVVsV szLiRVsVV
(12). dsNRPV RVLRisVgRiV g]xms sLRisVVsV BRsV. @gjiQu sVsVV, RLRi+ sVVRgRiV
RVsVV[ dsj gRiVLRiVryssVV (13). @LigRisVV sRVW Dy, ROTPQ sy, dsso [s
RVsVV sLRisVgRiVsV. @xmsoRV bPsoR, sWxqsVj][ NRPW ryORPQ sVVsV xmsNTPs sVVgRi xmsoso*][
sssV (14).
lLi[lLi[ ZNP[RNRP RVxtsQxqsQ*Li aRPhRi RWLRisV][ s e sVsWzms }mssV [ xmso}tsQ sWWRWzqs*RM xmsLRisV
ee 15
BRVQQZNP[ RR [s[s ZNP[RNRPLi [sRRVM e xqsLS* syLRiRWsWxqsVM RyLS+Q*RsRxqsy ee 16
Jzqs RVxtsQZNP[RNRPsW! dsso sWxqssVVsV [zqss. AsNRPV sVV. BNRP\|mss yNRPV xmspRV[ ds
RVLiRV }mssV DLiRNRPVLiRV gSNRP! (15) bPsoTV xmsVNRPgS, [sR xmsoxtsQsVVsV bPsos FyLRi+Q*sVV
sVLiT RWLRisVVgS ]gjiLiLji.
ZNP[RNRP DyR e
ssV}qs yR s[V s sxtsQLi syRW e xqsxmnsLi NTPRVyLi yR ORPQsVyLi sVsV
NTPxtsQsV ee 17
y sNRPXRLi FyxmsLi yaRPRV[s [ xqsQXM e yRXZaP[ R*LiVV RX}tsQ s[V sVy ][xtsQM NRPV][
# s[` e 18
Ry xqsVRxqsV gRiys ZNP[RZNP[s xqsR[ e s s[V R*yLRiLi WgRiLi xqsRygRix dsVaRP*LRiM ee 19
sVkRWryQ*Li RLjixtsQLi s [ xqsxmnsLi RRM e R*Li \s sys y[s sVsWxmsLji sxtsQzqs ee
20
BRsVgRiXx gRiys ZNP[RNRPLi sj sWR_ e sLRiLS xqssV[ xqsLRi*[\sLRixtsvRM ee 21

B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ s[aRP*LRi xqsLizyRW sVxtsQsWsyRVM (8)


sVVgRixmsoso* BV xmsZNPsV c
J yy! dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV. ds A[ y s sLRisVgRiVsV. RLiU! yRxmsVsV ORPQsVLi, y
ssV xqsxmnssVV [RVVsVV (17). zqs gSs, RVNRP gSs [zqss FyxmssVV ssV xqsLjiLiRV
[Rs[ sbPLiRVsV. @ ssV s[sV RLji+Lis. y[ @xqsR][xtsQsVV BLiNRPsW FsVRVsV? (18).
xqs sVRsVV[ BV ZNP[RNRPsVV [R xqsVLixmsTs gRiysVRV BssV. CaRP*LRiVRsgRiV s[sV
xmsNTPsj xqsRQ\sV dLRiVsV. NSs, s[sV ssV RLjiLiRV RgRiRV (19). NSs, y NRPVV ssV
RLjiLiRLRiV. ys ss, dss xqsxmnssVgRiVsV. dsso RRLRiWxmssVVs y\|ms DLiRgRiso (20).
gRiysVRV C sRsVVgS ZNP[RNRPsVVsV, xsV, sWRsos @sVgRizLi, xqssVRsVV[
[sRLiRLji[ xqsVLixmsRVRVsy\ sLSsV (21).
$ bPs sV xmsoLSsVV[s s[aRP*LRi xqsLizR RVLiRV FsssVRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj.

@R sssWsyRVM
bPsLS c @LRiVRsVV
sLijZNP[aRP*LRi DyR e
RyLiRlLi[ f R yRLi xmssV sjsWR_ e yLixmso RW{tsQLi RxqsRVLRiORPQysVg_ ee 1
RR xqsLiryxms f [sLi xqsNRPVLiVLiLi sLSxqss[ e xmspRWsWxqsRVM xmspLi xmso\QM
xmsoLRiVxtsQsxqsVM ee 2
FLRiVxtsQLi FyNRPXRLi sxqsV [RVLi kLSNSNRPsV e LRisWxmsoLRi ZNP[RVWLRi NTPLki sVNRPVLiR\M ee 3

RV xqsW][RLkiRV xqsN`P O_QsV sWLigRiVdRV\ZNPM e xmsoxtsQyLiW NRPLRiWLRi RLiRygRiVLRiV


[xms\sM ee 4
RWxms kxms zqsRRR ss R*ysV\lLiM e @\sQLji [xms\lLiaRP y[ dR\s#\sM ee 5
xmsW\lgiQQM xmsaRP*\Qr xqssVLRiRVyLi xmssV e RVRQ\QQxtsQRsVLi sxqsV xmsWgRiLi
zR` j*M ee 6
sLijZNP[aRP*LRiVTV xmsZNPsVc
A xqssVRVsVV[ x sxtsvsoV xmsVsgRiV bPsosNRPV ][zqs VVgji ssVzqsLjiLi, saRP+sVVgS
NRPVT FsRsV RVLiRV sTLji (1). sVLjiRVV, ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV AxqsssVV\|ms xmspdsRVVRgRiV bPsos
[s][ xqs NRPVLRiVLiR, xmssRsVgRiV xmsoLRiVxtsQsxqsVso][ xmspLiLji (2). kLRiNSsVV zqsLRisVVgRi
sVLiRVss xmsoLRiVxtsQ sxqsVssRVV, N]jNSsVV sWRs[V sVsgRiVss FyNRPXRsVVsRVV
RVssV. LRisVVV, sWxmsoLRisVVV, ZNP[RVWLRisVVV, NTPLkisVV, sVNRPVLiRsVVV (3),
RV[xmsdsRsVV, DRLkiRVsVV, xmsV sxqsQsVVV, xmsoxtsQsWV, DLigRiLRisVVV, xmsoxtsQsVVV,
yLiWsVV, NRPLRiWLRisVV, gRiLiRsVV, @gRiLRiVxmspR (4), RWxmssVV, kxmssVV, s g]RVgRiV,
sLisVLRiV, R*sVV sVVRgRiV jssVVgRiV sxqsVso][ (5), yLjiRLRiV xmsaRPVxmss xmspLiLji.
A sxqsVso \sssVV yNRPVsNRPV, sVsxqsV=sNRPV NRPWR @LiRRV. xmsaRPVxmsNTP @L>RisVV\s A
sxqsVsoV soNRPV F~LiR aRPNRPsVV NSss. J j*LS! xqsLRi* ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV sxqsVso sRVW
xmsaRPVxmsNTP xqssVLjiLixmsRgjiss gRiy! (6).
RR*xqsQ* dsVa][szms FyLRiLixmsLRi NUPL<RiRW e xqsyLi xmsR_ xXxtsQM xmsXRN`P RR
RVyNRPsVsV ee 7
N][x[ sVy{qsRR RR*xqsV gRiXxysV e R\QsLi x sxtsvLi yLjiRaRP+LiNRPLRiM
xmsoLS ee 8
xmsxqssM Fyx f ss xqszqsRLi NTP sLRisM e

CaRP*LRiVRV xqsLiRzqsLi xmsLRiLixmsLRisV sLjiLiRV N][LjiNRP][ A sxqsVso ssds xqsVNRPV NRPsVsVVgS


Bs[|qssV (7). ys [sRV {qs*NRPLjiLiRVRVLiRgS |msR N][xsVV lLi[lgisV. C
sRsVVgS AyRV A xqs[ x sxtsvso[ xmspLixmsTs bPsoRV (8), xmsxqssVQQ\, NTPs
|msLiF~LijRLiRVRW, sdsRVgRiV yLjiRLjids D[bPLi, LRiVsso*][ sssV.
CaRP*LRi DyR e
RVusx sVR yLi sf= xmspRWszqssjs[ ee 9
jss[VRRRM xmsoLi sxtsQ sVxRLRisV e bPsLSLji y jlLi[uy sVsV zmsRW ee 10
GRy[ RV RVM NRPVLSRWLi sVLigRi [LRiWM e NRPVLSRV gRiRM NRPXRLi zqs xqsLSjNRPLi
xmsosWs ee 11
bPsLSysx[LSRLi sLSL][ [LijRVM e @LRi[Vy* RVyyRVLi RVy sVsLiRNRPM
ee 12
CaRP*LRiVTV xmsZNPsV c
NRPVsWLRiVLS! dsVLkiyRV [zqss xmspNRPV xqsLiRzqsLis (9). C jssVV y g]xmsj.
xmssR\sVsj. C jssVV bPsLS RVs }msLRiV gSLiRgRiRV. C j yNRPV zmsRV\sVsj (10). C
jyRV y sVWLjis, LigRisVVsV xmspLiRV sQQNTP gRiRV VVNRP xqsXztsQzqs RVsVVsV
[RVgRiVsLiR xqssVLRiVRgRiVsV.(11). bPsLSyRV sWssoRV DxmsszqsLi, [LijRVV\,
RVyaSxqsQsVVgS, RVyaRPNTPgS, aRPNTPsLiRs [NRPVLiRgS ssV ALSjLiRssV (12).
RVRLi sVsV xmspRWLi sL<Ris[VNRPLi sLRiLiRLRisV e RRLi # [ xqsR bP+sLSf
sVRLRiy` ee 13
sVRLRisXj NS[sRVLi RLiRNS ByLiV[M e xmsuyRVR=[ RVR sWsVN][
sVLigRiRVsM ee 14

RVRVsM xqsLiLRiW}ms ry*sLSxqssVxLi xmspLS e xqs NS[ sWLRibdPlL<i[ RV ryyLSQ VVORPQ


sVLRiN_ ee 15
ALSQRWLi sWLRibdPlL<i[ RV RVM xmsZaP[ysVVsW xqssV e sV[LRisVzms y LigRiLi xqs gRiVRzms s[V
zmsRVM ee 16
@Li RLRi+ssW[ xmnsLi Rzqss js[ aRPV[ e @LRisLi [RjNRPLi xmnsLi yysVg][RLRisV ee
17
bPsLSyRV ssV @LjiLiRV ss, INRP xqsLisR=LRiNSsVV sLRiLiRLRisVVgS ssV @LjiLis
xmnssVV LiRVsV (13). RLi][RRV s[ xqssVVRsVV DF~LigjisV, bPsLSyRV y RLRisVV
sLjiVsV. A xqssVRVsVV[ y xmsxtsQ sVVRgRiV DR=ssVV ss xqssVxqs sVLigRisVVV
NRPVgRiVsV (14). sVLjiRVV, J NRPVsWLRiVLS! s[sV xmspLRi*sVV ALSQ sORPQ RRVVNRP sWLRibdPL<Ri xmspLjisV
yRV xqsLiNSLRisVVgS AsLRisLis (15). sWLRibdPL<Ri sWxqssVV[ ALSQ sORPQ RsVV yRV
FyLRi*d xqss[VRVRsgRiV y sVWLjis, sVLjiRVV LigRisVVsV RLji+LiRVyRV yNRPV NRPVsWLRiry*sV
NRPLi @jNRP{ms FyRVRgRiVsV (16). A aRPVjssVVs RLRi+s sWRsVV [Rs[ sVxmnssVV
LiRVsV. AyRV @LRis NRPWR [zqss][ LiRV @jNRPxmnssVVsV sLjiLiRVNRPV sWV yso
(17).
LRiLRiLigRiR[ssVVztsQs RVRxLi LigRisL<RiQ e XLi][ LigRisRryLigRi ry ssVRLi # s[`
ee 18
@yRLiRsVRLi xqsLisVV sWRLi sxtsQ e RLRi+yLRiLi z gRiyLi xmspyLRiLi z xmsoRN_
ee 19
[gRisxsVRLi LigRiLi VNTP sVVZNP[QNRPryRssV e RLRi+s xqsLRi+s yyLiRWyLi
ssWRssV ee 20
@sR xqsLiNSaRPLi RVjRLi LigRisVVRsV e @LRiVRsV[s RjRLi s[VxtsQee 21

@R dLRiLi R xy sxtsQ sVxRLRisV e sVVNTPLRixmsR LiRWyLi y}qss sVLRi[s R ee 22


s[ds RVVR xqssVV sLiRV LigSNSLRisVVgS AsLRisLiysV gRisVNRP, C ryssVV LigRiryssVV
@s xmszqsj gSLiRVsV(18). J xmsoRVLS! ARLiRsVVV [s C xqsLisVV [NRPV
RLRi+ssVVsNRPV, xmspNRPV @sVNRPWsVVgRi sVLiRV\ZNP sj NSgRiRV (19). C LigRisVV
sWssoNRPV [gRisVV sRVsV. VNTPNTP, sVVNTPNTP Bj[V G\ZNPNRP ryRssVV. kss RLji+Li,
xqsQXbPLi, ysLiRV yLRiNRPV xmsosLRis DLiRRV (20). C LigRisVV @gji xmsLRi*RsVV s
DRsLiRV ss, ksNTP @LRiVRsVV @sV }msLRiV gSLiRVsV (21). BR g]xms dLRisVV
sLSsVgRiVsV. BR sszqsLi, sVLRiLiRV sWssoNRPV sVVNTP LiRVsV (22).
LRi][R=yj NRPLi syxqsLi RV xqsLRi*RM e @R RRLi xRLi xmsLi xqsLRi*Li N][gRiVLi # s[`
ee 23
sV` ZOP[Q yRzms xqsLRi*ry` ZOP[Q Rs[VRsxRLRisV e @R xqsLixqsQX sW[ sVVNTPLRis
[zysV ee 24
RrysxRLRi sVRLi ZOP[Q R sVRLiRa][ssV e xqsLRi* NRP xqsLixmspLRiLi xqsLRi* sVVNTP NRPLRiLi
aRPVsV ee 25
@LRiLiVVy*R sWs[Vs Lilgi[ Ligjis dsVaRP*LRisV e ry[NRPLi \s rydsVxmsLi ryLRiWxmsLi ryLji lLi[s
R ee 26
ryRVVsV xmsLi\[ NTPRWkyLi xmnsLi sVRsV e xqslLi[*zms RVWRVLi xqsNRPLi Fyxms=QyaRPV
sV[LRiRsV ee 27
BR LRi][R=ssVV sVVRgRiV sVLigRiNSLRisVVV LRiVgRiVsV. BR @LiR sVV
sszqsLiRVLRiV. sVLjiRVV, BR [zqss ys, x[sV, xmssVVNRPV N][ lLiV xmnssVV LiRVsV
(23). y ZOP[Q RsVV[ ZNP Bj g]xmsj NSgRiRV. BR ssV xqsLjiLisLiR sWys
sWssoRV sVVNTPs F~LiRVsV (24). NSsos, C @ xqsVLiRLRisVgRiV ZOP[Q RsVV sVNTP
ZaP[xtsQ\sVsj; xqsLRi* sVLigRisVV][ sLiTsj; xqsLRiV*NRPV aRPVsVVsV,sVVNTPs IxqsgRiVsj (25).

BR LigSNSLRisVVgS AsLRisLis ssV @LjiLis][, ry[NRPsVV (\ZNPxqsFyzms), rydsVxmssVV


(CaRP*LRiVs xqsdsVxmssVV sLiRVLiRV), ryLRiWxmssVV (CaRP*LRiVs Fs LRiWxmssVVsV
NRPgjiRVVLiRV), ryL<ji (CaRP*LRiVs][ xqssVsVgRiV aRPNTPs NRPgjiRVVLiRV) (26), sVLjiRVV
ryRVVsVV (CaRP*LRiVs[ HNRPsVgRiV) @s[ HRV sRsVV NRPLRixmnssVV LiRVsV. dsVLRiLiRLRiV
dsVNRPV ss sV[LRiRsVVsV ssVsLis[ F~LiRLRiV gSNRP! (27)
sLijZNP[aRP*LRi DyR e
BRsVgRiXx gRiys sdsf sj sWR_ e RVRWLRi* xmsxRLi RVV[ RW\|qs#=sLi
xmsLRixqsLRisV ee 28
RRVyxmsRVRRLRiLi xqs*aRPNSQssVXRyLRiRW e RWL_RLi R \sLRiLi R sxmss[RVsVVyR
f ee 29
xqsNRPLi sxtsQLi [ xqs*LRiWxms R*RVsVzqss[V e ysxqs NRPxqs R ryRs xqs=L][*sxmsdsaRP*LRiM ee
30
xmsoLRiry` xqsLiLRiW}ms xmsaSRW}ms yLRiN_ e xR*Li sxtsQLi FNRPdsVaRPR*Li xqsNRPLi Ry
ee 31
R*RVLi sV\sVs xqsLizqsRLi s sVRsxqs NRPxqs` e RrykaRPR*sVs[uyLi RVVsWLRizms s
NRP*` ee 32
sLijZNP[aRP*LRiVTV xmsZNPsVc
gRiys aRPLiNRPLRiVRV x sxtsvso ds sRsVVgS @sVgRizLi, @LiRNRPV sVVLiRV Ljigjis
RVVRsVV[ FysVVsV N][[LiVVs yLjiRLji \|qssNRPVsV (28), @sVXRyLS LRiWxmssVgRiV Rs
aRPNTP][ [ sRVsV [|qssV. aRPLiNRPLRiVRV yLjiRLji sVWLRiR*sVVsV, aRPRVR*sVVsV
]gjiLixmsWs, yLji][ sssV (29). yNRPV lLiLiRV LRiWxmssVVV gRiso. INRP ryNSLRisVV NSgS,
sVLjiVVNRP sLSNSLRisVV. B lLiLiRV LRiWxmssVVV sVlLis*LjiNUP [so. NSs, s[lLis*LRiW CaRP*LRiVV

NSLRiV (30). J NRPVsWLRiVLS!s[sV sVVLiRVgS xqsLiLRiWxmssVVgRisV, RLRiVyR ryOSQRWxmssVVgRisV


AsLRisLis. xssVV sLSNSLRisVV. CaRP*LRi RRQ*sVV ryNSLRisVV (31). C lLiLiRV yNRPV
sWRs[V zqsjLi RVVss. y NRPLi s[LRiVgS sVLjiVVNRPsNTP C lLiLiRV xqs*LRiWxmssVVV [so.
NRPsVNRP, BRLRiVNRPV gSs, dsV BRLjiNTP gSs CaRP*LRiR*sVV [RV (32).
RRs[s yLi sXRLi CaRPsWsLi sVRVRsV e RsLSNRPLRiV sV\QssVV][sxLi LRiOTPQf ee
33
RRLi sWssWdRVLi sVLiVWZaP[ NRPVLRiV RLi sVsV e sVRQry[s [ZNP[xtsv xqsL][*sxmsLRiM
xmsNSaRP# [ ee 34
gRiVLRiWNTP LRi*QLiNRPLi RR xmssWLi y xmsosM xmsosM e x RRQ* sVRLi gRiWRLi sdQy
sVxsV ee 35
@xs[Vs xmsLRiLi x sVR=Q*LRiWxmsLi NRPNRPsV e xy* kaRP*LRiaSxLi NRPXRLi
s[VsVgRijNRPsV ee 36
XxyQ*RQXLixy*R xLi xZNP[aRP_ e xqssVy* y*QxmsNRPy*R R\yRx
sVLRiN_ ee 37
NSs dsV xmssLRis @s sRsVV."s[sV CaRPVRsV' @sV gRiLRi*sVV dsVNRPV NRPVgRiV[V g]xms
AaRPLRisVV. C gRiLRi*sVVsV ]gjiLiRV N]LRi\ZNP s[sR LRiLRiLigRisVV sLiRV AsLRisLis (33).
dsVLki gRiLRi*sVVsV dsT, CaRPVRsgRiV ssV ysLiRVRV. C [NRPsVV[ xqsLRi* xmsyLRisVVV y
@sVgRixsVV [Rs[ xmsNSbPLiRVRVss (34). gRiVLRiVsRssVV C xqsRsVVs[ [jLiRVRVsj.
Bj[V FysWNRP sRssVV. C xRRQ*sVV LRixxqssVV. s[sV kss dsVRVLiR {ms ss
xmsVRVysV (35). xmsLRix s[s[. yxqs*LRiWxmssVV ryNSLRisVV, sLSNSLRisVV NRPWy. xmsLRixsV
s[s[; CaRP*LRiVRsV s[s[. @sVgRixsVV, xqsXztsQ Byj gRiyLRisVVsV [RVVsj s[s[ (36).
x sxtsvsoLS! xqsLRi*sVV NRPLi |msRyRsV @gRiV[RsV, xqsLRi*sVVsV yzmsLiRV [RsV,

yNRPV x @s }msLRiV. NRPVsWLRiVLS! xqsLRiV*[ GNRPLRiWxmssVVgRi yzmsLiRVVLiR[ yNRPV AR


RVs }msLRiV (37).
@yRsM xmslLi[ xqslLi[* y Gss xqsLiaRPRVM e @sVgRiLiRLi xqsLSRLi gRi` NRPXRLi R xmsLiRNRPsV
ee 38
CaRPy*[s s[V sRLi s sV Rsxqs NRPxqs ` e @_ xR* VRLRiLi sxtsQLi
LigRisVVRsV ee 39
RryRRdsVaRPR*Li sQQNRPLi ][RLiVVRVLi z ysV e xqsNRP[sxsV][ Rry=QOSQkaRPxqsV R`
ORPQ` ee 40
xqsNRPR*sV][ [RV dsVaRPR*Li sVLiVV xqsR*LRisV e RVjRLi sxtsQLi xqsLiLi sVsV xR*
[RNRPsV ee 41
BRLRiVLiRLRiV @yRV, soV @sV[ xqsLijRVsVV [RV. xqsXztsQ sVVRV @sVgRixsVV
sLRiNRPV gRi xmsLiR sj gRiyLRisVV (38). CaRPVRsgRiV y RVLiRV sRsVVgRi sVLiRVsV. yNRPLi
s[LRiVgS sVLjiVVNRPsNTP C HRV NRPLRi[ [so. sVVLiRVgS xsssV VjRVLiRV NRPgjiLiRV\ZNP
s[sV sLSNSLRi LigRiLRiWxmssVVgS AsLRisLis (39). NSs, LigRiRLRi+ssVV ss dsVNRPV y
CaRP*LRissVV RVNRPVLiRVsV gSs, ryOSQRVgS CaRPVRsgRiV s[sV ssVsLis[ dsV sVVLiRV
ryNSLRisVVgS xmsRQORPQ \sVs (40). ryNSLRiVRsgRiV s[sV CaRPVRss RVVRV. C
sLSNSLRixqsLisVV y xssVVsV [jLiRVsV (41).
LigRiORPQ RVVNRPy*ssV LigRiLi # s[jRsV e RjRLi sRsVLRiQLi
RVVysVR xmsoRN_ ee 42
sVyRNRP sVRLi sRLi
sRsV[yLigRiLigji[M ee 43

sVsV

rysR

NSLRisV

sVxRWsVRLi

RVR xmsztsQRLi [Vs sVkRVLi LigRidsVRXaRPsV e RR xmsztsQRr=sx sVxmsuszms sR=N_ ee


44
sVy=sVs[VNRP LigRixqs ryxmss[ xmnsdsVLjiRsV e j*d[V ryzms[ Lilgi[ sV\NRPLi xmnss[Vs z ee
45
LigRiLi FyysRM ryxmsLi Ry [LRiLi RV g_NRPsV e LigSs[ s R` ZOP[Q RLi xqs[LRisVzms
xqsLRi*RM ee 46
B $ bPs sV xmsoLS[ s[aRP*LRi xqsLizyRWLi sssWsyRVM ee (9)
C xqsLisVV LigSNSLRisVVgS sVsj gRisVNRP, LigRis[V RVgRiVsV. xmsoRVLS! dsVLjiRLRiV kss
sRsVV @LjiLiRVRV (42). LigRisVV y xqs*LRiWxmss[V. LigRi xqssj y xqssj[V. C
sVLigRisVVsV sRsVV xmspLiRssV. yNRPV, LigRisVVsNRPV [RsVV [RV (43). sR=LS!
s[sV sLSaRPRVVRs[, @LiVVssW, B LigRisVV xmsztsQLiTs][ s[sV NRPWR zqsLRisVVgRi sVLiRVsV
(44). INRP LigRisVVsV ryzmsLis ysNTP ryLRiWxmssVV @sV sWORPQsVV xmnssVV. @[ sQQNTP lLiLiRs
LigRisVVsV NRPWR ryzmsLis][, ryRVVsVsV sWORPQsVVsV F~LiRVsV (45). xqsLRi*y LigRisVVsV
xmsyssVVgRisV, sVWLjis @xmsyssVVgRisV ryzmsLiRssV. sVWLji DssW, LigRisVV [s][, @j
ZOP[Q RsVV NSs[LRiRV (46).
$ bPs sV xmsoLSsVV[s s[aRP*LRi xqsLizR RVLiRV ]sVRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj.

@R RaRPsWsyRVM
xmsLiRNRPXRsVVV c xmsssVV c xmsLiyORPQLji
x sxtsw ERRVM e
xqsLSj xmsLiRNRPXRxqs ORPQLi Wz _ xms[ e

bPs DyR e
sV` NRPXR [RsLi gRiVxLi NRPXxmsRW xmsdssV ysV ee 1
xqsXztsQMzqsaRP xqsLiLRizqsL][ [sxmssV gRixM e xmsLi\s s[V gRi` NRPXRLi sRLi
zqsRsVRVf ee 2
xqsLRixqs=LiryLRi xqsLiLRiLixqsRQuy zqsLRiy e xqsLiL][ sVLRisLi Rxqs L][ sxqs RVRQRVM ee
3
R[QO][QssVgRixxqss[ NRPXRs[VsLi z xmsLiRNRPsV e NRPXRs[VRR*xR sxqsW{tsQLi
g][xmsoLRiLis` ee 4
xsxtsvsoV xmsNTPLji c
xms[!sWNRPV xqsXztsQ sVVRgRiV HRV gRiyLRisVV ORPQsVVsV xmsVsVV.
bPsoTV xmsZNPsV c
C y NRPLRissVV ssVV LRixxqsQ\sVsj. @LiVVssW, dsVNRPV NRPXxms][ |msRsV (1). J x
sxtsvsoLS! xqsXztsQ, zqs, xqsLiLRi, L][s, @sVgRixsVVsV HRV gRiyLRisVVV yNRPV
sRzqsRsVVV (2).xqsLiryLRisVV VVNRP ALRiLisVV xqsLRisVV ALRiLiLixmsTs gRiRV zqsLRisVVgS
sVsV zqs. gRiRV VVNRP syaRPsVV xqsLiLRisVV. so Fy[RQsVsVV L][ssVV (3).
so sWORPQsVV @sVgRixsVV. C HRV y NSLRisVVV. BRLRiVV C NSLRisVV ssVztsQLiRV,
g][xmsoLRisVV dsVj sV g][xmsoLRisVVsV sWRVV sLij (4).
xqsLSj RVRRVxtsQQXRLi xqsLiryLRi xmsLjiXLisV e xmsLiRsVLi sVVNTP }RV\lLiQQ* sRLi sVLiVV R
xqsVzqsLRisV ee 5
RjRLi xmsLiR W[xtsv RXaRP[ sWsV\ZNPQLRiQ\sM e xqsXztsQLRiWs zqsr[V xqsLiLRiM FysZNP[ Ry ee
6

L][[ss[ RR*RsVgRix BLilLi[ e xqsX[ RLRiRW xqsLRi*sVjxqs=LRi*Li xmssLRi[ ee 7


@LRiQ[ [ry xqsLRi*Li yRVVy yxmsyRV[ e [sWsVgRiXx[ [RVs[VsLi z xqsWLjiM ee
8
xqsLRisVV sVVRVN]s yVgRiV NRPXRsVVV xqsLiryLRisVVsV sxqsLjiLixms[RVVsV. sWORPQ}RVsgRiV
HRs NSLRisVV y RVLiRV sRsVV zqsLRisVVgRi sVLiRVsV (5). y NRPVd HRV NSLRisVVsV
xmsLiRWRsVV[ RLji+LiRVLRiV. WsV RVLiRV xqsXztsQ, ds RVLiRV zqs, @gji RVLiRV
xqsLiLRisVV (6), yRVVso sLiRV L][ssVV, ANSaRPsVV sLiRV @sVgRixsVV gRiso. xqsLRi*sVVsV
WsV xqsXztsQLiRVsV. xqsLRi*sVVsV sVV sLjiQ[RVVsV (7). @gji xqsLRi*sVVsV sbPLixms[RVVsV.
yRVVso FysVVsV g]sFsosV. ANSaRPsVV @sVgRixLRiWxmssVV @s xmsLiTRVV RVsgRiVsV
(8).
xmsLiRNRPXRsVRLi [RVLi sVsWzqs sVVxmsLiRNRPsV e RRVLjiORPV RRVLRi*QQNRPQLi Rs[ xmsLiRsVLi
sVVsV ee 9
RVVyLi Rxmsry s[V R` NRPXRR*RVLi xqsVf e xqsXztsQzqsRRLi gRiLi sVRM {msyR
zmsRVsV ee 10
Ry LRiVRsV}aSsVs` NRPXRR*RVLi xmsLRisV e @sVgRiLi ZNP[yzms VLi \ss zaRPNRP[
ee 11
RR=LRi*Li FLji*NRPLi NRPLRi RVVyLi NSsxqsQXRsV e s RRVR sV}aSLi sxqsQXRLi NRPLRi
yRXaRPsV ee 12
LRiW}ms s[ZaP[ R NRPX[ R yxs[ yxqss[ Ry e ARVVy_ R sVy= sV sVryxqsRQX[
NRPXRsV ee 13
C HRV NSLRisVV LRisVVsV szLiRV\ZNP yNRPV HRV sVVsVVV gRiso. yVjNRPV[
yV sVVsVVV, y sVR[ HRs sVVsVV gRiso (9). NRPVsWLRiVLS! dsVLRiV RxmsxqsV= [zqs,

xqsLi{msRVR\ss y sVLiT xqsXztsQ zqsRVs[ lLiLiRV NSLRisVVsV sLRi*QQLjiLiRV gRisVVsV


F~LijRVVyLRiV (10). @[ sRsVVgS, LRiVR sV}aRPVV RLRiVy lLiLiRV NRPXRsVVsV
sLRi*zLiRVRVyLRiV. @sVgRixsVs[ HRs NRPXRsVV yNRPV RNRP sVLjiVVNRPsNTP F~LiR aRPNRPsVV
NSRV (11).C xmspLRi*NSds sXRsVVsV @LiRRVW dsVLjiRLRiV NSNRPsVsVV[ sxqsLjiLiyLRiV.
NSs, LRiVRsV}aRPVV C xqsRsVVsV sxqsLjiLiR[RV (12). yLjiRLjiNTP LRiWxms, s[xtsQ, NSLRi, yxs,
Axqss, ARVVyRV[ y][ rysVsVVsV NRPLiysVV (13).
sVys sLRiR*f= sRLi ys[VssWgRiRsV e sV` s[ xqs \ssLi ry` sWsLi LRiW}ms
sV}aRPs` ee 14
Rrys` s zqsRLRiLi sVLiRsWLiNSLRiysVNRPsV e BRM xmsLRiLi xmsxmsRLi sWsVNRPLi
sWsLissV ee 15
DFyjaRPLi sLi sVLiRsWLiNSLRi sVVLRiVsVLigRisV e JLiNSL][ sVsV[ xmsRsVLi
sVRQ[RNRPM ee 16
yRN][sRVsVxLi y][ sVLi][sRVLi z sVyRNRPM e RRsVxqsLRiLi sRLi
sVsWsVxqsLRiLi # s[` ee 17
sR=LS! yyssVVsV dsRV ss dsVNUP @ssVV NRPgjisj. y ssVV Ds][ B
gRiLRi*sVV NRPVgRiNRPFgS, sV}aRPVs sLi LRiWxmssVV NRPVgRiVsV (14). NSsos dsVLki \|mss y ssVV
zqsjLiRV N]LRi\ZNP, JLiNSLRisVs[ }msLRiV gRi, gRiLRi*sVVsV Fg][, y sVLiRsVVsV zmsLiRVRV (15).
s[sV xmspLRi*sVV xqsLRi*sVLigRi xmsRsVgRiV, JLiNSLRisVs[ y sVLiRsVVsV Dxms[bPLiRVVLis.
JLiNSLRisVV sVVsVLiRV y sVVsVV sVLiT xmsosV. @j ssV [jLiRVsV (16). C JLiNSLRisVV
yRNRPsVV s[sV yRVRsV. C sVLiRsVV y xqs*LRiWxmss[V. yss sRsVV xqsLjiLiRV ssV
xqsLjiLiRV RVgRiVsV (17).
@NSLRi DRLSRWLRi* sVVNSLRiM xmsbPsWsy` e sVNSL][ ROTPQsVVjLiRVM FyV Rxqsy ee
18

y][ sVRsVV[sLi xmsLiRysr sXLiRM e GNUPWRM xmsosxqsR*][sV[NSORPQL][ss` ee


19
ysVLRiWFyRNRPLi xqsLRi*Li s[RWR NRPVR*RVsV e yxmss[V[s sVLi[ bPsaRPN][QaRP [RNRPM ee
20
sVVLiRVgS DRLRi sVVsVV sVLiT ANSLRisVV, xmsbPsV sVVsVV sVLiT DNSLRisVV, ROTPQsVVsVV
sVLiT sVNSLRisVV, sVLjiRVV RWLRiV sVVsVV sVLiT LiRVso (18), sVR sVVsVV sVLiT
yRsVV xmso C sVLiRsVV HRV sRsVVVgS sxqsLjiLi, sVLRi HRV NRPzqs INRP\V, JLi @s[
GNSORPQLRi sVLiRsVV @VsV (19).ysVLRiWFyRNRP sVgRiV xqsNRP gRiRV, s[RsVV sVLiT xmsos {qsQ
xmsoLRiVxtsQ @s[ lLiLiRV NRPVsVVV C sVLiRsVV[ yzmsLiRTRVVss. C sVLiRsVV bPsaRPNRPVsV
NRPWR [jLiRVsV (20).
@ryRLiyORPQLRiLi [ [RNRPLi xqsNRPxqs R` e ANSLSj NRPs[V\s sNSLSj RVyNRPsVsV ee 21
@ryRLiyORPQLS y sWRXNSM xmsLiR[RRM e RryLRiaRPRVLRi*QQNSQ` FyyRV lLi[s
z ee 22
s[Rxqs=LRi*xqs][ [ R][ \s sVLiRN][RVM e RRsLi[ R=j xqs=LRi*zqsjLji][ #s[` ee 23
@s[s sVLiR NRPLi[s [g][ sWORPQaRP zqsR e xqsNRP sVLiR LSsM ryOSQ][gRi xmsyaRPV+M ee
24
kssVLiT @NSLSj sLRiVxqs, sVLjiRVV sNSLSj sLRiVxqs[ xmsLiyORPQLRi sVLiRsVV xmsosV. C
xmsLiyORPQLji ryNSLRiVRgRiV gRiysVs [jLiRVsV(21). C xmsLiyORPQLji sVLiT H\RV sLRisVVV gRi
HRV sLRisVV][ NRPWTs sLRisW xmsosV. sVLjiRVV, bPL][sVLiRsVV @s[ ys FyRsVV][
xqs, sVVRV FyRsVVV gRi gSRVd sVLiRsVV xmsosV (22). ys sVLiT xqssVxqs s[RsVVV,
y sVLiT N][j sVLiRsVVV xmsosV. ARW sVLiRsVV ss ARW zqsRVV sWRs[V
LiRVsV. NSs, C xmsssVV ss xqsLRi*zqsRVV NRPVgRiVsV (23).

sVLiRryLRisVgRiV C xmsssVV ss [gRis[V gSNRP, sWORPQsVV NRPWR zqsjLiRVsV. ryNSLRiVRgRiV bPsos


[jLiRV ZaP[xtsQ sVLiRsVVV xmsRQORPQ[gRisVVs[ gSNRP, sWORPQsVVsV NRPWR sRVsV (24).
sLijZNP[aRP*LRi DyR e
xmsosxqs WxqsR LRiM xmsLi gRiVLRiVM xmsNRPQsVLiRLi R xqssWjaRPRLRisV e
syRV RdL`i< NRPLSLiVLi aRP# \s LRiVRVLi xqsLizqsRW xqs=LiNRPM ee 25
LRiVyLSgRi{sLiRLi RVLiRLi RLi][NTP xmspLRi*NRPsV e bPu R f ROTPQRW sWyyLi
xqssVLRiRV` ee 26
xmsR xr NTP f RRLiZNP[ Rs[Vs [sLi gRiRVLRigRiRVLRisV ee 27
sLijZNP[aRP*LRiVTV xmsZNPsV c
@LiNRP][ NRPWTRVVs bPsgRiVLRiVso L][ys sxqsQsVV ssVNRP DRLRisVVsVVgS NRPWLRis yLjiRLji
bPLRixqsV=\|ms xmsRsVV sLi Rs xxqssVVsV sVgS sVLi, yLjiNTP sVLRi A sV sVLiRsVV
sVxms[bPLisV (25). yLjiRLRiV sVLiRsVVsV sVWRVryLRiV DRLjiLi, RVLiR RLiRxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS
{qs*NRPLjiLi, gRiVLRiVROTPQgS RsVsV ysVV xqssVLjiLiRVN]sLji (26). yLjiRLRiV [RVV [TLi ,
gRiRVLRiVsgRiV sV[sos BV xqsVLiLji. (27).
RVy spRRVM e
ssW sxtsQLRiWFyRV ssW sxtsQ [}qs e ssVxqs=NRP yyRV ssV}qs xqsNRPRs[ ee 28
ssVM xmssyyRV ssVM xmssLigjis[ e ssVxqs=QXuyj NRPlLi[Q R ssVM xmsLiRsVVRV [ ee
29
xmsLiR x xqs*LRiWFyRV xmsLiRNRPXyRV [ ssVM e ARs[ x[ RVsVsLiR gRiVaRPNRP[V
ee 30

xqsNRP NRP LRiWFyRV aRPLi# s[ gRiVLRis[ ssVM e B xqsVy* gRiVLRiVLi xms\QLRiQx sxtsvaRP s[sVRVM ee
31
RVRVV xmsNTPLji c
sLSNSLRiVRsgRiV dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV. [[LRiWxmsoRsgRiV dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV. ryNSLRiVRsgRiV
CaRPVsNRPV ssVryLRisVV (28). JLiNSLRi yRVRsgRiV dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV. JLiNSLRisVV ds xsVV.
xqsXuyj xmsLiRNRPXRsVVsV [RVV, HRV sVVsVVV gRi dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV (29). xqsXuyj
HRV NRPXRsVVsV [RVV xmsLiRx xqs*LRiWxmsoRsgRiV dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV. ARLRiWxmsoRV,
xmsLRixxqs*LRiWxmsoRV, @sLiR gRiVsVVV, aRPNTP gRiyRV sgRiV dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV (30). ryNSLRi,
sLSNSLRi LRiWxmsoRgRiV bPsgRiVLRiVsosNRPV ssVryLRisVV. x sxtsvsoV BV gRiVLRiVsosV a][NRPsVV][
xqsVLi ssVxqsLjiLiLji (31).
CaRP*LRi DyR e
sR=N_ xqsLRi*RRQ*Li R NRPjRLi RLji+RLi R ysV e xmsRLi xmssLi sVLiRLi [dsjxtsQLi
sVyRNRPsV ee 32
sLi R xqsVzqsLRiLi gRiLi xqsLRi*Li s aSaRP*RsV e ALSQRWLi R RRVLRiaSLi RxmsLi
R*QORPQRVLi #s[` ee 33
xqsWLRi gRiy sVLSQRW s[VNRPLi N][ gRiVLi # s[` e sVXgRibdPL<SLisW gRiM
xmsosLRi*ry*jsVxqsy ee 34
ALSQ xqssVxqs=y [RVM xmspx[sWj RLRi[ e RLRi+sLi RV xms[ R FyRM xqsLigRis
NSWM ee 35
RRVLRibdP Ry gS sbdPR yzmsds # s[` e xms][xtsQ yzmsds \s xmsLSRVVNS xmsaRPxqs[ ee 36
CaRP*LRiVTV xmsZNP[sV c

sR=LS! s[sV dsVNRPV RRQ*sVV sLiRsW [jLi, y xqs*LRiWxmssVVsV RWzmsLis. dsVLRiV


[dsNRPXxms ss Lis, y xqs*LRiWxms\sVs JLiNSLRi sVLiRsVVsV zmsLiRVRV (32). JLiNSLRi
xmssVV ss xqsVzqsLRisVgRiV ssVV, aSaRP*RsVgRiV xqsLRi*gRisVVV NRPVgRiVsV. ALSQ sORPQ R RVVNRP
RRVLRibP yRV zmsLis][, @ORPQRVxmnssVV NRPVgRiVsV (33). xqsWLRiVRV sV ALSQ sORPQ RsVV[
xmss[bPLisxmsoRV [zqss INRP xmss xmssVVsNRPV N][ lLiV xmnssVV LiRVsV. sVXgRibdPL<Ri VVNRP
@LisV xqssVRVsVV, xmsosLRi*xqsV VVNRP AjsVNSsVV (34). xmsp, x[sV, RLRiRVNRPV
ALRiQ][ xqssV\sVs ZaP[xtsQR NRPsRVs RVssV. FyRMNSsVV sLiRV, sVyxsVVsNRPV
sVVLiRV ssV RLji+LiRssV (35). LS RVLiRV gSs, [NRP xms][xtsQsVVsLiRV gSs yzmsLi
RVVs RRVLRibP RLRiVy j][ NRPzqsRVVs NSsVV ssV RLji+LiRVNRPV ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV NSsVV
(36).
LigRiLi [LRiLi R s[V RVLi RVyLi LigRisVVRsVsV e RryLigRiLi xmsLRiLi xmspLi [LSRzms
sVVsVVORPVM ee 37
LigRisWLiNSLRi sVLi[ [LRiLi xmsLiyORPQlLi[ RV e xqs*RVs[Vs z R\sQM xmsuyxmsLi xms\lLiLRizms ee 38
xmsp[V RVxmsy\lLiaRP sVRRLi xqsVLi # s[` e B aSxqs Ry bPu R\QyLiRL>jiR bP+sM ee
39
B $ bPs sV xmsoLS[ s[aRP*LRi xqsLizyRWLi RaRPsWsyRVM (10).
y sVWLji LigRisVVV xqssWs\sVss[. @LiVVssW, ryRNRPVNRPV LigSLRis ZaP[xtsQ\sVsj.
sWORPQsVVsV N][LRiVyLjiNTP sVWLji xmsp NRPLi LigSLRis ZaP[xtsQRLRisVV (37). ryRNRPVRV LigRisVVsV
JLiNSLRi sVLiRsVV][sV, sVWLjis xmsLiyORPQLji][sV xmspLiRssV. ryjNRPVRV xqs*RVsVVgS
LigRisVVsV xmsztsQLi, [y BRLRiV[ xmsztsQLixms[zqs (38), ssR sxqsVso][, DxmsyLRisVV][
@LRiLis][, y ysVsV F~LiRV xqsVsVgRiVsV. C sRsVVgS bPxtsvNRPV Dxms[bPLi,
bPsoRRs[ @LiRLSssVLi[sV (39).
$ bPs sV xmsoLS[ s[aRP*LRi xqsLizR RVLiRV xmsRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj.

@R GNSRa][syRVM
LigRi xmsxtsQ c xmsssVV c xmsLiyORPQLji
VVxtsQRV ERVM e
NRPRLi LigRiLi xmsuyxmsLi NRPRLi y Rxqs ORPQsV e NRPRLi y RR=sVLRiQLi [ZaP[ NS[ R ZNP[s
z ee 1
VVxtsvV xmsNTPLji c
LigRisVVsV FsV xmsztsQLiRssV? LigRisVV VVNRP ORPQsVV[s? yss @LjiLiRV
sRsVj? G [aRP NSsVV[ G xmsyLRisVV][ LigRisVVsV sLjiLiRssV? (1)
xqsWR DyR e
RVVxtsQRLRiLi xmssOSQQsV VRLiy sVsysRM e @sVNRPW[ aRPV[ NS[ xmso[ dlLi[ R[ Ry ee 2
RVV[xtsQLi LigRisWL][xmsLi RVR ry=sRsVLRissV . FyLjis[s Ry}mss \}qss RVyLRiV
ee 3
NRPORPQ xqsLiRVVNRPLi LigRiLi xmspxmnsLi [` e xqsLRi*ORPQ xqsLiRVVNRPLi xqsRM xmspxmnsxmsRsV
ee 4Z%[
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
dsVNUP sxtsQRVsVVsV |msRsV. rysyssVVgS ssVRV. @sVNRPW\sVs aRPVsVVxLRisVV
sLiRV xmsoQZOP[Q RsVV[ skdLRisVVs (2), FyLjis, sVRV, [[sVRV LigRisVV[
sVsxqsV=sNRPV ss LigRisVVsV xmsztsQLi sRsVV @LjiLiRssV (3). NRP[Q NRP ORPQsVV][
NRPWTs LigRisVVsV @LjiLis][, xmspxmnssVV LiRVsV. @s sVLi ORPQsVV][ NRPWTs
LigRisVVsV @LjiLis][, xmspxmnssVV ssVsLis[ LiRVsV (4).

RlLi[ sbPxtsQ[ xqsWORPQ Li ryslLi[ xqsWs[Vs z e xqsORPQLi xqs{mshRiLi R ryxms[Vs sLjiRsV ee 5


sVLiRLi RRVLRixqsLi y N][ sVRy Ry e *LigRi ssRxqsWORPQ Li LigRi{mshRiLi sVxmnssV
ee 6
xmsRsVLi sVXj[ LigRiLi [jM NRPXRsV e [Vs LigRiLi [s {mshRiLi ryslLi[ z
sbPxtsQ[ ee 7
LigRiLi {mshRiLi RlLi[ [*NRPLi LigRiLi NRPXRLi sy e LigRi xmssWLi NRPLRiQYLi y*RaSLigRiV
sVVRsVsV ee 8
sWsLi [RsVLi ryRjNRPLi \ss RWxtsQ[ e NRPLRiWlLi[NSLigRiV sWsLi RlLi[zms R R\s z
ee 9
R xmsxtsQ RVLiRV s LigRisVV, @R xmsxtsQ RVLiRV |msR LigRisVV ZaP[xtsQsVV. xqsLRi*
xqsORPQ][ NRPWTs LigRisVVsV {mshRisVV][ xqs ryzmsLiRssV (5). LigRi{mshRisVV
sVLiRNSLRisVVgS gSs, RRVLRiVNSLRisVVgS gSs, N][NSLRisVVgS gSs, [y *LigRisVV
(INSNRP ARVVR sZaP[xtsQsVV ) s sVR[ xmsVRgS gSs RVVs][ sVxmnssVV NRPVgRiVsV (6).
LigRisVVsV sV, LSLiVV, [xsVV sVVRgRiV xmsyLRisVV][ [RVssV. @R xmsxtsQ[
LigRisVV, {mshRisVV IZNP[ xmsyLRisVV][ [RVRV ZaP[xtsQsVV (7). R xmsxtsQ[ NRPWR LigRi ,
{mshRisVVsV IZNP[ xmsyLRisVV][ [RVssV. LigRisVVsNUP sRVsVsVV sLjiLiRRV. LigRisVV
yss xmsztsQLiRV RVsWs VVNRP xmssLiRVs[ xmsLjisWsVVs][ DRsVsVV (8).
@LiRNRPLi RNRPVs\Vs][, xmnssVV RgRiVsV. NSs, @jNRPsVVs][ ][xtsQsVV [RV. R xmsxtsQ[
LigRi xmsLjisWsVV RVsWs VVNRP INRP s[V @LiR RNRPVs RVVLiRsRVsV (9).
@_ ssWsLi bP[s NSLRiLi [sgRi\LRiVRsV e RR gRiLRi gRiX} LRis[V RX[ RLRi xqss[ ee
10
WztsQ[ ssLRi\QaRP jg`i y*lLi[ R xmsys\ZNPM e dsLi LRiNRPLi R \sRWLRiLi aSsVLi sWLRiNRPRLi Ry
ee 11

sVVNS xmsy g][s[VR s ssLRiRNRPsV e sV[ LigRiLi sVx` RsLi sOTPQ}msR=x s[jZNP[ ee
12
sVVLiRVgS bP aSryQsVryLRisVVgS [sRVsVVsV sLjiLiRssV. ys\|ms [sR sVWLRiVV
DLiRssV. ys[ xqsVLiRLRisVV, RXRsVV, @RsVV s xqs*RsVV @LiVVs gRiLRigRiVT
DLiRssV (10). ysNTP yV jNRPV[ @LiNRPLjiLixmsTs y*LRisVV VLiRssV. LigRisVVsV
xmsztsQLiRV ryssVV[ ds LRiNRP , \sRWLRi, aSsV, sVLRiNRPR (11),sVV NS (sVVRsVV), xmsy
(xmsgRiRsVV) , g][s[VR, ssVVs[ ]sVj LRiRsVVsV, BRLRisVVgRiV g]xms RssVVsV
s[RsVLiR xmsoLRixqs=LRisVVgS sVLiRsRVVsV (12).
xqsLixmsp LigRiLi xqsyQ\QM xmsLiRrys[ RVyNRPsVsV e @g_ R xy* xy xsuy
xqsNRPLi R sWsV ee 13
@LRiQ gRiVLRisWyLRi sVlL^iM NS\sVaRP LiRssV e RyQ\aRP*LRisVLji[ RsVxms RLi
Ry ee 14
rysLRiLi LigRisVLi sLi xqsLRi*Li xqsLi][xtsQ RVRRM e xqsVsLRi xmspLji[ aRP*[ ssLRi\QaRP xmspLji[ ee
15
xqsyj x ][yLRi yy* [sLi xmsLRiLi aRPVsV e DkLRi R sVsVLiR sWLiNSLRiLi yR
}mnsVztsQRsV ee 16
LigRiLi RR xmsuyxms LigRiLi {mslhi[s W[V` e LigRiLi xqs{mshRiLi sOTPQxms sR [}mss LiR[V`
ee 17
xqs][ yj sVLiRsVV[ LigRisVVsV sLRiVxqsgS @LiVVRV ryssVV RVLiRV xmspLiRssV.
xsxqsV=][ @gjix[RsVV[ xqsLRi*[sRNRPV, ryNSLRiVRsgRiV yNRPV x[sVsVVsV [RVssV
(13). xmsoL][zRVs, AyLRiVs ROTPQ][ @LjiLiRssV. LiRV sV N][lLisV dLji,
RWRNRPVNRPV R xqsLixmsR(RsyyRVV) sV, [Rs xqsLixmsR (xmsaRPVsoV) sV ysdsVRVssV
(14). RLSRLRi FyV ssds xmsRVRxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS xqsLi][xtsQ |msssV. LigSLRisVV][,

ssLRiRsVV][ LigRigRiLRisVVsV xmspLjiLiRssV (15). xqs][yj sVLiRsVVsV xmshjiLi,


sVLigRiNRPLRiVRgRiV sV[sos ysLi, JLiNSLRi sVsVLiRsVVsV zmsLi, aRPLiyRsVVsV
[RVVRW (16), ys RVLiRV LigRisVVsV xmsztsQLi, {mshRisVV][ RgRiWLRissV.
{mshRixqszRsVVgS LigRisVVsV ys RVLiRVLi, A\|ms RXRsVgRiV [xmssVV][ LigRi{mshRisVVV
xqsVzqsLRisVgRiVsV [RVssV (17).
GsLi [LRiLi R xqsLiryxms R\Qs xmsLRisVLi aRPVsV e xmsLiyORPQlLi[ [LRiLi RV DR=yLRiLi zxqsy ee
18
[LRiLi gRiVLRiV[ gRiX{RWy=RVM xmspRLi RV y e GsLi Lilgi[ R [lLi[ R xmsp bPsxmsRxmsy
ee 19
xmsosaRP j*sRLi FNRPLi rysLRiLi LigRisVLi Ry e rysLRiLi LigRisVyxxqsLRiV gRiVjNRPLi Ry
ee 20
LigRisVLi LigRisVyxM NTPsVNUPjNRPLi Ry e rysLRixqs R aRPaRPWuy LigRisVxqs R RLRisV ee
21
RRRV=sVLSlgi[ bPsxmspLi sRVLRiVyM e
@[ [ssVV[ DR=ssVV N]LRi\ZNP xmsLRisV sVLigRisVRVsVgRiV bPssVWLjis RV xmsLiyORPQLji][
ryzmsLiRssV (18). C sVWLjis AyLRiV sVLiT RVN]sssV. [y, ryRVxmsoLRiVxtsv[
xmspLixmsTs sVWLjis xmsztsQLiRssV. C sRsVVgS LigRi[LRisVV sLjiLis][, bPsxmsRsVV
LiRVsV (19). BLi[gSNRP, LigRisVV j*sRsVs xmsTsj. INRP rysLRisVV;lLiLiRsj
LigRisVsVV. V, RV sVVRgRiV yNTP rysLRi LigRisVs }msLRiV (20). NTPsVNUPNSRVNRPV
LigRisVLigRisVs }msLRiV. rysLRi LigRisVVsV dsLRiVFRVV sVVRgRiV }qss][, LigRisV
LigRisVVsV ALSRV][ (21), @sVLSgRixmspLRi*NRPsVVgS xqsLi][xtsQ|msssV. yNTP BV
xqsVsVVsV NRPLiRV bPsxmsp RVgRiVss xmsLiTRVV |msRLRiV.
{mshRisVLisVRVLi xqsLRi*Li bPsLigRiLi R sRVsV ee 22

RVy [ds sVVsWsVLiZNP[ RXy* xtsQ aRPLiNRPLRiM e Ry LigRisVRLi {mshRiLi RXy* xtsQ xqsLiRRsV
ee 23
GsLi ryxms sVLigRiLi xmsp[VRVxmsyLRi\ZNPM e sR xmsp RVyaRPNTP R*jNRPLRiLi Ry ee 24
B xqsLiryxms[V LigRiLi ryOSQsxmsRxmsRsV e @Ry RLRi LigRiLi RV uR \ZaPLRiVxmsyLRi\ZNPM ee 25
xmsp[VR RVy yRVLi NRPsWs xmsRxmsRsV e
xqsLRi*R {mshRisVV [ds xqs*LRiWxmssVV. bPsLigRisVV [RyRNRPsVV (22). aRPLiNRPLRiVRV DsW[ss
@LiNRPsVV\|ms RLjiLi RVVLiRV dLRiVs, C LigRisVV xqsLRi*y {mshRisVVsV RLjiLiRVVLiRVsV (23). C
sRsVVgS g]xms LigRisVVsV ryzmsLi, DxmsyLRisVV][ sRxmspsV [RVssV. sVLjiRVV
RVyaRPNTPgS R*L][xsVV sVVRgRiV DR=ssVVsV [RVssV (24).sWssoRV B @R
xmsxtsQ ss ryOSQRVgS bPsos ysVsVVsV F~LiRgRiVsV. [y, R xmsxtsQsV [zqs,
RVyaSxqsQsVVgS uRa][xmsyLRisVV][ (25) sLRiVxqsgS xmspLis][, bPsxmsRsVV LiRVsV.
AyxsLi yxqssLi R @LRiQLi FyRLi R\s R ee 26
RRLigSRsVsLi \s ryssVLigRi xmspLRi*NRPsV e sxqsQLi gRiLiRLi Ry xmsoxtsQLi RWxmsLi kxmsLi
ss[RssV ee 27
dsLSsLi R yLiWLi ssVryL][ sxqsLRissV e @RyLSQjNRPLi NRPXy* \ss[yLiRLi RVysj
ee 28
@y}tsQNRPLi \ss[RLi ssVryLRiLi R RLRisV e RVyaRPNTP xqsy NRPVLS` NRPsWs xmsRxmsRsV
ee 29
AyxssVV, AxqsssVV, ALRiQsVV, FyRsVV (26), ARsVssVV, @LigRis ryssVV, sxqsQsVV,
gRiLiRsVV, xmsoxtsQsVV, RWxmssVV, kxmssVV, \ss[RsVV (27), dsLSssVV, yLiWsVV,
ssVryLRisVV, Dy*xqss @sVss uRa][xmsyLRisVVV. [y, ALRiQsVV][ sVVRT, \ss[RsVV

sLRiNRPV sjs` [RVssV (28). @}tsQNRP, \ss[R, ssVryLRi, RLRisVVsV xmsjssVV


RVyaRPNTP [zqss][, NSNRPsVsVV[ bPsxmsRsVV LiRVsV (29).
@yy sWsV}tsQ Lilgi[ FylL<i[ \s[ xqs*RVLiVs e ryzms[sxmspLRi*ZNP[ Lilgi[ rxmsyLRiLi RVy Ry
ee 30
xmsp[xmsNRPLRi[ R[ RV` NTPLiRsVaRPV[ e xmsROTPQ ssVryQ\lLiM NRPsWs xmsRxmsRsV ee 31
LigRiRLRi+s sWRLi y sRVs[Vs bPsxmsRsV e
sVLjiRVV, BRLRi sWsso[, [NRP VVxtsv[, [y [sR[ xmsztsQLixmsTs LigRisVVsV, [y
xqs*RVsVVgS xmsNRP\sVs LigRisVVsV, [y ryRNRPVRV ysV xmsztsQs sWRs LigRisVVsV
uRa][xmsyLRisVV][ RVysjgS @LjiLissW (30),[y xmspRssVVsV yssVV
[zqsssW xmspL][*Q NRPxmnssVV zqsjLiRVsV. sLRiVxqsgS xmsROTPQsVVsV, ssVryLRisVVsV [zqss][
bPsxmsRsVV LiRVsV (31). xms sRsVV LigRisVVsV RLji+LiRV sWRsVV [Rs[
bPsryRVVsVV LiRVsV.
sVXxtsQ g][aRPNRPX` xmso\|tsQ#M NRPLRidslLi[ y xmns\M ee 32
gRiV[s ssds[s xqs y\sQLRiyLRiV e LigRiLi RV[s NRPXy*Li[ RV[RRsVryLRiRM ee 33
@LigRiVuyyszms Ry xmspsVRLi ZNP[Rs e LigRi NRPLRi xqsLRi*R s}tsQ][szqs s NRPL>ji` ee 34
xqsLRi*R xmnsyy z xmsRWrysVgRiVLi bPsM e
sV, zmsLiT, g][sVRVsVV, xmsoxtsQsVVV, gRis[LRiVxmsoso*V, xmnssVVV (32), sVV, ss,
sW, @ssVV @sVy[ sVsxqsV=sNRPV ss sxqsVso][ LigRisVVsV [zqs RVysjgS
xmsRVRxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS @LjiLiRssV (33). @LigRiVxtsQsVV sVVRgRiV LigSNSLRi sxqsVso RVLiRV
xmspsV [RVsRVss N]LiRLji @FyRVsVV. LigRixmsp RVLiRV @LigRiVuyj LRiWxmssVVV
DFy[RVsVVgRiVsV. s}tsQRs[VsVRVV [RV (34). @s xqsLiRLRisVV[ ryRNRPV aRPsVNRPV RgRiV
xmnssVV sRVyRV bPso[ gRiy!

@Ry LigRiysLi y LigRi ssVyzms y ee 35


aRPRRW bPsNSRV RRLi bPs xmsRxmsRsV e @Ry xmssLi sRLi }msRaRP xqsxxqsNRPsV ee 36
xqsLiRWaRP xqsxxqsLi y [RVLi bPs xmsRxmsRsV e xmsNS[ sVNSLSLiRLi sVsaRPV+jNRPLRiLi # [`
ee 37
xqssW_ sWsxqsLi FNRPsVVFyLiaRPV ryLRi*NSNRPsV e xqssWs xmssLi [sVLi LiRV yRRVVRLi
sRVM ee 38
LigRisVVsV gSs, LigRisVV VVNRP ssV gSs (35), aRPR][ bPsNRPVs NTPs][, bPsxmsRsVV
LiRVsV. [y, sRsVV xmsjs[V JLiNSLRi xmssVVsV [zqss][ (36), [y DRV xqsLiR
RVLiRV s[LiVV ]xmsVs zmsLis][, bPsxmsRsVV LiRVsV. JLiNSLRisVVsV xmssVV
[RVVsxmsVRV kLRi sVNSLSLiRsVVgS [zqss][, sVsaRPV+j NRPVgRiVsV (37). JLiNSLRi xmssVVsV
xqssWj[ sWszqsNRPsVVgSsV, BRLRi NSsVV[ sVgSsV (BRLRiVNRPV ssRs sRsVVgS)
[RVssV. LiRV (@sVry*LRi) yRsVV][ NRPWTs JLiNSLRisVVsV xqssWs xmsssVs
RVLiRVLRiV (38).
@R xmsLiyORPQLRiLi sRLi }msRRVVR sWRLS` e xqsLiRWaRP xqsxxqsLi y [RVLi bPsxmsR
xmsRsV ee 39
xmss[yj xqsLiRVVNRPLi xyLi sbPxtsQ[ e kOSQRVVNRPLi gRiVL][LSQxLi sVLiRLi xR
xmnsxms[V ee 40
NRPVLirysLi sVLiRkOSQ sWRXNSyxqs s[Vs R e xxqs=RxmspyR gRiVLRiVL`i ds
sbPxtsQ[ ee 41
j*yLi R ssVM xmspLRi*sVs[*uyLi R ssWsiLiRNRPsV e {qsQLi R NRP*jRLi ssWLiRLi R
RVysj ee 42

sxmsQ{qsQLi ssVM xmspLRi*sVRLi sVRLi ZNP[Rs e xmsLiRN][ xmsLi NRPXy* xqsybPs xqssW # s[`
ee 43
sVLjiRVV xmsLiyORPQLjis sRsVV xmsjs[V aRPR][ zmsLiRssV. DRV xqsLiR[ s[LiVV
]xmsVs zmsLis][, bPsxmsRsVV LiRVsV (39). xVV xmsLiyORPQLjis Aj RVLiRV
JLiNSLRisVV][ NRPzms zmsLis ZaP[xtsQsVV. sVLiRsVVsV kOSQxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS gRiVLRiVso sVLiT
{qs*NRPLjiLis][, xmnssVV zqsjLiRVsV (40). NRPRs][ ryssVV, sVLiRkORPQ , sVLiRsLRisVV][
@LigSj yxqssVV, xqsRsVV[ xmssR\sVs @LiRMNRPLRisVV gRi xVRV, s RVgRiV gRiVLRiVso
ZaP[xtsQsVVV (41). xmsLiyORPQLjis j*V ssVMxmspLRi*NRPsVVgRisV (ssVbP+yRV), BRLRiVV ssVM
@LiRsVVgRisV (bPyRV ssVM) zmsLiRssV. {qsQV NRPWR ssVM @LiRsVVgS zmsLiRsss
N]LiRLRiV VVxtsv @FyRVsVV (42). x{qsQV ssVM xmspLRi*NRPsVVgRi zmsLiRsss
sVLjiN]LiRLji sVRsVV. HRVN][V zmsLis][ , xqsybPsos [ HNRPsVgRiVsV (43).
GNRPj*RRVM N][ kyLi xmsRLi s[` e }ms RORPQLRiORPQLi y @ORPQLSLi xmsXRN`P xmsXRN`P ee
44
@RyORPQLRiORPQLi y [RVLi bPsxmsR xmsRsV e xqsxxqsLi RV xqsxryLi xqsx}qs js[s z ee 45
}mssLiyjxtsQ zqsjLjiRLi x [y` e @uRLRi xqsxxqsLi \s gSRVdLi FyRlLi[s z ee
46
xxqsV }mssRLi NRPsWs xmsRxmsys e s[R sVLiyLixqsV xqsWNSs }mssRVsV
sWzqsRM ee 47
INRP, lLiLiRV, sVWRV, yV N][V zmsLis][, NRPsVsVVgS x, sxtsv, LRiVR, sV}aRPV
xmsRsVVV LiRVsV. IN]NRP @ORPQLRisVVsV s[lLi[*LRiV gS @ORPQLRiORPQV (5 ORPQV) zmsLiRssV
(44). [y, sVLiRsVVsV @ORPQLRiORPQV zmsLis][ bPsxmsRsVV LiRVsV. xmsjssVV s[LiVV
]xmsVs s[LiVV jssVVV (45) zmsLi, sRsVV xVNRPV [ssVV |mss][,

BxtsQzqsjNRPVgRiVsV, xmsjssVV DRRVs[V xVRV sW VssVj gSRVs [zqs (46),


bPsxmsRsVV xqsLigRiV s[RsVLiRsVVsV, xqsWNRPsVVsV sRVsVsVVgS zmsLiRssV (47).
GNRPLi RaSLRiLi sVLiRLi aRP][sLi R RRWLRiQ*NRPsV e @RVVRLi R xqsxxqsLi R aRPRs[VNRPLi sy # s[`
ee 48
s[RFyLSRVLi \s [RVLi bPsxmsR xmsRsV e @ys xRLSsLiys }msRORPQLRi ORPQRM ee 49
GNSORPQLSLixqsy sVLiys }msRORPQLRi N][RM e RRM xmsLRiLi }ms \Qs xqsxxqsLi NTP xmspLRi*NRPsV ee
50
GsLi NRPVLSRy aRPNTP NRPsWsxmsRLi [` e sRLi LRiVNRPLRiLi [*NRPLi sVLiRsWsVLRiLiNRPsV
ee 51
}msR=xxqs sWsV xqsLS*dxtsQLi bPyRW e
INRP @ORPQLRisVV NRPgjisRVV, xmsj@ORPQLRisVVV NRPgjisRVV, sLiRNRPV N]j RNRPVs @ORPQLRisVVV
NRPgjisRVV, sLiRNRPV @jNRPsVgRiV @ORPQLRisVVV NRPgjisRVV, ]sVjs[ ]sVj sLiR ]Li\
]sVj @ORPQLRisVVV NRPgjisRVV, ]sVj sLiR ]Li\ ]sVj @ORPQLRisVVV NRPgjisRVV,
]Li\]sVj @ORPQLRisVVV NRPgjis sVLiRsVVV gRiso (48). s[R FyLSRVsVV ss
bPsxmsRsVV LiRVss RVssV. BLiNRPsW @s[NRP sVLiRsVVsV @ORPQLRiORPQV zmsLiRssV
(49). IZNP[ @ORPQLRisVV gRi sVLiRsVVsV INRP N][ xmssVV [RVssV. A RLRiVyR NTP][
xmsjssVV s[LiVV xmssVVsV [RVssV (50). BV RVyaRPNTP [zqss][, NSNRPsVsVV[
bPsxmsRsVV LiRVsV. sVsxqsV=sNRPV @dxtsQ\sVs INRP sVLiRsVVsV JLiNSLRixmspLRi*NRPsVVgS
sVLRiLiRV sLRiNRPV xmsjssVV (51), s[LiVV xmssVV [zqss][, bPsos RW][ @dxtsQsVV sRVV
sLRis[LRiVsV.
xmsouyLSsWjNRPLi yzms Ry xqsLisWLRiyjNRPsV ee 52
bPyRV bPsNSLSRV NRPXy* bPsxmsRLi [` e bPZOP[Q [ Ry yxqsLi sRLi NRPVLSR NTPRM ee 53

yysVyyLi R xqslLi[*uyLi VNTP sVVNTPRsV e Rryy*xqsLi bPsZOP[Q [ NRPVLSysVLRiLi VRMee


54
bPsos N]LRiNRPV xmsoxtsQsVV ][sV |msLiRV ss, bPyRVsVV[ RVT, NRPTgji aRPVsVV
[RVV ss (52), ryRNRPVsNRPV bPsxmsRsVV LiRVsV. ryRNRPVV bPsZOP[Q RsVV[ NTP][
sRsyxqssVV [RVssV (53). bPsZOP[Q RsVV sLiRV sszqsLiRV ss sXORPQ yj
rysLRisVVNRPV, xmsaRPV sVsVuyj LigRisVsVVNRPV VNTP, sVVNTP NRPWR LiRVsV. NSsos,
xmsLiTRVRV sVLRiLiRVsLRiNRPV bPsZOP[Q RsVV[ sszqsLiRssV (54).
LigSRxqsaRPRLi xmsoLi ZOP[Q [ sWsVxtsQZNP[ sRVM e xqsxryLRi sWRLi RV xmsoQZOP[Q [ RyL<RiZNP[ ee
55
\s Lilgi[ Ry [RVLi xqsxry=LRi sWsRM e RsVxtsQQsW ryxxqsLi xmsoLi ZOP[Q [ xqs*RVLi
Vs ee 56
sWss xmsztsQR bPsZOP[Q RsVV[ LigRisVV sVLiT sLiR LRi RWLRisVV sLRiNRPV, VVztsQ xmsztsQR
ZOP[Q RsVV[ s[LiVV sVWLRi RWLRisVV sLRiNRPV (55), [sy xmsztsQR ZOP[Q RsVV[ NRPWR s[LiVV
sVWLRi sLRiNRPV, xqs*RVLi WZOP[Q RsVV[ s[LiVV RsxqsV= RWLRisVV sLRiNRPV xmssR WsV RVs
VVxtsvV |msRLRiV (56)
xmsoQZOP[Q [ zqsy y{msNRPWFyyM xmsoxtsQLS R e bPsgRiLilgi[ s[RVLi bPsxqs sRsLi RVy ee 57
RR ryy* Ry Ry* zmsy*z bPsLi s[` e bPsZOP[Q RLi xqssWbPR s}qsy sVLRiLi Ry ee
58
yxLi RaSxLi sWxqsLi y xqszmsLiUNRPLRiLi RVy e ANRPLi y bPsZOP[Q [ zmsLiRsVy zms y ee 59
xqsLRi*Fyxms ssLRiVQQNRP xqs=R bP+sxmsRLi [` e
xmsoQZOP[Q RsVV[ soV, xqsLRixqsV=V sVVRgRiVss bPsgRiLigRi RVs RVssV. bPsoRV @V
zmsyRV (57). y RVLiRV ryssVV [zqs, yssVV [zqs, xmssVV [zqss sQQNTP bPsos

F~LiRVsV. sWssoRV sVLRiLiRV sLRiNRPV bPsZOP[Q RsVV yaRPLiVVLi sLiRssV (58). sVLRiLis
sQQNTP [xsVVsV bPsZOP[Q RsVV[ RzLiRV, [NRP xmsRsL][ NRPLRisV [RVV, [y
sWzqsNRPsVVsV |msV, [NRP xqszmsLiUNRPLRisVV, [NRP ANRPsVVsV |msV, [NRP zmsLiRyssVVsV
[RVV ss (59), A soRV ssVsLis[ FyxmssVVs sVLiT ssVVNRPVQ\, bPsxmsRsVVsV
F~LiRVsV.
@Ry xqsxms LSRLi y s}qsy* xmsLiRLSRNRPsV ee 60
LSRs[VNRPLSRLi y NRPsWsxmsRLi [` e xqs*sLSsVgRiVLi [ZNP[ ry* yLS yQxmso[ sLRiM
ee 61
sL][QylLi[ NSQ R RRaRPRVLi sLRiM e xqsLRi*Li NRPXRLi NSsVsRW xqsRM xmnssVyxmsoRW`
ee 62
xqsLRi*Li NRPXRsVNSs[Vs ryOSQs xmsRxmsRsV e
bPsZOP[Q RsVV[ GRV LSRVV gSs, HRV LSRVV gSs (60), sVWRV LSRVV gSs , INRP LS
gSs sszqsLis][, NSNRPsVsVV[ bPsxmsRsVV LiRVsV. sWssoRV [NRPsVV[
xqs*sLSsVLRiWxmssVVgS xqs*RLRisVVsV (61) NTP][ FyLis][, @aRPLiVVLis xmnssVVsV
F~LiRVsV. NSsVs][ bPsxmspjNRPsVVsV [zqss][, ssVsLis[ xmnssVV LiRVsV (62). NSs
suysVsVVgS [zqss][ bPsos xmsRsVV LiRVsV.
FyRLRiyx ryRWx sVxzqsQ}tsQ*NRPRM NRPsW` ee 63
FyRLji*jNRPLRiLi [RVLi sVyxLi NSsVNRPLi Ry e ryRWxLi aSLiNRPLi [RVLi LSyszms
R\s z ee 64
NS[ sbdP][ \|ms FN][ sVRRWsV R*RVLi sbP e bPsxmsp sZaP[}tsQ Ry[sdxtsQ zqsj y ee
65
GsLi y* sLRiM NRPVLRi*s RV][NRP xmns gRis[` e NRP RVVlgi[ sZaP[}tsQ xmnszqsjxqsVNRPLRi ee 66

DZNP[s ZNP[s y*zms @jNSLRi s[RRM e xqsR*QXM Fyxms dLRiVZaP[RRR sVyxmsoRW` ee 67


DRRVsVV, sVyxsVV, ryRVLiNSsVV @s jssVV sVWRV sgRisVVVgS sVsj (63).
DRRVsVV sR NRPLRiNRPV, sVyxsVV NSsV NRPLRiNRPV, ryRVLiNSsVV aSLi NRPLRiNRPV Rgjis
NSsVV @s RVssV. LSRVLiRV NRPWR B sgRisVV NRPRV (64). LS RVLiR
sVRgRisVV[ gRi lLiLiRV RWsVsVV NSsVVsNRPV sbdPRsVs }msLRiV. A NSsVLiRV bPsxmsp
[zqss][, sZaP[ztsQLi @dxtsQsVVV zqsjLiRVsV (65). C sxtsQRVsVV sLjiLigji ARLjiLis sQQNTP \|mss
ssLjiLis xmnssVVsV F~LiRVsV. NRPRVVgRisVV[ sZaP[ztsQLi NRPLRi [R xmnszqsj NRPVgRiVsV (66).
sWssoRV yLjiNRP xmssX, Fyxmsd NRPgji, @jNSLRi [RsVVsV \|mss zmss y[ G][
INRP xmsRs @sLiLis][, ARW, xmnssVVsV F~LiRVsV (67).
VVxtsQRV ERVM e
@R ZOP[Q y xmsos xqssWryRRRVxqs* sM e xqsLS*M zqsQRVaRP xmsoLRiVuy RWybPR xmsRLi
[` ee 68
xqsWR Wgji sLRiNRPV ZaP[xtsQ bPsZOP[Q y gRisWLixqsy e
xqsWRDyRe
aRPXVRM aRPRRW xqsLRi*QZOP[Q y R RygRisWs ee
B $bPssV xmsoLS[ s[aRP*LRi xqsLizyRWLi GNRPRa][yRVM (1 1).
VVxtsvV xmsNTPLjic
J xqsWy! dsso WgRiV[ ZaP[xtsvRso. sWNRPV xmsoQZOP[Q RsVVsV gRiVLjiLi xqsLigRixsVVgS
xmsVsVV. {qsQ xmsoLRiVxtsvLiRLRiV ys }qssLi bPsxmsRsVVsV F~LiRLRiV (69). bPsZOP[Q RsVVsV,
bPygRisVsVVsV NRPWR ssLjiLixmsosVV.
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c

bPs ZOP[Q RsVVsV gRiVLjiLi, y AgRisVsVV gRiVLjiLi aRPRgS ssVRV (69).$ bPs sV
xmsoLSsVV[s s[aRP*LRi xqsLizR RVLiRV xmsRN]LiRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj
@R y*Ra][syRVM
dLRisVVV c ZOP[Q RsVVV
xqsWR DyR e
aRPXVR* sVXxtsQRVM Fy bP+sZOP[Q RLi ssVVNTPRsV e RygRisWLi xqs][ sZOP[Q [NRPLRiOSQLRis[Vs z
ee 1
xmsLiRaRP][ s{qsLS xqs\ZaP ss NSsy e bPyRW z xmsXjds [NRPLi RXy* R xtsQ ee 2
RR RR bPsZOP[Q RLi RR RR syzqsysV e sWOSQLRiLi NRPXxmsRW [sMZOP[Q RLi NRPRys xmsVM ee
3
xmsLjigRiRX{tsQLi R [yyLi R xmsLjigRi` e xqs*RVLi Wysyys [NRPLRiOSQLRis[Vs z ee 4
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
J FygRiV VVxtsvLS! s[sV sWORPQsVV s[ bPsZOP[Q RsVVsV RRVxmsLji bPygRisVsVVsV sWss
NRPsVV N]LRiNRPV ssLjiLiRsV ssVRV (1). G\ N][ (WssV) sryLRisVV NRPgji,
xmsLRi*RsVV][ @Rso][ szqs[ xmsXjs bPsos RW[ FyVsV RLjiLiRVVsj. (2).
gRiyRVRgRiV sV[soRV ssR FyLiRsVV[ sszqsLiRV sV sWORPQsVV N]LRi\ZNP ARW
xqssVV[ xmsoQZOP[Q RsVVsV sLjiLisV (3). VVxtsvV sszqsLiRV ss N]s xqssVVV,
[sRV @sVgRizLiRV ss sVLjiN]s xqssVVV, xqs*RVLi WLigRisVV AsLSssVV ss
BLiN]s xqssVVV ZOP[Q RsVV\, sWssoNRPV NRPsVVsV [RVVRVss (4).

dlLi[ ZOP[Q [ xqsy NSLRiLi rysys FyjNRPsV e @sy L][gRi yLjiRQsVW NRPy*
yxmsoRWsLRiM ee 5
@yzqss LRi[ slL<i[ FyF sVLRiLi sLRiM e xqs*RVLi Wrys y}qs s xmsosLSsVxtsQ
sWxmsoRW` ee 6
ZOP[Q [ Fyxmsxqs NRPLRiLi RXRLi s WxqsVLSM e xmsoQZOP[Q [ sy}qs z FyxmssV*zms yRlLi[` ee 7
[Vs ZNP[y xmsoFy[Vs xmsoQZOP[Q [ s}qssLRiM e zqsLi][aRP+Rsk dlLi[ xqsLi ZOP[Q ys[ NRPaRPM ee 8
xmsoQZOP[Q RsVV[s dLRisVV sLiRV sRsVV rys, ys, FyRVsV [RVssV. @V [RVs
sWssoRV L][gRisVVsV, yLjiRQsVVsV, sVWgRiRssVV sVVRVgRiV [xmssVVsV F~LiRVsV (5). C
LRiR LiRsVV[ xqs*RVLi W LigRisVV gRi ZOP[Q RsVV[ sVLRiLis sQQNTPNTP xmsosLRis [RV
(6). J xVLS! xmsoQZOP[Q RsVV[ [zqss FyxmssVV @jNRP][xtsQsVV sRVsV. NSsos
xmsoQZOP[Q RsVV[ sszqsLiRV sQQNTP [aRP#\sVssW FyxmssVVsV [RVLSRV (7). sWssoRV G][ INRP
DFyRVsVVsV [zqs, xmsoQZOP[Q RsVVsLiRV sszqsLiRssV.zqsLiRVsj IRVs, aRPRRVsj IRVs
@s[NRP xmsoQZOP[Q RsVVV gRiso (8).
xqsLRixqs*d sk xmso FNS xtsQztsQsVV Ry e RRdlLi[ s}qs yQM NRPsWRQx xmsRLi [`
ee 9
zsVsjLji gRiLigS xmso aRPRsVV sk e RdlLi[ \s NSaSj xmsoQZOP[Q y s[NRPaRPM ee 10
RR dLRiLi xmsaRPxqsLi z sVXlgi[ sVXgRiXxxqsf e a][ ][ RaRPsVVM xmso[SdxtsQ xmnsxmsRM ee
11
RR ry[ xmsy}qss xmsRLi \syRVNRPLi [` e RRVLji*LiaRPsVV xmso sLRiy R sVsk ee
12
@LRiVsj sVVsVVV (yLRiV) gRi xqsLRixqs*d sj xmssR\sVsj. ss[NTP ARW skdLRisVV
RVLiRV sszqsLis][, NRPsVsVVgS x[NRPsVVsV F~LiRVsV (9). xmssRsVgRiV gRiLigSsj

zsVsRLRi*RsVV sVLiT xmsosj. @j sLiR sVVsVVV gRi sj ys dLRisVV sLiRV NSbdP


sVVRgRiV @s[NRP xmsoQZOP[Q RsVVV gRiso (10). xqsWLRiVRV sVXgRiLSbP RVLiRVLiRgS @R
syxqssVV xmsaRPxqssVV. gRiVLRiVso sVXgRiLSbP RVLiRVLiRgS a][ ysj N][Ljis xmnssVV sRVsV.
xmssRsVgRiV A sjNTP xmsj sVVsVVV gRiso (11).@R ryssVV [zqs, DxmsyxqssVVs][,
syRVNRP xmsRsVV LiRVsV. sLRiR RVsV sVsj xmssR\sVsj; BLRiVsj yVgRiV
sVVsVVV gRij (12).
RryLi rys[s y}qss xmsRLi \sxtsQssWxmsoRW` e RsVry y*RaRPsVV lLi[y RaRPsVV sk ee
13
g][ysLki sV xmso x g][sRybPds e GNRP sLiaRPsVV FNS LRiVR[NRP xmsyLiVVds ee 14
NRPXxtsQs[ xmsosk xqsLRi*FyxmsORPQRW s e ryuy RaRPsVV FNS sxtsv[NRP xmsyLiVVds ee 15
RVLigRiy RaRPsVV x[NRP xmsyLiVVds e xqsVsLRisVVLki xmso FNS sssVV Ry ee 16
R\Qs xqsVxmsRVLi[ x[NRP RVy xqsy e xqsLRixqs*d R xmsLiFy R NRPy ZaP[*Rsk aRPV ee
17
GyryLi dLRiy}qss BLiR[NRP sVyxmsoRW` e
ys dLRisVVsLiRV sszqsLi ys RVLiRV ryssVV [zqss][, sxtsvxmsRsVV LiRVsV. RsVry
sjNTP xmssLiRV sVVsVVV, lLi[y sjNTP xmsjsVVsVVV gRiso (13). sV xmssRsVgRiV g][ysLki
sj xxy g][xy ][xtsQsVVsV Fg]VsV. BLRi\s INRP sVVsVVV gRi g][ysLji
LRiVRxmsRsVVsV BRVsV (14). xmssRsVgRiV NRPXxtsQs[ xqsLRi*FyxmssVVsV Fg]VsV. xmsssVj
sVVsVVV gRi NRPXxtsQs[ sxtsv[NRPsVV xqsLigRiVsV (15). xmsjsVVsVVV gRi RVLigRiR
x[NRPsVV sRVsV. xmssRsVgRiV xqsVsLRisVVd sjNTP ]sVj sVVsVVV gRiso (16).
x[NRPsVV sVLiT RVRVgRiV soV xqsVsLRisVVd dLRisVV sLiRV sLiRVLRiV. xqsLRixqs*d sj,
xmsLiFy xqsLRixqsV=, xqs*R sVVsV NRPgji RVVLiT sVLigRisVV sRV NRPysj (17). @s[
sRV dLRisVVs sszqsLiRV sQQNTP BLiR[NRPsVVsV F~LiRVsV.

xqsj sV xmso NSs[Lki sVsk ee 18


xqsxmssLiaRP sVVFNS xqsLS*dxtsQ xmsyLiVVds e RdLSM xqs*LRiy\ZaPQQs x sxtsv xmsRxmsyM ee 19
bPs[NRP xmsy\ZaPQQ+yxqsySdxtsQ xmns xmsyM e \ssV}tsQ RlLi[ ryRWs[xtsQlgi[ R gRiVL_ LRi_ ee 20
x[NRP xmsRLi syRRMxmspjNRPLi Ry e zqsLiRVsyLi Ry rysLi zqsLi} NRPLRilgi[ LRi_
ee 21
ZNP[yL][RNRPFysLi R rysLi R sRLi sRVM e
xqsx xmsLRi*RsVV sVLiT xmsos NSs[Lji RVsV g]xms sj sVNTP xmssR\sVsj (18). N][lLi
ssds dlLi[ NSsLjiNTP BLRiVsj [VRV sVVsVVV gRiss xmsVRVLRiV. ys dLRisVVV
xqs*LRi[NRPsVVsV, sVLjiRVV xxmsRsVVsV, sxtsvxmsRsVVsV BRVsV (19). N][Ljis xmnssVV
s, bPs[NRPsVVs[ \ZaPsZOP[Q RsVVV NSs[Lki dLRisVVs gRiso. gRiVLRiVso, xqsWLRiVRV s[VxtsQLSbP
RVLiRVsxmsVRV \ssVxtsQsVV sLiRV, RLji RVLiRV ryssVV [RVssV (20). @xmsoRV xqszmss
xmspRV ss x[NRP Fyzms NRPVgRiVsV. xqsWLRiVRV zqsLixLSbP RVLiRV, NRPLSNRP LSbP
RVLiRV DsxmsVRV zqsLiRVsk ryssVV (21), ZNP[yLRiryssVV, ZNP[yLRisVV[s sVVsV
ygRiV [zqss][, ssVV NRPVgRiVsV.
g][ysLSLi zqsLixsW}qs ryRW=Lix Xxxqsf ee 22
bPs[NRPxmsRsV bPs[[NRPLi Ry xmsoLS e RVsVVy a][ Wry=QRWRVL_ NRPygRi[ LRi_ ee 23
RLRi[ZNP[ RLi [ZNP[ sV[gRixmsRLi sRVM e NSs[LSLi RV Ry ryRW` RVlgi[ RV LRi_
gRiVL_ ee 24
suLRi*Rs sVyQR=LS*dxtsQ xmsRLi sRVM e sXbPZNP[ sWzqs xqsLiFy}ms RylLi[ gRiVLRiVsXbPZNP[
ee 25
sLRiyRWLi skryy j*xtsv[NRP sVyxmsoRW` e

RxmsRsWssVV[ gRiVLRiVso zqsLixLSbP[ sVLiRgS g][ysLji[ (22) ryssVV [zqss][,


bPs[NRPsVV LiRVss xmspLRi*sVV bPsoRV zmsyRV. gRiVLRiVso, LRis NRPyLSbP RVLiRVLiRgS
RVsVVy, a][ sRV[ ryssVV [zqss][ (23), RLRi[NRPsVV sLiRV, syRVNRP[NRPsVV
sLiRV sV[gRisVVV LiRVss VVxtsvV |msRLRiV. LRis, gRiVLRiVso RVLSbP RVLiRVLiRgS,
NSs[Lji RVLiRV ryssWRLjiLis][ (24), sxtsvso sRssVV VVNRP sVzsV ss
N][LjiNRPsRVV zqsjLiRVss VVxtsvV |msRLRiV. sWLRibdPL<Ri sWxqssVV sLiRV LRis, gRiVLRiVso sXbPNRP
LSbP RVLiRVLiRgS (25), sLSy sj RVLiRV ryssVV [zqss][, sxtsv[NRPsVV LiRVsV.
xqsVsLRi sVVLki rysLi yxmslgi[ R gRiVL_ LRi_ ee 26
bPs[NRP xmsRsV x[ sRsLi RVy e sVXgRisWzqs Ry ryRW xyLi sVXgRilgi[ gRiVL_
ee 27
bPs[NRP xmsRsV x[ sRsLi RVy e x su*M xms[ VNSQ* RRLi[ s
sWxmsoRW` ee 28
gRiLigSRWLi sWxmnsVsW}qs RV Ry NRPVLigRi[ LRi_ e aSRLi y zmsLiRysLi y [NRPRNRPsVyzms
y ee 29
sLiaRPR*RV zmsRYLi R NRPVN][VRLRiLi sRVM e NRPXxtsQs[Li xmsaRPLixqsLi dsVslgi[ R gRiVL_ LRi_
ee 30
gRiVLRiVso, LRis RsWLSbP RVLiRVLiRgS xqsVsLRisVV RVLiRV ryssVV [zqss][ (26), bPs[NRPsVV
LiRVss x|mssV. sWxmnsVsWxqssVV[ gRiVLRiVso sVNRPLRiLSbP RVLiRVLiRgS gRiLigSsj
RVLiRV ryssVV [zqss][ (27), bPs[NRPsVV LiRVss x |mssV. sVLjiRVV, @
sWssoRV x[NRP, sxtsv[NRPsVVsV NRPWR @sVsLi, RLRiVyR ssVVsV F~LiRVsV
(28). sWxmnsVsWxqssVV[ LRis NRPVLiLSbP RVLiRVLiRgS gRiLigRi[ aSRsVV gSs, zmsLiRyssVVsV
gSs, [RNRP xqssVLRisVVsV gSs (29) [zqss][, lLiLiRV sLiaRPsVV zmsRLRiVV N][ RLRisVV

sLRiNRPV DRLjiLixmsRVRVLRis VVxtsvV |msRLRiV. gRiVLRiVso, LRis dsVsLSbP RVLiRVLiRgS


NRPXxtsQs[[ ryssVV xmsaRPxqssVs VVxtsvV |msRLRiV (30).
RRdlLi[ R Ryzqs ryssVLiR xmsRxmsRsV e gRiLigSLi y xqsxLi yzms xqssWbPR s}qsRVRM
ee 31
Ry NRPXRFyxmsxqs ORPQW s sbPRsV e LRiVR[NRP xmsys[s xqsLi ZOP[Q ys[NRPaRPM ee 32
ysVxmsLki s[gRisd x[NRP xmnsxms[ e RW{qslLi[ z xqsLi[s ZOP[Q y xqs*LRiys R ee 33
xqsLi ZOP[Q y Rs[ xmsoys R WLjiaRPM e RR RR sxqss FyryRXaRPLi R xmnsLi [` ee
34
ARW dLRisVV[ ARW sWxqssVV[ ryssVV [zqss][, BLiRxmsRsVV LiRVsV.
xmsLiTRVRV gRiLigS dLRisVVs gSs, NSs[Lki dLRisVVs gSs sszqsLiRssV (31). @V [zqss VR,
A NSsVV sLiRV [zqss FyxmssVV sbPLiRVsV[ xqsLijRVsVV [RV. LRiVR[NRPsVV sRV
ZOP[Q RsVV s[NRPsVV gRiso (32). ysVxmsLki, s[gRisd @sV sRVV x[NRPxmnssVV sRVsV.
y dLRisVV sLiRV xqs*LRisVV sRV ZOP[Q RsVVV gRiso (33). A lLiLiRV sRV sVR[
sVxmsosVV sRV ZOP[Q RsVVV gRiso. ss[NTP ARW ZOP[Q RsVV[ sszqsLi, ARW
xmnssVVsV F~LiRVsV (34).
xqsyylLi[ xqsR*QXyQ xqsy ssRWzms R e s}qsRRWVM Fy[ \sysy RRLi [` ee
35
xmsoQZOP[Q [ NRPXRLi xmsoLi xy Vj sVR e xmsoQZOP[Q [ NRPXRLi FyxmsLi sVxR*zms
RV[ ee 36
RyLi syLRi ZaP[RV[s ORPQRVs[VxtsQ e xmsoQ\sVaRP*LRiRLi FyxM NSLiVVNRPLi yNRPLi Ry
ee 37
sWsxqsLi R Ry FyxmsLi yRXaRPLi yaRP# [V` j*M e

sWssoRV xqsLRi*NSsVV[ xqsdsVV, xqsRQsLRis, xqsyss, RRWgRiVsVV gRiy\,


ZOP[Q RsVV[ sszqsLiRssV. @V gSs][, A xmnssVV LiRRV (35). xmsoQZOP[Q RsVV[ [zqss
xmsosVV @s[NRP lLiV sXj F~LiRVsV. xmsoQZOP[Q RsVV[ [zqss FyxmssVV [aRPsVLi\ssW
sVFyxmssVV @gRiVsV (36). xmsoQZOP[Q R syxqssVV ss Li[ xmsosVV[ FyxmssVV ssVsLis[
sbPLiRVsV. xmsosVV HaRP*LRisVV sRVss VVxtsvV |msRLRiV. J j*LS! A xmsosVV
aRPLkiLRisVV][ [zqss, yNRPV][ [zqss sVLjiRVV (37) sVsxqsV=][ [zqss FyxmssVVsV sbPLixms[RVVsV.
sWsxqsLi s[xmsLi RV NRP NRPsVgRiLi Ry ee 38
yy[s z RsZaP[ysy yaRPsVXR e sNRPLi xms[s NSLiVVNRPLi NSRVa][xtsQ` ee 39
yyRsNRPXRLi sZaP[ysy NRPN][M e NRP*y}mss xmsoLi R sXjxmsplLi[* saRP ee 40
dLiaRP# \ZaPQQs sXRLia][ [gSLiaRPM xmsoFyxmsWM e sya][ z dLia][ sXjLRiVNRPLRi
xmsNSLRiRM ee 41
sVsxqsV=][ [zqss FyxmssVV s[xmssVV s sVsxqsV=sV xmsVN]s NRPNRPLiRLRisVV sLRiNRPV
sLiRVsV (38). @j yssVV ss sWRs[V sbPLiRVsV; sVL][ sWLRisVV [RV. @jNRPsVgRiV
xmssVV[ yNRP FyxmssVV, aRPLkiLRisVVsV NRPXbPLixms[RVV RxmsxqsV=[ NSLiVVNRP FyxmssVV (39), RssVV][
[zqss FyxmssVV yssVV ss sbPLiRVsV. CFyxmssVVV N][ NRPsVV RLRiVyR \sssW
sbPLiRVNRPV sVLjiVVNRP sWLRisVV [RV. INRPxmsVRV @jNRPsVgRiV FyxmssVV[ xmsosVV NRPWR
sbPLiRVsV (40). xmsoFyxmssVVV lLiLiTLiNUP dLiaRPsVV, sXRLiaRPsVV, [gSLiaRPsVV @sV
sVWRV gRisVVVLiRVsV. FyxmssVV VVNRP dLiaRPsVV ssVV [RsV, sXRLiaRPsVV \|mss
zmss sRsVVgRisV sbPLiRVsV (41).
[gSLia][ [gRiyaRPxqsV ysy xmsoN][M e dxmsL][} s}tsQ RV ZaP[u [gSRV NRP[ ee 42
[yyLi xmspRW \s xyLi R ysRM e RFjNSR NS[s [gRiM xqsx[ # s[`
sXsV ee 43

RryyxmssVNRPX\Q*s sxqssLi xqsVsVRy ee 44


B $ bPssVxmsoLS[ s[aRP*LRi xqsLizyRWLi y*Ra][SyRVM (12).
FyxmssVV VVNRP [gSLiaRPsVV @sVsLiRV [Rs[ sbPLiRVsV; N][ xmsosVVsV [zqsy
sbPLiRRV. FyxmssVV VVNRP dLiaRPsVV sbPLis RLRiVyR, [gSLiaRPsVV sVgjiRVVLiRVsV (42).
[sR yLSjLiRV [R, xVNRPV yssVV [RVV [R, LRiNSsVV RxmsxqsV=sV
[RVV [R sWssoNRPV FyxmssVV VVNRP [gSLiaRPsVV xqsxdsRVsVgRiVsV (43). NSsos,
xqsVsVVsV N][LRiV sWssoRV FyxmssVVsV [RVNRPVLiRgRis[ sLiRssV (44).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[s s[aRP*LRi xqsLizR RVLiRV xmssLiRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj.
@R RWRa][eyRVM
xqsyyLRisVV c afRsVV c RLRisWsVuyssVV
VVxtsQRV ERVM e
xqsyyLRiLi aSsRWaRPV [Vs [NSs [VRVRM e RLSRLRisVRWs Wz xqs*LRiyLRiNRPyLi
xqsy ee 1
VVxtsvV xmsNTPLji c
xqsyyLRisVV ss ss[NTP xmso[NRPsVVsV LiVVLiRgRiVsV. @ xqsyyLRisVVsV sWNRPV sLis[
sszmsLixmsosVV. xqs*LRisVV sRV RLRiNSLRisVVsV, sLRiNRPsVVsV NRPLiRV @RLRiNSLRisVVsV NRPWR
xmsVsVV (1).
xqsWR DyR e

xqsyyLRi RVV][ sy*s x[ ysV ysVRM e s[yyLRi RVV][ sF }Q\ lLi[\ZNPNRP ys


j*M ee 2
@yL][e s[RaRP ORPQ W LS}qssNRPM e NTPLiyyLRiys \saRPM NRPXztsQyNRPXRRW ee
3
aRPWR x BRVQQNRPM xqs*RVs[Vs z NRPL<RiNRPM e @xqsWRWVM xmsLRi][z RLiyj* DR[ ee
4
xmsXjdsFyN][ LS BRlLi[ ORPQ RW sVyM e yyj NRPRVys s[aRP BRL][ sgRiVR[ee 5
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
xqsyyLRisVV NRPgjis sy*LixqsVRV xVRsRVV, s[][NRP NRPLRisV @sVztsQLiRVyRV
sxmsoRsRVV ysVsVVsV F~LiRVRVLRiV. xqsyyLRisVV, sR s[][NRP NRPLSsVuyssVV @sVy[
G][ INRP gRiVsVV gRiyRV j*RsRVsV (2). RNRPVs AyLRisVV, RNRPVs s[yRRVssVV
NRPgji, LS}qss [RVV xVRV ORPQ RV xVRsRVsV. N]j AyLRisVV NRPgji,
ssryRV yFyLRisVVsV [RVV xVRV \saRP xV RsRVsV. (3). xqs*RVsVVgS
WsVs RVsV xVRV aRPWRxV RsRVsV. BRLRiV RVLiRV @xqsWRV NRPgji,
yLjiNTP ][xsVV [RVV xVRV RLiy xVRsRVsV (4). WsVs FyLiRVyRV
LS @sRVV, BRLRi LSsLibdPRVVV ORPQ RVVsRVV @sRVRVLRiV. yyRVsV @sVVyRV
\saRPVRsRVV, BRLRi \saRPsLibdPRVVV sN`P @sRVV zmsVsRVRVLRiV (5).
x ORPQ RV \saSyLi aRPVaRPWxtsv aRPW+R DR[ e NRPL<RiN][ sXxtsQ[ [RV BRlLi[ \s RxqssM ee
6
xqsL][* xxtsQM FydsVVbPLiR[V [sxmspLRi*NSs e RLSsLSLiaRP R` ZNP[aSyRVLi R
sRVs[Vs R ee 7

ARVVlLi[Q*xtsQaRP sVLRiLi FyxmsLi gRiLi R\s R e yjM xmsoztsQxqsy aRPNTPM FyRLRiVys jN`P xmnssV
ee 8
saSLiy RW sWuy [RW RWsWLRiLi xqsLijLRiVR[ e Ry[ RV xqssVVyRV sW[
sxqsX[j*M ee 9
gRiXRWLRi][ gRiy* xRM xmssXRxqsy e DRVM xqssWsaRP xmsLi[es jVM ee
10
x ORPQ RV \saRPVNRPV }qss[RVVyRV aRPWRVRV @sRVV, ssryRVsVV [RVV BRLRiVV
NRPL<RiNRPVsRVV, sVgjisyLRiV RxqsVsRVV RVssV (6). dsLRiLiRLRiV DxtsQMNSsVV sLiRV
RWLRiVQ\sxmso Ljigji xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVs ysLi, RLSLRi sVVsV, y[s ZNP[aRPsVVsV, AyRV
sRVsVVsV gRiWLji A[LiRssV (7). FyRM NSsVV sLiRV sRsV ds[ xqssVRVsVVsV,
xmsRs , sWssoNRPV ARVVLSRVsVV, [*xtsQsVV, sVLRisVV, FyxmssVV, xqsLixmsR, yj xmsoztsQ
sVLjiRVV aRPNTP @sV xmnssVVV NRPVgRiVsV (8). LS[s ALji RWsVsVVsNRPV DxtsQxqsV= @sRVV,
ys[s xqsgRigRisVVsNRPV xqsLij @sRVV }msLRiV. j*RV A xqssVRVsVV[ [,
NSNRPXRsVVsV dLRiVN]sssV (9). BLiNTP RWLRisVVgS RVNRPV s DRLRisVVsVVgS
NRPWLRiVLiRssV. ysNTP BLij Ds][ BRLRi jNRPVsNRPV @sVVsVVgS NRPWLRiVLiRssV
(10)
gji xkyLi [yyLi ysVVRM e LigRiLi zmsyRV ys[Vs sVVsVs[s Fyy
ee 11
sVsVVR=QX ][yRV s xmsZaP[Q\Qs RssV e DRQX[s [\ss afRLi NRPVLSRzM
ee 12
@Ry [szmsyL<Ri dLSsRLRiLi sy e xqsxms y xmsLiR y ds y gRiVRLi xqsLia][R[VsQXy ee 13
Lilgi[ NRPL][ sWRLi RV gRiV[ xmsxqsX LjixtsQ[ e RR DyRV xmsRxqs afRLi gRiLiRWxtsQsVxtsQNRPsV ee
14

sVV, @gji, xVRV sVVRgRiV yNTP, [sRNRPV FsRVLRiVgRi NRPWLRiVLiRLSRV. FsRsV[][


gRiVxsVVsV, NRPVT[][ [s sVWzqs (11), sVsxqsLRis [zqs, \|msNTP[, yss RWRLSRV.
aRPRVsVV sVLiT RVNRPV dxqsVNRPVss sVV][ sWRs[V afRsVV yRLjiLiRssV. [s,
zmsRX, VVztsQ dLRisVV[ jgRiNRPVLiRgS, GRV, HRV [NRP sVWRVryLRiV sV][ gRiVRsVVsV aRPVj
[RVssV (13). N]j sV][ gRiVxsVVsV, [sLiy sV][ gRiVRsVVsV aRPVj [RVssV.
RLRiVyR [, NSsV [RVsV NRPRVgRiVN]s FsssVj ryLRiV dss xmsoNTPLi DsV s[RVssV
(14).
[Vs ZNP[s R xms[ NS}tsQs R RzM e NSLRiLi xqsLiRLRidsLi R RLiRyss dsVLjiRsV ee
15
[yssVxqsQXR sVLi[ ryssWRlLi[` e @aRPNRPM NRPLihRiRxmnsVLi y NRP RxmnsV sVyzms y ee
16
AsV sWsaRP sVLiRrysLi xqssWRlLi[` e [ykLi xqsLRi[Vj*y*LixqsR dLRi [s R ee
17
_RsxqsQLi xqssWyRV xmsLiRNRP[s yLRi[V` e DRLkiRVLi R NTPLi \s yLRiLi xqslLi[*xtsv NRPLRixqsV
ee 18
G][ INRP ANRPV][ gSs, xmso][ gSs aRPRVsVVsNRPV RV RWxmsoRVs[s
DxmsWgjiLiRNRPVLiRgS RLiRysssVVsV [RW (15). juys [sRNRPV ssVxqsLjiLi
sVLiRxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS ryssVV [RVssV. NRPLihRisVV sLRiNRPV ds[ jgji, @V [RV aRPNTP [s][,
sRVsVV sLRiNRPV (16), [y sWNS sLRiNRPV gSs ds[ jgji, sVLiRxmspLRi*NRP ryssVVsV
[RVssV. sy*LixqsVRRs[ dLRisVV][ [s zmsRX RLRisVVsV [RVssV (17). s
sxqsQsVVsV dxqsVN]s, @LiVVRV NRPR][ RLjiLiRssV. xqsLRi* NRPLRi RVLiRV DRLkiRVsVVsV
RxmsNRP RLjiLiRssV (18).

syj dLRirys[ RV ryssxqsQLi s a][R[V` e y{msNRPWxms gRiX_RV ryyRWLRiQ*Li s


[VRVRM ee 19
bPyLS*jZNP[ yzms [ yzms xqs[ezms y e xqsLia][R {msR[VR*xqsQLi zmsRYLi RXxms[V
j*M ee 20
N][NRP sVLi[ xqsy R xmsoLiRNRPsV e @sy [[ FyR BRxqssLRiNRPsVXR ee 21
AFz}tsQ bPLRizqs FORPQ[V yxmsaSLiR[V e RV}qs sVLiRLi Fy[ RV xqsLijFORPQ sVVR[ ee
22
sRV RVLiRV, BRLRi dLRisVV RVLiRV ryssVV [zqssxmsVRV ryssxqsQsVVsV @R
DRNRPLSRV. sy*LixqsVRV ryyLiRLRisVV yss s sRNRPV gSs, BLiNTP gSs dxqsVNRPVs (19),
LS\|ms gSs, RVLigRi\|ms gSs, gRi s[\|ms gSs, [y ds RVLiRV gSs DNTP zmsLiRssV. J
j*LS! A sxqsQsVV zmsRX[sRNRPV RXzmssRVsV (20). [xmssxtsQRV[s "@gjiLji
xqs' @sV sVLiRsVVsV DRLjiLi, xqs][ xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLiRssV. @V gSNRP, xqssV
ds FyLRis[zqss][, A sQQNTP [x ygRisLiRLRisVV sLRiNRPsVVsV F~LiRVsV. FyxmssVVsV ]gjiLiRV
N]LRi\ZNP "AF zuy' @sV sVLiRsVV][ sVVsV bPLRixqsV=Q\|ms RVN]sssV."RVxqs ORPQRWRV'
@sV sVLiRsVV][ FyRsVV\|ms RVN]sssV. ksNTP xqsLiyFORPQsVs }msLRiV (22).
Fy[ sVWLjiQ xXj \s sVWLjiQ xXyR Gs R e xXyRsVWLjiQ xqsLiFORPQ
sVLiRrysLi sRVLRiVyM ee 23
CxtsQ` xqslLi[+R _M ry*}qs LS LSxtsQ [Vezms R e @ygRi NS[ R sVLiRrysLi
xqssWRlLi[` ee 24
FyRxqsW=LSsVyZNP[s ryRV sVgRiQQsVyNRPRM e @xmsM {msy* Ry sV[ xmsosM FORPQsWRlLi[`
ee 25

gSRVyQ xms sVLiyLi[ LRiWLRiQ*Li Fygji*sOTPQ}ms` e sVLi[ xqsx\NRPLi \s sV[eLRiQLi RV


LRis[LjiQ*M ee 26
AFz}tsQyj sVLiRsVV][ FyRsVVsV, bPLRixqsV=sV, xXRRVsVVsV, A RLRiVyR, bPLRixqsV=sV,
xXRRVsVVsV, FyRsVVsV, sVLjiRVV xXRRVsVVsV, FyRsVVsV, bPLRixqsV=sV xqsLiFORPQ
[RVssV. xmsLiTRVV kss sVLiR ryssVLiRVLRiV (23). @xmssR xqsLRi+ N]jgS NRPgjisxmsVRV
gSs, AL][gRisVV [sxmsVRV gSs LSsNRPV, LSxtsQsVVsNRPV RVsVV NRPgjisxmsVRVgSs,
RWyNSsVV sLiRV gSs sVLiRryssVV [RVssV (24). DRRVsVV "xqsWLRiaRP' @sV
sVLiRsVV][, ryRVLiNSsVV "@gjiaRP' @sV sVLiRsVV][ dss ygji, sVLRi sVLiR
FORPQsVVsV [RVssV (25). J xVLS! DRRVsVV gSRV][ @sVLiLis
sVVsV RWLRiVs NRPsVVsVVgS xqsWLRiVsNRPV ALRiQsVV dsRVssV. sVyxsVV
sVLiRxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS IZNP[ @LRiQsVV dsRVssV (26).
@R [ R ryRW} Vs xmsbPsV jM e DRQXR RyyQRxqsV
sVy}Li egRiVxqsy ee 27
@LigRiVdyLi R LRiLi[ LiLi xmsZaP[jyNRPLRisV e AR xmsROTPQLi NRPXy* aRPVyRsVs sWRlLi[` ee
28
ryRVLi sVWxLS RLS*NRPV NRPXy xqsLiy sXy # s[` e @NSy BRVQQN][ js[ed[
RVyNRPsVsV ee 29
jyed[ R gSRVdLi aRPRLi s[ NRPsW}ms` e ARaSRLSd[ gSRVdLi ORPQsV}qs` ee
30
sWryd[ RV s[ z xmsosa][xmssRVLi RlLi[` e
ryRVLi xqsLiR[ WsV\|ms NRPWLRiVLiT xmsRsVLRi \sxmsoNRPV Ljigji @LRiQsVV dsRVssV. DRRVsVV
RWLRiVQ\sxmsoNRPV Ljigji dss N]jgS \|msNTP szqsLji @LRiQsVV dsRVssV. sVyxsVV s[sVLiT
@LRiQsVV s (27), s[ sVR gRiVLiy LisVVgS xqsWLRiVs RWRssV. RLRiVyR AR

xmsROTPQsVV [zqs, aRPVyRsVssVVsV [RVssV (28). ryRVLiNS xqsLiR sVLiT gRiLi ys


RLRiVyR xqsLiRsV DFyzqsLiRV sLRisVV. NSNRPsVsVV NSNRPVLiy xqsLi][FyxqsssVVsV
[RVssV (29). sR NRPLRi[NRPVLiy INRP jssVV gRiRs][, sLiR gSRVs zmsLiRssV.
sRNRPLRi xmsj jssVVV VxmsQ\sVs][ ORPQ gSRVs [RVssV (30). sR NRPLRi @LiVVs
xqsLiysLiRssVV sWxqssVV y VxmsQ\sVs][, sVLRi DxmssRVssVVsV [RVssV.
Ca][ g_Lki gRiVx[ sxtsvLRiQ [LiRaRP \s RVsVM ee 31
GsLi LRiWFyLiaRPQ\s [yLixqsLRi[V RLRi zqsR[V e LRiLi RRM NRPXy* aRPVy RsVs
sWRlLi[`ee 32
dLRi ROTPQ RaRP+}qs sVlhi[ sVLiy[V VRM e RR [y[V yzms gRiX} y sRVRxqs[ ee 33
xqsLS*s [yssVxqsQXR zqsLRiVjM zqsLSxqssM e xmssLi xmspLRi*sVxqs gSRVdsV}qsRRM ee
34
s\|NRP sxtsQRVLi Vy* xmsssV}qs` e
bPsoRV, g_Lji, gRiVxRV, sxtsvso, x, BLiRVRV, sVLjiRVV RVsVVRV (31) sVVRgRiV [sR
sV[bPLi NSLRi zqsj N]LRiNRPV RLRisVV dsRVssV. RLRiVyR xLRisVVsV,
aRPVyRsVssVVsV [RVssV (32). sy*LixqsVRV dLRisVVsNRPV ROTPQsVVgS sVLi[ xmsaRPxqsQ\sVs
sVhRisVV[ gSs, sVLiyRVsVV[ gSs, [sRVsVV[ gSs, gRiXxsVV sLiRV gSs, INRP
sRVsVR xqssVV sLiRV gSs (33), zqsLRisVgRiV AxqsssVV sLiRVsy\, saRPsVgRiV sVsxqsV=
gRiy\, [sRLiRLjiNUP ssVxqsLjiLi, sVVLiRVgS JLiNSLRisVVsV, RLRiVyR gSRVs
zmsLiRssV (34). sx @[RsVVsV @sVxqsLiyssVV [RVVRW, JLiNSLRisVVsV
zmsLiRssV.
\Q[NRP xqsXztsQ NRPLSLRiLi zqs NRPLSLRisVRVRsV ee 35

xqsLixLSLRiLi Ry LRiVRLi xqs*xmsNSaRPsVVFyxqs} e s NRPlLi[LijRWLi sV[sXdLjiRVxqsy ee


36
[gRisWORPQ xms[ RlLi[ s[ R }msLRi[V R=y e BRsVLRiLi jRW yRVs x FyF
saRPRVM ee 37
ZNP[sLi y }mssRLi xxqs R xmspLRi[V e xqsxxqssV}qssRLi FyRLSQx
xmsoLigRisM ee 38
@s[uyLi R RVyaRPNTP sVy} R aRPRLi }ms` e ryRVLi j*RaRPNRPLi [RVLi bPxtsQNRP
xqssVs*RsV ee 39
"sVV[NRPsVVsV xqsXztsQLis xsV, zqsNRPLRi RVVgRiV sxtsvsosV (35), xqsLiLRiNRPLRi RVgRiV
LRiVRVs AR xmsNSaRPLRiWxmssVVgS DFyzqsLiRsVV. JLiNSLRisVV sW VVNRP s[LijRVsVVsV,
NRPlLi[LijRVsVVsV, sV[sXRVsV, ksXRVsV (36), xqsLRi*NSsVV RVLiRV, [gRisWORPQsVV
sRV RLRisVV sLiRV, sVLjiRVV ssVV sLiRV }mslLi[zmsLiRVgSNRP!' C dLRiVs JLiNSLRisVV VVNRP
@LRisVVsV Vj][ ysLiRVyRV saRPRVsVVgS sWORPQsVVsV F~LiRVsV (37). C @LRisVV
RVNRPVssW xsVV xmsLjixmspLji LiRV\ZNP sRsVV JLiNSLRisVVsV zmsLiRssV.
xVRV xmsjssVV gSRVs DRRVsVV s[LiVV zmsLi (38), RVyaRPNTP BRLRi
sVLiRsVVsV NRPWR zmsLiRssV. sVyxsVV gSRVs sLiRryLRiV, ryRVLiNSsVV sLiRV
BLRiVsj FsssVj ryLRiV zmsLiRsss RVssV (39).
sVWyLRiLi xqssWLRi y*RaSLiR zqsyLixqsy e s[aRP x s{tsQ* aRP yR xmsLRis[VaRP*LSs ee
40
x Vy R\NRPLi R rexLi ssRW }ms` e ys[s xLRiLiy_ NSRWy}R
s[V` ee 41
sVxRRQ*Li xqssWLRi aRPLkiLRiLi RV xqsxxqsNRPsV e G\ZNPNRP ryFy[NRP sVNRPsV aRP# \saRP+Q\sM ee 42

xmsLRizqss W[VsLi xmsRRQ* sVVyxXRsV e


sVWyLRisVV sVLiT xqsxryLRisVV sLRiNRPV gRi ALRiV RNRPsVV[ s[aRP*LRi, x, sxtsv, CaRP,
yR , xmsLRisWRsV ysLiRssV (40). "rexLi (@j s[s[)' @sV xmsLRix Vj][ A
[sR][ HNRPsVVsV ss [RVVRW, gSRVs zmsLiRssV. sVLjiRVV, A [sRsV
x LRiLiRsVV sLiRV, [xsVVsNRPV RV NRPWR ss [RVssV (41). sVxRRQ*sVV
sVLiT C s[j aRPLkiLRisVVV RV*Rss. IN]NRP gSRVd xmssVV[ IN]NRP aRPLkiLRisVVsV
sVsVgS @NRPsVLi (42), sos xmsLRisWR RVLiRV dssVV [RVssV. Bj[V xmssVV
VVNRP RRQ*sVV @s xmsTsj.
aRPRj* RaRPNRPLi [xLi bPxtsQNRP xqssVs*RsV ee 43
sVLiyLi xms GsLi z xmssWjNRPsWj*RVMe xqsxxqsLi xRLi syRR\sVLiRxmsRLi
sRVM ee 44
BRLRiryQ*RLRiOSQLRiLi xWsxtsv RV[ e jyNRPLRi sVVxmsryRV sRsVRLi xqssWRlLi[` ee
45
ORPQ y*RaRPRVVNRPxqsV xmspLRi x CLjiRM e gSRVyQ ORPQ{sLi RV s[RNSlLi[ s W[V`
ee 46
gSRVs sLiRgSs, BLRiVsj FsssVj gSs zmsLiRssV (43). C sRsVVgS ss[
aRPLkiLRisVVsV @jgRisVLi (yyRQsVVsV dsT) zmsLiRssV. s[LiVV xmssVV ss
x[NRPsVV, sLiR zmsLis][ BLiR[NRPsVV LiRVsV (44). BRLRiVV gSRVs zmsLi
DRsV ssV F~Lij A][yLRisVVsV gSLiRLRiV. C dLRiVs xmssVV [zqs xqsWLRiVs
NRPsVVsVVgS DxmsryssVVsV xmsssV (45). xmssLiRV ORPQ gSRVs zmsLisyRV xmspLRi
xV RsRVsV. ORPQNRPV RNRPVs gSRVs zmsLis yRV \sjNRP NRPLRiNRPV @L>RiVRV NSRV
(46).

A xqsxms[xqsV sRVsVLi xmsaSRQysLi RlLi[` e FyRLSQ*RaRP ryxxqsLi xmsy xmssLi }ms`


ee 47
js[ j js[ js[ R*NSLi[ sRs[VsLi NRPsW}ms` e sWry_ NRPsVa][ed[ ryLRiORPQ }mss
z z ee 48
@R ELRiQ* sVNSLi[ xmsosM \|ms#xtsQLi xqssWRlLi[` e GsLi NRPXy* ][xtsQaSLi LRisy L_LRisLi
s[` ee 49
j GLiR sLRiNRPV sRVsVsVVsV FyLi, RLRiVyR xqssQQzqsLiRssV. xqsyQQzqs DRRVs[V
xmssLiRV s[V JLiNSLRisVVsV zmsLiRssV (47). INRPL][ xmssVVsV dsTs][, sVLRiVyRV
lLiLiRVL][ xmssVVsV xmspLji [RVssV. sL][V xmssVVsV sWss][, G\ s[V zmsLis
A ][xtsQsVV ]gRiVsV (48). @LiRNRPV sVLi xmssVVsV dsTs][, sVLRi gRiVLRiVso sR kORPQsV
F~LiRssV. @V [zqss][, ][xtsQsVV aSLiLiRVsV. [y, L_LRis sLRiNRPsVVsV F~LiRVsV (49).
RLSLRiWxqs][ RVRLi NRPVLSydsVs [RLRiM e x[ sVVNTP NSsVry=QRQxsLi
xqsy}qs` ee 50
RLSRL][eLRi][ [g][ [gS\Q*LSgRi xqsLisM e RLSLjiyLRi [lgi[s \sLSgRisVVxmsRV[ ee 51
sxmsLkiyLRi [lgi[s LSgRi Gs xmsRV[ e RLRiaRP j*sRM FN][ Rs [xR*[Vs R ee 52
Rs sVj LRiWxmsLi rydLRi ryyj \zNRPsV e Rs[s Rs sWF Rxmsry jsLRiWxmsysV
ee 53
suysVaRPV+j sWF aRPVy sLi s xqsLiaRPRVM e
NSsVsV gRiyRV A NSsVssV zqsjLixms[}qs s[][NRP NRPLRisV ARLjiLiRVNRPV RVLiRssV.
y N]LRiNRPV RssVVsV xqsLiFyjLiRssV. NSsVsV [sysNTP C xmsRVRsVV @ysaRPNRPsVV.
xVRV sVVsVVORPVso @LiVV, xqsLRi*y xssVVsV @zqsLiRssV (50). RLRisVV
ss RssVV, RssVV ss [gRisVV LiRVsV. RLRisVVgS xqsLiFyjLis RssVV][ Lis

[gRisVV \sLSgRisVVsNRPV }RVso @gRiVsV (51). @RLSLjiR\sVs RssVV][ @sVsLi[


[gRisVVV LSgRisVVsV NRPgjiLiRVsV. RLRisVV Rs RLRisVV, [xRLRisVV @s lLiLiRV LRiNRPsVVV
(52). RVsVV sVVRgRiVss RsRLRisVVV. dLRisVV[ ryssVV [RVV sVVRgRiVss
[xRLRisVVV. RssVV ss sVLjiLiR RssVV xmsoVsV. RxmsxqsV= ss jsLRiWxmssVV
LiRVsV (53). suysVsVVgS RLRisVV yRLjiLis][, @LiRMNRPLRi aRPVj NRPVgRiVsV. aRPVj ss
ssVV NRPVgRiVssV[ xqsLijRVsVV [RV.
NRPXy_ z RxmsM aSxmnsVLi RsRLRiM NRPRVVlgi[ ee 54
NRPX[ yy` s zqsjM [yRWLi Rxmsry Ry e y*xmslLi[ RVy` sLi xmssWxmspRW
NRP ee 55
RWRXaRPLi xmsoFyxmsLi y yRXaRPLi xmnss[V s z e Rs [LigRi[[s sWssXj
ORPQRWjNRPsV ee 56
@RL][ zLizqsNSLRiWF RLRixqsV xqsVLRiWxmsNRPM e @RLSRVM sWF RLSQ\Q* xqsVs[VR[ ee
57
sy RVLRi*QX][ RVMLi xqsVLi syRV=sXRM e RLSLRis sVRM NRPVLS` [gRisWORPQ
xmszqsR[V ee 58
NRPXRsVV sVVRgRiV RVVgRisVV[ RxmsxqsV= xmsaRPxqsQ\sVsj NSgS, NRPRVVgRisVV[ RsRLRisVV
(yssVV) xmsaRPxqsQ\sVsj (54). NRPXRRVVgRisVV[ yssVV ss, [y RVVgRisVV[ RxmsxqsV=
ss, y*xmsLRisVV[ RVsVuyssVV ss, NRPRVVgRisVV[ sVWLjixmsp ss ssVV
NRPVgRiVsV (55). xmsoFyxmssVVV FssW, y xmnssVV NRPWR @jgRis[ RVVLiRVsV.
yyRV[ RssVVsV , RxmsxqsV=[ NSRVZNP[aRPsVVsV xmsoxmnssVV[ }RVRgRiVV
DLiRVsV (56). @RLRisVV {msRsV, RLRisVV xqsVsVVsV sLjiQ[RVVsV (57). sVLi xmssLRis
ss RVMsVV, xqsRQsLRis ss xqsVsVV NRPVgRiVsV. NSsos, [gRisWORPQsVVV zqsjLiRV
N]LRi\ZNP RLRisVVsV xqsLiFyjLiRssV (58).

xqsNRPVVLixqs sxmsxqs RRVLRis RVVRxqs R e aRPRsL<Rixqs sXLi RV RyRRQx[NRPRsV ee


59
yLiyRV xqsxxqsLi RV x[NRPxmsRLi sRVM e xqsxxqsxqs NRPVVLixqs xmsuyLi ORPQ RVaRP
lLi[` ee 60
BLiR[NRPxmsRLi syRRVVRLi x[NRPRsVe RWLi [syLi xmsoLRixqsQXR ys sWRLRi[ sLRiM
ee 61
RR[NRP sVyF B s[R s][ sRVM @LRi {sxqs=y NRPVLSRxmsry sWLRisLi Ryee 62
dLSR Rxmsry FyxmsLi xqsVsVORPQRV sVaRPV[ e
sVLRiV sNRPV][ NRPWTs NRPVVLisVV gRi xVsNRPV sLiR xqsLisR=LRisVV sLRiNRPV sNRPsV
xqssVNRPWLjis][, @ yssVV ss x[NRPsVV LiRVsV (59). s[LiVV yLiyRV
sRsVVsV [zqss][, x[NRPsVV LiRVss xmsVRVLRiV.
s[LiVV NRPVVLisVVNRPV sNRPsV xqssVNRPWLjis ORPQ RVVRV (60) BLiR[NRPsVVsV F~LiRVsV.
xmsjs[ sVLijNTP sNRPsV NRPVgRiV[zqss][, x[NRPsVV LiRVsV. sWssoRV G [sRsV
D[bPLi yssVV [RVV[ (61), A [NRPsVVsV F~LiRVss s[Rs[RV xmsVRVLRiV. RssVV
[syRV @ss[ RxmsxqsV=sV ALjiLiRssV (62).
dLRi}qssssVV ss, RxmsxqsV= ss @ORPQRV xqsVsVV LiRVsV.
@LSQLRissV][ sZOP[Q yRVRM xqsVxqssWzRM ee 63
NRPXyRQgRi\Qs RWyR saRPVjRM e @\yRs ZNP[aS` x[ RssVLRi[V` ee
64
ORPQ W xdslLi[ NRPXztsQg][LRiORPQ j*aRPMe yRWLjiRxqs sRxqs yy=jLi xqssVaRPV[ ee 65

s zqsy sWORPQzqsjM xqslLi[*uyLi gRiVLRi*sVgRi` e sWOSQR=Q*LRiWxms zqsj ry=QRLSsLiRLi


xqssVaRPV[ ee 66
xqsR=LigS R=LRi*s[VR\Q* sLSLi RV[ j*M e Rs yyjNRPLi xqsLRi*Li [RVLi \s
gRiXxs[Vjy ee 67
BxmsoRV yRVsVVgS RssVV yLjiLiRV sRsVVsV |msRsV (63). xVRV xqssWzR
RsVV gRiy\ xmssRsVgRiV xmsgRixsVV ss, xmssRsVgRiV RWssVV (RVRVsV
[LiVVLiRV) ss RssVVsV xqsLiFyjLiRssV. RyLRis[ \ssVVsNRPV, @RjNRP aRPsVNRPV
ydsRVLSRV (64). ORPQ RVVRV VsVV][sV, \saRPVV ssryRVsVV [R, g][Fys [R
RyLRis [RVssV. yRVsVVgS xqsLiFyjLis RssVVsV yssVV [RVV ss ssVV
zqsjLiRVsV (65). gRiVLRiVso VVNRP @sVgRixsVV[ ssVV DRLiVVLis xqsLRiV*NRPV sWORPQsVV
zqsjLiRVsV. sWORPQsVV ss AR ryOSQyLRisVV NRPgji, xmsLRisWsLiRsVV LiRVsV(66). J
j*LS! Bj @LiRRVW sWssoNRPV xqsR=LigRisVV ss LiRVsV. gRiXxxqsV
RsyyRVsV BRLRiVNRPV yssVV [RVssV (67).
RVRy[ sxqsVRLi xmnsLi y yss[Vs R e RRR=LRi*Li x[[ [RVLi \s zR
sVRy ee 68
Li \s xqsy [RVsVsLi ORPVy*QjaSLiR[V ZOP[Q RLi ysLi RyeesWs sVss[VsLi
RRVLji*RsV ee 69
RWsyLi RVRsLi \sVNSQ* aRPss[VR[ e ys` NRPXRxqs xmsoxqs R*LRiLi yRVLRi
xqsLiaRPRVMee 70
gRi{y z gRiX{Rxqs yy\Q* Rxmsry Ry e FyxmsxqsLia][RsLi NRPVLSRsy L_LRisLi s[` ee
71
G[V NSsVV RVLiRV G[V sxqsVsoV, xmnssVVV, sVLjiRVV yssVVV LiRV[, y
ssds, zRsVV g][LRiV sWssoRV xVNRPV CRVssV (68). BRLRiVNRPV ygRiVdss

xqsLRi*y CRVssV. ANRP @sV L][gRisVVsV aSLiLixms[RVV\ZNP @ssVV dsRVssV. WsVs,


yssVVsV, RVsVVsV, ORPQ [ [x ][xtsQsVVsV yV sRsVV @ssVVsV
yssVV [RVssV (69). yR |mss @ssVVsV ss sQQNTP A aRPNTP][ FsLiRsLRiNRPV
aRPsRV[ xmsosVVsV xqsLiFyjLiRV[, ys[ xqsgRisVV xmsosVV A yRNRPV LiRV
ssV[ xqsLi[xsVV [RV (70). yssVVsV {qs*NRPLjiLis sQQNTP ys[ N]LiR gRisVVsV sVLRi
yssVV [zqs, sVLjiRVV RxmsxqsV=sV [zqs, A FyxmssVVsV Fg]VN]sssV. @V gSs][,
L_LRissLRiNRPsVVsV F~LiRLRiV (71).
AR sRLi y NRPVLS` RLRi sXyR [gRiRM e sRLi \ssVNRPLi NSsVLi NRPLRi NRPVLSRV
RLRiRM ee 72
sRxqs sLRisLi NRPVLS` sXRLi ZaP[s z ryRNRPM e z[s sVR s[V[s [gRiLi gSLiaRPRaRPlLi[`
ee 73
NRPXxtsQLji[ RaSLiaRPLi z [RVLi Fyxmsxqs aRPVR[V e ZaP[}tsQ NRPVLSRLSj @sy L_LRisLi s[` ee
74
@Ry FyxmsVj ry=Q` ORPQRVLi y xqsRs[VxtsQ e sXj yZNP[ [RVM xtsQRLia][ z sRORPQ \M
ee 75
sWssoRV RssRsVs RssVVsV, RLRi, sXj, [gRisVV N]LRiNRPV sVWRV gRisVVV [zqs,
RLRi gRisVV][ sR \ssVNRP, NSsV NRPLRisV [RVssV (72). sXj gRisVV][ RssVVsV
sXj [xqsVN]sssV. ryRNRPVRV [gRigRisVV][ zRsVV, xmssRsVV sgRiV [gRisVVsV sVRsVVgS
}qssLiRssV. (73). ssryRVsVV ss Li[ RssVV[ xmsRs sLiRVsV Fyxms sLRiWs
N]LRiNRPV yssVV [RVssV. sVgjis RssVV][ RLRi, sXj, [gRisVVsV [RVssV. @V
gSs][ L_LRis sLRiNRPsVVsV F~LiRVsV (74). [y, FyxmssVV][ sLiTs Vj NRPyRgRiVsV; [y
sbPRsVVgS syaRPsVVsV F~LiRVsV. ss[NRPV\s yLRiV yFyLRiVsVV[ Lis RssVV[ ALRis
gRisVVsV yssVV [RVssV (75).

aRPVR xmsgRi} [RV aRPRVLSLia][ j*[RQ\sVM e @NRPryRV[elLi[ z [RVsVLRiLi


j*[RQ\sVMee 76
@xqsRQgRixLi xqsLRi*Li RVLSsLi rygRilLi[ OTPQ}ms` e AxRV ysLi NRPLRis sWR[gRi
xqssVXR[V ee 77
xmsXxtsQLi xqsLRi*Li xqsy [RV sWR aRPNRPQsVryLRiRM e yLiRlLi[ VV z ryRR[ xmsXxtsQ sxqsVs
ee 78
xmslLi[uyLi R Ry ][xtsQLi s xmsaRPLi}qs j*RORPQM e sZaP[}tsQ Ry s aRPVRLi RXxtsQLi R [
s[` ee 79
xVV ysVV F~Lijs xmssRsVgRiV xmsgRixsVV[ ys sLiRVsV, @NRPryRVgS Lis
RssVV[ xqsgRisVVsV yssVV [RVssV (76). @xmssRsVgRiV xms gRixsVV ss Lis
xqsLRi*sVVsV xqssVVRsVV[ xmsRs[RVssV. sWssoRV RsNRPV [gRigRisVVV NRPVgRiV N]LRi\ZNP
sy*LixqsVsV A*sLi, yssVV [RVssV (77). RWRNRPVRV @Tgjis ys xqsLRi*sVVsV
Rs aRPNTP dsVLRiNRPVLiRgS yssVV [RVssV. N][Ljis sxqsVsosV yssVV [RVs][, N][LRiTsyRV
A VVsVVsV sVLRiVs[ dLRisRVVsV (78). ss[NRPVV BRLRiV ][xtsQsVVsV sLjiLiRLSRV. J
xVLS! sVssVV NRPss, [NRP sss xmsLRi][xtsQsVVsV xmsNRPLiRLSRV (79).
s s[R=LRi* LiRWyLi xXj L][xtsQNRPLRiLi VRM e xqsLiRW LRigji NSLRiLi R NRPVLSQ\aRP*LRi
zqsR[V ee 80
@aRPNRP}qsQ*NRPNS[ y xqsWLSgki R RVysj e RLiRVLi yssWLi y xmnsLi NRPLiRLi xsxqsy
ee 81
rydFyNRPLi Ry NRPVLS RyyRVLi RVysj e xmsysx[sV sWRLi y xys[
xqssWRlLi[` ee 82
sR xqsLiys sVVNRPLi RsVxqsLi sRVLRiVyM e @Ry xmssWRLi y xqsWLRisLiRss[Vs R ee 83

ss[NTP BRLRiV xXRRVsVVsNRPV RVMsVVsV NRPgjiLi[ sRLigS xmsVNRPLSRV. HaRP*LRiFyzms N]LRi\ZNP


DRVxqsLiR[ @gjix[RsVVsV @sVztsQLiRssV (80). lLiLiRVryLRiV @gjix[RsVVsV
[RVVNRPV aRPNTP [s][ GNRPNSsVV sLi\ssW xqsWLSgRiVNRPV RVsVV, yssVV, s[LiVV,
xmsLiRV, RVLixms, Byj xsxqsV=sV RWyaSxqsQsVVgS @LjiLiRssV (81). sVLjiRVV,
RVysjgS rydFyNRPsVVsV [RVssV. xsxqsV= [s][ xmsys x[sVsVV\sssW [RVssV
(82). GyRW ALjiFs @gjis sy*LixqsVV @xqssVs zmsVRVLRiV. @V @gjis
DFyzqsLiR[syRV xmssVV\sssW, NRPdsxqssVV xqsWLRiVsNRPV ssVryLRisVV\sssW [RVssV
(83).
GssWRLjisM NRPVLRiVLRiLSQLki R RVysj e xRVLRiy sRLi [sxmspLRiyxqsy ee 84
@gji xmsp xmsLS sRLi gRiVLRiVxmsp LRiyxqsy e xyLi RXzms NRPLSxqs=lLi[* xqs*LRixqs gjisM ee
85
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ s[aRP*LRi xqsLizyRWLi RWRa][eyRVM (13).
AR ssVVsV g][LRiVyLRiV, sVLjiRVV RssVVsV N][LRiVyLRiV C sRsVVgS RVyaSxqsQsVVgS
DFyzqsLiRssV. xRVsVVsV aRPR][ @sVztsQLiRVyLRiV, xmsjssVV CaRP*LRiVs
xmspLiRVyLRiV (84). @gji DFyxqsyxmsLRiVV, gRiVLRiV aRPaRPWxtsQsV aRPRgS [RVVyLRiV, xVNRPV
RXzmss NRPgjiLiRVyLRiV dsLRiLiRLRiV xqs*LRisVVsV F~LiRLRiV (85).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[s s[aRP*LRi xqsLizR RVLiRV xmsRsVWRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj
(13).
@R RRVLRia][SyRVM
sVWRV RVsVVV c GRV yLRisVVV
VVxtsQRV ERVM e

@gji RVLi [sRVLi xRVLi R\s R e gRiVLRiVxmspLi xRXzmsLi NRPs[V Wz sM


xms[ ee 1
VVxtsvV BV xmsNTPLji c
J sVsVy! @gji RV, [sRV, x RVsVVsV, gRiVLRiVxmspsV, x RXzmss
gRiVLjiLi sWNRPV NRPsVsVVgS ssLjiLixmsosVV (1).
xqsWR DyR e
@g_ x[ RVRssVgji RVxqs= DR[ e xRLSaRPsVryyLi xqssVyys s[Vs z
ee 2
xqssVRg_ syRLi R sZaP[xtsQRVyjNRPsV e xmsRsWaRPsV s[VsLi RWs_FyxqssLi j*M ee
3
AR yL][zmsygkiyLi ssyLi RVyLi j*M e zRLi R sVRs[V ysLi xqs*NS[ [sLi
xM ee 4
KFyxqsygji xqsLiysLi xqssWLRi xqsVLRiOTPQRsV e NRPVLi[ yxmsR Li[ y RRxqsLi xqsdsVLjiRsV ee
5
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsVc
@gji RVLiRV x[sVRssVVsV xqssVLjiLi[ NRPLRiNRPV @gji RVsVs }msLRiV. J j*LS! x
RLRisVV @s[ sVVR AaRPsVsVV sLiRV DLiRVyLRiV @gji RVLiRV xqssVRsV x[sVsVV
[RVssV (2). sRsVVsV FyLiRssV. gRiXxryaRPsVsVVsV {qs*NRPLjiLi, KFyxqss NRPLRisV
[RVVsLiRsLRiNRPV sZaP[xtsQ RVsVVsV [RVssV (3). J j*LS! AR RVLiRV Ayxs
[RVTs @gRiVV gRi yxqsxmsxqsVNRPV, RVRVNRPV zRNRPLRisVV, xmssRsVVsgRiV ALRisVVsV
sVRsVVgS xqsNSsVV[ VLiRV[V @gji RVsVV @gRiVsV (4). KFyxqsygjis ryzmsLis y

sVLiT INRP LiRsVV[ gSs, gRiLRisVV[ gSs ALjiFNRPVLiy xqsVLRiOTPQRsVVgS sVLis][, ysNTP
@xqssVV @s }msLRiV (5).
@gji sWRsLRiLi y LS\ssaS` RVssV e @gji ygRi RWRVNRPLi
xqssWL][zmsRsVVR[ ee 6
xqsLixmsRLki Ry [RW ryRVsVgSQQxLjiQ*M e ARVVxtsQ Lki s[RW FyRxqsW=LS x
xqsy ee 7
@gji RV[ xRVLi FN][ jy xqsWLRiss[aRPy` e BLiy ks=NRPs[y sVj aSg_ x[
RV` ee 8
[sRVLi z RLi sy` rydFyNSjNSs NRPRWs e _jNRPLi Ry [RVLi NTPNSg_
xmsztsQRsV ee 9
LS RVsVV ss gSs, \ssVV xmsNRPWsVgRiV ss gSs, @gjis xqsLiLRiOTPQLiR[s
xmsLjizqs[AR RVLiRV, [NRP @LRi RVLiRV yxqssVV [RVTs @gjiNTP xqssWL][zmsRsVs }msLRiV
(6). J j*LS! ryRVLiNSsVLiRV @gji RVLikRVTs Ax xqsLixmsRVsV NRPgjiLiRVsV.
DRRVsVV CRVTs Ax ARVVLRi*QXjs NRPgjiLiRVsV (7). xmsgRiV @gji xqsWLRiVs RVLiRV
DLiRRVsV. NSsos, C AxRVNRPV @gji RVsVV @s }msLRiV ssj. rydFyNSj
NRPRVso[ BLiyj [sR sV[bPLi @gji RVLiRV x[sVsVV [RVVRVLRiV (8). @j [sRV
sVsRVsV. RWy NRPLRij xqsLiryLRisVV[ NTPNSgji RVLiRV [RV[ x[sVsVV NRPWR
[sRVsVsRVsV (9).
x RVLi j*M NRPVLS` [yyLi RXxms[VsxqsNRPX` e xRV B FN][
s[RryRRVsLi # s[` ee 10
sysLiRLRisWryRVLi RRxqsV s skRV[ e @sg_ [sRVLisLi aRPXVR aRPRRWRLS` ee
11

xVRV [sR RXzms N]LRiNRPV sRsVV xRVsVVsV [RVssV. s[yRRVssVVsNRPV


xRVsVs }msLRiV (10). DRRVsVV sRNRPLRisV ARLjiLi, RLRiVyR ryRVLiNSsVV sLRiNRPV
s[RsVVsV xmshjiLiRssV. LS RVLiRV s[RxmshRissVVsNRPV sj [RV. @gji [NRPVLiRgRis[ [RVV
[sRVsVVsV ryRLRisVVgS sszmsLiRsV aRPRgS ssVRV.
Aj xqsXu sV[sM xqsLRi*M NRPLRiVNRPLRiM e xqsLRi* [N][xmsNSLRiLi yLSs NRPRys xmsVM ee 12
xqsLiryLRi\sR xqs=LRi* xqs=LRi* [xtsQsV e AyyL][gRi RLi yLRiLi xqs*yLRiLi NRPXRys xmsVM ee 13
xqsLixmsRLRiLi xqs*sWRWRW yLRiLi R NRPXRyLixqsRM e ss[ RVLRi NSLi\Q NRPVsWLRixqs RRM
xmsLRisV ee 14
Axqs RVLRi NSLi\Q yLRiLi NRPRys xmsVM e LRiORPQNRPxqs Ry suL][NSyLi zR NSsVRW ee
15
xmsoxtsQLRiLi \s LRiOSQLRiLi yLRiLi NRPRys xmsVM e ARVVxtsQLRiLi R][ yLRi sWRVVuyLi NRPLRiVlLi[s
z ee 16
\Q[NRP xqsXztsQ NRPLRiVQL>ji xM xmsLRis[VztsQsM e gRiyRVVxtsQ zqsRLRiLi yLRiLi NRPRys xmsVM
ee 17
xqsLRi*RV, NRPLRiV xqssVVRVRV, xqsLRi* xqssVLRiVRV sgRiV sV[soRV xqsXuyj RVLiRV
xqsLRi*FyV ZOP[QsVsVV N]LRi\ZNP yLRisVVsV NRPLisV (12). xqsLiryLRisVs[ L][gRisVVsNRPV \sRVRV,
xqsLRi*RV, xqsLRi* xqssVLRiVRV sgRiV bPsoRV KxtsQRsVV[ ZNP KxtsQR\sV AL][gRisVV sRV Rs
yLRisVVsV sVVLiRVgS [|qssV (13). RLRiVyR xqsLixmsRV s[, Rs sWRV VVNRP yLRisVVsV,
A RLRiVyR s xqssVRVsVV[ bPaRPVso VVNRP NRPxtsQsVVsV yV N]LRi\ZNP NRPVsWLRiyLRisVVsV
[|qssV (14). [NRP NRPsVVsV [RVg][Lji xqsLRi* xqssVLRiVRgRiV bPsoRV, rsVLjiRssVVsV Fg][,
LRiORPQNRPVRgRiV sxtsvso VVNRP yLRisVVsV sWsso xmsoztsQ N]LRiNRPV, LRiORPQ N]LRiNRPV NRPLisV (15).
gRiyRVRgRiV bPsoRV RLRiVyR, sVV[NRPsVVsV xqsXztsQLi FyV ARVVxt<svsV sLRiLiVVLi[

(16) xmsLRis[VztsQRVgRiV x VVNRP ARVVLRi*QXjNRPLRisVgRiV yLRisVVsV sWssoNRPV ARVVxt<sv


LiRV N]LRi\ZNP NRPLisV (17).
A_ \Q[NRP sXRLRiLi xmsoFy}ms xmsNRP[ e RWM NRPL][Qxqs][ yLRi sVLiRxqs R RVsVxqs
R ee 18
[gRixmsRLi sVXRVxLRiLi [NSyLi R xmsNRPRsV e Ajyks xqs*xqs*LRiWFys xqsVRVMxqs
xqsWRNSs ee 19
ylLi[aSs NRPLiVVy*_ [aRPZNP[ xmsztsQys e xqs*xqs*ylLi[ RV [uyLi RV xmsp xqs*xqs*
xmnsxmsy ee 20
AL][gRiLi xqsLixmsR\ZaPQQs ykyLi aSLilLi[sR e xmsoztsQLSRVVxqsy [g][ sVX[L>Ss LRiy NRPsVsV
ee 21
xqsXuyj RVLiRV sVV[NRPsVV @sXj N]LRiNRPV xmsoFyxmssVVV NRPLixmssV. RLRiVyR,
y FyNRPVgRiV BLiR, RVsVVNRPV yLRisVVV NRPLixmssV (18). C lLiLiRV yLRisVVV
sWssoNRPV [gRisVV s, sVXRVsosV xLjiLiRVsV. sWssoNRPV xqsVRVMsVVsV
xqsWLiRVsRVV, bPsxqs*LRiWxmso\sRVV, yLRisVVNRPV xmsVso\s Ajyj [sRsV (19)
bPsoRV xqsXuyj RVLiRV gRixsVLiRsVV sLiRV xmsztsQLisV. ARW [sR yLRisVV[
yLjis xmspLiRV ss ARW xmnssVVV NRPVgRiVsV (20). AL][gRisVV, xqsLixmsRV, yj
yaRPsVV, xmsoztsQ, ARVVLSRVsVV, [gRisVV, @sVXRR*sVV @sV xmnssVVV NRPsVsVVgS NRPVgRiVsV
(21).
yLRiNRPsVxmnsLi FyxlLi[s {ms xmsoLRixqs=LRisV e @s[uysVzms [yyLi xmspRWM xmnsRbP+sM ee 22
[yyLi {msR[V xmsp xmsLiR\s xmsNRPy e RRsLiR F x[sW ysLi \s Rxmsxqsy ee
23

xqsLiT[ xmssWRWLi R xg_ x sgRi} e xqssWLSRs sV[sLi uR\ZaPLRiVxmsyLRi\ZNPM ee


24
DRL][RLRi \sbPu RWLS* s[ R][RLRisV e
ARW [sRV xqsLiRzqsLis][, NRPsVsVVgS ARW yLRixmnssVVV NRPVgRiVsV. BRLRi [sRsV
xmspLissW, xmnssVV sRVyRV bPsoRV sWRs[V (22). [sR {ms N]LRiNRPV HRV sRsVV
xmsp NRPLiRTsj. ARW sVLiRsVV xmssVV, x[sVsVV, yssVV RxmsxqsV= (23), sVLjiRVV
xqssWLSRssVV @sVss HRV sRsVVV. xqssWLSRs sVsgS s[js, xmssVsV, @gjis, [NRP
xVs uRa][xmsyLRisVV][ xmspLiRssV (24). C yVgjiLi[ sVVLiRV ys NRPLi
RLRiVyRj g]xmsj gRisVNRP, xmspLRi*sVV [NRPVssW DRLRisVVsV xmspLiRssV.
s[RW bP+LRir L][lgi[ Ry NRPVxtsQxqs aSLiR[V ee 25
AjRLi xmspLiVVy* xs [[VRRM e jsLi sWxqsLi Ry sL<RiLi sL<RiQRRW sVyzms
y ee 26
FyLRiLi xmsLi [` rysZaP[ ][gRiLSjNRPsV e FyRsVxtsQ[sxqs yLSkyLi xmnsLi sRVM ee
27
FyxmsaSLi Lji*ZaP[}tsQ jylLi[ ss[R[V` e AjR \|qs#s [yyLi xyLi sbPxtsQRsV ee
28
s[RL][gRisVV, bPL][L][gRisVV, sVLjiRVV NRPVxtsvL][gRisVV RgRiV N]LRi\ZNP (25) AjRVs xmspLi,
xVNRPV [ssVRssV. C sRsVVgS INRP jssVV, sWxqssVV, xqsLisR=LRisVV, [NRP
sVWRV xqsLisR=LRisVVV [RVssV (26). @xmsoRV L][gRisVV ss FyLRisVV dRV\sVssW,
L][gRisVV, sXyxmssVV sVVRgRiVss ]gjiFsosV. ARW yLRisVV[ BxtsQ[sR sV[bPLi
FyRVsV [zqss][, ARW xmnssVVV LiRVsV (27). AjyLRisVVyRV AjRVs, BRLRi
[sRsV, xVsV xmspLis][, FyxmssVVV ]gji g]xms xmnssVV LiRVsV (28).

rsVylLi[ R OSQQks xqsLixmsRlLi[ RV[RVRM e As[s Ry sFys xqsxmsdNSLiaRP


[[V` ee 29
NSks sVylLi[ RV RV[][gRi xmsaSLiR[V e sWxtsQsVVyRNSs[s xLi\ZaPQQs
[[V` ee 30
rsVylLi[ Ry sxtsvLi RRs[s RV[RVRM e xmsoR sVR NRPyj xmsoztsQLRis xqsLRi*y ee 31
ARVVuysW gRiVL][LS*lLi[ [yyLi xmsoztsQzqsR[V e Dxmsds[s s}qsQ OUPQLS[s RV[RVRM ee
32
[gSLRiLi XgRiVylLi[ RV RV[[ys xqssWzRM e xtsQRr}msRsVsLi R Ry yQx
RXxms[V ee 33
{qsQ Li R RXxms[V RR*` [RVLi sryQjNRPLi aRPVsV e
ss[NTP rsVyLRisVV yRV xqsLixmsR N]LRi\ZNP OTPQ sVVRgRiV [sRsV ALSjLi, x
RLixmsRVNRPV s[LiVV @ssVVsV [ssVV |msssV (29). sVLigRi yLRisVV yRV L][gRisVVV
RgRiV N]LRi\ZNP NS sVVRgRiV [sRsV xmspLi, sVsVsVV, NRPLij, |msxqsLRi xmsxmsV][
xVNRPV [ssVV |msssV (30). VRyLRisVVyRV xmsLiTRVRV |msLRiVgRiV @ssVVsV
\ss[RsVT sxtsvsosV ALSjLiRssV. @V [zqss][, NRPVsWLRiVV, sVRVV, LRi sVVRgRiV
yLjiNTP @s NSsVV RVLiRV AL][gRisVV NRPVgRiVsV (31). ARVVxt<svsV, AL][gRisVVsV N][lLi[ ss[NTP
gRiVLRiVyLRisVVyRV [sRsV DxmsdsRsVV][, sxqsQsVV][, Fy][, s[LiVV][ @LjiLiRssV
(32). aRPVNRPyLRisVVyRV aRPR gRiy\ [sRsV xmspLis][, [gRisVVV NRPVgRiVsV.
xV RXzms N]LRiNRPV xtsQRVRV][ NRPWTs @ssVVsV BRV[V gSNRP (33), {qsQ RXzms
N]LRiNRPV aRPVsVgRiV sxqsQsVVV sVVRgRiV ys CRVssV.
@xmssVXRVxLRiLi sVLi[ LRiVykLiaRP RV[RVRM ee 34

x[s[Vs ys[s s[s R [[V` e BRLi RV[R sVyyL][gSj xmnsLi [` ee


35
[yyLi sRRVs[ sZaP[xtsQ RVs[zms R e rys[ ys[ }ms x[s[V xyLi R RLRi[ ee
36
j sORPQ R Wlgi[ R RR[s xmsxmsps[ e AjyLSj ylLi[xtsv xqsLRi*[ gRikaRP*LRiM ee 37
RRRW}ms xqslLi[*uy sWL][gSj xmnsxmsRM e
aRPsyLRisVV yRV LRiVyj [sR yLSjLiRV ss[NTP @xmssVXRVso sVLiT RzmsLiRVN]sVsV
(34). AyRV ][ x[sVsVV [zqs, sV yssV, ssVV][ xmsLiTRVNRPV
[ssVV sTs][, AL][gRisVV sVVRgRiV xmnssVVV LiRVsV (35). [sRsV sRsVV
ALSjLiRssV. dLRisVV[ ryssWT, xms x[sV yssVVsV [RVssV. xVsV
xqsLi][xtsQ|msssV (36). Aj sVVRgRiV yLRisVV[ j sORPQ RsVVV NRPzqs ssxmsVRV
ARW [sRsV xmspLiRssV. xqsLRi*RV, gRiRQVso sgRiV bPsoRV (37) ARW [sR
LRiWxmssVV[ NRPVLiRLjiNUP AL][gRisVV sVVRgRiV xmnssVV sRVsV.
[aRPNSsVrylLi[ Ry FyysVryLRiRM ee 38
Rs aRPysVrylLi[ Ry [NSsVryLRiRM e yLRiRsV NRPsW[sryQ*L][gSks xmsRVR ee 39
aRPVysaRPVLi[ R sL`i ZOP[Qxtsv gRiX} gRiX} e AL][gSj xqssVXRLRi sWjyks gRis
RV[` ee 40
RryQ\Q* [s RVsLi xqsLS*dxtsQ xmnsxmsRsV e xqssVLiRNRPLi xyLi @s[uyLi \s
yLiNRPsV ee 41
RVy aRPNRPQsV LRiW}ms NRPLRisLi xqsLRi*y s\lLiM e xqsxmsxqs*zms R ylLi[xtsv s\lLi aRPV+xmns[xmso=M ee 42

[aRPsVV, NSsVV, FyR NRPsVgRiVsVVgS (38), RssVV, aRPR, sVLjiRVV [NRPsVVNRPV,


yLRiRsVsVVNRPV @sVLRiWxmssVVgS sV[soRV AL][gRisVV sVVRgRiV xmnssVV sRVsV (39).
gRiXxxqsVRV Rs gRiXxsVV[ aRPVNRPLRiNRPV AjRVLiRV, @aRPVNRPLRiNRPV @LiRsVV sLiRV, s
sORPQ RsVV yRV AL][gSj xqssVXRVV zqsjLi RV N]LRiNRPV Ajyj gRixsVVsV
xmspLiRssV (40). [syLSRssVV N][Ljis xmnssVV ssds BRVsV. xVV
sVLiRRVVNRPsVVgRisV, BRLRiVV RLiRRVVNRPsVVgRisV [sRVsVVsV [RVssV (41). aRPV
xmnssVVsV g][LRiV sWssoV GRV yLRisVV[ RsV aRPNTPNTP @sVLRiWxmssVVgS [sxmspsV
[RVssV (42).
RLjiRxqsxmsry [ys RV[ y][ Rs[s z e xmsos\ZaPQQsLi sRLi RLRiLi NRPVLRiV[ aRPRRW xqsx ee
43
xmsosaRP [gSs*sys VNSQ* Ws xmsRV[ e yRWLi aRPRVLi x xmsuyLi RLRi
xqsLiRRVsV ee 44
xqsLRi*Li R sRys NRPVLSR=y [gRixmszqsR[V e NSR xmsoFyZNP[s szqsjM xmsRV[ ee 45
RV BsVLi aRPXV[syRVLi xmshRi[ y sL][ j*M e aRPs rxmsNRPLS R [sRV xmnsLi [` ee
46
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ s[aRP*LRi xqsLizyRWLi RRVLRia][syRVM (14).
RLjiRVRV RxmsxqsV=][ [sR yLSjLiRssV. RsNRPVRV RssVVsV ssWgjiLi, aRPR][
[sxmspssVV sVVRgRiV RLRisVV ssVztsQLis][ (43) xmsLRi[NRPsVV[ ssR [gRisVV
ssVsLi, sVLRi W[NRPsVV[ sLiRVsV. dsRs[ sV FyRV, LRiVsosV
Rs*LiRV, s[R FyhRiaSsV ryzmsLiRV Byj @s[NRP RLRi NSLRisVVsV (44) RssLiRVRV
[zqss][, @s[NRP [gRisVVsV F~LiRVsV. @ yR NSNRPsVsVV[ xmso xmsssVV[ szqsjs
NRPWR F~LiRVsV (45). J j*LS! G sWsso\[ C @yRVsVVsV ssV[, xmshjiLiRV[,
ssVNRPV xqsxNRPLjiLiRV[, @RRV [sRV xmnssVVsV F~LiRVsV (46).

$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[s s[aRP*LRi xqsLizR RWLiRV xmsRVyVgRis @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj.


@R xmsLiRRa][syRVM
yssVV c [aRP NS FyRV
VVxtsvRV ERVM e
[aSks NRPsVa][ Wz xqsWR xqsLS*LRi sRsV e
xqsWR DyR e
aRPVRLi gRiXxLi xqssVxmnsLi [sRVj NRPLRixqsV ee 1
R][ RaRPgRiVLi g][xtsQLi dLkiLi R][ RaRP e R][ RaRPgRiVLi *RVxqsaRP*R sVWNRPsV ee 2
R][ [yRVLi sydLRi dLRiLi R][ RaRP e R][ RaRPgRiVLi sy{qsLRi syxqs][ RaRP ee 3
xqsxms gRiLigSsk dLRiLi Rry RaRPgRiVLi # s[` e
VVxtsvV BV xmsNTPLji c
xqsLRi* sxtsQRVsVVV zqss yLji[ ZaP[xtsvRsgRiV JxqsWy! sWNRPV [aRPsVV, NSsVV sVVRVgRiV
ys NRPsVsVVgS xmsVsVV.
xqsWRVRV BV xmsZNPsV c
[sRVsVV sVVRgRiV NRPLRi RVLiRV aRPVR gRiXxsVV xqssVxmnssVVsV BRVsV (1). g][aS ys
NRPLi xmsjLiR xmnssVVsV, aRPRVsVdLRisVV ys NRPLi xmsjlLiV xmnssVVsV, sWlLi[RV, RVzqs,
LSs sVWsVV ys NRPLi xmsjlLiV xmnssVVsV BRVsV (2). [yRVsVVs ys NRPLi
xmsjlLiV xmnssVVsV, dLRisVV VVNRP dLRisVV ys NRPLi xmsjlLiV xmnssVVsV, skdLRisVV ys

NRPLi xmsjlLiV xmnssVVsV BRVsV (3). xqsxms gRiLigRis[ sRV dLRisVVV ys NRPLi xmsjlLiV
xmnssVV sRVsV.
gRiLigS g][ysLki \s NSs[Lki ysVxmsLjiNS ee 4
zqsLiRVaRP xqsLRiRVW lLi[y xqsxmsgRiLigSM xmsNUPLjiyM e R][sdLRiLi RaRP R xmsLRi*ylgi[ R][ RaRP ee 5
xqsLRi*ry RjNRPLi [RVLi RVR y L][R[ sVsM e NRPX[ xmspLRixmnsLi [RVLi RVyyjNRPLi Ry
ee 6
[yRVVlgi[ FyRLi R y*xmslLi[sLRiLi xqsy xqsQXRsV e NRP FyRLi RV s[RVLi Ry][sLi
R][LRiZNP[ ee 7
gRiLigRi, g][ysLji, NSs[Lji, ysVxmsLji (4), zqsLiRV, xqsLRiRVW, lLi[y sRVNRPV xqsxmsgRiLigRis }msLRiV.
xqssVVRdLRisVV y NRPLi xmsjlLiV xmnssVVsV, ys NRPLi xmsjlLiV xmnssVVsV xmsLRi*R bPLRisVV
BRVsV. (5). sVsxqsV=sNRPV ss xqssVV @sNRPLi @jNRPsVgRiV xmnssVV sRVsV.
RVyyj NRPLRiNRPV NRPXRRVVgRisVV[ xqsLixmspLRixmnssVV (6), [yRVVgRisVV[ yLi
sVWRVsLiRV xmnssVV, y*xmsLRisVV[ xqsgRisVV xmnssVV LiRVss xmsTsj.
NRPRVVgRisVV[ ys sLiRV xmnssVV LiRVsV. NRPRVVgRisVV[ xqsgRiNSsVV xmspLji @LiVVs
zmsRxms ys sLiRV NRPLi NRPWR RNRPVs xmnssVV LiRVss RVssV (7).
aRPVyRs aRPV+RjsLi xmsoLi xqssVxmnsLi sRVM e RryRaRPgRiVLi [RVLi LRis xqsLiNRPsV[ VyM ee
8
sxtsvs[ RRaRPgRiVsVRVs[ RRaRP xqsQXRsV e RRaRP sVXgRi xqsLiNSLif RRLiRgRix[ RaRP ee 9
RRaRP xqsWLRigRix[ xmspLRiNS[Rs[V sRVM e gRiRWxmsxqs xqsWLRixqs sxtsQWgSR L][gRiRsV ee
10
@Rxqs j*xtsQaSLiRLRiLi rysys FyLiaRPlLi[` e sxtsQaSLiRLRiNSy*R= NSM xmsoRM xqsQXRM
ee 11

aRPVR\sVs sVsxqsV=][ xmssR\sVs jssVVs xmsoNRPLRisV [zqss][, xqssV (aSrQQ NRP) xmnssVV
LiRVss |msRLRiV. J sy*LixqsVLS! LRis xqsLiNRPsVsVV yRV [zqss][, ysNTP xmsjlLiV
xmnssVV LiRVsV (8). xqsWLRiVRV sxtsvslLi[\|ms sVLiRgS [zqss][ ysNTP xmsjlLiV xmnssVV
LiRVsV. ROTPQRVs ALRiLijssVVs [zqss][, ysNTP xmsjlLiV xmnssVV LiRVsV. sVNRPLRi
xqsLiNSLiy\s][ ysNRPLi xmsjlLiV, RLiR gRixsVV yRV ys NRPLi NRPWR xmsjlLiV xmnssVV
LiRVsV (9). ys NRPLi DRsV\sVsj, xmspLRixmnssVV sRVsj xqsWLRi gRixNSsVs |msRV
xmsVRVLRiV. gRiRVsNRPV LRiWxmssVV ssVgRizLiRV xqsWLRiVRV LSxgRixqsVRgRiV[ (10), A ][xtsQsVV
aSLiLiRV N]LRi\ZNP rys, ys, xmssVVsV [RVssV. A NSsVV ][xtsQaSLis [RVV NSsVV
gRisVNRP, xmsoNSsVs xmsTsj (11).
sL`iQZOP[Q R syLi[ R xqsWLRi L][g][xmssVLi sRVM e sVxyLi xqsLigRiNSaRP N][LRi gRixLi
sRVM ee 12
RF suy s suy Wgji[ RVR RVxqsy e xmspRWM FyRs[V[ z FyxmsxqsLiORPQRV NSLRisV
ee 13
RRVLji*LiaRP ORPQLi y gSRVyQ xmsxqsLiRVVRM e xxqsV # s[yRLi xqsLixmspLRixmns
[gRiRsV ee 14
xmsRyyQRVR B FyRLi aS}qsQ xmsRVV[ e yRVaRP FyRNSyQ RR sVR kRV[
ee 15
s sORPQ RsVV ss jssVV, sRsVV xmspLji @LiVVs jssVV xqsWLRi gRix NSsVV][
xqssV\sVsss xmsVRVLRiV. sV xmsoLRiVxtsv xqsLigRisVsVV N][ xqsWLRi gRixsVV][
xqssWs\sVsRs xmsVRVLRiV (12). RFsxtsvV, s sxtsvV, WgRiVV sVLjiRVV RVRVV
xmspNRPV @L>RiVV. dsLjis xmspLis][, FyxmssVVV yaRPsVV LiRVsV (13). gSRVs BLRi\s
yVgRiV ORPQV xmssVV [zqss xVRV xqsLixmspLRi xmnssVVsV, [gRisVVsV BRV FyR
(yssVVsNRPV @L>RiVRV) @s xmsRVsV (14). sWssoRV xmsRVRV NSNRPVLiy LRiOTPQLi[

aSxqsQsVVsNRPV FyRsVV @sV }msLRiV gRiRV. sVLjiRVV yRsV FyxmssVV sVLiT LRiOTPQLiRVyRV
gRisVNRP, WgRiVRgRiV xmsgRi{R FyRsVV @sRVsV (15)
gSRVNRPLi yRV[ Fyy yRVdRVR[ z ry e RVyLRi {[ [ZNP[szqss xmsLRiryLRiLi s
RVR ee 16
@LRiysx W [ZNP[ xmsLRiryLRiLi xmsRVR e xqs*RVLi aRPV][ z xmspyR sLSs xqs yRV
sVL>Ri ee 17
gSRVd xms aRPV][ z aRPVR x DR[ e Rryys[ }ms x[s[V xmspRWLi xqsLRi*NRPLRi
ee 18
ysLi NRPVLRiVLi Ry yRVLi FyRLi RV x[sL>Ri e @sxqs ORPVjRLi FyRLi
yLkisLRisVRWRNRPsV ee 19
gSssVV (xmssVV) [RVVyss xmsRVRV NSNRPVLiy LRiOTPQLiRVsj gSs gSRVd sVLiRsVVsNRPV A
}msLRiV ssj. C [NRPsVV[ RssVV[s yRV BRLRiVNRPV RssVV dsRVRV (16). RssVV
gRiy[ BRLRiVNRPV RssVV dsRVgRiVsV. @Vs[, aRPVRVRV, xmssR\sVs @LiRMNRPLRi gRiyRV
sWRs[V BRLRi sWssosV LRiOTPQLiRgRiVsV (17). gSRVd xmssVV[ aRPVjs F~LijsyRV aRPVR
xVRsRVsV. NSsos, xms, x[sV, xmspj, xqsLRi* NRPLRi RVLiRV (18), sVLjiRVV
yssVVsV [RVVNRPV, {qs*NRPLjiLiRVNRPV B xVRV sWRs[V @L>RiVRgRiVsV. {qsQgSs,
xmsoLRiVxtsvRV gSs, ANRPg]s sQQNTP @ssVVsNRPV FyRVRgRiVsV (19).
xLi ZaP[xtsQsWxRV
xqs][RNRPsVdxtsQRsV ee 20

RVy[

xqsVxqssWzRsV

RRLRiLi

aRPsVLRiLiy

BysRM xmsysLi R xqsLixmspLRi xmnsRLi sRVM e RVRQaSsLiRLRiLi RRLi RRLRi xmnsRLi sRVM
ee 21

RV[=sNSRV RRLi ryRyR xmnsRLi sRVM e sWRxqs sxmsxqs kssX[LjiQ*L<RiM ee


22
RRsVLRiLi z [gSRV WL][ZNP[ RaRPyL<jiNRPsV e s[RRVVNRPxqs sxmsxqs xqs*lLi[ z RaRPyL<jiNRPsV ee 23
gSRVd xmsRVVNRPxqs xqs[ z RaRPyL<jiNRPsV e sxtsvNRPxqs sxmsxqs RRLi \sNRPVLihRiRLi sRVM ee 24
bPsNRPxqs sxmsxqs RRLi \ZNPxqsRLi sRVM e RR[N][xms [gSLRiLi xqslLi[*uyLi yssVxtsQ[ ee 25
ZaP[xtsvRV, sRVR sVsxqsVRV, sVLi AyLRiVRV sgRiV xVs zms, gSRVd sVLiRsVVsV
xmspLjigS gSs, [y xqsgRisVV gSs VxqsVNRPVs][, N][lLisRVV C[LRiVsV (20). INRP sxqsVso\|ms
BR gRi sQQNTPNTP yss @RVgRiNRPVLiRgRis[ Bs][, xqsLixmspLRi xmnssVV LiRVssRVV, @Tgjis
RLRiVyR Bs][, xqsgRisVV xmnssVV LiRVssRVV VVxtsv @FyRVsVV (21). }qssNRPVsNRPV
Bs][, ys sLiRV xmnssVV LiRVsV. J j* ZaP[xtsvLS! xmsoVNRP][ xV\
kssVVgS sLiRVRVs ysNTP (22), RssVV ss][, W[NRPsVV[ xmsj xqsLisR=LRisVVV
[gRisVVV yRNRPV LiRVsV. @[ RssVVsV, s[R s[R RVgRiV sxmsos NTPs][, xqs*LRisVV[
xmsj xqsLisR=LRisVVV [gRisVVV LiRVsV (23). gSRVd xmssVV [RVVysNTP Bs][ xmsj
xqsLisR=LRisVVV xqsR[NRPsVV[ [gRisVVV LiRVsV. sxtsvNRPVRgRiV sxmsos NTPs][,
\sNRPVLihRisVV (24), bPsNRPVRgRiV sxmsosNTPs][ \ZNPxqssVV LiRVss |msRLRiV. dsLRiLiRLjiNUP
yssVV [zqss][, ARW [NRPsVVsLi RVLiRV [gRisVVV LiRVsV (25).
RaSLigRisVsLi sxmsxqs sVylLi[ RRsLRiM e xmsLRiss yL][gRiLi RaRPsL<RiLi xqssVaRPV[ ee 26
xsWs sVy*s sVLigRiLi FyR}qssssV e yr gRiLiyRLRisLi R xmnsVXyxmspxms
LRirRLRisV ee 27
xtsQRxqsLi sLisLi \s yLiWLi ROTPQ[RLRisV e ssVaSsVgRisV\ZaPQQs xqs*syLi RaSLigRiNRPsV
ee 28
RaSLigRisVsLi s}ms[ RaRP[ \s RRsLRiM e @LRiylLi[ RyssL][gRiLi aRPRsL<RiLi xqssVaRPV[ ee 29

rsVyLSj ylLi[xtsv RRy*LRigRiVLi xmnssV e @sysxqs s[RVLi WL][NRPxmsLRiss ee 30


xVsNRPV AjyLRisVV yRV xmsj @LigRisVV][ NRPWTs @ssVVsV |mss][, yRNRPV
sVLRiVs[ xmsj xqsLisR=LRisVVV AL][gRisVV LiRVsV (26). ARLRisVV, A*ssVV,
@LigRis ryssVV, FyR}qss, sxqsQsVV, gRiLiyRV][ xmsp, s[ @xmssVV][ (27) xmsR][
NRPWTs xtsQRr}msR [ssVV sVLjiRVV yLiWsVV, ROTPQ, ssVryLRisVV, N]LiRRWLRisVV s
rygRisLixmso @sV xmsj @LigRisVV][ NRPWTs, WgRisVgRiV @ssVVsV |msssV (28).
RaSLigRisVV][ NRPWTs @ssVVsV AjyLRisVVyRV xmsjsVLij xVNRPV |mss sQQNTP
sLiR xqsLisR=LRisVVV AL][gRisVV][ sLiRVsV (29). rsV sVVRgRiV yLRisVV[
@syssVV [zqss][ Bx[NRP xmsLRi[NRPsVV[ ys xmnssVV yLRixqsLisV @s lLiV
@gRiVss RVssV (30).
xqsxmsxqs*zms R ylLi[xtsv RaRPaRP RaSLigRiNRPsV e @sLi RyQ* aRPRLi sL<RisWL][gSjNRP sVaRPV[ ee 31
GsLi aRP# [[ s}ms[ sVylLi[ RRsLRiM e xqsxxqs sL<Ri sWL][gRiLi aRPLRi*[ZNP[ xqssVaRPV[ ee 32
xqsx}qsxqsy Ry*sRVVRsL<RiLi xqssVaRPV[ e GsLi rsWj ylLi[xtsv s[RVLi z sxmsbPy ee
33
sVylLi[ xqsxryLi gSRVd xmspR [RrysV e @sLi Ry* xqsR[ZNP[ L][gSj
xqssVaRPV[ ee 34
@RVVyyLi Ry Ry* sxtsv[ZNP[ xqssVaRPV[ e @sLi Ry* RV OSQLi LRiVR[ZNP[ xqssVaRPV[
ee 35
GRV yLRisVV RVLiRV xmsjsVLijNTP RaSLigRisVV][ NRPWTs @ssVV sTs][, sLiR
xqsLisR=LRisVVV AL][gRisVV sVVRgRiV xmnssVVsV F~LiRVsV (31). B[ sRsVVgS AjyLRisVV
yRV sLiRsVLij xVNRPV @ssVV sTs][, bPs[NRPsVV sLiRV s[LiVV xqsLisR=LRisVVV
AL][gRisVVsV F~LiRVsV (32). s[LiVV sVLijNTP @ssVV sTs][, xmsjs[ xqsLisR=LRisVVV
bPs[NRPsVV[ [gRisVVsV F~LiRVsV. rsV sVVRVgRiV yLRisVV[ NRPWR B xmnssVV

LiRVss sy*LixqsVV RVssV (33). gSRVd xmssVV[ xmssR\sVs @LiRMNRPLRisVV gRi


s[LiVVsVLijNTP AjyLRisVV yRV @syssVV [zqss sQQNTP xqsR[NRPsVV[ AL][gSj
[gRisVVsV F~LiRVsV(34). xmsjs[ sVLijNTP |mss][ sxtsv[NRPsVV sLiRV, ORPQsVLijNTP |mss][
LRiVR[NRPsVV sLiRV [gRisVVsV F~LiRVsV (35).
yLi x Vy z [RVLi syLji LRiQQ\lLiM e RVWyLi R sxtsv Vy z xmsoR
NSsWLji LRiQQ\lLiM ee 36
sXyyLi LRiVRVy z [RVLi yLji LRiQQ\lLiM e {qsQ LRidVy Vj
NS\sVLRiL][RQ\sVM ee 37
OUPQ Vy RVVs{qsQxtsv [gRiNS\sVLRiL][RQ\sVM e sXyxqsV FyLRi*d Vy [RV sWRLji
LRiQ\sM ee 38
bPsX][QLi R sXyQR gRiVLRiVROTPQ RWLjiRsV e aRPVR RssV FyxxqsRWLRi xmnsRLi sRVM
ee 39
aRPVNRP xms gRiRRLi sVRsVLi RssVVR[ e NRPXztsQ yN][}msR sVRVsVLi RssVVR[ ee
40
sRsV g][LRiV sWssoV VLRi RVLiRV x ss [zqss @syssVV [RVssV.
xmsoRxqsLiyssVVsV g][LRiVyLRiV RVVsNRPV RVLiRV sxtsvVj][ yssVV [RVssV (36).
ssVVsV g][LRiVyLRiV sXRV RVLiRV LRiVRVj][ yssVV [RVssV. VjaRPNTPs g][LRiV
sWssZaP[xtsvV NRPs RVLiRV xqsLRixqs*s ss [zqs yssVV [RVssV (37). [gRisVVsV
N][LRiV sLRiZaP[xtsvV RVVsRV RVLiRV OUPQ Vj][, AR ssVVsV g][LRiV sVV sXR{qsQ
RVLiRV FyLRi*d ss][ yssVVV [RVssV (38). bPsX (FsVV[ xmsTs sLji,
g][RVsV sssV GLRiVN]sV), DLiRsXRV][ (FsVV[ NTPLiRxmsTs gjiLisV GLRiVN]sV)
Lis RssVV, gRiVLRiVROTPQ LRiWxmssVVgS Lis RssVV aRPVRsVsRVV, yss yssVV
[zqss][ xmspLRixmnssVV NRPVgRiVssRVV xmsVRVLRiV (39). aRPVRsVgRiV xms gRixsVV ss Lis

RssVV sVRsVsVsRVV, ssryRV yFyLRisVV ss Lis RssVV @RsVsVsRVV


xmsRVsV (40).
ORPQ RWLi saSLi \s afLRiyNSLjiRsV e DRsVLi RssVyx aRPW+yLi
XRNSLjiRsV ee 41
{qsQLi RLSLjiyLi RsLi \|msRXNRPLi LRiQXNRPLi Ry e gRiykyLi y*RbdPyLi \yjxtsv
RVyNRPsVsV ee 42
xqsLiWRV y xmsoNS[ RyjxtsQ xqssVXR[V e g][W zLRiyr ysgRiVys R ee
43
L_xmsLi s NRPWuyLi[ NRPy y*RaRPNRPLi Ry e g][yyRR gRis[s g][sV[V[xmsNSLji ee 44
Rs yyybPyyLi RVLjiyyLi syLRisV e }qs bPyyLi RVLjiyyLi g][ \M ee 45
ORPQ RVVNRPV xmsLSNRPsWLjiR\sVs RssVV, \saRPVNRPV ysVV ss ALjiR\sVs RssVV,
aRPWRVNRPV aRPsV][ ALjiLis RssVV DRsVsVV (41). RLRisVVsV g][LRiV {qsQNRPV RLiT, LRi
Bs RssVV DRsVsVV. \yj xmssLiRV sWxqssVV[ g][so sVVRgRiV xmssLiRV sxqsVsV
NRPsVsVVgS yssVV [RVssV (42). [y, y ssds NRPzms xmsoNSsVV[ yssVV
[zqss][ @xtsQsVVV zqsjLiRVsV. g][so, WsV, V, LigSLRisVV, s[LiVV, sxqsQsVVV,
yssVV, sVV (43), sLiT, ssVV, gRiVsVTNSRV, NRPs @sVss C xmssLiRV sxqsVsoV.
g][sosV, g][soFysV s[LiVVs yssVV [zqss][, Rs yyRVsV AaRPLiVVLi RVVs
RVLjiRsVVV syLRi RVgRiVsV. g][sVRVsVV NRPWy yyRV LRiORPQ[ DxmsNRPLjiLiRVsV (44).
g][so xqsQXbPLis sVVsV FOTPQLis][, sVV, \sVV sVVRVgRiV ys AaRPLiVVLi Ds
][xtsQsVV ]gjiFsosV (45).
NSLiVVNSj RRWLi RV OUPQLRiRy Q\ZNPxqsy e Ry [uyLi R xmsoztsQaRP s[W z sxmsbPy ee
46

WysLi RV xmsuyLRi sVx ysVVR R j*M e ysLi LRiLi z xqsy sVXRVLiRVLi


sRVM ee 47
zLRiLi hRiLSlgi[xqsV sXjRLi dsLRiRLi Ry e ALi xmsoztsQNRPLRiLi sy R*xqsQ sWRVVxtsQLRiLi
sRVM ee 48
yssVs xqssVXRLRiLi sVRVLSLRiRLi gRiVRsV e L_xmsLi lLi[][sXRLRiLi xtsQRryLRiLi RV
ssV ee 49
yssVs xqssVXRLRiLi NRPWuyLiRLi xmsoztsQRLi sRVM e FyzmsRLi xqsLRi*[gSy sVx ysVVR R
j*M ee 50
RWsss sVVNRPLi z NRPyysLi RV [gRiRsV e
g][OUPQLRisVV, |msLRiVgRiV, s[LiVVsV yssVV [zqss][ NSLiVVNRP, yNRP, sWszqsNRPsVVgRiV sVWRV
sRsVV ][xtsQsVVsV ]gji, [xsVV, yNRPV, sVsxqsV= NRPWR xmsoxtsQsVV gRiVss sy*LixqsVRV
RVssV (46). J j*LS! WyssVV ss Bx xmsLRisVV[ xmsxtsQ (zqsLRiR*sVV)
NRPVgRiVsV. yssVV ss sVV, sVXRVLiRVR*sVV NRPVgRiVsV (47). LigSLRisVVsV
yssVV [zqss][ hRiLSgji sXj F~Lij sVV |msLRiVgRiVsV. s[s yssVV [zqss][ xmsoztsQ,
sxqsQsVVsV Bs][ ARVVxt<sv NRPVgRiVss RVssV (48). ysyssVV ss @s
xqssVXj, gRiVRyssVV ss sVRVLRisVgRiV ALRisVV LiRV, sLiTs yssVV [RVV ss
dsLSsXj, s yssVV ss xtsQRr}msRsVgRiV ALRisVV LiRVsV (49). @ss
yssVV [zqss][ xqsLRi*xqssVXRVV NRPVgRiVsV. J j*LS! gRiVsVTNSRVsV yssVV [zqss][
xmsoztsQ NRPVgRiVsV. NRPyyssVV ss sLiRVVsLiR NSsVV [gRisVVV LiRVsV (50).
xmsLRi[NRPsVV sLiRV xqsLRi*[gRisVVV NRPVgRiVsV.
xmssrysV NRPzmsyyLi sXOSQLi xmnss[Vs R ee 51
NRPR_xtsQkyLi R xmnsLi gRi[RsLi Ry e sWuykyLi R sVVyyLi xmnsLi aSNSjNRPLi
Ry ee 52

sVLkiRxqsL<RiFyyyLi aSN][xmsNRPLRiLi Ry e RVRXf RVRLi zqsRLi R[RVLi z sxmsbPy ee


53
a][ykLijRV RXzmsaRP xqsy [RW sxmsbPy e aRPj RaRP [gSLRiLi kykyLi R RVztsQy ee 54
xmssxqs, sWsVT, RWzmsV (51), @LRi sVVRgRiV xmssV, sVsVsVVsV, |msxqssV, NRPWLRisV
(52), sVLjiRWV, AyV sVVRgRiV NRPWLRiNRPV @sxqsLRisVgRiV sxqssosV, ARW VVRVso RVLiRV
LiRV xmsLiRsV ss[NTP yssVV [RVssV (53). sy*LixqsVRV BRLRiVNRPV a][yj
BLijRVsVVNRPV AsLiRsVV s[ aRPj xmsj sxtsQRVsVVsV xqssVNRPWLji jaS sVVRgRiV
BLijRWjuys [sRNRPV xqsLi][xtsQsVVsV NRPgjiLiRssV (54).
s[RaSxqsQLi xqssWyRV Vy* gRiVLRiVsVVR=Q*RVsV e NRPLRiLi xmnssV{qs VjLSzqsNRP
sVVR[ ee 55
LiRVLS RWRVj aRPy ry R NRPdsRV{qs e xqsLS*s[ RLjiRxqsV yy y NRPLRi RV[` ee
56
yNRPLi RVsLi sysLiR rR FyjNRPsV e dLRi RWy syRLi z NSLiVVNRPLi RVsLi
sRVM ee 57
[Vs ZNP[yxmsoFy[Vs xLi y RVj y x e [syLRi Vy R NRPXRLi [gSRV
NRP[ ee 58
gRiVLRiVsVVsVV sVLiT s[RaSxqsQsVVsV {qs*NRPLjiLi, ys VxqsVN]s, NRPLRiNRPV xmnssVV gRiRsV
saRPRVVjs F~LiRV @zqsNRPsVsRVsV (55). LiRVso RVsVVss, [NRP LSRVsVV
ss aRPyVjs NRPgjiRVVs][, @j @RsVsVgRiV aRPR RVgRiVsV. RLjiRVRV sxqsVsoV GsRVW
[sy[ @LiVVssW, yNRPsVVgS gSs, NSLiVVNRPsVVgS gSs RVsVVsV [RVssV (56).
sVLiRrR FyhRisVV, xmssVV sVVRgRiVss yNRPRV sVsRVV, dLRiRWR, sRsVVsV
[RVV sVVRgRiVss NSLiVVNRP RV sVsRVV RVssV (57). G][ INRP DFyRVsVVsV [zqs,

N]jgSs, FsNRPVsgSs yssVVsV, [NRP NRPLRisV [syLRi Vj][ [zqss][, @ sWssoRV


[gRisVVsV F~LiRVsV (58).
RxmsaRPLS R ysLi R NRPLRissVVRVLi xqsy e xmsaRPRVLi xmsyRsLi xqs*sLRi gRiVa][RsV ee
59
[yyLi RXxms[VsRLRiLi xqsLRi*[gRixmsRLi V\M e BssVV][RsVLi s xqsy [gRiLi
[RVRM ee 60
CaRP*LSLRi Vy z NRPXy* sWORPQxmnsLi [` e RV BsVLi xmshRi[syRVLi RVM aRPX[ xqsy
sLRiM ee 61
R\|qs#s RLRiVjaRP szqsjM xmsRV[ ee 62
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ s[aRP*LRi xqsLizyRWLi xmsLiRRa][syRVM (15).
RxmsxqsV=, yssVV @sV lLiLiTLids xqsLRi*NSsVV RVLiRV [RVVRVLiRssV. RNRPs
LRiLigRiV][, rNRPLRisVV][ a][[ gRiXxsVVsV [sR {msN]LRiNRPV yssVV [RVssV (59).
@ yssVV yRNRPV xqsNRP [gRisVV sRVsV. yR Bx[NRPsVV[ DRsV ssV,
xmsLRi[NRPsVV[ DRsVgRis F~LiRVsV (60). CaRP*LSLRi Vj][ NRPLRisV, yssVVsV [RVV
sQQNTP sWORPQsVVsV F~LiRVsV. C @yRVsVVsV sRsVV aRPR][ xmshjiLiRVysNTP (61), RLRiVj
NRPgji ssVV zqsjLiRVsV (62).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[s s[aRP*LRi xqsLizR RWLiRV xmsRV\sRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj
(15).
@R uRa][syRVM
xmspsyssVV c xmspxmnssVV

VVxtsQRV ERVM e
FyLjis xmssWxmsp sysLi Wz xqsRsV e [Vs xmspsys[s xqsLS*dxtsQsVyxms[ ee 1
xqsWR DyR e
xqsVryRV xmsXxtsQLi RVVuyM xqsy xqsLS*LRiyRVNRPsV e xqs][ RVMxqs aRPsVsLi aRPXVR xmsdssV
sM ee 2
@xmssVXRVxLRiLi NRPsVX][aSzms syaRPssV e xqsRM NRPR xmsoyj Rs ysxmsRLi j*M ee
3
@yj [Li sryQj xqsLRi*sVVRR[ RVRM e R][ sVXyj xmssWxmspdxtsQ xmsy Vs
ee 4
xmsoLRiVuyLi R yLki sVjNSL][sRsbPRsV e
VVxtsvV xmsNTPLji c
J sVsVy! G xmsp syssVV[ N][lLisRVW sLRis[LRiV[, @ sV xmssVsV
xmspLiRV syssVVsV xmsVsVV (1).
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
dsVLRiV y RNRPgS xmsbPLiLji. xqsLRi*NSsVV[ xqsLRi*xmnssVVsV B, ssV sLis[
RVMsVVsV Fg][ xmspsjs dsVNRPV |msRsV. ssVRV (2). J j*LS!C
xmspsyssVV ss @xmssVXRVso sWRs[V gSNRP , NSsVXRVso NRPWR syaRPsVVsV
F~LiRVsV. ssVsLis[ LRi, xmsoRVRV, Rs yssVVV LiRVsV (3). sV sVVRgRiV
y][ [zqss xmssVsV xmspLiRV ss W[NRPsVV[ @yj [sVVV, sryQRVV,
xqsLS*dxtsQsVVV zqsjLiRVsV (4). C xmsp RVLiRV xmsoLRiVxtsvNRPV, {qsQNRPV NRPWR @jNSLRisVV
gRiRsV[ xqsLi[xsVV [RV.

syLi Rylgi[ NRPW}ms y LiRLRiQXRsWlLi[` ee 5


xqsLia][R gRiLiRRWlLi[s }tsQxtsQLiVVy* xqsVsVLiR}ms e x}qss xmssWLi NRPVLSLi` OUPQlLi[ R
xqsVxqsLixqsQXysV ee 6
@LigRi xmsRLigRiN][}msy sWRVV\aRP xqssVs*ysV e xmsyxqsszqsyLi NRPXy* xmsp[V yRlLi[ z
ee 7
s}mnsVaSjR sxtswysVLiRWaRP bPsxqs R e bPsxqs bPsLigRiLi R xqsLRi*y xmsp[V j*M ee
8
sj[ gSs, LRiVso[ gSs, sW[ gSs, ds[xms sVs sVs dxqsVNRPVs (5), aRPVj [zqs,
gRiLiRxmsoF~T][ NRPzms, [][ xmssVsV [zqs, @LiRsVgRiV sVLiRxmssVV sLiRVLi, Fy][
xqsLixqsLjiLiRssV (6). @LigRixmsRLigRisVV][, ARVVRsVV][ NRPWTRVVs A xmssVsV
xmsyxqsssVV sLiRV ryzmsLi, aRPR][ xmspLiRssV (7). J xVLS! s}mnsVaRP*LRi, AjR,
sxtsvso xmssVsV, FyLRi*d xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiV xmssVsV, bPsLigRisVVsV NRPWR sRsVV
xmspLiRssV (8).
uR\ZaPLRiVxmsy\lLiaRP NRPVLSRRzqsR[V e xmso}tsQ FORPQLi NRPVLSR}tsQNRPLi xqssVLiRNRPsV ee 9
aSs[Q \ss \ss[RLi xqsLRi*Li NRPVRssWsRM e gRiX}RV NRPVRsLi [RVLi sWsV}tsQ xmsxqssVxtsQ[ ee
10
\s[ xmsxqsRRVLi WgRiLi xqs*RVLi[M xmsxqsxmsLiRNRPsV e GsLi xmspLRixmnsLi syRjNRPLi \s R*RVLi
RRVsV ee 11
xqsxxqs xmspRW xqsRLi xqsR[NRPLi [j*M e
xmspxmnssVV zqsjLiRV N]LRiNRPV uRa][xmsyLRisVV][ xmspLiRssV. xmsoxtsQsVV][ dss
VRW xqssVLiRNRPsVVgS @}tsQNRPsVVsV [RVssV (9). Fyso RVsVV][ sLiTs @ssVVsV
\ss[RsVRssV. BLi[s xmssVNRPV Fyso, sVsoxtsQ xmsxtsQ RVgRiV [ssVV[ xmsp

[zqssxmsoRV ZaP[LRiV RVsVV][ @ssVVsV sLiT \ss[RsVRssV (10). [yRVsVV


\sxmsxtsQ @LiVVs][ sVWRV ZaP[LRiVV, xqs*RVLiWLigRi\sVs][ HRV ZaP[LRiVV RVsVVsV sLiT
\ss[RsVTs][ xmspLRi xmnssVV LiRVsV. BV xmspsV lLiLiRV [NRP sVWRVryLRiV [zqss][
@jNRPxmnssVV LiRVsV (11). j*RV s[LiVVryLRiV xmsp [zqss][ saRPRsVVgS xqsR[NRPsVVsV
F~LiRVsV.
y*RaSLigRiV sWRWsVLi j*gRiVLi R R][s jNRPsV ee 12
xmssWsVLigRiV\|qs#NRPLi RRWLRiQ*Li xmsLiRNRPRRVsV e @WyLRiV NRPXRLi FyRLi bPssVRVR[
V\M ee 13
RRxtsQgRiM xmsxqsry=Q` RRRVM NRPVRsLi sVRsV e RaRPxmsxqsLi aRPRxmsxqsLi xqsxxqs xmsxqss[Vs R ee
14
\j gRiLiyyLi RVyWgRiLi R sWsRM e sWsVuyL<Ri xqs*RVLiWyLi sVxmsp[
NRPR[ ee 15
xmssLiRV @LigRiVsVV sRV, BLRi\s @LiVVRV @LigRiVsVV F~Rso (12), xmsj}sV
@LigRiVsVV FsRV gRi NRP FyRsV [y [xFyRsV xmsLiTRVV "bPssVV' @s @LiRVLRiV
(13). ys[ FsssVRs gRisVV xmsxqssVV (ZaP[LRiV). ys[ ys gRisVV NRPVRssVV (Fyso) .
sWss xmsztsQR bPsLigRisVVsNRPV xmsjZaP[LRiV, VVztsQ xmsztsQR LigRisVVsNRPV sLiRZaP[LRiV, xqs*RVLi
WLigRisVVsNRPV s[LiVV ZaP[LRiV (14). RVsVVsV sLiT \ss[RsVT, }tsQNRPsVV,
\}tsQNRPsVV, gRiLiRsVV sVVRgRiV DxmsyLRisVVsV NRPWR Rgjis xmsLjisWsVV[ [zqss][ A
xmspNRPV sV xmsp RVs }msLRiV (15).
@}tsQNSyR aRPVj LRiLiyRVsVyxms[ e ARVVxqsQXzms aRP \ss[y` RWFyRLRi sVyxms[ ee
16
kFy` ssVyF yLiW][gRi sWxmsoRW` e Rry` ryyjNRPLi xtsQLi xmsRV[s
xmsryR[V` ee 17

ssVryL][ xms\ZaPQQs xqsLS*dxtsQ xmsyso e xmspLi[ R xqsyNSL_ [gRisWOSQLji LRiQQ\lLiM ee


18
xqsLixmsp sVsry NRPVLSRRR=y sLRiM e [yyLi xmspRW \s RR[NRPsVyxmsoRW` ee 19
RRyLiRLRi [ZNP[ R RV[xtsQLi [gRi sWxms[ e Rj*ZaP[uysQ sOSQQsV aRPXVR aRPRRW j*M
ee 20
bPsosNRPV @}tsQNRPsVVsV [RVV ss RaRPVj NRPVgRiVsV. gRiLiRsVV sLjiLiRV ss xmsosVV,
\ss[RsVV [RVV ss ARVVLSRVsVV, RXzms, RWxmssVV sLjiLiRV ss RssVV
LiRVsV (16). kxmssVVsV RWxmso ss ssVVsV, yLiWsVV sRV ss [gRisVVsV
F~LiRVsV. NSsos, ryssVV][ sVVRT C ALRiV DxmsyLRisVVsV aRPR][ @LjiLiRssV (17).
[gRisWORPQsVVsV g][LRiV sWssoV sRxmsp @LiVVs RLRiVyR N][lLi ssds dlLi[
ssVryLRi xmssVVsV lLiLiTLids [RVssV (18). sVVLiRVgS sVsxqsV=[ gRiysVs
ysLi, RLRiVyR ARW DxmsyLRisVVsV @LjiLiRssV. sWssoRV [sRsV xmspLiRV
ss ARW [NRPsVVsV F~LiRV[V gSNRP (19), @yLiRLRi [NRPsVV RVLiRV gRiWR }qs*RgS
[gRisVV ssVsLiRgRiVsV. J j*LS! A sZaP[xtsQsVVsV |msRsV. aRPRgS ssVRV (20).
s}mnsVaRP xmspRW xqssVg`i WL][ZNP[sdxtsQsWxmsoRW` e aRPVNRPylLi[ RRVLSQLi R zqs[ aSs
RZNP[ ee 21
xtsQgRiQZOP[Q RsVLS}qs s}mnsVaRPLi sjsR[` e aRPRLi xmsp xqsxxqsLi y RR=LiNRP j\sLRi*Q[`
ee 22
[ygji aRPRRW sRLi xmsoRRLi [xtsQRLi sXsV e xqsLRi* Fyxms xmsaRPsVsLi RRRVLjiR yaRPssV ee
23
yLRixmspLi bPyky sWR aRPVj xmsRLi sRVM e j sORPQ R WgSy sWyLRiLi ryLRi*NSsVNRPsV
ee 24

Ry sXj ORPQRWy` xmspLRi RNRPLi sRVM e DRRWRVRRVLi yL][ x xmsX


NRPLRisV ee 25
s}mnsVaRP*LRiVs xmspLiRV ss W[NRPsVV sLiRV N][lLisV xmspLjigS F~LiRVsV.
aRPVNRPyLRisVV yRV, aSs RxmsR sWxqssVV[ aRPVNRPxmsORPQ RRVLjiyRV (21), RsVLSxqssVV[
aRPRxtsQN`P sORPQ RsVV yRV s}mnsVaRPVs RVysjgS @LjiLiRssV. sLiR, [NRP s[LiVV L][
sLRiVxqsgS xmspLiRssV (22). [sR RVLiRV, @gji RVLiRV aRPR NRPgji sRsVV xmspsV,
x[sVsVVsV [zqss sWssoNRPV xqsLiyssVV NRPVgRiVsV; N][lLi d[LRiVsV; FyxmssVV sRVV
]gRiVsV; FyxmsNRPLRiV RWLRisVgRiVsV (23). bPyj [sRsV ARW yLRisVV RVLiRV
ALSjLiRV ss @LiRM NRPLRi aRPVj NRPVgRiVss |msRV xmsVRVLRiV. j, sORPQ R, WgRisVVNRPV
yLRis[V AyLRisVV. N][lLi ssds yLRixmsp C[LRiVsV (24). sVLjiRVV, yLRisVVsNRPV
|msLRiVgRiVR, RgRiVR [so gRisVNRP, yLRisVV xmspLRi x xqs*LRiWxmssVs xmsVRVLRiV. xRV
NRPLRiNRPV xqsWL][RRVsVV sVLiT sVLRi xqsWL][RRVsVV sLRiNRPV INRP yLRisVVgS xmsLjigRiLiRssV
(25).
y _ [sxmsp z xmspLRi [gRixmsy sXsV e xmspLRi*gRiM zmsRYLi RV sbPRVVNRPM
xmsaRPxqs[ ee 26
xmsLRigRixqsV [yyLi jyRVVNRPM xmsaRPxqs[ e DRRV yzmsds gS sVy} RVj ry jM ee
27
[sNSlLi[ Ry gSzqsj VVOSQjNSaRPV+M e xqssVgji*yLRi yLSks NRPVLS RW FyjNRPsV
ee 28
xmspLSRV[ xs[s[ s[[aRP*LRixqs Wy e xmspLRi [gRixmns zqsjaRP RV[ [s NRPLRi ee 29
sV[yLixqsy ssVxtsQ[gRiLRi Wy` e xmspaRPLRi GsLi z saRPV][ [NRPs[RWM ee 30

j VVNRP Aj RVLiRV [sxmsp [RVV sWssoNRPV xmspLRi[gRisVVV LiRVsV. LS][


NRPWTs j VVNRP xmspLRi*gRisVV zmsRX[sR @LRisNRPV xmsaRPxqsQ\sVsj (26). j VVNRP
j*dRWLRisVV xmsgRi][ NRPWTRVVs][ [sxmspNRPV xmsaRPxqssVV. j DRRVsVVsV yzmsLi
sVyxsVV sLRiNRPV Ds][ @j[V ZaP[xtsQsVV (27). C dLRiVs RNRPgS syLRi [zqs, aRPVsVgRiV
j sORPQ yRV[ [sxmsp, xmssVV ByRVsV [RVssV (28). s[RsVV RVLiRV
xmspaRPsVVsNRPV
soR CRVTsj.
xmspMRV[ @s[s. @s[s=C
NRPLRi[R; xmspM=xmspLRisVgRiV [gRisVV, xmnssVV zqsj, RV[=NRPVgRiVsV (29). @dxtsQsVgRiV
[gRisVV @sgS sVsxqsV=sNRPV ss sxqsVsoV NSsRVsV. sVLjiRVV, xmsLRisWLRi ssVV
NSsRVsV. [NRPsVV sLiRV, s[RsVV[ xmspaRPsVVsNRPV C @LRisVV xmszqsR\sV RVVsj (30).
sR \ssVNRPLi NSR=RM NSs[V xqs*sVztsQ[ e sRLi sWxqsLi R xmsORPQLi R sL<RiLi \s RVy
NRPsVsV ee 31
RRRLRi xmns Fyzms ryRXNSxmsORPQRVM NRPsW` e sVgRixms[M xmsp RRVLSQLi NRPXxtsQxmsORPQZNP[ ee
32
xmsORPQ FyxmsORPQRV NRPLki xmsORPQ [gRixmns xmsy e \[ RRVLSQLi xmsp R NRPXy sWxqsxmns xmsyee 33
sL<Ri [gRi xmsy [RW NRPXy \s zqsLixRZNP[ e aSs jRylLi[ R xqsxmssWLi xxqs[ js[ ee
34
sWxmnsV aRPVZNP[ R xqsxmssWsWjR RVsLi RlLi[` e
sR \ssVNRP NRPLRiV NSLiRLRisVV sLiRV xmnssVV sRVsV. RNRPgS @sVztsQLixmsTs NSsVNRPLRi
ssVsLis[ xmnssVVsRVsV. xmsORPQsVV gSs, sWxqssVVgSs, xqsLisR=LRisVV gSs sLRiVxqsgS xms
sRsVV xmspjNRPLRisV [zqss][ (31), ARW NSsVVNRPV Lijs xmnssVV s, ARW
NSsVV[ FyxmssVVsV Fg]VsV. NRPXxtsQxmsORPQ RRVLji yRV sVgRixmss xmspLis][ (32),
xmsj}sV L][V FyxmssVVV ]gji, [gRisVVV, xmnssVVV, zqsjLiRVsV. \R RRVLji yRV
xmspLis][, sWxqs xmspxmnssVV LiRVsV (33). RxmsR sWxqssVV[ xqsWLRiVRV zqsLixLSbP

RVLiRVLiRgS xmspLis][, xqsLisR=LRi NSsVV [gRisVVV LiRVsV. aSs sWxqssVV[


AjyLRisVV, xry sORPQ R RVVNRP xqsxmssV yRV (34), sWxmnsV aRPVNRP xqsxmssV yRV AjRVs
xmspLiRsRVVsV.
[xtsQ RNRP rs[V R y*RaSLi aRPs L`i ORPQZNP[ ee 35
y*RaSLi sxtsvRVs sVxtsQ xqsLixmsRLRiLi sRVM e aSs[ sxtsvRV ssVuyL][gRi xmsRLi # s[` ee
36
gRiyks y*RaSsLSs ryLigSs RyQ* RV RV` xmnssV e RRLi xqssVyF y*RaSLi
sxtsvRLRi` ee 37
y*RaSLi y*RaSs sFys suLSQ*RaRP ysVRM e uR\ZaPLRiVxmsy\lLiaRP RV[RdQ
sWxmsoRW` ee 38
GsLi R xqsLRi*[yyLi RR y*RaRP ysV\ZNPM e y*RaRPx RVsLi RRdQNRPLRiLi # s[` ee
39
[xtsQ RxmsRsWxqssVV[s VRyLRisVV yRV, aRPs sORPQ R RVVNRP y*RbPyRV (35),
sVLjiRVV ZNP[s y*RbPyRV sxtsvsosV ALSjLis][, @xtsQsVgRiV xqsLixmsRV LiRVss
VVxtsvV xmsVRVLRiV. aSssWxqssVV[ sxtsvsosV ALSjLis][, N][lLiV C[Lji, AL][gRisVV
[NRPWLRiVsV (36). g][so sVVRgRiV xmssLiRV sxqsVsV yssVV [RVV ss G xmnssVV
LiRV[, y*RbP yRV sxtsvsosV ALSjLiRV ss @[ xmnssVV LiRVsV (37). y*RbP
yRV xmssLiRV sVLij xVsV sxtsvso VVNRP xmssLiRV ysVsVV][, uRa][xms
yLRisVV][ xmspLiRV sWssoRV sxtsvso VVNRP {msNTP FyRVRgRiVsV (38). B[ dLRiVs, [sR
sLiRLjids yLji yLji xmssLiRV ysVsVV][ xmssLiRV xV RVLiRV ALSjLis][, ARW
[sR {msNTP FyRVRgRiVsV (39).
NRPLRi[ rsVylLi[ R sssWLi sVXgRibdPL<RiZNP[ e @LiLi RV[ RW NSsVM xqsLRi*[gRi xmnsxmsysV
ee 40

AaRP*RVVN`P RVNRP ssdsV xqsLS*xtsQ xmnsxmsy e AjylLi[ RRVLRiaSLi NRPXxtsQ xmsZOP[Q sZaP[xtsQRM ee 41
ALSQRWLi R sVLSQRWLi bPsxmsp sbPxtsQ[ e sWxmnsVNRPXxtsQ RRVLRiaSLi xqsLS*dxtsQ xmnsxmsy
ee 42
ARVVxtsQLki sVXRVxLS xqsLRi*zqsjNRPLki sXsV e
xqsLixmsRsV N][LRiV sQQNTP NRPLRi xqsLiNSLi, rsVyLRisVV sVXgRibPLS sORPQ R RVVNRP sssV
jssVV[ xqsLRi*[gRisVVsV B[ gRiyRsV ALSjLiRssV (40). AaRP*RVV aRPVNRP sssV
N][Ljis xmnssVV ssds BRVsV. NRPXxtsQ xmsORPQ RRVLRibdP AjyLRisVV sVNTP xmsaRPxqsQ\sVsj (41).
C RV RVLi[ gSNRP, ALSQ sORPQ RsVV yRV, sVLRiQ (xqsWLRi xqsLiNSLi][ NRPWTs ALRiQ)
yRV bPsxmsp y xmsaRPxqsQ\sVsj. sWxmnsV NRPXxtsQ RRVLRibPyRV bPsxmspsV [zqss sWssoNRPV
N][Ljis xmnssVVsRVV LiRVsV (42). sVXRVso ]gji, ARVVxt<sv |msLRiVgRiVsV. xqsLRi*sVV
zqsjLiRVsV.
[xtsQ sW}qs sVLSQRWLi RRVLRibdP js[szms R ee 43
sWLRibdPL<SQLRiQ NSRWLi y uR\ZaPLRiVxmsyLRi\ZNPM e RRsWQQLjiLi bPsLi xmsp Rxqs \s FyR RLRi+ssV
ee 44
bPsxqs RVsLi [RVLi [gRisWORPQ xmsRLi sXsV e yLSj [s RVsLi NSLjiZNP[ z sbPxtsQ[ ee
45
NSLjiZNP[ sWzqs xqsLiFy}ms xqsLS*s [ys RV[RVRM e ys[s Rxmsry x[\sV LRi}mss sRVs[Vs R ee
46
uR\ZaPLRiVxmsy\lLiaRP xmssW sxmssVLiR\ZNPM e xyLi [s[s suysWLjiNRPL][ # s[` ee 47
[xtsQ sWxqssVV[ sVLSQ, RRVLRibP (43), sWLRibdPL<Ri sWxqssVV[ ALSQ @sV jssVV[ ssR
xmsyLRisVV][ [zqss bPsos sVWLjis xmspLiRV sQQNTP VVNRP FyRsVVsV RLji+LiRssV (44).
bPsos xmspLiRV sWssoNRPV [gRisWORPQsVVV LiRVsV. NSLkiNRPsWxqssVV[ ARW yLRi

[sRsV xmspLiRV xmsaRPxqsQ\sVsj (45). NSLkiNRPsWxqssVV LSgSs[ ss[NTP [sR sLiRLjids


xmspLiRssV. yssVV, RxmsxqsV=, x[sVsVV, xmssVV, sRVsVsVV (46), uRa][xmsyLRisVVV,
sVLjiRVV sVLiRsVV][ xmssVsV ALSjLi, xVNRPV [ssVV dsRVssV. C xmspsV
suysVsVVgS, aSLiRsVsxqsVQ\ [RVssV (47).
NSLjiZNP[ [sRVsLi xqsLRi*[gRixmsRLi # s[` e ykyLi xLRiLi \s # s[ RWRgRixORPQRVM ee
48
NSLjiNSjR ylLi[xtsv sX sWjR xmspy` e \ NSLSxqsyyRV # s[RVuyj xqsLiORPQRVM ee
49
xLkiRNUP sVLkidyLi sxqsQQOUPQLSj ysRM e x xmsxtsQRW \s ORPQRWL][gRi ORPQW # s[` ee 50
kxms xqsL<RixmsyyR @xmsryLRiORPQW # s[` e NRPXNS rsVylLi[xtsv bPsxqs RVsLi sXsV ee 51
sVyLjiRQ aRPsVsLi xqsLRi* xqsLixmsRLRiLi # s[` e
NSLkiNRPsWxqssVV[ [sRsV xmspLis][, xqsLRi*[gRisVVV LiRVsV. yRVV RgRiVsV.
WRsVVV, gRixsVVV sbPLiRVsV (48). NSLkiNRPsWxqssVV[ AjyLRisVV RVLiRV AjRVs
xmspLi, \sVVsV, s[R sxqsQsVVsV yssVV [zqss][, NRPVxtsv sVVRgRiV L][gRisVVV
]gjiFsosV (49). xLkiRNTP (NRPLRiNSRV), sVLjiRVsVVV, sxqsQsVVV, FyV sVVRgRiV ys
yssVV [zqs xVNRPV xmsxtsQsV NRPLis][, ORPQRVL][gRisVV sbPLiRVsV (50). kxmssVVsV,
AysV yssVV [zqss][, @xmsryLRisVV ]gRiVsV. NRPXNS sORPQ R RVVNRP rsVyLRisVV yRV
bPsos xmspLiRV sWssoNRPV (51), yLjiRQsVV xmspLjigS ]gji, xqsLRi*xqsLixmsRVV LiRVsV.
gRiXx ZOP[Q yj yyR gRiXx[xmsNRPLRijy ee 52
NRPXNS sV ylLi[xtsv xqsLiRxqs RVysQQXsV e kxmsxmnsVLij yy\Q* yNTP=j
LRiLSRs[` ee 53

NRPXNS rsVylLi[xtsv su\lLiQQ* RVsLi sXsV e R][ Rsxqs ysLi R xqsR=Liys NRPLRiLi
# s[` ee 54
NRPXNS gRiVLRiVylLi[xtsv x[ RVyR\sM e sVRV xqs*LS ys[s [gRisXjLRis[sQQXsV ee
55
NRPXNS aRPVNRPylLi[xtsv gRiN][s[VR RWy` e gRiLiR xmsouys ys[s [gRisXjLRis[sQQXsV ee
56
sLiy xqsVxmsoRLi # [ xqs*LRi L_Fyj ysRM e
gRiXxsVV, gRiXxsVV[ xmssNTP sRV rysWsV, ZOP[Q RsVV, sVVRgRiV ys yssVV [RVV
ss (52), NRPXNS sORPQ R RVVNRP sVLigRiyLRisVV LiRV NRPVsWLRiry*sVs xmsoLi, kxmssVV,
xmnsVLi sVVRgRiVys yssVV [RVV ss bdPxmnsVsVVgS yNTP=j LiRVsV (53). NRPXNS
sORPQ RRVVNRP VRyLRisVVLiRV sxtsvsosV ALSjLi, |msLRiVgRiV @ssVVsV yssVV [zqss
sWssoNRPV sVLi xqsLiyssVV NRPVgRiVsV (54). NRPXNS sORPQ R RVVNRP gRiVLRiVyLRisVV LiRV
RssVV][ xsV xmspLi, [ssV, LigSLRisVVsV, s[LiVVs yssVV [zqss sWssoNRPV
[gRisVVV sXj LiRVsV (55). NRPXNS sORPQ R RVVNRP aRPVNRPyLRisVV RVLiRV gRixmss xmspLi,
gRiLiRsVVsV, xmsoxtsQsVVsV, @ssVVsV yssVV [RVV sWssoNRPV [gRisVVV sXj LiRVsV
(56). LigSLRisVV, sLiT sVVRgRiV ys yssVV [zqss][, sLiy {qsQNTP sVLi xmsoRVRV
NRPVgRiVsV.
NRPXNS aRPsylLi[xtsv jNSyLi R sLiRssV ee 57
jgRiyLi R ygSyLi }qsRVFyyLi R xmspssV e RQLiNRPxqs R LRiVRxqs suM FyxmsxLRixqs R
ee 58
sRLi x\ZaPQQs Rs*LiRLRibP*[xqsy e L][gSxmssVXRV xLRiLi Ry yj aSLiRsV
ee 59

NRPXNS sORPQ R aRPsyLRisVV RVLiRV jNSNRPVNRPV ssVxqsLjiLi (57), jgRisVVsV,


xqsLRisVVsV, }qsRV FyNRPVsV xmspLiRssV. sVVNRPLi \ssVgRiV LRiVRVs, FyxmssVVsV
xLjiLiRV sxtsvsosV (58), xmspLis][ ssVV NRPVgRisV. xsV, Rs*LiRLjis, @bP*ds
[sRsV xmspLis][ L][gRisVVV, @xmssVXRVso ]gjiFsosV. yj bdPxmnsVsVVgS
aSLiLiRVsV (59).
sRVxqs \yLi sWuykyLi R ysRM e NRPV xmnsgRiLiyyLi kyLi R ysRM ee 60
RyLi NRPhjiyyLi R xms}qss xmnssWsRM e xqs*LRiQFyzms LRisVLS}qs xxtsQM NS[ R xmspssV ee
61
bPykyLi R xqslLi[*uyLi NRPsW\Q* xqsLRi*zqsR[V e aSsxqs xsxtsQxqs \ss[RLi aRPxqssVVR[ ee
62
sysxqs \ss[RLi RsVLS}qs sbPxtsQ[ e sWLRibdPlL<i[ssR\|qs#s xqsLRi*sVxtsQ xmnsLi # s[` ee 63
DxmsV, BsVsVV, sWs, sVsVsVVV, sVWRV NRPV xmnssVVV (a]Lihji, @sVV, sVLRixms),
gRiLiRsVV, sVV sVVRgRiV ys yssVV [zqss][ (60), xqs*LRisVV LiRVsV.
RsxmsyLRisVVsV ZaP[LRiV, xmnsVs xmsyLRisVVsV xmssVV (sVWRV RVsVVV ) RgRiNRPVLiy
CRVssV. RsVLSxqssVV[ yLRiV sVVs (61), bPsoRV sVVRgRiV [sR sLiRLjis
NRPsVsVVgRiV xmspLis][, xqsLRi* zqsRVV NRPVgRiVsV. yQ\sVs RVsVV][ sLiTs @ssVV,
sVLjiRVV ss \ss[RsVVsNRPV xmsaRPxqssVs xmsTsj (62). RsVLSxqssVV[ @s[NRP LRiNRPsVV
@ssVVsV \ss[RsVRV xmsaRPxqssVV. sWLRibdPL<Ri sWxqssVV[ @syssVV [RVVysNTP N][Ljis
xmnssVV sRVV LiRVsV (63).
FyxmsORPQRVLi [xtsQzqsjLi yL][gRiLi RLRis[Vs R e xqssVlgi[*R xmsLjisLi xqsRsVuyss[Vs R ee 64
BsVVR sV[gS sLi[ WgRiLi R aSaRP*RsV e s[yLiR s zqsjLi R sWLRibdPL<Ss][ [`
ee 65

sWLRibdPlL<i[ xxtsQM NS[ jsRRV sVyzms y e RV[[ys [gRiNSsW yRsVLSzqsN][ # s[` ee


66
RWsR=LigRis NSLi RV RsVLSr skRV[ e
FyxmssVVV sbPLiRV, N][lLiV C[LRiV, AL][gRisVV, RLRisVV, s[RsVV[ RNRPs xmsLjissVV,
xqsRLSsVuyssVV (64), Bx xmsLRi[NRPsVV[ sV[gRisVVV, aSaRP*RsVVgS CaRP*LRiVs[
HNRPsVgRiV, s[yLiR ssVV zqsjLiRV @sV xmnssVVV sWLRibPLRi sWxqssVV[ @syssVVsV
[zqss sQQNTPNTP LiRVsV (65). [gRisVV ybPLiRV sWssoRV sWLRibPLRi sWxqssVV[ NRPdsxqssVV
sVWRV jssVVV yLRiVsVVs [sRsV xmspLiR ssV. RsVLSxqssVV[ GyRV
xmsp[RVs yRV NSLSRV (66). yLRiV sVV sVLiT yLRiV sLRiNRPV sWRs[V
RsVLSxqsxmsp sjLixmsTsj.
RsVLS}qs sLSL][ sWxqssWRLi [LijRVM ee 67
A sVyxLi }msj*F gSRVdLi s[RsWRLRisV e xmsLiyORPQLSRNSs sVLiys xmsaSyxqsVzmsNRPLi
}ms` ee 68
sLi * R [Li[ sF sVVNTP sVyxmsoRW` e @s[uyLi sLRiyLkiLi M rys[s }mss
R ee 69
xqsy xmsLiyORPQLRi\|qs#s saRPVRLi ssWxms[ e BxtsQ sVLiys xqsy FyQ* sV FyxmsORPQRVLi [`
ee 70
sxmsoRV RsVLSxqssVV[ sjssVVV sVyxsVV sLRiNRPV ALRisVVsV dxqsVN][NRPVLiy,
BLijRV RVsVV gRiy\ (67) s[RsWR RVgRiV gSRVs zmsLiRssV. A RLRiVyR LS
sRFso sLRiNRPV xmsLiyORPQLji sVVRgRiV sVLiRsVVsV zmsLiRssV (68). @ sxmsoRV ssVVsV
F~Lij, [xygSsLiRLRisVV sWORPQsVVsV F~LiRVsV. BRLRi sWssoV, {qsQV sVWRV NSsVV
RVLiRV ryssVV [zqs (69), xqsLRi*y xmsLiyORPQLjis zmsLis][, saRPVRsVgRiV ssVV LiRVsV.

@ss[ BxtsQ [sR sVLiRsVVsV zmsLiRV sWssosNRPV sV FyxmssVV sRVV


]gjiFsosV (70).
RsVLS}qs sZaP[}tsQ sV\ss[R sWRlLi[` e aSRLiRV lLi[ sVLkiR xmsxqsZNP[s R ee 71
gRiyy*RaRPLi xqsLRi*Li sVR*NRPVRs[s z e y RVVZNP[s sVV[s y*RaRP sLis[s R ee 72
xmnsVXR xms\ZNPQQ*LRixmsp\|msaRP sWR\ZNPaS+NSj M e y*R\ZaPaRP RjOUPQ \lLi LSQ*RaRP xmsxqsZNP[s R ee 73
yLjiZNP[ xmnskyLi Ry gRisRW xqsx e y*RaRP NRPsVV\ZNPLRiVQQNRPLi xtsQQLiaRPRR\ZNPLRiVRsV ee 74
NRPLRiWLRi VLRiRWlLi[s xmsLiRrgRiLij \ZNPLRiVRsV e yLiW RVVNRPLi RV RVy sV\ss[R
ORPQsV ee 75
RsVLSxqssVV[ sZaP[xtsQsVVgS sV\ss[RsVVsV [RVssV. yQ\sVs xmsoRV RVsVVsV
sLiRssV. ZaP[LRiV sVLjiRWV (71), xmssLiRV, Fyso [s, s[LiVV, NRPVLiRV |msxqsLRixmsxmsV,
xmssLiRV sLissVVV (NRPWLRi, xmsRT ByRVV) (72), s[][ s[s @xmssVVV, sLji][
[zqss sWRNRPsVVV, xmssLiRV ZaP[LRi |msLRiVgRiV, sNRPV, sVVxmsjRWLRiV RsVFyNRPVV (74),
NRPLRiWLRi xqsVgRiLiR RWLRisVV, HRV xqsVgRiLiR RssVV gRi yLiWsVV Bsds NRPzqs
sV\ss[RsVV @gRiVsV (75).
sV\ss[Rs[VR\Q* [syLRi xmspLRi*NRPsV e sLSsVNRPsV xmsplLi[* RRQ ZNP[ M xmsyxms[V` ee
76
GsLi _Rs\ss[y RWs LSxtsQxmsLRis[` e sV \ss[R ys[s sLRixqs=Q*LRi sVyxmsoRW`
ee 77
sV\ss[R ys[s xqsx}qs j*L<Ri M e xqsR[ZNP[ R R[ZNP[ xmspLRisWRVVLRiyxmsoRW` ee
78

xqsxryLi R LiaRPy sV\ss[R ysRM e RRWLRiQ* [NRPsW\|ms#s s xmsosLRis gRis[` ee


79
xqsxryLi R xtsQ LiaRPs \ss[RdsVLjiRsV e ys\sQs[R ysLi RV sVxmspLRiLi RRVR[
ee 80
sQ\ss[R ys[s xmsosLRis s sR[ e ElLi[ sWzqs js[ xmso[ s \ss[R sWRlLi[` ee 81
C sV \ss[RsVVsV CaRP*LRiVsNRPLjiLi, @s sLRisVVNRPV Lijs NRPVNRPV CRVssV (76).
BV @ssVVsV \ss[RsVTs sQQNTP C [NRPsVV[ rysWjxms RVgRiVsV. sV
\ss[RsVVsV yssVV [RVV sLRiVRV xqs*LRisVVsV F~LiRVsV (77). J x ZaP[xtsvLS! s[LiVV
sV \ss[RsVVsV yssVV [RVV sQQNTP xqsR[NRPsVV[ xmspLSRVVLSRVsVVsV F~LiRVsV
(78). sVVxmsjs[ sV\ss[RsVVsV yssVV [RVV sQQNTP @LiRNRPLi ELRiQ*[NRPsVVsV
F~LiRVsV. sVLjiRVV, @RsNTP xmsosLRis DLiRRV (79). sVVxmsj RWLRiVs[ sV\ss[RsVVNRPV
sQ\ss[RsVs }msLRiV. @s sV \ss[RsVVNRPV sV xmspLRisVsRVV }msLRiV gRiRV (80). s
\ss[RsVVsV yssVV [RVV sQQNTPNTP xmsosLRis [RV. NSLkiNRPsWxqssVV[ aRPVjssVVs
sQ\ss[RsVVsV [RVssV.
xqsLiNSLi FyR sL`iQORPQ FLRisWryj xqsLiRVV[ e @ sjs[ NRPVLS sQ\ss[R sVVRsVsV
ee 82
sWryLiRlLi[xtsv sL`iQORPQ xmspLRiWgRi js[s zms R e s[Vs[ R aRP s[LS*zms ysy=xxqssWRlLi[` ee
83
sQ\ss[R ys[s yLRi xmnsLi [` e yLRisM {msRM xqs*ryRVVLi Ry z
ee 84
BRLi RV sQ\ss[R bPs\|qs#s xmsyxms[V` e WsLigRi xqs*LRiW}ms bP[ ssLRiWxmsNRPM ee 85
Rrys ssXRQLRiLi sxmsp bPsxqs z e

xqsLiNSLi, s sORPQ RsVV, xmspLjisV, sLis jssVV Byj xqsLiRLRisVV[ DRsVsVgRiV


sQ\ss[RsVVsV [RVssV (82). BRLRi sWxqssVV[ s sORPQ RsVV xmspLRiWgRisVV[
sVs jssVVs gSs, aRPs][ NRPWTRVVs jssVVs gSs [RVssV (83). s \ss[RsVV
yssVV [zqss][, ssV @LjiLis xmnssVV LiRVsV. ssV @LjiLis][ bPsoRV {msRV\
Rs ryRVVsVV sRVsV (84). C s \ss[RsVVsV bPsosNTP sWRs[V CRVssV. {qsQ
xmsoLRiVxtsQ LRiWxmssVVgRi ssV BRVyRV bPso[ (85), NSsos sVLRi s NRPVgRiNRPVLiRV N]LRi\ZNP
bPsosNRPV sxmspsV [RVssV.
LiRVyyRNRPLi xqsLRi*Li gRi` rysLRi LigRisVsV ee 86
LiRVaRP+QQNTP bP+[ yRbP+s aRPNSQRNRPLi gRi` e yyyLRi sVRLi LiRV LjiLiy*yLRi sVRLi
gRi` ee 87
gRiyyLRi Wf z LiRV y_ sszqsf e LiRV yRRVVRLi xqsLRi*Li xqsNRPdNRPLRiLi # s[` ee
88
xqsNRPdNRPLRi s gRiyQFRxqsLiaRPRVM e LiRV yyRNRPLi LigRiLi gRiyLRi sVVR[ ee
89
LiRVlLi[ds bP[ yR bP+s LigRiLi RV NRPR[ e Rry s ssXRQLRiLi bPsLigRiLi xmsxmsp[V` ee
90
RLSRLRi gRiRV xqsLRi*sVV LiRVyyRNRPsVV (86). LiRVso aRPNTP. bPsoRV yRsVV. bPsaRPNTP
xqs*LRiWxmss[V gRiRV. LiRVsosNRPV yRsVV AyLRisVV. gRiRVsNRPV LiRVso AyLRisVV (87).
LiRVyRsVVV gRiRVsNRPV AyLRisVV\ RVVss. xqsLRi*sVV LiRVyRsVV][ NRPWTRVVsj.
LiRVso yRsVV[ NRPRVV xqsNRPdNRPLRisVV @sRVsV (88). xqsNRPdNRPLRisVV sVLiT[V gRiRV
xmsoVssV[ xqsLijRVsVV [RV. LigRisVV LiRV yyRNRPsVV gSs gRiRVsNRPV NSLRisVs
xmsRVRVsj (87). LiRVso [s. bPsoRV yRsVV. DRWRNRPsVV bPsLigRisVs
xmsRVsV. NSsos sssX N]LRiNRPV bPsLigRisVVsV xmspLiRssV (90).

sWy [ds LiRV LRiWFy yRLRiWxms bP+sM zmsy e xmspyLi zmsRXLi RV xmsLRisWsLiR Gs
z ee 91
xmsLRisWsLiR LRiLi bPsLigRiLi xmsxmsp[V` e ry [ds gRiyLi sWy xqs bP[ gRiRM zmsy ee 92
zms][ aRPV+aRPWxtsQZNP[ sR NRPXFyjNRPLi z sLRi[ e NRPXxmsRWLiRLRiQ\aRP*LRiLi xmspNRPxqs Ry z ee
93
RryRLiRLRiysLiR LRiLi sVVsxmsoLigRiyM e zmsRX sWRX xqs*LRiW}ms bPsLigRiLi xmsxmsp[V`
ee 94
LiRVLRiWxms RVgRiV [s R. yRLRiWxmsoRgRiV bPsoRV RLiT. RRLiRVsV xmspLis][
xmsLRisWsLiRsVV NRPVgRiVsV (91). xmsLRisWsLiR FyzmsQ\ZNP bPsLigRisVVsV aRPR][ xmspLiRssV.
gRiRVNRPV R A [s. gRiRVsNRPV RLiT A bPsoRV (92). R RLiRVsV sRsVV xmspLiRV
ys RVLiRV yLjiNTP @jNRPsVgRiV RRV sLjiVsV. @V xmspLiRV ysNTP bPsoRV RRV][
@LiRLRiLigRisVV HaRP*LRisVVsV BRVsV (92). NSsos, J sVVs ZaP[xtsvLS, @LiRLRiLigRisVV sLiRV
AsLiRsVVsV F~LiRV N]LRi\ZNP bPsLigRisVVsV RRLiRV LRiWxmssVVgS sLi sZaP[xtsQsVVgS
xmspLiRssV (94).
LRiM xmsoLRiVxtsQLRiWF z LS xmsNRPXLRiVR[ e @sQQNSLiRLRijuysLi gRiLRiM xmsoLRiVxtsQ DR[ ee 95
xqsVsQQNSLiRLRijuysLi gRiLRiM xmsNRPX LRiVR[ e xmsoLRiVxtsQryQ*j gRiL][ zgRiLRiys sN][ RVRM ee
96
xmsoLRiVuyRQNRPXf RVVNRPLi xmsRsVLi s NRPR[ e xmsNRPX[ LRi*QQ NRPy RWRLi j*dRVLi s
NRPR[ ee 97
s LiRV LRiQXRV s xmsoLRiVuyRQxmsR[ e
LRiVRV xmsoLRiVxtsvRsRVV, LRi xmsNRPX @sRVV xmsRVsV. sQQNRPsVV NSs @LiRLRijuyssVV gRi
gRiLRisVV xmsoLRiVxtsvRsRVV (95), gRiVgS sQQNRPsV[V @LiRLRijuyssVV gRi gRiLRisVV xmsNRPX

@sRVV xmsRVsV. sVVR gRiLRisVV xmsoLRiVxtsv[. gRiRVsNRPV xmsoLRiVxtsvRV RLiT gRisVNRP gRiLRiys
@sRVsV (96). xmsoLRiVxtsQ xmsNRPXRV NRPLiVVNRP sVVR s @sRVV, xmsNRPX sVLiT gRiRV
sQQNRPsVgRiV lLiLiRs s @sRVV xmsVRVLRiV (97). soRV xmsoLRiVxtsvs sVLiT [V ssV,
sVXRVsosV, sVLRi ssV F~LiRVsV.
@s][ s[ssaRPLi sWRVRW s NRPR[ ee 98
LRi[ sNSRR rys B xqsQXRM e s[ Rs[ Fy\ZaPQLkis aRPLRi Gs z ee 99
sFyaRP ssXRQLRiLi sLigRiLi xmsxmsp[V` e Li sXjLi gRiRd RLSRgRiM xmsNRPXLRiVR[
ee 100
FyNRPX\ aRP+ sWy\QM FyNRPX[LijRV [y` e gRi}qsRLi [gRisV aRPL][ sVVRM
aRPVRM ee 101
sVV[ gRixqsV xmsNRPXM gRiys bPs DR[ e gRiys [gRiyy z y[ [gRixmsyRVNRPM ee
102
sWRV[ sVLjiVVNRP LRiWxmssVV[ xmsNRPsVgRiV[V s RVs xmsRVsV (98). xmsosxmsV
sVLiT LRisVgRiV yRV gSsos soRsRVsV. s aRPsVVsNRPV 'xmso, FyaRPsVV[
LijLixmsRVyRV' @sV @LRisVV NRPWR gRiRV (99). C s FyaRPsVV ]gRiV N]LRi\ZNP sWy
zmsRXLRiWxmssVgRiV bPsLigRisVVsV aRPRgS xmspLiRssV. Li gRiRd gRiM Li=sXjs, gRiR
B=F~LiRVsj gRisVNRP 'gRi'iM @sV }msLRiV xmsNRPXNTP gRiRV (100). xmsNRPX ssVVgRiV
BLijRVsVVV xmsNRPX ssVVgRiV aRPRVsV @sVsLiRVsV. gRisVVsNRPV, @sgS xmsNRPX NTP
xqsLiLijLisj @sV @LRisVV[ [gRi aRPsVV @s*LRi xmsWgRisVVsV NRPgjiRVVsj (101).
gRisVV xmsNRPX, gRiysVRV bPsoRV. [gRisVV sRVsj gRiysV[ gSs BRLRiVV NSRV (102).
gRiry*dsV R gRiys LRi BRVR[ V\M e # lgi[s xqszR LigRiLi gRiLi Lilgi[s xqsLiRVVRsV
ee 103

B sVVR R [gRiyLRiLi sR[gSLRis[Vs R e gRisLiRLi sV[sLi bPsLigRiLi xmsxmsp[V` ee


104
[NRP xmsxqssy xqsWLRixqsxLi xmsxqsyRs[` e Lilgi[ xmsxqsW NRPLSLRiLi LigjisLi xmsoLRiVxtsQLi
RV[` ee 105
LigSLRi gRisVNRPLi xLi LigRi sVR kRV[ e LigRisVLRiLi z xmsoLRiVxtsQLi bPsLi gRisVRVdRRM ee
106
xmsNRPXNTP xmsVsgRiV gRiysVs VVxtsvV LRiVRV @s zmsVRVLRiV. xmsNRPX xmsoLRiVxtsvs][, xmsoLRiVxtsvRV
xmsNRPX][ NRPzqs RVVLiRVsV (103). Bx[NRP xmsLRi[NRPsVV[ [gRisVV N]LRiNRPV sWssoRV
bPsLigRiLRiWxmssVV[ gRiysVRgRiV sV[sos aRPRgS xmspLiRssV (104). [NRPsVVsV
xmsNSbPLixms[RVV xqsWLRiVRV gRiysVs xsVV. xmsNRPX RVLiRV gRiRVsV xqsXztsQLi[ xmsoLRiVxtsvs
bPsLigRiLRiWxmssVV[ ALSjLiRssV (105). INRP sxqsVsosV [jLi[ xsVVsNRPV LigRisVV @s
}msLRiV. bPsLigRisVV xmsoLRiVxtsvRgRiV bPsos [jLi[ xsVV (106).
bPsN][QaRP xxqs s[VsLi gRiLisVVR[ e xqs*x xmspy dQRM x NSLRiLi s dsRV[
ee 107
x NSLRiLi RV yj sRLi sssLRi[ e FyNRPX\M xmsoLRiV\|tsQaSzqs LiRLRi xqsLi# \sM
ee 108
uR\ZaPLRiVxmsy\lLiaRP bPsLigRiLi xmsxmsp[V` e Gs sWjR ylLi[ z xmsp s ssLjiNS ee 109
bPsaRPNRPV xsVVV bPsLigRisVV sLiRV sVR\sV RVVss. Rs xsVVsV xmspLiRV[
bPsoRV {msRVRgRiVsV. x NSLRisVgRiV s sVXRVsoV bPsxmspNRPVs gRizqsLiRso (107).
xmspNRPVsNRPV s sVLRi LRiWxms xqsLiryLRisVV ]gRiVsV. BLi[xms, RV Li[ FyNRPXR,
xmsoLRiVxtsQ sxqsVso][ (108) bPsLigRisVVsNRPV uRa][xmsyLRi xmsp [RVssV. AjyLRisVV yRV
@V [zqss sQQNTPNTP xmsosLRis DLiRRV (109).

AjylLi[ sVLigRiLi xmss[\ss xmsp[V` e AjylLi[ xmsLiRgRi\sQ LRi}tsQN][ sbPxtsQ[ ee 110


g][sVRVLi g][Li OUPQLRiLi RyLi xmsLiRgRisNRPsV e OUPQLSRLi R xmsXRN`P \s sVRVy
[ORPVryLRi\ZNPM ee 111
gRisQOUPQLSsQQ\ss[RLi xmss[\ss NSLRi[V` e xmssLi R*sLigRiLi RV yRLigRiLi xqs*RVLiVsM ee
112
LiRVLigRiLi RV RVLiRryQ=sNSLRiLi RV xmsztsQRsV e DNSLRiLi RLRiLigRiLi ryRNSLRiLi
gRiVLRiVsgRixsV ee 113
xtsQ` LigRixmspRW sRLi ssVQQN][ s xqsLiaRPRVM e
AjyLRisVV yRV sVLigRisVVsV JLiNSLRisVV][ sWRs[V xmspLiRssV. AjyLRisVVyRV
xmsLiRgRissVV][ @}tsQNRPsVV xmsaRPxqssVV (110). g][sVRVsVV, g][sVV, AsoFyV, |msLRiVgRiV,
sLiVV @sVss xmsLiRgRissVV sRVsV. FyV, |msLRiVgRiV, s[LiVV][ s[lLi[*LRiVgS @}tsQNTPLi,
[s, RZNPLRi][ NRPzms NRPWy @}tsQNRPsVVsV [RVssV (111). AsoFy][ [zqss
FyRVxqssVVsV JLiNSLRisVV][ sWRs[V ss[Rs [RVssV. JLiNSLRisVVsVNRPV R*sLigRisVsRVV,
xqs*RVLiVLigRisVVsNRPV yRLigRisVsRVV (112), RVLiRsVVsNRPV LiRVLigRisVsRVV, xmsztsQR
LigRisVVsNRPV sVNSLRi LigRisVsRVV, DR=ssVV[ ElLi[gjiLiRV LigRisVVsNRPV DNSLRi
LigRisVsRVV, gRiVLRiVso VVNRP aRPLkiLRisVVsNRPV ANSLRi LigRisVsRVV }msLRiV (113). sWssoRV C
ALRiV gRisVsVVsV sRsVV xmspLis][, sLi RVVLiRgRis[ sVVNRPVRgRiV ssV[ xqsLi[xsVV
[RV.
bPsxqs NSQ xmsp z s sVVNTPNRPLki sXsV ee 114
LRiVyORPQ yLRiyR sVLRiLi \sW yLRi` e FyRLi sVLiR FyR xmspRW xmspLRi NTP
sWs ee 115

bPsLigRiLi R NRPLi R xmsp sWORPQLi [sLRiM e RV BsVLi xmshRi[syRVLi aRPXVRWy*


xqssWzRM ee 116
R\|qs#s bPsNTPaRP sLRi[ xqsVRXy j*M ee 117
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ s[aRP*LRi xqsLizyRWLi uRa][syRVM (16).
bPsos NTP][ xmspLiRV sWssoV s LiRsVV sVLiT ssVVNTPs F~LiRLRiV (114). sWssoRV
LRiVyORPQ yLRi ss NTP[ ys @LiaRPsVVsV, sWs RLjiLiRV ss xqsgRisVV NTPs,
sVLiRsVVsV zmsLis][ sVWRV FyRsVV NTPs, xmspLis][ xmspLRi NTPs NRPyRgRiVsV
(115). sWssoRV bPsLigRisVVsV, bPsNRPVs xmspLis][, sWORPQsVVsV F~LiRVsV. J
j*LS! Fss\lLi[ C @yRVsVVsV xmshjiLiRL][, [NRP sVsxqsV=sV gRisVV [zqs ssRL][
(116), yLjiNTP RXRsVgRiV bPsNTP |msLiF~LiRVsV (117).
$ bPs sV xmsoLSsVV[s s[aRP*LRi xqsLizR RVLiRV xmsRVyLRis @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj
(16).
@R xqsxms Ra][syRVM
xmss, xmsLiyORPQLki sVLiRsVV sVzsV c bPs[NRP \sssVV
VVxtsQRV ERVM e
xmssxqs R sVRQLi xtsQ` LigRixqs sVsVVs[ e bPsNRPxqs xmspLi R NRPsV a][ Wz sM
xms[ ee 1
VVxtsvV xmsNTPLji c
J sVxL<ki! J xmsW! JLiNSLRisVV VVNRP sVzsVsV, ALRiV LigRisVV sVzsVsV, sVLjiRVV
bPsNRPVs xmspLiRV sRsVVsV sWNRPV NRPsVsVVgS xmsVsVV (1).

xqsWR DyR e
RFR\sLRis jaRP xqssVN`P xmsaRPQxqsQ*RVLi NRPXRM e @rRLRiLi sV[[ y xqs s yxmsLRiM
ee 2
@yzms sZOP[Q RsVxLi bPsxqs NRPXxms\Vs z e bP[sryNRPLi R RVVuyNRPLi LRiOSQLi gRiXRV
WLjiaRPM ee 3
F z xmsNRPX Rxqs xqsLiryLRixqs sVx[R[M e ssLi yyLiRLRisV xmssLi \s sRVLSyM ee
4
xmsM xmsxmsLi][ s yzqs [ RVVuyNRPLi xmssLi sRVM e xmsNRPlL<i[ s[VRry [QORPQLi sM xmssLi
sRVM ee 5
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
RFRsVgRiV dsVLRiV RNRPs xmsaRPsV @TgjiLji. ksNTP DRLRisVVsV sV[soRV RNRP
sVLjiVVNRPRV xmsRV (2). @LiVVssW, s[sV bPsos NRPXxms][ DRLRisVV sRsV. bPsoRV
sVsVVsV, sVsVVsV @jNRPsVVgS LRiOTPQLiRV LRisVVsV {qs*NRPLjiLiRVgSNRP! (3) xmsNRPX sVLiT
xmsos xqsLiryLRi sVxqssVVRsVVsNRPV 'xmsM' @s }msLRiV. kss yLi[ ys gRisVNRP JLiNSLRisVVsNRPV
xmsssVV (xms + ss) @s }msLRiV NRPgjisRs xmsLiTRVV |msRLRiV (4).
xmsM = xmsxmsLiRsVV; s = [RV; sM = dsVNRPV, @sV @LRisVVsV NRPWR JLiNSLRisVVsNRPV
xmsssVsV
}msLRiV
NRPgjisj.
xms = saRPRVsVVgS; s = (sWORPQsVVsNRPV
)
sTzmsLiRVsV; sM = sVsVVsV, @sV @LRisVV[ NRPWR JLiNSLRisVV xmsssVsRVsV (5).
xqs*xmsNSyLi WgjiyLi xqs*sVLiR xmspNRPxqs R e xqsLRi* NRPLRiQORPQRVLi NRPXy* jssLi RV
sWRssV ee 6
Rs[Vs sWRWLRizRLi sWRsLi xmsLjiRORPQ[ e xmsNRPlL<i[ sVysLi ssLi aRPVR xqs*LRiWxmsNRPsV ee 7

sWRsLi \s NRPL][d xmssLi RLi sRVLRiyM e xmssLi j*sRLi FNRPLi xqsWORPQ xqsW s[RRM ee
8
xqsWORPQ s[VNSORPQLRiLi sy` xqsWLi xmsLiyORPQLRiLi sRVM e xqsWORPQ sVsQQNRP xmsLiyLRiLi xqsVsQQNSLRiLi
R[RLRi` ee 9
ssVQQNRPxqs xqsWORPQ Li z xqsLRi*ryLRiLi z Rxqs z e sVLi[LSsV xqsLiysLi xqs*[x sRW
sj ee 10
JLiNSLRisVVsV zmsLi, bPsos JLiNSLRisVV][ xmspLiRV yLjiNTP xqsLRi* NRPLRiV sbPLi, sWRssVgRiV
jsssVV LiRVsV (6). sWRVNRPV @dRVRV, aRPVR \Rs LRiWxmsoRV sgRiV
xmsLRisWR 'sWRsVRV' @sRVsV (7). ryRNRPVs sWRsVsgS [RVVsj gSs, JLiNSLRisVVsNRPV
xmsssVs }msLRiV ssRs xmsLiTRVV xmsVRVLRiV. xmsssVV xqsWORPQ sVV, xqsWsVV @s
j*sRsVVgS sVsj (8). JLi @sV GNSORPQLRisVVsNRPV xqsWORPQ xmsssVsRVV, xmsLiyORPQLjiNTP xqsW
xmsssVsRVV }msLRiV. xqsWORPQ xmsssVV[ @sQQNRPsVVgRi sVs xmsLiRsLRisVVV xqsW
xmsssVV[ gRiVgS sQQNRPsVgRiVsV (9). ssVNRPVRgRiV s xqsLRi*sVLiR ryLRisVgRiV xqsWORPQ
xmsssVVsV, xmss xmsFyRsVgRiV xmsLRisWRsV ysxqsW, [xsVV xmsRssVgRiV sLRiNRPV
zmsLiRssV (10).
xqs*[} gRi[ xmspLRiLi bPsLi FyF saRPRVM e ZNP[sLi sVLiR {msRV WgRiLi FyF
saRPRVM ee 11
xtsQ LiaRP][ {ms RV saRPRVLi WgRisWxmsoRW` e xqsWORPQ Li R j*sRLi [RVLi xxqs*
kLRi s[RRM ee 12
@NSLRiaRP DNSLRiaRP sVNSLRiaRP RRM xmsLRisV e LiRVyRRVVRLi Rj aRPNS NRPs*RsV ee 13
kLRi xmsss[VsLi z Wgjiys[Vs xXRRsV e sVNSLSLiRLi RRQ*Li z xxqs* xmss DR[
ee 14

bPsaRP+QQNTP xqsW\lLiNRPLi sVNSLSLiRLi NSRNRPsV e xxqs*s[VsLi z xmsLi ry`


xqsLRi*FyORPQ \VztsQsV ee 15
@ s [xFyysLiRLRisVV xmspLRi xqs*LRiWxmsoRgRiV bPsos F~LiRV saRPRVsVV. @LSsV
xqsLiyssVV [NRPVLiRgS ZNP[s sVLiRsVVsV zmsLiRV sQQNTP WgRisVVsV F~LiRV saRPRVsVV
(11). sVVxmsj ALRiV N][ xmssVVsV [zqss sQQNTP saRPRVsVVgS WgRisVVsV F~LiRVsV. xqsWORPQ
xmsssVV sVLRi xxqs*sVV, kLRisVV @s lLiLiRV sRsVVVgRi sVsj (12). @NSLRisVV, DNSLRisVV,
sVNSLRisVV, LiRVso, yRsVV, aRPsVV, NSsVV, NRP @sV y][ NRPWTs xmsssVV (13) kLRi
xmsssVV. Bj WgRiV xXRRVsVV sLiRV sWRs[V DLiRVsV. @NSLRi, DNSLRi, sVNSLRisVVsV
sVWRV sLRisVV][ sWRs[V NRPWTs xmsssVV xxqs* xmsssVsRVsV (14). @NSLRisVV bPsoRV.
DNSLRisVV aRPNTP. sVNSLRisVV bPsaRPNRPV HNRPsVV. xqsLRi* FyxmsyaRPsVVsV g][LRiV ryRNRPVV C RXztsQ][
xxqs* xmsssVVsV zmsLiRssV (15).
WyRVV NRPsNSL][][M aRPyaRP Ry RaRP e AaSs*[V RaRP xmsosM xmssXy B NRPR[ ee 16
xxqs*s[Vs xmssXyyLi ssXyyLi RV kLRiNRPsV e yxXy _ R sVLiy_ NSsVLi
aRPNRPRVVRsV ee 17
s[y_ R xmsWLi ryR*LiRs[ xqsLiRWLRizms e ssN][ Fys FyQ* xqsLiaRPVRM xmsoLRiVu
# s[` ee 18
xmsosaRP ss N][ RV xmsXjds RVsWxmsoRW` e xmsosaRP ssN][ RV xFyLi
RVsVyxmsoRW` ee 19
WsV, yRVVso, @gji, sVV, ANSaRPsVV @sV xmsLiRWRsVVV, gRiLiR xqsLRi+ LRiWxms LRixqs
aRPsVVs[ @LiVVRV sxtsQRVsVVV sLRizqs C xmsjLi RVLiRV AaRP][ xmssLjiLi[ xmsj LRiNRPsVV
sWssoV 'xmssXRVV' @sRVRVLRiV (16). xmssXRVV xxqs* xmsssVVsV sWRs[V
zmsLiRssV. ssXRVV (xqsyQQxqsVV) kLRi xmsssVVsV zmsLiRssV. ryRNRPVRV yxXRNRPV
(WM, VsM, xqsVsM), sVLiRsVVNRPV ALRiLisVV[ Rs BR xmsNSLRisVVgS aRPsVV][, NRP][

NRPWTs xmsssVVsV DRLjiLiRsRVsV (17). s[RxmshRissVVsNRPV Aj RVLiRV, FyRry=RVLi


xqsLiy sLiRssVV[ JLiNSLRisVVsV DRLjiLiRssV. ]sVj N][ JLiNSLRi xmssVVsV [zqss
xmsoLRiVxtsvRV xmspLRisVVgS aRPVRVRgRiVsV (18). sVLRi ]sVj N][V zmsLis][ xmsXjdsRRQ*sVVsV,
BLiN][ ]sVj N][V zmsLis][ RRQ*sVVsV LiVVLiRVsV (19).
xmsosaRP ssN][ RV [ryLi RVsWxmsoRW` e xmsosaRP ssN][ RV yWLRiRV
sVyxmsoRW` ee 20
ANSaRP RV sWF ssN][ }mss\s e gRiLiykyLi NRPs[V\s ssN][ }mss \s ee 21
@xLiNSLRixqs R xmsosLRisN][ }mss \s e xqsxxqs sVLiR }mss sRLi aRPV][ # s[RVsWs ee 22
RRM xmsLRiLi xqs*zqsRLRiLi F s z j*M e Gs sVuRLRi aRPRN][ }mss \s xmsosM ee 23
xmss[s xmsVRxqsV aRPVRWgRi sVyxmsoRW` e
BLiN][ ]sVj N][ xmssVV [zqss][ @gji RRQ*sVVsV, BLiN][ ]sVj N][ xmssVV [zqss][
yRVVRRQ*sVVsV LiVVLiRVsV (20). BLiN][ ]sVj N][V zmsLis][ ANSaRPRRQ*sVVsV
LiVVLiRVsV. BVs[ NRPsVsVVgS ]sVj N][ ]xmsVs zmsLiRV sQQNTP gRiLiyRVsV
LiVVLiRVsV (21). BLiN][ ]sVj N][V zmsLis][ @xLiNSLRi RRQ*sVVsV LiVVLiRVsV. xms
jssVV s[LiVVryLRiV sVLiRsVVsV zmsLis sWssoRV aRPVRVRgRiVsV (22). J j*LS! A
RLRiVyR sWssoRV AR ryOSQyLRisVV N]LRiNRPV xmssVVsV N]srygjiLiRssV. C sRsVVgS
sW FsssVj N][ xmsssVVsV zmsLis sQQNTP (23) s\V aRPVR WgRisVVsV F~LiRVsV.
aRPVRWlgi[s xqsLiRVVN][ ssVQQN][ s xqsLiaRPRVM ee 24
xqsy xmss xqsy yRVs bPsLi xmssLRiWzmssV e xqssWj r sVWgki bPs Gs s xqsLiaRPRVM
ee 25
VVztsQRLi][ [syj sxqs [} xmsosLRi}ms` e xmssLi sWRXNSRVVNRPLi [} sxqs
VVztsQLRis[` ee 26

RaRPsWRXxtsQRy*j xqsLRi*Li yxqsxmnsLi [` e xmssXyyLi R sVaSLi xqsW xmsssVxtsQ[ ee


27
aRPVR WgRisVVsV F~Lijs s ssVNRPVRsV[ xqsLi[xsVV [RV (24). xmss xqs*LRiWxmsoRgRiV
bPsos xqsy ysxqsW, xmsssVVsV xqsy zmsxqsW, xqssWj RVLiRVLiRV sV Wgji bPso[
RVsV[ xqsLijRVsVV [RV (25). sVLiRsVV VVNRP VVztsQ, RLiRxqsV=, [sR ByRVsV
xqsLjiLi, @LigRiyxqs NRPLRiyxqssVVsV [zqs xmssVVsV [RVssV. @NSLSj xNSLRisVV sLRiNRPV
gRi sLRisVV][ NRPWTs xmsssVVsV Rs [xsVV sLiRV yxqssVV [zqss sQQNTP VVztsQ RVgRiVsV
(26). xmsj LRiNRPsVV sVLiR xqsLiryLRisVVV, sWRXNS yxqssVV, xtsQRR* (x[sVsj) sVVRgRiV
y][ NRPWTs xmspLRiyxqs xmnssVV yRRV F~LiRVsV. xmssXRVNRPV, xmssX ssXRVQ RV
sbPxtsQsVgRiV sssVV gRiRVxmso yLjiNTP xqsW xmsssVV @dxtsQsVV sRVsV (27).
NTPRWRF\|msM RVVNS zqsQ sy bP+sWgjisM e Ryj s# \s\ZaPQQs NRPLSRLiQ\lgiLRisWj M ee 28
NTPRVRW xmspRW RVVNRPM NTPRW Wgki NRPR[ e xmsp RVVNRPaRP sVRVN`P }LijRV
RWs*RM ee 29
xmsLRi][j LRizRxqsF Wgki NRPR[ e G\LRiVQQNRP xqs=ysNRPVR xqs=LRi* NSsWj sLjiRM ee 30
xqsy xmsxmsLSaS+Li][ xmsWgki RLi sRVM e Dxmsy\lLiM uRaRPM xmspRW bPsWgjiysV ee 31
ry[NSj NRPs[V\s aRPV][ sVVNTPLi [sLRiM e
NTPRW Wgji, RFWgji, xmsWgji @s bPsWgRiVV sVWRV sRsVVVgS sVyLRiV. xqsLixmsRsV
ssWgjiLi xmspsV [RVVRW ryuyLigRi ssVryLSj (28) NTPRW RRLRiVRgRiV NRPVRV NTPRW
Wgji RVsRVsV. xmsp[RVVRW, sVRsVVgS VLiRVy\, }LijRVsVVsV LiVVLi
(29), BRLRiVNRPV ][xsVVsV [RVV sVVRgRiV ys sRyT RVVLiRV NRPVRV RFWgji
RVsRVsV. C gRiVsVVsV NRPgji RVVLiT, GyRV N][xmssVV sLRiVLigRiNRP, NSsVs ssds
sRyT (30), aSLiR sVsxqsVQ\ xqsLRi*NSsVV RVLiRV xmssVVsV [RVV NRPVRV xmsWgji

RVsRVsV. bPsWgRiVsV uRa][xmsyLRisVV][ xmspLiRV (31) sWssoRV aRPVRV\, ry[NSj


sVVNTPs F~LiRVsV.
xmsWgRi sV][ sZOP[Q gRiRRM aRPXVR j*M ee 32
RxmsM NRPLRiVLRixmsM FN][ RVs xmsLjisWLRi[ e bPsysV ssVM xmspLRi*Li RRVLSQLi xmsLiRRRQ*NRPsV ee
33
xqsW xmssLRiWxmsLi z bPsxmsLiyORPQLRiLi j*M e xmsLiyORPQLRi }ms\ss xqsLRi* zqsjLi [sLRiM ee 34
xmss[yj xqsLiRVVNRPLi xqsy xmsLiyORPQLRiLi }ms` e gRiVLRiWxms[aRPLi xqsLigRisV xqsVy}qs xqsVWR[ ee
35
xmspLRi* xmsZOP[Q xqssWLRi NRPXxtsQ Wysj j*M e sWxmnsVLi RLi sbPxtsQLi RV
xqsLRi*NS[RsWRsVsV ee 36
J j*LS! s[sxmsoRV xmsWgRisVVsV |msRsV ssVRV (32). RxmsxqsV=sV [RVVys N]LRiNRPV
xmssVV sjLixmsTsj. xmssVV sLiRsVVsV RVT|msVsV. sVVLiRVgS 'ssV'iM DRLjiLi,
RLRiVyR RRVLki sNTP[ bPsysVsVVsV [LRigS, 'ssVbP+yRV' @sV xmsLiyORPQLji RVgRiVsV (33).
J j*LS! bPsxmsLiyORPQLji xqsW xmsssVV. xmsLiyORPQLjis zmsLiRV sWssoRV xqsLRi*zqsRVsV
F~LiRVsV (34). xqsy JLiNSLRisVV][ NRPWTs xmsLiyORPQLjis zmsLiRssV. gRiVLRiWxms[aRPsVVsV F~Lij,
RNRPs s[\|ms xqsVxqsssVV\|ms NRPWLRiVLiT zmsLiRssV (35). J j*LS ! aRPVNRP xmsORPQsVV[
ALRiLiLi, NRPXxtsQxmsaRPsVV xmspLjiRVgRiV sLRiNRPV zmsLiRssV. sW, RxmsRsVVV xmssVVsNRPV
DRsWRsVgRiV sWxqssVVV (36).
GNRPyLRiLi sVybdP RV ygRi][ sRV[LijRVM e xqs*xqs LSzmsRYLi R aRPVaRPWxtsQLi R sR aRPM
ee 37
xqsxxqs xmssW[ # s[RV][ssy VV e xmsLiyORPQLRiLi xmsLiRORPQLi }mss sVsVxqsLRis ee
38

xmsyxqssxqsLi bPsRLi gRiLigS RLiR NRPs*RsV e ysWLRiV zqsRaRPNSQ R sLSLiRLi sVgRi\M ee


39
sVXgRiLiNRP RLRiLi [sLi sLSR RVFyNRPsV e xqsysVgRix NRPLSLRiLi xqsybPs sVsVxqsLRis ee 40
xqsLixmsp sVsry xmspLRi*Li xXj y xqsWLRisVLiR[ e }msRLiyORPQLkiLi syLi Fy aRPV+R
NRPLRiNRPX` ee 41
ryRNRPVRV INRP xmsp VLiRssV. sVRsVVgS VLiRssV. sVRsVVgS sWRssV.
BLijRVsVVsV LiVVLiRssV. [aRPxmsVsosNRPV, R RLiRVNRPV sRsVV }qss [RVssV
(37). BV sRVsVsVV][ s[LiVV xmssVVsV [zqss ryRNRPVRV aRPVRVRgRiVsV. xmssVVsV [RVsyRV
VV RVgRiVsV. bPsos xqsLjixqsW xmsLiyORPQLjis HRV ORPQ xmssVV [RVssV (38).
xmsyxqsssVVsLiRVsQRVV, sVLigRisVV sRVsRVV, gRiLigRi][ RLiRNRP][ NRPWT
DsQRVV, FsRsV]R\|ms sVs aRPNTP][ sVLjiRVV g]xms xmssVR gRisVV][
sLSVRVsQRVV,
(39)
sVXgRisVVsV,
aRPWsVVsV
RLjiLisRVV,
xmsNSaRPxqs*LRiWxmso\sRVV, [RV RVLiRV sLRiR, @RV sVVRsV NRPgji DsQRVV, NRPVsV
xqsy @sVgRizLiRV xqsybPsos ysLiRssV (40). xmssyRLRisVV gRi ryRNRPVRV sVVLiRVgS
xXRRVsVV sLiRV gSs, xqsWLRi sVLiRsVV sLiRV gSs bPsos ss [zqs sWszqsNRP xmspsV
[zqs RWLRiV sVVsVVgS NRPWLRiVLiT xmsLiyORPQLki sVLiRsVVsV zmsLiRssV (41).
FyRM NRPXxtsQ RRVLRiaSLi sR NRPLRi xqssWxms R e sV[LRis[V aRPV_ [ZaP[ sRVR aRPV+R sWsxqsM ee
42
xmsLiyORPQLRixqs sVLiRxqs xqsxxqsLi y*RaRPLi }ms` e sLRi[VR xqsxmsdNSs \ZaPys \s
x[RsWs ee 43
GNRPLi gRiVLRiVsLRiLi bPxtsQLi sLRi[Vy=LisVWLjiNRPsV e CaSsLi yR xmsoLRiVxtsQ sV|mnsWLRiLi ysVs[Vs R
ee 44

xqs][RLi R xmsLi\s bPsNSs j*[RsWs e xmsp Ry xqsLiFyR bPsxmspLi


xqssWLRi[` ee 45
NRPXxtsQxmsORPQ RRVLRibP yRV (xmssVV xqssWxmsQ\sVs L][) DRRVs[V sRNRPLRisV xmspLji[xqsVNRPVs,
@LiRsVVgS aRPVsVVgS sVs xqssVV[ NRPWLRiVLiT, aRPVR\sVs GNSgRi\sVs sVsxqsV= gRiy\
(42) ryRNRPVRV xmsLiyORPQLki sVLiRsVVsV xmssLiRV s[V zmsLiRssV. LRi][ NRPWTRVVs
bPsNRPVQ\s x ZaP[xtsvsV sLRi [RVssV. bPsNRPVgRiV x[RsVV RVLiRV
CaSs, RRVLRiVxtsQ, @|mnsWLRi, ysV[s, xqs][R (44) LRiWxmssVVsV ss [RVssV.
xmspRssVVsV xqsLiFyjLi bPsxmsp yLRiLiLiRssV (45).
bPsxmspLi R sjs` NRPXy* x[sVLi xqssWLRi[` e sVVLiRLi R xqs*xqsW[ NRPXy* x[sVLi
xqssWLRi[` ee 46
R\ZaPNRPLi y aRP# \NRPLi y xqsx\|qs#NRPsVyzms y e NSzms[s xmnsVX[ \ss xRWR=Q*RVs[Vs z ee
47
NSLRi[Vs # ZN^PQ LS*xtsQuRLRiaRPRLi VRMe x[sWLi[ ROTPQ [RW gRiVL][L][sVRVsLi Ry ee
48
CaSyj xqs*LRiWFyLi rys gRiVLRiVLi ryLiLi ss R e [uyLi xms=QQNRP][ [Vs xqs*bPLRiM rys
sWRlLi[` ee 49
RVysjgS bPsxmspsV [zqs x[sVsVV yLRiLiRssV. @gjiQryxmsssVV sLRiNRPV {qs*RV gRiXx
xqsWysVryLRisVVgS [zqs, x[sVsVVsV sVVRRssV (46). ryRNRPVRV NRPzmsg][so VVNRP
s[][ xmsRN]LiRV, [NRP sW INRP , [NRP s[LiVV INRP AxRVsV ys[ CRVssV (47). [y,
bPsNRPV[ sW FsssVj AxRVsV BzmsLiRssV. x[sVsVV @LiVVs RLRiVyR
gRiVLRiVsosNRPV lLiLiRV g][sosV ROTPQdsRVssV (48). gRiVLRiVso sLiRV ryLiVs, BRLRi xV
RVLiRV CaSyRVsV ss [zqs, yLji FyRsVVsV Rs bPLRixqsV=Q\|ms RVN]sssV (49).

xtsQ LiaRP][ dlLi[xtsv xqsRry=QsxmnsLi [` e RaSLigRisVsLi [uyLi \s Ry \Q*


NTPxmspLRi*NRPsV ee 50
xmsLSVy gRiVL][M xmsd dsVaSyj NRPs[V RV e xmsLRisWs[s xqsLixmsp RVy ss sxqsLRisV ee
51
LRiVyORPQ sxqsQxmspLRi*Li R sNSxmspxms \ZNPLRiVRsV e ysLi RRM NRPXy* WLji [s sWRlLi[`
ee 52
RRxqs=LiFyLRiQ [s[aRPLi xmsLi ysR=sWxms[V` e xmsosaRPLRis[VsLi R NRPXy* sVLid # s[sLRiM
ee 53
@V [zqss ryRNRPVRV sVVxmsj RWLRiV N][ dLRisVV[ ryssVV [zqss xmnssVVsV sLis[
F~LiRVsV. RLRiVyR yLjiNTP xmsj @LigRisVV][ NRPWT [ssVVsV NTPxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS
xqssVLjiLiRssV (50). gRiVLRiVxms RVLiRV xmsLSaRPNTPs, xV RVLiRV CaSyj
HRVLRiWxmssVVsV ss [zqs, yLjis \sssVVsNRPV @sVLRiWxmssVVgS xmsLRisWssVV][ xmspLi
(51), LRiVyORPQsV, sxqsQsVVsV CRVssV. RLRiVyR sR][, @xmssVV][ NRPWTs
@ssVVsV NSNSj FyVNRPV xqssVLjiLi, RLRiVyR ryRNRPVRV xqsVxtsvgS VLiRssV (52).
RLRiVyR bPsos FyLjiLi xmssVVsV sVVgjiLiRssV. C sRsVVgS sVLiR xmsoLRiaRPLRisV [zqss
sQQNTP sVLiRzqsRs F~LiRVsV (53).
xmsosaRP xmsLiRZOP[Q xqsLRi*FyxmsORPQW #s[` e @Rj xqssWLRi xqsR[NSsj NRPsW` ee 54
xmsLiRORPQ FyRR[\ZNPaRP*LRi sVyxmsoRW` e sV[ sVXRZaP[][gSLi[ Ws R xmsN][
# s[` ee 55
xmsosaRP xmsLiRZOP[Q x rydsVxmssWxmsoRW` e xmsosaRP xmsLiRZOP[Q ryLRiW\|ms#aRP*LRi
sWxmsoRW` ee 56

AxR aRPRZOP[Q ryOSQRQx xqssW # s[` e NSLRi x GsLi z ryRVVLi xmsxmsRQ\s


ee 57
RV[xtsQLi [gRisWF RRQx xmsRWsj e
@RRV sVLRi HRV ORPQV zmsLis][ FyxmssVV sRVW sbPLiRVsV. @LiVV[zqs ORPQ ]xmsVs
zmsLis sQQNTP NRPsVsVVgS @RsVV sVVRgRiV xqsR[NRPsVV sLRiNRPV gRi (54) ARW [NRPsVV
HaRP*LRisVVsV F~LiRVsV. sVR[ sVLRiLis][, xmsLRi[NRPsVV[ [gRisVV ssVsLi, WsV
RVLiRV sLi xmsLiyORPQLjis zmsLiRVsV (55). sVLRi xmsLiRORPQV zmsLi x[NRPsVVsV
F~LiRVsV. BLiN][ @LiVVRV ORPQV zmsLis][, ryLRiWxms HaRP*LRisVVsV F~LiRVsV (56). sLRizqs N][
xmssVV [zqss yRV x][ xqssWs\sVs yRgRiVsV. @RRV NSLRix (RRVLRiV x)
VVNRP ryRVVsVVsV F~Lij (57), A x xmsRVsVVsV F~LiRVsLRiNRPV N][Ljis [gRisVVsV
@sVsLiRVsV.
xmsosM NRPLiRlLi[ sX[ xxmsoRxqs= RV[ ee 58
xmsosaRP Rxmsry kxmsM NRPsWsQQN][ sxtsQ e xmsXy*Qj NSLRiW[[ [NS\s sLjiyM NRPsW`
ee 59
Fyyj R xqsyLiRLi x[NSaRPRVLRiaRP e xqsyRWLRiQ*Li ORPQsWLiRLi \s sxtsv[NSaRPRVLRiaRP
ee 60
ORPQsW[ZNP[ NSLRisxtsv\lLiQQ*NRPVLilhi[ sLRixmsRs[ e NSLRi OSQQ sV[gji LRiOSQLi NRPXy*sjxtsQ ee 61
RRWLRiQ*gSaRP aRPVRLiy [NSuysLiaRPM zqsyM e
sVLjiVVNRP NRPsVV ALRiLisVV NSgSs[ ARRV xxmsoRV\ sLiRVsV (58). ARRV sVLRi
RxmsxqsV= [ xmsNSbPLi, NRPsVsVVgS sVVNRPVRgRiVsV. xmsXjs sVVRgRiV NSLRiWRsVV sVLiT
NRPsVsVVgS (59) FyysVV sVVRV xqsR[NRPsVV sLRiNRPV gRi xmsRVyV x[NRPsVVV
sLjiLixmsTss. xqsR[NRPsVV \|mss ORPQsW[NRPsVV[ ZaP[xtsQxmssVgRiV \sNRPVLihRisVV sLiRV NSLRi

sxtsvso NSLRi OTPQ ][ gRiWT AjZaP[xtsvs\|ms aRPRVsLi LRiOTPQLiRVRVLiRVsV (61). ys\|mss


aRPV[NRPsVV sLRiNRPV BLRi\s FsssVj [NRPsVVV gRiso.
aRPV_ [ZNP[ RV\ZNP}qs LRiV][ \s WRxX` zqsRM ee 62
xtsQRVRLSaRP xmsLiyaRPRzLiryLiyxqsRWLRiQ*gSM e @zLiry[ NRPsWryRV s\ZNPxqsZNP[ xmsolLi[ ee 63
NSlLi[aRP*LRizqsL][ sLi xqsLS*s NRPXy*j ztsQ e RRLi[ NSRNRPLi z NSdRxqsRM xmsLRisV ee 64
bPs[yjztsQRxqsR NSaRPZNP[aRP*LSx*RVM e sWzxtsQLi RLRisWryRV xqsLS*s NS[s RVVLi ee
65
aRPV[NRPsVV[s \ZNPxqssVV[ FyVsV xqsLizLjiLi[ LRiVRVRV DLiRVsV (62). ys\|mss
@zLiry[NRPsVV sLRiNRPV GjRWLRiV [NRPsVVV gRiso. @zLiry[NRPsVV[s s
\ZNPxqsxmsoLRisVVsV (63), xqsLRi*FyVsV L][yssVV [RVV NSlLi[aRP*LRiVRV @jztsQLi RVVLiRVsV.
@zLiry [NRPsVVsNRPV @LiRsVV[ NSRNRPsVV gRiRV. ys\|mss NSdR [NRPsVV gRiRV (64).
yss bPsoRV @jztsQLi RVVLiRVsV. @R RZNP[aRP*LRiVRsV NSVRV sVzxtsQ yxyLRiWRV\,
RLRiRsVVgS xqsLRiV*sV NSsVVsVNRPV @ksVsV [RVVsV (65).
yss}aRP*LRiM FNRPzqsL][yrys[s z e RRLS*N`P NRPLRi[g][ z RRWLRiQ*Li s[gRiNRPsV ee
66
RRLS*N`P NRPLRi sWRW z ssWRW RRWLRiQ*NRPsV e sW OUPQ M NRPLRi[g][\s RW sW[V
NRPR[ ee 67
sW OUPQ L`i s [g][\s RW NRPR[ e RRWLRiQ*Li sR[g][ z RRLS* saRP*LRiLi sRVM ee 68
RRLS*N`P R L][ysLi RRWLRiQ*Li s L][RssV e RRLS*N`P FyaRPLi][ z RRWLRiQ*Li sz
LiRssV ee 69

sV}aRP*LRiVRV BLiRsLRiNRPV sWRs[V L][yssVVsV [RVVsV. ks NTPLiR NRPLRis [gRisVV,


ks\|mss s s AsLiRsVV gRiso (66). ks NTPLiR NRPLRi sWRV, ks\|mss s sWRV
gRiso. 'sW' @sgS NRPLRi[gRi LRiWxmsOTPQ NRPLRi[gRisVVsV NRPLjiF~LiRVsV @sV RVVLRisVV[
sWRVW @sRVsV (67). 'sW' @sgS ysLiRLRiWxmssVgRiV OTPQ ysLiRsVVsV s
F~LiRVsV @sV @LRisVV[ sWRW @sRVsV. @zLiry[NRPsVVsNRPV \|mss aSaRP*ysLiRsVV, ys
NTPLiR sbPLi[ [gRisVVV DLiRVsV (68). ys NTPLiR DLi[ L][yssVV ys\|mss DLiRRV. ys
NTPLiR xqsLiryLRiLiRsVV gRiRV. ys\|mss LiRsVV [RV (69).
RRLS*N`P xmsLjisLRiLi[ NSsVNRPLSsV ryLjiM e suysV NRPLRi[gRixqsV RRWLRiQ*Li xmsLjiNUPLjiRM ee 70
RRLS*N`P xmsLjisLRiLi[ LiRV xmsp xmsLSRVM e RRWLRiQ*Li z sLi[s suysW
LigRixmspNSM ee 71
RRLS*N`P xmsLjisLRiLi[ bPys xqsVLRixmspNSM e bP\sNRP sLRiy [V R RRWLRiQ*Li xqsLixmsRWLi [ ee 72
RRLS*gkis N][ ry=QRRWLRiQ*Li xmsLRiN][NSM e ryLiryLjiNS xqsRLS*NRP sVVNSM V RRWLRiQ*gSM ee
73
RRLS*NRPLji sLRiLi[ FyNRPXR RsxmspNSM e RRWLRiQ*Li z sLi[[ FLRiVxtsQ Rs xmspNSM ee
74
NSsV NRPLRisV [RVVyLRiV ysNTP NTPLij [NRPsVV[ LRiVgSRVRVLiRVLRiV. suysV
NRPLSsVuysxmsLRiVV ys\|ms [NRPsVV[ AsLiRsVV ssVsLiRVLRiV (70). LiRV xmspRVLiRV
sxtsQ gRiyLRiV ys NTPLiR LRiVgSRVRVLRiV. suysVsVVgS LigRixmsp [RVVyLRiV ys\|ms
[NRPsVVsV saRPRVsVVgS F~LiRLRiV (71). bPsos NRPLi sQQ\sVs [sRsV xmspLiRVyLRiV
ys NTPLiR [NRPsVV[ LRiVgSRVRVLRiV. bPsos RVLiRV sWRs[V sxtsQ gRiyLRiV ys\|ms
[NRPsVVsV F~LiRLRiV (72). ys NTPLiR sN][, ys\|mss CaRP*LRiN][ DLiRVsV.
xqsLiryLRiRVV ys NTPLiR, sVVNRPVV ys\|mss DLiRVLRiV (73). FyNRPXR RssVV][

xmspLiRVyLRiV ys NTPLiR LRiVgSRVRVLRiV. xmsoLRiVxtsQ RssVV][ xmspLiRVyLRiV ys\|ms


[NRPsVVsV F~LiRLRiV (74).
RRLS*N`P aRPNTP LigRiLi RV bPsLigRiLi RRWLRiQ*NRPsV e RRLS*gSsXRLi LigRiLi RRWLRiQ*Li z
sLSsX ee 75
RRLS*N`P NRPRLi LigRiLi RRWLRiQ*Li \s sNRPRsV e RRLS*N`P x gRiLi ryRLiRLRiLigRiLi
RRWLRiQ*NRPsV ee 76
RRLS*NRPQ NTP [NS z aRPRLi \s y*RaSjNRPsV e RRLS*gjiLiRVLRiWxmsLi z yR LRiWxmsLi
RRVRLRisV ee 77
RRLS*NRPLRi[NRPxqsV RRWLRiQ*Li s[NRPNRPM e ssVryLRixqsRWLRiQ*Li z sVyxLiNSLRiyaRPsM ee 78
sLi L][ysLi s ysztsQyR[ B e s aRPLRi GsLi z L][ ys syLRi` ee 79
ysNTP NTPLiR aRPNTP LigRisVV, ys\|mss bPsLigRisVV, ys NTPLiR AsXR (xqsVRVV Ljigjis )
LigRisVV, ys\|mss AsX[s LigRisVV (75) , ys NTPLiR NRPR (LigSNSLRi sxqsVso sLiRV)
LigRisVV, ys\|mss NRPRsVV NSs (xqs*RVLiV) LigRisVV, ys NTPLiR x LigRisVV, ys\|mss
ALiRLRi (syLRiWxms\sV) LigRisVV DLiRVsV (76). ys NTPLiR sW xmssLiRV aRPNTP[NRPsVVVgRi
gRiso. ys NTPLiR LiRVLRiWxmssVV, ys\|mss yRLRiWxmssVV (77), ys NTPLiR NRPLRixmns LRiWxmssVgRiV
[NRPsVVV, ys\|mss s gRisVsVgRiV [NRPsVV gRiso. gRiLRi*sVVsV, @xLiNSLRisVVsV sbPLixms[RVV
ssVryLRisVV ys\|ms [NRPsVVsV F~LijLiRVsV (78). s sVLiT xmsos L][yssVV ys
RVLiRV [RV. L][yssVVsV s}tsQjLiRs[ @zLiry [NRPsVVsNRPV \|ms ryssVVsV F~LiR aRPNRPsVV
NSRV. s aRPsVVsNRPV L][yssVVsV ]gjiLiRVsj @s RVLRisVV (79).
RRLS*N`P xmsLjisLRiLi[ j NRP xmspNSM e AyNSLRiNS Gs RRWLRiQ*Li xqsLixmsRWLi \s ee
80
ys\Q*s[j gRiLi Rs[NSR LigRiZNP[ e xmsNRPXyRxtsQ Li][zms s[RLi[ xqsLixmsztsQRM ee 81

@xqsRaS aRPV\ZaPQQs zLiry \yR sLRiQX e @xqsyj RRVuyRM xqsLS*LiaRPM NSsVLRiWxmsRXN`P ee


82
yzqsNRP RORPVLRiVxqs=Lig][ s[R x R*s xqs=y e N][RaRPXLigRiM NRPXxtsQ sL][ sVsVzxtsQ s[xtsQys
ee 83
@RLRi sVzuyLRiWRLi NSRNRPLi RLRiLi[ e xqsyj RLRiRVVNS [V bPsxmsp xmsLSaRP [V ee
84
xsVgRiV @LRis [RVVyLRiV @zLiry[NRPsVVsNRPV NTPLiR LRiVgSRVRVLiRVLRiV. NSs
xXRRVsVV sLiRV bPsos @LjiLiRVyLRiV ys NRPLi ELRiQ*[NRPsVVsV F~LiRLRiV (80).
sV[NRPsVV][ NRPWTs LiRsVV LigSNSLRisVVs sVsj. NSLRi gRiRV[s [NRPsVVV A
LigRisVV VVNRP s[j (FysxmssVV) sLRiNRPV yzmsLiRVVss. @LiRsLRiNRPV RsoV DLiRVLRiV
(81). @xqsRsVV, @aRPV, zLixqs, sLRiRV @sV yV FyRsVVV NRPsRVV, N][Ljis LRiWxmssVVsV
RLjiLiRVsRVV (82), yzqsNRPR[V s[RsVVVgS NRPsRVV, RVxtsQ xqsLigRisVV][ xqsLS*y
s[RsLRiVRsVVgS aRPLiRVsRVV, N][Rs[V aRPXLigRisVVVgS NRPgjisRVV, ss LRiLigRiV gRi
saS\sVs (83) @RLRi sVzxtsQsVVsV @jztsQLi RVVs NSRNRPsVVsV, xqsRsVV sVVRgRiV
RLRisVVsV FyxqsW bPsos xmspLiRV[ RRLRiVgRiV NRPVV sWRs[V RLjiLiRLRiV (84).
RRWLRiQ*Li sXxtsQ[ RL][ xRLRi xqs*LRiWxmsRXN`P e xqsyj FyRRVVNRPxqsV bPs[NSgRiRM zqsRM
ee 85
ORPQsW aRPXLigRiM aRPsVM a][][ s[R R*s sWztsQRM e AzqsNRP RORPV LjiaS+Q*xqs gRiVLRiV Vj sVy sXxtsQM
ee 86
NTPRWj sXxtsQ [RWM NSLRijxtsv xqsLRi*y e RLi NTPRWsXxtsQLi RLRiLi NSd][sj xtsQ ee
87
x sxtsv sV}aSyLi xqs*ry*RVVLjissVVR[ e RRWLRiQ*Li s jsLi LS LRi s
sVLRijNRPsV ee 88

NSRNRPsVVsNRPV \|mss RLRisXxtsQsVV NRPRV. xRLRis[V ys xqs*LRiWxmssVV. xqsR, afR,


@zLiry, RRVV @sV yV FyRsVVV gRi A RLRi sXxtsQsVV bPs[NRPsVVsNRPV FsRV
sT RVVLiRVsV (85). ysNTP ORPQsV[V N]sVV. aRPsVsVV (BLijRVsgRisVV) a][RsVV. @j
s[RR*s][ xmsNSbPLiRVRsj. AzqsNRPs[V ys s[RsVV. g]xms Vj[V ys saS+Q*xqssVV (86).
NTPRW LRiWxmssVgRiV sXxtsQsVVV xqsy NSLRisVV RVLiRV xmsztsQRsVV\ RVVLiRVsV. A NTPRW
LRiWxmssVgRiV RLRisXxtsQsVVsV NSdRVRgRiV bPsoRV @jztsQLiRVsV (87). x sxtsv
sV}aRP*LRiV (NSLRi) ARVVLSRVsVVNRPV jssVs }msLRiV. A NS RNRPsVV\|mss jssVV, LS,
s, sVLRisVV sVVR\ss [so (88).
xmsosM NSLRi xqsyLiyM NSLRi xxqsy e gRiLiyj xqsV W[xqsRWLRiQ*Li sLjiyxqs=y ee
89
xqsWORPQ gRiLiR xqs*LRiWFy z zqsy [NSaRPRVLRiaRP e xmsosM NSLRi su\lLiQQ* zqsy [NSaRPRVLRiaRP ee 90
xmsosM NSLRi LRiVRxqs [NSuy sLiaRPNS sVyM e xmsosaRP NSLRi[aRPxqs xtsQLiyaRPR RWLRiQ*gSM ee 91
RRM xmsLRiLi xRLRi [NSLi bPsxqsLisVR` e R\Qs s\ZNP}qs xmsLiysLRi xqsLiRVV[ ee 92
xmsLiRsVLiR xqsLiRVVNRPLi xmsLiR x NRPs*RsV e AjaRPNTP xqssWRVVNRP sWj LigRiLi RV RR
\s ee 93
sVLRi NSLRi xqsR[NRPsVV sLRiNRPV NSLRi x VVNRP [NRPsVVV gRiso. Bs gRiLiyj WR
RyR sVLiT sLjiLixmsT NSRNRPsVVsNRPV \|mss gRiso (89). ds xqsLi xmsRVyVgRiV.
sVLjiRVV, NSLRi sxtsvso VVNRP [NRPsVVV xmsRVyVgRiV (90), NSLRi LRiVRVs [NRPsVVV BLRi\s
FsssVj, yNTP \|mss NSLRi CaSsVs [NRPsVVV G\ ALRiV gRiso (91). A \|mss bPsosNRPV
zmsRV\sVs xRLRi[NRPsVV gRiRV. @Rs[ @LiVVRV FyNSLRisVV][ NRPWTs s\ZNPxqssVV
sLiRV (92), @LiVVRV sVLiRsVV][, @LiVVRV xNRP][, AjaRPNTP][ NRPWTRVVs
AjLigRisVV gRiRV (93).
bPyRVLi sVRLi FNRPLi bPsxqs xmsLRisWRsM e xmsLRiaRPNSQ xqssWRVVNRPxqsQ\Qs xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiM ee 94

xqsXztsQM zqsaRP xqsLiLRizqsL][ [%xmssVgRixM e xmsLiRNRPXR xmsds[%r xqsysLiR sgRixM


ee 95
ysLi RLRi xqs=y RVxqs xqsysVgRixRRLRiM e xqssWyxqss sW{qssM ry*yLSsW sLS[
ee 96
Rxqs xqsLiRLRi+sLi ryRLi NRPLRiyyj M NRPsW` e syj NRPLRiRV ysNRPLRi sVLRis[`
ee 97
NTPRWj bPsNRPLRiM bPysLi xmsryR[V` e RRLRi+s gRiyxqs=lLi[* sVVNS Gs s xqsLiaRPRVM ee 98
xmsLRisWR RVgRiV bPsoRV sLS[ bPyRVsVV Bj[V. xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV xmsLSaRPNTP][ gRiWT BRs[
RVVLiRVsV (94). xqsysLiRLRiWxmsoRgRiV bPsoRV xqsXztsQ, zqs, xqsLiLRi, L][ys,
@sVgRixsVVs[ HRV gRiyLRisVVsV sLRi*zLiRV[ xqssVLRiVRV (95). xqsLRi*NSsVV[
NRPVsV @sVgRizLiRV RVLiRV RRLRiV\s A bPsos sR RLRisVV yssVV. ARVs
xqssWj WgRisVgRiV AxqsssVV sLiRV Dxmssxtsv\ AyLSsVV\ xmsNSbPLiRVsV (96). sR
NRPLSsVuyssVV, yssVV sVVRgRiV y @xqssVV ss NRPsVsVVgS @ bPsos RLji+LiRV
xqsLiss[V. NSsos, sWssoR bPyLSRy RRLRiVRV NSssV (97). xmsp sVVRgRiV
bPsxqsLiLij NRPLRi ssVztsQLi, sWssoR bPsssVVsV ryjLiRssV. bPsos NRPXFyRXztsQNTP
FyRV\s yLRiLiRLRiV sWORPQsVVsV F~LiRLRisV[ xqsLijRVsVV [RV (98).
sVVNTP LSR xqs*LRiW}ms ry*yLSsVRs[Vs z e NTPRWRF xms s ys RlLi[xtsv xqsVzqsRM ee
99
bPxqs RLRi+sLi * ry*yLS sVR*s[Vs z e RVy LRisxqs=Q* NTPLRi RaRPVj sVxmss[xtsQ ee 100
NRPXFy sRORPQ aRP+LiVLRis sVss[xtsQ e @s sssXf RV bPssLi xmssLRi[ ee 101
bPsyR=Q* xqs*LRiWxms sWy LSsVR*s[VxtsQ e AyLSsVR* xqsLizqs_ NRPXRNRPX][ # s[sLRiM
ee 102

sVVNTP RVsgS ARLRiWxmso\, AyLSsVV\ DLiRV[V. NRPLRiV, RxmsxqsV=, xmssVV,


ry*yRVsVV, yssVV @sV RLRisVVsV aRPRgS ARLjiLiRV ryRNRPVRV (99). bPsos
RLRi+ssVVsV, AyLSsVR*sVVsV F~LiRVsV. xqsWLRiVRV Rs NTPLRisVV[ @aRPVs ]gjiLiRV
dLRiVs (100), bPsoRV Rs RRW RXztsQ][ @ssVVsV ]gjiLiRVsV. @ssVV ]gRigSs[
bPsssVV xmssLjiVsV (101). ryRNRPVRV bPsssVV ss xqs*xqs*LRiWxmssVVsV,
AyLSsVR*sVVsV F~LiRVsV. AR RVLiRV LRisVLiRV s NRPXyLRiVRgRiVsV (102).
xmsosaRP aRPRZOP[Q xM xmsRsWxmsoRW` e xmsosaRP aRPRZOP[Q suM xmsRsVyxmsoRW` ee 103
xmsosaRP aRPRZOP[Q LRiVRxqs xmsRsWxmsoRW` e xmsosaRP aRPRZOP[Q HaRP*LRiLi xmsRsWxmsoRW` ee 104
xmsos\ZaPQQsLi s[\ss }mss xqsVxqssWzRM e bPs[NSj WRLi z NSRNRPsWyxmsoRW` ee 105
xmsLiyORPQLjis N][ xmssVV [zqss sWssoRV x[NRPsVVsV, sVLjiVVNRP N][ [zqss][
sxtsv[NRPsVVsV (103), sVLjiVVNRP N][ [zqss][ LRiVR[NRPsVVsV, BLiN]NRP N][ [zqss][
CaRP*LRi[NRPsVVsV F~LiRVsV (104). B[ sRsVVgS GNSgRisVgRiV sVsxqsV=][ BLiNRPsW xmssVV
[zqss sWssoRV bPs[NRPsVVsNRPV Aj RVLiRVLiRV NSRNRPsVVsV F~LiRVsV (105).
NSRNRPLi xmsLiR RNRPs[V\ZNPZNP[s NRPsWRlLi[ e xqsXztsQsWx xRNRPLi [gRisW x RV\sxtsQssV ee
106
N][xmssWx L_RRNRPLi sVLi \aRP*LRiLi sRVM e bPsRNRPLi ssWx xmsLiRRNRPLi sRVLRiVyM
ee 107
xmsosaRP RaRPN][[ z NSLRi xM xmsRsV e xmsosaRP RaRPN][z RRQ\aRP*LRi sWxmsoRW`
ee 108
GsLi NRPs[V suy*[M xmsRLi * sVxxqsM e NRPs[V RRQ\aRP*LRiLi * \s sVRsM ee
109
aRPRN][ sVsVLi FyQ* xmsLi][RLRisVRLi jRM e bPs[NRP sVyF xmsLiRsWsLRiRzM ee 110

NSRNRPsVV sLiRV INRPys\|mss sVLjiVVNRP ]xmsVs @LiVVRV RNRPsVVV gRiso. xqsXztsQ


sWxsVVV xRNRPsVV, [gRisWxsVVV sxtsv RNRPsVV (106), N][xms sWxsVVV
LRiVRRNRPsVV, xqsLiryLRisVV[ LRiVgSRV CaRP*LRi RNRPsVV, ssWxsVVV bPsRNRPsVV sLRizqs
@LiVVRV RNRPsVVs xmsLiTRVV |msRLRiV (107).
xmsLiyORPQLjis xmsjN][V zmsLis][ NSLRi[aRP*LRi [NRPsVVsV F~LiRVsV (108). NRPVRV B[ dLRiVs
NRPsVsVVgS sV sxtsvryssVVsV, sV}aSsVs ryssVVsV F~LiRVsV (109). xmsLiyORPQLki
sVLiRsVVsV aRPR][ sW @LiVVRV N][V xmssVV [zqss NRPVRV bPs[NRPsVV[s @LiVVRs
FyNSLRisVVsNRPV RV sVLiRV ryssVVsV F~LiRVsV (110).
LSRLi sVLiRxmsLi RR sLik xqsLiryssVVRsVsV e RF LRiWxmsaRP sXxtsQxqsQ\Qs xmsLjiRXaRP[ ee
111
xqs][Rxqs R`rysLi xmsLiRsWsLRiLi xmsLRisV e ysV[sxqs R rysLi RRVLSsLRiLi xmsosM ee
112
@|mnsWLRisRVLi xmsaS` RXdRWsLRiLi xmsLRisV e xmsoLRiVxtsQ\|qs#s ryLixqs j*dRWsLRiLi
aRPVsV ee 113
CaSsxqs xmsLRi\|qs#s xmssWsLRiLi RRM e ys RLRixqs R rysLi xmsLiRsVLi sVLiRxmsLi RRM ee
114
yRxqs xqsLirysLi RR xmspLSsVXRxmsRsV e RRVLRiLi sVLiRxmsLi xmsaS RLiRZaP[LRi sVWLji
sV` ee 115
@R ZaP[xtsQ\sVs sLiT sVLiRxmssVV gRiRV. @j[V sLikaRP*LRiVs ryssVV. RFLRiWxmssVgRiV
sXxtsQsVV @Rs[ RVVLiRVsV (111). A ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV HRs FyNSLRisVV xqs][RVs ryssVV.
ys FyNSLRisVV ysV[sos ryssVV (112). ys RLRiVyR sVLi[ sVWRs FyNSLRisVV
ryLiVsj (113). RLRiVyR sVLi[ sVVR FyNSLRisVV CaSs[sosj. @R sVLiRV @LiVVRs

sVLiRxmssVV ysRLRiVs ryssVV (114). xmspLRisVgRiV AsLiRsVV sRV ys sVLiRxmssVV


yRVsj. ys RVLiRV RLiRZaP[LRiVs sVWLji gRiRV (115).
rsVxqsLiRxqs R rysLi RXdRVLi sVLiRxmsLi xmsLRisV e j*dRVLi sVLiRxmsLi sXRLi sVLiRxmsLi
FyxLSzqsNSM ee 116
xmsRsVLi sVWsWRWRWM rysLi R\Qs a][ssV e RRM xmsLRiLi gRiLRigRiXxLi LigRirysLi xmsLRiLi
aRPVsV ee 117
sLij xqsLirysRM xmsaSs sRVbP+s \sssV e sLikaRP*L][ zzqsxtsQ sLiyORPQLRisVVFyxqs[ ee 118
GsLi gRiVLRiVNRPsWLi sLikaSR sVRW xmsosM e RRM xmsLRiLi xqs* xqsLis[RLi bPs[\sysV sRsV
ee 119
bPsxqs NRPXxmsRW ryOSQ s[NRPxqs \sssV e sRVLi aRPNRP[ xqs\lLiQQ*LSs[yxLSzqsNSM ee
120
sVWRs ZaP[xtsQ sVLiRxmssVV rsVxqsLiRVs ryssVV. lLiLiRs sVLiRxmssVV sXRsVLiRxmssVs
AzqsNRPVV xmsVRVLRiV (116). @Rs[ Ds @LiR\sVs sVVR sVLiRxmssVV sVW sWRV VVNRP
ryssVV. ys RLRiVyR sVLigRi NRPLRisVgRiV gRiLRigRiXxsVV gRiRV. ys RVLiRV bPsLigRisVV
gRiRV (117). sLikaRP*LRiVs ryssVV RLRiVyR DLi[ bPsos \sssVV Fs\sQ*Lji\ZNPssW RVRV.
sLikaRP*LRiVRV RV NRPWLRiVLiT xmsLiyORPQLjis DFyxqss [RVVsV (118). C ssVV sLikaRP*LRiVs
sVLiT sW gRiVLRiVsosNRPV, ARVs sVLiT yNRPV xqsLiNRPsVLisj. C \sssVV bPsosNRPV sWRs[V
RVVsV. @j bPsos[ sWRs[V @sVsLixmsRVsV (119). bPsos RRV Ds][ bPs[NRPsVV
VVNRP \sssVV FssLji\ZNPssW RVV xqsLissVgRiVss AzqsNRPVV |msRLRiV (120).
GsLi NRPs[V sVVNS xqsV=QLSQx \s [LijRWM e @s[uyLi R NRPsVLi sZOP[Q gRiRRM
aRPXVyRLS` ee 121

gRiVLRiWxms[aSxmsLi \s xyLi ssWLisRNRPsV e xmsLiyORPQLRiLi xmsLiRORPQ sWRVVxtsQLi


xms}msj*jM ee 122
{qsQ y*xms sRVyLRiLi RV xmsLiRORPQLi }msRVsM e sVLi[ xmsoLRiVu Wy* NRPsWsVQQN][
# s[RVRM ee 123
ORPQ RVM xmsLiRZOP[Q ORPQ RR* sVxmss[xtsQ e xmsosaRP xmsLiRZOP[Q ORPQ W x[ # s[` ee
124
[LijRVVgRiV xVV C dLRiVs NRPsVsVVgS sWORPQsVVsV F~LiRLRiV. BRLRiVV
sWORPQsVVsV F~LiRV NRPsVsVVsV NRPWR |msRsV. aRPR][ ssVRV (121). x {qsQV
gRiVLRiWxms[aRPsVVsV F~Lij, 'ssVM'][ @LiRsVgRiV sRsVVgS xmsLiyORPQLjis zmsLiRssV @s sj.
@LiVVRV ORPQV xmsLiyORPQLjis zmsLis VVR ARVVxt<sv LiRVsV (122). sVLRi BLiN][ @LiVVRV
ORPQV zmsLis][, sVLRiVs[ {qsQR*sVV ]gji xmsoLRiVxtsv\, ss[NTP\V, NRPsVsVVgS sVVNTPs
F~LiRVsV (123). ORPQ RVVRV @LiVVRV ORPQV zmsLis][, ORPQ RVR*sVVsV sRyT, sVLRi
HRV ORPQV zmsLis][ xVRgRiVsV (124).
sVLiR zqsj LRiFy\Qs NRPsWsVQQN][ #s[sLRiM e \saRPxqsV xmsLiRZOP[Q \saRPR* sVxmss[ xtsQ ee 125
xmsosaRP xmsLiRZOP[Q sVLiR ORPQ RV DR[ e xmsosaRP xmsLiRZOP[Q ORPQRQR*sVxmss[xtsQ ee 126
xmsosaRP xmsLiRZOP[Q sVLiR DR[ e aRPWR\ZaPQQs ssWLi[s xmsLiRsaRPLi ORPQRM ee 127
sVLiR sxmsR* sWxmsR xmsaSRW][ # s[j*M e yLki yR sL][ yR x[ yss Gs
y ee 128
ssWLiRLi y ssVM xmspLRi*sWRLRiV xqs=LRi*y }ms` e
sWssoRV xmssVVsV [RVV ss sVLiRzqsjs F~Lij NRPsVsVVgS sVVNRPVRgRiVsV. \saRPVRV
@LiVVRV ORPQ xmssVV [zqss][, \saRPR*sVV ]gRiVsV (125). sVLRi @LiVVRV ORPQV zmsLis][
sVLiR ORPQ RVVRsRVsV. sVLRi BLiN]NRP @LiVVRV ORPQV zmsLis][ ORPQ RVR*sVV ]gRiVsV

(126). sVLRi @LiVVRV ORPQV zmsLis][ sVLiR xVRsRVsV. aRPWRVRV NRPWR BLRi\s
@LiVVRV ORPQ xmsLiyORPQLjis 'ssV'iM @LiRsVgRiVsV zmsLis][ (127), sVLiR xR*sVVsV
F~Lij, RLRiVyR xVRgRiVsV. {qsQ gSs xmsoLRiVxtsvRV gSs xVRV gSs, BRLRiVRV gSs
(128), 'ssVM'@LiRsVV sLiRV gSs, sVVLiRV gSs DLiRVsV xmsLiyORPQLjis aRPR][ xqsLRi*NSsVV
RVLiRV zmsLiRssV..
ryRNRPM xmsLiROSQLi[ bPs{msRLRis[Vs z ee 129
sV}tsQNRPLi \ss[RLi NRPXy* NSLiaRP xmsp[V` e xmspRW bPsNRPxqs bPsM {msRRL][ # s[` ee
130
bPsxqs bPsNRPxqs [][ yzqs bP[ z xqsM e bPsxqs*LRiWxms sVLiRxqs yLRis Gs z ee 131
bPsNRP aRPLkilLi[ z bPs[ RRLRisW # s[` e bPsNSM NTPRWxqs=LS* s[R xqsLRi*NTPRWLi sRVM ee 132
RWsys sLi sVLiRLi [Vs xmsLi # s[` NRPsW` e ys\Q* bPsrysRLi Rzqss [}
s xqsLiaRPRVM ee 133
ryRNRPVRV bPsos {ms N]LRiNRPV sWRs[V @LiVVRV ORPQ xmssVVsV xmspLji [zqs (129),
sV}tsQNRPsVVsV, \ss[RsVVsV [zqs, NRPVsV xmspLiRssV. bPsNRPVs xmspLis][, bPsoRV
sVNTP xqsLiRzqsLiRVsV (130). bPsosNRPV, bPsNRPVsNRPV [y [RV. bPsNRPVRV bPsos xqs*LRiWxmssVgRiV
sVLiRsVVsV zmsLiRV ss bPso[ RVgRiVsV (131). bPsNRPVs aRPLkiLRisVV[ bPsoRV DLiRVsV.
NSs, bPsNRPVs aRPR][ ALSjLiRssV. bPsNRPVNRPV NTPNRP, \sjNRP NTPRVsRVW RsVV[
(132). NRPVRV FsLiR @jNRPsVVgS bPssVLiRsVVsV zmsLiRV[, @LiR @jNRPsVVgS @Rs
[xsVV[ bPsos xqssj DLiRVssV[ xqsLijRVsVV [RV (133).
[dsLigRiLi # s[RWxmsLi bPsNTP zqsQRVxqsy e RWssLiRLi }ms [yrysy=sRsVzqs z ee
134

bPsLi xqsLixmsp[VksWs=Q*RVLi \s bPsLRiWxmsN`P e xqs*RVLi \s bP[ Wy* xmsLSLi aRPNTPLi


xmsxmsp[V` ee 135
aRPNTPLi [LRiLi R LigRiLi R [ sWRVRW RV[` e bPsLigRiLi bPsLi sVy* ry*ysLi
aRPNTPLRiWxmsNRPsV ee 136
bPsLigRiLi yRLRiWxmsLi LiRVLRiWxmsLi RV aRPNTPNRPsV e Dxmsxmsys s[s @[sxqsNRP LigRiNRPsV ee 137
xmsp[VR bPsLi aRPNTPLi xqs bP[ sVWsy` e
bPsNRPVLSgRiV {qsQ [ds xqs*LRiWxms RVgRiVsV. AsV FsLiR @jNRPsVVgS bPssVLiRsVVsV zmsLiRV[,
AsV RVLiRV [dsrysRsVV @LiR @jNRPsVVgS sVLiRVsV (134). VjsVLiRVRV xqs*RVsVVgS
bPsLRiWxmso\ bPsos xmspLiRssV. NRPVRV RssV ysV bPsosgS ss [zqs xmsLSaRPNTPs
xmspLiRssV (135). [ss, bPsos sVWLjis, LigRisVVsV, sVLjiRVV bPsos RxmssVVsV
sxtsQxms ss][ ALSjLiRssV. NRPVRV RssV aRPNTPLRiWxmssVVgS ss [zqs, bPsLigRisVV
sLiRV bPsos xmspLiRssV (136). bPsLigRisVV yRLRiWxmssVV. aRPNTP LiRVLRiWxmssVV. bPsaRPNRPVV
lLiLiRV, xmsLRixqsLRisVV xmsys, gRiV (@xmsys) ssVV][ NRPzqs RVVLiRVLRiV (137). BV bPsos,
aRPNTPs xmsoLiRV NRPVRV, sVWsVVsV ss [RVV ss, bPsxqs*LRiWxmsoRgRiVsV.
bPsNSs bPssVLiR LRiWxmsNSs bPsLRiWxmsNSs ee 138
uR\ZaPLRiVxmsy\lLiaRP xmsp[V jxtsQsWxmsoRW` e [Vs aRPVaRPWxtsQ\QaRP bPsNRPxqs LigjisM ee
139
AsLiRLi s[V j*y*s bPsM {msRRL][ # s[` e bPsNSs xqsxmsdNSs xmsyQQ xqsx
xqssWRLS` ee 140
xmsp[V ][y\QaRP xmsLiR y RaRP y aRPRLRisV e Rs[ [} R sVLi[ R syRW
sVsLiRNRPM ee 141
bPsaRPNTP xqs*LRiW}ms s xmsosLSRV[ Vse

bPssVLiR ss[ bPsxqs*LRiWxmso\s bPsNRPVsV (138), uRa][xmsyLRisVV][ xmspLiRV NRPVRV


@dxtsQsVVsV F~LiRVsV. sy*LixqsVRV bPsxqs*LRiWxmsoRgRiV bPsNRPVsNRPV aRPVaRPWxtsQ [zqs (139),
AsLiRsVVsV NRPgjiLiRssV. @V [RVV ss bPsoRV sVNTP xqsLiRzqsLiRVsV. NRPVRV
LRi][ gRiWT LSxqss[VRVgRiV bPsNRPVsV ARsVLRisVV][ (140), @LiVVRVgRiVLjis, gSs,
xmsjsVLijs gSs, [NRP sLiRsVLijs gSs [yRV][ xmspLiRssV. RssVV[ gSs,
NSRVNRPxtsQsVV[ gSs, sVLiRsVV[ gSs, ss RVLiRV gSs [V LSdsRVNRPWRRV (141). @
NRPVRV bPsaRPNTP xqs*LRiWxmso\ W[NRPsVV sLiRV sVLRi sLiRRV.
y[LRi][ x gRisWNRPLihRiLi sxtsvgRiNRPsV ee 142
sVVLi LigRisV FNRPLi bPsNRP aRPLkiLRiNRPsV e sVXys yj RVVNSy* yj LRizysQXys
ee 143
DjaRP xmsp[V yj zmsRLRiLi bPss[Vs z e xmspLi NRPXy*j sWRVaRP bPsNSLiaRP xmsp[V`
ee 144
zmsRX[NRPLi xqssWryR NRPsWsVQQN][ #s[sQXRM e
bPsNRPVs aRPLkiLRisVV[ FyRsVV sVLiT y sLRiNRPV xgRisVsRVV, y sVLiT NRPLihRisVV
sNRPLRiV sxtsvgRisVsRVV (142), sVVsVV LigRisVsRVV xmsTsj. sVLRiLis ys
[xsVVsV RzLiy, [NRP syRVsV [zqsy (143), @j zmsR RVgRiV bPsos, Aj sWR
RVgRiV aRPNTPs, bPsNRPVsV xmspLiRssV (144). @xmsoRV sVLRiLis soRV zmsRX[NRPsVVsV
F~Lij, NRPsVsVVgS sWORPQsVVsV F~LiRVsV.
NTPRWRVVNRP RaRPaRP RFRVVN][ sbPxtsQ[ ee 145
RFRVVNRP aRP# [aRP xmsRVVN][ sbPxtsQ[ e xmsRVVNRP xqsx}qs M bPsds sbPxtsQ[ ee 146
bPssxtsv ZOP[Qxtsv ysRVVN][ sbPxtsQ[ e ysRVVZNP[xtsv N][M xqssWjr sbPxtsQ[ ee 147

DRL][RLRi \sbPuy RWRW sVVRL][RLRisV e xmnsLi \sbPxtsQLRiWxmsLi R RVLji*[RVLi sVdsztsQM


ee 148
RryQ\Q* bPsNRPxqs sVzsWsLi s[ N][ sLRiM e
sVLi NRPLRisV [RVV xmsjsVLij NRPLi RxmsxqsV= [RVV yRV s[VV (145). sLiRsVLij
RFsxtsv NRPLi xmssVV [RVVyRV s[VV; s[LiVV sVLij xmssVV [RVVyLji NRPLi bPsssVV
gRiyRV s[VV (146). ORPQsVLij bPssV NRPLi yssVV [RVVyRV s[VV. N][ sVLij
yssVV [RVVyLji NRPLi xqssWj RVLiRVLiRV yRV s[VV (147). dsLji[ NRPsVsVVgS
DRL][RLRisVVgS sVzsV |msLRiVgRiVsV. yLjis xmspLiRV ss NRPVgRiV sVxmnssVV sy*LixqsV
VjNTP NRPWR @LiRRV (148). bPsNRPVs sVzsVsV RVgRiylLis*LRiV?
bPsaRPN][QM xmspsLi R bPsNRPxqs xmspssV ee 149
NRPVLRiV[ W sL][ NSQ xqs bPs bP+s s[VR[ e RV BsVLi xmslhi[[syRV sVLRis[*R xqsLisVRsV
ee 150
bPsds # s[ j*xmsM bPs[s xqsx sWR[ e aSs[Vs NSLiaRP sZaP[xtsQ[ sVVdsaRP*LSM ee 151
bPsxmsryR zqsj ry=Qsxqs NRPXxmsRW VyM ee 152
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ s[aRP*LRi xqsLizyRWLi xqsxmsRa][syRVM (17).
bPs aRPNRPVsV, sVLjiRVV bPs NRPVs xmspLiRV (149) sWssoRV bPsxqs*LRiWxmso\ sVLigRisVVsV
gSLiRVsV. s[RRV\sV gRiLidLSLRisVVsV NRPgjiRVVs C AyRVsVVsV xmshjiLiRV (150)
xVRV bPss\V, bPsos][ NRPWT AsLijLiRVsV. sVVsZaP[xtsvLS! C @yRVsVV[s
sZaP[xtsQsVVsV VLjiLigjis sQQNTP bPsNRPVNRPV sszmsLixmsssV (151). J sy*LixqsVLS! @ysNTP
bPsos RRV NRPgji, bPsos @sVgRixsVV zqsjLiRVsV (152).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[s s[aRP*LRi xqsLizR RVLiRV xmsj}Rs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj
(17).

@R @uyRa][syRVM
bPsLigRi sVzsV
VVxtsvRV ERVM e
LiRsWORPQ xqs*LRiWxmsLi z Wz xqsLS*LRi sRsV e
VVxtsvV xmsNTPLji c
xqsLRi*aSxqsQsVV sLjiLigjis yLji[ ZaP[xtsvRsgRiV J xqsWy! LiRsWORPQsVV xqs*LRiWxmssVVsV
xmsVsVV.
xqsWR DyR e
LiRsWORPQLi R][FyRVLi sZOP[Q sxLi aRPXVyRLS` ee 1
xmsNRPXyRxtsQLi[s ][ sxqs= DR[ e xmsNRPXyRxtsQ Li[s sLRiVQQN][ sVVNRP DR[ ee 2
xmsNRPyj sbdPNSL][ sWORPQ BRVR[ xqs*RM e R sxqsV sLRiVQQN][ sVVNRP sxqs= NRPR[ ee 3
xmsNRPXRlgi[ R][ Vj LRixLiNSL][ gRiVRNRPM e xmsLiRyRR sVR[ xmsNRPXy RxtsQNRPLi sRVM ee
4
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
LiRsVVsV, sWORPQsVVsV, sVLjiRVV sWO][QFyRVsVVsV s[sV sLjiLiRsV. dsVLRiV aRPR][ ssVRV
(1). xmsNRPX sVVRgRiV FsssVj LiRsVV[ LijLixmsTs soRV RVRsRVsV. xmsNRPX
sVVRgRiV FsssVj LiRsVV sVLiT sRVR F~Lijs soRV sVVNRPVRsRVsV (2). xmsNRPX
sVVRgRiV ys saRPsVV [xqsVN]sV[V sWORPQsVsRVsV. sWORPQsVV xqs*Rzqs=RsVV. R soRV
sVVNRPVQ\s zmsRxms sVVNRPsoRsRVsV (3). xmsNRPX, xqssVztsQ Vj, gRiVRNRPsVgRiV

@xLiNSLRisVV, @LiVVRV RyRV (xqsWORPQ WRsVVV) @sV FsssVj RRQ*sVVNRPV


xmsNRPXyRxtsQNRPsVs }msLRiV (4).
xmsNRPXyRxtsQ[ [x[ [xLi NRPLRi DR[ e xmsosaRP NRPLRi[ [x[ s NRPLRi xmsosM xmsosM ee 5
aRPLkiLRiLi sRLi [RVLi xqsWLi xqsWORPQ Li R NSLRisV e xqsWLi yFyLRiRLi FNRPLi sVLijRV
[gRiRsV ee 6
NSLRiLi y*R [gSLRiLi sNRPLSsVLRiWxmsRM e xqsVLi RVMLi xmsoFy\|msM NRPLRiM xmnssVaRPV[ ee
7
Rryj NRPLRiLRi* z ][ sM xmsosM xmsosM e aRPLkiLRiRRV NRPLRiLi RNRPsyQsV[ xqsy ee 8
[xsVV C xmsNRPXy RxtsQNRPsVV sVLiT xmsoVsV. [xsVV sVLiT NRPLRi xmsoVsV. sVLRi NRPLRi
sVLiT [xsVV xmsoVsV. BV s sVLiT NRPLRi, NRPLRi sVLiT s sVLRi sVLRi xmsoVRVLiRVsV
(5). aRPLkiLRisVV xqsW, xqsWORPQ NSLRiLRiWxmssVVs sVWRV sRsVVVgRi sVsj. xqsWaRPLkiLRisVV
NTPRVsV sLRi*QQLjiLiRVsV. xqsWORPQ aRPLkiLRisVV BLijRV[gRisVV sRVsV (6). NSLRiaRPLkiLRisVV
AysLiRsVVsV BRVsV. soRV Rs NRPLRi NRPsVLRiWxmssVVgS xmso FyxmssVVsV, y ss
xqsVRVMLRiWxms xmnssVVsV F~LiRVsV (7). BV soRV NRPLRi RVsV y[ NRPT, sVWRV
aRPLkiLRisVV][, NRPLRi][ NRPWT xqsLRi*y xqsLiryLRi RNRPsVV[ LRiVgSRVRVLiRVsV (8).
RNRPsV ssXRQLRiLi RNRPNRPLSLRi dsVR[V` e xmsNRPXyj sV RNRPLi xmsNRPX[M xmsLRiRbP+sM ee 9
RNRPNRPLS sV}a][ z xmsNRPX[M xmsLRi][ RVRM e zms yR ssV ss [ Li RVy ee 10
bPsxqsy xmsNRPXyj sbdPNRPXyj xtsQ e xqsLRi*Li sbdPNRPXRLi RVryRrys B xqsQXRM ee 11
bPs Gs z xqsLRi*M xmsLjixmspLRiaRP sxqs=QQXxM ee 12
xqsLRi*y RXzmsLRiyj [RM xqs*RLiRy sRsV Vxms aRPNTPM e

@sLiR aRPNTPaRP sV}aRP*LRixqs RVys\|qsaRP*LRi sV\s s[RM ee 13


C xqsLiryLRi RNRP sVsVVsV syLjiLiRV\ZNP RNRPsVVsV xqsXztsQLis CaRP*LRiVs FyLjiLiRssV.
xmsNRPXyRxtsQNRPs[V C sVRNRPsVV. bPsoRV xmsNRPX NRPLi \|msyRV (9). xmsNRPX NRPLi
DRQXxtsvRgRiV sV}aRP*LRiVRV RNRPNRPLRi. dsVV dss {ms, D, @LiNRPVLjiLiRVsV (10). @Vs[,
bPsoRV xmsNRPXyRxtsQNRPsVVsV saRPxmsLRiRVN]s, xqsXztsQs [RVVsV. xqsLRi*sVV saRPsVV[ sVLiRV
[Rs[, ARVsNRPV bPsoRsV }msLRiV ssj (11). bPso[ xqsLRi*RV. xmsLjixmspLRiVRV. NSsVsV
[syRV (12). xqsLRi*R*sVV, RXzms, @yj ssVV, ry*RLiRQsVV sVLjiRVV sRQ\sVs,
[xmssVV [s, @sLiR\sVs aRPNTP sV}aRP*LRiVsNRPV gRiso. bPsos C HaRP*LRisVVsV s[RsVV
sWRs[V RVgRiRV (13).
@RbP+s xmsry[s xmsNRPXyj saRPLi # s[` e bPsxmsryRLRiLi bPss[Vs xmsxmsp[V` ee 14
sxqs=QQXxxqs R xmspLRixqs Rxqs xmsp NRPRLi # s[` e bP[[aRPNRPXRLi NRPLRi xmsry sNRPLi # s[` ee
15
Lilgi[ [lLi[ NRPs[ bPssVVjaRP xmsp[V` e NS[Vs sVsry yy Rs[yzms xmsxmsp[V` ee 16
xmspRW RV sV}a][ z xmsNRPX[M xmsLRisVbP+sM e xmsryRLi NRPVLRiV[ xqsRLi xmspNRPxqs sZaP[xtsQRM ee
17
NSsos, bPsos @sVgRixsVVs][ xmsNRPXyRVV saRPsVgRiVsV. bPsos @sVgRixsVVsV F~LiRV
N]LRi\ZNP ARVssV xmspRssV (14). NSsVsV [syRV, xmspLRiRV @gRiV bPsos xmspLiRV
VV? bPsos D[bPLi [zqss NRPLRi[V @sVgRixsVVsV NRPgjiLiRVsV (15). LigRisVVsLiRV,
sVWLjiRVLiRV, NRPVs RVLiRV bPsos ss [zqs, aRPLkiLRisVV][, sVsxqsV=][, yNRPV][ sVLjiRVV
RssVV][ ryRLRisVVgS xmspLiRssV (16). xmsNRPX NRPLi \|msyRgRiV bPsoRV NRPVs xmsp[
sVNTP xqsLiRzqsLi saRPRVsVVgS sZaP[uysVgRixsVVsV [RVVsV (17).
bPsxmsryyRLSRLi NRPs[V xqs*saRPLi # s[` e NRPLSLRi xmsNRPXRLiRLi RVy xqsLRi*Li saRPLi
# s[` ee 18

Ry sVVNRP B FNRPM ry*yLSsW sLS[ e xmsryyRLRis[VaRPxqs NRPLRi [x[ RVy saRPM ee 19


Ry \s bPs[ZNP[ RV yxqsM ry[NRP sVVR[ e rydsVxmsLi RW ryLixqs Rs[ R saRPLi gRi[ ee
20
Ry RV bPsryRVVsWRVV y\QM NTPRWjM e sVxmsryR [ R VjaSzms saS # s[`
ee 21
ryRNRPVsNRPV bPsos RVsVgRixsVV ss NRPLRi sVVRgRiVss NRPsVsVVgS ry*kssVgRiVsV. NRPLRi][
sVVRT xmsNRPX sLRiNRPV gRi xqsLRi*sVV FsssNTP ry*kssVgRiV[ (18), yRV sVVNRPVRsRVsV.
sVVNRPVRV AyLSsVV\ sLSVsV. xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVs @sVgRixsVV ss NRPLRi, [xsVV saRPsVV
NSgSs[ (19), ryRNRPVsNRPV bPs[NRP syxqssVV LiRVsV. ksNTP ry[NRPsVs }msLRiV. RyRV
saRPsVV NSgSs[, @RRV ryLiVs rydsVxmssVVsV F~LiRVsV (20). ks RVLiRV sVVNRPVsNRPV bPsos][
xqssWs\sVs ARVVRsVVV, NTPRVV sVVRgRiVss zqsjLiRVsV. bPsos sVsVgRixsVV Lis
ryRNRPVsNRPV xqssVztsQVj NRPWR saRPsVgRiVsV.
VjxqsV NSLRi xmsNRPX[xqsy=L`i ztsQ Lji NRPR[ e xmsosLRi xmsry[s xmsNRPXLRi*aRP# s[VxtsQ ee 22
bPsxqs sWs\|qsaRP*LRiLi RysRVRLi sxtsQ e ryLRi*RLi bP\saRP*LRiLi * ry*Rs LS[
ee 23
Ry=RVVsV FyxlLi[*ygRisV xmsLSRVM e GsLi NRPs[V sVVNTPry=QLigS _ xmspRW
xqs*RM ee 24
@RbP+s xmsryyLRiLi NTPRW\QM xmsp[VssV e bPsNTPRW bPsRxmsM bPssVLiRxmsM xqsy ee 25
bPssLi bPsys sVVRL][RLRisV}qs` e A xqsV}ms LSsVX[M NSLi s[V \Q* bPs LiRRWM ee
26
xqsyjaRP NRPVxqsV\sV LRiLRi[Vs s[VxtsQ e

xmsNRPX sVLiT xmsos xqssVztsQ Vj saRP# \sVs][ LiRV sVVNTPNTP ryL`i ztsQ (bPsos][ xqssVsVgRiV aRPNTPs
NRPgji DLiRV) @s }msLRiV. sVLjiRVV, bPsos sVsVgRixsVV[ NRPVsNRPV xmsNRPX saRPsVgRiVsV (22).
@xmsoy NRPVsNRPV bPsos xqsLRi*y*j sWs\|qsaRP*LRisVVV xmsRVRsVV [NRPVLiRgRis[ Li,
ARRV AyLSsVV\ xmsNSbPLiRVsV (23). s[RsVVV, aSxqsQsVVV VLjiLigjis xmsLiTRVV @
sVVNTPs ryRVVsVV @s @LiRVLRiV. BV LigSRVsV xmspLiRV ss sVVNTP NRPsVsVVgS
LiRVsV (24). NSsos NRPVRV bPsos @sVgRixsVVsV F~LiRV\ZNP ARVssV NTPRV sVVRgRiV
y][ ALSjLiRssV. bPsNTPRV, bPsRxmsxqsV=, xqsLRi*NSsVV[ bPssVLiRxmssVV (25),
bPsssVV, bPsyssVV @sV y INRP ys RLRiVyR sVLjiVVNRP yss @zqsLiRssV.
sLi RVVsLiRNSsVV, xmsjssVV sjLiRVsLRiVNRP bPsos xqsLjixqsW gRiRVxmssV (26).
bPsos 'xqs][RLi' Byj sVLiRsVV][ xmsoxtsQsVV][ @LjiLis NRPVRV bPsos F~LiRVsV.
VVxtsQRV ERVM e
LigS_ bPsxmspRW sysLi Wz xqsLRi*RM ee 27
VVxtsvV BV xmsNTPLji c
LigRisVV sVVRgRiV y RVLiRV bPsos xmspLiRV syssVVsV sxqsLRisVVgS xmsVsVV (27).
xqsWR DyR e
LigSyLi R NRPsVLi sZOP[Q RVysRQXVR j*M e R[s LigRiLi xmsRsVLi xmssLi ryLRi*
NSsVNRPsV ee 28
xqsWORPQ xmssLRiWxmsLi z xqsWORPQ LRiWxmsLi RV sxtsQsV e xqsWLigRiLi z xqsNRPLi
RRLiyORPQLRisVVR[ ee 29
RVM xmsp RxmsM FNRPLi ryOSQ[QORPQ xms[ D[ e FLRiVxtsQ xmsNRPX Wys LigSs xqsV xs R
ee 30
ys sxqsLRi][ sNRPVLi bP[s[ s yxmsLRiM e

xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
J j*LS! LigRisVV NRPsVsVVsV Dsj DsVgS |msRsV. ssVRV. N][lLi sss
C[LRiV xqsWORPQ QxmsssVV (JLi) sVVR LigRisVV (28). @j sLSNSLRisVV. ryNSLRisVgRiV
xqsWxmsssVV (xmsLiyORPQLji) lLiLiRs LigRisVV (29). xqsW, xqsWORPQ QxmsssVVsV lLiLiTLis
zmsLis][ sWORPQsVV LiRVsV. Bs[V gSNRP xmsoLRiVxtsQ, xmsNRPX LigRisVVs[NRPsVV gRiso (30).
y xmspLji ssLRisVVV bPsosNRPV RNRP sVLjiVVNRPsNTP RVso.
WsNSLS LigSs ys xmsdssV sM ee 31
xqs*RVLi WLigRiLi xmsRsVLi LiRVLigRiLi j*dRVNRPsV e xmsztsQRLi RLRiLi \s gRiVLRiVLigRiLi RV
xmsLiRsVsV ee 32
[sL<ji Rxmsry RVxtsQ ry=syLRiLi RV RR \s e xmsXjsLiRLRiR aRP+L][* dLi \s yRLRiWxmsRM ee
33
rysLSLiNRPVLRisRWsV sVVjR sQQNRP Gs xqsM e xqs*RVLi WRLi RsV xqs*RVLiWLji RLi
sRVM ee 34
RLigRi xmspRW sLi xqs*RVs[Vs xmssLRi[ e
xmsXjds sNSLRisVVgRiV LigRisVVsV yNRPV zqssLiRsLRiNRPV dsVNRPV |msRsV (31). xqs*RVLi
WLigRisVV sVVRj. LiRVLigRisVV lLiLiRsj. xmsztsQR LigRisVV sVWRsj. RLRi LigRisVV
ysj. gRiVLRiVLigRisVV @RVRsj (32). bPsoRV [sR, VVxtsv RxmsxqsV=sNRPV sV, yLjiNTP
Rs rysRsVV dsRV RLi, xmsXjs[xms yRLRiWxmssVV[ sVsy\ (33), V VVNRP
dsVV WsVs [jLi @LiNRPVLjiLis dLRiVs, xmsNRPsVgRiVsV. BV RsLiR ysVgS xmsNRP\sVs
LigRisVVsNRPV xqs*RVLiWLigRisVs }msLRiV (34). @ LigRisVVsV xmspLis ysNTP ssVV
RsLiR ysVgS sLjiVsV.
xqsVsLRiLRiy_ y xmsXjyLi xqsLiT[szmsy ee 35

xqs*xryRLi LigRiLi aRPVRV xmsssVLiRNRPsV e sVLiRLigRiLi xqssW xmsuyyxsLi RlLi[`


ee 36
LiRV yRsVRVLi LigRiLi rysLRiLi LigRisVLi R RV` e sy sVRV s[VRj bPsRXxtsQLi s
xqsLiaRPRVM ee 37
RVR saRP*xqs[ aRPLiVxqsR R\|qs# xmnsxmsRM e xqs*xry[ RVLi[ rysLSy sNRPXs[V ee 38
Ayx xmsp[V RLiVLi uR\ZaPLRiVxmsyLRi\ZNPM e xqs*RV\sVaRP*LRi sWF ssVxqs][
# s[` ee 39
LigRiLRiVlLi[NRPV\|ms gSs, sLiTlLi[NRPV\|ms gSs, WsVRVLiRV gSs, s[j RVLiRV gSs (35) aRPVRsVgRiV
xmsssVLiR LRiWxmssVV[ sVs LigRisVVsV ryRNRPVRV Rs [RV][ yzqs ys RVLiRV bPsos
xmsztsQLi, Ayxs [RVssV (36). LiRV LigRi, yRLigRisVVV zqsLRi, RLRi [RsVV][
sVLiRVsV. y RVLiRV bPsos RLji+LiRV syLRiWxmssVV sWRs[V @sV[ xqsLijRVsVV
[RV (37). ryRNRPVsNRPV G LigRisVVsLiRV aRPR DLiRV[, A LRiWxmssVVgRis[ bPsoRV xmnssVV
sRVsV. NRPVRV Rs [RV][ Lis RVLiRsVV sLiRV, NRPXsVsVVgSs sXOSQRV RVLiRV
bPsos Ayxs [zqs uRa][xmsyLRisVV][ xmspLiRssV. @V [zqss NRPVRV ysV
CaRP*LRiR*sVVsV F~LiRVsV. xmsosM xmsosM xmspLis NRPVRV ssVVsV F~LiRVsV (39).
[\saRP VVztsQaSzms ry*R zqsRLRis[Vs z e xqssVLi[Rx}qss NRPXRLi RVRVR sVLiR[
ee 40
aRPVRssRW \s ryzmsRLi LigRisVVRsVsV e RLigRiLi FLRiVxtsQLi FyxxqsRQztsQRsVVR[
ee 41
RLigRi xmspRW sRLi FLRiV\|tsQaRP*LRi sWxmsoRW` e sVxj LSQxQ\ aSzms LSaRP
sV R\sM ee 42

bPy NRPRLi LigRiLi sVLi[ ryzmsRLi R RV` e xmsztsQRLi FyNRPXRLi z FyNRPX\aRP*LRi


[gRiRsV ee 43
[sR[, sVLjiRVV VVxtsv[ AR zqsj N]LRiNRPV sVLiRxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS xmssRsVgRiV sVLiRsVV
sLiRV RsV [RV][ (40), xmssRsVgRiV sVsxqsV=][ ryzmsLixmsTs ZaP[xtsQLigRisVVsNRPV FLRiVxtsQ
LigRisVsRVV, xmsztsQR LigRisVsRVV }msLRiV (41). A LigRisVVsV sRsVV xmspLis][,
FLRiV\|tsQaRP*LRisVV LiRVsV. sVRgRiV xV[, sVLjiRVV xqsVxqsLixmssVgRiV LS[
(42) xqssVLiRNRPsVVgS ryzmsLixmsTs bP sLjiR LigRisVV xmsztsQR LigRisVsRVV,
FyNRPXRLigRisVsRVV @sRVsV. @ LigRisVVsV xmspLis][, FyNRPX\aRP*LRisVV, [gRisVVV
LiRVsV (43).
RVRWLjiRLi R sRLi R Rj FLRiVxtsQsVVR[ e RVRVLRi sVs RLi R Rj FyNRPXRsVVR[
ee 44
LigRiLi yxqsy * yrygRiLi R bP NRPsW` e NRPjxtsv [ZNP[xtsv LigRisWyNRPLi
RLRisV ee 45
xmsLRi*RLi FLRiVxtsQLi FNRPLi WRLi FyNRPXRLi sRVM e sXOSQj FLRiVxtsQLi [RVLi gRiVj
FyNRPXRLi sRVM ee 46
uyztsQNRPLi FyNRPXRLi [RVLi aSg][RWsV FLRiVxtsQsV e HaRP*LRiLi FLRiVxtsQLi syR sWRxtsQ
zqsRRsV ee 47
xqsV{qsQ Ryj sxtsQRVLi FyNRPXRLi FyxLSzqsNSM e
\sVsj, sRQ\sVsj FLRiVxtsQsVsRVsV. sVV [sj, @sRQ\sVsj FyNRPXRsVsRVsV
(44). y, *, yzqsNSgRisVV, bP @sV NRPsVsVV[ NRP, xXRRVsVV, bPLRixqsV= @sV sVWRV
ryssVV[ ss [RVTs LigRisVV AyNRP gRiLisVsRVV, RLRi LigRisVsRVV
xmsRVsV (45). xmsLRi*RsVV FLRiVxtsQ LigRisVsRVV, WRsVV FyNRPXR LigRisVsRVV,
sXOSQRVV FLRiVxtsQ LigRisV sRVV, gRiVRVV FyNRPXR LigRisVVsRVV (46), RNRPVs

ysVV gRi yssVV FyNRPXR sVsRVV, sV\ss yssVV, g][RVsVV FLRiVxtsQsVsRVV


RVssV. @sW sVVRgRiV @xtsQzqsRVsRV HaRP*LRisVV FLRixtsQsVsRVV (47), LRi,
RssVV sVVRgRiV HaRP*LRisVV FyNRPXRsVsRVV AzqsNRPVV xmsVRVyLRiV.
xmsRsVLi RLRi Lilgi[xtsv LRixqsLigRiLi xmsNRPR[ ee 48
LRixqsLigRiLi xyLi xqsLS*dxtsQxmsRLi # s[` e LigRiLi ORPQ RWLi sVLSxmsRLi
aRPVsV ee 49
xqs*LRiLigRiLi RV \saSyLi sVRsxmsR*RsV e bPLigRiLi RV aRPWyLi sVaRPVjNRPLRiLi
aRPVsV ee 50
ryNRPLi LigRiLi R xqslLi[*uyLi xqsLRi*NSsVRsV e {qs*RW s[sskRVLi RV xmspRWLi s
sztsQR[ ee 51
{qsQLi RV FyLjisLi LigRiLi xqsLRiQYLi sZaP[xtsQRM e sRyyLi xmssXyyLi ryNRPLi
xmsLjiNUPLjiRsV ee 52
RLRi LigRisVV[ LRixqsLigRisVV ZaP[xtsQsVs xmsTsj (48). LRixqsLigRisVV xmspLis
xVNRPV N][lLissds C[LRiVsV. sVLigRiNRPLRisVgRiV LigRisVV ORPQ RVVNRPV
rysWsVV sRVsV (49). LigRiLRiV LigRisVV \saRPVNRPV g]xmsRssVVsV BRVsV.
sVLigRiNRPLRisVgRiV LSLigRisVV aRPWRVNRPV g]xms xmssRR NRPLiRVsV (50). xqsNRPsVV][ [zqss
LigRisVV @LiRLjiNUP @s N][lLisV BRVsV. NRPVRV Rs sR LigRisVV [s][ BRLRiV
LigRisVVsV xmspLiRV s}tsQRsVV NSRV (51). LRi gRi {qsQNRPV sV][ [zqss LigRisVV sVNTP
xmsaRPxqssVV. xmssX sWLRisVV[ sVs LRiQX{sNRPV xqsNRPLigRisVV ZaP[xtsQsVV (52).
sRyyLi ssXyyLi LRixqsLigRiLi sbPxtsQ[ e [ y Rss[ yzms yLRiZNP[ yzms xqsVsyM ee 53
aRPVR xqsNRP LigRiLi RV {qsQLi RR=LRi*[gRiRsV e xmssXyyLi {mshRixmsp xqsLS*dxtsQxmsy Vs
ee 54

Fy[\s xmssXRxqsV xqsLRi*xmspLi xqssWRlLi[` e @}tsQNSLi[ \ss[RLi aSs[s xqssWRlLi[` ee


55
xmspLi[ ryxms[VLigRiLi xqsLixmso[xtsv xmsXRN`P gRiX} e NRPLRixmsp ssXyyLi xqs*[Li RV
ss[R[V` ee 56
ssX sWLRisVV[ sVs LRiQX{sNRPV LRixqsLigRisVV ZaP[xtsQsVV. g]xms sRsVV gRi J
VVxtsvLS! {qsQV sVV[ gSs, RsssVV[gSs, yLRiNRPsVV[ gSs (53) aRPVR xqsNRP
LigRisVVsV xmspLis][, xqsLRi*[gRisVVV LiRVsV. xmssX sWLRisVV sLiRVs {qsQV
WRsVV sLiRV {mshRixmspsV [zqss][, N][lLisRVW C[LRiVsV (54). xmssX sWLRisVV[
sVs sWssoRV xmspNSLRisVV sLiRRVW WgRiVRgRiV gRiVLRiVso VVNRP xqsRVsVV][
[RVssV. @}tsQNRPsVV [zqs, sV\ss RVsVV][ sLiTs @ssVVsV \ss[RsVRssV
(55). xmsp @LiVVs RLRiVyR LigRisVVsV BLi[ s[LRiVgS xqsLixmsosVV sLiRV DLiRssV. ssX
sWLRisVV[ sVs yLRiV @LRi[ RVLiRV LigRisVVsV xmspLi, OSQssVVsV ss[Rs
[RVssV (56).
ssXyyLi xmsLRiLi xqsWORPQ LigRis[Vs sbPxtsQ[ e sWRLRisLi NRPVLS j*WLi R
ss[R[V` ee 57
xmspLi NRPXy*R RLigRiLi bPLRiry yLRi[VR=y e sW zqsQ sy FNS [NRPs[R bPygjiM ee
58
[NSgji sV][ xqs Rs aRPVRLRi sWs}` e sVXyLRiV[xLRiWFyLi yyyLi R
R\sRee 59
kyLi R RyLi sryQkyLi R\s R e Ry xmsLRiVztsQyyLi R xqsy aRPVj LjixtsQ[ ee
60
aS*jLRiWztsQyyLi R xqsy aRPVjLjixtsQ[ e xqsLi sLRiLi xqs RVy WgRiLi RV
W[V` ee 61

ssX sWLRisVV[ sVs yLjiNTP xqsWORPQ LigRis[V sVNTP xmsaRPxqsQ\sVsj. yLRiV sW][ @LjiLi,
sWs ss[jLiRssV (57). xmsp [zqs LigRisVVsV xqsLRi*y bPLRixqsV= sLiRV RLjiLiRssV.
[NSgjisVV, s[RgjisVV, bPygjisVV @s sW sVWRV LRiNRPsVVVgS sVsj (58).
NTPNSgji sVLiT xmsos xqssV RssVV aRPVjN]LRiNRPV yRssV. sV sxqsVsosV, NRP
sxqsVsosV, [x sxqsVsosV, yssVVsV (59). j RssVVsV, sryQRVsV,
sVLjiRVV FyRTs ALRixmsyLRisVVsV xqs][ aRPVj [RVssV (60). NRPVNRP sVVRgRiV
LiRVsoV xqsQXbPLis yNTP xqs][ aRPVj [RVssV. xqssV xqsLiRLSsVryLRisVVgS F~TgS
gSs, [NRP ds][ RTzms gSs ssWgjiLiRssV (61).
s[ygjiLi Ry xqs RRLSLi[xtsv yLRi[V` e sVLi[ NTPRVRW sLi NRPLSg_
xqsLRiWxmsRXN`P ee 62
RRxqsyLRiRLRi ry*RyL][zmsRLi # s[` e @|mnsWlLi[R sVLi[ *NSxtsQLi
xmsyx[V` ee 63
bPygjiLji xqsLiFNRP}qss RgRiLi bPygjisV e NRPzmsg][sVRVLi xmspLRi*Li ZNP[sLi gRiss[Vs y ee 64
aRPsVaRP*R xmsaSy* sLRigRi*R *NSs e bPygjiy R}RVRLi R\Q* xqs bPygjisV ee
65
s[ygji x[RsVV sLiRV xmsos xqssV A NRPLRi xmspLji NSgSs[ RLjiLiRssV. s[R
sVLiRsVV][ xsxqsV=sV xqssVLjiLi[ NTPRV sVLiT xmsos 'xsssVV' @s[ \sjNRP NRPLRi @gji
RVLiRV xqsLRiWxmssVVsV RLjiLi RVVLiRVsV (62). A xqssV RLjiLis][, NRPVRV A NRPLRisV
Rs RVLiRV AL][zmsLiRVNRPVsQ[ @gRiVsV. '@|mnsWlLi[M' @sV bPs sVLiRsVVsVRLjiLi, sWlLi[RV
xqssVRsV @gji[ s[RVssV (63). A @gjiNTP bPygji RVs }msLRiV. ys sVLiT xmsos xqs
bPygjisVV @gRiVsV. sVLjiRVV, NRPzms g][sVRVsVV][ gSs, ryyLRi g][sVRVsVV][ gSs [zqss
zmsRNRPsV (64), sV, LSs, xmsaRPsVV, sVLji ALRigRi*RsVV, sWlLi[RV @sV sXORPQsVV xqssVRsV
bPygji RVLiRV RzLis][ LiRV xqs bPygjisVsRsV (65).

RLSg_y R}yxtsQLi bPssVLiRLi xqssVVRLRis e xqssVN`P xqsLia][R s}qsQ ssNRPVLi[


syxms[V` ee 66
kxmsQLRiLi RRV xqsLigSxLi sVs[ xmsp[szms R e xqs aRPLRi GsLi z bPsM xmspLRi*Li
RysNRPL][` ee 67
RVy xqs*sxtsQ[V LS ryLRiLi gRiX RVRLRisV e RVy sVsVuyxqs=ryks RgSQ* ryLRiLi
Li \s ee 68
RVy z hRiLSgjiaRP OSQQks ssys xs e RgSQ* ryLRiRLRiLi ryLS` xqs*[xLi
xmsLjixmsoxtsQ ee 69
bPssVLiRsVV sVRLjiLiRVRW, RLRi * RVLiRV xqssVRsV NS, A xqssV sxqsQsVV][
gRiVgS aRPVj[zqs, N]RNRPVLiR[ yRVN]sssV (66). yss RLjiLis sQQNTP a][sV F~Lij,
sV sWs sVLSRNRPV FyRVRgRiVsV. bPsoRV xqsXuyj RVLiRV xqs aRPsVV VVNRP @LRisVV
sV sLRi*zLisV (67). LS Rs LSsVV[ ryLRiWRsVgRiV xmssVsV gRixLiRVsV.
sVsVxtsvV yyRVsV s[T[zqs y ryLRisVVsV gRizLiRVLRiV (68). sVssVV s[ ssR
OSQQRVsV xmsRssVV [zqs, y ryLRisVVsV {qs*NRPLjiLi, hRiLSgji [xsVVsNRPV xmsoztsQs
NRPgjiLiRVsV (69).
Ry xmsxmsLiRNRPLSzms xqs bPsM xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiM e ry*j}tsQRV xmsxmsLiRxqs RgSQ* ryLRiLi gRiX{Rys ee 70
RgSQ* xmsxmsLiRLi RRxqssV ry*RyL][xmsRVsM e DRWs[s y[s gRiy=LRiLi gRiX{R
ys ee 71
xqs*LRiRLi ryxmsRWsWxqs xqs*NUP[V z aRPLkiLRiZNP[ e ZNP[aRPsWNSaRP rylLi[ yRVVrylLi[ \s sVVsV ee 72
xXRRVLi ygjirylLi[ R*FyLi rylLi[ \sNRPsV e sV yss rylLi[ RR*R=LRi*Li RRLigRiNRPsV
ee 73

@Vs[, xmsxmsLiRsVVsV xqsXztsQLis A xmsLRisVbPsoRV NRPWR Rs[ @jztsQLixmsTs gRiRVsV


RzLi, ryLRisVVsV gRizLi (70), xqsLRiWxmssVVs sVs A ryLRisVVsV Rs [xsVVsLiRV
xmspxqsVN]ssV. bPsoRV xqssV RLjiLi[ sVxtsQ][ gRiy=LRisVVsV {qs*NRPLjiLisV (71). Rs LRiWxmss[V
@LiVVs gRiRV VVNRP ZaP[xtsQryLRisVVsV Rs aRPLkiLRisVV sLiRV ryzmsLiRVN]ssV. ANSaRP ryLRisVV][
ZNP[aRPsVVsV, yRVV ryLRisVV][ sVVsVVsV (72), @gjiryLRisVV][ xXRRVsVVsV, sVV
ryLRisVV][ sRVsVVsV, xmsXjdsxqsLSsVV][ sWNSsV, B[ sRsVVgS BRLRi @sRVssVVsV
RLjiLisV (73).
x su*aRP LRiVyLi ryLRiLi \s xmsoLiRNRPsV e Ry NRPLRiW}ms Li[ sV}aRP*LRiM ee
74
sXy xqsLRi*s[VRj sVs[ xqs*RVsVR r e xmsxmsLiR ryLRi xqsLRi*xqs* sVs[\ss sbdPNRPXRsV ee
75
RryRxqs sbdPNRPLS y{qs xqs bPsxqsQ=QXRM e RVy xqsLRi*sVXgSLi R zLixqsN][ sVXgRizLixqsNRPM ee
76
@xqs zLirysVXg][ yzqs Rry=Lix BdLjiRM e
x sxtsv LRiVRV ryLRiWR\sVs xqssV sVaRP*LRiVRV sVV sLiRV xmsoLiR NRPsVVgS
RLjiLiRVsV (74). sWs RLjiLisxmsoRV xmsNSaRPsVV |msLjigjisj. Rs HaRP*LRisVV xqsLRi*sVW sW
sVWNRPsVs bPsoRV sLiRVsV. xmsxmsLiRsVV VVNRP ryLRisVV sLiRsW bPsoRV xqssVV [R
sWRs[V saRPsVV [xqsVN]s[sV (75). NSsos, bPsos saRPsVV [xqsVN]sVyRV sVLjiVVNRPRV [RV.
sbPRVgRiV sss[ ARVs bPso\yRV. zqsLixsVV sVXgRisVV ssds zLizqsLiRVsV (76). NSs,
zqsLixsVVsV zLizqsLiRgRi sVXgRisVV [RV. @LiRVsss[ ysNTP zqsLixsVsV }msLRiV ssj.
aRPLi sR xqsVsWsLiR sVNSLRiM xmsoLRiVxtsQM xqsQXRM ee 77
sNSLRiaRP+QQNTP LRisVXRLi s[VsLi bPs DR[ e Rry[sLi xqs*sWysLi bPsLi
NRPXy*LRi[VssV ee 78

RryRVRWsLi xmspLRi*Li xmsoLiRLi yLRi[VRLRisV e xmspNS[ z xqsLi aRPVRLRiLi sLRiLi


# s[` ee 79
jy y RVj y LSf yLki yR sL][zmsy e xmspLRiLi xqsLi xqs xmsoLi[\s yLRi[V` ee
80
xmsoLiRLi xqsLi xqs RXy* xmspLi NRPL][ RVM e bPsxmspxmnsLi ryLigRiLi R\|qs#s z
xqsVsbPRsV ee 81
aRPLi @sgS aSaRP*ysLiRsVV. BNSLRisVV xmsoLRiVxtsvs [jLiRVss xmsTsj (77). sNSLRisVV
aRPNTPs, @sVXRsVVsV [jLiRVsV. ds NRPLiVVNRPNRPV bPsoRs}msLRiV. NSsos, NRPVRV Rs ARsV
bPsosgS sLi, bPsos @LjiLiRssV (78). sVVLiRVgS xqssV [sRVssVV RVLiRV
RLjiLi, RLRiVyR sVV sLiRV RNRPs xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLiRssV. xmspNSsVV sLiRV
sWs RTzms yRssV. sxqsV aRPVj N]LRiNRPV F~T sWs yRssV (79). xmsgRiV gSs,
LSgSs, {qsQ gSs, xmsoLRiVxtsvRV gSs, xmspxqssVRVsVV[ sWs ds][ RTzms, sVV
sLiRV xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLiRssV. Fss\[ ds][ RTzmss sW][ xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLi
xmsp [RVV[, yRV sWRs[V saRPRVsVVgS xmspLRi bPsxmspxmnssVVsV F~LiRVsV (81).
xqs \s bPssVLi[ RXy* xyaRPdsV # s[` e bPyaRPdsV xqsLiFNRPbP+Q\sNRP xmsLRisW RVRM ee
82
bPss\NRP sztsQxqs yafRLi s R xqsWRNRPsV e [slgi[ zqsRLi xqs NRPLi yLRi[VsVy ee 83
xqs*xryRVLRiV xryy* bPsNRPxqs ORPQsV e gRiVs LRiVLiR B FN][ gRiVLRiVaRPxqs sgRixM ee 84
xqssNSLSs LSryks gRiVs LRiVLi[ sx[x e gRiVdRM xmsLRibP[ gRiVLRiVLRiWxmsLi xqssWbPRM ee
85
bPssVLiRsVV sVRLjixqsW xqssV RLjiLiRV sQQNTP @yaRPsV RVgRiVsV. @yRV bPssuy
xmsLSRVV\ RVVLiRVsV gSs, bPyaRPdsV RVsRVsV (82). bPssRs[V G\ZNPNRP sxtsQgS gRi NRPVsNRPV

\sV, xmsoLRiVxtsQ ][xtsQsVVV @Liso. sVV sLiRV s xqssV AsLiRsVV][ NRPsVVgS


RLjiLiRssV (83). NRPsVVsV ysV xqs*RVsVVgS |msVN]ssRVsV. [y, gRiVLRiVso [R
|msLiRVN]ssRVsV. BV NRPsVVsV RLjiLiRV bPsNRPVs ORPQsVV. gRiVLRiVaRPsVVsNRPV 'gRiVs
LRiVLi[ (gRiVsVVsV ]gjiLiRVsV)' @s sgRixsVV (84). gRiVdRVRgRiV xmsLRisVbPsoRV
gRiVLRiWxmssVV yaRPLiVVLi, sNSLRisVV][ gRiWTs LSryj gRiVsVVsV ]gjiLis[RVVsV (85).
gRiVRRVLi sFlgi[ bPsLi [RRVd xqsM e saRP*ryyLi RV bPuyLi gRiVLRiVLjiR kRV[ ee
86
RryRVLRiV aRPLkiLRiLi RV gRiVLRiVLigRiLi # s[RVRM e gRiVLRiVLigRixqs xmsp RV gRiVLRiVaRPVaRPWxtsQLi # s[`
ee 87
aRPVRLi NRPL][ aRPVaRPWuy NS[Vs sVsry gjiLS e DNRPLi RVRVLRiV xmspLRi*Li aRPNRPLi ysaRPNRPs[Vs y ee
88
NRPL][[s z xmspyy Fy\LRizms R\sLRiz e RryQ\Q*aSxqss[ WgRibP+xtsQ BR kRV[ ee 89
AyLRiVRV saS*xqssVV gRi bPxtsvNRPV sVVLiRVgS sVWRV gRiVsVVsV sLRiWLi, zmsRxms bPsos
gRiVLjiLi [jLiRVsV. @LiRVss[, ARVsNRPV gRiVLRiVso @sV }msLRiV NRPlgisV (86). NSsos,
gRiVLRiV[xs[V gRiVLRiVLigRisVs RVssV. gRiVLRiVsosV aRPVaRPWxtsQ [zqss][, gRiVLRiV LigRisVVsV
xmspLisgRiVsV (87). bPxtsvRV gRiVLRiVsoNRPV aRPLkiLRisVV][, sVsxqsV=][, sVLjiRVV yNRPV][ }qsssV
[RVssV. xmssR\sVs sVsxqsV= gRi bPxtsvRV gRiVLRiVso VVNRP AsV, aRPNRPQ\sVy, @aRPNRPQ\sVy
(88), FysVVsV xmssVV |ms, RssVVsV sLi, sLRis[Lji dLRiVsV. aSzqsLiRRgjis yRV
gRisVNRP bPxtsvRV @sV }msLRiV NRPlgisV (89).
aRPLkiLSRLRiNRPLi xqsLRi*Li gRiVL][LRiy* xqsVbPxtsQNRPM e @gRiFyNRPLi ss[ylgi[ VLiRWRVLRi*sVRW ee 90
bPxtsQM xmsoR B FNRPxqs=y bPxtsQR* WgRiRM e *LigSsLiR aRPVNRPLi NRPLRiW_ sztsQR \s ee
91

RM xmso][ sVLiR xmsoRM zmsRLRiLi xmsp[VRVLRiVsV e ssVRV xmsoRLi \s xqsLirylLi[ sNRPM zmsy
ee 92
xqsLiyLRiRV xqsLiryLSRVLRiV\lLiQQ* [RNRPM zmsy e DWLRiLiRLRiLi y* zmsRLRiLi gRiVLRiVsVLRi[V`
ee 93
WgRiVRgRiV bPxtsvRV aRPLkiL][xmsWgji RVgRiV xqsLRi* xmsyLRisVVsV gRiVLRiVsosNRPV xqssVLjiLiRVsV.
ALRisVVsV sVVLiRVgS gRiVLRiVsosNRPV xqssVLjiLi, yLji @sV][ ysV VLiRVsV (90).
gRiVLRiVsosNRPV bPxtsvRV xmsoRVRsRVsV. x* RVsV LigRisVV sVLiT sVLiRsVs[ lLi[RxqsV=sV
NRPLRisVsV Ws RVLiRV }qsNRPsVV [RVV ss (91) sVLiR xmsoRVRgRiV bPxtsvRV sLiyRV
NSsos, bPxtsvRV gRiVLRiVsosV RLiTs s xmspLiRssV. NRPs RLiT xmsoRVs xqsLiryLRisVV[sNTP
CRVsV (92). NSs, AyLRiVRs[ RLiT xqsLiryLRisVV sVLiT bPxtsvs RLjiLixms[RVVsV. dsLjiRLjiNTP
gRi C [ysV gRiVLjiLi, bPxtsvRV gRiVLRiVsosV RLiTs s xmspLiRssV (93).
@LigRi aRPVaRPWxtsQRW yzms Ry\Q*M ry*LjiQ\LRiVLRiVsV e FyyjZNP[aRPxmsLRiLiRLi LigSsLigSs
RVRVL][M ee 94
RsLRiW\|msM FyRVNS\QM FyR xqsLigRixjM e ryy}tsQNRP\ss[\Q L][\saRP xmsxmsp[V` ee
95
gRiVLRiVxmsp\s xmsp rysxqs xmsLRisWRsM e gRiVLRiVZaP[xtsQLi RV RVR=LRi* sWR aRPVjNRPLRiLi
# s[` ee 96
gRiVL][ZaP[+xtsQbP+[xtsQLi sVyj sLRiRsV e bPuyLi bPsNSyLi gSxLi [Li # s[
j*M ee 97
gRiVLRiVso aRPLkiLRisVVsNRPV }qss [RVssV. ry*LjiRsVgRiV RssVV sVVRgRiV ys gRiVLRiVsos
NUPRVssV. FyRsVV sVVRV ZNP[aRPsVV sLRiNRPV gRi gRiVLRiVso VVNRP aRPLkiLRisVV bPsxqs*LRiWxmss[V (94).
gRiVLRiVsosV RssVV][, FyRxmsp][, FyR xqsLisxyRV][, ryy}tsQNRP\ss[RsVV][,
[ssVV][ aRPRgS xmspLiRssV (95). gRiVLRiVsosV xmspLis][, xmsLRisVbPsos xmspLis[

RVgRiVsV. gRiVLRiVZaP[xtsQsVV xqsLRi*sVV bPxtsvsNRPV @LiRMNRPLRiaRPVjs NRPgjiLiRVsV (96). gRiVLRiVso dsTs


dsLRiV, @ssVV sVVRgRiV ZaP[xtsQsVV bP[xtsQsVV][ xqssWssVV. NSsos, J
j*LS! bPsNRPVgRiV bPxtsvV ys {qs*NRPLjiLi VLiRssV (97).
gRiVLRi*sV sLRizRLi ][LRisR=NRPLi # s[` e gRiVL][LRizms sZaP[xtsQLi RVyRQX{R\s gRiVLRiVsV ee 98
@ssWRsLi ryRLi sZaP[xtsQ[ z sWRNRPM e A_ R sxmnsVaRPsVsLi NRPLRisLi NRPLRixmspLRi[V ee
99
sLji*}mnsVs NRPXRLi ryLigRiLi NRPLRi \s xqsxmnsLi # s[` e RryR=NRP NRPLS_ s}mnsVaRPLi
xmsp[VRVRM ee 100
xqsLRi* yssXRQLRiLi xqsLS*s[ys RV[RVRM e
gRiVLRiVso VVNRP AsV [s[ [s\sssW {qs*NRPLjiLis][, @j _LRisVgRiVsV. gRiVLRiVso NRPLi
g]xms ssVV gRiyRV RxqsxmsTs][, ARVssV xmsRVRxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS gRiVLRiVsosV
[xqsVN]sssV (98). @s ssWRss[V sRORPQ sVV. g]xms ssVV gRiyRV sWRs[V
@ssVV sVLiT ssVVNTPs NRPgjiLiRgRiRV. NRPLRiV sLji*xmnsVsVVgS xmsLjixqssWzmss LiyLi[,
sVVLiRVgS sxmnsVaSLis [RW (99). @s @LigRisVVsV sLji*xmnsVsVVgS [zqss NRPLRi sWRs[V
xmnssVV sRVsV. NSsos, NRPLRisNUP sVVLiRVgS ss[NTP s}mnsVaRP*LRiVs xmspLiRssV (100).
RsRVW ]gRiV N]LRi\ZNP ss[NTP [sR sLiRLjids xmspLiRssV.
*LSj gRiLij L][gSaRP y yNS sVy iMee 101
zmsaSR LiVNSkyLi sdNSRVRs[ Ry e @NRPry[s g][yj LiRWyLi xmsRs[szms R ee 102
gRiX} NRPRxms xqsLRi {qsQ RVLRiy RLRi+s[szms R e sXORPQ yLki gRiykyLi xmsxqsW sxtsQ[Vszms R ee
103
s RVMLi xqssWRV Rry[ NS sVyM e @s[VyaRPs FyRaRP sVsWLki R\s R ee
104

*LRisWLki sxtswaRP g][sWLki R sVxqsWLjiNS e sL`iQORPQ gRixxqsLiNSLi gRix WgS xqs*LSbPZNP[ ee


105
RVxqs=Q*xms RLRi+yyaRP sVy\s j \sNSM e
*LRisVV sVVRgRiV L][gRisVVV, NUP xmsVV AyNRP RsRVsV (101). zmsaSR {msR,
sNRP g][, xmsoVV RVV[LRiV, sVVxqs sVVRgRiV LiRVsoV xhSRVgS sVLRiLiRV
(102), BLi[ y[V, FysVV, RVLRisVRV RLRi+ssVRV sVVRgRiVss NRPV, {qsQNRPV,
g][soNRPV, BRLRi xmsaRPVsoNRPV, xqsLiyssVVsNRPV (103) LS[so RVMsVVsV xqsWLiRVsV. dsNTP Aj
NRP Rs }msLRiV. ANSaRPsVV sVLiT @aRPV xmsyLRisVVV xmsRV, zmsRVgRiVFyV, sVsWLji
(104), *LRisVVV, sxtsw, g][sWLji, sVxqsW, s sORPQ RsVV sLiRV gRixsVV xmss[aRPsVV,
sLSbP RVLiRV gRixWgRisVV (105), RV NRPsV gRisV sVVRgRiVss Aj\sNRP
RsRVsV.
GyRXZaP[ xqssVVRs[ s RVMxqs xqsWRZNP[ ee 106
aSLi RVLi RV sVsWs NRPVLSR][xtsQaSLiR[V e [y[VsR g][}tsQ yR \[ yzms
gRiXLigRi ee 107
FyN`P [a][sR j}tsQ \s j*x}qsRV xqs*LiNRPX[ e LRi sWR dsz ysLi xmsryxms xmsLjixqsXR
R ee 108
sV[ s NRPsVLi Ry jORPV sQ\s e RLiRVy s[ztsQLiRLi NRPVLiLi ssgRiVgRiV RWzmsRsV ee
109
sV[ ryxms sVNRPVLiLi Ry jORPQ *zms ss}qs` e
LS[so RVMsVVsV xqsWLiRV B xmnsVs LjigjisxmsoRV (106), VjsVLiRVRV A ][xtsQsVV
aSLiLiRV N]LRi\ZNP aSLi RVsVVsV [RVssV. [yRVsVV[ gSs, g][aS[ gSs, RV
aS[ gSs, BLi yNTP RVLiRV gSs (107), RWLRiVs FsRV DLi[ lLiLiRV xxqssVV N]R

NRPgjis ryssVVsV RNRPgS @LiNRPLjiLi, xmsoRV g][RVsVsV @R RRVLRixqs=sVVgS [zqs (108),


sVR[ sVLjiRVV yV sVW xmsRsVVsV Li yLRisVV][ RVs, N]R gRiVgRiV
RWxmssVsV s[zqss (109) sVNRPVLisVVsV sVR[ DLi, BRLRi NRPVLisVVsV jNRPV RVLiRV
DLiRssV.
xqsysVNRP NRPWLSks NRPaSLiaRP RyxtsQxqsV ee 110
xmspLRi[VsLiR xmsp[s xmsLiRRsRVV[s z e xmsOTPQ}msssLRiys dsks NRPsVaRPxqsy ee 111
NRPLRiLi R xqsxmsdNRP sWyLRiLi sLRi[VRVRM e xqsVsLRi xmssWLi su LjiLiykyLi R sOTPQ}ms` ee
112
xqsbPLRi}qs sVR NRPVLi[ sxtsv sWyx xmsp[V` e FygSjxtsv RVy sVLiRsVLiyks NRPsVa][
RV[`ee 113
RRysW RRVLSQLi R ssWLi[ s RVyNRPsVsV e AyxyjNRPLi xqsLRi*sWylLi[Q\s
NSLRi[V` ee 114
sWsVT ANRPV gRiVRVsV DLis NRPaRPsVVsV FsssVj jNRPV RVLiRVLi (110),
xmsLiysVXRsVVV gRi sVV][ xqssVLiRNRPsVVgS sLixmsssV. y RVLiRV dssVV sVVRgRiV
]sVj LRiRsVVsV DLiRssV (11). ss[NTP RVgRiVyRV NRPLRissVV NRPgRis AyLRiVs,
ARVs LRi][ xqs sLRisVV [RVssV. sxtsvso VVNRP LigRiLRiV xmssVsV, BLiyj
[sR xmssVsV sVLixmssVV sLiRVLiRssV (112). sVR NRPVLisVV[ N]Lji xmnssVV
sVLi, sxtsvsosV Ayxs [zqs xmspLiRssV. RWLRi sLiRV BLiRVs, BRLRi jNRPV RVLiRV
ARW jNSNRPVsV NRPsVsVVgS xmspLiRssV (113). ARW [sR ysVsVV RRVLki
sNTPNTP 'ssVM' [TLi xmspLiRssV. AyxssVV sVVRV xmspsV xmspLjigS AyLRiVs
[Rs[ [LiVVLiRssV (114).
AyLRi VV* ryLRiLi RsLiys xms}msRRsV e NRPVLixqs xmsbPs[V lgi[ FyLi[
x[sVsWRlLi[` ee 115

N][Li ORPQLi xqsxxqsLi y aRPRsVuRLRiLi VyM e GNSxLi y syxLi y Ry sVLiRs[Vs R


ee 116
RVyWgRiLi xmsNRPVLki*R NS[aSsVryLRiRM e aRPdsV x[sVaRP aSLiRlLi[ sXRQlLi[ R xmsaRPNRPsV ee
117
xqssVRyQ\ZNP LRiQQ\sQLSsW sVLi[ y xs[` e FyLRiLi[ RVRQXRLi RsLi RQ
RWLiRLi xqssWRlLi[` ee 118
RVsWs AyLRiVs][, VV*NRPV][ NRPzqs [sR sVLiRsVVsV sLiRryLRiV zmsLiRssV.
xmssVV @LiVVs RLRiVyR, NRPVLisVVsNRPV xmsbPsV gRisVV[ x[sVsVVsV [RVssV (115). J
sy*LixqsVLS! N][ gSs, ORPQ gSs, s[LiVV gSs, sW VssVj gSs xmsLSRVsVVV x[sVsVV
[RVssV. INRP, ]sVj, [NRP s\ jssVVV (116) [aRP NSsVgRiVsVVgS, RVyaRPNTP
x[sVsVVsV [RVssV. aSLis g][Ljis][ sV xqssVR][sV, RsyssVVsV g][Ljis][
sWRVgRi xqssVR][sV x[sVsVV [RVssV (117). xqssVRsV, @ssVVsV, s[LiVVs
[syysVsVV][ gSs, sVLiRsVV][ gSs x[sVsVV [RVssV. x[sVsVVsNRPV ALRiLisVV[
DxmsWgjiLis RssVVs[ x[sVsVV xmspLji RVgRiV sLRiNRPV ssWgjiLiRssV (118).
xmsoxLi yRLiVVy*Li[ js[ xqsLiFORPQ[V\M e xs [[VRaS` RWsyx
xqsLiRW ee 119
AyLRiaRP xsuybdP VV*aRP # s[RVyM e Ajyks gRisuy* xqsLRi*x[sWLiR Gs z
ee 120
VV*g][Q ROTPQLi RyssLRiRLi RVyNRPsVsV e RaRPysLi RRM NRPVLS RWLjiysLi RRM
xmsLRisV ee 121
y sVVxmsdsyyLi gRiXzLi ssyLi RssV e NRPyyLi R xqsLRiQXLi sRyyLi RRM
xmsLRisV ee 122

RLi][xmsNRPLRiLi xqsLRi*sWyLSRV ss[R[V` e


ALRiV L][s xmsox yRssVV [zqs, A sVV][ @LiR RssV. RLRiVyR,
x[sVsVV Fss xmsLSRVsVVV [RVTs][, @LiRsVLij xVNRPV [ssVVsV
|msssV (119). J sy*LixqsVLS! AyLRiVRV, VV*NRPVV xsxqsV=sV VLiRssV.
Ajyj ssgRix x[sVsVVsV [RVssV. x[sVsVV sRVV xmspLji @LiVVs zmsRxms (120),
VV*NRPVNRPV sLRiVxqsgS ssLRiRsVV dsRVssV. RLRiVyR RaRPyssVVsV [zqs, zmssV
sLjisgS BRLRi yssVVsV [RVssV (121). DxmssRVssVV @LiVVs VLRiNRPV, gRiXxxqsVNRPV,
ysxmsxqsVNRPV, NRPsNRPV, sVVRLiVVRVsoNRPV, LRiQX{sNRPV (122) RssVV dsRVssV. RV
rysVgji sLiRsW AyLRiVs NUPRVssV.
DyyyLi R sWLkiLi RVM ry*dsV RVsVMxqsQXRM ee 123
RryRsVxqs {msRLRiLi NSysLi xmsyxms[V` e aRPRs}tsQ y NRPVLSRaRP s}tsQ y xmsosM ee
124
FyaSLiNRPVaRPRLRiLi NSLi NRPVLSRVLRiVxtsQ LRiWzmssV e RR=Q*LRi xmssWysLi NRPVLSROTPQRW xqsx
ee 125
ysLi RRM NRPVLS RWLSRVVxtsQ xmszqsR[V e A s[ORPQLi ysLi R NRPVLS` yj
ssXR[V ee 126
xqsxxqsLi [[Vj*Fys RLjiR aRP+Rs[Vs y e sy s[ RLjiRxqsV RVyaRPNTP xqssWRlLi[` ee 127
\LRisxqs sVxmspLi NRPVLSRWyj aSLiR[V e sV}tsQNRPLi \ss[RLi bPsryLi[ RV
NSLRi[V` ee 128
DyRsVVsV, *LRisVVsV NRPgjiLi, RVMsVV sRVyRV RVsVVRs xmsTsj (123),
NSsos, RVsVVs {ms N]LRiNRPV NSyssVV dsRVssV. @sgS, sLiR, [NRP xmsj xmssVV
LigSLRisVV][ FyaRPsVVsV, @LiNRPVaRPsVVsV RLjiLis NSxmsoLRiVxtsvs xmssV [RVssV. A

xmssVsV ROTPQ][ xqs ysdsVRVssV (125). RLRiVyR, xmspLSRVVLSRVsVV LiRV N]LRi\ZNP


sV ysdsVRVssV. yRVsV Fg]VN]sV N]LRi\ZNP s[[ sVVsVVsV RW, yss
ysdsVRVssV (126). s[LiVV, [y sLiRsVLij xVNRPV [ssVRssV. RssVV
[syRV RVyaRPNTP [RVssV (127). Wyj ][xtsQsVVV aSLiLiRV N]LRi\ZNP \LRisos
xmspLiRssV. RLRiVyR bPsosNRPV sV}tsQNRPsVVsV, \ss[RsVVsV [LiVVLiRssV (128).
xs [[VRaS` WLji[sLRiWxmsRM e GsLi NRPX[s ][xtsQaSLi sVyxmsoRW` ee
129
aSLi RVsVsVLi NRPVLS R*lL<i[ slL<i[ RV FnyVs[ e RVLRiLRi+y_ xqs][ \s sWxqssW[ xqssWRlLi[`
ee 130
sVFyFyj xmsLiFyF NRPVLSQ\QLRis xmspssV e sVyj xqssVVRf xqsLiNRPLi
xmsosLSRlLi[` ee 131
xqsLS*s[ RLjiRxqsV kxmsys sVy RlLi[` e RRxmsaRPNRPM ryy*Q\s RVLi ys sWRlLi[` ee
132
jyNRPLRiLi ssVxqsVLSsLi[uRLRiLi aRPRsV e xqsxxqssVRVVRLi ORPQLi N][Li y
NSLRi[VRVRM ee 133
RLRiVyR sVVNRPV sLjisgS [ssVVsV |msssV. BV RVsVVsV [RVV ss
][xtsQsVVV aSLiLiRVsV (129). C aSLi RVsVVsV xms xqsLisR=LRisVV FnyVs sWxqssVV[
[RVssV. DyRsVVV NRPsTsxmsoRV ssVsLis[ gSs, INRP s L][[ gSs [RVssV
(130). sV FyxmssVV xqsLiFyxmsQ\sVsxmsVRV \LRisos xmspLiRssV. sV yj NRPgjis][
sVLRi xqsLiNRPsVV [RVssV (131). RssVV [s RLjiRVRV kxmsyssVVsV [RVssV. @j
NRPWR [RV[syRV ryssVV [zqs, G][ INRP yssVVsV [RVssV (132). sy*LixqsVRV
xqsWLRisVLiRsVVsV zmsxqsW sW WssVj xqsWLRi ssVryLRisVVsV [RVssV. s[LiVV,
xmsjs[V, ORPQ [NRP N][ ssVryLRisVVsV [LiVVLiRssV (133).

ssVryLSR RV[s RVuyxqsV=Qxqs=LRi*[syM e R*R=Q*LRiW}mssLjiy VjLRi [ aRPWs[ R


L][R ee 134
RW yxqsQxqs RxLi[ R*LiVV RX}tsQ ssLjiy e ssWsxLi z xqs*[}s [ sVLixqssVzqs
xms[ ee 135
s aRPW[ sVR=Q*LRiWF \s Rs yrszqs ryLixmsRsV e RVy WgRiLi ry*R RVLi
ssVryLRiLi xmsNRP[V` ee 136
ssVryLRisVV @s[ AR RVsVV [R [sRLiRLRiV xqsLiRzqsLiRLRiV. y Vj ds xqs*LRiWxmssVV
sLiRV @LjiLixmsTsj. dsso [s ][ y Vj LRisVLiRRV (134). @xLiNSLRi sVsVNSLRisVVV
ssV RWRgSs[ ]gjiFsosV. s[sV dsNRPV ryuyLigRisVV [RVVRVysV. J xmsW! ds sVzsV
g]xmsj (135). y xqs*LRisVV aRPWssVV NSRV. s[sxmsoRV dsNRPV yxqsVRsV. @s C sRsVVgS
RV][RsVVgS ssVryLRisVs[ AR RVsVV ssVztsQLiRssV (136).
@yR bPs\ss[RLi RyQ* yLiWLi sWxlLi[` e bPsxmsROTPQLi NRPVLSR=Q*RV sVuRLRiLi
aRPRsV ee 137
xqsxxqs sVRVVRLi ORPQLi N][ sVs[s NSLRi[V` e bPs xmsROTPQR=LRi*Li FyRNRPLi saRP ORPQ` ee
138
RVMxqs sVWLi yjL>ji y[LRiWLi z FyRNRPsVe RlLi[Q\s z FyFyysV xms[Rs
dsVLjiRsV ee 139
bP[[aRPNRPX][ RLRiM ORPQsVM Fyxmss[Rs[ e
RLRiVyR NRPVRV bPsosNRPV \ss[RsVVsV [zqs, yLiWsVVsV xqssVLjiLiRssV. NRPVRV ysV
sW VssVj ryLRiV bPsosNRPV xmsROTPQsVV [RVssV (137). s[LiVV, xmsjs[V, ORPQ, [NRP
N][ryLRiV BRLRiV [R xmsROTPQsVV [LiVVLiRssV. bPsxmsROTPQsVV ss FyxmssVV sRVW
ORPQsVV[ sbPLiRVsV (138). RVMsVVsNRPV sVWsVV yj. yjNTP sVWsVV FyxmssVV.

FyxmssVVV RLRisVV [Rs[ ]gRiVss xmsTsj (139). bPsos D[bPLi [zqss RLRisVV
FyxmssVVsV Fg]V[ xqssVLRisVgRiVsV.
@RQORPQLi bPsRlLi[xtsv xmsROTPQ sVdLjiRsV ee 140
NTPRVRW xmsLRiWxmsLi z xmssLi RV xmsROTPQsV e ssLi sVLRiLi R*LiR*Li sWRW
RNRPsVdLjiRsV ee 141
bPsxqs sWRW RNRPLi z {mshRiLi RRVR[ e {mshRiLi xqssWLRi FyROTPQ NRPs[V\s ee 142
xms[ xmsyLiRLRiLi gRiy* {mshRiLi xqssWsZaP[` e ssVryLRiLi RRM NRPVLS RQROTPQ sVdLjiRsV ee
143
sLRisWssLi FyxmsLi ssVryQ*R xqssVLRisV e ssLi sVLRiLi R*LiR*Li bPssWRW
xqssVLjiRsV ee 144
bPsRLRisVsVV[ xmsROTPQsVV xqsL][*RQXxtsQsVs xmsRVsV (140). xmssVV NTPRV\Vs][,
xmsROTPQsVV xmsssVgRiVsV. ss sVLRisVVs[ R*LiR*sVVsNRPV sWRW RNRPsVs }msLRiV (141).
bPsos sWRW RNRPsVVsNRPV {mshRisVsRVV }msLRiV gRiRV. {mshRisVV sR sVVRT FsRsV sVLiT
NRPVTNTP (142) sT, sVLRi {mshRisVV sRNRPV LSssV. @xmsoRV ssVryLRisVVsV [RVssV.
@j INRP xmsROTPQsVgRiVsV (143). bPs sWRW sVLiT RVNRPV sRVs[ s NRPgjisj.
ssVryLRisVV [zqs, AR xqssVLRi [zqss][, sssVLRisVVs[ R*LiR*sVV bPssWRVNRPV
xqssVLjiRsVgRiVsV (144).
bPssWRWLjiR R*Li][* s xmsosryQ*R gRis[` e RWs[xM NTPRWksxqs= [ R
DR[ ee 145
[xRRV sbdPNSlLi[ sWORPQ BRVR[ V\M e sWRWRNRP xms[y z bPsM xmsLRisVNSLRisV ee 146
bPssWRWLjiRLi R*LiR*Li bPsxqsV xmsLjisWLRi e bPs[s NRPRLi R*LiR*Li Rzqss[s
xqssVLRi[V` ee 147

bPsry xmsRVLi syRQROTPQLi ssW VyM e xmsROTPQ ssVryLSM bPsxqs xmsLRisWRsM e e


148
uR\ZaP LRiVxmsy\lLiaRP NRPXRxmsp xmns xmsy e
R*LiR*sVVsV bPssWRVNRPV xqssVLjiLis][, @j sVLRi LijLiRRV. sos [xsVV
NRPLSkssVVgRi sVsLiRsLRiNRPV, A soRV RVRsRVsV (145). sVWRV sRsVV [xsVVsV
(xqsW, xqsWORPQ , NSLRi) saRPsVV [xqsVN]sV[V sWORPQsVs xmsLiTRVV |msRLRiV. sWRW
RNRPsVVsV }ms bPsoRV gRiRVsNRPV xmsLRisVNSLRisVV (146). bPssWRV RVLiRV @LjiLixmsTs
R*LiR*sVVsV bPsoRV sWRs[V RVTs[RVVsV. bPsos[ NRPLixmsTs R*LiR*sVVsV bPsos
RVLiRV sWRs[V xqssVLjiLiRssV (147). J sy*LixqsVLS! xmsROTPQ ssVryLRisVVV bPsosNRPV
sVNTP {msNRPLRisVVs VLRiVLigRiVsVV. xmsLRisVbPsosNRPV xmsROTPQsVV [zqs ssVxqsLjiLis][ (148)
uRa][xmsyLRi xmsp [zqss xmnssVV LiRVsV.
xmsROTPQsssyaRPLi z FyRNRPLi yzqs WR[ ee 149
RryRQROTPQ[\ss xqsLRi*Li FyxmsLi syaRP# [V` e bPsxmspxmsL][ sds xqsyj gRiV xqsLiRVVRM ee
150
NTPRW RF xms s ys[}tsQ*Q\ZNPNRP sWRlLi[` e HaRP*LRiLi js[xaRP ssVs xqsLiaRPRVM ee
151
bPsrysRsV[[ NTPRWkyLi xmnsLi # s[` e NRPLRi[s xmnsLi RW RsVxqsM xmsLjixmsy` ee 152
ssM xmsLjisWLjiy*` Vy sys R e
xmsROTPQsVV sbPLixms[RVs FyxmssVV C [NRPsVV[ [RV (149). NSsos, xmsROTPQsVVsV [zqs
FyxmssVVsLids Fg]VN]sssV. bPsxmsp RVLiRV sxtsQgRi NRPVRV sssVVsV FyxqsW,
xqsRsVV sVVRgRiV gRiVsVVsV NRPgji (150), bPsNRPLRi, RxmsxqsV=, xmssVV, ssVV, yssVV
@sV ys IN]NRPgS ARLjiLiRssV. C @LiVVjLis ARLjiLiRV ss HaRP*LRisVV,

js[xsVV, ssVV, @s ssX (151), bPsos xqssj @sV xmnssVVV NRPsVsVVgS


LiRVsV. bPsos xmspsV [zqs @ssVVsV ]gjiLiRVN]sV ss (152) s LSzRsVV,
[RRVsVV @sV xmnssVVV LiRVsV.
RVy [aRPLi RVy NSLi RVy [xLi RVy RssV ee 153
RVy WgRiLi xmsNRPVLki*R NTPRWks bPsNTPsWs e yRWLjiR xqsVs[s s}qsyQbP+sxqs[ ee
154
szLiryj LRizR sVZNP[aRP ssLjiRsV e xmsLiyORPQlLi[ xmsLi R ][RVsVsLi sRVxqsV=sV ee 155
@RyxLRiLjiRxqs OSQsLi sRLi # s[` e bPsNRPxqs OSQsLi bPsNTP ssLRissV ee 156
aRPLiV xqsRsV FyxLjiQOSQsLi bPsWgjisM e
bPsNRPVRV [aRPNSsVVNRPV, Rs [xsVVsNRPV, Rs sR sVs RssVVsNRPV (153) @sVLRiWxmssVVgS
\|mss zmss NTPRWRVsV WgRiR ssVxqsLjiLi [RVssV. s bPsZOP[Q RsVV[ yRVsVVgS
xqsLiFyjLis RssVV][ sLiRssV (154). szLixqs [RVsy\, @jNRP NRPxtsQsVVsV
xmsLjixLjiLi sLiRssV. xmsLiyORPQLki sVLiRsVV][ FOTPQLis dsLRiV, @ssVV xqsVsVVsV
NRPgjiLiRVsV (155). [y, NRPVRV RLjiRV\s][, OSQssVV][ sLiRssV. @V [RVV
ss ssVVsV F~LiRVsV. bPsNRPVsNRPV ORPQ ss Lis @ssVV bPsNTPs sLjiQ [RVVsV
(156). bPsWgji VLiRV OSQssVVsNRPV aRPLiVxqsRsVs }msLRiV.
[Vs ZNP[yxmsoFy[Vs RVR NRPVyzms WR[ee 157
aRPVys VN`P xqsy sds LRixxqsLi s xmsNSaRP# [V` e xmsNSaRP# [VRV NSyLi bPssVRQs[Vs z
ee 158
LRixxqsLi bPssVLiRxqs bP[ y yxmsLRiM e bPsN][ s}qssRLi bPsLigRiLi xqssWbPRM ee 159

ryVLigSaRP[V\s ryVLRis WxqsVLSM e xmspRW RLRi LigRixqs NRPsWsVQQN][ # s[RVssV


ee 160
ryRNRPVRV G][ INRP DFyRVsVV][ FsR[ INRP ][ sszqsLiRVRW, WsV\|ms aRPRVsLiRssV
(157). aRPVRsVgRiV @ssVVsV VLiRssV. xqsy ss\V DLiRssV. Rs ryRy
LRixxqssVVsV xmsNRPLiRLSRV. NRPVNRPV bPsos sVzsVsV sWRs[V ssLjiLiRssV (158).
bPssVLiRsVV VVNRP LRixxqssVVsV bPsoRV RNRP sVLjiVVNRPLRiV VLRiVLigRiLRiV. bPsNRPVRV
xqsLRi*y bPsLigRisVV yaRPLiVVLi sLiRssV (159). J j*LS! xmsztsQR LigRisVVsV
AaRPLiVVLi sLiRV sQQNTP sWRs[V bPsryRVVsVVsV F~LiRVsV. RLRiLigRisVVsV xmspLiRV
NRPVRV NRPsVsVVgS sVVNTPs F~LiRVsV (160).
xqsLRi*sVVNRPLi xqssW}qss ryRryRssVVRsVsV e y}qss RVRVLS FyNRPLi RVRVQRLi z
sVRW xmsoLS ee 161
RsVxqsV z[sryNRPLi bPsNTPLRiQXyxqsV ry e RV BsVLi xmshRi[syRVLi RVaRP+QX[ sLRixqs=y
ee 162
bPssLi xqs #[ bPsxqs NRPXxmsRW VyM ee 163
B$ bPs sVxmsoLS[ s[aRP*LRi xqsLizyRVLi ryRryRs Li[ bPsLigRi sVzsW sLRisLi
ysV @uyRa][syRVM (18).
DRsVsVgRiV ryR ryRssVVsV xqssVgRisVVgS, xqsLigRixsVVgS [jLis. s[sV kss
xmspLRi*sVV yxqsVRV xmsgS ss RVVLis (161). dsVNRPV sVLigRisVgRiV gSNRP!sVsNRPV RXRsVgRiV
bPsNTP NRPgRiVgSNRP! J sy*LixqsVLS! G sWssoRV C @yRVsVVsV xqsLS*y xmshjiLiRV[, [NRP
ssV[ (162), @yRV bPsos NRPXxms ss bPsssVVsV F~LiRVsV (163).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ s[*aRP*LRi xqsLizR RVLiR ryRryRs LiR[ bPsLigRi sVzsW
sLRissVV @sV xmsssVRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj.

@R GN][s sLia][syRVM
FyLjis LigRi sVRQsVV
VVxtsQRV ERVM e
xqsWR xqsWR LRiLi s RsxqsQ*Li bPsNTPsWs e xqssVgRiVNRPxqsQ*RW LigRisVzsW xqsRxmsRM ee
1
RVR FyLjis sV}aRP LigRixqs sVzsWRVy e xqsL][*RQXxtsQaRP NRPj][ yxqs][ Wz RLi xmsosM
ee 2
VVxtsvV xmsNTPLji c
xqsWy! dsso LRiNSsVV sLixmsosVV. bPsNTP gRi dsso RsVRso. sVLi xmnssVV s[ LigRi
sVzsVsV dsso RNRPgS ssLjiLis (1). sV}aRP*LRiVs FyLjis LigRisVV xqsLRi*ZaP[xtsQsVs yxqsVRV
zmsRVVyRV. dsso BxmsoRV FyLjis LigRisVzsVsV sVLRi xmsVsVV (2).
xqsWR DyR e
aRPXVR*sVXxtsQRVxqs=lLi[* xqsRQ NSQ xLRi][sM bPsFyLjis LigRixqs sVzsW FR[ sVRW
ee 3
DZNP[}tsQ*[xtsv Lilgi[xtsv FyLjisLi LigRisVVRsVsV e Rxqs xmsps][ sFy xszqs=j sWgRiyM ee
4
xLjiLRiQ R VVxtsQRVxqs= xmsxmsRRVxqsy e xqsLixmsp FyLjisLi LigRiLi Fyxmsoxqs=lLi[*zms=RLi
j*M ee 5
[yxqsVLRi sVsVuyaRP gRiLiRL][*LRigRi LSORPQryM e @s[szms xsxqsLi xqsLixmsp zqsjLi gRiyM xmsLRisV ee
6

xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
VVxtsvLS! dsVLRiLiRLRiV ssVRV. ssVV xqsLRi*sVV NTP[R bPsos sVLiT xqsLiFyxmsQ\sVsj. s[sV
bPsos FyLjis LigRisVV VVNRP sVzsVsV xmsVRVysV (3). sLjiLixmsTs LigRisVV sLi[
FyLjis LigRisVV ZaP[xtsQsVV. J xVLS! yss xmspLi FsLiRL][ zqsjs F~LijLji (4). J
j*LS!sxtsvso, x, VVxtsvV sVLjiRVV xmsxmsRVV FyLjis LigRisVVsV xmspLi N][lLi
ssds RzqsLji (5). [sRV, @xqsVLRiVV, sVsVxtsvV, gRiLiRLRiV*V, xmssgRiVV, LSORPQxqsVV
sVLjiRVV @s[NRPVV BRLRiVV yss xmspLi xmsLRisVzqsjs F~LijLji (6).
NRPX[ LRiRsVRVLi LigRiLi [yRWLi }sVxqsLissV e y*xmslLi[ FyLRiRLi ZaP[xtsQLi FyLjisLi RV
NRPRVVlgi[ ee 7
@xtsQsVWLjixtsv xqsLS*xqsV sVWLjiQ\lLiQQ* FyLjids sLS e @ss xmspy sFyxqsxmsxqsry sxRsV ee
8
RVy xqslLi[*xtsv [s[xtsv [xtsQ ZaP[u sV}aRP*LRiM e GsLi xqslLi[*xtsv Lilgi[xtsv FyLjisLi ZaP[xtsQ sVVR[
ee 9
RVy skxtsv xqsLS*xqsV [uy ZaP[uy xqsVLSxmsgS e Ry xqslLi[*xtsv Lilgi[xtsv FyLjisLi ZaP[xtsQsVVR[ ee
10
NRPXRRVVgRisVV[ LRiRLigRisVV, [yRVVgRisVV[ LigRiLRiV LigRisVV, y*xmsLRisVV[ LRixqsLigRisVV,
NRPRVVgRisVV[ FyLjis LigRisVV ZaP[xtsQsVVV (7). bPsos @xtsQsVWLRiV[ (xmsLiRWRsVVV,
xqsWLRiRLiRVV, rsVRW) FyLjissVWLji ZaP[xtsQsVV. NSsos, J sxmsoLS! BRLRi xmsp NRPLi
FyLjis LigRixmsp[V g]xms xmnssVV sRV RxmsxqsV= @gRiVsV (8). [sRLiRLji[ sV}aRP*LRiVRV
ZaP[xtsvRV (9). sRVs[ gRiLigSsj ZaP[xtsQsVV. @Vs[, LigRisVV sLi[ FyLjis LigRisVV
ZaP[xtsQsVs xmsRVsV (10).
RVy xqslLi[*xtsv sVLi[xtsv xms[ z sVs xqsQXRM e R[RLi FyLjisLi ZaP[xtsQsWLSRLi
xmsps[Vs z ee 11

RVy xqslLi[*xtsv slLi[xtsv xM ZaP[xtsQ DR[ e Ry xqslLi[*xtsv Lilgi[xtsv FyLjisLi ZaP[xtsQsVVR[ee


12
RVy xmsoLkixtsv xqsLS*xqsV NSbdP ZaP[xtsQsWy xqsQXy e Ry xqslLi[*xtsv Lilgi[xtsv FyLjisLi ZaP[xtsQsVVR[ ee
13
RVy s[xtsv xqslLi[*xtsv bPsLS sRLi xmsLRisV e Ry xqslLi[*xtsv Lilgi[xtsv FyLjisLi ZaP[xtsQsVVR[ ee
14
RVy [dsxtsv xqsLS*xqsV \ZaPds aRPNTPM xmsLS xqsQXy e Ry xqslLi[*xtsv Lilgi[xtsv FyLjisLi ZaP[xtsQsVVR[ ee
15
sVLiRsVV sLi[ JLiNSLRisVV y g]xmsj RVs xqsQXRVV xmsVRVss. @Vs[,
LigRisVV[ FyLjis LigRisVV ZaP[xtsQ\sVsj; ALSjLi, xmspLiRRgjisj (11). sLRisVVsLi[
xVRV ZaP[xtsv\sV (12), sgRiLRisVV sLi[ NSbdPsgRiLRisVV s (13), sRsVV
sLi[ bPsLS sRsVV s (14), [dssVWLRiVLiRLji[ \ZaPds aRPNTP s, LigRisVV sLi[
FyLjis LigRisVV xqsL][*RQXxtsQ\sVsj (15).
xmsNRPXR FyLjisLi LigRiLi Wss[sLi xmsxmsp[V` e sXy s ry xmsp rysyyjNRPLi
sXy ee 16
FyLjiyLSRsLi xmsoLi RssWRVVLji*sLRissV e RVztsQRLi xmsoztsQRLi $RLi NSLRiLi ryRNRPxqsRQ\sVM
ee 17
RVy [xmsy\lLiaRP NSQ aRPyxqssVs*RM e xmsp[VyLjisLi LigRiLi xqsLRi*NSsWLRi zqsjRsV ee
18
RVM NRPXy* FyLjisLi LigRiLi xmsp[VRV# s[jNRPsV e B\|s Rsys $sWs @Li[
LRiV][sRV[ ee 19

FyLjis LigRisVVsV gSNRP, sVLjiVVNRP LigRisVVsV xmspLis][, A xmsp sXy RVgRiVsV. A xmsp
xqsLiRLRisVV[ [RVV ryyRVV NRPWy sLRisVgRiVsV (16). FyLjis LigSLSRs ryRNRPVsNRPV
xmsosVVs, ARVVxt<svsV |msLi, sRsVVsV RssVV [RVVsV; RVztsQs, xmsoztsQs, xqsLixmsRsV
BRVsV; ryRNRPVV RxmsNRP [RVRgjisj (17). ryRNRPVRV RsNRPV Lis rysVgji][
DxmsyLRisVVsV [zqs, NTP][, aRPR][ NRPWTsy\, FyLjis LigRisVVsV ALSjLis][,
N][lLisRVW C[LRiVsV (18). LigRisVVsNRPV aRPVNRPLRisVgRiV FyLjis s[js [zqs xmspLiRV
ryRNRPVRV C [NRPsVV[ RssVV][, a][][ sLS, [xsVVsV dsTs RLRiVyR LRiVRVs[
HNRPsVVsV F~LiRVsV (19).
xqsLiRLi WsLRi[VLigRiLi NRPXy* [*s FyLjissV e R\ZaPNSRaRPNRPLi RWsRxqs xmsoxmnsLi
aRPXV ee 20
@s[\ss xqs*[}s LRiVR[ZNP[ sV{RV[ e FyxmsxLi xqsLRi*sVLSQyLi RLRi+yR=QLRi+yRzms ee 21
ssVQQNRPxqs= \s ds bPs Gs s xqsLiaRPRVM e Rxqs RLRi+s sW[ VNTP LRiVQQNTPaRP RV[ ee 22
bPsLi RVM xmsp[VsRLi NRPXy* LigRiLi RV FyLjissV e RWsss xmsLRiLiRLi xqs RW
bPssVLijLRisV ee 23
FyLjis LigRisVVsV [zqs sVWRV xqsLiR[ sWlLi[RV xmsRsVV][ xmsj, xmsRN]LiRV
xqsLisR=LRisVVV @LjiLis sQQNTPNTP LiRV xmsoxmnssVVsV ssVRV (20). ARRV C
[xsVV][s[ LRiVR[NRPsVV sLiRV sLSVsV. ARss RW, xqsQXbPLiRV sWsso NRPLiRLjiNUP
FyxmssVVV ]gRiVsV (21). ARRV ssVNRPVRV, s, bPsxqs*LRiWxmsoRV @sV[ xqsLijRVsVV
[RV. @yss RWRV [Rs[ BxxmsLRisVVV xqsLixmsssVgRiVsV (22). FyLjis LigRisVVsV [zqs
sRsVV sRNSsVLiy xmsp [RVV sQQNTP bPsos xqssjs F~LiRVsV (23).
sVX[y xmssVys sL<Ss bPs[ZNP[ z xtsQ e xqsNSsVM xmsosLSgRiR LS[Li][ LRi[ # s[` ee 24
suysVM xmsp[VsRLi FyLjisLi LigRisVWRsVsV e bPs[ZNP[ xqsy }tsQRRry=RVV
sWxmsoRW` ee 25

FyLjisLi bPsLigRiLi R sF RVj s xmsp[V` e xqs RW sLRiNRPLi |mnsWLRiLi aRPWFRLi


xqsVyLRiVsV ee 26
RVyNRPRLi j*jy LRisVLi LigRiLi xmsNSLRi[V` e xmsLiRxqsWR sysLi R FyLjis[s syLRi[V`
ee 27
ARRV bPsos][ gRiWT NRP [ss xqsLisR=LRisVVV bPs[NRPsVV sLiRVLiRVsV. ARRV NSsVsV
gRiy\s][, sVLRi W[NRPsVV[ sLi, LRiRsL<RisVVsNRPV RNRPsLji RVgRiVsV (24).
NSsVsV [syRV sRsVV ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV FyLjisLigRisVVsV xmspLi][, bPs[NRPsVV sLiRV
LRiNSsVV DLiT, zmsRxms bPsryRVVsVVsV F~LiRVsV (25). xVRV FyLjis bPsLigRisVVsV
xmspLis][, RVLiNRPLRisVgRiV sLRiNRP[NRPsVV[ aRPWsVVNRPV NRPT yLRiVsVgRiV sRsV
F~LiRVsV (26). NSsos, sWssoRV G][ sRsVVgS aRPsVLi, xqsVLiRLRisVgRiV FyLjisLigRisVVsV
RVysjgS LRiLiRssV. FyLjis LigRi xmsp[ xmsLiRxqsWR syssVV gRiVLjiLi Li s
[RV (27).
@LiRLi Rj NRPLRisLi s sLiRLi xmsNSLRi[V` e j*LiRLi RV xmsNRPVLS*[ \ss xmspxmnsLi
[` ee 28
LRiRLi }sVLi LigRiLi FyLRiRLi ryNRPLi Ry e FyLjisLi xmsoxtsQLSg][R sVLiRLi RV
xmsNSLRi[V` ee 29
@LiRLi RV RLRiLi LigRiLi j*LiRsVRLRiLi xqsQXRsV e LiyLiR syL][RVLi xqsRLSRLRi[VM
xqsQXRM ee 30
s[jNS RV sVsy LigRiLi [[ sV}aRP*LRiM e @][ z ryslLi[ Lilgi[ xqsQXy ZaP[uy j*LiTy
ee 31
FyLjis LigRisVVsV @LiRsVVgS [RVssV. lLiLiRV gRisVVsV @NTP [RVLSRV. @V
j*LiRsVVgS [zqss][, xmspxmnssVV RNRPRV (28). LRiRsVV, LigSLRisVV, LRixqssVV, xqsNRPsVV,
sV, sVLjiRVV xmsoxtsQLSgRisVV][ [RVV LigRisVV @LiRsVVgS sVLiRssV (29). RLRiLigRisVV

@LiRsVVgRisV, xmsztsQR LigRisVV j*LiRsVVgRisV DLiRsss xqsQXRVV syLjiLi


sLRiLiVVLiss (30). s[jNRP sV sR. LigRisVV sV}aRP*LRiVRV. NSsos, xmsztsQR LigRisVV
j*LiRsVVgS sVLiRV ZaP[xtsQsVs xqsQXRVV zmsss (31).
j*LiRLi rysLRiLi LigRiLi NRPLRisLi z sysRM e @LiRLi LigRisVLi FNRPLi \ZaPszqsyLiRs[jM
ee 32
j*LiRLi RV RLRiLi LigRiLi NRPVLRi*LiRs sWzyM e \ss zqsyLiR s[yL][ sVsRV
aS+xqsQN][syM ee 33
@LiRLi rysLRiLi LigRiLi j*LiRLi RLRis[Vs R e [V NRPVLRi*Li sLS sVWy s xmspxmns gjisM
ee 34
RryyrQQ NRP sjy @LiRLi RLRixqsLiNRPsV e j*LiRLi rysLRiLi LigRiLi NRPLRisLi xmsLRiRW
sVVy ee 35
rysLRi (xmsztsQR) LigRisVVsV j*LiRsVVgRisV, RLRiLigRisVVsV @LiRsVVgRisV sLjiLiRsss
\ZaPszqsyLiR xmsLiTRVV |msRLRiV (32). zqsyLiRsVV RVsyLRiV, sVVsVV NSsyLRiV, aSxqsQ
FyLiTRsVV [s @sVV RLRiLigRisVVsV j*LiRsVVgS [RVVRVLRiV (33). rysLRiLigRisVVsV
@LiRsVVgRisV, RLRiLigRisVVsV j*LiRsVVgRisV [RVV sVWLRiVNRPV xmspxmnssVV RNRPRV (34).
NSsos, aSxqsQ sj ssVxqsLjiLi, RLRiLigRisVVsV @LiRsVVgRisV, rysLRiLigRisVVsV
j*LiRsVVgRisV [zqs, AsLiRsVVsV F~LiRssV (35).
@Li[ RV RlLi[ xmsp xqsLixmspLRi xmnsyLiVVds e j*Li[ RV RlLi[ xmsp sVsxmsy xqsQXy ee
36
@Li[ ryslLi[ xmsp s NSsVxmnsyLiVVds e xmsyyRVNRPLki sRsVRVQ NRPLi aSxqsQs[jM ee 37
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ s[aRP*LRi xqsLizyRVLi ryRryRs Li[ FyLjis bPsLigRi xmsps
sVRQ sLRisLi y\sVN][s sLia][syRVM (19).

@LiRsVgRiV RLRiLigRisVVsV xmspLis][, xqsLixmspLRixmnssVV RNRPVsV. j*LiR RLRi LigRisVVsV


xmspLis][, g]xms s NRPVgRiVss xqsQXRVV xmsVRVss (36). @LiRsVgRiV
rysLRiLigRisVVsV xmspLis][ N][lLiV C[LRiNRP Fso[V gSNRP, sbPRsVVgS xmsRyRVsVV
xqsLiFyxmssVgRiVss aSxqsQs[RV |msRLRiV (37).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[s s[aRP*LRi xqsLizR RVLiRV ryR ryRs LiRsVV[ FyLjis
bPsLigRi xmsps sVRQ sLRissVV @sV xmsLi]sVRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (19).
@R sLia][syRVM
FyLjis bPsLigRi xmsp sj
xqsWR DyR e
@R \sjNRP NSyLi FyLjiyLS sgRiR[ e \sjZNP[\ss sWlLi[ VNTP sVVNTP xmsyLiVVds ee 1
xqsW][NRP sjy ryy* xqsLiyLi NRPXy* RVysj e xRVLi syRV_ RRxqsLRi
sWRlLi[` ee 2
\sNRPLi xqsNRPLi NRPLRi syRWsLiRLRiLi xmsosWse bPsxqsLRi xmspLRi*Li z xqsLRiVyORPQyLRiNRPM ee 3
s[][NRP sjy xqssVNRP=LixmspLRi xmnszqsR[V e xmsp[VRLRiRW NSQ FyLjisLi LigRisVVRsVsV ee
4
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
BxmsoRV \sjNRPNRPVV [}qs FyLjis LigRixmsp xmsRVRVsj. \sjNRP sWLRisVV sWRs[V
BxxmsLRisVV dsRVgRiVsV (1). gRiXx xqsWRsVV[ [zmss dLRiVs ryssVV [zqs, RVysjgS
xqsLiysLiRssVV yRLjiLi, sVVLiRVgS xRVsVVsV, RLRiVyR RLRisVVsV [RVssV
(2). NRPVRV sRNRPLRi ssds ARLjiLis RLRiVyR, bPsos xqsLjiLiRVRW xqssV, LRiVyORPQsV

RLjiLiRssV (3). @xmsoRV NRPVRV xmspLRi xmnssVVsV F~LiRV N]LRi\ZNP, xmsLSNTP][ ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV FyLjis
LigRisVVsV RNRPgS xmspLiRssV (4).
skdlLi[ Rylgi[ R xmsLRi*[ NSss[szms R e bPy[V aRPV_ [ZaP[ FyLjiyLS skRV[ ee 5
aRPVRxms[aRP xqsLiWyLi sVXRsVxXR RVRRM e bPsLigRiLi xmsNRP[R rysysRRW j*M ee
6
s}ms g_LS xqsQXy a][ x[ {msRsLRiNS e \sZaP[ NRPXuy FyR[ xRy RVR RW # s[`
ee 7
xqsLigRiXx sVXNSLi LigRi sLSLRiLi xmsRVRRM e @ds aRPV# [ZaP[ R ryxms[VyLi sVXRLi
aRPVsV ee 8
sk dLRisVV sLiRV gSs, LRiVso gRiVs gSs, xmsLRi*RsVV sLiRV gSs, @Rs[ gSs, bPyRVsVV
sLiRV gSs, [y G[s aRPVR xms[aRPsVV sLiRV FyLjis LigRisVVsV xmspLiRsss sj (5). J
j*LS! aRPVRsVgRiV xms[aRPsVV[s sVs aRPR][ xqsLigRizLi, rysyssVVgS bPsLigRisVVsV
sLjiLiRssV (6). xVRV sVs, ORPQ RVVRV FsLRisVs, \saRPVRV xmsRs sVs,
aRPWRVRV ssVs yRssV. [y, Lis sVs yRssV (7). LigRisVVsV sLjiLiRV
N]LRi\ZNP sVs xmsRVRxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS xqsLigRizLi, A xmssRsVgRiV sVs sVNTP aRPV RVgRiV
xms[aRPsVV[ sVLiRssV (8).
xqsLia][R R [yzms zmsLiUNRPXR aRP# \saRP+Q\sM e sk[VR aRPVLi LigRiLi FyLjisLi s[RsWLRiRM ee 9
RRxqs=Lixmsp[V RQ NSQ WNTP sVVNTP xmnsxms[V e RRQNSLRi sVxLi s aRPXVR*Li
xqsLisysRM ee 10
ssVbP+yRV sVLi[LRis RsLi R FORPQ[V` e WLRi{qs R sVLi[ ZOP[Q RzqsjLi
xmsNSLRi[V` ee 11
AFrys sVLi[ xqsLiryLRisWRlLi[` e ssV}qs LRiVRsVLi[ FnyNS LiRsVVR[ ee 12

ds][ yss aRPVj [zqs, sVsVgS zmsLiRsVVsV [zqs, aRPVNRPLRisVgRiV FyLjis LigRisVVsV
[RVssV . @xmsoRV s[][NRP syssVV][ (9), NTP][ xmspLis][ Bx xmsLRixsVVV
zqsjLiRVsV. s[y xmsRs RVysjgS ssLjiLiRsV. ssVRV (10). xmsLiyORPQLki sVLiRsVV][
xmspRssVVsV FOTPQLiRssV. 'WLRizqs' @sV sVLiRsVV][ xmspxqssVVsV aRPVj [zqs
zqsRsVV [RVssV (11). '@FrysV' @sV sVLiRsVV][ sVVsV xqsLixqsLjiLiRssV. ssV}qs
LRiVR @sV sVLiRsVV][ xqsNRPLiRsVVsV LRiLiRssV (12).
aRPLiy[V sVLi[ ZOP[Q RaRPVjLi xmsNSLRi[V` e ssVM xmsplLi[* NRPVLSRLiysVXRryzms
FORPQsV ee 13
dsgkiyRV sVLi[ ssVM xmsplLi[* NTPsWs e RlLi[RLiNRPLRi LigRixqs xmsuyxmss sVVRsVsV ee
14
NTP RxqsR GR[ LRiVy[V R sVLiRRM e AxqssLi LRisVRVLi \s Ry \Q*jNRPsWLRi NRPX` ee 15
sV[ sVLiR sV R sVLi[ yxsLi RlLi[` e RW[ LRiV[ sVLi[ xqsLiRlLi[RVxmss[aRPssV
ee 16
'ssVaRP+Li# s[ R' @sV sVLiRsVV][ ZOP[Q RaRPVjs [zqs, xmsLiysVXRsVVsV FORPQ [RVssV
(13). ryRNRPVRV NTP][ NRPWTsy\ 'ssW dsgkiyRV R' @sV sVLiRsVV][ C DRsVsVgRiV
bPsLigRisVVsV xmsztsQLiRssV (14). RLRiVyR, \sjNRP sWLRisVV[ xmspsV [RVV C NRPVRV
NTP][ 'GR[ LRiVR' @sV sVLiRsVV][ xqsVLiRLRisVgRiV AxqsssVVsV xqssVLjiLiRssV
(15). 'sW[ sVLiRsV' @sV sVLiRsVV][ bPsos Ayxs [zqs, 'RW[ LRiVR' @sV
sVLiRsVV][ bPsos AxqsssVV\|ms Dxmssxtsvs [RVssV (16).
sVLi[ RWsVxtsvsV yxqsLi NRPVLSsxqs R e @R[ Rj }mssWjyxqsLi sVsVy RlLi[`
ee 17
sVsry rRV B [syyxqssWRlLi[` e @r WssxqsLRid yRlLi[RVxmsxqsLRisV ee 18

ssWxqsV dsgkiy[V FyRLi sVsVy xlLi[` e ALRiQLi R LRiVRgSRVyQsRsVsLi


RQLiZNP[ R ee 19
xmsRVM xmsXjysV R xmsRVry ryssWRlLi[` e RjNSs[ sVLi[ RjrysLi R NSLRi[V`
ee 20
'RWsVxtsvLi' @sV sVLiRsVV][ bPsosNRPV yxqssVVsV [RVssV. '@R[R`' @sV
sVLiRsVV][ }mssVxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS @jyxqssVVsV [RVssV (17). '@r RVrysVM'@sV
sVLiRsVV][ LigRisVV sLiRV BxtsQ\ssVgRiV bPsos yxqssVVsV ARLjiLiRssV. '@r
WssxqsLRi' @sV sVLiRsVV][ bPsos xqsdsVzmsLiRssV (18). 'ssW @xqsV dsgkiyRV' @sV
sVLiRsVV][
FyRsVV
dsRVssV. 'RRVLRiVuyRV' @sV
LRiVRgSRV][
ALRiQsVVsV, 'RQLiNRPLi RVsV}' @sV sVLiRsVV][ ARsVssVVsV CRVssV
(19). 'xmsRVM xmsXjysV' @sV sVLiRsVV][ Fy @}tsQNRPsVVsV, 'RjNSs[' @sV
sVLiRsVV][ |msLRiVgRiV @}tsQNRPsVVsV [RVssV (20).
xmnsVXRLi rys[ V xmnsVXRLi xmnsVXRFys[ sVLiRRM e sVRVyy sVRVsNRPLi sVRVsWs B
RQQXy ee 21
sVRVLiR xqsxmssLi FNRPsV xmsLiysVXRLi xqsQXRsV e @Ry FyRsVLi[ rysLi
xmsLiysVX[s R ee 22
sWsrZNP[ B }mssW sVLi[ NRP LiRssV e ssW RXxtsQs[ B y DRLkiRVLi R yxms[V` ee
23
RW[ } Lji }mssW VVN`P RRV}tsQ \sjNRPM e bPyRV sjy NRPaRPlLi[R*xqsQ xqssVLRisV ee
24
'xmnsVXRLi xmnsVXRFyy' @sV sVLiRsVV][ s[ @}tsQNRPsVVsV [RVssV. 'sVRVyy,
sVRVsNRPLi sVRVsWsM' @sV sVWRV sVLiRsVV][ (21), sVRVsosV, RZNPLRi dss
DxmsWgjiLi @}tsQNTPLiRssV. C @LiVVRV RssVV][ [RVV @}tsQNRPsVVsNRPV xmsLiysVXR

ryssVs }msLRiV. BV gSNRP, FyR sVLiRsVV][ xmsLiysVXR ryssVVsV @LjiLiRsRVsV


(22). 'sVsrZNP[' @sV sVLiRsVV][ }mssVxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS bPsosNRPV NRPLiRssVVsV, 'ssW
RXxtsQs[' @sV sVLiRsVV][ DRLkiRVsVVsV CRVssV (23). \sjNRPNRPVRV 'RW [
}M' @sV yV sVLiRsVV][ }mssVxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS bPsosNRPV RVysjgS sxqsQsVVsV
xqssVLjiLiRssV (24).
ssVM aRP* B }mssW gRiLiRLi RyRXy xqsVkM e ssVxqsQORPQ B yORPQys sVLi[
yLRi[V` ee 25
ssVM FyLSRV B y xmsoxtsQLi sVLi[ yLRi[V` e ssVM xmsLSQRV B y *xmsR
xqssVLRisV ee 26
ssVM NRPxmsLjis[ [ RWxmsLi RyRysj e kxmsLi RyR][NRPLi RV ssV AaRPs BRQXy ee 27
ssW [uyRV sVLi[ RyQ\sQs[RsVVRsVsV e sVsVy RQLiNRPsV xmsosLSRsVsLi
xqsQXRsV ee 28
NRPVRV xmssRsVgRiV sVsxqsV= gRiy\ 'ssVM aRP*M' @sV sVLiRsVV][ }mssV][ gRiLiRsVV
dsRVssV. 'ssVxqsQORPQM' @sV sVLiRsVV][ @ORPQR sLjiLiRssV (25).'ssVM
FyLSRV' @sV sVLiRsVV][ xmsoxtsQsVVsV, 'ssVM xmsLSQRV' @sV sVLiRsVV][ sWlLi[RV
xmsRsVVsV xqssVLjiLiRssV (26). 'ssVM NRPxmsLjis[ R' @sV sVLiRsVV][ RVysjgS RWxmssVV
dsRVssV. 'ssV AaRP# s[' @sV sVLiRsVV][ RVysjgS RWxmssVV dsRVssV (27). 'ssW
[uyRV' @sV sVLiRsVV][ DRsVsVgRiV \ss[RsVVsV, 'RLiNRPLi' @sV sVLiRsVV][
xmsosLSRsVssVVsV @LjiLiRsss xqsQXRVV xmsVRVss (28).
BsWLi LRiVy[V VVy NRPVLSR xqssVLRisV e ssW g][uy[V VVy xqsNRPLi
aRPLi# s[sLRi[V` ee 29
sW[ sVLiRsV R sWsrZNP[ B RRM e sVLiRR*[V\sNRP RaSORPQ \ LRiVys xmsxmsp[V` ee
30

zLRi gRiLRi B RQQXy ROTPQLi z xqssVLRi[V` e [sxqs [* sVLi[ x}tsQNRPLi


RlLi[RVRM ee 31
kxms sVLi[ yaRPLi[Lki LSs sjLi RlLi[` e xmsouyLiLi RlLi[ RQ NSQ BsWLi LRiVyRV R
RQQXy ee 32
'BsWLig`iiLi LRiVyRV' @sV sVLiRsVV][ xmnssVV sLjiLiRssV. 'ssW g][uRV' @sV
sVLiRsVV][ xqsLRi*sVVsV bPsosNRPV @LjiLiRssV (29). 'sV[ sVLiRsV, sWsrZNP[' @sV
lLiLiRV sVLiRsVV][ GNSRaRPLRiVRVsV @ORPQR][ xmspLiRssV (30). 'zLRigRiLRiM' @sV
sVWRV sVLiRsVV][ ROTPQ dsRVssV. sy*LixqsVRV'[sxqs y*' @sV sVLiRsVV][
@}tsQNRPsVVsV [RVssV (31). kxms sVLiRsVV][ bPsosNRPV dsLSsdsVRVssV.
RLRiVyR 'BsWLig`iiLi LRiVyRV' @sV sVWRV sVLiRsVV][ LRiVRVsNRPV ][|qsRV xmsoxtsQsVVsV
NTP][ xqssVLjiLiRssV (32).
sW [ sVLiRsV R RlLi[yQM xmsROTPQsV e sWsrZNP[ sVLi[ ryuyLigRi xmss[VRV=kM
ee 33
GxtsQ [ B sVLi[ bPssVVyLi xmsRLRi+[V` e RV][ RVR BRRWLi yLi
RQLiZNP[ R ee 34
ssV}qs= s[ sVLi[ sVsVVyLi xmsRLRi+[V` e RLRi+[V [sV sVVyLi R ssW g][
VVysRW ee 35
xmsLiRsVVyM xmsRLS+QR bPssVLiR xmsLi RlLi[` e aRPR LRiVjRV sVLi[ }ms[*R sRORPQM ee
36
FyRV 'sW [ sVLiRsV ' @sV sVLiRsVV][ xmsROTPQsVVsV [zqs, xmssRsVgRiV
sVsxqsV=][ 'sWsrZNP[' @sV sVLiRsVVsV xmshjiLi, ryuyLigRisVVgS ssVxqsLjiLiRssV
(33). 'GxtsQ [ LRiVR' @sV sVLiRsVV][ bPssVVRsV, 'RV][ RVRM' @sV sVLiRsVV][
@RVsVVRsV, ' RQLiNRPsV ' @sV sVLiRsVV][ sVsVVRsV 'ssW g][M'@sV

sVLiRsVV][ [sV sVVRsV RWxmsssV (35). CsRsVVgS xmsLiRsVVRsV RWzms,


bPssVLiRsVVsV zmsLiRssV. s[Rs[R aRPRLRiVkRVsVV (LRiVyyRVsVV) sV zmsLiRssV
(36).
RRM xmsLiyLigRi FyhRiLi R NRPVLS[*RsRORPQM e [y gS* sVLi[ NRPVLSRLi[Lji*xqsLRissV ee
37
BRVQQNRP bP+sxmspRW yxqs][ \sjN][ sjM e xqssWxqsRaRP aRPXVR \sjNRPLi sjsVVRsVsV ee 38
VVy xqs][RsV sVXyxLRi sWRlLi[` e ysV[yRV B R xmsZOP[QxmssWRlLi[` ee 39
@|mnsWlLi[ R sVLi[ LigRisLS sWRlLi[` e RRWLRiV}tsQ sVLi[*sLi NRPVLSRy sj
ee 40
RLRiVyR s[Rs[R xmsLiyLigRisVVsV xmshjiLiRssV. '[y gSRV' @sV sVLiRsVV][ bPsosNTP
Dy*xqss xmsssV (37). BLiRsLRiNRPV bPsxmsp VVNRP \sjNRP syssVV sxqsLRisVVgS
xmsTsj. BxmsoRV DRsVsVgRiV A \sjNRP sj VVNRP xqsLigRixLRiWxmssVVsV ssVRV (38). 'xqs][
RLi' @sV sVLiRsVV][ sVs dxqsVNRPVs, 'ysV[yRV' @sV sVLiRsVV][
sVVsV
FOTPQLiRssV
(39). '@|mnsWlLi[M' @sV
sVLiRsVV][
LigRisVVsV
sLjiLi, 'RRVLRiVuyRV' @sV sVLiRsVV][ bPsos RVysjgS A*sLiRssV (40).
xqsLiW [V[*jNSRW dsVaSs sVsVy xLRisV e @sR=LRi*Li sysLi R NRPVLSR=LiQZOP[Qxms
RxqsV=kM ee 41
xmsLiyORPQlLi[ sVLi[ gRiVLRiVR[s y Ry e NRPVLSRWLi uRa][xmsylLi[ sjsRV=kM ee 42
yRV syaSRV sV}[yRV ksVz e DgSRV DgRiyaSRV aRPLS*RV aRPbP ss[ ee 43
@s[s sVsVy yzms xmsp[VRLiNRPLRiLi xqsVkM e xqsVNSQR sVLi RQQNSQ* # ZN^PQ Qs xmnsRbP+sM
ee 44

'CaSsM' @sV sVLiRsVV][ bPsos s[jNRP\|ms xmsztsQLi, NRPVRV aRPVRsVgRiV sVsxqsV= gRiy\,
sVgjis syssVV sLiRsW xqsLiZOP[QxmssVVgS [RVssV (41). NRPVRV xmsLiyORPQLji sVLiRsVV][
gSs, gRiVLRiVso Bs sVLiRsVV][ gSs uRa][xmsyLRi xmspsV RVysjgS [RVssV (42).
[y, 'yRV ... ss[' (soRV, xqsLiryLRisVVsV sbPLixms[RVVyRV, DgRiVRV,
DgRi][xtsQsVVsV sbPLixms[RVVyRV, xqsLiLRiNRPLRi, RLiRVs bPLRixqsV=Q\|ms RLjiLiRVyRV sgRiV
sV[sos ysLiRsVV) (43) @sV sVLiRsVV][ aRPLiNRPLRiVs, NTP][, sVsV dsT
xmspLiRssV. bPsoRV NTP[R sWRs[V xmnssVV sRVsV (44).
BRzms FNRP sWRXR \sjNRP NRPsVxmspssV e FR[sssjxqs=sVNS=yLRi RRW j*M ee
45
xmsp FyLjis LigRixqs xqsLiFNS bPsysVM e yLi aRPXVR*Li sVVsZaP[uyM xqsLRi*NSsV xmsyLiVVds ee
46
xL][ sV}aRP*LRi aRP+LiV aRPW+ FyM zmsyNRPRXN`P e bPsM xmsaRPVxms\ZaPQQs sV[s B NRPsW` ee
47
sVXyxLRi xqsLixmnsV xmsuy*ss[Vs R e xqsxmssLi xmspsLi \s ORPQsV}qs* sxqsLRissV ee 48
JLiNSLSj RRVLRiQLiQ\ LRisWLi\LSsVM NRPsW` e NRPLRiy R NTPRW xqsLS* NSQ* xmsLRisVRW
sVVy ee 49
\sjNRP xmsR[ xmsp [RVV sRsVV ryRLRisVVgS sLjiLixmsTsj. J j*LS! xqsLRiV*NRPV
DxmsWgRixms[ sVLjiVVNRP xmspsj NRPWR xmsRVRVsj (45). FyLjis LigRisVVsV bPsos
ysVsVV][ xmspLiRV syssVV gRiRV. J sVVsxmsoLigRisoLS! N][lLi ssds C[LRiV A
xmspsjs ssVRV (46). JLi xLSRV ssVM, JLi sV}aRP*LSRV ssVM, JLi aRPLi# s[ ssVM, JLi
aRPWFy[V ssVM, JLi zmsyNRPRX[ ssVM, JLi bPyRV ssVM, JLi xmsaRPVxmsR[V ssVM, JLi
sV[yRV ssVM, @sV ysVsVV][ NRPsVsVVgS (47) sVs RV, LigRisVVsV [RVV,

bPsos xmsztsQLiRV, A*ssVV, ryssVV, xmsp, ORPQsWxmssVV, Dy*xqss @sV sRVsV (48)
NTP][, AsLiRsVV][ [RVssV (49).
NRPXy* yxqssjLi xqssVN`P xtsQRLigRiNRPLRiWxqsy e xtsQRORPQlLi[ sVLi[ R][ ysLi xqssWRlLi[` ee
50
\ZNPxqs{mshSxqss sVRxqsLixqsLi # ZN^PQ xqs=sLiyjLRiLRiQsWssV e
NSQ Lji yys sVxmss[VRVLi y[VRVsWLigjiR saRP*WxtsQsV ee 51
y[VsRLi sV}aRPLi LRiRgjiLjisLi yLRiV RLiysRLixqsLi
LRiyNRP[*LigRiLi xmsLRiaRPV sVXgRi sLS d xxqsLi xmsxqsssV e
xmsy{qssLi xqssVLiy` zqsRsVsVLRigRi\M yxmnsVNRPXLi srysLi
saS*RLi saRP*dLi s RVxLRiLi xmsLiRsNRPQLi s[RsV ee 52
xtsQRORPQLRi sVLiRsVV (JLi ssVbP+yRV) ][ RVysjgS ALRiV @LigRiyxqssVVsV, ALRiV
NRPLRiyxqssVVsV [zqs, yssVVsV [RVssV (50). \ZNPxqssVV sLiRV zqsLixqss sVRsVV[
sLSVyRV, xqssLiRVRV sVVRgRiV NRPV[ xmspLixmsRVyRV, NRPV RVMsVVsNRPV yygji
sLiyRV, xmssWsVVNRPV g][RLRisVV NSs yRV, DsW[s][ NRPWTRVVsyRV,
LiRsVVsNRPV @LiNSLRi\sVsyRV @gRiV bPsos ysLiRssV (5). sLiT N]LiRs
xmsNSbPLiRVyRV, xqsVLiRLRisVgRiV RLiRVs NTPLkisVVsLiRV RLjiLisyRV, LRiyLRisVV[
xmsNSbPLiRV [xsVV gRiyRV; xmsLRiaRPVso, [T, sLRisVVR, @RVsVVRsV [RVLiRV
RLjiLisyRV; xmsxqssVRV, xmsyxqsssVV sLiRVsyRV, yxmnsVRLRisVVsV RLjiLisyRV,
LiRsVVsNRPV ARVRV, LiRsVVsVNRP NSLRiWRVRV, RVsVV ssds
Fg]VyRV, @LiVVRV sVVsVVV gRiyRV, sVVNRPLi RVgRiV sV}aRP*LRiVs xmsjssVV
ysLiRssV (52).

B yy* R xqsLixmsp FyLjisLi LigRisVVRsVsV e }msRLiyORPQLRiLi sVLiRLi gRiVLRiVRRLi


RVysj ee 53
xqsV\ZaPQQs [s[aRPLi xqsVdsR xmssVs xqsVkM e yyy Lji*}msLiyM xmslhi[\Q* aRPRLRiVjRVsV ee
54
RRry=QORPQR xmsouy gRiX{y*Li y sVVy e FyLRi[V RLiNRPLRiLi NSQ sVLi\QlLi[xqsV=
NTPRM ee 55
C sRsVVgS ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV FyLjis LigRisVVsV xmspLi, ysLi, gRiVLRiVso [R RVysjgS
CRVTs xmsLiyORPQLRi sVLiRsVVsV zmsLiRssV (53). J sxmsZaP[xtsvLS!ss[NTP sV[sos
@s[NRP sRsVV rRsVV[ xqsVLi, ssVxqsLjiLiRssV. sVLjiRVV aRPRLRiVjRVsVVsV
xmshjiLiRssV (54). RLRiVyR, @ORPQRsV, xmsoxtsQsVVsV ][zqs RVLiRV dxqsVNRPVs AsLiRsVV][,
NTP][ aRPLiNRPLRiVs C sVLiRsVV][ FyLjiLiRssV (55).
ysNRPxqsQ*RR FyxqsQ*][sxLi xqsy sVXR e NRPXFysR B y* WRyR xms{qsRs[V ee 56
@yRj y yxms xmspjNRPLi sVRW e NRPXRLi RRxqsV xqsxmnsLi NRPXxmsRW Rs aRPLiNRPLRi ee 57
@xLi Fy{ms sVsR FyssaRP yss e B sRV g_LkiaRP RVjRzqs Ry NRPVLRiV ee 58
s[\M xmsoLS\ zqs=yLi\M VVztsQ Lji*s\LRizms e s ][szqs sV[s NRPV][sxLi R*Li xqsybPs ee
59
RVy Ry R*kWszqs xqsLRi*\s LRi}aRP*LRi e LRiORPQRVxqsQ*RVxLi \s xms{qsR xmsLRis[VaRP*LRi ee 60
} sVXR! s[sV ds yRsV. y sRsVV ds @kssVV[ sVsj. y sVsxqsV=[ xqsy dss[
Dyso. } NRPXFys[! } WRyy! C sxtsQRVsVV sLjiLigji ssV @sVgRizLixmsosVV (56). J
aRPLiNRPLS! zqs gSs, RVNRP gSs [zqss xmsxmspRVV ds NRPXxms[ xqsxmnssVVgRiV gSNRP! (57).
s[sV g]xms Fyzmss. dsso g]xms FyssVRso. } g_Lkixms[!dsds sxtsQRVsVV sLjiLigji, dsNRPV ssV
[RVVsVV (58). J sV[y! ssV s[RsVVV, xmsoLSsVVV, ssR zqsyLiRsVVV, sVLjiRVV

VVxtsvV NRPWR RVNRPFLiVVLji. } xqsybPy! s[sNRPR? dssNRPR? (59). }


sV}aRP*LS !s[sV @s sRsVV ssVV [R dsyR\s RVVysV. } xmsLRis[VaRP*LS !dsso
ssV @sVgRizLi LRiOTPQLiRssV (60).
B[sLi yORPQys xmsouys AL][xms R bP[xmsLji e xmss[VRQ NTPR aRP+LiVLi ryuyLigRiLi sj
ssVs[ ee 61
RRM xmsROTPQLi NRPVLSR][NRP sjy xqsVkM e xmsosxqsVQ= dsR [s[aRPLi xqsVM aRPRRWs*RM ee 62
R][ gRiLRisLi NRPXy* xmss[VRVssVkM e NRPVLSj*zms sWRXR sxqsLRis sVyRlLi[` ee 63
BRVQQNS sVVsaSLRiWM FyLjiyLS sysRM e VNTPy sVVNTPy \s bPsNTP ssLjids ee 64
J sVxL<ki! BV FyLjiLi @ORPQRsV, xmsoxtsQsVVsV bPsos\|ms DLi, NTP][ bPsosNRPV RVysjgS
ryuyLigRissVryLRisVVsV [RVssV (61). RLRiVyR, xqsRVjgRi NRPVRV RVysjgS
xmsROTPQsVVsV [zqs, sVLRi sV[sos aRPR][ xqsVLiRssV (62). RLRiVyR gRiLRigS
RVy*ssVVsV [zqs, xmssR\sVs, sdsR\sVs sVsxqsV=][ ssVxqsLjiLi, ryRLRisVVgS
sssLiRVN]s, RLRiVyR Dy*xqsssV xmsssV (63). J sVVsZaP[xtsvLS! Bx xmsLRisVV
xqsgRiV sRVV, bPsos RVLiRV NTPs |msLiF~LijLiRV FyLjis LigRixmsp syssVVsV zmss
(64).
BRyRVLi xqsV[s RVM xmslhi[RQXV RWRzms e xqsLRi*Fyxms saRPVyy xqsLS*y
sWsyxmsoRW` ee 65
ARVVLSL][gRiRLi \s RVaRPxqsLi xqs*LRiQs[Vs R e xmsoRFyj xqsVR sWs sVRsVVRsVsV
ee 66
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ s[*aRP*LRi xqsLizyRWLi ryR ryRs Li[ FyLjis bPsLigRi xmsp
sj sLRisLi ysV sLia][syRVM (20).

C @yRVsVVsV sVLi sVsxqsV=][ xmshjiLi[, [y ss[ sQQNTP FyxmssVV ssLids


]gjiLiRVN]s, N][lLisds F~LiRVsV (65). C xmssRsVgRiV @yRVsVV ARVVLSRVsVVsV,
AL][gRisVVsV, NUPLjis, xqs*LRisVVsV, xmsoRFyj xqsVsVVsV BRVsV (66).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[s s[aRP*LRi xqsLizR RVLiRV ryR ryRs LiRsVV[ FyLjis
bPsLigRi xmspsj sLRissVV @s[ BLRiVsjRVs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj.
@R GNRP sLia][syRVM
FyLjis xmsp sLRissVV
VVxtsQRV ERVM e
xqsWR xqsWR sVgRi yxqs bPxtsQ ssWsxqsV[ e xqssVgRiVNRPLi R*RW yR FyLji yLS
sysNRPsV ee 1
NSsVy [RsWbPR xqsLiLi Wz sysRM e bPs FyLjis LigSyLi NRPXxmsRW kssR= ee 2
VVxtsvV xmsNTPLji c
J xqsWy! sVy! yxqsbPuy! dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV. dsso FyLjisLigRi xmsp syssVVsV
RNRPgS sLjiLis (1). ksRRW[! NRPV NSsVs[s [RsVVsV xmspLiRsszqss
FyLjisLigRisVV xqsLisV RRV][ sLjiLixmsosVV (2).
xqsWR DyR e
aRPXVR*sVXxtsQRVxqs=lLi[* FyLjiyLS sysNRPsV e RVrysVuys sV[ NRPXRNRPX][ # s[sLRiM ee
2

@NRPXy* FyLjisLi LigRiLi Wss[sLi xmsxmsp[V` e sXy s ry xmsp RsVysjNRPLi


sXy ee 3
xqsLi FyLjisLigSyLi RVyNSsVLi sgRiR[ e xqsLi xqs][ sVVsZaP[xtsQ saRP[Vs xmnsxmsy ee
5
xmsRsWyxsLi RR xmsuy xmspsLi xmsXRN`P e LigSNSLRiLi xqssVLi RR xqsLRi*Li [RVLi
xmsXRNRPQXRN`P ee 6
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
J VVxtsvLS! dsVLRiLiRLRiV ssVRV. FyLjisLigRi xmsp skssVVsV |msRsV. sWssoRV C
xmspsV [zqssLiR sWys NRPXRNRPXRVRgRiVsV(3). FyLjisLigRisVVsV gSNRP, BRLRi [sRsV
xmspLis][, A xmsp, BLijRV sgRixsVV, yssVV ByRVV sXyRVgRiVsV (4). NSsVssV
xmspLiRRgjis FyLjisLigRisVV xqsLisV |msRsV. JsVVsZaP[uy! C xqsLisV
@sVxqsLjiLi xmspsV [zqss][, xmnssVV ssV sLis[ LiRV saRPRVsVV (5).
LigRisVVsLiNUP ANSLRisVV xqssVsVVgS sVLiRssV. AyxssVV, xmsuy Byj xmspsV
LigRisVVsLiNUP s[lLi[*LRiVgS [RVssV.
syLki xmsoLRiVxtsQM {msy xqsxxqssVR FyLjissV e xmsp[VsLigRiLi z saRPRWRRxmsRsV
ee 7
sLRiM FyLjisLigSyLi RyLki R RRLRiNRPsV e xmsoyLki ryLRi ryxxqsLi sryQLki aRPRxmsLiRNRPsV ee 8
sWOSQLki N][ gRiVRLi WNSsVaRP xqsxxqsNRPsV e RRWLki R ryxxqsLi dLSQLki j*xqsxxqsNRPsV ee
9
xqsVxXydsV ryxxqsLi saSLki aRPRsVxtsQNRPsV e sWLRiLki xqsxmsaRPRLi sWxyLki aRPyxtsQNRPsV ee
10

sRsV N][LRiV sWssoRV {ms][ s[LiVV FyLjisLigRisVVsV xmspLis][, saRPRVsVVgS xmnssVV


LiRVsV (7). RssVVsV g][LRiV sWssoRV HRVsLiRV, xmsoRVs N][LRiVyRV xmsj}sVsLiRV,
sxqsQsVVsV N][LRiVyRV HRVsLiRV (8), sWORPQsVVsV N][LRiVyRV N][, WsVs N][LRiVyRV
s[LiVV, xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVs RRVsV N][LRiVyRV sVWRVs[V, dLRiRWRsV N][LRiVyRV lLiLiRV s[V (9),
}qszRVs N][LRiVyRV sVWRV s[V, BRLRi sQQNTP Rs saRPsVV NSsss N][LRiVyRV FsssVj
sLiRV, aRPRVyaRPsVVsV N][LRiVyRV GRVsLiRV, BRLRiVsV sWzLixms[RVV g][LRiVyRV
FsssVj sLiRV, FyLjisLigRisVVsV @LjiLiRssV (10).
Dys xmsLRi\ZaPQQs xqsxxqsLi R RV][NRPRM e xqsLiyLki xqsxxqsLi RV [*xtsQLki RRLRiNRPsV ee 11
sgRiysVQQNTP NSsVxqsV xqsxxqsLi ryLRisVVRsVsV e sVLS# [V xmsLiRaRPRLi [RVLi sRORPQ \M ee
12
_LSj xqsLiNRP[ [RVLi FyLjiyyLi aRPR R*RVsV e yNTP yj # [V xmsLiRaRPR sVVNRPLi R
FyLjissV ee 13
yLji[Q xmsLiRryxxqssVRVVRLi xqsLRi*NSsVRsV e
W][yssVVsV [RVg][LRiVyRV s[LiVV, WRRV xqsLisVVsV [RVg][LRiVyRV s[LiVV, aRPRV
yaRPsVVsV N][LRiVyRV @LiVVRV sLiRV (11), xqsLiZNP sVLiT sRVRsV N][LRiVyRV xmsj}sV
sLiRV, sVLS RVsVV NRPgjisxmsVRV @LiVVRV sLiRV (12), ][LRiV ss NRPxtsQsVV
NRPgjisxmsoRV lLiLiRV sLiRV (13), yLjiRQsVV FsoNRPV @LiVVRV s[V, N][lLisRVV
C[LRiVNRPV xmsjs[V DRsV FyLjisLigRisVVsV RVysjgS xmspLiRsss xmsLiTRVV
RVssV.
@R sRsjLi sZOP[Q aRPXVR*Li sVVs xqsR sWM ee 14
GNRPLi FyxmsxLRiLi FNRPLi j*LigRiLi yLRizqsjRsV e LigRiLi xqsLRi*NSsWyLi NSLRiLi xmsLRidsVLjiRsV
ee 15

sVyLiRLRisV][ sZOP[Q xqsLiRWLi sVVs [RRM e LigSysVRVVRLi NRPXy* FyLjiyyLi


xqsVVjsWs ee 16
sLRiW z # s[sWsLi sVLSRVLi xlLi[` e NSLSgRiXj RVVNRPQLRi sVRVVRLi
NSLRi[VRVRM ee 17
yNTPyj # [V xqsxmsxqsxxqsLi NSLRi[VRy e xqsxry xmsLiR xmsLiRaRPRxmsoRM xmsNSLRi[V` ee 18
LigSysVRVV[\ss NRPyNSxqsLiRLi [` e
J sVVs ZaP[xtsvLS! BxmsoRV sRsj gRiVLjiLi |msRsV ssVRV (14). INRP LigRisVVsV
xmspLis, FyxmssVVV ]gRiVsV. lLiLiRV LigRisVVsV @LjiLis][, NSLRizqsj NRPVgRiVsV.
sVWRV LigRisVVsV @LjiLis, N][lLisRVW C[LRiVss xmsTsj (15). C xqsLi
sxtsQRVsVV[ sVVsV @FyRVsVVsLiRV [RsVV gRiRV. @ xqsLi [RsVVNRP yss
|msRsV. VjsVLiRVRV xmsjs[ LigRisVVsV xmspLis][ (16), sVLS RVs[VgSNRP,
@s RVsVVV ]gRiVsV. LRiry sVLiT ssVVNTPs N][LRiV sy*LixqsVRV xmsjs[ LigRisVV
xmspsV [LiVVLiRssV (17). yNTPds sVVRgRiV zmsaSRsVV ss RVsVV NRPgjis][, GRV s[
LigRisVV xmspsV [LiVVLiRssV. xmsoR xqsLiyssVV [syRV G\ @LiVVRV s[ LigRisVVsV
xmspLiRssV (18). xmsjs[ LigRisVVsV xmspLis][ xmsoNRP sLiRVsV.
LigSysVRVV[\ss suy* \QaRP*LRisWxmsoRW` ee 19
LigSyLi xmsRVV[\ss xRVLi bPRV sWxmsoRW` e N][s[VNSLi RV LigSyLi RVM NRPL][
sL][ Vs ee 20
bPs Gs # s[][=szms yR NSLS syLS e @LS FyLjisLigSyLi N][ RVxmnsxmsyee 21
VNTPy sVVNTPy sRLi RRM NSsWLjiyLi sXsV e sy LigSLRisLi RVxqs NS[ gRiR
sRaRPM ee 22
sV sLRis[Rxqs RVLRi*QXRxqs RVLSRsM e

xmsjs[ LigRisVV sLjiLiRV ss sxtsvso sVVRgRiV [sR HaRP*LRisVV][ xqssVsVgRiV


HaRP*LRisVV LiRVsV (19). ORPQLigRisVVsV @LjiLis sQQNTP ry[s xqsLixmsRsV F~LiRVsV. C
[NRPsVV[ N][LigRisVVsV @LjiLiRV sWssoRV (20) bPsxqs*LRiWxmsoRgRiVssV[ xqsLi[xsVV
[RV. FyLjisLigSLRis ss N][ RVsVV xmnssVV LiRVsV (21). C @LRis sWssoNRPV
VNTPs, sVVNTPs BRV sWRs[V gSNRP, N][lLi ds[LRiVsV. GyRW LigSLRis [NRPVLiRgS
NSsVVsV gRiRVxmso (22) RVLSRVsNRPV g]xms s NRPVgRiVsV.
GNRPRxqs=LRi*yys sys ssys R ee 23
dLSs sRVsW RV LigSLS \NRPR xqs=QQXy e NRP LigSLRisLi ZaP[xtsQLi Ry [ZNP[ xmsRXaRP[
ee
Ry y{qs aSryQ s[VxtsQ zqsyLiR saRPRVM e VNTP sVVNTPxmsRLi LigRiLi ssy xmssyLRisV ee
25
xmspLiVVy* sL][ sRLi bPs ryRVVsWxmsoRW` e bPsysVsVRVLi LigRiLi sRLi xmspLi
sVxL<jiM ee 26
RVRaRP xqsLRi*Lilgi[xtsv RryRWLi sysRM e
@s yssVVV, ssR sRsVVV (23), dLRisVVV, sRVsVsVVV, sVLjiRVV RVsVVV
INRP\sxmso, LigSLRis sVLjiVVNRP \sxmso @s xqsQXRVV xmsVRVss. NRPRVVgRisVV[ LigSLRis
[NRPsVV[ FsV ZaP[xtsQ\sV RVVs][ (24), @ ZaP[xtsQ\sVsj sVLjiVVNRP [Rs aSxqsQsVVV
sLRiLiVVLiss. VNTPs, sVVNTPs, B, ss AxmsRsV ]gjiLi[ LigRisVVsV (25) sRsVV
@LjiLiRV sWssoRV bPsryRVVsVVsV F~LiRVsV. xmsLiyORPQLki sVLiRLRiWxmssVgRiV LigRisVV
LigRisVVsLi[ ZaP[xtsQ\sVsj gSsos, sVxL<RiVV (26)sRsVV yss RVysjgS
DFyzqsLiRssVe
DRsVLi sVRsVLi dsRLi sRLi LigRidsVLjiRsV ee 27

sWs][ sVVsaSLRiWxqsRQXVR*Li sysVxsV e RRVLRiLigRiV sVVyQRVLi LRisVLi


s[jNRPRW RVVRsV ee 28
DRsVLi LigRisWRLi sVVsaS+xqsQ N][s\M e RRLRiLi sVRsVLi FNRPLi RRLRi sVRVsVLi
xqsQXRsV ee 29
BRLi sRsWRsVVRL][RLRiRM xmsLRisV e @s[NRP LigRiLi W sRLi NTP aRPy xqssVs*RM ee 30
xmsp[VR= [y sWssry sWs}qszms=ys e s LigSLSRyRsRVLi s[R RRVxtsQ[V
ee 31
sR[ xqsLRi*aSryQs[VxtsQ Gs ssaRPRVM e
LigRisVVV sVzsVsV DRsV sVRsV, dsRsVVs sVWRV sRsVVVgS sVss (27). J
sVVsZaP[xtsvLS! ds ssLRisVVsV s[sV |msRsV. ssVRV. yV @LigRiVsVVV FsRV NRPgji
{mshRisVVsV NRPgjiRVVs xqsVLiRLRisVgRiV (28) LigRisVV DRsVsVs aSxqsQxmsLiTRVgRiV sVVsVV
zmsRVVyLRiV. ys[ xqsgRisVV FsRV Dsj sVRsVsVs, yssLiRV Dsj @RsVsVs
xmsTsj (29). C sRsVVgS C sVWRV LigRisVVV DRL][RLRisVV @jNRP sVzsV gRisRVs
xmsTsj. @s[NRP LigRisVVsV sRsVV NTP aRPR][ gRiWT (30) xmspLiRV sLRiVs
sV[LRiRsVVsRVV C[LRiVsV. yV s[RsVV[ LigSLSRssVV NRPLi @jNRPxmsosVgRiV NRPLRi
[Rs (31) xqsLRi*aSxqsQsVV saRPRV\sV RVVsj.
xqsLRi*s[VRRLjiR NRPLRi sVZaP[xtsQRM ee 32
NSQ xmsLRisVRW sy*s LigRis[VNRPLi xmsxmsp[V` e Lilgi[sLji[sLjiRLi xqsLRi*Li gRi`
rysLRiLigRisVsV ee 33
xqsLiryLSLi Vj sVgSyLi ysyLRi ryRssVe @ssVLSLi yyLi sxtsQRWxqsNRP [RrysV
ee 34
xms[ y[szqs gRi LigSLSRs sVLiRLS e

sy*LixqsVRV C NRPLRi xqssVVyRVsVVsLiRsV dsT (32), xmspLRiNTP][ LigRixmspsV sWRs[V


[RVssV. LigRisVV sLjiLis][, RLSRLRi gRiRV sLiRsW @LjiLis[ RVgRiVsV (33).
@ssVV @s[ dNRP[ @LiRV\, BLijRV [gRisVV RVLiRV ssVgRiQQ\sVs sVsxqsV= gRigjis
yLjiNTP (34), C [NRPsVV[ LigSLRis RNRP sVLjiVVNRP ys [RV.
xLji xRW [y sVVsW RVORPQLSORPQryM ee 35
gRiLiRLS*aSLRizqs=y \[RW ysyxqsy e ygSZaP[+xtsQ xmsXRW gRiLRiVyyM gSxqsy ee 36
xqsxmsxmsRRV aSs[ sVssM NTPsLS sLSM e xmspLiVVy* sVNSQ* LigRiLi xqsLS*LRi zqsjRsV ee
37
FyFyM NSsWsduyLiaRP yLirys=LS*s xXj zqsys e
sxtsvso, x sVVRgRiV [sRV, sVVsVV, RVORPVV, LSORPQxqsVV (35), gRiLiRLRiV*V, yLRiVV,
zqsRVV, \RVV, yssoV sVLjiRVV ZaP[xtsvRV sVVRgRiV ygRiVV, gRiLRiVRVRV sVVRgRiV xmsORPVV
(36), xmsxmsRVV, sVsVsoV, NTPsLRiVV, sVLjiRVV sLRiVV xqsLRi*NSLRisVVsV zqsjLixms[RVV
LigRisVVsV sVNTP][ xmspLi (37), RsV RsV sV[LRiRsVVssLids F~LijLji.
xM ORPQ W \saRPM aRPW][ y xms[sVM ee 38
xmsp[VR=RRLi LigRiLi RRsLi[ ryRLRisV e NTPLi xZNP[s sVVsRVM {qsQ sVzms
RysRM ee 39
@jNSL][szqs xqslLi[*uyLi bPsLigSLRis[ j*M e j*yLi \sjZNP[yzms sWlLi[LSRsLi sLRisV ee 40
@s[uy sVzms LiRWyLi \sjZNP[s s xqsLisVRsV e \sjNSyLi j*yLi R xmsp \sjNRP sWLRiRM
ee 41
NRPLRiy yssWlLi[ Byx gRiys bPsM e Rk g_RsWkyLi aS}msyRgRi[RrysV ee 42

j*yLi RV[ aRPy \ss \sjNRP NRPLRi e


x ORPQ RV \saRP aRPWRV[ gSNRP xqsLRiV*V (38) LigRisVVsV ARW sVLiRsVV][ aRPRgS
sRsVV xmspLiRssV. J sVVsVLS! Bs sW[? J j*LS!{qsQNRPV, BRLRiVNRPV
@LiRLjiNTP NRPWR (39) bPsLigRisVVsV @LjiLiRV RVLiRV @jNSLRisVV gRiRV. j*V \sjNRP
xmsR[ ALSjLiRV[V ZaP[xtsQsVV (40). BRLRiVNRPV \sjNRP xmsR @sV NRPWsVV NSRV.
s[Rs[RgRiV j*V \sjNRP xmsR[s[ xmspLiRsssRVV (41), BRLRi xmsR[ NSRsRVV
xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV |mssV. Rk, g_RsVVRV sVVRgRiV VVxtsv aSxmssVV[ xtsQ\sVs @LiRM
NRPLRisVV gRi j*NRPV (42) \sjNRP NRPLRi RVLiRV aRPR NRPVgRis[ NRPVgRiRV.
W \sjNRP sVyRXR NRPLRi ryL`i sVyzms y ee 43
@sR= sWRlLi[sQQL][Q s xqsLiNRPxmnsLi [` e BRLi NRPXy*LRisLi aRPLi[\lLiQQ s[yLiRLi
sysRM ee 44
xmsp[V RxtsQ sVWLkiaRP R\Qs gRisLiVWM e OTPQLSFss[ yRVVLSNSaRP xqsW=LRi rsVN_ ee
45
RVsWs B R*F sVWLRiRVM xmsLjiNUPLjiy e aRPL][*saRP LRiVRaRP Dg][ dsV BdaRP*LRiM ee 46
sV[sM xmsaRPVxms lLi[ysWQQLjiLRiLRi[V` e
\sjNRP NRPLRisV, ryQQLRiNRPLRisV @aRPR[zqs (43) BRLRi NRPLRi yRLjiLiRV sWssoRV ysV N][Ljis
xmnssVVsV F~LiRRV. C sRsVVgS \ss[RsVV sLRiNRPV RVysjgS @LjiLi (44), A
LigRisVVsLi[, [NRPsVVsV yzmsLiRVVs @xtsQsVWLRiVsV xmspLiRssV. WsV, dsLRiV,
@gji, yRVVso, ANSaRPsVV, xqsWLRiVRV, RLiRVRV (45),rsVRW @sVss @xtsQsVWLRiVV @s
NUPLjiLixmsTss. aRPLRiV*RV, soRV, LRiVRVRV, DgRiVRV, dsVVRV, CaRP*LRiVRV (46) sV[soRV,
xmsaRPVxms @sV ysVsVVsV @xtsQsVWLRiV][ V sLi @LjiLiRssV.
xmsp[VRLjiyLRiLi R RRaRP+Li[xqsV= NTPRM ee 47

CaSyj NRPsWRR RLiRyORPQR xmsR\ZNPMe CaSsLi sLijsLi RLiRLi sVNSLi R XLigjisV ee


48
sXxtsQLi xqsLiRLi NRPxmsLkiaRPLi rsVLi aRPVNRPLi R RRQsW` e @gRi][ dsLRiRLi R xmsX}tsQ NUPLjisVVLi
Ry ee 49
RR GNSRaSs LRiVys xmsp[Vj*jy RRM e RRM xmsLiyORPQLRiLi FyQ* aRPRLRiVjRV s[Vs R ee
50
xqsVdLSysyM NRPXy* xmsLiyLigRi xmshRisLi Ry e RRM xmsROTPQLi NRPXy* sy* LigRiLi
sxqsLRi[V` ee 51
RLRiVyR bPsos xmsLjiyLRisVVsV NTP][ xmspLiRssV (47). CaSsVs][ sVVRT, NRPsVsVVgS
sLij, RLiR, sVNS, XLigji(48), sXxtsQ, xqsLiR, NRPxmsLkiaRP, rsV, aRPVNRPVsV, @gRisVV sLiRV
dsLRiRVs, ssVNRP NUPLji sVVVs gRiLiR @ORPQR, *xmsRsVV][ xmspLiRssV (49). RLRiVyR
xmsRN]LiRV LRiVRVsV RVysjgS xmspLi, xmsLiyORPQLjis zmsLi, LRiVyyRVsVVsV
xmshjiLiRssV (50). zmssV ssR xqsVRVsV, xmsLiygRisVVsV xmshjiLi, xmsROTPQsVV [zqs,
ssVxqsLjiLi LigRisVVsNRPV Dy*xqss xmsssV (51).
B FNRPsVZaP[xtsQLi R bPsxmsps sWRLS` e LSyso RM NRPVLS[sNSLRiLi xqs\s z ee 52
bPyLRisLi xqsy}mssLi aRPVM NRPVLSRVRM e s FydsVgRiR aRP+Li[ L][kdLi aRPNTP xqsLizysV
ee 53
s xmsddLi RVRM xmsXxtsQ sV][ gSxLi xqssWaRP[V` e sy xqs xmsoLi[ sy LRiVyORPQ
sWRW ee 54
*xmsRLi sy\ss xmspWRLiNRPLRiLi VRM e ryFyF sVVsZaP[uyM xmssX[ bPsxmsps[ ee
55
RrysQXyzms NRPLRisLi [ R xmsoLiRNRPsV ee 56

B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ xmsRsWRWLi s[aRP*LRi xqsLizyRWLi ryRryRsLi[ FyLjis


xmsps sLRisLi y\sVNRP sLia][syRVM (21)
C sRsVVgS bPsxmspsV sZaP[+xtsQsVVgS aRPR][ zmss. [sNSLRisVVsV LSRVLiRV
FsxmsV\ssW DRLRisVV \sxmso NRPWLRiVLiT sWRs[V [RVssV (52). NRPVRV aRPV\V,
DRLSsVVVRVgRis[ bPsos @LjiLiRssV. bPsLigRisVVsNRPV FsRVLRiVgS RWLRiVsLiRV gSs, aRPNTP
DLi[ DRLRigRisVVsLiRV gSs (53), ssVNRP xmsbPsV sVVsLiRV gSs @LRisNRPV NRPWLRiVLiRLSRV.
NSsos sVgjis ROTPQsVV sLiRV NRPWLRiVLiRssV. xqs VVNRP xmsoLiRsVV [NRPVLiy,
LRiVyORPQsW [NRPVLiy(54), sWlLi[RV RsVVV [NRPVLiy sRV aRPLiNRPLRiVs @LjiLiRLSRV. J
sVVs sLRiVLS! bPsxmsp ALRiLi# \sVsxmsVRV xqs LiRs][ (55), sV][ \sssW sVV
sLiRV xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLiRssV (56).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[s s[aRP*LRi xqsLizRRVLiRV ryRryRsLiRsVV[ FyLjis xmsps
sLRissVV @s[ BLRiVsj VVNRPs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (21).
@R y*sLia][syRVM
bPs\ss[RsVV
VVxtsQRV ERVM e
@gSxLi bPs\ss[RsV xmspLRi*Li aRPVRLi sRM e Wz RsQLRiRVLi *sVRQsVzms
xqssVs[ee 1
VVxtsvV xmsNTPLji c
bPs\ss[RsVVsV {qs*NRPLjiLiRLSRs xmspLRi*sVV ssRVVLisV. ys sLRiRVsVVsV xmsVsVV.
Jg]xms sVxL<ki! *sVzsVsV NRPWR xmsVsVV (1).

xqsWR DyR e
aRPXVR*Li sVVsRVxqs=lLi[* rysysRRWRVy e xqsLRi*Li sysV xqsLi{msy Ry RVWRVLi
bPssyM ee 2
bPs NRP aRPV+ aRPV+R xqs=RQ*d RXRsaRPRVM e ORPQ[Vs\ss[RLi R[R gSx sysV
ee 3
RXuy*zms bPs\ss[RLi RWLi FyFys RVLRiRM e VZNP[ RV bPs\ss[[ xmsoyRVLi N][aRPM ee
4
@Li RWgRixqsx}qsxmsLi RWgSLRiVQ\LRizms e OTPQ[ bPs\ss[[ bPsryRVVsWxmsoRW` ee 5
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
J sVVsVLS! dsVLRiLiRLRiV BxmsoRV rysyssVVgS ssVRV. xqsLRi*sVVsV }mssV][ |msRsV.
bPssRVgRiV dsVLRiV RsVV (2). xsVLiRV, @LiRLRisVLiRV aRPV gRiyRV, RXRsaRPRVsVV,
RXRsRsVV gRiyRV sgRiV bPsNRPVRV 'dxqsVN][LS[sW' @sV sssV dsT bPs\ss[RsVVsV
OTPQLiRssV (3). bPs \ss[RsVVsV RWsLiRs[ FyxmssVVV RWLRisVVgS ]gRiVsV. bPs
\ss[RsVVsV OTPQLis][ N][ xmsosVVV LiRVsV (4). s[j, ORPQj RWgRisVVsV
[RVs[RV. bPs\ss[RsVVsV OTPQLis sQQNTP bPsryRVVsVVsV F~LiRVsV (5).
RVRQX} bPs\ss[R xmsyL][szms xmsRV[ e RRQXxLi FyssLi xqsLRi* sVsFyss NSLRisV ee
6
AgRiRLi bPs\ss[RLi gRiX{y* bPLRiry sVVy e ORPQRVLi xmsRV[s bPsxqsLRi xmspLRi*NRPsV ee 7
AgRiRLi bPs\ss[RsVsy gSxsVRzms e sLi[ FyxmsxqsLiLi][ s[s z sWss[ ee 8
s RVxqs bPs\ss[R gRix[y xmsRV[ e xqs Fyzmsu gRiLjixtsQ ry=QsLRiNRPLi RWRzms RVssV
ee 9

G gRiXxsVV[ bPs\ss[RsVVsV OTPQLi, BRLRiVNRPV BRL][, A BV xmssRsVgRiVsV. BLi[s


yLjis, BLiNTP ss yLjis xmssRsVV[RVVsV (16).NRPVRV RsNRPV Lis bPs\ss[RsVVsV
AsLiRsVV][ ssRVsVVgS {qs*NRPLjiLi, bPsos xqsLjixqsW aRPRgS OTPQLiRssV (17). bPs\ss[RsVV
LisxmsVRV, sVLjiVVNRPxmsVRV dxqsVN]ssRVss[ ss][ AxqssVV [zqss sWssoRV
RxmsNRP FyxmssVVsV F~LiRVsV (8). bPs\ss[RsVVsV dxqsVN]ssss[ N][LjiNRP FsssNTP NRPVgRi][,
yRV sVFyzms\V, saRPRVsVVgS sLRiNRPsVVsV F~LiRVsV (9).
xXR[V RLiRNSLi[ R xqs*LRiLRiWFyj sLji[ e bPskOSQsy # ZNP[ s[RLi ORPQ sVdLRi[ ee 10
bPskOSQs*][ N][ sVxmsryR xqsLiNRPsV e xqslLi[*uysVzms LigSyLi \ss[RLi ORPQ[VRV sV ee
11
@skOSQ RVVLi sXLi bPsNTP LRiyRysV e aRPXVR*Li sLRiRVLi {msy bPs\ss[RORPQ[ ee
12
aSgSsWRs[ Lilgi[ LRixqs Lilgi[ Ry j*M e FyFy[ LS[ xqs*lLi[ xqsVLRi zqsR xmsztsQ[ ee 13
ZNP[xqslLi[ ryZNP[ LS[ [LjiLilgi[xtsv xqsLRi*aRPM e yLiyRV xqssVLi FNRPLi aRPLi[\lLiQQs[R
ORPQsV ee 14
xXRRVsVVsLiRV gSs, [NRP RLiRNSLiRsWNRPsVV, LigSLRisVV, sLiT sVVRgRiV y][
sLjiLis LigRisVV RVLiRVgSs sLS[ bPsosNRPV \ss[RsVT A ORPQ sVVsV bPskORPQ[ sVs
NRPVRV OTPQLiRsss VVxtsvV zmsLji (10). bPskORPQsV F~Lijs NRPVRV sVxmsryRsVV
@s[, aRPVNRPLRisVgRiV, @s LigRisVV \ss[RsVVsV OTPQLiRssV (11). BRLRikORPQV gRi
sWssoV bPsNTP RVLiRV gRiQQ\sVs sVsxqsV= gRi y\lLis][, yLRiV {ms][ bPs\ss[RsVVsV
OTPQLiRV @sV sxtsQRVsVV[ gRi sLRiRVsVVsV ssVRV (12). J j*LS! aSgSsVsVV
sLiRV DRsLis LigRisVV, LRixqsLigRisVV, bPLigRisVV, sLiT LigRisVV, LigRiLRiV LigRisVV,
[sR[ sVLjiRVV zqsRV[ xmsztsQLixms [zqss LigRisVVV, @s [LjiLigRisVVV @sV y

RVLiRV sLS[ bPsos \ss[RsVVsV OTPQLis NRPVsNRPV yLiyRV sRsVV [zqss xmnssVV
LiRVsV.
xzms aRPVLRiWy* sLSLi RVVxqsV yLRi[V` e ORPQLiVVy* RVRLi Rxqs xqsLRi*FyxmsLi
xmsaRP ee 15
RLiyjNSL][ RVyzqs R][Q NRPsLi s sWs\sM e RLiyjNSL][ [ RVR [NRPsLi RR NTPRM
ee 16
Lilgi[ R } R zqs[ Lilgi[ xqs*RVLiVs e xmssWxqsV R xqsLS*xqsV s RLi][jNRPX][ # s[`
ee 17
ryxmsLiVVy* sys[s W LigRixqsxms[RNRPsV e M zms[` sRLi FyxmsLi R}qsaRPV ssaRP ee
18
Fss\lLi[ aRPV\V bPsos sLSsVVsV RLjiLi, xmsryRsVVsV OTPQLiRV[, yRV xxRsV
[zqss y\ssW, ys FyxmssVLiRRVW sLis[ xmspLjigS sbPLiRVsV (15). RLiUaRP*LRiVs
@jNSLRisVV gRi xmsxtsQ[ sWssoV \ss[RsVVsV OTPQLiRLSRV. RLiUaRP*LSj NSLRisVV [s
[ssVV[ \ss[RsVVsV NTP][ OTPQLiRssV (16). LigRisVV, [xsLjiRLigRisVV, zqsR
xmsztsQR LigRisVV, xqs*RVLi WLigRisVV, sVLjiRVV @s LRiNRPsVV bPsxmssV sxtsQRVsVV[
RLiUaRP*LRiVsNRPV @jNSLRisVV DLiRRV (17). Fss\lLi[ LigRisVVsNRPV RVysjgS @}tsQNRPsVVsV [zqs,
A dLRisVVsV sVWRVryLRiV {qs*NRPLjiLiRV[, ys sVWRV sRsVV FyxmssVVV ssV sLis[
sbPLiRVsV.
@gSxLi bPs\ss[RLi xmsRLi xmsoxtsQLi xmnsLi sV e aSgSsV bP xqsLigSR=LRi*Li RW
xmssRysV ee 19
Lig][xmsLji R RVRsLi RR gSxLi sVVdsaRP*LSMe xqsVxmssRLi R` [RVLi RVLigRi xqs*LRi+
xRM ee 20

\ss[R sLRiRVM FNRP BRLi [ sVVs xqsRsWM eaRPXVR*Li * sVRQLi


rysysRRWssRLS` ee 21
gRizLixmsRgRis bPs\ss[RsVV, xmsRsVV, xmsoxtsQsVV, xmnssVV, sVV Byj xqsLRi*sVV aSgSsV
bPVVNRP xqsLRi+ [RxmssRRsV F~LiRVsV (19). J sVVs ZaP[xtsvLS!LigRisVV\|mss DLiRTs
RssVVsV gRizLiRLSRV. NSs, LigRixqsLRi+NRPV RV sVs bPs\ss[RsVV sVNTP xmssRsVs
RVssV (20). JsVVsZaP[xtsvLS!dsVNTPLiRsLRiNRPV \ss[RsLRiRVsVVsV zmss. BxmsoRV
rysyssVVgS * sVzsVsV aRPR][ ssVRV (21).
sV[s xqs*LRiWFRVLi [* [\sLRizms xqsVRM e RVy NRPRLi [Rxqs sVzsW RV[ NRPRsV
ee 22
xmsodLSs RWsLi [ZNP[xtsv xmsjyszms e ys xqsLS* dLSs *sVW[ sxqsLi z ee 23
*sVW[ sVx[sLi LigRiLRiWzms sVsRVsV e RVM xmspRV xmsoy xqs bPsLi
FyxmsoRWRVssV ee 24
*sVW[ \LRixqsV sVWLSssV ztsQLiR e xqsxqsLRi*dLRi ryRry=Q` xqs Gs Vs FyssM ee 25
sWlLi[RV V sV[sos xqs*LRiWxmssVV. kss [sRV NRPWR xqsVLiRLRiV. ks sVzsVsV
VLRiVLigRiV sVNTP NRPxtsQsVV (22). [NRPsVV[ xmszqsj Lijs xmsodLRisVVV Fss gRi[, @s
@sRVW sWlLi[RV V sVWsVV[ sszqsLi RVVLiRVsV.(23). sWlLi[RV V sVWsVVsLiRV
LigRisVLRiWxmssVVgS sVs sRV LRizRVRgRiV sV[sos xmspLiRV xmsoRVRV saRPRVsVVgS
bPsos F~LiRVsV (24). sWlLi[RV V sVVR[ ryssVV [zqssyRV xqsLRi*dLRisVV[ ryssVV
[zqss xmnssVVsV F~LiRVsV. @ yRV sWRs[V C [NRPsVV[ xmssRVRV (25).
GRxqs * sVWryyysVsVRsVsV e NRPVLi sV[[ RXuy* RVu sRsV ee
26

xmsp[Vj*sVWLi W gRiLiRxmsouyjLRiLRiM e bPs[NRPsVyF xqsLiRLRi*LRi[ xqsVsV ee


27
*sVW[ kxmssWLi RVM NRPRV ryRLRisV e xqs RRQ*s xqsLixms[ sV}aSLiRLRi][ # s[`
ee 28
*aSLi xqssWyRV x}qss ssxmsssV e gRiX{y* xmsp[Vj*Lixqs R Fy\|msM xmssVVR[
ee 29
sWlLi[RV V sVWsVV[ NRPs NRPVRVLRiV xqsL][*RQXxtsQ\sVsj. @j ds][ RTzqsRVVs][,
sV[soRV RW xqsLi][ztsQLiRVsV. bPsos @sVgRixsVVsNRPV @j yVsV (26). G sWssoRV
gRiLiRsVV, xmsoxtsQsVVV sVVRgRiV y][ sWlLi[RV V sVWsVVsV xmspLiRV[, @RRV
bPs[NRPsVVsV F~LiRVsV. @ yLjiNTP xqsLiyssVV, xqsVsVV sLjiVsV (27).sWlLi[RV V sVVR[
aRPR][ sLRiVxqsgS kxmssVVsV |mss sWssoRV RRQ* ssVVsV F~Lij, sV}aRP*LRiVs[
HNRPsVgRiVsV (28). N]R gRiV ][ sVs sWlLi[RV N]sVsV [][ xmsVNRPVs, sWlLi[RV VsV
xmspLiRV sWssoRV FyxmssVVsVLiT ssVVNRPVRgRiVsV (29).
*sVW[ bPsLRiRLi [[VRxqsV NTPRM e GNRPLi y N][gRiVRLi Rxqs xmsoLi xmsRV[ ee 30
*sVW[ OUPQLRiRVVNRPsVs sW[s xqsLiRVVRsV e W Rys NSRV xqs RLji][ s
RV[ ee 31
*sVW[ OUPQLRiRVVNRPsVs sW[s xqsLiRVVRsVe W Rys NSRV xqs RLji][s RV[
ee
ryLig][ FyLigRisV FNRPLi bPsLigRi xmsxmspssV e xmssXyyLi ssXyyLi [R][ j*sRLi
j*M ee 312
xmssXyyLi {mshRixmsp xqsLRi*xmsp xqssW # s[` e @}tsQNSLi[ \ss[RLi aSs[s xqssWRlLi[`
ee 33

sWlLi[RV V NTPLiR bPsNRPVsNTP INRPsNTP [ssVV |msssW, N][ lLiV xmsosVV LiRVsV
(30). sWlLi[RV V NTPLiR FyV, s[LiVV][ NRPWTs @ssVVsV bPsNRPVsNRPV |mss][, @yRV
RLjiRV\ xmsoRV (31). J j*LS! C sRsVVgS bPsLigRi xmspsV, ys[s ssR
@LigRisVVsV, s ssLRisVV][ xqs zmss. xmssX, ssX @s[ j*sj sWLRisVV[
sVs NRPVV [RVV xmsp s[lLi[*LRiVgS sVLiRVsV (32). xmssXRVV {mshRixmspsV [RVssV.
ysss yLjiNTP xqsLRi*[RsV xmspLis xmnssVV LiRVsV. yLRiV @}tsQNRPsVVsV [zqs,
yQ\sVs RVsVV][ sLiTs @ssVVsV \ss[RsVRssV (33).
xmspLi[ ryxms[VLigRiLi xmso[ aRPV[ xmsXRN`P gRiX} e NRPLRixmsp ssXyyLi xqs*[Li RV
ss[R[V` ee 34
ssXyyLi xmsLRiLi xqsWORPQ Li LigRis[Vs sbPxtsQ[ e sWRLRisLi NRPVLSj*WLi R
ss[R[V` ee 35
xmspLi NRPXy* Ry LigRiLi bPLRiry yLRi[VR=y ee 36
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ xmsRsWRWLi s[aRP*LRi xqsLizyRWLi ryRryRsLi[ bPs\ss[R
sLRisLi ysV y*sLia][syRVM (22)
xmsp @LiVVs RLRiVyR LigRisVVsV aRPVRsVgRiV xqsLixmso[ |ms gRiXxsVV[ xms[NRPsVVgS
RsVV [RVssV. ssX sWLRisVV[ sVsyLRiV [RVLiRV LigRisVV sVLiRVN]s xmspLi,
OSQs[ Lis ALRisVVs[ \ss[RsVRssV (34). ssX xmsLRiVV xqsWORPQ LigRisVV (JLi)
sV DFyzqsLiRV[V xmsLRisVZaP[xtsQsVV. yLRiV LigRisVVsV sW][ @LjiLi, sWs
\ss[RsVRssV (35). xmsp @LiVVs zmssV LigRisVVsV xqsLRi*y bPLRixqsV=Q\|ms RLjiLixmsssV
(36).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[s s[aRP*LRi xqsLizRRVLiRV ryRryRsLiRsVV[ bPs\ss[R
sLRissVV @s[ BLRiVsj lLiLiRs @yRVsVV xqssWxmssVV (22).

@R RWsLia][syRVM
bPsysV sVzsV
VVxtsQRV ERVM e
xqsWR xqsWR sVgRi yxqsbPxtsQ ssWsxqsV[ e R[s yxqs][ Wz xqs sVRQ
sVVRsVsV ee 1
Ry LRiVyORPQ sWRQLi ysV sVRQ sVVRsVsV e RRVLi Wz xqsV{msy
sVsWsLiRRV [RxqssV ee 2
VVxtsvV xmsNTPLji c
J xqsWy! sVy ! yxqs bPxtsvRsgRiV dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV. DRsVsVgRiV xqssVzsV (1),
LRiVyORPQ sVzsV, sVLjiRVV DRsVsVgRiV ysV sVzsV @sV sVWTLis sVNTP }mssV][
xqsLigRixsVVgS zms, y sVsxqsV=sV @LjiLixms[RVVsVV (2).
xqsWR DyR e
ryRV xmsXxtsQLi sjaRP [NSyLi zRNSLRiNRPsV e sLi][ \s sVRyM xmssyM NRPVWxtsQM
ee 3
[VuyLi \s bPsry=QOSQ^sRLi xmsLRisVLi aRPVsV e xqsybPsNRPy [ZNP[ s syLi xqsy ee 4
[ RyaRP NRPXyLRiaRP xqsxmnsLi [xyLRisV e DRQXRLi R NRPVLi [uyLi [V bPsLi xqssVVFyxqs[
ee 5
sVV[ RVxqs bPsysV xqsybPs bPs[ R e FyFys s xqsQXaRPLi[s jLSLigSLRiNRPLi RVy ee 6
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c

dsVLRiV [NRPsVVNRPV zRsVVsV [RVV xmsaRPsV RNRPgS @TgjiLji. dsVLRiV g]xms RsVV,
xmssRVV, sLiaRPsVVsNRPV @LiNSLRisVV sLi yLRiV (3). dsVLRiV xmsLRisV\ssVgRiV bPsos
N]VRVRVyLRiV. dsVNRPV xqsy bPsos gSR C [NRPsVV[ xqsLRi*y sVNTP {msNRPLRi\sV RVVsj (4).
bPsos DFyzqsLiRVyLRiV RsVV. NRPXRNRPXRVV. yLji s xqsxmnssVgRiVsV. yLji NRPVsVV
DRLjiLixmsRVsV (5). xqsybPs, bPs @LiW bPsysVsVVsV zmsLiRV yss, RV sxmsVsVs,
FyxmssVVV xqsQXbPLiRso (6).
$ bPyRV ssVxqsVLi sVVLi yxLRi[ RVy e RsVLi FyssLi dLRiLi xqsLRi*Fyxms syaRPssV
ee 7
RsVLi R Ry W \s xmsaRP {mssWsLRiM e dLRi sLi xmnsLi Rxqs sd xqsVsbPRsV ee 8
RVR RRVLi xqsy }tsQ[RRVRLRiLi j*M e Rxqs RLRi+s sW[ s[rys xmnsLi [` ee
9
bPsysV sWaRP Ry LRiVyORPQ Gs R e GRRQRVLi sVxmsoLi s[ xqsRXaRPLi xqsQXRsV ee
10
J bPy! dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV @s xmsZNP[ [LRiV FyxmssVVssds Fg][ xmssR dLRisVV (7). @
NRPVs sVVsVVsV {ms][, dLRi ss][ RWRVysNTP NRPWy dLRi RLRi+sxmnssVV saRPRVsVVgS
LiRVsV (8). J j*LS! FsssRVLiRV @RLiR aRPVNRPLRisVVgRiV bPsysVsVV, sW,
LRiVyORPQV @s[ sVWRV DLiRV[, @ys RLRi+s sWRsVV [R s[ xqsLigRisVsVV[ ryssVV
[zqs xmnssVV LiRVsV (9). C sVWRV xmsLRisV xmssR\sVss, s[ @sV sVWRV sRV][
xqssWs\sVss @s VVxtsvV zmsLji (10).
GRRQRVLi aRPLkilLi[ R RVxqs xtsQ sRaRPM e R\|qs#s RLRi+sLi [ZNP[ RVLRiLi FyxmsLRiNRPsV ee 11
RRLRi+sLi RVy s[ [ WLRiLiRLRiLi sVyN`P e GsLi W s sy xqs Fyzmsu s xqsLiaRPRVM
ee 12

sWLRixqs [ [ yLilgi[ LRiVyORPQyLRisV e y}qs bPssVLiVW y RLi R[RRsVLi RVy


ee 13
\ZaPsLi ysV RVy gRiLigS sWLRisVVy sVy e LRiVyORPQLi sj FNS xqsLRi*FyxmssybPds ee 14
C sVWRV Fsss aRPLkiLRisVVsLiRV sRsVV DLiRV[, @ys RLRi+ssVV [NRPsVV[ RVLRisVV.
ys RLRi+ssVV FyxmssVVsV Fg]VsV (11). ys RLRi+ssVVsNRPV, s[ xqsLigRisV
RLRi+ssVVsNRPV [Rs[VsVRVW [RV. C xqsRsVV sLRiVLigRis yRV FyFyRVRsV[
xqsLijRVsVV [RV (12). Fsss sVV\|ms sW [][, Fsss aRPLkiLRisVVsLiRV LRiVyORPQ
RLjiLixmsR][, Fsss xmsVNRPVV bPsysV LjiRsVVV NS[ , @ yss @RsVVs s
RLiRssV (13). bPsysVsVV gRiLigRi sLij. sW RVsVVs sLij. LRiVyORPQ
xqsLRi*FyLRisVVsV Fg][ xqsLRixqs*dsj sLij (14).
aRPLkilLi[ R RRVLi RVxqs RRLi \NRPRzqs=RsV e GNRP][ s[NSRW aRP rysLi RV xmnsLi V\M
ee 15
R[sLi RVRLi xmspLRi*Li x zRNSLji e xqssWsLi \s RRLi RryyLRiLi xqsy
V\M ee 16
RjsLi z xqssWLRi xsuy* jxqsV=Q\lLiM e yLRi[ RRVLi RR RLRi+yyxmsLRiNRPsV
ee 17
C sVWRV Fsss aRPLkiLRisVVsLiRV gRi[, ys xmsosVVsV INRP\sxmso, s[ xqsLigRisV ryssVV
ss LiRV xmsosVVsV sVLjiVVNRP\sxmso DLi, sy*LixqsV[ gSNRP (15), xmspLRi*sVV x NRPWR
[NRPzRsVVsV N][Lji F RWsV. lLiLiTLi xmnssVV xqssWssVVgRi sVLisV. NSsos,
sy*LixqsVV dss @s s[ RLjiLiRssV (16). Ay sVLiTRVW x, sxtsvso sVVRgRiV
[sRd sVWTLis RLjiLiRVRVLiTLji. ds RLRi+ssVV FyxmssVVsV Fg]VsV (17).
VVxtsQRV ERVM e

C RXaRPLi z xmnsLi FNRPLi ysWj RWRssV e RyRQLi sZaP[}tsQ sNRPV sVL>Rizqs


xqsVsR ee
VVxtsvV BV xmsNTPLji c
ysVsVV sVVRgRiV sVWTLiNTP gRi xmnssVV BLiR g]xmsj gRiy ! g]xms sRsVV gRi J
xqsWy! y sVRQsVVsV dsso syLjiLi xmsRgRiVRVso (18).
xqsWR DyR e
VVxtsQW z sVFyM xqs\Qy syLi sLSM e RyRQLi z xqsRQ NSQ
aRPXVyRLRi][ j*M ee 19
xqsVgRiWRsVzms aS}qsQxtsv xmsoLS[xtsv aRPVxtsQ*zms e s[=QsRW sFyM xmsNSaRPM NTPRV[sRVy ee
20
NRPxqsQRV sVRQLi xqsLiy j*[RsWM e sV}aRP*LRiLi sy xqsLRi*Li Li[
xqsRxqsRLRisV ee 21
sRQxLi ysVsWRQLi RVy NTP xqssWxqsRM e aRPXVR {ms][ sFyM xqsLRi*FyxmsxLRiLi
xmsLRisV ee 22
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
VVxtsvLS! dsVLRiV g]xms VjaSVLRiV, sVLi\ZaPsoV, sV[ ZaP[xtsvV. NSsos, J
j*LS! y sVRQsVVsV sVLi NTP aRPR][ ssVRV (19). J sxmsoLS!Bj
aSxqsQsVV[, xmsoLSsVV[, sVLjiRVV s[RsVV[ sVNTP LRixxqssVVgS sVsj. @LiVVssW,
dsVRVLiR {ms[ kss s[sV BxmsVRV RV|msVRVysV (20). J
j*ZaP[xtsvLS! LiRsVV[s sQQNS sQQNRPsVV NRPLi xmsLRiV\s sV}aRP*LRiVRV RNRP, C
sVWTLi sVzsVsV sVLji VyRV RVgRiVsV?(21). J sxmsoLS!s[sV ysV sVzsVsV

NTP][ xqsLigRixsVVgS |msRsV. xqsLRi* FyxmssVVsV xLjiLi[ DRsVsVgRiV C sVzsVsV dsVLRiV


}mssV][ ssVRV (22).
bPs[ ysV yylgi[ LRiFyRNRP xmsLRi*yM e {qs sLiRyRWryR=RLi xqsRLi s xqsLiaRPRVM
ee 23
FyxmssVWs RVMs ssyszms afsNRP e bPsy\sVNRP saSs yssaSs xqsLRi*y ee 24
xqs \sjNRPxqs= xmsoyxqs Rsxqs= V][ sVRM e bPsysV Fyxqs N][ W sRLi Vs sWssM ee
25
sLi ssy RLS}qs uyLi xqsRM xmns[sVM e [VuyLi s saS*xqsbP+sysV}ms sVVs[ ee
26
bPsysVsVs[ yygji VRV sVFyxmssVVs[ xmsLRi*RsVVV [NRPgS WTRRVgRiVssV sW
sVVsWNTP xqsRsVV (23). J afsNS ! FyxmssVV ss NRPlgi[ ssR RVMsVVV NRPWR ZNP[s
bPsysVsVV [Rs[ sbPLiRVsV gSs, sVLjiVVNRP sRsVVgS sbPLiRso (24). C [NRPsVV[ G
sWssVsoRV sRsVV bPsysVsVVsV zmsLiRV[ AxqsNTPs NRPgjiRVVLiRV[, @R[ \sjNRPVRV.
@R[ xmsoRVRV. @R[ RsVRV. @R[ xmsLiTRVRV (25).J sVxL<ki! bPsysVsVVsV
zmsLiRV RVLiRV saS*xqssVV gRi sWssoV ARLjiLi[ ssR RLRisVVV ssVsLis[
xmnssVVdsRV xqssVLRisVVgRiVsV (26).
FyRNSs ssaRPLi RWsLi bPsysVRM e Vs ysLi FyFys NTPRVs[ s s\lLiLRiVs[ ee 27
x xyj FyFyyLi LSbdPs xmssWsVs[ e bPsysV RVRLi FNRPLi yaRPRVRsQQ\lLiM ee
28
bPsysV RLkiLi Fy xms xqsLiryLSLi RLRiLi [V e xqsLiryLRisVW FyFys ys saRPLiRLi
xqsLiaRPRVsV ee 29

xqsLiryLRisVW WyyLi FyRNSyLi sWsVVs[ e bPsysV NRPVhSlLi[ sya][ RV[ RVssV ee


30
JsVxL<ki! bPsysVsVV ss Fss FyxmssVVV sbPLiRV[, @s FyxmssVVsV W[NRPsVV[s
sWssoV [RVLRiV (27). J sVxL<ki! sWssoV bPsysVsVVsV DRLjiLis sLis[
xxR sVVRgRiV FyxmssVV ry[s LSaRPVV sbPLi FsosV (28). bPsysVsVV @s[
xmsRs][ xqsLiryLRi xqssVVRsVV y[ yLjiVVNRP, xqsLiryLRi NSLRiV\s FyxmssVVV sbPLiRVssV[
xqsLi[xsVV [RV (29). J sVxL<ki! xqsLiryLRisVVsNRPV sVW\sVs FyxmssVVV bPsysVsVV @s[
g]R][ saRPRVsVVgS yaRPsVVsV F~LiRVsV (30).
bPsysWsVXRLi }msRVLi FyxmsyysLjiQ\M e Fyxmsyygji RFyyLi aSLi}qss sy sz ee 31
bPs[ ysV {msRWxtsQ sL<RiyLSxmsLjixmsoyM e xqsLiryLRi RssV[zms s a][RLi NRPy Rs ee 32
bPsysV sVxRQ NTP LSy [VuyLi sVRysV e Rj*ysLi RV xqsxry sVVNTPLRis
xqsLRi*y ee 33
@s[NRP slLi[s RxmsxqsxmsLi sVVdsaRP*LRi e bPsysV # s[RQ NTP xqs=LRi* FyFyxmsLji ee 34
FyxmssVs[ yygji[ {msTRV\s sWssoV bPsysVsVs[ @sVXRsVVsV FyssVV [RVssV.
FyxmssVs[ yygji[ xqsLiRxmsoQ\s yLjiNTP bPsysVsVV [s][ aSLi [RV (31). bPsysVsVs[
@sVXR sL<RiyLRi[ RTzqss sWssoV xqsLiryLRisVs[ yygji sVR[ \sssW GyRV
RVMLiRLRiV (32). bPsysVsVV sLiRV g]xms NTP NRPgjis sVRVNRPV sVVNTP bdPxmnsVsVVgS
LiRVsV (33). J sVVs ZaP[uy! @s[NRP sV RxmsxqsV= [zqss ysNTP FyxmssVVssds Fg][
bPsysVsVVsLiRV NTP NRPVRVLRiVsV (34).
RVryryyLRi aRPLiVysV NTP LRi LiTy e R\|qs#s sWORPQxqsV=[ ys}qs sVLRisV ee
35
NRPXy*xmss[NRP FyFys bPsysV FyRLRiM e xqsLRi* FyxmsssLRiVQQN][ # s[[s s xqsLiaRPRVM ee 36

sLi ryryR*QXOSQ RsRgS RVy ss[ e Ry ysLi RgSs FyFys bPsysVRM ee 37


W sRLi xqs xmspyLigRi bP+sysV FyRLRiM e xqsLiRLRi[s xqsLiryLRiLi xqsV|mnsWLRisVzms afsNRP ee
38
FsssNTP bPsysVsVVsLiRV @aRPLiVVLis sLRiLiRLRiNTP NRPVRVLRiV[, ysNTP sWRs[V sWORPQsVV
xqsVsVgRiVssRVV, BRLRiVNRPV RVLRisVsRVV y @FyRVsVV (35). @s[NRP FyxmssVVsV
[zqss y\ssW, bPsysV xmssVVsLiyRLRisVV NRPy\s][, @RRV FyxmssVVsLi
sVLiTRVW ssVVNRPVRgRiV[ xqsLi[xsVV [RV (36). @Rs[s sXORPQsVVV yygji[
xqssVgRiV dLRiVs, FyxmssVVsRVW bPsysVsVV ss RgRisVgRiVsV (37). J afsNS! sRsVV
sWs RLjiLi, ARsVLRisVV][ bPsysVsVVsV zmsLiRV sQQNTP |mnsWLRisVgRiV xqsLiryLRi
xqssVVRsVVsV sbPRsVVgS ys[RVVsV (38).
xxqs*xLRiLi NRPXy* xy*zms xs xs e s xms[ sLRiM Fy\|ms bP+sysVFyRLRiM
ee 39
s[NRP s[Rss bPsysVxmsM xmsLRisV e xqsLiryLRi yLRi[ FyRV B xmsp\lLiQQ* Lji* sbPRM ee 40
NTPLi xNS sVVsZaP[uyM a][ZNP[\sZNP[s sRQxsV e bPsysW sVzsWsLi xqsLRi*FyFyxmsLjisV
ee 41
FyFyyLi xLRi[ aRPLi[LSsVaRP+QQNTP L>ji Fysds eaRPN][ FyRNRPLi ysRLRiVLi yzms sLRiM NRP*` ee
42
xV r~sVVsV @xmsxLjiLiRV, @s[NRP xVsV xqsLiLjiLiRV Byj FyxmssVVV
bPsysVsVVsV ARLRisVV][ zmsLiRVyss xqsQXbPLiRso (39). xmspLRi* sy*LixqsVV
s[RsVVssds, xmsLjibdPLi, bPsysVxmssVV xqsLiryLRisVVsV RLjiLixms[RVV g]xms DFyRVsVs
[ zmsLji (40). J sVVsZaP[xtsvLS! FsNRPVs sW ss s[sV
sVV ? FyxmssVVssds xLjiLiRV bPsysVsVV VVNRP sVzsVsV IZNP[ a][NRPsVV[ s[sV

|msRsV (41). bPsysVsVVsNRPV Fss FyxmssVVsV xLjiLi FysssVV [RVV aRPNTP gRi][ @s
FyxmssVVsV sLRiVRV FsNRPQ\ssW [RVRV (42).
bPsysV xmss[s [[ xqsR sVVRsWsV e BLiRRVsVsXxmsM xmspLRi*Li sVFyxmsM xmsoLS sVVs[
ee 43
Ry NS` j*Wuy r sVVs[ xFyzmsds e bPsysV xmss[ [[ xqsR sVVRsWsV ee
44
BRVQQNRPLi [ j*ZaP[uy ysV sVRQsVVRsVsV e aRPXVR*Li xqs sVRQLi xqsLRi*Fyss
FysssV ee 45
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ s[aRP*LRi xqsLizyRWLi ryRryRs Li[ bPsysVsWxRQ sLRisLi
ysV RW sLia][syRVM (23).
J sVxL<ki! xmspLRi*sVV sVFyzmsRVgRiV BLiRRVsV sVLS bPsysVsVV VVNRP xmsssVV
[R DRsVsVgRiV xmso[NRPsVVsV F~LisV (43). sVLjiRVV, J sVxL<ki!@s[NRP FyxmssVVsV [zqss
INSNRP x{qsQ bPsysV sVzsV [R DRsV gRis F~LisV (44). J
j*ZaP[xtsvLS! BLiR sLRiNRPV dsVNRPV ysV sVzsVsV zmss. xmssRsVV [RVVys NRPWR
xmssRsVV [}qs xqs sVzsVsV ssVRV (45).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[s s[aRP*LRi xqsLizRRVLiRV ryRryRsLiRsVV[ bPsysV
sVRQ sLRissVV @s[ BLRiVsj sVWRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj.
@R RRVLji*Lia][syRVM
xqsyLRi sLRissVV
xqsWR DyR e

j*sRLi xqs xqsLiFNRPLi xqsLRi* sVLigRiRLi xmsLRisV e RRQ NSLRisVxLi sZOP[Q rysysRRW
aRPXV ee 1
GNRPLi [RVLi sVxqs j*dRVLi xqs*xqsLiNRPsV e sVxqs B FNRPLi xqs yy sRLi
xmsLRisV ee 2
RRxqs sRLi FNRPLi afRLi ryQQLRiLi R NTPNRPsV e # \|qs#s xqs* xqsLi[ \s xy
xmsLjiNUPLjiRsV ee 3
afRLi xqs Ry ryQQLRiLi j*ys[Vs NUPLjiRsV e @s[*uy sVzms xqslLi[*uy sVxmsLRiLi xqs NTPNRPsV
ee 4
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
xqs sVLigRisVVssds NRPgjiLiRVsV, DRsV\sVsj . @sV lLiLiRV sRsVVVgSsVsj. A
ssLRisVVsV |msRsV aRPRgS ssVsVV (1). xqs sVxqs, xqs* xqs @s lLiLiRV
LRiNRPsVVVgS sVsj. sVxqs RVLiRV sVLRi [RsVVV gRiso (2). sVxqs afRsVV,
ryQQLRisVV, NTPNRPsVV @s sVWRV sRsVVVgS sVsj. xqs* xqsRVLiRV NRPWR @s[NRP
[RsVVV gRiso (3). afR, ryQQLRi, xqssV j*V sWRs[V RLjiLiRsssRVV,
BRLRiVLiRLRiV NTPNRP xqssV RLjiLiRsssRVV xmsTsj (4).
yLRiLi sVLiRRM FNRPLi j*yLi sVVsxmsoLigRi\sM ZNP[sLi yLRiLi [RVsVs[uyLi
sVLiRsLjiRsV ee 5
Algi[RV sVVR[ xqs RgRi g][sVRV xqsLissV e RRzms RssVRVQQNRPLi xmsoLiRxqs
sVsVVs[ ee 6
@gji x[][RLi xqs xqsLigSxLi y sVdsztsQM e @s RV[QRLi yzms LixmsoLiRxqs R
yLRi[ ee 7
@gjiLjiyjLRiLiQ\Q LS[ xmssxtsQR\M e xqsxms LRiWsLi NSLRiLi xqsy xqs[s R ee 8

sLSysWaRPsWLi R sVLiR][s sVLiR][szms R e xmsoLi][RWsLi FNRPLi \ LSRlLi[


R ee 9
xqs[RWsLi \s RVy LRiN`P xmsoLiRNRPsV e xmssWyRzms sWOSQLki s R[j saRPVM ee
10
j*V sVLiR xmspLRi*NRPsVVgRisV, BRLRiVV sVLiRsVV [NRPVLiy xqssV RLjiLiRsss
sVxL<RiVV zmsLji (5).JsVxL<ki! g][sVRVsVVsV NSgS Lis xqsNRPV Algi[RV xqsRVs
}msLRiV. @j xmsoLiRsVVsNRPV WgRisVgRiV xqsRVs xmsTsj (6). sy*LixqsVV @gji
x[RsVV[s xqssV gSs, BRLRi RVsVV[ LiRV xqssV gSs RsVV [xqsVN]s,
yss xmsoLiR yLRisVVsNRPV ssWgjiLiRssV (7). [ xmssxtsQRV
sLiR '@gjiM' Byj GRV sVLiRsVVsV DRLjixqsW, xqssV ds][ NRPzms,
aRPLkiLSsRVssVVRVLiRV RLjiLiRssV (8). @s sLRisVV yLRiV, AaRPsVsVV yLRiV
sVLiRsVV][ gSs, sVLiRsVV [NRPVLiy gSs, xqssV aRPLkiLSsRVssVV RVLiRV, xmsoLiRsVVgS
sVVsLiRV aRPR][ RLjiLiRsss VVztsQ VVNRP @sVRWRVVV zmsLji (9).
sWORPQsVVsV N][LRiVyRV aRPLkiLSsRVsVVRVLiRV xqsyLRisVVsV, sVV sLiRV @RsVVgS
xqs][ xmsoLiR yLRisVVsV F~LRiFyV\sssW sRVsLSRs s[RsVVV xmsVRVss (10).
bPs[s sxtsvy \s Ry LRiN`P xmsoLiRNRPsV e DsW [ds R OUPQ aRP yyyaRP sRaRPM ee 11
xQ\M ORPQ \V\lLiQQ*Q \ZaPQQ aRPW+Q\QLRizms R xqsLiNRP\lLiM e @xmsLi\ZaPLRiQXRLi xqs xmsoLi][
RWyRy ee 12
DRWsLi xmsoLiRLi R aRPRRW yRLRis [V e [uyLi yzqs xqssWyL][ sLSQaRPsV xqssVs*RM ee
13
DRWsLi xmsoLiRLi R aRPRRW yRLRiLi [V e [uyLi yzqs ssLRiVQQNTP xqsxqs=LiryLSs N][
M ee 14
DRWsLi LixmsoLiR R aRPRRW yRLRiLi [V e [uyLi yzqs bPssLi NRPN][ aRP# \LRizms ee 15

bPsoRV, sxtsvso, DsW[s, OUPQ , xqsLRixqs* sVLjiRVV BRLRi [sRV sRsVV sVVsLiRV
@RsVVgS xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLiRVLRiV (11). x ORPQ RV \saRP aRPWRV[ gSNRP, xqsLRi*
sWssoV xqssV aRPLkiLSsRVssVV RVLiRV, sVVsLiRV xmsoLiRsVVgRisV RLjiLiRssV
(12). DRWs (aRPLkiLSsRVssVV RVLiRV xqssV RLjiLiRV), xmsoLiRsVVsV aRPRgS
RLjiLiRs yLjiNTP sLSQaRPsVRLRisVVV zqsjLiRso (13). @ yLjiNTP N][ sssW
xqsLiryLRisVVsVLiT ssVVNTP NRPgRiRV (14). sLiR N][ NRPsVV RLRiVyR NRPWR yLjiNTP
bPsssVV NRPVgRiRV (15).
DRWsLi xmsoLiRLi R aRPRRW y RLRiLi [V e [ sVFyR\ZNPLRiVQQNS B aS{qsQ RV sLRiRVM
ee 16
DRWsLi xmsoLiRLi R aRPRRW yRLRiLi W e [uysW RLjiRLi xqsLRi*Li sxmsLkiR xmnsRV }
ee 17
sV FyRNRP RVVNSyLi LiRWyLi aRPLRi* sj*uysV e xmsoLi][RWs [*u RV[ xqsVRXRLi
sVVs[ ee 18
bPygji NSLRiLi RVM NRPXy* NRPVLSQRWRVVuyR s` e sVVR[ xqsLRi*Fy\|msxqsV xqsQX}tsQs
xqsy sLRiM ee 19
DRWs xmsoLiRsVVsV Fss\lLi[ aRPR][ ARLjiLiRL][, yLRiV sV Fyxmsos aSxqsQsVV
sLRiRVsVV (16). yLRiV [RVV NRPLRisRVV sxmsLkiR xmnssVV sRVsV (17). J sVxL<ki! bPsos
[*ztsQLi[ sV FyxmsoNRPV xqs][ DRWs, xmsoLiRsVV ssVztsQLiRVRVLiRV RXRsVgRiV
[*xtsQsVV NRPVgRiVsV (18). ARs[RRVgRiV NRPVRV RWRVVuyj sVLiRsVV][ bPygji
NSLRisVVsV [zqs xqsLRi*FyxmssVV sVLiT ssVVNRPVRgRiV[VgSNRP, A @gji VVNRP xqssV
xqsQXbPLis sWssoRV FyxmsssVVNRPVRgRiVsV (19).
zqs[s xqsy NRPVLS` xqsLiRLi RVzqsQxmsoLiRNRPsV e xqsLRi*Fyxms ssLRiVQQNRPM bPs[s xqsx sWR[ ee
20

zqs[s xqsy NRPVLS[ RV xmsoLiRNRPsV e Wrysyj Wys z [NSyF sVX][


# s[` ee 21
ANRPXy* xqsy rysLi }ms\Q* xtsQRORPQLRisV e xmsoLiRLi R LRiy* RV sjy xqsy }ms` ee
22
ARW yRsW yzms xqsLRi*FyFys*][szmsy e DxtsQM FyFys*][ yzms sVWL][ y xms][szmsy ee
23
RVzqss [ZaP[ s}qssRLi W aSxqss xqsLiRVVRM e xqsLRi*dlL^iaRP NRPRVM rysRLi NTPRV[ xqsy
ee 24
xqsLiR RVLiRV s xqs][ xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLiRV NRPVRV FyxmssVVsLi sVLiT
ssVVNRPVQ\, bPsos][ NRPWT RWsLijLiRV (20). s xqs][ sVVsLiRV xmsoLiRsVVsV
RLjiLiRV NRPVRV sVLRiLisRLRiVyR aSaRP*R [NRPsVVsV F~LiRVsV (21). xqs ryssVV
(xqssV RLjiLiRV ) [RVNRPVLiRgS 'JLi ssVbP+yRV' @sV sVLiRsVVsV zmsLiRLSRV. xqs][
xmsoLiRsVVsV RVysjgS RLjiLi, sVLiRsVVsV zmsLiRssV(22).RRV[s yRV,
@RsVVRV, FyxmsosVVssds [zqss yRV, xqsWL][RRV NSsVVsLiRV sjLiRVyRV,
sVWLRiVRV, xmsRVRV @LiVVssW (23), sWs RLjiLi G ryssVV[ sszqsLiRV[, @R @s
dLRisVVV, NRPRVsoV @Rs xqssj[ sVLiRVsV (24).
xmsoLiR xqsz][ sM xmspxqs=Q\lLiQQ* xqsV=LSxqsV\lLiM FyFys*][szms aRPVyy NTPLi xmsosM aRPRRW
RVVRM ee 25
RVzqss [ZaP[ bPsds WaSxqss xqsLiRVVRM e gRi][ RVRXRRWyzms RzqsLi{qsLSxqs=sWgRiyM
ee 26
xyR NTPsVVZNP[s yLRiLi xqs xqsy V\M e LigSLRisLi xqsy NSLRiLi F sVLiRM xtsQRORPQLRiM
ee 27

x sxtsvy yzms LRiV[ sVVsxqsV=Q\lLiM e xqsyLRi sVRQLi s aRPNRPLi xmsLjiztsQRVsV


ee 28
xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLiRV soRV FyFyRVQ\ssW, [sR[, LSORPQxqsV[, xqsLRiV*[
xmspdsRVVRV. aRPR][ gRiWTs RLSRVs gRiVLjiLi xmsVs[sVVsj? (25).sWs RLjiLiRV
bPss @sVN][NRPVLiy\sssW G ryssVVsNRPV s[, @R dLRisVVsRVW xqssVNRPWRVsV
(26). C sxtsQRVsVV[ @jNRPsVVgS xmss[?sy*LixqsVV xqsy xqssV RLjiLiRssV.
LigSLRissV [RVssV. 'JLi ssVbP+yRV' sVLiRsVVsV zmsLiRssV (27). x, sxtsvso,
LRiVRVRV, sVVsVV sVLjiRVV [sRV NRPWy xqsyLRi sVzsVsV sLjiLixmsLRiV (28).
B sLSQaRPsWyL][ Vxms sLRi NTPWszms R e FyFyR= NRPXQxmsoLiRxqs yLRi][=szms sVVR[ ee
29
[V xqsyLRiLi RQQNSQ* NRPLRi NRPVLRi*s sWsyM e [uyLi yzqs ssL][QORPQ xqs=LiryLSs N][ M
ee 30
[ykRLi gRiVL][xqs=LRi*Li [s xqsLRi*sVsVztsQRsV e[Vs s}ms bPLRizqs xmsoLiRLi xqs y NRPXRsV ee
31
[V xqsyLjiLi RXuy* sLSM NRPVLRi*Li yRssV e [uyLi RLiy][ s xsWxLi
sxmsbPy ee 32
sLSQaRPsWyLRisVVsV FyLiRVyRV gSs, FyLiRs yRV gSs INRPryLji xmsoLiRsVVsV
RLjiLis][, FyxmssVV sVLiT ssVVNRPVRgRiVsV (29). xqs yLRisV dsT NRPLRisV [RVV
sWssoNRPV N][ sssW xqsLiryLRisVV sVLiT ssVVNTP LiRRV. (30). G sxmso\[
sVV sLiRV xqs][ xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLiRV[, @R[ gRiVLRiVso sR xqsLRi*sVVsV
@RRVssVV [zqssV, xqsLRi*NRPLRisV @sVztsQLisV @gRiVsV (31). J sVxL<ki! xqssVVsV
RLjiLiRV sQQNTPs @ssWsLiRV sWssoNRPV @ dsRsVgRiV s LiRVss RVssV (32).

sWsrZNP[s sVLi[ sVLiRLi xqs yLRi[V` e xM ORPQ RV\ZaPQQs FZNP[xtsQ*Lilgi[xtsv


NTPsWs ee 33
\saRP zqsQ RVLiZNP[\ss aRPWRM xmsLiyORPQ lLi[V RV e @s[uyLi sRy{qsQLi sjM FNRPaRP
aRPWRs` ee 34
xmsLiR j sVsVLRiQXxxqsxqs skRV[ e RVLiZNP[s sVsVy sj\lLiQQ* x yLjiM ee 35
@|mnsWlLi[R sVsVy szmssxqssjM xqsQXRM e RVxqsV xmss[\ss xmsoLiy ks NSLRi[V` ee 36
x ORPQ RVVV 'sWsrZNP[ Rs[V' @sV sVLiRsVV][ xqssV sVLiLi, NTP][,
sLjiQxtsQsVV\s @sRVssVV RVLiRV RLjiLiRssV (33). \saRPVRV RQLi NRP sVLiRsVV][sV,
aRPWRVRV xmsLiyORPQLRi sVLiRsVV][sV, xqssV RLjiLiRssV. BRLRiVV, LRiQX{sgRiV {qsQV
xmsLiyORPQLji][ RLjiLiRsss sjLixmsTsj (34).gRiXxxqsVRV j @LiVVRV sVLiRsVV][,
xyLji RQLi NRP sVLiRsVV][ (35), ysxmsxqsVRV @|mnsWLRisVLiRsVV][, xqsyQQzqs
JLiNSLRisVV][ xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLiRsss VVxtsvV yNRPVLji (36).
@ sLSQaRPdsV sRLi bP[sxLi syRLS` e bPsWgki R sRVR dsV aSs[yzms yLRi[V` ee
37
s yLi xqsLRi* slL^iaRP xqsyLRi sVVRsVsV e @\sQLRizms RVy \sxqs=[ bPsaSxqsssV ee 38
xqsrys[s RWsLiRM NRPry=Q*Lilgi[ xmsztsQyM e ysLi bPsLigSs R_ R[ z yLRiNRPM ee
39
xM ORPQ RW \saS aRPW+yaSzms R xqsLiNRPLSM e zqsQWsR sRy M FyFyM FyLiTs
xqsy ee 40
xyLki gRiX{ ssM xqsyQQ{qs y sd Ry e yL][ xqs xmsoLiyLiNS sVVNS Gs s
xqsLiaRPRVM ee 41

xqsLRi*NSsVVRVLiRV 'bPsoRsV s[s[' @sV xmsLRisVss ss sLSQaRPsVsVVNRPV @dRV\s


bPsWgji RxmssxqsLjigS CaSssVLiRsVV][ xqssV RLjiLiRssV (37). xqsLRi* sLRisVV ylLi[gSNRP,
xqsLRi* sWssoV GyRW DRsVsVgRiV xqsyLRisV sWsLSRs bPsos RW (38).
xqsryssVV[ Fss xqsNRPsVVV [xsVVsLiRV RLjiLixmsRV[, @s bPsLigRisVVsV A
NRPVRV Rs [xsVVsLiRV RLjiLiRVRVsV @gRiVsV (39). x ORPQ RV s[aRP aRPWRVV,
BRLRiVV, {qsQV, LRiQX{sV, NRPsV, FyFyRVV (40), sVLjiRVV xyLji, gRiXxxqsVRV,
ysxmsxqsVRV, xqsyQQ zqs, sRkORPQRVLiRVsyRV sVVRgRiV yLRiLiRLRiV xqs][ LixmsoRsVVsV
RLjiLis][, sVVNRPVgRiVRVLRisV[ xqsLiaRPRVsVV [RV (41).
s][ss][ yzms szyxxqssVLi RVy e y sRXRLi xqs Fys[VR=NRPLi sLRisV
ee 42
ybdP RVsVs sV sVzms y ryQORPQ RXy sy
VNSQ* yR gRiX{ sds xms RVLRi*Lki Ry xqsLiNRPLRiM e
G[ V sLRiNRPLi xmsRW xqs Ry gSRV }mss R`
sLSyLi RV RV[xqsV sVV xmsy }mss sVVNRPLi # s[` ee 43
xmsoLiRLi [V ssLiRLi sLiRLi bPss[Vs [ e yLRiRVLi R [V NSQ yLRiRVLi Rs[Vs [
ee 44
jgRixqs LRizRLi Li jgSQsVsV bPyRVsV e jgRidsaSLRisLi s jgji*y sVbPyaRPRVsV
ee 45
zqs xqsQXbPLiy, RVNRP xqsQXbPLiy, sxmsV xqssWssVVgS NSVsV. @Vs[, zqs gSs,
RVNRPVLiy gSs, xqssV RLjiLis][, @j A sQQNTPs xmspLRi xmssRVs [RVVsV (42). xqssV
LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLiRVNRPVLiy dsLRiV ygRiLSRV. N]jgS\sssW VLiRLSRV. gRiXxxqsVRV, ys
xmsxqsVRV, xqsyQQzqs, RRVLRi*LRisVVyLRiV, [NRP BRLRiVV Fss\lLiy gSs, @V [zqss][ FyxmssVVsV

VLisgRiVsV. @yRV sLRiNRPsVVsV F~LiRVsV. gSRVd xmssVV[ A FyxmssVV ]gRiVsV.


xqsyQQzqs\Vs][ xmsssVVsV zmsLiRssV (43). xmsoLiRsVVsV sLijLiRVyLRiV bPsos
sLijLisgRiVsV. yss NTP][ RLjiLiRVyLRiV bPsos RLjiLisgRiVsV (44). xqs[s sVV,
bPyRVsVV[s gSsVsVV, bPsos xmspLiRs s, sVLjiRVV bPs xqsLiLiRsVV[s sR
sLiRdsRVsVVV (45).
[V sLiRLi sV}aRP*LRiLi gRiy sWyLRiWRLi xLRiLi [V sLiRLi xmsoLiRyLRiNRPLRiLi
][xtsQxqsV RRLRi+s[ e
[ \s xqsLiNRPLRi xqsWNRPLS xqsVLRi LRiaRP*N][xtsv NUP[xmssW y Gs sLi FyxmsxmsLRisW}qs yLRiNSM
ZNP[ssV ee 46
[ RXuy* aRPbPxqsL_ sbP js[ xqs*}msszms [ ZNP[sLi xmsaRPLiRV aRPV LRiVRxqsWNRP xms][ sVV[R
[yRXyM e
xqsR=Li xtsQ # s[j sLRiNRPLi sryLRiyyzqsRLi [V ryj syLRiLi z xmsoLRiVxtsQLi sLiRLi
sVLiyz [ ee 47
s yLiNRPxqsjNRPX][ [LRiQ*xmsoLiRRL][ sVVs[e xqsLiRxms RNRP x[sR bPsRV[ zxtsQQXRM ee
48
R\Q[ x[ [NS Xx ][jyM e [ syLSM xmsRV[s R][ xqsLRi][ # s[` ee
49
sVV[NRPsVVNRPV AyLRi\sVs, FyxmsxLRiVRgRiV sV}aRP*LRiVs, xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLiRVyss FssLRiV
RWztsQryL][, @ yLjis RWs][ ][xtsQsVV NRPVgRiVsV. A FyFyRVV sLRiNRPsVV ssVsLi,
xmsLij, LSORPQxqsVRV, gSTR, NRPVNRP, sNRP, NUPNRPsVV sVVRgRiV ssV F~LiRLRiV (46). yLRiV
xmsgRiV xqsWLRiVs, LS RLiRVs RWR[s @LiRV sLiyLRiV. yLRiV xqs*xmssVV[ \sssW
s[RsVVsLiR LRiVRxqsWNRPsVVsV zmsLis][ @j yss LRiOTPQLi sWORPQsVVxqsLigRiVsV.
xqsRVLRiVxtsv][ xqsLiztsQLiRV sWssoRV sLRiNRPsVVsV ys[RVVsV. xqssV RLjiLiRV sQQNTPs

sLijLiRVyLRiV sVWLRiVV(47). J sVxL<ki! yLiNRPVsNRPV, ELRiQ* xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLiRVysNTP,


NSs BsVsVV][ aRPLkiLRisVV\|ms RNSLiNTPRsVV s[xqsVNRPVs yLjiNTP bPsRVsVV sLiRV @jNSLRisVV
[RVgSs, yLRiV zxtsQLjiLixmsRVRVLRiV (48). sWssoRV Xx[ xmssxtsQ` [s ssR
sVLiRsVVsV aRPR][ syLRi [zqss][, xqsyLRi RVLiRV @sVLRiNTP NRPVgRiVsV (49).
RVRLiR\saRPLiRsZNP[szms sVaRPLi yLRiLi z # \|qs#s xmsoLiR xqsy e
sW [xmsLji NTPLiR y zms yLRiLi xqsy [ RVj xqsLi VRRVM ee 50
{qsQ zqsQ xmsoLiR sVNSsj yLRiRVLi xqs j*jLRi][ sRy lLi[ssV e
RR*R=yaRPsVsyLi saRPy sWM yLSxmssLRi xmnsy xqsNRPxmnsVxLid ee 51
xmsoLiRLi NRPVLRiV[ RVxqsV xqsy sjxmspLRi*NRPsV e sVFyRNRP xqsLixmnsVW\LRiVR[ ][xmsFyR\ZNPM ee
52
xyLki gRiXxr y ysxmsrsRy RVM e xQORPQ yaRP s aRPWyxqsys[ xmsyRsWM
ee 53
DRWsLi xmsoLiRLi R RXy* aRPVy sLi R e xqs[ sjy xqssVN`P FyxmsLSbPLi sRV R
ee 54
gRiLiRsVVsV RLjiLiR g][LRiV yLRiV yss xqsRVLiRV NRPzms xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLiRssV.
sWs sVVsLiRV RLjiLi, ys\|mss sVLjiVVNRP xmsyLRisVVsV RLjiLiRLSRV. @V
RLjiLiRVyLRiV sVWLRiVV (50). {qsQV sVVLigRiVLRiVV DLiRV ryssVV sLRiNRPV sVV sLiRV
xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLiRssV. j*V, BRLRiVV, sVLjiRVV LRiQX{sgRiV {qsQV B[ dLRiVs
xqssV RLjiLiRssV. xqs FyxmssVVssds Fg] sWORPQxmnssVVsRVsV (51). xqs][
RVysjgS xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLiRV sWssoRV sV FyRNRPsVV xqssVWxsVV sVLiTRVV,
sVLjiRVV DxmsFyRNRPsVV sVLiTRVV ssVVNTPs F~LiRVsV (52). xyLji, gRiXxxqsVRV,
ysxmsxqsVRV, sVLjiRVV RV, x ORPQ RV \saRPaRPWRVV, sVLjiRVV xmsRVV, @RsVVV

(53) xqs][ aRPLkiLSsRVssVV RVLiRV [xmssVVsV, sVV sLiRV xmsoLiRsVVsV


RLjiLis][xmsLjiaRPVRVgRiVRVLRiV. xqsyLRi sj FyxmsLSaRPVsV xmspLjigS ]gjiLiRVsV (54).
xqsyLki sZaP[}tsQ {qsQ g][xyjFyR\ZNPM e dsLRixyaRP*xyLi sVVR[ yR xqsLiaRPRVM ee
55
xmsLRiRyxmsxLRiLi xmsLRiyLS sVLRi+ssV e xmsLRisLiy xmsLRiZOP[Q RxLRiLi xmsLRi{msRssV ee 56
xqsryLSsWjxLRiLi gRiXxyj NRPLRi R e g][ zLRi sVzuyj NRPLi yxqsrysV ee 57
@sys kyLi ds [aRP xmsLjigRixM e RaRP#s[aS sVRLigkixtsv sXxtsQdxtsv sxtsv R ee 58
LRixqs*xqsV NRPyxqsV sRyxqsV R \sVRVssV e sWLixqs RLRiLRirykyLi sxqs R sNRPRVM ee 59
\|msaRPVsLi NRPWyRaRP ryOTPQ sVy ztsQsV e GssWks xqsLis FyFys ssys R ee
60
xqsR Gs ssaRPLi xmsoLiRxqs R yLRi` e
xqssVVsV RLjiLiRV NRPVRV {qsQxR, g][xR, dsLRixmsoLRiVxtsQ xR, @aRP*xR Byj
FyRNRPsVV sVLiT ssVVNRPVRgRiVsV. xqsLi[xsVV [RV (55). BRLRiV RssVVsV @xmsxLjiLiRV,
xmsLRiVs LRisV NSsVLiRV, BRLRiVsV sLijLiRV, BRLRiV WsVs @xmsxLjiLiRV, BRLRiVsV
{msTLiRV (56), xmsLi, gRiXxsVV ByRV sxmsxLjiLiRV, BsV RgRiVV, dsRV sVLiT
g][so, LigSLRisVV, lgi[, sVso*V, NRPLi, sxqsQsVV (57), @ssVV, yssVV, dsLRiV sVVRgRiV
ys {qs*NRPLjiLiRV, s[aRPV, @syzRV, yNRPV (58), LRixqs*V, LRiQX{sV @gRiV
{qsQ][ xqsLi[gjiLiRV, sWLixqssVV, RLRisVV, FyRLRixqssVV, DxmsV sVVRgRiV ys @sVV
(59), N]LisVVsV xmsV, NRPW ryORPQ sVVsV xmsV, zmsLiRV sVVRgRiV ssRsVV\s
NRP[ss FyxmssVVV (60) xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLis ssVsLis[ sbPLiRVsV.
bPsRyxmsxLRiLi bPssLiy R NRPVR` ee 61

sLiy R bPsNSyLi FyRVbP^QLRi aRPVR e LRiVyORPQLi RVxqs gS[xtsv [ R xmsoLiRNRPsV


ee 62
xqs yLiy[szms xqsLixmsp xqs=LRi* sL][RRsWRsVM e RWs dLSs [ZNP[szqss gRiLigSy
xqs=LjiRaRP RWM ee 63
ry][ s xqsLRi*R [ RVzqsQ xmsoLiRNRPsV e xqsxmsN][ sVsVLiyM xmsLiyORPQLRi xmsoLRixqs=LSM ee
64
Rys[ N][a][ sVLiy\ZaPQQ+s\ZNPs }RsM e @s[ sVLiy aRP [yyLi xqsLRi* r NRPLS sVVs[
ee 65
[ xqslLi[* Rxqs saSxqsV=Q L][ Lji xmsoLiRNRPsV e
bPs RssVVsV @xmsxLjiLiRV, bPsos sLijLiRV (61), bPsNRPVsV sLijLiRV @sV
FyxmssVVNRPV FyRVbPRsVV [RV.Fsss sVVsLiRV xmsoLiRsVV DLiRV[ (62), yss, G
sLRisVVy\ssW, @s sLRisVV[ ZaP[xtsQ\sVs yssgS xmspLixmsssV. sVVsLiRV
xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLiRV NRPVRV C [NRPsVV[ gRi gRiLigSj dLRisVVsRVLiRV (63) ryssVV
[zqss xmnssVVsV F~LiRVsV. J sVxL<ki! xmsLiyORPQLji Byj GRV N][ sVsVLiRsVVV (64),
sWORPQyRVNRPsVVgRiV N][j BRLRi sVLiRsVVV, sVLjiRVV xqsVsVVssds IxqsLigRiV BRLRi
[sy sVLiRsVVV (65), xmsoLiRNRPsVVsV RLjiLiRVysNTP saRPsVgRiVsV.
xqsxxqsLi xmspLRi*yyLi xqsxxqsLi sLiVVxtsQysV ee 66
xqs* sLiaRP sLi dy sVVRlLi[RzqsQ xmsoLiRNRPX` e Bx VNSQ* s [gSs
kLSRVVLS*QjsLjiRM ee 67
syLi[ R sVLRiLi xqsV[\ss xmsxmsR[ e @|t^sQaRP*LRi gRiV[}msRLi Fyxms jssxmsobP+ssV ee 68
jsLi ssWssWLRiVx js RaRP# }qssRsV e syRLSLi xqslLi[*uyLi gRiLiRLS*Li
sVxrysV ee 69

BLiyj[NRPFyyLi [ZNP[xtsv R RVyNRPsVsV e VNSQ* [gSs xqsVsxmsos xms[aSyLi xms[xtsv


R ee 70
xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLiRVyRV Rs sLiaRPsVV[ s[LiVV xmspLRi* RLRisVVNRPV, s[LiVV LS[so
RLRisVVNRPV LiRV (66) RVsV DRLjiLiRVsV. @yRV C [NRPsVV[ kLSRVVLSRVsVVsV
NRPgji, yRVV [sy\, [gRisVVssds @sVsLi (67), ARVVLSRVsVV xmspLji @LiVVs
RLRiVyR @yRWxqs sVLRisVVsV F~LiRVsV. RLRiVyR A NRPVRV @|t^sQaRP*LRisVV][,
gRiVsVV][ NRPWTs sVLigRiNRPLRisVgRiV js[xsVVsV F~Lij (68), [sy
ssWssVVsjL][zLi, [sR[ }qssLixmsRVRVsy\, syRLRiVV, [aS+VLRigRiV
gRiLiRLRiV*V, BLiRVRV sVVRgRiV jNSNRPVV sVVRgRiV [sR [NRPsVV[ sLRiVxqsgS
sxqsQXRsVgRiV [gRisVVssVsLi, xmsxmsRV [NRPsVVsV F~LiRVsV (70).
M xmsRsWryR RR NRPyaRPRLi LRis[V` e RR RVVu sWsLi VNSQ* [gSss[ NRPaRPM
ee 71
suL][ZNP[ [][gRiLi RWsRQx aRPyRRVM e bPs[NRPLi RRM Fyxms [*xtsQLi
NSsVsVORPQRVsV ee 72
bPsryRVVsWF xqsLiaRPW yR RV[ e xqsL][*xms sxtsQyLi ryLRiLi xqssW[NRP
sVVxLRiVxM ee 73
BRs[Vs z sLkiRLi xmsLRiLi ZaP[RVzqsQxmsoLiRNRPsV e
@RRV x[NRPsVVsV F~Lij sLiRsVLij NRPs][ LRisVLiRVsV. @R x VVNRP
ARVVLSRVsVVsNRPV xqssVsVgRiV NSsVV @s[NRP [gRisVVssVsLi (71), sxtsv[NRPsVVsV F~Lij,
sLiR xV gRiLiRV sLRiNRPV [gRisVVsV F~LiRVsV. RLRiVyR bPs[NRPsVVsV F~Lij, ORPQRVsVV
[s @dxtsQsVVssVsLi (72), bPsryRVVsVVsV F~LiRVsV. ks[ xqsLi[xsVV [RV.
DxmssxtsQRVssLids @s[NRP xmsLSRVsVVV xmsLjibdPLiRgS (73), xmsoLiRsVV xqsLRi* ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV
ZaP[RVry=RssVs y ryLRisVVgS sLRiLiVVLixmsTsj.

sWLi sLiR[ W \s xr=ss RNRPM ee 74


RW R sLRiZNP[ |mnsWlLi[ RWsRQ RRVLRiVM e aS[ RV[ }ms x[s[V \saRP*[s[ xqsVLSLRis[
ee 75
RXR xmsoLiRM xmspyR sVXRLi RV sWssM e rysLi sVylgi[ xqs rysLi xqsy
aRPV ee 76
sVLiR rysLi xlLi[yxmsLi srys[ xmsLRiLi xmsRsV e xqsLRi* dlLi[xtsv RVRVLi xqsLRi*dlLi[xtsv
RV` xmnssV ee 77
RRLi xqssVyF xqsrysNRPL][ sLRiM e xqsrysLi xmsLRiLi dLRiLi gRiLigSrysLi js[ js[ ee
78
xqsLRiW{ms bPsry=QOSQRxqs \Q[NRP FysssV e
xVRV gSs, BRLRiVRVgSs sWs sLijLis][ (74), RRVLRiV x DsLiR sLRiNRPV
|mnsWLRisLRiNRPsVV[ sVLiRVsV. aSRsVV, RVsVV, xmssVV x[sVsVV, \saRP*[ssVV, [sxmsp
@sV yRVLiRV (75) xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLiRV sWssoRV xmssRsVgRiV @LiRMNRPLRisVV gRiy\,
sVXRVsosV LiVVLiRVsV. NSNRPXRsVV RLRiVyR ds][ ryssVVsV [RVssV.
xqsryssVV (xqssV RLjiLiRV)sV [RVV sQQNTP xqsy aRPV gRiyRgRiVsV (76).
sVLiRryssVV (sVLiRxmssVV) FyxmssVVsV Fg]VsV. s ryssVV (s Fyzms) ss
sWORPQsVV LiRVsV. xqs ryssVVsV [RVV sQQNTP xqsLRi* dLRisVV RVLiRV gRi xmsosVVsV,
xmnssVVsV (77) F~LiRgRiVsV. xqs ryssVV xmssR dLRiryssVV][ xqssWs\sVsj. sRsVV
xqssV RLjiLiRV ss sRsVV gRiLigS ryssVVsV [zqss xmnssVV LiRVsV (78). bPsoRV
xqs*RVsVVgS xqsLRiWxmssVVsV RLjiLi RVVLiRVsV. xqs sVV[NRPsVVsV xmssRsVV [RVVsV.
s R` rysLi s RysLi RysLi F s xqsM ee 79

xmsoLi[ sy [Vs s}ms RVVRsVztsQRsV e ysxmsxqsxqs NRPyyLi kOSQ{s sXLi Ry ee


80
sVy yQgRiQ\LRiVQQNRPLi xmsLRi][ sLjiRsV e GsLi xmsoLiRLi RVM NRPVLSsRLi sRVR
sWsxqsM ee 81
bPsNRPxqs= s[W VNTPLi sVVNTPLi R sLiR e RVryLilgi[ \ss LRiVyORPQ GZNP[szms xxmsoRM ee
82
Rxqs s sLRiLRi ry=Q` xmsoLiRLRiz][ RVj e
xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLiRNRPVLiRgS sxmsoRV [RVV dLRi ryssVV ryssVV NSRV, yssVV
yssVV NSRV, yssVV yssVV NSRV, xmssVV xmssVV NSRV (79). ysxmsxqsVRV, NRPsV,
kORPQ[s sWssoV (80) sVyxsVVsNRPV sVVLiRV sVV][ NRPzms, RLRiVyR sVV
[NRPVLiRgS xqssV RLjiLiRssV. C sRsVVgS sVsxqsV=sV sRVsVLi sRsVV xmsoLiRsVVsV
RLjiLiRV sWsso[ (81)bPsNRPVRs RVssV. @RRV VNTPs, sVVNTPs, F~LiRVsV. g]xms
xmsosVVs[ LRiVyORPQ INRP\VssW [xsVV sLiRV [s ysNTP (82), xmsoLiRsVVsV
RLjiLiRs ysNTP s sLRisVV.
GsLi xmsoLiRsWRQLi xqssWryRjRLi sVRW ee 83
LRixxqsLi xqsLRi*LiRWyLi g][ xmsdsRVsVRLi R*RW e r lLi[ sLi[s xqss[xtsv sVVs
xmsoLigRiyM ee 84
jxtsv xqslLi[*xtsv RV][ZNP[xtsv V\LRiVss[ e V[LRiRLi xqssWLRi RWsRLi][
# s[RVQ[M ee 85
ysRQsWLi xqsLiyLRiLi [ R xmsoLiRNRPsV e sVR sWysVNSLigRiV sV[ RV
xms[sVRM ee 86

@LigRiV}tsQs NRPXy lLi[ xmsoLiyskRV[ e sV[LisgRiVLSyRV xqsXLRixqs RVRRM


ee 87
xmsoLiRLi yLRi[VRQ NSQ VNTP sVVNTP xmsRLi xmsLRisV e
BLiRsLRiNRPV s[sV xmsoLiR sVzsVsV xqsLigRixsVVgS zmss (83). Bj @LiRLjiNUP }qsj NSRV.
kss dsso LRixxqssVVgS sVLiRssV. J sVVsZaP[xtsvLS! sVxL<RiV[ sLjiQxtsQ\sVs sVV
sVVRgRiV ryssVVsLi[ sVWRV lLi[V DLiRVsV xqssV RLjiLiRssV (84).
sVVsLiRV NRPsVsV sVR sVLiT NRPsVsV @LiRsVV sLRiNRPV xmsoLiRsVVsV
RLjiLiRssV. sVRs[V, sVLjiRVV @ysVNRP][ xqssVVsV RLjiLi, AlLi[ sVR[
s[sVsVVgS (86) s s[][ sVLjiVVNRP lLi[sV RLjiLis][, ysNTP xmsoLiRsVs }msLRiV.
[y, sVWRV s[][ xqssV LixmsoLiR LRiWxmssVVgS RLjiLiRsRVsV (87). NTP][
xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLiRVysNTP VNTP, sVVNTP LiRVsV.
xqsYsVzms lLi[yLi xms[NRPLi ss [syM ee 88
xqsLRi*yLilgi[ xtsv y sZOP[Q rysysRRW aRPXV e @NSL][ gSL>Rixmsygji LRiW LRiLRiaRP LRi[ gRiVM
ee 89
VVlgi[*RaRP NTPRWaRPNTPM FyRxqs=sss[Vs R e
sV[saRP lLi[RWM xmsRsWRWaRP [syM e s[RW sVVs aSLRiWbP+s kOSQ xmsLSRV\M ee
90
DNSL][ ROTPQgjiaRP sxqsR*Li RVxqsy e sVRLijsLi R xqssssVy aRPNRPQLiRLSR N_ ee 91
sV}aRP*LRiaRP lLi[RW j*dRWRWaRP [sy e s[RW sVVs aSLRiW bPskOSQxmsLSRV\M ee
92
aRPLkiLRisVLiR DLi[ C sVWRV lLi[[ xms lLi[NRPV ]sVj [sRV gRiLRiV (88). A
ssLRisVVsV |msRsV. aRPRgS ssVRV. J sVVsZaP[xtsvLS!@NSLRisVV,gSL>Rixmsygji, WsV,

RLRisVV, LRi[gRiVsVV (89), VVlgi[*RsVV, NTPRWaRPNTP, FyRxqs=sssVV, sVLjiRVV sV [soRV


sVVR lLi[NRPV [sRV @s bPskOSQ xmsLSRVVV RVssV (90). J sVVsZaP[uy! DNSLRisVV,
ROTPQgji, ANSaRPRRQ*sVV, RVlLi[*RsVV, sWRLijs xqssssVV, ByaRPNTP, @LiRLSR (91)
sVLjiRVV sV}aRP*LRiVRV lLiLiRs lLi[NRPV [sRs bPskOSQ xmsLSRVVV RVssV (92).
sVNSLSsdsR R xmsLRisWR RsWj_ e saRPNTP ry=sVs[R xqsQXdRVLi xqsssLi Ry ee 93
bPs\ZaPQQs R lLi[RWxqsQXdRWRWaRP [sy e s[RW sVVsaSLRiW bPskOSQ xmsLSRV\M ee 94
GsLi sRLi ssVxqsQXR xqsRQ NSQ rys[syM e xmsoLiRLi yLRi[VRV][ VNTPLi sVVNTPLi R
sLiR ee 95
BRVQQNSM rys[yaRP xqsLS*Lilgi[xtsv sVVdsaRP*LRi e [uyLi xqsLiLij[ NSQ ryys aRPXV
ryLixmsRsV ee 96
J sVVsZaP[uy! sVNSLRisVV, AxsdsRVsVV, xmsLRisWR RsWgRiVsVV, RV[NRPsVV, saRPNTP,
rysVs[RsVV, RXdRV xqssssVV (93), sVLjiRVV bPsoRV sVWRs lLi[NRPV [sRs bPs kOSQ
xmsLSRVVV VxqsVN]sssV (94). C sRsVVgS rys [sRNRPV sRsVV NTP][
ssVxqsLjiLi, aRPVRV\ xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLiRV NRPVRV VNTPs, sVVNTPs NRPWR F~LiRVsV (95). J
sVVsZaP[uy!s[sV BLiRsLRiNRPV ssR @sRVssVV rys [sRsV gRiVLjiLi zmss. A
ryssVV ssLRisVV sxmsVRV |msRsV. NTP][ ssVsVV (96).
y*LiaRP` rysZNP[ yLRiLi uRaRPrysZNP[zms R e @xtsQrys[ Ry \s xmsLiRrys[Szms y s}qs` ee 97
DRsWLilgi[ [ R NRPLRiWlLi[QRWxqsy e yry sNRPQ gRi [}tsQ*sLi xxqsR*RV @RM xmsLRisV
ee 98
NRPWLRilLi[ sV Li[ R xXR[V FyLRi+Q*WLRiQ*WM e y sVVxtsQR*[V \s sVWL][*
LRiV[ R sVs ee 99
LixmnsWR*[V xmsRR*Li[* yLiaRP` ryssVVRsVsV e

sVVxmsj lLiLiRV, xmsRVyLRiV, FsssVj, [y HRV ryssVV[ xqssV RLjiLiRssV (97).


bPLRixqsV+ sVV, soV, NRPsVV, sVVNRPV, [LRiV ,NRPLihRisVV, lLiLiRV [RVV (98), sW[RVV,
sVNRPV, xXRRVsVV, lLiLiRV FyLRi+Q*sVVV, y, gRiVxsVV, ELRiVsoV, sWNS, zmsNRPV
(99) sWNS NTPLij gRisVV, lLiLiRV FyRsVVV szqs sVVxmsj lLiLiRV DRsV ryssVV[
xqssV RLjiLiRssV.
@gRiQQ WyRVVjlgi[aRP jNSs sxqsVxqs=x e 100
RLS RVsaRP rsVaRP Axms\ZaPQQ ys[SsM e xmsRWxtsQaRP xmsxqsaRP sxqs[SxtsQ xmsNUPLjiyM ee
101
G[uyLi ysVsW[ xmsoLiRLi yLRi[VRVyM e NRPVLSy* uRaRPrys[ xmsoLiRLiRV
xqssWzRM ee 102
@gji, sVV, WsV, yRVVso, jNRPVV, jNSNRPVV sVLjiRVV FsssVLiRVgRiVLRiV sxqsVsosV
(100) ARW ysVsVV][ xqsLjiLi, sy*LixqsVV xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLiRssV. RLRi, RVsoRV,
rsVVRV, juys [sR, @gji, yRVVso, xmsRWxtsvRV, xmsxqsVRV @sVyLRiV
@xtsQsxqsVssosRVRVLRiV (101). NRPVRV aRPR][ xmsoLiRsVVsV xmsRVyLRiV ryssVV[
RLjiLiRssV (102).
bdPL<RiZNP[ R [ R NRPLilhi[ yLixqsR*[V V[ e NRPWLRilLi[ sV Li[ R xXR[V yFyLRi+Q*ZNP[ ee
103
xmsX}tsQ \sLi xmsuyRVLi RV[RybP* \s[ e bPsLi aRPNTPLi Ry LRiVRdsVaRPLi yLRiRs[Vs R ee 104
ysWjssaRPNUPaRP GyM uRaRP#[syM e yxqs][ RxqsNRP\ZaPQQs @bP*_ _* xmsNUPLji[ ee 105
R, sVV, NRPLihRisVV, lLiLiRV VxqsLiRsVVV, lLiLiRV VsVVV, lLiLiRV sW[RVV,
lLiLiRV sVNRPVV, xXRRVsVV, y, lLiLiRV FyLRi+Q*sVVV (103), ssVNRP gRisVV @sV
ryssVV[ xqssV RLjiLiRssV. A ryssVV[ @bP*ds [sRV, bPsoRV, aRPNTP, LRiVRVRV,

CaRPVRV, yLRiRVRV (104), ysW sVVRgRiV ssaRPNRPVV sLRizqs xmsRVyLRiV [sRsV ss


[RVssV. yxqsRVRV, RxqsVRV @sV [sRNRPV @bP*ds [sRs }msLRiV (105).
@Ry sVWLjiQ ZNP[ZaP[ R NRPLRiWLRi*Rs[ Ry e xR*[V R xXR[V ysVWLRiVRVlgi[ Ry
ee 106
sVR*[V R xmsRWM xmsXxtsQlgi[ R uRaRP e bPsaRPLiRaRP LRiVRM N][ s}mnsVa][ sxtsvlLi[s y ee
107
$\ZaPQQs xXR[V aRPLiV xqsy y xmsxmsM e ygRiaRP ygRiNRPyaRP DWL`i VVztsQ NRPsNSM ee
108
FyRWaRP xqssVVyaRP dLSM xmsX}tsQ saSRM e B[s uRaRPrys sV][R[ ee 109
xmsRVyLRiV ryssVVsV, [sRsV sVLjiVVNRP sRsVVgS xmssRVsV. bPLRixqsV=, ZNP[aRPsVVV,
lLiLiRV soV, sVVsVV, lLiLiRV xsoV, xXRRVsVV, y, lLiLiRV ELRiVsoV (106),
lLiLiRV sWNS, lLiLiRV FyRsVVV, ssVNRP gRisVV @sV xmsRVyLRiV ryssVV[ xqssV
RLjiLiRssV. C ryssVV RVLiRV NRPsVsVVgS bPsoRV, RLiRVRV, LRiVRVRV, x,
s}mnsVaRP*LRiVRV, sxtsvso (107), OTPQ , aRPLiVso, xmsxms, ygRi[sR, BRLRiV ygRiNRPsV, BRLRiV
VVztsQNRPsV (108), xqssVVRsVV, dLRisVVV gRiso (109).
gRiVxrysLi aRP NRPLRiR*RVsVsVRsVsV e @LixqsRVVgRiLi R xXRRVLi y
Lji[ssVxtsQNRPsV ee 110
R VVxtsQRVxqs=xms [syaRP xmsNUPLjiyM e B[sLi RV xqssVVjxtsQLi xqssjLRiVdsaRP*LSM ee
111
@Ry sVxqsNRPLi x xXRRVLi ylLi[s R e xmsLiRryyssVWyxLSLRi[ xqssyM ee
112

RVy xqsLissLi NRPVLS[aRP NSR}msORPQRW e DRWs[ xmsaRPNRPZaP[QxmsoLiyks NSLRi[V` ee


113
gRiVxsVV, sVV, lLiLiRV soV, lLiLiRV VsVVV, xXRRVsVV, y @s[ FsssVj
ryssVV[ xqssV RLjiLiRssV (110). J sVxL<RiVLS! A ryssVVNRPV x, xqsxmsL<RiVV
[sRs xqsssVV gRi VVxtsvV zmsRVVyLRiV(111). [y, bPLRixqsV=, lLiLiRV xsoV,
xXRRVsVV, y @sV @LiVVRV ryssVV[ xqssV RLjiLiRsRVsV (112). [aRPNSsVV
ssVxqsLjiLi NRPVRV RVyxqsLissVVgS xqssV RLjiLiRsRVsV. xqs][ @LigRi[xmsssVV
[RVV[ @aRPNRPVQ\s NRPVRV xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLiRssV (113).
s[RLi gRiVyLRiLi [s sNRPLi bPssV e xqsLRissVbP+y[V [ RV xmsoLiRNRPsV ee
114
C aSLi ssV BRVQQNSQ* FyLRi+Q*WaRP xmsoLiRNRPsV e dLi ssV BRVQQNSQ* yLRi[VRV
xmsN][xtsQWM ee 115
NRPVLSRRM zmsRXLi R Ds[VaSLi R][xmsLji e dsW[V RRM xmsX}tsQ bPLRixqsM xmsbPs[V Ry ee
116
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[
RRVLji*Lia][SyRVM (24)

s[*aRP*LRi

xqsLizyRWLi

xqsyLRisLRisLi

ysV

sVVNRPLi, gRiVRNRP xmsNRPXNTP AaRPRVsVV, x, sxtsv LRiVRVNRPV RLiTRVgRiV


bPsos 'ssVbP+yRV' @s xqsLjiLi, sVVsLiRV xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLiRssV
(114). 'CaSLi ssVM' @s DRLjiLi FyLRi+Q*sVVRVLiRV, 'dLi ssVM'@s
sVVLi[RVRVLiRV (115), 'zmsRXLi ssVM' @s aRPLkiLRisVV[s NTPLij @sRVsVV
RVLiRV, 'Ds[VaSLi ssVM' @s aRPLkiLRisVV VVNRP \|msgRisVV sLiRV , 'dsWRV ssVM' @s
xmsNTP bPLRixqsV=sNRPV ssNRP gRisVVsLiRV xqssV RLjiLiRssV (116).

$bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[s s[aRP*LRi xqsLizR RVLiRV xqsyLRi sLRissVV @s[ BLRiVsj


yVgRis @yRVsVV xqssWxmssVV (24).
@R xmsLiRsLia][syRVM
LRiVyORPQ sVRQsVV
xqsWR DyR e
afsNRPlL<i[ sVFy bPsLRiWxms sVxms[ e aRPXV LRiVyORPQ sVRQLi xqssWryRRRWsVxsV ee
1
bPszmsRVRsW [W LRiVyORPQM xmsLRiFyssM e RLRi+y` xqsLRi+yFyR=LRi* FyxmsxLRixqs=QQXRM
ee 2
xmsoLS LRiVyORPQ sVzsW [slgi[ NRPj][ sVVs[ e [N][xmsNRPLRiLSRV bPs[s xmsLRisWRy ee 3
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
afsNRP sVxL<ki! dsso g]xms ss. bPs xqs*LRiWxmsRso. g]xmsyLji[ g]xmsyTs. s[sV LRiVyORPQ
sVzsVsV xqsLigRisVVgS |msRsV ssVsVV (1). sVNTP xmssRsVgRiV LRiVyORPQ bPsosNRPV FsLiRRVW
zmsRV\sVsj. LRiVyORPQsV RWy, xqsQXbPLiy, sW][ xmssVV [zqsy FyxmssVVsRVV
]gRiVss VVxtsvV zmsLji. (2). J sVxL<ki! xmspLRi*sVV bPsxmsLRisWR [N][xms NSLRisVV N]LRi\ZNP
FyLRi*d [sNTP LRiVyORPQ sVzsVsV zmsRVVyRV (3).
aRPXV [s sV}aSs LRiVyORPQ sVzsWLi bPs[ e NRPRRWsV Rs {msy NSyLi zRNSsV RWee
4
js sL<Ri xqsxry sV}aSs xmsosM xmsoLS e RxmsM xmsNRPVLRi*RxqsQxqsLi sVsxqs=LiRVsV \s sVsV ee 5

xqs*RLi[ xmslLi[ZaP[s [N][xmsNRPX NSLji e dRW xmsLRis[VaSs RORPVLRiVdsRLi sVRW ee 6


xmsoLi yLRiV RORPQLSQLi xmsy LiRsM e RyaRPV LiR[ y sXOSQ LRiVyORPQ xqsLi NSM
ee 7
J sV}aSds![ds!bPs[! NRPV zRsVVsV g][Lji, s[sV dsNRPV {ms][ LRiVyORPQ sVzsVsV
|msRsV ssVRV (4). J sV}aRP*Lki! xmspLRi*sVV s[sV s[j js xqsLisR=LRisVVV
xqsLiRVsVsVV][ RxmsxqsV= [RVVRVLiRgS, ysVsxqsV= RVxmsTsj (5) }
xmsLRis[VaRP*Lji! xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV, xqs*RLiRVRV, [NRPsVVNRPV DxmsNSLRisVVsV [RVVyRVsgRiV
s[sVdgS s[RsVVsV LRis (6). xqsVLiRLRisVgRiV A s[R xmsosVV sVLiT ds LiRVsoV
Ljiss. A NRPds LiRVso[ LRiVyORPQ @sV }msLRiV gRi sXORPQsVV\ss (7).
rysLRiR*sVsV Fyxms NSsV gRixNSLRi` e [ Ry sxtsv # ZNP[ aRPRVLRi*lLi[ Gs R ee 8
Ws g_Li][RyLiaRPZNP[ LRiVyOSQs bPsss e sVRVLSRWsVWyRWLi LiNSRWLi
sV[V Ry ee 9
xqs_ R Ry NSaSLi RZaP[xtsQ*s[xtsv y Ry e xmsLSsxqsFyFxmnsV[Rys aRPV[Rys ee
10
xM ORPQ RW \saS aRPW+y y sVsWRW e LRiVyOSQry xmsXjyLi RV
RdRWaRPV+ORPQ NSM ee 11
A NRPds LiRVsoV NRPV @sVgRixsVV N]LRi\ZNP sXORPQLRiWxmssVVsV F~Lijss. A LRiVyORPQsV
bPsoRV sxtsv NRPVZNP[ gSNRP xqsLRi*sLRisVV yLjiNTP BsV (8). bPsosNRPV {msNRPLRisVVgRiV LRiVyORPQV
W[NRPsVV[ g_R [aRPsVVsLiRV xmsoss. bPsoRV ys sVRVLRi, @WR, LiNRP, sVRV (9)
xqsx xmsLRi*RsVVV, NSbdP sWRs[V gSNRP, BLiNRPsW, xmsj ryssVV[ sVgRiVsV [|qssV. s[R
xqssVRsVVgRiV LRiVyORPQV ZaP[xtsQ\sVss, xqszLixms aRPNRPsVV NSs Fyxms xqssVWxsVVsV
sbPLixms[RVVsV (10). y A[ C aRPVNRPLRisVVgRiV LRiVyORPQV W[NRPsVV[ x, ORPQ RV,
\saRP aRPWR @s[ yV [RsVV][ xmssLjiVRVss (11).

ZaP[*RLRiNSM {msRNRPXuy sLS [RWM NRPsWRVQ\M e xqs*dRVLi sXLSLRiLi LRiVyORPQLi sLRiRM


NRPsW` ee 12
slL^ixqsV RRLi yLRiLi VNTPsVVNTP xmns[xmso= M e bPs# ZN^PQ Lji*ZaP[}tsQ bPsWM {msR[V xqsy ee 13
ydxmns xmssWLi RV[QxtsQs[VRRVyxXRsV e RLkixmns sWRLi RV sVRsVLi
xqsLixmsNUPLjiRsV ee 14
@RsVLi RsWRLi ryRQNTP\Vuy xmsL][R[ e aRPXV FyLRi* xqsV{msy NSyLi
zRNSsVRW ee 15
LRiVyORPQ[ Vxmso, FsLRiVxmso, xmsxqsVxmso, sVxmso @sV yV LRiLigRiVV gRiso. sWssoV RsVNRPV
WgRiQ\sVs LRiLigRiV gRi LRiVyORPQsV {qs*NRPLjiLi RLjiLiRssV (12). VNTPs, sVVNTPs, g][LRiV
bPsNRPVV FyLRi*d xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiV {ms N]LRi\ZNP ARW sLRisVV LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLiRssV (13).
|msR DzqsLjiNSRV xmssWsVV gRi LRiVyORPQ DRsVsVsRVV, lLi[gjixmsLiRV xmssWsVV gRij
sVRsVsVsRVV (14), |qssgRigjiLi xmssWsVVgRij @RsVsVsRVV ssxqs gRiRV. J
FyLRi*d! NRPV zRsVVsV g][Lji s[sV }ms sxtsQRVsVVsV {ms][ ssVsVV (15).
RLkixmns sWRLi R RV` ry` NTP sV}aRP*Lji e Ryzms xmnsRLi [ZNP[ xqsVrgRi sLRissV ee
16
ydxmnsxqssVLi RV` ry` xqsLS*LjixtsQ syaRPssV e gRiVLiRW xqsRXaRPLi RV` ryR=LS*LRi
xmnsryRssV ee 17
RVy RVy xmnsVVry=QQ\Q* RyjNRP xmnsxmsRsV e G\ZNPNRPRM xmnsLi FNRPLi RaSLi\ZaP LRijNRPLi V\M ee
18
LRiVyORPQ yLRiLi FNRPLi FyxmsyaRPs}Rs[ e RryR yLRiW \s xqsLS*LRi ryR[ RVssV ee
19

J sV}aRP*Lki!lLi[gjixmsLiRV xmssWsVV gRi LRiVyORPQ C [NRPsVV[ xqsVrgRisVVsV


|msLiF~LijRV[V gSNRP, BRLRi xmnssVVsV gRiWR BRVsV (16). DzqsLjiNSRV xmssWsVV gRi
LRiVyORPQ NRPxtsQsVVssds ]gjiLiRVsV. gRiVLjisLiR xmssWsVV gRi LRiVyORPQ xqsLRi*NSLRisVVsV
zqsjLixms[RVVsV (17). LRiVyORPQ FsLiR s][, @LiR @jNRP xmnssVV sRVsV. \|ms sVWTLi[
@xmssWsVV gRi LRiVyORPQ NRPsVsVV gS @jNRP xmssWsVV gRi ysNRPLi xmsjlLiV @jNRP
xmnssVVsRVss xmsLiTRVV |msRLRiV (18).LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLis][ FyxmssVVsRVV
RWLRisVgRiVsV. NSsos, xqsLRi*NSLRisVVsV zqsjLixms[RVV LRiVyORPQsV RxmsNRP RLjiLiRssV (19).
RVy R RXaRP[ [ZNP[ LRiVyORPQM xmnsRaRPV+M e s Ry RXaRP[sy R sWNS xmsLRis[VaRP*Lji ee 20
xqssWzqsQQQgS RXyxqsW=M NRPLi\ZNPxqs=LiRVVyaRPV+M e LRiVyOSQM NSsVy [s VNTPsVVNTP
xmsyxqs=y ee 21
NTPsVRVxtsQLi s sLi NRPLi\ZNPQQL>kiss[Vs R e sRVVNRP sVsXRLi R LRiVyOSQs xtsQT*sLRi[V`
ee 22
xqs*RVs[Vs NRPXRy*LRiLi LRiVyORPQLi ryjx[RsVsV e RVRV FLRiVxtsQRV[s NRPXRLi RsRsVLi
# s[` ee 23
J xmsLRis[VaRP*Lki! [NRPsVV[ aRPVsVgRiV LRiVyORPQ xmnssVVssVgS, BRLRi sWV
xmnssVVssV NRPsRV [RV (20). J [ds! xqssWs xmsLjisWsVV gRis, sVXRVxqsLRi+ gRis,
RXR\sVss, |msRs, NRPLiNRPsVV][ NRPWTssRVgRiV LRiVyORPQV @s s[ aRPVsVVsV NRPgjiLi,
N][lLids[Lji, VNTPs, sVVNTPs BRVsV (21). xmsoLRiVgRiV xmssj, xmsgjisj, sLjigjisj,
NRPLiNRPsVVV [sj, ssVV NRPj, sXyNSLRisVVgS [sj @s[ ALRiV LRiNRPsVV LRiVyORPQV xmssNTP
LSso (22). xqsxsVVgS LRiLiRsVVV gRi LRiVyORPQ ZaP[xtsQ\sVsj. xmsoLRiVxtsvRV LRiLiRsVV [zqssj
sVRsVsVV(23).
LRiVyORPQ yLRiLi FyxmsLi sVFyRNRPyaRPssV e LRiVR xqsLi aRPRLi RXy* LRiVR LRiWF # s[sLRiM
ee 24

GNSRaRP aRPydsx RXy* RVR sWxms[ e RRLi aRPNRP[ \ss sNRPVLi sL<Ri aRP# \LRizms ee 25
aRPylLi[s RVV\M xmsLiRaRP# \\lLiQQ* sVVNRPVLi sVRsV e LRiVyZO^PQ Lji*LRi[R=sVgRiQ NTP sWs xmsoLRiVu
sLRiM ee 26
aRP+Q\M xmsoztsQ RVVZN^PQ zqsQ LSsXyQ Ry xmsosM e LRiVyZO^PQLRiV xmsdsRLi R sLkiRWRQ NTP RRLRiM
ee 27
LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLis][ sV FyxmssVVV sbPLiRVsV. xmsRN]LiRV sLiR LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLiRV
sWssoRV LRiVR LRiWxmsoRgRiVsV(24). xmsRN]LiRV sLiR LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLiRV ss Li[
xmnssVVsV sLjiLiRVNRPV sLiRj xqsLisR=LRisVV NS\sVssW xqsLjixmsRRV (25). @LiVVRV
sLiR G\ LRiVyORPQ][ NTPLkisVVsV [zqs NRPVRV RLjiLiRssV. @ NRPVRV ZaP[xtsvRV (26).
NRPVRV sVWRV sLiR @LRi\s LRiVyORPQsV sVWRV }msVgS [zqs RV[xmsdsyNSLRisVVgS
RLjiLiRssV (27).
bPRWLi R RRVLi FNRPLi LRiVyOSQLi sV}aRP*Lji eNRPLRiWM xtsQ R xtsQ \s
ysVROTPQWxqsy ee 28
aRPRs[VN][RLRiLi NRPLilhi[ x[*Q\lLiQQ* LRiVRxqsLiRW e NRPWLRiLRiy*RVWxqsQR sV Li[ Ry
xmsosM ee 29
Dxmsds[ RRVLi yLRiLi bPsNTPLRi\LRiQQ\lLiM e ZaP[uysVLRi*Ljiys xmsLiR xqssVys yLRi[VR ee
30
GRR=Li RXy [Vs LRiVyOSQM xmsLRis[VaRP*Lji e RRWxmsLi RV xmssVLi z xqsVRLi
xqs\lLiQQ*LRi}aRPs` ee 31
J sV}aRP*Lki! bP[ sVWRV, soNRPV INRPysNTP ALRiV ]xmsVs (28), NRPLihRisVVsLiRV sW
INRP, xsoNRPV, sW[RVNRPV, sVNRPVNRPV INTPLiNTP xmsRN]LiRV (29),
RV[xmsdsRsVVsLiRV sVVRV LRiVyORPQsV bPsNRPVV RLjiLiRssV. sVLjiRVV, sRVsVVsNRPV

xqssWs xmssWsVV gRi @LiVVRV |msR LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLiRssV (30). J xmsLRis[VaRP*Lki! C


xqsLi[ LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLis NRPVRV CaRP*LRiVs s @LiRLjiNUP, ssVxqsLjiLi
xqsVLixmsRgjisyRgRiVsV (31).
GsLi WRLi zqsRLi ys[ RVy NRPXy*xms\sLRixmssV e bPs[ yxLRiLi\ZaPQQs RXuy* Fy\|msM
xmssVVR[ ee 32
aRPyjNRP xqsxxqsxqs sjlLi[xtsQ xmsNUPLjiRM e RRs[ xmsNSL][ssM aRPVxqs=LiFR[ sVRW ee 33
bPRWs[VNRP LRiVyORPQLi bPLRiry aRPRLi s}` e xmsLiyaRPR gRi[ Ryyx[*M uRaRP uRaRP ee
34
sVLi[ y*RaRP j*xqsLi[ xmsLiRaRPRLi s}` e @uRLRiaRP# \LS sVVxmsdsRLi xmsNRP[V` ee
35
GsLi xqsxxqs LRiVyOSQs yLRi[V][ RXRsRM e RLi ssVLi xqsVLSxqs=lLi[* RVy LRiVRxqsQ\s xqsM
ee 36
C sRsVVgS LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLi, yssVV sLiRV bPsysVsVVsV zmsLiRV NRPVs RWs][,
FyxmssVVV sbPLiRVsV (32). xmsRN]LiRV sLiR LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLiRV syssVVsV BLiR sLRiNRPV
zmss. BxmsoRV s[sV LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLi[ sVLjiVVNRP aRPV xmsRs xmsVRVysV (33).
bPRVLiRV INRP, bPLRixqsV\|ms sVWRV sLiRV, NRPLihRisVVsLiRV G\, IN]NRP xsosLiRV
xmsRLRiV (34), sV NRPVsLiRV xmssLiRV, VxqsLiRsVVV lLiLiTLi RVLiRV @LiVVRV sLiR
]xmsVs LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLiRssV. sW FsssVj LRiVyORPQ][ RV[xmsdsRsVVsV RRWLRiV
[xqsVN]sssV (35). CsRsVVgS RXRsVVgS sRsVV NRPgji, LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLiRV NRPVsNRPV
[sRLiRLRiV ssVxqsLjiLiRVLRiV. @yRV ryOSQRVgS LRiVRV[ (36).
GNRPLi bPRWLi LRiVyORPQLi Ry*LjiLiaRPRV sVxqsZNP[ e y*LiaRPRLihRi [ZaP[ RV sORPQxqsuRLRiLi aRPRsV
ee 37

G\ZNPNRPLi NRPLRiWM xtsQ xtsQ x[*M uRaRP uRaRP e NRPLRiW LRissWs[s j*gRiV[s sVVdsaRP*LRi ee 38
xqsLi {msLRiQXy [Vs rszms \ZaPssM xmsLRiM e bPssRWdsW z sLiRxqs=Q\lLiQQ*LRi dNRPaRPM ee
39
bPLRi{qs aSssVLi[ NRPlLi[ RRVLRiV}tsQ R e @}mnsVlLi[ gRis[ yLRiLi [\ss xXR[Vszms R ee 40
bPRVLiRV INRP, bPLRixqsV=sLiRV s\, NRPLihRisVVsLiRV sVVxmsj lLiLiRV, sORPQ xqs=sVV sLiRV
sW FsssVj (37), soNRPV INTPLiNTP ALRiV, xsoNRPV INTPLiNTP xmsRLRiV, [RVNRPV
INTPLiNTP BLRi\s yVgRiV ]xmsVs (38) LRiVyORPQsV {ms][ RLjiLiRVyRV ZaP[xtsvRgRiV \ZaPsoRgRiVsV.
@Rss @LiRLRiV bPsoss ssVxqsLjiLi xmspLiRVLRiV (39). bPLRixqsV=sLiRV C aSssVLiRsVV][,
soRVLiRV RRVLRiVxtsQsVLiRsVV][, NRPLihRisVVsLiRV @|mnsWLRisVLiRsVV][, xXRRVsVVsLiRV
NRPWR @[ sVLiRsVV][ LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLiRssV (40).
@|mnsWLRi dsVLi[ NRPLRiWLSLRi[V RV=kM e xmsLiRRaSORPQ gRijyLi ysV[s[s ][RlLi[ ee 41
xmsLiR xLi\lgiaRP sWLi xmsLiR xqsxms R e @Ry sVW sVLi[ xqsLS* sOSQLixqsV yLRi[V`
ee 42
sVRLi sWLixqsLi RV aRPVsLi xmsLiRVLi bPgRiVs[Vs R e ZaP[uyLiRNRPLi sR*LSxLi ORPQ[
sLRi[VRRM ee 43
sORPQLi LRiVyORPQLi j*RsVlLi[s[x szRLi xqsVLRiNRPLi ORPQ yLi xmssVVjR sVVs[V {ms RsVxqsNRPX` e
R][ \s\ZaPQQQLSLRiLi xmsjsxqs sWsaRPNRPsVx[ Ry NRPXxtsQLi aRPW\QM aRPVgRijR sWL][RVsVgRi[ee
44
ss[NTP @}mnsVLRi d sVLiRsVV][ lLiLiRV [RVRVLiRV LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLiRssV. DRLRisVVsLiRV
xmsj}sV LRiVyORPQ sWsV ysV[s sVLiRsVV][ RLjiLiRssV (41). @LigRi xqszR JLi
NSLRisVVsV @LiVVRV ryLRiV zmsLi, sVWRV, @LiVVRV, [y GRV sWsV RLjiLiRssV. [y,
xmsLiyORPQLki sVLiRsVV][s[ LRiVyORPQssds RLjiLiRssV (42). LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLis NRPVRV

sVRsVVsV, sWLixqssVVsV, sVs, dsLRiVs, sVVsgRi NRPWLRisV, sLjigjiV NRPWLRisV,


xmsLijsWLixqssVVsV OTPQLiRLSRV (43). s LRiVyORPQsV xVV sWRs[V RLjiLiRssV.
Ds[V! ORPQ RVVV FsLRis LRiVyORPQsV AsLiRsVV][ RLjiLiRssV. \saRPVV xmsRs LRiVyORPQsV
sRsVV RLjiLiRssV. aRPWRVV ss LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLiRssV. JFyLRi*d! Bj s[R
szR\sVs sWLRisVV (44).
sLki sds gRiX{ RVd sRVs[Vs Ry` GRRxxqsxmsLRisW s z RV }tsQ` e
LRiVyORPQ yLRisVRLi xqsVNRPX\aRP Li RQQZNP[Q*Rs[V RRsLRiNSs xmsRWLi ee 45
Ay ysVNSxqs][ xmnsVV RLS LRiVgSxqsRM NRPLi\ZNPxqs=LiRuyM NTPsVxqssWxmsNRPLRi[
{yxqsye
yLS \ss aRPV[xmso=aRPNRPsRVyORPQ sVxmsLiR][ LRiVyOSQ sVsV LigRi sVLigRisVVs[V xqsWORPQ Li
xmsaRPxqsLi xqsy ee 46
xqsLS*aRPsWLi sLSyLi {qsQ aRPWyLi bPyRW e yLSxqs=Q\s LRiVyOSQ RVdyLi xmss[s
z ee 47
jy yNRPX\ LSf jyNRPX\M e FyRLRiyx ryRW} sVVR[ xqsLRi*FyR\ZNPM ee
48
xyLji, gRiXxxqsVRV, ysxmsxqsVRV sVLjiRVV xqsyQQzqs sRVsVxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS LRiVyORPQsV
RLjiLiRssV. LRiVyORPQV [NRPVLiy INRP ORPQ\sVssW DLiRLSRV. LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLiRV gRisVV
xmsosVV [R sWRs[V LiRVsV. LRiVyORPQsV dsTs sWssoV xqssVxqs sLRiNRPsVVsV
F~LiRLRiV (45). sVVLiRVgS DzqsLji NSRV xmssWsVV gRi LRiVyORPQsV, RLRiVyR yNRPLi
[NRP\Vs ys RLjiLiRssV. L][gRisVV gRis, NRPLiNRPsVVV ]gjiFLiVVss, xmsoLRiVgRiV xmsss,
xqsWj gRiVRVNRPV RgjisLiR LRiLiRsVV [ssRVgRiV LRiVyORPQsV, aRPVsVVsV N][LRiV NRPVRV
RLjiLiRLSRV. NRPVRV gjiLi xmssWsVV gRi LRiVyORPQ xmsaRPxqsQ\sVsj. DsW[ds! LRiVyORPQ y
VVNRP sVLigRiNRPLRisVgRiV xsVV (46). @s sLRisVV yLRiV, AaRPsVsVV yLRiV, {qsQV,

aRPWRVV xqsLRi*y LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLiRsss bPsos RW. RVRVV JLi NSLRisVV][ LRiVyORPQsV
RLjiLiRssV (47). xmsgRiV RLjiLis][ LSRVLiRV [zqss FyxmssVVV, LS RLjiLis][ xmsgRi
RVLiRV [zqss FyxmssVVV, xqsLRi*NSsVV[ RLjiLis][ xqsLRi*FyxmssVVV ]gjiFsosV (48).
[V xmsoLiR RLS [ZNP[ yLji Gs [V e [V LRiVyORPQ RLS}qs \s RVsV[NRPLi xmsRWLi s ee
49
LRiVyORPQ s[VNRPLi bPLRiry Lji Ry xmsoLiRLi R sV[ e
xmsLiyORPQLRiLi [V z xmsLi sVLiR xmsp sjM V [ z ryRsM ee 50
RVryLilgi[ yzqs LRiVyORPQ zqsQ xmsoLiRLi xmsZNP[ e sVV[ xmsLiyORPQLRiLi yzqs RsWsRV
RVsWRVsV ee 51
y* y* RRQsLi xqsLi LRiVyORPQ yLjiM e [ xmsp xqs=LRi*yryNRPLi ys[RyM
NRPyRs ee 52
Gs sWxmsRWsWxqs NS[zms sNTPLiNRPLSs e R[ sVy* [ xqslLi[* RW{tsQsWxqss xqsVszqsyM ee
53
C [NRPsVV[ xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLiRVyLRiV, sV RLjiLiRVyLRiV, LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLiRVyLRiV
RVsV[NRPsVVsV F~LiRVLRiV (49). INRP LRiVyORPQsV bPLRixqsV=Q\|ms RLjiLi, sVVsLiRV
xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLi, xmsLiyORPQLki sVLiRsVVsV zmsLiRV sWssoV ryRVsoV. yLjis dsVLRiV
xmspLiRssV (50). Fsss aRPLkiLRisVVsLiRV LRiVyORPQ [][, sVVsLiRV xmsoLiRsVV [][,
[[ xmsLiyORPQLji [][ @ yss RVsVsgRiLjiNTP dxqsVNRPVs LRiLiRV (51). xqssV, LRiVyORPQsV
RLjiLiRV sWsso sVzsV sbPRsVVgS VxqsVN]sVRV. yLRiV sVsNRPV @s NSsVV[
xmspLixmsRgjisyLRiV. yLjissRW dxqsVNRPVs LSsRV (52). @s RVsVVRV Rs NTPLiNRPLRiV
y[bPLisV. @xmsoRV yLRiLiRLRiV AaRPLRisVV][ RNTPRV\ sWRNRP ELRiNRPVLiTLji (53).
@R Gs sV[s LRiVyO][QRxmnsVyaRPsM e RRL][ sVRQRVaRPV+][sRxmnsVyszms FyLRi* ee 54

x}qs x Ry sVWLjiQ LRiVyORPQLi yLRi[VRV RVM e @sRxqs=LRi* WyyLi LRiVRLRiW{ms


RlLi[RVs ee 55
xqsVLSxqsVLSLi xqslLi[*uyLi sLiRdsRVxqs=y xqs\s e xmspdsW z RXxtsQxqs Fyxms R RVy bPsM
ee 56
ys yssVVN][szms LRiVyORPQLi yLRi[VRV RVM e xqsLRi*FyxmsssLRiVQQNRPxqs= RW xmsLRisWLi
gRisV ee 57
J sV[ds! LRiVyORPQ FyxmssVVsV Fg]V[ sVNTP g]xmsj. J FyLRi*d! Fyzms\VssV
LRiVyORPQsV RLjiRVyRV aRPVRV\, yNRPV zmsRVVRgRiVsV (54). [RV RVLiRV, xso RVLiRV,
sVLjiRVV bPLRixqsV=sLiRV LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLiRVsQQNTP xqsLRi*FyVNRPV @sRVQ\, LRiVRLRiWxmso\
W[NRPsVVsLiRV xqsLiRLjiLiRVsV (55). @yRV [sRNRPV, LSORPQxqsVNRPV, xqsLRi*sWssoNRPV
xqsLRi*NSsVV RVLiRV ssVxqsLjiLixmsRgjis yRV. xmspLixmsRgjis yRV . @Rs RLRi+ssVV bPsos
RLRi+ssVV s FyxmssVVsV Fg]VsV (56). ys, ssVVV [s\s\ssV, LRiVyORPQsV
RLjiLiRV sWssoRV FyxmssVVs sVLiT ssVVNTPs F~Lij, sWORPQsVVsV F~LiRVsV (57).
LRiVyZOP[Q xmssLiRLi xmsoLi N][ gRiVLi # s[` e RaRPN][ gRiVLi xmsoLi yLRi# [ sLRiM ee
58
RWsyLi z sxqs aRPLkiLRir # s[R= \s e ysyLi xqs*sVXRVLRi RLi [s sR[ ee
59
xmsoLi[ R xqsLiRVVNRPLi LRiVyORPQ sryLigRiNRPsV e sVXRVLiRVLi xmsLiRLi R RXuy* LRiVRxmnsLi
[` ee 60
xmsLiR[s zmsRV\ZaPQQs xqsLRi*[szmsRVxqsy e xqsLRi*sVLiys }msRQ N][ LRiVyORPQ sWRW zms[V ee
61

LRiVyORPQ sW][ sVLiRsVVsV zmsLis][, N][ lLiV xmsosVV LiRVsV. LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLi
zmsLiRV sWssoRV xmsjN][ lLiV xmsosVVsV F~LiRVsV (58). J [ds!sos aRPLkiLRisVV sLiRV
LRiVyORPQ DsLiR sLRiNRPV, @NS sVXRVso A sos jLiRRV (59). xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLi,
LRiVyORPQ][ xmsNSbPLiRV @sRVssVVV gRiy\, sVXRVLiRV sVLiRsVVsV zmsLiRV sQQNTPs
RWs][, bPsRLRi+s xmnssVV LiRVsV (60).J FyLRi*d! LRiVyORPQ sW][ sVLiRsVVssds
zmsLiRV NRPVRV x, sxtsv, LRiVR, CaSs, xqsybPsoNRPV sWRs[V gSNRP, xqsLRi*[sRNRPV
zmsRVVRgRiVsV (61).
suy*j [s NSaRP yLRi[VRVVLRi xqsLiaRPRVsV e LRiVR N][ sZaP[xtsQ LRiVyOSQs yLRi[VR=y ee
62
LRiVyOSQ ssyM FNS}qsuyLi [ys sysVxsV e aRPXV FyLRi* xqsRQ NSQ VNTPsVVNTP xmns
xmsys ee 63
GNRP sNRPQbP+sry=QOSQ` VNTPsVVNTP xmnsxmsRM e Rxqs RLRi+s sW[ xxy sFx ee 64
RVR xqsLixmspRxqsR OUPQ LRiWLRiRLS s z e saRPLiRV xmsRyxqs=lLi[* xqsLRi*NSsW sLi z ee
65
sxtsvso sVVRgRiV BRLRi [sR NRPVV NRPWy LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLiRsssV[ xqsLijRVsVV
[RV. LRiVR NRPVV xms[NRP aRPR][ xqsLRi*NSsVV RVLiRV LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLiRssV (62).
LRiVyORPQV @s[NRP LRiNRPsVVVgS sVss. y[s [RsVVsV |msRsV. J FyLRi*d! VNTPs,
sVVNTPs B[ C LRiVyORPQ ssLRisVVsV NTP][ ssVsVV (63). GNRPsVV LRiVyORPQ ryOSQRVgS
bPsxqs*LRiWxmss[V. @j VNTPs, sVVNTPs, BRLRi xmnssVVsV BRVsV. ys RLRi+s sWRsVV [Rs[
x xy][xtsQsVV ]gRiVsV (64). yss xmspLiRV xqssVV[ xqsLixmsRV szqsVsV.
DxmsRssVVV ]gjiFLiVV, N][lLiV C[LRiVsV (650.
jsN][Q [s[s[aRP xqs=LRi* NSsVxmns xmsRM e sZaP[xtsQRxqs= LRiVyO][Q g][sRLi yaRP#[VRVRsV ee 66

sN][Q W z LRiVyORPQ ry=QOSQy=Rs Rxqs=y e RRQy Rs[RVV\lLiQQ* syxqs=LS*M


xmsztsQyM ee 67
RRVLRi*QQNRPQxqs=Q*RVLi
RVLRi*LRixmnsxmsRM ee 68

sLRixyLi

sFx

RLRi+yR=QLRi+yR=RaRP

xmsLiRsNRPQxqs=Q*RVLi LRiVRM NSgjiLSsVRM xmsVM e xqsLRi*sVVNTPxmsR\ZaPQQs xqsLRi*NSsVxmnsxmsRM ee


69
lLiLiRV sVVsVVV gRi LRiVyORPQ xqsLRi*ZaP[xtsQ\sVsj. @j N][lLissds C[LRiVsV. @j g][xy
FyxmssVVsV ssVsLis[ Fg]VsV (66). sVWRV sVVsVVV gRi LRiVyORPQ ryRs xqsLixmss
NRPgjiLiRVsV. ys xmsssVV[ ryRNRPVs RVLiRV sRsRVW zqsLRisVgRiVsV (67). yV
sVVsVVV gRi LRiVyORPQ ryOSQRVgS x xqs*LRiWxmssVV. @j sLRixy ][xtsQsVVsV Fg]VsV.
yss RLji+Li, xqsQXbPLiRV ss yV xmsoLRiVuyLRisVVV zqsjLiRVsV(68). @LiVVRV sVVsVVV
gRi LRiVyORPQ ryOSQRV LRiVR xqs*LRiWxmssVV. xqsLRi*xqssVLRisVgRiV C LRiVyORPQNRPV NSgji RVs }msLRiV. Bj
xqsLRi* sRsVV sVVNTPs, xqsLRi*NSsVVsV BRVsV (69).
@gRisVgRisVsLi FyxmssVORPQ xqs R ORPQsV e Byj xqsLRi*FyFys xmsLiRsN][Q sFx ee 70
xtsQR*QQNRPQM NSLjiZNP[RVxqsV yLRiROTPQ[ V[ e xxyj\ZNPM Fy\|msLRiVR[ yR xqsLiaRPRVM ee
71
xqsxmssN][Q sV}aSs xsLig][ ysV ysVRM e yLRiRxqs [s[bP RLji][s{msaRP*L][ # s[` ee 72
LRiVyORPQaSxtsQsNRPQaRP sxqsVsVWLjiaRP \LRisM e yLRiRxqs xmspLSRVVLRiQX][ s aRPWX` ee
73
@gRisVgRisVssVV, sNRPWRs yss sV sVVRgRiV FyxmssVVssLis @LiVVRV sVVsVV
LRiVyORPQ Fg]VsV (70). ALRiV sVVsVV LRiVRORPQ ryOSQRVgS NRPVsWLRiry*sV xqs*LRiWxmssVV. yss
NRPVT VsVVsLiRV RLjiLiRV sWssoRV x xyj FyxmssVVsLi sVLiT

ssVVNRPVRgRissV[ xqsLi[xsVV [RV (71). J FyLRi*d! GRV sVVsVV LRiVyORPQNRPV @sLigRisVs


}msLRiV. yss RLjiLiRV sQQNTP RLjiRV\ssW xqsLRi*xqssVLRiRgRiVsV (72). FsssVj sVVsVV LRiVyORPQ
sxqsVso xqs*LRiWxms\sV RVVsj. ysNTP \LRissVs }msLRiV. yss RLjiLiRV sWssoRV
xmspLSRVVLSRVsVVsV F~Lij, sVLRiLis RLRiVyR zqssryRVVsVVsV F~LiRVsV (73).
\LRi[ sssNRPQaRP NRPzmsaRP sVVsxqsQ=QXRM e RVLS y RRjuyd ssLRiWFy sV}aRP*Lki ee 74
RLi yLRi[V y*sVx}qs LRiVyORPQLi NTP RRLRiM e xqslLi[*xtsQ*L][ # s[sWsLi sVsV RV[ s
xqsLiaRPRVM ee 75
RaRPsN][Q sV}aSs xqs*RVLi [[ yLRisM e yLRiRxqs [s[bP xqsLS*s NSsWsyxmsoRW` ee
76
GNSRaRPsVV[ RVxqsV LRiVyORPQM xmsLRis[VaRP*Lji e xqs LRiV][ yLRiRxqs xqsLRi*R sLiVW # s[` ee 77
]sVj sVVsVV LRiVyORPQ \LRisos xqs*LRiWxmssVsRVV, NRPzmssVxL<ji VVNRP xqs*LRiWxmssVsRVV
xmsTsj. ]sVj LRiWxmssVV][ szqsV RVLS sV}aRP*Lji ysNTP @juys [sR (74). @
LRiVyORPQsV NTP][ FsRs [RVLiRV RLjiLiRV sWssoRV xqsLRi* xqssVLRiVRgRiV[V gSNRP, y][
xqssWsVRgRiVssV[ xqsLi[xsVV [RV (75). JsV}aRP*Lki! xmsj sVVsVV LRiVyORPQ ryOSQRVgS
yLRisVs xqs*LRiWxmssVV. J[ds! yss RLjiLiRV sWssosNRPV N][lLisRVW C[LRiVsV (76).
JxmsLRis[VaRP*Lki! xmsRN]LiRV sVVsVVV gRi LRiVyORPQ LRiVRVs xqs*LRiWxmssVV. yss RLjiLiRV sQQNTP
@LiR sRVsVVsV F~LiRVsV (77).
y*RaSxqsLi RV LRiVyORPQLi yLRi[V[ aRP#[aRP#ZNP[ e AjyQ\ZaPQQs [ xqslLi[* y*R\ZaPs zqsyxqsy ee
78
RWRaRPsVV[ sZaP[* [yxqsyLRisLRiM e xqsLS*s NSsWsyF rgRiLi sVLigRiLi [`
ee 79

RRVLRiaRPsVV[ W z LRiVyORPQM xmsLRisVbP+sM eyLRi[VsWLjiQRLi NSQ xqsLRi* FyxmsLi xmsaRP ee


80
B LRiVyORPQ [y z FNS \s sVV[RRM e RRsLiys aRPXV {msy NRPsW\Q[aRP*LSR[ ee
81
xmssLiRV sVVsVV LRiVyORPQsV ZNP[aRPsVV RVLiRV RLjiLiRssV. y*RaSjRVV ys RVLiRV
xmsztsQRV\ DLiRVLRiV (78). xmsRsVWRV sVVsVV LRiVyORPQV sZaP[*[sR xqs*LRiWxmssVV. ys
RLjiLiRV sWssosNRPV N][lLisRVW, C[Lji, rgRisVV sVLigRisVVV NRPVgRiVsV (79).
xmsRVyV sVVsVV LRiVyORPQ xmsLRisVbPsos xqs*LRiWxmssVV. yss NTP][ bPLRixqsV=Q\|ms RLjiLis][,
FyxmssVVsRVW sbPLiRVsV (80). J FyLRi*d! sVVsVV xqsLisV LRiVyORPQ[ gRi
[RsVVsV dsNRPV ssLjiLis. ARW LRiVyORPQNRPV xqsLiLijLis sVLiRsVVsV NTP][
NRPsVsVVgS ssVsVV (81).
JLi {Li ssVM (1), JLi ssVM (2), JLi NUPLi ssVM (3),
JLi {Li ssVM (4), JLi {Li ssVM (5), JLi {Li xLi ssVM (6)
JLi xLi ssVM (7), JLi xLi ssVM (8), JLi {Li xLi ssVM (9),
JLi {Li ssVM ssVM (10), JLi {Li xLi ssVM (11),
JLi N][Li O_QLi L_Li ssVM (12), JLi {Li ssVM (13), JLi ssVM (14).
@sVss xmsRVyV sVLiRsVVV.
NTP aRPyRVVR\ZaPQQs xqsLRi*NSsWLRi zqsR[V e LRiVyOSQs yLRi[VsLiQ\Q lLi[syxqs sLjiRM ee 82
sy sVLi[ W R[ LRiVyORPQLi Vs sWssM e xqs RW sLRiNRPLi |mnsWLRiLi RWsjLiyaRPRVLRiaRP
ee 83

LRiVyORPQ sWsLi RXuy* WR}msR zmsaSRNSM e yNTPds aSNTPds \s [V ys[ yxNSLRiNSM ee 84


NRPXsVLi \s RVLi RyLSjNRPLi R RV` e RR=LRi*Li RWLRi][ RW RXuy* aRPLiNTPR
sgRixsV ee 85
ryRNRPVRV NTP aRPR][ gRiWTsy\, xqsLRi*NSsVsV zqsjLiRV N]LRi\ZNP, RsVV sVVRgRiV
sxqsssVVsV, rsVLjiRssVVsV dsT, sVLiR xmspLRi*NRPsVVgS LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLiRssV (82).
sVLiRsVV [NRPVLiy LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLiRV sWssoRV xmsRVyVgRiV BLiRV NSsVVsV
sLRiNRPsVV[ gRiRVxmsosV (83). LRiVyORPQ sWsV RLjiLis sQQNTP s RWs][, WR }msR zmsaSR
yNTPds aSNTPds sVVRgRiV, ][xsVVsV [RVV FyVV ]gjiFsosV (84). [RT sVVRgRiVss
NRPWy LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLiRVysNTP RWLRisVVgS FsosV (85).
LRiVyORPQ sWsLi RXuy* bP[ sxtsvM xms{qsR e [ds gRixms xqsW=LRi xqsV=LS aSs[szms FyLRi* ee
86
GsLi y* RV sVRQLi LRiVyORPQxqs sV}aRP*Lji e xqssVgSLSxqs=sVLiyaRP NSQ RLRi
ssXR[V ee 87
BRVQQNRPLi gjiLjilgi[ z bPs[s xmsLRisWRy e xqs LRiVyORPQ sVRQLi VNTP sVVNTP xmnsxmsRsV ee
88
bPsry zmsR [R xqs LRiVyORPQ yLji e RyLRi xmsyj VNTPLRiVQQNTPLRi xqsLiaRPRVM ee 89
J FyLRi*d! LRiVyORPQ sWsV RLjiLiRVsQQNTP bPsosNRPV, sxtsvsosNRPV, [sNTP, gRixmsNTP, xqsWLRiVsNRPV,
BRLRi [sRNRPV NRPWR {msFyRVRgRiVsV (86). J sV}aRP*Lki!NRPVRV C dLRiVs LRiVyORPQ VVNRP
sVzsVsV VLjiLigji, RLRi sXjN]LRi\ZNP NTP][ LRiVyORPQsV xqssVLiRNRPsVVgS RLjiLiRssV (87).
xmsLRisWR RVgRiV bPsoRV FyLRi* VRV C sRsVVgS VNTPs, sVVNTPs IxqsLigRiV xqs LRiVyORPQ
sVzsVsV sLjiLisV (88). xqsyLji, sVLjiRVV LRiVyORPQyLji bPsosNRPV sVNTP {msFyRVV.
ys RLjiLis][, y sVzsV ss VNTP, sVVNTPLiRVssV[ xqsLijRVsVV [RV (89).

xqsLRiVyORPQ yLki RVbP+s NRPxqs= DR[ e xmsLiyORPQLRi FyxqsNRPM xmsLjixmspLRiaRP xqssV[ ee 90


sy xqsxmsoLi[ sy LRiVyORPQ sWRW e xmsp][szms sV[[ ydxtsQxmnsyRVNRPM ee 91
RR=LRi*Li R xqssWRLi RVRQXxtsQLi z sVVdsaRP*LRi e xqs LRiVyORPQ sVRQLi xqsLRi*NSsV
xqssVXjRsV ee 92
J FyLRi*d! xqssV, LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLi xmsLiyORPQLRi xmssVVsLiRV AxqsNTP gRi sQQNTP
xmsLjixmspLRiVRgRiV bPsNRPVRs xmsRVsV (90). xqsVVNRP xmsoLiRsVV, LRiVyORPQsW [NRPVLiRgS
sV[sos xmspLisxmsNUP, ARVs N][lLi ds[LRiRV (91).J sVVsZaP[uy! dsso N][Ljis
sxtsQRVsVVsLiRsW zmss. N][lLi ssds C[LRiV xqs, LRiVyORPQ sVzsVsV zmss
(92).
G RRM aRPXVRWsRLi sVRQLi xmsLRisVLi aRPVsV e LRiVyORPQ xqs[LRiQ NSQ xqsLS*s
NSsWsyxmsoRW` ee 93
Bx xqsLRi*sVVLi VNSQ* xmsoRFyj xqsLiRVVRM e [RLRiR xqs[QORPQLi bPsry zmsW #s[`
ee 94
s[aRP*LRi xqsLiz[RVLi NRPjy [ sVVdsaRP*LSM e xqsLRi*zqsj xmsy sRLi sVVNTPy bPsaSxqsy` ee 95
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ xmsRsWRWLi s[aRP*LRi xqsLizyRWLi ryR ryRs Li[ LRiVyORPQ
sVRQ sLRisLi ysVxmsLiR sLia][syRVM (25)
LRiVyORPQ xqs C xmsLRisV xmssRsVgRiV sVRQsVVsV NTP][ ssV sWssoRV N][lLissds
F~LiRVsV (93). @ sWssoRV Bx [NRPsVV[ xmsoR FRV][ NRPWT xqsLRi*xqsVsVV
ssVsLi, xmsLRi[NRPsVV[ DRsVsVgRiV sWORPQsVVsV F~Lij, bPsosNRPV sVNTP {ms FyRVRgRiVsV
(94). J sVVsZaP[xtsvLS! Fss[ zqsRVssds B[ C s[*aRP*LRixqsLizRsV dsVNRPV
zmss. bPsos RWs ss C s[*aRP*LRi xqsLizR sWORPQsVV sRVsV.

$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ sVVRjRVgRiV s[aRP*LRi xqsLizR[s ryR ryRs LiRsVV[


LRiVyORPQ sVRQ sLRissVV @s[ BLRiVsj @LiVVRs @yRVsVV xqssWxmssVV (25).
s[aRP*LRi xqsLizR xqssWxmssVV.
xLjiM JLi RR=`

LRiVR xqsLizy c xqsXztsQLiRM


xmsRsWsyRVM
sVVs xmsaRP sLRissVV
$ gRi[aSRV ssVM e g_Lki aRPLiNRPLSLi ssVM e @R j*dRW LRiVR xqsLizy FyLRi[ ee
sa][*RszqsRWjxtsv }RVs[VNRPLi g_LkixmsLi sjRRRQ*sVsLiR NUPLjisV e
sWRWaRPRVLi sgRiRsWRV sVLiRLRiWxmsLi [Rxqs*LRiWxmssVsVLi z bPsLi ssWsV ee 1
sLi[ bPsLi RLi xms NRPX[ LRiyjLi xmsaSLiRs[VNRPLi xmsoLRiVuRsVLi z e
xqs*sWRVRW NRPXR=QsVRLi z xqsXuy* s [sRLiRLRiz LSzqs][ RVM ee 2
sLi[RLRixqsLi sgRiWR LRiWxmsLi bPsLi xqs*R xqs=Qxtsv sVRLi sR}tsQ e
gRiLi sRLi xmsLji][ sVLi RVR=s_ RVLiNRP[ xsRsV ee 3
$ gRi[aRPVsNRPV, $ g_Lki aRPLiNRPLRiVNRPV ssVryLRisVV. BxmsoRV lLiLiRsj RVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizR
ALRiLiLixmsRVRVsj. gRiRV VVNRP xqsXztsQ zqs RWRVNRPV G\ZNPNRP NSLRisVV. g_Lki [sNTP LRi,
RRQ*sVV sLjiLigjis yRV. @sLiRsVgRiV NUPLji gRiyRV, sWRVNRPV AaRPRV\sVs yRV, sWRV[
xmssRVRV NSs yRV, sVsxqsV=[ EzLixmsaRPNRPsVV gSs LRiWxmssVV gRiyRV, s xqs*LRiWxmsoRV,
sL][xtsvRVsgRiV bPsosNRPV ssVxqsLjiLiRsV (1). xmsNRPX NRPLi @dRVRV, Aj [s yRV,
aSLiRxqs*LRiWxmsoRV, @j*dRVVRV, xmsoLRiVuRsVVRVsgRiV bPsosNRPV ssVxqsLjiLiRVRVysV. ARVs
C gRiRV sLiRsW Rs sWRV[ xqsXztsQLi,gRiRVsNRPV [xms, RV ANSaRPsVVs yzmsLi
RVVyRV (2). bPsoU gRiRVsV Rs xqs*LRiWxmssVV sVLiT[V xqsXLi xqsLRi*sVVsV yzmsLi
RVVsy\, Rs gRiWR LRiWxmssVVsLiRV xmsztsQRV\ RVVyRV. @RVryLiR xqssj[
[xaRPNRPsVVV s, C VsssVVV sRsVV ARVs RVW LRiVgSRVRVss. @ bPsos
ssVxqsLjiLiRVRVysV (3).

yxqs DyR e
gRiRM zmsRLRiLi aRPLiVLi gRi][ sWRLRiLi bPysV e RRVRLi R gRikaRPLi s\Q*R R*LRiRWsV}
ee 4
GNRPy sVVsRVxqs=lLi[* \ssVuyLRi yzqssM e xmsxmsRVLRi*LRiRW NSQ xqsWRLi [ afsNSRRVM ee
5
yxqsVTV xmsZNPsV c
gRiRVsNRPV RLiTRVgRiV bPsos, RRVgRiV FyLRi*s, yLji NRPVsWLRiVRgRiV gRixmss xqssVxqsLjiLi,
C gSRsV sLjiLiRVRVysVV (4). INRPxmsVRV \ssVuyLRisVV sLiRV sszqsLi[ afsNRPVRV
sVVRgRiV sVVsVLiRLRiV g]xms NTP][ xqsWRVs xmsbPLiLji (5).
VVxtsQRV ERVM e
s[aRP*LRi xqsLizyRWM aRPVy ry xqsR y aRPV e ryR ryRs Liy LRisWy NRP
sR= ee 6
xqsWR xqsWR sV gRi LRiLis xqsVd s e RVyQsRVzqs sryR aSLiNRPLkiLi xmsLRisWLi NRPysV
ee 7
zmsLiRxqsQ*sVLi[ RVRLi ysVXRLi sRVsV e @sRXFyM xmsosM NTPLi` xmsxtsv sVy
sV} s sxmnsV ee 8
yxqs FyryyR=LRi*[ FyFszqs NRPXRNRPXRysV e yRLi sR[ NTPLiRWRLi sLi
sR RV` ee 9
VVxtsvV BV xmsNTPLji c

sVLigRi NRPLRisVV, ryRryRs LiR RVsV }msLRiV gRij, xqsVLiRLRi\sVsj, NRPVNRPV @sVgRix
NSLRisVVsgRiV
s[aRP*LRi
xqsLizy
xmsxqsLigRisVVsV
ssRVVLisV
(6).
J
xqsWy!sVy!LRiNSsVV xqsV\s sLiRVsVV. sy=! dsso sWNRPV aRPLiNRPLRiVs js gSRsV
sszmsLiRVRVyso gRiy! (7) J xmsoy! ds sVV xmsRsVV sVLiT xmsxqsLjiLiRV
ysVXRsVVsV s[VsVV FyssVV [zqsysVV. NSs sWNRPV RXzms NRPVgRiV [RV. s[VsVV ssV INRP
sxtsQRVsVVsV xmsbPLiRg][LRiVRVysVV (8). dsso yxqsVs @sVgRixsVV[ xqsLRi*Rso,
NRPXyLRiVRso @LiVVyso. WR , sLRisWs , sxtsQ` NSsVV[ dsNRPV RVsj [RV (9).
gRiVL][LS*Qxqsxqs xqsRQ NSQ xqssWryR NRPXFyLi xmsLSsV e xqsLRi*Li RLi sZaP[}tsQ xqsLRi*Li ryLRiLi
NRPXRLi sVM ee 10
BydsLi NRPRRV Fy bPsLRiWxmssVsVRsVsV e jys \s RLjiy bPsWLRixmsZaP[xtsQRM ee 11
@gRiV[ gRiVyLi RW NRPRLi [ZNP[ sV}aRP*LRiM e bPsRRQ*Li sRVLi xqslLi[* s dssW syLRiRM ee
12
xqsX}tsQM xmspLRi*Li NRPRLi aRPLiVxqs=Q*LRiW}mssxtsQ[ e xqsXztsQ sV[ xqs z NRPRLi NUPRs xqsLisLRi[
xmsVM ee 13
dsso g]xms NTP[ gRiVLRiVso VVNRP xmsLRisVNRPXxmssV F~Lij, xqsLRi*sVVsV ssLRisVVgS VxqsVN]Lis.
ds s ryLRiNRP\sVsj (10). J g]xms ds! BxmsoRV xqsLRi*ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV bPsos xqs*LRiWxmssVVsV, bPs
FyLRi*RV js RLjiRsV xqsLixmspLRiVgS xmsVsVV (11).sV}aRP*LRiVRV sLRiVV\ssW,
[NRPsVV[ xqsgRiVVRVgRi sVyRV. Bj VV? syLjiLis][, sWZNPs*LjiNUP bPsos RRQ*sVV
RVRV (12). aRPLiVRV xqsXztsQNTP xmspLRi*sVV xqs*LRiWxmssVV[ sVLiRV Vj? zqs NSsVV[
A xmsVso NUPTLiRV sRsVj ?(13).
RRLi[ R NRPRLi [sxqs= xtsQ sV}aRP*LRiM e NRPRLi xmsxqsyyLi RW aRPLiNRPL][ [NRP aRPLiNRPLRiM ee 14
xqs xmsxqs[ sV}aSsM NTPLi xmsRVR xqsRsV e xqs*# ZNP[M xmslLi[aRP RRxqsLRi*Li NRPRRVxqs*
sM ee 15

xqsRM xms xqs[ gRiys sd RVsVaRPVaRPVsV e NRP xmsRWxqsLi xqs sVs xmsaRP RRWxmsLRiM ee
16
x sxtsvLRi }aRPaRP RW [ybP+ yLigRiM e sV}aRPxqsR xmspLSLiaRPxqs=Q*RVs[Vs bP[sxmsLRiM
ee 17
A sV}aRP*LRiVRV RVNSsVVsLiVLiRVsV ? [NRPsVVNRPV aRPVsVVsV NRPVgRi[RVV A
aRPLiNRPLRiVRV xmsxqssVRgRiV sRsVRVj? (14). A sV}aRP*LRiVRV xmsxqssVQQ\ Rs NRPVNRPV sVLjiRVV
BRLRi NRPVNRPV B[ sV xmnssVV Gj ? C sxtsQRVsVVssds sWNRPV xmsVsVV (15).
gRiysVRV ssVsLis[ xmsxqssVRgRiVss sLisV. RRWsVRVVRgRiV A sV[soRV NRPV
NRPxtsQsVVsV RWRRV (16). x sxtsv sV}aRP*LRiVsV sVVgRiVLRiV [sRV bPsos [xsVV
sVLiT sLiLji. yLji[ sV}aRPVRV bPsos xmspLSLiaRPsVV NRPyRV gRisVNRP, ryOSQRVgS
bPsxqs*LRiWxmso[ (17).
RrysLSssWz RLjiys sZaP[xtsQRM e DsWsLSssWz Rj*yxLi Ry xms[ ee 18
RyL>RiQ xqsLi sZaP[}tsQ Ry dM xmsLS @zms e GRR=LRi*Li RRsR NRPRdsRVLi R*RWsxmnsV ee 19
} xmsW! A bPsos AsLSssVVsV, RLjiRsV, DsV VNRP AsLSssVVsV, sVLjiRVV yLji
syxsVVsV ssLRisVVgS xmsVsVV(18). J @sxmnsW! bPsos gRiXxryaRPsV gSRsV, BRLRi
dsV ssLRisVVgS xmsVsVV. BRLiRRVW sWRs[V gSNRP, BLiNRPsV xmsRgjis sZaP[xtsQsVVsV
NRPWR xmsssV(19).
yxqs DyR e
B xmsXxtsQxqsy \xqsV xqsW][ xL<RixqssVs*RM e xqsQXy* aRPLiV xmsyLi[Li xmsRVyR
sVVdsaRP*LSs ee 20
yxqsVTV xmsZNPsV c

C sRsVVgS A sVVs sLRiV[ FyLjiLixmsTs xqsWRVRV aRPLiVs FyRxmsRsVVsV xqsLjiLi


yLjiNTP BV RVsV (20).
xqsWR DyR e
xqssVN`P xmsXxtsQLi sjaRP Ry RVWRVLi sVVdsaRP*LSM e xqsybPs NRPyRWLi [ RVy \sztsQNUP
sVM ee 21
xqsybPs NRPy xmsaRPM xmsoLRiVuys {qsQs xmsoy z e sNSLRiLi xmsXRNRPLi a][RXs xds xqsLi
RVy ee 22
aRPLi[LRiVsVyy][ sLRi[R xmsosWs j*M e sy xmsaRPVxmnsVLi sRysLiR NRPLSR=y ee
23
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
J sVVsZaP[xtsvLS! dsVLRiV RNRPgS xmsbPLiLji. dsV sVsxqsV=[ xqsybPsos gSRRVLiRV sxtsQ
NRPgjisj. dsVLRiV RsVV (21). xqsybPsos NRPRsV gRiVLjiLi xmsaRP gRiLigS sVVs {qsQsV ,
xmsoLRiVxtsvsV, xmsV yss, sVLjiRVV ssVyss xmssRsVV [RVVsV (2). J j*LS! aRPLiVs
gRiVsVV xmsxqsLigRisVV ryQ*NRPVsV, LSxqsVsV, ysVxqsVsV NRPWy xqsLRi*y
AsLijLixms[RVVsV. @ xmsxqsLigRisVVsLiRV xmsaRPV zLixqsNRPVsNRPV Rxms sVlLis*LjiNTP sLRiNTP
NRPVgRiVsV? (23)
gkiRVsW[ sRX|t^sQaRP sL][ g_xtsQ][szms z e sVsM a][yLSsVaRP RVRxqs=LS*LRiRxqs= \s ee
24
NRPRRWsV RVy Vj sRQaSsVryLRiRM e bPsdLi xmsRV[s j*ryLi aRPXVyRLS` ee
25
sjM xmsXRQ[ RVR*RRy yLRi[ s \s e xmsXxtsQLi zms[ }msLji[s xLji bPsLRiWzms ee 26

x aRPVy* xqsVRsRbP+s NRPM xmsxqsskM e g_ bPsRVaRPM {msy xL<RiRVs sVVsxqsRsVsV ee


27
xqsW][NRPsV Ry*NRPsWNRPLRiQ j*xqsRsWM e xmsxmsRVxqsRV=xqsLiyRLi NRPVRWx xqssVs*yM ee
28
aRPLiVs gRiVsVVsV suysV ss][ gSssVV [RVV NRPVsNRPV xqsLiryLRisVs[ L][gRisVV
]gjiFsosV. C gRiVgSssVV sVsxqsV=sNRPV ARNRPLRisVVgRisV, soNRPV BLixmsogRisV DLiRV[V
gSNRP, xqsLRi*NSLRisVVsV zqsjLixms[RVVsV (24). dsV xmsaRPNRPV xqssWyssVVgS s[sV bPsdsV y
VjNTP ][sLiR[ aRPR][ sLjiLiRsV. J j*LS! dsVLRiV ARLRisVV][ ssVRV (25).
INRPxmsVRV yLRiRVRV bPsxqs*LRiWxmsoRgRiV sxtsvso[ FR=zLixmsTsy\, RLiTs B[ xmsaRPsV
@Tgjis[ @TlgisV (26). bPsNRPVRgRiV x gSLRiV NRPVsWLRiVs xmsaRPsV ss, xmsxqsssVgRiV
sVsxqsV= gRiy\, yLRiRVsNRPV AsLiRsVV NRPV sRsVVgS {ms][ bPsos NUPLjis gSssVV [|qssV
(27). xqsWRVRV xmsNTPs C sWsV ss A sVVssLRiVV NRPVRWxsVV gRiy\lLi A
xqsLiyRsVVsV xmsVsVss ARVssV N][LjiLji (28).
VVxtsQRV ERVM e
xqsWR xqsWR sVgRi \ZaP[RsV sVsV[ e aRPVy* Rs s][ LRisVLi [][ sxqsV=NRPVRWxsV
ee 29
NRPy Ws xqsVNRPXj*j yLRiRWLRis e xqsLiy][ RVR gjiLjiaRP xqsVd ssWds ee 30
sj yLRiR xqsLiyR xmspLRi*NRPLi aSLiNRPLRiLi RVaRPM e Wz sryR RdQy RRRQaSsV ryLRiRM
ee 31
ByNRPLRiQ sR}qsuyLi sVVdsyLi syRysV e xqsWRM FyR xqsV{msR xqsR=LiyysVryLRiRM
ee 32

B $ bPssVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi xmsRsV Li[ xqsXxtsv Fys[


sVVs xmsaRP sLRisLi ysV xmsRsWsyRVM (1).
VVxtsvV BV xmsNTPLji c
J xqsWy! sVy! dsso \ZaPso[ g]xmsyTs. sVVj aSs. dssVRVLRisVgRiV xmsVNRPVsV
ssV\ZNP sW sVsxqsV=V NRPVRWxsVV][ Ds*LRiVRVss (29). xNRPV, yLRiRVsNRPV
LRisVsVgRiV A g]xms xqsLiyRsVV FsxmsVRV LjilgisV? \ZNPxqsgjiLjiyxqsVs d xqsLiyRsVV
xqsLiryLRisVV sVLiT ssVVNTPs NRPgjiLiRVsV (30). }xqsWy!aRPLiNRPLRiVs NUPLjis gSssVV [RVV
xyLRiR xqsLiyRsVVsV {ms][ sW xmsaRPNRPsV LRiWxmssVVgS sWNRPV ssLjiLixmsosVV (31).
xmssyLiRM NRPLRiVgRiV A sVxL<RiV xmsVNRPVsV ss xqsWRVRV sVNTP xqsLiRzqsLisy\ A
xqsLiyRsVV VVNRP ssLRisVVsV sLjiLisV (32).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsjRVVgRiV LRiVRxqsLizRRVLiR xqsXxtsvFyssVsV sVVR
LiRsVV[ sVVs xmsaRP sLRissVs[ sVVR @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (1).
@R j*dWsyRVM
yLRiRVs RxmsxqsV=
xqsWR DyR c
GNRPzqss xqssV[V sFy yLRi][ sVVsxqsRsVM e xxmso][ sdsyy RFLRiLi sVs AR[ ee 1
zsV\ZaP gRiV NS[NS xmsLRisVa][y e RVR=dsV}ms xqsVLRisk xqsy sx s[gRiRM ee 2
RyaRPsW sVj[ yya][xqssVs*RM e RFLRiLi xqs RVR RR yLRi][ jsRLRi+sM ee 3
RLi RXuy sVVsaSLRiW}qs}ms xqs xqsVLRiLi RxmsM e y*xqssLi RXRLi sds FyyRVsV
aRPVRkM ee 4

xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
J sxmsoLS! INRPxmsVRV sVVsZaP[xtsvRV, x gSLji NRPVsWLRiVRV, ssRVxqs*ssVV NRPyRV
sgRiV yLRiRVRV RxmsxqsV=sV [RVV xqsLiNRPLisV (1). zsVsRLRi*RsVV sLiRV INRP sVNTP
xqsVLiRLRisVgRiV gRiVx NRPRV. ys xqsdsVxmssVVsLiRV ssjRVgRiV gRiLigRi s[gRisVVgS
xmsszLiRVRVLiRVsV (2). @R @s[NRP a][][ gRiWTs jssVgRiV AaRPsVsVV gRiRV.
xmsoRLRi+sVRgRiV yLRiRVRV RxmsxqsV= [RVVNRPV @RNTP ssV (3). A sVVs xmsoLigRisoRV A
AaRPsVsVVsV RW, @Rs[ RXRsVgRiV AxqsssVVsV s[zqs, ss\V, FyRWsVsVVsV[zqsxqs
xmssyLiRM NRPLRiV\ kLRiNSsVV RxmssWRLjiLisV (4).
RZNP[ sVVsxqs=sWjLi RsVxLi } RVR x e ssLi s xryOSQyLRiNRPLRiLi j*M
ee 5
BRLi Rxms Rzqss \s yLRi[ sVVsxqsRs[V e RNRPLi}mssR aRPVy{qsL][ sVsxqs=Li yxmssx* iMee 6
sVs{qs sLiyr sVVslLi[ LSsVR e Rj*xmnsV NRPLRiLRiLi z xLjiLRiR sV[VxtsQ xqsM ee
7
xqsryLRi xqsLRiLi aRPNRPZaP[Rry [syRVNRPM e AgSsV RVRLi NSsVxqsV=sVkLRiz sWs*RM ee 8
yLRiRsVVs '@xLi zqs (xsVV s[s[)' @sV RLRi+ssVV gRi xqssWjs F~LisV. J
j*LS! B RxmsxqsV= ss x ryOSQyLRi}RVsgRiV ssVV zqsjLiRVsV (5).
sVVsZaP[xtsvRgRiV yLRiRVRV C dLRiVs RxmsxqsV= [RVVRVLiRgS, BLiRVs sVsxqsV= dssVgRiV
ARVLS][ NRPLizmsLisV (6). 'CsVxL<ji yLSsVVsV N][LRiVRVyRV' @s RFzqss y\
BLiRVRV yLRiRVs RxmsxqsV=sNRPV sxmnsVsVV [RV saRPLiVVLiRVN]ssV (7). [sRNRPV yRVNRPVRgRiV
BLiRVRV sVsxqsV=[ sVsRVs xqsLjiLisV. @xmsoRV sVzsV gRiyRV, xmsoxtsQVRV sgRiV
sVsRVRV sLis[ s[|qssV.
@ ygRiRLi xqsLRiLi RXuy* xqsLi[R xqsVLRiLS xmsVM e DyR RLi xmsxmsaSaRPV ry*lLi[
NRPVZaP[sVVztsQM ee 9

BLiR DyR e
sVRsLRi sVdsLRi xqsLRi*y zRNSLRiNRP e aRPXV {msy s][ s[V R*Li NRPVLRiV ryRVsWRy ee
10
R*Rs[ xyLi R RFgRiL][* sybPRM e sVyzqsLRiy sVR R*RsVgRixRxqs=y ee 11
zsV\ZaP gRiVRWLi z sVVsxqsxms yLRiRM e sVsrjaRP sZaP[*aRPLi sV xqsLiRVsVys RXRM ee
12
[sRNRPV xmsVsgRiV BLiRVRV sVsRVs LSNRPsV RWsV. ARRV ry*LRisVVsV
ryjLiRVN]sV[ NRPVsVgRiV Vj RRVLRiR gRiyRV. ARRV sVsRVs sLis[ zms BV
xmsZNPsV (9).
BLiRVTV xmsZNPsV c
J ZaP[xtsQsVRsW! dsso g]xms dsLRiVRso. sWNRPV Fss[ zRsVVsV [RVVyRso. dsso y
sWsV {ms][ ss, ryRVsVVsV [RVVsVV (10). s[sV ds sVV][s[ @s[NRPV
RFgRiLRi*sVVsV @RLis . J sVRsW! y LSsVV VVNRP zqsLRiR*sVV @s s[ ds
@sVgRisVV\|ms yyLRixmsT RVVsj (11). zsVsRLRi*R gRiVx[ yLRiRsVVs gRiRsV
D[bPLi g]xms sRVsVsVV][ NRPhjissVgRiV RxmssVV yRLjiLiRVRVyRV (12).
RW[s sj][ LSLi xqs sVs[V saRPLiNTPRM e @\Qs gRiR RR RRFsxmnsVsWRLRi ee 13
ByF sV}Li[ xqs NSsVxqs=sVRVzmsRVM e gSsV RR=Li gRiLS*RVFyRVLi xqs*Li RNSLRi
x ee 14
LRiRRWsWxqs RyaRPV xqs*NRPxqs=NRP @zms e sxqsLi][szms xqs*xmssLi RNSLRi ssRLi sVy` ee 15
s Ws sVVs[ZaP[][ sNRPXRLi sVVsxqsRsWM e u Ws RRL][* sV}aSsVgRi} x ee
16

A yLRiRVRV x sVLiT y LSsVVsV sLRisVVgS N][LRiVs[sW RVsV aRPLiNRP yNRPV gRiRV.


dsdsy[ @RNRPV s, ARVs RxmsxqsV=sNRPV sxmnsVsVVsV NRPgjiLiRVsVV (13). C sRsVVgS
sV}LiRVs[ AzmsLixmsTs A sVsRVRV zmsRVsVRVRgRiV sxqsLiRVs][ gRiWT gRiLRi*sVV][ A
xms[aRPsVVsNRPV s Rs DFyRVsVVsV sVVRsV (14). ARRR ssVsLis[ Rs
NRPssds xmsRLji+LixmssV. sxqsLiRVRV NRPWy gRiLji*Lis y\, Rs xmsssVVsV @s[NRP
sRsVVVgS RW|mssV (15). J sVVsZaP[xtsvLS! yLRiRsVVs VVNRP sVsxqsV= sV}aRPVs
@sVgRixsVV[ sNSLRisVVsV F~LiR[RV. sVsRVsNRPV gRiLRi*LigRisWVsV (16).
aRPXVyRLRiRxqsR NSLRiLi afsNSRRVM e CaRP*LSsVgRi}R s xmssM xqsLRixqs z ee 17
@\Qs aRPLiVysNSLji xqsVRxmsaRP xqsLSLji e @\Qs RgRi}qsyaRPV NSsW sVVsRFxmsxM 18
NSsV ss}][L>ji LRiy xqsLiFyLjiQ\xqsV=Q\lLiM e xqsLiFyLjiR Dy[RLi aRPLiNRPL][ [NRPaRPLiNRPLRiM ee 19
NRPLiR=sVRVsWryR sxtsQ xqsVLSM xqsLRiM e xmsLRiLi *x xqsL][ FyRVaRPLjixtsQ s NRPaRPs ee
20
Bx RWsRQXaRP[ WLRiQ\s zqs= y*s sVLSxqs=y e NSsV xms[sR s sxtsQR
xqsLiaRPRVsV ee 21
J afsNSj VVxtsvLS! @V LRiVgRiVNRPV gRi NSLRisVVsV aRPRgS ssVRV. CaRP*LRiVs
@sVgRixsVV[ A xms[aRPsVV[ sVsRVs xmsssVV sLRiVxmsWgRisVV (17). sVsR aRPRVsgRiV
aRPLiVRV g]xms RxmsxqsV= [zqss xqssVj[V. sVxL<RiV RxmsxqsV=sV LigRisVV [RVV
sVsRVRRs[ bPsos[ RzLixmsTyRV (18). sVsRVs NTPLiRVRs LRid[s [sRsV
FyLjiLiRgS, yLRiV bPsos FyLjiLiLji. [NRPsVVNRPV sVLigRisVVsV NRPVgRi[RVV aRPLiNRPLRiVRV
@xmsoTssV (19). J [sRLS! N]LiRNSsVV RLRiVyR sVsRVRV sVLRi sLiRgRiRV. NSs
C ryssVV[ sVsRVs A[sVRVW rygRiso (20). J [sRLS! BR sVLiT
NRPsVRWxmsos[VLRi sLRiNRPV DLi[ xms[aRPsVV[ sVsR sVV xmsssVV RV. ks[
xqsLijRVsVV [RV (21).

B aRPLiWNTPRM NSsW sVyR gRiNRPxqsy e yLRi[ xqs gSsWaRPV jssVLiR xqsdsVxmsRM ee 22


AR xqsLRi*sXyLiRLi xmssLi R sVVs[ xqs=QLRiM e RyRW RVR rysLi xqs*NUPRVLi xqs
sVRVzmsRVM ee 23
szqs][sWRV=LSkaRPM xmsaRPaRPLiryR yLRiRsV e RR*QXyLiys[ z sWzRbP+s sWRVRW
ee 24
RVL`i [RW aSLids sWRW xqslLi[*uyLi FyysVx e NRPLi syLjiyysLi RRW
xqssWx[ gRi` ee 25
bPsos C xmsVNRPV [ yLRiRVs RVLiRV RWxmsRs Rs xmsyxmssVV gRisVV NSgS, sVsRVRV
ssVsLis[ xqs*LRisVV[ BLiRVs sRNRPV ssV (22).sVsRVRV yLRiRVs xmsssVVsV, Ljigjis
sXyLiRsVVsV xmspLjigS BLiRVsNRPV sssLisV. sxqsLiR sVRVRgRiV sVsRVRV BLiRVs sR
|qsso dxqsVNRPVs Rs ryssVV [lLisV (23).@xmsoRV BLiRVRV AaRPLRi RNTPRV\ yLRiRVs
xmsaRPLizqsLisV. yLRiRVs sXyLiRsVV sLRiVLigRis BLiRVRV bPssWRV[ sWzRVRVsV
(24).bPsos sWRV xqsLRi*FyVNRPV RV aRPNRPsVV NSsj. xqsLRi* ry*LRisVV [zqss NRPVRV RNRP
C gRiRLiRRVW bPssWRV[ sWzRsVgRiVsV (25).
yLRi][szms LRiLi Rr R[aSsV gRi} x e xmspLRiLi sVy* Rxmsxqs` xqs*Li sLRiLSsV R][ sVVsM
ee 26
NSsWRVLi sLi sVy* gRiLji*][sWsVdsaRP*LRiMaRP e sX\s sgRiRs bP+ssRW ssWzRMee
27
Ry Ry sVsWRW aSLids sVVsxqsRsWM e RRLi sz xmsaRPLi sxtsv R[Vszms
z ee 28
RW xqsLi sWz][sds yLRi][ sVVsxqsRsVM \ZNPxqsLi xmsRVR bdPxmnsVLi xqs*sXRLi gRijRVLi
sVk ee 29

CaRP*LRiVs @sVgRixsVV[ yLRiRVRRs[ LRiNSsVVLisV. RLRiVyR A sVxL<jiNTP Rs RxmsxqsV=


xmspLRiQ\sVsRs[ RLixmso NRPgji sLRisVLisV (26).sVsRVs\|ms sRVsVV Rs xmsss[Vss A
sVxL<ji RF|qssV. ARVs bPssWRV[ sWzRVRVsV. ARVs ssVV sXy @VsV
(27). J sVVsZaP[xtsvLS! aRPLiVs sV sWRV sVNTP RsQ\sVsj. x, sxtsvso sVVRgRiV
yLjiNTP NRPWy ys xmsryLRisVV RVNRPVLiRVsV (28). sVVsZaP[xtsvRgRiV yLRiRVRV A sWRV[
sVNTP xqsLisWzRV\, Rs sVzsVsV bPsosNRPV y}ms D[aRPsVV][ sLis[ \ZNPxqssVVsNRPV
RVV [lLisV (29).
LRiVRLi sy*dsR=LRi*Li xqs*sXRLi gRiLRi*ysVsM e sVy*ysLi sWysLi xqs*xmsVLi R
xqsLRiLiRVsV ee 30
RRVQy* aRPLiNRPLRiM Fyx yLRiRLi NRPsR=M e xqs*sWRW sWzRLi }R*sLi
xtsQ[RxqssV ee 31
gRiLji*RVRgRiV A sVxL<ji ysV sVRVRssRVV, sVsRVs \|ms sRVsVV Rs
xmsss[VssRVV RLisy\, LRiVRVsNRPV ssVxqsLjiLi Rs sXyLiRsVVsLiRRVW |mssV
(30). NRP sR=VRgRiV aRPLiNRPLRiVy xmsVNRPVsV ss, Rs sWRV[ sWzRV\ ss[NRPsVVsV
N][[LiVVs AyLRiRVs][ sssV (31).
LRiVR DyR e
} yR yLRiR Fy RsxqsQ*Li aRPXV sVR*RM e yRs[VsLi s NRPVyzms xlLi[LRilgi[ sZaP[xtsQRM ee
32
xmsXRsW[szms s WRWM xqs*sXRLi s[V RVRVNRPys e g][xmsLi g][xmsLi xqsLRi*y z \ss
yRLi NRPyRs ee 33
aSxqsQxLi y*Li sZaP[}tsQ sVsV zmsRVRsW ys e sxtsvN][ RVRxqsQ*Li z RRQ N][sds
s[VssVgRiM ee 34

aSzqs }qsRLi R xa][ LRiVRxqsW=NRPLRiM xmsVM e yLRi][ s zRLi s[Vs[ bPssWRWssWzRM ee


35
LRiVRVRV BssV c
sy=!yLRiy! dsso FyRso. RsVRso. ds ysWsV ssVsVV. C sWsV BRLRiV sR
xmsNRPVsVV. sxtsvso VRV xqsVRLSsVV xmsNRPVsVV. (32). dsso yNRPV zmss C sXyLiRsVVsV
LRixxqssVVgRi sVLiRVsVV. Gy\ssW RV|msNRPVsVV(33) dsso sxtsvNRPVRso. sxtsvNRPVV
yRVLiRV NRPWR NTPs NRPgjiRVVLiRVLRiV. NSsos, dsso yNRPV sVNTP zmsRV\sVsyRso. s[sV
ssV xms[NTPLi aSzqsLiRV RVysV (34). C sRsVVgS, gRiRVsV xqsXztsQLi FyLiRV LRiVRVRV
yLRiRVsNTP @s[NRP sRsVV sR|mssV. @LiVVssW, bPssWRV[ ssWzRV\s yLRiRVRV A
sWsV NRP[RV[RV (35).
xms sds NRPLRi gRiL`i [RW sRORPQ \M e s syLS \sM \ZNPbPR{msy \|qss aSLiNRPLki ee 36
RRxqs= sVVssL][ z x[NRPLi gSsV x e sjLi sy*sdsysVRVLi xqs*xqs
RF` ee 37
RyNRPLRiQ sjr=sR xqsQ*y* aRPLiVxmsyLiVsV e y* xqsLRi*Li NSLRiLi RsztsQ}tsQR xqsVRLi
Ry ee 38
s[Vs[ zRLi s sRVQQNRPLi yLRi][ s xqsRsVM e bPssWRWsWzRaRP LRiWRRsVyLiNRPVLRiM ee
39
bPs[y R RWRXbdP [ZNP[ s[s z ry Ry e RRksLi gRiR=LRi*Li sRxqsRLi zqsRLi RVRM
ee 40
LS[so NRPLRixmnssVV y dRV\sVsRs sy*LixqsVV RVssV. sWssos*Q\lLissW
NRPLRigRis RzmsLiRVN]s[LRiV. aRPLiNRPLRiVss BysVryLRisVVgS NRPLRigRi xmssLjiVsV (36). @xmsoy
sVxL<ji x[NRPsVVsNRPV s, xNRPV ssVxqsLjiLi, ysV Rs RxmsaRP+QQNTP [R NSsVVs

LiVVLiss |mssV (37). sj A sWsV ss aRPLiVs FyRxmsRsVVsV xqsLjiLi, NSsVVs


LiVVLiRVNRPV gRi NSLRisVV sLjiLigji, NRPVsWLRiVRgRiV yLRiRVs @V xmsyLRisVV [RVsRs
syLjiLisV (38). yLRiRVRV g]xms s[V @LiVVssW, bPssWRV[ sWzRVRgRiV[, @Rs
sVsxqsV=sLiRV gRiLRi*sVV @LiNRPVLjiLi, x gSLji sWsV |msRss |mssV (39). [NRPsVVsLiRV
xqsLRi*sVV bPsos BR xmsNSLRis[V LRiVgRiVsV. gRiRLiRRVW bPsos @kssVVsLiRVLiRVsV. Bj
xqsRsVV (40).
yLRi][sR RVR bdPxmnsVLi sxtsv[NRPLi ssxtsQkM e sVyLiNRPVLRisVy sXRLi gRijRVLi xqs* RRgRiRMee
41
AgRiRLiRLi sVVsLi RXuy* yLRiRLi sxtsvLSRLS` e Dy*lgi[ gRi][sLRiLi RLi bPZaP[xtsQ R}RVNRPM
ee 42
ry*xqss[ xqssVVFys[aRP xqsQXy* bPsxmsyLiVsV e xLjiM Fyx sRxqsRLi yLRiRLi sVRyaRPssV
ee 43
ss[NRPsVV sbPLi gRiLRi*sVV @LiNRPVLjiLis sVsxqsV= gRi yLRiRVRV RLRiVyR ssVsLis[ Rs
g]xmsRssVVsV xmsNRPLiRVNRPV sxtsv[NRPsVVsNRPV ssV(41).yLRiR sVxL<ji sRVRVLiRVsV
gSLi, sxtsvso [, N]j RWLRisVV FsRVlLi[gji N_gjiLiRVN]ssV. yLRiRVs LSNRPNRPV NSLRisVV
ARVsNRPV sjRs[V (42). sxtsvso yLRiRVs Rs AxqsssVV\|ms NRPWLRiVLiR, bPsos
FyRxmsRsVVsV xqsLjiLi @Rs gRiLRi*sVVsV Fg]V xqsRsRssVV sV xmsZNPsV (43).
sxtsvLRiVyR e
NRPVR AgRisV[ yR NTPsVLRisVx ygRiRM e RsxqsQ*Li sVVsaSLRiW dL][sxLi RV RygRisW` ee
44
sxtsv yNRPsV aRPVy* yLRi][ gRiLji*][ sVVsM e xqs*sXRLi xqsLRi*sWRxtsQ xqssVRLi sVR sWzRMee
45

aRPVy* sVVss][ sxtsvxqs= sVRLi NSLRiLi RRM e RysLi xqsQXy* bPsFyyLiVLi xXj
ee 46
RVuys gjiLjiaRPLi NSQ bPyy \ZaPsLS` xLjiM e ryLiLji*xqsVkLRiQsV sVxqsNRPM xmsLRis[VaRP*LRisV ee 47
sxtsvso BV xmsZNPsV c
sy=! FsRsVLiT sRVRVyso?BRNRPV sRVNRPV NSLRis[VsV? JsVVsZaP[uy! dsso
RsVRso. ds LSNRP[ s[sV xmssRVR\ss (44). sxtsvso VVNRP C sWsV ss, gRiLji*RVRgRiV
yLRiR sVxL<ji sWxsVVsNRPV saRPV\ @xLiNSLRisVV][ Rs sXyLiRsVVsV |mssV (45). @xmsoRV
sxtsvso gRiLRi*sVV][ sLiTRVVs sVxL<ji yNRPsVVsV sss[ gSs, NSsVRVsVVsNRPV gRi yxqss
NSLRisVV AsNRPV sjRs[V . ARVs bPsos FyRxmsRsVVsV xXRRVsVVV xqsLjiLisV (46).
bPsNRPV[ ZaP[xtsvRV, xmsLjiaRPVRsVgRiV @LiRMNRPLRisVV gRi yRVsgRiV sxtsvso bPLRixqsVsLi, ][zqs
VVgji xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVs NTP][ xqsVLisV (47).
sxtsvLRiVyR e
[s[s sV[s xms{qsR xmsLRis[VaRP*LRi e RsxqsQ*Li bPs Ry[ sWRW xqsLRi*ssWzds ee 48
Byj xqs xqsVLi NRPXy* bPsxqs xmsLRisWRsM e sdsV sRVs[ yy* sLRiLSsV xmsyLiVsV
ee 49
RVRQQLRisLi aRPLiNRPLRixqs xqs y* saRP* FyNRPM e bPs aSxqssRM Fyx xXyR sVVsxqsRsVsV ee
50
sxtsvso BV xmsZNPsV c
} bPs! dsso [s[soRso. sV[soRso. @sVgRizLixmsosVV. dsso RsVRso. @LiRLjids
sWzLixms[RVV ds sWRV RssVV (48). C sRsVVgS ARVs xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVs xqsVLi, NRPsV
sVWxqsVNRPVs, bPsos FyRxmsRsVVsV ysLi, sLRisVLisV (49). bPsos RW[ gRiRVsV

xmsLjiFyLiRV sxtsvso sVsxqsV=[ aRPLiNRPLRi NRPXRsVgRiV NSsVRVsVVsV FsLjiLigji, yLRiR sVxL<ji][


sssV (50).
sxtsv LRiVyR e
RsxqsQ*Li sVVs aSLRiW RFsjLRiVyLRik e NTPNRPLi s RVryzqs NSsV sWRW sVVs[ ee
51
sNSLSxqsxqs xqs][Q\s sLiR RVM yM e \sztsQN][ xyLki R*Li s\sLSgRiys xqsy ee
52
NRPRLi NSsVsNSLki ry s yssNRPXRxqsV=kM e
sxtsvso BV xmsZNPsV c
J sVVsZaP[uy! dsso RsVRso. RxmsxqsV=sNRPV sjs. g]xms ss. J sVxL<ki! NTP
s\sLSgRisVVs[ sVWRV [sysNTP (51), xqsLRi* RVMsVVs[ NSsV sWj sNSLRisVVV
bdPxmnsVs[V NRPVgRiVsV. dsso \sztsQNRP xyLjis. xqsys \sLSgRisVVV gRiyRso (52). dsso
sxmsX sNSLRisVVV [s yRso. g]xms ss. dsNRPV NSsVsNSLRisVV NRPVgRiVsV?
ByRVQQNRPLi s][ WLji aRPVy* xqs sVVsxqsRsVM ee 53
sxqs xXy sy* xmsRVyR s][ xLjisV e
yLRiR DyR e
NTPLi xmssM xqsLRiry=Q*sVs NRPXFy RVRzqs [ sVLiVV ee 54
BRVQQNSQ* xLji sWssV RVR RWRXN][ sVVsM ee 55
B$ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi xmsRsV Li[ xqsXxtsv Fys[
yLRiRRFsLRisLi ysV j*d[VsyRVM (2).

C sRsVVgS @s[NRPsVVgRiV xmsVNRPVsV ss A sVxL<ji |msRgS ss*sV (53). @RRV sVsxqsV=[


sxtsvsosNRPV ssVxqsLjiLi BV RVsV.
yLRiRVTV xmsZNPsV c
xmsW! dsRRV yRVLiRVs][ sVsRVs rysVLRiQsVLiRj? (54). BV xmsNTP sxtsvsosNRPV
ssVxqsLjiLi A sVxL<ji RsNRPV ][s yLjis ssV (55).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsj RVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizRRVLiRV sVVR LiRsVgRiV
xqsXxtsvFyssVV[ yLRiRRFsLRissVs[ lLiLiRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (2).
@R RXdWsyRVM
yLRiRVs sWxsVV
VVxtsQRV ERVM e
xqsWR xqsWR sVgRi yxqsbPxtsQ ssWsxqsV[ e @RV[RVLi NRPy yR sLjiy NRPXxmsRW z sM
ee 1
sVV_ gRi[ xLjiryR NTPLi RNSLRi RRM xmsLRisV e yLRi][szms gRiRM NRPVR Rs[ yRV sVL>Rizqs ee 2
VVxtsvV BV xmsNTPLji c
J xqsWy! sVy! yxqs bPxtsvRsgRiV dsNRP ssVryLRisVV. sy=! dsso RRV][ sWNRPV C
@RVRsVgRiV gSRsV sLjiLis (1). J sy=! sVxL<ji sgSs[, sxtsvso GsV
[|qssV? yLRiRVRV FsNRPRNRPVssV? C sxtsQRVsVVsV ssLjiLixmsosVV (2).
yxqs DyR e

ByNRPLRiQ sR}qsuyLi xqsWRM FLS N][RsVM e xmsRVyR bPsLi xqsQXy* yyxqsWNRPLRiLi VRM
ee 3
yxqsVTV xmsZNPsV c
FLSNRP ZaP[xtsvRV, sy*LixqsVRV sgRiV xqsWRVRV yLji C xmsVNRPVsV ss, @s[NRP g]xms dsV
[RVV bPsos xqsLjiLi, BV RVsV (3),
xqsWR DyR e
sVV_ RVRXRRW sxtsvLRi[ Rxqss z yLRi[ e bPs[RW RNSLSaRPV sWRWLi sWRW
saSLRiRM ee 4
sVVs sWLRixqs sV[ RV slLi[[ sgRiLRiLi sVx` e aRPR Ws sryLRisVRVRLi xqsVsV[xLRisV
ee 5
xqs*[NSRjNRPLi LRisVLi yysxqsV sLSRsV e sLRiyLki sLSRLi RRVLRi*LSNRPVLi xmsLRisV ee 6
RR LS bdPsj LSQQ\sVaRP*LRi xqssVs*RM e xqsVyxqs*RVLi sLRiVRVQQN][ sVx[R=s xqssVs*RM ee
7
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
A yLRiRsVVs Rs yLjis sgSs[, sWRV[ xqssVLRiVRgRiV sxtsvso bPsos BRsV @sVxqsLjiLi,
sLis[ sWRVsV xmsWgjiLisV (4).yLRiRsVVs s sWLRisVV[ INRP g]xms sgRiLRisVVsV
sLjiLisV. sLiR WssVVV sTs gRi A @RVR sgRiLRisVV sVNTP xqsVLiRLRisVVgRi sVLisV
(5).sxtsv[NRPsVVNRPLi @jNRP xqsVLiRLRisVVgS sVs A sgRiLRisVV @s[NRP sxqsVs][ sLSsV. ys
RVLiRV {qsQ xmsoLRiVxtsvV sxLjiLiRVRVLiTLji. yV sLRisVV yLji][ AsLRigRisVV sLSsV (6). A
sgRiLRisVVsV bdPsjRVsV LS xmsLjiFyLisV. @RRV g]xms HaRP*LRisVV gRiyRV. @Ry
xqssVRVsVV[ Rs NRPVsWlLi VVNRP xqs*RVLisL][R=ssVVsV GLSV [|qssV (7).

RRVLjigRiQM xqssWRV\xqs=LiRVVRLi
RRysLRi[RV=Q\ZNPM ee 8

sXxmssLiR\sM

yys[\|tsQ

xqsV=

a][\aRP

GyRXaRPLi xmsoLRiLi RXuy* sWxLi FyFsR yLRiRM e N_RVNUP RsQQXxmsy*LRiLi gSsV sVR\sjRM
ee 9
AgRiRLi sVVssLRiLi RLi RXuy* bdPsjLRiQQXxmsM e Dxmss[aSLRiRWLi RZNP[ LRiR zqsLixqss[ slLi[ ee
10
@R LS xqs*RsRWLi
FyRWxqs=sVFyRRV` ee 11

ysVRbdP+QsVdLi

sLSsV

xqssWdsRV

yLRiRxqs

A NRPssV syxsW[ Dy=xsVV][ yV jNRPV sVLiT LS NRPVsWLRiVV sRVVLiTLji.


xqsVLiRLRisVgRiV s[xtsQsVVsV RLjiLi s A LS NRPVsWLRiV][ sgRiLRisVV sLiTRVVLisV (8). B
sgRiLRisVVsV RW yLRiRVRV sWxsVVsV F~LisV. NSsVsaRPV\ ARVs DRLihRi][
LSy*LRisVVsV xqsdsVzmsLisV (9). @RNRPV s[zqss yLRiR sVxL<jis RW, bdPsj sVLS
ARVssV ZaP[aRPsVgRiV LRiRzqsLixqsssVV\|ms A{qssVs [zqs xmspLisV (10). @xmsoRV LS Rs
NRPVsWlLisV zmsLizmssV. AsV }msLRiV $sV. AsV[ LS yLRiRVs FyRsVVNRPV
ssVxqsLjiLixms[|qssV (11).
RRyLi }msORPQ xqs sVVsLRiyLRiRM Fyx szqsRM e ZNP[RVLi LSs gS NRPy
xqsVLRixqsV][xmssW ee 12
Rxqs RR*RsLi aRPVy* LS Fyx NRPXyLiM e RVz[RVLi sVsV sVVs[ $sVd ysV
ysVRM ee 13
xmsys xqssVRVLi FyFy sLRisVs[*xtsQd aRPVsV e ry xqs*RVLi sLRi xqsLiFyFy xqsLRi*ORPQ OTPQ y ee
14

@ry gRiLisR sVVs[ xqsLRi*Li RNRP sWRLS` e NUPRXaRPLi Rs [VRVLi s[V sLRisWxms=Q
RR*R ee 15
yLRiRsVxL<ji A NRPssV RW, AaRPLRisVVsV F~Lij, BssV. LS! [sNRPs s sVs C
ZaP[xtsQNRPs FssLRiV?(12).LS A sWsV ss, ][zqs VVgji BV xmsZNPsV. sVxL<ki! CsV y
NRPVsWlLi. }msLRiV $sV (13). CsVNRPV RVVNRP sRVxqsV= ssj. xqsLRi* ORPQsVV][ a][V CsV
WgRiVRgRiV sLRiVs N]LRi\ZNP xqs*RVLisLRi xqs[ @s[*ztsQLiR[soRVsj. (14). J sVxL<ki!CsV
RNRPsVVsV RW CsV gRisVVsV xmsVRV. C y NRPVsWlLi Fs sLRiVs F~LiRgRi][
xmsVRV (15).
BRVQQN][ sVVs aSLRiW rysVRVM NSsVsx*M e xqssWxtsQ xqs LSsLi yLRi][ yNRP
sVds` ee 16
xqsV[RVLi Rs WFy xqsLRi*ORPQ OTPQy e sVgRisd Ry OUPQ Ljis gRiVRW ee 17
xqslLi[*aRP*L][s][ sL][ gjiLkiaRPRXa][ sVM e@ryM RzmsLRiVsLi ds NSsV RV=LRixqsRsVM ee 18
BRVQQNSQ* sXxmssWsVLiRQ RVR RWRXN][ sVVsM e Ws NSsV ssaRPbP+ssWRW
ssWzRM ee 19
sVsR {msTRVRVgRiV A sVVs sLRiVRV C sWsV ss, AsVsV F~LiRg][lLisV. ARVs LSsV
xqsLi[jLi, BV xmsZNPsV (16). J LS! C ds NRPVsWlLi xqsLRi* aRPVORPQsVV][
sLSVRVsj. CsV OUPQ [s s sVgRisVV gRi RsVLSV.CsV xqsRVsVVNRPV
sRVsVV (17). xqsLRi*xqssVLRiVRV, xmsLSRVsVVsLRiVLigRis yRV, dsLRiVRV, bPsos][ xqssWssVgRiV
sVzsV gRi yRV, sVsRVs LiVVLis yRVsgRiV [sZaP[xtsvRV CsVNRPV xms NSgRiRV. BR
saRPRVsVV (18). BV LS][ xmsNTP yLRiRsVVs LSsR |qsso dxqsVN]s Rs yLjis ssV.
A VVztsQ bPssWRV[ sWzRV\ NSsVsVVsNRPV saRPV\ RVVLisV (19).
[ sLiR xqs sVVs LSxmsoRWLi NRPRs[VsNSsV e xqs*RVLislLi[ sXFyys[VNRPLi sWLi
sXVRWRRsV ee 20

rLiRLRiLi xqsLRi*yLkiLi zmsRVLi s xqsLRi*y e RRQX|t^sQ*s xmsxqsy ry xqs*saS yR xqsLiaRPRVM


ee 21
sy[VRLi sxtsvLRiWxmsLi gRi{RVLi sVVsxqsRsVM e sxtsv[NRPLi gSsWaRPV yLRiRxqs=QLRi sx*M ee
22
xmsxmsR xX{tsQZNP[aRPLi yNRPs[VRRVy R x e LRixzqs y*Li xmssOSQQsV xqs*sXyLiRsVZaP[xtsQRM ee
23
CsVsV s[sV F~LiRV VV? LSNRPVsWLRiVV Fys[ xqs*RVLisLRisVV[ CsV ssV sLjiLiRV
DFyRVs[Vj? @s A sVxL<ji Rs sVssVVs A[LisV (20). {qsQLiRLjiNUP rLiRLRis[V
{msFyRsVgRiVsV. yLRiV rLiRLRisVVsV RW sWRs[V xmsoLRiVxtsvsNRPV saRPVgRiVRVLRisV[
xqsLijRVsVV [RV (21).NSsV ssaRPVRgRiV yLRiRsVxL<ji BV RFzqs, sxtsvso VVNRP
LRiWxmssVVsV F~LiRV\ZNP sLis[ sxtsv[NRPsVVsNRPV ssV (22). ARVs sxtsvsosNRPV
ssVxqsLjiLi, 'y sXyLiRsVVsLiRsW dsNRPV G NSLiRsVV[ xmss' ss xmsZNPsV (23).
R[RVQQZNP[ Ry W[ bPs[y NSLRiNRPLRiLji e W{RVQQNRPs $ZaP[ sVVsLSx R ZNP[aRPssV ee 24
yLRiR DyR e
R*kW Wxms bdP+sjxqs= sXxtsQRRLRiM e Rxqs NRPy saSOUPQ $sVd sLRisLjids ee 25
gRi[zsy \Q[ZNP[ xms xqsVLiRLki e xmsLji[RVsVxLi su ysVysVRVR sW
LRisV ee 26
xqs*RVLisLRiLi RNSLSr WxmsxqssWRRW e RRVLjigRiQ xqs=sWRWy LSxmsoyxqs=xxqsaRPM
ee 27
bPsos BRssVxqsLjiLi NSLRisVVsV sLRi*QQLjiLiRV OUPQ xms 'xqslLi[, xmsVsV @s RVRgS,
yLRiRsVVs ZNP[aRPsos][ sssV (24).

yLRiRVTV xmsZNPsV c
bdPsj sVLS ds NRPVRV. RLSRVRV. @Rs NRPVsWlLi sTs NRPsVV gRi xqsVLiRLji. AsV
}msLRiV $sV (25). AsV sVV[NRPsVV[ ZNP @ xqsVLiRLji, gRi[zs @s xms gSLisj.
} su! s[ysVsV Cy[ sLisVV [NRPVLiy syxsWR g][LRiVRVysV (26). AsV N][lLi
s[VLRiNRPV bdPsj sVLS xqs*RVLisLRisVV s[LSV [|qssV (27). s[j LSxmsoRVV yV
jNRPV sVLiT s[zqsyLRiV (28).
RVj yxqszqs LRiWxmsLi s[V Ry yLi FyxmsoRWLi RVssV e R*RWxmsLi ry sy NRPLilhi[
RVsWLi s yxqs ee 28
xqs*LRiWxmsLi [z s[V yR }qssN][sxLi zmsRVxqss e sXVRWyLi RVy ry \s $sVd
OTPQFyR ee 29
dsso yNRPV LRiWxmssVV xqsLigjis][, s[ysVsV F~LiRV saRPRVsVV. ds LRiWxmssVV yNRPV [s[,
AsV y NRPLihRisVV[ RVsWsV s[RVRV (28). Jyy! dsxmsLRiWxmssVVsV yNTPsVV. s[sV dsNRPV
zmsRV\sVs }qssNRPVRsV. ds LRiWxmssVV yNRPVs][, A LSNRPVsWlLi $sV ssV sLjiLiRVsV (29).
xqsWR DyR e
sRM aRPVy* sVVs[LjiRLi sxxqs sVRV xqsWRsM e aSLiNRPLkiLi xmsVyLi Vy* xmsRVyR
RRWxmsLRiM ee 30
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
sVxL<ji VVNRP C sWsV ss RRWsgRiV sVRVxqsWRsVRV aRPLiNRPLRiVs rysVLRiQsVV
sLjiLigjisy\ LRiVsso*][ sssV.
sxtsvLRiVyR e

}qs*xtsQ[aRPLi sVVs[ gRiR NRPLjiuysV zRLi Rs e xtsQgRi*L][ RVyLRixqs RVRM zmsRVRL][zqs s[V ee
31
BRVQQNSQ* sVVs[V R\|qs# R_ sxtsvLRiVLi xlLi[M e xqs*LRiWxmssVsVgRiXxqs L][ysLi gSsV
xqsM ee 32
GssVVN][ sVVsL>RiQXxtsQ xqs=Q*LRiWxmsLi FyxmsQ\s xlLi[M e s[Vs[ NRPXyLRisWRsLi RRRLi s V[R
sxqsM ee 33
sxtsvso BV xmsZNPsV c
J sVxL<ki! dsso ][s ][NTP ssVV. dsso yNRPV sVNTP zmsRV\sVs yRso. NSsos,
ZaP[xtsvRgRiV \sRVRV L][gjiNTP zRsVVsV [RVV sysVVs, s[sV dsNRPV zRsVVsV [}qsRsV (31).
sxtsvso BV xmsNTP A yLRiRsVVsNTP N][ sVVsVVsV, sVgjis [xsVV[ Rs LRiWxmssVVsV B
@LiRLSssVVsV (32). C sWsV ss yLRiRVRV y xqsLi][ztsQLi, NRPXyLRiR\sss
RF|qssV. ARVs N][ sVVsVVsV, sxtsvso LRiWxmssVV (BRLRi [xsVVsLiRV) sV F~LisV.
sxtsvso VVNRP C NSLRisVVsV ARVs FsLRiVLigRi[NRP FVsV (33).
@R RR gRiRbdP+xmnsVLi yLRi][ sVVsxqsRsVM e RZNP[ xqs*RVLisLRiLi RVR LSxmso\Q xqs=sWNRPVsV ee
34
xqs*RVLisLRi xqs jy LSxmsoR xqssWsXy e aRPVaRPV[sds s}msLiy RVy aRPNRPxqssxmsLS ee 35
RryLi sXxmsxqsRVLi \s yLRiRxqs=sVVFysaRP` e zqsy* RR sLi[ {msRVVZNP[s [Rry ee
36
sWLi sLjixtsQ [sLi ry sxtsv LRiWxmsRLRiLi RVssV e Assxqs NRPVLRiWxmsR*Li s s[R sVVsxqsRsVM
ee 37
xmspLRi* LRiWxmsLi sVVsLi xqslLi[* RRXaRPVxqsR sWsyM e R[RLi VVRV}qs s LSxmsoyRW
j*M ee 38

@xmsoy yLRiRsVxL<ji ssVsLis[ LSxmsoRV][ N][xsVVgS sVs xqs*RVLi sLRi xqsNRPV


[LRiVN]ssV (34). sxmsZaP[xtsvLS! LSxmsoRV][ sLiTRVVs A jssVgRiV xqs*RVLisLRi xqs
lLiLiRs BLiRxqs s sVNTP xmsNSbPLisV (35).yLRiRVRV AsLiRsVV][ sLiTs @LiRLRisVVs
gRiy\ A LSxqs RVLiRV gRiWLRiVLiT (36),'sxtsvLRiWxmssVVsV RLjiLiRVVs ssV RNRP AsV
sVLjiVVNRPLjis sLjiLiRRV, Bj saRPRVsVV' @s RF|qssV. A sVxL<ji Rs sVVsVV
NRPVLRiWxmssVVgS sVLiRVsV VLRiVLigRiRV (37). Jj*LS! @NRPRsVs sVLiRLRiV A sVxL<ji
VVNRP xmspLRi* LRiWxmssVVsV sWRs[V RWLji. LSxmsoRVNRPV, BRLRiVNRPV yLRiRsVVs VVNRP
LRiWxmssVV[s sWLRiV RVRV (38).
RR LRiVR gRi _* RRORPQLRiLi xqssWgRif e sxmsLRiWxms RL_ gRiW_ R[RLi RVM xmsLRisV ee
39
sVWRLi sVy* sVVsLi f RsNRPLi gRiRVLRi e NRPVLRiVRxqsRQxqsLi \s xtsQsW
xmsLRixqsLRisV ee 40
xmsaRP yLRiRLRiWxmsLi z suLjis sVx[RsVsV e sVVLi RV ysLRi}qss sNRPLi R RVLiNRPLRisV ee
41
BRRRVLi sXxmsxqsVyLi sX\s xqsLRisWzRM e BRVQQNS xqsRLi yNRPsVVxmsxqsLi xmsRNRPRVM
ee 42
yLRiRVs LRiORPQ N]LRiNRPV @RNRPV BRLRiV LRiVysVRWRVVV s xs[xtsQsVV[
LRixxqssVVgS sVLiTLji. yLjiRLjiNTP yLRiRVs sNRPXRLRiWxmssVV VVNRP LRixxqssVV zqsFVsV
(38). yLjiRLRiV sVxL<jis sVWRVsgS RLi, ARVs sRNRPV s INRPLji][NRPLRiV sWRVRW
ARVssV sNSLRisVV [zqsLji (40). sxtsvsos sVNTP g]xms LRiWxmssVVsV RLjiLiRVVs
yLRiRVs RWRVsVV. NSs CRs sVVsVV N][ sVVsVV. sNRPsVV, RVLiNRPLRisVVgS sVsj
(41). NSsVsVV[ ssWzRV\s CRRV LSNRPVsWlLisV N][LRiVRVyRV. CRs N][LjiNRP sLRisVV.
C sRsVVgS yLRiV sLiysRssVV][ A sVxL<jis xmsLjixqssVV [zqsLji (42).

s aRPVaSs RVyLRiLi RV Ry*NRPLi xqsLRisx*M e xmslLi[QORPQ dQsVdLi yLi \s Rxmso=L][z][


sVVsM ee 43
GRzqssLiRlLi[ WxmsNRPy yLiRM xmsoLSRV ry e {qsQ xqs=sWsXy Ry gSsV sLRisLjids ee 44
sWLi zLRiLiVWLi LRisWsWyRV aRPVORPQ e RR xqs*RVLislLi[ lLi[[ zqsy sV[ LRis[Vs
ry ee 45
sV ry xqsLi xqsLS*Li sWsWyRV xqsVsy e sLRisVs[*xtsQd RR ry*ydxtsQLi
sXxmsR ee 46
NSsVsWzRVRgRiV A sVxL<ji yLji xqsRsRssVVsV ss |ms[RV. sWzRVRgRiV A sVVs
$sVs F~LiRg][Lji, AsV N]LRiNRPV FsRVLRiVRWsV (43). BLiR[ xqsVLiRLjiRVgRiV A LSNRPVsWlLi
@LiRMxmsoLRisVV sVLiT xmsLjiyLjiNRP][ NRPWT @RNRPV ssV (44). aRPVORPQsVVV gRi AsV
@LiR\sVs LigRiLRiV sWsV [R, xqs*RVLisLRi xqssVRsVV[ OUPQ [s s ssV
(45). RXRsRsVV gRi A LSNRPVsWLji sWsV [R, RsNRPV s[ sLRiVs @s[*ztsQxqsW,
xqssLiRsV LjilgisV (46).
ysLSxqsLi sxtsvRsVLi sVVsLi RXuy* RVN][xms ry e RXztsQLi syLRi R RRM xmszqsy {msRsWsry
ee 47
s RXuy* xqs*sLRiLi RR Rry {qsss}qszms=RsV e @LiR xqs=zqsy NRPzqssLRiRWsWxqs s
xqssV ee 48
GRzqssLiRlLi[ sxtsvLSgSsV sXFyNRPXM e s RXxtsQM \ZNPbPRxms\lLiM ZNP[sLi ry RRLRi+ z ee 49
@R ry RLi xqssW[NRP xmsxqss sRyLiV e @LRiRWsWxqs RRLilhi[ yLi sWLi sLRisLjids
ee 50
DxqssVgRiV sVsxqsV=][ sVs AsV sxtsv LRiWxmssVVsV, N][ sVVsVVsV NRPgjis A sVVss
RW, N][xmssVV][ sVVsVVsV xmsVN]ssV (47).AsVNRPV Rs sVsxqsV=sNRPV s[ sLRiVRV

]LRiNRP[sW RVsV RVsVV NRPlgisV. AsV xqs[s ylLis*LjiNUP sWsV CRVNRPVLiRgS xqs[
sT RVVLisV (48)BLiR[ @RNRPV LSs[xtsQsVV[ sxtsvso ssV. ARVs BRLRiVs*LjiNUP
NSsLS[RV. AsV sWRs[V ARVssV RWsV (49). @xmsoy xqsVLiRLji ARVssV RW
xmsxqsssVgRiV sVVxmsRsVV gRi\ ARVs NRPLihRisVV[ sWsV @LjiLisV (50).
ysWyRV R][ sxtsw LSLRiWxmsRLRiM xmsVM e @LiRLSssVgSR=R xqs=Q*rysLi xmsRVR NTP
ee 51
xqslLi[* LSNRPVsWLSaRP sLSaS$Q+sVdLi xms e sVVsxqsV sx[sds Ws sVRyRVLRiM
ee 52
Ry yspRRVxqs=][ yLRiRLi xqsLRisx*sV e sxms LRiWxmsRL_ LRiVR gRi ssaSLRi_ ee 53
@xmsoRV LSLRiWxmssVVsV RLjiLis sxtsv gRiysVRV AsVsV dxqsVN]s, @LiRLSs\sV, sLis[ Rs
[NRPsVVsNRPV ssV (51). LSNRPVsWLRiVLiRLRiV $sV sxtsQRVLi[ sLSaRPsV F~LijLji.
NSsV{msTRVRgRiV yLRiRsVVs sVNTP RVMLisV (52). @xmsoRV g]xms sVV,
xs[xtsQyLRiVVsgRiV LRiVysVRLRiVRLRiV NSsVyRVMRVRgRiV yLRiRVs][ ssLji (53).
gRispRRVM e
} yLRiRsVVs[ R*Li z sXy sVRssWzRM eRxmso= xqs=Q* sVVLi xmsaRP ysLRi}qss gRiL>jiRsV
ee 54
LRiVyxqsVRLRiVRLRiV BV xmsNTPLji c
J yLRiRsVxL<ki! dsso NSsV{msTRVR\s AsVsV F~LiRg][LRiV sLRisVV. ds sVVsVVsV
RWRVN]sVsVV. N][ sVVsV s sNRPsVVgRi sVsj (54).
xqsWR DyR e

By NRPLRiQ RWLS*NRPLi yLRi][ sxqs][ss` e sVVLi RRLRi+ sVVNRPVlLi[ bPssWRW


ssWzRM ee 55
xqs*sVVLi ysLRi}qss RXuy* RN][R xqsR*LRisV e aSxmsLi R_ RWxqsR gRiWL][z][ sVVs
iM ee 56
RVVyLi sVsWxmsxqsLi \s RNRPRVLSQxxqs z e # s[yLi LSORPQ r sxmsdsLRi z
RyNRPXd ee 57
aRPVy* xLRigRi sRLi xqs*aSxmsLi sxqsRs e s NTPLi RWRRVr z sVVs sWRV
sWzRsV ee 58
xqs*rysLi gRiRVLji*Fy Dy{qs_ bPsxqsVsV e RNRPRVLRissW_ \s bPs[yLi xqsNRPLi xqsy ee
59
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVRxqsLizyRWLi xmsRsV Li[ xqsXxtsvFy s[
yLRiRsWxsLRisLi ysV RXdWsyRVM (3).
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
yLji C sWsV ss yLRiRVRV AaRPLRiRNTPRVRVsV. bPssWRV[ sWzRV\s A VVztsQ
@RsVV[ sVVsVVsV RWRVN]ssV (55). Rs sVVsVV N][ sVVsVVs sVLiRVsV gSLis
VVztsQNTP sLis[ N][xmssVV NRPlgisV. sWzRVRgRiV A sVVs LRiVysVRWRVVRLjis aRPzmsLisV
(56). dsVLjiRLRiV xVRsgRiV ssV xmsLjixqssVV [zqsLji. NSsos, dsVLjiRLRiV xV\ xmso
LSORPQxqsLRiWxmssVVsV F~LiRLRiV (57). sVxL<ji sWzRV\ RVVLiRVsV VLjiLigjis A sVRLRiV
VVztsQ RsVNTPs aSxmssVVsV ss GsVRVW RVR[RV (58). J sxmsoLS! Dy{qsssVVgS
sVs yLjiRLRiV RsV[NRPsVVsNRPV sLji. xqsLRi*sVV xqsLRi*y bPsos BR xmsNSLRis[V LRiVgRiVss
RLisy\lLi yLRiV bPsos xqsVLiLji (59).

$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsjRVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizRRVLiRV sVVR LiRsVV[s xqsXxtsv


FyssVV[ yLRiR sWxsLRissVV @sV sVWRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (3).
@R RRVL][syRVM
yLRiRVsNRPV sxtsvso Dxms[bPLiRV
VVxtsQRV ERVM e
xqsWR xqsWR sVFy sLjiy xRVy NRPy e Ry RV aSLids sWRW RRksLi
RLSRLRisV ee 1
gRiRWLRiWaRP+Li[xqs=Q*RV sW[RRW s[M e NTPLi RNSLRi sVVsM NRPV][
yLRiRxqs=QLRisx*M ee 2
VVxtsvV xmsNTPLji c
J xqsWy! sVssgRiV dsso @RVRsVgRiV NRPRsV zmss. bPsos sWRV RsVLSV.
rysLRiLigRisWRNRPsVgRiV gRiRV AsV @kssVVsLiRVsj (1). bPsos @sVRWRVVRLRiV bPsos
BRsV gRizLi RsV ryssVVsNRPV sFgS, NSsV{msTRVRgRiV yLRiRsVVs NRPVRV\ GsV
[|qssV? (2).
xqsWR DyR e
ssWz][ sVVsLRiy* RWaS+xmsLi RV][RsV e [ sVVLi sLkiOSQQR xqs*LRiWxmsLi
gjiLjiZaP[RRW ee 3
bPs[RRWs xms VRxqs=QQXy* xLjiNRPXRRsV e N][RLi RVLji*xtsQxLi NRPXy* sxtsv[NRPLi
gSsV x ee 4

DyR sRsLi NRPVRxqs=sVR Bs FysNRPM e RVLRiVNTP gRiLjiRLi sLigRiLi sxtsQs bP+s[RRW ee 5


xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
sWzRV\ RVVs yLRiRVRV yLjiRLjiNTP RgRiV aSxmssVVs, ds[ Rs sVVsVVsV, Rs BRLRi
xqs*LRiWxmssVVsV RWRVN]ssV. Bj @LiRRVW bPsos BR[ LRiVgRiRVLisV (3). @RsNTP BLiNRPsW
sxms[RsVV NS[RV. @RRV sxtsvso [zqss sWxqssVVsV xqsLjiLi, xqszLixms aRPNRPsVV NSs
N][xmssVVsV F~Lij sxtsv[NRPsVVsNRPV ssV (4).BLiRssVV s[zqss @gji x[RsVVs N][RsVV][
sVLiTxmsRVRVsy\, @RRV sNSLRisVV][ sLiysRssVVsV xmsZNPsV. bPsos xqsLiNRPsVV[
yRRV ssVVsV N][[LiVV DLisV (5).
yLRiR DyR e
} xlLi[ R*Li sVRVxtsQM NRPxms saRP*sWxsM e xmsL][y=xLi s xqsx}qs sWRWds sVyaRPRVM
ee 6
sWzds LRiWxmssWyRV NRPxmsLi NRPXRys xmsoLS e @xqsVlLi[[sFyRVRVxqsQ*Li yLRiV sVsVXRLi
s z ee 7
[[s sxtsQLi LRiV][ RRW NRPXy* sV}aRP*LRiM e # s[sQuys sWRW Rs yLRi[ xlLi[
ee 8
gRixqs=NRPxms [szmsRW su sZaP[xtsQRM e ryRVxqs* [ s ys xqs*RLiRM xmsV NRPXRM ee 9
} xlLi[! dsso sVRVxtsvRso. sWxqsgSRso. gRiRVsV ysWx|msRsV. sWRWss. RVxtsQ
xqs*ssVVgRi dsso BRLRiV Dy=xsVVsV xqszLiR[so (6). dsso xmspLRi*sVV sWzds
LRiWxmssVVsV RLjiLi, sWxqssVV [zqs, LSORPQxqsV[ xqsVLRisV ygjiLis. yLjiNTP @sVXRsVV
RNRPNRPVLiR [zqss (7). sWxqssVVsLiRV {ms gRi J xLki! sV}aRP*LRiVRgRiV LRiVRVRV RRV][
sxtsQsVVsV ygRiNRPVs][, ds sWRV Ay[ sbPLi RVVLiTj (8). } su! dsNRPV NRPxms

sWLRisVV sVNTP zmsRV\sVsj. ds xqs*ssVV sVLij NSRV. @LiVVssW, aRPLiNRPLRiVRV ssV


xqs*RLiRVs [zqsyRV (9).
NRPXRLi xqssVVRLi \ss bPs[s xmsLRisWRy e RRQsLi yy* xqs*RLiRNRPXNSLRiNRPM ee 10
R*RLi xqsVxqssWRV xmsaSyxmssVyxms xqsM e sxmsLi xqsL][*xmsLji Fyx r*QQNRPs[RxmssW NRPX` ee
11
R` y*xLi xlLi[ y*R bPORPQLiVVuysV RR` e RVy s NRPVLSM NRPVy{ms RXaRPLi NRPLRi
NRPyRs ee 12
@yzms sLRiRVxqsQ*Li z xqsLigRiLi yxmsxqsLRizqs*y e BydsLi xmsQ}qs su xmnsLi xqs*NRPXRNRPLRiM ee
13
ssV xqs*RLiRVs [RVV[ bPsoRV F~LRiFyV [zqsyRV. ARVs Rs xmsssVV [ ssV
xqs*RLiRVs [zqsyRV (10). ds xmssXs RWzqs ARVs xmsaSyxmssVVsV F~LisV. ARVs
s[RFysWsVVsV sLRiWzmsLi, sxmsoRV xqsLRi*ZaP[xtsvRs |mssV (11).} xlLi[! s[y sxtsQRVsVV
sLjiLigji A sVV ss, dsso sVLRi B xmsss GyRW [RVNRPVLiRVsV sdsyRV bPOTPQLiRsV
(12). dsNRPV Bxms\ZNPssW RVsVV NRPVgRi[RV. dsso BLiRsLRiNRPV [aS+RVgRiV sQQNTPs
FsRVL]s[RV. } su! CyRV dsso, [zqss xmssNTP xmnssVVssV sLiRso (13).
BRsVVNSQ* xLjiLi rsR sVVsLSRWssWzRM e aRPaSxms N][RsLji*[ x[M xmsRLRi+RVs
ee 14
{qsQNRPX[ yNRPVLi su sWsVNSL<kiLji*sWxNRPM e @s*NSL<ki xqs=Q*LRiW}ms [Vs NSxms NSLRiNRPX`
ee 15
RRW}ms sVsVxtsQxqsQ*Li s RRVMVgRilLi[ e RVsVLi NRPXRys s[V R*Li [ sLiRV
xqsLiVVsM ee 16

R*Li {qsQ sWgRiLi RVMLi xqs* xmsLRiRVMRM e sVsVxtsQgRiNRPM FyW ysssWzRM ee


17
sWRW sWzRVRgRiV yLRiRsVVs sxtsvso][ sV xmsNTP, x[xqsV=sV
xmsRLji+LiRVRVsy\, N][ys[aRPsVV][ aRPzmsLisV (14). } su! {qsQ N]LRi\ZNP ssV sWxqssVV
[zqs RVMsVVsV NRPgjiLis. } xlLi[! dsso NRPxmssVV[zqs yNRPV G LRiWxmssVVsV B[ (15),
@[ LRiWxmssVV][ sVsVxtsvR\s sLi, A s[ RVMsVV ssVsLixmsosVV. dsso yNRPV G
ysLRisVVsVVsV B[, @[ ysLRiVV dsNRPV xqsRVNSLRiVgRiVRVLRiV (16). BRLRiVNRPV
RVMsVVsV NRPgjiLis dsso {qsQ sWgRi RVMsVVsV F~LiRso. sVsVxtsQ s[ dsso RLRiVRV
@ssVV[ sWzRVR\s DLiRso (17).
B aRPFyQ* xLjiLi sWyLRi][s ssWzRM e sxtsvLRiQgSx RLi aSxmsLi xmsaRPLixqss aSLids
sVsV ee 18
@R aRPLiVLRid[ saRPNRPL<Ri ssWzdssV e xqs*sWRWLi sWz][ ds yLRi][sxmssRRW
ee 19
@LiRL>jiyRWLi sWRWRWLi xmspLRi*ss sWsW` e yLRi][ szqsRsVyM Fyxms[][
sLSNRPVM ee 20
xmsaSyxmssVyFy ssLiR xqs*Li sVVxLRiVxM e xmsaRPaRPLixqs Ry sWRWLi aSLidsLi
ssWzdssV ee 21
@ssVV[ sWzRV\s yLRiRVRV sxtsvsosV BV aRPzmsLiRgS, sxtsvso xmsoVNRP[s bPssWRVsV
xmsaRPLizqsLi, A aSxmssVVsV {qs*NRPLjiLisV (18). @xmsoRV g]xms dV gRi aRPLiVRV sWxsVVsV
NRPgjiLiRV Rs sWRVsV DxmsxqsLixLjiLisV. A sWRV[Rs[ sRVgRiV yLRiRVRV NRPWR
sWzRVyVsV gRiy! (19) sWRV ]gjiFgSs[, yLRiRVRV xmspLRi*sVVsLiRV s s
AVsV. ssVV NRPVgRigSs[ RVMsVV ]gji, yLRiRVRV AaRPLRiRNTPRVyVsV (20). @RRV

xmsaSyxmssVVsV F~Lij ysV [zqss xmssVsV xmsosM xmsosM sLijLiRVN]ssV. @xmsoyRRV,


ssVVsV F~g] sWzLixms[RVV bPssWRVsV N]sRWsV (21).
@R y* sVVsxqs=LRi*Li sWRWssVsWRsM e @xmsRyRWLji*uLSLRi][ \sxtsQ[RsVM ee
22
xLRiVxmsryzmsRM Fyx sRsLi sxtsQRVLRiM e sVRW RVLRiVNRPRVM FNS sWz[s NRPVVjy ee
23
RRaS+Fszms [yR sRRLi NRPVLRiV RLi xms[ e sVxyxmssVNSL<RiLi z RWrysV sLRiRVLi
RVssV ee 24
NRPsVVFyRVLi xlLi[ NRPVLSLi yrsxLi [ RsWjaRP e [Vs FyxmsNRPVLi sZaP[sLRiW s
# s[ssV ee 25
@xmsoy sVxL<jiNTP ysV sWRW ssWzRV\ [zqss xmssVsRVV RVssV.
\sxtsQ[RsVVRgRiV yLRiRVRV @xmsoRV sxtsvso FyRsVV\|ms xmssV (22). $xLji @Rss
[skRVgS, RVxtsQVj ]gjiFLiVVs yLRiRVTV xmsZNPsV. sWzRVR\ss s[sV RVLRiVj][
RVxtsQsRssVVsV xmsNTPs (23). \|msgS, aSxmssVVsV NRPWR Bs. } xms[! A aSxmssVV
@xqsRsVgRiVsV [RVVsVV. s[sV sVFyxmssVVsV [zqss. s[sV sLRiNRPsVVsV F~LiRV
saRPRVsVV (24). } xlLi[! FyxmssVLiRRVW sbPLi, yNRPV sLRiNRPsVV NRPVgRiNRPVLiRVsV
DFyRVs[VsV gRiRV? s[sV dsyxqsVRsV. yNRPV @ DFyRVsVVsV Dxms[bPLixmsosVV (25).
BRVQQNSQ* xqs xmsosLji*uM FyRWLRiVsxqsRsVM e xmsFyR xqsVsVLRiQ NSQ* xmsaSyxmssVV FygRiRM ee
26
@R sxtsvxqssVVyxms }tsQ xqsWsXRLi sRM e
BV xmsNTP yLRiRsVxL<ji xmsaSyxmssVVsVF~Lij, xqsRVj gRi y\ NTP][ sVLRi sxtsvso
FyRsVV\|ms xmssV (26).

sxtsvso @xmsoyRss [zms C xqsRsRssVVsV xmsZNPsV.


sxtsv LRiVyR e
s [RLi NRPVLRiV s[V NRPsLRixqsQ*Li yR xqsLiaRPRVMee 27
aRPXV yR xmssOSQQsV xqsVzRLi Rs saRPRW` e sLRiRV}qs s sy bPsaRP+Li [ syxqs ee 28
RVRNSL<ki bP+ss][ sRRLi sVRsWzRM e xqs RRydsRXaRPLi [ xmnsLi NRPLRixmnsxmsRM ee 29
bPs[RRWsLi RLi NRPVLji*RLi sbPyLi sVsV e gRiLS*xmsxLS xqs ry*dsV aRPLiNRPLRiM xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiM
ee 30
xmsLRiLi x xmsLSy xqs xqsysLiR [RsM e sLRiV[ sLji*NSL][ R LRixqs=RQ*RsVM xmsLRiM ee 31
sxtsvso BV xmsZNPsV c
dsso RVMLixmsNRPVsVV. dsso y NRPV[ ZaP[xtsvRssV[ xqsLijRVsVV [RV (27).sy=!s[sV
dsNRPV saRPRVsVVgS zRsVVsV |msRsV. ssVsVV. dsNRPV sLRiNRPsVV xqsLiFyxmssVV NSRV. bPsoRV
dsNRPV sVLigRisVVsV [RVgRiRV (28). dsso gRiLRi*sVV[ sWzRVR\s bPsos sRssVVsV
@ssWsLis. NRPLRixmnssVVsRV bPsoRV dsNUP xmnssVVsyRV (29). xqsLRi*sVV bPsos
BR[Rs[ xqsLisLiRVss dsso sVsxqsV=[ sLRiLiVVLiRVN]sVsVV. aRPLiNRPLRiry*sV gRiLRi*sVVsV
Fg]VsV. ARVs[V xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV (30), xmsLRix, xmsLRisWR, xqsysLiRxqs*LRiWxmsoRV,
sLRiVVRV, sNSLRi LRizRVRV, LRixqs=RQ* RsWgRiVdRVRV (31).
xqs GssWyRV sWRWLi ry*Li y s LRiWxmsRM e x sxtsvsV}aSy
sLRiV[s sLRiV[szms xqsM ee 32
sLRiV[* bPyx[* z xmsLRisWy sV}aRP*LRiM e xmsLRiLi sWssLi][ sV[s[ gkiRV[
ee 33

R[=sRW sjxqs=Quy FyN][ gRiysVxsV e xqs*RVLi xqsLRi*xqs xqsLiLki LRiVRLRiW}ms xqsLRi*y


ee 34
ryOUPQ bPsxqs*LRiW}ms sWRW sxqs= sLRiVM e}qs*yyLki xqsLisLki NSsVgRixNSLRiNRPM ee 35
ARVs sWRVsV C sRsVVgS Rs saRPsVV [xqsVN]s, xsxtsv sV}aRP*LRiVs[ sVWLRiV
LRiWxmssVV[ sVLiRVsV. xqsgRiVVRV, sLRiVVRV NRPWy ARVs[V (32). sLRiVVRgRiV xmsLRisWRNRPV
bPsoRs }msLRiV. ARVs[V sV}aRP*LRiVRV, xmsLRix, @sRVVRV,@sLiRVRV, sV[soRV @s
NUPLjiLixmsRVsV (33). bPsos }qssLi x xqsXztsQNRPLRi @LiVVyRV. s[sV gRiRORPQNRPVR\ss. bPsoRV
xqs*RVsVVgS LRiVRLRiWxmso\ xqsLRi*sVVsV xqsLixLjiLiRVsV (34). xmsLRisWR bPsxqs*LRiWxmssVV[
ryOTPQ \V DLiRVsV. sLRiVVRgRiV xmsLRisWRNRPV, sWRVNRPV [RsVV [RV. ARVs }qs*RgS
sxLjiLiRVsV. ARVs NRPVssVgRizLiRVsV (35).
aRPXV R*Li yLRiRsVVs[ xqsRVFyRVLi xqsVxmsRsV e xqsLRi*FyFy xmsxLSLRiLi VNTPsVVNTP xmsRLi xqsy ee
36
RQQNSQ* xqs*xqsLiaRPRVLi xqsLRi*Li aRPLiNRPLRixqsRaRPM e aRPRysV bPsrRLi xqsysssVLRixms ee 37
RVzmsy* RVRLi xqsLRi*Li Rs FyxmsLi ssaRP e BRVQQNSQ* yLRiRLi sxtsvM xmsosM
FyxRRWs*RM ee 38
sVVs[ s NRPVLRiV a][NRPLi R*Li R*RW NTPLi` NRPXRLi s z e }qs*RRW NRPXRys aRPLiVLjiRLi xqsLRi*Li
s xqsLiaRPRVM ee 39
J yLRiRsVxL<ki! xqsLRi*FyxmssVVsV Fg] xqsVsVVsRVsj, xqsLRi*y VNTPs sVVNTPs BRVsj
RVgRiV sVLi DFyRVsVVsV dsso ssVsVV (36). dsso ds xqsLi[xsVV ssds sRyT,
aRPLiNRPLRiVs RVaRPxqsV=sV gSssVV [RVVsVV. dsso sVsxqsV=sV gRisVV[zqs, xqsLRi*y bPsaRPRysV
rRsVVsV zmsLiRVsVV (37). yss zmsLis][ ds FyxmssVV ssVsLis[ sbPLiRVsV. @s
yLRiRVsNRPV [jLi, RRWsVRVVRgRiV sxtsvso sVLRi BV @sVRVyRV (38). J

sVxL<ki! dsso a][NTPLiRNRPVsVV. dsso [zqss [sVRVW [RV. ks sLiRsW aRPLiVso Rs BR


[Rs[ sTzmsLiyRsV[ xqsLijRVsVV [RV (39).
@L<kiRQ*sLi jyLi NSsVZNP[aRPsVyR= [ e R*sV yxmsRWLiRZNP[ aSxmsLi s[V xqs
sV}aRP*LRiM ee 40
BRLi xqs*RLjiRLi [ZNP[ xmsNRP NRPXRys xqs*RVsV e sVXRVLiRVM NSNS[ N][yLRixmsLSRVM
ee 41
s s[V bPsxqssW[szqs zmsRVry=Q*dsV xqsVxmsRM e xqsLRi*aRPNTP F][ s[Vszqs xqs Gs xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiM ee 42
Rr FyryLi NRPVLRiV sVVs[ Rs[Vs xqsRRLi V e RRaRPM aRPXV gSRV R*Li NRPVLRiV sRLi
RRLRissV ee 43
ds sVsxqsV=[ NSsVsVV, RsVsVVV, gRiLRi*sVV xmss[bPLiss. @LiRVsss[ ARVs ds
jssVgRiV Vjs @xmsxLjiLiyRV. A sV}aRP*LRiV[ [sVLiT yNRPV aSxmssVV szmsLiyRV
(40). sVXRVsosV LiVVLis yRV, sVXRVsosNRPV sVXRVso, NRPVsV DRLjiLiRV[V
xmsysORPQ sVVgS gRiyRV sgRiV bPsoRV Rs RLjiRsVVsV ys[ [NRPsVV[ xmsNRPLiyRV
(41).yNRPV bPsos][ xqssVsVVgS xqsVsVVsRV xmsVso sVLjiVVNRPRV [RV. A xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiV[
yNRPV aRPNRPVssLids ByRV (42). J sVxL<ki! dsy bPsos DFyzqsLiRVsVV. xqsLRi*y bPsos
sWRs[V LiRVsVV. bPsos NUPLjis ssVsVV, FyRVsVV. sRsVV bPsos xmspLixmsosVV (43).
NS[Vs sVsry yy RVaRP+LiNRPLRisVV\|ms [M e xqs xmsLiTR B [RVxqs= ssVQQNRP DR[ ee 44
bPs[ ysV yylgi[ LRiFyRNRP xmsLRi*yM e {qs ssQ yRWry R=RLi xqsRLi s
xqsLiaRPRVMee 45
FyxmssVWs RVMs ssyszms ysRM e bPyLRiQ\sNRP saSs yssaSs xqsLRi*y ee 46
xqs \sjNRPxqs= xmsoy xqsRsxqs= V][ sVVs[ e RVxqs=y NSRVyNTPQ\ aRP+LRiLi RW aRPLiNRPLRisV
ee 47

JLiVW! aRPLkiLRisVV][, sVsxqsV=][, yNRPV][, FssRV aRPLiNRPLRiVs LiRV[, y[ xmsLiTRVRs


RVssV. @R[ ssVNRPVRsRVsV (44). bPsysVsVV @s[ yygji sVFyRsVVs[
xmsLRi*RsVVsV WTR [RVVsV. Bj xqsRsVV. sxqs=LiaRPRVsVVgS xqsRsVV (45). ssR
RVMsVVNRPV FyxmssVV[ NSLRisVV. @s bPyLRis [R sWRs[V sbPryLiVV. @s sbPLiRV sWLRisVV
sVLjiVVNRP [s[ [RV (46). J sVxL<ki! Fss\[ xqsLRi*y aRPLkiLRisVV][, yNRPV][, sVsxqsV=][
aRPLiNRPLRiVs aRPLRiV s[RV[, y[ \sjNRPVRV;y[ xmsoRVRV; y[ RsVRV; y[ xmsLiTRVRV
(47).
sLi ssy RLS [VuyLi xqsRM xmns[sVM e [uyLi s saS*xqszqsQ xmsoLSLiRNRP xmsps[ ee
48
FyRNSs ssaRPLi RWsLi bPs xmspRW e Vs ysLi FyFys s xqsLi[s sVsVVs[ ee 49
x xyj FyFyyLi LSaRP# [VsxmssVy sVVs[ e bPsxqsQXy ssaRPLi xqsRLi xqsRLi
sysVxsV ee 50
bPsysVRLkiLi Fyxms xqsLiryLSLi RLRiLi [ e xqsLiryLRisVWFyFys Rxqs saRPLiR xqsLiaRPRVsV ee
51
xmsoLRisVVsV sbPLixms[zqss bPsos xmspRVLiRV aRPR gRiyLRiV ARLjiLi[ RLRisVVV sLi
sLis[ xmnssVVsRVsV (48).J sVxL<ki! bPsxmsp[ Fss FyxmssVVV sbPLiRV[, @s
FyxmssVVV W[NRPsVV[ [s[ [so (49). J sVxL<ki! x xyj FyxmssVV @LiRV[s
LSaRPV\ssW bPsxqsLRi[R sbPLiRVsV. s[sV sVVsWNTP xqsRsVVsV xmsVNRPV RVysV (50).
bPsysVsVV @s[ yssV AaRPLiVVLis yLji xqsLiryLRisVW WRsVV \s FyxmssVV sRVW
sbPLi, yLRiV xqsLiryLRixqssVVRsVVsV yVRVLRiV. Bj saRPRVsVV (51).
xqsLiryLRisVWWyyLi FyRNSLi sV sVVs[ e bPsysVNRPVhSlLi[ sya][ RV[ RVssV ee 52
bPsysWsVXRLi }msRVLi FyxmsyysLjiQ\M e Fyxmsyygji RFyyLi aSLi}qss sy s z ee 53

bPs[ ysV{msRVWxtsQ sL<Ri yLS xmsLjixmsoRM e xqsLiryLRiRssV[szms s a][R s xqsLiaRPRVM ee 54


s NTP aRP+LiNRPlLi[ xmsoLiryLi LSgRi[*xtsQLRiyRysV e Rj*yyLi z xqsxry sVVNTP LRis xqsLRi*y ee
55
J sVxL<ki! xqsLiryLRisVVsNRPV sVW\sVs FyxmssVVV bPsysVs[V g]R[ sbPLiRV saRPRVsVV
(52).FyxmssVs[ yygji[ {msTLixmsRV sWssoV bPsysVsVs[ @sVXRsVVsV FyssVV
[RVssV. FyxmssVs[ yygji[ {msTLixms RV yLjiNTP bPsysVsVV [NRPVLiy aSLi [RV (53).
bPsysVsVs[ @sVXRsL<RiyLRi][ RTzqss sWssoRV xqsLiryLRisVs[ yygji sVR[ sVssW
RVMLiRRV. ks[ xqsLi[xsVV [RV (54). LSgRi [*xtsQsVV RVLiRV xqsNRPQ\sVs @LiRM
NRPLRisVVgRi yLjiNTP aRPLiNRPLRiVs RVLiRV NRPV NRPVRLRiRV. aRPLiNRPLRiVs RVLiRV NTP NRPVjLjis sWssoNRPV
bdPxmnsVsVVgS sWORPQsVV LiRVsV (55).
@sLiR slLi[s RxmsxqsxmsLi sxtsQ e R\|qs#s NTPLRis yds Fys[ ee 56
yzms aRPLiNRPlLi[ NTP LRixqs ryyLRi sXy e xmsLRiLi R*s ylLi[ bPsNTPLRi}msOTPQy ee 57
RVry ryyLRi aRPLi NTP LRisyLji e R\|qs#s sWORPQxqsV=[ ys}qs sVLRisV ee 58
NRPXy*xmssLiRFyFys RVj NTPLRi}aRP*lLi[ e xqsLRi*Fyxms ssLRiVQQN][ s[s s xqsLiaRPRVM ee 59
sLi xqs ryRQXOSQ RsRgS RVy ss[ e Ry sLi RgSs aRPLiNRPLS sVxmnsWszms ee 60
@sLiR s RVLiRV RxmssVV yRLjiLis ysNTP sWRs[V yds[s VVNRP Fys VRgRiV
aRPLiNRPLRiVs RVLiRV NTP NRPVRVLRiVsV (56). xqsLiryLRisVV[s BRLRi sxqsVso][ xqssWssVVgS aRPLiNRPLRiVs
RVLiRV NTP NRPVjLjiy, @j sLRisVV . bPsos RVLiRV @RLiR\sVs xmsLSNTP sWORPQryRssVgRiVsV
(57). FsssNTP aRPLiVs RVLiRV @RLiR, @ryyLRi NTP NRPVRVLRiV[, ysNTP sWRs[V sWORPQsVV
xqsVsVVgS LiRVss y @FyRVsVV (58). @sLiR FyxmssVVsV [zqss y\ssW
sV}aRP*LRiVs RVLiRV NTP gRiy\s][, AFyxmssVVsRVW ]gjiFsossV[ xqsLi[xsVV

[RV (59).sssVV[ sXORPQsVVV yygji [ RgRiQ\sVs dLRiVs, aRPLiNRPLRi NRPV FyxmssVVsRVV


RgRisVVgRiVsV (60).
W sR xqsxmspyLig][ bPsxmsp[sV[ # s[` e xqs RLRi[s xqsLiryLRi sVFyLRisV yLRiVsV
ee 61
x xqs*xLRiLi NRPXy* xy*zms xs xs e s xms[ sLRiM Fy\|msLji*LRiWFyORPQxqs
}qssNRPM ee 62
s[NRP s[yss bPs\|qs#yLRisLi xmsLRisV e xqsLiryLRiyaRP[FyRV B xmsp\lLiQQ*Lji*sbPRsV ee
63
@RxmsX RV[s rysy[ RVy sj e ryLiLi xqsybPsLi NSQ sRLi sV}aRP*LRisV
ee 64
AFyR sVxqsNRPLi xqssVN`P xqs[RW ryRLRisV e xqsLRi*aRPVaRPVRLi \ZaPsLi sVLiRLi xms xtsQRORPQLRisV
ee 65
Fss\[ xmsjssVV xqs[ xmssR\sVs [xsVV gRiy\, bPsxmsp RRLRiV\ RVVLiRV[,
yRV @sLiR\sVs, sVNTP RVLiNRPLRi\sVs xqsLiryLRi xqssVVRsVVsV saRPRVsVVgS RLjiLiRgRiVsV
(61). sVVNRPLi [sos xmspLiRV NRPVsNRPV x RyxmsxLRisVV ss NRPlgi[ FyxmssVV,
sVLjiRVV @s[NRP x xR FyxmssVV NRPWR @Liso (62). xmspLRi*sVV VVxtsvV
s[RsVVssds xmsLjibdPLi, bPyLRiss[V xqsL][*RQXxtsQsVgRiV xqsLiryLRiRLRi ryRssVs [Lji.
(63). dsso Cy sVLiT rysysVR\s xmsRVR xmspLRi*NRPsVVgS xmsjssVV RVysjgS NTP][
ryLi xqsybPsos LiRVsVV (64). FyRsVVsVLiT R sLRiNRPV xqssV aRPR][ RNRPgS RLjiLi,
xqsLRi*s[R xmsFyjR\sVs'ssVbP+yRV' @sV sVLiRsVVsV zmsLiRVsVV (65).
xqsLS*Lilgi[xtsv xmsRV[s LRiVyOSQs bPsss e yLRiRVry* xqsRQ NSQ xqssVLiRLi
sjxmspLRi*NRPsV ee 66

aRPXV\ZaPdsLi NRPyLi sRLi sR \ZaPdsLi NRPyLi xqsy e xmspRVry*RV[s bPsNSs xmsosM xmsosM ee
67
@xmssW[s xqsRRLi bP\sNRP aRPLRi[ s e bPyLRis[s xqsRRsWsLiRM Fyxms[ RVRM ee 68
DLRiryyRV saRP# [ bPsxqs RLRiLiV e bPs dLSs sRLRi xmsRsVLi sVVs xqsRsV ee 69
bPsosNRPV {msNRPLRisVVgRiV LRiVyORPQsV sVNTP NTP][ xmsRVRxmspLRi*NRPLigS sVLiRsVV][
RVysjgS @s @sRVssVV RVLiRV RLjiLiRVsVV (66). sRsVV bPsgSRsV ssVsVV. xqsy
bPsgSRsV xmsVsVV. bPsNRPVsV sVLRi sVLRi xms[NRP aRPR][ xmspLixmsosVV (67).
xqsLRi*NSsVV RVLiRV @xmssVRVR\s bPsos aRPLRiV s[RVsVV. bPsos @LjiLis][ sysLiRsVV
LiRVsV (68). J sVxL<ki! bPs FyRVNRPsV xqs*RsVgRiV sORPQ xqs=sVVsLiRV RLjiLi sVVLiRVgS
bPsdLRisVVsV RLji+LiRVsVV (69).
xmsaRPs sWRQ sVRVLi aRPLiNRPLRixqs xmsLSRsM e gRiysLiRssLi xmsaSRLiV zmsRVRsVLi
sVVs[ ee 70
RR sZaP[*aRP*LRiLi RXuy* xmspsLi NRPVLRiV NTPRM e sy* xqsVy* sZaP[}tsQ sLji*NRP[ sxtsQzqs ee 71
RRaRP sy sWsLi s[RVLi gRisVsLi sVVs[ e x[ZNP[ xqs*NSsWLRiLi aSxqsyssV NTPRM ee
72
sy* xqsVy* sZaP[}tsQ sjLi xqs*sNRPLi sVVs[ e xmsxtsQsLi bPssVRQLi xaRPM {msR [Rry ee
73
xmsLRisWRRVgRiV aRPLiNRPLRiVs ry[s sVzsVsV VLRiVLigRiVsVV. J sVxL<ki! RLRiVyR aRPLiNRPLRiVsNRPV
sVNTP zmsRV\sVs NSbdPsgRiLRisVVsNRPV ssVV (70).@R sZaP[*aRP*LRiVs RLji+Li, NTP][ xmspLi,
ssVxqsLjiLi, sZaP[xtsQsVVgS xqsVLiRVsVV. ds xqsLi[xsVVsRVW ]gjiFsosV
(71).JsVxL<ki! RLRiVyR dsso yRWsV ryLRisVVgS x[NRPsVVsNRPV ssVV. @R ds

N][LjiNRP dLRi gRiRV (72). } sVVs[ ! ds RLiTRVgRiV xNRPV ssVxqsLjiLi AsLiRsVV][ sLiTs
sVsxqsV=][ bPsos sVRQsVVsV sryLRisVVgS @Tgji VxqsVN]sVsVV(73).
xqs\ZaPs xmssL][ sVRQLi aRPLiNRPLRixqs [ e aSsLiVVxtsQ xqsV{msy aRPRysVxqssLi R z ee 74
@RRxqsQ*Li s sVVs[ \ZaPsbP+s xmsLSRVM e sVVNTP gki sZaP[}tsQ bPs}qs aRPLi syxqs ee 75
BRLi sxtsvLRiVsLi {msy xxmsjaRP xmsxqsskM e xqsQXy* sVy* bPsLi xqsVy*
RRxqsQ*LiRLRikRVR ee 76
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi xmsRsVLi[ xqsXxtsvFys[
yLRiRxqs sxtswxms[aRP sLRisLi ysV RRVL][SyRVM (4).
\ZaPso[ ZaP[xtsvRgRiV A x[soRV dsNRPV aRPLiNRPLRiVs aRPRysVrRsVVsV sVNTP {ms][
sszmsLiRgRiRV (74). JsVxL<ki! CysVLiTRVV dsso bPsos aRPR][ xmspLi, \ZaPsoRso NRPsVV.
@V [RVVss dsso sWORPQsVVsV F~LiRgRiso. bPsoRV dsNRPV sVLigRisVVsV [RVgRiRV (75).
xmsxqsssVgRiV sVsxqsV= gRi sxtsvso yLRiRVsNRPV BV {ms][ Dxms[bPLi, bPsos xqsLjiLi
ssVxqsLjiLi, xqsVLi,RLRiVyR @LiR LSssVVsV (76).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsjRVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizRRVLiR sVVR LiR\sVs xqsXxtsv
FyssVV[ yLRiRVsNRPV sxtsvso Dxms[bPLiRV @sV ys @yRVsVV sVVgji|qssV (4).
@R xmsLiRsWsyRVM
yLRiRVRV RLiTs xmsbPLiRV
xqsWR DyR e
@LiRL>ji[ xL_ sFy yLRi][ sVVsxqsRsVM sRyLRi sV{Li xmsaRPs bPsLigSs NTPRM ee 1

xmsXjy @sLi NRPXy* bPsLRiWFys[NRPaRPM e RRLRi+ {ms][ sFy VNTPsVVNTP xmsys xqsM ee 2
@R RLi sRLRiLiRLi N_ yLRiRLi jsRLRi+ssV e y* aRPLiVgRi f RV xqsVRsVVxmsgRiRVM ee
3
bPLRiry xqsVxmssWaRPV gRispRRVLSRLS` e gRiX{y* RLRi Rxqs aSFylLi[RRW R f ee 4
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
J sxmsoLS! sxtsvso @LiRLSssVV NSgSs[, yLRiR sVxL<ji NTP][ bPsLigRisVVsV RLji+xqsW,
W[NRPsVVsLiRRVW xmsLRiLisV (1). J sxmsoLS! ARRV W[NRPsVVsV xmsLRiLi, VNTPs
sVVNTPs B[ @s[NRP bPsLRiWxmssVVsV {ms][ RLji+LisV (2). jss RVgRiV yLRiRVRV xmsxqss
sVsxqsVQ\ W[NRPsVV[ xqsLiRLjiLiRVRVyRs zqs, AaRPLiVNRPVRLRiV ARs sRNRPV sLji
(3). RsVNUPRVTs aSxmssVV sVLiTDyLRisVVsV g][LRiV y\lLi yLjiLRiVsoLRiV sLis[ @RsNTP RsLi
ssVxqsLjiLi, FyRsVVsV xmsVN]s ARLRisVV][ ssLji (4).
bPsgRispRRVM e
xxmsoR xqsVLRilL<i[ z aRPXV {msysWLRi*RM e RyxmsLSRNRPLSLSyyLi sF s sxqsVRM ee 5
AyLi xLRigRi sxms RygRiryLji sVVs[ e xqs*RVLislLi[ LSxmsoyQ sWRW sWzR[Rry ee
6
R*RW RRaRP _ aSxmsM xmslLi[aRP# }msLji[s x e y* NRPVxqssVRVLi RR sss[Vs z sssV ee
7
xqs*NRPLRiM xmnsLi FyxmsLi NRPryzms sz RVxtsQsV e xqsVxmsxqs[ s s[ NRPVLRi*sV gRix sVR _
ee 8
bPsNRPVRLRiV BV xmsNTPLji c

xxmsoy![sL<ki! dsso xmsxqssVR\s sWBRLji sWsV ssVsVV. sxmsosVgRiV s[VsVV


RVyLRisVVgS dsRVLiRV @xmsLSRsVVsV [RV[RV (5). } sFy! s[VsVRLRisVV bPsos
@sVRLRiVsVV. JsVxL<ki! s[VsVV dsRVLiRV RxmsV [zqssV. xqs*RVLi sLRisVV[ sWRW
FyssVV[ dssVsxqsV= LSxmso RVLiR sWxsVV][ sLiTRVVLisV (6).@ dsso
sWNTPRLjiNTP aSxmssVV ss. xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVs }msLRi [Rs[ @V Ljigjisj. @j sWRVNRPV
xqssVRVsVV NSRsRVV, sss[V LRiORPQNRP sVsRVV xqsVN]LisV (7).soRV Rs NRPLRi xmnssVVsV
F~LiRVsV. BRLRiVsV RWztsQLixms s [RV. } xms[! dsso sWRVLiRV xmsxqssVR\s sVsVVsV
gRizLixmsosVV (8).
xqsWR DyR e
sR ANRPLRiQ gRiW Lji NRPVQQ NRP sWRLS` e xmsRV yR sVVs iM {msy xmsaSyxmssVyxms xqsM
ee 9
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
bPsos @sVRLRiVRLRiV NTP][ zmss C sWsV ss, yLRiRsVVs xmsaSyxmssVVsV F~Lijs
y\, {ms][ ARLRisVV][ sV RVsV (9).
yLRiR DyR e
aRPXVRLi s[V sV[sgRi sWsRs xqsysV e sRsLi xqsVRLi sWxsLRiVQQNRPLi R
RVyLRiNRPsV ee 10
xmsoLS sVsV sVLRiQuy{qs s[ysaS` RVssV e xqsLRi*y sWxsWxmssaRP+xmsys yLi
NRPVZaP[sVVztsQM ee 11
RVRVNRPLi RRy s Ryzms aRPXVyLi gRi e aSFyLRisVxLi s ORPQs[VysVxmnsVsVR s[V ee
12

dsLSsV ssLRiryFyQ* LSORPQ}qs aRPR*sW jaRPsV e ryyLi ssxqsLiRVVN_ _ xqsVxmsyzms_ ee


13
yLRiRVTV xmsZNPsV c
sV[ysV RLRiVLS! y sWsV ssVRV. dsVLRiV xqsRVLRiVxtsv[ sVNTP ZaP[xtsvV. dsVLRiV
xqsVsVVsV NRPgjiLiRV, sWxsVV[s xqsRsRssVVsV xmsNTPyLRiV (10). N]jNSsVV NTPRsVV
yVj xtsQ\sVsj. bPsos BR sss[ @V LjigjisRsV saRPRVsVV. s[sV xmspLjigS
sWxsVVsV F~Lij, RVxtsQVj gRiy\ sVsVVsRLjids aRPzmsLis (11). y aSxmssRssVVV
xqsRsVVLiVV dLRiVsV. @LiVVssW, bPsNRPVLS! y LiVW FyxmssVVsV ORPQsVLiRVRV (12). sVVs
ZaP[xtsvs R\ xmso, dsVLRiV xqsLixmsRVV gRi y\lLi sVV, xmsyxmssVV gRi LSORPQxqs xmsVsoV
@gRiVRVLRiV (13).
xqsLRi* LiRLS_ bPsN_ [LijR e bPyxmsLRiR[LRiQXRVLi Fyxms xqs*Li xmsRsWxms=QRM
ee 14
dsVLRiV BLijRVRVsVV gRi bPs NRPVQ\ bPsos lLiLiRs xqs*LRiWxmssVgRiV sxtsvso [[
sVXRVsosV F~Lij, dsV xqs*ryssVVsV F~LiRLRiV (14).
xqsWR DyR e
By NRPLRiQ sVVs[LS*NRPLi yLRiRxqs sVRsM e D xLRi gRi {msf xqs*Li xmsRLi gRiRVLRiV
y ee 15
yLRi][szms xmsLRiLi {ms][ yRV ssVss kM e sRyLRi sV{Li xmsaRPs bPsdLSs dNRPaRPM ee 16
NSbdPLi FyFyR xqs sVVsxqs=L][*xmsLji sLSysV e bPszmsRWLi aRPLiV xqsVLi xmsyLi
aRPLiVxqs*LRiWzmssV ee 17
RXuy* NSbdPLi NRPXyL][sW` NSbdPyRLi RRLRix AsLRi xmsLRisV {msy xmsLRisWsLiRxqsLiRVVRM
ee 18

sVRVRgRiV yLRiRsVVs VVNRP C yNRPsVVsV ss bPysV RLRiVRLRiV xqsLiRzqsLi,


AsLiRsVV][ RsV ryssVVsNRPV sLji. (15). yLRiRVRV NRPWR sVNTP xqsLiRzqsLi, bPsos
GNSsVgRisVgRiV Vj][ ysxqsW, W[NRPsVV[ bPsdLRisVVssLids RWxqsW xqsLiRLjiLisV
(16). RLRiVyR A sVxL<ji NSbdPs [lLisV. NSbdP dLRisVVsLi[ g]xmsj. bPsosNRPV zmsRV\sVsj.
NSbdP bPsos xqs*LRiWxmssVV (17) .@RRV NSbdPs RLji+Li NRPXyLRiVRVsV. NSbdPyRVs RLji+Li,
xmsLRisWsLiR LjiRV\ xmspLisV (18).
xqssVVRM }qss yLi NSbdPLi NRPXyL][ sVVsxqsRsVM essVs xqsLisLRiRVs NSQ* xqsLixqsLRisV
}mssVsx*M ee 19
x[NRPLi gSsWR bPsxqsLRi xqssM e bPsRRQ*Li sZaP[}tsQ RVsVRVxqs= yLRiRM ee 20
sy* RR sjLi NSQ xqsVy* R ss\ xqsQ=Q\sM e xmsxmsR zqss RRQ*Li zqss xqsLiNRPsWsxqsM ee 21
A sVxL<ji AsLiRsVV][ A NSbdPsgRiLRisVVsV }qssLi, bPsosNTP ssVxqsLjiLi, NTP][ bPssVzsVsV
sLjiLi, }mssVyNRPVV\ bPsos xqsLjiLi NRPXyLRiVyVsV (19).bPsos xqsLjiLiRV[ xmssR\sVs
Vj gRi A yLRiRVRxmsoRV bPsRRQ*sVVsV @jNRPsVVgS RVg][Lji x[NRPsVVsNRPV ssV
(20). @R xNRPV NTP][ ssVxqsLjiLi, ssR rRsVV][ xqsVLi, bPsos RVLiR NTP][
sLiTs sVsxqsV= gRiy\ bPsRRQ*sVVsV gRiWLji xmsbPLisV(21).
yLRiR DyRe
s x xqs*LRiWxms zmsysVx gRiRQ [ e R*RQryysRW xqsLRi*Li
suLSRQsVVRsVsV ee 22
NTPsWLRiLi ssWLRiLi RFsWLRiLi xqsVRVxqsLRisV e yssWLRisVLi R dLSyLi sWLRiLi R
aRPVRysxsV ee 23
s RLi bPsRRQ*Li R xmspsjsVRM NRPsW` e RLjiRLi ssRLi Rxqs ss[RRV sVsV xms[ ee
24

sLRiV[szms bPsryR xqsgRiV aRP+LiNRPLRiM NRPRsV e bPsRRQ*Li s ysV sWzRbP+s sWRV RW ee


25
yLRiRVTV xmsZNPsV c
} xs!dsso xmsLRix xqs*LRiWxmssVV sLjiLigjis yRso. } zmsysV! dsso gRiRVsNRPV
@kaRPVRso. s[sV ds @sVgRixsVV[ DRsVsVgRiV sxtsv sVRQsVVsV xmspLjigS ssRVVLis
(22). NTP sWLRisVVsV, ssWLRisVVsV, NRPhjissVgRiV RF sWLRisVVsV, yssWLRisVVsV, sVLjiRVV
dLRisWLRisVVsV s[sV ss RVVLis (23). NSs, yNRPV bPsRRQ*sVV RVRV. NSsos, }
xms[! yNRPV bPsxmsp sjs, bPsos ssR RLjiRsV NRPsVsVVgS xmsVsVV (24). RLiU! bPsoRV
sLRiVV\ssW xqsgRiVVRV FsV @LiVVyRV?s[sV bPssWRV[ sWzRVRsgRiV[,
bPsRRQ*sVVsV RVNRPVysV (25).
xqsX}tsQM xmspLRi*Li NRPRLi aRPLiV xqs=Q*LRiW}ms xmsztsQRM e xqsXztsQ sV[ xqs zNRPRLi NUPRs xqsLisLRi[
xmsVM ee 26
RRLi[ R NRPRLi [sxqs= xtsQ sV}aRP*LRiM e NRPRLi xmsxqssyLi RW aRPLiNRPL][ [NRPaRPLiNRPLRiM ee 27
xqsLiRVxtsQaRP xqs*# ZNP[M xmslLi[aRP sV}aRP*LRiM eNTPLi xmnsLi RVR s[ RR=LRi*Li NRPRRVxqs*s[V
ee 28
xqsRM xmsxqs[ gRiys sdRsVaRPVaRPVsV e NTP xmsRWxqsLi xqs sVs xmsaRP RRWxmsLRiM ee 29
xqsXztsQNTP xmspLRi*sVV aRPLiVRV Rs LRiWxmssVV[ FsV xmsztsQRV\ RVVLisV ? A xmsVso
zqsNSsVV[ NUPTLiRV sRsVj? (26). A sV}aRP*LRiVRV xmsRV NSsVV[
sVLiRVsV?[NRPsVVNRPV aRPVsVVsRV aRPLiNRPLRiVRV xmsxqsssVgRiV sRsVj? (27). }
xs! sV}aRP*LRiVRV xqsLiRVxtsv\ Rs NRPVNRPV, BRLRiVNRPV GsV xmnssVVsRVsV? C
xqsLRi*sVVsV yNRPV xmsVsVV (28). gRiys aRPLiNRPLRiVRV bdPxmnsVsVVgS xmsxqssVRgRiVss ssRVVLisV,
A sVsV soRV RRWso. NRPV aRPsVsV RWR[RV (29).

sxtsvLRi}aRPaRP RW [ybP+yLiaRP M e sV}aRPxqsR xmspLSLiaRP xqs=Q*RVs[Vs bPsM xmsLRiM


ee 30
RrysLS ssVz RLjiys sZaP[xtsQRM e DsWsLSssWz Rj*yxLi Ry s[ ee 31
RyL>RiQ xqsLi sZaP[}tsQ Ry dM xmsLS @zms e GRR=LRi*Li RysR NRPRdsRVLi R*RWssxmnsV ee
32
RRVRLi syxLi R bPyRWxqsV sZaP[xtsQRM e xmsWz s[V xmsyR gRiVxs R\s R ee 33
x sxtsv sV}aRPVV sVVgRiVLRiV [soV bPsos @LiaRPsVLiT sLiLji. yLji[ sV}aRPVRV bPsos
xmspLRi @LiaRPsVV][ sLisV. NSs, sV}aRPVRV ryOSQRVgS xmsLRisVbPso[ (30).bPsos
AsLSssVVsV, sZaP[ztsQLi dsV xmsVsVV. } xms[! DsV VVNRP AsLSssVVsV,
sVLjiRVV syxsVVsV xmsVsVV (31).sVLjiRVV } @sxmnsW!bPsos gSL>RiQ xqssVVsV, dsV,
BLi[V gSNRP BRLRi gSRssLids xmsVsVV (32). } xmsxms[! DsV VVNRP
AsLSssVVsV, syxsVVsV sVLjiRVV gRiVxs ssV yNRPV xmsVsVV.
x aRP aRPVRLi xmspLRi*Li s RXFszqs gRiRQ[ e @RryQ*Li aRPLRiLi FyxmsM NRPXFyLi NRPVLRiV
sVsWxmsLji ee 34
B aRPVy* sRxqsxqs yLRiRryLigRi xqs z e DyR sRsLi RR [NRPzmsysVxM ee 35
B $ bPs sV xmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi xmsRsV Li[ xqsXxtsvFys[
yLRiR xmsaRP sLRisLi ysV xmsLiRsWsyRVM (5).
} gRiyRVNS! s[sV @s[NRPV sVLiT xmspLRi*sVV ss RVVLis. @LiVVssW, RXzms NRPVgRi[RV.
NSsoss[, ssV aRPLRiV s[Ts. y\|ms RRVsVV RWxmsosVV (34). NRPVsWLRiVRgRiV yLRiRVs C
sWsV ss, [NRPzmsysVxRgRiV x @xmsoRV BV xmsZNPsV (53)
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[s lLiLiRsj RVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizR RVLiR sVVR LiRsVV @gRiV
xqsXxtsv FyssVV[ yLRiR xmsaRP sLRissVsV HRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (5).

@R xtsQusyRVM
sxtsvso sLiRV
x[yR e
[ s ryRV xmsXusxLi R*RW sVRxqsRsV e [N][xmsNSLji sRLi [NSyLi
zRNSsVRW ee 1
RVRVQy* xqsLRi*[NSyLi xqsLRi*FyxmsORPQW # s[` e RRxLi [ xmssOSQQsV bPsRRQ*
sVysVRVsV ee 2
bPsRRQ*Li sVRW \ss sxtsvyzms RVyLRiRM e RLi R xmsLRisVLi LRiWxmssVRVRLi R xmslLi[ s ee
3
x BV xmsZNPsV c
J sVxL<ki! dsso g]xms sy*LixqsVRso. sRsVV [NRPV zRsVVsV g][Lji, [NRPsVVsNRPV
DxmsNSLRisVV [}qs dsso ssV RNRPgS xmsbPLis (1).s[sV dsNRPV xms[so sL][xtsQsVgRiV
bPsRRQ*sVVsV ss sWssoLiRLji FyxmssVVsRVW sbPLiRVsV (2).bPsRRQ*sVVsV s[sV gSs,
sxtsvsogSs xqssVgRisVVgS sLRiVLigRisVV. @j xqsL][*RQXxtsQ\sVsj, @RVR\sVsj, BRLRiVNRPV
RVLSsj (3).
sVxmsRVNS[ R s}tsQ rysLRi LigRis[V e A{qsRsWsVRVLi xqsLRi*sVsLRi gRixyLRiNRPsV ee 4
@RLiRsVsx[LSR sVsgRiQQ sWsV e @xmsysLi sRWRWs sVs[[ ssLjiRsV
ee 5
@RXxtsQy*jLRizRLi aRP xqsLRi+ssVVRsV e @sQQNRP gRiLiRLRiWxmsLi R LRixqsRQQNRPsVj sV ee 6

BRLi xqsRLiR RsV}qs xqsWd[[ sLRiLiRlLi[ e RR=RQ} RVRVQy xqs[NRPLi xmsxmsR[


ee 7
sV xmsRVsVV xqsLisLis NSsVV[ RLSRLRigRiRV sbPLiRgS, xqsLRi*sVV dNRPsVRVsVVgS
sVLisV. xqsWLRiVRV, gRixsVVV, sORPQ RsVVV [NRPVLisV (4). RLiRVRV, LSLigRi, @gji,
yRVVso, WsV, sVV, @sQQNRP RRQ*sVV, BRLRi [xqsV=V [NRPVLisV. ANSaRPsVV aRPWssVVgRi
sVLisV (5). @RXxtsQsVV sVVR\ss [NRPVLisV. aRP, xqsLRi+, gRiLiR, LRiWxms, LRixqssVVV
[NRPVLisV. jgji*gRisVV NRPVLisV (6).C sRsVVgS xqsWj][ F~RVRVNRPV aRPNRPsW @sV
Ds R\sVs NRPNRP dNRP sWRs[V DLisV. 'RR=RQx' @sV aRPV[ xmsFyjLixms[ xqsRV
INRP sWRs[V DLisV (7).
BdRXaRPLi RVy y{qsRRR=RxqsyRNRPsV e Wgji[LisRL>jiyNSZaP[ RVRaRPLi sLRiLiRLRisV ee
8
@sV[g][RLRiLi yyLi s NRPyRs e @ysVLRiWxmssLRiLi R s xqsWLi s R RVRQXaRPsV ee 9
@xxqs* kLRisVxmnsVV gRiVLRiVR*xmsLjisLjiRsV e s RV][xmsRRVM NRPbPRy yxmsRWszms R ee 10
@R[ xqs RNTPRLi RVR{qs aRPVM xmsosM exqsRLi ssVsLiRLi R xmsLSsLiRLi xmsLRiLi sVxM ee 11
Bj, Bj, Gj, @j Byj sVWLSsVWLSRNRPsVgRiV gRiRV A xqssVRVsVV[ [NRPVLisV.
@xmsVRV Ds xmsLRixsVVsV WgRiVV xXRRWNSaRPsVV[ xqsLRi*y RLji+LiRLRiV (8). @j
sVsxqsV=sNRPV g][RLRisVVNSRV. yNRPVsZNPsRW sxtsQRVsVV NSRV. ysNTP ysVLRiWxmssVVV,
sLRisVV (LRiLigRiV, xj [RsVV) [so. @j xqsWsVV NSRV. NRPXbPLisj NSRV (9).
F~NSRV, F~RVgRiV NSRV, [NRP NSRV. LRiVso NSRV. ysRVLiRV |msLRiVgRiVR [RV. RgRiVR
[RV (10). xqsR y sLiR xqs*LRiWxmssVV, xmsLRisWsLiR xmnsVssVV, xmsLRiLi[LRiWxmssVVsgRiV, A
xmsLRixsV gRiVLjiLi, sxqsRWsxtsQsVgRiV aRPV '@zqs (Dsj)' @s sWRs[V xms gRiVRVsj
(11).
@xmss[VRVsVyyLRisVsNSLRisVyNRPX esLRiVLi WgjigRisVLi R xqsLRi*y}msNRP NSLRisV ee 12

sLji*NRPLi sLSLRiLiLi sLSRVLi sLRiVxmsRssV e @j*dRVssVyRLiR sVsNSLRiLi yRNRPsV


ee 13
RV}qsRLi xqsLisNRPLi[ xqsLixqsLi[NTPRxqs=Q \s e NTPRVy \s NS[s j*d[Vyss ee
14
@sVWlLi[s xqs*sVWLjiaRP [yNRP xqs*dRW e xqs\lLiQQ*aRP*LRigRiV[}msy xqsLRi*s sVRVW aRPV ee
15
xmsLRix xmssWg][RLRisVV NSRV.@ssVV\|ms AyLRixmsRRV.@j sNSLRisVVV [sj. ANSLRisVV
[sj. gRiVsVVV [sj. xqsLRi*yxmsNRPsVV, gRiRVsNRPV G\ZNPNRPNSLRisVgRiV xmsLRixsV WgRiVV
F~LiRgRiVRVLRiV (12). @j sNRPsVVV [sj. @j [sj sWRW xmsssVV[sj.
DxmsRssVVV [sj. xsVV NRPLi sQQ\sVs j*dRVsxqsVso GjRVW [RV. @j
ARLiRsVVV [sj. sNSLRisVVV [sj. @j \RsxmnsVssVV (13). C dLRiVs xmsLRixsV
gRiVLjiLi xqs*LRiWxms, Rxqs ORPQsVVV EzLixmsRVsV. @ xmsLRisWRNRPV yNSsVV RLRiVyR
\Q*RsVVsLiRV BR NRPlgisV (14).sLSNSLRiVRgRiV A xmsLRisWR Rs d[,
xqs\lLiQQ*aRP*LRigRiVsVV][ NRPWTs, xqsLRi*sRVVR\sVs, sVLigRiNRPLRisVgRiV {qs*RVsVWLjis
NRPLisV (15).
xqsLRi*gS xqsLRi*LRiWFy R xqsLRi*RXNRP=LRi*NSLji e xqs\lLiQQ*NRPsLiy xqsLS*y xqsLRi*y xqsLRi*xqsLixqsQXM ee
16
xmsLjiNRP[Q yLi sVWLjiQ\sVaRP*LkiLi aRPVRLRiWzmssV e @j*dRVsVyRLiRLi xqsLS*sLi
yRNRPsV ee 17
@LiRLRi[ xmsLSLi RVRQx xqsLRi*gRisVsRVsV e @sVWlLi[M RVRLSLi \s Rxqs sVWLji
xqs=ybPsM ee 18
@LS*dyM xmsLSdy CaRP*LRiLi RLi gRiLRiVyM e aRPNTPxqsQ\NRP[yzms \|qs#*LRiLi sxLRiy RsVM ee 19

xqs*sgRiR=Q*RVLi xqsXuy xqs*aRPLkiLSsFyLiVVds e


A sVWLji xqsLRi*LRiWxmssVVsV RLjiLis\, xqsLRi*sVVsV F~Lij, xqsLRi*sVVsV RWxqsW, xqsLRi*sVVsV
[RVVsV. xqsLRiV*[ ssVxqsLjiLixmsRgjis AsV xqsLRi*sVVsNRPV Aj; xqsLRi*sVVsV BRVsV. @sW[V
xqsLRi*xqsLixqsQXRVNRPV sVWsVV (16). j*dRVsVV [sj, ARLiRsVVV [sj, xqsLRi*sVVsV
xmsNSbPLixms[RVV RssVV, xqsLRi*yxmsNRPsVV, syaRPsVV [sjRVgRiV xmsLRix aRPVRLRiWzms,
CaRP*LjiRVgRiV A sVWLjis xqsXLi @LiRLSssVV LisV (17). sVWLji LRizR\sVs xmsLRix
VVNRP sVWLji[V xqsybPsoRV (18).ARVs[V CaRP*LRiVRs Fyds, ARVsNRP sy*LixqsVV
yNRPVyLRiV. GNSNTP\V }qs*RgS xqsLiRLjiLiRV xqsybPsoRV (19) Rs xqs*LRiWxmssVVsVLiT Rs
NRPLi ssVVNSs aRPNTPs xqs*RVsVVgS xqsXztsQLisV.
xmsysLi xmsNRPXLi yLi R sWRWLi gRiVsdLi xmsLSsV ee 20
Vj RRQ*xqs sdssWxLji*NRPX sLjiysV e ry aRPNTP LRiLiNS FNS xmsNRPXxqs=NRP [aRP*Lki ee 21
[s sds sy sVWNSLRisVRVR e @ry @u VaSxqss sR sRy aRPV ee 22
LSNS RLiR xqsxxqsxqs sRs[ aRP sRaRPM e yy LRi xqsLiRVVNS yygRixqssVs*y ee 23
yyRVVRRLS [ds xmso xmsLiNRP[Ry e@LiR [ry RVVNS xqsLRi*Wsxqs=sVVRy ee 24
AsW[V xmsyssVV, xmsNRPX, sWRV, gRiVNRP (20). xmsLSaRPNTP, xqssVztsQ V RjRRQ*sVVsNRPV
ss, sNSLRisVV [sj RVs VVxtsvV xmsVRVLRiV. AaRPNTP[V @LiNRP, xmsNRPX, xqsLRi*sVVsNRPV
CaRP*LjiRVs xmsRVsV (21). sVLjiRVV AsV x sxtsvLRiVRVNRPV ss, sR, sVW
NSLRisVV @s NRPWR xmssV. AsVNRPV FsssVj VsVVV gRiso. AsV VVNRP
sVLigRiNRPLRisVgRiV sVVsVV @s[NRP LRiLigRiV][ a][VsV (22). AsV sVVsVV[ @sLiRxmspLjisW
RLiRV NSLi sRsVV xmsNSbPLiRVsV. AsV @s[NRP ALRisVVsV RLjiLiRVsV. AsV @s[NRP
sRsVV gRi NRPj (23). @s[NRP ARVVRsVVsV RLjiLi[ A [s VVNRP s[RsVVV sNRPzqsLis
xmsRsVVs sVLiRVsV. AsV [xqsV= ExNRPLiRsj. DRsV bdPRVgRiV AsV[V
xqsLRi*NSLRisVV (24).

GNSNTPds RVy sWRW xqsLiWgSyxmss[NTPNS e xmsLRiM xmsosW dsaRP*LRixqs= bPsaRP+LiVLRidsaRP*LRiM ee 25


bdPlL<i[ sVLiyNTPdsyLki RLiRzqsQ[RsM e xmsLiRsNRPQM xmsxqsyy RaRPxzqsQ aRPWRXN`P ee
26
NRPLRiWLRi g_LRixqsVzqs][ rRWR sgRixM eRVVgRixmsR RRW aRPNSQ ryNRPLi NSxqs*LRiWzms ee 27
bPs[NSRLi ZOP[Q RLi sLjiRLi [s e R[s NSbPZNP[[R ][QR[ ZOP[Q RsVVRsVsV ee
28
AsVRV GNSNTPs[V @LiVVssW, gRiV xqsLiWgRisVV[ @s[NRPsVVgS @gRiVsV. A xqsybPso[
xmsLRisVxmsoLRiVxtsvRV. CaRP*LRiVRV, bPsoRV, aRPLiVso. ARVsNRPV CaRP*LRiVV [LRiV (25).ARVs R\|ms
sVLiyNTPss, FnysVVsLiRV RLiRVs RLjiLiRVsV. ARVs sVWRV NRPsVV, @LiVVRV sVVsVVV,
xmsj [RVV gRiyRV. xmsxqsssVgRiV sVsxqsV= gRiyRV. ARVs aRPWsVVsV
RLjiLiRVsV(26).ARVs [xsVV NRPLRiWLRisVV s xmsRgS, gS sVLiRVsV. ARVs
[xsVLiR xqssV RLjiLiRVsV. NS xqs*LRiWxmsoRgRiV @xmsLRi x aRPNTP][ V
(27).bPs[NRPsVVsV ZOP[Q RsVVsV sLjiLisV. A DRsVZOP[Q RsVVsNRPV NSbdP @sV }msLRiV gRiRV (28).
xmsLRiLi sLS* xqsLisLi xqsL][*xmsLji sLSRsV e yLi R LRisVLi R Rzqss ZOP[Q [
sV[LRis[V ee 29
xmsLRisWsLiRLRiWFyLi xmsLRisWsLiRLRiWzms e sVVs[ xmsRVNS[szms s R` ZOP[Q RLi NRPyRs ee 30
ssVVNRPLi z bPyLi RVRssVVNRPLi R][ sRVM e @rysLiRssLi ysV xmsoLSsNSLji zmsyNTPy ee
31
ZOP[Q RrysLiR}RVy* RssVVNRP sVsLiRLRisV e
NSbdPsgRiLRisVV xqsLRi*ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV sWORPQ sgRiLji. dLRisVV[ ZNP g]xmsj\V xmsNSbPLiRVRVsj.
xmsLRisWsLiR ryssVgRiV A xqsVLiRLRiZOP[Q RsVVsLiRV xmsLRisWsLiR LRiWxmsogRiV bPsaRPNRPVV DLiRVLRiV
(29). J sVxL<ki! FyLRi*d xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVV xmsRVNSsVLi\ssW A ZOP[Q RsVVsV GyRV sRVsLRiV

(30). @LiRVsss[ C ZOP[Q RsVVsNRPV @ssVVNRPsVV @s }msLRiV. xmspLRi*sVV bPsoRV AsLiRsVVsV


NRPgjiLiRVsRgRiV[ C @ssVVNRP ZOP[Q RsVVsNRPV AsLiRsVs }msLjisV (31).
@ysLiRss[ Rzqss bPsW LRisVsWWM ee 32
B[R WR=LRilL<i[ z xqsXM N][xmsxmsLRiM NTP e RVzqss RVxqs sVLRisWyLi xqs*Q\|qs#*
LRiyLji ee 33
sLS*yLRiLi NRPVLRi*M ZNP[sLi NSbPaSLiVV_ e xqs Gs xqsLRi*Li NRPVLRiVyLi xqs Gs xmsLjiFyRV R ee 34
xqs Gs xqsLisX[R*Li[ sVRsVgRixRxqs=y e [Rxqs=sVVRsWNRPVLiR LiyNRP[[RsV ee
35
xqsRQ*LRiRLi RsW gSxLi LRi[sRVsVsRsV e RVxqs xmsryyuysxqsV=sWsLiRNSss[ ee
36
J [sL<ki! bPsaRPNRPVRLRiV A AsLiRsssVVsLiRV LRisVLiRVRVLiRgS (32), sVLjiVVNRPss
xqsXztsQLiRsss yLjiNTP xqsLiNRPsVV NRPlgisV. sVLjiVVNRPss xqsXztsQLi, ysRVLiRV
xqsXztsQLRisVVsVLi sVssVV BRLRisVV }qs*RgS (33) NSbdPsgRiLRisVVsLiRVs yLRi\sV
xmsLRisWsLiRsVVsV F~LiRsVV. A xmsoLRiVxtsvRV xqsy y @sVgRixsVV[ xqsLRi*sVVsV xqsXLi,
AR[ xmsLjiFyLiRVgSNRP!(34) xmsRVsVVsLiRV AR[ xqsLRi*sVVsV DxmsxqsLixLjiLiRVgSNRP!LiRV
@s[ RLRiLigRisVV][ xqsLiORPV\sV, xqsRQ*gRiVsVV @s[ LRiRsVVV, RsWgRiVsVV @s[ sVVxqs,
LRi[gRiVsVs[ xmsgRiRsVVV gRiRsVV @s[ xqssVVRsVVsV DxmsxqsLixLjiLiRVN]s (35). A xmsoLRiVxtsvs
@sVgRixsVV ss sVssVRLRisVV AsLiRNSsssVV[ xqsVsVVgS sVLiRsVV (36).
xmsLjiOTPQxms sV[sXf zbPLiyRVlLi[ xqsVsV e xqsLixmsylLi[ xqs sVxqsRW aRPNSQ xmslLi[aRP*LRiM ee 37
xqss[ yFyLRiRWLi RZNP[ RaRP#s[Vslgi[ xqsVyxqsssV e RRM xmsosWysLS{qs [NRPM \Q[NRP xqsVLiRLRiM ee
38

aSLiRxqs=RQ* gRiV[jN][ gSLidLSsVR


sVVs[s[xmssWss` ee 39

rygRiLRiM

Ry

ORPQsVRW

RVVN][

BLiR dsRV $Q+sWsVLiRLki N][Rs[VORPQM xqsVsLRiNRPX X[QxtsQRVNRPWRVVgRisXRM ee 40


xqsRQ RLiR][LRiLiR RVVgRi[ xxmsLSRM e
y sV[sXRVsRVW C sgRiLRisVVsLiRV gRisVgRiVRVss. C sgRiLRisVVsVNRPV RV LiR,
ARVLS gRiso. NSs, sVssVR xqsVsVVgRi sVLiRsVs saRPLiVVLi, aRPNTP xqszRVRgRiV A
xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV (37) Rs FsRsV gRisVVsLiRV ss[LijRVsVVsLiRV @sVXRsVVsV
LijLisV. @xmsoRV INRP [NRPxqsVLiRLRiVRgRiV xmsoLRiVxtsvRV AsLRisLisV (38). J sVxL<ki! ARRV
aSLiRVRV, xqsRQ*gRiVxmsysVRV, gSLidLRisVV sLiRV xqssVVRsVV sLi yRV, sVLjiRVV
ORPQsWgRiVsVV NRPyRV, ry[syRV (39). a][RVVNRPVRgRiV AxmsoLRiVxtsvRV BLiRdssVV
NSLi gRiyRV, xmsRsVV s @LiRsVgRiV NRPsVV NRPyRV, LigRiLRiV LRiLigRiV gRi lLiLiRV xmsV
sxqsQsVVsV RLjiLisV (40).xmsNSbPLi[ \sVs VRLiRsVVV gRi yRRV xmsLSRVRV NSRV.
RRxqs= xmsoLRixtsQaRP+LiVLi xmssV xmsLRis[VaRP*LRisV ee 41
ysWs NRPVLRiV s[V ry*sVs sR NRPLRi gSs e RRVQy* sRsLi Fyx aRPLiNRPLRiM xmsxxqss
xmsVM ee 42
xmsoLRiVxtsQLi RLi sV}aS[ yy s[VxmnsVgRidLRiRW e
@xmsoy xmsoLRiVxtsvRV xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRgRiV aRPLiVsNRPV ssVxqsLjiLi (41), ' J ry*dsV! yNRPV }msLRiV |ms
xmsss A[bPLiRVsVV' @s xmsZNPsV. A sWsV ss aRPLiNRPLRi xmsVRV LRiVsso* ss* (42), s[VxmnsV
gRiLRis sLi R*s][ A xmsoLRiVxtsvs][ sssV.
bPs DyR e
sztsQ* yxmsNRPy*[ ysV RLi sxtsQ ee 43

xsys ysWs NRPr NRPLS x e RxmsM NRPVLRiV RX][ Wy* xmsLRisVLi NSLRiryRssV
ee 44
BRVQQNSQ* aS*xqssWlLi[ R_ R sgRisVLi RRM e R][sRVRbP+sLi sy* RNSLRi sxmsoLi RxmsM ee
45
@LiRLSsLi gRiRaRP+QQNS xqs[NRPM xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiM e jsLi y*RaRPryxxqsLi sL<RiLi RFyQ*zms yRVRM ee
46
s Fyxms ry*ztsQRLi xqsLRi*RLi aRPLiVRLRi+ssV e
bPsoRV BV xmsZNPsV c
yxmsNRPVRsgRiVR[ dsNRPV sxtsvso @sV }msLRiV xmszqsj LiRgRiRV (43). NRPVNRPV AsLiRsVVsV
NRPgjiLiRV @s[NRP BRLRi ysVsVVV dsNRPV NRPVgRiVsV. NSLRizqsjNTP RxmsxqsV= g]xms ryRssVV. NSs
dsso RXRRsVV][ RxmsxqsV= [RVVsVV (44).BV xmsNTP bPsoRV aS*xqssWLRisVV y*LS s[RsVV
xqsLilgisV. @xmsoRV sxtsvso bPsosNRPV ssVxqsLjiLi, g]xms RxmsxqsV=sV [|qssV (45).xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV
aRPNTP ][ NRPWT @LiRL>jiRVRVsV. bPs[NRPsVV NRPWR @LiRLSssVVsV. @RVRVRV xmssLiRV
s[ jssL<RisVVV RxmsxqsV= [zqsssW (46), xqsLRi*sVVsV B[, RsNRPV @dxtsQ\sVs bPsos
ryOSQyLRisVVsV F~LiR[NRP FVsV.
RRR=LiaRPRVsWxmss bPLiRLi xXj ryRLRisV ee 47
sVRWR NTPLi xmsNRPLRissV sxtsvbP+sLi xqsLRis e GRzqssLiRlLi[ y xqssVVRybPsRV ee
48
RxmsM xmsosM xmsNRPLRisLi xqsLiaRPRVryxmssVR[V e RR}qss R RRVQy* RxmsxqsxmsLi xqsVyLRiVsV ee
49
xNSLi Ry ys sWLRixmslLi[ z e RRxqs= xmsoLRiVu sxtsvM xmsV][ yssWLRiRM ee
50

xqsV{ms][ sxqsRVLi FyxmsM NTPLi RVRs sV B exmsLjiaRPsVsRxqsxqs sury=Q*Lilgi[ Gs R ee 51


yLS z xqsLiRWy ssy bP+ssWRVRW e
sxtsvso sVsxqsV=[ @s[NRP xqsLiaRPRVsVVV F~RxqsW|mssV. ARRV ARLRisVV][ (47) bPsos xqsLjixqsW
yNTPxmsVRV NRPLRiss[VsV? @s LisV. BLiR[ bPsos sVLiT 'xqsLiaRPRVsVVsV
Fg]VN]sV\ZNP sVLRi RxmsxqsV= [RVVsVV' @sV yNRPV sVssV (48). A sWsV ss ARRV
LRiNSsVV xmsLRi xyssVV sLiRV ssVgRiVQQ\ NRPh][LRisVgRiV RxmsxqsV=sV [|qssV (49). @xmsoy
sxtsvso yssWLRisVV sVLiT RVNRPV s (50) bPsos sVzsVsV xqsLjiLi {mss,
sxqsRVsVVsV F~LisV. C sRsVVgS NRPhjis RxmsxqsV= [zqss sxtsvso @sRVssVV sVLiT
(51)bPssWRWxmsssVV[ @s[NRP yLRiV RV*RsV.
@yxmsLi R xqsNRPLi aRPWsLi RVRssVVs[ ee 52
xLRiWxmsLi sVWR=QLRi+y yxmsyaRPssV e Ry aSLiRaRP xmsoLRiVu sxtsvxqszqss [
xqs*RVsV ee 53
xqsVuy*xms xmsLRisV {ms][ xNSLi ssWzRM e yLSRV[ ysWzms Rry{qsRVQ xqsLisVRsV
ee 54
ys LiRy {qs`
RyQ*yxqssRsM ee 55

FyNRPXRLi

xmsoLRiVxtsQLi

sy

GRzqssLiRlLi[

NS[

RRQNSLRiLi aRPXV Fy gRiR][ s[V sVsV[ e


J sVxL<ki! @xmsoy @sNSaRPsVVLiRRVW A xLRiWxmssVgRiV sVV[ sLiTFVsV (52). A
sVVsV xqsQXbPLisLiRs[ FyxmssVVV sbPLiRVsV. @xmsoRV @zqss sxtsvso A sVVsLiRV (53)
sVNTP xqsLiRxqssVV][ LRiNSsVV sWzRV\ sjLisV. @LiRVsss[, ARVsNRPV s[R
xqssVRsVgRiV yLSRV (sVV\|ms aRPRVsLiRVyRV) ysVsVV NRPlgisV (54). @xmsoy xmsoLRiVxtsvRV
(sxtsvso) RNRP BRLRi xmsNRPX sNSLRisVV [sRVW [NRPVLisV. C NSsVV[s[ A sVRVs

sVLiT ssR RRQ*sVVV DRsLiss. (55). J yLRiy! dsso g]xms VjaSs. A RRQ*sVVV
xmsos dLRiVsV s[sV |msRsV ssVsVV.
xmsNRPX[aRP sVy{qssxRaRP gRiVxqsQRVM ee 56
@xLiNSLRixqs][ R zqsQ s][ gRiV[RRM e RyyaRP R][ yM xmsLiRWys \s RRM ee 57
R\s ydsLijRW sNRPLRisVRWs R e RyQ* ysV xqsLissVVNRPLi [ VVztsQxqsRsV ee
58
yRNRPLi R RR=LRi*Li xmsNRPX[M xmsoLRiVxtsQLi sy e RRQ\NUPNRPXRLi RRQ*Li RRVLji*LiaRP xqsLiNRPsV
ee 59
bPs[RRW gRiX{y* xqs xqsVuy*xms xLRiWxmsZNP[ ee 60
B $ bPs sV xmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi xqsXxtsvFys[ xmsRsV Li[
sxtswR sLRisLi ysV xtsQuSyRVM (6).
xmsNRPX sVLiT sVxRV sVLiT xqsRQ*LRixqssWgRiVsVVV xmsosV (56). CgRiVsVV [RsVV[
sVWRV sRsVV\s @xLiNSLRisVV xmsosV. @xLiNSLRisVV sVLiT xmsLiRRyRV, y sVLiT
@LiVVRV xqsW WRsVVV xmsoss (57). @[ NSsVV[ s[LijRVsVVV, NRPlLi[LijRVsVVV
xmsoss. J sVxL<ki!dsNUP sRsVVgS RRQ*sVV NRPsV RWzmsLis (58). xmsoLRiVxtsvRV RNRP,
xmsNRPX sVLiT xmsos RRQ*sVVsRVV RsVV[. sxtsvso C BLRiVsj yV RRQ*sVVsV
GNRPsVV [zqs (59), yss bPsos BR[ Rs[ sVLiRVN]s, x LRiWxmssVgRiV sVV[
sjLisV (60).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsjRVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizRRVLiRV xqsXxtsvFyssVV @s[ sVVR
LiRsVV[ sxtswR sLRissVV @s[ ALRis @yRVsVV sVVgji|qssV (6).

@R xqsxmssWSyRVM
sxtsvx syRsVV
x[yR e
xqsV}ms yLSRV[ [s[ y xmsLiNRPsVVRsVsV e AsLRiWs xqsxry Xx\Q* aRPLiNRPlLi[RRW
ee 1
@sLiRRVztsQNSRVVNRPLi
NRPLjiNSLRixqssVxmssV
sVsLi][yQRVxqsLiRVVRsV ee 2

@sLiR

WyRWsV

N][ xqsWLRixmsdNSaRPLi xqsVLiRLRiLi RRQ* xqsLiRVVRsV e @RRVRLi sVLRisVLi


RLRi+dsRVsVsVRsVsV ee 3
NRPXy* RVRLi xmspLRi*sR= aRPLiNRPLRiM xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiM e ROTPQLigSsyLi \s ryLiaRP+LiVLRis`
ee 4
x BV xmsZNPsV c
yLSRV [soRV sjLiRgSs[, aRPLiNRPLRiVs BR[ @Rs yRVLiRV DRsVsVgRiV |msR xmsR
sVVNRP AsLRisLisV (1). ysNTP @LixqsLiNRPsVVgRiV ysVVV DLisV. @j NRPLjiNSLRi
xmsoxtsQsVVs xmsNSbPLisV. @j @xqsLiNRP WssVV sRV, FsRV NRPgji DLisV (2).
xqsVLiRLRisVgRiV A xmsRsVV FyNRPXRRRQ*sVsLi][ gRiWT N][ xqsWLRiV s zqsLisV.
@RRVRsVV, xqsLRi*ZaP[xtsQsVV, @ xqsVLiRLRisVVsgRiV A xmsRsVV RWR sVVR g]|mssV (3).
aRPVsVVs[ xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV ryLibPsoRV xmspLRi*sVV ss[ RVRsVV [zqs, Rs [xsVV
VVNRP NRPVT gRisVVsVLiT ssV xqsXztsQLisV (4).
xqs sWRW sWzRLi NRPXy* sWLi sV}a][ RVRLi sVVs[ e Ry xmsLiNRPysLSsRWsWxqs
dRW ee 5

Gs sWyR][ [ xmso][xLi }sVgRiLRiNRPM e RRVLRiV[ LRiNRPsLRi zqsQ xmsoLiyLiNTPRsVxqsNRPM ee 6


RyRWsWzRaSxLi ysRLi NRPsVLi sy e xqs*[xsNRPLi yR zmsRLRiLi sRVLRiM ee 7
N][sxLi y NRPVR ARWRM NTPLi NSLRiLi RV sVkRVNRPsV e NRPxqs xmso][sxsVVRsM ZNP[\ss
sLji][sRVy ee 8
J sVxL<ki! A sV}aRP*LRiVRV sLis[ ssV sWRV[ sWzLixms[zqs Rs d[ gRisVVgS
ssV A y xmsRsVV sVLiT AsLRisLixms[|qssV (5). C sRsVVgS zLRigRiLRiVRsgRiV s[sV
yV sVVsVV][, FsLRis [xsVV][, xmsoLiRsVV][ zqsLiRV sVV][ A Aj[sos
xmsoRVsgS sLis (6). sy=! AbPsos sWRV[ sWzRVR\ss s[sV @RsgRiV[ ,
yNRPV sss RLiTs VLRiVLigRiNRP NRP, yNRPV sssj NRPsVs[V RVs sLis (7).
s[ssLjis? FsNRPR sVLiT ss?yNRPLRiss[VsV? s[sV FssLjiNTP xmsoRVR\s sLis? C
xmsRsVVsV sLjiLissLRiV?(8)
B xqsLiaRPRVsWxmssLi VjLSLi xqssVxmsRR e NTP sVLRiLi sWxsWRWsV R`sLi xqsVNRPLRiLi
V ee 9
G RRsV xmsoxtsQxqs xmsyL][xxqsLi xRM e sVyQQLS R xqss[RR sxtsQ s xqsLiaRPRVM ee
10
B VjLi xqssWryRV NRPsVRsL][xRVs e y[ y[ gRiRxqsR sLSLi aRPRNRPLi sVVs[ ee 11
s Li RV sVRW RR NRPsVrys sVVRsVsV e xqsLiaRPRVLi R xmsosM FyxmsM NRPsV[
gRiLiRVsVVRV=NRPM ee 12
B xqsLiaRPRVsVV][ sLiTs yNRPV INRP Ex NRPlgisV. s[sV BV sWxsVVsV F~LiRs[? C
sxtsQRVsVVsV [NRPgS NRPsVg]sRVsV gRiy ! (9). C NRPsVsVVsNRPV NTPLiR xmsRsVVV
AsLRisLis ][ ssV xqsXztsQLisyRV DLiRgRiRsV[ xqsLi[xsVV [RV (10). J
sVxL<ki! BV sLi, s[sV NRPsVsVV sVLiT NTPLiRNRPV jgji, INRP ysVVsVLiT sVLjiVVNRP

ysVVsNRPV LRiVgRiVRW, sLiR xqsLisR=LRisVVV gRiTzmss (11). NSs, A g]xms NRPsVsVV VVNRP
sVVRV yNRPV ]LRiNRP[RV. yNRPV sVLRi xqsLiaRPRVsVVV F~RxqsWzms, Ljigji NRPsVsVV[sNTP s
NRPV xmsRVLis (12).
ALRiVL][R NRPsVLi ysWlLi[ \s sVVs[ e NRPVRLi NRPsVryR ys ssWzRM e e 13
ysWlLi[ sV][ gRiRLi sL<RiaRPRLi xmsosM e ORPQ sWRLi Ry RR RRzqsxtsQs*sWzRM ee 14
Ry y xqssVVRy R}ms xmsLRisW aRPV e bPs[RRW xmsLS [sW sWx sR*Lizqsds sVVs[
ee 15
RRVQy* [sVsRsLi y*RaSLi xmsRVRRM e xmsosxqsxmsLi RF |mnsWLRiLi RxtsvLi xqs*sNRPLi
Ry ee 16
J sVxL<ki! @xmsoRV s[sV sVLRi ysWLRisVV y*LS \|msNTP FsNTPs. NSs, sWzRV\s xmsRsVV
VVNRP sVVRNTP [LRi[NRP Fs (13). Ay sWLRisVV[ s[sV sLiR xqsLisR=LRisVVV
xmsLjisVLis. @xmsoRRsWzRVR\s ORPQNSsVV sTs (14). J sVxL<ki! @xmsoRV bPsos
BR[ ANSaRPsVV sVLiT 'RxmsxqsV= sV [RVVsVV' @sV aRPVNRPLRisVgRiV yNRPV xmsosV. ysWxsVV
]lgisV (15). A ANSaRPys ss s[sV y RLiTs RWRV N][LjiNRP][ sVLRi xmssLiRV
xqsLisR=LRisVVV RVRsVV][ |mnsWLRisVgRiV RxmsxqsV=sV [zqss (16).
Ry z gRiys*xtsvaRPRVLSxxqsV=[RsM e sV[VysVgRixLi NRPLRiVLi RVRsWsLRiWs
x ee 17
aRPLi RNSRVVRNRPL][ gRiy xmsRRLRiM xmsLRiM e xmnsVsaSsV xqsLS*LigRiM {msyLiLRiRLRiLiiM xmsLRiM ee 18
sVVNRPVj sVWxtsQM xmsxqss sVV xmsLiNRPM e N][ NRPLiRLRixqsLiNSaRPxqs=LiRXu sWz[s xqsM ee
19
RRQXuy* xqsVLiRLRiLi LRiWxmsLi sxqsRVLi xmsLRisVLi gRiRM e NSLi NSLiRyLi R xqsLS*ysLi
RRVLRiVsV ee 20

@xmsoRV yV VsVVV, @LiRsVgRiV NRPsVV gRi sxtsvgRiysVRV ssV @sVgRizLiRV\ZNP


ssVsLis[ xmsRQORPQsWVsV (17). ARVs aRPLi, RNRPsVVsV ARVVRsVVsV [RVRVLiRV
RLjiLiRVVLisV. dss[VxmnsVaSsV sLRisVV][ zqsLiRV [xsVVgRi sxtsvso gRiRsV,
xmsRsVVsV RLjiLi, {msyLiLRiV\ xmsNSzqsLisV (18). NTPLkisVVsV, BRLRi ALRisVVsV RLjiLis
sxtsvso VVNRP sVV xmsRsVV xmsxqsssVVgRi sVLisV. s[sV N][ sVsRV rLiRLRisVV gRi
sxtsvsosV RW sWxsVVsV F~Lijs (19).ss s[VsV][, LigRiLRiV ALRisVV][, yV
VsVV][ xmsNSbPLi[ xqsLS*RVNRPVRgRiV sxtsvso VVNRP xqsVLiRLRi LRiWxmssVVsV RW, s[sV
AyaRPLRisVgRiVR\ss (20).
Ry WRsVxLi RXuy* xqsRxqssRWsWR y e yLSRVLi sVxLi xL<ji][ sLi
Ry ee 21
sWRVRW sWzRaRP=Li[ xqsy dRsM xms[M e @sRV xqs*sNRPLi RsV[RLi xmsxL<jiRM
ee 22
xmsNRPX xmsoLRiVxtsQLRiWxmsoRV, sVxso @gRiV yLSRVVs A xqsVLiRLRi LRiWxmssVVsV RW,
s[sxmsVRV xqsLiRzqsLis (21). dsVRVVRgRiV bPsxmsVso VVNRP sWRV[ sWzRVR\ss
s[sV A xqssVRVsVV[ssV xqsXztsQLis RLiT gRiVLjiLi VxqsN]s [NRPFs. s[sxmsVRV
AsLij sxtsvso][ sLis.(22).
x[yR e
NRPxqsQ*Li s[ x}qss xqssVVyxms xqsyRssV e Ry xxqs xmslLi[ ds[ xqsVRX[s RV ee 23
xmsV][yRV aRPRVyR=sW{qssM ORPQLi sbdP e RRLRi+ sysNTPs dsLRisV[RsM ee 24
sWsVR xqsLizqsRLi ry yzqs][ gRiys xLjiM e @x ][yRV Li xxqsyLi sVRVLRiLi
xqsNRPX` ee 25
x BV xmsZNPsV c

xqsyRsVRgRiV sxtsvsosV s[sV 'ds ssLjis ?' @s [][ R[zmss. [][ RsxmsoRV
ARVsNRPV gRi Rgjisj (23). ARVs s RVN]s, aRPRVQ\|ms sVLiT [, ORPQ
NSsVV[ sRsV LiVVLi, sR ]gji RWRVRVs xmsRsVV sLi xqs*RsVgRiV s[RsVV][
RWsV (24). g]xms xmsNSaRPsVVgRi sxtsvgRiysVRV [, @NRPR sT RVVs ssV RW,
sso*RW sVRVLRisVgRiV sWsV xmsZNPsV (25).
sxtsv LRiVyR e
ry*gRiRLi ry*gRiRLi sR= zysVx sVRV[ e sLRiW s y}qssxLi xqsLS*ysWs
xqsLiaRPRVM ee 26
Rxqs RR*RsLi aRPVy* zqsR xmspLRi*Li xqsVLRiL<RiM e LRiry R\sLRiaRP RsV[RLi yLRissV ee 27
sxtsvso BV xmsZNPsV c
sy=! zmsysV! dsNRPV ry*gRiRsVV. ry*gRiRsVV. dsso g]xmsgS xmsNSbPLiRVRVyso.
RVxmsRNRPVsVV. ds N][lLi ssds s[sV sxqs=Li[xsVVgS dlLiRsV (26). [sR[
ZaP[xtsvRsgRiV s[sV yLRisVs LRiVsso*][ gRiWTs A sWsV ss, LRi[gRiVVsVV[ \sLRisVV
gRiy\ ARVs][ BLis (27).
x[yR e
xtsQ}qs sR= s[= xqsLRi* xqsLiLRiNSLRisV e sWsV zqsRLi NRPXy* gRiVLRiVbP+xtsQsVysxmnsV ee
28
NRPLSLRiLi gRiyLi ryOSQ` xmsNRPX[aRP xmssLRiNRPsV e xqsyRssVLi sxtsvLi sLjiLiLi sxtsv xqsLissV ee
29
saS*ysLi syyLRiLi yyLRiLi xmsLiNRP[ORPQsV e NTP sVLRiLi xtsQ}qs sW R*NRPV sVL>Rizqs xqsR*LRisV
ee 30

s[][ sWLi sNTP sRVsWR=Q*RVLi VssVLi sVsV e zmsysVxLi xqs*LSLi R xmsLRis[VztsQs


sVVRsVsV ee 31
x BV xmsZNPsV c
J xmspy! xqsLRi*sVVsV xqsLixLjiLiRV[ NSLRisVgRiV ssV D[bPLi, gRiVLRiVso bPxtsvs s,
sVNTP LRiVsso*][ sy=! sy=! @s xmsVNRPVRVyso (28). s[sV ryOSQRV xqsXztsQNRPLRisV.
xmsNRPXs xmssLji [RVVsj s[s[. s[sV xqsyRsVRsV. s [s yRsV. xqsLRi*yxmsNRPVRsV.
sxtsvso sVLiT sLis xsV (29). saRP* xqs*LRiWxmsoRgRiV syRsV. xmsRsVV sLi
s[RsVVV gRi yRsV. dsso sWzRVR\s y][ BV xmsVNRPVNRPV gRi NSLRisVVsV sLis[
xmsVsVV (30). s[RsVV Rxmss xqsLjigS ssV xqs*RVLiVsoRV, s [syRV, yxmsNRPVRV,
zmsysVxRV, xqs*LS,xmsLRis[VztsQ sVLjiRVV DRsVVRV @s [jLiRVRVsj (31).
ByNRPLRiQ xLjiLS*NRPLi sVsV NRPV][ LRisWxmsM e rzms sWsWx s[ y*Li NRPLSLRisV [NRPRM ee
32
C y sWsV ss OUPQ xms RVgRiV sxtsvso N][zmsLi, '[NRPsVVsV xqsXztsQLisj dss[ss s[sV
VLRiVLigRiVRVsV' @s xmsZNPsV (32).
sxtsv LRiVyR e
NRPLRiVLi RLRiVLi ysLigSRsdL][ sVsWsRW` e sxqsQX][szqs gRiyRLi yLSRV
sVysVRVsV ee 33
xmsoLRiVxtsQLi xmsLRisWysLi xmsoLRiVxRLi xmsoLRiVxtsvRsV e sxtsvsVRVRdsVaSsLi saRP*xqs
xms[RssV ee 34
yLSRVLi sV xLi xqsLRi*yxmsNRPdsVaRP*LRisV e sVyxmsRRxqsQ*Li z xmsxqsW][ yR
xqsLiaRPRVM ee 35

RyxmsLS][ yxqsQR R*LiVV sWRWNRPXRLi sVsV e aRPXV xqsRLi RRVLRi*QQNRPQ xqsLRi*[s[aRP*L][


xxsV ee 36
NRPLS xLS R LS R s sVRWzqs xqssW sVM e @xs[Vs xmsLRiLi x xmsLRiLi RRQ*Li zmsysVxee
37
sxtsvso BV xmsZNPsV c
dsso gRiRVsV xqsXztsQLi,RLjiLiRV N]LRi\ZNP syaRPLRizRsVgRiV y [xsVV sVLiT xmsos . NSs,
[NRPsVVNRPV xmsVso, ][xtsQsVVV [syRV, xmsLRisWR, xqsLRiV*[ FyLjiLixmsRVyRV, xqsLRiV*[
xqsVLixmsRVyRV, xqsLRi*yxmsNRPVRV, @RVRVRV, [NRPsVVsV LRiOTPQLiRVyRV, gRiRVsNRPV ssVR
DFyysNSLRisVV\s yRV (34), RRVLRiVRV, xqsLRi*xqssVLRiVRV, yLSRVVRVsgRiV ssV
sxqsLjiLis. dsso y yRVLiR xmsRsVVsVLiT sLi ssV[ xqsLijRVsVV [RV (35).
ks[ ds @xmsLSRs[VsVRVW [RV dsso y sWRV[ sWzRVR\ss. J yV sVVsVV
yy!xqsRsVVsV ssVsVV. [sRLiRLjiNUP xmsVsosV s[s[ (36).gRiRV VVNRP xqsXztsQ
zqsRVsVVsV [RVVyRsV s[s[. y][ xqssVsVgRiV sVRV [RV. J
zmsysV! xmsLRisVRRQ*sVgRiV xmsLRixsV s[s[ (37).
@xs[Vs xmsLRiLi [M xmsLRisWy R*xLi sVM e @R RXxtsQLi aRPVRLi xqsLRi*Li
gRiRzqsLiaRPLSRLRisV ee 38
RRj*j RRVLRi*QQNRPQ xqsLRi*Li sVsRV sVRR e sVRW xqsXxtsQLi xmsoLSsQQNRPLi
RRVLji*LiaRPRRQ*NRPsV ee 39
sRLi [xtsQ*[ y xqs=QXxtsQN][R RWRRVM e xmsyR ysLigSss[ NSdsx dRW ee
40
xqsXuy VjLRiRW Rry sVxLiNSLRizqsQy RRM e RyRLi xmsLiNRPLi Rrys[ [}Li
jRW R ee 41

xmsLRiLi [ xmsLRisWRsV s[s[. s[sV xqsLRi*yxmsNRPVRsV. J yV sWsVV yy! C gRiRV[


NRPs[ sVLRiRVV ss[ rysLRi LigRisVsVVsRVV (38) yxqs*LRiWxmss[Vss VxqsVN][. BLRiVsj
yV RRQ*sVV @sQQNRPsVVsV xmspLRi*sVV s[s[ xqsXztsQLis (39). yRVLiRV sRsVgRiV
@VsosV s[s[ sRsVV [zqss. s[sV y xmsssVV [R dgS N][RsVV, RVsVV
sVVRgRiVys[ gSNRP, ssV, gRiRV[ ssR @LiaRPsVVsV xqsXztsQLis (40). s[sV @sQQNRPsVV
sVLiT Vjs, Vj sVLiT syxLiNSLRisVVsV, xmsLiRRyRsV, xmsRsVVsV, sVLjiRVV
sVsxqsV=sV, [xsVVsV, BLijRVsVVsV xqsXLis (41).
ANSaSks Wys NSs R dRW e B Vy* xmsyR aRPLRiLi s s[V s[ ee 42
@xLi y*Li xqsLRi*RVM[[ LRiOTPQuysV s xqsLiaRPRVM e B aRPVy* sRxqsxqs N][R
xqssVs*RM ee 43
N][ y R*sV xqsLiLSQ=QVsLi sWRWssWzRM e NTP sVLRiLi xtsQ}qs WLji x*sLRiNRPLRiLi
sRM ee 44
s[aRP*LRixqsQ*Li xmsLRix NRPbPRQQLS # s[Rs e sWRVRW sWzRaSxLi RVVRLi RZNP[
xqsVyLRiVsV ee 45
s[sV dgS ANSaSj xmsLiR WRsVVsV, NRP xmsyLRisVVsV xqsXztsQLis. J xmsxmsd! }
xs ! dsds xqsRsVVsLjiLigji, ssV aRPLRiV F~LiRVsVV (42). s[sV ssV sxqs=LiaRPRVsVVgS
xqsLRi*RVMsVVsV sVLiT LRiOTPQLiRsV. ARs C sWsV ss xNRPV N][xmssVV NRPlgisV (43).
sWRV[ sWzRVR\ss dsso ' dsss*Ljis?@LRi{ssVVgRiV yNRPsVVsV @jNRPsVVgS s[
xmsVNRPVRVLis?' @s N][xmssVV][ gRiLRigS @LRis (44). dsso CaRP*LRiVRso NSRV. xmsLRixso
NSRV. ssV xqsXztsQLis yRV sVLjiVVNRPRV gRiRV @s xmsNTP, sWRV[ sWzRVR\ss s[sV
yLRiVsVgRiV RVVRsVVsV [zqss (45).
xLji [s \s ryLRiLi aRPLiNRPLRixqs sVxms[M e GsLi sVsV xlLi[y {qsR=LigRiL][ L][sVxL<RiM ee
46

xmsRWLRissV[ RV LRiry R\sLRiWM e GRzqssLiRlLi[ LigRisVsysWM xmsoLRiM ee 47


syRaRPsVyLRiLi z aRPsVyLRiLi RysssWM e *sW xqsxryRLi NSs aRP][xmssVsV
ee 48
ORPQRVsXj ssLRiVQQNRPsWj sVyLiR sLjiRsV e @_xmssVsVslLi[aRP sVsQQNRPLi saRP* xqsLissV ee
49
g]xms xmsVsgRiV aRPLiNRPLRiVs sWRV[ sWzRVRsgRiV yNRPV sxtsvso][ RVVRsVV
xqsLiFyxmssVVsV. CsRsVVgS xmsRVNS xqssVVR sVRsVV[ LRi[gRiV xmsssVV[
xmsLRixqsLRi \sLRisVV gRi yNRPV, sxtsvsosNRPV RVLiNRPLRisVgRiV RVVRsVV LjilgisV (46). BLiR[ sW
BRLji RVVRsVVsV RLRiV\ZNP sW FsRV LigRisVV AsLRisLisV (47). @j @s[NRP *][
sLiT, @xqsLiNRPsVVgRiV xmsRVNSgRiVsV FRVVLi[sV (48). RgRiVR, |msLRiVgRiVR [s A
LigRisVVsNRPV RVj, sVVRV, sVRsVV [NRPVLisV. A LigRisVV ry[sj, xmsLji[RsVV [sj,
BLijRVsVVNRPV @LiRsj, gRiR=QXztsQNTP AyLRi\sVsj (49).
Rxqs * xqsx}qs sWz][ gRiys xLjiM e sWzRLi yx sWsVR NTPsVLRiLi
xqsLRi}qssRVy ee 50
AgRiRxqsV RXdWsR xtsQyLi RVVRsWsWM e NRPVR GyR xqsLiWRM xmsLkiOSQ[sgji
xqsLissV ee 51
@][ gRisVuysVsxqsLi rysVxmssVxqs R e xmsLkiOSQLRiLi xmsyR Rxqs \s yRVV s[gRiRM ee 52
ysWLRiQ*Li xmsRV[s gRiLiRV sVL>Ri xqsR*LRisV e
A LigRisVV VVNRP s[j *[ sWzRVRgRiV sxtsvgRiysVRV sWzRVRsgRiV y][
sssV. BxmsVRV y][ dsNRPV C xqsLRi [V? (50). sVs BRLji sVR C sVWRsj ssj.
sVssVV RVVRsVVsV sLRisVLiRsVV. C @gji xqsLisVV FsR sVLiT DRsQQ\sVs][

xmsLkiOTPQLiRsVV (51). C ry[s @gji xqsLisVV VVNRP NTPLij gRisVVsV s[sV yRVV
s[gRisVV][ s xmsLkiOTPQLiRsV (52). dsso sLis[ \|msgRisVVsV xmsLkiOTPQLiRVNRPV xmsRVLiRVsVV.
x[yR e
GsLi yxXR saS*y xqs*LRiWxmssVNRPL][Ry ee 53
yLSxsVxsVFyaRPV xLixqsR*Li FyxmsysVs[ e Ry xmsX sWsWxL>RiLixqsxLir sLST
ee 54
xLixqs xLi}qs W WRVR= xLirsR sxtsQ e xqsVZaP[*][ xs xms[ saRP*RM xmsORPQ
xqsLiRVVRM ee 55
sV[s [ Wy*gRi][*LRiQ*Li ][LRiQ*RM xmsoLS e yLSRV[szms saS*y xqsVZaP[*][ xsRy
ee 56
x BV xmsZNPsV c
BV xmsNTP @xmsoRV gRiRWxmsoRgRiV sxtsvso sLSxLRiWxmssVVsV F~LisV (53). JsVxL<ki! s[sV
NRPWy sLis[ xLixqs LRiWxmssVVsV F~Lijs. @xms sVLiTRVW [NRPsVV[ yNRPV xLixqs
@sRVV, sLS @sRVV xmszqsj NRPlgisV (54). xLixqs xmssVVsV [RVVyRV xLixqs (sLS)
LRiWxmsoRgRiVsV. s[sV sj, @gjis xmsNSbPLiRVsj, saSsVVgRi lLiNRPV gRij (55), sVsxqsV=][
sVLjiRVV yRVVso][ xqssVsVgRiV s[gRisVV gRij @gRiV xLixqsLRiWxmssVVsV RLjiLi \|msNTP, \|ms\|msNTP
ss. @xmsoRV gRiRWxmsoRgRiV yLSRVVRV NRPWy s sLSxLRiWxmssVVsV RLjiLisV (56).
RaRPWss{qsLRiLi aRPRWs sWRVRsV e s[VLRiV xmsLRi*R sL<SQLi g_LRidN][QgRiRLiztsQsV ee 57
NSjR xqssWxqsLi kLRi|mnsWLi sVxqs*ssV e xxqs*FyRLi syLigRiLi \RLi
RXRsV_xmssVsV ee 58
yLSNSLRisWryRV gRiRyLixqs y` e GsLi sL<Ri xqsxxqsLi R RLRis sxtsvLRi][ gRiRM ee 59

Ry xmsX [ZNP[xtsv ZaP[*R yLSx xqsLiNRPM e NRP[ Ws [slL<i[ sLSLi NSxqsLiNRPM ee 60


A sLSxsVV xmsjWssVV sRV, sLiR WssVV F~Rso gRi, s[VLRiV xmsLRi*RsVV sLi
[xsVVsV NRPgjiRVVLisV. ys s xmsRV\ss RLixtsQV RVsVVsV g]VRVLisV (57).
xmsRVNS xqsWLRiVs s xmsNSbPLi[ A sLSxsVV |msR sVVs NRPgji, g]xms R*ss
[RVVRVLisV. ys FyRsVVV ss gRisV, ys @LigRisVVV sRsVVV sRsVVgRisV
DLisV. ry[s yLRiQsVVgRi ys [xsVV xqsLRi*xqssVLRisVVgRi sVLisV (58). sxtsvso B
sLSx LRiWxmssVVsV RLjiLi, A LigRisVV NTPLij \sxmsosNRPV s[gRisVVgS xmsRVsxqsW , s[LiVV
xqsLisR=LRisVVV gRiT|mssV (59). J [sL<ki! @xms sVLiTRVW sWss[NRPsVV[ INRP
NRPsVVsNRPV ZaP[*R sLSx NRPsVsV }msLRiV NRPlgisV (60).
sV xy sxtsvM xms sxtsv LRi][gRiRM e y xmsaRP RsVxmsxqs sVWLi LigRixqs xqsWNRPLRiM ee
61
ysyLi gRiR a][LRiQ* sVxsVxmsLjixqsWRs e xqsR*LRiLi xqsLRi*RV[s RryLiRLi
RVsVRRW ee 62
aSLi][ s RXuy* RryLiRsVxLi NSR][gRiRM e R\s gRiys*xtsv aSLiRLi NRPsV[RsM ee
63
xqsLRi*[ss xqsWLRi sVVRxqs= sVsxmsoM e xqssWgRi][ sVRW ryLRiLi xmsxmsR sLi sVVxM ee
64
sWRVRW sWzRaRP+Li[xqsr xqsLisgRisWsxqsM e xmsXxtsQRM FyLRi+Q*R\ZaPQQs xgRiRM
xmsLRis[VaRP*LRisV ee 65
xmsxmsR sVRW ryLRiLi xqsryLRi NTPsVRLi * e
xqsLRi* xqssVLRiVRgRiV sxtsvso sLSxLRiWzms\V ys NTPLij gRisVV[ @jNRPsVVgS xmsRVsLiRVW,
ys sVWsVV VVNRP RLjiyxmsoNRPV NRPWR [LRi[NRPFVsV (61).@LiRaRP+RVsosV LiVVLis J

sVxL<ki! @[ NSsVV[ s[sV NRPWy ys @gRisVVsV RWRV N][LjiNRP][ s[gRisVVgS \|msNTP xmsRVR
xmspLRi*NRPsVVgS xmsRVsLis (62).s[sV ys @gRisVVsV NRPsVg]s[NRP, @zqs r~zqs, ssNRPNRPV
sVLRis. xmsRsVV sLi NRPsVV gRi sxtsv gRiysVRV NRPWR @zqs @RNRPV [lLisV (63). xqsLRi*
[sy xqs*LRiWxmsoRgRiV A sLSxsVWLji |msR aRPLkiLRisVV][ @RNRPV s[sV [Ljis xqssVRVsVVsZNP[
[lLisV. s[VsVV @s[NRP ryLRiV bPsosNRPV ssVxqsLjiLisV (64).bPsos sWRV[ sWzRV\s sxtsvso
yNRPVsVgRiV sVsxqsV= gRiy\, y][ gRiWT xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVsNTP ssVNRP, xmsNRPs, sVLjiRVV FsRV
ssVxqsLjiLisV (65). Bj G\sV RVVLiRVsV? @s sWsVV szqsRV\sVsV.
@slLi[aRPLi R RRWxms sVysVNRPLRi sLjiRsV ee 66
ALigRiLi LigRiyLi FyxmsLi yssWlLi[sxms g][RLRisV e xqs*xqsLi RLi Ry NRPXy*
ssVryLRixmsLSRV ee 67
WsRVLRiVyysVxLi xLjiLRizms RVssV e ds[ s z[LRiWxmsLi Wszqs Wszqs
sVxms[ ee 68
ssV}qssxqsV sV}aSs LRiWxmsLi RLRi+RV _ R*LRis e GsLi aRPLRiRyyxqss sVryLRiLi
xmsNRPVLRi*][M ee 69
AsWLRiVs aSLRiW sVRsWzqsRWxqsy ee 70
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi xmsRsV Li[sxtsvxsyR
sLRisLi y xqsxmssWsyRVM (7).
xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVs LRiWxmssVV BRsVRsVVgS slLi[bPLixms aRPNRPsVV NSsj. ysVsVV, NRPLRi, xsVVV
[sRVV (66), yssWLRisVV[ \sssW g][RLjiLixmss xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV LigSNSLRisVVsV
F~LijyRV. sxtsvso, s[sV xqs*xqsRV\sV bPsosNRPV ssVryLRisVVsV [RVVRVLisV (67).
sVxms[! dsss*Lji[, ds xqs*LRiWxmss[VsVW sWNRPV RVNRPVsj (68). sV}aRP*LS! dsNRPV
ssVryLRisVV. dsso ds LRiWxmssVVsV sWNRPV sLis[ RWxmsosVV. BV bPsosNRPV ssVxqsLjiLixqsW,
s[VsVV sLiR G gRiTzmssV (69). J sVxL<ki! gRiLji*Lis s[VsVV @xmsoyzqs[ sVLisV (70).

$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[s lLiLiRsj RVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizRRVLiRV sVVR LiRsVV[


sxtsvxsyR sLRisVs[ GRs @yRVsVV sVVgji|qssV (7).
@R @xtsQsWsyRVM
aRP x
x[yR e
GsLi RWLRiVsZaP[xtsQ RLRi+sLi NSLiORPQsWWM e sgRiLRi*WaRP xqsVLRiWxqs=y _
zqsRWLRiVs[ ee 1
RRWV LRisRLiVLkiyyLi xmsFyNRPM e gRiLji*Li gRiLRi*xLS R xqslLi[*uyLi xmsVLRisRVM ee 2
Ry xqssVsRR y][ \s aRPORPQM e J sWsV xqsVLRiZaP[uyRV=sQQNRPM xmsoRORPQM ee 3
NTPsVRLi * xqsLiLiR sVRW xtsQsxqs*sM e sxtsvxqs=LRi* xqsVLSLS][ s\lLiQQ*LRixqsVxtsQ[Rry ee
4
x BV xmsZNPsV c
J sVVsZaP[uy! gRiLRi*sVV ]gji, RLRi+ssVVsV N][Lji, @R sTRVVs sW BRLji\|ms (1),
ksVsV LRiOTPQLiRVyRV, gRiLRi*sVV sRLiRVyRV, xqsLRi* FyVNRPV xmsVso, syaRPsVV [syRV
sgRiV bPsosNRPV RRVNRPlgisV (2). @xmsoRR [syZaP[xtsvRgRiV bPsos sVLiT, JLi JLi @s[
xqsxtsQsVgRiV kLRiQ \sVs aRPsVV RVV[lLisV (3). C sVaRPsVV G\sV RVVLiRVsV? @s
RLiRVRW, xqsLRi* [sR[ xmspLixms[ sxtsvso, \sLjissVV ]gRiV[ xqsLi][xtsQsVVgS sVs
sVsxqsV=gRiy\, y][ gRiWT sT RVVLisV (4).
LigRixqs ROTPQ[ lgi[ RysxmsaRPR=yRssV e ARLi sLRisWNSLS sVVNSLRiLi ][RLRiLi RRM ee 5

sVNSLRiLi sVRR\ZaPQQs yRsVLi[sxqs ][sV e xqsWLRi sVLiR sRQXuy* sLRisWRLi RV


ROTPQ[ ee 6
DRlLi[ FysNRP xmssVV NSLRisVXztsQxqsRsV e bdPyLiaRPV sVLiR xmsLi sVNSLRiLi Rxqs sVRRM ee 7
@xmsoyRVs LigRisVVsNRPV ROTPQsVVs xqsyRssVV, sVVR sLRisVVsgRiV @NSLRisVVsV, DRLRisVVs
DNSLRisVVsV (5), sVR[ sVNSLRisVVsV, @LiRsVVsLiRV JLi @sV yRsVVsV RLji+LisV. J
sVxL<ki! ROTPQsVVssVs sVVR sLRisVV xqsWLRi sVLiRsVV s (6), DRLRisVVs sVs
DNSLRisVV @gji x[RsVVs, sVR[s sVNSLRisVV RLiRsVLiRsVV s zqsLisV (7).
RrxmsLji RysxmsaRPRVRxqsNRP xqsVxmssV e RVLkiRWdR sVsVLi sxtsQLi sLRiVxmsRssV ee 8
sLRiQ*LiR*Li ZNP[sLi aRPWsLi LiRLRisLjiRsV e xqs LiRlLi[ \s LiRLRi
xqsLizqsRsV ee 9
Aj sVyLiRLRizR sWsLiRryzms NSLRisV e xqsR sWsLiRsVsVXRLi xmsLRiLi x
xmsLSRVsV ee 10
NRPVR GyR xqsLiWRM xmsLkiOSQ [sgji xqsLissV e @][ gRisVusVsxqsLirysVxmssVxqs R ee
11
@xmsoRV sxtsvso A JLi NSLRisVV\|mss, xqsNRPsVVs aRPVRsVV, NSLiRVsV sRVsj,
gRiR=Q*xmsxqsVxtsvxmso NRPdR\sVs RVLkiRVRRQ*sVV, ][xtsQLRizRsVV, @LiaRPsVVV [sj,
RVMsVVsNRPV @dR\sVsj (8), lLiLiRRsj [sj, GNRPsVV, ANSaRPLRiWxmssVV, RV [xms @sV
[RsVV [sj, RV [xms NRPWR yzmsLiRVVsj (9), sVVRV, sVR, RVj [sj,
AsLiRxmnsVssVV, xqsRsVV, @sVXRsVV, xqsL][*RQXxtsQsVV sgRiV xmsLRixsV RLji+LisV (10). C
@gjiQxqsLisVV FsRsVLiT xmsosj?sVLRi sVssVRLRisVV xmsLjibdPLiRsVV. ry[s C
@gjiQxqsLisVV VVNRP NTPLij gRisVVsV s[sV xmsLjibdPLiRsV (11).

s[RaRP[RWs[aRPLi saS*ysLi sLiRRV` e Rys sRXztsQxqsR VV}tsQry=LRiRsVLi


xqsQXRsV ee 12
[\ss VVztsQ sxtsvL`i RysLRis[VaRP*LRisV e sV[sLi xmsLRiLi x aRP xRsVLi xmsLRisV
ee 13
LiRRW LRiz][ LRiV][ y][ RVsry xqsx e @Fyxms RssLRiLi[ yR}qsQ* NSORPQlLi[ xqsM ee 14
GNSORPQlLi[ Ry*RsVsVXRLi xmsLRisVNSLRisV e xqsR sWsLiR sVsVXRLi xmsLRiLi x
xmsLSRLRisV ee 15
GNSORPQLSRNSLSR gRiys [N][LiRM e GNSORPQLSRLjiM xmsLRisVNSLRisV ee 16
@xmsoRV sxtsvso s[ys[aRP, aRPs[aRPsVVV gRi, gRiR=Q*LRiWxmsoRgRiV bPsos xqsLjiLisV. @xmsoRR
VVztsQ xmsLRiLixmsLRiNRPV ryLRiWRV\s VVztsQ INRPRV xmsRQORPQsWVsV (12).xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV, xmsLRix,
aRPs[V [xsVVgS gRiyRV, xqsL][*RQXxtsvRVsgRiV sV[sos sxtsvso A VVztsQ ss
RLji+LiRgRisV (13). LRiVRVRV sV[sXRVNRPV gSs, yNRPVNRPV gSs g][RLRiVRV NSRV. sVsxqsV=
ARVssV F~LiR[NRP ssVjLjigjisj. @ bPsoRV JLi NSLRisVV @s[ IZNP[ INRP @ORPQLRisVV[
slLi[bPLiRRVsV (14). xqsLRi*NSLRi NSLRisVV, @sVXRsVV, xqsRsVV, AsLiRsVV,
xqsLRi*ZaP[xtsQsVVsgRiV xmsLRixsV JLi NSLRisVV slLi[bPLiRVsV (15). ANSLRisVV @s[ INRP @ORPQLRisVV[
gRiys zLRigRiLRiVRV (xqsXztsQNRPLRi), DNSLRisVs[ INRP @ORPQLRisVV[ xmsLRisV NSLRisVV (zqsNRPLRi) @gRiV
sxtsvso slLi[bPLixmsRVRVLRiV (16).
GNSORPQLSsNSLSRgRiyds[zRM e xqsLRiNRPLS R*NSLS[ xNSLSxqsVsWxNRPM ee 17
sVNSLSxqsV W sRsVsVgRixNRPL][ss` e sVNSLS[ sVLki xNSL][ d DR[ ee 18
DNSLS[ xLjiL][sM xmsysxmsoLRiV}tsQaRP*LRiM e d R dLi R][sLSyaRP sV}aRP*LRiM ee 19
sVNSLRisVs[ INRP @ORPQLRisVV NRPLihRisVVsLiRV ds sLRisVV, BRLRi y LRiNRPsLRisVV gRi gRiys bPsos
slLi[bPLiRVsV. @NSLRisVV xqsXztsQNRPLRi. DNSLRisVV sWzLixms[RVVsj (17). sVNSLRisVV xqsy

@sVgRixsVVsV BRVsV. sVNSLRisVV[ xms[ xqsLRi*yxmsNRPVRgRiV bPsoRV d


(dsVVgRiyRV) @sRVsV. @NSLRisVV dsVV (18). DNSLRisVV[ xmsRV sxtsvso Ws.
xmsNRPXNTP, xmsoLRiVxtsvsNRPV xmsVsgRiV sV}aRP*LRiVs RVLiRV d, dsVV, Ws HNRPsVgRiVsV. ARVs
yRxqs*LRiWxmsoRV (19).
d s yysLi }qs*RRW R sszqsRM e @xqs LigSRWk sVNSL][ dsM xms[M ee
20
DNSLRiW_ sOTPQxms sVsLRiR xqssVLiRRM e rsLRi sVsyLiR sWs[RLi RRORPQsV ee 21
@s[NSLi Ry yxmso= jssVLiRLi sszqsRsV e R][ sL<Ri xqsxryLi[ j*yNRPXRsV[RssV
ee 22
@LiRsVxmso= zqsRLi ryOSQy*QxmnsW[ s[aRP*lLi[ RV e Ryxqs xqsVaRPVLi \|sVLi NRPFyLi ][LRiQ*
xqsLizqsRsV ee 23
d Rs BR[ RssV ysV sLiRVN]ssV. xmsVsgRiV dVVNRP ANSLRiLRiWxmssVgRiV dsVV
(20) DNSLRisVV][ gRiWT xqsLRi*y sxqsLjiLi, xqsVsLSLiRsVV AVsV. ysNTP BRLRi ORPQsVV
[sVRVW [NRPVLisV (21). A jsQ\sVs @LiRsVV @s[NRP xqsLisR=LRisVVV dsRVLiRVLisV. A
@LiRsVV s[LiVV xqsLisR=LRisVV RLRiVyR lLiLiRV gRisVVVsV (22). dsRVLiRVs A
@LiRsVV CaRP*LRiVs @xmnsWRsVV[ lLiLiRV sVVNRPVsV. A xqsVsLSLiRsVV VVNRP \|mssVs
xqsgRigRisVV sVNTP a][sV (23).
[ ry _xqsRxmsLRiLi xmsXjds xmsLiRORPQ e RryRLiyR[ [ NRPNSLSaRPRVLRiVM ee 24
xqs xqsuy xqsLRi*[NSyLi xqs Gs sRM xmsVM e GssWsWsV FNRP sVyxLRiuyLi sLSM ee
25
RVuyLi sRsLi aRPVy* VVRry=sWs
xsyxaSsWxqsy ee 26

yRLRisV

Gss[Vs

xlLi[

R][ sRV [s[aRPLi RVysRQ NTP xqsLi# \sM e sVLi\QM sV}aRP*LRiLi [sLi RVuys
xqsVsVx[RRVsV ee 27
A @LRigRis[V RV[NRPsWVsV. NTPLiRsVs xqsgRigRisVV @LiVVRV gRiVsVV][
(aRPxqsLRi+LRiWxmsLRixqsgRiLiRsVVV) NRPWTs xmsXjs AVsV. A @LiRsVVsVLiT yV sWsVV
x sLisV. ARVsNRPV NRPNSLRisVV xqsLi (24). ARVs xqssVxqs[NRPsVVsV xqsXztsQLisV. C
sRsVVgS xmsVsgRiV sV}aRP*LRiVRV sVWRV LRiWxmssVVsV ysV. C dLRiVs JLi JLi @s
s[RsVVV xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVs slLi[bPLiRVss ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV RVlLi[*R sVLiRsVVV xmsVRVss (25).
RVlLi[*R sVLiRsVV C xmsFyRssV sss\s VVlgi[*R rysVs[R sVLiRsVVV
NRPWR ' Jsxtsw! }xs ! @j xqsRs[V' sW][ xmsNTPss (26). C dLRiVs [sRNRPV xmsVso,
g]xms AsLSssVV NRPyRVsgRiV sV}aRP*LRiVs sxtsvso aRPNTP sVLiT sLis sVLiRsVV][
RVysjgS xqsVLisV.(27)
GRzqssLiRlLi[ssR LRiWxmssVRVRxqsVLiRLRisV e RRLRi+ R sVRW ryLRiLi gRiys saRP*FyNRPM
ee 28
xmsLiRsNRPQLi RaRPVLi g_LRiNRPLRiWLRissVs[ e yyNSLi xqssWRVVNRPLi yy WxtsQ WztsQRsV
ee 29
sVx[yLRiLi sVdsLRi sVxmsoLRiVxtsQORPQsV e RLi RXuy* xmsLRisVLi LRiWxmsLi NRPXyL][s WsRW
xLji iM ee 30
@R xmsxqs[ gRiys sV}aRPM xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiM e jsLi aRPsVRVLi LRiWxmssWRV xmsxxqss zqsRM ee
31
BLiR[ saRP*sVVsV FyLiRV sxtsvso y][ gRiWT sVLjiVVNRP @RVR xqsVLiRLRiLRiWxmssVVsV
RWsV (28). J sVxL<ki! HRV sVVsVVV, xmsj VsVVV NRPgjisRVV, s NRPLRiWLRisVV
s @sLiR NSLi NTPLRisVV][ IxmsVRVsQRVV, @s[NRP WxtsQsVVsV RLjiLisRVV (29),
@aRPLiVVLis a][ NRPgjisRVV, g]xms aRPNTP NRPgjisRVV, sV xmsoLRiVxtsQORPQVV gRi

xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVs jsLRiWxmssVVsV RW, s[sV sxtsvso NRPXyLRiV\sVsV (30). @xmsoRV gRiys


sV}aRP*LRiVRV xmsxqssVQQ\ Rs js*sVgRiV yRLRiWxmssVVsV xmsNRPLi LRiVsso*][ sT
RVVLisV (31).
@NSLRixqsxqs sVWLS z [ kLRi DR[ e BNSL][ ROTPQLi s[R dsVNSL][ ysV[RssV ee 32
DNSL][ ROTPQLi a][RsVWNSL][ ysV sVVR[ e VVNSL][ ROTPQLi Rxqs NRPFLi xmsLRis[VztsQsM ee 33
ysVLi NRPF sVWNSL][ 77yryxmso[ D[ e GNSLRia][xtsQ ELRiQ*aRP \|NSLRixqsQ*RL][ s[M ee 34
J NSLRiaRP R_ NSL][ RLiRxmsLiNTPR*RVLi NRPsW` e @sVxqsV yVds Rxqs [s[sxqs aRPWsM ee 35
@NSLRisVV xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVs bPLRixqsV=. @NSLRisVV sVV. BNSLRisVV NRPVT NRPsV. CNSLRisVV
FsRsVNRPsV (32). DNSLRisVV NRPVT s. ENSLRisVV FsRsV s. VVNSLRisVV A xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVs NRPVT
NTP (33). ENSLRisVV FsRsV NTP 7,7NSLRisVVV lLiLiRV sVVNRPV xmsosVVV. GNSLRisVV \|ms
|msRs. BNSLRisVV CaRP*LRiVs NTPLij |msRs (34). JNSLRisVV \|ms xms sLRiVxqs. [s[soRgRiV bPsosNTP
@Li, @M @sVss yV ryssVVVsV (35).
NSj xmsLiyORPQLSxqs xmsLiR xryaRP ROTPQ[ e yj xmsLiyORPQLRi[sLi xmsLiR xryxqsV ysVRM ee
36
j xmsLiyORPQLRiLi Fyyryj xmsLiyORPQLRiLi Ry e xmsNSLRi DRLRiLi Rxqs xmnsNSLRiM FyLRi+Q* DR[ ee 37
NSL][ ysVFyLRi+Q* xqsV NSLRixqs=QLiR DR[ sVNSL][ xXRRVLi aRPLi[ LRi[sxqs WgjisM
ee 38
RVNSLSj xqsNSLSLiy s[\lLiQQ* xqsxmsyRsM e xNSL][ yLRiWF z ORPQNSL][ xmnsW DR[ ee 39
NRPsLRi[s @LiVVRV @ORPQLRisVVV @LiVVRV NRPVT[RVV NSgS, RsLRi[s @LiVVRV @ORPQLRisVVV
@LiVVRV FsRsV [RVVsV (36). sLRi[ @LiVVRV, RsLRi[ @LiVVRV sLRizqs xmsj @ORPQLRisVVV
FyRsVV s[ AVsV. xmsNSLRisVV DRLRisVV NSgS, xmnsNSLRisVV NRPVT FyLRi+Q*sVV AVsV (37).

NSLRisVV FsRsV FyLRi+Q*sVVNSgS, NSLRisVV xqsLiRsWVsV. WgkiaRP*LRiVRV, sV[soRVsgRiV


aRPLiVsosNRPV xXRRVsVV sVNSLRisVV (38). xqsLRi*yzmsRVgRiV bPsosNRPV RVNSLRisVV sVVRVgRi
xqsNSLRisVV sLRiNRPV gRi GRV @ORPQLRisVVV GRV yRVsoV (sV sWLiryRVV) AVsV.
xNSLRisVV y @sRVV, ORPQNSLRisVV xmnsW[LijRVsVV @sRVV xmsRVsV (39).
GsLi aRPsVRVLi LRiWxmssVgRiVxqs gRiVRsM e RXuy* RsVVsVRW ryLRiLi NRPXyL][sWsRW
xLjiM ee 40
GsLi RXuy* sV}aSsLi aRP xRsVLi bPssV e xmssV R sVRW sxtsvM
xmsosaSxmsaRPRWLRiQ*RM ee 41
JLi NSLRixmssLi sVLiRLi NRPxmsLiRNRP xqsLiRVVRsV e aRPVRxqsNRPLi xqsLiNSaRPLi aRPVxtsQLiaRPRORPQLRisV
ee 42
s[VyNSLRi sVWRWRVxqs=LRi*RLSLRiryRNRPsV e gSRVd xmssLi sVLiRLi xqszRLi
saRPNSLRiNRPsV ee 43
RRVLji*LiaRPsLSRLi RRVxtsQ sVsVRsVsV e
s[sV sVLjiRVV sxtsvso, sLRiVV[ @LiVVssW gRiVxqs*LRiWxmso\s bPsos DsWxqszR\sVs C
aRPsVRV LRiWxmssVVsV gSLi NRPXyLRiV\sVsV (40). C sRsVVgS yRx LRiWxmssVV[ bPsos
RLji+Li, ssVxqsLjiLi, sxtsvso sVLjiRVV s[sV sVLRi\|msNTP RWsV (41). JLiNRPLSsVV sVLiT
xmsosRVV, @LiVVRV NRPV NRPgjisRVV, aRPVRxqsNRPsVV s xmsNSbPLiRVRVsQRVV,
sVVxmsj FsssVj @ORPQLRisVVV gRi aRPVsVLiRsVVsV F~LijsV (42). sVLjiRVV,
VjLRiWxms\sVsRVV, xqsLRi*RLRisVVsV, xmsoLRiVuyLRisVVsV ryjLisRVV, BLijRV
RVsVVsNRPV }RV\ssRVV (43), BLRiVsj yV @ORPQLRisVVV NRPsRVV, yV NRPV
NRPsRVV, xqsLRi*ZaP[xtsQ\sVs gSRVs RLji+LisV.
@R xmsLiRzqsRLi sVLiRLi NRPxtsQNRP xqssWRVVRsV ee 44

AyLjiNRPsVRLRiLi FyRVzqsQLiaRPRVORPQLRisV e RVlLi[*RxqssWRVVNRPLi xmsLiRsLiaRPVRVORPQLRisV


ee 45
NRPxtsQNRPxqssWRVVNRPLi xqsVZaP[*RLi aSLiNRPLi Ry e RWRaRPNRPRVVNRPLi \Qxqs=x [zRsV
ee 46
WsoLRixqs ][R sXj xqsLiLRiNSLRisV e sLS GNSjNSM xtsQztsQLRixqs sVLiR sLRixqs RV ee 47
xmsosLRiQXRVLiRVLi sVLiRLi xmsLiyORPQLRisVRM xmsLRisV e LiysVLi Ry sVLiRLi ROTPQsVWLji
xqsLiNRPsV ee 48
RRxqsRQ* sV{qsRVQQNRPLi sVyNRPLi xLRixqs R e xmsLiRsVLiyLixqsy * xms gRiys xLjiM
ee 49
RLRiVyR FsssVj NRP][ NRPWTsRVV (44), aRPRV xqsLiLRisVVsV [RVVsRVV, sVVxmsj
aRPVsLRisVVV gRi s sVLiRsVVsV, RVlLi[*RsVVsNRPV xqsLiLijLisRVV, BLRi\s @LiVVRV
aRPVsLRisVVV (45), FsssVj NRPV NRPsRVV , sVNTP \ssRVV, aSLi NRPLRi\sVs
sVLiRsVVsV RWsV. sVLjiRVV, xmsRsVWRV NRPV NRPgjisRVV, VLRiNRPV NRPWR
@dxtsQ\sVsRVV (46), xqsXztsQzqsRVsVVNRPV NSLRi\sVsRVV, @LRi\s INRP sLRisVVV gRi
ZaP[xtsQsVLiRsVVsV F~LijsV (47). sVLRi sVXRVLiRV sVLiRsVV, xmsLiyORPQLRi sVLiRsVV,
LiysV sVLiRsVV, ROTPQsVWLji sVLiRsVV (48), RRQ*sVzqs @s[ bPsos sV yNRPsVV @s[
C @LiVVRV sVLiRsVVsV F~Lij, sxtsvgRiysVRV zmsLisV (49).
@R RXuy* NRPsLRisVXgRiry=sVLRiWzmssV e CaSsdsVaRPsVVNRPVLi xmsoLRiVuyLi xmsoLSRssV ee
50
@|mnsWLRixXRRVLi xXRLi xqsLRi*gRiVxLi xqsybPssV e ysVFyRLi sV[sLi sV[gkiLiR
WxtsQsV ee 51
saRP*RM FyRsLiRLi RLi saRP*][sNRPLRiLi bPssV e x[sjxmsLi xqsLRiQzqs xqsLiLRiNSLRisV ee 52

RVuys ygjiLjiuyry=LiLi sLRiRdsVaRP*LRisV e sVRW R xqsz][ sxtsvLRigRiyLixqsVxtsQ[Rry ee


53
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi xmsRsV Li[ xqsXxtsv Fys[ aRP
sVsLRisLi ysV @xtsQsWsyRVM (8).
VVgRiry=sVs[R xqs*LRiWxmsoRV, yRaRPLkiLji, [syryLRi*sVVRV, gRisRVLiR,
xmsoLRiVxtsQaRPyRVRV, gRiR, (50), xmsxqsssVgRiV xXRRVsVV gRiyRV, xqsVLiRLRiVRV,
xqsLRi*FyV xXRRVsVVsLiRVLiRV yRV, xqsVLiRLRisVgRiV FyRsVVV gRiyRV, [[RsVVRV,
g]xms xqsLRiLSsVVV WxtsQVVgS gRiyRV (51), xqsLRi*y FyRsVVV gRiyRV, xqsLS*y
s[RsVVV gRiyRV, sVLigRiNRPLRiVRV, xNRPV xmsVso xqsztsQzqsRVNRPLRi (52) @gRiV xqsybPsos
RW, sxtsvgRiysVRV y][ NRPzqs, sLRisVVsRV \ssVV @gRiV ryLiVs xmsxqsssVgRiV
sVsxqsV=][ zmsRVsVVgRiV yNRPV][xqsVLisV (53).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsjRVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizRRVLiR sVVR LiRsVV[ xqsxtsv
FyssVVsLiRV aRPxsLRissVV @s[ FsssVRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (8).
@R sssWsyRVM
bPsRRQ*sVV
x[yR e
@RNRPLRiQ sVLi sxtsvNRPXyLi xqs*xqs sV}aRP*LRiM e FyRVLRiWs xqsV{msRxqs=ysVLi NRPLRiVsjM ee
1
xmsLiRsNRPQzqsQsRV[ RLi][ RLRiM e g_LRisL][ saSO][Q rRWR sgRixM ee 2
RaRPxLkigRixqs=LS*LRi WztsQRM e xqsLS*LigRi xqsVLiRL][ xqsxmsoLiyLiNTPRsVxqsNRPM ee 3

RLi RXuy* yRXaRPLi [sLi xqsysVLi xmsLRis[VaRP*LRisV e RVuys xmsosLjiuyLS*gjiLji*xtsvLRiRW


xqsx ee 4
x BV xmsZNPsV c
RRWsj RVgRiV sV}aRP*LRiVRV, sxtsvso sVLjiRVV s[sV [zqss rRsVVsV ss, y
xqsLiRzqsLi, DsV][ NRPzqs AsLRisLisV (1). @LiVVRV sWxsVVV sVWRV NRPsVV gRiyRV,
sVRV RLiRVRV gRiyRV, sV RLjiLis yRV, s [xsLRisVV gRiyRV, sTs
NRPsVyRV, xqsxmspRVTs [xsVV gRiyRV (2), xmsj [RVV gRiyRV, dsNRPLihRiVRV,
xqsLS*LRisVV[ @LSLRiVyRV, xqsLS*LigRixqsVLiRLRiVRV, xqs LixmsoLiRsVV[ @LiNRPLjiLixmsTs
sVV gRiyRV (3), DsV][ NRPWTRVVs yRVsgRiV xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVs RW sxtsvso sVLjiRVV
s[sV sVLRi zmsRVsRssVV][ xqsVLisV (4).
sgRisVLi aS*xqsLRiW}ms R_ R\|qs# R][ xLRiM e sxtsQs[ R xmsxqsyy sV}aRPM NRPLRiVNRPLRiM ee 5
R][ ssVyRQ\|qs# xLRi[V xmsLRisWRs[ e xmsLRisWy xmsosLRixLi RRys NRPXxmsRW sVVs[
ee 6
xqsLixmsxms sgRisVLi sxtsvM xmsxmsR xmsoslLi[s RsV e NRPXyLRiry=LiLRiy* sVRW xqsx
sV}aRP*LRisV ee 7
@xmsoRV RRWRV, [s[soRVsgRiV bPsoRV xqsLiRzqsLisy\, sxtsvsNRPV s[RsVVsV aS*xqsy*LS
IxqsLilgisV (5). RLRiVyR, sxtsvgRiysVsNRPV ssVVsV NRPWR IxqsLilgisV. J sVxL<ki! sxtsvso
RRV][ yNRPV ssVVsV ByRV (6). C sRsVVgS sxtsvso, s[sV s[RsVVsV F~Lij, ][zqs
VVgji bPsosNRPV ssVxqsLjiLi sVLRi BV N][LjisV (7).
sxtsv LRiVyR e
NRPRLi R RVxtsQ }qs [s sVRW xmspM NRPRLi xms[ e NRPRLi ysLi xmsNRPLRisLi NRPRLi szqs
saRPysV ee 8

NTPLi NRPLRisLi sV[s yLi Rs aSxqsy` e xqsy xqsy xmsRV _ {msRlLi[ NRPVLRiV aRPLiNRPLRi ee
9
GRR=LRi*Li sVLS NRPXFyLi NRPXy*sWM xms[ e NRPRdsRVLi RysR sRV ry*sVg_ bPs
ee 10
sxtsvso BV xmsZNPsV c
} [y! dsso xqsLi][ztsQLiRV sWLRis[Vj? J xmsW! ssV xmspLiRRgjis sRsVj? ssV
ysLiRV xmsR [Vj ? dsso saRPsVgRiV DFyRVs[Vj? (8). sV[y!s[VsVRLRisVV ds A[
[RVRgjis NSLRis[Vj? J aRPLiNRPLS! sWNRPV dsso xqsLS*y xqsyLRisVV yzmsLi, sWRVLiRV
RRVsV [RVVsVV (9). J xmsW! bPy! sVLS! dsso RRV[zqs ds NRPVsVgRiV sWNRPV
BRLjiNTP C xqsLRi*sVVsV sWRs[V gSNRP , xmsRgjis BRLRi sxtsQRVsVVsV NRPWR xmsVsVV (10).
x[yR e
B[RR*RsLi aRPVy* xmsxqs[ gRiys xLRiM e DyR sRsLi {msy xqsVxmsxqssM NRPXFysjM ee
11
x BV xmsZNPsV c
RRWsjRVgRiV gRiys aRPLiNRPLRiVRV C sWsV ss, sVNRP xmsxqssVQQ\ {ms][ sV xmsZNPsV
(11).
$ bPs DyR e
NSQ R s][LRiWsLi {ms][sxLi xqsVLRixqsRs e xmsaRPRLi sWLi sV[sLi RVLi xqsLRi*Li
ssVVLiRRsV ee 12
sVsV LigRiLi xqsy xmspLi [RVLi \yRXaRPLi sVsV e BydsLi RXaRP[ RVR*Ry NSLRiLi
xmsRVRRM ee 13

xmsp][ LigRiLRiW}ms xmsxqs[ ssRLi xmnssV e yrysV xqsLRi*[ZNP[[ sV[duyss[NRPaRPM ee 14


RVy RVMLi # s[RR RVVsWxqsV=LRixqsRs e xmsp[ sVsV Lilgi[ R yR ry
RVMyaRPssV ee 15
RVVyLi xmsxqsWf xmsNRPX[LRikRWRVRW sV e gSyLi xqsyxqsyLi sVsV
xqslLi[*aRP*LRixqs z ee 16
$ bPsoRV BV xmsZNPsV c
J [[RsVVLS! dsV BRLji NTPNTP s[sV xqsLiRzqsLis. sV[soRsgRiV ssV RW
RVsVVsLiRsW sRyRVRV (12). dsV FsRVsVs @gji LigRisVV][ xqsRXaRP# \sVs ANSLRisVV gRi
bPsLigRisVVsV xmsRVRxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS sLjiLi sRsVV xmspLi ysLiRssV (13). LigRi
xmspsV [zqss sWssoLiRLjiRVLiRV s[sV xmsxqssVR\s yLji sVsxqsV=[s N][lLissds
BRsV (14). J [[RsVVLS! dsVNRPV RVMsVV NRPgjis][ LigRisVVsV xmspLiRVRV. @xmsoRV
RVMsVV sbPLiRVsV (15). sVaSVLRigRiV dsVLjiRLRiV xqslLi[*aRP*LRiVRsgRiV y [xsVV (xmsNRPX)
VVNRP NRPVT FsRsV gRisVV sVLiT sLiLji (16).
@RVLi s[V ROTPQyLS+Q*RQx [NRPzmsysVxM e ysV FyLS+Q* R sxtsvxqsQ*Li xqssVVRsM
xmsLSRsM ee 17
{ms][sxLi RVVsWxqs=sVgRi*LRiLi
WRWRVsWLRisVRW ee 18

RyLi

RV[zms=RsV

sVLiVV

NTPLRiQXy

FyLjidsLi \s sVsWQQLjiLi syRV NRPVLRiVRLi RVVysV e }qsyLi R ssyLi Fy NRPXy*


xqsVsVyxms=QR ee 19
s xqsxtsQLi NRPVLRiV R*Li z sVy xmsLjiFyNRPM e sR= sR= xlLi[ R*Li R Fy\VsLi
RLSRLRisV ee 20

xmsLRisWRsgRiV y NRPVT FyLRi+Q*sVV sVLiT [NRPsVVsNRPV zmsysVxRgRiV C xRVV, FsRsV


FyLRi+Q*sVVsVLiT dsso (sxtsvso) sLiLji (17). dsV RVLiRV s[sV sVNTP xmsxqssVR\ss.
dsVLRiV N][Ljis sLRisVV sRsV. dsVNTPRLjiNUP y aSxqsssVV[ yRVLiRV RXRNTP NRPVgRiVgSR!(18).
FygRiV dsVLjiRLRiV FyLjisLigRisVVsV sLjiLi ssR }qsssV [zqs xqsVsVVsV F~LiRVRV (19).
J ! dsso yAsV FyLiRVyR\s xqsXztsQs [RVVsVV. sy=! xLki!dsds RLSRLRigRiRVsV
LRiOTPQLixmsosVV (20).
x[yR e
BRVQQNSQ* _ xmsVryLi xmsp sjsVyRVsV e [V\ss xmspRaRP+LiVM xmnsLi
RVRRs[NRPaRPM ee 21
ByNRPLRiQ sRaRP+Li[LRiRW R xqsz][ xLjiM e xmsRVyR sV}aSsLi xmsxmsR NRPXyLiM ee
22
x BV xmsZNPsV c
xmsVsgRiV aRPLiVRV sWNRPV BV zms sVLigRiNRPLRisVgRiV xmsp sjs [jLisV. A sj
xmsNSLRisVVgS xmspLiRVyLjiNTP ARVs @s[NRP xmnssVV sRVsV (21). sxtsvso y][ gRiWT bPsos
C xmsVNRPVsV ss, ][zqsVVgji ssVxqsLjiLi, sV}aRP*LRiVs][ sssV (22).
sxtsv LRiVyR e
RVj {msxqs=sVVyy RVj [W sLRiaRP _ e NTPLRisRV _ sRLi R*LiVV ysyLji
ee 23
AsWlLi[s[s[aRP syRsVzms a][ssV e BgRi][ ysryj*yRaRPsVyRV _ ee 25
sxtsvso BV xmsZNPsV c

dsNRPV sWRVLiRV RRVNRPgji sLRisVV dsRVRs][, sWNRPV dsRVLiRV xqsLRi*y zqsLRisVgRiV NTPs
@sVgRizLiRVsVV (23). J RLiU! dsso sLRiVVRs[ @LiVVssW, BxmsoRV ds d][ @sRLjiLixmsosVV.
sWNRPV xqsRVsVVsV [RVVsVV. dsso xqsL][*RQXxtsvRso. xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRso (24). J
[s[y! dsso
sW
B8 8QXxtsvRs +OLC5kR9xtm.aPmkx2TM5swnK2CqNEBRlJ87If4bZheYhlYb.cFneVLhNi0Rv92vGnlY5z
Bf2tFvVBFJPmNG1_Reevz3nHgkpRJn4cCHAfCXcctTf9xRpPUTUBy5wjLbHYCAWvLAcytpv02tClsLAkGqOD
FEtLvdepWxwxYQN3Rhl2Y4zOKbnKBxjFpMtx5O.KaMOYLcOL343j39wtXxn Eo0EETVS7706iEmYF7G0ZElK0j6RT9V
S8p4usiBszXmpaqk.RLji syRsVVsV RLRiVNRPV BRNRPV s[zqss gSs, sWNRPV syRsVV NRPWR
sVLigRiNRPLRi\sVsj (25).
x[yR e
Rxqs RR*RsLi aRPVy* xmsosM Fyx xL][ xLjisV e xmsxmsR zqsRLi sVWLSQ NRPXyLi
xmsoxqs=Q*RVsV ee 26
x BV xmsZNPsV c
BV xmsNTP sxtsvso ][zqs VVgji bPLRiry ssVxqsLjiLi ssV. @xmsoRV bPsoRV A sWsV
ss, sVLRi BV xmsZNPsV (26)
sV}aRP DyR e
xmsRVzqs xqsLSLi NRPLSxLi xqsgRiV[sgRiVM e xmsLRiLi x sLji*NSLki xqsysLiRORPQM ee 27
y [ xxLi su x sxtsv xLSRW e xqsLRiLRiOSQRVgRiV\ LjixtsQ[sxLi xqsy
xlLi[ ee 28
xqsV][sxLi RVRQ*RW su s[VssyLRi[ e FyLRiyLi yLi NRPLjiuysV xqsyLi
RVRQ NRPsR=M ee 29

sVRWxmsLi xmsLRisVLi xdsRXaRPLi sRLigRiRM e xmsNRP sy [ZNP[ ysW LRiVRM xmsNUPLjiRM ee


30
$ sV}aRPVTV xmsZNPsV c
gRiRV VVNRP xqsXztsQzqsRVNRPLRisV s[s[. s[sV sLRiV xmsLRixs[ @LiVVssW, xqsgRiVVRsV.s[sV
sNSLRisVVV [s xqsysLiR xqs*LRiWxmsoRsV (27). } su! s[sV xqsXztsQzqsRVsVVsV [RVV
x sxtsv LRiVRLRiWxmssVV][ sVWRVgS sTsTysV. NSs yRVLi[yRW @LiaRPsVVV [so
(28). } su! dsso, x NRPzqs ssV @sRLjiLiRsVss xqsVLiLji. NRPVRVLiRV }mssVgRi
s[sV dsV A FyLRisssV xqsRsVV [|qsRsV (29). J ! y ZaP[xtsQLRiWxmssVV ds [xsVV sVLiT
xmsNRP\sV [NRPsVV[ LRiVRVRsV }msLRi xmszqsj LiRVsV (30).
sVRLiaSRxqs rysVLRiQLi sWsLi \ss sxtsQ e WsxLi rsxLi s [][szqs
xmspsjsysRM ee 31
RVy R [xtsQxqs=LigS[xqs=QLRi+y s \s e Ry sVsWgRiVryzms xqsLiWgSRLiRsLi
sz ee 32
bPsLRiWxmsLi sV\sVRR LRiV][szms bPsRRy e s RR xmsLRi[][ \s NRPLRisaRP sVsVVs[ ee 33
sxqsV][ }NRPLRiWxmsLi z j*y sLi gRiRVR e @][ s [][ s[RVbP+s[ LRiV[ NRPyRs ee 34
y @LiaRPRVgRiV[ LRiVRVRV rysVLRiQsVV[ y NRPLi RNRPVs NSs[ NSRV. s[s[ LRiVRVRV. LRiVRVRV
s[sV. xmspsj[ \sssW sW[[RsVV [RV (31). @gji][T xqsLigRisVV[ dsNTP DxtsQxqsLRi+
NRPVgRiVs[ gSs, @j sVV VVNRP xqs*LRiWxmssVV NSRV. @Vs[, sLRiVVRsgRiV yNRPV xmsNRPX
xqsLiWgRisVV[ gRiRV xqsXLixmsTsj. NSs, yNRPV LiRsVV [RV (32). J sVxL<ki! bPsosNRPV,
LRiVRVsNRPV [RsVV [RV gSs, yLji RVLiRV [R Vjs [RVLSRV (33). IZNP[ xmsLRisWR
bPsLRiVRVVgS xmsNRP\sVyRV gSs, yLjiRLji[ [RsVVsV GyRW ss [RVLSRV (34).
xqsVsLRixqs R\NRPxqs sxqsVR*Li \ss gRiR e @LiNRPXNRPX[ [s ysV[][ s sxqsVRM ee 35

R\NRPry sVX][ [][ yyFy[ s sxqsVRM e NSLRi\|qs#s NSlLi[R xqssysLi sRLRi+ssV ee 36


RsLi VRs\lLiQQaRP sLRi sxqsV=L_ e GsLi y* syQLiRV s RXaRPLi
[RNSLRisV ee 37
sxqsVsR=LRi*RXaRPLi R bPsLRiWxmsLi sVRLi sVsV e
LigSLRisVV[ [RVRV ssR ALRisVVNRPV ysVLRiWxmssVVV s[LRiVgS sVLiRVsV. NSs y
xqs*LRiWxmsWR\sVs sxqsVso[ [Rs[VsVRVV [RV. @R LigSLRisVV RNRP sVLjiVVNRP [RV
(35). @Vs[ sVsVLiT ssR FyRV [RVRVsV. NSs y DFyyssVV INRP[V.
xqsLRi*NSLRisVVRVLiRV IZNP[ NSLRisVV @sVsXRQ\sV DLiRVsV gRiy! (36). J [sRLS! aRPVR
ssVV gRi xmsLiTRVV C NSLRiRXztsQs NRPgjiRVVLiRVLRiV. dsVLRiV NRPWy C xqsRsVV sLjiLigji
[RRXztsQs RLiRVRV (37). C RXaRPsxqsVsods bPsxqs*LRiWxmss[Vss y @FyRVsVV.
@xLi ys\ZaPQQs LRiV][ WsRVLi sxtsQ ee 38
GNRPLRiWFy s [RxqsV [[ \s LiRsLi # s[` e Ryzms R sVkRVLi z bPsLRiWxmsLi xqsyRssV ee
39
sVWd WRLi xqs][NRPLi R xqsRssVsLiRNRPsV e GsLi y* xqsy [RVLi sVsry \s
RRQ*RM ee 40
aRPWRVyLi \s [ s RV][xmsLi NRPR[ sVRW e sLif xmsNRPX[ LSf yRVLi \s
xmsNRPX[M xmsosM ee 41
sVy RV[ RR x[ VNRPV[LRixsV e gRiV[xtsQ*zms RVy FNRPrysVsM xmsNRPX][ xLRiM
ee 42
\sNSLjiNRPaRP s[W WsxLiNSLRi DyxXRM e ysV][ sxqsV][ \ss ysVxqsMxmsLjiRORPQ [ ee 43

s[sV, dsso, xsVLjiRVV DRsLiR[[V LRiVRVRV (38) @sV yLji xqs*LRiWxmssVV INRP[V.
dsLji[ [RsVV [RV. [RsVVsV sLiRVyLjiNTP LiRsVV NRPVgRiVsV. dsLji xqs*LRiWxmssVV
xqsyRsVRV, bPsoRV @gRiV s[s[ (39). xqsR ysLiR xqs*LRiWxmssVgRiV xmsLRix[V C
RVNRPV sVWNSLRisVs xmsTsj. C xqsRsVV sLjiLigji sVsxqsV=[ xmsLRixsV
xqsLS*y ysLiRssV (40). J ! y sWsV ssVsVV. s[sV xmsVsj LRixxqssVV.
dsVLjiRLRiV xmsNRPX sVLiT sLiLji. NSs LRiVRVRV xmsNRPX sVLiT sLiRRV (41). y A
BVsj. s[sV x VVNRP NRPsVsV sVLiT sLiRsV. xLRiVRV ysVxqsVRs |msRLRiV
(42). NSs xmsNRPX sNSLRisVgRiV @xLiNSLRisVV sWRs[V ysVxqssVs xmsLiTRVV |msRLRiV. C
gRiV[RsVV ysVLRiWxmssVVRVLiRV sWRs[V gRiRV. RRQ*sVVsLiRV [RV. xLRiVRV ysVxqsVRV
NSs[NSRV (43).
GRryyLRiRQxsV NRPLRiRVsVRLi R*RW e xqsXztsQNRPLS s s xqsX}tsQaRP FyN][
xLjiM ee 44
sVkRVaRP RyLia][ W RVNRPLS sxtsQ e BRVLi RW xmsNRPXlLi[ds xsW xmsLRis[VaRP*Lki
ee 45
RryxqsV aRPNTP LS*lgi[ds Li ry xtsQ e @y aRPNTPM xmsosxqsR xmsNRPX[ xqsxqs=LisxtsQ ee 46
xqssWaRPLiVVxtsQ sxtsvLi OUPQ LRiW}ms ry Ry e xmsosaRP NSdysW ry sVRLiaRPLi Fyxms=Q
RVssV ee 47
[d LRiW}ms ry RR NSLSlLi[ xqsLisxtsQ e
J ! C NSLRisVV ss dsso s[sV zmssV [RVVsVV. dsso xqsXztsQs [RVVsVV. sxtsvso
gRiRVsV FyLiRVsV (44). y @LiaRPRVgRiV LRiVRVRV RVsVVsV [RVgRiRV. CsV xmsLRis[VaRP*Lji
RVgRiV DsW[s. CsV[V xmsNRPX (45). CsV VVNRP aRPNTP ylgi[s. AsV xsV }qssLiRgRiRV.
C xmsNRPX sVLiT sVLRiVVNRP aRPNTP xmsoVsV (46). A aRPNTP OUPQ LRiWxmssVV][ sxtsvsosV

AaRPLiVVLiRgRiRV. NSRVsV }msLRiV gRi sVLjiVVNRP aRPNTP sLi, y @LiaRPRVgRiV LRiVRVs F~Lij (47)
xmsNSaRP LRiWxmssVV][ LRiVRVsNRPV RVNSLRisVVsLiRV xqsxNRPLjiLiRVsV.
GsLi [sxqsy FNSaRP+QQNRPRVM xmsLRisWaRPV+M ee 48
xqsXztsQzqsRWyLi z NSLRi yryLi NRPsWRVssV e GRryM xmsNRPX[LRiLi aS
sVQRWRWxqsV=L][Rs ee 49
R*Li R OUPQ sVVFybPR NSLRiLi NRPLRiVsVL>Rizqs e xLixqsQ*Li R gjiLSLi [dsLi
xmsNRPXRLiaSsVyxms R ee 50
xqsXztsQNSLRiLi xXy NRPLRiVLi sVsQlLi[aSjL>Rizqs e @xLi NSdLi xqssWbPR sVQRWLiaSLi
xmsLSRLRisV ee 51
LRiVR LRiW}ms xmsRVLi NRPLji}tsQ
RR=Q\lLiQQ*LSaRP\sVLRiVssV ee 52

NSLRisVVRsVsV

RRVLRi*LRisVRVLi

[NRPLi

RR\sQLji*s\M NS\lLiQQM NRPXy* xqsVsVyxms=QRM e


C sRsVVgS, aRPNTP xqs*LRiWzmsVV, xmsLRisVsVLigRisVV sRVyLRiVgRisV C [ds sVVLRiVV (48)
NRPsVsVVgS xqsXztsQzqsRVNSLRisVVRVLiRV ][RRgRiLRiV. J xqsVLRiZaP[xtsvLS! C [ds sVWLRiVV
y zmsRVVLSgRiV xmsNRPX VVNRP @LiaRPV (49). } su! dsso OTPQ s AaRPRVsVVgS [xqsVNRPVs ds
NRPLRissVVssVztsQLixmsosVV. J ! dsso xmsNRPX VVNRP @LiaRPRVgRiV ylgi[ss F~Lij (50), y
A[ AsLiRsVVgS xqsXztsQs [RVVsVV. y zmsRVVLS @LiaRP#\VsRVV, xqsLRi*ZaP[xtsvLSgRiV NSs
AaRPLiVVLi (51), s[sV LRiVRLRiWxmsoR\s DRsVNSLRisVgRiV xmsRVsVVsV [RVgRisV. yV
sLRisVV][, yV AaRPsVsVV][ (52) ssR xmsyLRisVV][ NRPWTs gRiRVsV sLjiLi,
xqsVsVVsV F~LiRVRV.
s ssxqsLiRVVN][ [NSyLi zRNSLRiNRPM ee 53
sVVNTP][sR ysR s [ZNP[ sVyRW e sVRLRi+s[ xmnsLi RVR*R [s Rs RLRi+s[ ee 54

B R][ sLRi}qssR xqsRLi xqsRLi s xqsLiaRPRVM e sV\sVs xXR[V sxtsvLji*uaRP xXR[V


xxsV ee 55
DWLRiLiRLRiLi W \s s y sV[ sVsVe ysWLigRi[ sVsV xLjiLRiOTPQLig][R[ sjMee
56
sVxmsRV NRPXRV][ saS*y xXRWRsM e y [ xxLi su x sxtsv
yRW ee 57
xqsLRi LRiOSQRV NRPLRizqsQgRiV\ LRi AjM e gRiVsbP+s ry=QOSQ` xmsNRPX[M xmsoLRiVuyRLRiM ee 58
} su! dsso s sssVVV NRPyR\s [NRPsVVNRPV zRsVVsV [RVVRW (53), C
gRiRV[ y A[ sVVNTPs BRVyRso NRPsVV. ssV RLji+Lis][ G xmnssVV LiRV[,
ssV RLji+LissW @[ xmnssVV LiRVsV (54). s[sV dsNRPV C sLRisVVsRV RVysV. Bj
sVVsWNUP xqsRsVV. xqsLi[xsVV [RV. sxtsvso y xXRRVsVV[ sVyRV. sxtsvso
xXRRVsVV[ s[sV DysV (55). sW BRLji[ [RsVVsV gSLiRV yLjiNTP y sV[ssVV
FsLRiVNRP NSRV. y FsRsV gRisVV sVLiT sxtsvso , NRPVT gRisVV sVLiT x sLiLji (56).
gRiR=Q*LRiWxmsoRV, y xXRRVsVV sVLiT xmsos yRVsgRiV LRiVRVRV sVxmsRV NRPLRi RVgRiVsV.
C dLRiVs s[sV x sxtsv LRiVRVsV sVWRV LRiWxmssVVVgS xmsNRP\sV (57) , LRixqsV=, xqsRQ*sVV,
RsVxqsV= @sV gRiVsVVsV NRPgji, xqsXztsQ zqsRVsVVsV [zqs, gRiV [RsVV[ sVWLji
[RsVVsV F~Lijs. xmsNRPX NRPLi, xmsoLRiVxtsvs NRPLi @dRsVgRiV xmsLRixsVV s[s[ (58).
xmsLRiLi R*W s][ssLiRM xmspL][ sLRiLisM e @LiRxqssW zxqs=RQ* zqsQ gRiyN][
xLjiM ee 59
@LiRxqs=RQ* xqssW x zqsQ gRiRV NRPXRLRiM e @LiRLRiz LRi\ZaPQQs gRiR=QXztsQ NRPXj*jM
ee 60
GsLi gRiVzqsQ[s[xtsv gRiV s bPsxqs=QXRM e su xqsXztsQNRPLRiLi {msy Fy\VsLi zmsysVxsV
ee 61

xqsLixmspzqsQxtsv [ZNP[xtsv sxtsQzqs sVyRW e Rs }qs[ s[aSzms LRiVR Gs sxtsQ ee 62


xmsLRix @j*dRVsVV, sRsVV, @sLiRsVV, xmspLRisVV sVLjiRVV @xqsLigRisVV. sVV[NRPsVVsV
FyLiRV sxtsvssNRPV [xms RsWgRiVsVV, RV xqsRQ*gRiVsVV DLiRVsV. (59).sVV[NRPsVVsV
RVsVV [RVV xLRiVsNRPV [xms xqsRQ*gRiVsVV, RV RsWgRiVsVV DLiRVsV.
sVV[NRPsVVsV xqsXztsQLiRV xNRPV [xms sVLjiRVV RV LRi[gRiVsVV DLiRVsV. (60).
sVWLRiV[ gRiVsVV zqs BVsj. bPsoRV gRiVdRVRV. } su! xqsXztsQNRPLRiRVgRiV C
zmsysVxs LRiOTPQLiRVsVV (61). dsso y A[ sVV[NRPsVV RVLiRV xmspLiRVN]sgRiso.
dsso, sVLjiRVV x LRiVRVs }qssLiRVRV (62).
bPs xmspLSsyL][ z gRiRV NSLRiNRPM e Fy[ sxtsQ xqsVRM NRP[ Rs zmsysVxM ee 63
Ry RORPQ zqs sWLi \s rszms RORPQ xmsRM e GssVVNSQ* sV}aSsM NRPXFyLi NRPXy*sRVLi
xLRiM ee 64
xmsosM FyR xqsV{msy saRPVLi xqslLi[*aRP*LRiM xmsVM ee 65
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi xmsRsV Li[ xqsXxtsvFys[
bPsRRQ* sLRisLi ysV sssWsyRVM (9).
sVV[NRPsVVsV RVsVV [RVV LRiVRVRV bPsos xmspLSsyLRisVV. dsNRPV NRPj RVLiRV
xmsRsVV[ x xqsVRV\ sLiRgRiRV (63). @xmsoRV dsso, sVLjiRVV xmsRsVVsVLiT xmsos
x ssV RWRgRiLRiV. sV}aRP*LRiVTV xmsNTP ry[s RRVsV RW|mssV (64). xqslLi[*aRP*LRiVRgRiV
bPsoRV sVNTP {ms][ sxtsvso sV[bPLi sVLRi BV xmsZNPsV (65).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsj RVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizR RVLiRV sVVR LiRsVgRiV xqsXxtsv
FyssVV[ bPsRRQ* sLRissVs[ ]sVRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (9).
@R RaRPsWsyRVM

xmsLRisV bPsRRQ*sVV
xmsLRis[VaRP*LRi DyR e
@sRQXV xlLi[ su aSxqssLi sVsV xqsVsR e xqsy xqslLi[*xtsv [ZNP[xtsv sWsM
xmsp[ sxtsQzqs ee 1
x sLji[ [ZNP[ RVy RVMLi xmsRV[ e Ry R*Li xqsLRi*RVM yLi yaSRV RRL][
s ee 2
xqsRVLi [ NRPLjiuysV xqsLRi*NSlLi[ R RVxqs=} e Rs aRPRWs xsuysV
RVry=ysLRisWRs ee 3
ssyssyLSLiaRP gRiX{ y* NUPLji sVVRsWsV e sryLRiRV xlLi[ [ZNP[ yLRiRV xmsL][ s ee 4
xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVTV xmsZNPsV c
} su! dsso sVLi sxtsQgRiyRso. sVLjiVVNRP sWsV ssVsVV. dsso [NRPsVV[ xqsLRi*y
ARLRiRVVRso, xmspRso NSgRiso. Bj y aSxqsssVV (1). x sLjiLis xqsXztsQ[
RVMsVV |msRV |msLjigjisxmsVRV dsy RVMsVVssds yaRPsVV [RVV RVLiRV RRLRiVRso
NRPsVV (2). s[sV dsNRPV NRPhjis NSLRisVVsRVLiRV xqsRVsVV [|qsRsV. sVaSVLRiV,
RVLRiRVVV sgRiV ds aRPRVsosV xqsLixLjiLiRsV (3). } xlLi[! dsso ss @syLRisVVsV
RLjiLi [NRPsVV[ ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV NUPLjis sxqsLjiLiRVN]sVsVV. [NRPsVVsV LRiOTPQLiRV RVLiRV
RRLRiVRso NRPsVV (4).
gRiV LRiWF xRVLi LRiV][ xs[s sxmsouy xqsy e NSLRi NRPLji}tsQ [NSyLi RyaRPNRPLi s
xqsLiaRPRVM ee 5
LRiVR [W yLi\ZaPQQs s[W xLRixqsy e RVVsWLRiLiRLRiLi \ss Rs LRiVRxqs NTPLiRs
ee 6

sxqsVR aSzms \NRPR*Li sLRi][szms R\s R e dRWszms sV su xqsRLi xqsRLi s xqsLiaRPRVM ee


7
LRiVR N][ sL][ RVxqsV Rs sLiyLi NRPLjixtsQ e Rxqs xmsoLi R sLi RVR xqs sxtsQ ee 8
y gRiVLRiWxmso[ C LRiVRVRV, [NRPsVVNRPV dsso [RV s NSLRisVVsV s[sV LRiVR aRPLkiLRisVV][
[|qsRsV (5) ssV LRiVRVRV ysLiRVsV. dsso LRiVRVs ysLiRso. dsNRPV, LRiVRVsNRPV
[aRP#\sVssW [RsVV [RV (6). xqs*LRiWxmssVV[ dsVNTPRLjiNUP [RsVV [RV. sVLjiRVV J
sVsxtsw! yd[, s[ss sLRixmsssVV ss dsVNTPRLjiNUP [RsVV [RV. Bj sVVsWNTP
xqsRsVV. xqsLiaRPRVsVV [RV (7) LRiVR NRPVRgRiV sWssoRV ssV sLijLis][, ys
xmsosVLiRRVW sLis[ {qs WRsVgRiVsV (8).
sLRiZNP[ xmsRsLi Rxqs R*[*uyRVLRiVuRsV e sVyRW # s[j*u xqsRLi xqsRLi s xqsLiaRPRVM
ee 9
[ZNP[szqss sVVNTP][ sXLi NTP Ra`P sZaP[xtsQRM e [RVM xmspaRP NSyLi sgRisV gRix
NRPVLRiV ee 10
BRVQQNSQ* sWLi R yyLRiLi x}qs RXy* xqs*RVLi xLjisV e NRPRRWsWxqs RVM[xtsv xqsxW
s xqsLRi*y ee 11
xqsLS*RQORPQaRP xqslLi[*xtsv NTPsVVNTP xmsyRVNRPM e s R*Li xqsLRi*y ZaP[xtsQxqs=LRi*NSsV xmsryRNRPM ee 12
} xmsoLRiVuRsW! su! ssV [*ztsQLiRVyRV sLRiNRPsVV[ xmsRVsV. Bj y RWs. Bj
sVVsWNUP xqsRsVV. xqsLiaRPRVsVV [RV (9). dsds [NRPsVV[ sWssoNRPV NTPs, sVVNTPs,
BRVyR\s NRPV[ ysLixms Rso. xmspLixmsRso. dsso NRPVsV bPOTPQLiRV, @sV
gRizLiRV @sV NSLRisVVsV [RVVsVV (10). @s xmsNTP bPsoRV xsgRiV ssV [][
xmsVN]s sxtsvso][ CRsNTP NRPxtsQsVV[ xqsLRi*y ][RRVsVs |mssV (11). } su! dsso
xqsLRi*sVVsNRPV @RQORPVRso. NTPs, sVVNTPs, BRVyRso. xqsLRi*ZaP[xtsvRso. N][lLi ssds
C[LRiV yRso NRPsVV (12).

xqslLi[*uyLi FyLRiWxmsaRP s R*Li R sVsWRW e xqsLiNRP[ dsW z xqs LRiV][ sVRsVL>RilLi[ ee


13
y*Li RVxqs=sWbP][ sWsLi sWs[Vs xqs sWbPRM e @LiRLRiLi RVaRP y sLRi[V xmsR
RVssV ee 14
ARVVLRiLi aRPXVuy*R [yyLi sZaP[xtsQRM e xqsLi[x[sR s NRPLRi[ xsxtsv
xLSRysV ee 15
RRVLRiVgRi xqsxry x[ jssVVR[ e LSaRP ysd Rxqs sWss[VRRQ s[V x ee
16
} su! dsso y A[ FyVsNUP FyLRiWxmsoRso NRPsVV. y @LiaRPRVgRiV LRiVRVs dsso NRPxtsQ
NSsVV[ }qssLiRVsVV (13). ssV AaRPLiVVLis sQQNTP saRPRVsVVgS ssV AaRPLiVVLis[
RVgRiVsV. sVs sVR [RsVVsV RLji+LiRV sQQNTP sLRiNRPsVV[ xmsRV saRPRVsVV (14). BxmsVRV
x sxtsv LRiVRVV @s[ sVWLRiV ARVVLSRVsVVsV, sVVsV ssLjiLiRsV. ssVRV. ks
sxtsQRVsVV[ dsVLRiV xqsLiaRPRVsVVsV LiRNRPVRV (15). s[LiVV sVRWgRisVVV xNRPV INRP
xmsgRiV. @Li[ NSsVV @RsNTP INRP LS. C sWssVV][ @Rs ARVVxt<svsV NRPNRPssV (16).
[uyLi LiaRPj\sLSr y*R\ZaP|q^s#aRP sR=LRiM e aRPRsL<Ri xmssW[s RVVM xmsLjiNUPLjiRsV ee 17
x[ sL<Ri sW[ jsLi \sxtsQssVVR[ e rzms sL<RiaRPRLi RWsyRsWs[s s ee 18
\sxtsQs[ RV slL<i[ jsLi L_RLi # s[RVssV e xL][ sL<RiaRP# [ RW[ sLRiLRiW}ms xqsLizqsRM ee 19
RWsRVRQ* zqsRLi sZNP[Q xqsy bPsxqssVVRssV e xmsaSRQ NTPLi xqssW[ RWssaRP+Q*zqsRLi
#s[` ee 20
@ sVVxmsj L][V INRP s. xmssLiRV sV INRP xqsLisR=LRisVV. x VVNRP
ARVVLSRVsVV B sLiR xqsLisR=LRisVVs xmssV (17). xVVNRP INRP xqsLisR=LRisVV
sxtsvsosNRPV INRP jssVV @gRiVsV. C NRP[ ARVsNRPV sLiR xqsLisR=LRisVV ARVVLSRVsVV

DLiRVsV (18). sxtsvso VVNRP INRP xqsLisR=LRisVV LRiVRVsNRPV INRP jssVV. LRiVRVRV sLiR
xqsLisR=LRisVVV sLRiLRiWxmssVV[ sVLiRVsV (19). A NSsVV xqsybPsos INRP DyQ*xqs][
xqssWssVgRiVsV. @V zmssV LRiVRVRV xqsybPsos saS+Q*xqsNSsVV sLRiNRPV aRPNTP[ dsV\
DLiRVsV (20).
saS+Q*rRQ* zqsyyLi R xqslLi[*uys[Vs [szy sV. x sxtsv xLSLi R gRiLiRL][*LRigRi
LRiORPQrysV ee 21
GNRPsLiaRP xqsxry aRP# \xt<sQT aRP+ys R e @x[ LSy ][NSs xmssWLi xqsVLRixqsRs ee 22
xtsQT LRiVyQ*xqs saS+Q*Q\|qsM xmss[VNRPLi xmssLjiRsV e xmnsV xtsQztsQxmsM FNSry= xtsQuy R jsLi
saS ee 23
saS+Q* rRQ*zqsyyLi R xmsLji xqsLi s sR[ e xqsybPsxqssVVyy s[VRry][=sORPQRVM
xqsQXRM ee 24
BRLi LRiWxmsLi R*RW ysRORPQRVLi sVsWRW e ysR=QX}tsQaRP NSLRiLi \s NRPLRisLi
ss\LRiV\M ee 25
J [sZaP[xtsvLS! xqsLRi*FyVNRPV, xsxtsv LRiVRVNRPV, gRiLiRLRiV*NRPV, FyyyxqsVNRPV,
LSORPQNRPVNRPV (21), 21,600 DyQ*xqs saS+Q*xqsV INRP L][ @gRiVss RVssV (22). ALRiV
DyQ*xqs saS+Q*xqsV INRP xmssVV @gRiVsV. @LRi\s xmssVVV INRP xmnsV . @LRi\s xmnsVVV INRP L][
@gRiVsV. (23). xqsybPsos saS+Q*r yQ*xqsNRPV xmsLjigRissVV [RV. NSsoss[, ARVs
@ORPQRVVRs xmsTyRV (24). C gRiRWxmssVVsV dsso y A[ LRiOTPQLixmsosVV. dsVLjiRLRiV ssR
gRiVsVV yaRPLiVVLi xqsXztsQNSLRisVsVVsV [RVVRV (25).
x[ yR e
ByNRPLRiQ sRaRP+Li[LRiRW R gRiy>sLjiM e xmsxmsR R sZaP[*aRPLi Fyx sVLiRRLRiLi sbdP ee 26
x BV xmsZNPsV c

aRPLiVs C sWsV ss s[sV, sxtsv gRiysVRV gRiRRVgRiV ARVsNRPV ssVxqsLjiLisV.


xqsLRi*xqssVLRiVRgRiV sxtsvso sVgS bPsos][ sssV (26).
sxtsvLRiVyR e
aRPLiNRPLRi aRPWRVys[VRRQXFyzqsLi][ gRiR[ e xqsLRi*s[VRRLjiuysV sysaSsVgRiM ee 27
sVsV [RVxqs=y R*Li R sxtsQzqs s ysy esR xqs=LRi* rysVLRiQLi Li \s xmsoLS
sVRW ee 28
ORPQ sWRsVzms ry*sVLixqss ysLi xmsLRiLi sVsV e [Rr RWLRi][ \ss sLRiRRV NRPyRs ee 29
sVsV NRPaRP sVR=Q*sVLixqss sLiyLi NRPLjixtsQ e Rxqs \s sLRi[V yxqsLi xmsRVR sRVRLi
RVssV ee 30
sxtsvso BssV c
aRPLiNRPLS! dsso NRPXFyxqssVVRRso. gRiRs. C sWsV ssVsVV. ds RWNRPV saRPsLjiQ\s C
xmssVssds [|qsRsV (27). s[sV xqsLRi*y ssV ysLiRsV. xqsLi[xsVV [RV. s[sV
xmspLRi*sVV
sVLiT[V
rysVLRiQsVVssds
F~LijRVVLis
(28).
J
ry*dsV! dsZaP[xtsQsVgRiVyssVV ysVsxqsV= sVLiT ORPQsWR\sVssW Gy\ssW ]gji FNRPVLiRV
gSNRP! (29). J ry*dsV! y NRPVs*Q\lLissW ssV sLijLis ][ saRPRVsVVgS ysNTP
sLRiNRPyxqssVV ssVV (30).
R*RQ N][ W # s[y=Q*sVssV zmsRVRL][ z xqsM e GsLi \s W sy Rxqs sVVNTPLRi
RVLRi ee 31
sVzsW R sVkWsR sLji][ sy RVssV e NSRRgRiV\ZaPQQs RV[ ORPQsVysV ee
32

J ry*dsV! ds NRPVRgRiV sWssoRV yNRPV sVNTP {ms FyRVRgRiVsV. C xqsRsVV sLjiLigjis ysNTP
sVVNTP RVLRisVV NSRV (31). CyRV ds[ y sVzsV saRPRVsVVgS sXj F~LijLixmsTsj.
s[sV Gy\ssW RxmsV [zqss][ ORPQsVLiRssV (32).
x[yR e
Ry aRPLiVxqskRVLi z aRPVy* sRssVVRsVsV e DyR sxtsvLi xqsV{msy ORPQsW [sgRiVy
sVRW ee 33
GssVVNSQ* xLjiLi _ xqs NRPLSLi xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiM e xmsxqsLRi+ xqsNRPLilgi[xtsv NRPXxmsRW RV NRPXFysjM ee
34
AjaRP ssysLSs=LRi*RVMxL][ xLRiM e R_ sLSss[NSLiaSsWL>jiRNUPL<RiRW ee 35
RRxqs= gRiys aRPLiVM NRPXxmsRW NRPsR=M e RXuy xqsLixmsaRP][bdP+xmnsVLi R\QyLiRLRikRVRee
36
x BV xmsZNPsV c
@xmsoRV aRPLiVRV sxtsvso VVNRP xmsVNRPVsV ss {ms][ @Rs][ 'ds RxmsV y[
ORPQsVLixmsRgjis[' @s xmsZNPsV (33).NRPXFysjRVgRiV A xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV sxtsvso][ sV xmsNTP sW
BRLjis @sRVssVVsRVLiRV [RV][ xqsQXbPLisV (34).RVMsVVssLids Fg][
bPsoRV sWNRPV BRLjiNTP ssR RLRisVV y[bPLi, sWNRPV {mss NRPgjiLiRV\ZNP @s[NRP sLRisVV
ssV (35). @xmsoRV NRPsR=VRgRiV A aRPLiVRV NRPXFyRXztsQ][ RW, s[VsVV RWRV RVLiRgS
sLis[ @LiRL>jiRVyVsV (36).
Ry xmsX [ZNP[szqss LigRixmsp sjM xqsQXRM eLilgi[ xmsztsQRaRP+LiVLRiVQ NTP sVVNTP xmsyRVNRPM
ee 37
LigRis[jLRi[ds LigRiLi ryOSQs}aRP*LRiM e RVyLigRisVRVQQNRPLi R\Qs sLi gRi` ee 38

RVxqsV \LigRiLi xmslhi[sRLi @sLi LigRixqss_ e xtsQ rys bPsLRiWF z yR NSLS


syLRi ee 39
RVxqsV LigRixqsdsV}ms RV NSLRiLi NTPLiRL][R e Rxqs xmsoxmnsLi sNRPVLi s aRPN][sV sVsVVs[ ee
40
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRVLi xmsRsV Li[ xqsXxtsvFys[
xmsLRisV bPs RRQ* sLRisLi ysV RaRPsWsyRVM (10).
@xms sVLiTRVV C [NRPsVV[ LigRixmsp sj xmssLjisj. NTPs, sVVNTPs B[ aRPLiVRV
LigRisVV[ xmsztsQRV\ RVVyRV (37). LigRisVV VVNRP s[j sV[s RVgRiV DsV. LigRisVV
ryOSQRVgS sV}aRP*LRiVRV. ys RVLiRV gRiRLiRRVV RVsVgRiV[ LigRisVs }msLRiV ssj
(38). LigRixqssj[ ALRiV sWxqssVVV sRsVV LigSsLSsgSRsV xmshjiLiRV sQQNTP
bPsxqs*LRiWxmsoRsV[ xqsLi[xsVNRPLRi[RV (39). J sVxL<ki! LigRixqssj[ G[s RLRi
NSLRisVVsV ARLjiLiRV sWssos xmsoxmnssVVsV s[sV sLjiLiR[sV (40).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsj RVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizR RVLiRV xqsXxtsvFys sVs[ sVVR
LiRsVV[ xmsLRisVbPsRRQ* sLRis sVs[ xmsjRVs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (10).
@R GNSRa][syRVM
bPsxmspsj
VVxtsQRV ERVM e
xqsWR xqsWR sVgRi yxqs bPxtsQ ssWsxqsV[ e aS syyRVy \ZaPsNRPy xmsLRisVFysds ee 1
RyRVy sV jy Lig][R aRPVQ+y aRPV e aRPVy* RVryM xmssLi R RVMya][
# s[jx ee 2

x yLRiR xqsLiyRsVsV xqsXR RRWs[ e bPyLRissjLi Wz [Vs RVu # s[sM ee


3
xQ\M ORPQ \V\lLiQQ*ZaPaRPWQ+Q\QLS* xmsp[ bPsM e NRPRLi NSLRiLi R R` Wz RVy
yxqssVVRVQ RsV ee 4
RRVQy* sRsLi [uyLi aRPLRiRLi aRPV xqsLisVRsV e DyR xqsNRPLi {msysVVs xmsaS*sV
ryLRiRM ee 5
VVxtsvV xmsNTPLji c
J xqsVy! sVy! yxqs bPxtsvRsgRiV dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV. dsso @RVRsVV, xmsLRisV FysssVV
@gRiV bPsNRPRsV sszmsLis (1). ys RVLiRV s[VsVV sVNTP jssVV, aRPVNRPLRisVVsgRiV
LigSsLSssVVsV sLisV. C gSRsV ss][ A xmsssVV ss C xqsLiryLRisVV[ RVMsVV
sbPLiRVsV (2). J RRW xqssVVy! dsso x yLRiR xqsLiyRsVVssV xqsLjiLi, bPsosNRPV
{msNRPLRisVgRiV @LRis sjs xmsVsVV (3). x ORPQ RV \saRPaRPWRVV bPsos xmspLiRVLRiV.
C xmspsV FsV [RVssV ? dsso yxqsVs sVVsVVsVLiT ss A xmsp sjs xmsVsVV
(4). xqsVNRPLRisVV, s[R xqssVRsVVsgRiV yLji A sWsV ss, xqsWRVRV {ms][ sVVsV xmsaRPNRPV
@sV LRiWxmssVVgS xqsLRi*sVVsV [jLisV (5).
xqsWR DyR e
ryRV xmsXxtsQLi sjaRP RRxxqsLi sVVdsaRP*LSM e RRxLi NRPRRWsVR RVy Vj
RVyaRPVRsV ee 6
sjM xmsXR[ RR*Ry y}qss\s xmsoLS e xmsXxtsQLi xqssRVsWLSRV RRVQRLi
xxmssVsVy ee 7
R][ y}qss \s aRPVy* bPs xmspjNRPLi R RV` e sVxLi R FyhjiRLi [s [NSyLi zR
NSsVRW ee 8

RRVQRLi \s NRPX}tsQs xxmssV[LRiRsM e RRxLi NRPRLiVVuysV RVy


sRRVLS ee 9
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
J sVVdsaRP*LRiVLS! bPsxmsp LRixxqssVVsV gRiWLji dsVLRiV RNRPgS xmsbPLiLji. s[y
sxtsQRVsVVsV BxmsoRV s[sV ssysNTP @sV LRiWxmssVVgS y VjNTP @LijsLiRsLRiNRPV |msRsV
(6). dsVLRiV ssV @Tgjis dLRiVss[ , xmspLRi*sVV yxqsVRV xqssRVsWLRiVs @TlgisV. A
xmsxqsLigRisVVsV DxmssVsVRV NRPWy sssV (7). yxqsVRV bPsxmspRVsV ss [NRPsVVNRPV
zRsVVsV [RVg][Lji yNRPV [jLiyRV (8). sVRVRgRiV DxmssVsVs sVLiT yss $
NRPXxtsvRV sssV. xmspLRi*sVV x[ xmsTs A sxtsQRVsVVsV s[sV xmsgRisV (9).
x[yR e
aRPXV yLRiR sOSQQsV xqsLiZOP[QFyLigRixmspssV e sNRPVLi sL<RiaRP# [yzms s aRPNRPLi sxqsLSsVs[ ee 10
GsLi RV aSLiNRPLRiLi LRiWxmsLi xqsVLi xqs*RLi xqsyRssV e xmsp[V RLRiRW NSQ xqsLRi*NSsV
xmnsxms[V ee 11
yLjiRQLi L][gRi RVMLi R {msRsLi aRPRV xqsLissV e FyxmsLi RRVLji*RLi ysysyLRi RV[
bPssV ee 12
xqsLixmsp[ bPs[ [s[ xqsLRi*RVMLi sdRV[ e xqsLixmsR[ xqsVLi xqsLRi*Li xmsaSsVQQNTP LRiyxms[ ee
13
x BV xmsZNPsV c
yLRiy! LigRixmspsV xqsLiZOP[QxmssVVgS |msRsV ssVsVV. J sVxL<ki! yss sxqsLRisVVgS
xmsVNRPV sLiR xqsLisR=LRisVV\ssV yRV (10). sWssoRV xqsLRi*NSsVssV F~LiRV N]LRi\ZNP
xmsLSNTP][ xqsVNRPLRisVV, aRPVRsVV, xqsyRssVVsgRiV aRPLiNRPLRiVs LigRiLRiWxmssVVsV C dLRiVs
xmspLiRssV (11). yLjiRQsVV, L][gRisVV, RVMsVV, aRPRV{msR @s[ yV sRsVV

FyxmsxmnssVVV sWssosNRPV bPsos @LjiLiR sLiRsLRiNRPV sWRs[V DLiRVsV (12). sV[sos


xmspLis][ RVMsVVsRVV ]gji, xqsLRi*xqsVsVVV NRPVgRiVsV. sVLRiLis RLRiVyR sVVNTP
NRPVgRisV (13).
W \s sWsVxtsQ sWbPR sVVLi xqsLiysRxqsV=sV e [s xmsp[ sV[s xqs=LRi*NSLRiLRi
ryRNRPM ee 14
xM ORPQ RW \saS aRPW+yaRP sjsRQsW` e aRPLiNRPLSLSLi xmsNRPVLRi*LiRV xqsLRi*NSsWLRi
zqsR[V ee 15
FyRM NS[ xqssVVyRV sVVxlLi[ xxqsLiZNP[ e gRiVL][aRP xqsLRiLi NRPXy* aRPLi[\ZaPQQs Ry
xmsosM ee 16
dLSyLi xqsLRiLi NRPXy* ysLi \s xlLi[LRizms e sV sWzms sLRiLSLi \s sVVykyLi Ry
sVVs[ ee 17
sWsVxtsQ[xsVVsV F~Lij G sQQNTP xmsyssVVgS xqsLiys xqsVsVVsV NSLiOTPQLiRV[, @yRV
xqsLRi*NSLRisVVsV zqsjLixms[RVV sV[sos N]VsssV (14). x ORPQ RV \saRP
aRPWRVV NSsVssRVV C[LRiV\ZNP aRPLiNRPLRiVs xmspLiRssV (15). J sVxL<ki! DRRVs[V
x sVVxLRisVVsLiRV [, gRiVLRiVsosV, aRPLiVs xmsosM xmsosM xqsLjiLi (16), dLRisVVsV
xqsLjiLi, xLjis ssV, [sRsV sVLjiRVV sVVsVsV ysLiRssV (17).
RRM rRLi aRPVLi ysV gRiX{ RW j*jxmspLRi*NRPsV e R][yRV sV[R=LRiLi ROTPQryLi
RlLi[jbP ee 18
GNSLi[ RV sjLi NRPVLSs[R=LRixqs RVRVQRsV e R[s NRPRRWsVR aRPXyRV sV[
sVVs[ ee 19
aRPVyLi sVXRLi j*[ FyRLiR yLRiLi saRPVR[V e ORPQ RVaRP RRVLS*LRiLi \sa][ yLRiRRVLi
Ry ee 20

aRPW][ j*yLRiLi R sVXRLi gRiX{ RW j*jaRPVR[V e gRiV[ yR xqsNRPXLilgi[ yLRis[VNRPLi


xmsRVRRM ee 21
RLRiVyR rRsVVsV xmshjiLi, xmssRsVgRiV ysVsVVsV RVysjgS zmsLiRssV. RLRiVyR [
sVsxqsLRis N]LRiNRPV ROTPQsVV \sxmsosNRPV sssV (18). GNSLiRsVV[ sVsxqsLRis [RVssV.
J sVxL<ki! A sjs BxmsVRV |msRsV. sVsxqsV=sV gRisVV [zqs ssVsVV (19). xVRV
aRPVj N]LRiNRPV aRPVRsVgRiV sVs @LiVVRV ryLRiV, ORPQ RVVRV yVgRiVryLRiV, \saRPVRV sVWRVryLRiV
(20), aRPWRVRV lLiLiRV ryLRiV gRiVRsVVsV [xmssVV [RVssV. INRPryLji gRiVxsVVsV
xmsRVRsVV][ [xmssVV [RVssV (21).
RaRPyLRiLi ysVx}qs xqsxmsyLRiLi R*Wxqsy e xms[NRPLi FyRWryR yLRiLi NRPLRiWM xmsosM ee
22
{qsQ aRP aRPWRsyLRiLi sVXy gRixsVVRsVsV e xr Fy_ R xmsOSQ xmspLRi*
ssQXRsWxlLi[` ee 23
RLiRNSxtsQLi RRM NRPVLSR=sLRi NRPsV][ sLRiM e sxmsM NRPVLSRLiR NSxtsQLi y*RaSLigRiV sWsRM ee
24
GNSRaSLigRiVLi LS \saRPM NRPVLSRaSLigRiVsV e aRPW][ syLigRiVLi NRPVLSj sWssVRLi
xqsQXRsV ee 25
sy=! FsRsV [s xmsjryLRiV, lLiLiRV [RVsV GRVryLRiV, FyRsVVsV IN]NRP xmsLSRVsVV,
sVLRi [RVsV sVWRVryLRiV xmsOSQssVV [RVssV (22). {qsQV aRPWRVss[ [RVssV.
sV aRPVjNTP DRsVsVV. [RVsV, FyRsVVsV sV][ aRPVj [RVssV (23). RLRiVyR
sWssoRV Rs sLRisVVsNRPV RgRi RLiR NSxtsQsVV][ RLiRsVVsV aRPVj [RVssV. xVRV
xmssLiRV @LigRiVsVV NSxtsQsVVsV (24), ORPQ RVVRV xmsRN]LiRV @LigRiVsVV NSxtsQsVVsV,
\saRPVRV xmsj @LigRiVsVV NSxtsQsVVsV, aRPWRVRV ]sVj @LigRiVsVV NSxtsQsVVsV
DxmsWgjiLiRssV (25).

NS][xtsQLi sy\lLiQQs sVsVRXxtsQLi ssLRi[V` e xtsQuyy sWaRP ssdsV sRsVxqsLi LRis[LjissV e


e 26
Ry aSRjsLi yR sztsQRLi LRiRyss[ e rysLi RV sjsyLRiLi dLSjxtsv NRPs[V RV ee 27
[aRPNS sZaP[xtsQ rysLi NSLRiLi xqssVLiRNRPsV e ARsV xmsRsVLi RR _RsxqsQLi R yLRi[V`
ee 28
GNSLi[ xqsVxqs[ zqsy* xqsLiy sjsVy RlLi[` e RVy WgRiLi sjLi NRPXy* xmspsj
sVyLRi[` ee 29
NS][xtsQsVVsV syLjiLi sVsVso zmss sRsVVgS xtsQztsQ, FyRsV, @sWyxqs, sssV,
sRjssVV, xqsWLSxqssVRV NSsVV, AjyLRisVV (26), sVLjiRVV aSRjssVV[ RLiR
ysssVV (NSxtsQsVV][) sztsQRsVV. dLRisVV[ RVysjgS ryssVVsV [RVssV (27).
[aRPNSsVVsV xqssVLiRNRPsVVgS ryssVV sV [RVssV. RLRiVyR GNSLiRsVV[ sVLi
][ NRPWLjiLiT xqsLiRsV ARLjiLiRssV. RLRiVyR WgRiRsV sRsjs xmspLji[xqsVN]s,
RLRiVyR xmspsjs ALRiLiLiRssV (29).
sVsxqsV xqsVzqsLRiLi NRPXy* xmspgSLRiLi xms saRP R e xmsp sjLi xqssWyRVLi ry*xqss[ x xmssaRP
\s ee 30
yryjNRPLi syRV_ xmsp[V RQ sVa][ xLRisV e xmsRsVLi R gRikaRPLi y*LRiFyLi xqsQ\s
R ee 31
jNSLiaRP xqsVxqsLixmsp xmsaSdhRiLi xmsNRP [V` e @R ySxtsQRLi NRPXy* xmspRs xqs
dsVxmsRM ee 32
DxmssaRP RRxqsR Dxmss[aRP bPsLi xmsVsV e ARsVsRRVLi NRPXy* xmsOSQ* R xmsosM NRPL_ ee 33
FyRWsVRRVLi NRPXy* sV[ y[VR RQLiNRPsV e xmsLiRsNRPQLi RaRPVLi
aRPVRxqsNRPxqsssV ee 34

xqsLS*LRi xqsLiRVVNRPLi yxmnsVRL][RLkiRVNRPsV e


sVsxqsV=sV saRPsVV [xqsVN]s, xmsp gRiXxsVV[ xmss[bPLi, xmspsjs ALRiLiLiRV\ZNP
sVLi AxqsssVV \|msNRPWLRiVLiT (30), yryRVyRLjiLi bPsos NRPsVsVVgS xmspLiRssV.
sVVLiRVgS gRixmss, y*LRiFyNRPVsV (31), jNSNRPVsV RNRPgS xmspLi, {mshRisVVsV GLSV
[RVssV. [y, @xtsQRxmsRsVVsV xmsp RssVVNRPV xqsdsVxmssVVsLiRV LRiLi (32),
@NRPR NRPWLRiVLiT, bPsxmsVsosV NRPWLRiVLiR, sVWRV ryLRiV ARsVssVVsV [zqs, sVLRi
[RVsV aRPVj [xqsVN]s (33), sVWRV FyRWsVsVVsV [RVssV. y sVR[ sVWRV
NRPsVV, HRV sVVsVVV, xmsj [RVV NRPgji, xqs*RsVgRiV xqsNRPsVVs zqsLiRVsRVV
(34), xqsLS*LRisVVV NRPgjisRVV, yxmnsV RLRisVV DRLkiRVsVVgS gRi bPsos
ysLiRssV.
Rxqs ryLRiWxmsyLi xqsQXy* R}yxmsLi sLRixqs=y ee 35
bPsLi RRxqs=sVVyxms xmsp[VRLRis[VaRP*LRisV e [xLiaRPVj RRM NRPXy* sVWsVLiRLi
s}qsRQsW` ee 36
xqsLRi*R xmss[\ss xtsQRLigRi yxqssWRlLi[` e NRPXy* xXj xmsWgRiLi R RRM xmspLi xqssWLRi[`
ee 37
FyyQLSQRsVyLRiLi R Fyy R xmsNRP[V` e ryxms[V j*sys NRPVLis ss
ksWsysj ee 38
R\lLiQQLSyR \slLi[s xqsLiryFyVORPQ yLji e [xtsv [xtsv R xqslLi[*xtsv OTPQ}ms][RVLi xqsVbdPRsV
ee 39
bPsos ][ xqsyryLRiWxmssVVsV sLi sWssoRV FyxmssVVsV F~g]VN]sssV (35). @xmsoRV
xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRgRiV bPsos A*sLi xmspLiRssV. aRPLkiLRisVVsV xmssRsVV [xqsVN]s sLRiVxqsgS
sVWsVLiR yxqssVVsV [RVssV (36). JLi NSLRisVV][ ALRiV @LigRiyxqssVVsV
[RVssV. xmsp xmsWgRisVVsV sVsxqsVsLijRVN]s xmspsV ALRiLiLiRssV (37). FyR,

ALRiQ, ARsVssVV N]LRiNRPV FyR sVLiRssV. VjsVLiRVRV RVysjgS ]sVj ss


NRPaRPsVVsV DLiRssV (38). ys RLRiRVLiRVLi, RLRi][ NRPzms, sVV][ FOTPQLi,
A NRPaRPsVVs RVLiRV Rs dss FRVssV (39).
xmss[s OTPQ}ms[xtsv Ry[NRP VjsWs e DbdPLRiLi RLiRsLi \s Fy[ RV xmsLjiNRP[V` ee
40
dNRPLi NRPNRPLRiWLRi ssVW RsWNRPsV e RWLRiLiVVy* RVyyRVLi OTPQ}ms yRsVdsRVZNP[ ee
41
GRR=lLi[*xtsv Fy[xtsv yxms[VRLiRys*RsV e FyLRi+Q* WlLi[s[sxqs sLikaRPLi RV
xqssVLRi[V` ee 42
gRiLi\LRiW\|ms xqsy k\|msLji*s\M xmsp[VssV e LigRiaRPVjLi RRM NRPXy* sVVy RVVN][ sLRixqsy
ee 43
RV][RLi RV sVLif\|mnsVM xmsyjssWLiR\ZNPM e NRP[VyxqssLi xqs*zqs xmsyj xmss[s RV ee
44
VjsVLiRVRgRiV ryRNRPVRV xmsssVVsVRLjiLi A NRPaRPsVV[ RssVV sVLiRssV.
FyRNRPaRPsVVsLiRV DbdPLRisVV (ss[LRiV) sV, RLiRssVVsV s[RVssV (40). sV, sVLjiRWV,
NRPLRiWLRisVV, sVLjiV s, sVLjiRVV RsVFyNRPVsV RWLRisVV [zqs ARsVs
NRPaRPsVVsLiRVLiRssV (41). sVgjis NRPaRPsVVsRVLiRV RLiRssVVsV s[RVssV.
[s[sos FyLRi+Q*sVVRVLiRV sLikaRP*LRiVs @LjiLiRssV (42). bPsos gRiLiRsVV, RWxmssVV,
kxmssVV Byj DxmsyLRisVV][ xmspLiRssV. RLRiVyR LigRisVVsVLiT sLSsVVsV
dzqss[zqs ryRNRPVRV {ms][ NRPWTsy\ (43), JLiNSLRisVV AjRVLiRV ssVM @LiRsVVsLiRV gRi
sVLiRsVV][ RV][RsVVgS xqs*zqsNSxqsssVV, xmsyxqsssVV ByRVsV NRPLiRssV (44).
Rry RWLRi*jaRPLi ryOSQRsWsVRVsVORPQLRisV e zmnsVsW ROTPQLi \s sVzsW xmsbPsW
xmsbPsVLi Ry ee 45

FyzmsQ\ZaPQQ[RLRiLi xmsRLi FyNSsVLi FysNRPxqs R e CbPR*Li \sL`i VVRLi xmsRLi sbPR*Li


yRVVg][RlLi[ ee 46
xqsLRi*R*Li R\aSsLi NRPLjiNS rsV DR[ e rsVryRxqsy xqsWLRixqsryRM FysNRPxqsQ*RVsV ee
47
RLSkszms Rry][ sRM NRP[V` NRPsW` e @sQQNSj RRVLjiORPV rsVryLi[ gRiVRRVsV
ee 48
xqs][RLi xmssOSQQ sVyyx xmsLRis[VaRP*LRisV e
A xmsRsVV VVNRP RWLRiW jNRPVs gRi xmsRsVV yaRPsVV [s @sW @s[ zqsj
(xqsWORPQ LRiWxmsyLRi aRPNTP) @sRVV, ROTPQ xmsRsVV zmnsVsV (sVNTP [NRP @[V aRPNTP ) @sRVV,
xmsbPsV xmsRsVV sVzsV (|msR LRiWxmssVVsV RLjiLiRgRilgi[ aRPNTP) @sRVV (45),DRLRixmsRsVV Fyzms
(G sxqsVso\sssW F~LiRgRilgi[ aRPNTP) @sRVV, Algi[RV xmsRsVV FyNSsVsVV (@sWxmnsV
xqsLiNRPaRPNTP) @sRVV , \sL`i VVRxmsRsVVCbPR*sVV (xqsL][*RQXxtsQR*sVV) @sRVV, yRVs
xmsRsVV sbPR*sVV ([LijRVsVR*sVV) @sRVV (46), CaSsxmsRsVV xqsLRi*R*sVsRVV,
NRPLjiNRP RLiRVRsRVV xmssV. RLiRVsNTP NTPLiR xqsWLRiVRV, A NTPLiR @gji (47) gRiLRiV. A
NTPLiR RLSLRiNSsV sWORPQsVVsV ss [RVssV. yVgRiV jNRPV RVLiRV @sQQNRPsVV,
sVxRR*sVV, @xLiNSLRisVV, xmsLiR WRsVVV @sV RRQ*sVVsV, RLiRVsNTP \|mss
gRiVsVVsV ss [RVssV (48). xqs][ RLi xmssOSQQsV @sV sVLiRsVV][
xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVs A yxs [RVssV.
ysV[s[s sVLi[ }tsQ\Q yxqs[xmsLji ee 49
rysRLi LRiVRgSRVyQ @gRi|mnsWlLi[ sL][R[V` e CaSsLi xqsLRi*syysV sVLi[
xmsp[V` ee 50
FyRsWRsVdsRVLi R syRWLRiQLi xmsyxms[V` e ryxms[Vj*jy LRiVRLi gRiLiRRLiRs
yLji ee 51

xmsLiRgRissys[s gRiX Fy[ssVLiRQ R e xmss[\ss gRis[s ryxms[VRRVry R RsV ee


52
Ry R sVRVy \s Ry [ORPVLRixqss RV e xmnsVX[s RV RVy xmsp xqsLRi*NSsVzysxsV ee
53
ysV[yRV @sV sVLiRsVV][ bPsosNRPV AxqsssVV dsRVssV (49). RRVLRiVuyRV @sV
sVLiRsVV][ bPsos ysLi, @|mnsWlLi[M @sV sVLiRsVV][ bPsos zqsLRiVs [RVssV.
CaSsLi xqsLRi* syysV @sV sVLiRsVV][ xmspLiRssV (50). FyRsVVsV, ARsVssVVsV,
@LRiQsVVsV CRVssV. gRiLiR sVV][ LRiVRVs RVysjgS @}tsQNTPLiRssV (51).
xmsLiRgRissVVsV FyR[ sVLi, xmsssVV][ @sVLiLi @}tsQNTPLiRssV. sVLjiRVV Aso
Fy][ @}tsQNTPLiRssV (52). |msLRiVgRiV, [s[, LRiVNRPV LRixqssVV, s[LiVV @sV RssVV][
@}tsQNTPLis][, NSsVssRVV C[Lji zRsVV [NRPWLRiVsV (53).
xmso\QLRiQQ\sQLRi[sLi xmss[y}tsQR[V` e xmssR Li[xtsv sVLi\QrRVLi OTPQ}msRRM ee
54
aRPVkNRPXR RVyyRVLi zqsRs|q^s#Q ryRNRPM e ysRWLRiLi s NRPLRisLi s RWsRLiRsLi
OTPQ}ms` ee 55
RLiRV\xqsV=LiR\lLixqsR xmsp[VRLiNRPLRiLi sVVy e NRPVaSFysWLRi NRPLRiWLRi RLixmsNRPFy\M ee
56
NRPLRids\lLizqs=Q\\ZaPQQs sVNSNRPsV[RQ\M e @xmspLRi*xmsp\|tsQ#Lji*s\aRPsLiRy\QxqsQ\s R ee 57
xmso RssVV][ xms[yLRi xmspLRi*NRPsVVgS sV[sos @}tsQNTPLiRssV. RLRiVyR
xmssR NRPaRPsVV RVLiRV sVLiR xmspLRi*NRPsVVgS sVV sVLiRssV (54). ryRNRPVRV A
sVVsV s sxqsQsVV][ sRNRP aRPVj [RVssV. bPsosNRPV RLiRssVVsV @LjiLiRVsLRiNRPV
A sVVsV RWLRisVV [RVLSRV (55). @xmsoRV aRPLiNRPLRiVs AsLiRsVVgS RNRPs @ORPQR][
xmspLiRssV. RLRiV, @FysWLRi xmsoxtsQsVVV, s sVV, sVVR xqsLi|msLigRiV, FyV

xmsoxtsQsVVV (56), gRis[LRiV xmsoso*V, sVV, xmsRsVVV, NRPVsV Byj ssR


xmsoxtsQsVV][, RLiRyRV][ xmspLiRssV (57).
[s yLSLi R NRP[VRLRis[VaRP*lLi[ e Fy\QaRP ss\lLi[sLi ryxms[VR sV}aRP*LRisV ee
58
sVLiRxmspLRi*Li xmsNRPLRiy xmsp xqsLRi*xmnsxmsy e sVLiyLiaRP RVLi yLiryR xqsLRi*NSsWLRi
zqsR[V ee 59
xmssOSQQsV xqssW}qss rysysRRW aRPXV e FyssWs[s sVLi[ Ry y BRs[s R ee 60
LRiV[ dsLRiV[ xqsVaRPVZNP[s aRPV[s R e x[ylLi[ Ry bdPL<S aRPV[yRLRi*[s R e 61
aSLiy yR xmsosaS+Li y LRiV[yLRiV[s R e @LSd}tsQs rysW R Ry [ss[s R ee
62
LRiRLi RlLi[ xmsoLRiV}tsQ xqsWZNP[s RVVZNP[s R e sVXRVLi[Vs sVLi[ Ry xmsLiyORPQlLi[ R ee 63
yLSxqs=x}qs aRP# [\sN][RlLi[ y e NRPLRiy s[RsWlLi[ ysVLS*R y xmsosM ee 64
xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVs\|ms xmsRVsV yLRisV NRPLiRssV. ssj NRPaRPsVV[s sVV][
sV}aRP*LRiVsNRPV @}tsQNRPsVV [RVssV (58). xqssVLiRNRPsVVgS [}qs xmsp xqsLRi*xmnssVV
sRVsV. J sy=! N][lLisRVW C[LRiV N]LRi\ZNP dsNRPV A sVLiRsVVsV (59) xqsLigRixsVVgS
|msRsV. rysyssVVgS ssVsVV. xmsssWs xqsWNRPsVV, y[Q Byj sVLiRsVV (60), LRiVR
dsLRiVR sVLiRsVVV, aRPVNRPRVVlLi[*RsVLiRsVVV, aRPVNRPLRisVVgRiV VVlgi[*R sVLiRsVVV,
sVLjiRVV @RLRi* bdPL<Ri sVLiRsVVV (61), ssj s[RaS[s aSLi sVLiRsVVV, LRiVLiR
sVLiRsVVV, @LRiV sVLiRsVVV, @LSdxtsQrysV, [s sRrysV (62), LRiRLiRLRi rysV,
xmsoLRiVxtsQxqsWNRPsVV, sVXRVLiRV sVLiRsVV, xmsLiyORPQLji (63) Byj sVLiRsVV][, s[LiVV
yLRi][, [y sW FsssVj yLRi][ @}tsQNTPLiRssV. Bj s[RsWLRisVV.
ysVsVV][ \sssW xmspLiRssV (64).

RRaRPLiRsxmsouyj L][xmsRVLi bP[xmsLji e yxms[VRQs[\ss sVVyryjNRPLi Ry ee 65


RRxqs=QNRP xqsLiNSaRPLi [sLi sxtsQsVORPQRVsV e NSLRiLi xqsLRi*[NSyLi xqsLRi*[NRPsVRVLi xmsLRisV
ee 66
}Li][}msLiR suy*Q\QLRizms [\sLRig][RLRisV e s[RsjQ Lji s[yLi[ R*g][RLRisV xqsQXRsVee
67
AjsVyLiRLRizRLi [xtsQLi xqsLRi*L][gjisV e bPsRRQ*sV RLi bPsLilgi[ sszqsRsV ee 68
xmss[\ss sVLi[ xmsp[VLigRisVWLRis e
RLRiVyR RLiRssVV, xmsoxtsQsVVV, yLiWsVV sVVRgRiV ys bPsosNRPV JLi NSLRisVV][
@LjiLiRssV (65). RLRiVyR xqsNRPsVVs s yRV, @LiaRPsVVV [syRV, yaRPsVV
[syRV, xqsLRi*[NRPsVVNRPV NSLRiVRV, xqsLRi*[NRPxqs*LRiWxmsoRV, xqsL][*RQXxtsvRV (66), x,
BLiRVRV, D}msLiRVRgRiV sxtsvso sVVRgRiV [sRNRPV NRPWR g][RLRisVV NSsyRV, DxmssxtsQRV[
s[Rs[R[ @g][RLRiVRV @s sLjiLixmsTs yRV (67). Aj, sVRsVV, @LiRsVVV [syRV,
xqsLRi*L][gRisVVNRPV \sRVRV, xqsLRi*sVLigRiNRPLRisVgRiV RRQ*sVs xms gSLisyRV,
bPsLigRisVVsLiRVLiRV yRV @gRiV sV[sos (68) LigRisVV sLiRV JLi NSLRisVV[
xmspLiRssV.
RW\|ms LkiQ\|msaRP \ss[\Q ryLiW\ xqsV=LiR\lLixqsy ee 69
dsLSs[s LRis[V RV][NRP sjy RRM e ssVryQ\lLi xqs= \s aSQ\sQ LRiLiQ\QLSys\LRizms ee 70
@LRiQLi RyQ* RV xmsouy FyRWxqsV=sNUPLRi R e xmsxmsR R [s[aRP sWR yLSR[VssV
ee 71
x}qs gRiX{y* xmsouy xqssVVyRV NRPXyLiM e FyLRi[VRVsLkiaSsLi sVLi[s[s aRPLiNRPLRisV
ee 72

@yRj y y xmsxmspjNRPLi sVRW e NRPXRLi RRxqsV xqsxmnsLi NRPXxmsRW Rs aRPLiNRPLRi ee 73


RWxmskxms\ss[RsVV][, @LiRsVgRiV yLiWsVV][ (69), sVLjiRVV LRisVsVgRiV dsLSssVV][
RVysjgS xmspLi RLRiVyR ssVryLRisVVsV [zqs, BRLRi sVLiRsVV][ xqsVLi (70) ,
ALRiQsVVsV B, FyRsVV RVLiRV xmsoxtsQsVVsV , ryuyLigRi xmssVsVVsV [zqs,
sVsxqsV=[ [s[soRgRiV bPsos ysLiRssV (71). [[ xmsoxtsQsVVsV dxqsVN]s, [
sT, ][zqs VVgji C NTPLij sVLiRsVV][ sVLRi aRPLiNRPLRiVs FyLjiLiRssV (72). }
aRPLiNRPLS! zqs gSs RVNRP gSs s[sV [zqss xmsxmspRVV ds RRV[ xqsxmnssVgRiV gSNRP! (73).
xmshji\Q*sLi R xmsouy bP[xmsLji sVVy s}qs` e xqs*xqsQRVsLi RRM NRPXy* bPu ssyxqsy
ee 74
sWLRisLi RV RRM NSLRiLi bPsrxmsLji \s xmsosM e ssVryLRiLi RRM OSQLiLi xmsosLSRsVyRV R ee
75
@|mnsWyLRi sVVyLRi ssVryLRiLi xmsNRP[V` e FyLRi[VR xmsosxqsR xqsLRi*s xqssVs*RM
ee 76
bPs[ NTPbP+s[ NTPbP+s[ NTPLRis[ # s[ e @sy aRPLRiLi yzqs R*s[Vs aRPLRiLi sVsV ee 77
B xqsLiFyLRiQ [s[aRPLi xqsLRi*zqsjxmsyRVNRPsV e xmsp[VRLRiRW NSQ gRiy\Lji*ZaP[xtsQRM ee 78
C sRsVVgS xmshjiLi, A xmsoxtsQsVVsV AsLiRsVV][ bPsos\|ms sVLiRssV. RLRiVyR xqs*zqs
sVLiRsVVsV xmshjiLi, ssRsVVgRiV AbdPxqsV=sV N][LRissV (74). RLRiVyR bPsos \|ms sVLRi
sVVsV FOTPQLiRssV. RLRiVyR ssVryLRisVVsV [zqs, @xmsLSRORPQsWxmssV zms, sVLRi
ARsVssVVsV [RVssV (75). @|mnsWLRi sVLiRsVVsVRLjiLi ssVryLRisVVsV [RVssV.
sVLRi xmspLRiQaRPR][ gRiWT FyLjiLiRssV (76). xmss[ bPsos RVLiRV RXRsVgRiV NTP
NRPVgRissV. yNRPV sVLjiVVNRP aRPLRiV [RV. dss[ yNRPV aRPLRiV (77). xqsLRi*zqsRVsV B[ [s[sos
C dLRiVs FyLjiLi, RVRV y*ssVVsV [RVVRW xmsLRisVaRPR][ xmspLiRssV (78).

ssVryLRiLi RRM NRPXy* xmsLjiyLRigRi\xqs=x e xmsxL<RisVRVLi * NSLRiLi NRPVLSRyxqsVsV ee


79
GsLi RVM xmsp[VsRLi bPsNTPxmsLSRVM e Rxqs \s xqsNRP zqsjLSRV[ RV xms[ xms[ ee 80
ygki xqs RV[ Rxqs sV[dxtsQxmnsLi RVssV e L][gRiLi RVMLi R a][NRPLi R x[*gRiLi NRPXsVLi
Ry ee 81
N_Li R gRiLRiLi \s RVRVRVMsVVxmszqsRsV e RRVMLi yaRPRV[s bPsM bPsNRPLRiM xmsLRiM ee 82
RLRiVyR NRPVVLiLi xqsV][ NRPzqs ssVxqsLjiLi, g]xms AsLiRsVVsV F~Lij, xqsVsVVgS
sVgjis NSLRisVVsV [xqsVN]sssV (79). C sRsVVgS Fss\[ bPsNTP][ sLiTs
xXRRVsVV gRiy\ sRsVV xmspLiRV[, ysNTP @RVgRiRVgRiVy @s NSLRisVVV zqsjLiRVsV
(80). @RRV g]xms sNRP RVgRiVsV. @Rs sVsxqsV=[s N][lLisRVW saRPRVsVVgS ds[LRiVsV.
L][gRisVV, a][NRPsVV, NRPXsVsVgRiV D[*gRisVV (81), sWxqssVV, sxtsQsVV Byj AxmsRV Gs
xqsLiFyxmsQ\sVssW, xmsLRisVsVLigRiNRPLRiVRgRiV bPsoRV A RVMsVVsV saRPRVsVVgS yaRPssVV
[RVVsV (82).
NRPLi RV[ Rxqs aRPVNRPxmsZOP[Q RVy aRPbdP e sLRi[ xqsRVxqsR RVsLi aRPLiNRPLRi xmspy` ee 83
B xmspsjaRP+Li[M FNRP}qs sVVsxqsRsV e @RM xmsLRiLi R aRPaRPWxtsvM NTPLi xmsuyzqs R yLRiR ee 84
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi xmsRsV Li[ xqsXxtsvFys[
bPsxmspsj sLRisLi ysV GNSRZaP[syRVM (11).
aRPLiNRPLRiVs xmspLiRV NRPVsNTP sVLigRisVVV NRPVgRiVsV. @Rs xqsRVsVV aRPVNRPxmsORPQsVVsLiR
RLiRVs s sXjLiRVsV (83). J sVxL<ki! yLRiy! dsNTPLiRsLRiNRPV bPsxmspsjs zmss.
BLiNRPsW ss[ N][LjiNRP RVVs][ xmsbPLiRVsVV (84).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsj RVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizRRVLiRV xqsXxtsvFyssVs[ sVVR
LiR[ bPsxmspsjsLRissVs[ xmsRN]LiRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (11)

@R y*Ra][syRVM
ryLRi, @ryLRi sxqsV syLRisVV
yLRiR DyR e
xs xmsxms[ yR RsxqsQ*Li bPsxqsNRPkM e GR [s xmsosxqs=sVg`i Wzs[V sxqsLSj*[ ee
1
yLRiRVTV xmsZNPsV c
J xmsxmsd! RLiU! bPsos RVLiRV gRiQQ\sVs sVsxqsV= gRi dsso RsVRso. } xs! C
sxtsQRVsVVs[ sVLRi ssLRisVVgS xmsVsVV (1).
x[yR e
GNRPzqss xqssV[V yR VV{tsQyxRV xqsLRi*RM esLRiLSLiaSsRLi {msy xqsVsRM xmsR xqsLisM
ee 2
RVj sRxqsV[ aRPy RVj zqs[aRP NSsVVNSM e AgRiLiRsLi sVRW ryLRiLi dLRiLi OTPQLRixmsWs[M ee
3
B[RR*RsLi aRPVy* gRiy}qs z sVRW xqsx e RVy}qs gRiys sxtsvxqs=lLi[*uyLi zRNSLRiNRPM
ee 4
RR gRiy* gRiyRLi [s[sLi yLRissV e DxmsRxqsVxqsV=LS sy* xqsVNRPXyLiW sVVs[ ee 5
ys RXuy* R Ry sxtsv LRiQyssVLSs zqsys e xqsLRis bPsxmsyLi [sVdsRLRisVLi
sRM ee 6
x BV xmsZNPsV c

sy=! INRPxmsVRV xmsR xqsLisoRsgRiV s[sV @s ][ sVLiT VVxtsvsV , [sRsV


A*sLiyLji][ }mssVgS sLis (2). dsVNRPV aSaRP*R xqsVsVVsLiRV aRPR, sWORPQsVVsLiRV
BR Ds][ y][ FyxqssVVR dLRisVVsNRPV LRiLiRV (3). C sWsV ss yLRiV y][ RV[LjiLji.
xqsLRiV*NRPV zRsVVsV [}qs sxtsv gRiysVRV gRi ][NTP ssV (4). J sVxL<ki! @RNRPV s,
gRiyRVRV, [s[soRVsgRiV yLRisVs ssVxqsLjiLi, [sRV ][zqs VVgji RgRiLRiNRPV sLji
(5). @xmsoRV sxtsvso A j [sRsV RW, bPsos FyRxmsRsVVsV xqsLjiLi, C
ZaP[xtsQsRssVVsV xmsZNPsV (6).
sxtsvLRiVyR e
NTPsVLRi sWgRiy RVWRVLi yaRP xqsVLRiL<RiRVM e xqsLRi*Li sRR RdQy NTPLi NSLRiLi
sR[sRVy ee 7
sxtsvso BV xmsZNPsV c
[sZaP[xtsvgRiV dsVLRiV x][ gRiWT BRNRPV sRVNRPV gRi xmsWssVVsV {ms][ xmspLRisVVgS
xmsVRV. s[sxmsVRV [RVRgjis xmss[Vj ?(7).
x[ yR c
B xmsXuy xqsy [s sxtsvy R sVRW xqsVLSM e xmsosM xmssV RLi {msy NTPLi NSLRiLi
sR[sRVy ee 8
sss[RLiVVRVLi NSLRiLi xVss*RsLi aRPVsV e
x BV xmsZNPsV c
sxtsvso BV xmsbPLiRgS, [sRV y][ gRiWT sVLRi ARVsNRPV xmssV, ysVV N][lLi[
NSLRisVVsV (8) ss[jLiRV\ZNP C aRPVsVgRiV sWsV xmsNTPLji.
[y ERVM e

sRLi }qsy RV NRP\|qs#s NSLS* RVMxmsLji ee 9


B[RR*RsLi aRPVy* gRiysQ NRPsR=M e rysVLRixqs sVsV {msy NRPXxmsRW yNRPsVds` ee
10
[sRV BV xmsNTPLji c
sRsVV FssLjis }qssLis][ RVMsVVV ]gRiVsV? (9) NRPsR=VRgRiV sxtsvgRiysVRV C
sWsV ss [sR][ gRiWTs y][ }mssV][ sV xmsZNPsV (10).
$ gRiysVyR e
xs aRPXV xqsV\lLixqs=sVN`P aRPVRLi R sy xmsoLS e Ry zms NRPR[ RVLi [s[aRP Ry
xmsosM ee 11
RXxtsQLi R RXaRP[s\Qs NTPLi xmsosM xmsXRQ[sRVy e xs [\sxqs=sV|q^s#aRP xy
NSLRiRRQ\lLiM ee 12
}qss}qs=sxqs=y [saRP=LiNRPLRixqs=LRi* RVM e sVsWzms NRPjRLi [s x[szms sZaP[xtsQRM ee 13
xmsxqsVRLi \s RXxtsQLi sxqs=LRi*Li RXuyLiRsVRVRsV e yLi RRLRisLi \ss NRPyzms
xqsVdsVxmso=M ee 14
$ gRiysVTV xmsZNPsV c
J ! ssVsVV. xmspLRi*sVVdsso, sVLjiRVV [sRV xmspLjigS ssRVVLiLji. @LiVVssW, dsNRPV,
[sRNRPV sVLRi xmsVRVysV (11). kss dsVLRiV Bj sLRi[ RWRVVyLRiV. BxmsVRV
RWRVRVyLRiV. sVLRi BxmsVRV G xmsbPLiRVRVyLRiV? J ! ssR NSLRisVV RVLiRV
ssVgRiQQ\sVRVVs [sRLiRLRiV (12) xqsLRi*y xqsLRi*RVMsVVsV Fg][ aRPLiNRPLRi[sos
}qssLiRssV. C sxtsQRVsVVsV ARVs yNRPV, xNRPV xms[NRPsVVgS zmsRVVyRV (13).

@RVRsVgRiV RXuyLiRsVV (LigSsLSssVV) sV dsVLRiV RW[V RVVyLRiV. dsVLRiV xqsVsVVsV


N][LRiVy\lLis][, bPyLRissV GyRW sRVsNRPVRV (14).
xqsLiR [s[s[aRPLi LigRisVWLjiLi sV}aRP*LRisV e yLRixmsoyxqsQ\\s[ suy}qsszms xqsLiRyM ee
15
sVRW R sWzy}qs \s sWRVRW RWLRiRM NRPXyM e xqslLi[* ssuyM xmsR*rybP+s[s LRizy
RVy ee 16
RryR=y xmspdsW LigRisVWLji RL][ xLRiM e }qssdsW sZaP[}tsQ aRPRRW [sxqsRsVM ee 17
aRPLRi* LigSLRiy[s [y \yaRP xqsRsWM e @xLi R*Li R Ry xs NRPRLi Rj*xqsQXRLi
R*RW ee 18
[s[soRgRiV sV}aRP*LRiVs LigRisVWLjis sTs yLRiV LRi , zmsV sVLjiRVV LiRVso][
gRiWT syaRPsVVsV F~LiRLRiV (15). yLjis s[sV sWRV[ sWzLixms[zqs yNRPV RWLRisVgRiVsV
[|qsRsV. bPsos dsTs @ sNRPVV @LiRLRiV xqsLRi*sVVsV Fg]VN]s syaRPsVVsV F~LiRLRiV
(16). NSsos LigSNSLRisVVsV RLjiLis bPsos xqsLRi*y xmspLiRssV. [[RsVVRgRiV bPsos
xms[NRP aRPR][ }qssLiRssV (17). bPsLigSLRis sss[ [sRV, LSORPQxqsVV, s[sV, sVLjiRVV
dsso g]xmsyLRi\sVsV. J !dsso C sxtsQRVsVVs[V sxqsLjiLis? (18)
RLigRisVLRi[VsRLi
[Vs
xqsVLSaRP+LRi*xqs=LRi*NSsVxmns[xms=RW ee 19

ZNP[yzms

}RVy

RryRQxs

ry sxqssRLi ryLiRy ry R sVVgRiy e RVsVxLRiLi ORPQLi yzms bPsLi \ss


xqssVLRi[V` ee 20
s NTPxmsLS [V R sxmsR [RxqsM e s xqsLixqsLRi [V R s [ RVMxqs yM ee 21
J ! [sRLS! NSLRis[V\y, N][lLisRVW C[LRiV\ZNP sRsVV bPsLigRisVVsV
@LjiLiRssV (19). sVVxLRiNSsVVgSs, ORPQNSsVV gSs bPsos @LjiLis][, @j ss

NRPgjiLiRVsV. @j sV ][xtsQsVV. @j @ssVV. @j sWxsVV (20). bPsos RVLiRV RXRsVgRiV


NTP gRiyLRiV, bPsosNRPV sVsry ssVxqsLjiLiRVyLRiV, sVLjiRVV bPsos xqsLjiLiRVyLRiV
RVMsVV NSLRiV (21).
sys sV[s sV[ LRizqsQQRVM e RsLi R RVztsQ xmsLRiLiRLi xmsoR Fyj xqsLiRM ee
22
AL][gRiLi R aRPLkiLRiLi R xmsuyLi yxmsNTPNUPsV e [V yLiRLi sVgSxqsV=Li y
RaSRVsV e 23
@Li[ sVVNTP xmnsLi \s NTPLi y xmsLRis[VbPRVM e xmspLRi* xmsolLi[ZNP[ [sLRiRVLi xqsybPssV ee
24
xqsVLiRLRisVgRiV sssVVsV, xqsVLiRLRisVgRiV ALRisVsVVsV, {qsQsV, yV @s[ LiR
RssVVsV, xmsoRVV FRVV sVVRgRiV xqsLiyssVVsV (22), AL][gRisVVsV, RXRsVgRiV
aRPLkiLRisVVsV, jssVgRiV RVaRPxqsV=sV, xqs*LRi[NRP xqsVsVVsV (23), @LiRsVVsLiRV sVVNTPs, [y
xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVs RVLiRV NTPs g][LRiV xmsoRVsV @ aRPLiVVLis xmspLRi*xmso xmsssVV[
xqsybPsos @LjiLiRLRiV (24).
WsLRi[VsLigRiLi \s sRLi NTP xmsLSRVM e Rxqs \s xqsxmns zqsjLRi xqs Fy\|msM xmsRVV[
ee 25
sRsVV bPsLigRisVVsV NTP aRPR][ @LjiLi[ sWssoRV xqsLizqsRVRgRiVsV. FyxmssVV Rss
xqsQXbPLiRso (25).
BRVQQNSaRP Ry [yM xmsxmsR xLjiLi xqs*RVsV e LigSs FyLRiRWsWxqsVxqs=LRi*NSsVxms[V
sXsV ee 26
RRVQy* R Ry sxtsvLji*aRP*NRPLSsV ds` e @xLi R sVVs aSLRiW [yLRi xmsLSRVM ee
27

saRP*NRPLRis RVy aRPLi[M NRPLiVVy* aRPVs R e LigSs xqsLRi*[s[ [ [RWs sRyssV ee


28
LigSs NRPLiVV\Q*s sVjNSLSsV LRiWxmsRM e saRP*NRPLS R_ [[ sWgSssV y xlLi[M ee
29
sxtsvso C dLRiVs xmsVNRPgS, [sRV ARVsNRPV ssVxqsLjiLi, sWsso xqsLRi*NSsVsV C[LRiV
N]LRi\ZNP LigRisVVsV FyLjiLiLji (26). J sVVsZaP[uy! A sWsV ss, sosV DRLjiLiRV[V
xmsLRisVORPQ sVVgS gRi sxtsvso, sVLjiRVV s[sV saRP*NRPLRi][ sLisV (27). J saRP*NRPLS! y
aSxqsssVV[ dsso aRPLiVs sVLigRiNRPLRisVVgRiV LigRisVVsV sLjiLi [sRLiRLjiNUP CRVssV
(28). saRP*NRPLRi yVVNRP A[R, [y sxtsvso A[R @jNSLRisVVsNRPV Rgjis sRsVVgS
LigRisVVsV sLjiLi yLjiNTPsV (29).
R[s NRPRRWsVR aRPWRVysVXztsQxqsRsV e xmsyLSgRisVRVLi aRPN][ }sV saRPsxqsxqsV=RM ee 30
{msRLi sVsVRVLi RL][ sLRiVaS+QsVLi bPssV e BLiRdssVRVLi sxtsvLRiQ
}sVsVRVLi Ry ee 31
sZaP[*[yxqsy L_xmsLi sxqssaRP R\s R e ALRiNRPWRsVRVLi yzms FyLjisLi xbP*_ sVVs[ ee 32
OUPQ aRP ryNRPLi [ds j yrysV sLjiRsV e sNTPNRPLi rsVLS[ \s sLigRiLi ssxqsVM
ee 33
J sVxL<ki! A ssLRisVVsV BxmsVRV |msRsV. ssVsVV. BLiRVRV xmsRLSgRi LigRisVVsV,
NRPV[LRiVRV LigRiLRiV LigRisVVsV (30), RVsVVRV xmsRs sVLigRisVVsV, sLRiVVRV aRPVNRPLRisVgRiV
aSsVsLRisVV gRi LigRisVVsV, sxtsvso BLiRds sWNRP sLjiR\sVs LigRisVVsV, x
LigRiLRiV LigRisVVsV (31), sZaP[* [sRV sLiT LigRisVVsV, sxqsVsoV BRT LigRisVVsV, @bP*ds
[sRV FyLjis LigRisVVsV (32), OUPQ [s ryNRP LigRisVVsV, AjRVV LSgji LigRisVVsV,
RLiRVRV sVVRxmso LigRisVVsV, @gji s LigRisVVsV F~LisV (33).

sVXRVLi \s s}msLiy sxmsxmsRQQxqsQ\s R e yLiRsLi R sVW ygSM


xmsysVRVsWRLS` ee 34
ssdsRsVRVLi [ds Wgki xqssVRVLi Ry e RVOSQ RjsVRVLi LigRiLi yRV zmsxtsQsVRVLi
Ry ee 35
bPsLigRiLi R LRiRLi xmspRV RVssV e FyLRiRLi FyLjisLi xqs=sVLRi xmslLi[szms y
ee 36
GsLi sys LigSs Rys saRP*NRPLRi e [ xmspRVLi xqslLi[*Q\s [y VVztsQ gRixqsy ee 37
sxmsZaP[xtsvV, yLji xmsRVV sV][ [zqss LigRisVVsV, sVRVVRV RLiRs LigRisVVsV, ygRiVV
xmsgRiRxmso LigRisVVsV ARLRisVV][ {qs*NRPLjiLiLji (34). aRPd [s ss][ [zqss LigRisVVsV,
WgRiVV xqsLigRisVVsV, RVORPVV |msLRiVgRiV LigRisVVsV, yRW[s zmsLiT LigRisVVsV (35),
xqsLRixqs* LRiRLigRisVVsV xmspLiLji. VRV FyRLRixqsgRisVVsV xmspLisV. BRLRiVV NRPWR A
LigRisVVsV xmspLiRLRiV (36) saRP*NRPLRi A sRsVVgS yy LigRisVVdsRVgS, @LiRLRiV
[sRV, VVxtsvV xmspLiRVRVyLRiV (37).
sxtsvLRiy* R LigSs [s[[ z RNSsVRW e xmspsjLi xqssWRxtsQ x [ sW zmsyNTPsM
ee 38
RRQy* sRsLi Rxqs xLi [sxqsRQ\sVM e @gRiRLi R xqs*NRPLi ysV xL<Ri sLRiLRisWsxqsM
ee 39
Ry gRiR VV{tsQs xqsLS*s [yLiaS xLi Ry sVVs[ e bPs xmsp sjLi xqssVgRiVsLi xqsNRP
[xtsQ RsV ee 40
xqsLRiV* zRsVVsV g][Lji sxtsvso yNRPV, [sRNRPV LigRisVVs zmsyNRPyLjiRVgRiRV bPsos
xmspsjs ssLjiLisV (38). sxtsvso VVNRP Dxms[aRPsVVsV ss RLRiVyR xsgRiV s[sV
[sR][ NRPWT AsLiRsVV][ sLiTs @LiRLRiLigRisVV gRiyR\s y ysVsVVsNRPV Ljigji ss

(39). J sVxL<ki! Ljigji ss RLRiVysR s[sV [sRNRPV, VVxtsvNRPV @LiRLjiNTP, xqsNRPNSsVs


ds[LRiV bPsxmspsjs RNRPgS ssLjiLis (40).
x[yR e
aRPWRVysVXxtsQRV xqs=lLi[* rysVLRiM }mssVRRLSM e bPsxmsp sjLi {msy NRPR[V
VNTPsVVNTPRsV ee 41
sWsVxtsQLi s xqsLiFyxmsLi RVLRiLi xqsLRi*LiRVxtsv e Ryzms xqsRV[ [y RVuyQxmsLi R
sVVdsaRP*LSM ee 42
@sLigRiLi \s s}msxtsv ryylLi[xtsv xqsxmsoRM e bPsxqsLi][xtsQ }][aRP NRPLRi r*QQNRPLi xqssWRlLi[` ee
43
RVR xqssVVjxtsQLi RRRLRis LixmnsV[V` e RWsysxqs xqsLixms rysRLRi
xqssWs}` ee 44
J VVxtsvLS! dsVLRiLiRLRiV }mssVsLiTs xXRRVsVV gRiy\lLi [sR][ gRiWT ssVRV. VNTPs,
sVVNTPs
B[
bPsxmspsjs
{ms][
|msRsV
(41).
JsVVsZaP[xtsvLS![sRLS! xqsLRi*FyV[ sVsVxtsQ s sVNTP RVLRisVV. sVsVxtsv[
xqsRVsVV[ sLiRV sVLjiLiR RVLRisVV (42). xqsyyLRiVgRiV sxmso BLi[ s
xmsosVV sss[ LiRVsV. sWssoV RsVNRPV szR\sVs sLSQaRPsV RLRisVVsV bPsos
xqsLi][xtsQsVV N]LRi\ZNP ARLjiLiRssV.(43). szRNRPLRisV dsRLSRV. Ds xqsLixmsRNRPV RgRiVgS
yssVV [RVssV (44).
NRPLRiRV xqsx}qs xqsFRV[ sbPxtsQ[ e RF RV xqsx}qs [ xmsRV[ sbPxtsQ[ ee 45
ysRV RLRiLi yzqs ysLi sxqs ryRssV e RVRxqs=sVLRixqsLi }qs*xtsQLi Wgki ys[s
xmsaRP ee 46

ysRV LRiRryxqs xqsy xqsLiszRbP+sM e yzqs ssyLi NTPLiyQRVbPyj a][RssV ee


47
saRPVy sRRW [V R xs x s][ yM e yzqs NTPRW R [uyLi \s xqsVLi RVMLi
syLRiRM ee 48
s[LiVV NRPLRi RVsVV NRPLi INRP RF RVsVV g]xmsj. s[LiVV RFRVsVV NRPLi INRP
xmsRVsVV g]xmsj (45). yssVV NRPLi g]xms RVsVV [RV. yssVV ssVVsNRPV
ryRssVV. GRVsgS, Wgji yssVV[R Rs BxtsQ \ssVVsV RLji+Li, xqssVLRixqsRsV
F~LiRVsV (46). ysRV sxtsvRgRiV WgjiNTP bPsoRV xqsLRi*y xqsszRV\ RVVLiRVsV.
ssVNRPV aRPVj N]LRi\ZNP FyRVbPyRV][ xmss [RV (47). xs[RNRPV ss[V aRPVj
NSLRisVV. yLjiNTP NRPLRi][ xmss[RV. yLRiV xqsV RVMsVVsV xqsLRiVNRPV [RVLRiV (48).
RLS RL_ F x[sW ysLi yssjxqsy e xqsLRi*y sLji*NSLS}qs sRRW R RRWsVLSM
ee 49
xmsLSsLiRNRPLRiLi LigRiLi saRPVRLi bPssVORPQLRisV e sxtsQLi xqsLRi*gRiLi [RVLi WgjiyLi xXj
xqsLizqsRsV ee 50
LigRiLi j*sRLi FNRPLi xsWLiRLRiLi j*M e xLi xqsWLi xqssVVjxtsQLi
xqsWORPQ sWLiRLRiLi sVRsV ee 51
NRPLRiRV LRiy [V R xqsWLigSLRis[ LRiyM e @xqsyLi syLSRV xqsWZOP[Q xqsW sgRiM ee
52
yLRiV RLS RLRisVVNRPV, xmsx[sVsVVNRPV, yssVVsNRPV, yssjNTP @dRVV. ssVV[
@sVLRiV\s yLRiV xqsLRi*y sNSLRi LRizRV\ RVVLiRVLRiV (49). xmsLRisWsLiRsVVsRVsj,
saRPVR\sVsj, sVLigRiNRPLRi\sVsj, yaRPLRizR\sVsj, xqsLRi*yxmsNRPsVV @gRiV sLSNSLRiLigRisVV
WgRiV xXRRVsVV[ sVLiRVss RVRgRiVsV (50). J sxmsoLS! xsVV, @LiRLRisVV
@s LigRisVV j*sRsVVgRi sVsj RVs xmssV. xqsW LigRisVV xsVV.

xXRRVgRiVx[ sVLiRVsj xqsWORPQ sVV (@LiRLRisVV) @s xmssV (51). xqsWLigRisVVsV


@LjiLiRVyLRiV NRPLRiRV xmsLSRVVV @gRiVRVLRiV. @sVV sVsxqsV=[ ss [RVgRiV
N]LRi\ZNP xqsW sgRixsVVV slLi[bPLixms Tss (52).
AyNRPLi RVLigRiLi xmsRQORPQLi RVxqs [ # s[` e xqs RLilgi[ Ry xqsW[ NRP[VR s
ysy ee 53
syLi xqsWORPQ sVsVLi yRQRQORPQsVsRVsV e RVy xqsW sVRVVNSy sVVRQXuy_
xmsNRPRsV ee 54
@x[ syLRi][ yzqs xsRyQ*LRi yjsM esxtsQLi xqsNRPLi [ xqsLRi*Li bPssVRVLi gRi` ee
55
GsLi s ssVVNSyLi yzqs ][xtsQsNRPy e sj\ZaPQQs Ry yzqs szysz[ Ry ee 56
xXRRVsVVsLiRV ALSjLixms[ xqsWORPQ LigRisVV BLijRV g][RLRisVV NSRV. ryRNRPVRV @
@LiRLRi LigRisVVsLiRV, sVLjiRVV xqsW LigRisVVsLiRV @LRis [RVssV (53). DRQXxtsQsVgRiV
RssVV[ sLjiLiRTs xqsWLigRisVV @sVNRPV G dLRiVs RXztsQg][RLRisVV @gRiV[, @[
dLRiVs sVNRPV sL][xtsQsVV, syaRPLRizRsVVsNRPV xqsWORPQ LigRisVV yRNRPsVVgRi xmsRQORPQ
sVgRiVsV (54). bPsRRQ*sVV sLjiLigjis sNTP ssVVgS sLSNSLRi LigRisVV gSs, ryNSLRiLigRisVV
gSs [RV. C lLiLiRV @Rs xXRRVsVVsLi[ gRiso. syLjiLi RWR, gRiRV @Liy bPsos][
sLiT RVVsj (55). BV ssVV[ ssVNRPVQ\s yLjiNTP ][xtsQsVV VVNRP xqsLRi+Q\VssW
DLiRRV. yLjiNTP sjs}tsQRsVVV sLjiLiRso (56).
RVy [xtsv NRPsVLi xqs\LSsxms[ e Ry s gRiX} xtsQs NRPLRi ysR[ ee 57
B sLi xqssVVRsLi RWs\sQs sLRixqs \s e ysR NRPLRi [sLi bPssWLSR[VsLRiM ee
58
xmsRRWLRiLi R gRiy s[VNRPrszms jyNRPLRiM e GN][szms xy RXu yLSj sxqsVxtsv ee 59

RXaRP[ aRPWRV[ [ZNP[ RVRR= R xqsyRNRPsV e RRR=LRi*Li xqsVLS sR xmsLRiLi x


bPyRNRPsV ee 60
ds RVLiRV DLi[ NRPsVsVV ds][ [xmssVVsV F~LiRRV. @s[ s gRiXxsVVsLiRVssW
NRPLRi[ RVRV NSRV (57). sWssoRV ssVV NRPVgRisLiRsLRiNRPV bPsos ss][xmsyLRisVV][
xmspLiRssV (58). xqsWLRiVRV INRP[ @LiVVssW, ssR FyR RVLiRV @s[NRPsVVgS
NRPsVsV (59). @Vs[ , J [sRLS! xqsLS*RVRV, xmsLRix RVgRiV bPsoRV [NRPsVVsLiRV
sQQNRP LRiWxmssVVgRisV, @sQQNRP LRiWxmssVVgRisV NRPsRV RVyRV, ssRVRVyRV (60).
[][ yLi [ZNP[szqss xms s[ syLRiRM eGssWxxqsy ys[ xqslLi[* s[yLRiRRQ*gSM ee
61
xXj xqsLiryLjiM ryOSQR=NRPM xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiM e B ssRVVNRP xqs NTPLi Rxqs xmssWjM ee 62
B ss{sxqs xmssWNRPy aRPV e xmsRsVV\Qxqs=sWL][RVLi xmsoLir LisLi
xqsQXRsV ee 63
ALisLi sy Rxqs xmsRsVV \Q xqsV=RVxtsQLRisV e sLRiV Fyxms[V sYLi xmssWLisLi
xqsQXRsV ee 64
xqsgRiV sLRiV Fyzms LRisd xqsVsbPRsV e GsLi R xqsLRi*[yyLi xmssW xmsRRWs ee
65
ds[ @s[NRP [RsVVV NSsLiRVsV. NSs, syLRi [zqss][ @s @sRVW s[V. @Vs[,
gRiRLiRRVW xmsLRis[VaRP*LRi xqs*LRiWxmssVs s[RsVV VVNRP RRQ*sVV sLjiLigjis yLRiV |msRLRiV
(61). sWssos xXRRVsVV[ xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV xqs*RVsVVgS xqsgRiVLRiWxmso\ DyRV. C
RLRi+ssVV gRi sNTP xmssWRV][ xmss [VsV?(62). NSs C RLRi+ssVV [s yRV xmssVsV
GLSV [xqsVN]sV sVLij. DsR ryssVVsV F~LiRV\ZNP sWssosNRPV ALissVV
DLiRsss |msRV |msRLRiV (63). ALissVV [NRPVLiRgS DsR zqss F~LiRV sVNTP
NRPxtsQ\sVs xmss. @Vs[, sLRiV xmsLRisWRsV F~LiRV\ZNP sWssoNRPV xmssV ALissVs

xmsTsj (64). xqsgRiVLSRs ss sLRiV x ryOSQyLRisVV NRPVgRiVss zqsyLiRsVV. bPs


xmssV ss[ BRLRi [sR xmssVV NRPWy xXRRVsVVsVsLiRV CaRP*LSNSLRi sXs NRPgjiLi
][RRVsV (65).
[saSRVLi sV{RW\sQ* RrylLi[ xmspsLi *RsV e gRiLiR RLiRs xmsouyj NTPsVLRiLi xmssWLi
sy ee 66
ysR xmssW xmsp RWsj* s xqsLisM e y s[ sxmsp[R xmsRsLi Rxqs
sbPRsV ee 67
GRryyLRij*Fy aRPW+QRVyLi xmsLRisWLRiRM e xqs*RVQQNRPLi RV RVRLRi NRPLRisLi
RRQRVRRM ee 68
RVR RVR RVy NTPM NRPLRisLi xmspyjNRPsV e sy xmspsyyj FyRNRPLi s R RWLRiRM ee
69
RWsR FyRNRPLi [} ys=jLRi RV[ . gRi[ R FyRZNP[ Rxqs xqsLRi*Li R xqsxmnsLi # s[` ee
70
bPsoRV [[RsVVRV. xmssV [s][ bPsos xmsp\ZNP xqssVNRPWLRiVN][Ts gRiLiR RLiRs xmsouyj
RssVVNRPV ssWgRis[V sVVsj?(66).ssVV DRLiVVLiRV sLiRsLRiNRPV xmssVsV
xmspLiRssV. ssVV NRPVgRiNRPVLiRgRis[ xmspsV dsTyRV xmsRssVgRiV saRPRVsVV (670. J
sxmsoLS! xmsLRisWLRisVVsV ssVRV. C NSLRisVV ss sWssoRV RsNRPV szR\sVs NRPLRisV
xmsRVR xmspLRi*NRPsVVgS [RVssV (68). sWssoRV NTPs @sV LRiWxmssVVgS ssR
xmssWRVsV xmspLiRssV. xmsp, yssVV sVVRgRiV NRPLRisV dsTs][, FyxmssVV RWLRisVV
NSRV (69). [xsVV (xqsWORPQ ) [ FyxmssVV DsLiRsLRiNRPV zqsj NRPVgRiRV. FyxmssVV sbPLis
sWssosNRPV xqsLRi*sVV xqsxmnssVgRiVsV (70).
Ry R sVs[ s}qsQ LRiLigRiaRPV+RL][ s z e OSQs[ z NRPX[ aRPV[ xqsL][* LRiLigRiM xmsxqs[ ee 71

Ry R sLRi[ [} [yyLi xqssVgRiLRiRW e sLRiLigRiM xms[VR Ry ssxqsLisM ee 72


ssxqs R xqssWLi NTP LRis yLji e sryzms R xqssWLi NTP lLi[ykRV[ ee 73
# ZNP[LRiWLi z xqsRLRi }qs*xtsQ [yj xmspssV e RsWLi xqsRVLRiVM FNRPxqssWLi
xqsLigRixqs=ysV ee 74
sVs sxqsQ sVV\|ms LRiLigRiV @LiRsVVgS xmsRV. DNTP aRPVj[zqss sxqsQsVV\|ms LRiLigRiV xmspLjigS
xmsVsV (71). @[ sRsVVgS [sRsV RNRPgS @LjiLiRV[ ryRNRPVs (xqsWORPQ ) [xsVV
aRPVR\sV, ssVs[ LRiLigRiV NRPVgRiVsV. @xmsoRV sssVV (sZaP[xtsQ ssVV) xmsoVsV (72). RssVV
[s xqsRQ NTP sssVVsNRPV sVWsVV. ssVVsNRPV NRPWy xqsRQ NTP [V sVWsVs[xmsTsj
(73). Rs BxtsQ \ssVVsV xmspLiRV sVVRgRiV xqsRLRiV NTPNTP sVWsVV gRiy! xqsRLRiNRPV
xqsRVLRiVso sVWsVV. xqsRVLRiVso LiRVNRPV xqsR=LigRisVV sVWsVs xmsTsj (74).
xqsLigRiy gRiVLRiVLS}msR gRiVL][LRiLiyj xmspssV e xmspyRV[ NTP LRiQ NSQ sLi
xmsRV[ ee 75
ssLi RV[ y RLRi x xmsNSaRPNRPsV e ssLi R RVy RLi Ry [][ ssLRi[ ee
76
[[ ssX[ xqsNRP[ R*LiR* RVM s{sy e R*LiR* RVM s{sxqsV bPsLRiWF sRr ee 77
R*Liy* FyF s [VyLi xqsVRVM[ ssRM e szysz[ Rxqs s ryyLi R
xqsVLRiL<RiRVM ee 78
xqsR=LigRi[ gRiVLRiVso LiRVsV. gRiVLRiVso sVLiT sVLiRsVV, xmsp sj LiRVsV. xmspss
NTP xmsoVsV. NTP ss ssVV xmsoVsV (75). ssVVsVLiT sssVV xmsoVsV. xmsLRixsV
xmsNSbPLixms [RVVsV. sssVV xmsogSs[, [RsVV ]gji FsosV (76). xqsNRP [RsVVV
]gjisxmsVRV R*LiR*sVV (LSgRi[*uyRVV) ss NRPlgi[ RVMsVV RWLRisVgRiVsV. R*LiR*

RVMsVVV ]gjis NRPVRV bPsxqs*LRiWxmsoRgRiVsV (77). sNTP R*LiR*sVVV DLiRso. NSs,


xqsVRVMsVVV DLiRso. J [sRLS! VVxtsvLS! sNTP sjs}tsQRsVVV NRPWR [so (78)
C RXa][ sL][ [ZNP[ gRiXaRPsV ssLjiRM e RVj [ZNP[ sRzqss LRi+yyxmsLRiNRPM ee 79
dLSs aSxmnsVRVLidx yRXaRPLi ssRsVsV e [yaRP sVVsRVxqs=lLi[* xmsLRiRNRPLi bPs sV
ee 80
yRXaSs s dLSs s [y sVX sVRWM e [ xmsosLiRVLRiV NS[s sds RLRi+yRzms ee 81
RWsRQXaRPs[V }tsQysyNSLRi xmspssV e NRPVLS[QxtsQxqs xqsLi{msy xqsVlLi[xtsv V xmsLiRxqsV
ee 82
gRiXxsVV gSs, AaRPsVsVVgSs [s B s [NRPsVV[ @LRiVRV. INRP][ Ds][, ARVssV
RLji+LisLiR FyxmssVVV FsosV (79). @ sZaP[xtsvV xmsLRixxqs*LRiWxmssRVV,
bPssVWLRiVsRVV dLRisVVV (@juys [sRV,) xqsVLRiVV sVLjiRVV @LiRLRiV sVVsVV xqsVLiRV
RVyLRiV (80). dLRisVVV gSs, sV][ LS][ [zqss [sy sVWLRiVV gSs @ sNTP
xqsLjigSLRiV. GRVs, @s LRiNSsVVsNRPV sWssosV xmssRVsV [RVVsV. NSs, s
RLRi+ssVV[Rs[ xmssRVsV [RVVsV (81). ryRNRPVRV gRiXxry aRPsVsVV[ sVsLiRsLRiNRPV
@LiVVRVgRiVLRiV [sR (x, sxtsv, LRiVR , CaSs, xqsybPsoV) [ ZaP[xtsvRgRiV bPsos, {ms][
xmspLiRssV. sVLjiRVV sVgjis yLjis xmspLiRssV (82).
@Ry R bPsM xmsp[ sVWs[VNRPLi sbPxtsQ[ e sVW[ zqsZNP[ Ry aSxqsQXFyxqs=LiRxqsV=LSM
ee 83
aSxqsV R xqsVRXFyxqsV sVWLi RXxmsLi s NRPL>ji ` e GsLi xqsLRi*Lixtsv RX}msxtsv xqsVlLi[xtsv
sVVsxqsRsWM ee 84
xqsLRi*y bPsRXzmsL][ s[RW xqsWORPQ VjM e bPs[ R xmsp[ [yM xmspyxqs=LRi* Gs z ee 85

Rry R xmsp[V [sLi aRPLiNRPLRiLi [NRPaRPLiNRPLRisV e xqsLRi*NSsV xmnsy\|ms# xqsLRi* Wyz[ LRiRsV
ee 86
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi xmsRsV Li[ xqsXxtsvFys[
xmsp sjsLRis[ ryLSryLRi syLRi sLRisLi ysV y*Ra][syRVM (12).
[y, bPsos xmspLis yVsV sVWsVV xmsyssVV gSy! J [sRLS! sVWsVVs dsLRiV
Fzqss][ @s aSV NRPWR RXzmss LiRVsV (83). NSs, aSNRPV dsLRiV Fzqss][, sVWsVV
RXzms LiRV @xqsLissVV. B[ dLRiVs , J sVVs ZaP[xtsvLS! [sRLiRLRiV RXxmsoQ\s sW (84)
bPsoRV RXxmsoRV NSRs xqsW ORPQ Vj gRiyLRiV RVRVgRiVsV. NSs, bPsos xmspLis][,
[sRsLiRLjids xmspLis[ RVgRiVsV. (85). @LiRVss xqsLRi*FyV zRsVVsV
g][LRiVsRVV, [NRPsVVNRPV sVLigRisVV sRV aRPLiNRPLRi[sos N][lLisRVW C[LRiV N]LRi\ZNP
xmspLiRssV (86)
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[s lLiLiRsj RVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizRRVLiRV xqsXxtsv Fyss[V sVVR
LiRRVLiRV ryLSryLRi syLRisLRis sVs[ xmssLiRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (12).
@R RWRa][syRVM
bPsxmsp
x[yR e
@RM xmsLRiLi xmssOSQQsV xmsp sj sVsVRsVsV e aRPWRVy sVXxtsQW [y xqs=LRi*NSsV xqsV
sxsV ee 1
} sVWxlLi[ ][yRV xqsLixqslLi[y=LiNRPLi bPssV e NRPVLSRyQLRiyLi NSQ
ryLiLRiRsVxqsNRPM ee 2

DRuxtsQ [s[aRP DxtsQ xXR[VaRPRV e DxtsQ R*sVVsWry*sVs Li[ sVLigRiLi NRPVLRiV ee


3
ysV RLRiLi s Rs[V xmssXM y sVRLRiLi s R s[V ssXM e
R*RW sV[s xXj zqs[s RVy sRVVN][szqs Ry NRPL][sV ee 4
x BV xmsZNPsV c
J VVxtsvLS! [sRLS! dsVNUP\|mss xqsLRi*ZaP[xtsQsVV, xqsLRi*NSsVssV xqsVsVVsV BRVsj
RVgRiV xmspsjs xmsgRisV. ssVRV (1). x sVWxLRisVV sLiRV [ ryLi xqsybPsos
xqsLjiLiRssV. RsLi, @Li VVgji NTP ][ ARVssV FyLjiLiRssV (2). J
[s[y! sVV. xXRRVsVV sLiRVLiRV yy! sVV. DsWxms[! dsso sVV. gRiRVsNRPV
sVLigRisVVssVV (3). s[sV RLRisVV sLjiLigjiRVW, @sVxtsQLixmsNRPVysV. @RLRisVV sLjiLigji
RVW xmsLjixLjiLixmsNRPVysV. J sV[y!xXRRVsVVsLiRVs dsso FsV AzmsLissW,
@Vs[ [|qsRsV (4).
BRVQQNSQ* sRsLi NSQ* xqsQXy* R gRiVLRiVFyRZNP[ e zLRi[ ROTPQaSLi ygSLRiLi
sVsVWRWM ee 5
[x aRPVjLi RRM NRPXy* xqssVXsa][R\sM e xr Fy_ R xmsOSQ RLiR ysssWRlLi[` ee 6
jyy[ R*sVj[ NRPXy* \s RLiRysssV e sVVLi uRaRPyLRiLi RV xmsOSQLixqsy ee 7
xtsQuyRsWaRP RW sssVLRijs[ Ry e sLSQxqsV=LRiL<RiW RVyRQ ZNP[s LRiRyss[ ee 8
C sRsVVgS NTP][ rRsVV [zqs, gRiVLRiV FyRsVVsV xqsLjiLi, sVsVWR sxqsLRis N]LRiNRPV
ROTPQ jNRPVsNRPV sssV (5). RLRiVyR sV][, sVLjiRVV ds][ [xaRPVj gSsLiRVN]s,
[RVsV NSsV NRPRVgRiV N]s RLiRysssVVsV [RVssV. (6). xqsWLRiVRV DRLiVVLiRVNRPV
sVVLi[ RLiR ysssVV [zqs, ][zqs [s ds][ sVVsVVsV xmsRVyLRiV ryLRiV NRPRVgRiV

N]sssV (7). J [sRLS! VVxtsvLS! xtsQztsQ, FyRsV, @sWyxqs, sssV, @sV RV


RVLiRV, AjyLRisVVyRV NRPVRV (xmso][) RLiR ysssVVsV dsRssV (8).
RVy sNSaRPLi xqsVryRW syjxtsQ*Ry gRiX} e [aRPNS sLRiVRLi R rysLi NSLRiLi slLi[ R
ee 9
LRis[Ljis[ Ry aS[ xqsLiNSLif gRix[ Ry e sVjs[ Ry dlLi[ x xmsyxqsjs[ Ry ee 10
Aaf[xmsRy Fy}ms s ryRWRVxtsQyLji e RVy ry sVVLi ryRWdLRi_ NTP sWsLRiM
ee 11
\ LigRiLi R NRPVLki*R yLSs RXuy* NRPs[V R e sRsV LigRiZNP[ \s yzqsRLi y s RWztsQ
RsV ee 12
aS[ R gRix[ \[xmsy}qs xms xmsjs[ e @Ry ryL<RixmsLi \Li s RV}tsQRxLi sy ee 13
@sNSaRPsVVsV sj[ gSs, xqsLRixqsV=[gSs, [y gRiXxsVVsLiRV gSs, RNRPgS ryssVVsV
[RVssV. sWssoRV [aRPNSsVVNRPV sL][RsVV [NRPVLiy ryssVV yRLjiLiRssV (9).
AjyLRisVVyRV, aSR jssVV yRV, xqsLiNSLi RVLiRV, gRixsVVsLiRV, bPsLS
yRV,xmsoQZOP[Q RsVV sLiRV DxmsyxqssVV [zqss yRV (10), sVLjiRVV A afRsVV ssxmsVRV
s[Tds][ ryssWRLSRV. NTP gRiyRV sWssoRV dLSRVRVLiRV xmsyxsVVsNRPV
@sVVsVVgS ryssVV [RVssV (11). yLRisVV[s gRiV][xtsQsVVsV xmsLjiNTPLi, sWs][
@LigRiss ryssVVsV [RVssV. sRsVV @LigRissVV [RVV sQQNTP \sVVsV
yRV[ ][xtsQsVV [RV. xqsVgRiLiR RssVVsV NRPzmss \sVVsV yRV[ ][xtsQsVV [RV
(12). aSRsVVyRV, gRixNSsVVLiRV , DxmsyxqssVVsyRV, sVLjiRVV FyRsV yRV Ay
sWssV yRV ][xtsQsVV NSRV (13).
[aRPLi NSLi sy\lLiQQsLi ryLi NRPVLSRysj e DRLSsVV\ZaPQQs Fy[sxmsRy xmsosM ee
14

D|t^sQ\ss s\|qs# s ryRWR= NRPyRs e aRPVRs}qsQ xqs ryRWR[sxqsLRixmspLRi*NRPsV ee 15


xmsLRiyLRiLi R [xtsQLi LSf R sRXRLi R RV` e [s rysLi Ry NSLRiLi OSQRLi R
xmsLjiR[` ee 16
RLRiLi R RRM NSLRiLi [sL<ji zmsRXRXzmsRsV e _RsxqsQLi R][ yLRiLi xmsosLSRsVsLi RlLi[`
ee 17
aRPV_ [ZaP[ R][ gRiy* g][sVRWRVxmssWLji[ e AxqssLi R aRPVLi RR LRiRdsRVLi j*[RsWM ee
18
C sRsVVgS [aRPNSsVVsV syLRi [zqs, RWLRiVQ\sxmsosNRPV, [y DRLSsVVsVVgS Ljigji
RVysjgS ryssVVsV [RVssV (14). NRP sTs sxqsQsVV][ FssRVsW ryssVV
[RVLSRV. aRPVRsxqsQsVVsV RLjiLi xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVs xqsLjixqsW ryssVV [RVssV (15).
BRLRiVV RLjiLis sxqsQsVV, LS NRP sTs sxqsQsVV ryssVVsNRPV xmssNTPLSRV. @
sxqsQsVVsV DRVNRPVNRPV CRVssV (16). ryssVV [zqss RLRiVyR [sRNRPV, VVxtsvNRPV,
zmsRLRiVNRPV RLRisVVs RXzmss NRPgjiLiRssV. RLRiVyR s sxqsQsVVsV RLjiLi, sVLRi
ARsVssVVsV [RVssV (17). RLRiVyR aRPVsVgRiV g][sVRVsVV][ @VNRPTs ryssVVsV
[LRissV. J sxmsZaP[xtsvLS! @ ryssVV sLiRV aRPVsVgRiV AxqsssVVsV GLSV
[xqsVN]sssV (18).
aRPVR NSxtsQ xqssVVRsLi xmspLRiLi xqsLjiR s[Vs y e yxqssLi Ry NRPVLSR=LRi* NSsVxmnsxmsRsV ee
19
RVy WgRiLi xmsosLSQxLi sVXgRiRLSjNRPLi R RV` e R][xmssaRP NRPVLki*R xmsoLiRLi xqsy
xqsVkM ee 20
xmsxqsxmsxqsy ysLi xmsoLiyR=xmnsLi # s[` e @s[ xqssxqsR ryj xmsNUPLjiRsV ee 21

GsLi NRPXy* xmsoLiRLi R LRiVyOSQyLRi[VsLRiM e xqsLiFyR xqssxqsR ryj xmsNUPLjiRsV ee


21
GsLi NRPXy* xmsoLiRLi R LRiVyOSQyLRi[VsLRiM e xqsLiFyR R xqs*NRPLi NRPLRi xmsosLSLSR[V
ssV ee 22
RNRPs NRP][ [zqs xmspLjigS sRkzqs RVVs {ms\|ms N][lLisds C[LRiV yxqsssVVsV
GLSV [RVssV (19). A\|mss sVXgRiRLRi sVVRgRiV ys DRsVgRiV dLRiVs GLSV [zqs,
ys\|ms NRPWLRiVLiT sy*LixqsVRV xqs][ xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLiRssV (20). xmsoLiRsVVsV
RLjiLi [zqss xmssVV, RxmsxqsV= sVLjiRVV yssVVV xqsxmnssVgRiVsV (21). C dLRiVs
xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLi ryRNRPVRV LRiVyORPQsV RLjiLiRssV. @V zmssV sR NRPLRisV
@sVztsQLi, sVLRi bPsos ALSjLiRssV (22).
xmsosLSRsVsLi NRPXy* yLRiLi sVLiR xmspLRi*NRPsV e GNRPLi yR xmsNRPVLSR gRiLigS LiRVLji
Vss ee 23
@[RNRPLi Ry RR bPsxmspLRi sVlLi[` e @sR*xqsV R RVLi Ry aRPNTP xqsdsVxmsgRisV ee
24
NRPXy* }qsRVLi R R\Qs \LRisWryRV \s xmsosM e @LRiQ FyRLi Ry \NRPLi
gRiLiyORPQ \LRiVRsV ee 25
ROTPQLi}qs Ry ryxmssVVxms yLRixqs NRPxms[V e gRiVL][aRP xqsLRiLi NRPXy* RRsV sVyxms R ee
26
xqsLiNRPLi sjs` NRPXy* NSsVyLi R sRVV \s e xmsp[VRLRiRW NSQ bPsLi
xqsxmsLjiyLRiNRPsV ee 27
sVLRi sVLiRxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS sVWRVryLRiVgSs, INRPryLji gSs ARsVssVV [RVssV. RLRiVyR
bPsxmsp N]LRi\ZNP sVVsV gRiLigS sjs xqsLjiLi (23) dxqsVNRPVLSssV. sVLjiRVV xmspNRPV

NSszqss BRLRi sxqsVsosV NRPWy RVyaRPNTPgS RgRiLRi sVLiT RVN]sssV (24). RLRiVyR
AxqsssVV \|ms zqsLRisVVgS \LRisVV][ NRPWLRiVLiRssV. RLRiVyR INRP @LRiQ FyRsV sVV][
sLizms, gRiLiRsVV][ @ORPQR][ @LiNRPLjiLi (25) NRPVT\sxmsos ryzmsLi, A sVV][ DxmsyLRisVVsV
[RVssV. gRiVLRiVsosV xqsLjiLi, yLji @sVsV F~Lij (26) RVysjgS xqsLiNRPsVVsV [zqs,
sVsxqsV=[s NSsVssV NRPWR xmsNRPLi, g]xms NTP][ xmsLjiyLRisVV][ gRiWTs bPsos
xmspLiRssV (27).
sVVys[VNSLi xmsR\lLiQQ+Qs xmsp[Vj*xmnsVLRiNRPsV e zqsLiRVLSj xmsylL^iaRP zqsjVj xqssVs*RsV
ee 28
ORPQ RVVRLi RR xmspLiVVy* ss[VRsM e RRVLRiQLi \LSsVxms\LRi sWLi\M xmsyjM
ee 29
ORPQsW\|ms#sLi Ry [sLi y \s xqssVs*RsV e xmsp[VRLRiRW NSQ ssVxqsVLSRVsM
xmsosM ee 30
y*LRiFyLi xqsy y*Lji xtsQLiRLi R sVx[RLRisV e xmspLiVVy* RRM xmsaSRW[VjLjiLi
xqsdsV ee 31
INRP sVVRsV xmsRLji+Li, zqsj VRV][ NRPWTs s}mnsVaRP*LRiVs zqsLiRWLRisVV sVVRgRiV
xmsyLRisVV][ xmspLiRssV (28). NRP[ss sVVsV NRPVgRiV[RVV s}mnsVaRP*LRiVs, JLi
NSLRisVV][ ALRiLi# \sV RRVLki sNTP NRPgji ssVM ][ @LiRsV[V ysVsVV][ xmspLi sVLRi
ssVxqsLjiLiRssV (29). NRPVsWLRi ry*sV][ NRPWTRVVs s}mnsVaRP*LRiVsNTP @xmsLSR ORPQsWxmssV
xmsNRPLi, g]xms NTP][ xmspLi @s[NRP xmsLSRVsVVV ssVxqsLjiLiRssV (30) Fss[
y*LRisVVsLiRV sTRVVLiRV sVx[RLRiVRsV y*LRiFyVs xmspLi, RLRiVyR gjiLji[ss
xmspLiRssV (31).
RLiR\sM NRPVLiNRPV\sV\ZaPQQs RW\|msLkiQ\|ms LRis[NRPaRPM e \ss[\QLji*s\\ZaPQQs xmspLiVVy* RRbP+ssV ee 32

ssVxqsQXR xmsosxqsR gRi[R bPsxqss_ e RVj lgi[} FyLjidsLi y \|dsVLi y LSdLi Ry ee


33
yRVyLi R\yyLi FyLRiyLi y xmsNRP[V` e ssVxqsQXR xmsosryLi R
xmsp[VRQ NTPRRLRiM ee 34
RryLi RV xmspyRWLi \s xqslLi[* xqsVM xmspyxqsy e ryxms[VR sVXy LigRiLi syRV
sjxmspLRi*NRPsV ee 35
RLRiVyR gRiLiRsVVV, NRPVLiNRPVsVsVVV, RWxmssVVV, @s[NRP kxmssVVV, sVLjiRVV ssRsVV\s
\ss[RsVV][ bPsos xmspLiRssV (32). sVLRi bPsosNTP ssVxqsLjiLi bPyRVsVVsNRPV
sssV. [y BLiRVLiRV sV][ gSs, LigSLRisVV][ gSs, sLiT][ gSs (33), BRLRi
yRVso][ gSs, [y FyRLRixqssVV][ gSs bPsos xmssVsV sLjiLiRssV. A xmssVNRPV NTP][
ssVxqsLjiLi sVLRi xmspLiRssV (34). bPsos xmssVsV xmspLis][ [sRsLiRLjids
xmspLis[ RVgRiVsV. sV][ RVysjgS LigRisVVsV sLjiLi ryzmsLiRssV (35).
NRPLRisLi xqsLRi*y RR sRVsWxqs=Q*gRiX} zqs\M e Fy xmsuyLi NRPVLki*R WRaRPVjLi syRV R
ee 36
jNSsWWRR ryxmsLiVVy*
sVWsVLiyWgRiRM ee 37

bPy[V

gRiX}

bPsxqs=y

xmsp[

RR RV y*LRiFyyLi sRVsW yzqs xqsLRi*y e gRiX} LigRiLi R RVRWLi Rzqss xqsLRi*Li


xmsztsQRsV ee 38
xmspNS[ R ryLigRiLi \s xmsLjiylLi[ xqsLiRVVRsV e Ayx xmsp[V[sLi sRVsWsR s
sR[ ee 39
LigRixqssj[ sRVsVsVVssds Rs gRiXxsVVsLiRV sV[V xmsyLRisVV][
ARLjiLiRssV. WR aRPVjs [zqs Fy xmsxtsQsV [RVssV (36). bPyRVsVVsLiRV

jNSNRPVsV ryzmsLi xmspLiRssV. gRiXxsVVsLiRV bPsos sRsVV sVWsVLiRsVV][


yLSjLiRssV (37). gRiXxsVVsLiRV y*LRiFyNRPVsV xmsztsQLiRsss[ sRVsVsVV [RV.
gRiXxsVVsLiRV xmspLixms[ LigRisVVsLiRV xqsLRi*sVV xmsztsQR\sV RVVsj (38).
xmspNSsVVsLiRV bPsos ryLigRisVVgS xqsxmsLjiyLRisVVgS Ayxs [zqs xmspLiRssV. BLiRNRPV
sVLi sRVsVsVV GjRVW [RV (39).
bPsxqs xqssjLi NRPXy* ry*xqssLi xmsLjiNRP[V` e DRQxqsy zqsy* xmsosLSRsVsLi RlLi[` ee
40
xmsOSQ xr xmsaSQ\Q* FyRWsVLi xmsNRP[V` e sVWsVLi[ R\Qs RaSsLRiLi
s[VsLRiM ee 41
xmsLiRsVVyM xmsNRPLRisM xmspsaRPLi NRPlLi[zms=yM e Gy sVVyM xmsR\lLiQQ+Qs RlLi[RWsjLi
sLRiM ee 42
kxmsLi NRPXy* Ry RR ssVryLRiLi gRiVL][LRiR e y* xmsyxqssLi RR yxqsssVyzms y ee 43
DyyxqssNRPLi NRPXy* xmsLRiLiNSxqssNRPLi Ry e RVyxqsVLi Ry zqsy* xmsWgRiLi xmsoslLi[s R ee 44
NRPVRV bPsos xqssj[ AxqsssVVsV GLSV [xqsVN]s DRLRijNRPVgS sT sVLRi
ARsVssVVsV [RVssV (40). RLRiVyR [RVsV NRPRVgRiVN]s NRPVRV bPsxqssj[
NRPWLRiVLiT sVWsVLiRsVV][ xmsjryLRiV FyRWsVsVVsV [RVssV (41). xmsp
ryLRiNRPsVgRiV\ZNP @LiVVj sVVRsV xmsRLji+LiRssV. NRPVRV C sVVRsV xmsRLji+Lis
RLRiVyRs[ xmsp sjs @sztsQLiRssV (42). RLRiVyR @R kxmssVVsV sgjiLi, gRiVLRiVsosNRPV
ssVxqsLjiLi xmsyxqsssVVsV gSs, [NRP yxqsssVVsV gSs (43), DyyxqsssVVsV gSs,
xmsLRiLiNSxqsssVVsV gSs s[zqs, xqsVsVVgS AxqsssVVsLiRVLiT, xmsp sjs @sVztsQLiRssV (44).
NRPXy* xmspLi xmsoLSyLi sZNP[\ss yLRi[V` e RVj y xqs*RVs[Vs[x gRiX}s sRVsWszqs
R ee 45

xmsaSQ\QyLRiQ Fy[ OSQLRi[V LigRisVVRsVsV e@sssWsr Wy* xmspRsLi syRV


R ee 46
xmsaSyyx[V[sLi sVLi[s[s \s sLRiM e
xqs*RVLiVLigRisVVsV FysVssVV][ xqs xmspLis sQQNTP sVVNTPs F~LiRVsV. B LigRisVVsV
FysVssVV [NRPVLiRgRi\sssW xmspLiRsRVsV. BLi[ [RVV ALSRsNRPV C sxtsQRVsVV[
sRVsVsVV [RV (45). RLRiVyR @LRiQFyR][ DRsVsVgRiV A bPsLigRisVVsV OSQs
[RVssV. sVsxqsV=sV BVsV sVLRidsRVNRPVLiy, xmspRssVVsV zqsRsVV [xqsVN]s
(46) NRPVRV C sVLiRsVV][ bPsos Ayxs [RVssV.
\ZNPxqs bPLRixqsLi R FyLRi*d xmssVVRsVsV ee 47
RV][NRPLRiWzmsLi aRPLiVLi sLRiVLi gRiVLRiWzmssV e xmsLiRsNRPLi RaRPVLi s[RLi sXxtsQR*sV
ee 48
NRPLRiWLRi g_LRiLi jyLigRiLi RLiRsLi NRPxmsLjissV e yxmnsVRL][RLkiRVLi R gRiRLSLiLRiLi
aRPVsV ee 49
yxqsVNSjxmsLkiyLigRiLi zmsyNSyRVVys*RsV e zqsRWsF R RVrylgi[ sXRLidx
sLRiLiRLRisV ee 50
RV [V aRP# ^aRP }qssRLi NRPxmsp\ZNPM e [ry RVxqs=}\ss RVLRiORPQ Li [s }qssRsV ee 51
aRPLRiLi xqsLRi*xqsyQ*yLi xmsxqss sVVxmsLiNRPsV e s[\aS+|q^s#QLRiy gkiRLi sxtsvxsVRLi xqsy
ee 52
NRPsR= sWsLiRLi bPssWyxRWsVxsV e
\ZNPxqs bPLRisVV sLiRVLiRV yRV, FyLRi*d xms, [[RsVVRV (47), sVLigRisVV sRVyRV,
sLRiVVRV, gRiVLRiWxmssVV[ sQQNRPsVgRiVyRV, @LiVVRV sWsVVV xmsj[RVV sVWRV NRPsVV

gRiyRV, sXxtsQsVV R*sVVsLiRV gRiyRV (48). NRPLRiWLRisVVs s yRV, js[xRV,


RLiRVs bPLRixqsVsLiRV RLjiLis yRV, sVV gRiyRV, yxmnsV RLRisVV DRLkiRVsVVgS
gRiyRV, gRiRLRisVVsV RLjiLis yRV, aRPVNRPLRiVRV (49), yxqsVNTP sVVRgRiV xqsLRisVV[
RVTs [xsVV gRi yRV, zmsyNRPsVV sVVRgRiV ARVVRsVV][ NRPWTsyRV, Rs VRV
xqsLRi*y sXRsVV [RVV @xtsQzqsRVV gRiyRV (50), xmspV [RVV NRPV[
RVRWLSssVV][ }qssLixmsRVyRV, xqszLixms aRPNRPsVV NSs [xqsV=sV NRPgjiRVVLiRVss
RWR aRPNRPsVV NSsyRV, [sR[ }qssLixmsRVyRV (51), xqsLRi*FyVNRPV aRPLRiV F~LiR
RgjisyRV, xmsxqssQQ\sVs sVVxmsRsVV gRiyRV, s[R aSxqsQsVV[ gSssVV [RVRVyRV,
sxtsvso[ sVLjiRVV x[ xqsLRi*y xqsVLixmsRVyRV (52), NRPVRVLiRV sR=VRV,
AsLiRLRiWxmsoRVsgRiV bPsos s[sV Ayxs [RVVRVysV .
GsLi yy* bPsLi ryLi sWxqssLi xmsLjiNRP[V` ee 53
RRVLRiQLiRxms[\ss xqsLRi*Li NRPVLSRyNRPsVsV . RRM FyRLi xmsRyQ\Q* R][sLRiQLi aRPLiNRPLSRV
R ee 54
RRaSRsVsLi NRPXy* aRPLi# s[ xmsLRisWRs[ e xmsaSR xmsLiRLRiQQ\sQ ry=Qxms[VRLiNRPLRiLi
sVVy ee 55
s[RsVLi\Q LRiyWgRiLi
Ry[yLRi[VRy ee 56

ysVLS*

xqssVLiR\ZNPM

RRVLRiQLiRxms\LRiQ NSQ

RyztsQRLi Rs sVLRi[V RLiNRPL][xmsLji . RRaRP yLRiVLi rysLi NRPLRiRVLi bPyRV \s ee


57
C sRsVVgS ryLibPsos ysLi AxqsssVV s[LSV [RVssV (53). xqsL][*xmsyLRisVVsV
RRVLki sNTP xmsRsVV][ sLRiVxqsgS [RVssV. RLRiVyR, aRPLiNRPLRiVsNRPV FyRsVVsV, ALRiQsVVsV
CRVssV (54). RLRiVyR, aRPLiVxmsLRisWRNRPV ARsVssVVs, RLRiVyR xmsLiysVXRsVV][
aRPLiNRPLRiVsNRPV AsLiRsVVgS @}tsQNRPsVV [RVssV (55). s[R sVLiRsVV][ gSs, sVLiRsVV][

gRiWTs ysVsVV][ gSs @}tsQNTPLiRssV. @xmsoRV NTP][ RRVLki sNTP xmsRsVVsVRLjiLi


ssR RssVV sLjiLiRssV (56). sWssoRV RsNRPV @xtsQsVVgRiV RssVVsV bPsosNRPV
@LjiLiRssV. RLRiVyR, bPsosNRPV aRPV][RNRPryssVVsV [LiVVLiRssV (57).
xqsVgRiLiRLi RLiRsLi RyRs[Fys RVRRM e xqsxqsVgRiLiR [\ss yLSLi xmsNRP[V` ee
58
s[RsVLi\QM xtsQRLi\lgiLS* ysVd LRiVRxqsLiRW e RVy sNSaRPLi yLi Ry* s}qsQ
sWLRi[VRRM ee 59
xmsaSyRsVsLi RyR][ sxqsQLi xqssVLRi[V` e \ZaPQQs y yzms g][RWsW
sVVRsWxtsQNSM ee 60
@LRiRWbP+y\VsLi sVLi\QLSys\ LRizms e RRM xmsouy [RWs xmsLiyryRV
sVRs[ ee 61
xqsVyxqssgRi gRiLiRsVVsV, BRLRi [xmssVVsV aRPR][ @LjiLiRssV. xqsVgRiLiRsVVgRi ds][
sWRs[V yLRisV NRPLiRssV (58).xtsQRLigRisVV][ NRPWTs s[R sVLiRsVV][ gSs,
xmsRN]LiRV ysVsVV][ gSs dsVsV yLRisV @LjiLi, RLRiVyR sxqsQsVV][
RVRVsssV (59). RLRiVyR ARsVssVVsV, sxqsQsVVsV @LjiLiRssV. sV, RVssV,
g][RVsVsV, |msxqssV, sVsVsVVsV (60) @s[NRP sRsVVgRiV sVLiRsVV][ bPsosNRPV
@LjiLiRssV. RLRiVyR HRV sWsVV sV[sosNRPV xmsoxtsQsVV sLjiLiRssV (61).
xmssNRPQLi RVy ysLi RVyWgSxtsQRM e NRPsV\aRP+Rxms\QaRP aRPLixmso\|tsQ#M xms\lLixqsy ee
62
NRPVaRPxmso\|tsQ#aRP RRWQ\lLi LRiLiy\lLi L][QxqsLi# \s e Ry R RV{qsxms\QLji*xms\Q Lji*ZaP[xtsQRM ee 63
xmsp[VRLRiRW NSQ aRPLiNRPLRiLi NRPsR=sV e xqsLS*s[ * xmsRsVLRiRVLi bPyRV \s ee
64

* xmsyLRi[\ss xqsLRi*xmsp xmszqsR e RRxqsV=gRiLiR RWLRiLi \s yzqsRLi \sVVRsVsV ee


65
@LRiRVLi R ssRLi bPyRV xmsLRiRW sVVy e R][ RWxmsM xmsNRPLRi[ gRiVgRi gRiVLRiVLRiVy ee
66
WgRiRNRPV, NSsVsNRPV @sVLRiWxmssVVgS NRPVRV HRV sWsVVsV ysLiRssV. sLiRlLi[NRPV
NRPsVsVV][, g]xmss RVgRiV aRPLixmsoxtsQsVV][ (62), NRPVaRPxmsoxtsQsVV][, RRWLRixmsoxtsQsVV][,
sVLiyLRisVV][, ][xmsoxtsQsVV][, RV{qs xmsRsVV][, sVLjiRVV sZaP[ztsQLi *RsVV][
(63), NRPsR=VRgRiV aRPLiNRPLRiVs g]xms NTP][ xmspLiRssV. BRLRi xmsoxtsQsVVV [NRPFLiVVssW,
bPsosNRPV * xmsRsVV sLjiLiRssV (64). * xmsRsVV sLjiLis][ @s xmsoxtsQsVV][
xmspLisgRiVsV. RLRiVyR xqsVgRiLiR RWLRisVVsV, DRsVsVgRiV xqsVgRiLijsWssV (65), bPsosNRPV
sVNTP RWsLiRsVV][ @LjiLiRssV. RLRiVyR gRiVgjisVV][, @gRiLRiV][ RWxmssVVsV
AsLiRsVVgS sLjixmsssV (66).
kF [RVxqsRxqsQ\|qs# aRPLiNRPLSRV xmnsVXRxmsoRM e @LRiQLi Ry` xmsosxqsQ\|qs# sVLi[s[s NTPRM ee
67
NSLRi[Vys][ NSQ s}qsQ sVVsWLRissV eLRiWxmsLi [z RVa][ [z [gRiLi [z R aRPLiNRPLRi
ee 68
VNTPsVVNTPxmnsLi [z gRiX{y*QLRiQLi ssWsxqsV[ e R][ [RVLi bPy\Vs \ss[RLi ssRLi
aRPVsV ee 69
RR ARsVsLi {msy NSLRi[Vy* sLiRM e RRbP+yRV yLiWLi ryLig][FyLigRiLi syRV
R ee 70
RLRiVyR aRPLiNRPLRiVsNRPV s[LiVV][ kxmssVVsV |msssV. @xmsoRV sVLRi bPsosNRPV C
sVLiRsVVsVRLjiLi NTP][ @LRiQsVVdsRVssV (67). sxqsQsVV][ bPsosNRPV,
NTPaRPyxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS sVVsVVsV sRssV. ' } aRPLiNRPLS! LRiWxmssVVssVV. NUPLjis BsVV.

[gRisVVssVV (68). dsNRPV ssVryLRisVgRiVgSNRP C @LRiQsVVsV {qs*NRPLjiLi, VNTPs, sWORPQxmnssVVsV


BsVV' . RLRiVyR bPsosNRPV ssR aRPVxmsyLRisVVsV \ss[RsVRssV (69). RLRiVyR N]j
NSsVV s[RVVLiT bPsosNRPV {ms][ ARsVssVV dsRVssV. zmssV bPsosNRPV ssR
RssVV][ NRPWTs yLiWsVV sLjiLiRssV (70).
NRPVLSyLSLjiNRPLi xmsLiRsLjiNSsVsVxqsLiRW e FyRWaRP RRVLS*LRiLi j*M NRPX][ ysVLiR[
ee 71
GNRPNRPX][* sVV[ xqsxmsNRPXR*xqs=LS*gRi Gs ze R][ ysLi RV][NRPLi \s NRPXy*
sVLiRsVVkLRi[V` ee 72
RVyxqsLiLi RVysLi NRPVLSsLiR sjLi sLRiM e gRiVLRiWxmsjxtsQ sVlLi[ NRPXy* sVLiRxmsLi
xqsVkM ee 73
rQ\QLSys\M {msy xqsVdsR sXxtsQR*sV eRRM xmsROTPQLi NRPVLSsxqs R aRP# \saRP=Q\sM ee
74
@LiVVRV sRV gRi LRis xqsLisRVsWsVryLRisVVgS CRVssV. FyRsVVNRPV yVgRiV
ryLRiV, ydsVLiRsVVsLiRV lLiLiRVryLRiV (71), sVVsVVsLi]NRPryLji, xqsLS*gRisVVRVLiRV
GRVryLRiV LRidsRVssV. RLRiVyR yssVVsV [RVssV. sVLiRsVVsV zmsLiRssV
(72). NRPVRV gRiVLRiVso Dxms[bPLis sWLRisVV[ ysxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS sVLiRsVVsV aSrQQ NRP
xqsLi[ zmsLiRssV (73). RLRiVyR sXxtsQsVV R*sVVsLiRV gRi bPsos }mssV][ @s[NRP
rRsVV][ xqsVLiRssV. @V zmssV bPsosNRPV sVgS xmsROTPQsVVsV [RVssV (74).
ssVryLRiLi RRM NRPVLSy=uyLigRiLi sjsRVsWs e RRM xmsouyLilLi[W sVLi[s[s
NTPRM ee 75
aRPLiNRPLSRV xmslLi[aSRV bPs xqsLi][xtsQ}Rs[ e @yRj y yRRRWjNRPLi sVRW ee
76

NRPXRLi RRxqsV xqsxmnsLi NRPXxmsRW Rs aRPLiNRPLRi e ysNRPxqsQ*RR Fy xqsQ*][xLi xqsy sVXR ee 77


B sRV g_LkiaRP WRyR xms{qsR s[V e Ws xqsRFyyyLi WsVlLi[ysLissV ee 78
R*LiVV yxmsLSyyLi R*s[Vs aRPLRiLi xms[ e Byj xszmsLi NRPXy* xqssVgji*ysRM ee
79
RLRiVyR NRPVRV RVysjgS ryuyLigRi ssVryLRisVVsV [RVssV. RLRiVyR [s[soRgRiV
aRPLiNRPLRiVsNTP {mss NRPgjiLiRV\ZNP NTP][ C sVLiRsVVsV sVRLjiLi xmsouyLidsRVssV (75).
} aRPLiNRPLS! s[sV zqs gSs, RVNRP gSs [zqss xmspjNRPsVV (76) dsRRVss xqsxmnssVgRiV
gSNRP! } sVXy! s[sV dsyRsV. y FysVVV dsRVLi[ Dss. s[sV xqsLRi*y ss[
xqsLjiLiRsV (77). C sRsVVgS FyLRi*dxmsNTP sxmss [RVssV. } WRyy! yRVLiRV
RRV RWxmsosVV. WsV RVLiRV LjixmsTs yLjiNTP WsV[V ALissVgRiVsV (78). }
xms[! @[ dLRiVs, dsRVLiRV @xmsLSRsVV [zqss yLjiNTP dss[ aRPLRiV. ByjgS bPsosNRPV RNRPs
sRsVV[ @s[NRP sxmsosV [RVssV (79).
xmsouyLiLi xqssV\lLiQQQsLi xmsosM NRPVLSsLi sVVxM e xqs*rysLi gRiR [s[aRP xmsLjiyLRiRVVRM
xms[ ee 80
xmspNS[ xmsosLSR R*RW gRiLiRssWRLS` e B xqsLiFyLRiQ xaRPaRP+LiNRPLRiLi NRPsR=sV
ee 81
sxqsLRi[VR=Q* xXR[V RRF sVWLjiQ ss}qs` e B FNRP sVZaP[}tsQ sVVsRV bP+sxmspssV
ee 82
VNTP sVVNTP xmsRLi \s NTPsVs][QRV sVL>RiR ee 83
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi xmsRsVLi[ xqsXxtsvFys[
bPsxmsps sLRisLi ysV RW Ra][syRVM (13).

C sRsVVgS xmsouyLis xqssVLjiLi sVLRi @s[NRP xmsLSRVsVVV ssVxqsLjiLiRssV. }


[s[y! xms[! xmsLjiyLRisVV][
gRiWT
xqs*ryssVVsNRPV
ssVV
(80).
}yy! xmspNSsVVsLiRV sVLRi RRV][ s[RVVsVV. C LkigS NRPsR=VRgRiV aRPLiNRPLRiVs
@s[NRP LRiLigRiV FyLjiLi (81) Rs xXRRVsVV[sNTP sxqsLRis [xqsVN]sssV. A sVVsV
bPLRixqsV=Q\|ms DLiRVN]sssV. J sVVsVLS! dsVNUP sRsVVgS bPsxmspsV sZaP[+xtsQsVVgS zmss
(82). C xmsp ss VNTP,sVLjiRVV sVVNTP LiRVsV. dsVLjiLiNRPsW GsV ssg][LRiVRVyLRiV? (83).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[s lLiLiRsjRVgRiV LRiVRxqsLizR RVLiRV sVVRjRVgRiV
xqsXxtsvFys LiRsVV[ bPs xmsp sLRissVV @s[ xmsRsVWRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj
(13).
@R RRVLRia][syRVM
bPsxmsp
VVxtsQRV ERVM e
yxqsbPxtsQ sVgRi NRPRRV R*Li xmssWRM e \ZNPM xmso\|tsQ#M xmspRaRP+LiVM NTPLi NTPLi RVR \s
xmnssV ee 1
VVxtsvV BV xmsNTPLji c
J yxqsbPuy! sVy! dsso xmssW xmspLRi*NRPsVVgS xmsVsVV. bPsos G[V xmsoxtsQsVV][
xmspLis, G[V xmnssVV sRVsV ?(1).
xqsWR DyR e
afsNSyaRP VVxtsQRV aRP+QXVyRLRi][ssV e NRPRRWsVR xqsV{msy xmsouyLRi
ssLRiRVsV ee 2

GxtsQ Gs sjM xmsXu yLRi[s sVxL<ji e FyR xmsLRisV {msy xmsouyLRi ssLRiRVsV ee 3
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
afsNSj VVxtsvLS! aRPR][ ssVRV. dsVNUPyRV xmsoxtsQsVVsV @LjiLiRVRVLiRV gRi xqsLRi*
sLRiRVsVVsV {ms][ |msRsV (2). xmsoxtsQsVVsV @LjiLiRV[ gRi C sLRiRVsVVsV
yLRiRsVxL<ji xmsbPLiRgS x sVNTP {ms][ zmsRVVyRV (3).
x[yR e
NRPsV\Lji*xms\QaRP aRPRxms\Qxqsy xmsosM e aRPLixmso\|tsQ#xqsy [sLi OUPQ NSsWsLRi[VssV ee
4
G\aRP ORPQ xqsLiQ\ZNPM xmspRZaP[Rs[sM e Fyxmssxqsy sxms OUPQ ry=QyQR xqsLiaRPRVM ee
5
sLiaRPM NRPsVyLi RV xmsxqss[VNRPsVVyxXRsV e [* Rxqsx}qs xmsryLRiLi xmsLjiztsQRsV ee 6
aRPRxmsRxqsx}qs xmsryLRiLi xmsLjiztsQRsV e xms\u<RaRPM xmsxqsM xmsLi LiNRP RaRPM xqsQXRM ee 7
@s[\ss RV sWs[s RVsWL][xms[VRy exqsLS*ysWsyF suysVZaP[[ # s[` ee
8
xqsLixmsRsV N][LRiV NRPVRV bPs[sos NRPsVsVV][, *xmsRsVV][, xmsRsVV][, sVLjiRVV
aRPLixmsoxtsQsVV][ @LjiLiRssV (4). } sVxL<ki! ORPQ xqsLi gRi C xmsoxtsQsVV][ bPsos
@LjiLis][, FyxmssVVV Fso[V gSNRP , xqsLixmsRV NRPVgRiVssV[ xqsLijRVsVV [RV (5).
BLRiVsj NRPsVsVVNRPV INRP xmsxqssVV @s }msLRiV. s[LiVV * RsVVNRPV @LRiQxmsxqssVsV yRVNRP (6).
s[LiVV xmsRsVVV @LRiQxmsxqssVgRiVsV. xmsj LiNRPsVVV INRP xmssVsRVV, xmsRVyLRiV xmssVVV INRP
xmsxqssVsRVV xmsTsj (7). NRPVRV C sWssVV][ xmsoxtsQsVVsV RW bPsosNRPV
xqssVLjiLis][, N][lLisRVW C[LRiVsV. NRPVRV NSsVsV [sy\s][ bPsxqs*LRiWxmsoRgRiVsV
(8).

LSxqs NSsVVN][ W \s FyLjiyyLi R xmspRW e ][xtsQ[VRLiNRPLRiLi [sLi RaRPN][


sVVdsaRP*LSM ee 9
LigRiLi bPsLi Ry xmsoxtsQsVLiRLi RLiRVLi Ry e RLjiRLi RLiRs[\ss yLSLi Ry xmsosM ee
10
xmsLRiWxmsLi Ry sVLiRLi d*RsVsVRsVsV e @Ry aRPRxmsRLi R NRPsVLi y Ry xmsosM ee
11
aRPLixmso\|tsQ#xqsy FNRPLi sZaP[}tsQ xmsoLSR\sM ee 12
J sVVsZaP[xtsvLS! LSsVVsV N][LRiVyRV xmsjN][ xmsoxtsQsVV][ FyLjis LigRisVVsV xmspLi
aRPLiNRPLRi[sos xqsLi][xtsQ|msssV (9). bPsLigRisVVsNRPV RLiRssVV sRssV. yLRi][
@}tsQNTPLiRssV (10). sVLiR xqszRsVVgS sWlLi[RV RsVV][ xmspLiRV xqsLRi*ZaP[xtsQsVV.
xmsRsVV][, NRPsVsVV][ (11), sVLjiRVV sZaP[ztsQLi aRPLixmsoxtsQsVV][ xmspLiRsss
xmspLRi*L<RiVV zmsLji. BV xmspLiRV ss Bx[NRPsVVsLiRV sWRs[V gSNRP, xmsLRi[NRPsVVsLiRV
NRPWR N][lLisRVV C[LRiVsV (12).
RWxmsLi kxmsLi R \s s[RsVLRiQLi yLSNRPLi Ry e xmsROTPQLi ssVryLRiLi ORPQsWxmss sxqsLRis[ ee
13
NRPXy* ryLigRiLi Ry [Li NRPXRLi [Vs # s[jx e Rxqs \s xqsLRi*y LSLi aRPLiNRPLRiM xmsRy
R ee 14
Fyys NSsVVN][ W \s RRlLi[yLRi[VRVsWs e NSLSgRiXxgRi][ W \s
ZOP[Q \syLRi[VRLRisV ee 15
L][gRigRir RVy ryQ\Q* RRlLi[yLRi[VssV e NRPyNSsW # s[][Q\s RRlLi[s bPsLi xmsosM ee
16

RWxmskxms\ss[RsVVsV, @LRiQsVVsV, LRis B, xmsROTPQ, ssVryLRisVVV [RVssV.


ORPQsWLRi [zms sxqsLjiLiRssV (13). RLRiVyR sVXuys [ssVVsV |msssV. BV [RVV
NRPVsNRPV aRPLiNRPLRiVRV saRPRVsVVgS LSjNSLRisVVsV BRVsV (14). xmsyyjNSLRisVVsV N][LRiV
xmsoLRiVxtsvRV ks[ xqsgRisVV xmspsV [RVssV. NSLSgRiXxsVVsV F~Lijs sQQNTP bPsosNRPV
OSQLRissV [RVssV (15). L][gRi{msTRVRgRiV NRPVRV ys[ xqsgRisVV xmspsV, NRPssV
N][LRiVyRV sVLRi ys[ xqsgRisVV xmspsV bPsosNRPV [RVssV (16).
syNSsVxqsy RVry=QRRlLi[yLRi[VssV e yNSsW # s[][ \sxmnsVX[\syLRi
[VssV ee 17
DyyLRiLi aRPRWLi Rs[\ss xmspssV e sWLRi[\s RV ZOP[Q sWxs[V RV RRLRiRM ee 18
rysVLiyyLi [V \s N][xmsp xmsaRPxqs[ e LSsVRVVR xqsLiLi R sbdP NRPLRiNRPLRi ee 19
RVaRP }qs R Ry xqsLi yxy\Qxqs=xzqsNS e sVVNTPNSsWLRi[VRLiVLi xmsLiRN][
xqsVNTPRM ee 20
sRsV N][LRiVyRV ys[ xqsgRisVV xmspsV bPsosNRPV [RVssV. sVRVLRisVgRiV NRPLihRi R*ss
N][LRiVyRV bPsos s[][ @}tsQNTPLiRs%V (17). aRPRV yaRPsVVsV N][LRiVyRV N][LjiNRPNRPV
@sVLRiWxmssVVgS xmspLiRssV. aRPRV xqsLiLRi\sVs][ OSQLRissV, aRPRVsWxssVV N]LRi\ZNP
ys[ xqsgRisVV xmspsV [RVssV.(18). rysVLiRVsV LiVVLiRg][LRiV LSV N][xmspsV
[RVssV. sbdPNRPLRisVVsV N][LRiVyRV xmsjs[ xmspsV (19), RVaRPxqsV=sV N][LRiVyRV NRPWy @[
xmspsV, yxyRVsV N][LRiVyRV xqsxryLRissV [RVssV. sVVNTPs N][LRiVyRV NTP][
bPsosNRPV @LiVVRV N][ xmsoxtsQsVV][ xmspsV [RVssV (20).
yLki xmsp[V][ aRPLiNRPLRiLi [NRPaRPLiNRPLRisV e bPsRLRi+sNSsW \s RRlLi[s xmsxmsp[V` ee 21
Ry sVXRVLiW xmsM NSsVyxmnsLRiWxmsRM e xmsLiROSQ Fy RVL>ji xmsRQORPQLi RV # s[sM
ee 22

ZOP[Q [ NRPbP j*dW xqsLisM e RXd[V NSsVyaRP RVlLi[ RLi xmsxmsaRP ee 23


xmsLiRsVLi R RVy ORPQLi xmnsLi RVRRxqsLiaRPRVsV e @s[\ss RV sVLi[ RaRPZOP[Q xmnsLi
[` ee 24
ssVVsV N][LRiVyRV [NRPsVVNRPV sVLigRisVVs[ aRPLiNRPLRiVsNRPV N][xmspsV [RVssV.
bPsos RLji+LiRg][LRiVyRV ys[ xqsgRisVV xmspsV [RVssV (21). B[ sRsVVgS
sVXRVLiRVsVLiRsVVsV N][LjiNRPsV zmsLiRssV. @LiVVRV ORPQV zmsLis][ bPsoRV
xmsRQORPQsVgRiVsV (22). ORPQ zmsLiRgSs[ INRP sVRVRV NRPVQ\ }qssLiRVsV. lLiLiRV ORPQV
zmsLiRgSs[ xmspLRi* sxqsQX NRPVgRiVsV. sVWRV ORPQV zmsLis][ N][lLiV C[LRiVsV. ys
ORPQ xmspLji @LiVVs][ bPsoRV xmsRQORPQ \sV xmnssVVsRVssV[ xqsLi[xsVV [RV. C
sVXRVLiRV sVLiRsVVsV xmsj ORPQV zmsLis][ sV xmnssVV zqsjLiRVsV (24).
sVVNTPNSsW # s[][ \s R\lLiQQaRP xmspsLi RlLi[` e ORPQ xqsLi RV xqsLRi*R Ry sVVsxqsRsV
ee 25
ARVVM NSsW # s[[ \s RWLS*M xmspsLi RlLi[` e xmsoRNSsW # s[][ \s
RRWLRiNRPVxqsV\sVaRPlLi[` ee 26
LRiNRPRLiRaRP RRWLRiM xmsps[ aRPVRM xqsQXRM e @gRixqsQNRPVxqsV\sV\ZaPQQs xmspNRPxqs sVxRaRPM ee 27
sVVNTPs N][LRiVyRV RLRi][ xmspLiRssV. J sVVsZaP[uy! C xmspsss ORPQ xqsLi[
[RVsss VLRiVLigRiVsVV(25).ARVVLSRVsVVsV N][LRiVyRV RWLRi*][ xmspLiRssV.
xmsoRVs N][LRiVyRV RRWLRi xmsoxtsQsVV][ xmspLiRssV (26).FsLRis NSRgRi RRWLRi (DsVR)
xmsoxtsQsVV][ xmspLis][ aRPVsVVV NRPVgRiVss xmssV. @gRixqsQ (@s|qs ) xmsoxtsQsVV][
xmspLiRVysNTP g]xms NUPLji NRPVgRiVsV (27).
VNTPsVVNTP xmnsLi Rxqs RVry xmsp[VRj e @LRixmso\|tsQ#M xmsyxmnsaRP NRPV NRP>LRi\ZNPxqsy ee 28

FyNRPVxqsVsVxmsp RV aRPRWLi sVXRVy xqsQXy e L][g][ysNSdsx NRPLRidsLS \s NRPsW` ee


29
LiRV\ZNPM WxtsQyzmsLSy ys xqsLiaRPRVM e @R{qs xmsoxtsQQ\ZNPQlLi[sLi sxtsvsysVRW` ee
30
aRPdsVxms\Qxqsy sVVNTPM Fyxms[ xmsoLRiV}tsQ R e sVNSNRPVxqsV\sV LRi^QzqsQ=Q RVLi aRPVRLSLi bPsM ee
31
RVzqs][ xmspLiRV NRPVsNRPV VNTP, sVVNTP LiRVsV. [RV xmsoxtsQsVV][ xmspLis NRPVsNRPV
xmsLSNRPsVsVV NRPVgRiVsV. FsLRiNRPVs][, sVLjiRVV DRlLi[ xmsoxtsQsVV][ xmspLissW @[
xmnssVV NRPVgRiVsV (28). FsLRi gRiV xmsoso*][ xmspLis][, aRPRVsosNRPV sVXRVso NRPVgRiVsV.
FsLRigRis[LRiV xmsoxtsQsVV][ xmspLis][ L][gRisVVV ]gji FsosV. xmsoso*][ xmspLiRV
ysNTP yxssVVV LiRVssV[ xqsLi[xsVV [RV. bPsos @s|qs xmsoso*][
xmspLiRVyRV sxtsvsosNRPV zmsRVVRgRiVsV (30). sVxms][ xmspLiRV NRPVRV sVVNTPs
F~LiRVsV. sV][ xmspLiRV NRPVsNRPV bPsoRV xmssR RVgRiV LRisV @sV gRizLiRVsV (31).
RVWjNS NRPVxqsV\sV xqs=Q\|qs#LRiQXxLi \ss ssVVR[ e NRPLjiNS\lLixqsy sxqsQ xqsLixms LSRV[ sXsV
ee 32
sLRiVLiU NRPVxqsV\sV L][ZNP[ sV[
xqs=LS*ysWsyxmsoRW` ee 33

sLRiyLi

s[`

*xms\Qxqsy

ZO^PQ

aRPXLigSLRi LRixmso\|tsQ# xqsV sLRi[ xqsV xqsLixmsy e VVRV ys xmsouy sVVNTP ys s xqsLiaRPRVM ee
34
LSNSNRPVxqsVsWdsx aRPRWLi sVXRVys R e GuyLi ORPQLi bPs[ RyR yR sxmsoLi xmnssV
ee 35

sV][, sVLjiRVV yssVV][ ALSjLiRV ysNTP syxqsgRiXxsVV [LiVV LjiFRV. N]LiRg][gRiV


xmsoso*][ xmspLiRV sWssoNRPV sxqsQxqssVXj NRPVgRiVsV (32). [NRPsVV[ ys xmsoso*][
xmspLiRV yLjiNTP sVsxqsV= sLRisVgRiVsV. ORPQ *LRis [RVV sWssosNRPV N][lLisRVW
C[LRiVsV (33). zqsLiRWLRixmsoxtsQsVV][ sVLjiRVV sW][ @LjiLiRV ysNTP xqsVxqsLixmsRV
sLjiVsV. ARW VVRVso RVLiRV LiRV xmsoxtsQsVV][ xmspLis][ sVVNTP
LiRVssV[ xqsLi[xsVV [RV (34). As xmsoxtsQsVV][ xmspLis ys aRPRVsoV
sVLRiLiRLRiV. dss ORPQxmsoxtsQsVVsV bPsosNRPV @LjiLis][, bPsoRV sVxmnssVV sRVsV
(35).
sR[ NRPVxqsVsVLi Rs RV\sQs bPsssV e RLixmsNRPLi ZNP[RNRPLi zy* R*sR=LRi*Li
xqssVLRi[V` ee 36
@RM xmsLRiLi R yyyLi xmsps[ aRPLiNRPLRixqs R e xmssWLi R xmnsLi xqsLRi*Li {msy aRPXV R xqsRsV
ee 37
RLiRV L][xms[ sYLi OUPQ sXjM xmsRV[ e @LiTRs_ sxms xqssVgRiQ NSQ bP[ xmsLji ee
38
xtsQ[Q\ss RV xmsryyLi RRlLi[s Ry xmsosM e xmsR*RVLi Ry ORPQ sWs[s xqssVVyxXRsV ee
39
xmspLi LRiVR xmsys[s NRPXy* sxqsQLi xqsVxqsVLiRLRisV e bP[ xmsLji s}qsRR RLiRVLRi
sVVRsVsV ee 40
bPsosNRPV zmsRVsVV NSs xmsoxtsQsVV [s[ [RV. xqsLixmsLigji, sVVgRi xmsoso*sV sT |ms, sVgjis
xmsoxtsQsVVsds xqssVLjiLiRssV (36). J sVxL<ki!aRPLiNRPLRiVsNRPV yssVV][ [RVV
xmspNRPV xmnssVVsV, yssVV xmssWsVVsV ssLRisVVgS BxmsVRV |msRsV. {ms][ ssVsVV
(37). J sFy! sWssoV bPsos\|ms RNRPs NTP][ sWNRPV [s RVsVVsV Fzqs xmspLis][,
xqsLixmsRV @sXj LiRVsV (38). ALRiV xmsxqssVVV gSs ys[ xqsgRisVV gSs, lLiLiRV xmssVVV

gSs, sVLjiRVV ORPQ (INRP sWssVV) gSs RVsVV][ xmspLiRssV (39). xmsyssVVgS
LRiVyyRVsVV][ xmspsV [zqs, bPsos \|ms xqsVLiRLRisVgRiV sxqsQsVVsVLi, ys\|ms ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV
RVsVVsV @LjiLiRssV.
DxmsLji $ xmnsLi [*NRPLi gRiLiRxmsouyjxqsy eL][xmsLiVVy* R RWFyj NRPXy* xmspxmnsLi [` ee
41
FyxmsRLi R*RVLi L_xms sWxqsLi R ROTPQ e [RW RRVxms[|t^sQ z aRPNSQ y ROTPQ
sVy ee 42
AjR xqsLi RW RR xs [[VRRM e ORPQxmsp Ry y ryLigRiLi R sVLiR
xmspLRi*NRPsV ee 43
aRPRsVuRLRiLi RR sVLi[ sjLRiVyxXRM e yLi R xmsLi ORPQLi sVFyRNRPyaRPssV ee 44
GNSRaRPxms\lLi[s ORPQsWssVV yxXRsV e xmspLRi*sRW sLi RR NRPLRisLi zR NSsVRW ee
45
ys\|mss gRiLiRxmsouyRV[ @LiNRPLjiLixmsTs sWlLi[RV xmnssVV NRPyss DLi RWFyj
DxmsyLRisVVsV [zqss][ xmsp xmnssVV zqsjLiRVsV (41). A RVsVV sLiRsW lLiLiRV
LRiWxmssVV ROTPQ][ xqs C sRsVVsV Dxms[bPLis ysNTP CRVssV. ROTPQ RVyaRPNTP
\VssW NSsRVsV (42). RLRiVyR xmssLiRV sVLij xVNRPV [ssVRssV. BV
[RV ss sVLiR xmspLRi*NRPsVVgS xqsLixmspLRi OSQLRiy xmnssVV LiRVsV (43). sVLiRsVVsV
sW VssVj ryLRiV zmsLiRsss sj gRiRV. xmssVV, [NRP ORPQ (INRP sWssVV) ][ B[
sRsVVgS xmspLis][, sVFyxmssVVV ]gjiFsosV (44). xmsRN]LiRV xmssVVV INRP ORPQ
RVgRiVsV. sV bPsos \|mssVLi RLRiVyR xmspLRi*sVV [zqss sRsVVgS xmspLiRV NRPVRV
zRsVVRsV F~LiRVsV (45).
[ \s xxqsryRR NSLS slLi[ z e sVFyRNRPLi RVMLi R` ORPQs aRP
RVssV ee 46

RVsxmsp Ry FNS ZOP[Q xmsLRisW bPs[ e xmsryy sVxtsQNRPLi \s Ry xmsryLRiNRPLi xmsosM ee 47


xms R*RV RVVRLi RR sWss[VR RVLSRssV e RVsxmsp R sVVs xqs=Q*LRi r ssLjids
ee 48
FyxmsRLi xyLi NRPLRisLi R xmns[xmso=M e g][RWsW\sQQxqsy xmsp xmsaRPry aRPLiNRPLRixqs
\s ee 49
NRPVRV @V zmssV xVNRPV [ssVV sRssV. BV [RVV ss
sVFyxmssVVsVLiT xmso[ RVMsVV ssV sLis[ sbPRsVVgS yaRPssVgRiVsV (46). ORPQ
sWssVV gRi xqsgRiV RVsVVsV bPsosNRPV @LjiLiRV y ZaP[xtsQsVV. sVLjiRVV FsssVjsLRi
xmsxqssVVV (47), lLiLiRV xmssVV xqsgRiV RVsVVsV @LjiLiRsss xmspLRi*L<RiVV sWssVVsV
sLRiLiVVLiLji. BV xqsgRiV RVsVVsV @LjiLiRV ss xqs*LRirsVVV LiRVss sVxL<RiVV
zmsLji (48). xmnssVVsV N][LRiV NRPVV A RVsVVsV @LiRRVW xVNRPV
ysdsVRVssV. aRPLiNRPLRiVs g][RVsV][sV, @ssVV][sV xmspLiRV sVNTP ZaP[xtsQsVV (49).
xqsLiR LRi*LRi[ Rxqs RVj OSQsjM NRPXy e ][lLi[s # s[ORPQLi sysLi sjxmspLRi*NRPsV ee 50
sVVyyLi xmsps[ [sbP+[ RVR xqsVsV e xmsryyLi xqsxmsZNP[\ss xmsrylLi[yR y xmsosM ee 51
xms R*RVsVV[ \ss ORPQsVVNRPLi xmsoLSR\sM e xaRP Ry [ LRiVR xqsLi xmssWRM
ee 52
zmsRVLigRiV xmsp y[s RLSRQZOP[Q xmsLSRs e RLSLRi NSsW sLRiLi[ xmsp xqsLRi* xqsVs ee
53
xms|q^sZNP[s R RrQQNRPLi ORPQs[VNRPLi xmsoLSR\sM e x [Li Ry FNRPsVLRi xqsLi xmssWRM ee
54
ORPQ xmsLjisWsVV gRi RVsVVsV @LjiLiRV NRPVsNTP xqsLiyssVV sLjiVsV. ][sVV @s[
xmsLjisWsVV[ xqsgRisVV ORPQ @gRiVsV. Bj aS{qsQRV syssVV (50). |msxqs][ xmspLis][

bPsoRV xqsVsVV sRVsV. GRVsLRi xmsxqssVVNRPV (51) lLiLiRV xmssVVsV NRPzmss][ ORPQ @gRiVss
xmspLRi*L<RiVV zmsLji. sVLjiRVV, xmsRN]LiRV sVLij xVNRPV [ssVV sRssV (52).
RLSRQORPVRV, xmsLRisWRRVgRiV bPsosNRPV zmsRVLigRiV yssVV (N]LRi yssVV) sV
xqssVLjiLis][, RLSLRiNSsVsVVV sLjiQ, xqsLRi*xqsVsVVV NRPVgRiVsV (53). C yssVVsV INRP
xmsxqssVV][ NRPWR INRP ORPQ xmssWsVV[ @LjiLiRsss xmspLRi*L<RiVV zmsLji. sVLjiRVV xmssLiRV
sVLij xVNRPV [ssVV sRsss xmsTsj (54).
LS NSxmspsLi aRPLi[aRP+][LRiQXRVNRPLRiLi xqsQXRsV e ryL<RiFyyLi Ry ORPQLi xms\Lji*LiaRP
xqsLiRW ee 55
[uyLi R xmspy[s aRP][LRiQXRVLRiVyxXRM eAUNSyLi R\\ZaPQQs a][LiVVy*LRi[VssV
ee 56
sXy g_aRP xmsyRy dsLRixqsQ\s R e sVzRxqsLiy xmsp aRP][LSaRPNRPLki xqsQXy ee 57
yy xqsVNRPLki }uy xmsp xqsLRi*xmnsxmsy e yyysV FNRPLi sVRW [ sVVsxqsRsV ee 58
aRPLiVs s Ay][ xmspLis][ aRPRVso sVXRVsosV F~LiRVsV. BLRiVsj xmssVV
AyV INRP ORPQ sWssVgRiVsV. (55).ORPQ Ay][ bPsos xmspLiRV ][Rs[ aRPRVso sbPLiRVsV.
NRPLijxmsoso* RsVV][ bPsos @LiNRPLjiLi xmspRssV (56). RWR][ NRPWTs AsosV,
FsRVsV yssVV [RVssV. sVLjiRW][ xmspLis][ aRPRVso sbPLiRVss xmsTsj (57).
C xmsp xqsLRi*xqsVsVVsV, xqsLRi*xmnssVVsV BRVsV. J sVVsZaP[uy! s[sV dsNTPLiRsLRiNRPV
yssVV][ xmsp[RVV sRsVVsV zmss (58).
ORPQ sWsLi RV xmsouyLi aRPXV {msy sVVdsaRP*LRi e xmsryyLi R Ry \NRPLi
aRPLixmsoxtsQxqssVVRssV ee 59
FNRPLi y}qss ORPQLi z xqsWORPQ sWs xmsRLji+y e xms|q^s lLi[NSR\ZaPQLSd ORPQ sWsLi xmsNUPLjiRsV ee
60

RVWjNSRWxqsy sWsLi LSNSRWxqsRLRiNRPsV e xms|q^sLji*LiaRP\ZNPQ\ZaPQQs sVNSsWssVVRsV ee 61


xmso\|tsQ#xqsy sWsLi xmsrysWQQsLi R\s R e RRaRP j*gRiVLi sWsLi NRPLRidsLRi# s[ xqsQXRsV
ee 62
J sVVsZaP[uy! xmsoxtsQsVVNRPV sLjiLi[ ORPQsWssVVsV {ms][ ssVsVV. aRPLixmsoxtsQsVV INRP
xmsxqssVV INRP ORPQRVgRiVss (59) xqsWORPQ sWssVVsV ssLjiLis yxqsVRV zmsyRV. xmsRN]LiRV
xmsxqssVV @Rs sVV INRP ORPQ RVgRiVsV (60). N]LiRsV sWssVV NRPWy BLi[. ks[
xqsgRisVV Asxmsoso*V ORPQRVgRiVsV. BLRiVsj xmsxqssVV dgRisV xmsoso*V INRP ORPQRVgRiVsV
(61).xmsxqssVV NRPLi N]j RNRPVs sVso* xmsoso*V INRP ORPQRVgRiVsV. ksNTP lLiLiRV lLiV
FsLRigRis[LRiV xmsoso*V INRP ORPQ sWssVgRiVsV (62).
sLRiVLiUNRPVxqsVs[V sWsLi R\s NRPjRLi V\M e NRPLjiNSlLi[ Ry sWsLi bPLkixtsQNRPV xqsVs[V xmsosM ee 63
LiRVs[ Ry sWsLi xmsryyLi RaRP# ZNP[s R e ByQ\QLji*s\LSsLi RXuy*
NRPVLSyLRissV ee 64
xqsLRi*NSsVxqssVXRLRiLi sVVNRPQLRiLi NSsV[RM e @RM xmsLRiLi xmssOSQQsV yLSxmspxmnsLi sVx`
ee 65
RVxqs aRPs sW[ NRPLi RV[ sXsV e sys xmspLRi*NRPLi xmspLi NRPXy* NSQ
bPsxqs \s ee 66
xmsaSR yLS z NRPLRiy NTP RRQ\lLiM e
zqsLiRWLRi xmsoxtsQsVV sxtsQRVsVV[ NRPWR sWssVV BVs[ @sRVV, N]LiRg][gRiV xmsoso*NRPV
sVLjiRVV jLji|qss xmsoso*NRPV Bj[V sWssVsRVV xmsLiTRVV |msRLRiV (63). sVLiZNPs
xmsoxtsQsVV s,RVsVV[ s\ sWsZNP N]R INRP ORPQRVgRiVsV. NRPVRV C ssR sWssVVsV
xmsLjibdPLi, bPsos @LjiLis][ (64), xqsLRi*NSsVsV zqsjLiRVsV. NSsVsV [s NRPVsNRPV sVVNTP
LiRVsV. C\|mss xmsLRisV xmssR\sVs yLSxmsp VVNRP xmnssVVsV |msRsV (65). kss

ssLiR sWyy sWssoNRPV sVLigRisVVV NRPVgRiVsV. bPsosNRPV RVysjgS NTP][ xmspxqszms


(66), A RLRiVyR NTP RRLRiVgRiV ryRNRPVV bPsos\|ms yLRisV GLSV [RVssV.
*LRixmsxms aSLiRLRiLi yLS aRPVs ee 67
aRPRLRiVjRV sVLi[ LRiVR\|qs#NSRZaP[s RV e LRiVR }mss y RR xqsWZNP[s FLRiV}tsQ y ee 68
xtsQRLilgi[yR y RR sVsVXRVLi [Vs R e gSRVyQ y ssWLi\aRP ysVM xmsyj
M ee 69
sVLi\QLS*ygRisWZN^PQ aRP yLSjNRPLi Ry e xqsVxqsLiyssXRLRiLi yLSxmspssVVRsVsV ee
70
yyR\sQaRPV+ \LjiQ\sQM {msy xqsRxqsyLji e xmnsVXRyLS bPs[ NSLS RWssLiR
xqsxxqsNRPsV ee 71
*LRisVV, ys[ NRPlgi[ xmsxmssVV aSLiLi, aRPVsVVV NRPVgRisss][, bPsos\|ms yLRisV
@}tsQNTPLiRssV (67). aRPRLRiVkRVsVVsV xmsRN]LiRV ryLRiV , [y xmsoLRiVxtsQxqsWNRPsVVsV xmshjiLi
@}tsQNTPLiRssV (68). VVztsQ, [sR, RLiRxqsV=, dsVV, aRPNTP, NUPNRPsVV @sV ALRiV @LigRisVV][
NRPWTs sVsVXRVLiRV sVLiRsVV][ gSs, gSRVd sVLiRsVV][ gSs, [y JLi NSLRisVV][
sVVRT ssVM ][ @LiRsV[V ysVsVV][ gSs @}tsQNTPLiRssV (69). [y, AgRisWNRP
sVLiRsVV[ yLRisV bPsos\|ms @}tsQNTPLis][, @j DRsVsVgRiV @}tsQNRPsVgRiVsV. ysss
RNRPs xqsLiyssVV NRPVgRiVsV (70). NRPVRV sVLi xqssV RLjiLi, aRPVRssVV][ bPsos
xmspLiRssV. xqsxxqsysVsVVsV xmshjixqsW s[yLRi][ bPsos @}tsQNTPLiRssV (71).
Ry sLiaRPxqs sryL][ RV[ yR xqsLiaRPRVM e GsLi sVRVNRP sVLi[ NSLRiLi \s bPsxmspssV ee
72
x [Li Ry FNRPLi FyxmsRLi sVVdsaRP*Q\lLiM e ZNP[sLi RVgRiyLS R Ry NSLS sZaP[xtsQRM
ee 73

aRPLRiLSsVbPy RR RVy VjLRi][ # s[` e Rry xqsLiRV[ sxqsRXbdP VjLRiVRsW ee 74


RWssLiyRVVRLi s ry ysyLSxms xmspssV e
@xmsoRV sLiaRPsVV sxqsLjiLiRVssV[ xqsLijRVsVV [RV. C sRsVVgS s[sV zmss sVLiRsVV][
bPsos xmspLiRssV (72). sVLjiRVV xVNRPV [ssVVsT, FyxmsRsRsVV
yRLjiLiRsss sVVsZaP[xtsvV zmsyLRiV. Vj sWLiRsVV gRi NRPVRV bPsos\|ms xmsLiRyLRi
NRPzmss Fy][ yLSLRiWxmssVVgS @}tsQNTPLis][ (73), @ NRPVsNRPV Rgjis DRsVsVgRiV Vj
NRPVgRiVsV (74). xmsjs[ sVLiR xmssVV xmspLjiRVgRiV sLRiNRPV yLRi][ sLRiLiRLRisVV
@}tsQNTPLiRssV.
RVy ][ysLi [} RV[ NSLRiLi sy ee 75
RVR NRPVyzms y }mssV RVMLi R xmsLjisLjiRsV e xqs*gRiX} NRPx[ sRLi RVy \s xmsRV[
ee 76
RyLSRWLi NRPXyRWLi \s xqsLRi*Li RVMLi sdRV[ e aRPRWLi yxmsyLRiLi \s \yLS
bP[xmsLji ee 77
NRPLRiy xqsVxmsRV[s NSLRi zqsjLRiVsLi # s[` e yzqs[\ss \[s [gRisXjM xmsRV[ ee 78
aRPLkiLRisVV[ NSLRisVV [NRPVLiy D[*gRisVV NRPgjisxmsVRV (75), G][ INRP sxqsVso\|ms [NRP sQQNTPQ\|ms
}mssV NRPgji RVMsVV |msLjigjisxmsVRV, BLi[ sRsVV N]V RVV[LjisxmsVRV (76), @
yLRi][ @}tsQNTPLis][ RVMsVVsRVV ]gjiFsosV. aRPRVsosV RzmsLixms[RV g][LRiV sQQNTP
bPsos\|ms \yLRi][ (77) xmsRVRxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS @}tsQNTPLis][, RxmsNRP NSLRizqsj NRPVgRisV.
xqsVyxqss sWs][ @}tsQNTPLis][ [gRisVVV sLjiVsV (78).
ryL<Ri}ms\ss \[s aRPRVya][ #s[RVssV e sVRVy RVORPQ LS[ \s gRi[R bPsxmspy` ee 79
yLS [ORPVLRixqsryzms xqsLS*sLiRNRPLki bPs[ e yLS gRiLigS\|qs#s VNTPsVVNTP xmnsxmsy ee 80

Gyxqs=LS*aRP RWM FNS sVXRVLiRV xqssVVRyM e RyRVVR xmssWLi z NRPLRisLi


Rj*ysRM ee 81
NRPLRisLi xyLi R [Li \s LRiVR xqsLiRW e GR[ xqsLRi*sWRLi RV` xmsXusxLi
sVVdsaRP*LRiee 82
GR\Q* xqsxmnsLi [ZNP[ xqsLRi*NSsVzysxsV e
Ay sWs][ @}tsQNTPLis][, aRPRVsoV saRPRVsVVgS sbPLiRLRiV. [s][ bPsos @}tsQNTPLi
xmspLis][, kLRiyj ]gjiFsosV (79). bPsosNRPV LRiVNRPVLRixqssVV][ @}tsQNTPLis][ xqsLS*
sLiRsVVV NRPVgRiVsV. gRiLigS yLRi][ @}tsQNTPLis][ VNTP, sVVNTP NRPVgRiVsV (80). C
@}tsQNRPsVVssds xmsjs[ sVXRVLiRV xmssVV xmspLjiRVgRiV sLRiNRPV [RVsss sj (81).
@}tsQNSsLiRLRisVV xmsRN]LiRV sVLij xVNRPV [ssVVsRssV. JsVVsZaP[uy! dsso
@Tgjis yss @LiRRVW dsNRPV zmss (82). C ssVVsV ss sWssoRV C [NRPsVV[
xqsLRi*NSsVssV, zRsVVsV F~LiRVsV.
xqsLi][sWxqszRLi aRPLiVLi xqsLixmsp sjy xqsx ee 83
RVRLi #[ NSQ RR*ysV RVyaRPVRsV e @R VNSQ*Li rLi xmsoR
FyaRPV+sV ee 84
R][ RW sV}aRPxqs [NRPLi xqsLRi*xqsVsxsV e xqsWLRiN][ xmsdNS\ZaPLji*sW\s xqs=LRi*NSsV\lgiM ee
85
LRiVR NRPyxqssWNUPlL^iQlLi[RVyR xqssVs*Q\M e NUPR[ bPsWRaRP RWsyWRxqsLixmsssV ee 86
R][ sWORPQsVyF ssLi Fyxms ysRVsV ee 87
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ xmsRsV Li[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi xqsXxtsvFys[
bPsxmsp sys sLRisLi ysV RRVLRia][syRVM (14).

xqsLiRVs][, FyLRi*][ NRPWTRVVs aRPLiVs RVysjgS NTP][ xmspLis ysNTP NRPVgRiV


xmnssVVsV s[sV ss s[VLRiNRPV |msRsV. @yRV C [NRPsVV[ xmsoRV][, FRV][ NRPWTs
sVLigRiNRPLRisVVgRiV rsVVssds @sVsLi (84), A RLRiVyR xqsLRi*xqsVsVV xqsgRiV
sV}aRPVs [NRPsVVsV F~LiRVsV. @R bPsxqs*LRiWxmso\, N][ xqsWLRiV NSLi][ xmsNSbPLi[,
RV[y xqsLiyLRisVV gRi (85), LRiVR NRPs][ sLiTRVVs gSssVV][ yRsVV][ @LSlLi[
ssWssVVsjztsQLi, sV xmsRVsVV sLRiNRPV NUPTLiRVsV (86). RLRiVyR syaRPLRizRsVgRiV
sssVVsV F~Lij, sWORPQsVVsV F~LiRVsV (87).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsjRVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizRRVLiRV xqsXxtsvFyssVs[ sVVR
LiRsVVsLiRV bPsxmspsLRissVs[ xmsRVys @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (14).
@R xmsLiRRa][syRVM
LRiVysyLSsLSssVV
yLRiR DyR e
s[ s[ sVgRi RsxqsQ*Li xqsVLRixqsRsV e aSsyyRVy \ZaPsNRPy xmsLRisVFysds ee 1
RyRVy sVjy Lig][R aRPVQ+y aRPV e aRPVy* RVryM xmssLi R RVMya][
# s[jx ee 2
@sLiRLRiLi R RVRLi sVRQLi RLjiRLi Ry e xqsX|t^sQ\ZaPQQs xmsNSLRiLi R NRPRRV R*Li sZaP[xtsQRM
ee 3
yLRiRVTV xmsZNPsV c
} xs! sVy! xqsVLRiZaP[uy! dsso RsVRso. dsdsyRV @RVRsVV, xmsLRisVxmssRsVVsgRiV
bPsgSRsV sszmsLis (1). A gSR[ gRisVVgS sVNTP jsQ\sVsj, aRPVNRPLRisVV @gRiV

Lig][RssVVsV sszmsLis. LigRi sVRQsVVsV ss sWssoNRPV C [NRPsVV[ RVMsVV


sbPLiRVsV (2). Lig][RssVV RLRiVyR Ljigjis sXyLiRsVVsV, sVxRQsVVsV, xqsXztsQ
xmsNSLRisVVsV ssLjiLi xmsVsVV (3).
x[yR e
xqssVN`P xmsXxtsQLi R sy RVRLi RRsLiRLRisV e NRPRLiVVuysV xqsLiZOP[QFyRy xmspLRi*Li aRPVRLi
sVRW ee 4
@LiRL>ji[ Ry [s[ bPsLRiW}ms xqsyRs[ e @xLi sxtsvaRP s}msLiR @jNRPLi xqsVsWxmsys ee 5
sVRW R sxtsvy LRiWxmsLi xLixqs yLSxWxqsy e xqsLisXRLi RV RRryLi
[NRPxqsLSss[RRW ee 6
x BV xmsZNPsV c
dsso RNRPgS xmsbPLis. RLRiVyR Ljigjis sXyLiRsVVsV s[sV xmspLRi*sVV ssRVVLis. A
sXyLiRsVVsV xqsLigRixsVVgS |msRsV (4). @xmsoRV xqsyRsVRgRiV bPs[soRV
@LiRL>jiRVRVsV. } sxmsZaP[uy! s[sV sVLjiRVV sxtsvso sVNTP xqsVsVVsV F~Lijs (5).
@xmsoRV [NRPsVVsV xqsXztsQLiRsss[ N][LjiNRP gRiyR\s s[sV xLixqsLRiWxmssVVsV
DxmsxqsLixLjiLiRVNRPVLis. sxtsvso [NRPsVVsV LRiOTPQLiRV\ZNP sLSx LRiWxmssVsV DxmsxqsLixLjiLisV
(6).
yLRiR DyR e
s[ s sVFy xqsLiaRPW xXj s[V sVs e NRPXFyLi NRPXy*RVLi bdPxmnsVLi RLi
yaRPLiVVRVsVL>Rizqs ee 7
xLixqs yLSxW LRiWxmsLi RVVyLi R RXRLi NRPRsV e @sRWxmsLi s\Vs NTPsVR sR
NSLRisV ee 8

yLRiRVTV xmsZNPsV c
} s! dsso sVFyRso. y xXRRVsVV[ g]xms xqsLi[xsVV INRP gRiRV. dsso
RRV][ A xqsLi[xsVVsV ssVsLis[ FyLRi][ RgRiVRVso. (7). dsVLjiRLRiV BRLRi LRiWxmssVVsV
dsT xLixqs sLSxLRiWxmssVVsV sWRs[V RLjiLiRVNRPV gRi NSLRis[VsVW xmsVsVV (8).
xqsWR DyR e
B[RR*RsLi aRPVy* yLRiRxqs sVRsM e xqsQXy* bPsxmsyLi [Li ryRLRisVds`
ee 9
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsVc
yLRiR sVRVs C sWsV ss, x bPsos FyRxmsRsVVsV xqsLjiLi }mssV][ sssV
(9).
x[yR e
xLixqsxqs ][LRiQ* gRisVs[ gRiLRis saRP eRyQ*RRQ* ss[N][S zqs RVgRi sgRis` ee 10
@s sWxqsR*Li ss[RRV xLixqsNRPM exLixqsLRiWxmsLi RXRLi [s x xqsXztsQNSLji ee
11
ss[N][ \ss aRP RV][ xLir sdRVR e bPsxqs*LRiWxmsRRQ*xqs [dLRiWxmsxqs yLRiR ee 12
xqsXztsQ xmssX NSsVxqs NRPRLi sLi xmsRV[ e RV][ [ ss[N][szms s sVRW xLixqsLRiWzms
ee 13
x BV xmsZNPsV c
xLixqs saRPsVVgS \|msNTP xmsRVsLiRgRiRV. sVLjiRVV dss FysV s[LRiV [zqss dLRiVs, xLixqs
RRQ*sVVsV, @RRQ*sVVsV (10), ssVVsV, @ssVVsV s[LRiV [RVgRiRV. @LiRVsss[,

xqsXztsQNRPLRiRVgRiV x xLixqsLRiWxmssVVsV RLjiLisV (11). J yLRiy![xqs=Q*LRiWxmsoRgRiV bPsos


RRQ*sVV VVNRP ss[NRPsVV, A xLixqs LRiWxmssVV dssVgRiV[, yNRPV LiRs[ [RV (12).
xqsXztsQ[ xmssLjisss[ N][LjiNRP gRiysNTP ssVV FsV NRPVgRiVsV? xLixqs LRiWxmssVVsV
F~LijRVW s[sV ss[NRPsVVsV F~LiR[NRPFs (13),
gRisVs[s][ sLSxxqs gRiLRis saRP e RXRLi yLSxLRiWxmsLi z sxtsvy ss yLji ee 14
@Ry sNRPLRiLi RRWxmsLi z xmsNRPRsV e sxtsvy R sLSxxqs Vsyss NSLji ee 15
RVjsLi z xqssWLRi RRWxmsLi RXRy>sLjiM e RjsLi xms NRP[s r NRP[ yLSxxqsLiNRPM
ee 16
B xmsa][QRLRiLi RRLi xmsxqsVRLi aRPXV yLRiR e xqsQXy* bPsxmsyLi[Li sZOP[Q xqsXztsQsjLi sVVs[
ee 17
@LiRL>ji[ sV[s[ R*xLi [NRPzmsysVxM e RkRVLi sRsLi NRPLRiV sVyRVs ysRRLRiM ee
18
NTPLijNTP RWxqsVNRPVFso[ sLSxsVVsNRPV zqsLRi\sVs gRisVssVV gRiRV. @LiRVsss[,
sssVVRVLiRV xqsLiRLjiLiRV sxtsvso sLSxLRiWxmssVVsV RLjiLisV (14). [y, [NRPsVVsV
LRiOTPQLiRV sxtsvso xqsXztsQ[ NRP ssxqs N]LRi\ZNP A LRiWxmssVVsV RLjiLiRVVLiRVsV (15). GyRV
xLji A LRiWxmssVVsV RLjiLi[, A y sVLiT xmssLjis NRPsVVNRPV sLSxNRPsVs }msLRiV
ssV (16). J yLRiy! dsxmsaRP[ N]sLiNTP dsNRPV xqssWyssVV ss.
JsVxL<ki! s[sxmsoRV bPsos FyRxmsRsVVsV xqsLjiLi xqsXztsQ xmsNSLRisVVsV |msRsV (17).
sV[soRV @LiRLSssVV NSgSs[ [NRPsVVNRPV zmsysVxRsgRiV s[sV bPsos AsV
FyLiRV\ZNP yssVgRiVR\ss (18).
ssVxqsQXR Ry aRPLiVLi sLi Fyxms xlLi[xqsy e AsLiRLi xmsLRisVLi gRiy* xqsXztsQLi NRPLRiVLi sV[
R[ ee 19

sxtsvaSzms Ry RR xmsxmsR xqsybPssV e DxmsjaRP R sWLi yR xLiRLSssVVFygRiRM ee 20


LiyR zLRiy* Fyxms aRPLi[LRisVgRixsV e \sNRPVLihRisgRiLRiLi gRiy* R][yxqs xLjixqs=y ee
21
@xLi xqsQXy* bPsLi RR sxtsvLi \s xqsXztsQNSsVRW e xmspLRi*Li xqsXxtsQLi Li RVR
RyLisVVyOTPQxmssV ee 22
@xmsoRV s[sV aRPLiVsNRPV ssVxqsLjiLi, sxtsvsosVLiT ssVVsV F~Lij, xmsLRisWsLiRsVVsV
F~Lij, xqsXztsQs [RVVNRPV saRPLiVVLis (19). @xmsoRV sxtsvso NRPWy, Jsy=! xqsybPsosNRPV
ssVxqsLjiLi, yNRPV Dxms[bPLi, @LiRLSssVVsV (20). sxtsvso LiRsVVsNRPV AssVs
\sNRPVLihRisgRiLRisVVsV aRPLiVs @sVgRixsVV[ F~Lij @R aSaRP*R NSsVV sszqsLisV (21). s[sV
xqsXztsQs [RVg][Lji, bPsos sxtsvsos xqsLjiLi, xmspLRi*sVV xqsXztsQLixmsTs sVV sVLiT ][zqs][
dss {qs*NRPLjiLis (22).
@][siLiRsVsRR RRVLji*aRPxqsLiNRPsV e sLSRWxmssV Wj*xms RLRiWxmssVxmsaRPRM ee 23
RRxqs=LiaRPRVsWxmssQxqsxms}qs}ms xqsVyLRiVsV e y*RaSsVxLi RR sxtsvysxmsLSRVM ee 24
RzqsLiaRP xqssV[V yR FyRVLRiW][ xLjixqs=Q*RVsV e sWsVVyR sV{msy sVRLigRiLi
xqsLixqsQXaRPsVy ee 25
} sFy! Ads sVLiT BLRiVsj yVgRiV RRQ*sVV][ gRiWTs sLS @LiyNSLRisVVgS
sLisV. A sLSRWxmssVV[ RR*s[V gSs, \RssVV NRPs[RV (23). @xmsoRV yNRPV
xqsLi[xsVV NRPgji sxtsvysRRLRiVR\s xmssLiRV xqsLisR=LRisVV yLRiVsVVgRi RxmsxqsV=sV
ARLjiLis (24). Jsy=! @xmsoRV sxtsvso xqs*RVsVVgS xmsRQORPQ \sV {ms][ y [xsVVsV
xqsQXbPLi y][ BV xmsZNPsV (25).
sxtsv LRiVyR e

sLRiLi Wz xmsxqs[szqs y[W sR[ Rs e xs aRPLiVxmsry[s xqsLRi*Li yRVLi


xqssVLRiNRPM ee 26
sxtsvso BV xmsZNPsV c
J ! sLRisVVsV N][LRisVV. s[sV ds\|ms xmsxqssVR\ss. s[sV dsNUPRVs sLRisVV [RV.
aRPLiVs @sVgRixsVV[ s[sV xqsLRi*sVVsV CRVgRi xqssVLRiVRsV (26).
x[yR e
RVVNRPs[VRsgRi R][sxLi aRPLiVy R [ e RRVNRPLi RWR[ s[VsR [z su
ssWsxqsV[ ee 27
sLSRWxmssVRLi xLiRLi RRVLji*LiaRP xqsLiNRPsV e s \RsLi sy_ UWRLi xmsRXaRP[
ee 28
FyRVLRiW][ ysR bPysVgRix][ xlLi[ e FyxmsLi aRPLiNRPLRi xqsLiWy xLiRLi \Rs
sWsx ee 29
BRVQQZNP[ R sVsxtsvaRP+Li[LSxmsLSRVM e @sLiRLRiWxmssWryRV xmsss[aRP RRLiRNRPsV ee 30
x BV xmsZNPsV c
sVy! dsso RNRPgS xmsNTPs. aRPLiVRV ssV dsNRPV @zmsgjiLiyRV. } su! s[sV N][Ljis
yss yNRPV BsVV. dsNRPV ssVryLRisVgRiV gSNRP! (27). BLRiVsj yV RRQ*sVVV NRPgjis
sLSRWxmssVgRiV C @LiRsVV yRNRPsVVgS sVsj. ksRVLiRV \RssVV NSsLSNRPVsj (28).
} su! dsdsyRV bPsos @sVgRixsVV ss xmsRQORPQ \sVs. aRPLiNRPLRiVs @sVgRixsVV[
Lis C @LiRsVVsV \RssVV][ sLixmsosVV (29). x BV xmsVNRPgS, aRPLiVs AsV
aRPR][ FyLi[ sV sxtsvso @sLiR LRiWxmssVV][ A @LiRsVVsV xmss[bPLisV (30).

xqsxxqs bdPL<S xmsoLRiVxtsQxqs=xryORPQxqs=xxqsFy` e xqs WsVLi xqsLRi*][ sXy* RRLiRLi yxms ys


ee 31
xmss}tsQ sxtsvy RzqssLi[ xqssVN`P xqsV[s s[V e xqs[Rs sVWRLiRLi RRVLji*LiaRP xqsLiNRPsV ee
32
Fyyj xqssWLRi xqsxms[NSjxmsxqs=Q*RVsV e LS[ xqs xLjixqsR \sLSM xmsoLRiVxtsQM xmsVM ee 33
\ZNPxqssgRiLRiLi LRisVLi xqsL][*xmsLji sLSRsV e syryLRiLi s\|qs#s xmsLiRsNRPQaRPNSLRi x ee 34
ARVs @sLiR bPLRixqsV=V, @sLiR s[RsVVV, @sLiR FyRsVVV gRi sLSVLRiVxtsv\,
WsVsLiRRVW yzmsLi, A @LiRsVVsV yzmsLiyRV (31). s[sV RNRPgS ARVssV
FyLjiLis. ARVs y FyLRissV sVsLi @LiRsVVsLiRV xmss[bPLiRgRis[, BLRiVsj yV
RRQ*sVV A @LiRsVV [Rs xqszRsWVsV (32). sLSVLRiVxtsvRV, gRiRQVsosgRiV
sxtsvso FyysVV][ sVVRT GRV [NRPsVVNRPV xmsV\s LiRsVV[ xqs*RVsVVgS
xmsNSbPLiRVRVyRV (33). C GRV [NRPsVV\|mss xqsVLiRLRisVgRiV \ZNPxqssgRiLRisVVsV @LiVVRV
sWsVV \ssVV Rs syxqssVV N]LRiNRPV sLjiLisV (34).
LiRxqs Ry yZaP[ \sNRPVLihRixqs R Rxqs R e NRPy[s [slL<i[ ya][ yzqs RWLjix ee 35
xqsRLi xmsRsVVFybPR zqs][sxLi sVVsxqsRsV e xqsXztsQNSsWssLi yR sV[yRW
xxsV ee 36
zqsxqsXO][QLRiR s[V FyRVLRisyxms xqsLRiNRPM e @sy xmsLiRNRPryR Vj xmspLRi*xqssWxmssVM ee 37
R][sxmsxqss ][sxsVxqsXLi rysLSRsV e sVV xqsLRiLi R sxqs=LigRisVyRVLi
aRPLiVaSxqsy` ee 38
J [sL<ki! LiRsVV sbPLissW, \sNRPVLihRi\ZNPxqssVVZNP[yRW yaRPsVV [RV (35). J
sVxL<ki! s[sV xqsR[NRPsVVyaRPLiVVLi DysV. sy=! s[sV sV[sos RW[ xqsXztsQs
[RVR|mss (36). xqsXztsQs [RVxqsLiNRPLi, s[sV sVVLiRVgS RsWgRiVxmsyssVV, xmsLiR

@sR][ NRPWTsj RVgRiV FyxmsxqsLRisVVsV [zqss (37). @xmsoRV s[sV sVsxqsV=[ RVMLi
sXORPQyjLRiWxmssVgRiV sVV xqsLRisVVsV xqsXztsQLis. @xmsoRV bPsoRV RW[ s[sV sVLRi
xqsXztsQs gRiWLji yssVV [zqss (38).
RLi RXuy* s[V zqsxqsO][QaRP y*sryRNRP sWRsM e xqsL][ssLRiR RVMRzqsLRiN`P ry s
ryRNRPM ee 39
RLiyryRNRPsWRW xmsosbPLiRRVRaRPs[V e @sy=Q*NRPxqs=LRi ELRiQ*ry B RVRsV ee
40
[sxqsLRiM xmsR xqs=][sds xqsVsxM e RsVxms ryRNRPLi sVy*sLiRRVLi xmsVsWRsM
ee 41
FyRVLS{qsRRxqs=L][ LSxqsaRP+LiNRPLSRW e @LS*N`P ry B ][ sWsVxtsQM xmsLRiryRNRPM ee 42
C xqsXztsQ NRPWR xmsoLRiVuyLRi ryRNRPsVV NSRs sLis. RLRiVyR xmsaRPV xmsOSQQRV][ NRPWTs
(LRiN`P rRxqsV=), RVMxsVgRiV xqsLRisVVsV [zqss. @jRVV xmsoLRiVuyLRiryRNRPsVV NS[RV
(39). @LiRVss sVLRi yNRPV LiR NRPgjisj. @xmsoRV sLis[ xqsRQ*gRiV xmsyssVV, ELRiQ*
rRxqsV= @sV }msLRiV gRij (40). xqsRgRiVsVV NRPj, sVNTP xqsVsVVsV NRPgjiLiRVsj RVgRiV
[s xqsLRisVV AsLRisLisV. @j NRPWy xmsoLRiVuyLRiryRNRPsVV NSRs RLi, y xmsVsgRiV bPsos
xqsLjiLis (41). @xmsoRV aRPLiNRPLRiVs RW[ @LS*N`P rRxqsV= @s xms gSLisj,
xmsoLRiVuyLRiryRNRPsVV, LRi[gRiVxmsys\sVsj RVgRiV sWsVxtsQ xqsLRisVV AsLRisLisV (42).
sV[yRW xqsLRixqs][ WyjN][ss` e B xmsLiRsy xqsXztsQM xmssXyQ\s NRPXy sVRW ee
43
RRVxqs=LSM xmsNRPXyaRP xM xmsLjiNUPLjiyM e Ry][ sVxRxqs=L][ j*dRV xqsW=QORPQ NRPM
ee 44
\sNSLjiNRPxqsQXdRVaRP B[[ FyNRPXyxqsQRVM e GsLi yxtsQ syxqs=LSM xmsNRPX[\lLiQQ*NRPX\xqs=x ee 45

N_sWL][ sssVM FNRPM FyNRPX][ \sNRPXRaRP xqsM e GuysVyLiRL][ [][ sVRW sNRPVLi s aRPNRP[ ee
46
RLRiVyR sV[sos RW[ Wyj xqsXztsQ LjilgisV. C dLRiVs s[sV HRV sRsVVVgS
xqsXztsQs xmssLji[zqss (43). sVLjiRVV xmsNRPX sVLiT sVWRV xqsLRisVVV RVV[Ljiss. sVVR
sVx` (xqssVztsQVj) xqsLRisVV. lLiLiRsj WRxqsWORPQ sVV xqsXztsQ (44). sVWRsj FyLiRNRP
(\sNSLjiNRP) xqsXztsQ. Bs sVWRV xmsNRPX sVLiT RVV[Ljis xqsXxtsvV. C sRsVVgS
xmsNRPXRVRssVVgRiV y][ NRPzqs FsssVj LRiNRPsVV xqsLRisVVV gRiso (45). ]sVRsj
N_sWLRi xqsLRisVV. @j FyNRPXRsVV, \sNRPXRsVV NRPWy. C xqsLRisVV[s @yLiRLRi [RsVVsV
s[sV xmssV (46).
@y*RVxmsWgRixqs s xqsLRiLi j*RNRPsV e N_sWLRiM xqssNSkyLi RVR xqsL][
sVsW` ee 47
xqssNSyxqsV=y s[Vz sWsry xxqsLisVyM e sV\sLSgRi xqsLixmsy @ss xmsLiR xqsVsyM
ee 48
sVRWFy Azms R [ xqsLiryLRissVV VyM e bPsyQ\sNRP sVsr s xqsXu RNTPlLi[ sVsV ee 49
xmsRVRLRiLi R \LRiRLi aRPVy*xLi sVVsxqsRsV e @NSL<RiLi N][RsVRVgRiLi sWxsWxmsaRP yLRiR
ee 50
C @yLiRLRi [RsVV xmsWssVV @sVgRiV[ xmsV[RV. BxmsoRV j* xqsLRisVVsV
|msRsV. N_sWLRi xqsLRisVsgS sj[V. ks[ xqssNSj sVRV xqsXztsQ LjilgisV (47). yNRPV
y][ xqssV\sVsyLRiV, g]xmsQ\sLSgRi xqsLixmssVV, RXRsRVV @gRiV xqssNSj sVsxqsxmsoRVV
@LiVVRVgRiVLRiV NRPgjiLji (48). xmsLiTRVV, bPsyssVV sLiRV sWRs[V ssVgRiVV @gRiVyLRiV
xqsLiryLRisVVsLiRV @LRiV [sy\lLi, s[sV AzmsLisxmsVNUP, xqsXztsQRVLiRV sVsxqsV=sV
gRisVV [RV\lLiLji (49). J sVxL<ki!yLRiV Bs xmssRssVVsV ss s[sV dssVgRiV N][xmssVVsV
[zqss. J yLRiy! s[sV sWxsVVsV NRPWR F~Lij RVVLis (50).

NRPVRxqs sWzRryR sx*xqs sVVs[ sVsV e N][[s V s[yLi FyxmsRsQaRPVLiRsM ee


51
Rzqss sxqslLi[ RR xqsQX[s sVsry sVRW e xms[j][sxLi R*LjiRsWgRi[s z sxtsvy ee 52
RxmsM NRPVLRiV bPs}qs xLji bPOTPQ][sxmsxsV e RFNSLji sVx][LRiLi xmsLRisVLi sVVsxqsRsV ee 53
RxmsxqsRaRP xqsXxtsQLRiLi V[LSQxqs sVRRM e@ssVVNSy[aS` xqs*NUPRWs[ sZaP[xtsQRM ee 54
sVWLkiyLi sV}aRPxqs FyRVLS{qsRQXsjM e @LRiyLkiaRP*L][ Wy* xmspLSLiaRPxqs=NRP[aRP*LRiM ee 55
J sVxL<ki! sWxsVV[ N][zmsLi sx*VR\ss yNRPV N][xmssVV ss NRPsVLiT NRPds
LiRVsoV LSss (51). A xqssVRVsVV[ s[sV sVsxqsV=[ sxtsvsosV xqsLjiLiRgS, ARVs
sLis[ s yNRPV NRPLRissVVsV [jLisV (52). bPsos gRiWLji RxmsxqsV= [RVVsVs sxtsvso
|RLjiLiRgS s[sV |mnsWLRisVgRiV RxmssVVyRLjiLis (53). J sVxL<ki!s[sV xqsXztsQs [RVg][Lji
RxmsxqsV= [RVVRVLiRgS, NRPsVsVNRPV sRVsV sVVNRPVQ\|ms gRi @ssVVNRPsVsV }msLRiV gRi ryssVV
sVLiT (54), sVWLRiVNRPV xmsVso, RRWsj,xqsLRi* gRiRQVsosgRiV xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV
xmspLSLiaRP][ @LRiyLkiaRP*LRi xqs*LRiWxmso\ ryOSQRLjiLisV (55).
RsVLi aRPLiNRPLRiLi ryOSQ[[LSbPsVVsWxmssV e xqsLRi*Li xqsLRi*NRPLSLRiLi ds[zR xqsLiNRPsV ee 56
RXuy* sy* sVNSQ xqsVy*xLi RV xmsxL<jiRM e @[RLi [s[s[aRPLi xqsX R*Li ssyM
xmsM ee 57
aRPVy* sVsV sRr=sR [s[[ sV}aRP*LRiM e xqsxqsLRi ry*RsxqsVsV][ LRiVRgRis
xs ee 58
@[RLi xmsoslLi[s[aRPLi sVLRiVRLi sV}aRP*LRisV e ssVXRVRW suyxqs=QX [s xms B ee
59

GsLi aRPVy* sV[[ sVR*RM NRPLRiVsjM e xmsxryR sWLi xqsRM xmsxxqs sVVsxqsRsVee
60
xmsoVNRP [syRV, [[LSbP, FyLRi*d xms, xqsLRi*sVV zqss yRV, xqsLRi*sVVsNRPV NRPLRi,
ds[zRVRsV }msLRiVgRiyRV sgRiV A aRPLiNRPLRiVs xmsRQORPQsVVgS (56) RW, sVNTP][
ssVxqsLjiLi, sVsLiRsVV][ xqsVLis. [s [soRgRiV bPsos][ ss xmssV dss[
xqsXztsQLixmsosVs @Lis (57). [s[soRgRiV A sV}aRP*LRiVRV @xmsoRV y sWsV ss, Rs][
xqssWs\sVs @s[NRP LRiVRgRisVVsV xqsXztsQLisV (58). @xmsoRV s[sV sVLRi
sV}aRP*LRiVs][ '[y! xmssV ssVXRVRVsVV NRPyLjisgS xqsXztsQLixmsosVV' @Lis (59).
J sVxL<ki! RRWsjRVgRiV sV[soRV y sWsV ss, sLis[ LRiVsso*][ y][ sssV
(60).
sV[s DyR e
ssVXRV RWsuy yxLi xqsZOP[Q xms s[ e @a][yM NRPLRisaS ssVgS RVM yLji_ ee
61
@xLi RVM[R_ sVgS DRLjiuysV R xmsM e xqssVN`P s xmsys[s gRiVLRiVsVWLji xmsLjigRixM ee
62
R*s[Vs xqsX RVMyM xmsxqs=LS*M xmsxms[ e sVyRW s RxqsQ*Li sWRVRW
xqsLisxtsQzqs ee 63
sV[soTV xmsZNPsV c
J ! s sVXRV RVsVV[ sLiTsyLRiV, a][# [syLRiV, NRPLRiNRPV saRPV\
RVMxqssVVRsVV[ sVVsgjis yLRiV @gRiV xmssV s[sV xqsXztsQLiRsV (61). s[sV gRiVLRiV LRiWxmssVVsV
{qs*NRPLjiLi RVyLRi ssVVs RVM xqssVVRsVVsLiRV sVVsgji FsoRVs xmssV
DRLjiLiRsV (62). J xmsxmsd! dss[y RW[ RVMRVgRiV xmssLiRLjids xqsXLiRVsVV.
dsNRPV sWRW LiRsVV DLiR[RV (63).

x[yR e
BRVQQNSQ* sWLi xqs gRiys xqsV$sWds[zRM exqsgRiM xmsaRP][ s[V z RV R sVLiRLRi[ xLRiM
ee 64
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ xmsRsV Li[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi xqsXxtsv xmsNRPs[V
LRiVysyLRisLSs sLRisLi ysV xmsLiR Ra][syRVM (15).
x BV xmsZNPsV c
a][RVVRVRV, dsLRiNRP sLRisVV][ NRPWTs [xsVV gRi yRV sgRiV xLRigRiysVRV y][ BV
xmsNTP gRisVV][ NRPWT s[sV RWRVRVLiRgRis[ sLis[ @LiRLSssVVsV (64).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsj RVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizRRVLiRV sVVRjRVgRiV xqsXztsQ LiR[
LRiVysyLSsLSssVV @s[ xmsRV\sRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (15).
@R uRa][syRVM
xqsXztsQ sLRissVV
x[yR e
aRPks R Wys xmsLidNRPXy*xsWRy e [xqsW=Li s[ yRVVLi szLi \s Li
sV{sV ee 1
xmsLRi*yLiaRP xqssVVyLiaRP sXOSQkszms yLRiR e NRPjRVVgRixmsLRiLiys NSsysyxqsXsV ee 2
xqsXxtsQLi ysxmsLSLiaSzms yxLi RVussLi sVVs[ e R][ yy* bPsLi ryLiLi ryRNSsxqsXLi
sVVs[ ee 3

sVLkiLi R xqs*s[yLi xXRRWRQXgRiVs[Vs R e bPLRirsiLigjiLRixqsLi yyRVxLi


sVVsxqsRsVsV ee 4
x BV xmsZNPsV c
s[sV aRPLRiWxmsLRixqsxqsLRi+gRiLiRsVVs[ xqsWORPQ WRsVVsV xmsLidNRPLRisVV (G\ aSRsVV xmsXjsNTP
sVgjis yV WR xqsWORPQ sVVsV xmssLiRVsLRi aSRsVV ]xmsVs NRPzms[ xqsW xmsXjs
@gRiVsV ) [zqs, ysVLi ANSaRPyRVV @gji xmsXjsosV xqsW WRsVVsV xqsXLis
(1). J yLRiy! xmsLRi*RsVVsV, xqssVVRsVVsV, sXOSQRVsV, NRP sVVRV RVVgRisVV sLRiNRPV
gRi NSsRVssVVsV xqsXztsQLis (2). J sVxL<ki! ssVLRisVVVgRi FyVsV
xqsXztsQLis. NSs xqsLiRVztsQ NRPVgRi[RV. @xmsoRV ryLixqsybPsos ysLi xqsXztsQ ryRNRPVgRiV
VVxtsvsV xqsXztsQLis (3). yNRP sVLiT sVLkis, xXRRVsVV sVLiT XgRiVs, bPLRixqsV= sVLiT
@LigjiLRixqsVs, yssVV sVLiT sVVsZaP[xtsvRgRiV xmsoxs xqsXztsQLis (4).
DyyR xmsoxqsQLi z szqsxtsQLi R xqssWsRM e NRPRVLi R*Fyy][QysVLi RORPQLi R
FyRM ee 5
@xqsXLi y*Li R][R=LigSyRWRWM NRPLRisVLi sVVssV e xqsLiNRPRxqsXLi RLRiLi xqsLRi*ryRs
ryRssV ee 6
Gs s[VysxLi xqsXuy* NRPXyLRiry=RN][RsWs e @sLi sVVsaSLRiW sV[sxmsryRRM ee 7
R][ sVyRW yR RLRixqs=LiNRP xqsLisM e sWssLi LRiWxmssWxmssry=R\ZNPxqsV xmssLjiRM ee 8
DyssVV sVLiT xmsoxqsVQs, xqssWssVV sVLiT szqsxtsvs, @FyssVV sVLiT NRPRVsosV, so
sVLiT @s, FysVV sVLiT RORPVs (5), ]R sVLiT ssV, dsR sVLiT NRPLRisV sVxL<jis,
xqsLiNRPsVV sVLiT xqsLRi*ryRssVVNRPV ryRs\sVs RLRisVVsV xqsXztsQLis (6). xqsXztsQ
ryRNRPVgRiV C DRsVVsV sV[sos @sVgRixsVV[ xqsXztsQLi, s[sV NRPXyLRiVR\ss (7).
JsVVs ZaP[uy! @xmsoRV xqsLiNRPsVV sVLiT xmsos RLRisVV y A[ sWssos LRiWxmssVVsV
F~LiRgS, xqsXztsQ ryRNRPVV yss xmssLji[zqsLji (8).

R][sxqsXLi xqs*gS[[ ss[[ssVysV=ys e xqsVLSxqsVLSjNSLi}qs[ RyQ* yLi yLi


RsVLi sVVs[ ee 9
R][sxLi aRPLiNRPlLi[R }msLji][siLiRLRi[s x e j*y NRPXy*R[ [xLi j*LRiWxmsaSsLi
sVVs[ee 10
@lLi[s yLki xmsoLRiVxtsQaSlLi[s xqsLiR][ sVVs[ e xqs Rry sVxqsXR*LiR*Li xqsLRi*ryRssVVRsVsV ee
11
ry*RVLi V[ sVsVxqsR xmsoLRiVxtsQM xmsLRiryRssV e aRPRLRiWFyy yLki Wgjids ry Rxmszqs*ds ee 12
J sVxL<ki! @xmsoRV s[sV y [sRVssVV sVLiT [sRV, LSORPQxqsVV sVVR\s
NRP[sLiRsVLij xqsLiyssVVsV yLjiNTP ARW [xsVVs xqsXztsQLis (9). J
sVxL<ki! @xmsoRV s[sV @LiRLSsVRVgRiV aRPLiNRPLRiVs[ }mslLi[zmsLiTs yR\s, y[xsVVsV lLiLiRV
gRisVVVgS [zqs lLiLiRV LRiWxmssVVsV RLjiLis (10). J sVVds! INRP xqsgRisVV {qsQ NSgS,
sVLjiVVNRP xqsgRisVV xmsoLRiVxtsvyVsV. dsLjiRLji sVR s[RsVV [NRPVLisV. A xmsoLRiVxtsvRV AsV
RVLiRV xqsLRi*sVVsNRPV ryRs\sVs ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV LisV xqsXztsQLisV (11). A Li[s xmsoLRiVxtsvRV
DRsV ryRNRPVRgRiV ry*RVLiVssVsVso. aRPRLRiWxmsRVsV }msLRiV gRi {qsQ Wgjis, sVLjiRVV
Rxmszqs*s (12).
ry xmsosLRisVy [s gRiX{yds a][y e syx sjy yyxqsXR=LRiLi xqs\sVRVssV ee 13
RryLi [s xqssVVRsQxqssRVaRP zmsRVsRM e R\[ysFyRaRP Ry NRPyRRVLi xmsosM ee
14
A NRPWlLi[sxaRP xmsxqsWLji saRPVyM e ANRPWLi LRiVR[V FyyRLRisWRV RV sVRsWsV
ee 15
R_ xmsxqsWLi ROSQWysFyysVLi xqsVyM eyryLi xmsxqsW xmsxqs\sxqs=LRi*Li yxmsLi
RLSRLRisV ee 16

} sy=! sVsVso sVNTP xqsVLiRLjiRVgRiV AsVsV RVysjgS syxsWT {qsQ xmsoLRiVxtsQ


xqsLixmsLRisRsVgRiV xqsXztsQs [|qssV (13). yLjiNTP zmsRVsRVRV, Dys FyRVRV @s[ NRPVsWLRiVV,
sVLjiRVV sVVgRiVLRiV NRPVsWlLiV sLiLji (14). yLjiNTP ANRPW, [sx, xmsxqsW @s }msLRiV. A
NRPWs LRiVNTP, [sxs NRPLRisVVsNTP (15), xmsxqsWs RORPVsNRPV B syxsVVsV [zqsLji.
yLji[ xmsxqsW VVNRP xqsLiyssVV[ rysLRi LigRisWRNRPsVgRiV gRiRV @LiRRVW
yxmssVVsV (16).
A NRPWyLi R LRiV[aSW R*LiR*Li RVaRP ROTPQ e RVxqs lLi[ xmsoy ROTPQRWLi R
y*RaRP ee 17
[sxyLi NRPLRisWR x[*Q yxqsV=y sVVs[ e ROSQyaRPRxqsaRP Ry xmsoRQaRP
sLiaRPM ee 18
RLSRV Ry RZOP[Q aRPyyxqsV RWRaRP e aRPXV yryLi R ysWs RLRi {qsQ Li sVVdsaRP*
LRi ee 19
aRPy OUPQ LRiQXxqsVztsQM xmsoztsQlLi[y Ry NTPRW e sxqsVLRiVjLRiQ aSLizqs=jM NUPLji xqsQWRaRP ee
20
LRiVNTP ANRPW RVLiRV RVsVV , ROTPQ @sV R*LiR*sVV NRPlgisV. RVsVVsNRPV ROTPQRVLiRV
xmssLiRVsVLij xmsoRVV NRPgjiLji (17). J sVxL<ki! NRPLRisVVsNRPV [sxRVLiRV ysVLij
NRPVsWLRiVV NRPgjiLji. RORPVsNRPV BLRiVsj sVLRiV NRPVsWlLiV NRPgjiLji (18). RORPVRV aRPy sVVRgRiV
xmsRsVVgRiVLjis RLRiVsNRPV B syxsVV [|qssV. J sVxL<ki! RLRiVs LRi ysVsVVsV
ssVsVV (19). aRPR, OTPQ , RX, RVztsQ, xmsoztsQ, s[VR, NTPRV, sxqsVso, Vj, , aSLi, zqsj, NUPLji
@sVss yLji}msLRiV (20).
yLi bPuy RVdsRVxqs GNSRaRP xqsV[RyM e xqs=d R xqsLiWM xqsQXM {msM ORPQsW
Ry ee 21

xqssaSsVLRiWFy R ELS ry* xqs*y Ry e XgRiVLRi[ sVLkiaRP Ry \yLigjiLS sVVsM ee


22
xmsoxqsQM xmsox\ZaPQQs NRPRVaRPL<jisLRixqsy e @LRi*zqsu szaRP zmsRLRiaRP RVyNRPsVsV ee 23
yry gRiXxM NRPy XgS*yry=RNS sLSM e RRxqs=LixmspLjiRLi xqsLRi*Li \Q[NRPLi
xqsRLSRLRisV ee 24
sVgjis xmsRN]LiRV xqsVLiRLRiVV yLjiNRPLi syLRiV. , xqs, xqsLiW, xqsQX, {ms, ORPQsV
(21), xqss, @sVLRiWxms, ELRi, ry*, xqs*y @sVss yLji}msLRiV. dsLjis NRPsVsVVgS XgRiVso,
soRV, sVLki, @LigjiLRixqsV= (22), xmsoxqsVQRV, xmsoxRV, VVztsQZaP[xtsvRgRiV NRPRVso, @,
szqsxtsvRV @gji sVLjiRVV zmsRLRiVV syxsWTLji (23). XgS*j ryRNRPZaP[xtsvV C NRPssV
{qs*NRPLjiLis RLRiVyR rysLRi LigRisV FyV][ sVV[NRPsVVV sLisV (24).
GsLi NRPLSsVLRiW}ms Fyy sVLiNSxms[M e ARW x[ y @xqsLiy j*L<RiM ee
25
NRP[Rs RORPQxqs xtsQztsQM NRPyM xmsNUPLjiyM e yryLi RaRP R RLSRV aRPbPs[ xqsxmssLiaRPsV ee 26
sjy RRysORPQM NRPaRPFyRV RWRaRP e RRxqsM xmsLRiLRiWFyRV R_ yL`i OSQQRV yLRiR ee 27
XgRi*LigjiLRiM NRPXaSZaP[*[ [* [* NRPs[ R RRys e y}qsxqsV xqsLiy {*
xqsXztsQaRPLSRLS ee 28
J x ZaP[xtsvLS! FyLRi*dxms VVNRP A[aRPsVV[ FyV NRPLRiNRPsVgRiVsVVgS
NRP[ss soV xmsoyLRiV (25). sVLjiVVNRP NRPsVV[ RORPVsNRPV @LRi\s NRPsV NRPgjiLRis
xmssV. yLji[ xmsj sVLijs RLRiVsNRPV, BLRi\s GRV sVLijs RLiRVsNRPV (26), NRPaRPxmsosNRPV
xmsRsVVgRiVLjis B RORPVRV RVysjgS syxsVVsV [|qssV. J yLRiy!RORPVRV sVLRiV
NRPssV g]xms LRiWxmssVVgRi yL`i ORPVQsNRPV B syxsVV [|qssV (27). XgRiVso, @LigjiLRixqsV=,

NRPXaSaRPV*NRPV BRLjiRLRiV NRPsssV. C RLixmsRV y*LS rysLRi LigRisWRNRPsVgRiV xqsXztsQ


sryLRisVVgS NRPlgisV (28).
RWRaRPsVyxqsQ\|qs# NRPaRPFyRV sVRs[ e Ry RZOP[Q RWM NRPy sjssV sxqsRsV ee 29
yryLi xmsxqsWLS*QxmsLi \Q[NRPLi xqsRLSRLRisV e rysLRiLi LigRisVLi \s aRPWsLi \ss RV
NTPLiRs ee 30
[yaRP VVxtsQRV\ZaPQQs \yQ\ZaPs xmslLi[ e sXOSQaRP xmsOTPQ\ZaPQQs xqslLi[* xmsLRi*RdsLRiVRM ee 31
RORPQNRPy xmsxqsW\aRP yxmss[VsLi RLSRLRisV e Fyy R sWLRi xqsR[NSsj RVssV ee 32
J sVxL<ki! RORPVRV sVRVRgRiV NRPaRPxmsosNRPV G xmsR sVVgRiVLRiV NRPss RVysjgS
syxsVV [|qs[ , yLji xqsLiyssVV[ rysLRi LigRisWRNRPsVgRiV sVV[NRPsVVV sLiT,
aRPWsxqssVV [NRPVLisV (30). [sRV, VVxtsvV, \RVV, sXORPQsVVV, xmsORPVV, xmsLRi*RsVVV,
RV sVVR\ss xqsXztsQLixmssV (31). FyysVV sVLiT xqsR[NRPsVV sLRiNRPV gRi RLSRLRi
gRiRV @LiRRVW RORPQNRPs xqsLiyssVV[ sbPRsVVgS sLisV (32).
LiRLi xqsNRPLi yxmsLi aRPWsLi \ss NRPyRs e GsLi xqsXztsQM NRPXy xqssVgRiQx
aRPLiVaSxqsy` ee 33
xqsd ysV aRPWlgi[ xqsy LRiV[ LRiOTPQy e RFLRiLi sLjiy xmspLRi*Li aRPLiVy xqsLRi* sxtsvy ee 34
\|qss ROSQR=sVVRWy [NRPNSLSLRis[Vs R e dLi RNSLRi xa][ N][RLRi }Rs[ ee 35
ysWLig][ RVxqs \sNRPVLih][ ROTPQLig][sxs[Vs R e LRiV][ xXRRV[ RVxqs sRxqsV
bPsxqs=QQXRM ee 36
LiR sVLiRRVW yzmsLixmsT aRPWsryssVV [NRPVLisV. C dLRiVs, aRPLiVs RW[
x RNRPgS xqsXztsQs [|qssV (33). xmspLRi*sVV xqsLRi*yxmsNRPVRgRiV aRPLiVs[ RxmsxqsV= [RVV
N]LRiNRPV sLjiLixmsTs xqsd[ss LRiVRVRV xqsLRi*NSsVVRVLiRV aRPWxmso N]sRVLiRVLi

LRiOTPQLisV (34). AsV[V [NRPNSLRisVVsV zqsjLixms[RVV N]LRiNRPV RORPVs NRPVsWlLigS sLi,


NRPVsVRLjiLiRg][Lji @s[NRP dsV xmsRLji+LisV (35). bPsos ysVgRisVV sxtsvso. NRPVT
gRisVV s[sV. xXRRVsVV sVLiT LRiVRVRV sLisV. C dLRiVs bPsoRV sVWRV LRiWxmssVV[
sVyRs sVxL<RiVV zmsLji (36).
@xLi sxtsvaRP LRiVRaRP gRiVxqsQRV DyxXyM e xqs*RVLi xqsy sLRiVaRP xmsLRix
sRVbP+sM ee 37
sxtsvxqs=RQ*Li LRi[sxLi R RsW LRiVR DyxXRM e [NSyLRiR B[sLi ysV][
sxqsV][ssy ee 38
@LiRxqssW zxqs=][Q* sxtsw LRiVRxqsy sVRM e @LiRxqs=RQ*xqssW x[ LRi[sxLi xqsLRi*y
sVVs[ ee 39
LS{qs R xqsVLS [ds xqsRQ*LRiWFyRV ry xqsd e OUPQ xqssWsVLiVW [RW LRiWFy R bPy xmsLS ee
40
s[sV, sxtsvso sVLjiRVV LRiVRVRV gRiVxqs*LRiWxmsosVV. bPsxmsLRi x xqsy sLRiVVRV,
sNSLRisVVV [syRV (37). sxtsvso xqsRQ* gRiVsVV. s[sV LRi[gRiVsVV. LRiVRVRV RsWgRiVsVV.
xqsXztsQ NSLRisVVsV C ysVsVV [LRiTss. NSs sxqsVRRQ*sVVsLiRV [RsVV [RV (38). J
sVxL<ki! sxtsvsosNRPV [xms RsWgRiVsVV, RV xqsRQ*gRiVsVV DLiRVsV. LRiVRVsNRPV [xms
xqsRQ*gRiVsVV, RV RsWgRiVsVV DLiRVsV. yNRPV [xms, RV LRi[gRiVsVV gRiRV (39).
xqsLRixqs* LRi[gRiV xmsys. xqsd[s xqsRQ* xqs*LRiWxmsoLSV. OUPQ [s RsWsVLiVV.
bPyxmsLSLjiNRP[V C sVWRV LRiWxmssVVVgS sVsRs RVssV (40).
GsLi bPy xqsd Wy* aRPLiNRPlLi[ syzy e zmsRVLRi[ RsVLi RQQNSQ* yyyLi xqs*xmsRLi
RVR ee 41
xmsosaRP FyLRi*d y [s FyLRisRW bPy e RxmsM NRPXy* xqsVsxmsoLi xmsosbP+ssVVFygRiy ee 42

Rry ysWss[ NSs ys R sVVdsaRP*LRi e NSNS RLiTNS y ysVVLiy sRW RW ee


43
RVLid RNSd R RVLS gRisd R e NSsW NSsVy xLi sVXyds xqsLRi*sVLigRi ee
44
ysV[RWss[NSs VNTPsVVNTP xmsysR e gRiV NRPLSsV LRiWFy FyRVaRPxqsR FyLRi*d ee 45
bPy[s xqs\V aRPLiNRPLRiVs syxsWTsj. RLiTRVgRiV RORPVs RVsVV[ AsV aRPLkiLRisVVsV
sR, sVLRi A aRPLkiLRisVVsV {qs*NRPLjiLiR[RV. AsV Rs ysVsVVsV F~LisV (41). sVLRi
[sRV FyLjiLiRgS bPy[s FyLRi*\V sLisV. AsV |mnsWLRisVgRiV RxmsxqsV=sV [zqs sVLRi
bPsos F~LisV (42). J sVxL<ki! AsVNRPV @s[NRP ysVsVVV gRiso. NSNRP, RLiTNS, R,
ysVVLiR, sRV, RV (43), RVLi, RNS, RVLRi, gRis, NSsW, NSsVR, @Li,
sVXys, xqsLRi*sVLigRi (44) Byj@s[NRP ysVsVVV AsVNRPV gRiVsVVsV , NRPLRisV
GLRiTss. C ysVsVVV NTPs, sVVNTPs BRVsV. y[ FyLRi* RVsV }msLRiV xmszqsR\sVsj
(45).
gRiVsVRVxqsy [[ [y gRiV sVRWxqsQRVM e sVy* ssRLi xqsX}tsQaRPNRPV}qs
NSLRisVVRsVsV ee 46
GsLi xqsXztsQxmsNSLRi}qs sLji][ sVVsxqsRsV e bPyRW sLRi][ LiRxqs sVRWsM ee 47
xmsLRiLi x bPsM FNRPxqsxqs LRiWFyxqsQRVxqsV=LSM e @xLi sxtsvaRP LRiVRaRP gRiV[ysVLRiWxmsRM ee
48
gRiVxqs*LRiWxmsogRiV sVWLRiVV gRiV xqs*LRiWxmsV @gRiV [ds sVWLRiV][ gRiWT DRsVsVgRiV xqsXztsQ
NSLRisVVsV [zqsLji (46). J sVxL<ki! s[ds xqsXztsQ xmsNSLRisVVsV dsNRPV ssLjiLi zmss. s[sV
LiRsVVssds bPsos A[ LRiLis (47). bPsoRV xmsLRix, s[sV, sxtsvso, LRiVRVRV
@s[ sVWLRiVV gRiV[RsVV[ GLRiTs A bPsos LRiWxmssVVV sWRs[Vss VVxtsvV
xmsVRVyLRiV. (48).

bPsRW LRisV[ \|qs#*LRiLi bPs[ZNP[ sV[LRis[V e xqs*RLiRM xmsLRisWy z sLRiV xqs=gRiV[szms \s ee


49
Rxqs xmspLSsyL][ z LRiVRry=QOSQsM xqsQXRM e \ZNP}qs ssLi LRisVLi xmsLiRsNRPQaRP NSLRi x
ee 50
LiRxqs Ry yZaP[ Rxqs ya][szqs \s s z ee 51
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi xmsRsVLi[ xqsXxtsvFys[
xyLRiR xqsLiy[ xqsXztsQ sLRisLi ysV uRaRPM @yRVM (16).
ARVs sV[xLRisVgRiV bPs[NRPsVV[ DsV][ gRiWT RV[RgS xqsLiRLjiLiRVsV. ARVs
xqs*RLiRVRgRiV xmsLRisWR. sLRiVVRV, xqsgRiVVRV NRPWy (49). LRiVRVRV ARVs VVNRP
xmspLSsyLRisVV gRisVNRP ryOSQRV bPso[ RVs xmsTyRV. @LiVVRV sWsVV bPsoRV
\ZNPxqssVVsLiRV xqsVLiRLRisVgRiV sssVVsV sLjiLiyRV (50). LiRsVV sbPLissW ysNTP
yaRPsVV [RV (51).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsj RVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizRRVLiRV sVVR LiRsVV[
xqsXxtsvFyssVVsLiRV x yLRiR xqsLiyRsVV[ xqsXztsQsLRissVs[ xmsRVyLRis @yRVsVV
sVVgjizqssj (16).
@R xqsxmsRa][syRVM
gRiVsjRLjiR
xqsWR DyR e
ByNRPLRiQ sRxqsxqs xxqs= RV yLRiRM e xmsosM xmsxmsR RLi sy* ss[Vs sVVdsaRP*LSM ee 1
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c

J sVxL<RiVLS! xVVNRP C xmsVNRPVsV sss yLRiRVRV ssRVsVV][ ssVxqsLjiLi


ARVssV sVLRi BV xmsbPLisV (1).
yLRiR DyR e
NRPy gRi][ z \ZNPxqsLi aRPLiNRPL][ NRPsR=M e NRP* y xqsR*Li Rry {qsRV[lLi[ sVRy ee 2
NTPLi R NSLRi xLRixqsR xmsLjixmspLRibP+yNRPXM e GRR=LRi*Li xqssWRORPQ * xmsLRiLi N_RW xLi z s[V ee 3
yLRiRVTV xmsZNPsV c
NRPsR=VRgRiV aRPLiNRPLRiVRV \ZNPxqssVVsNRPV FsxmsVRV ssV ? ARVsNRPV sVRVRgRiV
NRPV[LRiVs][ }qsxsVV FsNRPR NRPlgisV ? (2) sVLigRi xqs*LRiWxmsoRV, xmsLjixmspLRiVRsgRiV bPsoRV
@NRPR GsV [|qssV? C sxtsQRVsVVsLiRsW xmsVRV yNRPV ssVRVLiRV @aRPLiVVLis
NRPVRWxsVV gRiRV (3).
x[yR e
aRPXV yLRiR sOSQQsV RLjiRLi aRPbP ssM e RVy gSsV \ZNPxqsLi xqsR*Li RsRxqs R ee 4
A{qsyLi zms sgRilLi[ rsVRWNRPV[RsM e kOTPQ][ RVRy[ RVsysaSLRiRM ee 5
s[Rs[yLigRi syQ[ s[yLiyjxtsv ROTPQM e LSsW[sR xy sysM NUPLji sM ee 6
@gji aRPVaRPWxtsQLRi][ s[yRRVsRRLRiM e xqsVLiRL][ LRisVRWLigRi aRPLiR Li xqssWNRPXM ee 7
x BV xmsZNPsV c
yLRiy! ssVsVV. RLiRs VVNRP RLjiRsVVsV |msRsV. ARVs \ZNPxqssVVsNRPV FsV
ssV? NRPV[LRiVs][ }qsxsVV FsV NRPlgisV? @sV sxtsQRVsVVsV ssLjiLiRsV (4). NSLizms
sgRiLRisVV[ RV RRVRsV xmsLiTRVRV DLisV. ARVs rsVRW sLiaRPsVV[ sLisV.
ARVs RVkORPQsV {qs*NRPLjiLisyRV, RV sR[ xqssVLRiVRV (5). s[Rs[yLigRisVV sLjiLigjis

yRV, s[yLiRsVV sVVRgRiV yRVLiRV xqssVLRiVRV, @s[NRP LSxqsyssVVsV F~Lijs yRV,


yR, NUPLji gRiyRV (6).@gji aRPaRPWxtsQRVLiRV aRPR gRiyRV, s[yRRVsVVsLiRV sLRiRVRV,
LRisVRVsVgRiV @sRVssVVV gRi xqsVLiRLRiVRV sVLjiRVV RLiRLisVV sLi sVVsVV
gRiyRV (7).
@{qsRVsjLSsV kOTPQRryxqs \s xqsVRM e NRPX][xmssRVsr=F sy gSx WLjiaRPM ee 8
@R zmsys][ RWR NRPLRiLRi][ss` e AyRWyRV xa][ RsLi sWRVxqs=NSaRPRM ee 9
xqssVyRWR NSlLi[[Q\sVdLi RNSLRi xqsM e xqsLiRQQNRP xyLRixqs=Liyrys xmsLSM ee
10
sLiRN][ s[RaSryQLi [s x sLiRNRPM e xqsQXyyLRi s{sxqsV gkiRyR s[RN`P ee 11
s FyLiR Li\xqsV R }mssVxmsLRiLixmsLRiM e
kOTPQRVRgRiV RV RRVsNRPV gRiVsjRVsV NRPVsWLRiVRVLisV. @RRV FsssVRs [V DxmsdsRV\
@s[NRP sRszqsLisV (8). ARRV RLiTNTP RVNRPVLiRgS RsVVsLiRV @LRiV
gRiyyVsV. RsR sVLiT @s[NRP xmsLSRVsVVV RssVVsV dxqsVN]s (9) RgSNRPV A
RssVVsV xqssVLjiLi, yLji][ \sVs [|qssV. ARRV rysxqsLiyj xyLRisVV
RVLiRV LRiV[s y\ ys xmsLjiRLisV (10). ARRV s[R aSxqsQsVVsV, [sxVsV
sLijLiRVy\, xqsQX, szRsVVgRiV AyLRisVVsV sRyT xqsLigkiRsVV sVVRgRiV
s[RsVVRVLiRV ssVgRiVyVsV (11).ARRV sV][, xqsgS][, sVLjiRVV Fyxmso][
RXRsVgRiV }qsxsVVsV [|qssV.
}msLji][szms sy xqs s RVR zmsRVLRiLiNRPsV ee 12
gRiXxNSLSLiRLRiyF kOTPQ][ kOTPQyLiVVdssV eRVy RV\s yLi xmsX[R[V gRiVsjxqsV=RM ee
13

s RXaRP[ sVRW lgi[} NRP sRy NTPsV e Ry R[ ry WRWjydsLi xqs zLRiRM ee


14
ryy* xqssVLRiQQ\s [y s[ysLiR sVs[xxqssV e @kyRRVyLRiLi xqs j*Q\Q xqs=sVLi
RVR ee 15
GNRPxmso[ Ryy xmsyLRiRV kOTPQRsV e s RRLRi R RR*QXRLi NTPLi[* kOTPQRM ee 16
R FR=zLissW, ARRV RLiT sRNRPV s[RV (12). kOTPQRVRgRiV A RLiT BRLRi
gRiXxNSLRisVV[ ssVgRiVQQ\ RVVLiT LRi]['J{qs! sVs NRPVsWLRiVRV gRiVsj (13) yNRPV
BLi[ NRPsRV[RV. J NRP! yRV GsV [RVVRVyRV? @s xmsbPLis xms
xmsLSRVsVV AsV 'BxmsV[ RVNRPV syRV (14). ryssVV [zqs [sR yLSjLi
BLiRsLRiNRPV FyhRisVVsV RRVsoN]s, sVLRi @RRVssVV N]LRiNRPV BRLRiV, sVVgRiVLRiV sVRV][
NRPWT syRV' @s |msTj (15). G\ZNPNRP NRPVsWLRiVRgRiV[ A R kOTPQRVs sWxqsxmsoTj.
ARVsNRPV ys [R gRiVLjiLi, ssLRisVV gRiVLjiLi G sWRsVW RVNRPVLisV (16).
xqsLRi*Li ZNP[ryLiRNRPLSxqs RZNP[ slL<i[sR uRZaP[ e @ ][ xqs kOTPQ][ RVRRM xmsoRxqs Rxqs R ee 17
gRiXx[Q ZNP[s sys[s Fy gSxsVNSLRiRV` e xmsRxLi Rxqs sds xqsVRLi gRiVsjLi sVXRV ee
18
aSzqs }qsLRiQ xXRRW xxmss[aRP xqs yLRiR e N][Rs}qsszqs RsRV xqs sVy zms[RsV
ee 19
RVj xqs [ sXRLi y*Li R sWLi yRLiVVxtsQ e AyRRWsV[ sRLi zmsRVLRilgi[
NRPV[ztsQRsV ee 20
kOTPQRVRgRiV RVRRVRV NRPVsWLRiVsNRPV xmsRVyLRis[V ryRNRPsVV [zqs, xqsLiryLRisVVssds
[LiVVLi (17), gRiXxxqsW][NRP syssVV][ syxsVV [|qssV. J yLRiy! xms jssVV
}mssV][ sLiTs xXRRVsVV gRi R NRPVsWLRiVRgRiV gRiVsjs NRPWLRiVLiR (18) RVsVVsV

|mssV. NRPVsWLS! sVRVRgRiV ds RLiT N][zmsztsQ. C [xtsQsV NRP|msVsVV (19). ds


sXyLiRsVV ARVsNRPV zqss][, ssV ssV NRPWR RLiTLiRVsV. xms jssVV ds RV
[xtsQsVV ARVsNRPV RVNRPVLiRgS NRPzmsxmsoRVRVysV (20).
[NRPsW[szqs [ yRxqs= yy\lLiLRi \s R\sM e xyLi RsLi yR xqsj*y
ryRVxqsLigRisVM ee 21
NTPsVLRiLi s NRPL][ztsQ R*Li xqsVLRiVLi {msRsWsxqsM e xqs][QRW}qsssWyy kOTPQyr=sVRWsM
ee 22
B LRiWTsVx FyFyxqss xmspLRi* zmsysVM e RQQNSQ RVLRi*QXR xqsLixqsLRiLi ryRVxqsLigRiLRi][ s ee
23
xqsj*yxqsV sV[ [z xyLRisWRLRi e yysV LRiWF LRiW}ms RVaRPry NRPV bdPRM ee 24
sy=! ds RLiT RssVV[ gSNRP, xqsyyLRisVV[ [NRPxmspQ\yRV. sy=! xVNRPV
xqsj*R, sVLjiRVV ryRVxqsLigRisVsVV @sVss[V RssVV (21). dsNRPV dsRVLiRV @LRiV
[NRPFsoNRPV NSLRis[VsV? ds xmspLki*NRPVV, yRsVVyRV sVLi a][RVVV, kOTPQRVV,
rsVRWgRisVVsV [zqssyLRiV (22) @s [NRPsVVsLiRV xmsxtsQgRiRV. dsso RV }qsxsVVsV
sR yT xqsRVLRiVxtsvV }qsxsVVsV @sLRiRVN]sVsVV (23). xqsj*RRVLiRV sVsxqsV=sV
sVxmsosVV. xyLRisVV ssVztsQLiRVsVV. LRiWxmssVV[, NUPLji[, NRPVsVV[, bdPsVV[
RLiTNTP RgRiyRso NRPsVV (24).
R][ s Rxms}qs NTPs R RVLRi*QXRyLi xqs*NSsV e EssLiaRPN][szqs R* s[Vuy uRaRPyL<jiNUP ee 25
GyLi xqsLisXV xqsR*QXyLi zmsRXNTPRVV][ s e aRP*aRPVL][szms z [ sWs xqs=LRi*R gRiVbdPRM
ee 26
R][ s Rxms}qs NTPs R RVLRi*QXRyLi xqsVR e sWRV}qssRVM xmsoR sy bdPNRPVj M ee
27

[[szms s [ztsQ R*Li aRPV][sxqsVRVsLiaRPRM e xms\ZaPQQys xmss[aRPrys xyLi


NRPVsWLRiNSs ee 28
ARVs ss dss[ RVxmsRso? ds RV [xtsQsV sRVsosVV. dsNRPV xmsLi]sVj
xqsLisR=LRisVVV. CsV xmsRVyLRiV xqsLisR=LRisVV RVVs (25). xmssRRVgRiV CsVsV
}mssVLiRVsVV. RLiTRVLiRV NTP gRiyRso NRPsVV. ds sWsVgSLRiV NRPWR gRiVsVV[, bdPsVV[
@LiR xmspLixmsRVsV (26). dsNRPV ARVs s\sssW RVsVV [NRPFsoNRPV
NSLRis[VsV?NRPVsWLS! RV xmssVsV NRP|msVsVV. xmsoy! sR, bdPsV, NRPVsVV ByRV[
ds sWssWsVV ry[s yLRiV (27). dsNRPV yLji s\sssW RVsVV [NRPVsj. ds RLiT\sxmso,
R\sxmso sLiaRPsVVV lLiLiRV aRPVR\sVss. sVs RVVxmsNRP gRiXxsVV[s xNRPVsV
RWRVsVV(28).
gRiX}szms bPuys xms\ZaPQQys zmsRV}qs ssWys e LSzms a][xtsQ RVy Rs RVZaP[ztsQRLi
xqsVR ee 29
aRPyLi sRV [ y[ sX[xmsLi NRPLjixtsQ e [ztsQRs[V\sR R*RLiRyzms [ yM ee 30
@sLiRLRiLi xLjixtsQLi RVVNSLi kOTPQR ysVx e xqslLi[*sFyQOSQLRiLiVVxtsQLi Rs yRLi R sWsVzms
ee 31
sWRVaRPLjiLiRLi RsW R[ RVLSxtsQ\Lji e zmsyzms [ s Fy{msRWs aRPVxqsQX xmsysVgRiM ee
32
sVs BLi[ gRi ds RLiT gSLji bPxtsvsV, yLji ssRVsVVsV RWRsVV. NRPVsWLS! ds RV
xmssXs gRiVLjiLi LS gSLjiNTP RVgRiRV (29). @xmsoRV yLjiNTP ds RLiT RVLiRV aRPR ]gji
FLiVV, sVs sNRPNRPV sVVxmsV LSgRiRV. sVdyNUP ds[xtsQsV s NRPVLRiys [xtsQs[V
sLiRVRVyLRiV (30). NSs yLRiV N]j NSsVV[s[ dsV RLiTgSLji kOTPQRR*sVVsV LRiRV
[RVgRiLRiV. sVLiRLRiV RLiTs, ssV NRPWR sLijLiRLRiV (31). 'R bdPsVV NRPVsWLRiVsNRPV

xqsLiNRPsVLiRVsV' Byj RVLSxtsQRLRiV. aRPVxqsQXRVV sjLis sWLRisVV[ sLiRV ds


RLiT FyxmssVV sLRiVLigRiRV (32).
RRLizmnsV ds sVsr sVsV ryOUPQ sV}aRP*LRiM e s RLRiV ryRRW{msx sVVLi RVxtsQxqs dsOTPQRsV
ee 33
@x[ dRWs= sjlLi[s ][ ys e xmsORPQLi ss[ bPORPQ sW[s RVLRiMee 34
s Ry R RRLRiLi RVL][][ sxqsds RVRM e sVXgRiRW sVRQ\|msaRPVy sXR _LRi
RVL][R\lLiM ee 35
xqs yLRiy\lLi LRi*Qxqs\slLi[M N][R s LiTRM e RVRsR gRiX} xmsZaP[RR dsy* xqsVRVLRiM ee
36
@LRi[VRWRNSLSLi xqsNRPVxmsLi sxqsyjNRPsV e
s[sV ARVs FyRsVVRVLiRV gRiQQ\sVs sVsxqsV= gRiyssV. yNRPV sV}aRP*LRiVRV ryOTPQ. s[sV
VVRVryssVVsV [zqss RLRiVyR RVxtsv sVVsVV\sssW RVR[RV (33). dsso y
NRPVsWLRiVRsgRiV sj dRVsVsVNRPV sRLRi+ssVV. C sjsVVgS A R ARsNTP Fs[ ryLRiV
[jLissW, @ RVxtsvRgRiV ARRV Rs RV LRiVgRiVsV dsR[RV (34). sxqsssVVNRPV
sxqs\Vs sQQNTPNTP [jLiRV RVry=RsVV. s[ , sVRFyssVV, N]LisVVV xmsV,
@xqsRsVVsV xmsVNRPV, _LRisVV, RsVV (35), s[aSgRisVssVV @sV sxqsssVV[ xmsRVRV
NSs ys*RV? RVxtsvRgRiV yRRV BLi[ NRPsTs sxqsVsossds (36), gjisV
sxqsQsVV][ xqs, RgSNRPV @LjiLiTyRV.
sryLi LRiRsVLiVWLi lgi[} NRPLRixqs zmsRVLRiWLjiNS sV ee 37
][LRiLiVV\Q* NRPyyRV RVL][RLRiNRPlLi[sLRiRV` e kOTPQ[s xmsLji][ \yRWRNRPXRM NRPlLi[ ee 38
DyR kOTPQRxqsLi R NRPV][ R*WLjiNS e xmsXxtsQ}qsyR sLRiLiyRxqsNRPXRsVVyR xqsM ee 39

sWsWOTPQxmszqs sF\QM NTPLi sVRW _LRiNRPLRi e sVVy R*k[Vs xmso[\s xqssVLjiy ee


40
sVsV sWRVL>ji xmsplLi[*RVLjiy* ds][ z aSNRPM e s ZNP[sLi sV\sV\s R RLigRiVdRVLi
xqssVLjiRsV ee 41
INRPyRV, ARRV, RLiT Rs s[ LRiRxmso DLigRiLRisVVsV BLi[ sVLiRgS (37) yss
@xmsxLjiLi RgSsNTP @LjiLisV. \s saRPsVVs kOTPQRVRV A RgSs[NTP gRi Rs
DLigRiLRisVVsV gRiVLjiLi ARs][ sV xmsZNPsV. dsNUP DLigRiLRisVV FsNRPR sVLi ssj? ARVs
yss sLRiLiRsVV][ @s[NRP xmsLSRVsVVV xmsbPLiRgS, ARTssV (39). } sxms! ssV
sVVgS xmsbPLiRVRVyso. s[sV _LRisVV [zqs C DLigRiLRisVVsV xqsLiFyjLi
ssVN]Liy? kss ds NRPVsWLRiV[ yNRPV ByRV (40). ARRV yNRPV xqssVLjiLisj C
DLigRiLRisVV sWRs[V NSRV. sVVs ARRV Rs RVVNRP dLRisV RsVV[ Fg]VN]ssV
(41).
@s[uyLi RWRNRPLRiQXLi WLji [yLjiLiRLi sxqsV e LRiR NRPVxmsRVNRPWs aRPXLigSLRi xmsXds R
ee 42
ys sy NSLixqs ysV sVRWs R e sgkiNRPXR xmsjsLi R[ RWRNSLjiM ee 43
s [s xqsRXaRPM NRPbP yOTPQN][ WsVsVLiR[ e Aysj R*RW sxms RVL][RLRi bPL][sVM ee 44
NRPRLi y LiVV RsWs ssRWsRV N][sRM e B aRPVy* RFyLRi sssV RLRi NRPLiRLRiM ee 45
FysXR yxqsry sLi FysaRPssVLijLRisV e sVxmssysVxqs xmsdLi FyR ysVR ee
46
xqs kOTPQ][ RVRRafQ+RNRPLRi xmsLSRVM e
ARRV BRLRi RgSLiRNRPV NRPWy y RssVVsV xqssVLjiLiyRV. LRiRsVVsV, gjissV,
xmsV sxqsQsVVsV, BRLRisVVgRiV sxqsQsVVsV (42), sRsVVgRiV FyRsV, NRPLiRV FyRsV,

LSgji FyRsV NRPWR ARRV RsVV[ JTyRV. ARss RgSLiRV xms jssVV LijLi
sV IVRVN]sTyLRiV (43). C WsVLiRsVV][ ARs][ xqssWs\sVs RgSRV [RV.
} sFy! ds NRPVsWLRiVRV RgSLiRNRPV yRVNRPVRV, @ssRVsVV[ sWxqssVV[ xmsLiTRVRV
@sV xqsLigRi dsNUPy sLRiNRPV (44) FsV RV[RV? C sWsV ss zqsgRiV][ RsV,
VxqsLiRsVVsV sLiRVN]s (45),][ bPLRixqsV=sV NRPxmsVN]s Rs gRiXxsVVsNRPV [LRiVN]ssV.
@xmsoy kOTPQRVRV, s[][NRPNRPLRiRVLiRV sLRiRVRVsgRiV RVRRVRV sVxmssRRVgRiV LRi][
sssV (46)
RVRR DyR e
kOTPQyRVs NRPVyzqs RWlLi[ gRiVsjxqsVRM ee 47
@R xtsQRV NTPLi [s NRP* ry sVsVaRPV[LjiNS e @Lig][R*QQLRis NS[ RW R*RW s[VsiLigRiV][
xXy ee 48
ry R*Li LRiRsVLiVWLi bdPxmnsVLi ysWdsRV xmsRVRs[V e B aRPVy*R Ry*NRPLi dy ry
kOTPQyRVds ee 49
FyR ryssVy{Li NTPRWLi suyRRVLiRR e sgSzqs [s xmspLRi sVVxmsLSj
NRPLRi ee 50
xqssVWsRV sVNSs[V RkyLi zmsRW[ e Bydss[Vs xmsNS*s NSLRisgRiRW sVRW ee
51
ryzmsy s[ NS*zms sxqsQX[ s s[RQXxsV e
RVRRVTV xmsZNPsV c
J rsV[ssW! RWLRiVLS! gRiVsjRVgRiV ds NRPVsWLRiVRV FsNRPR DyRV? (47) NSssVV.
ys][ yNRPV xmss [VsV ? y sVLigRiNRPLRisVgRiV DLigRiLRisVNRPR ? dsso ysLiNTP \RVsV
sVLjiLis xqssVRVsVV[ y s[ sVLiT dzqss (48). NSs dsso y LRiRxmsoVLigRiLRisVVsV

ssVsLis[ yNTPsVV. C sWsV ss RVxmsTs rsV[ssV (49) BV xmsZNPsV.


s[sV dsVNRPV sVyx ryssVVsNRPV GLSV [RVVRVysV. sVLjiRVV [s xmspNRPV NSszqss
xqsLiLRisVV ssVLRiV[ dLjiNRP [NRPRVVysV (50). dsVNRPV @RVV zmsRV\sVs yLRiV
gRiy! @RVNRPV [s s[ sVLi FLSRV. s[sV BxmsVRV @ssVVsV sLiRV[ dLjiNRP
[NRPVLiy DysV (51). s[y DLigRiLRisVVsV G][ gjis[ sVLRiysV. BxmsVRV @j FsNRPR
Ds][ yNRPV RVRV.
kOTPQR DyR e
xLi }sxqsRVRss sRLi xqsR xmsztsQ ee 52
RVy RVy y*Li xqsLixmsX[ RsRVM NRP* gRiRzqsQ* e Ry R[ R*Li WRWy[ydsLi xqs
sLRiRM ee 53
@kyRRVyLRiLi R j*Q\QLji \Q xqs=RVVgRizM e NRPVR}qs aSNRPM xms sWLiu W
sVRWLjiRM ee 54
Li# [ WssaRPLi ysV RRLi Wz RVLi R e ryLixmsRLi s[ORPQ [ rszms XLigSL][
sVsVLiTRM ee 55
xmsxqsWRsVLiVW ryzms xms RW sVRWLjiy e NRP* yOTPQRLi RyLixqsLi g_U ysVxmnsV
NRP* ry ee 56
kOTPQRVTV xmsZNPsV c
J{qs!RVxtsQNRPVsWLRiVs Rd! dsso sRsVV xqsRsVVs[ xmsVNRPVRVLis NS[V! (52). NRPVsWLRiVRV
FsNRPRNRPV syRV @s s[sV xmsbPLis xmsryLji, ' yy! Bxms sLRiNRPV RRVsoN]s BRLRiV
sVVgRiVLRiV sVRV][ NRPzqs RRVsoN]sVN]LRi\ZNP BxmsV[ RVNRPV syRV' @s |msTysso
(53). }xmsd! s[sV dsNRPV RNRPgS xmsNSbPLi[ FsLRis xmsVdLRisV BRVVLis. @j
G\sVsj?(54)RVsVVsV dsT xqsRsVVsV xmsVsVV. sVLjiRVV, sVVsV F~jgjis LigRiLRiV

gjis NSssRV [RV (55). s[sV dsNRPV sVWRV }ms xmsV][ s[zqss xmsV xmsLiRsV Bs.
@j NRPsRV[RV. ROTPQ [aRPsVV sVLiT N]s s BRT FyR Gj? g_R [aRPsVV sVLiT
s LSgji FyR FsNRPR sVsj (56).
ygRiRLiRsVLiVW ry NRP* xqsV N_RVNRP sVLiNS e NRP*ry xmsLRi*R[bdPRW RLiRNSLiLjiyRVy ee
57
kxmsNRPsgRi xrygS LiNRPXy aSLiNS e NTPLi xZNP[s NRPV[ RVLi NRPV FysVxLi sXy
ee 58
Rys xLji}tsQx sVVxmsRVLirysVxLi RVy e @sxms][szqs [yxLi RV}tsQs
NRPVRWztsQ ee 59
DuysRV FyRxqsQ*Li R\|qs# Ryzqs LisV e @xmsoRR*Li sLRiLi sYLi NRPVxmsoyRV
FyLixqsy` ee 60
GsVgRiV RLiRsVV][ [zqssj, xqsVsVVsV Dy=xsVVsV NRPgjiLiRVsj, xmsLRi*R FyLiRsVV[
RRW\lLisj, ss s @RVRsVVgS xmsNSbPLiRVsj RVgRiV sVLiRsVV FsNRPR Dsj?(57)
[[ kxmssVVsV xmsVN]s xmsNSbPLi[ aSLiNRP [Vj? Bs sW[? dsso NRPV{qsQs. ds\|ms
N][zmsLiRV sLRisVV (58).s[sV syxsVVsV [xqsVNRPVs RLRiVyRs[ VLiRsV. RVxtsvRV,
NRPVFyLixqssVRV @gRiV yRV y NRPVsWLRiV[ NSRV (59). sVV. dss sVV. ysNTP sVso*sV,
dssV sR s[RVVsVV. NRPV RWxtsQNRPVRgRiV NRPVxmsoRVs NRPLi sWssoNRPV xmsoRVRV
NRPgRiNRPVLiRV[V s[VV (60).
R[[NRPLi NRPVrylLi[ dslLi[uy xqsyRds e ryy* sRsjLi NRPXy* Rzqss[yz NRPxqs` ee
61
a][RVxqs xqsVyLi Fyxms FyLi gSx ROTPQRM ee 62

B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi xmsRsVLi[ xqsXxtsv Fys[


gRiVsj RLjiR sLRisLi ysV xqsxmsRa][syRVM (17).
NRPVsVV N]LRiNRPV INRPss sRVssss xqsyRs RLRisVV xmsVRVsj. @RRV ryssVV [zqs
sRNRPLRissVztsQLi, @[ jssVVs INSNRP (16) a][RVVs NRPVsWlLisV syxsWsV (62).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsjRVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizRRVLiRV xqsXxtsv FyssVs[ sVVR
LiR[ gRiVsj RLjiR RVsV xmsRVs[Rs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (17).
@R @uyRa][syRVM
gRiVsj xqsRs F~LiRV
x[yR e
aRPVy* Ry xqs sXyLiRLi FyNRPsLi xqs*Li ssLiR R e NSLijaRPLi xqssW[ NRP sLRiR
kOTPQyLigRiM ee 1
NTPRVLRiLi R][ gRiy* RVRyRxqs= z e RVu gRiVsjxqsr gRi][y=x[ sxqsLjiRM ee 2
LiysVyxms sVxdLi NRP* RWsV NRPLRiy NTPsV e yxsVxqs s][szqs s \y
R[sxqsQxsV ee 3
[aSLiRlLi[ RVxqs RsLi xqs xqsRxqsV=s[VR[ e RVsVzqs Rs[ ][LSR= sxmnsV xqs=LRi*][sM ee 4
x BV xmsZNPsV c
A kOTPQRxmsoRVy sXyLiRsVVsV ss Rs xmspLRi*NRPLRisV sLijLiRVN]s G][ INRP jNRPVs RVV
[lLisV (1). y}qsxmso @V xmsRWLi, RVRRxmsoRVRV RVxtsvRVsgRiV gRiVsj RLi[
xmsLjiRLixmsT Dy=xsVV [sy\ ssV (2). ARRV g]xms RVMsVVsV F~LisV. s[sV

FsRNTP sRsV? GsV [RVVRVsV? s[sV sRsV sxqsLjiLis. ysR RssVV NRPWy
@jNRPsVVgS [RV (3). [aSLiRLRisVVsLiRV RssVVs ysNTP xqsVsVV ssVsLis[ LiRVsV.
RssVV Ds][ ][LRiV RVsVV RxmsRV. NSs Bj @s [aRPsVVNRPV xqssWss[V (4).
RWNRPxqs NRPV[ s NRPRLi s[V sxqssLi sVx` e @x[ dRW>s sjM s NRPLSsV
xqsLiR[V` ee 5
OTPQRVLi yjgRiysV s s[V xmsLjiRM NRP*` e s R FylLi[+Q* RsLi NTPLisVR aRPLRiLi # s[` ee
6
xqsysVj[ _ xmsxqsWlLi[ sVxtsQ[ssV e Ry RyR NRPLi RW[ s [x sds sVsV ee
7
kOTPQRVs gRiXxsVV[ sLis yNRPV dssVgRiV sxqsssVV V @ss ? AaRPLRisVV! sj
sRLRi\sVsj. s[sV BxmsVRV s NSLRisVVsV gRiWLji A[LiRssV (5). RWLiRV\ZNP
yNRPV xmsLjiR\sVs ys*RW NSsLSRV. ysR Rss[VsVRVW [RV. C xmsLjizqs[ yNRPV aRPLRiV
Vs*LRiV? (6). yLRiNRPVLiRgSs[ yNRPV R sVXuys [ssVVsTj. A y R BR
[RV. s[sR FssLjis RWLiRRgRiVsV ?(7)
x[yR e
B LiRRVRxqsxqs xaRPxqsR yLRiR e @ksLi RL][LRiW[ sVLRiryRLi gRiRM ee 8
GRzqss[s xqssV[V NRPbPy}aRP*L][ sLRiM e xqsx[xmsLSyyRV sgRiLSRzLRigS` ee 9
yysys sVjys xqs*\sM xmsLjiyLjiRM e xqssVLjiRV dsVaSsLi bPsLSysoFztsQRM ee 10
bPyRVLi xmssaSR xqs NRP bP+s xqsNRPkM e RV][RLi xqsV[s xmspRWsWxqs aRPLiNRPLRisV ee 11
x BV xmsZNPsV c

J yLRiy! BV ARRV @R V sVVR[ NRPWLRiVLiT xmsLjixmsLjisRsVV LiRVRVLiRgS


xqsVLRiVRV @xqssVLisV (8). B[ xqssVRVsVV[ INRP sV}aRP*LRi NRPVRV \ss[RsVV N]LRiNRPV
DxmsLRisVVsV dxqsVN]s sgRiLRisVVsVLiT RVNRPV RVV[lLisV. (9). @Rs sR g]xms
jssVV\s @s[NRP sjsVV DxmsLRisVVV VLisV. ARs LiRVsoV ARss RVV
yLjiRVVLiTLji. ARRV bPsLS yRV DxmsyxqssVVLiT bPsos ALSjLiRVNRPV RVV [lLisV (10).
bPsosRVLiRV gRiQQ\sVs sVsxqsV=gRi A NRPVRV bPyRVsVVsV xmss[bPLi, xmssRsVgRiV
sVsxqsV=][ RVysjgS aRPLiNRPLRiVs xmspLisV (11).
xmsNS*s gRiLiRsWxmnsWsV RVRyR[ j*M e zmsRXRQQN][ sWRX{sM OTPQjRxqs= RsVs*
gS` ee 12
BRsVsLi sVRW gSxLi bPyWxmsNRPXRLi sbP e xqsV}ms \ZaPss[ \yR=LRi*zqss ssRLi
sVx` ee 13
ByaSsVsLiR y*Lji aRPLi[LRiVFysaRP` eRRLRi+ R sVxmspLi [s # ZNP[s sLjiysV ee
14
syRV sXRgkiyj NSxqsV=FyM ORPQ[ RVy e \ss[RLi xqsRyyRVLi LSgSLRiLi ss[aRP x ee 15
RLiT[ sRVsT, R [NRP ANRP g]sRVVs A RVRRxmsoRVRgRiV xVRV
ALRixmsyLRisVV gRiLiRsVV yxmnsWLi @Rs ssVNRPs[ ssV (12). bPsNRPVV C @ssVVsV
bPsosNRPV ss[Rs [zqs LS RVLiRV sjLiRgRis[, s[sV C ssRsVVgRiV jsQ\sVs
sLiNRPsVVsV xmsLjigRizLiRsV (13). @RU dLRiVs A bPLis bPsxqssj[ y*LRisVV sLiRV
NRPWLRiVLiT, A NRPVRV [zqss sVxmspsV RLji+LisV (14). A NRPVV ysVVsV [zqs,
FysV FyT sjLiRgRis[; A \ss[RsVVsV gRizLiRVNRPV ARRV bPsxqssj[sNTP xmss[bPLisV
(15).
kxmsLi sVLiRxmsLi RXuy* xmsNS*s dsORPQRV xqsM e s\LiRR*QQLjiLi NRPXy* kxmsLi xmsNSaRP
R ee 16

RVRRy r=sR bPs\ss[RsWRLS` e gSx xqsxry {msy xmsNS*sLi xaRPxqsRM ee


17
RRM xmsNS*s sWyRV R*LjiRLi gRiR][ zM e Rxqs FyRRxmnsWyRQxqsVxmsM
N][sxmsVRRee 18
N][sRVLi N][sRVLi R*LSxms[ gRiXxyLi gRiXxy sVr e B RVN][aRP xqs [ gjiLS
RVsVx[RRW ee 19
RWsRRWR=sWgRiR ysR= xmsoLRiLRiORPQ \ZNPM e xmsRVsW[ sxRM ORPQ RLiRR* sWgRiRM ee
20
ARRV A ssR ALRixmsyLRisVVsV RWR[gS kxmsNSLi RgjisLiR [NRPVLisV. ARRV Rs
DRLkiRVsVV sVLiT sxqsQ aRPNRPsVVsV Lizms ss [zqs kxmssVVsV xmsNSbPLixms[|qssV (16). Axmsoy
RVRRVs xmsoRVRV ssRsVV\s sLiNRPsVVVgRi bPs\ss[RsVVsV {ms][ ARLRisVV][
{qs*NRPLjiLisV (17). ARRV ALRisVVsV dxqsVN]s R*LjiRsVVgS RVNRPV sRVLiRgS NSV
Rgji sRFsoRVs sQQNTP VVNRPRV ss F~LisV (18). FssLRiV yLRiV? FssLRiV yLRiV? yss
]LiRLRigS xmsVN]sVRV, xmsVN]sVRV @s ARRV RVsVV][ |msR xqs*LRisVV][ @LRisV (19).
gRiVsj RVxmsT xmsLRiVlgiRVRVLiRgS LRiORPQNRP VV N]Lji. @RRV xmsTFVsV. sVLjiRVV
RWxmsosV N][[VsV (20).
@ORPQRVR \ss[RLi RVRyR[ sVVs[ e bPysVgRix][ sWsLi sxmsoR xqsM ee
21
@R R xqs=sWgRiR FyaRPsVVRLRiFy M e sdsxtsv xqs=LiRVsVdsLi RW\sVxqs= sNRPLRiQ\M ee
22
ysyLjixtsQyM FyFyM NTPLiNTP sWsM e jsLi ssWs sWyRV RLi s[RVLi aRPW FyRVM
ee 23

JsVxL<ki! A RVRR NRPVsWLRiVRV bPsos @sVgRixsVV ss, sVLjiRVV LiR[so xmsosVV


VVNRP xmsssVV ss \ss[RsVVsV OTPQLi sVLRiLisV (21). @xmsoRV RVLiNRPLSNSLRiVV,
FyaRPsVV sVVRLRisVV @sV ARVVRsVVsV RLjiLis yLRiVsgRiV RVsVVV @RNRPV s
ARss LijLi RVsVxmsoLjiNTP dxqsVN]s F~ssVRsVLiLji (22). BLiR[ LRiVgRiLi sWsV
RLjiLis, [RVLiRV aRPWssVVgRi bPsgRisVVV ARss dxqsVN]s s\ZNP jsssWssVVsV
dxqsVN]ssLji (23).
bPsgRi ERVM e
sVVLiR\sLi j*Li RWsW gRiM xmsLRisVyLRiNRPsV e RLiR Wg][ s sFsr RgRi xqsLS*xmnsV
xqsLiRRVM ee 24
ByNRPLRiQ sR}qs z RVsVLSgRixqsRM e sV[sgRiyxLRi WsaRPNTPy XaRPsV ee 25
aRPLi[LRisy[NRP d\|q^s#LRisVNTPLiNRP\lLiM e @yj xms\LjiRLi RVLRi*QX][sRVLi gRi j*M ee 26
bPsgRisVV yLjisLji e
RVsVgRisVVLS! g]xms yLjiNRPVRgRiV Cj*s sRVsoRV. C sxmsoRV bPORPQNRPV @L>RiVRV NSRV.
CRs FyxmssVVsRVW sbPLiss (24). C sWsV ss RVsVgRisVV yLRiV
AaRPLRisVgRiVQQ\ sV[sgRisVV yLRi][ BV sWTLji (25). aRPLiVgRisVVsV RW
RVxmsTs RVsVgRisVV yLRiV ssVxqsLjiLi "J gRisVVLS! C j*RV RVLSLRiVRV"@s
xmsNTPLji (26)
RVsVgRi ERVM e
NRPVyLRiLi xmsd\lLiQQxtsQ zms][LS*NRPxmsLSVM xqsRafRxmsLjixtsQxqs=Liyrys ssLjiRM ee 27
@ryLi RWlLi[xqs NRPLSsssLSLixmnsVNRPM e xmsRQORPQ][sR dsORPQR* sVxqsQXa][sRVLi
yRXaSsV ee 28

bPssLS [NSLRibP+s sLS LixmnsVNSM e bPssLS yyLRi xqs=QLRi+}qsuyLi xxmsoNRPX` ee


29
sxtsQsW[NRP y }msRVLi ZaP[W y xqsLRi+sLi xmsLRisV e }qssRsLi bPsxqs*Li s Fy\M NRPLihRigRi\LRizms
ee 30
RVsVgRisVVV xmsNTPLji c
CRRV NRPVyLRisVV sVzmnsVLi RRLiRV sWsV syyRV. xqsR afRsVVsV,
xqsLiy ryssVVsV xmsLjiRLiyRV (27). BRs BRLRi FyxmsNRPLRi sVLiRVRV. CRRV
bPssLSsVVsV @ssWsLiRVsV sVssVV xmsRQORPQsVVgS RWRVVLisV. dsVsLi yLRiV
xqsQXbPLiRVNRPV CRRV RgRiRV (28). bPssLSsVVsV VLis yLjis, @ssWsLis yLjis,
sVLjiRVV Bs yLjis xqsQXbPLis][ FyxmssVV NRPVgRiVsV (29). sxtsQsVsV
xqsQXbPLiRsRVsV; [y, ygRisRVsV. NSs FysVVV FsosxmsV\ssW bPsRssVVsV
}qssLiRLSRV (30).
RVWRVLi xmssWLi RlLi[xtsv RVy s RRy sRVsV e @zqs [RLRi[a][sxqs gRixqsLi aRPXVsW
sRVsV ee 31
BRLi RR*NRPsWNRPLRiQ RWsWyLi bPsNTPLiNRPLSM e xqsQXy* bPsxmsyLi[Li FRVM FyLjixtsQyxqsV
ys ee 32
RLRisVV sxtsQRVsVV[ dsVlLi[ xmssWsVV. s[VsVV NSRV. J gRisVVLS! dssRVLiRV
RLRi[aRPsVV Ds][, s[VsVV ssg][LRiVRVysVV (31). bPsNTPLiNRPLRiVV RVsVNTPLiNRPLRiV C sWsV
ss bPsos FyRxmsRsVVsV xqsLjiLi yLji][ ssLji (32).
bPsNTPLiNRPLS ERVM e
NTPLiNRPLS bP+sRLS [V xqsWOSQQ}qs RV yRX\ZaPM e xqsWZO^PQ M NRPRLi OSQQ OSQQ [V
xqsWORPQ RXztsQM ee 33

@s[ ys[sry NRPLRi RVRQXRLi aRPXV[x R` e RVRyR[yR rysysRRW gRiV iM ee


34
xmsRLid LigRibPLRizqs kxmsyRW syLjiy e xqs*Q\ LiR][ss[s RyQ* kxmsRaSLi sbP ee 35
@xmsL][szms xmsL][ RL][ Rxqsyxqs NTPLiNRPLSM e aRPX*RbP+sysWs xmsxqsLigSRzms gRiXxysV ee 36
bPsNTPLiNRPLRiVV xmsNTPLji c
J NTPLiNRPLRiVLS! bPsRLRisVVV xqsWORPQ Q \sVss. xqsWORPQ RXztsQ gRiyLRiV sWRs[V RLji+LiRgRi A
RLRisVVV xqsW RXztsQ gRi dsV sLi yLjiNTP FsV zqsLiRVsV ?(33)@FyzmsRVgRiV C RVRR
NRPVsWLRiVRV [zqss NRPLRisV, J gRisVVLS! rysyssVVgS ssVRV (34). CRRV ss LS Rs
sxqsQsVV][ ss [zqs kxmssVVsV NSFyT LigRibPLRixqsV=Q\|ms kxmsxmso dsR xmsRNRPVLiRgS syLjiLiyRV
(35). J NTPLiNRPLRiVLS! xmsxqsLigRisaSRV bPsysVsVVsV ARRV ss sVLjiVVNRP g]xms RLRisVV
yRLjiLiyRV (36).
# ZNP[s sjy xmsp NTPRVsW sLkiOTPQy e DFztsQ[s WyRW sVs[yzqsR [Rry ee 37
bPs[NRPsVRVLi xR gRiLiyry xqs=Q\|s RV e NRPLiyLi sV[gSs NRPLjixtsQ bPysVgRiM
ee 38
NRPLigRiLS[ sy R][ sLRiWRNRPxtsQM e GxtsQj*sL][ sWsLi bPszmsRVRL][ RVRM ee 39
@sLis sNRPsLi RVWRVLi RWR RVygRiRsV e RVsVRWyxqs=Q*[NRPLi RV xqsVxmsxqss[s
[Rry ee 40
NRPVRV DxmsyxqssVVLiT sVsxqsV=sV gRisVV [zqs RVy sjgS [zqss xmspsV CRRV
RWyRV (37). CRTxmsVRV sW][ bPs[NRPsVVsNRPV s, bPsos @sVRLRiV\, N]LiR NSsVV
sV[gRisVV ssVsLiRgRiRV.(38).RLRiVyR, xqsLRi* ][xtsQsVVV ]gjis C j*ZaP[xtsvRV
bPsosNRPV sVNTP {ms FyRVRgRiV[ NRPLigRiLS NSgRiRV (39). dsV][ xmsRgjisj sVLji

GjRVW [RV. RVsVRWRLS! dsVLRiV xmsxqssRVQ\ ss yLjis dsV[NRPsVVsNRPV F~LiRV


(40).
x[ yR e
ByNRPLRiQ sR}qsuyLi RVsVRWy sVVdsaRP*LRi eRVygRiRLi RVRVVxqs=lLi[* RVsV[NRPLi
xmsLSVM ee 41
xqsLRi*Li ss[RRWsWxqsVaRP+sVyRV gRi sVVs[ e RR*QXRsWjRM FNRPLi aRPLiWRW\aRP RLRiRM
ee 42
x BV xmsZNPsV c
J sVVsZaP[uy! RVsVRWRV yLji C sWsV ss ssVjLjigji RVsV[NRPsVVsNRPV ss yLjis
@LiRLRiV sLji (41). J sVxL<ki! aRPLiVs RWRV RLRisVV xmsNSLRisVV [zqss C
NSLRisVVsLiRsW RVsVVsNRPV A RWRV AjsVLiT @LiRsVVsLRiNRPV sssLiLji (42).
RLRiLS DyR e
xqslLi[* aRPXVR sVy*NRPLi rysysRRW gRiM e R[s {msy NRPVLRiVR sVyxqss xmsoLRixqs=LRisV ee
43
[V xmsoLiR RLS [ZNP[ sWy zqsRRW gRiM e [ xqslLi[* xmsLjixLRiy ys[RyM NRPyRs ee
44
DRWsNRPLS [V z sWy zqsRRW gRiM e [ xqslLi[* xmsLjixLRiy ys[RyM NRPyRs ee 45
[V LRiVyORPQRLS [ZNP[ yLji Gs [V e [ xqslLi[* xmsLjixLRiy ys[ RyM NRPyRs ee 46
bPs s[xtsQRRW [ZNP[ [Vs ZNP[yzms }RVy e [ xqslLi[* xmsLjixLRiy ys[ RyM NRPyRs ee 47
RLRiLS BV xmsZNPsV c

J gRisVVLS! dsVLRiLiRLRiV rysyssVVgS y sWsV ss, y C AsV {ms][


ARLjiLiRVRV (43). [NRPsVV[ s sW][ xmsoLiRsVVsV RLjiLiRV yLjis (44), s
sW][ aRPLkiLRisVVsLiRRVW xqssVRVsVVgS [xqsVN]sV yLjis (45), LRiVyORPQsV
RLjiLiRVyLjis, yLRiVsV (46), NSLRis[V\y [NRPsVV[ bPss[xtsQsVVsV RLjiLiRV yLjis
BRNRPV FssRVsW dxqsVN]s LSsRV. yLjiNTP RWLRisVVgS sVLiRVRV (47).
Dxms ss}][aRP bPss[xtsQRLS z [V e [ xqslLi[* xmsLjixLRiy ys[RyM NRPyRs ee 48
RLi[yzms R [yzms bPss[xtsQRLS z [V e [ xqslLi[* xmsLjixLRiy ys[RyM NRPyRs ee 49
Gs sWxmsRWsWxqs xqs RVsW sNTPLiNRPLSs e R[ sVy* [ xqslLi[* RW{tsQsWxqss aRPVzqsyM
ee 50
sNRP N]LRi\ZNP bPss[xtsQsVVsV RLjiLiRVyLjis (48), ysVV RLSRVsVs [xmsVN]sV N]LRiNRPV gSs,
[y BRLRiVsV sWxqsgjiRV N]LRiNRPV gSs bPss[xtsQsVVsV RLjiLiRV yLji\sssW BRNTP GyRV
g]sLSsRV. yLjiNTP RWLRisVVgS sVLiRVRV (49). A RVsVVRV Rs Vds dLRiVs AzmsLisV.
yLRiLiRLRiW LRiVsso*][ @Vs[ [|qsRsVs sLRiLiVVLiRVN]s ELRiNRPVLiTLji (50).
x[yR e
FyL<RiQ\LRisVRW[ [ sWRzqsQ* xqs j*M e bPs[NRPLi gSsWaRPV \LRiQ\ aRPV+ sWsxqsM ee 51
RR VNSQ*s [gSs xqsLi}qss R bPybP _ e @LjiLiRsVxqs RsRVM NRPLigSjxms[LRiW` ee
52
RsV BR y[sW s}qsyxmsLSRVM e [szms bPaRPVry=NRPLi bPsNTPLi RNSLRi xqsM ee 53
NRPsWy sVyFyR zmsRLRiVxmsLRi[ RVVy e {msy xmssLRi RW sWxqs bPsRLSLiaRP xqsLRi*aRPM ee
54

ysLi RLRiLi xqs y RVLRisW WxmsLRisVM e bPy[Vxtsv xqslLi[*xtsv kxms yyRX[ j*M ee
55
x BV xmsZNPsV c
RVsVRWR sVLiT C LRiLigRiVs bPsgRisVV[ sTzmsLixmsTs A xVRV aRPVRsVgRiV
@LiRMNRPLRisVV gRi y\ yLji][ gRiWT bdPxmnsVsVVgS bPs[NRPsVVsNRPV ssV. (51). @R @RRV
xqssVxqs [gRisVV ssVsLi, FyLRi*d xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVsV RNRPgS }qssLi, NRPLigRiLSgRiV
@LjiLiRsVVs NRPVsWLRiV\ sLisV (52). ARsNTP RsVVRV @s }msLRiV. @RRV sVV
sVLiTRVW bPsos }qssLiRV RVLiRV aRPR gRiy\ zms][ gRiWT bPsos LiTyRV (53).
N]LiR NSsVVsNRPV RLiT LSjNSLRisVV sVLiT ssXRVRVsV. @xmsoRV RVVsNRPVRgRiV
RsVVRV LS @VsV. @RRV xqsLRi*y {ms][ bPsRLRisVVsV xmssLji [|qssV (54). J
j*LS! LiVVLixms aRPNRPsVV NSs A RsV sVLSsNRPV , bPyRVsVVsLi RVLiRV
kxmssVVsV sgjiLixms[RVV RNRP sVLjiVVNRP RLRisVV RVRV (55).
gSsWkaSs= sVxRV xqsLS*s= sxtsQRVzqsys eBRsWxmsRWsWxqs kFy [RWbP+y[V
ee 56
@sy xqsRs[Vs[RLi xqss[V RLi][ sxtsQ e kxmsyy sxqsVu sd aRPVdLjiRsV ee 57
RVxqs RVry][ gSsVLi RWsLiRaRP bPyRWM e RR RR xqsy kF
][RdsWssyLjiRsV ee 58
sWsWLig][ ][}tsQ bPLRiZaP[y=Q sV xqsLiaRPRVsV e B RRRV][ kFyM xms bPyRVsV
ee 59
@RRV Rs LSsVLiR gSsWjNSLRiV sLiRLjis zms, BV AzmsLisV. bPyRVsVLiRV
kxmssVVsV sgjiLiRssV (56). @V [RVs sQQNTPs s[sV RLiTLiRsV. Bj xqsRsVV.
kxmssVVsV sgjiLis][, bPsoRV xqsLiRVxtsvRgRiVss s[RsVVV xmsVRVss (57). xms @jNSLji
Rs @jNSLRiZOP[Q RsVV[s gSsVsVV[ Ds bPyRVsVVsLi RVLiRV sRsVV

kxmssVVsNRPV GLSV [RVssV. ks sxtsQRVsVV[ RLRiNRPV yso [RV (58). y AsV


DLizmnsVLis yLjiNTP DLjibPORPQ s[RVRVsV. xqsLi[xsVV [RV. CsRsVVgS LS RVsVV ss
xms bPyRVsVVsLiRV kxmssVVV xmsNSbPLisV (59).
@s[\ss xqs RlLi[ RWssLi RsW sXxmsM e RLRiLjiLi sVxdLi Fyxms NSRLRisaRPLi gRiRM ee 60
xqs kxmsyxqsyWgS RxdsFysQkxms \s e @NSRWM xmsLRiWRRkxmsbPaRPRVM ee 61
GsLi xmns NS[s bPs[ssVzms RVRQXRsV e B y* bPs[ NSLRiLi sLi xqsVxqsVLjiM ee
62
NRP* xqs kOTPQRyRWRxqs=LRi*RLSLRixqs=y e bPy[V \sWgSyRa][LRiLiVVRVLi sxqsV ee 63
RsV sVLS sLi RVVsLiR NSsVV B[ RLRisVV yRLjiLi g]xms xmso xqssVXjs
F~Lij sVLRiLisV (60). @RRV kxmssVVsV sgjiLis xqsLiryLRisVV[ @s[NRP kxmssVVsV
sgjiLi, LRiR kxmssVV NSLiRVNRPV sRV\sVs @NSsgRiLRisVVsNRPV xmsVso AVsV (61). C
dLRiVs bPsosNRPV [zqss ALSRs @Q\sVy N]LiR NSsVVsNRPV xmnsLiRVss VLjiLigji xqsVsVVsV
g][LRiV sWssoV bPsos LiRssV (62). xqsLRi*y xqsLRi*RLRisVVNRPV ssVVV\s kOTPQRxmsoRVRV
FsNRPR? ARRV \sWgRisVV ss xqsLixmsRsxmsxLjiLiRVNRPV bPyRVsVVsV yRV (63).
ry*LRikxms Ra][][RLigRis RsWxLRiM e NRPLigRi sxtsQ[V LSLi FyF RLRiLRiLi xqsy ee 64
bPy[V xqssVVkxms kFys FygS*xqs[RRW` e \ZNPQQ*uy jNSxmsRds sVVdsaRP*LRi s[NRPRV ee 65
sVsVxtsQRLjis[s ryLixmsRLi [Vx V[ e B FNRPLi gRiVs[LRi RyRxqs z ee 66
RLjiRLi bPs xqsLi][xtsQLi aRPX*yLi xqsLRi*NSsVRsV e xqsLRi* [sbPs[yr xqsR*Li R RV[LiVVys ee
67
RR}msNRPsVy Wy* aRPXV yR dssV [ ee 68

B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi xmsRsV Li[ xqsXxtsvFys[


\ZNPxqsgRisV[ Fys[ gRiVs[ xqs=R sLRisLi ysV @uyRa][SyRVM (18).
INRP xmsWssVV ybPLi CRRV kxmssVVsV xmsNSbPLixms[RVgS bPsLigRi bPLRixqsV= \|ms gRi dNRP
]gjisj. ys sVzsV[ CRRV NRPLigSjxms\V, xqsLRi*y RLRiaRPR NRPgjiRVVLisV (64).
xmspLRi* s xqsLiryLRisVV DRVRsVgRi[ dsRRV bPyRVsVV[ kxmssVVsV |msLiyRV.
J sVVsZaP[uy! NTPLiRVsVV. CRRV BxmsVRV jNS xmsRss F~LijyRV (65). CRRV
BxmsVRV NRPV[LRiV\ RVry=RsVgRiV jNS xmsRss @sVsLiRVRVyRV. RVRRVs
NRPVsWLRiVRgRiV gRiVsj VVNRP sXyLiRsVV sLiRsLRiNRPV zmss (66). C RLjiRsVV bPsosNRPV
{mss NRPgjiLiRVsV. ssVyLRi N][lLi ssds C[LRiVsV. [s[soRgRiV bPsos][ CRsNTP
\sV FsV NRPgjisj ? (67). @sV sXyLiRsVVsV |msRsV. } sy=! dsso sVsxqsV=sV
gRisVV [zqs ssVsVV (68).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVVsLiRV lLiLiRsjRVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizR[ sVVRjRVgRiV xqsXztsQLiRsVV[
gRiVsj xqsRs F~LiRV @s[ xmsRVsssVRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (18).
@R @uyRa][syRVM
bPsos][ NRPV[LRiVs \sV
x[yR e
Fy[ NRP[ sVsV xmsoLS x[ sWsryRV=y` e xmsoryQj*aRPy [ Rxqs \saRPsxqsV=RM
ee 1
[s[RV sVNS VNS xmsoLki saRP*NRPXy NRPXy e ALSR RQLiNRPLi [sxtsvRVgRi Rxmsry xmsoLS ee 2
sd[ RR NRP[Q\s xmssX[ s[VxmnsV yxs[ e RW R LRir $ Rxqsxms}qs}ms xqsVRVxqs=xsV ee 3

NTP xmssLi sRV aRPLi[xqskxmssWRRM e xmsoLS xmsoLSlLi[xqs=Li Fyxms NSbPNSLi RQ NSbPNSsV ee


4
x BV xmsZNPsV c
xmspLRi*sVV FyRNRPsVVsLiRV xsgRiV y VVNRP sWsxqsxmsoRV\s xmsoxqsVQsNRPV saRPsxqsVRV
@sV NRPVsWLRiVRV NRPlgisVe @RsNTP \saRPsVRV (NRPV[LRiVRV) @sV NRPVsWLRiVRV NRPlgisV (1). ARRV
xmspLRi*sVV sVVNRPLi [sos @|mnsWLRisVgRiV RxmsxqsV=][ yLSjLi saRP*NRPLRi[ sLjiLixmsTs C
@NSxmsoLjis FyLisV (2). FyRNRPsVV gRiT, s[VxmnsV yxs NRPsVV LSgS, RVRRVs
NRPVsWLRiVRVgS sVs C NRPV[LRiVRV |mnsWLRisVgRiV RxmsxqsV=sV [|qssV (3). kxmssVVsV sgjiLiRV
sWRsVV[R RsNRPV Lis sV xmnssVV[ NTPVVNRP xmsssVVsV FsLjiLigji, ARRV
xmspLRi*sVV xmsoLSLjiRVgRiV bPsos \Rs xqs*LRiWxmssVVsV xmsNSbPLixms[RVV NSbdPsgRiLRisVVsV
[LRiVN]ssV (4).
bP\sNSRaRPsVV][R RLRiRQxmskxms\ZNPM e @ss NTP}qsR xqssW yssaRPM ee 5
bP\sNRPLi xqsVsVFyRLi RFsgji xmsLjiXLizRsV e NSsVN][RsVsxmnsV xmsRLigSxmnsWRsLjiRsV ee
6
FyxqsLiL][RsLS*RLi sLRiLi
xqsysNRPVxqsVsWLjiRsV ee 7

sLRi[ORPQ`

xqsLiryxms

aSLisLi

LigRiLi

ysRyxms xqs RxmsxqsQ*gRizqsxmsLjiZaP[ztsQRsV e RWsRWs RR*L<RiQ sL<SsVRVVRLi aRPRsV ee 8


ARRV RsVV @s[ LRiR kxmssVV[ GNSRaRP LRiVRVsV s[Vzms, @sssVgRiV NTP][, }mssV][
sLiTs xXRRVsVV gRiy\. yssVVsLiRV @RLiRV\ RVVLisV (5). ARRV sVRVNRPV
sWRs[V sVgRiVsRVV, RxmsxqsV= @s[ @gji[ sXj F~LijLixmsRVsRVV,
NSsVN][RLRiWxmssVV[ sVLi[ sVsxmnsVsVVsV xmsORPV V RgRiVs bP\sNRPsVVsV
ss[ F~LisV (6). ARRV FyRWsVsVV[ yRVVsosV xqsLiLixms[RVV[ yRVV
xqsLiyLRisVV [sRVV, ][xtsQLRizRsVgRiV @LiRLRiVR*sVV[ NSVxtsQsVVV [s sV[

[aRPsVVsLiRV aRPLiVLigRisVVsV ryzmsLi xmssRsVgRiV R sXRVs[ xmsoxtsQsVV[ yLSjLisV


(7). ARRV aRPLkiLRisVV[ RLRisVV, FssVVNRPV sWRs[V sVgRiVVsLiR sLRiNRPV xmsjs[ sLiR
xqsLisR=LRisVV NSsVV RxmsxqsV= [|qssV (8).
RRxqs=x saSOSQQ [[ sZaP[*aRP*LRixqs=Q*RVsV e @NSxms sW[NRP xmsxqss[yLiRLSRy ee 9
Lilgi[ sVsxqs= sWyRV zqsRLi ryVxqs*LRiWzmssV e DyR sLRi][S{qs RyROSQQ*NSxms[ ee 10
Dds sRVs[ RWsR= xmsaRP RFRsM e ysRVRR= xryLiaRPV xqsxryjNRP[xqssV ee 11
xmsoL][ RRLRi+ $ NRPLihRiLi RLiRRWRsVV sWRssV e R[M xmsLjiWyOTPQ[M xqsLidsV [Rs[ ee
12
DyR [s[s[aRPLi sV[LRiRxmsygRisV e sLi zmnsVRLRi+s[ yR RXNS=sVLRiQLi xmsRVRs[V ee 13
@xmsoRV sZaP[*aRP*LRi [soRV sTsNRPsV @LSLigji][ NRPWT xmsxqsssVgRiV sVsxqsV=][ xqs*RVsVVgS
xmsRQORPQ \sV @NSxmsRVgRiV NRPV[LRiVs RWsV (9). ARRV sVsxqsV=sV LigRisVVsLiRV gRisVV
[zqs ryVso s saRPV\ RVVLisV. @xmsoRV ARVs '} @NSxms[! sLRisVV sRsV
N][LRiVN]sVsVV' @s xmsZNPsV (10). Rxms}qs= RssVVgS gRi A NRPV[LRiVRV NRPsVsV LRi,
DRLiVVLi[ N][ xqsWLRiV NRPs @jNRPsVgRiV [xqsV= NRPgjisRVV (11), sxtsQsVVsV NRPLihRisVVsLiRV
RLjiLisRVV, RLiRVs bPLRixqsV=Q\|ms @LiNRPLjiLiRVN]sRVVs FyLRi*d xmss FsRVLRiVgS RWsV.
A [xqsV=sV NRPsV][ RWRNRP, ARRV sLis[ NRPsVsV sVWxqsVN]ssV (12).
sV[g][RLRisVV NSs A [s[sos][ ARTssV. yy! ds FyRsVVsV RWRgRilgi[ aRPNTPs y
NRPsVNRPV BsVV (13).
ARVs[Vs sL][ yR RVRQ*Li ryOSQsLkiORPQ }qs e NTPsVs[s slLi[[aRP ssV}qs aRPbPZaP[LRi ee
B RR*RsLi aRPVy* [s[s DsWxmsM e R_ RLRi+s rysVLRiQLi xqsXuy* FyR[s RsV ee
15

xmsryLRi sRVs[ xmspLRi*sVVsWs[Vs s[NRPRV` e R][Sr RWRxqsV Ry=sVLRiQ sVyxms


R ee 16
yy! ssV xmsRQORPQsVVgS RWRgRiVgRiV[V s[sV N][lLi[ sLRisVV. CaS! BRLRi sLRisVV][
xmss[VsV? J RLiRZaP[LS! dsNRPV ssVryLRisVgRiV gSNRP! (14). [s[soRgRiV FyLRi*dxms C
sWsV ss, ARss @LRi[][ xqsQXbPLi, RWRgRilgi[ aRPNTPs BsV (15). RVRR
NRPVsWLRiVRgRiV A NRPV[LRiVRV RWRgRilgi[ aRPNTPs F~Lij, NRPsVsV LRi, sVVLiRVgS FyLRi*d [ss
RWsV (16).
aRPLi[xqs=dsV}ms NS WztsQ[uy xqsLS*LigRi xqsVLiRLki e AsRW NTPLi RxmsxqsxmsLi sVsWzms RxmsrsjNRPsV
ee 17
@x[ LRiWxmssVx[ }mssV rgRiLi $ LRix[ XaRPsV e ByykRr xmso][ sVVxLRixLRids
z ee 18
NRPWLRiRXgki*QORPQ[ RWsRVsM xmsosLjiRLi sRs e ysRVr Rs[QRLi ysVLi
ysWs[NRPy` ee 19
@R [s ds[s NTPsVr RVxtsQyxmssM e @xqsNRPXk*QORPQ sWLi sNTP NRPVLRiV R*Li s[V RxmsM xmssV ee
20
@xqsNRPXk*QORPQ[yN`Puy xmsosLSs[Vs xmsaRP e @xqsWRV sW[ s[V LRiWxms}mssV rgRi xqsLixmsy ee
21
aRPLiVs xqsdsVxmssVV[ xqsLS*LigRi xqsVLiRLjiRVgRiV C RVVs FssLRiV? CsV Fs RxmsxqsV=sV
[zqss][? y NRPLi @jNRP\sVs RxmsxqsV=sV [zqssj (17). @x[!GsV LRiWxmssVV! @x[! GsV
}mssV! GsV rgRisVV! GsV a][! BV NRPV[LRiVRV sVLRi sVLRi xmsVNRPVRV @gS
xmssLjiLisV (18). BV xmsVNRPVRW NRPWLRisVgRiV RWxmso][ AsVsV RWRV[, @Rs FsRsV
s[RsVV xmsgjiFVsV (19). @xmsoy [s [sos][ sssV. GsV Bj? C RVxtsQyxmsxqsVRV @[
xmssgS ssV RW sWRVRVyRV. yRxmsaRP+QQNTPs dssNTP VxmsoRV [RVVsVV (20). sVLRi

sVLRi ss[ RWRVRVyRV. y LRiWxmssVVsV, }mssVsV, rgRisVVsV, xqsLixmsRsV RW


@xqsWRVxmsRVRVyRV (21).
B [dsgjiLRiLi aRPVy* xmsxxqs Fyx yLi xmsVM e Ds[V R*kRVM xmso][r s R NRPWlLi[ RORPVuyee
22
xqsLixmsaRP RFOUPQ Li Rs NTPLi R*j sLRi[V` e B [dsLi xqssWxtsQ RdsVaRPM xmsosLRids` ee 23
sLSs RysV [ sR= RFyrys[s ][ztsQRM e skysVR yRxqsQ*Li gRiVxNSyLi # s[aRP*LRiM ee 24
RVOSQLi NTPsLSLi R LSLi LS R xqsVsRM e xmsM xmsoyyLi R xqslLi[*uyLi Rs][ s
ee 25
[s VVNRP C sWsV ss bPsxmsVso LRiVsso*][ AsV][ sssV. DsW! CRRV ds
NRPVsWLRiVRV. CRRV ssV NRPWLRiRXztsQ][ RWRV[RV (22). \|msgS dsRxmsxqs=LixmsRsV
sLjiLiRVRVyRV. BV [s][ xmsNTP CaRPVRV sVLRi NRPV[LRiVs][ sssV (23). sy=! ds
RxmsxqsV=sV s[sV sVs. dsNRPV sLRisVVsRsV. dsso sRVNRPV yRVRso @gRiVsVV.
gRiVxNRPVNRPV xmsVs @gRiVRVso (24). RVORPVNRPV, NTPsLRiVNRPV, LSNRPV LS\s
sRsVVssVztsQLiRVsVV. xmsoRVNRPV xmsVso @gRiVRso. @LiRLjiNUP dss[ RssVVsV BRso
(25).
sVRW xqsLi R [ sRLi sy=QsV R RyLiZNP[ e @NSLi sNRP uy sVR Rs {ms ssXR[V
ee 26
AgRiR FyRWLRiryM xmsR [ sds *RVsV e RVRR sVNRP xqsVxmsxqss[s [Rry ee 27
dsNRPV y][ sRQ\sV NRPgjisj. s[sV dsNRPV RgRiLRigS @NSsgRiLRi xqsdsVxmssVV[ sszqsLiRsV. }
sVRsW! s[sV dsNRPV @jNRPsVgRiV {mss NRPgjiLiRsV (26). RVRR NRPVsWLS! dsso
sVNRPVRso. LRisVV. CsV ds R. xmsxqsssVgRiV sVsxqsV=][ CsV FyRsVV\|ms xmsRVsVV (27).
x[ yR e

B RyQ* sLSs[sM xmsosLSx bPyLi bPsM e xmsryRLi NRPVLRiV [s[bP Rxmszqs*sLigRi[sR\s ee 28


By NRPLRiQ sRaRP+Li[M FyLRi*d gRiRLiNS e @dsyRLi RLi xqsVxmsxqss[s [Rry ee 29
x BV xmsZNPsV c
bPs [soRV C sRsVVgS sLRisVVs, sVLRi [s][ sssV; J [s[ds! RxmsaS+RVgRiV C
ds xmsoRVs \|ms RRVsV RWxmsosVV (28). aRPLiVs C sWsV ss, gRiRLi RVgRiV FyLRi*
xmsxqsssVgRiV sVsxqsV= gRi\ RVRR NRPVsWLRiVs][ sssV (29).
[soyR e
sR= [ sLRi NTPLRis[ sRV xqsLRi*y e # \sNRP zmsLig][ s[[ ys[Vs xqsV[s x ee 30
[s[s Ry [V RVLi sLSxqs=LiRV R\s [ e NRPV[L][ s ysW R*Li sVsV LRiW}msL<RiQRW
xqsVR ee 31
B RyQ* sLSs[[ [y xqsx sV}aRP*LRiM e RsyRV ss[aSR ysV \sZaP[*aRP*LSRsV ee 32
BRLi xqsR*Li $ aRPLi[M Fy\|msxtsQ RsRM xmsoLRisV e @NSsNRPuy y{qs\QxqsaRP+LiNRPLSRVM ee 33
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi xmsRsV Li[ \ZNPxqs
gRisV[Fys[ NRPV[LRixqs bPssVRR* sLRisLi ysV GN][ssLiaRPM @yRVM (19).
[s BV xmsZNPsV c
sy=! dsNRPV xqsLRi*NSsVVRVLiRV bPsos\|ms sLRisVgRiV NTP NRPVgRiVgSNRP! ds FsRsV NRPsV
xmsgjisj gRiy! NSs FsLRis IZNP[ s[RsVV gRi yRso NRPsVV (30). dsNRPV bPsoRV Bs sLRisVVV
xmnsLiRVgSNRP! J NRPVsWLS! dsso y LRiWxmssVVsLiRV CL<RiQsV F~Lijs gSs, NRPV[LRiVRV @sV }msLRi
xmszqsRVRsgRiVRVso (31). sV}aRP*LRiVRV C sRsVVgS [s][ gRiWT NRPV[LRiVsNRPV sLRisVVs,
sZaP[*aRP*LRiysVsVVsV xmss[bPLisV (32). NRPV[LRiVRV C dLRiVs $ aRPLiVs \sVs,

@NSsgRiLRisVVsV F~LisV. aRPLiNRPLRiVs syxqssVgRiV \ZNPxqssVV @NS sgRiLRisVVsNRPV xqsdsVxmsssVV[


s|qssV (33).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[s lLiLiRsj RVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizRRVLiRV sVVR LiRsVV[
NRPV[LRiVsNRPV bPsos][ \sV NRPVgRiV @s[ xmsLi]sVRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (19).
@R sLia][syRVM
bPsoRV \ZNPxqssVVsNRPV s
x[yR e
yLRiR R*Li aRPXV sVVs[ bPygRisVs xqsRsVsV e \ZNP}qs xmsLRi*R ZaP[}tsQ NRPV[LRixqs RF` ee 1
sjxmsR* sLRiLi RyQ* gRiy* xqs*ryssVVRsVsV e sLiR xXj sZaP[*aRPM NRPV[LRi sLRiyRVNRPM ee 2
sRLigRi xqs*LRiWF s[V xmspLRiM xmsRV NSLRiNRPX` e RRW}ms gRisVuysV \ZNPxqsLi
gRiVxNSRVsV ee 3
LRiV][ xXRRV [ s[V z xmspLSLia][ xsxtsQM e xLji j}qs=[ sVR[
sLRiLisM ee 4
RR=Q* LRiW}ms R\Qs xqsVxXRWy* sxqsxsV e NRPV[LRixqs R sy=QsV NRPLjiuysV RF
sVx` ee 5
x BV xmsZNPsV c
J yLRiRsVVds! NRPV[LRiVs RxmsM xmsssVV ss bPsoRV xmsLRi*RLSsVgRiV \ZNPxqssVVsNRPV sRV
@s[ xmso sXyLiRsVVsV ssVsVV (1). sZaP[*aRP*LRiVRV NRPV[LRiVsNRPV sLRisVVs, ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV Rs
ysVsV F~Lij, xXRRVsVV[ sV A[LisV (2). x aRPLkiLRisVV sVLiT AsLRisLis

xmsRV NRPLRiRVgRiV LRiVRVRV y xmspLSsyLRisVV. s[sV A LRiWxmssVV[ gRiVxNRPVVLi[


\ZNPxqssVVsNRPV sRsV (3). y xXRRVsVV sVLiT xmsos LRiVRVRV xmspLSLiaRPsVV gRiyRV,
sLRiV xmsLRix, xLji RV[ }qssLixmsRVyRV, y NRPLi s[LRiV NSsyRV, ][xtsQLRizRVRV
(4). s[sV A LRiWxmssVV][ @R NRPV[LRiVs sVRVR\s sxLjiLiRsV. sVLjiRVV g]xms RxmsxqsV=
[|qsRsV (5).
B xqsLiLiR LRiV][sr bPs[yLi gRiLiRVsVVRV=NRPM e syR RR RNSLi ry*Li xqsVgRiLi
yRLRiWzmssV ee 6
\Q[NS sWsZaP[ Rry R*sLRiVy=x NSLRiNRPM e A*sgRi xqsLiRVVN][ sRry=LiRaRPNRPM ee 7
RRVQy* sxtsvy xqsV=LSaRP sVVsRVxqsy e AgRisW sgRisW sVWLS zqs=y gRiVaRP
RR \s ee 8
xqsVLSxqsVLSyxqs= NRPxqsR gRiVaRP rR=yM e xqslLi[*szms xmssVy gRiVLRiR NRPVyzms xqsLizqsyM ee
9
BV RFzqssLiRs[, LRiVRVRV bPsos BRsV xmspLji[RVV[ Dy=xsVV gRiy\,
xmsogRis B[ yRxqs*LRiWzmsRVgRiV Rs RNRPsV ssjLisV (6). Dy=xsVVsV
NRPgjiLiRVsj, gRisVssVVsNRPV A*sLiRVsj,sR\sVsj, gRiLidLRiaRPsVV gRij @gRiV A RNRP
VVNRP R*s sVV[NRPsVV[ yzmsLisV (7). A R*ss ss, sxtsv j [sRV,
sVVsVV, AgRisVsVVV, s[RsVVV sVWLji y, zqsRVV @RNRPV sLji (8). @LiRLRiV [sRV,
LSORPQxqsVV Dy=xsVV][ sRNRPV sLji. xmssVRVV (LRiVR gRisVVV) FsNRPR DssW @RNRPV
RVV [LjiLji (9).
gRiFyaRP sV gSxqs=LRi*[NRP ssVxqsQXyM e [uyLi xqsLi sVxLi s rysysRRW
aRPXV ee 10
@RWRLi NRPLRiaRP gRiN][ gRi[aRP*LRiM e RaRPM ZNP[NRPLSORPQaRP sNRPX][suylLi[s R ee 11

RRVxtsQFy saSaRP ssM FyLjiRWRNRPM e xtsQT xqs=LS*LiRNRP $Q+sWs RVLiRV[uylLi[s R ee


12
LiN][ z y*RaRPM N][ LRi xmsoLigRisM e xqsxms xqs=sVR $Q+sWLixqs \s sNRPXyssM ee 13
xmsLiRaRP NRPFyd z xtsQT xqs=LiyLRiNRPaRPV+M e N][ N][ lLi[s[x NRPLiRVNRPM NRPVLiRNRPxqsy ee 14
sVRVV, xqsLRi* so[ ssVxqsLjiLixmsRVyLRiV sgRiV gRixmsRVV NRPWR RVV [LjiLji. yLji
xqsLisV s[sV |msRsV. rysyssVVgS ssVsVV (10). aRPLiNRPLRiVRgRiV gRiyRVRV N][
gRisVV][ RVV[lLisV. ZNP[NRPLSORPVRV xmsj, sNRPXRVRV FsssVj (11), saSVRV @LRi\s yVgRiV,
FyLjiRWRNRPVRV ]sVj, xqsLS*LiRNRPVRV ALRiV, $sWs RVLiRVVRV FsssVj (12), gRiZaP[xtsvRgRiV
LiNRPVRV xmssLiRV, $sWs xqssVRVRV GRV, sNRPXyssVRV NRPWR GRV (13), NRPFy @LiVVRV,
aRPVNRPLRiVRgRiV xqsLiyLRiNRPVRV ALRiV, NRPLiRVNRPVRV, NRPLiRNRPVRV IN]NRP N][ gRisVV][ NRPWT
sLji (14).
sxtsQLi[suyLRigRisVRFyaRPLiRyxmssM esVZNP[aRPxqs=x}qs N][yLi gRiF sXRM ee 15
NRPVLiU y*RaRP LS*xxqsy xmsLRi*RNRPaRPV+M e NSaRP NSNRP\ZaPQQs sVNSaRP+[s \s ee 16
@gji NRPaRP+RN][Q\s N][ sVV Gs R e AjR sVWLS N][ R RR \s RysxM ee 17
xqsyxaRP aRP# [\ss NRPVsVVRM N][xqsy e @sWxmnsVM N][NTP\ZaPQQs N][ N][ xqsVsVLiRNRPM ee 18
NSNRPFy][sxmsLRixt<sQuy xtsQFy xqsLiysNRPM xmsVM e sVaRP ssLRiRVzmsLigRiaRP zmsLigRiM ee 19
sxtsQLiVRV FsssVj, RLiR yxmssVRV FsssVj, sVZNP[aRPVRs[ gRixms s[LiVV (15), NRPVLiT,
yxRV, aRPVNRPLRiVRgRiV xmsLRi*RNRPVRV, NSVRV, NSNRPVRV @sVyLRiV IN]NRPLRiV xmssLiRV,
sVNSVRV sLiR (16), @gjiNRPVRV sLiR, @sVVVRV, AjRsVWLRiVRV, RysxRV
IN]NRP (17), xqsyxRV sLiR, NRPVsVVRVRV sLiR, @sWxmnsVVRV, N][NTPVRV, xqsVsVLiRNRPVRV
IN]NRP (18), NSNRPFyRVRsV yRV @LRi\s, xqsLiysNRPVRsV gRixms @LRi\s, sVVRV,
sVRVzmsLigRiVRV, zmsLigRiVRV IN]NRPLRiV ]sVj N][ gRisVV][ sLji (19).

ds[ ssy [s[aRPLi xmspLRi RxqsQ\s R e N][yLi \s xqsFyyLi RRVLRi*QQN][Q sVM ee 20


N][N][ xqsxryLi aRP# \Lji*LiaRPLRi*QXRM e RygSsV xqslLi[*aRPM \ZNPxqsgRisVyRV \s ee 21
NSuygRiWRaRP RVxt<sQFy xqsVZNP[a][ sXxtsQxqsy e N][ xqs=xqs\ZaPQQQ][ sNRPVdaRPxqs=Q*RVLi xmsVM ee
22
[NSLiRNRPaRP kFyy Ry \yLiRNRPM xmsVM e [[ XLigki Lji$Q+sWs [s[szmsRVxqsy ee
23
@aRPsLSsVNRP\ZaPQQs RRVxt<sQFy xqsyRsM e sLikaRP*L][ gRikaRPaRP+R N][ sVM ee 24
dsVRV ]Li\, xmspLRi RVRVNRPWR ]Li\, sVaSRVgRiV RRVLRi*NRPVQRV GRV N][
gRisVV][ bPsos sRNRPV sLji (20). xqslLi[*aRP*LRiVRgRiV bPsoRV \ZNPxqssVVsNRPV s\ZNP BLRiVsj
sLiR N][ N][ gRisVV][ NRPWT RVV[lLisV (21).
NSuygRiWRVRV, xqsVZNP[aRPVRV, sXxtsQVRV IN]NRPLRiV @LRi\s ygRiV, \RVRV, sNRPVdaRPVRV (22),
[NSLiRNRPVRV, kFyR, \yLiRNRPVRV, XLigji [soRV, bPsosNRPV @ zmsRVVRgRiV $sWs Lji
(23), @aRPs, sVNRPVRV IN]NRPLRiV GRV, xqsyRsVRV @LRi\s yVgRiV, sVVRgRiV
sLikaRP*LRiVRs[ gRixms sLiR N][ gRisVV][ s[zqsLji (24).
G[ ys[ R gRiFy @xqsLiy sVM e xqslLi[* xqsxxqs xryaRP sVVNRP yLjiM ee 25
xqslLi[* RLiysRLiryaRP dsNRPLihSzqsQ[RyM e LRiNRPVLiRZNP[RVWLRi sVVNRPV\Q* LRiLiNRPXyM ee
26
}LiR sxtsv xqsLiNSaS @ sWj gRi\LRi*QXyM e xqsWLRiN][ xmsdNSaSxqsy gRiVLRi[aRP*LSM ee
27
G[ gRijFyaSs[ sVy[ssVxmsM e gRiVxqsR sV{msy bPsRLRi+sryM ee 28

dslLi[gSNRP sVaSVLRigRiV gRikaRPVV FsLiRL][ NRP[sLiR sVLij sLji. yLRiLiRLRiV @s[NRP


xxqssVVsV NRPgjiRVVLiTLji. yLRiV sV NTPLkisVVsV RLjiLi RVVLiTLji (25). dsLRiLiRLRiV
RLiRVs bPLRixqsV=Q\|ms RLjiLiLji. ss NRPLihRisVVsV, sVWRV NRPsVsV NRPgjiRVVLiTLji. yLRiV
LRisVVV, NRPVLiRsVVV, ZNP[RVWLRisVVV, NTPLkisVVV sVVRgRiV y][ @LiNRPLjiLiRVN]sLji
(26). yLRiV x, BLiRVRV, sxtsvso][ xqssVsVgRiV rysVLRiQsVVsV NRPgjiRVVLiTLji. yLjis
@sWj zqsRVV }qssLiRVRVLisV. N][ xqsWLRiV NSLi][ IxmsV gRixmsRVV @RNRPV
sRVVLiTLji (27). sVRVV, jsNSLi][ IxmsVyLRiV, bPsos RLji+LiRV RVLiRV @LRiV
gRi yLRiVsgRiV FsLiRL][ gRijxmsoV @RNRPV sLji (28).
gRiy* RR bPsLi RXuy* sy* RNRPVM xmsLSLi ssV e xqslLi[* ryLiW sxtsvxmssVV
sRsVxqsNSM ee 29
B suy*jry=LRiLi sV}aRPM xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiM e \ZNPxqssVgRisVdQy NRPV[LRixqs sVRsM ee 30
NRPV[L][sFygRiRLi aRPLiVLi xmspRWsWxqs ryRLRisV e NSQ y [xms\lLiaRP xmsLjiyLRixqssVs*RM ee
31
R][ suy*jNSs [ys gRiLiaSyszms RVssV e bPysVgSs= sWsLRi bPs][xtsQ }Rs[ ee
32
sxtsvso sVVRgRiV yLRiLiRLRiV bPsos sRNRPV s, ARVssV RW, ][zqsVVgji bPLRiry
ssVxqsLjiLi g]xms rRsVVsV zqsLji (29). xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRgRiV sV}aRPVRV sxtsvso sVVRgRiV
yLji][ gRiWT, sVRVRgRiV NRPV[LRiVsRVLiR {ms][, \ZNPxqssVVsNRPV ssV (30). NRPV[LRiVRV
xmsLjiyLRisVV][ gRiWT, s[Li[zqss bPsos ARLRisVV][, NTP][ gRiWTs y\ @s[NRPsVVgRiV
DxmsLRisVVsLjiLi xmspLisV (31). RLRiVyR ARVs bPsos AsLijLixms[RVV N]LRi\ZNP
sxtsvso sVVRgRiV [sRsV, bPsos @sVRLRiVgRiV gRisVVsV ARLRisVV][ xmspLisV (32).
@R aRPLiVxqs=sWLigRi NRPV[LRiLi {msRsWsxqsM e sVWLjiQ yxmnsWRV xqsLiRrysNSLi sNRPuy\M ee
33

aSaRPxqs saRP*NRPLSLi sLSLRiLi gjiL_ xmsVM e yy#ZN^PQ Lji yryRV xqs*xmslLi[uyLi RV][RsV ee
34
saRP*NRPLSR][ gRiy* RR yysyLi sVVs[ e LRiRRWsWxqs RVRLi aRPLi[LRisVRW ee 35
@R aRPLiVM xmssVVj][ xLjiFyLRisRW Ry e NRPV[LSsV gRixLi NRPXy* RVR \ZNPxqsxmsLRi*RsV
ee 36
@xmsoRV aRPLiVRV AsLijLis sVsxqsV= gRiy\, NRPV[LRiVs ALigRissVV [xqsVN]s, sVV\|ms
sVVjT, @LiRLji][ gRiWT @NSsgRiLRi xqsdsVxmssVV[ sVLisV (33). xmsVsgRiV bPsoRV RsNRPV, Rs
NRPVLiRLjiNUP sszqsLiRV N]LRi\ZNP Rgjis syxqssVVsV xmsLRi*RsVVsLiRV sLjiLiRVsVs saRP*NRPLRisV
AzmsLisV (34). J sVxL<ki! saRP*NRPLRi aRPLiVs RW[ \ZNPxqssVVsNRPV s, @R
yysRsVVgRiV FyryRsVVsV bdPxmnsVsVVgS sLjiLisV (35). @xmsoRV sVNTP RWsLijLis
bPsoRV sxtsvso VVNRP FyLRisyNTPLi, NRPV[LRiVs @sVgRizLi, \ZNPxqs xmsLRi*RsVVsNRPV ssV
(36).
xqsVsVVxlLi[ xmssaSr xqs*rysLi xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiM e @NRPL][RdsQy xqsyys NRPsR=M ee 37
@R xqslLi[* xmssVVjy sxtsvxmsXRRVxqsV=LSM e sVVsRVaSxmslLi[ zqsy @ztsQLiRsVy bPssV ee
38
xqssWsLRiVM NRPsWR=lLi[* y[FyRVsFyRVM edsLSsLi xqssWNRPL<RiVLRix[R=s xmsoLRixqs=LRisV ee
39
Ry{qs RV=sV[ sXztsQ LRiLigRiRVRy sVVs[ e xqsV{msy ssXRVxqs yxms=LRir gSsRRLSM ee
40
RVaRP[ ssVaRP+xqsy{qsR=LRi* xqsLixqsQXRM e R][y=x[ sVy{qsR=lLi[*uyLi xqsVsLRisM ee
41

xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV xqsVsVVxLRisVVsLiRV Rs ryssVgRiV \ZNPxqssVVsV xmss[bPLisV. NRPsR=VRgRiV


ARVs {ms][ @LiRLjids xqsyRVsV [|qssV (37). @xmsoRV sxtsvso sVVRgRiV [sRLiRLRiV
AsLijLisy\lLi, sVVsV][ zqsRV][ gRiWT bPsos {ms][ @}tsQNTPLiLji (38). yLRiLiRLRiV
[RV[ DFyRVssVVsV xmsVN]s bPsos sLRiVxqsgS @LjiLi, sVx[R=ssVV][
dsLSssVVsLji (39). J sVxL<ki! @xmsoRV [sRV sVLigRiNRPLRisVgRiV xmsoxtsQsXztsQs NRPVLjizmsLiLji.
@R @xms=LRixqsV gSssVV [RVVRW {ms][ ysWTLji (40) @xmsoRV @R RVRV
y*ssVVV, ssVaRP+sVVV xqsLRiV*[ xmsVNRPTss. A g]xms Dy=xsVV @LiRLjiNTP
xqsVsLRiNRPsVVsV (41).
zqsy* zqsLixqss[ aRPLiV Lji*LRiLSjNRPLi Ry e xqs\lLiQQ*xqs=Li}qs s][sdNRPLi suy*Q\QaRP
RV][RsV ee 42
@R xqslLi[* xqsVLSyaRP RVxtsvsoxqsLi xmsXRN`P xmsXRN`P e @LSQ LS*gjiLjiuyaRP+LiNRPLRiLi [NRPaRPLiNRPLRisV
ee 43
xmsxqsyy xqsVLi aRPVy* [uyLi NSsWs R_ bPsM e sV[sztsQys {msy sLSs xqslLi[*aRP*LRiM
xmsVM ee 44
bPyRWR [ xqslLi[*xqs*Li xqs*Li ysV RVRVVLRis[ e Fyxms NSsWM xmssVVjy @xLi R sxtsvy
xqsx ee 45
Dxmss[aSxqss[ sxtsvLi sWLi R aRPLiVLRiVyR x e x xqsLi[R xqsV{msyssVgRiXx
xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiM ee 46
aRPLiVRV zqsLixqsssVVsLiRVs y\ sVNTP sLSsV. suy*j [sRLiRLRiV RV][ RsVVgRi
ARVssV }qssLiLji (42). @xmsoRV [sRV, BRLRiVV [NRPsVVNRPV sVLigRisVVsRV A
aRPLiNRPLRiVs @LRisLiRsVV\s, bPs{msNRPLRisVV\s yNRPV][ s[lLi[*LRiVgS xqsVLiLji (43).
xqslLi[*aRP*LRiVRV, xmsVso @gRiV bPsoRV yLji rRsVVsV ss, xmsxqsssVgRiV sVsxqsV=gRiy\, yLRiV
sVsxqsV=[ N][LRiVNRPVs N][lLissds sLRisVVVgRi ssV (44). @xmsoRV yLRiLiRLRiV bPsos sR

|qsso dxqsVN]s RsV RsV ssoNRPV sLji. J sVVds! s[sV, sVLjiRVV sxtsvso C[Ljis N][lLiV
gRiyLRi\sV AsLijLisV (45). xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRgRiV aRPLiVRV ssV, sxtsvsosV AxqsssVV sLiRV
NRPWLRiVLiR, sVNTP }mssV][ @sVgRizLi, @s[NRP sRsVVVgS xqsLi[jLi BssV (46).
bPs DyR e
} xlLi[ } s[ yf RVVyLi zmsRVRL_ sVsV e xqsVL][Rs gRi][sssxqsLRiNRP L_ xqsy ee
47
gRiRRLi sLRiRWsRLi xqs*rysLi R sVyRW e xqsVxmsyyxLi \s yLi
sZaP[uy[QQORPQNRPxqs=y ee 48
ByNRPLRiQ sRaRP+Li[ xqsV= xmssV RyRW e @xLi xLjiaRP xqs*Li ysWgRisWs {msRsWs
r ee 49
yRdss[Vs xqsV{msRaRP+LiNRPL][ sjxmsLi sVVy e Dxmss[aRP gRiX{y* RLi NRPLRi Ax aRPVLi sRM ee 50
bPsoRV BV xmsZNPsV c
} xlLi[! } xs ! sR=LS! dsVLjiRLRiV yNRPV sVNTP {msFyRVV. dsVLRiV [[RsVVV.
dsVLRiV gRiRVsV xqsXztsQLi, xqsy LRiOTPQLiRVRVLiRVLRiV (47). dsVLRiV dsV ryssVVsNRPV sRV. sRsVV
sLRiRVsVVgS sVLiRVRV. Bj y RWs. s[sV dsVNRPV xqsVsVVsRsV. xqsy dsV g][gRiVsV
RWRsV (48). aRPLiVs C sWsV ss, sxtsvso sVLjiRVV s[sV ARVsNRPV ssVxqsLjiLi,
sVNTP xqsLiRzqsLis yLRi\sV, ARVs A[ sW ryssVVNRPV Ljigji ssV (49). @[
xqssVRVsVV[ sVNTP xqsLiRzqsLis aRPLiNRPLRiVRV AsLiRsVV][ NRPV[LRiVs [s xmsVN]s
NRPWLRiVLiR C aRPVNRPLRisVVgRi yNRPVsV xmsZNPsV (50).
bPs DyR e
Rs }mssW sbdP W][ sVRygRisVsLi xqs[ e xqs*rysLi gRiR sRVxqs=WsxLi xqsysxmnsV ee
51

ByNRPLRiQ sRaRP+Li[M NRPV[LRiM {msRsVsxqsM e RyRW xqs*NRPLi ysV gSsV xmssVVys*RM ee


52
xqs Dyxqs gjiL_ aRPLiVM \ZNP}qs xmsLRi*][Rs[V e xqsgRi[ WgRisLRiRxqs=Q*RLi][ ysRRLRiM ee 53
NRP*R_ xqs*sWysLi NRP*][gRiLRi][ss` e B xqs gRis {msysykR=Q*
RLiRsWsxqsM ee 54
bPsoRV BV xmsZNPsV c
J sVRsW! ds }mssV[ s[sV dsNRPV saRP# \sV \sV N]LRi\ZNP BRNRPV ss. J @sxmnsW! ds
ryssVVsNRPV ssVV. dsNRPV RVsVV [RV. s[sV dsNRPV xqsLRi*y xqsRVVRsV (51). NRPV[LRiVRV
aRPLiVs C sWsV ss xqsLiRzqsLisy\ g]xms AsLiRsVV][ bPsos RW xmsNSLRisVVgS Rs
ysVNRPV ssV (52). A bPsoRV gRisVV][ NRPWTs y\, WgRisVVsLiRV gRiQQ\sVs y\,
yssVVsLiRV RRLRiV\ RV[RgS A xmsLRi*R ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV \ZNPxqsgjiLji RVLiRV sszqsLisV (53).
INRPxmsVRV ARVs ARLRiRV\ RVVLisV. sVLjiVVNRPxmsVRV WgRisxtsv\ RVVLisV. ARVs
sVsxqsVsNRPV ssxmsoRV {ms][ @s[NRP BxqssVVsV |msTyRV (54).
NRP*\Qxqs NRPVRLRixqsVrys[xtsv sV}aRP*LRiM e sLRi gRi\M {msy ss[xtsv sLRis`ee 55
BRLi LRiVRxqs*LRiWFsr aRPLiNRPLRiM xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiM e @NSL<kiR=Q*gjiL_ d yy WgjisL][szms RVM ee
56
dsy* NSLi NTPRVLiRLi rsxmsdNRPM xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiM e xmsaSRyxms xqs*xmsdLi RORPQxmsd xqssVVRysV
ee 57
sLRi RRW xqsy RORPQxmsoyQ sV}aRP*LRiM e xqsVd Ws [slL<i[ [NSyLRi xmsLSRVM ee 58
sLRisVVsLjiLigjis sV}aRP*LRiVRV INRPxmsVRV \ZNPxqs xmsLRi*Rxms[aRPsVV RVLiRV gRisVV][ NRPWT
{ms][ sxLjiLiTyRV (55). aRPLiNRPLRi xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV Wgji ZaP[xtsv[ @LiVVy, C dLRiVs LRiVR
LRiWxmso\ Rs xmsLRi*RsVVsLiRV @s[NRP dsV [|qssV (56).A xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV LRi [NRPVLiRgS

N]LiRNSsVVsV gRiTzms, RLRiVyR RORPVs NRPVsWlLisV syxsWsV (57). J


[sL<ki! sV}aRP*LRiVRV RORPQxmsoRVgRiV A xqsd[s][ gRiWT [NSyLRisVVsV @sVztsQLiRVRW
xqsV\V sxLjiLisV (58).
BRLi LRiVysyLRi}qs sLji ][sRVLi sVVdsaRP*LRie \ZNPxqs gRisVsLi yxqs xqsy*sjxmsxqs z ee 59
RRLiRLRiR dzms sLjiy s sLjids e BsVVR R RW sRLi xqsLRi*NSsVxmnsxmsy ee 60
BsWLi NRPyLi xmslhi[RxqsV aRPXVRWy* xqssWzRM e Bx VNTPLi xqssWryR [sVQQNTPLi xmsLRiR
xqsM ee 61
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi xmsRsV Li[ \ZNPrFys[
bPsxqs \ZNPxqsgRisVsLi ysV sLia][syRVM (20).
J sVxL<ki! dsNRPV C dLRiVs LRiVysyLRisVVsV, NRPV[LRiVs \sV NSLRisVV ss bPsoRV
\ZNPxqssVVsNRPV ssV sLjiLis (59). C gSR[ @LiRLRiRsVVgS sVs dsV NRPWR
sLjiLis. C gSR ssVVsV sXj F~LijLiRVsV. Bx xmsLRisVVRVLiRV sRsVV
N][lLissds C[LRiVsV (60). Fss\lLi[ C NRPRsV aRPR][ xmshjiLiRL][, [y ssRL][, yLRiV
Bx[NRPsVV[ VNTPs F~Lij, xmsLRi[NRPsVV[ sVVNTPs F~LiRLRiV (61).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsj RVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizR RVLiRV sVVR LiRsVV[
\ZNPrFyssVV[ bPsoRV \ZNPxqssVVsNRPV s @s[ BLRiVsjRVs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj
(20).
$ NRPXuyLRisVxqsV.

$ gRi[aSRV ssVM
LRiVR xqsLizR c xqsd LiRsVV
@R xmsRsWsyRVM
xqsLiZOP[Qxms xqsdRLjiRsVV
$ gRi[aSRV ssVM e @R xqsdLi][ j*dRVM FyLRi[ ee
yLRiR DyR e
s[ xqsLRi*Li syzms NRPXxmsRW aRPLiNRPLRixqs R e R*RWsRVy z NRPjyM NRPy s[V bPsWaRPV+M
ee 1
R*sVLi[ xqsLisXyLi aRPVy* bPsNRPyLi xmsLSsV e @RXF z xmsosryLi \s
a][RVsVysVxLi xms[ ee 2
xmspLSLiaRPaRP+LiNRPLRi\|qs#s W LRiV][ sLRiRM xmsoLS e s[ R*RW sV}aSsM \ZNPxqssW sbdP ee 3
xqs Wgki xqsLRi*suy*j xqsVLRi}qssxqs=yLi gRiM e sLRiQ*LiR*M NUPR xqsy sLji*NSLki sVxmsVM ee 4
$ gRi[aRPVsNRPV ssVxqsLjiLi, lLiLiRsj RVgRiV xqsdLiRsVV ALRiLiLixmsRVRVsj.
yLRiRVTV xmsZNPsV c
} xs ! aRPLiNRPLRiVs NRPXxms[ dsNRPV xqsLRi*sVV RVVsV. dsso yNRPV @RVRsVV\s,
aRPVNRPsVV\s FyLRi*d xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiV gSRsV zmsRVVLis (1). } xms[! ds sVVxmsRsVV
sVLiT sVs[ ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV bPsNRPRsV ssysV. NSs yNRPV BLiNRPsW RXzms NRPVgRi[RV. sVLRi
bPsNRPRsV ssg][LRiVRVysV (2). } xs! aRPLiNRPLRiVs xmspLSLiaSsyLRisVgRiV LRiVRVs RsVLRiV
BjsLRi[ sLjiLiRVVLiLji. [LijRVVRV, \ZNPxqsyzqs, sV}aRP*LRiVRV (3), Wgji, suy*j

[sR[ }qssLixmsRVyRV, xqsRVLRiVxtsvNRPV aRPLRisVV, xqsVRVMj R*LiR*sVVNRPV @dRVRV,


sNSLRiLRizRVRV, sV xmsVso @gRiV LRiVRVRV xqsLRi*y NUPTLiRVRVyRV (4).
rsWRVsLRiQXxxqsaRP syx xmsLRisWLi zqsQRVsV e xLji FyLRisRW {msy sVLigRiLi
xqs*Rxmszqs*dssV ee 5
xmsRsVLi RORPQ xmsod ry xmsaSy= xmsLRi*yR e NRPR s[VNRP aRPLkilLi[ R*W LRiFyR sVy ee 6
NRPRLi xqsd FyLRi*d ry xmsosbP+ssVVFygRiy e GRR=LRi*Li RysR xs gRijRVsVL>Rizqs ee 7
ARVs sxtsvso FyLRissLigkiNRPLjiLi, Rs gRiVLjiLi, RxmsxqsV= [zqss xmssyLRiRsVgRiV
xqsLRi*sVLigRisV {ms][ syxsWT gRiXxxqsVyVsV (5). AsV sVVLiRVgS RORPVs NRPVsWlLi,
RLRiVyR zsVsLiRVs NRPVsWlLi. Bj FsV F~xqsgRiVsV? IZNP[ aRPLkiLRisVV][ BRLjiNUP NRPVsWlLi FsV
NSgRiRV? (6) xqs FyLRi*\V sVLRi bPsos F~Lijs sRsVj? | xs! dsds gSRsV,
BRLRi gSRsV xmspLjigS xmsRgRiVRVso (7).
xqsWR DyR e
B Rxqs sRaRPVQ+y* xqsVLRilL<i[ aRP+LiNRPLSRsM e xmsxqss sWsr Wy* sRssVds` ee
8
x[yR e
aRPXVyR sVVsZaP[xtsQ NRPRRWsV NRPyLi aRPVsV e RWLi aRPVy* xqsxmnsLi s sxtsQ s
xqsLiaRPRVM ee 9
xmsoLSxLi xqs*xqsVyLi RXuy* xqsLiy*Li Rs\Vxqs=x e@sLi sNRPXRryR NSsV xms{msTRM
ee 10
RLRi xqsQXRxqsy LRiV][ sVWgki xmsLRiM xmsVM e jNRPQXR sWLi xqsV\ryR xqs*rysLi
gRiRysRVsV ee 11

RVyRW sWzRaSxLi s[RsNS R sVWRkM e [yNSL<RiLi xqsNSLRiLi xmsLRis[VZaP[s aRPLiVy ee


12
RkL<RiQ RWxsVNSL<RiLi x FyRWsV=Q\xqs=x e NRPLRiVLi R[xsLi sVWRbP+ssWRW
ssWzRM ee 13
x BV xmsZNPsV c
sy=! sVxL<ki! ssVsVV. aRPVNRPLRisVgRiV NRPRsV |msRsV. CNRPRsV ssyLji s
ryLRiNRPsVgRiVssV[ xqsLi[xsVV [RV (9). sy=! xmspLRi*sVVs[sV yNRPVsWLRiV][ gRiWT
RVVLiRgS, y NRPVsWlLi RVgRiV xqsLiR NRPssV. @xmsoRV s[sV sVsR sVV[ {msTRVR\s,
sNSLRisVVsV F~Lijs (10). @xmsoRV RLRiVs[ xqsLjiLixmsT, sVWgji, sVxmsVsosgRiV
LRiVRVRV NRPVsWLRiV][ NRPWTs ssV sLijLisV. sy=! ARVs @V ssV sLijLi Rs
ysVNRPV ssV (11). s[sV s[RsVVsV [NRPsVVNRPLiR[zqss yRs[ @LiVVy, bPsos sWRV[
sWzRVR\s, sVWLRiVR\ss. @LiRVss xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRgRiV aRPLiVs sxtsQRVsVV[ ][xtsQsVV
yRLjiLis (12). bPssWRV[ sWzRVR\s sVWLRiVR\ss s[sV ARVs RVLiR CL<RiQ[,
NRPVsWLRiV][ gRiWT ARVssV sWzLixms[RVVNRPV @s[NRP RVRsVVsV [zqss (13).
@sLi}qssR \s xqslLi[* Rzqss aRPLi xmsLRixms e DFyRV sxtsQ}qsuyLi sVsV yzms sVVdsaRP*LRi ee
14
RysxqsLRiLi LRis[VaSsLi sL][FyRVxqsV=Q\ xqs=x e @[RRVR= AgRiR bPsNTP LRiRxqsV=kM ee 15
xms[j][ LRis[VZaP[s bPsRRQ* xmsRLji+y e RkL<SQsVRLi rxLi RLi xhRiLi s ssWzRM ee 16
aRPNTPLi xqsLi}qss RdQ][ yRRWsWxqs yLi Ry e ROSQRbPNSQQLi dsLjiLi
xqs*xmsoyRLRisWxs[ ee 17
J sVxL<ki! xmsLRisWRRVgRiV A aRPLiVs\|ms s[sV, yLRiV xmsWgjiLis DFyRVsVVsRVV
sLRisVVsV (14). C LRiNRPsVVgS DFyRVsVVsRVW sLRisVV NSgS, s[sV xqsVRV][ gRiWT

LRisWxmss xqsLjiLis. @xmsoRV bPsNTPRVLiRV RRLRiVRV, sRVgRiV A sxtsvso s y


sRsVVsV Fg]sV (15). bPsRRQ*sVVsV [jLiRV LRisWxms y NRP LjizmsLisV. @xmsoRV
s[sV CL<RiQsVV sT |mss. NSs sWzRVRsgRiV s[sV sVVLiT xmsVsV dsR[RV (16).@xmsoRV
aRPNTPs }qssLi AsV @sVgRixsVV[, bPsos sWzLixms[RVV N]LRi\ZNP, y NRPVsWLRiVRgRiV RORPVs
ss dsLji @s[ @bPNTP RVLiRV AsV sLisV [zqss (17).
rsW Wy* RORPQxqsVy RxmsM NRPXy* RV RVxqs=xsV e LRiVRxmsRQQ s RQ NSQ
xqs*NRPzRNSLji ee 18
rsW LRiV][ gRiX{ Wy*sNSL<kiQdLi xmsLSLi xmsVM e sWxLiVVy*sR sWLi RR
xqs*sy}ssNSLRikM ee 19
syx yLi xqs AgRiR xqs*gjiL_ xqsWNRPXRRW e lLi[s[V xssWx[ z
xqs*RLiRry=Q*RsgRixM ee 20
RRW sxLRiRxqsxqs sdRWRV sVss[ e NSxqsV=LRiaRP+Li[LjiLji* NSLRixqs xqsR[M ee 21
R][ LRiVRxqs RZOP[Q xqsLS y s[RRW e sVsVWRxqs RyW sWzRxqs
xqsVgRiVLji*M ee 22
A DsW[s RORPVs NRPVsWlLigS sLi, RVxqs=xsVgRiV RxmsxqsV=sV NTP][ [zqs LRiVRVsNRPV xms
AVsV. AsV Rs NRPVNRPV zRsVVsV NRPVgRi[RVVsV (18). xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRgRiV LRiVRVRV
DsW[s][ NRPWT gRiXz\V dsV xmsNRPLisV. ARVs Vj RVLiRV sNSLRisVV[sVRVW
DLiRso. ARVs Rs syxsVVLiRV ssV sWzLixms[|qssV (19). xqsXztsQs [RVVyRV,
sWxsVV[s yRV, xqs*RLiRVRV, }qs*R[ LRiWxmssVVsV RLjiLis yRVsgRiV LRiVRVRV AsVsV
syxsWT, Rs xmsLRi*RsVVsV [Lji xsRsVV LRisVLisV (20). J sVxL<ki! sNSLRisVVV
[syRV, xqsj*LjiRVgRiV aRPLiVRV LRiNSsVV AsV][ NRPzqs sxLjiLiRVRW xqsVsVVgS gRiT|mssV
(21). @xmsoRV LRiVRVsNRPV sVsVWLRiVRV, bPssWRV[ sWzRVRV, gRiLji*ztsQ @gRiV RORPVs][, Rs
BR [R sL][RsVV GLRisV (22).

RRQyRLRiLi RO][Q sVgRiLji* ssVVRkM e sVaSLiRLi sLji*NSLRiLi ssLiR x sWzRM ee


23
R][ RORPQxqs=Q*RVLi RVLi NRPXRys gRiLji*][sxLRisV e xqsLS* yxRV [yks sxtsvLi sWLi
yjxmsM ee 24
ys RyW][ LRiVRLi L][xtsQxqssWNRPVM eRy RR xqsdLi ysW xqs*xmsodLi sj sWzRM ee
25
RVy yNSLjiy zmsy sWRWsWzR [Rry e dLi RNSLRi xqsVy sVryk* bPy Ry ee
26
g]xms gRiLRi*sVV gRiyRV, ssWzR\sVs Vj gRiyRVsgRiV RORPVRV, sVNTP aSLiRVRV, sNSLRi
LRizRVRVsgRiV bPsos sWRW xmsssVV[ sVNRP sWzRV\ @s[NRP sRsVVVgS sLijLisV
(23). @xmsoRV gRiLji*RVRgRiV RORPQ xmsxms [sRsV, BRLRiVsV, ssV, sxtsvsosV @LiRLjids
A*sLi bPsoRV [s RVsVVsV [|qssV (24). sWRWsWzRVRV, gRiLji*ztsQ, L][xtsQsVV][
NRP[R\sVssVsxqsV= gRiyRVsgRiV RORPVRV LRiVRVs, xqsRVsV Rs xmsoNRPsV A RVsVVsNRPV
A*sLiR[RV (25).sWRV[ ssVWR\sVs sVsxqsV= gRi RLiT A*sLiRNRPFgS, g]xms
ss sVryj*RVgRiV xqsd[s dsV xmsNRPLisV (26).
@RgRiy xqsd RR bPysVjgRisV ry e @yxyzms RZOP[Q gRiLji* xqs*zmsRVLRiQXxsV ee 27
s[NRP LRiVR gRiLi [ FyFysLi R yRRM e ssLiR RR ys xqsLS*s [x
ygRisVyNRPL][` ee 28
RRVQy* [s [s[aRPM N][RLi NRPXy* RV RVxqs=xsV e sVVRQXR sVxdLi
dsLRiRsVs` ee 29
xqsgRiLi RLi xqssVVyR NTPLi NRPVLSsV yjssV e xqsLS*xmssWs xmspLRi*Li z RVR*LixqsLi
j[aRP x ee 30

@xmsoRV xqsd[s bPsos AsV F~Lij, gRiLji*ztsQRVgRiV RORPVRV A*sLiRNRPFLiVVy, xmsoLiNTP


s[|qssV (27). AsVNRPV A RVsVV[ LRiVRVs gRisVV NSsLS[RV. yss AsV RLiT [zqss
@ssWssVVgS gRizLi, @R Ds yLRiLiRLjids sLijLi, RLRiVyR [xsVVsV sT |mssV
(28). [s[soRgRiV bPsoRV C sXyLiRsVVsV ss, xqszLixmsLSs N][xmssVVsV F~Lij,
|msRNRPyss {msNTP dsLRiRVs xqsXztsQLisV (29). dsLRiRVs gRisVV][ xqs
xqsXztsQLisV. 's[sV GsV [RVssV?' @s xmsbPLis dsLRiRVsNRPV @LiRLjids @ssWsLi,
RVsVVsV R*LixqssVV [RVVsVs A[bPLisV (30).
RyLi Fyxms xqs gRika][ xs*RM e gRi][sLRiLi RR xqsxry sV xmsLSNRPsVM ee 31
sVx[xmsRssW[LRiVLRixqsR RyRW e xqsLS*s xqs RLiRRWsWxqs s NRPbPRs ZaP[ztsQRM ee 32
sxtsvLi xqsLiR RV[s rysVLRiLi gRixqsRsVM e RZNP[ RORPQ bPLRiZaP[RLi RL][sg_ s R ee
33
RVR*LixqsLi RNSLSaRPV sVx[xmsRssWRLRis e R][ gSsV xqs*gjiLjiLi xmsysV xmsVLi bPssV ee
34
gRikaRPVRgRiV A dsLRiRVRV bPsos RWsV F~Lij g]xms \|qsssVV][ NRPWTs y\ bdPxmnsVsVVgS
@RNRPV ssV. g]xms sVV, xmsLSNRPsVsVVgRi (31), A dsLRiRVs A[ gRisVVR g]xms
DxmsRssVVsV NRPVgRi[zqsLji. ARRV Fss*Ljids sVgRiNRPVLiRgS, @LiRLjids RLiTLisV (32).
gRiZaP[xtsvRgRiV yRRV xmsRVR xmspLRi*NRPsVVgS, [sR][ NRPWTRVVs sxtsvsosV LiVVLi,
RORPVs RsV sLjiNTP, yss @gjiRVLiRV s[sV (33). g]xms DxmsRssVVsV NRPgjiLi, ARRV
bdPxmnsVsVVgS RVsVVsV R*LixqssVV [zqs, RLRiVyR \ZNPxqs xmsLRi*RsVVsV [Lji, bPsxmsVsNRPV
ssVxqsLjiLisV (34).
RVR*Lirss[RLi [s[ZNP[ z xmsaRP e LRiVRrysVR\lLixqsR dsLRiyjM NRPXRM ee 35
sVVs[ dsLjiRVLi [RW aRPVxqsQXxtsv xqsLisVy e LRiV[ LRiV}tsQ NRPRLi [ZNP[ xqsVLi s xqsVxms ee
36

R][ LRiVRM xmsxqs[W` xqsVsWNRPLRiQ yLi xmsLSsV e szmsLi xqsxmnsLi RZNP[ xqslLi[*uyLi
kssR=M ee 37
xmspLRi* sR NRPXRLi [s NRPXFyVR*Li sVRy e aRPLiNRPlLi[ sV}ZaP[s yydsLji ee 38
dsLRiRVRV sVVRgRiV LRiVysV RLRiVV, [sRV RWRVRVLiRgS, C dLRiVs RVsVVsV
R*LixqssVVsLjiLji (35). J sVxL<ki! sV xmsVsgRiV LRiVRVRV N][zmsLis][, [NRPsVV[
xqsVsVVLiRVsV? C dss s[RsVVV, xqsQXRVV xmsVRVss. sVsdsV dss RVssV
(36). @xmsoRV A [sRLiRLRiV [zqss g]xms rRsVVsV ss, kssR=VRgRiV LRiVRVRV
xmsxqssVQQ\, yLji szmss xqsxmnssVV [|qssV (37). aRPVNRPLRiVRV, sV}aRP*LRiVRV,@s[NRP dsV
xmsRLji+Li sxLjiLiRVyRV, sVRVRV sgRiV LRiVRVRV Fsxmsss[ NRPLRiVsV RW|mssV (38).
sR}qss RO][Q z RR xqslLi[* z xqsRQXyM e xmsosxqs= NSLji][ RV aRP+LiNRPlLi[ NRPXFyVy ee 39
LRiVRaRP xmspRxqsR xqs\lLiQQ* lLi[Q\sLji* ZaP[xtsQRM e RV[ suy*jLRiQ NSQ xqsVxmsxqsyRLRiVs[ ee 40
xqsd[x xqssVVRy * [NRP xqsVs e xmsy xmsLRi*[ RR xmspy xqsVyLiVVds ee 41
* sVVd s xqsLRi*NSsV xmnsxmsy e Ws xmsLRisW [ds RLRi+y yxmsLji ee 42
ARVs RORPVs sLixms[zqs, @LiRLjids xqsRLjiLisV. NRPXFysj RVgRiV aRPLiNRPLRiVRV sVLRi A
RVsVVsV [LiVVLisV (39). A RVsVV[ [sRLiRLRiV sxtsvsosV sVVLijRVN]s
xmsxqsssVgRiV sVsxqsV= gRiy\lLi NTP][ LRiVRVs xms[NRPsVVgS xmspLiLji (40). J
sVxL<ki! xqsVVNRP [xsVV sVLiT xmsosRVV, [NRPsVVNRPV xqsVsVsRV *
xmsLRi*RsVVsLiRV xmssV. @R AsVsV xmspLis][ xqsVsVVsRVsV (41). A
xmsLRi*RsVVsLiRV xqsLRi*NSsVsds[LRiVsRVV, RLRi+ssVV[ FyxmssVVsV Fg]V A [s[s
*sVVRVsV }msLRi xmszqsjs gSLisV (42).
BydsLi xmsp[ [ZNP[ xqsLRi*NSsVxmnsxms[V e xqsLisy LRis[NSM sVx[R=s xmsoLRixqs=LRisV ee 43
RRaRP ry xqsd [ds zsWRV xqsVyss` e RryaRP FyLRi*d ysV xmszqsRsVsRy ee 44

ry xmsosaRP xqssWLSR Rxmsry NRPhjis[s \s e Rs[Vs xmsLRis[VaSsLi LSLRiLi xqssVVFybPy ee 45


G RR=LRi*Li xqssWRLi RVRQXuxLi sVVdsaRP*LRi e RVRVQy* xqsLRi*Fy}ms[ sVVR[
yR xqsLiaRPRVM ee 46
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi j*d[V xqsdLi[ xqsdxqsLiZOP[Qxms
RLjiR sLRisLi ysV xmsRsVM @yRVM (1).
BxmsNUP AsV [NRPsVVsLiRV, N][lLisRVV C[Lji xmnssVVV LiRV\ZNP sVx[R=s
xmspLRi*NRPsVVgS @s[NRP LRiLigRiV[ xmsoLixmsRVRVsj (43). A RLRiVyR A xqsd[s
zsWRVVs NRPVsWlLi @VsV. @xmsoysVNRPV FyLRi*RVsV }msLRiV xmsRsWVsV (44). AsV
sVLRi NRPh][LRisVgRiV RxmsxqsV=sV [zqs A xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVs LRigS F~LisV (45). JsVVsZaP[uy! dsso
ssV xmsbPLis sxtsQRVsVVssds xmss. kss ssyLji FyxmssVVsRVV
]gjiFsoss[ xqsLi[xsVV [RV (46).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsjRVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizRsVV[ lLiLiRs LiR[ xqsdxqsLiZOP[Qxms
RLjiR sLRissVV @s[ sVVR @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (1).
@R j*dWsyRVM
NSsVFyRVLSssVV
xqsWR DyR e
ByNRPLRiQ sRxqsxqs \ssVuyLRi yzqssM e xmsxmsR R sVVsZaP[xtsQM NRPyLi FyxmsxmsbPdssV ee 1
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
J \ssVuyLRi syxqsVLS! x VVNRP C sWsV ss sVVsZaP[xtsvRgRiV yLRiRVRV
FyxmssVVsV Fg][ NRPRsV gRiVLjiLi xmsbPLisV (1).

yLRiR DyR e
s[ s[ sWgRi NRPyLi aRPLi[aRPV+ssV e aRPX*s ssVLi[s RXFszqs
sVxms[ ee 2
@RM NRPRRV RR=LRiLi bPsxqs RLjiRLi aRPVsV e xqsdNUPLRiQs*RLi jsLi a][RVsVysV saRP*NRPX` ee
3
xqsd z NRPRsVVRy RORPQylLi[xtsv a][y e NRPRLi x L][ sVsaRPZNP[ yLSxLRi NRPLRi ee 4
NRPRLi y RORPQ N][}mss RQQNRP [ xqsd xmsoLS e zsVsRsRW y WW yNSaRPsWgRiy ee 5
yLRiRVTV xmsZNPsV c
} xs! sVy!sVxms[! ds sVVxmsRsVV sVLiT sVLigRiNRPLRisVgRiV aRPVLiVgSRsV
FsLiR sssW, yNRPV, RXzms NRPVgRiV[RV (2). J xqsXztsQNRPLS! dsso bPsos aRPVRLjiRsVVsV
xqsLixmspLRisVVgS xmsVsVV. xqsd [s VVNRP RVaRPxqsV=][ gRiWTs A jsgSRsV s[sV
ssg][LRiVRVysV (3). sVLigRi xqs*LRiWxmsoLSgRiV xqs RORPQxmsRVLiRV FsV sLisV? bPsoRV
syxsWRsss RLiRVNRPV NSLRis[VsV? (4) xqsd[s xmspLRi*sVV RORPVs RVLiRV N][xmssVV][
[xsVVsV dsT, zsVsLiRVs NRPVsWlLiQ\V sLis sXyLiRsVj? AsV Ljigji bPsos
LRigS F~Lijs sXyLiRsVj? (5).
FyLRi*yaRP RFsRVgRiLi syxaRP NRPRLi R*W` e NRPR sVLRi aRPLkiLRiry Ws xqsLRiybPsM ee 6
GRR=LRi*Li xqssWRORPQ * sxqslLi[ sVsV[ e y[zqs xqsLiaRPRV[y R*R=sW s sxtsQ ee 7
FyLRi* VVNRP @RVgRisVgRiV RxmsxqsV=, syxsVV FsV xqsLixmssQQ\sVss? sVsRVs xqssVV
[zqss bPsosNRPV AsV @LSLigji FsV NSgRilgisV? (6). J sVVjaSd! C xqsLRi*sVVsV
sxqsLRisVVgS xmsVsVV. ds][ xqssWssVVgS xqsLiaRPRVsVVsV Fg]gRiyRV [RV, DLiR[RV
(7).

x[ yR e
aRPXV R*Li R sVVs[ xqsLRi*Li xqsd bPsRVaRPaRPV+sV e FyssLi xmsLRisVLi jsLi gRiRVxRsVLi
xmsLRisV ee 8
GRRLiVM xmsoL][yR NRP sLSRV sxtsQs[ e xmsXxtsQ}qss sVNSQ xmsL][xmsNRPXR[V sVVs[ ee 9
RRr=szms sVRW xmsXu sxtsv\ZaPQQ+ ssLRi xqsV=kM e {msy sVxLi xqssWR sxqsLSsV
sxqsRsV ee 10
@xLi RRRLiVVuysV NRPys[VyLi xmsoLSRdssV e bPybPsRVa][RVVNSLi xqsLRi*NSsVxmnsxmsysV ee
11
x BV xmsZNPsV c
J sVxL<ki! aRPVNRPLRisVV, xmssRsVV [RVVsj, g]xmsj, jssVV, LRixxqssVV[ ZNP
LRixxqssVVsgRiV xqsdbPso NUPLjis dsso xmspLRisVVgS ssVsVV (8). J sVxL<ki!bPsNRPV[ ZaP[xtsvRgRiV
sxtsvso [N][xmsNSLRisVV N]LRi\ZNP g]xms NTP][ xmspLRi*sVV BVs[ xmsbPLiRgS aRPLiVRV
zmsRVVyRV (9). bPsNRPV[ ZaP[xtsvRV, sRVgRiV sxtsvsosV s[sV xmsbPLiRgS, ARVs
{ms][ yNRPV sxqsLRisVVgS |mssV. J sVxL<ki! (10) bPsbPsoNUPLji][ gRiWTsj, N][lLissds
C[LRiVsjRVgRiV C xmsoLSRs gSRsV s[sV xmsgRisV (11).
xmsoLS RVy bP[ [[ sLRiV[ sLji*NRPNRPM e @LRiWxmsaRP+QQNTPLRizRbPyRxqs=RxqsRLRiM ee 12
@sR= gRiVr=szms j*LRiWxmsaRP+QQNTPsWs xmsVM e rsW jyNRPXLji*xms sLji*NSLki xmsLSRLRiM ee
13
Rxqs ysWLigRi[ sxtsvLRiQLi ROTPQLigRiM e LRiV][ xXRRV][ ][ssRV sVVsxqsRsV
ee 14

xqsXztsQ NRPLSssLi sxtsvM FysNSLRiNRPM e RVNRPLS xqs*RVLi LRiVRzqsQy WRxqs=ybPsM ee


15
bPs[sosNRPV lLiLiRV LRiVxmssVVV gRiso. INRP LRiWxmssVV[ ARVs sLRiVVRV, sLji*NRPVRV,
LRiWxmssVV [s yRV, aRPNTP [RsVV [syRV, \RsxmnsVsVRV, sVLjiRVV NSLRiNSLRiydRVRV
(12).ARVs[V lLiLiRs LRiWxmssVV[ xqsgRiVVRV, aRPNTP [RsVsVV gRiyRV, gRiRQVso,
DsWxqszRVRV, jssVgRiV ANSLRisVV gRiyRV. J sFy! ARVs sNSLRisVVV [syRV,
xqsL][*RQXxtsvRV (13). sxtsvso ARVs FsRsV gRisVV sVLiT xmsosV. xsgRiV s[sV ARVs
NRPVT gRisVV sVLiT xmsos. J sVVsZaP[uy! LRiVRVRV xXRRVsVV sVLiT xmsosV (14).
xsgRiV s[sV xqsXztsQs [zqss. sxtsvso FyLiRVRVyRV. LRiVRVRV RVsVVsV [RVVsV.
xqsybPsoRV C sVWLRiV LRiWxmssVV[ xqs*RVsVVgS sVyRV (15).
Rs[VyxLi xqssWLSR x [ NRPzmsysVxM e xmsxqs=xqsLRi xqsLS*ry xqsV=LSxqsVLRi sLSjNSM ee
16
xqsXuy* xmsxmsds RORPQ xmssVVs xqsVLRixqsRsWs e @sVsLi xqsVxmsxqs[sxLi sLi
xqsLRi*sVx[sRsV ee 17
sVLkisVLi xmsoxLi xmsoryQLigjiLRir NRPRVsV e szqsxtsQLi yLRiRLi RORPQLi XgRiVLi [
sVxmsWs ee 18
xLi sWsrys xmsoysxqsLRiLi R RVy sVVs[ e Ry sVssr y yLRiVLRiWFy
sLSLigRiy ee 19
[NRPzmsy sVxRV, x @gRiVs[sV A xqsybPsos ALSjLi, [sRV, LSORPQxqsVV, sWssoV
sVVRgRiV xqsLiRs xqsXztsQLis (16). RORPVRV sVVRgRiV [s ZaP[xtsvgRiV xms xmsRVsV
xqsXztsQLi, s[sV y xmsxqssVR\s ssV s[sV y g]xms yssgS RFzqss (17). J
sVxL<ki! xsgRiV s[sV sVLRi, @, xmsoxRV, xmsoxqsVQRV, @LigjiLRixqsVRV, NRPRVso,
szqsxtsvRV, yLRiRVRV, RORPVRV, XgRiVso sVVRgRiV g]xms xqssVLRiV\s (18) sWsxqsxmsoRVsV

xqsXztsQLis RLRiVyR y sVsxqsV=sVLiT xqsVLiRLRisVgRiV LRiWxmssVV, ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV @sRVsVsVVV gRi


INRP RVVs sLisV (19).
ysW xqsLiy jsM OSQLiy ryRVLi xqsLiy sLiNS e @ds xqsVLiRLki xqsVWLRiVs [][
ssWzds ee 20
s yRXbdP [s[ZNP[ s sVlLi[Q s LRiryR[ e NSR[Vszms \s yLki xqsLixmspLRi gRiVaSds ee 21
RXuy* xLi yLi xqssVVyRV LiRRVs xXj xXRRsV e ROSQRRVaRP xqsuyL][ sVLkiy
yaRP sVRV=yM ee 22
GsLi LiRRV][ s[V z x[ sVVsxqsRsV e sWsxqsM xmsoLRiVu sVLiLSsLRiW][
sVRVRM ee 23
AsV }msLRiV xqsLiR. AsV xmsgRiV OUPQLi RVVLiRVsV. ryRVLiNSsVV xqsVLiRLRisVVgS xmsNSbPLiRVsV.
AsV sVNTP xqsVLiRLji. RNRPs NRPsVsVV gRij. sVxL<RiV sVsxqsV=sV ysWx|msVsj
(20). xqsLixmspLRi gRiVsVV][ sLS[ @ xqsVLiRLji sVWRV NSsVV RVLiRV [s[NRP,
sVsVxtsQ[NRP, Fyy [NRPsVVRVLiRV [RV (21).AsVsV RW s[sV [ sT, y
sVsxqsV=[ y NRPVsWLRiV\s ROSQj xmsxmsRVsV, sVLki sVVRgRiV VVxtsvsV
xqsLjiLiRVRVLiRgS (22), @ ysVLiT INRP xmsoLRiVxtsvRV DRLiVVLisV. JsVVsZaP[uy! ARRV g]xms
rLiRLRisVV gRiy\, sVRVRsVVgS sVLisV (23).
NSLiRdsNRPXR yM {ms[LRixqs xqsV=yzqsNRPM e xqsVsX][LRiV NRP Li|mnsW dss[R ZNP[xqsLRiM ee 24
gRi WRVVgRi[ [M xmspLRiRLiRs ssM e NRPFyRVR xqsR*QO][Q L][sVLSs LSRM ee 25
@sWRLigRi NSNSLRiM {ms[ dsxqsVyxqsNRPM e ALRiNRP FysRVs sVVFyRNRPL][RsM ee 26
OUPQ sVR aSLRiVRLiRM xmssVR gRigRiLiRsM e xmsxmso xmsRxmsyORPQM ZNP[xqsLRixmnsWRLRiM ee 27

ARRV LigSLRisVV s xmsNSbPLisV. ARRV RXRsVgRiV sORPQ xqs=sVVsV, xqsVLiRLRisVVgRi


sVVNRPVsV, gRiVLiR ELRiVsosV, sWNSsV, zmsNRPsV, ss ZNP[aRPsVVsVNRPgjiRVVLisV (24).
ARs NRPsVsVV NRPzqsRVVLiT xqsVLiRLRisVVgS NRPRRVRVLisV. ARs sVVsVV xmspLjisV y
RLiRVs [RVVLisV RVxmsos saS\sVs, RXR\sVs sORPQ xqs=sVV gRi ARRV L][sVxmsLiNTP[
xmsNSbPLisV (25). @RRV s[VxmnsVsVVs, GsVgRiVs xmsNSbPLisV. ARRV zqs RVVLisV.
ARRV dssLRisVV gRi xqsVLiRLRi sxqsQsVVsV RLjiLiRVVLisV. ARs [RVV, s[RsVVV,
sVVsVV, FyRsVVV LRiNRP sLRisVV NRPgjiRVVLisV (26). ARRV xqsss sRVsVV][, xqsVLiRLRisVVgRi
RLiRsVV][, sVjLis GsVgRiVs xqsVgRiLiRsVV gRiy\, sNRPzqsLis xmsRsVV VVNRP xmsRsVV
sLi NRPsVV gRiy\ DLisV. @Rs sVVNRPV xmsoygRi xmsoxtsQsVV s xmsNSbPLisV (27)
NRPLiVgki[ dsVsZNP[RVM FyLiaRPVLRiNRPLRiyxsM e xmsLiRxmsouyRVV][ s[gki xmsoxtsQN][RLiRsVLiTRM ee 28
NSLiRM NRPORPQFy[s sVRVsRVsR*RVsV e xqsVgRiLijsWLRiV][ yR aRPXLigSLRiLRixqs}qs sRM ee
29
RLi dsORPQ xmsoLRiVxtsQLi xqslLi[* ROSQy sVRV=yaRP [V e KRV=NRPLi xmsLRisVLi gRiV
Lji*xqsRWsxtsQsWsryM ee 30
@sj*NRPXRLi [uyLi sVRV=yyLi sV[ RVRsV e \LRiLi syyR NSsWNRPVR [RrysV
ee 31
sWLi rs zms s[RxqsLi dsORPQ xqsuyLRiLi gRiyLi xmssV e xmssV xmsoLRiVxtsQM Fyx ssRWsR
NRPLiRLRiM ee 32
ARRV aRPLisVV sLi NRPLihRisVV gRiyRV. [xmsNRPsV yRV. F~R\ss yRV. sVVxqs
yxssVVgS gRiyRV. @LiVVRV xmsoxtsQsVV[ ARVVRsVVVgS gRiyRV. s[gRisVV gRiyRV.
xmspRsxqsV=][ xmsNSbPLiRVyRV (28). zmsRV\sVs yRV. NRPsVsV xmsVRW BVsV
RWRVyRV. sy=! ARs\|ms sVLiT sRV gS xmsLjisVLjiR\sV RVVLisV. ARss aRPXLigSLRi
LRixqssVV }qssLiRVRVLisV (29). A xmsoLRiVxtsvs RW RORPVRV sVVRgRiV y NRPVsWLRiVLiRLRiV

sxqsRVsVV][ sLiTs sVsxqsV= gRiy\lLi sVNTP DRLihRisV F~LijLji (30). NSsVsVV[


yNRPV\sVs A y NRPVsWLRiVsV sVsxqsV= $xmnsVs[V sNSLRisVVsV F~LisV. sy=! yLRiV
\LRisVVsV N][[LiVVLji (31). A xmsoLRiVxtsvRV xqsxtsQ, gRiRQVso, xRVgRiV ssV gSLi
ssRVsVV][ RsLi ssVxqsLjiLi BssV (32).
xmsoLRiVxtsQ DyR e
NTPLi NRPLjiuysVxLi NRPLRi xLixqsR sWRV e sW[sR xmsoLRiVu RVryRVRa][+][
s[ ee 33
@ysLi R WgRiLi R rysLi xmsd R RW sVsV e Rs[ sR [ZNP[aRP R*Li xqsuy gRiyLi
xmsM ee 34
xmsoLRiVxtsvTV xmsZNPsVc
} xs! s[sV [RVRgjis NRPLRi GjW, ys RVLiRV ssV sWgjiLixmsosVV. } sk! C
[NRPsVV[ xmspdsRVVRV, RLRia][RVRV @gRiV xmsoLRiVxtsvRV dss[gRiy (33). y }msLRiVsV, yNRPV
WgRisVgRiV ryssVVsV, sVLjiRVV y LRisV gRiVLjiLi yNRPV xmsVsVV. sVV[NRPsVVNRPV
xmsVsgRiV J ! xqsXztsQLiRVyRso, gRiRs dss[ gRiy! (34).
x[yR e
GsLi Rxqs sRaRPVQ+y* xmsoLRiVxtsQxqs sVRsM e ORPQLi s NTPLiyQ[RR= xqsuy y szqsRM
ee 35
@][ sVsxqsV= xqsLiRVsV xqssV gRiVR=QXRV sxqsRVsV e @[RRVLRiVxtsQLi RysVLi
R xqssWsxs ee 36
@s[s R*Li xqs*LRiW}ms xmsoxtsQ \aRP xmsLiRM e sWxRVs xmsoLRiVuys {qsQ aRP NRPVLRiV xqsXztsQLi
xqsyRdssV ee 37

@zqss yaRP [yyQ\|qs#[ZNP[ xqsRLSRlLi[ e G[ xqslLi[* sxtsQLi s ORPQsWxqsQ*sLis[ ee 38


x BV xmsZNPsV c
sVRVRgRiV A xmsoLRiVxtsvs C sWsV sss A x sVNTP szqsRV\ ORPQNSsVV
GsVRVW xmsVNRP[RV (35). @xmsoRV x sVsxqsV=sV s]NRPVN]s, sxqsRVsVVsV xmspLjigS
sT, A {qsQ RVLiR NSsVssV sRVLiLiRVN]s, A xmsoLRiVxtsvs][ sssV (36). dsso C
xqs*LRiWxmssVV][ sVsy\, @LiVVRV xmsoxtsQsVV][ {qsQ xmsoLRiVxtsvsV sWx|msVRW
xqsyRssVgRiV xqsXztsQs [RVVsVV (37). C rysLRi LigRisWRNRPsVgRiV sVV[NRPsVV[ [sRV
sVVRgRiV C soLiRLRiW NRPWTRVV ssV NSRs sRVNRPV xqssVLRiVV NSLRiV (38).
@xLi y yxqsV [[ y ryVLS* xmsoLRiVuRsVM e suysVxqss sZaP[ NTPsVs[ FyyLRiNSM ee 39
xmsRs LRiWF LiRWyLi xmssaRPs xXRRVLi xqsy e xqsV}RVxqs=Q*RVLi Wy* xqsXztsQLi NRPVLRiV
xqsyRdssV ee 40
R*RVxtsQ xqs xqsy xqsVORPQ Li sV[RVRsV e xqslLi[*uyLi FyyLi sRLi xqsy sVRNRPL][
ys ee 41
s[sV, yxqsV [soRV, xmsoLRiVuRsVVRgRiV bPsoRV NRPWy dsNRPV saRPsVgRiV yLRis[V. BNRP BRLRi FyV
gRiVLjiLi xmsVs [sVVsj? (39). dsso FyV xXRRVsVV[ xqsLRi*y gRiVxms LRiWxmsoR\s
RVVLiT yLjiNTP xqs*RVsVVgS xqsVsVVsNRPV NSLRisVV @gRiVRW, xqsyRssVgRiV xqsXztsQs [RVVsVV
(40). @RVRsVgRiV A sVsxqsV= xqsLRi*y ds xmsoxtsQsVVNRPV ORPQ Q \sV xqsVsVVsRVsV. dsso
FyVLiRLjiNUP xqsLRi*y sVRsVVsV NRPgjiLiRso (41).
B [ NRPLRi NRPjRLi xqsXztsQ FysLRiNRPLi xmsosM e ysWs[[ sjxtsQLi xqsVy s[V Rs RRQ*RM ee 42
BRVQQNSQ*xLi xqsVLRiZaP[xtsQ xqs*xqsVyyLi sVVs R e A[NRP ry*xqss[ Fy[ FxmssussLi ORPQ[
ee 43

B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi j*d[V xqsdLi[


NSsVFyRVLS[ ysV j*dWsyRVM (2)
BV s[sV xqsXztsQs xmssLji[RVV ds NRPLRisV gRiVLjiLi zmss. C y NRPVsWLRiVV ds
xqs*LRiWxmssVVsNRPV @sVgRiVsVgRiV }msLRisV xmsgRiLRiV (42). J [sZaP[uy! s[sV BV xmsNTP, y
NRPVsWLRiV sVVsVVsV RW, y xmsyxqsssVVsLiRV $xmnsVs[V DxmssxtsvR\ss (43).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsj RVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizRRVLiRV lLiLiRsjRVgRiV xqsdLiRLi[
NSsVFyRVLSssVV @s[ lLiLiRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (2)
@R RXdWsyRVM
NSsVaSFysVgRixsVVV
x[yR e
RR}qs sVVsRVxqs=lLi[* RRFyRV s[jsM e RNRPVxqsRVRLi ysV sVLki xmssVVxqsV=yM ee 1
sVVs[NRPy[s y* sXyLiRsVsRM e ROSQRRVaRP xqsuyLRi ry=sLi xmsdLi R [ RRVM
ee 2
R][ sbPR ysWs sVLki xmssVV j*M e ERVxqs=LigRiRs[VR\|qs# xmsoLRiVuyRV sVsWRM
ee 3
x BV xmsZNPsV c
sVLki sVVRgRiV A sVVsVLiRLRiV, sVLjiRVV NRPVsWLRiVV xVVNRP @FyRVsVV sLjiLigji A
xmsoLRiVxtsvsNRPV WgRisVgRiV }msLRisTLRiV (1). x gSLRiV yLji sVVsVV[sNTP RWRgS ARVs
@FyRVsVVsV gRizLi ROSQj xmsxmsRVV A xmsoLRiVxtsvsNRPV ryssVVsV, LRisV NRPLiLji

(2). @xmsoRV y NRPVsWLRiV\s sVLki sVVRgRiV sVxL<RiVV ARs }msLRisV sbPLiVVLi C


RVVNTPRVVNRPsVgRiV sWsV AxmsoLRiVxtsvs][ xmsNTPLji (3).
VVxtsQRV ERVM e
RVryRQ sVR}qs RRQ*Li ][sryNRPLi RVy s[M e RryssR ysW R*Li [ZNP[ ][
sxtsQzqs ee 4
gRiRV= NSsVLRiWxmsxqsQ*Li R*R=sW s z sR[ e @RxqsQ*Li NSsVysWzms ][ s sV[s
ee 5
sVRysRyxqsQ*Li ][ RLSR= RLRiNRPM e RryRLi RLRiysWzms [ZNP[ ][ sxtsQzqs
ee 6
R*R=sVLi xqsLRi* [yyLi RVk*LRiLi s sxtsQ eRRry= ys xqsLS* xqsLRi*y{ms yLixqsRM
ee 7
RO][QRVLi s[ xmsdLi xqsRVLi yxqs NSsVdssV e ARM xmsxmsL][ z RV[xtsQLi
xmsoLRiVuRsVM ee 8
dsso xmsogRis[ sWVVNRP x VVNRP sVsxqsV=sV sVjLiyRso gRisVNRP, dsNRPV [NRPsVV[
sVsRVRsV }msLRiV xmszqsj gSLiR gRiRV (4). sVsxqsV=[ xmso[ J sVsy!RV[RgS ssR
LRiWxmssVVsV RLjiLiRV[ ds][ xqssV\sVs yRV gRiRV[ [RV gRisVNRP, dsso 'NSsVVRV' @sV
}msLRi xmss RRVVsVV (5). dsso sVsV sVys*RVsV [RVVRVso gSs dsNRPV sVRsVRs
}msLRiV. dsso RLRisVV gRiyRso. RLRisVV sVLiT xmsosyRso. NSs dsNRPV [NRPsVV[ NRPLiRLRiVRV
@s[ }msLRiV gRiWR xmszqsjs gSLiRgRiRV (6). ds][ xqssWs\sVs sVV gRiyRV [sR[
sVLjiVVNRPLRiV DLiR[LRiV. NSsos ryssVVsRVV dss[V. dsso xqsLRi*yzmss (7).
xmsoLRiVxtsQZaP[xtsvRV, sVVR xmsxmsRVgRiV C RORPVRV RsNRPV ss sRsVVgS dsNRPV ssV
}mssVLiRV LRisV xqs*RVsVVgS CRVgRiRV (8).

Guy R NRPsNS yLRiVLRiWFy xsV[s e xqsLiy ys[V sy xqsLRi*[ZNP[ sxtsQ ee 9


x[ yRV][ RVryR=sVgSy sLSLigRiy e @Rxqs=Li[. sy NSLiy RV
sVNS ee 10
xVVNRP sVsxqsV= sVLiT xmsos C xqsVLiRLRi LRiWxmssVV gRi NRPs [NRPsVVsLiRVLiRV
xqsLiR RVsV }msLRiV][ xmszqsjs gSLisV (9). yssVV [RVVRVs x sLiT C xqsVLiRLji
RNRPgS sLisj gSs, CsV xqsLiRRVs xmszqsjs Rzqssj. C xqsVLiRLji sV dgRis
sZaP[xtsQLi xmsNSbPLiRVRVsj (10).
x[yR e
N_xqsVsWs RyryQ xmsLiyyRV sV[sM e xmsRsLRiW{ms R\Qs LiRRWsWxqs
saRPRVsV ee 11
xL<RiLi L][RyLi R sWxsLi a][xtsQLi Ry e sWLRiLi [ FNSs sVVs[ L][xNRPLSzms ee
12
x sVsV RVRLRi xqssVVjxtsQLi xqsyRssV e RR\|s NRPLjiuysV sVVdsyLi xqss_ s[M
ee 13
xtsQLi sVVsRVaSR xqs*RVLi yzms xmsxmsM e G[uyLi ryOTPQ WRLi s[V sxtsQLiRR
saRPRVsV ee 14
xqsLiyzms x FNS [ydsLi
xmsWgS[xRWsVxsV ee 15

}msxtsQ[VR*RM

Bx

NRPLRi

xmsLkiZO^PQ s

x BV xmsZNPsV c
sVsxqsV=[ DRLiVVLiRV sVsRVRV @LiVVRV xmsoxtsQsVVsV dxqsVN]s, xmsRs LRiWxmssVV][
@NRPRs[ RVVLiT A[Li INRP saRPRVsVVsNRPV ssV (11). sVVsVNRPV NRPWR sWxsVVsV

NRPgjiLiRV C sVVNRPV xL<RisVV, L][ssVV, sWxssVV, a][xtsQsVV sVLjiRVV sWLRisVV @s


}msLRiV (12). x yNRPV Dxms[bPLis xqsyRs xqsXztsQ NSLRisVVsV s[sV BRs[ C sVVsV
xqssj[, x xqssj[ xmsWgjiLiRsV (13). BR sVVsVV DyLRiV. xmsxms NRPWR
xqs*RVsVVgRi DyRV. y saRPRVsVVsNRPV dsLRiLiRLRiV CyRV ryORPVV NSgRiLRiV (14). xqsLiR NRPWR
BR gRiRV. x[ sLjiQxtsQ\sVs xmsoxtsQ xmsWgRiLRiWxms NRPLRisV xmsLkiORPQN]LRi\ZNP CsV RVLiRV
ARLjiLi s[sV CsVsV sWzLixms[RVgRisV (15).
B xqsLiLiR sVsry sbPR R sV[sM e xmsoxtsQLi xmsoxtsQRxqs WRWsWxqs sWLRiQ\M
ee 16
AdR ryssWryR RsVLSNRPXxtsQ RVRRM e RNSLRi sRWNSLRiLi NSsW Rs*sLRixqsy ee 17
xqsLiz[ [s N][RLi[ sWLRiVyaRP xqsVgRiLiRRVM e ssoxqsR sVVsZaP[xtsQ xqssVgSR NSLjiM ee 18
RRryszms y y ks xqsLS*s[s R sWsrys e xmsXRN`P xmsoxtsQaRP# \lLi{qsZN^P L][xRWsWxqs sWxsM
ee 19
RR}qs sVVsRVxqs=lLi[* sWzyaSxmsxLi sVVs[ e xqsLiz][ sVsry NRPLij*NSLRiLi FyxmsoLSjRM
ee 20
sVsRVRV sVsxqsV[ sV saRPLiVVLiRVN]s xmsoxtsQRsxqsV=Q\|ms xmsoxtsQ sVVsV FsNRPV |mssV
(16). @xmsoRV RsVLSLRiV[ ZaP[xtsvRgRiV NSsVVRV NRPVTNSVsV sVVLiRVNRPV sLi, FsRsV NSVsV
ssVNRPNRPV |ms, RsxqsV=sV sVVgS gji gRiVLiRsVVgS [|qssV. (17). ARRV RsxqsV=sV FsNRPV
|msgSs[ xmsLjisV LjiRsVVV @gRiV yRVVsoV @R dsss. J sVxL<ki! A yRVVsoV
g]xms ARsVVsV NRPgjiLiss (18). sWzLixms [RVV A sVsRVRV dNRPsVVgRiV
xmsoxtsQsVV][ xsV, ARs sWsxqs xmsoRVsLiRLjids sWzLixms[|qssV (19). J
sVVds! @xmsoRV s[sV sVLjiRVV A sVVsVLiRLRiV sWzRV\sVsV. sVVsVVRryLjigS
RVV sVsxqsV=[ INRP sORPQ\sVs sNSLRisVVsV F~LijLji (20).

xqsLiyLi xqslLi[* sLkiORPQLiRxqs=sNSLRiLi sVVxLRiVxM e Axqss xmssXRsVRyM {qsQ


RVrysR\sjds ee 21
RRxqs=LS*s xqs sVR[ sWxLiVVy* xmsosM xmsosM e RV[LijRVsNSLRiLi[ FyxmsorysNRPL][Ry ee
22
DkLji[LijW yy dsOSQQxLi xqs RVy R ysV e R\s ][s xmsLiyaRPyy yaRP+LkiLRiRM
ee 23
ryzms \Lki*QORPQ sWR NRPLiRLRiaRPLRiFyRy` e RZNP[ sVVxLRiVxLSys NRPOSQsLRijNSs ee
24
yLRiLiRLRiV xqsLiRsV sVLRi sVLRi sNSLRisVV][ RWLji. yLji sVsR sNSLRisVVV
sXjF~LisV. {qsQ NSsVsNSLRisVVsV sXj [RVVsV gRiy! (21). BV A sVsRVRV
yLjisLiRLjis sVLRi sVLRi sWzLixms[zqs, yLRiV BLijRV sNSLRisVVsV F~LiRVsV [|qssV (22).
xsgRiV s[sV AsVsV sXjF~Lijs BLijRV sNSLRisVV][ RWRVRVs xqssVRVsVV[
aRPLkiLRisVV sVLiT s\ ]sVj xmsyLRisVVV xmsoss (23). yLRiV BV RWRVRVLiRgS, AsV\|ms
NRPWR sVsR sVV xmsssVV xmssV. AsVRVV NUPgRiLi][ RWRV, xqsLi][
A*sLiRV sVVRgRiV aRPXLigSLRi sNSLRisVVsV @jNRPsVVgS [RVsV (24).
sxqsLRixqsVLiRLki xqsLiy ys ys sWsrRys eNRPVLRi*LiRLSLi lLi[[ xqs*LRikxms RsWLji M
ee 25
@R sRVVyLi xqsLiyLi dsOSQQNSL<RiLi xmsxmsM e RLSxmspLjiR RsV LRixtsQsVxLi sVVs[ ee
26
RR}qs sVVsRVxqs=lLi[* sVLkiRsVV Azms e ROSQyaRP j*ZaP[xtsQ Fyxmso\lLiQQ* NSLjiZNP[LijRVsV ee
27
RXuy* Rysy RORPQsVLkixmssVVaRP sWsV e xqsLiyLi R NRPLRi s[ aRPR[ sVRsxqsy ee 28

xqsx xqsVLiRLji RVgRiV xqsLiR , sVsxqsV=[ xmso[ NSsVssVVsV xmsNRPLiRVRVsQQ\, s


RLRiLigRisVV][ NRPWTs sVLiyNTPs sjs sVNTP xmsNSbPLisV (25). J sVxL<ki! xmsxmsRVgRiV
s[sV NSsVssVV][ NRPWTs xqsLiRsV RW, NSsVssVV][ sLiTs aRPLkiLRisVV gRiyR\s
AsVsV @ztsQLis (26). @xmsoy sVLki , @ sVVRgRiV sVVsVV, RORPVRV sVVRgRiV
xmsxmsRVV NRPWy BLijRV sNSLRisVVsV F~LijLji (27). J sxmsZaP[uy! RORPVRV, sVLki sVVRgRiV
yLRiV, sVLjiRVV s[sV @V @gRiVsV RW, sVLjiRVV xqsLiRsV RW, sVsRVsNRPV Rs
rysVLRiQsVV \|ms saS*xqssVV NRPlgisV (28).
RVjRLi x NRPLRi sVsWjxtsQLi sVRWzms R` e NRPLRiVLi aRPNRPsV xy sRLi xqs*Vy
Ry ee 29
BRLi FyxmsgRiLi dsORPQ RYLi R zms RVxqsy e RLRi xqs=ryLRi aRPLiVLi \s Ry RLSssLi
xmsVsV ee 30
xqsLixqsLRissry RLRiaRP+LiNRPLRiLi RLRiFyNRPsV e RVuys ss\LS*Q\ZNPQQQLki[ Wy*xqsLisM ee 31
'x yNRPV @xmszmss C NRPLRisV s[sV [RVgRisV ' @s[ saS*xqssVV sVsRVsNRPV
RXRsVVgS NRPlgisV (29). @xmsoRV RLRiVRV Fyxmsss][ NRPWTs rRLRiVsV, RLiTs RW,
RLRi LRiORPQNRP xmsVsgRiV aRPLiVsosV xqsLjiLisV (30). x xmsoRVRgRiV RLRiRV ksV\, RLRi
FyNRPVRgRiV aRPLiNRPLRiVs sVsxqsV=[ xqsLjiLiRVRW @s[NRP yNRPsVV][ BV xqsVLisV (31).
RLRi DyR e
[s [s sV[s RLRiFy ssWsxqsV[ e xqsXztsQ zqs syaSyLi NRPLS aRPLi[ R*s[Vs z ee 32
xqsXu zqsf sxtsvM xms[V xLRiLRiWxmsRXN`P e LRixqs=RQ* RsWaRP gRiV\LRigRiVM xms[ ee
33
s\|qs#gRiVbP+sry=QOSQRVLRiaRP xmsNRPX[M xmsLRiM e sLRiV[ sLji*NSLki R*Li yyd saSLRiRM ee 34
LRiORPQ LRiORPQ sV[s FyFyyLi RVxqsLSjRM e sVyRVLi Ry [s[V RLRiM FyxmsVRRVM ee 35

RLRiVRV BV xmsZNPsV c
[s [y! sV[y! RLRiLRiORPQNS! dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV. aRPLi[! xqsXztsQzqsRVNRPLRiso dss[
gRiy!(32). xms[! gRiVLRizRVRsgRiV dsso LRixqsV=, xqsRQ*sVV, RsVxqsV= @sV gRiVsVVsV
{qs*NRPLjiLi, xqsXztsQRVLiRV x LRiWxmssVVsV, zqsRVLiRV sxtsvLRiWxmssVVsV, xmsRVsVVsLiRV
LRiVRLRiWxmssVVsV RLjiLiRso (33). bPsoRV gRiV dRVRV. sVWLRiV NRPdR\sVs
RVLkiRVRRQ*s[V bPsoRV. ARVs xmsNRPX NRPLi DRQXxtsvRV. @ dsso sLRiVVRso.
sLji*NSLRiVRso. @LiVVssW, @s[NRP dsV xmsNRPLiRV[ xqssVLRiVRso (34). sV[y! ssV
RLjiLixms aRPNRPsVV gSs C FyxmssVV sVLiT LRiOTPQLixmsosVV. LRiOTPQLixmsosVV. C y RLiT, sVLjiRVV C y
rRLRiVV Fyxms Vjs NRPgjiRVVyLRiV (35).
x[yR e
B xqsV][ sV}aS[ RlLi[Q\s xmsLRiM xmsVM e Ry gSsV bdPxmnsVLi \s LRiOTPQRVLi RLRisWRWM ee
36
][ sRVRRaRP+LiVLji*jLi RXuy* RysRsV e sWLi ROSQyLiaRP sVsry rxmsxqs R
ee 37
xqs ryRVyRLi ys xqsLS*s sxxqs R xmsosM xmsosM e Dy[RLi sVVsZaP[xtsQ RVs
sXxtsQR*M ee 38
x BV xmsZNPsV c
xmsLRisV xmsVso, xqs*RVLiVsosgRiV sV}aRP*LRiVRV RLRiVs[ C sRsVVgS xqsVLixmsTsy\,
sLis[ @RNRPV RLRi LRiORPQ N]LRi\ZNP s[|qssV (36). xsV (ssV) , RORPVRV sVVRgRiV yLjis
A sRsVVgS RWzqss aRPLiVRV ANSaRPsVVsLi[ DLiT FsLiRRVW sso*N]ssV (37).
sXxtsQyxsVRgRiV A bPsoRV yLRiLiRLji][ 'ryRV ryRV' @s zmsZNPsV. J sVxL<ki! ARVs
sVLRi sVLRi ss*, yLjiNTP zqsgRiV NRPVgRiV sRsVVgS BV xmsZNPsV (38).

bPs DyR e
@x[ xLixqss NRPRLi NSsVsxqs=sVVRRM e RXuy* R RsRWLi \ss WgRiLi s[ysV
ryLjisV ee 39
RVy sVy R gjids RXxmsd Ry xqsVy e GyM NRPVRXuy RxtsQy s NRPyzms sxmsbPy ee
40
GxtsQ \s s[RsWLRixqs saRPRVxqsQ*sV[ zqsRM e NRPRLi RV NSsVsW[ xqs [ sryLji][ s[ ee 41
\LRiLi gRiLjiRLi xs sVs}qs RRVLSss e NRPRLi ORPVQ[ NSs[Vs LRiLiRVLi sgRiRLi s[ ee 42
bPsoTV xmsZNPsV c
@x[ xs! NRPVsWlLi sV RW dsNRPV NSsVssVV FsV NRPgjisj? s[R sWLSsVRWRVVNRPV
Bj RgRiRV (39). ss[NTP Rs, rRLjis, rRLRiVs LRisV, sVLjiRVV NRPVsWlLisV RxmsV RXztsQ][
FssRVsW RWRLSRV (40). Bj s[R sWLRisVV VVNRP sLRiRVsVV. s[RsVV ds sVVsVVsLiRV
gRiRV. } xs! @VRgRiV NSsVVRV dsso kss sxqsLjiLiRVsV FsV [RVgRilgisV ?(41).
yV sVVsVVV gRi J x!dsso sVsxqsV=sLiRV ss[NRPsVVsV s[VVxmsosVV. s[! dsso
ORPVQRsVgRiV NSsVsVV][ sVsxqsV=sV FsV LRiLiLixms[RVgRiso? (42).
GNSLiR WgjisxqsryR=LRi*yjRRLji+sM e NRPRLi RORPQsVLki yy [VFy{qsQxtsv sWsryM ee
43
NRPRLi NSsWszms sVLiyy Fy][=sRV\ss z e sNRPXys \M NRPXRysNS[ [RsM
ee 44
jNRPLi aRPV RLi xqsy Rxqs RVxqs NSLiy sV[xLRi` e \LS yNRPXxtsQ [xtsv sVRVRzms
sWsxqssV ee 45

sWsxqsxmsoRgRiV RORPQ sVLkiyRVV DsR WsVNRPNRPV Lijs WgRiVV. @LiRVsss[, yLRiV


xqsy AjRVs RLji+LiRVyLRiV. @ yLRiV {qsQ ysWxsVVsV F~LijLji? (43) sVWLRiVRV,
NSsVV VVNRP KRsVVsLRiVLigRis yRV, @aRPNTPsVLiRVRVsgRiV NSsVVRV xmsos N]j }qsxmsZNP[
gRiLji*RV\ sVV][ dsVRVLiRV sNSLRisVVsV NRPLiyRV? (44). Fsss sVsxqsV=sV {qsQ
@xmsxLjiLiRV[,
ysNTP
ys
FyLiTRsVVsNRPV
sLiRRVgRiVgSNRP! @ss[NRPVV
\LRisVV(ss[NRPssVV) sVLiT sVsxqsV=sV sVLRi RLiRsVgRiV sxtsQRV xqsVsVV RVLiRV
ssVgRisVV [RVVRVLRiV (45)
x[yR e
B Rxqs sRaRPVQ+y* [ZNP[ rxLi bPsxqs R e dsRRW j*gRiV WR }qs=Q*yLRiQxqsQ*sLi
ORPQ` ee 46
R][ sgRiX\|LijRVNRPLi sNSLRiLi yRLi sVVs[ e xmnsVXORPVLRizqs Rky yLi xqsLiyLi
NSsVLRiWzmssV ee 47
sVRLkiLSRV xmnsVLSLi[ RVRFyR j*[RsV e @gji uy*yM zmsRXgRi yM zmsRXgRixqsRM
ee 48
yLis sxqs=lLi[* xmsoLSs[RyM e syLiR RVRRVM xmsoxqs=LiryLRissVVM xmslLi[ ee
49
x BV xmsZNPsV c
@ s[sV A bPsos sWsV ss lLiLiRV lLiV @jNRPsVVgS zqsgRiVLijs. ORPQsVV[ y
aRPLkiLRisVLiRRVW sV][ sLisV (46). J sVVds! sV[xLRi LRiWzms RVgRiV A xqsLiRsV
xmsVN]ssss[ N][LjiNRP DssW, s[sV bPsos RVsVV[ sgRizLiRVN]s BLijRV sNSLRisVVsV
sT |mss (47). J j*ZaP[uy! y aRPLkiLRisVV sVLiT Ljis sV ds sVLiT @gjiuy*RVs[
zmsRX[sRV, sVLjiRVV BLiN][ zmsRLRiVV sLiLji (48). yLRiLiRLRiV NSVNRP F~TssVLiTLji. yLji

s[RsVVV sNRPzqsLis xmsRsVVs sVLisV. A xmsoRVV g]xms RVZaP[xtsvV. yLRiV


xqsLiryLRisVVsLiRV sLRiNTPgRi sVsVsoV (49).
xqsxryLi RRVxtsQXztsQ LRigji uy*yM xmsNUPLjiyM e xtsQRbdP xqsxry Ry L>jixtsQ][ sVVs[ ee 50
xmnsVLSLiM xmsRLi Ws Ry RORPQaRPLkiLRiRM e xqssVxqs gRiV xqsLixmsy Rry y sLSLigRiy ee
51
Rs*Ligki xqssVsVy R RsVL][sWsd aRPVy e sVXR*Ligki yLRiVRaRPy ssNSLiRs xqsVxms ee 52
xqsLS*sRVsLRisW R xmspLRi RLiysyLiV e ysW LRiLji y sVVdsysVzms sWzds ee
53
J sVxL<ki! @gji uy*RV xqsLi @LRi\s yVgRiV s[V. L>jixtsQRV xqsLi Fss\ ALRiV s[V (50).
@xmsoRV RORPVs aRPLkiLRisVV sVLiT sV dsLRiV WsV\|ms sV. ys sVLiT xqssVxqsgRiVsVV][
NRPWTs INRP ZaP[xtsQRVVs sLisV (51). AsV xqsVLiRLRisVgRiV @sRVsVVsV, xqssV\sVs
sRVsVVsV, xqsss L][sV xmsLiNTPs NRPgjiRVVLisV. AsV @sRVssVVV sVXRVsogS sVLisV.
AsV RLiRsVVV xqsVLiRLRisVVgS sVLisV. AsV sVLRiVgRiV|mss LigSLRisVV s NSLiRVdssV
(52). AsV @s @sRVssVV RVLiRV LRisVsVVgS sVLisV. AsV sVVsVV xmsossV y
RLiRVs [RVVLisV. sVVsVsV NRPWR sWzLixms[RVV AsVNRPV LRi RVs }msLRiV (53).
sVLki xmssVVxt<sQ\Q* sgRiX{[LijRVNTPRWM eVV[NRPRVLi szqsxtsQLi R xmsoryQLigjiLRir Ry ee
54
NRPy*kyLi RRVLSLi R dLi Ws xmsFyR R e [M zmsRXgRi y @xmslLi[ sVVsxqsRsV ee
55
rsVFy AFy ysW R\ys[ xqsVNSsM e xsxtsQLiRxqsV=yxqs=lLi[* NRPsyxM xmsNUPLjiRM ee
56

NRP][xqsV rsVFyM xmsoy szqsuyysxqsy e AFyM xmsoxqsQxqs xsxtsQLi][ iLigjiLRixqsV=yM


ee 57
NRPRV, szqsxtsQ, xmsoxqsQ, @LigjiLRixqsVsV sVsLiVVLi, sVLki sVVRgRiV ALRiVLRiV VVxtsvV
BLijRV sNSLRisVVsV sgRizLiRgRiLji.(54). NRPRVso sVVRgRiV A sVLRiV VVxtsv dsVV
WsV\|ms xmssV. JsVVsZaP[uy! @xmsoRV sVLjiN]LiRLRiV zmsRXgRisVVV sLiLji (55). rsVxmsoV,
AxmsoV, xqsVNSVV, sVLjiRVV xsxtsQLiRVs yLji }msLRiV. dsLRiLiRLjiNTP xsLSgRisVVsV
(NRPssVV) @LiR[RVV @gji NRPsyxRsRVsV (56).NRPRVso sVLiT rsVxmsoV, szqsxtsvs
sVLiT NSVV @sV xmsoRVV sLiLji. xmsoxqsVQs xqsVRVV AxmsosRVV, @LigjiLRixqsVs
xqsVRVV xsxtsQLiRsRVV @sRVRVLRiV (57).
[xtsv [xtsv s}msLiR @gji uy*yjZNP[xtsQ*R e [NSyLi zmsRXslLi[xtsv NRPsy xqs xqssVLiRRM ee
58
xqsLiy zmsRXxmsxqsWLRiWy*
RLRiNRPLRixmsLSRV ee 59

RRV[aRPRVVys s`

sL][uy

aRPLiV

xqsLiRXuy

GRzqssLiRlLi[ aRPLiVLRisVgRiXs j*s e RLRiLi xqsLiLRiORPQ sjsRLiRLSsLi gRi][ RVRsV


ee 60
@R aRPLiNRPLRiyZNP[s ][sxLi zmsysVxM e NRPLiRLSRWN][zmsRLi z VNRPV NRPVssM ee 61
J sxmsZaP[uy! @gji uy*RVV sVVRgRiV C zmsRX[sRV sLiRgS, yLRiLiRLjiNTP sWssoV
xqssVLjiLi[ xssVVsV xqssVLjiLiRV @gji NRPsy @LiVVyRV (58). x NRPVsWlLiRVgRiV
xqsLiR RLiT gRiVsVVsV xmsoNTP xmsoRVN]ssV. aRPLiVs[ RWRTs AsV ][xtsQsVVV [s\,
RLRi RsVgRiV NRPLRiRVLiRV @LRiVgRi\ RVVLisV (59). BLiR[ aRPLiVRV A
VVxtsvsLiRLjis @sVgRizLi, RLRisVVsV RVysjgS xqsLiLRiOTPQLi, sLis[ @LiRLSssVV
LisV (60). @xmsoRV zmsysVxRsgRiV s[sV aRPLiNRPLRiVs sW[ zqsgRiV LijRVVLis.
sVsRVs\|ms N][xmssVV NRPgji y NRPsVsVV sVVTssV (61).

RXuy* sVVsVFyRVLi sjy* rszms sVsRM e xqs*s xqsLiLSaRPV dRM xmsaRPVxms[LRiVs[


ee 62
RRM N][xmsxqssWRVVNRPM xmsRWsLRixLi sVVs[ e @*Li yys jRORPVLjis FysNRPM ee 63
ss[ygji sLRiQgRiM NRPLiRL][ RLRisWzRM e sxtsQ sV[s[ NRPXy* NRPLRi xqsVRVxtsQLRisV ee
64
B s[y xqsQ*xLi NSsVsVORPQRVLi j*xqsRsV e xqssVORPQLi zmsRXxqsLixmnsVxqs sVVdsyLi R
RVyRysV ee 65
B d][ LRixmsxqs` ORPQRQQ NRPsWLRiM e FyRVLRiWs xmsRQORPQLi aSxmsLi aRPVy* yLRiVsV ee
66
A sVsRVRV y sVVsVVsV RW y @FyRVsVVsV gRizLisV. JsVVds! ARRV bPsosNRPV
RVxmsT sLis[ Rs sVVsVxmsxqsLixLjiLisV (62). J sVxL<ki!g]xms sVV gRiyRsV,
xmsRsVV sVLiT xmsos yRsV @gRiV s[sV @xmsVRV N][xmssVV][ sLiTs xqs*LRisVVsV RgRiVV
@gjis sVLiT xmsTs (63). gRiLRi*sVV[ sWzRV\ RVVs C sVsRVRV sV[sos
RVLiRV [RV aRPNRPsVV NSs NRPLRisV [RVWs, ARVs s[RsVV sVLiT RV*Rs @gji[
RzLixmsRgRiRV (64). J j*ZaP[uy! s[sV C dLRiVs, RVdaRP*LRiVgRiV sVVsVV, zmsRX[sRV
RWRVRVLiRgS, NSsVVs aRPzmsLis (65). NSsVVRV RVxmsT sLis[ sVVsV As
FyLRis[zqs, @ yLRiVsVgRiV C aSxmssVVsV ss sLis[ y FsRV xmsRQORPQsWVsV (66).
Li sWsVVx[RLi xqsROSQjxqsVRLi sVVs[ e aRPX*yLi zmsRXxqsLixmnsWyLi xqsLiyRWaRP
sgRiLRi*kM ee 67
J sVxL<ki! RORPVRV sVVRgRiV NRPVsWLRiV][ NRPWTRVVs x][ (y][) gRiLRi*sVV ]gjis
VjgRi NSsVVRV, zmsRX[sRV, xqsLiR sLiW DLiRgS, BV xmsZNPsV (67).
NSsV DyR e

NTPsVLRiLi sy xs aRPFxsV yLRiVsV e@ygRixqss [ZNP[aRP yRVsWLRisVryLjiM ee 68


R*RW ][NRPLi sV sVRLRi RVRRQxs NRPXRLi sVRW e RR Wg][s aSF s[V RV][
ys` NRPXRLi sVRW 69
@xLi sxtsvxqsy aRPLiVxqs=lLi[* R*RLRig][RLSM eB RVRsy FNRPLi RsRWzms xmsLkiOTPQRsV ee
70
yxmsLS][ sVsWxmsR xsLiVV sLSgRizqs e yLRiVxqs=sVRV\ZaPQQs aSF [s gRiR[ ee 71
J ! dsso ssV sVNTP yLRiVsVVgS aRPzmsLiRVNRPV NSLRis[VsV ? J [NRP xmsW! dsso
[RVV xmssVV FyxmsLRizRsVVV, yRWsWLRisVVsV @sVxqsLjiLiRVss @LiVV DLiRVsV (68).
s[sV [RVszqss xmsss dsso slLi[bPLis. G ! s[sV yss[ [zqss. A sxtsQRVsVV[
yNRPV aSxmssVV dsRVRgRiRV. s[sV dsso zmss ysNRPLi ssVgRiV xmsss [RV[RV (69). s[sV,
sxtsvso, aRPLiVRV, @LiRLRiV ds sVVNRPV saRPVgRiVRVLRiV @s dsso zmss sWsV sWRs[V
s[sV xmsLkiOTPQLis (70). J !ks[ y @xmsLSRsVV [RV. J [y! gRiRQW! RxmsVsV
[RVs yNRPV yLRiVsVgRiV aSxmssVVss (71).
x[ yR e
B Rxqs sRaRPVQ+y* xLi gRiyLi xmsMe xmsR[RLi RVyRsLi sVRsLi
RsVRVsVxM ee 72
AR sVsV xqsLi[RVLi RVry[RR= NSsVRM e OUPQ NRPX][SxLi sy RRaS+F sVRW
NRPXRM ee 73
@RVy aSLiRL][usxLi y*Li sysV sV[s e aRPXVxtsQ* gRiR xqsLi[xxqsV=d s RVLi R
ee 74
R*Li xqs Wy* sVRs LRi[Rs szy e R\yaRPV xqssVLi xmsaS RLkiLRiLi FyxmsLiVVxtsQ ee
75

RVy NRPLjixtsQ xL][Liry yLRixmsLjigRixsV e Ry xqs Gs sRaRP+LkiLRiLi FyxmsLiVVxtsQ ee 76


x BV xmsZNPsV c
sVsRVs C sWsV ss, gRiRQVso x @gRiV s[sV AR sRVLiRsVV gRi
sVsRVs @s[NRP xmsLSRVsVVV sgRizLi BV RVTs (72). C xqsLiR yNRPV NRPVsWlLi.
s[sV CsV RVLiRV NSsVsNSLRisVVsV F~LiRVsV dsso ssV ds sVVNRPV ORPQ sVV [zqss.
@LiRVsss[ , s[sV aSxmssVVss (73). BxmsoRV y N][xmssVV Rgjisj. J sVsy! s[sV
xmsV sWsV ssVsVV. ds xqsLi[xsVVV ]gRiVsV. dsso xqsVs NRPsVV. RVsVVsV dsRVsVV
(74). sVsy! bPsos s[RsVV sVLiT ss @gji ssV xqssVV [RVVsV. A RLRiVyR dsso
bdPxmnsVsVVgS sVLRi aRPLkiLRisVVsV F~LiRgRiso (75). bPsoRV Rs BR[ LRisV {qs*NRPLjiLi,
ARVs[V dsNRPV aRPLkiLRisVV NRPVgRiVsV [RVgRiRV (76).
Gs sVVNSQ*R sVRssVxLi [NRPzmsysVxM e @LiRLRi[ sVVdsLiyLi sWsryyLi xmsxmsaRPysV
ee 77
B[sLi s[V sRaRPVQ+y* sVRs}qsSzms sWsryM e xqsLiWsoxqsV=yxqs=lLi[* xqsV[sLRiLi gRiXxLi
gRiyM ee 78
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi j*d[V xqsdLi[
NSsVaSFysVgRix[ ysV RXdWsyRVM (3).
[NRPzmsysVxRsgRiV s[sV sVVdsaRP*LRiVV, sWsxqsxmsoRVV RWRVRVLiRgS, BV xmsNTP
@LiRLSssVVsV Lijs (77). C ysWsV ss, sVsRVRV, sVLjiRVV sWsxqsxmsoRVV
@LiRLRiV xqsVsVVsV F~Lij, bdPxmnsVs[V gRiXxsVVNRPV sRLji (78).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsj RVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizRRVLiRV lLiLiRsj RVgRiV xqsd
LiRsVV[ NSsVaSFysVgRixsVVs[ sVWRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (3).

@R RRVL][syRVM
NSsV syxsVV
yLRiR DyR e
sxtsvbPxtsQ sVFy s[ [NRPNRPLRi xms[ e @RV[RVLi NRPy FNS bPsdsVXys*y ee 1
RRM NTPsVsyR RLjiRLi RR*yRVy e @xLi aRPys*R a][Q+RVLi RVj aRPLiVNRPyaRPRVsV ee
2
yLRiRVTV xmsZNPsV c
J sxtsvbPuy! dsso g]xms FyRso. } s[! dsso [NRPsVVsV xqsXztsQLis. } xms[! bPsos
dV @s[ @sVXRsVV][ NRPWTs C @RVRsVgRiV gSRsV zmss (1). RLiU! ARLRiVyR
G\sVsj? A sXyLiRsVVsV BxmsVRV xmsVsVV. s[sV aRPLiVs gSRsV ssVRVLiRV aRPR gRi
yRsV (2).
x[yR e
aRPLi gRi[ srys[ s[RxqsLiRL>ji[ sVLiVV e RORPQM FyR NRPLiRLRiLi xqsLixqsLRis sVsV RR*RM ee 3
x BV xmsZNPsV c
aRPLiVRV Rs ryssVVsNRPV ssV. xsgRiV s[sV @LiRLSssVV Lijs. @xmsoRV RORPVRV y
A sWsV xqsLjiLiRVRW, sVsRVs][ sssV (3).
RORPQ DyR e
sV[x[RVLi NRPLiRLRi xqsRWxmsgRiVxqsLiRVVy e GyLi gRiX{xtsQ* LSLRiLi sRxqs=RXbdPLi
gRiV\M ee 4

Guy Rs sV[ xqs=LRi*y xqsxyLji e sxtsQ RVyNSsVLi RLRi][ saRPsLjids ee 5


RORPVTV xmsZNPsV c
J sVsy! CsV y [xsVVsVLiT xmsosj. sVLi LRiWxmssVV, gRiVsVVV NRPj. CsV
gRiVsVV[ dsNRPV Rgjisj. CsVsV LRigS {qs*NRPLjiLixmsosVV (4). g]xms [zqs*sRVgRiV CsV xqsy
dsNRPV ][RVgS sVLiRVsV. CsV ssV }mssVLiRVsV. dsNRPV @sVNRPWsVVgS sVLiT RLRisVVsV
FyLiRgRiRV (5).
x[ yR e
BRVQQNSQ* xmsR_ R\|qs# [x }qs*yLiVxqsLiysV e NRPLiRLSRWgRiRM NRPXy* ysV NRPXy*
LRid ysV ee 6
sxx yLi xqsLRir=szms sVVsWyds yLRiR e RORPQLi RsRWLi LRisWLi sVVdsysVzms
sWzdssV ee 7
@R yLi dsORPQ sVR[ LRiyLi xqs*zqsQRVLi aRPVsV e Ay gRiV[s s][r sVVsWx
LRiLRiLiRM ee 8
ORPQ xmsyssyLiy g_Lki sVXgRiRXbdP sVVy e [FyLigRiR R\|qs#s LS R xqsRXbdP LRif ee
9
x BV xmsZNPsV c
RORPVRV BV xmsNTP Rs [xsVV VVNRP sVsVLiT xmsos AsVNRPV LRiRVsV ysVNRPLRisVV
[zqs AsVsV NRPLiRLRiVs FsRV szms xqssVLjiLisV (6). J yLRiy! xqsVLiRLji, sVVsVsV NRPWR
sWzLixms[RVVsj @gRiV A RORPQxmsos syxsWT sVsRVRV sVNTP AsLijLisV (7).
@xmsoRV sVsRVRV LRi @s[ a][RVVNRPsVgRiV Rs LRisV RW, @sVLSgRisVV[ sLiTs
sVsxqsV= gRiy\, Rs sVV[ ys[ N]Tsy\, sWxsVVsV F~LisV (8). g_LRisLRisVV

gRij, [TNRPsVV gRij, RLiRsVgRiV JLRi RWxmsoV gRij, xqsVLiRLji @gRiV A sVsRVs LRi
@Rs][ xqssV\sVs @sVLSgRisVV gRij\V, @RsNTP DR=ssVVsV NRPgjiLisV (9).
Rry WRVVgRiLi dsORPQ xqsLiaRPRVLi sVR[sNRPL][` e Dy=RsLi sV][RLiRLi syyryLi
ss[bPRsV ee 10
NRPOSQ sWaRPVgRiLi RXuy* Rry j*[RsV e AaRPV gRiLiRVLi sryQLi aRPR[s
RyLRiVysV ee 11
Rryxqs=Q*s xqsVLRi kLRi aS*rysLi Ry e AxmnsWRV sVRsaRP+yLi RQQNRPysRWLiZNP[ ee
12
xmsplLi[LiRV xqsRXaRPLi sNRPQLi RXuy* ORPQ xqsVOTPQRsV e s sbPNSRV sVR[ [RLi RsV
RLiRWM ee 13
AsV NRPsV sVsV RW, ' x y RsxqsV=sV gRiVN]s CsV NRPsVsVsV sVyy
[VsV?' @s sVsRVRV xqsLi[xxmssV (10). J j*ZaP[uy! ARRV AsV VVNRP s[gRisVV gRi
RWxmsosV xmsLjiNTPLi, Rs @xqsQsVV RVLiRV aRPRsV bdPxmnsVs[V N][[VsV. AsV BRLRi
rLiRLRisVV\sssW ARRV xmsLjiNTPLiR[RV (11). xqs*s zqsRsVVgS xmsLjisVsVVgRi AsV VVNRP
s\lLis aS*xqs yRVVsosV AxmnsWLi sVsRVRV sVRVsWLRiVRsVVsLiRV saS*xqssVVsV
sT|mssV (12). xmspLjisVy RLiRVs [RVVs, s sVR][ a][Li[ AsV sVVsVVsV
RW, sVsRVRV AsV sVVsVVsNRPV, RLiRVsNRPV gRi [RsVVsV FsLRiVLigRi[FVsV (13).
xqsVsLRi xmsRNRPNSRVLi RryM NRPVRR*RVsV e lLi[[ RWRVNRPRVVlgi[s sVlLi[[s s[ztsQRsV ee
14
RXU{ms[sRLi RryxqsQ=ssVRLi sLidssV e Ay xmsRLi sWLi Rds*Li RLiyLiVVyLi
aRPVsV ee 15

Li xmsoxtsQRsVxtsQM NSsVM xtsQys xqsLisWsV e sxqsryLRi R RVryyLi sxqsX\QyLi


sLkiORPQ[ ee 16
gRiLidLRiy LRiLiyLiRaRPRVM FyLRi+Q*R*gSsXRsV e Asy[sORPQR*LiR* sWLRiNRPNRP xmnsLi RVy
ee 17
LigRiLRiVxmsRsVV sVVgRisLi AsV NRPVR R*RVsVV sVLRisVVV ysy RVsVs
RWRVNRPsVV][ xmsNSbPLisV (14). RXRsVVgS zqs FsRVgS sVs AsV xqsssVV sVR[
y gRix*LRisVV sLRiNRPV ss s \ss xqsss sW s[RVRVLisV. aRPVNRPLRisVgRiV (15) A
sWsV sLkiOTPQLiRVRW, sVsRVRV RVsVR xmsLiNTP[ sLjiR\sV @NRP[sVVgS sVs
xmsoxtsQRsVxqsV= VVNRP yLjiys sVLjiFVsV (16). @s \sxmso sVXRVsgRiV RLRisVV[
AsLjiLixmsTRVVs ydLRiLiRsVV[RVgRisVsj. xmsRsVV sLi AsV sVVsVVsLiR lLiLiRV
NRPsVV FsLRis xmnssVV s xmsNSbPLiRVRVss (17).
OUPQLi sV[s sxmsouy sxqsLSQuyxmsRxms e LRiVNRPs[ks RRXZaP[ NSs[Vs LRisV z ry ee 18
LRiLi xqsLiRVRLi zqsQgRiLi RVRWLRiV RVVgRiLi sVXRV e saRPNTP xqssVLi NSsW dsOSQLi R ZNP[
sV[xLRisV ee 19
ALRiNRP FyL`iztsQ FyygRi FyLiRgRiLi xmsRR*RVsV e @sV LSgRisVys[s sVRLi Rry sV[sM ee
20
RryM NRPLRiRVVgRiLi LRiNRPLi s\lLiM NTPLiaRPVN][xms\sVM e sXyLRiLigRiVdaRP xqsWOSQQ gS LRi[xLRisV ee
21
xqsss sRVsVV gRij, xqsxsVVgS LigRiLRiV ss gRij @gRiV A LRisV sVsRVsNRPV LigRiLRiV
s[jNRP s NRPssV (18). @LRi [ s F~R\ssj, zqsQgRisVXRV sV[xLRisVV @gRiV AsV
VVNRP ELRiV R*LiR*sVVsV RW sVsRVRV Rs xqssWxsaRPNTP][ xqssV\sVsjgS sLisV
(19). AsV lLiLiRV FyRsVV @gRisVVV, sVR gRisVV, sVRsVV sVNTP FsLRigS sVLiT,
AsVNRPV zmsRVVRgRiV sVsRVs RVLiRV gRi @sVLSgRisVV y RVLiRV xmsNRP\sVsy

@sVLisV (20). AsV [RVV FsLRigS sVLiT, gRiVsLi g][][, gRiVLiRs xqsss @gRisVVV
gRi s[][ sV[xLRisVVgS sVLisV (21).
RyxRVVgRiLi NSLiRLi sVX RVVgRiRVRsV e sVXRV zqsQgRiLi LRiLi LSyLi [x
xmsys` ee 22
ds dsLRiR xqsLiNSaRPM ZNP[aRPFya][ sV[xLRiM e RsVLki yLRisj* xqs xqsLRizmsRVM ee 23
Gy RXbdPLi LRiLi ysW Fy[RWj xqssVVRysV e gRiLigSsVs sV[[ gS x[RV
[RsM ee 24
RNRPxmsyLi yLRiV x sVX aRPNRPs*ysV e WRVVgRi ssVyR RsWLji
xmsLjiLSysV ee 25
xqsVLiRLRisVVV, sVXRV\sss, zqsgRiQ\sVss @gRiV AsV xsoV ysVLRi RWRV s F~RsogS
sVLiT LigSLRiV ss][ xmsgRiRsVV NSLiRV][ @aRPLiVVLi xmsNSbPLisV (22).ss s[VxmnsVsVV
s sVsxqsV=sV xLjiLi[ AsV ZNP[aRPFyaRPsVV RsVLkisVXgRisVV VVNRP gRiVV\lLis ][NRPs zqsLisV
(23). sNRPzqsLis s[RsVVV gRi sVsRVRV A LRid [ss, sV[soRV
zsVsRLRi*RsVVsVLiT xmsos gRiLigRisV {qs*NRPLjiLisV (24). AsV xqsssVVs[ xmsRsVVV
NRPgjisj, xqsVLiRLRi xsos[ ysVLRiRWRVV gRij, NRPsVsV sLRiVxmso sLRiVxqss[ zms
ZNPLRisVV][ xmsNSbPLiRVsj @gRiV xqsLRixqsV=s sLSsV (25).
NRPORPQ FyR RVLig_xmnsWLi {qs*RV s[][Rs*ysV e RsV[sWLiV \ZaPyLi
sV[RVsVszqsdssV ee 26
ssV yxyLi OSQsWLi xqsLS*LigRiLRisVRVNSsV e xqsLRi*sxqsRyLi a][sWyLi LRisWsVs
ee 27
y*RaSLRi\ LRiVQQNSLi aRPXLigS\lLiQu<R\ZaPLRiVysV e sWzdsLi xqsLRi*[NSyLi xqsRVLidLi ja][
RaRP ee 28

B yLi sVR[ dsORPQ LRiLi gSx rRV=NRPM e LSgSRVxmszqsyLi OUPQ Li xX{tsQ ZNP[aRP B[RsWsV
ee 29
AsV yT RWxmsos[ g]xms xmsyxsVV gRij, s[RsVVs[ s NRPVsV gRij, xqsss
L][sWs @s[ dsyRV, gRij, sV[sXRVs[ sXORPQsVV][ (IRV\|ms sVss) xmsNSbPLiRVsj
(26). ][\s y @s[ xqsLRixqsV= gRij @gRiV sj s xmsNSbPLisV. xqsss A RVVs
xqsLS*sRVsVVRVLiRV LRisVRVsVVgS sVLisV. ssVV AsV RVLiRV syxqssVVLisV.
AsV OTPQ s xmsNSbPLisV (27). xmssLiRV A LRisVVsV RLjiLi, xmsRVyLRiV
@LiNSLRisVVsV [xqsVN]s, xqsLRi*[NRPsVVsV sWzLixms[RVVRW, xmsj jNRPVsV
xmsNSbPLixms[RVVRVs (28) A LRis RW, }mssV][ RgRiLRiNRPV s DRsVsVgRiV OTPQ s sxtsvso
s, sVsRVRV AsVsV Dy=xsVV][ {qs*NRPLjiLisV (29).
[yR R Ry RORPQLi NSsW sWR yRRM e sxqsQXR yLRiVLi aSxmsLi sjRRLi ssWzRM ee
30
Ry sVx[R=sryR Ws xqsV sLRisM e RORPQM {msR RLRiaS{qssVsVV[ RsRW sVsV ee 31
NSsWsds xqsVLi Fyxms xqsLRi*RVM ORPQRVLi gRiRM e RORPQzms LRiM NSsVLi Fyxms yzms xL<Ri x ee
32
LRiLS R RRW ryLRiLi s aSLRiV sRxqs=QLRiM e sVWR Bs xqsLiyRWLi rysVy
sV[RW ee 33
B LRi xmsLRiV\Q L][xRVVN][ LRiLi yLi xXRVxmsLji gRiX} \s WgRi RLki+s sysV e
LRiLRizms xmssVgRiQLi Fyxms ry yzms lLi[[ xLjisVs NRPsV \s xmspLRi RLi][ xmssWry ee 34
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi j*d[V xqsdLi[
NSsVsyxsLRisLi y sV RRVL][syRVM (4).

@xmsoRV sVNTP sWzRV\ RVVs sVsRVRV x[ CRVTs yLRiVsVgRiV aSxmssVVsV


AsLiRsVV[ sVLiRV[ sVLRi, RORPVs][ xms[RV (30). sy=! @xmsoRV xqsVsVVsV sLjiQ
[RVV sVx[R=ssVV xmssLjisV. Rs NRPVsWlLi VVNRP AsLiRsVVsV RW, RORPVRV sVNTP
xqsLiRzqssV (31). NSsVVRV sVNTP xqsVsVVsV F~LisV. ARs RVMsVVsRVW
]gjiFVsV. RORPVs NRPVsWlLi RVgRiV LRi NRPWR NSsVVs F~Lij AsLijLisV (32). xqsVLiRLRisVVgS
sWRV sVsRVRV AsV gRiWT, xqsLiyNSsVVsLiRV xqsVLiRLRisVgRiV sVLRixmso][ gRiWTs
s[VxmnsVsVV s xmsNSbPLisV (33). sVNTP sWxsVV][ NRPWTs sVsRVRV LRis, Wgji AR
sRsV s, xXRRVzqsLixqsssVVsLiRjztsQLixms [|qssV. xmspLRiRLiRVs sLi sVVsVV gRi
OTPQ xLjis s, LRi g]xms LRisV F~Lij sVNTP xmsNSbPLisV (34).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsj RVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizR RVLiRV lLiLiRsj RVgRiV
xqsdLiRsVV[ NSsV syx sLRissVs[ ys @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (4).
@R xmsLiRsWsyRVM
xqsLiR VVNRP RLjiR
xqsWR DyR e
ByNRPLRiQ sRxqsxqs x[ sVVsxqsRsVM e xqs sVV][yR xqsLixqsQXR aRPLiNRPLRiLi {msRsWsxqsM ee 1
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
sVVsZaP[xtsvRgRiV yLRiRVRV x VVNRP C sWsV ss, xqsLiRzqsLis sVsxqsV= gRiy\,
aRPLiNRPLRiVs xqsLjiLi AsLiRsVV][ sssV (1).
yLRiR DyR e
xs s[ sVgRi sxtsv bPxtsQ sVsV[ e @RVy NRPjy d R*RW R aRPbPssM ee 2

gRiX{RylLi[ sVRs[ xX}tsQ z xqs*gRiXxLi gRi[ e RZOP[Q R xqs*gRiXxLi RW[ Ry z R*LiVV NRPLRiLji
ee 3
sWs}qsxtsv R xmso[xtsv xqs*xqs*ysVxqsV e xqsLiy NRPVR gRiy ry R xxmsod zmsRXxmsxqsWM ee 4
NTPLi RNSLRi R ZNP[\ss xmsoLRiV}tsQ syzy e GRR=LRi*Li sZaP[}tsQ xqsLiyRWaRPLjiRLi sR ee 5
yLRiRVTV xmsZNPsV c
} xs! sk! sVy! sxtsvbPuy! sVFy! dsso RLiRZaP[LRiVs @RVR dsV
zmss (2). sVsRVRV syxsWT AsLiRsVV][ Rs gRiXxsVVsNRPV sgS, RORPVRV Rs
gRiXxsVVsV [LRiVN]sgS gRiRQQLRisgRiV dsso NRPWR gRiXxsVVsV F~LiRgS (3), sWsxqsxmsoRVV
NRPWR RsV RsV ysVsVVNRPV [LRiVN]sgS, x xmso, zmsRX[sRNRPV R @gRiV xqsLiR
FsRNRPV ssV ? (4) AsV GsV [|qssV? G xmsoLRiVxtsvs syxsWsV? dsso xqsLiR VVNRP
RLjiR sLiRsW sryLRisVVgS xmsVsVV (5).
xqsWR DyR e
ByNRPLRiQ sRxqsxqs x xmsoRxqs ksVRM e xqsLixqsQXR aRPLiNRPLRiLi NSQ FyR
RRQ*s` ee 6
xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
VjsVLiRVRV xxmsoRVRVsgRiV A yLRiRVs sWsV ss, RRQ*s[RRVgRiV x NTP][
aRPLiNRPLRiVs xqsLjiLi BV xmsZNPsV (6)
x[ yR e
aRPXV R*Li R sVVs[ xqsLRi*Li xqsLiyRWaRPLjiRLi aRPVsV e RVRQXy* xqsLRi*NSsVs
ry=R*QxqsV=Q xqs=LRi*y sVVs[ ee 7

ry R xqsLiy xqsVy s[V z sV[ y xmsoLSs s` e RxmsxqsFyQ* RsVLi RQQNSQ* \|qss y


R*LRiVLiRd ee 8
s[Vy [xqsV=y Wy* sVVsZaP[xtsQxqs ksVd e x sxtsv sV}aSs sRy RLjiRsy ee 9
ss[ xmsLi sVysLi szqsxtsQLi aRPLizqsRsRsV e xmssy R sVV WR*Liy xmsp
R*dxtsQ ee 10
x BV xmsZNPsV c
J sVxL<ki! aRPVNRPLRisVgRiV xqsLiR VVNRP RLjiRsVVsV dsso xmspLjigS ssVsVV. J sVVds! kss
Fss[ ss[ {qsQ LiRLRiV ryk*sVVgRiVRVLRiV (7). A xqsLiR sVVLiRVgS yNRPV NRPVsW\lLiQ\V
xmsosV. AsV RxmsxqsV=sV [zqs, aRPLkiLRisVVsV dsT @LRiVLiR\V sLisV (8). Vj sVLiRVLSgRiV
AsV g]xms sVVs RVgRiV s[Vy jNTP NRPVsW\lLiQ\V sLisV. g]xms sxtsQ gRi AsV x sxtsv
sV}aRP*LRiV sW[ (9) sVRVRV, xmsaRPLizqsLixmsRgjis RFsxtsvRVsgRiV szqsxtsvs LRigS
sLjiLisV. sVLi sVsxqsV gRi AsV xmssR[ ZaP[xtsvLS\ gRiRVsNRPV ssVzqsLjiLixmsRgjis
xmspLSV @VsV (10).
yLRiR DyR e
NRPRLi RRW RxmsxqsxmsLi NTPsVLRiLi NRPVR xqsLiRRW e NRPRLi aRPLkiLRiLi ry RQQNSQ*sss[y[ xqsV=y
ee 11
NRPRLi y szRLi [\sLRiQx sxtsv bP\sM xmssV e szqsxtsQLi RV sVysLi xqsLiss[ aRPLizqsR
sRsV ee 12
GRs[ a][xtsQsWRV sxqslLi[ zmsysVx e N_RWx sVLRiVLiRyaRPLjiRLi Wz RRQ*RM ee
13
yLRiRVTV xmsZNPsV c

A xqsLiR RxmsxqsV=sV FsR, FsLiRVN]LRiNRPV, FsV [|qssV? AsV FsV aRPLkiLRisVVsV dsT s[Vyj
NRPVsWlLigS sLisV? (11) x sxtsv bPso[ sLRiLiVVLixmsTs yRV, xmsaRPLizqsLixmsRgjis RF
sxtsQ gRiyRV, sVRVRV @gRiV szqsxtsvs AsV LRigS FsV sLjiLisV? (12) J
zmsysV! s[sV C @LRiVLiRd RLjiRsV ss g][LRiVRVysV DRLihRi gRi yNRPV C
RLjiRryLRisVVsV sxqsLRisVVgS xmsVsVV (13).
x[ yR e
@xLi xqs*RsRWLi xqsLiyLi RXuy* xmspLRi*sVyRsM e NSsWRWaRPV sV[sNSL<RiLi RQQNS bPs
RWR ry ee 14
xqsLiy RWaRPRLi RLi NSsV s[TRsV e VV{tsQsVzms xqsLiLRiVR sWsryyLi
sVRysV ee 15
LRixqs sRsLi aRPVy* rxmsxqsLi R sWLi xms e ARsaRPRR*Li \s xsVLSRsVX{tsQs xms
ee 16
NSsVxqs y RXaRPLi sLi sVVssWxNRPLRiLi sVVxM e RXuy* xqsLiy xqs*RVLi R][xmsRVsW
RW RVMy ee 17
x BV xmsZNPsV c
xmspLRi*sVV s[sV yNRPVsWlLi RVgRiV xqsLiRsV RW sLis[ AsVsV NSsVLis. NSs bPsos
RVsVV ss @RLRisVVsV dsTs (14). sVsRVRV sVV[ xmsLRisVV [RVgS, xqsLiR
VVNRP sVsxqsV= RLisV. sV[sgRixsVV gRiyLRiV, sVRVVsgRiV VVxtsvNRPV NRPWR sV[
sNSLRisVV NRPlgisV (15). bPsRV y][ xmsLjixqs xmspLRi*NRPsVVgS xmsNTPs sWsV xqsLiR ssj.
ysV F~Lijs sV[sNSLRisVVsV, VVxtsv sxtsQRVsVV[ Ljigjis @sVLSRsV NRPsj (16).
sVVsVNRPV NRPWy sWxsVVsV NRPgjiLi[ NSsVVs rysVLRiQsVVsV xmsLjibdPLisj. AsV sVNTP
RVMRVLS\ @R sVLiT sFVsV (17).

RRxqsV x aRP# }ms sVRs[ R sVRW sVVs[ e @LiRLRiW[ sVLiVV bPs[ gRi[ yzms sxqs[ ee
18
@sVL<Ri saRPsW xmsy ry xqsLiy sVVsxqsRsV e sVsV xmsod sy\lLiQQsLi Ry ys xmsLSss`
ee 19
yRVLid ORPQs[VyaRPV xmspLRi*Li sXRLi sVszqs*ds e BRLi ssVsVXZaP[ xqsLiy Rzqss NS[
RV][RsV ee 20
J sVxL<ki! s[sV sVsRVs aRPzmsLi @LiRLSs\sVs. bPsoRV Rs ysVNRPV ssV (18). J
sVxL<ki! A xqsLiR Ljigjis sXyLiRsVVsV xqszLiR[NRP FVsV. y NRPVsW\lLiRVgRiV xqsLiR
@xmsoRV BV RFzqs, yssVgRiVLSV @VsV (19). @sWssRVgRiV A xqsLiR Ljigjis
sXyLiRsVVsV yssVV [RVV RVsQQ\, A NSsVVsNRPV DRsVgRiV syssVV[, BV
ssVLRi+ [xqsVN]ssV (20).
xqsLi][ yR e
DRs sWyLi sWLi RXuy* RVVsLi sVRs[LjiRM e @NSL<kiy=sV LSg][sRVsVxtsQLi zmsy
sVsV ee 21
xmsaRPyLi sWsryyLi R sVVdsyLi syRysV e RX|t^sQ* s sWsVsVLSRLi
xqsNSsVsVsssM ee 22
sVsWzms sVjRLi RLi sVRs[s RVLSRy e [Vs RXuy* sVVdss xqsLS*LiaRP RLi sVs[
XaRPsV ee 23
xmnss[VRxqs Fyxmsxqs sVRsxqs=Q*RVsWxmsys e RVxqsLi aRPaSxms NRPVzmsRM aRPLi[LRilgi[ zmsysVxM ee 24
xqsLiR BV xmsZNPsV c

s[sV RVVsgS sLis sVLRiVORPQsVV[, sVsRVs[ }msLjiRV\s y RLiT ssV sVsR


sNSLRisVV][ NSsVLisV (21). sWsxqsxmsoRVV, @LiRM NRPLRi aRPVj gRi sVVsVV RWRVRVLiRgS
ARVs ssV sVLSR [s sRsVVgS RW, sVsxqsV=[ NSsVssV F~LijyRV (22).
RVLSLRiVRgRiV sVsRVRV y sVsxqsV=sV NRPWR NRP[ |msgS , A sVVsV sLiRLjids
RWRVRVs y sVsxqsV= sVNTP RLisV (23). C FyxmssVVsVNRPV xmnssVVsV sVsRVRV
F~LijyRV. aRPLiVs VRV zmsysVxRV N][zmsLi yss aRPzmsLiyRV (24).
FyxmsoRWLi xmnss[VRxqs Fyxmsxqs xqs*xmnsV NSLji e R][Rs xmnssV sWaRPV [ ysV ryRssV
ee 25
RVVyLi zmsy RLRiaRP xqsNSsVsVxmsL][ORPQRM e RXuy* RNRPVM xqsQXLi Rrys sVRM
FyxmsNRPXRLS ee 26
sVsWzms NSsV[sW RsVLSRLi xqsdsVORPQ ys e xmsy Bs xqs*ZNP[ y[ xqslLi[*xtsv xqsx[xtsQ*zms
ee 27
NRPLjiuysVxqs Fyxmsxqs FyRVbPRsVxLi xqs*RVsV e Ays sVg_ x[uysV
s[RsWLSsVryLRiRM ee 28
C FyxmssVVsV [zqss s[sV NRPWy C FyxmsxmnssVVsV F~LiRgRisV. NSs s[sV sLis[ A
FyxmssVVsV OSQs [RVgRilgi[ ryRssVVsV {qs*NRPLjiLiR g][LRiV RVysV (25). ssV xmsRQORPQsVVgS
RWs y RLiT, sVLjiRVV rRLRiVV NSsV sNSLRisVVsV F~Lij yLRiLi[, yNRPLi |msR
FyFyRVLSV DLiR[RV (26). sVLSR [NRPVLiRgS yRLiTs, rRLRiVsLiRLjids RWs yNRPV
NRPWy NSsVssVV @LiNRPVLjiLisV (27). s[sV C FyxmssVVsNRPV FyRVbPRsVVsV xqs*RVsVVgS
[xqsVN]sgRisV. s[sV s[R RLRisVVssVxqsLjiLi y [xsVVsV @gji[ x[sVVsVV [RVgRisV
(28).
NTPLi [*NSLi ryxmsLiVVuysV sVLSysVx WR[ e DRs sWys RVy
xqsNSsVsWxqsV=QaRP+LkiLjiM ee 29

GRRLRi sVxLi NRPXy* RxmsM xmsLRisV yLRiVsV e sVLSyLi ryxmsLiVVuysV xmsaSRQQOSQQsV


sRsV ee 30
RVzqss aRPLkilLi[ zmsy s[V xxtsQxqs=Q*RVLi NRPXRM e RX}qss NS[Vs NTPLiyQzqs
xmsWssV ee 31
sVRW [Vs aRPLkilLi[ y[ R xqsx[xtsv R eDysRM NSsV[ s RRV= NRPXR ryRssV ee 32
@V [zqs s[sV C WsVLiRsVVsLiRV INRP sVLSRsV ryzmsLiRgRisV. @j [VRs, sWssoV
xmsoVNRP][Rs[ NSsVsNSLRisVVsV F~LiRNRPVLiRVLRiV gSNRP! (29). ks N]LRi\ZNP s[sV xmsLRisV DgRi
RxmsxqsV=sV [zqs, RLRiVyR FysVVsV sT, sVLSRsV sN]gRisV (30). G
aRPLkiLRisVVsLiRV y RLiT, sVLjiRVV rRLRiVV xqs*RVsVVgS NSsV sNSLRisVVsV xmsRLji+LiyL][,
@ C aRPLkiLRisVV][ yNRPV xmsWssVV [aRP#\sVssW [RV (31). G aRPLkiLRisVV[ s[sV RLiT
RVLiRV rRLRiVRVLiRV NSsV sNSLRisVVsV DRVRsVV [zqs[, A C aRPLkiLRisVV RLRiryRssVV
NSRV (32).
B xqsLiLiR sVry xqsLiy \ZaPsLRiLi RRM e gSsV RLiRgSLi RLiRgSxmsgS RVRM ee
33
@R RR gRiyLi y* xqsLiyLi gjiLjisLRiLi xms e Rxms}qs sRWyysLi [R sVxLi
xqsVRsV ee 34
sbPxtsQLi xqsLiRVyRsLi xqsLRi*Li sWgjissV e xqsdsV}ms }qs* xqssW{qssLi s[R s[yLigRi FyLRigRisV
ee 35
xqsLiR BV RFzqs, RLRiVyR RLiR gSsk dLRisVV sLiRV gRi RLiR gRixmsLRi*RsVVsNRPV
ssV (33). @xmsoRV xsgRiV s[sV, xqsLiR RxmsxqsV= N]LRiNRPV A xmsLRi*R LSsVVsNRPV ssRs
VLjiLigji, yNRPVsWLRiVRV (34), BLijRVsgRixsVV gRi yRV, xqsLRi*RV, s Wgji,
s[Rs[yLigRisVV FyLRisVVsV RWs s RVgRiV szqsxtsvs RgRiLRi NRPWLRiVLiR VN]s, BV
xmsNTPs (35).

x[ yR e
szqsxtsQ xmsoR gRiR R*Li xqsLiyLi yLi sVszqs*dssV eRxms}qs RXRNSsWLi R kORPQ \|qs#*yLi RVy
sj ee 36
sVLiyORPQsVsRryM xmsoLS RX|t^sQ* s NSsVVNSs e RVVuyyLi R RyysLi xqsNSsWLi
sVVsxqsRsV ee 37
@WR xmspLRi*Li RRLRi xmspLRi*Li sVXRVLi ssVXaRPry e RVVuyNRPsWRsaSzms Fys
xqsLiRNRPVsVR ee 38
xqssVLS[xtsv sVLSyLi Rxmsry ryxmsLiVVxtsQ e RxmsM NRPLRiVLi gRiy ryk* RLiR gS WRlLi[ ee
39
s sLi RxmsxqsryR rysVy NRPLiRs e RryR ][xms[aSy= FyF*xtsQLi Ry NRPVLRiV ee 40
x BV xmsZNPsV c
xmsoy! szqsuy! @sWssRVgRiV yNRPVsWlLi xqsLiR sRNRPV dsso ssVV. AsV RxmsxqsV=sV
[RVg][LRiV RVsj. AsVNRPV RVysjgS kORPQsV BsVV (36). J sVxL<ki!ssV, sVsVVsV
NSsV sNSLRisVV][ NRPWT RVVLiRgS xmspLRi*sVV AsV RW, ysV NRPWR NSsV sNSLRisVVsV
F~LiRVsV gSLi, y zqsgRiVxmssV (37). y VVNRP, dsV VVNRP C sVVLisRW LRiVgRis,
Fyxms ss][ RWRV @s[ NRPLRisV AsV RFzqs, FysVVsV dsR saRPLiVVLiRVNRPVsj (38).
AsV RxmsxqsV=[ [NRPsVVRVLiRV sVLSRsV sg] gRiRV. RxmsxqsV=sV [RVV\ZNP A ryj*
RLiR gRi xmsLRi*RsVVsNRPV ssj (39). sy=! AsVNRPV RxmsxqsV= sV gRiVLjiLi GsVRVW
RVRV NSsos, dsso AsVNRPV Dxms[bPLi, AsVNRPV zRsVV NRPVgRiVsV xmsRVLiRVsVV (40).
BRLi LRiWxmsLi xmsLjiR sLi LRiWFyLiRLRiLi sVVs[ . xmsLjigRiXLiZNP[ RryxqsxmsaRPLSLi
sRLRi+RVs ee 41

BRLi xqs*LRiWxmsLi s][ RXuy* xmspLRi*Li RVyR ysV e yxmsoRWy=R NTPLi\Q* R][
LRiWFyLiRLRiLi NRPVLRiV ee 42
yLRi[RLi szqsu s[V xqssWF RRWsy eRyzqsQ* R sWLi FR RVR xqsLiyLiNRPLi
sVVsM ee 43
RR [s xqsLRiM xmspLRiLi gRiV\LSsxqs xqsLisVRsV e RRLRi+ xqs szqsusR xqsLiyLi RdLRigSsVzms ee 44
J sVxL<ki! C ds sLRiWxmssVVsV dsT, sVLjiVVNRP LRiWxmssVVsV {qs*NRPLjiLi, AsV sRNRPV s, AsV
[RVV RxmsxqsV=sV xmsLjibdPLiRVsVV (41). AsV ssV BR xmspLRi*sVV RWsj. B[ LRiWxmssVV[
ssV RWs][, AsV G[s sNSLRisVVsV F~LiRsRVsV. NSsos LRiWxmssVVsV sWLRiVsVV (42).
J yLRiy! s[sV C dLRiVs szqsxtsvs RRW Vj][ AzmsLis . ARVs ' @Vs[
RVgRiVgSNRP' @s y][ xmsNTP xqsLiR sRNRPV ssV (43). A szqsxtsQ sVxL<ji @R gRiVsVV[
@s sRsVV sWsxqsxqsL][sLRisVVsV FRVVs [sLRixqsV=sV, ys dLRisVVsLiRVs xqsLiRsV
RWsV (44).
dLRixqsRW RRW lLi[[ RR=LRiM NRPsV[*sV e DRjLiRV xqsVsORPQ RLi xms][}tsQ gRigRisLi RVy ee
45
sVVsLRiQXuy*R RR xqsVxqsLisLi xqs N_RVNUP e dsOSQLiRZNP[ xqsLRixqsR Xx[zR xqsLiNRPsV ee 46
RLiRgS sk Rry yQNSLSROTPQLiVjsV e RWLid ry \s RRXZaP[ [s rysV
gjilLi[LRix` ee 47
sLjiR xmsbPsVLi ry RV RLiR gRixqs ry sk e RVy zsVs][ gRiLigS Ry gRiR rygRiLRisV
ee 48
xms][xtsQNSsVVsLiRV DRLiVVLi[ RLiRVs][ sORPQ RsVV][ ANSaRPsVV sLiTRVVsV, A xqsLRixqsV=
dLRisVVsLiRVs AsV][ sVLjiRVV NRPsVsVV][ sLiT D*sVVgS xmsNSbPLisV (45). szqsxtsQ
sVxL<ji DRLihRi gRiy\ g]xms sLRiRVsVV gRi AsVsR RLji+LisV. sVLjiRVV @R

Xx[zRsVsV }msLRiV gRi A xqsLRixqsV=sV RWsV (46). FyNSLRisVV ssVs A


xmsLRi*RsVVsVLiT ROTPQ xqssVVRsVV sLRiNRPV sszLiRVRVs RLiRgS sjs ARVs
RLji+LisV. Asj A xmsLRi*RsVV VVNRP g]xms rysVsosV (47)[jLiRVN]s, xmsbPsVsVV
\sxmsosNRPV xmsszLisV. zsVsRLRi*RsVV sVLiT xqssVVRsVV \sxmsosNRPV xmsRVsLi[ gRiLigRis
Asj a][sV (48).
Rzqss gjiL_ RLiRlgi[ Xx[zRdLRigSsV e xqsLiyLi RXuy*R xmsxmsR szqsxtsQry=RLRiLi Ry
ee 49
@xmsoRV A RLiR gRi xmsLRi*RsVVsLiRV Xx[zRsVs[ xqsLRixqsV= VVNRP dLRisVV sLiRVs
xqsLiRsV RW, szqsxtsvRV A RLRisVV][ sV xmsbPLisV (49).
sbPxtsQ DyR e
NTPsVLRi sWgRiy # [ sLRisLi R*Li sV{RLRisV e NRPxqs y RsRW NTPLi y syzms NUPL<jiRsV ee
50
GRj ysVxLi a][RVLi sR gRiVxLi s [Rs[` e sRsLi xmspLRiRLiyLi sZaP[xtsQLi y
NRPRLi Rs ee 51
szqsxtsvTV xmsZNPsV c
J sVLigRi xqs*LRiWxmsoLS! C sLRissVgRiV N]LiR\|msNTP G ss? dsso FssLji NRPVsWlLiso? dsso
GsV [RV Rs? (50). Bj LRixxqssVV NSs][ s[sV ssg][LRiV RVysV. xmsossV RLiRVs
sLi ds sVVsVV @LiNSLRi s{ssVV gS Dsj [V? (51).
x[yR e
RRVQy* sRsLi Rxqs szqsxtsQxqs sVRsM e RXuy* R RLi sVysLi *LiRsVs
FysNRPsV ee 52

aRPLkiLRiRXg`i xRLRiLi sxqsLiRLi RLRisV e ryRLRiLi xmsxmsyR xqsLi][yR RFRssV ee


53
x BV xmsZNPsV c
sVRVRgRiV szqsxtsvs A xmsVNRPVsV ss, @gjis xmsNSbPLiRVRVs A sVRVs RW (52),
sVWLjiys xRLRi sW RVsV sV RLjiLi xmsNSbPLiRVRVs A RFsxtsvRgRiV
szqsxtsvsNRPV ARLRisVV][ xmssV, @xmsoRV xqsLiR BV xmsZNPsV (53).
xqsLi][ yR e
RVRLRisWgRiy \ZaPLi zqsRLi Rs[ s[R e Rs RLRi+ssW[ RVs[ }qsR=Q y s[ ee
54
RxmsaRPLRiVsVxLi xsQLRisLi \ZaPsWgRiy e x[sxLi xqsVy y ysW xqsLi[
saRPVy ee 55
RVj [ RVV[ xqsxLi sW R*Li xqssVVxms[aRPRV e GRNUPL<jiRLi gRiVxLi y\sQM NTPLiRs
sR[ ee 56
@y* Rxmsr sLi RFsssVVFybPy e LiRRW xmsLji aRPV}tsQsxLi s[xms[ z sV[ sVsV ee
57
xqsLiR BV xmsZNPsV c
s[sV G xmsWssVV ybPLi C xmsLRi*RsVVsVNRPV s RVVLi[, A xmsWssVV
zqsjLisRs VLRiVLigRiVRV. } xms[! sVsVVsV RLji+LiRV sWRsVV [Rs[, yNRPV A
xmsWssVV zqsjLiRgRiRV (54). } x!s[sV RxmsxqsV=sV [RVV\ZNP C sxqsLiyLRisVV
[s xmsLRi*RsVVsNRPV s RVVLis. s[sV xgSLji NRPVsWlLisV. yNRPV xqsLiR @s[ }msLRiV
xmszqsR\sV RVVsj(55). dsVNRPV DRsVs ][s][, yNRPV RNRPgS Dxms[bPLiRVRV. s[sV C
RxmsxqsV=sV LRixxqssVVgS [RVg][Ljis. ksNTP BRLRiV][ xmss[RV (56). RxmsxqsV=sV

[RVVsRsVVsV RVNRPVLiRgRis[, s[sV RFsssVVsV [LRiVNRPVLis. s[sV RVMsVV][ FsLiT


FsoRVysV. ysVsxqsV= sVNRPVRVsj (57).
x[yR e
ANRPLRiQ Rry sRsLi szqsu x sRsVM e xqs*RVLi R xqsLRi* NRPX][ [ ysLiRs
xmsXxtsQys ee 58
@R yLi sRVyysLi Rxms}qss RX][RsWsV e FyR sVsry xqsQXy* aRPLiNRPLRiLi
NRPsR=sV ee 59
x BV xmsZNPsV c
x s[R[ ZaP[xtsvRV, RxmsxqsV= VVNRP xqsLRi*NSLRisVVsV xqs*RVsVVgS sLjiLigjisyRV sgRiV
szqsxtsvRV AsV sWsV ss AsVsV GsVRVW xmsbPLiR[RV (58). ARVs NRPsR=VRgRiV
aRPLiNRPLRiVs sVsxqsV=[ xqsLjiLiRVN]s, sRVLiLixmsTs [}LijRVsVsxqs=LixmnsWRsVV NRPsj,
RxmsxqsV= N]LRiNRPV g]xms kORPQ][ DRsVLisj @gRiV A xqsLiR][ sssV (59).
szqsxtsQ DyR e
xmsLRisVLi W sVx[M xmsLRisVLi W sVxRxmsM exmsLRisVM xmsLRisWLSRM aRPLiVLRiszqs yLRiysV
ee 60
RLSLRi NSsV sWOSQLi RV GNRPryQ*jNSLRisV e Rs[VNRPLi gRiy sWRLi xqs* xmsoLRiVuRsVsV
ee 61
sVLi[s[s [s[aRPLi aRPLiVLi aRPVss[ e [s [ xqsNSyzms LRisxtsQ s xqsLiaRPRVM ee 62
JLi ssVaRP+LiNRPLS[V JsVRLi [s xqsLiRRsV e ssRxmsry FyLRiLiLi Rs[ sgRiRRaRP+QXV ee
63

szqsxtsvTV xmsZNPsV c
FssLRiV [[ sVWLRiV[ ZNP g]xms [[ sVWLjiW, RxmsxqsV=[ ZNP g]xms RF sVWLjiW,
xmsp[ ZNP g]xms xmsp][ @ aRPLiVs sVsxqsV=sLiRV sVxmsosVV (60). RLSLRiNSsV
sWORPQsVVNRPV G\ZNPNRP xmsRsV NSLRisVV, gRiRVNRPV RLiT, xmsoLRiVxtsQZaP[xtsvRVsgRiV aRPLiVs }qssLixmsosVV
(61). J xqsVLiRLRisRy! C sVLiRsVV][ [s[soRgRiV aRPLiVs LixmsosVV. @V LiRV
ss dsNRPV sxqs=Li[xsVVgS N][lLisRVW C[LRigRiso (62). JLi ssVaRP+LiNRPLSRV JLi @sV
ARLiRsVVLiRV JLiNSLRisVV gRi sVLiRsVVsV zmsLiRVsVV. ss RxmsxqsV=sV s[sV |msRsV.
dsso ss, ALRiLiLixmsosVV (63).
rysLi ss[s NRPLRisLi ss[s xLRixmspssV e R*WM xmspLRiLRiLi xmsRsVLi xtsQxtsQ
NSWM ee 64
RXd[V xtsQxtsQNS[ RV x xmsyxqs xmsL][ # s[` e GsLi Rxmsxqs=sW F y xtsQ}tsQ NS[ NTPRW
# s[` ee 65
GsLi ssRxmsry x RLRixmnsxmsy e xqsLS* dxtsQ xmsy [s xqsRLi xqsRLi s xqsLiaRPRVM ee
66
GsLi [ xqssVVjaRP NSsVLi LiRRV aRPLiNRPLRisV e xqs [ xmsxqss BuyLRi sVLS[s yxqs ee 67
sssVVgS ryssVVsV [zqs, sssVVgS bPsos xmspLiRssV. ALRiV xmnsVTRVV INRP NSsVV
@gRiVsV.sVVLiRVgS lLiLiRV NSsVVRVLiRV xmspLRisVVgS dss ALRisVVgS dxqsVN]s (64),
sVWRs NSsVVsLiRV DxmsyxqssVVsV [RVssV. C dLRiVs RxmsxqsV= xmspLji RVgRiV sLRiNRPV
ALRisNSsVV sLiRV DxmsyxqssVV, [NRP ALRisVV sRV RVLiRVsV (65). J [ds! C dLRiVs
ssRxmsxqssV [zqss][, x RLRi xmnssVV LiRV[V gSNRP, N][lLisRVW C[LRiVsV.
Bj sVVsWNUP xqsRsVV. xqsLiaRPRVsVV [RV (66). BV sVsxqsV=[ sLRiLiVVLiRVN]s, RV[RgS
aRPLiNRPLRiVs ysLixmsosVV. ARVs xmsxqssVQQ\ dsNRPV bdPxmnsVsVVgS N][Ljis xmnssVVsV CRVgRiRV (67).
x[ yR e

DxmsjaRP szqsusR xqsLiyQ\V RxmsxqsM NTPRWsV e ysWxtsQ RVyyRVLi R\QyLiRLRi[


sVVsM ee 68
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi j*d[V xqsd Li[ xqsLiy RLjiR
sLRisLi ysV xmsLiRsWsyRVM (5)
x BV xmsZNPsV c
szqsxtsvRV C dLRiVs xqsLiRNRPV RxmsxqsV=sV [RVszqss dLRiVs RVysjgS Dxms[bPLisV.
@xmsoy sVVs @Rs[ @LiRLRissVV LisV (68).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsj RVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizRRVLiRV lLiLiRsj RVgRiV xqsd
LiRsVV[ xqsLiy RLjiR sLRissVs[ @LiVVRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (5).
@R xtsQusyRVM
xqsLiR RxmsxqsV=sV [RVV
x[yR e
xqsVRsLRi sVFy aRPXV xqsLiy RF sVx` e RVRVQy* saRP[ FyxmsxqssVWxxqs`
ORPQRVssV ee 1
DxmsjaRP RFsLi szqs}tsQ xqs*gRiXxLi gRi[ e xqsLiy zms RxmsrsLi y* sWRsVyxms x ee
2
RRry=sLiRsVsr s[xtsQLi NRPXy* RV RWRXaRPsV e RxmsaRPLRiVLi xqssWlLi[[ Xx[zR dLRigS ee
3

RV][NRPLi RV szqs}tsQs sVLiRLi Rxmszqs ryRssV e sVLi[ [s xqsRQ NSQ xmspRWsWxqs


aRPLiNRPLRisV ee 4
x BV xmsZNPsV c
sVFy! dsso y NRPVsWLRiV[ ZaP[xtsvRso. xqsLiR VVNRP g]xms RxmsxqsV=sV gRiVLjiLi ssVsVV.
Bj ssys FyxmsxqssVWxsVV ssV sLis[ sbPRsVVgS sbPLiRVsV (1). RxmsxqsV= VVNRP
xqs*LRiWxmssVVsV Dxms[bPLi szqsxtsvRV Rs BLiNTP ssV. xqsLiR Rxmsxqs=Q*LRiWxmssVVsLjiLigji
AsLijLisV (2). @xmsoysV Xx[zR xqsLRixqsV= VVNRP dLRisVVsLiRV NRPWLRiVLiT,
AsLiRsVV][ sLiTs sVsxqsV= gRi\, RxmsxqsV=sNRPV WgRisVgRiV sxqsQyLRisV [zqs Rxmsxqs=sV
[RVV ALRiLiLisV (3).RxmsxqsV=sLiRV ryRssVVgS szqsxtsvs[ Dxms[bPLixmsTs sVLiRsVV][
AsV xqsRQ NTP gRi\ aRPLiNRPLRiVs xmspLisV (4)
GNSLiRsVsxqsxmsryM NRPVLRi*Liy xqsV=sVxR xmsM e aRPLi ssxqs RRW gRiRs[VNRPLi RRVLRiVgRisV
ee 5
xmsxqs[sWRgS aRPLiVxqsxmsry [s ][ztsQRM e@LiRLRi zxqsyNSZaP[ RL<RiLiVVy* sLi sxmsoM ee 6
RWRWxmsLi LiR RVLid ry [s xmsRQORPQyLi gRiRM e @R ry xmsoLRi][ RXuy* sVsry LiRLi
xmsVsV ee 7
xmsxqss sRsLi aSLiRLi sVVsWyds aRPLiNRPLRisV e xqsryR*xqssVxLi sZOP[Q NTPLi NRPRLi rsV
aRPLiNRPLRisV ee 8
B LiyxmsLS Wy* sdsV RVR RORPV{tsQ e
AsV aRPLiVs RVLiRV RsVVsV RXRsVVgS szms, BRLRi yFyLRisVVV [s\ sVNTP g]xms
Rxmsxqs=sV [RVVRVLiRgS, INRP sVRVVgRi NSsVV gRiT FVsV (5). @xmsoRV aRPLiVRV A
RxmsxqsV= [ xqsLiRzqsLi, xmsxqssVQQ\, [xms RV, sVLjiRVV ANSaRPsVVsLiRV Rs LRiWxmssVVsV
xmsNRPLisV (6). AsV G LRiWxmssVVsV ysLiRVRVLi[ , @[ LRiWxmssVV][ ARVs

xmsRQORPQsVVsV. ysV sVsxqsV=[ ysLis xmsVsosV AsV Rs FsRV RWsV (7).


xmsxqssQQ\sVs sVVsVV gRiyRV, aSLiRVRV @gRiV aRPLiNRPLRiVs RW AsV sVNTP AsLijLisV.
yNRPV y RVsVgRiV RVsj. s[s[sV sWRgRisV ? aRPLiNRPLRiVs FsV xqsVLiRssV?(8)@s
AsV Li NRPsV sVWxqsVN]ssV.
sdsVyOSQQxqsryxqsV xmssaRP xXRRVLi xLRiM ee 9
jsLi sLi R_ R\|qs# yRLi js[ R RORPV{tsQ e xmsRQORPQLi dsORPQ RVlLi[aRPLi RVuys gRiyLi
xmssV ee 10
xLRiVRV NRPsV sVWxqsVNRPVs AsV xXRRVsVV[ xmss[bPLi (9) AsVNRPV jsssVVsV,
jsyNRPVsV, jss[RsVVsV BsV. AsV gRiRQVsgRiV FyLRi*dxmss xmsRQORPQsVVgS
RW BV xqsVLisV (10).
xqsLi][yR e
sLSNSLRiLi sgRisVLi xmsLRiLi RV\sQs xqsWLi yzms xqsWORPQ Li s ][RsV e
@LiRbPLiRLi Wgjixqsxqs LRiWxmsLi R\|qs# RVLi [NRPNRP\lLiQQ ssWsxqsV ee 11
xqsLRi*Li aSLiRLi sLRiLi sLji*NSLRiLi s gRisVLi xqs*xmsNSZaP[ssNSLRisV e
R* xmsLi y*LiRsWLS RLRiry RWxmsLi RVxqs y*Li ssWsV xmsxqsssV ee 12
GNRPLi aRPVRLi kxmssWsLi Ry Li ysLiRLi xqsxLi ysNSLji e
sysLiRLi xqsRW xmsxqssLi RVxqs $RLi LRiWxmssV\|qs# ssV}qs ee 13
gRigRisLi WLjiaRP# \ZaPQQs xqsLi [lLi[s R e xmsosM NSaRP LRiWFy RVxqs RVLi ssWsxqsV[ ee
14
xqsLiR BV xmsZNPsV c

dsso sLSNSLRiVRso. ds xqsLS*dRsVgRiV RRQ*sVV ssVV [R sWRs[V F~LiRRgRiVsV. ds


LRiWxmssVV xqsWsVV gSs, xqsWORPQ sVVgSs, DsRsVVNSs NSRV. WgRiVV ds LRiWxmssVVsV RsV
xXRRVsVV[ ysLiRLRiV. [NRPNRPLRisgRiV dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV (11). xqsLRi*yxmsNRPsVV, aSLiRsVV,
][xtsQLRizRsVV, ssVV[ F~LiRRgjisj, xqs*xmsNSaRPsVVsLiRV sNSLRisVVV [sj, xqsLiryLRisVs[
RsW sWLRisVVs NRPdRsVVgS yNSaRPsVVLiRV WgRiVNRPV xmszqsR\sVsj @gRiV LRiWxmssVV gRi,
RRWsVRVVRsgRiV dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV (12). @R*RVsVV, aRPVRsVV, xmsNSbPLiRVsj, xmsoVNRP
[sj, RssVV, AsLiRxmnsVssVV, sNSLRisVVV [sj, xqs*LRiWxms WRsVV, aSaRP*y
sLiRLRiWxmssVV, xqsRsVs[ xqsLixmsR[ xmsxqssQQ\sV xqsLixmsRsRVsj @gRiV LRiWxmssVV gRi dsNRPV
ssVryLRisVV (13). ANSaRPsVV, WsV, jNRPVV, dsLRiV, @gji , NSsVV @sVss ds LRiWxmssVV[ .
@ dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV (14).
syNSL][ ysdsRVLi xmssLi xqsRQ*RLiRLi [RVsWR xqs*LRiWxmssV e
ryLRiLi FyLRiLi FysyyLi xmssRLi R\|qs# LRiWxmsLi RVxqs \sLi ssV}qs ee 15
RVyQ*NSLRiLi aRPVR LRiWxmsLi sV[Li LRiy NRPLi xqs*R NRPLRiWLRi g_LRisV e
Buyd aRPWsVVLi[ RysLi x|q^s#LRisW WgRiRVVNSRV RVsV ee 16
xmsysxmsoLRiVu RVxqs NSRV[*s ssLRif e Rry RsQQNRPLRiWFyRV aRPLiNRPLSRV ssW ssVM ee 17
W NRPVLRiV[ xqsXztsQLi W sxtsvM NRPVLRiV[ zqsRsV e xqsLixLjixtsQ W LRiVRxqsQ\|qs# RVLi
ssW ssVM ee 18
R*Li xmsLRiM xmsLRisWy R R*Li sy ssy xLRiM e xqsRQx R xmsLRiLi x syLRi
xmsLSRVM ee 19
sVy gRiRV NRPLi sQQ\sVsj, xqsRQ*gRiV xmsys\sVsj, xmsRgSR NRPLi @sQQ\sVsj @gRiV
ds LRiWxmssVV ssVV [R sWRs[V RVRVsV. NRPV[ ysLixmsRVsj, ryLRi
WR\sVsj, @NTPNRP\sVsj, FysssVV [RVV dLSsV NRPWR FysssVV [RVVsj @gRiV

LRiWxmssVVgRi dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV (15). ds LRiWxmssVV aRPVR\sVsj, sV[xLRi\sVsj, LRiRsVV[


@LiNRPLjiLixmsTsj, xqs*RsVgRiV NRPLRiWLRisVVs \ssj. [RV][ @RVsLRiRsVVRsV,
aRPWsVVsV, NRPFysVVsV RLjiLis WgkiaRP*LRiVRsgRiV dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV (16). Fsss
aRPLkiLRisVVsVLiT xmsyssVV, xmsoLRiVxtsvRV DRsLis[, @ BLijRV g][RLRisVV NSs LRiWxmssVV
gRi aRPLiNRPLRiVsNRPV @s[NRP ssVryLRisVVV (17). x LRiWxmssVV[ xqsXztsQs, sxtsv LRiWxmssVV[
zqss, LRiVR LRiWxmssVV[ xqsLiLRisVVsV [RVV dsNRPV @s[NRP ssVryLRisVVV (18). dsso
xqsLRi*ZaP[xtsvRso. xmsLRisWRso. ssR sRV ds xqs*LRiWxmss[V dsso xLRiVRso. ssVV[R
sWRs[V sV[V xqsRsVRgRiV xmsLRix dss[ (19),
ssW ssVM NSLRiNSLRiRV jysVXR s sWyRV e
xqssVxqs[ NSLiRLRi WyRV xmsNSaRPLRiWFyRV xmsLSRLSRV ee 20
RVrysxmsLRiLi [ gRiRV R[ xmsy` OTPQLjiaRPxqsW=LRi BLiRV LRi[M e
zLRiV yRaSLiRLjiLiORPQLi R\|qs# RVLi aRPLi#s[ s[V ssWsxqsV ee 21
RVxqs yjLRi sVRLi R yLiRsVzqs gRiRRM e NRPRLi ruysV RLi [sLi
y [sg][RLRiLi xLRisV ee 22
xqsLRi*NSLRiNSLRiVVRV, jssVgRiV @sVXRsVV sLi s xqsLixmsRsV BRVyRV, BRLRi
xmso[NRPsVV[ NRPWy xqsLixmsRsRVyRV, xmsNSaRPxqs*LRiWxmsoRV, xmsLSRLRiVRV @gRiV dsNRPV
ssVryLRisVV (20). WsV, jNRPVV, xqsWLRi RLiRVV, sVsRVRV Byj gRiRV bPsos NRPLi
ssVVgS [Rs aSxqsQsVV [jLiRVRVsj. @LiRLRiVV[ gSNRP, zLRiVVV NRPWy ARVs
xqs*LRiWxmssVs[V. ARVs ysVLiT @LiRLjiORPQsVV DRLiVVLisj. } aRPLi[! @ dsNRPV y
ssVryLRisVV (21). FsssNTP AjsVyLiRsVVV [[, Fsss sVLiT gRiRV xmsos][ @,
yNRPVsNRPV sVsxqsV=sNRPV g][RLRisVV NSs A [sos bPsos s[sV FsV xqsVLiRgRisV? (22).

RVxqs RW [y sVVsRVaRP RFRy iM e s sxms*Li LRiWFy sLRi dsRWM NRPyLi


xqss[V ee 23
zqsQ RW sVRW [ NTPLi[RW sLRiVxqs gRiVM xms[ e \ss sLi RVRWxmsLi }qsLiy @zms
xqsVLSxqsVLSM ee 24
ssVxqsVLi sV}aSs ssVxqsVLi RFsVRV e xms{qsR aRPLi[ [s[aRP WW WW
ssWsxqsV[ ee 25
Fsss LRiWxmssVVsV j [sRV, RFsxtsvgRiV sVVsVV NRPWR sLjiLixmsL][ @
LRiWxmssVVsV s[sV sLjiLiRgRisV ? (23). } xmsW! Fsss LRiWxmssVVsV BLiyj [sRV,
LSORPQxqsVV NRPWR RV L][, B sLRiVVs gRiVsVVsV {qsQsgRiV s[sV RVgRisV? (24).
J sV}aRP*LS! dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV. Rxmsxqs=Q*LRiWxmsoRsgRiV } aRPLi[! dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV. y\|ms
RRVRWxmsosVV. } [s[y! dsNRPV @s[NRP ssVryLRisVVV (25).
x[yR e
ByNRPLRiQ sRxqsry xqs=LixqsVRM xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiM e xqsVxmsxqssRLRiaS W RLiNRPL][ NRPsR=M ee 26
@R RryaRP+LkiLRiLi RV ss xqsLiRVVRsV e xmsLjisLi y\M xmss[ sVWLjiQ LS\M
ee 27
zsWds RLjiyLi [xqsRXaRPLi sRsLi Ry e sLkiORPQ NRPXxmsRWsu xLRiM FyR ysVRsV ee
28
x BV xmsZNPsV c
AsV [zqss C xqsVs ss xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV, NRPsR=VRV @gRiV aRPLiNRPLRiVRV sVLjiLiR
xmsxqssVyVsV (26). AsV aRPLkiLRisVV\|ms yLRi sV, sVXgRiRLRisVVsV RLjiLi RVVLisV.
xmssRsVgRiV AsV bPLRixqsV=Q\|ms ZNP[aRPsVVV RV NRP xmsNSbPLisV (27). AsV sVVsVV sVLiRV

NRPV yTFLiVVs xmsRsVVs sVLisV. AsVsV RW RRV NRPgjis xLRiVRV AsV][


sssV (28).
sV}aRP*LRi DyR e
{msyzqs Rxmsry # [ syM xmsLRis[V \s e xqss[s R aRPV Fy[ sLRiLi sLRiRV ryLixmsRsV ee 29
[Vs [ sR[ NSLRiLi slLi[zqss[gRiRsV e RRLji}tsQ R RLi [ xmsxqs[sxLi Rs s\M
ee 30
sV}aRP*LRiVTV xmsZNPsV c
} # [! dsso [zqss g]xms RxmsxqsV= [R, rRsVV[ R s[sV {msRVR\ss. J aRPVNRPLRisVgRiV
Vj gRiyy! BxmsoRV sLRisVVsV N][LRiVN]sVsVV (29). ds sVsxqsV=[ sVs NSLRizqsjs s[sV
NRPgjiLiRsV. sLRisVVsRsV. dsNRPV sVLigRisVgRiV gSNRP ! ds sRsVV[ s[sV xmsxqssVR\ss
(30).
x[yR e
B aRPVy* sV}aRPxqs xmsxqss sVsxqsxqsy e xqsLi][ y R xqsVxmsxqsy xmssV R
sVVxLRiVxM ee 31
x BV xmsZNPsV c
@xmsoRV xmsxqsssVgRiV sVsxqsV= gRi sV}aRP*LRiVs C sWsV ss, xqsLiR sVNTP AsLijLi,
@s[NRP xmsLSRVsVVV xmssV BV xmsZNPsV (31).
xqsLi][yR e
RVj [W sLRiM {msy sLRiWgSxqsQxLi RVj e RVj aRPVyxqsQxLi y
RryyFys}aRP*LRi ee 32

RVj [s xmsxqs[szqs Rxmsry sVsV ryLixmsRsV e sXRxqsyRVLi xmsRsW sL][ sVsV skRVy
sV ee 33
DRs sWy [s[aRP Fy[zqss xqs=[ e s sLiRV xqss[V \ss xqsNSsV xqs=LisLiRV \s ee
34
RVj sXy z [ZNP[xtsv xtsQ*zqs xmsjy RVy e suysV Ry yy sLRi GN][ sX][ sVRW
ee 35
xqsLiR BV xmsZNPsV c
J sV}aRP*LS! {ms][ sLRisVV s[ xmsORPQsVV[, s[sV sLRisVVsNRPV WgRiVLSsV @LiVVs][,
s[sV A FyxmssVVsVLiT aRPVRVLSsV @LiVVs][ (32), } [y! y C RxmsxqsV=sNRPV dsso
xmsxqssVR\ss][, yNRPV kss sVVR sLRisVVgS dsRVssV (33). } [s[y! C gRiRV[
xqssVxqs FyVV xmsoVNRP ][Rs[ NSsVsVV gRis gS xmsoNRPVLiRVgSNRP! (34). Ljigjis syLiRsVV
sVV[NRPsVV[ xmszqsj Lij s[sV @xmsNUPLjis F~LiRNRPVLiRVsV @sVgRizLiRVRV. Bj s[sV N][LRiV
sLRisVV[ INRP (35).
xqsNSsW sVsV RXztsQxqsV NRPVR s xmsxtsQ e W s[V xmsLRis[yR rszms s[VsxqsVxXR \s
ee 36
W RORPQ xqsNSsW sWLi xmsoLRiVxtsQxqsxqs FLRiVxtsQsV e yaRPLi gRisVxtsQ Ry xqs R NUP[ sxtsQ
ee 37
G sQQNTPQ\|msssW NSsVsVV][ gRiWTs y RWxmso xmsRNRPVLiRVgSNRP! }yy! yNRPV LRiRVgRiV sQQNTP
yNRPV sVLi sVRV\ DLiRssV (36).ssV NSsVsVV][ RWRV sQQNTP VVNRP xmsoLRiVxtsQR*sVV
sbPLi, yRV sxmsoLixqsNRPVRV NSssV (37).
x[yR e
B aRPVy* sRxqsry aRP+LiNRPL][ NRPsR=M e DyR xqsVxmsxqsyy suyFyRWxqs[VLji[ ee 38

x BV xmsZNPsV c
NRP sR=VRgRiV aRPLiNRPLRiVRV xqsLRi*FyxmsssLRiVNRPVLSgRiV AsV xmsVNRPVV ss sVNTP xmsxqssQQ\sVs
sVsxqsV= gRiy\ BV xmsZNPsV (38).
sV}aRP*LRi DyR e
aRPXV [s R xqsLi[ R*Li R*yxmsLi xqsyLi gRiRsV e R*LiVV RQQN][ sVRW N][RM aRPVy y
RxmsM NRPLS` ee 39
RVRR*QXRLi R*RW # [ RRLi RRLi sVRW e xqsVxmsxqss[s Rxmsry Rs xqsLi[ slLi[ z
ee 40
xmsRsVLi \ZaPaRP[ sM N_sWLS[ j*dRVNRPM e RXdW Rs[ saRPRVL][ yLRiNRPxqsy ee
41
RXd[V R*R xqsLiFy}ms sW lgi[ aRPLkiLjiM e xqsNSsWxqsV=QLjiQ*dRWLi[ sxtsQ NRP*`
NRP*` ee 42
sV}aRP*LRiVTV xmsZNPsV c
J xqsLiy[ds!ssVsVV. ds FyxmssVV sbPLisj. dsso RxmsxqsV=sV [zqs aRPVRVLS\ss. ds\|ms gRi
N][xmssVVsV s[sV dsTs (39). J sVLigRixqs*LRiWxmsoLS! xqsLiy! ds RxmsxqsV= [R, sVLjiRVV
sLRisVV [R s[sV sVNTP xmsxqssVR\ss dsso N][Ljis sLRisVVssds s[sV Bs (40).
sWssoV sVVLiRVgS \ZaPaRPssVV , RLRiVyRlLiLiRsjRVgRiV N_sWLRisVV, sVWRsjRVgRiV
RsssVV, ysjRVgRiV yLRiNRPsVV @sV RaRPsV NRPsVsVVgS F~LiRLRiV (41). FyVV
sVWRsj RVgRiV RsssVVsV F~LijsxmsVRV NSsV sssV NRPgjiRVVLiRVLRiV. N]s
xqsLiRLRisVV[ lLiLiRsj RVgRiV N_sWLSsxqs @LiRsVV[ NRPWy yLRiV xqsNSsVVV NSsRVsV
(42).
Rxmsry Rs sVLSy gRi ryzmsy sVLiVV e DRssWy s RVy xqsNSsWxqsV=QaRP+LkiLjiM ee 43

R*Li R [ZNP[ xqsdsLi yRXaRPLi xqssVyxmsoz e xtsv [ZNP[xtsv ysry RWRXaRPLi


xqsLisxtsQ ee 44
RVM xmsaRP xqsNSsVryQ*Li Fy gSxsVX[ Rs e xqs xqsR iM NUPyLi Fyxms RVLRiR*Li
gRisVxtsQ ee 45
xmsxqss sVgRixqsFLRiWxmsxqssVs*RM e xqsxms NRPLiR ds R sxtsQ xqsx R*RW ee 46
FyVV xmsoVNRP ][Rs[ NSsVss gRiyLRiV NSNRPVLiRVgSNRP! @sV sVLSRsV s[sV ds
RxmsxqsV=sNRPV sV, [NRPsVV[ ryzmsLiRVRVysV (43). sVV[NRPsVV[ BRLRi {qsQ ZNPs*LjiNUP
[s FysR ssVVsV dsso F~LiRVsVV (44). ssV [xmss ds LRi RNRP , BRLRiVs\lLissW
ssV NSsVsVV][ RWs][, @ sQQNTP sLis[ sxmsoLixqsNRPV\ RVLRiVRgRiVsV (45). ds LRi
sVRVRV, RxmsaS+, LRiWxmssVV gRiyRV @gRiVsV. dsLRi ds][ gRiWT GRV NRPsVVV xmspLji
RVgRiV sLRiNRPV sLiRVsV (46).
B [ [V sLS sVRM FyLjiy}qs NRPXy sVRW e @sR [ sjuysV xmspLRi*ss xqsLizqsRsV
ee 47
@g_ aRPLkiLRiygRi}qs xmspLRi*s[Vs xmsaRPVRM e RRVFyRVLi sysV y*Li RRVLRiVxtsQ* s xqsLiaRPRVM
ee 48
xqs R s[VyjLRi[ sVVsM y* RaRPyL<jiZNP[ eNRPXR=Q xms*[ s sLS` NTPRVyLi R*RW ee
49
GR \Q[xmsRNSRWLi RLiR gSsk R[ e s[VyjLRiRVLi NRPVLRiV[ yxmsryaRPs[V ee 50
C dLRiVs s[sV dsso N][Ljis sLRisVVssds Bs. xmspLRi*s[ Ljigjis sXyLiRsVV
NRPyss dsNTPxmsVRV |msRsV (47). dsso @gji[ aRPLkiLRisVVsV sRVsssss xmspLRi*s[V
xmssV [zqss. s[sV AsxtsQRVsVV[ INRP DFyRVsVVsV |msRsV. dsso yss RxmsNRP
@sVV [RVVsVV (48) . s[VyjRVsV sVxL<ji xmssLiRV xqsLisR=LRisVV RVsVVsV

[RVVRVyRV . dsso ]LiRLRi[ @R RNRPgS xms*Ljis @gjiRVLiRV [xsVVsV dsRVsVV


(49). C xmsLRi*R xqsdsVxms WsVRVLiRV RLiR gSsk dLRisVV[s INRP yxmsryaRPsVsVV[
s[Vyj A sV RVsVVsV [RVVRVyRV (50).
RR gRiy* xqs*RVLi RLiRLi sVVsL][ xmsOTPQy e sVRQryyR*z y Rxqs xmsod
sxtsQzqs ee 51
RV}qs sL][ yLiRdsRV ry=Q*dsV sVszqs NRPaRPs e RLi syRV sry*Li[ R sx
sxmsoxqs=Q*NRPsV ee 52
RVy R*Li yLRiVLi xqsLi[ RxmsaRPLRizqs xmsLRi*[ eRWsRRVLRiVgRiLi Rxqs sd[ RV NRPX[
RVVlgi[ ee 53
[yRWM xmsRs[V lgi[ y RORPQxqs NRPsNSM e yNSbdP+ xqssWxmsy RVy WgRiLi
syzyM ee 54
dsso ds BRssVxqsLjiLi @RNRPV ssVV. y @sVgRixsVV[ dsso sVVsVNRPV NSsLSso. dsso
@gji x[RsVVsVLiT sLi, @Rs xmsos NSgRiso (51). ds sVsxqsV= [ dsNRPV ss
zmsRVVs xqsLjiLiRVRW ds [xsVVsV @gji RVLiRV dsRVsVV (52). J xqsLiy! dsds
xmsLRi*RsVVsLiRV INRP sV RVVgRi NSsVV |mnsWLRiRxmsxqsV=sV [zqss. A xqssVRVsVV[
NRPXRRVVgRisVV gRiRsV (53). @xmsoRV [yRVVgRisVV[s sVVR FyRsVV[ RORPVsNRPV @s[NRP
NRPsV sLiLji. yLRiV sVR ztsQVV. sVLjiRVV bdPsVV gRiyLRiV. RORPVRV yLjiNTP
RV][RsVVgS syxsVVsV [|qssV (54).
Rs[ xqs R_ NRPy sRs[ xqsxmssLiaRPM e RLi][syxqs=LixmsLjiR L][zLi {mssWsW`
ee 55
R[][L>ji RVy RLiRaRP+F RZOP[Q N][zmsy eRy sy sNRP[ xqslLi[* [yxqs=sWgRiyM ee 56

s RXuyaRP R*RW xqsLi[ [ [y xqsx e sVLiVV ssxqs sVsry Li R RXuy*


[RVsM ee 57
RLiRxqs aSxmssWOSQLRiLi y RLiRsk Ry e xqsXuy yy R\yR s[Vyj LRiVxmszqsRM ee 58
A NRPs[ BLRi\s GRV sVLijs ARVs RLiRVsNTP syxsVV [|qssV. RLiRVRV
BRLRiLRisV xmsLiRVN]sNRP, L][z RVLiRV sWRs[V {mss NRPgjiRVVLisV (55). A
NSLRisVV[ RORPVRV N][zmsLi RLiRVs aRPzmsLiRgS [sRLiRLRiV dsso Ds C ][NRPV sLji (56)
J xqsLiy!x][ NRPWT ss A [sRsV yRVLiRV gRiQQ\sVs sVsxqsV=gRi dsso
RWR[RV. x ANRPxqssVVsV RW, RLiRVRV Rs xmspLRi* LRiWxmssVVsV FsV F~LiRV[ RVs
LisV (57). x RLiRVs aSxmsssVVNTP N]LRiNRPV RLiRgSsjs xqsXztsQLisV. @[
xqssVRVsVV[ @RNRPV s[Vyj s[|qssV e (58).
Rxmsry RR=sW yzqs s W][ s sxtsQ e [Vs RVxqs=sWLRi[ [usW sVsjM ee
59
RR xms*][ szQxqszqsLixqsQ sxmsoxqs=Q*NRPsV e xqsVxmssy R*sVydsLi xqsLixmspL][sxqsVRV
xmsxqss ee 60
GRsRW ryzmsRLi [ NSLSLRiLi [ Rxmszqs*s e RRVLRiVxtsQ* sVlgi[ RWz RV[
sVsVVs[M ee 61
Rry zRLi R [s[aRPxqsQ\Q yLiRLRikRVR ee 62
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi j*d[V xqsdLi[ xqsLiy RLjiR
sLRisLi ysV xtsQusyRVM (6).
RxmsxqsV=[ ARVs][ xqssWs\sVs yRV sVLjiVVNRPRV [RV. DLiR[RV. ARVs @sxqsQXR\sVs
[usVsVs[ RVsVVyLRiLiLiyRV (59). @R @gji xmsNSbPLiRVRVsj. dsso ds
[xsVVsV ysRVLiRV sRVsosVV. BxmsVRV dsso sVNTP xmssRVLSso. ds xms

sLRis[LRiVgSNRP! (60). JRxmszqs*ds! C dLRiVs s[sV ds NSLRisVVsV zqsjLixms[zqss. J


sVRVLS!s[sV zmssV [RVVsVV. A sVsVVs RVsVV [RVVRVs ][NRPV ssVV
(61). BV [s[soRV AsVNRPV zRsVVsVxms[bPLi @Rs[ @LiRLSssVV LisV (62).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsj RVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizRRVLiRV lLiLiRsj RVgRiV
xqsdLiRsVVsLiRV xqsLiy RLjiR sLRissVs[ ALRis @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (6).
@R xqsxmssWsyRVM
@LRiVLiR
x[yR e
sLRiLi RyQ* sVVs[ Rzqss aRPLisLiRL>ji[ Ry e xqsLiy xmsgRiRRQ\Qs RVR s[VyjLRiVsM
ee 1
RR aRPLi[M xmsry[s s ZNP[yxmsoxmsOTPQy e xqsryLRi sLjisLi RLi \s r*xms[aRPNRPLRiLi RxmsM ee 2
szqs}tsQs xmsoLS ry RV sLki Wy* sVsVVs[ e Dxmsjuy RxmsaRPLRiVLi sRyRLRis[VztsQsM ee 3
Rs[Vs NRPXy* sVsry RxmsaRPL][xms [aRPNRPsV e xms[*s Ry xqsLiy xLi xyLjisV
ee 4
xqssV[g_ sVRV[ sVVsL][ xmsOTPQy e xXuy aRPLiVxmsry[s ry ss[aRP s[xqsV=y ee 5
x BV xmsZNPsV c
J sVxL<ki! aRPLiVRV sLRisVVs @LiRLSssVV NSgSs[, xqsLiR s[Vyj sVxL<ji Ds
ryssVVsNRPV ssV (1).aRPLiVs @sVgRixsVV[ AsV Fss*LjiNUP NSsLS[RV. AsV RsNRPV RxmsxqsV=
[RVV syssVVsVxms[bPLis xyLjis xqsLjiLisV (2).J sVxL<ki! xmspLRi*sVV x gSLji

A[aRPsVV[ szqsxtsvRV xyLji LRiWxmssVV[ AsVNRPV RxmsxqsV= [RVV syssVVsVxms[bPLisV


(3).RxmsxqsV= [RVV sRsVVsV Dxms[bPLis A x x yLjis AsV sVsxqsV=[ LRigS
{qs*NRPLjiLisV (4). A sVRVsVV[ xms*LjiVRVs @gjiRVLiRV xsWsxqs xmsoNRPRVgRiV
xqsLiR sVVsVNRPV NSsLSs\ AsLiRsVV][ xmss[bPLisV (5).
RryM xmsoL][yaRPsVRVLi aRPLkiLRiLi R` ORPQRRM e RgRiLi xmsoL][yaRPgRiLiRLi RryLRi RVROTPQRsV ee 6
szQxqsryaRP+LkiLRiLi RV RgSQ* xqsWLRixqs sVLiRsV e aRPVRLi xmss[aRPRW sWxqs aRPLi[lLi[yRW
xmsosM ee 7
xqsWL][ sLRiLi sR RRLkiLRiLi Ry LRi[ e xqs*ZNP[aRPLi ryxmsRWsWxqs {msR[V zmsRX[sWM ee
8
R RWLRiQ* gRixqs ryxqsV aRPLkiLRixqs sVVdsaRP*LRi e FyRxqs=Liyss y= RV @x[LSyj sVRgS
ee 9
xmsoL][yaRPLRiWxmssVVgS xqssVLjiLixmsTs AsV [xsVV R` ORPQs[V RgRiQ\sV xmsoL][yaRP gRiLiRsVV
xqsLRi*y yzmsLisV. C gRiLiRsVVsNRPV }RVso Fss*LjiNUP RV[RV (6). @gji bPsos A[
AsV aRPLkiLRisVVsV RzLi, aRPVRsVgRiV xqsWORPQ aRPLkiLRisVVsV xqsWLRisVLiRsVVsLiRV xmss[aRP# |mssV
(7). xqsWLRiVRV AsV aRPLkiLRisVVsV lLiLiRVgS sLi, zmsRLRiVNRPV [sRNRPV {mss NRPgjiLiRV
N]LRi\ZNP Rs LRiRsVVsLiRV ryzmsLisV (8). J sVxL<ki! AsV aRPLkiLRisVV VVNRP \|ms gRisVV LSNTP
xmsgRiNTP sVR [ sVLi[ FyRxqs=LiR @VsV (9).
R[xtsQ gRixqsryxqsV @x[LSyLiR sVRgS e ry ryRVsVsR=Liy zmsRX{msxmsy xqsy ee
10
xqsWL][RRWRV xmsRsVLi RVy ryRLRiV[RRVM e FyRxqs=Liy R][[ [yyLi {ms NSLji
ee 11

@xqsLi gRi[ RRxqsW=lLi[ a][ xmsRs[ xqsy e D[ ryRVLi xqsLiyzms zmsRYLi sWRNSLji ee
12
RryM FyxqsV sVsry aRPLiVyR RRWVy e js[s RV aRPLkilLi[ RNTPlLi[ z aRPLkiLjiM ee 13
AsV VVNRP sVgjis gRisVV xqsy zmsRX[sRNRPV {msds NRPgjiLiRVsj, xmsgRiNTP LSNTP sVR[
sVLiRVsj RVgRiV ryRVLi xqsLiR AVsV (10). xqsWLRiVs DRRVsVVsNRPV sVVLiRVgS @LRiVVRV
DRLiVVLiRVsV. A xqssVRVsVV[s[ [sRNRPV {mss NRPgjiLi[ FyRxqs=LiR DRLiVVLiRVsV (11).
FsLRis xmsRsVVsV FV xqsWLRiVRV @xqssVLiRgSs[, zmsRX[sR NSsLiRsVVsRV ryRVLixqsLiR
DRLiVVLiRVsV (12). @xmsoRV RRWsgRiV aRPLiVRV AsV FysVVsV sVsxqsV=][ NRPzms xqsW
aRPLkiLRisVVgRi [z VVNRP jssVgRiV xqsWORPQ aRPLkiLRisVVgS sLSsVV [|qssV (13).
sVVs[LRisrys[ RV xqsLiFy}ms sVVsy RV ry e FyFy xmsod szsV[ Rxms NSLiRs xqsVxms
ee 14
yLi gSx Ry xmsodLi sVVsLSsWR xqsLiRVVRM e RVQLRiLi yLi RV xqsLiryxms sN][[ R_
sVVs[ ee 15
@LRiVLiRd RV RryxqsV ysV RZNP[ sVsVVsM e bP\|tsQ#M xmsLjisXRxqsR sVsWRsVyxms x ee 16
s LRiVjRV][ RLRiLi ry NRPryRzms NSLRi` e @RzqsQ[ZNP[ sjRLi ysV xqsLiFyxms RR=Q*RVsV
ee 17
RVsVV xmspLji NSgSs[ A sVxL<ji @gji sVRsVV sVLiT xmsosVV |mss LigSLRisVV s
sgjiFsoRVs NRPVsWlLisV F~LisV (14). A sVxL<ji AsLiRsVV][ gRiWTsy\ A NRPVsWlLisV
{qs*NRPLjiLisV. J sVxL<ki! ARVs AsVsV RVsVV N]LRi\ZNP ryssVV [LiVVLi Rs IT[
NRPWLRiVLiRVN]ssV (15). A sVxL<ji AsVNRPV @LRiVLiR @sV }msLRiV |ms, Rs bPxtsv][ gRiWT
sVNTP AsLijLisV (16).AsV G NSLRisVV [R\sssW RLRisVVsNRPV @RV xmsRRV.
@LiRVsss[, AsV sVV[NRPsVV[ @LRiVLiRRVsV @s*LRiysVsVVsV F~LisV (17).

RVLi xqssWxms xqs sVVsM NRPXR NRPXR s sWryR xqsLixmsRRVVRxqssRW xmsLi` e


Rzqss aRPsVxms[ xqsx bPxtsQslL^i rys[Vs xqsLiRRsVr RLiVV[ xqsVLRilL<i[ ee 18
@R ry ssX[ [ds RzqssVssLSaRPs[V e RLiRgSskdlLi[ yxmsryLRi xqsLiZNP[ ee 19
xqsLiFy}ms xmsLiRs[V slL<i[ RLiRgSsLi Ry gRiV\M e yxmsryLRisVzms ry xmssRsVNRPL][R=d ee 20
syxLi NSLRiRWsWxqsVxqsry xxqsV[s \s e szqs}tsQs xLRiVLiRy x sxtsv sV}aRP*LSM
ee 21
Rj*y} sVx[y=x[ Ws xqsVsLRisM e xqslLi[* xqsVLSaRP sVVs RVxqsV=sWxmsoM xmsLRiLi
sVVs[ ee 22
A sVxL<ji RVsVVsV xmspLji gSsLi, NRPVsWlLisV F~Lij, xqsLixmsR][ NRPWTsy\ RssV ysV
NRPXyLRiVsgS sLisV. J [sL<ki! ARVs Rs AaRPsVsVV[ Rs bPxtsv][ gRiWTs AsVsV
@ss[ Li FyLiRVRW gRiT|mssV (18). @xmsoy [s RLiRgS sk dLRisVVsLiRV gRi,
yxmsryLRisVV @sV }msLRigRi, A sVxL<ji VVNRP AaRPRVsVV[ |msLjilgisV (19). A ryj*
@LiVVRs GRV sRVyNTP Rs gRiVsVV[ RLiR gS sjs, yxms ryLRisVVsV NRPWR
xmssRsVV gSsLisV(20). x sxtsv sV}aRP*LRiVV A @LRiVLiRNTP x NRPVsWLRiVRgRiV
szqsxtsvs][ xmsLjiRVsVVsV gSsLiLji (21). J sVVds! A syxsVV[ xqsVsVVsV sXj
F~LijLiRV g]xms DR=ssVV xmssLjisV. @LiRLRiV [sRV, sVLjiRVV VVxtsvV AsLijLiLji
(22).
x sxtsv sV}aSyLi NRPLRisxqs=QXR][RVRM e xqsxmssRxqs=sVVRy bP+Fyy xqsV=xmssR NSM
ee 23
@LRiVLiRd sV ryk* ryk*yLi xmssL][RsW e szqsxtsQLi Fyxms xqsLilLi[[ s[Vyj xqsVy sVVs[ ee
24

RVryM xmsoyxqs=sVVRyQZaP[uy aRP+QQNSQRRVaRPV+M e szqsxtsQLi Fyxms RLi NSLiRLi xqsLilLi[[


sVVsxqsRsWM ee 25
GsLi xqsLiy RLjiRLi [ NRPjRLi sVVsxqsRsV e xmssRLi FyssLi jsLi xqsLRi*NSsV xmnsxmsRsV ee
26
RV BRLi aRPXVRWyLki xmsoLRiVu y aRPVsRM e xqsLS*y sWsyF yR NSLRi syLRi ee
27
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi j*d[V xqsdLi[ xqsxmssWyRVM
(7).
x sxtsv sV}aRP*LRiV xxqssVV sVLiT Ljis ds sVLiT xmsLRisVFysssVV\s bPFy
sVVRgRiV GRV sRVV xmsosV (23). J sVxL<ki! ryk* sVV[ ZNP ZaP[xtsvLSV,
s[VyjVVNRP NRPVsWlLi RVgRiV @LRiVLiR szqsxtsvs syxsWT a][sV (24). J
sVVsZaP[xtsvLS! szqsxtsvs LRigS F~Lijs AsVNRPV ZaP[xtsvV, xmsoRVV @gRiV aRPNTP sVV RgRiV
NRPVsWLRiVV NRPgjiLji (25). JsVxL<ki! xmssRsVV , FysssVV, jssVV, N][lLisds C[LRiVsj
@gRiV xqsLiy sXyLiRsVVsV s[sV dsNRPV zmss (26). {qsQ gSs, xmsoLRiVxtsvRV gSs xmssRsVgRiV
sxtsQ][ C gSRsV ss][, yLji N][lLisRVW zqsjLiRVssV[ xqsLijRVsVV [RV (27).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsj RVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizRRVLiRV lLiLiRsjRVgRiV
xqsdLiRRVLiRV GRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj(7).

@R @xtsQsWsyRVM
sxqsLiRVRV
xqsWR DyR e

ByNRPLRiQ sRxqsxqs x[ z xmsxms[M e xmsxqsssWsr Wy* RLi FyR xqs yLRiRM ee


1
xqsWRVRV BV xmsZNPsV c
xmsxms RVgRiV x VVNRP C sWsV ss xmsxqsssVgRiV sVsxqsV= gRiy\ A
yLRiRVTssV (1).
yLRiR DyR e
xs s[ sVgRi sxtsvbPxtsQ sVsV[ e RsxqsQ*Li bPsN][ z xmsLRiRRQ* xmsRLRi+NRPM ee 2
aSsyxqsVNRPy jy bPsNTP ssLjids e @LRiVLiRyxqsy Rry xqs=Q*LRiWFyRWM xmslLi[ # s[ ee 3
BydsLi Wz RLRi xmssRLi RLjiRLi xmsLRisV e bPsxqs xmsLRiFyxmsxmnsVLi sVLigRi xmsRsVVRsVsV ee
4
gRiX{RylLi[ NSs[V R xX}tsQ [xtsv gRi[xtsv R e xqsLiyRWLi NTPLi RxmsxqsxmsoLi gRiyRWsVsRRM
ee 5
yLRiRVTV xmsZNPsV c
} xs! sk! sVy! dsso sxtsvs bPxtsvRso. sV FyRso. bPsNRPVRso @gRiV dsso
RsVRso. dsso xmsLRisWR RRQ*sVVsV NRPNRPV NRPsV xmsgRiso (2). @LRiVLiR gSRsV, AsV
xmspLRi*s sXyLiRsVV][ xqs sszmsLis. C js gSR bPsNTPs sLjiQ[RVVsV (3). J
RLRi! xmssRsVV, ZaP[xtsQsVV, sVFyxmssVVsV Fg]Vsj, sVLigRisVVsRVsj,
DRsV\sVsj @gRiV bPsRLjiRsVVsV BxmsVRV xmsVsVV (4). sVsRVRV syxsWT
AsLijLiRgS, yLRiLiRLRiW RsV ryssVVNRPV sgS, xqsLiR RxmsxqsV= N]LRiNRPV sgS, @xmsVRV
G\sVsj?(5).
xqsWR DyR e

B aRPVy* sRxqsxqs VV}tsQ\lLiQQ* syRsM e xqsVxmsxqssRL][ Wy* sRssVds` ee 6


xqsWRVTV xmsZNPsV c
xmssRsVgRiV @LiRMNRPLRisVV gRi A VVztsQ VVNRP sWsV ss, x @RLiR xmsxqssVQQ\ BV
xmsZNPsV (6).
x[yR e
aRPXV yLRiR s}msLiR R[s RLjiRLi aRPVsV e bPsds*RLi NSQ RsxqsQ*Li bPs}qssNRPM ee 7
@xLi ssWzRryRRV\yLiRL>jiRM xmsoLS e @LiRRVLi xqsyxLi RRLiV yNRP suyLjiRM ee
8
LiRLiVVy* LRiLi [ bPssWRW ssWzRM ebPs[ [L<SQsVNSL<RiLi z RRQXVxtsQ* sysV[ ee
9
@yx sVgRisVLi RR RVR ROSQRRVzqs=yM e xqsLRiLiLi sVRsLi RXuy* xqssV][sxLi z
NTPLiRs ee 10
RORPQ sW xtsQ xqsV{msy xmsLSs xmsoyLiaRP yLRiR e @[RLi sRsLi rsxLi bPssWRWs
sWzRM ee 11
x BV xmsZNPsV c
J sxmsZaP[uy! yLRiy! bPsos d][ gRiWTs A aRPVRLjiRsVVsV NTP][ ssVsVV. bPsos
}qssNRPVRsgRiV dsso RsVRso (7). sy=! xmspLRi*sVV bPsoT @LiRLSssVV NSgSs[ s[sV
sWxsVVsV F~Lij, A bPsos yNRPsVVs[ sxtsQsVV[ {msTLixmsT xqsLRi*y LiTyRsV (8).
bPsos sWRV[ sWzRVR\ss s[sV LRiNSsVV sVsxqsV=[ Li bPsos RVLiRV CL<RiQsV
F~Lijs. A sXyLiRsVVsV |msRsV ssVsVV (9). @xmsoRV s[sV ROSQRVV Ds ][NRPV
ss. @R LRi][ gRiWTRVVs sVsRVs RW s[sV N]LiR gRiLRi*sVVsV F~Lijs (10). J

yLRiy! bPsos sWRV[ sWzRVR\ss s[sV RORPVs, BRLRi NRPVsWLRiVsV sVNTP {ms][
xmsNRPLjiLi, C sWsV xmsNTPs (11).
x[yR e
} RORPQ } sVLki yyxqsV=yaRP+QXVR sVR*RM e aRPV][* FyRVLi s[RVLi z sVsV
NRPuyxmssVR[V ee 12
NSLiy xtsQsWRLi s[V RXuy* aRPLiVLRigRiL>RiRV` e sWLi R RVVuysWgki jNSLRiLi
NRPXRys x ee 13
[s RVMRFs[sxLi aRPLRis NRP*` eRVy gRiXRV NSLiyLi xqs xqs RVRM NSLRi Gs z
ee 14
RVy gRiXRV NSLiyLi xqs xqsVd ryLi RVMsLjiRM e RVLRixqs= RV NSsW s[V xmsLRiLi sVs[
syLRiRM ee 15
x BV xmsZNPsV c
} ROSQ! J sVLkiyj NRPVsWLRiVLS! y sWsV ssVRV. ss y NRPxtsQsVVsV klLi[ DFyRVsVV
yRLjiLixmsoRV (12). s[sV NSLiRRVLiRV @xtsQsV sWRs[V xmsNRPLiRgS, @j RW, aRPLiVRV
sLijLisV. sVWgji RVgRiV bPsoRV ssV sVsVVsV xsRsVV jNRPLjiLi yRV (13).
A NSLRisVV[ s[sV RVMsVV][ s[gRiVRVysV. yZNPRsW xqsVsVV LiRV [RV. ARVs
{qsQs syxsWRVsV dsVLRiV RVLiRssV (14). ARVs {qsQs s yRV s[sV
RVMsVVsV dsT xqsVsVVsV F~LiRsV. NSs, syLjiLi RWs][, C y N][LjiNRP dlLi[j NSRs
RLiRsV (15).
NSLiyxtsQsWRLi s[V RXuy* aRPLiVLRigRiL>RiRV` e sVVdsyLi xmsoLRiRM NRPryR= NSLiyLi
xqsLigRi{xtsQ ee 16

NS y yLki [ZNP[szqss RW # s[Rsy zqs=y e WgRisWLRisVsxms Rxqs sWxLi NRPLjixtsQ


ee 17
sVs][szms xqssVL][ [ sxtsQRxqs sWxs[ e syLiRWgki LSsWLi ysWzms xqsx[ s xqsM
ee 18
@ gRiX{[xtsv \s xlLi[ NRPR sWjy e sVRsW R # s[R=QXztsQ xqsR*y ss yLjiy ee
19
s[sV INRP {qsQs RW @xtsQsV sWRs[V F~Lijs. @j RW aRPLiVRV ssV sVVsV
VRV gRiL>jiLiyRV.ARVs {qsQs G gRizLiRVsV?(16). ARVs sVsxqsV=[ xmss[bPLi,
WgRisWLRisVV[ sVLiRV ARVs sVsxqsV=sV RLixms[zqs, ARVsNRPV sWxsVVsV NRPgjiLiRgRi
{qsQ C sVV[NRPsVV[ FsslLi[s gRiLS?(17) WgkiaRP*LRiVRgRiV ARVssV sWzLixms [RVV[
sVsRVRV NRPWy xqssVLRiVRV NSRV. ARVs {qsQ }msLRiVsV gRiWR xqszLiRRV (18). Aj
NSLRiVRgRiV bPsoRV sVsRVs sVV xmsssVVsV LRixqsLjiLis][, sVRsV xqsXztsQ xmsRsV
xqsXztsQ s sLSLiNRPsVVgS FsV N]srygRigRiRV?(19).
Vs ZNP[RsxtsQLi sWRWy sVxqsVLSM e yZNP[ RlLi[LRiWsLi ZNP[ RLi[LRiVFyRVRM ee
20
xqsLiryLRissVV[ aRPLi R\NSLiR sLSgji e @ryRX[ s NRPLSs` NRPLjixtsQ s xqsLiaRPRVM ee 21
BRVQQNSQ* RsRWLi aSxLi ROSQks xqsVsLkiORPQ R e xqsLRiLi sVRsLi RR rysLi RsVgRiRLi
RRM ee 22
W[NRPsVV[ N]LiRLRiV sVxqsVLRiVV sWRV[ LijLixmsRVRVyLRiV. N]LiRLRiV xLjisWRV[,
sVLjiN]LiRLRiV bPsos sWRV[ DFyRVsVVgS LijLixmsRVRVLRiV (20). xqsLiryLRisVVsLiRV
ssVVVRV, sV sLSgji @gRiV aRPLiVs RVLiRV C sWxsVVsV NRPgjiLiRV @sV xmsss sVssVV
Rxms sVLjiVVNRPLRiV [RVLRiV. ks[ xqsLi[xsVV [RV (21). s[sV RORPVRV sVVRgRiV y

NRPVsWLRiV][ sV xmsNTP, LRi][ gRiWTRVVs sVRsVs @R gSLi, xqsLiRzqsLisyR\s BV


xmsNTPs (22).
x[yR e
sVRVR sLRi NSsV R*Li xqsLRi*y xqsV yRVNRPM e sVR*RaRP+QXV xqsV{msy xqs*xmsyQQ
zmsRXsR= ee 23
@sRW xqsxyLji LS}qs R*Li sV[s e Guy R sy xmsy RVVNS xqsLia][# [ XaRPsV ee
24
RVy zqsQRW xX{tsQZNP[a][ xLji ry RVy LRisW e ORPQy sRVy RVVNS RRW RVVN][ RVy
sRVM ee 25
R\s RVVsWa][+ yLixmsRLi R xmsoLRixqsQXRsV e @RxqsQ*Li gRiRM ZNP[RV Lji*aRP*ZNP[RVLRisxtsQzqs
ee 26
x BV xmsZNPsV c
J NSsW! dsso y xmsoRV[ ZaP[xtsvRso. dsso @s sRsVV xqsVsVVsV BRVyRso.
RLiTRVLiRV }mssVgRi J NSsW! dsso ds LRi][ gRiWT y sWsV {ms][ ssVsVV (23). }
sVsR! dsds LRi][ gRiWT xmsNSbPLiRVRVyso. CsV NRPWR LRisgRiV ds][ gRiWT sVNTP
xmsNSbPLiRVRVsj (24). xLji OTPQ ][, OTPQ xLji][, LS RLiRVs][, RLiRVRV LS][
xmsNSbPLisVgS (25), dsVLjiRLRiV NRPWy @Vs[ a][VRVyLRiV. dsV yLixmsRsVV
aSxmnsVdsRVsVV. NSsos dsso C gRiRVsNRPV @jyRVNRPVRso NSgRiso (26).
gRijyRV sR= R*Li sWxRVxqs* zmsyNTPssV e RVyaRPV xqsVsVyaRP+LiVM NRPVLSyLRi xms
gRixsV ee 27
ss[ zqsQgRi[ZaP[ RV xmsLRi*[ xtsv xqsLRixqsV= R e RVR RVR xmsRWdaRPxqsR RysRW xqsx ee 28

sWxRV R*Li RVyRsLi ssy ssVVLi xLRisV e R*RX[ sR[ ysM NRPbPRxqs
ssWxNRPM ee 29
W[ xlLi[ rysVLSlgi[ s][szms sV[s e aSFxmsaSLiLRisy Rry yRzRLi NRPVLRiV ee 30
} sy=! dsso gRiRVsNRPV s[VVg][Lji, bPsos sWzLixms[zqs, ARVs xmssssVgRiV sVsxqsV=][
LRisV bdPxmnsVsVVgS {qs*NRPLjiLiRVsV [RVVsVV (27). bPsoRV GNSLiR\sVs xqsVLiRLRixms[aRPsVVsNRPV
gSs, xmsLRi*RsVVsNRPV gSs, xqsLRixqsV=sNRPV gSs, BRLRi xqssVVNRPV gSs FsRNRPV sssW, dsso
CsV][ NRPWT sLiTLiRVsVV (28). ARsgRixsVV NRP {qsQ ssVVV\RVVs C bPsosdsso
sWzLixms[RVVsVV. ARVssV sWzLixms[RVgRi sQQNTP dsso RNRP sVLjiVVNRPLRiV [LRiV (29). }
sVsy! bPsoRV @sVLSgRisVV NRPy\s][, dsaSxmssVVsNRPV NRPWR DxmsaSLi NRPVgRiVsV. NSsos,
dsso ds zRsVVsV g][Lji @V [RVVsVV (30).
rysVLSg][ sLSL][Li RVkR sV}aRP*LRiM e Ry [szms WgSLRiryQ*Li R
xqsLiyLRiLiVVxtsQ ee 31
RryRW j*dRVxqsQ*Li RVRxqs*xLRisWxs[ e saRP*xqs s ZNP[RVxqsQ*Li sWxLiVVy*
sV}aRP*LRisV ee 32
B aRPVy* s][ s[V z sNRPxqs gRiRQ[M e DyR sVsRxqsRLi Ry sWLi gRiyLi xmssV
ee 33
sV}aRP*LRiVRV RRWsgRiV \ssVV. ARVs INRP xqsVLiRLji RVLiRV @sVLSgRisVVsV F~Lijs][,
ssV gRiWR RLjiLixms[RVgRiRV (31). NSsos, dsso LRi][ gRiWT bPsos sWzLixms[RVV\ZNP
RVLiRVsVV. sV}aRP*LRiVs sWzLixms[zqs, dsso gRiRVsNRPV yRVNRPVRso NRPsVV (32).
gRiRQVso, RLiTRVgRiV y C sWsV ss sVsRVRV y][ C xqsRyNRPsVVsV xmsZNPsV
(33).
sVsR DyR e

NRPLji}tsQxLi Rs s[ sRy RLiV sWxssV e NTPLi RV WztsQsxqsQLi s[V RyLiyLi


gRiss xqsX ee 34
sVRW xqsLisWz[ aRPLi RVRW RrysV sWxssV eNRPLRissVRVy yRxqs][FyRVLi xmsLRiLi
NRPVLRiV ee 35
sVsRVTV xmsZNPsV c
} s[! ds sWsV s[sV aRPLiVs sWzLixms[|qsRsV. NSs, y sVxqsQsVV {qsQ. NSs, }
gRiss! ,@ {qsQs xqsXztsQLixmsosVV (34). s[sV sVVLiRVgS aRPLiVs sWzLixms[zqss RLRiVyR AsV
ARVssV sVLRi sWzLixms[RV sRVVsV. } xs! NSsos BxmsoU sxtsQRVsVV[ RNRPs
DFyRVsVVsV [RVVsVV (35).
x[yR e
GsLi yjs NRPLiRlLi[ yyxLi xqs xmsxmsM e NRPRW xqsLisWxdsWrys
LiysVWsVssV ee 36
LiysxtsQxqs s[V Rxqs
xmsoxtsQyRsWztsQRM ee 37

saS+Q*r

ssxqs=QXRM

RryR*xqsLiRxqs=LiRM

a][LSs xqsLiNSaRPM xmso ysVLRi}qsORPQMe xqsLi][jy LiRaRPbP xmssWxqsxqsV=yzqsNRPM ee 38


aSL`i sR LRisLRi aS+QsVNRPVLiR sVWLRi M e xqsLiyLiaRPVsW xqsRXaRPM NRPVLiR
R*RVsVLiTRM ee 39
xmssV[gRiM {msyRVR][LRiVs yLixqsNRPM e NRPLiVgkisxqsV=s{qsLRixXRRVM {mssxqssV M ee 40
xqsLS*LigRi xqsVLiRLRi aS+QsV xqs=LixmspLRixqs=LRi* ORPQ \M e RLRi+dsRVRsVxqs=LRi* sWxsM NSsVsLRisM
ee 41

x BV xmsZNPsV c
sVsRVRV BV xmsVNRPgS, xmsxmsRVgRiV s[sV 'C bPsos xqssWzLixms[RVgRi {qsQ FssLRiV
gRiLRiV?' @sV LiRsV F~Lijs (36). BV LiV RVs yVVNRP saS+Q*xqssVLiT
sxqsLiRVRV xmsosV. @RRV xmsoxtsQsW[ @LiNRPLjiLixmsT (37), FsLRis xmsRsVV s
zqsLisV. ARs NRPsVV sNRPzqsLis xmsRsVV s sVLisV @LiRsVgRiV sVVNRPV gRi ARRV
xqsLiy NSsVVLiRV DRLiVVLis xmspLRi RLiRVs sLi sVVsVVsV NRPgjiRVVLisV (38). ARs
FyRsVV NTPLiR RsxqsV= ANSLRisVVgRi lLi[V DLisV. ARs bPL][sVVV sgS sLiNRPLRiV Ljigji
RVVLisV. xqsLiyNSsVLiR xqsWLRiVs s sVs @Rs sVVsVV lLiLiRV NRPVLiRsVV][
@LiNRPLjiLixmssV (39). zqss F~R\ss xsoV, Fs\s WsVVV gRi ARRV sVjLis
GsVgRiVs sVLiRgRisVssVVsV NRPgji RVVLisV. ARs sVR aRPLisVVsV F RVVLisV. @Rs
sORPQ xqs=sVV sVNTP saSsVVgRi sVLisV. ARs sVVsVV sVLi AL][gRisVV][ zqssV (40).
xqsLS*LigRi xqsVLiRLRiVRV, aSsVsLRisVV NRPyRV, xqsLRi*ORPQsVV][ xqsLixmspLRiQ\sVsyRV, sVNTP
xqsVLiRLRiVRVsgRiV ARRV @LiRLjis sWzLixms[RVVRW, NSsVsVVsV sXj F~LijLiRVsV (41).
Gy RXZaP[ xqssVVRs[ sxqsLi[ NRPVxqsVsWNRPlLi[ e s_ yRVVxqsV=xqsLRiM FyRFy @zms xmsoztsQyM ee
42
zmsNS ss[RVaRP+RaRPM xmsLiRsVLi sVRVLRixqs*yM e xms xmso xmsy @ss xqsLRixqs xqs=Q*R xmsoxtsQLSM ee
43
RsVVRs sVxLi sORPQ Ry yRXaRPsVVRsVsV e zLRi gRiL][ sVRs sVgRiRLi sVRVLRiLi
sRM ee 44
GsLi xqs sVsRVs xqs=y xqsxRL][ss` e AsVNRPWLi Rs NRPXRxqs=LRi*Li [s NRPLjixtsQ ee 45
xmsoxtsQsVVNRPV AaRPRVsVgRiV B sxqsLiRVRV, xmsogSs[, xqsVgRiLiRLjiRsVgRiV yRVVso dssV.
sRVW xmsoxtsQsVV][ sLisV (42). sVRVLRisVgRiV aRPsVVsV [}qs sLiRj N][LiVVV
xmsLiRsVxqs*LRisVV][ NRPWTss. xqs*RsVgRiV ds][ NRPWTs xqsLRixqsV=[ xmsRsVVV sNRPzqsLisV

(43). @ DRsVVRgRiV sxqsLiRVs xmsoVNRPsVRWRgSs[, zLRigRiLRiVRsgRiV s[sV sVRsVs][


sVRVLRisVgRiV C sWsV xmsNTPs (44). } sVsy! ds][ xqssWs\sVs CRRV dsNRPV ][RVgS
sVLiT xqsLRi*sVVsV dsNRPV @sVNRPWsVVgS [RVgRiRV (45).
RVylgi[M xmss[ sVRLi xqsLRi*][xmsNRPLjixtsQ e RyRVLi s][ sVRLi xqsy y*sVsV RWxqs ee
46
sxqs[LRiLiR} RVy* R*xqsLiy[ sR*RVsV e RysV gRisVsLi NRPLRi Ry [NSsVLRiLissV
ee 47
@r sxqsLiR aRPXLigSL][ yxqsLi][ sVRWsM e # s[RV xqsVxX][ sxqs=y R*R*aRPsLjisM ee 48
[NSyxqsy yaRPRVxt<sQztsQ NRPxqsy e LRiyM NRPVLRi*LiRV rxXRLi xqsVxXR}qs RVy
Rs ee 49
@gjiNTP yRVVso xqsLRi*y sVRV\ DxmsNRPLjiLiRV dLRiVs, CRRV dsNRPV sVRV\ xqsy ssV
@sVxqsLjiLi DLiRgRiRV (46). xmsxqss RV xmsxqssRsV @LiRsVVLijLiRVyRV gRisVNRP CRsNTP
sxqsLiRVRsV }msLRiV NRPVgRiVgSNRP! xqsLRi*y ssV @sVxqsLjixqsW [NRPsVVsV LRiLiLixms[RVV CRs
NRPLRissVV (47). C sxqsLiRVRV, sxqsLiRNSsVV[ sVLi[ sVRVyRVVso xqsy dsNRPV saRPsLRiVQ\
dsRVLiRV }qsxssVVsV NRPgjiRVVLiRVLRiV (48). s xmsNRPssVV, sssVVV, @LRiVsj
yVgRiV NRPV sVVRgRiVss NRPWR dsNRPV xqsxNRPLjiLiRVsV. dsLRiV dsNRPV }qszRV\s[ LRiNTP NRPWy
}qszRVVgRi sVLiRgRiLRiV (49).
Gxqs=xR\lLiM NSsV sxqsLiRxmssVV\LRiys e sWxRVxqs* sV[sLi LRiy xqsx sVx[RRM
ee 50
@xLi yLi NSsVdsLi yR sLiVVuysV RVRRM e sVsry xqsVsy\lLiQQs RW xLRiLi
sWxLiVVxtsQ ee 51
GssVVN][ sVRW NSsVxqsV=LRi [}tsQs xL<jiRM e sysV RLRi s[Vszms xqs xmsd xqszRxqsy ee 52

RORPQLi xmssV ys xqsLS*ysrysyR R e RVyR gRiRys aRPLiVxqs` rysLi sVs][


RVR ee 53
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi xqsd RLji[ j*d[V xqsdLi[
sxqsLiR xqs*LRiWxmssLRisLi ysWxtsQsWsyRVM (8).
} sVsy! dsso sxqsLiRVRV sVVRgRiV xqsxRLRiV][, sVLjiRVV LRid[s][ gRiWTsyR\s C
g]xms NSLRisVVsV Dy=xsVV][ [xms sV[sos sWzLixms[RVVsVV (50). sy=! xLRiVs
sWzLixms [RVgRi xqsVLiRLjis gRiWLji gRiVgS A[Li xmsRVRxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS xqsXztsQLiRgRisV
(51). [syRVNRPVRsgRiV s[sV BV xmsVNRPgS, NSsVVRV y xqsLiRzqsLi, LRi][ gRiWT @xmsoRV
y FyRsVVNRPV ssVxqsLjiLisV (52). sVsRVRV RORPVsNRPV, BRLRi xsWsxqsxmsoRVLiRLjiNUP
ssVxqsLjiLi, aRPLiVRV ss ryssVVsNRPV xmsRVssVVsV (53).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsj RVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizRRVLiRV lLiLiRsjRVgRiV xqsdLiRsVV[
sxqsLiRxqs*LRiWxmssLRissVs[ FsssVRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (8).
@R sssWsyRVM
sWLRigRisVVV
x[ yR e
Rzqss gRi[ rysVRlLi[ bPsrysLi R sVs [ e RLjiR sVsRLi RRQXVxtsQ* sVVdsaRP*LRi ee 1
gRiy* RR sVdsL][ sVs][ sWxNSLRiNRPM e xqs*xmssLi RyyaRPV sWxRWsWxqs FysM ee
2
sxqsLi][szms xmssLi xqs*Li RNSLRi xLRisWxssV e xqslLi[* sXOSQ GNRP\s xmsxmso @ssVs[ ee 3

ssys NRPXRys RVys LRiy xqsx sV[ sM e yxqs=lLi[* saRPLi RWyxqs=gRi[aRPbP+[ s


z ee 4
x BV xmsZNPsV c
J sVxL<ki! A sVsRVRV Rs @sVRLRiV][ gRiWT bPsryssVVsNRPV sgSs[, RsVgRiV
sXyLiRsVV Ljigjisj. yss ssVsVV (1). sVdsLRiVRV, sWxNSLRiNRPVRV sgRiV sVsRVRV
@RNRPV [Lji sLis[ Rs xmsssVVsV sxqsLjiLixms[|qssV. sVLjiRVV FyVsV sWx|mssV (2).
sxqsLiRVRV NRPWy bPsos sWx|msV\ZNP Rs xmsssVVsV sxqsLjiLixms[|qssV .
JsVVds! GNRPNSsVV[ sXORPQsVVsRVV xmsoxtsQLjiRsVV\ss (3). sVsRVRV LRi][ gRiWT
@s[NRP xmsRVRsVVsV [|qssV. sosRVV saRP# \sVss.NSs gRi[aRPVRV, bPsoRV ysNTP saRPsVV
NS[RV (4).
xqssV][LRiRsryxqss xmsRWry sxtsQ sVVs[ e gSsV xqs sVsV rysLi ssXR ssVRxqsy ee 5
NRPXy* xmssVLi sR[V sVxLi gRiRRRW gjiLS e DyR sVR[ sWLi ][y{qs[ ssV][ sVVs[
ee 6
J sVxL<ki! sVsRVRV sxqsLiRVs][ NRPzqs [zqss xmsRVRsVVsRVW sLRisVV NSgS, ARs
gRiLRi*sVV ]gji FVsV. @xmsoy RRV y sRNRPV sVLRi ssV (5). J sVxL<ki! ARRV
gRiLRi*sVV ]gjisy\, sLRiVy=xsVV][ sVLiT yNRPV xmssV gRiRRxqs*LRisVV][ sV xmsZNPsV
(6).
NSsV DyR e
xs aRPLiVL][xdsW s\s WgRi xmsLSRVM e s aRPNTPLRisV ysxqs Rxqs aRPLi[L>ji sWxs[
ee 7
xqssV[ sVRW xsV FyRW ssyM NRPXyM e LRiy xqs}qs R sxtsQ @ss bPs[ ee
8

aRPXV xs RVyryM NRPXy z xLRisWxs[ e xmsRWry ssyryR gRiRRrysVs[ sVsV


ee 9
RVy xqssWjsWbPR zqsRaRP+LiVLjiRVLi RM e Ry xqsVgRiLijy[s bdPR[ y s[gjiy ee 10
Dk* RWsV LRiVRLi xqs sRLi sWxsNSLji e xmsRVR][ sV[sLi xqssWjxqsLi
[RssV ee 11
sVsRVTV xmsZNPsV c
} xs! WgRisxtsvRgRiV aRPLiVs sWzLixms[RVV @xqsLissVV xqsVsW! yNRPV gSs,
BRLRiVNRPV gSs @ aRPLiVs sWzLixms[RVV aRPNTP [RV (7). } xs!s[sV y sVRVRgRiV
sxqsLiRVs][, sVLjiRVV LRi][ gRiWT bPsos RVLiRV xmsWgjiLis DFyRVsVVsRVW
sLRiRVsVsV (8). } xs! s[VsVV bPsos sWzLixms[RVVNRPV [zqss ss][FyRVsVVsV
|msRsV. RLiU! ssVsVV (9). aRPLiVRV BLijRVsVVsV sRVLiLi xqssWjRVLiRVLiRgS,
@xmsoRV s[sV xqssWjRVLiRVs A sVVNRPLi sV[sosNRPV sLRiLiRLRisVVgS
xmsRVRxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS Rs, s[gRisVVgRi, sWxsVVsV NRPgjiLi[, xmsLjisVLjiR\sVs
yRVVso][ dss (10.11).
xqs*ryRVNSLixqsy xmsLiR xqssWyRV
sWxRVLixqsRsxsV ee 12

aRPLSxqsssV

Rry][

sVLiRxqsV

sVsV xmss[aRP sW[ xqsVsaSxqs=LRi* LiRsM e@sj*NRPX][ \ss aRPLiNRPLRixqs=gRiM xmnsVM ee 13


RVy zsVsRM xmsxqsLixqs gRiRM xmssVyjxmsM e Ry gRiRxqsQ\yxLi xqs LRixqs=sVRVLji*[ ee 14
RVy s[VLRiVLigRi][ LRiV][ RVy y ygRi ZNP[aRPLRisV e \ZNPxqsLi yRVy RWRxqsyxLi
gRiRyLixqsy ee 15
s[sV y @LiVVRV sVVsV sVLjiRVV RsxqsV=sV [R bPsgRisVVsV sWzLixms[RVVRW
ARVs RVV xmsNRP LRiVgSTs (12). s[sV xmss[bPLiRV ][Rs[ xqsLRi* FyVV yNRPV [NRPgS

saRPsVgRiVsV. NSs, bPsxmsVso sVLjiRVV ARVs gRisVVV Fs sNSLRisVVsW F~LiRs[ [RV (13).
} xs! xmssVR gRijxms RVgRiV A bPsoRV zsVsRLRi*R \sVyssVVNRPV sgS, @xmsoRV
s[sV gRiWR LRi, sxqsLiRVs][ gRiWT @RNRPV ss (14). A LRiVRVRV s[VLRiV xmsLRi*RsVVsNRPV
gSs, ygRiZNP[aRPLRi (?) xmsLRi*RsVVsNRPV gSs, [y \ZNPxqssVVsNRPV gSs ssxmsVRV s[sV NRPWy
ARW xqssVVNRPV ARVssV ssLi ss (15).
RVyRQQNRP xqssWjxqsV xLRixqsr NRPyRs e Ry Rxqs xmsoLRiaRPNRPRVVgRiLi LRiRysxsV ee 16
RR WRVVgRiLi xs s sRVVRLi sVVxM e yy ysNSL<kiR
yLixmsRNRPsVsVVRsVsV ee 17
dsNRPLihRiLi sV[sLi xqsgRiLi RRVLRizqs=y iM e @NSL<RiVL][zRLi sLi sVXgSaRP xmsOTPQxqsy ee
18
sVRVWLRisVRVsLi RyNSL<kiysLi LRirRV=NRPsV essyLi gRi sWbPR FylLi[+Q* Rxqs xmsoLRixqsy
ee 19
Fsxmso\ssW bPsoRV xqssWjs dsTs][, A xqssVRVsVV[ s[sV ARVs VRV RNRPyNRP xmsORPV
LisV xmsRLji+Lis (16). }xs! A xmsORPV Li xmsosM xmsosM sssVVsV
xmsNRPLiRVRW DRsVsVgRiV yLixmsRxmsRs xmsNRPLiss (17). gRisVV][ NRPWTRVVs, ss
NRPLihRisVV gRi A sV[sos VRV sVXgRisVVV, xmsORPVV aRPXLigSsVVsV xmsNRPLiss
(18).ARVs VRV sVLjiRVV xqsdsVxmssVVsLiRV ssV Li aRPXLigSLRiLRixqssVVsV DkzmsLixms[RVV
sRsVVgS ssR gRiRV y sWTsj (19).
y j*sLRiLi Rzqss NRPyRzms sVRLRiM e xqsRLi dssV [ZNP[aRP sVsV aRPNTPLRi sWxs[ ee 20
sVRVLRixmsNRPL][RLRi RVVNRPLi RVRxqs sWxs[ e RRQXVxtsQ* sVgRi xqsRLi xqsRLi sy
sVxsV ee 21

RLixmsNSs ZNP[aRPLSs s @LRiVs FyLixqsy e ygRiZNP[aRPLRixmsoygSs NTPLiaRPVNSs ZNP[RNSs NRPLSs


ee 22
sWgRik sVNS xmsLRi LSs NRPVLRisNSLixqsy e DRRV RR xqs RVR xtsQ \s xLRiM ee 23
y sVVsV xmsWgjiLiRVNRPV AsaRPNRPsVgRiV _LRisVV bPsosRVLiRV yNRPV GyRW
NSsLS[RV. } gRiRQ W! s[sV xqsRsVVsV xmsVNRPVRVysV. bPsos sWzLixms[RVV aRPNTP
yNRPV [RV (20). sxqsLiRVRV bPsos sWzLixms[RVVNRPV xmsRVLiyRV. sVy! A
sXyLiRsVVsV ssVsVV. s[sV sVVsWNUP xqsRsVVs[ xmsVNRPVRVyssV (21). bPsoRV Ds][
sxqsLiRVRV xqsLi|msLigRisV, ZNP[xqsLRixmsoxtsQsVVsV, NRPVLRiVs[LRiV xmsoxtsQsVVsV, @LRiVsLRisVV gRi
F~ssV, ygRiZNP[aRPLRisVVsV, NTPLiaRPVNRP xmsoxtsQsVVsV, sVVgRi xmsoso*sV, yssV xmsoso*sV
(22), @Rs sVsV, RsVgRiV sWRVgRi xmsoso*sV, g][LjiLi xmsoso*sV sNRPzqsLixms[|qssV (23).
xqsLSLixqsVRV xmsys dsRVs sVRWs\M e RVyRV= gRiLiksNRPL][ Rds gjiLjiaSaRPs[V ee
24
yxqs=LS*xqsV=sVsr RRV LRiLiNRPVLRi xqsLiRRWs e sXOSQLiNRPLi LRis[s s[xtsQRVLi xqs RR R
ee 25
ys sXOSQLiaRP xqsVxmsouxmnsWs \xqsV=LigRiLij xqsdsVLRi\M e RXuy* NSsVsaRPLi RWy sVVsWszms
xmslLi[ NTPsVV ee 26
GsLi xqsRzms aRPLi[LRi RXxtsQLi sWxxqs NSLRisV e ssWR sVNSL<ki[ N][F sVRVzms
aRPLiNRPLRiM ee 27
ARRV xmsRVR xmspLRi*NRPsVVgS bPsos AaRPsVsVV[ xqsLRixqsV=sV sNRPzqsLis xmsRsVV][
xqsVgRiLiRLjiRsVVgRiVsV [zqs sVRWssVV dsRVsV [|qssV (24). @R gRi RsRVW
xmsp][, gRiV][ sLiT sXORPQsVV sVVRsV }mssV][ RVVN]s RVVLisV (25).
xmsoxtsQsVV][ sLiTRVVs A sXORPQsVVsV RW, A xqsVLigRij LjiRsVVgRiV gSVsV
@sVsLis sVVsVV NRPWy NSsVsVVsNRPV saRP# \sVLji. BRLRiV gRiVLjiLi xmss[sVVsj? (26).

BV DssW bPsosNRPV sWxsVVsV F~Li[ }RVso gSs LS[RV. ARVs[ [aRP#\sVssV


sNSLRisVV NRPVgRi[RV. aRPLiNRPLRiVRV y\|ms N][xmssVVsV NRPWR [RV[RV (27).
B xqsLRi*sVxLi RXuy* y* Rxqs R sysV e ssVV[sxLi aRPLiVsWsRVRLi [
sysVxsV ee 28
Rxqs RQQNRP xqssW[xqsV ORPQLi [ RXztsQg][RlLi[ e aRPNRPVRWsW sRVLi ryRVLi RLi LRiVRLi N][
ssWx[V` ee 29
*Rgji xmsNSaSORPQLi LSbP NRPLSssV e aRPXLigjiLi dsORPQ NRPry=RVLi xs aRPN][ RRVLRiM ee
30
C sXyLiRsVVsLiRsW RWs s[sV A bPsos sssV VxqsVNRPVysV. yNRPV bPsos
sWzLixms[RVV RVLiRV @LRiV [RV. s[ds sWsV dsNRPV saRPRVsVVgS xmsVRVysV (28).
ARVs xqssWjs dsTsxmsVRV ARVs RWxmso sVVLiRV s[VsVV sRV\ZNPssW xqssVLRiVsVV
NSsVV. @ LRiVRVs FssLRiV sWzLixms[RVgRiLRiV?(29). } xs! sVLi[ @gjis xmsNSbPLiRV
NRPsVV NRPgjisRVV, sVV][ RVLiNRPLRisVVgS sVsQRVV, sxtsQsVVsV RLjiLiRVVs
bPsos RW, ARVs VRV sR gRiylLis*LRiV? (30).
x[yR e
sV[ ssRZaP[RLi aRPVy*xLi RRVLSssM e ssORPVLRizms y[RLi LiysussLi Ry ee 31
sWxs[sxLi xqssVL][ s xLRi}qs sV[ sM e sRaRPVQ+y* sVRVMs LRiaRP*xqssVxLi
sVVs[ee 32
saS+Q* xqssWLRiVys[ z yyLRiWFy sV M ey gRiy [* [aS RVLiNRPLSM
ee 33
AyRRVLiR [ xqslLi[* yyyysxqsLiNSs e xmsj gRi ryLirys sNRPLSs LRiys ee
34

x BV xmsZNPsV c
yV sWsVVV gRi s[sV C sVsRVs sWsV ss, xqssWyssVVsV xmsg][LjiRVV xmsNRP
ELRiNRPVLis. @xmsoRV y sVsxqsV= LiR][ sLiT FVsV (31). bPsos s[sV sWzLixms[RV
sV @sV sVsRVs xmsVNRPVsV sLis. J sVxL<ki! C sWsV ss s[sV sV
RVMsVV][ sWLRiV sTs (32). y sWLRiV yRVVso sVLiT @s[NRP LRiWxmssVVV
gRiyLRiV, sVVV, s[RV x*V gRiyLRiV, @ RLiR\sVs yLRiV, sVNTP RVsVVsV
g]VyLRiV sgRiV gRisVVV xmsoss (33). yLRiLiRLRiV @xqsLiNRPsVVV, g]xms RVLiNRPLRi\sVs
R*s [RVVss @gRiV xmsxsVV sVVRgRiV @s[NRP yRsVVsV sWgjiLiLji (34).
AR [ sVsV saS+Q*xqs xqsLiyaRP sVgRiMe sWLRiRV [R[V RWRV LRiQx[ s[V
xmsoLRizqs=yM ee 35
[uyLi RV sRyLi RR sWLRiRV [R[V sWsV e sRaRPVQ+y* sjLi NSsVM xmssNRPV
sVVxmsRNRPs[V ee 36
sVVs[sR sWLi xqssWxtsQ ys RXuy* sVR[ gRis e DyR yLRiRVs xs gRiy
sVgRiRM xqsLRiM ee 37
y sWLRiV sVLiT xmsos A sVgRisVVV y FsRV sT 'RLixmsoRV sLRiVNRPVRV' @s
ZNP[NRPV s[zqsss (35). ssV D[bPLi yLRiV 'RLixmsoRV sLRiVNRPVRV' @s s[RVVRVs ZNP[NRPsV ss
sVsRVRV yLjis FsRVL]ssV (36). J sVxL<ki! @xmsoRV sVsRVRV yVRVsVs A
gRisVVsV yLjiLi, y][ xs @s xqsLi[jLi BV xmsZNPsV (37).
NSsV DyR e
} xs } xmsyR xqsLRi*xqsXztsQ xmssLRiNRP e DRyM NRP Bs[V dsLS sNRPLS RVLiNRPLSM ee
38

NTPLi NRP\lLiQQ[ NRPLjixtsQLi NRPVR ryxqsLi y s[ e NTPysV[RW G[ RR*R RR sWRVee


(39)
sW ys [ NRPX[ rysLi RyQ* R ysV R e sWsW xmsRV [s[aRP NRPXFyLi NRPXy*
RV][ysV ee 40
sVsRVTV xmsZNPsV c
} xs! xmsxmsd! xqsXztsQsLiRsW xmssLji [RVVyRso dss[ . C RVLiNRPLRi dsLRiVV
DRsQQ\sVLji.
dslLis*LRiV? (38).
}
sk! dsLji
NRPLRiss[VsV? dsLRiV
FsNRPR
DLiRLRiV? dsLjiysVsVV GsV? C sxtsQRVsVVsV zms, dsLjis sWgjiLixmsosVV (39). yLjiNTP
ryssVVs, }msLRiV |ms, yLji NRPLRiRVLiRV yLjis sWgjiLixmsosVV. } [s[aS!@xmsoRV RRV][
yNRPV Rgjis AsV BsVV (40).
x[yR e
B Ry*NRPsWNRPLRiQ sVVs[sxLi [NRPNSLRiNRPM e RsV[RLi x sVRsLi [uyLi NRPLSjNRPLi jaRPs ee
41
GR DRs sWy z sWLRi[VRsRs*RM e sVVxLRiVxLRi][sdsVuyLi ysV sWlLi[
RVysV ee 42
xqs\s sxmnsVLi LiRWyLi NRPLjixtsQs gRi Bs[V e sy sLRisLi NSsV yy NSsVLRiyRysV
ee 43
RysV gRisVsLi NRPLRi sVVs[VuyLi sV[s e xqsLiVV[ sxtsQLi xqsy Rs s xqsLiaRPRVM ee 44
x BV xmsZNPsV c
J sVxL<ki! xqsXztsQNRPLRissV s[sV sVsRVs A yNRPsVVsV ss yLji NRPLRissVV, }msLRiV ByRVsV
slLi[bPxqsW, sVsRVs][ sLis (41). dsLRiV xmsoVRVLiRgRis[ 'sWLRiRV (RLixmsoRV)' @s

xmsVsWLRiV @LRiLji gSs, dsLjiNTP sWLRiVV @sV}msLRiV ryLRiNRPsVgRiV gSNRP! (42). C gRisVVV RsVsV
@LjiLiRNRPVLiRgS ssRsVVgRiV NSsVssV F~LiRg][LRiV sWssoNRPV xqsLRi*y sxmnsVsVVsV
NRPgjiLiRLRiV (43). } sVsy! ssV @sVxqsLjiLi DLiRV dsLji xmsys NRPLRissVV. dsLRiV Fs
s[ ssV @sV xqsLjiLi DLiRVLRisV[ xqsLijRVsVV [RV (44).
RVR RVR ys RWy xqs*NRPLSLRiLi RVy RVy e gRiLiy xqs RR R\Q[ xqsRWLRiLi Ry
Ry ee 45
R LiLi NRPLjixtsQs R*RxqsQ saRP sLji ysV e syLi s sWLRiLi R sxmnsV LiVVxtsQLi
xqsLRi*y ee 46
ByNRPLRiQ s][ s[V z xqsLRixqs=sVgRiM e NTPLiRQxqss sR[ Ws sVVsxqsRsV ee 47
aRPVy* [szms gRixqs=lLi[* sVRsLi sWLi R xqsLRi*RM e xmsLjiyLRi RVyNSsVLi RxqsVxqsR
sNRPXsV ee 48
dsso ds NRPLRissVVsV sLRi*QQLjiLiRV\ZNP FsxmsVxmsVRV FsNRPNRPRNRPV sR[, @xmsVRxmsVRV
@NRPRNRPRNRPV dsLRiV ds xqsxRVsVV N]LRiNRPV @sVxqsLjiLi LSgRiLRiV (45). ds @xqsQsVVNRPV saRPsVgRiV
sWssoNRPV dsLRiV RLis NRPgjiLiRLRiV. dsLRiV sV ssWLRisVVsNRPV @s[NRP sRsVV
sxmnsVsVVsV NRPgjiLiRLRiV (46). J sVxL<ki! C y sWsV ss, LRid [s][ sVLjiRVV
@sVRLRiV][ NRPWTRVVs sVsRVs sVVsVV[ N]LiR xmsxqssR NSsssV (47). A
gRisVVsRVW NRPWR C sWsV ss, ssV sVsRVs RVV yLji RV[RgS @R sT
RVVLiTLji (48).
@R xqsLi {msysgRiRs[ NRPVLRiV aSxqsssV e Gxqs=Q\|s gRiR R*Li xmsosaRP xLRisWxs[ee
49
sVs AyRV RVyQj NRPVLRiV sWLRigRi\xqs=x e sWx[ # s[Ry aRPLi[LSLRigRix }Rs[ ee
50

ByNRPLRiQ sRM NSsVM FyR sRsLi xmsosM e [slL<i[ g_LRisLi sVy* xmssV ss[Vs sWsV ee
51
@xmsoRV x sVsRVs D[bPLi {ms][ sssV. y AsV FyLixmsosVV. dsso sVLRi dsLji][
gRiWT ssVV. sVsxqsV=sV gRisVV [zqs bPsos sWzLixms[RVV (49) RVRsVVsV [RVVsVV .
C sWLRigRisVV][ xqss, bPsoRV sWxsVVsV F~LiRVsV [RVVsVV. @xmsoRV bPsoRV
syxsVVsV [xqsVN]sgRiRV (50). C sWsV ss sVsRVRV ssV sVLSR [zqs
ssRVsVV][ xmssVsV. J [sL<ki! @xmsoyRRV y][ sssV.
NSsV DyR e
sVRW xqssVN`P NRPXRLi NRPLRi sWxs[ Rxqs RVRRM e R[ x[ y syR s sxtsQ
yRVy ee 52
Rs yg_LRisLi sVy* RXuy* sWLRigRiszms e gRisVuysV xmsosxqsR xqsyL][xLi R*yRW ee
53
sV[ sbPRs[VRj R[x[ s sxtsQ e xqs NRPVLSs s[V [xsV aRPLiNSzqs s[V s[ ee 54
BRVQQNSQ* xqssVRVM NSsVxqs=LRixqs=RVxqsy eRVR sWLRigRi\ry=LRiLi bPs rysLi sVVdsaRP*LRi ee
55
sVsRVRV BV xmsZNPsV c
RLiU! bPsos sWzLixms[RVV xmsRVRsVVsV s[sV aRPRgS [zqss. NSs ARVs sWxsVVsV
F~LiR[RV. BxmsoRV gSs ARRV sWxsVVsV F~LiRRV (52). ds sW RVLiR g_LRissVV][ ds
RWsV ryLRisVVgS s[sV sVLRi bPsos ysVsVVsNRPV sRsV. C sWLRigRisVVV yNRPV N]LiR
AaRPsV NRPLiRV RVss (53). NSs y sVsxqsV= [ bPsoRV sWxsVVsV F~LiRRs[V
saRPRVsVVgS ][RVRVsj. } xs ! bPsoRV y [xsVVsV xqssVV [RVRV gRiy
RVsV aRPLiNRP yNRPV gRiRV (54). sVsRVRV BV xmsNTP RVsVV gRiy\ sxqsLiRVs][, LRid

[s][ gRiWT @xmsoRV bPsos ysVsVVsNRPV ssV. JsVVs ZaP[uy! sWLRigRisVVV NRPWR ARss
@sVxqsLjiLiss (55).
xmspLRi*sR=Q* xmssLi R RZNP[ sVs zqsxqsy e xFyRVLi xqs z sVRVLji*syLi Vj
sWsxs ee 56
DFyRVLi xqs RNSLS RR sWLRigRi[szms R e sWx[s ss \s aRPLi[ LRizms NRPbPRLSRsM ee
57
ssXRQ xmsosLSRV][ sVsV rysLi xqsLRixqsy e A{qsyLRigRi[s gRiL][*sxL<][s[Vszms xmsoLRizqs=RM ee
58
NSsVM FyR sWLi yR xmssV R sLRiVR=sM e zqsy* sVsV xmsoL][sgRiL][* sW\lLiaRP sVRVy
Ry ee 59
@xmsoRV sVsRVRV xmspLRi*sVVsLiRV ss[ sxqsLiRVs][ gRiWT gRiVgS A[Li @s[NRP
DFyRVsVVsV bPsos \|ms xms[VgjiLi Rs xmsssVVsV RW|mssV (56). sWLRigRisVVV NRPWy
@s[ DFyRVsVVsV [zqsLji. NSs bPs xmsLRisWRNRPV sWxsVV NRPVgRis[ [RV (57). @xmsoRV
sVsRVRV ssVjLjigji y ryssVVsNRPV ssV. sWLRigRisVVV gRiLRi*sVVsV dsT RVMsVV][ y
sVVLiRV ssV (58), NRPVsWLS! @xmsoRV sLRiVy=xsVV][ sLiTRVVs sVsRVRV
sWLRigRiV][, sxqsLiRVs][ gRiWT gRiLRi*sVVsV dsT y sVVLiRV sT BV xmsZNPsV (59).
NRPXRLi xmspLS*RjNRPRM NRPLRi R[xs[ s[ e ysRxqs sWx[szms NRPbP y sLRiyRsM ee 60
s RgS s[V RsV\ZaPQQs RR [s RRWVy e NSLRiLi xmspLRi*xmsoLi R sLji*NSLki xqs \s xmsVM ee
61
[R*LRi}qs xL][ LSLi gRiX{ RWj xmsR e xmsL][FyRVLi NRPVLRiV Ry sgRiLRi* B s[V sV iM
ee 62

} xs! bPsos sWzLixms [RVV RVRsVVsV xmspLRi*sVV NRPLi @jNRPsVVgS [zqss. NSs
yssVVsLiRV gRiQQ\sVs sVsxqsV= gRi bPsosNRPV sWxsVV [aRP#\sVssW NRPVgRi[RV (60).
RRWsVRVVRgRiV bPsoRV y [xsVVsV xqssVV [RV[RV. xmsp LRi*xmsos[V ksNTP NSLRi\sV
RVVLiRVsV. A xmsVso sLiRV sNSLRisVV [sVRVW NRPVgRi[RV (61). J xmsR xqsLiy! bPsoRV
syxsWR sss[ BR dsNRPV Ds][, dsso gRiLRi*sVVsV dsT, sVLjiVVNRP DFyRVsVVsV
[RVsss y @FyRVsVV (62).
x[yR e
BRVQQNSQ* xqsxmsLjiyL][ RVR NSsVxqs=Q*sWaRPsVsV e xmssV sWLi xqsLRis aRPLiVLi gRiLRi*RLi
kssR=sV ee 63
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi xqsd Li[ NSsVxmss
sWLRigRi[R sLRisLi ysV sssWsyRVM (9).
x BV xmsZNPsV c
sVsRVTV xmsNTP , yNRPV ssVxqsLjiLi, gRiLRi*sVVsV RVsVsVVyRV ksV\|ms }mssVsV
gRiVLjizmsLiRVyRVsgRiV aRPLiVs xqsLjiLiRVRW, Rs @sVRLRiV][ gRiWT Rs AaRPsVsVVsNRPV ssV
(63).
$bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsjRVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizRRVLiRV xqsdLiRsVV[ NSsV xmsssVV
c sWLRigRisVV xmsoVNRP @s[ ]sVRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (9).
@R RaRPsWsyRVM
xNRPV [RRVsVgRiV
yLRiR DyR e

xs s[ sWgRi RsxqsQ*Li bPs xqsNRPkM e NRPjRLi xqsVRLjiRLi [ aRPLiNRPLRixqs xmsLSRsM ee 1


saRPs[V gRi[ NSs[V xqsgRi[ xqsLRif RRM e NTPsW{qssVNSL<kixqsQ*Li RRLjiRLi syRVy ee 2
yLRiRVTV xmsZNPsV c
} xs! sk! sVy! bPsos RVLiRV gRiQQ\sVs sVsxqsV= gRi dsso RsVRso. aRPLiNRPLRi
xmsLRisWRVs xmsoRLjiRsVVsV zmss (1). sVsRVRV Rs xqsxRLRiV][ sVLjiRVV LRi][
gRiWT Rs AaRPsVsVVsNRPV sgS GsV AVsV? dsso GsV [zqss? A RLjiRsVVsxmsVRV
xmsVsVV (2).
x[yR e
aRPXVyLRiR xqsV{msy RLjiRLi aRPbPssM e RVxqs aRPs sW[ sLji*NSL][ #s[sLRiM ee 3
saRPsVLi gRi[ NSs[V xmsLjiyLRi xqssVs*[ e RVR Ws Ry RLi RRLjiRLi s[Rs[V ee 4
susWyLRiR sV][ sxqsWsWR s[V xXj e sLSsLiRxqs R sVVs[sxmsplLi[ ssV[LRi[
ee 5
@a][RLi xy [ gRiX{RWR= NRPRLi zqsQ RVsV e sLji*NSL][ yR xqs aRPLiNRPL][
WgRiRRLRiM ee 6
x BV xmsZNPsV c
yLRiy! RLiRs VVNRP RLjiRsVVsV sVNTP {ms][ ssVsVV. kss ssLiR sWys
sWssoRV NSsVN][yj sNSLRisVVNRPV RWLRisVV NSgRiVsV (3). Rs @sVRLRiV][ NRPWT
sVsRVRV Rs AaRPsVsVVsNRPV ss RLRiVyR Ljigjis RLjiRsVVsV |msRsV. VxqsV N]sVsVV
(4). yLRiy! y gRiLRi*sVV ]gjiFVsV. y xXRRVsVV[ AaRPLRisVV NRPlgisV. J
sVxL<ki! y N][LjiNRP dLRisLiRVs yNRPV AsLiRsVV NRPLRiVsVsV (5). NSsV N][yj sNSLRisVVV

[s yRV, [LijRVVRV, WgRi xmsLSRVVRVsgRiV A aRPLiNRPLRiVRV syxsW[ DFyRVs[Vj @s


s[sV sVsxqsV=[ xmsLjixmsLji sRsVV RFzqss (6).
BRLi syLRi xy RyxLi ssV][ sVVs[ e xLjiLi RLi rsxqsLRiLi NSQ bPyysLi
xqs*[xRsV ee 7
@xqssLi R aRPVrQ\Q Lkis yNRP xqssVs*Q\M e RRVQy* gRiyyaRPV WysL>ji s[V xmsoLS ee 8
RRVLRiV[s LRisLiyORPQ aRP+Li aSL`i gRiyRLRiM e xqsdR xms aS+QsVRsV LRiQ NRP zmsW xLjiM
ee 9
RLi RXuy* yRXaRPsVxLi xqsVaRPLRiLi sVVxLRiVxM e @xqssLi R xmsosM }mssW xtsQ
gRiRRRW gjiLS ee 10
xLjiLSNRPLRiQ R` rRLi xqsVxmsxqss DyR sWsV e RVM sNSyLi Li aRPLRiLi gRiRsV
ee 11
J sVxL<ki! @xmsoRV s[sV gRiLRi*sVV ]gjis yR\s, xmsLjixmsLji sRsVV RFzqs, bPsxqs*LRiWxmsoRV,
yNRPV RLiT @gRiV sxtsvsosV NTP][ xqsLjiLis (7). sVLjiRVV, ks sRssVV][ gRiWTs
rRsVV][ ARVssV xqsVLis. ys ss sxtsvgRiysVRV sLis[ y FsRV
xmsRQORPQsVVsV (8). yV VsVVV gRiyRV, xmsRsVV sLi NRPsVV gRiyRV,
aRPLisVVsV, aSL`isVs[ RsxqsV=sV, gRiRsV RLjiLisyRV, xmsNSbPLi[ xmsRs sxqsQsVV gRiyRV,
dss[VxmnsVaSsVVRV, NRPsR=VRV (9), NRPVNRPV aRPLRiVxqsLigRiVyRV @gRiV A xLjis RW
NRPdsLRiV sRVRVRW, gRiRRsVgRiV yNRPV][ }mssVxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS @s[NRP xmsLSRVsVVV xqsVLis
(10). A rRsVVsV ss Rs NRPV RVMsVVsV ]gjiLi[ xLji sVNTP xmsxqssVQQ\, aRPLRiV
F~Lijs ssV D[bPLi BV xmsZNPsV (11).
xLjiLRiVyR e

s[ xs sVFy RsxqsQ*Li [NRPNSLRiNRP e NTPsVLRiLi xqsLRiLi s[VsR NRPXRLi R NTPRV[ sVM


ee 12
NTPLi RLi [ sVxRVMLi sVRlgi[ RR*yRVy e aRPsVLiVVuysV RR=LRi*Li yR NSLS syLRi
ee 13
sxtsvso BV xmsZNPsV c
} sk! xs! xqsXztsQNRPLRisgRiV dsso sV FyRso, RsVRso. CyRV dsso ssV
xqsLjiLi, xqsVLiRVNRPV NSLRis[VsV? (12). dsNRPV NRPgjis sVRVMsVV Gj?yNRPV BxmsVRV
xmsVsVV. ds xqsLRi*RVMsVVsV FlgiRsV. dsNRPV xqsLiaRPRVsVV@NRPLRi[RV (13).
x[yR e
B suLRi*RaRPVQ+y* NTPLiRVRQ* zqsyssM e @[RLi sRsLi sxtsvLi xmssV xqsVNRPXyLiM ee
14
[s [s LRisWyR sVy*QQLSLi aRPXV sWsR e aRPVy* R NRPLRiVLi NRPXy* xLRi RVM NRPsWsx
ee 15
LRiVRxqsLisWxyLRiLi z NSsVLi }msztsQRysxsV e xmsLjiyLRiRVVRLi su xqssWLRi sVRV
LiRssV ee 16
RNRPV}qs ss][FyRVs sxtsQ @sLiaRP [ e ysRxqs xqsLisWx[ Wgjis xqs=sVRLji+sM ee
17
By NRPLRiQ s][ s[V xqs xLjiLSLi Fyx szqsRM e syRds bPsRRQ* saSLRiRM ee 18
x BV xmsZNPsV c

sxtsvso VVNRP C sWsV ss y sVVsVV[ N]j Dy=xsVV NRPssj. s[sV ][zqs


VVgji sxtsvsosNRPV ssVxqsLjiLi BV xmsNTPs (14). J [s [y!OUPQ xmsd! sVLSRsV
sVyy! y sWsV ssVsVV. ss, RRVsV RWzms, RVMsVVsV Fg] , xqsVsVVssVV
(15). s[sV LRiVRVs sWzLixms[RVV N]LRi\ZNP NSsVVs xmsLizmss. } su! ARRV
sWLRigRisVV][, sxqsLiRVs][, LRi][ sVLjiRVV xqsxRLRiV][ gRiWT ssV (16). yLRiV @s[NRP
DFyRVsVVsV [zqsLji. NSs@s sxtsQsVVsV. Wgji, xqssVRLji+ RVgRiV bPsosNRPV
ysWxsVV NRPVgRi[RV (17). xqsLRi*RV, bPsRRQ*sVVsV gRiVgS sLjiLigjisyRV @gRiV sxtsvso
y sWsV ss, AaRPLRisVVsV F~Lij y][ BssV (18).
sxtsvLRiVyR e
NRPry[][Lji sVxqss y zmsysVx e xqsLRi*Li syLRi xqsVjRW xs xqsRLi z RR*R ee
19
sxtsvso BV xmsZNPsV c
} zmsysV! dsNRPV B A[Rs NRPVgRiVNRPV NSLRis[VsV? }xs! dsso sVLi Vj][
xqsLRi*sVVsV A[Li yNRPV xqsRsVVsV xmsVsVV (19).
x[yR e
aRPXV yR RLjiRLi RRs sWRW ssWzds e RRksLi gRiR=LRi*Li xqsVRVM j RRLRisV ee
20
RV\Vs }msztsQRaSxLi FyxmsLi NRPLRiVLi xqssVVRRM eAxqsLi RRQXV [s[aRP sysV RsV aSxqsy`
ee 21
xqsXztsQ FyLRiLixqssV[V RaRP xmsoy z lLi[ e ROSQyxqssRW \NS ygRiyxms xqsVLiRLki ee 22
RL][ sORPQ xqs= ysW ssVrss[zms [xRM e yxqsRxqsVyLi RXuy* sVsV
sWx[ssRlLi[ ee 23

x BV xmsZNPsV c
RLiU! A RLjiRsV ssVsVV. ds sWRV sWzLixms[RVVsV. gRiRLiRRVW ysNTP saRP# \sV
xqsVRVMRV RVLiRV gRiQQ\sV RVVsj (20). A sWRV[ }msLjiRVR\s s[sV FyxmssVV
[RVRgRis. A sXyLiRsVVsV ssVsVV. } [s[y! ds A[ xmsV RVysV (21).
xqsXuyj RVLiRV yNRPV xmsj sVLij RORPVRV sVVRgRiV NRPVsWLRiVV, INRP NRPVsWlLi sLiLji. @
xqsVLiRLjiRVgRiV AsV y yNRPV sVLiT sLiLji (22). sORPQ xqs=sVV sVLiT RLRiVRV, sVsxqsV=
sVLiT sVsRVRV, BRLRiNRPVsWLRiVV [xsVVsVLiT sLiLji. }xlLi[! A NRPVsWlLisV RWs
yNRPV sWxsVV NRPgjisj (23).
NRPVRXuy yLi xqssVyORPQLi Rs sWRWssWzRM e R` ORPQRLRi AgRiR sWsV sLiRRV=yszms
ee 24
jNSLRiLi NRPXRys xqsLS*s sLi sVy* xmsLRixmsVsV e ssLi WgjisLi yy [gjisLi
s[LijRVsV ee 25
xmso][ Wy* sVsV xlLi[s sLiRyLi RxqssVORPQRM e B RVMLi sVxs[ z RRVNRPLi Rs
xqss_ ee 26
gRiX{RWRj xmsdLi xqs ryLi xqsVd sxtsQRVMkM e GRRLRiLi xqssWRWR aRP+LRiLi Rs ZNP[aRPs ee
27
ByNRPLRiQ s][ s[V z x[ sVRVxqsWRsM e sxxqs sWLi RVRLi Fyx xL<RiRVs
sNSLRiNRPsV ee 28
s[sV ds sWRV[ sWzRVR\s AsVsV RVRXztsQ][ RWs. sLis[ bPsoRV s ssV,
sVLjiRVV y NRPVsWLRiVsV sLijLisV. (24). } yy! ysV xmsLRisWR, s, Wgji,
sxtsQRVxqsR [s [LijRVVRV @s sLi[ bPsoRV @LiRLjids D[bPLi jNSLRisVVsV
[|qssV (25). } xLki! yNRPVsWLRiV\s C LRiVRVRV dsLRiLiRLji VRV ssV sLijLiyRs
yNRPV g]xms RVMsVV NRPgjisj. s[sV ds VRV xqsRsVVsV zmss (26). ARVs

syxsWTs][ yNRPV RVMsVV ]gji xqsVsVV NRPVgRiVsV. } ZNP[aRPy! ksN]LRi\ZNP s[sV ssV
aRPLRiV s (27). C y sWsV ss sVRVxqsWRsVRV ss* xqsXztsQNRPLRi, x @gRiV yNRPV
AsLiRsVVsV NRPgjiLiRV y\, sLis[ BV xmsZNPsV (28).
sxtsvLRiVyR e
s[ aRPXV z sVy*NRPLi xqsLRi* sV syLRisV e xqsLRi* s[ygRisWkyLi xqsLisVRLi xmsLRisWLRiRM
ee 29
sW sVWRsV aSR xqsLi][szqs NRPRLi s[ e s[RsNSzms s[ NRPNRPLS z RVLRiM ee 30
RyLi R sVLiyRs NRPVLRiV y*Li s[RXbdPLi sVsV e NTPLi VsLiR s[yxqsVQ=y
RR=QLRi xqsjRW ee 31
LRiVRLi yzms RVLRi[ xqs*xqsVRLi xmsLRis[VaRP*LRisV e s[R sNSzms ssLi sxqsQXRLi [sLi s[ ee
32
sxtsvso BV xmsZNPsV c
} xs ! LiRVssds ]gjiLiRVsj, s[R aSxqsQsVVsLi xmsLRisWLRi ryLRisVV @gRiV
ysWsV ssVsVV (29). } xs! dsdsyRV BLiR |msR sVWLRiVRso FsV NSgRis? s[R
xmssLRiNRPVRso, xqsLRi* gRiRVsV xqsXztsQLisyRso @gRiV dsNRPV RVLRiVj FsV NRPgjisj?(30). J
sRNRPVs yy! ds RR*sVVsV dsRVsVV. B A[RssV [RVNRPVsVV. N]sRWRRgjis
s[RsVVsRVW G xmsLRisWRRRQ*sVVsV [jLiRVRVs[, yss xqsRVj][ xqsLjiLixmsosVV
(31). JLki RVxtsQVk!xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRgRiV LRiVRVs ds NRPVsWLRiVRs RFRVVRVLis.
}xs! dsso s[R xmssLRiNRPVRs[ @LiVVssW, sssVVsLiRsW sVLRiFLiVVs (32).
aRPLiNRPLRiLi xqsVLRirysWsLi sVy* ][xLi NRPL][ztsQ z e xqsVVjLji*gRiy [ysLRiWy NRPVsVxqsy
ee 33

RRQ* zqsyLiR sWRLi aRPXV xqsRVjsWsx e RVyLRiLi sgRisWRLi sLkiRV sNSLRiNRPsV


ee 34
bPsxqs=LRi*xqs*NRPLS z LS xLS xmsLSRLRiM e xmsLRix xmslLi[aRPaRP sLRiV[ sR Gs R ee 35
@slLi[a][ sLji*NSLki xmsLRisWyR*WsRVRM e @sLi][LiR NRPLRi ry=Q*dsV yxmsNRPM xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiM ee
36
aRPLiNRPLRiVs [sR[ INRPsgS RLi dsso ][xsVVsV [RVVRVyso. CyRV dsNRPV sVLi
Vj VxmsQ\sV, RVLRiVj xmsosj (33). CaRP*LRiRRQ*sVVsV gRiVLjiLis zqsyLiRsVVsV ssVsVV.
xqsRVjs NRPgjiRVVLiRVsVV. s[RsVV[ xmsFyjLixmsTs dLRiV[ yxqsssVgRiV xqsXztsQNRPLRisV
sLRiLiVVLiRVN]sVsVV (34). xqsLRi*sVVsV xqsXztsQLi, LRiOTPQLi, xLjiLiRVsj bPso[. ARVs[V
xmsLSRLRiVRV, xmsLRix, xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV. ARVs sLRiVVRV sVLjiRVV sRVRV (35). sNSLRisVVV
[s bPsos BRsVRsVVgS slLi[bPLiR[sVV. ARVs @j*dRV, @sybP, @sLiR xmsLRisWR.
xmsRVNRPLRiRVgRiV xmsVso. xqsLRi*yxmsNRPVRgRiV xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV ARVs[V (36).
xqsXztsQzqs syaSyLi NRPLS gRiV gji*VM e x sxtsv sV}aS[ LRixqs=RQ*RsVM xmsLRiM ee
37
sWRW[ sLkixaRP sWW sWRW saSLRiRM e xqsgRiV[szms xqs*RLiRaRP ssLi][ssNRPNRPM
ee 38
AyLSsW z sLRiQ*Li][* NSksxqsV=sgRixM e Wgki WgRiLRi][ sRLi WgRisWLRiQxmsRLRi+NRPM
ee 39
gRiLS*xmsLki [ZNP[aRPxqs=LRi*y kssR=M eGyRXa][ z RVry=Q*dsV xqs*xmsoRLi sVs}qs z RsV ee
40
CRXaRPLi R NRPVsLi aRPLRiLi s RxqsQ\s e xqsLS*Ry aRPLiVLi xqsLiRVxtsQaRP+Li syxqs ee
41

AxmsVso LRixqs=RQ* RsWgRiV xmsysV\ x, sxtsv, sV}aRP*LRiVRV @sV }msLRi][ xqsXztsQzqs


RVsVVsV [RVVRVLiRVsV (37). sWRVsV xqs*saRPsVV[ sVLiRVNRPVs[ A sWRWs NRPLi
s[LRiVgS sWRV [RV. ARVs AxmsNSsVVRV.ARVs xqsgRiVV[ @LiVVy sLRiVVRV. ARVs
xqs*RLiRVRV, AsLiRxmnsVsVRV (38). R*LiR*sVVNRPV @dRVRgRiV bPsoRV RsRVLiRV ysV
LRisVLi[ s. ARVs NRPVNRPV saRPV\, jssVLigRi sgRisVxsVVsV RLjiLiRVVLiRVsV. A
sVWgji sRsVV WgRisxtsvRVgS sVLiT, NRPVsV WgRisWLRisVVs RWxmsosV (39). A [NRP
xmsVso RVxtsv gRiLRi*sVVsRLiRVsV. ARVs xqsLRi*NSsVV[ ksV\|ms RRVsV RWxmsosV. B
A ry*sVs dsso ds NRPVsWLRiVRs sLiRVRVyso (40). dsso C RVxtsQ sssV dsT, ARVssV
aRPLRiV RVsVV. xqsLRi* sRsVVVgS aRPLiVs LiRVsVV. ARVs xqsLiRzqsLi dsNRPV xqsVsVVsV
NRPgjiLiRgRiRV (41).
gRiX{RWRLiNRPLRiM xmsdLi syL][ xXj [Rs e bPysVVjaRP xqsVRxmsM NRPVLRiV xs bPsLi
xqsLRis ee 42
NRPVLRiV ysLi bPyRWxqsQ*Li NSsVsVVjaRP RLi xXj e ry [RQxqsy [s[bdP xqsLRi*Li NSLRiLi
syxqs ee 43
NRPXy*syLRiLi xqsgRiV RVj ryysV{tsQ bPy e NRPxqs RsRW [ZNP[ ry RRd # s[RVssV
ee 44
RORPQsWxmsRV xs RxmsM NRPVLSRQRVRRM e ysVVyRLiVVRVLi xmsdLi bPyLRiLi NTP
Rxqs=Q*RM ee 45
NSk_ R f yR xqsVs[R bPybP_ e }qs*RRW xqsgRiV f xmsLRixxqs*LRiWzms ee 46
} xs! aRPLiNRPLRiVRV LRisV {qs*NRPLjiLiRsss[ A[Rs ds xXRRVsVV[ sVs][,
DsVsV D[bPLi bPsos xqsLjiLiRVRW sVLi RxmsxqsV=sV [RVVsVV (42). dsso xXRRVsVV[
sVsRVs D[bPLi DsVsV ysLiRVsVV. A [s[s xmsxqssVLS\s][, dsN][lLissds
C[LRigRiRV (43). A bPy[s xqsgRiV\V @syLRisVVs [NRPsVV[ sVsVxtsQ [xsVV][

FssL][ INRPLji gRiXxsVV[ sLis][, saRPRVsVVgS bPsosNRPV xms NSgRiRV (44). }


xs! bPsos N]LRiNRPV NRPssV NRPsV\ZNP RORPVRV NTP][ xmsRVR xmspLRi*NRPsVVgS RxmsxqsV=sV
[RVssV. NSs ARss AzmsLiRVsVV (45). sy=! xmsLRix xqs*LRiWxmsogRiV A
DsWxmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVV NRPxqsVVV. yLji xqs*LRiWxmssVVsV NTP[ [NRPgS RVsRVsV. yLRiV
RsV BR[ xqsgRiV LRiWxmssVVsV {qs*NRPLjiLiRLRiV (46).
x[ yR e
BRVQQNSQ* R` ORPQLi s[VaRPbP+sLi xqsryLRi xqs*xmsVsV e NRPXxmsRW Rxqs xqsLiFyxms s sVW[ R
sWLi RRM ee 47
x BV xmsZNPsV c
BV xmsNTP sxtsvso ssV sLis[ Rs xmsVsgRiV bPsos xqsLjiLisV. ARVs NRPXxms[ ARVs
xqs*LRiWxmssVV sLjiLigji RLRiVyR y][ sssV (47).
sxtsvLRiVyR e
s[ xqsLRi xmsoL][NRPLi RVR*RsLi aRPLiNRPlLi[ R e FyLji[s RWyysVVRyLi RjRRW
ee 48
sxqsQXRLi Rs RR=LRi*Li Ry RW aSLids xmsLS e RRW xqssWzRLi xqsLRi*Li RVLji*[RW
bPsLi sy ee 49
RVy z xqsgRiV[ R}qs=Q*RRW sLRiVbP+sM e sWsVVyR RRryQ*Li R xqs*aRPNSQ
xqsVsLRiNRPX` ee 50
DFyj[aRP y*Li aRPLiV xqs=QXztsQ NSLRiLi Ry xmsVM e RysLi R sWLi xs rsV
xqsW=NRPL][ssRVM ee 51
sxtsvso BV xmsZNPsV c

} xs ! sVssVRLRisVV aRPLiNRPLRiVs xqsLiNRPsVV[ sLis xqssVRVsVV[ ARVssV


sVssVV FyLjiLiRgS, sVssV D[bPLi ARVs @xmsoRV zmss xmsVNRPVsV gRiVLRiVNRPV
RVN]sVsVV (48). dsy sXyLiRsVVsLiRsW sVLRis. aSLids xmsLS[s RsVLSV. AsV
[ gRiRV xqsLRi*sVV sWzLixmsTsj. bPsoRV RNRP BRLRiVV AsVsV FsLRiVLigRiLRiV (49). bPsoRV
Rs BR[ sLRiV xqs*LRiWxmssVV sVLiT xqsgRiVV\ ssV xqsXztsQLi, A RLRiVyR ssV
xqsXztsQLisV. ARVs Rs aRPNTP][ dsV xqsXztsQLiRVsV (50). @xmsoRV aRPLiVxmsVsxmso ssV
xqsXztsQs [RVVsVs A[bPLisV. } xs! ys FyssV yNRPV @xms |mssV.
yaRPLRizRVRV DsW xqszRVRVsgRiV bPso[ yxqsssVVgS gRiyLRisVgRiVsV (51).
RyyLi s[aRP xqsLiFyF ryLid sR sVxqs N_ e s R*sVzms xqslLi[*a][ssyLki gRiVLRiWxmsRXN`P ee
52
BRVQQNRPM Fyx xqs ry*dsV sxxqs NRPLRiVs*RM e jssVVk*QORPQ xqsV{msy yyd saSLRiRM ee
53
sV RWxmsLi xmsLRisVLi su CRXaRPLi xLigRi][ s[M e xmsNRP sy [ZNP[ ysW LRiVRM xmsNUPLjiRM ee
54
xmspLRiLRiWxmsxqs s[V xmspxqs=y yLi xqsLRi*NSsVNRPX` e RV NRPLS gRiVRQO][Q sLji*ZaP[xtsQM
xqsVWgRiNRPX` ee 55
@xmsoRV sVssVRLRisVV ][zqs VVgji, ryuyLigRi xmssVsVVsV [zqs, sVsryssVVNRPV ssV.
xqslLi[*aRP*LRiVRsgRiV dsso NRPWy gRiV xqsLizRVR\s LRiWxmssVVsV {qs*NRPLjiLi @sRLjiLiRVsVV (52). @s
sVssVV N][LRigS, NRPLRiVsVRVVRV @s[NRP dsV xqsXztsQLiRV[ sxmsoVRV @gRiV A xmsVso ss*,
ANSaRPsVV ZNP[zqs RW sVNTP {ms][ sssV (53). } su! y ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV LRiWxmssVV, ssV
Fs LRiWxmssVV, x[xsVVsVLiT xmsNRP\sV [NRPsVV[ LRiVRVRsV }msLRi NUPLjiLixmsRVsV (54).
A LRiVRVRV y xmspLSsyLRisVV. dsVLRiV ARVssV xqsLRi*y xmspLiRVRV. ARVs dsV
N][lLissds C[LRiVsV. gRiVryOTPQ, sLRiVVRV, g]xms WgRisVVsNRPV xmssLRiNRPVRVsgRiV A
LRiVRVRV RVsVVsV [RVgRiRV (55).

[y @zms s[V LRiWxmsLi xLRiM xmspL][ sZaP[xtsQRM e DsWRW @zms LRiWFy sxtsQLi y xqsVyM ee
56
OUPQ LSsV xlLi[M xmsd xxmsd xqsLRixqs*d e xmspLRiLRiWFy xqsd ysV LRiVRxmsd sxtsQ ee 57
BRVQQNSQ*LiRL>ji][ RM NRPXFyLi NRPXy* sV}aRP*LRiM e@WyLi xqsVyyyLi xqs*xqs*NSLRi
xmsLSRV ee 58
xqssVRVLi Fyxms xqs{qsQ NSyyLi xs aRPLiNRPLRiM e @sdLRixqs=Q*RVLi LRiVRysW\ZNPxqs
xqsLiaRPRVM ee 59
C sVWLRiVV yNRPVsWLRiVV. yLRiV y xqs*LRiWxmss[V LRiVRVRV sZaP[ztsQLi y xmspLSLiaRP gRiyRV.
DsW[sNTP NRPWR sVWRV LRiWxmssVVV DLiRgRiso (56). AsV OTPQ @sV }msLRiV][ sxtsvsosNRPV
LRi RVgRiVsV. xqsLRixqs* @sV }msLRiV][ xNRPV xmsRVgRiVsV. AsV xmspLRiLRiWxmssVV][ xqsRVsV
}msLRiVgRi\ LRiVRVsNRPV LRi NSgRiRV (57). sV}aRP*LRiVRV RRV][ BV xmsNTP
@LiRLSssVVsV. sVssVV sVsNRPV @zmsgjiLiRTs NSLRisVV RVLiRV ssVgRiV\sV
xqsVsVVgS sVLisV (58). } xs! sVssVV NSsVV sRV[ syxsWTsV.
aRPLiNRPLRiVTLiNRPsW syxsWR[RV.ARVs xqs*RVsVVgS LRiVRVRsV }msLRi @sRLjiLi \ZNPxqssVV
yaRPLiVVLi DyRV (59).
@sdLS bPy ryy= xqsd ysV xms[aRP*LRi e RRVyRs }][L>ji RV][sRM NSLRi Gs\s ee 60
BRVQQNSQ*LiRLRi[ sxtsvM NRPXy* xqs NRPLRiVLi xmsLRisV e FyxmsosLi xmssVVRLi yR xjNRPLi
gRiRsVR=LRiM ee 61
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi j*d[V xqsdLi[ x sxtsv
xqsLiy][ ysV RaRPsWsyRVM (10).

} xmsxmsd! DsW[s xqsRVsV }msLRi @sRLjiLiRVsV. AsV xmsoV N]LRiNRPV xmsRVRsVVsV


[RVssV (60). sxtsvso BV xmsNTP sVNTP RRVsV RWzms @LiRLSssWVsV. s[sV sVNTP
@jNRP\sVs AsLiRsVVsV F~Lijs. y[s CL<RiQ ]gji FVsV (61).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[s lLiLiRsj RVgRiV LRiVRxqsLizRRVLiRVlLiLiRsj RVgRiV xqsd
LiRsVV[ x sxtsv xqsLiyRsVV @s[ xmsjRVs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (10)
@R GNSRa][syRVM
RVLSxqsV
yLRiR DyR e
xs yR sVFy sR[ sRyLi sLRi e gRi[ su NTPsVs` @NSL<kiLis[ ys ee 1
yLRiRVTV xmsZNPsV c
RLiU! xs! dsso sV VjaSs. sNRP[ ZaP[xtsvRso. sWNRPV xmsVsVV. sxtsvso
sxtsQQsVLis RLRiVyR GsVVsV? } sk! dsso GsV [zqss ?(1).
x[yR e
sxmssLiRs sLRi R*Li rysysRRW aRPXV e su gRi[ gRis RVRNSL<Ri sVxLi V ee 2
sysyNSLi aRPVyLi xmsLRixxqs*LRiWzms sV e rsV [dsLi gRiydLi RVLSLi
aRPLiVzmsRWLi xqsy ee 3
xqsLRi*R yzmsdsLi syLi sLSLiLi sLSNRPVsV e [ssdsLi sLi[ xqsW xqsW
sVLRiWzmssV ee 4

R*LiM xmsLRisWsLiy xmsLRisWR xqs*LRiWzms e xmsxqsy s [s[bP sVyLRiLi NRPVLRiV [ ssVM ee


5
x BV xmsZNPsV c
J xZaP[uy! dsso rysyssVVgS ssVsVV. sxtsvgRiysVRV sxtsQQsVLiRgRis[ s[sV [zqss
NSLRis[VjW |msRsV (2). syxqs*LRiWzms, sVLjiRVV @sy xqs*LRiWzms, aRPVR xmsLRix
LRiWzms, gRiyR, xqsLRi*y bPszmsRV @gRiV RVLS[ss xqsVLiRsV (3). xqsLRi*yxmsNRPVLSV,
sRxqs*LRiWzms, BRLRi AaRPRVsVV [sj, xqsLiryLRi RVMsVVV [sj, sVV[NRPsVVNRPV R,
g]xms y NRPLi NRPWR g]xmsj, LRiWxmssVV yxqsssVVgS [sj @gRiV RVLRisV ssVxqsLjiLiRV
RVysV (4). \RssVV, sLiRsVV dss[ . dss[ xmsLRisWR xqs*LRiWzmss. [s[ds! dsso
xmsxqssVLSso NRPsVV. y NSLRisVV zqsjLixms[RVVsVV. dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV (5).
GsLi xqsLixqsWRVsWy ry WgRi sy sVRW sVVs[ e AsLRi Ws xmsRQORPQLi [slL<i[ RLiTNS
sVsV ee 6
zqsQgSLis RV aSLRiVLRiWFy js RRVLRiV e zqsLixry sLRixry R sVVNSsVNRP][R ee
7
aRPLRijLiy*sy aRPV RLiR [Ry e xqsLS*sRVsLRisW R NRPsVLizmnsV sRVM ee 8
xqssVORPQLi ysVVsWLi dsORPQ sVVs[ aRPNTPLi bPsxqs z e NSQ ssRRVLigSLiaRPM FyxqssLi xqsVxmssV \s
ee 9
J sVxL<ki! s[sV WgRisRsV BV xqsVLise J [sL<ki! @xmsoRV y FsRV RLiTNRP
xmsRQORPQsVVsV (6). NRPs NSVNRP s xmsNSbPLiRVsj, xqsVLiRLRisVgRiV LRiWxmssVV gRij,
xmsNSbPLiRV yV VsVVV gRij, zqsLixsVV sjztsQLi RVVsj, [RVLiRV sLRisVVR gRij,
sVVRsVV[ xmsV RWy sV][ xmsNSbPLi[ ZNP[aRPLRisVV gRij (7), aRPLRiy RLiRVs sLi
sVVsVV gRij, RLiRVs s xqs*RQ\sVs FnygRisVV NRPj, sVWRV NRPsVV gRij,
xqsLS*LigRixqsVLiRLji, xmsRsVV sLi FyRsVV ssVV NSLi[ IFyLRiVsj (8), bPsos aRPNTP @gRiV

A DsW[ss y FsRV gSLis. J sVxL<ki! s[sV NTP][ bPLRixqsV=sV sLi ssVxqsLjiLi


xqsVLis (9).
ssW ssV}qs gRiRM xmssX ssX LRiW}ms zqs xqsLRi LRiW}ms e
RLS RLSLi sd xqsVaRPNTPM xqsyRds xqsLRi* ssWz ds ee 10
RW $xqs=y ZNP[aRPssVWLji sW saRP*LiLS RW xqsNRPLi Lji e
RWR*Li xmsoLS xqsXztsQ NRPLki sV}bdP xLkiQ [NRPxqs gRiV[M ee 11
RW WgjiyLi \s sVzy sV[ ry R*Li ssV}qs xmsLRisWVrylLi[ e
RVsWj xmsp[ xXj WgjiyLi RW RW WgjiyLi ysxms[ xmsdy ee 12
JRd! gRiRV[s xmssX ssXRVV ds xqs*LRiWxmss[V. gRiRV VVNRP xqsXztsQzqsRVV ds
xqs*LRiWxmss[V. rysLRiLigRi sWRNRPsVgRiV FyV[ dsso aRPNTP LRiWxmssVVgRi sVLiT xqsLRi*FyVsV
sWx|msVRVyso. dsso xqsyRss. dsNRPV @s[NRP ssVryLRisVVV (10). ZNP[aRPsos
sORPQ xqs=sVVsLiRV @LiNSLRisVVgS sVLiRV OUPQ [s dss[. xqsNRPsVVsV LjiLi FztsQLiRV dsso
saRP*LiLRiso. dsso xqsXztsQs [zqss sV}aRP*Ljis. sVV[NRPsVVsV RVsVV [RVVsj dss[.dsso
gRiVdRVLSso (11). WgRiVV ssV xmspLi RsV xXRRVsVV[ RLji+LiRLRiV.@ ssV
ssVxqsLjiLiRVRVysV. xmsLRisWVso[s ryLRisVV (aRPNTP) dss[. RVsVsRVsWRV[ xmssR\sVs
WgRiV xXRRVsVV[ dsso DLiT yLjiNTP ys sWLRisVV[ RLRi+ssVV sRso (12).
xmsNSaRP aRPVyj RVVy sLSgS ry R*Li z sy ssysLi e
NRPWxqs sVsQQNRP sVsLiRLRiWxmsLi R*Li d NSsVLiVW gRiLi ee 13
sNSLRidLi xmsNRPL][ztsQ sRLi gRiVs*y xqsLRi*s[xtsv sWssV e
R*Li \s gRiVyLi R bPs[ RRWLi sys Wy R RRM xmsLSzqs ee 14

xqs R*Li LRirysVxqs BRdsVuyLi sNSLRi{y xqssVszqsLS e


ry R*Li gRiVyLi gRi[NRP }RVM LiRsWLRiLizqs y= Fyzms ee 15
@ZaP[xtsQ gRiyLi d[ [RVs xqs*LRiWzms e gRijyRV xqsRRLi bPsxms ssWsxqsV[ ee 16
xmsNSaRPsVV, aRPVj Byj gRiVsVV[ sLSV dsNRPV LSgRi [*xtsQsVVV [so. ssR aSxqsQ
sssVVNRPV xqsLiLijLis sRsRVW ds xqs*LRiWxmss[V. ds xqs*LRiWxmssVV NRPWxqssVV
(sWLRiVNRPV [sV NSsj), sVLjiRVV BLijRVsVVNRPV @g][RLRisVV. dss[ @sLiR LRiWxmssVV][
xmsNRP\sVyso. dsso NS xqs*LRiWxmsoLS\ sVV[NRPsVVsV RLjiLi RVVyso (13). dsso
gRiVsVV][ NRPWT xqsLRi*sWsso[ sRsVV yLjiNTP LSgRi[*uyj sNSLRisVVNRPV sVW\sVs
@sy LRiWxmssVV[ sVyssV saRPRVsVV. } bPszms[V! sVWRV gRiVsVVNRPV AaRPRVsVV
dss[. sVLjiRVV dsso gRiVdRVLS\s RVVyso (14). xqsRQ*sVV, LRixqsV=, RsVxqsV= @s[ C
gRiVsVV sNSLRisVVV dsRVLiRV [so. NSs y DsNTP ds RVLiRV sWRs[V gRiRV. gRiRVsNRPV
G\ZNPNRP NSLRi\sVs gRiVRNRP xmsNRPX dss[. dss[ C LiRsVVsV xqsXztsQLi, LRiOTPQLi,
OTPQLiRVRVyso (15). xqsLRi*gRiRV dsVV dss[. [RV ssVVV ds xqs*LRiWxmss[V. }
bPsxms! [NRPsVV ZOP[QsVsVVsV N][Lji s[sV xqsLRi*y dsNRPV ssVxqsLjiLiRVRVysV (16).
x[yR e
ByNRPLRiQ sRry=s[V NSd [NRPssds e {msy sWLi gRiysVW[ xqsuyLRiLi saRPs` ee 17
x BV xmsZNPsV c
C y sWsV ss [NRPLRiORPQNRPVLSgRiV A NSd[s xqsXztsQNRPLRisgRiV y][ {ms][, R zmsyss s
Li, BV xmsZNPsV (17).
[soyRe
xs NTPsVLRiLi sy xqsVyx sVsyLRiRV e DRyLi RVj RXuzqs RdxmnsVLi xmsoLRi][
sVsV ee 18

xmsRQORPQsVzms yRWLi zqsjM NSLRixqs sbPy e RryRQ*Li yLiRLi Wz RW NRPLjiuysV


sy ee 19
[s BV xmsZNPsV c
} xs! dsso y FsRV \LRisVV gRiy\s][, dsso ssV xqsVLiRVNRPV gRi NSLRisVVsV
sLis[ saRPRVsVVgS xmsVsVV (18). s[sV xmsRQORPQ \sVs zmsRxms NSLRisVV zqsjLiRV saRPRVsVV.
NSsos dsso ds N][lLisV VxmsosVV. ds[ ALSjLixmsTs s[sV ds N][lLisV dlLiRsV (19).
x[yR e
aRPXV [s sV}aSs NRPXFyLi NRPXy* sVsWxmsLji esV[LRiRxqsLi xqsLRi*[ xmssysV R*yRW ee 20
RVM xmsxqss [s[bP s[ssRWLS e bP[ LRiVyRW Wgki xqs \s \ZNPxqs sWzqsRM ee 21
RxmsaRPLRi W[aRP GNRP Gys NRPNRPM e @xmsdN][ sLji*NSL][ s j*dRWLi xqsdsVx[ ee 22
RLi sWxRV RVy yyLi j*dRWLi xqs dsORPQ[ e R*RX[ Rxqs [ NSR sxtsQ
sV[xLS ee 23
x BV xmsZNPsV c
[ds! sV}aRP*Lki! y\|ms RRVDLi ssVsVV. dsso xqsLRi*sVV sLRiVLigRiVRVso. @LiVVssW ds A[
y sVsxqsV=[s N][lLisV |msRsV (20). } [s[bdP! ds LRi xmspLRi*sVV y sVRV sVLiT
xmsNRPsVVsV gRiy ! A bPs Wgji LRiVRysVsVV][ \ZNPxqssVV\|ms sVyRV (21). NRPWxqsVRV
(xmsLjisLRis [s yRV) @gRiV A WRyRVRV @R RxmsxqsV=sV [RVV RVyRV. LS
xqsRVsVV [syRV, sNSLRi{sVRV @gRiV A xmsVso LS xqsRVsVVsV N][LRiV [RV (22). J
xmssy! ARRV syxsWRV N]LRi\ZNP dsyRVssV sWzLixms[RVVsVV. dsso RNRP ARVs
sVsxqsV=sV ANRPL<jiLiRgRiyLRiV sVLjiVVNRPLRiV [LRiV (23).
RryRQ*s[Vs LRiW}ms sxqs* xLRisWzds e xqsVy Wy* R RORPQxqs LRiVRxmsd bPs[ s ee 24

RVy RXR aRPLkiLS R*Li OUPQ LRiW}ms ZNP[aRPssV e AsWRRVzqs saRP*xqs z y \VRLi Ry NRPVLRiV
ee 25
NSLiyxtsQ sWRLi s[V RXuy*ssLiRR*QXxtsQR*M e xqs NRPRLi ssyLi [s }qs*RRW
xqsLigRi{xtsQ ee 26
xlLi[sgRiX{R NSLi[ RV NRPRLi xqsXztsQ aRPV+s e ARLiR sV[ \Rxqs x f Rzqss
sLSgji ee 27
NSsos dss[ RORPVsNRPV NRPVsWlLigS sLiRVsVV. } bPs[! dsso ds LRiWxmssVV][ LRiVRVs sWzLixms
[zqs ARVsNRPV LRiso @gRiVsVV (24). dsso OUPQ LRiWxmssVV][ aRPLkiLRisVVsV RLjiLi ZNP[aRPsos
@LjiLiyso. [NRP NRPsVV N]LRiNRPV LRiVRVs NRPWR @Vs[ [RVVsVV (25). J [ds! s[sV
NSLiRsV @ztsQLisLiR sWys ssV sLijLis A sXxtsQR*RV Rs BR[ LRisV
{qs*NRPLjiLiRV FsV xqsLissVgRiVsV ? (26). C xqsXztsQ VVNRP Aj, sVR, @LiRsVVNRPV
NSLRiWRV\s A xLRiVRV sLSgji\V LRisV {qs*NRPLjiLiRs zqs[ C xqsXztsQ sVLigRiNRPLRisVV FsV
NSgRiVsV ?(27).
B LiyxmsL][ yxLi R*RsLi aRPLRiLi z RsV e NRPXRQ yLi}qs s saRP*xqs
zy\VRRVLRiVxtsQ*s[V ee 28
s sxtsvxqs xqs sWRV s OUPQ LRisV[ sM e s yxmsxLi gRiyR LSsryQ*Li N][zms \s
sy ee 29
RryRQ*Li RORPQ Wy* jsLRiWFy sV}aRP*Lki e RRd s sVRQ NSQ WgjisLi
sWx[VaRP*LRisV ee 30
RORPQxqsxms [s[bP OTPQL][][RLRi dLRigRiM e y*sVVjaRP xqssWyRV sVsxqsQ*LiVV RXRsRM ee 31
C LiR ssV {msTLiRVRVsj. dsso Rxms sVLjiVVNRPLRiV yNRPV aRPLRiV [LRiV. s[ds NRPxtsQsVV[
sVysV. NSs, [NRPzRsVVsV g][Lji y N][LjiNRPsV kLRiVsVV (28). ARVssV sxtsvso gSs,

OTPQ gSs, sVsRVRV gSs, s[sV gSs sWx|ms[sVV. J gRiyy! dsso Rxms sVLjiVVNRPLji
ss C xmss NSRV (29). NSsos, dsso RORPVs NRPVsWlLigS sLi, jsLRiWxmssVV gRi ys\s,
WgjiRVgRiV CaRP*LRiVs sWzLixms[zqs ARVsNRPV LRiso NRPsVV. sV}aRP*Lki! y NTPs C
sRsVVgS xqsxmnssVV [RVVsVV (30). J [s [ds! RORPVRV OUPQLRi xqssVVR DRLRi dLRisVVsLiRV
RXRsVgRiV sRsVV gRiy\ sVsxqsV=sV dsRVLiRV gRisVV [zqs ssV D[bPLi RxmsxqsV=sV
[RVV RVyRV (31).
ByNRPLRiQ sRry= LiysWxms bPy Ry e DyR R xqs*sVszqs szqsy gRiRLiNS ee 32
C sWsV ss, Axmsoy DsW[s A[LiR sVVRsV. A gRiyR sxqsRVsVVsV F~Lij
Rs sVsxqsV=[ BV @sVN]ssV (32).
[soyR e
@x[ xqsVsVxyaRPLRiLi s[RsNSzms saRP*NRPX` e sV s xmsL][ Wy* syy NTPLi
sRRRVsV ee 33
s[ZaP[Rzqs xqsLi][ sVsWx[sxqsVsxM
xqsLisWxLiVVRVsVR ee 34

RVR*LRiLi

sLji*NSLRiLi

RLi

xLRisWx sLRiLi sVRxqs=sVR sjxqsQ*RVsV e N][ [ryR xqssVLjiL][x[ sLji*NRPNRPM


ee 35
xmsLRi[ RVaRP+Li VLjiLRiV[ sLji*NSLRiys e RryxLi xqsLRi*y y{qs Ry saRPgS xqsy ee
36
[s BV xmsZNPsV c
@x[! Bj y |msR AaRPLRisVV! s[R xmssLRiNRPVRV, xqsXztsQNRPLRi, sVs RVgRiV C x GsV
sWRV RVyRV? (33). x VVNRP sVsxqsV=[ RVMyRVNRPsVgRiV sV sWxsVV
xmsosj. @LiRVsss[ sNSLRi LRizRVRgRiV bPsxmsVsosV sWzLixms [RV g][LRiV RVyRV (34).

xLRiVs sWzLixms[RVsss[ sLRisVVsV C x ysVLiT F~LiR g][LRiVRVyRV ys ss


CRsNTP NRPlgi[ # s[VsV? A sVRV NRPWxqsVRV (xmsLjisLRis [s yRV) gRisVNRP, ARVssV
sWzLixms[RVV xqsLissVV NSRV (35). bPs xmsLRix sLRiVVRV, sLji*NSLRiVRV,s[sV ARVsNRPV
xqsLRi*y yzqss. s[sV @s s[ ARVs VVNRP AsV FyLiRVyssV (36).
xqs Gs xmspLRiLRiW}ms LRiVRysWssM eN][yLRi }][L>ji xqs*RLiRM xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiM ee 37
xlLi[Lji*[aRP xqs ry*dsV bPysWQQ[ s NRPL>ji` e WgS RL][ x sWRV rsW[VaRPM xmsLRiRM
xmsLRiM ee 38
sVy* RsWR Li x rysWs xqsVLRixqsssV e BRRRVLi sWxLiVVRV sV][ss
ssWzRM ee 39
s RyLi [R*LRiLi s[RdsLRiQuy # s[j e NTPLi NRPVLSLi [Vs s sVM NRPVRry=Qs[
sV}aRP*LRiM ee 40
A bPso[ xmspLSLiaRP][ LRiVRVRsV }msLRi NRPVsVRLjiLiRV N]LRi\ZNP @sRLjiLisV. ARVs
xqs*RLiRV\s xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV gRiy! (37). xLjiNTP xNRPV xmsVsgRiV A LRiVRVRV G sRsVVgS
RWy bPsos NRPLi RNRPVs gSRV. sWRWdRVRV, sWRVNRPV xmsVso, xqsLRi*sVV NRPLi ZaP[xtsvRV
@gRiV ARVsNRPV WgRisVVsLiRV }mssV @jNRPsVV (38). @ LRiVRVs rysWs [sR[ INRPT
gRisV,Rs xmsoRVsgRisV RLi, @ssVV[ xmspLjigS sWzRV\s C x ARVssV
sWx|mssss g][LRiVRVyRV (39). CRsNTP sLRisVV dsRVs][, s[R RLRisVV FyRgRiVsV.
s[s[sV [RVssV? y xmsVsgRiV sV}aRP*LRiVsNRPV y\|ms N][xmssVVLSs sRsVVgS [RVssV
(40).
x[yR e
sylLi[RLi sV}aRPLi RLi xqsryLRi sVsry bPy e FyFysVLi bPsry][yR RVLS R sWLi Ry
ee 41

x BV xmsZNPsV c
BV R A DsW[s sVsxqsV=[ A sV}aRP*LRiVs xqsLjiLisV. @xmsoRV A RVLS[s bPsos
@sVsV F~Lij y][ BssV (41).
RVL][yR e
RVRVNRPLi sR xs xqssVxqsLi xqsRs[Vs R` e sVRX[ sWxLiVVdx aRPLiNRPLRixqs s sR[
ee 42
xlLi[sgRiX{RylLi[ RV xqsXztsQ\lLiQQuy xqsyRds e sxtsQ d RR=RLi sy xmsFyjRsV ee 43
sVsWzms sWxs[ RV[ sR[sxqs sVxms[M e R*y*NSj*gRiV[ s[VsR
xmsRV][sWR= sLRiLRiM ee 44
@xLi Ry RVuysV RVy yLRixmsLjigRixsV e xLRiM NRPLjixtsQ s[ xqs*RVs[Vs ssWzRM ee
45
RVLS[s BssV c
xs! dsso zmssRLiRRVW yxqsss[V. s[sV RNRP sVLjiVVNRPLRiV aRPLiNRPLRiVs
sWzLixms[RV[LRiV (42). bPsoRV LRisV {qs*NRPLjiLiRs[ C xqsyRssVgRiV xqsXztsQ xmspLRisVV
NS[Rs dsso [zqss xms FyRs yxqsssVV (43). A sVxmsWsosV sWx|msgRiss[
saS*xqssVV yNRPV NRPWR [NRPVLisV. NSs y saS*xqssVV ds sWsV ssV[ lLiLixmso @VsV.
BxmsoRV s[sV RXRsVVgS RVLiRsV (44). } xs! bPsoRV ssWzRV\ xqs*RVsVVgS
LRisV {qs*NRPLjiLiRVsV s[sV xmsRVLiRsV (45).
xqsdsVWLji sVxLi RXy* R\|qs#s saRPsLjids e suysV sVgS OUPQ Lji*uLRiy zmsRW ee
46
RVy rszms sV\Vs saRPsLki xqsy # s[` e Ry RVRLi NRPLjiuysV R\|qs#s NRPXxmsRW s[ ee 47

DRy RORPQ RWRWLi xqsdLRiW}ms aRPLiNRPLRisV e@xLi xqsLiVVuysV dRWRLi zmsysVx


ee 48
RVys LiRVLRis_ sLRi[ ssysZaP[ e sVRQ NSQ xqsxL][ ysWsaRPsLki sxtsQ ee 49
s[sV xqsd[s LRiWxmssVVsV RLjiLi, sVxmssRRVgRiV OTPQ sxtsvsNRPV zmsRVVLSV @LiVVs
dLRiVs, ARVsNRPV saRPsLjis NSgRisV (46). } xs! ARVs @sVgRixsVVsV F~Lij, ARVs
yNRPV xqsLRi*y @ksV\ RVVLiRVsV NRPWR xmsRVLiRsV (47). } zmsysV! s[sV RORPVs
LRi RVLiRV xqsd[s LRiWxmssVV][ sLi y d][ aRPLiNRPLRiVs xqsLi][xtsQ|msRsV (48). BRLRi
sWssoV {qsQNTP saRPsLRiVQ\ Ds dLRiVgRis[, A xLRiVRV y NTPNTP sV yNRPV saRPsLjiQ\V
DLiRgRiRV (49).
x[yR e
sVxsVRLi xqssWxtsQ bPy ry gRiRLiNS e dsORPQ sW sVRW yR R\QyLiRLRi[ RRM ee
50
RrysVLiRL>jiyRWLi RV rsxLi [NRPzmsysVxM e @gRisVLi RVR xqs*xqsVy}qs xqs=LRi*
sVsLRiRVsV ee 51
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi j*d[V xqsdLi[ RVLSxqsV
x sLRiFyzms sLRisLi ysV GNSRa][syRVM (11).
x BV xmsZNPsV c
J sy=! gRiyRRVgRiV A DsW[s y][ sV xmsNTP, RLRiVyR s[sV RWRVRVLiRgRis[
@Rs[ @LiRLSssVVsV (50). [NRPsVVNRPV zmsysVxRsgRiV s[sV AsV @LiRLSssVV
NSgSs[, y NRPVsWLRiVV Ds][NRPV s, Ljigjis sXyLiRsVVsLiRsW sLjiLis (51).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsj RVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizRRVLiRV xqsdLiRsVV[ RVLSxqsV c
xsLRiFyzms @s[ xmsRN]LiRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (11).

@R y*Ra][syRVM
RORPVsNRPV sLRisVV
yLRiR DyR e
xs aRPLiVsLRi Fy xqssVgRiVNRPLi R*RWsxmnsV e bPybPsRLjiRLi R FysRLi s s[V zRsV
ee 1
BydsLi sR RORPQxqsV RxmsM NRPXy* RXRsRM e NRPLi sLRiLi [yxqsV NRPRLi ry RORPQs` ee 2
yLRiRVTV xmsZNPsV c
} xs! dsNRPV bPsRRQ*sVV gRiVgS RVVsV. } xmsoy! dsso DsWbPso
zRNRPLRisVgRiV RLjiRsVVsV RNRPgS zms, y ssV xmssRsVV [zqss (1). RXRsVVgS
sRsRVsVsVVsV FyLi[ RORPVRV RxmsxqsV=sV [zqs, [s sVLiT G sLRisVVsV F~LisV? AsV
RORPVs NRPVsWlLi FsV AVsV? CgSRsV BxmsVRV xmsVsVV (2).
x[yR e
aRPXV yLRiR RsxqsQ*Li sVVsLRiQ NTP][ s \M eRVy [}ms RF RO][Q sLRiLi FyR R xqsVsRM ee
3
sVyxmsxqsV=kLRiORPQ xqs=sWyRV sVjxmsM e @FyRxtsvLi R yLi [dsLi RysW gRiRLiNSsV
ee 4
OUPQLRi][RLRi dLRir yLi NRPXy* xXRRVzqsysV e RxmsxqsxmsoLi xqssWlLi[[ RxtsvLi xmsRQORPQ ][LiNSsV
ee 5
jsslL<i[ RORPQxqsV xqsxryLi RRVLi xqssWM e RxmsaRP yLRi sRVRxqs=LiRVyR RXRsRM ee
6

J yLRiy! sVVsVLiRLji][ gRiWT NTP][ ssVsVV. dsso RsVRso. RXRsRVRgRiV RORPVRV


RxmssWRLjiLis sRsVVsV |msRsV (3). VjaS, g]xms xqssVLRiVRV @gRiV RORPVRV y[
AzmsLixmsTs y\ gRiRLiRVgRiV A DsW[ss NRPVsWlLigS F~LiRg][Lji (4), OUPQLRi xqssVVRsVV
VVNRP DRLRi dLRisVVsLiRV Dsy\, A Rs xmsRQORPQsVVgS RLji+LiRg][Lji, AsVsV
xXRRVsVV[ saRPsVVgS ss [zqs, RxmsxqsV=sV [RVVNRPV ALRiLiLisV (5). sRsVVsV
RXRsVVgS FyLi[ RORPVRV s[LijRVV\ sVWRV s[ js xqsLisR=LRisVVV sRVsVsVV][
RxmsxqsV=sV [|qssV (6).
sWLRiVybdP sLSL][ Lki R xmsLRiVN`P e GsLi syRV RLi NSLi LiRRVs yLi
gRisLiVWsV ee 7
RVLSys xqssWxqsNRPbPLRiLi NSLi RFLRiRM e sRV\sVLRixlLi[ds sWLSRRV xqsVsRM ee 8
R][ RVsWj RVVNRPxqs RORPQxqs sVVsxqsRsV e gRiRLiLi xmspRVRM xmsRQORPQ sVsy ee 9
RRM xmsRQORPQL][ RXuy* gRiRLiLi gRisLiVWsV e NRPXRNRPXR sVyysLi s[Vs[ RORPQM xmsxmsM
ee 10
ARRV gSs OTPQLi BRLRi ALRisVV [sy\, INRPxmsVRV dss sWRs[V ygji,
sVLjiVVNRPxmsVRV ANRPVsV OTPQLi gRiRWzmsRVgRiV A Rs ysxqsW @s xqsLisR=LRisVV
NSsVVsV gRiT|mssV (7). sVLi sRsxtsQ gRi ARRV @s[NRP sRVsVsVV][ RFsxtsv\
xmsjssVV LRiNSsVV RVLRisV ysLiRVRW, A [ss ALSjLisV (8). J sVxL<ki! @xmsoRV
RVsVsRVsWRV][ gRiWT gRiyRsV xmspLiRVRVs RORPVsNRPV A DsW[s
xmsRQORPQsVVsV (9). RORPQ xmsxms gRiRWzmsRVgRiV gRiRLisV xmsRQORPQsVVgS RWzqs Rs s
RLjiyLRiQ\sVsRs RLisV (10).
zqsLixryLi NSNSLi NRPXuyLi yLRiVsNSQLi RRVLRiVsV e sLRiy RVds RxryLi
sV[xLSsV ee 11

ALRiNRPsRVyLi yLRiVsVVNRPZNP[bdPLi gRiRQxqsWsV e RVuys ygjibPyxqsV=xmssWR xqsVxmssV


ee 12
zqsLixsVVsjztsQLisj, ss sLRisVV gRij, xqsVLiRLRisVgRiV sVVsVV gRij, yV [RVV gRij,
sLRisVVR @RVsVVR ss NRPVs sVLjiRVV RsVV @sV ys yV xxqssVV[ RLjiLi
LRisVRVsVVgS sVsj (11). FsLRis s[RsVVV gRij, s[RVRVs @LiRsVgRiV bPL][sVVV
gRij, g]xms NSLi gRij @gRiV A gRiyRsV ssVxqsLjiLi ARVRV RsVVgRiV yNRPV][
xqsVLisV (12).
RORPQ DyR e
gRiRLi sVsW[V gRikZaP[ sV}aRP*Lji e NRPXFyLi NRPXy* ssV}qsxqsV RLji+RLi xqs*sxmsoLRisV ee 13
xms{qsR gRisy[ xms{qsR bPsLRiWzms e xms{qsR NRPsLRi[ gRiy[V ssWsxqsV[ ee 14
RORPVTV xmsZNPsV c
J gRiyy! sVsWRW! gRiyds! sV}aRP*Lki! dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV. dsso y\|msRRVRWzms
yNRPV xmsRQORPQ \sVs (13). J AjgRisd! RRV RWxmsosVV. bPsxqs*LRiWzms! xmsxqssVLSso
NRPsVV. NRPVNRPV sLRisVVsRV J Rd! @sVgRizLiRVsVV J gRiyRW! dsNRPV ssVryLRisVgRiV
gSNRP! (14).
x[yR e
B xqsVy sV}aSds RZOP[Q xmsRVyRy e DyR RORPQLi y*zms xqs*RVLi R}qszms=RLi sVVs[ ee
15
x BV xmsZNPsV c
J sVxL<ki! RORPVRV [sRVLiRV gRiQQ\sVs sVsxqsV= gRiy\ BV FyLjiLiRgS, A sV}aRP*Lji
ARs N][LjiNRP zqs DLiTRVW, RORPVs][ sssV (15).

[soyR e
RVuyxLi RORPQ sRxqs=RQ NSQxsRW XaRPsV e sLRiLi sXxtsQ* ry*dxtsQLi y[RVLi sR[
Rs ee 16
[s BV xmsZNPsV c
} ROSQ! ds sVLi NTP[ s[sV sVNTP xqsLiRzqsLis. dsNRPV BxtsQ\sVs sLRisVVsV N][LRiVN]sVsVV.
dsNRPV CRVRgRis sLRisVV [RV (16).
x[yR e
gRiRLi sRaRPVQ+y* R][ RORPQM xmsxmsM e xqsVxmsxXxtsQRLRiM Fyx ysVLi ysVLi R yLi
bPysV ee 17
x BV xmsZNPsV c
RORPQ xmsxms gRiyR VVNRP xmsVNRPVsV ss, sVNTP xqsLiRzqsLis y\, A DsW[sNTP @s[NRP
xmsLSRVsVVV ssVxqsLjiLi BV xmsZNPsV (17).
RORPQ DyR e
gRiRLi sVsW[V RVj R*Li sLRiy sVsV e sVR*RaRP+QXV xqsV{msy sVsV NSsVLi
xmsxmspLRiRV ee 18
sVsV ry*dsV bP[ W z xqs ][ xxqsV=RM e LRiVR ysW xmspLRiLRiWFysyLRiM xmsLRisWR
sM ee 19
RysyL][ [ RM NS RRd #s[RRM e RLi sWxRV sV}aSssVsdLRi OTPQf bPs[ ee 20
R*RX[ Rxqs sWRV s aRPNSy NRPyRs e RryssV xqsVy Wy* xLRiRW
ysRVy ee 21

RORPVRV BV xmsZNPsV c
} gRiyy! sVsWRVsodss[. dsso yNRPV sLRidsVRV Rs][, {ms][ y sWsV ss, y
N][Ljis sLRisVVsV BsVV (18). y xmsVsgRiV bPs xmsLRisWR xmspLSsyLRiV\ LRiVRVRV @sV
}msLRiV][ xNRPV NRPVsWLRiV\ sLisV (19). NSs dsso BLiNRPsW @sRLjiLiR[RV. ARVsNRPV dsso
RNRP sVLji Fss*LRiV LRi NSgRiVRVLRiV ?} bPs[! dsso WsV RVLiRsRLjiLi A sV}aRP*LRiVs
sWzLixms[RVVsVV (20). dsso RNRP sVLjiVVNRPLRiV Gy\ssW ARVssV sWzLixms[RVLRiV.
NSsos dsso yNRPV NRPVsWlLiQ\s sLi xLRiVsNRPV xmss NRPsVV (21).
BRLi NRPXy* xqsVdLi R s R*Li xLRisWzds e sV\sV\sxtsQ sL][ [s xqsRsVVNRPLi RygRiRM ee
22
ZNP[sLi ry*LRisV R xqslLi[* uyLi gRiysVzms e x sxtsv bPyyLi R x }msLji][ xxsV
ee 23
dsso B RNRPs dsV xmsRLji+Li bPsos sWzLixms[RVVsVV. J [ds! Bj[V s[sV g][LRiV
sLRisVV. ds FsRV xqsRsVVsV xmsNTPs (22). ks[ y ry*LRisVV sWRs[V gSNRP, xqsLRi* gRiRV
ZOP[QsVsVV, x sxtsvbPs ANSLiORPQ NRPWR gRiso. C xmssNTP x ssV }mslLi[zmsLisV (23).
x[yR e
ByNRPLRiQ xms[aRPxqs sRsLi gRiRLiNS e xmsRVyR sx}qs xqsQXy*RLi sVsry bPssV ee 24
x BV xmsZNPsV c
gRiyR xmsxms VVNRP C sWsV ss, ss*, sVsxqsV=[ bPsos xqsLjiLi, BV RVsV
(24).
[soyR e

yR xmsxms[ RORPQ aRPXV s[V xmsLRisVLi sRM e xqsRLi dssV R*RQ NSQ xqsVxmsxqsy xmsy ee
25
@xLi Rs xqsVy RORPQ R* RWRWLi sV}aRP*Lki e suysV s xqsLi[xxqsQ*RQ NTP saRPsLjids ee
26
Ry RVRLi NRPLjiuysV RxmsM NRPXy* xqsVRVxqs=xsV e xLRiRW suysV RR*LRiLi Fyxms
ysxmnsV ee 27
ysy NSLRizqsjQL>ji sLji*NSLki R xqs xmsVM e s[Lji*uaRP xqsLi}qssM xmspLRi Gs xqsybPsM ee 28
[s BV xmsZNPsV c
sy=! RORPQ xmsxmsd!s[sV }ms zRNRPLRisVgRiV sWsV ssVsVV. s[sV xqsRsVVsV |msRsV.
s[sV ds NTP[ sVNTP xmsxqssVLS\ss. ds N][lLissds C[lLiRsV (25). }
ROSQ! sV}aRP*LjisgRiV s[sV dsNTPNTP saRPVLS\s ds LRiRVLiRV ds NRPVsWlLigS sLiRsV.
ks[ xqsLi[xsVV [RV (26). } @sxmnsW! |mnsWLRi\sVs Rxmsxqs=sV sV [zqs bPsos sLRisVVsV
F~Lij bPsosNRPV LRisV NSgRi[ sRsVVgS RVLiRsV (27). NSLRizqsjNTP RxmsxqsV= RNRP
sVLjiVVNRP sWLRisVV [RV. A xmsVso sNSLRiLRizRVRV. x sxtsvso[ }qssLixmsRVyRV.
xqsybPsoRV sWRs[V xmspLRiVRV (28).
@xLi Rxqs xqsy y{qs zmsRW ss ss e sVsV ry*dsV xqs \s aRPLiVLS y LRiWxms RL][zms x
ee 29
sLRixmsyRVQ NRPV[LRisdL][ s[xqs=QR e @xLi RR*LRi][ {ms sRLji}tsQ RyRW ee 30
gRiR xqs*ssLi yR sVRW y RV RWNS e xLRiRW suysV Wy [
RsRWsLS` ee 31
s[sV ARVsNRPV s s RVLiRV yzqss, zmsRVVLSsV. bPsoRV @s[NRP LRiWxmssVVsV
RLjiLissW y xmsVso ARVs[V (29). ARVs sLRi xmsssVV[ x VVNRP

NRPsVsVsVLiT @sRLjiLiyRV. s[sV NRPWy ARVs sLRisVV ss ARVs A[aRPsVV[ C


[NRPsVVsLiRV @sRLjiLiRgRisV (30). sy=! dsso BLiNTP ssVV. yNRPV, bPsosNRPV sVR
_RsVVsV [RVszqss sQQNTPs NRPWy s[sV FsLRiVLigRiVRVsV. s[sV N]jNSsVV[ dsNRPV
NRPVsWlLigS sLi, bPsos LRi NSgRisV (31).
BRVQQNSQ* xqsR*][ RORPQLi bPyLi Fyxms [Rzqs e xmsosM FyR ry [ds xqsQXy*
bPsxmsyLiVsV ee 32
xmsLRiLi RV xms A[ W sVsry [ xmsxms[ e aSsLiVVuysV [ RLi \s xqsRLi dsz [ sVXuy
ee 33
RVy ysLiVV xmsosLRis[sLiyRLRixqsy
ry*RsxqsRVRs[RLRisV ee 34

[xLi

RQZOP[Q

sLi

xqsRLi

GxtsQ RRxqss sLRiM xmsxqsLRiLi xmsxms[ e @xLi Rs xqsVy Wy* suysV xLRizmsRW ee 35
A [s RORPVs][ BV sVLi sRssVVsV xmsNTP, sVsxqsV=[ bPsos AsV F~Lij, bPsos
FyRxmsRsVVsV xqsLjiLi, sVLRi BV xmsZNPsV (32). } xmsxms[! NSs, INRP xtsQLRiRV gRiRV.
dsso kss ds sVsxqsV=[ RXRsVVgS sVLiRVN]sVsVV. s[sV dsNRPV A xtsQLRiRVsV |msRsV. @j
xqsRsVsRVV, @xqsRsVV NSRsRVV VxqsVN]sVsVV (33). Gy\[ dsso yRVLiRV ARLRisVVsV
N][[VR[, AyRV s[sV y [xsVVsV sT |msRsV. Bj xqsRsVV. [xsVVsV dsT
s[sV xqs*xqs*LRiWxmssVV sLiRVLiRsV. [y, sVLjiVVNRP [xsVVsV RLjiLiRsV (34). J
xmsxmsd! xmsNRPsVVLiRV dsNRPV C sLRidsVRVTsj. s[sV ds NRPVsWlLigS sLi, xLRiVsNRPV
xms NSgRisV (35).
x[yR e
GssVVNSQ* sV}aSds RORPQLi sVV xmsxmssV e @LiRLRi[ RVRLi RR xqssVgRiORPQxqs xmsaRPRM ee
36

@LiRL>jiyRWLi RVLSRWLi xqs RO][Qszms saRPsVsV e gSsV R sVVRLi [[ sxtsQ xqsV[ ry


ee 37
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi j*d[V xqsdLi[ RORPQ
sLRiFyzmssLRisLi ysV y*Ra][syRVM (12).
x BV xmsZNPsV c
xmsxmsRV[ sVVVRgRiV RORPVs][ sV xmsNTP A sV}aRP*Lji sLis[ RORPVRV RWRVRVLiRgS
@Rs[ @LiRLSssVVsV (36). A RORPVRV RVLRi @LiRLSssVV NSgSs[ Rs AaRPsVsVVsNRPV
ssV. AsV NRPVsWlLigS sLiR [soRVsLiRV NSRRV xqsLiRzqsLisV (37).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsjRVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizRRVLiRV lLiLiRsjRVgRiV xqsdLiRsVV[
RORPQsLRiFyzms @s[ xmssLiRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (12).
@R RWRa][syRVM
yLRiRVsNRPV aSxmssVV
yLRiR DyR e
xs*[ sVFy sR [ sRyLi sLRi e RZOP[Q gRiXxLi gRi[ {msy NTPsVWRRsLiRLRisV ee 1
yLRiRVTV xmsZNPsV c
} xs ! sk! dsso sV VjaSs. xmssNRP[ ZaP[xtsvRso. RORPVRV {ms][ BLiNTP ss
RLRiVyR GsVLiVVsj? sWNRPV xmsVsVV (1).
x[yR e

RORPQM xmsxmsLRiy* ry*aRPsVLi xXxtsQsWsxqsM e xqsLRiLi RNSLRi xy sWsxqsLi sVsV yRW ee


2
RsV XLizR sW[NRP xmsxqsLRiLi xmsxmsM e RO][Q ss[RRWsWxqs x[ sNSRVs[V ee 3
x BV xmsZNPsV c
RORPQ xmsxms AsLiRsVV][ sLiTs sVsxqsV= gRiy\ Rs AaRPsVsVVsNRPV s y A[ @s[NRP
LRiLigRiV sWszqsNRP xqsXztsQs [|qssV (2). RORPQ xmsxms A xqsXztsQ[ sXj [NRPFsosV gSLi
RLiTRVgRiV yNRPV ss[jLisV (3).
RORPQ DyR e
xLi ryR xmsyR sLRiLi[ s xmsM xms[ e sVRW sRLjiyxqs=LS*rys][ z zqsyM V
ee 4
NTPLi NRPL][sV xmsyR slLi[RVVM NRPRsWRy eRRVFyRVLi xqssWRORPQ * xmsM NRPVLSLi s xqsLiaRPRVM
ee 5
RORPVTV xmsZNPsV c
} xs! RLiU! xmsxmsd! xmsW! y[ xqsXztsQLixmsTs xqsLiyssVV[ sXj GsVRVW
NSssRV [RV . FsLiRsVLijs xqsXztsQLi[, @LiRsVLij[V DyLRiV (4). }
xmsyy! s[sV GsV [RVVRVsV? C xqsLiyssVV RsLiR ysV sXj F~LiRV DFyRVsVVsV
xmsVsVV. s[sV xqsXztsQs [|qsRsV. ys[ xqsLiaRPRVsVV [RV (5).
x[yR e
RORPQ xmsxms[ yR aRPXV s[V xmsLRisVLi sRM e RRVLRiVxtsQ* xqsVLRiZaP[xtsQ bPs}qs aRPLi NRPLjixtsQ ee 6

RW R xmsLiR sryLigRi xqsVy LRisW xmsxms[M e @zqsNUP ysV xmsd[* xms[aRP xmsgRiXxysV
ee 7
ysWs yRVRLRixqsQ*Li xmsxqsLRisVsVLi xmsosM e Rj*yRVLi R NSsVyLi WLjia][
sLiVVxtsQzqs ee 8
RRxqs=sVVyRLiVVRLi xms\sVRVsRLRiRM e Dxms[Vs[V dsLRixqs s[aSs[xqsVyLi RRM ee 9
x BV xmsZNPsV c
sy=! RORPQ xmsxmsd! y sVLi sWsV ss @Vs[ [RVVsVV. dsso [sR[ ZaP[xtsvRso.
bPsoRV dsNRPV aRPVsVVsV [RVgRiRV (6). NRPVsWLS! xmsLiRs xmsxmsNTP @zqsNTPRVsV @LiR\sVs
NRPVsWlLi gRiRV. J xmsxmsd! dsso AsVsV LRigS {qs*NRPLjiLiRVsVV (7). dsso @ xqsVLiRLjiRVgRiV
LRiRVLiRV \sVRVs RLRisVV[ C xmsxqsXztsQs sryLRisVVgS [RVgRiso (8). @xmsoRV RORPVRV
y A[aRPsVV[ dsLRiVs (xmsLiRsVs ) NRPVsWlLisV, \sVRVs RLRisVV[ xqsLiyssVVsV gRisV\ZNP
syxsWsV (9).
@R RryLi xqs*xmsyQQLi R dsLjiLi xqs xmsxmsM e xLRiaRP* xqsLisRVVRLi RORPQM xmsoy
ss` ee 10
@xmsXRgRiLRibdP}qs xqsLRi* Axqss xqsVy sVVs[ e zmsRXNTPLRiy sRLi s[RsWLRi xmsLSRVM ee 11
zmsRXFNSM xmsxqsLRiNRPLRiLRiLi RVRVVLjiaRPsV e xmsddLi Rxms}qs yR xqslLi[* yOSQRV xqsV=y iM ee
12
RR yLSRV xqsLRi{qsLRiLi xmsLRisVFysssV e xqsLigRisW RVR xqsLi][ js zqsLiRVxqssVVRWM ee
13
@xmsoy RORPQ xmsxms dsLRiVs NRPVsWlLi RVgRiV @zqsNTPRVLiRV xLRiaRPV*V @sV }msLRiVgRi xmsjs[
sVLij NRPVsWLRiVsV gRissV (10). J sVxL<ki! yLRiLiRLRiV IZNP[ RLRisVV gRiy\lLi DLiTLji. yLRiV
RLiTRVLiRV NTP gRiy\lLi sRsVV s[RsWLRisVV sLiRV sxtsQ NRPgjiRVVLiTLji (11). RLiT yLjis

xqsLiyssVVsV gRisVRs |mssV sy=! A RORPQxmsoRVLiRLRiV RxmsxqsV= N]LRiNRPV xmsbPsV jNRPVsNRPV


sLji (12). @R jssVgRiV zqsLiRVsj xqssVVRsVV[ NRP}qs xqsLigRisVsVV sR xmsLRisV xmssR\sVs
yLSRV xqsLRixqsV= @s[ dLRisVV gRiRV (13).
RRVxmsxqsLRi+y [s FRs sVRWsss e RlLi[ FyLRisVxLi }qs R s sLRiWRsVaRPRWM
ee 14
xmsssXR[V [ \s [zmslLi[ RR xqsRsWM e yOSQRV RXyysM zmsy[aRP xqsVRVLiyM ee
15
R*Li R yyLRiR y* RxmsRxqs=QXztsQ }Rs[ e @gRisVxqsR sLi R LRisWRV sWxms[M ee
16
@RXuy*LiRLi Vsxqs=QXztsQLi NRPRLi NRPVLRiVLi xqssVVRyM e xLRiaS* RORPQRsRW BR[Rxqs
sWRLS` ee 17
RsaRPsWR xLRiaS*}qs R*RVNRP sVRLijyM e KR NRPjRVxqs=lLi[* xqs*RVLi
ssVsVXaRPVLRiQXaRPsV ee 18
A sVVsV xqsQXbPLisLiRs[ yLji xXRRVsVV[s sWssVVV OSQR\sV FVsV.
yLji Vj xmsLRisV xLixqs RLRisVV (ssX RLRisVV) sLiRV xmsLjisztsQRsVVsV (14).
xmsoRVV, [LijRVVV @gRiV RORPQxmsoRVV RLiTVVNRP A[aRPsVV[ sRVLiLixmsTs
y\lLi, xqsLiys sXj N]LRi\ZNP @R RxmsxqsV=sV [RVVRVyLRis dsNRPV zqssj. dsso sxtsvso
xXRRVsVV[s
ssVVsLjiLigji
@RNRPV
ss
(16).
RORPQNRPVsWLRiVLS! xLRiaRPV*LS! WsV VVNRP @LiRsVV sLRiVLigRis[ dsVLRiV xqsXztsQs [RVVNRPV
FsV zqsR\sVLji? @s dsso ARLRisVV][ xmsbPLis (17). A xLRiaRPV*V gRiLRiWNRPV\ ds
sWsV ssLji. yLRiLiRLRiV xmsoVNRP][Rs[ VjaSVLRiV gRiy ! yLRiV ds sWsV xqssVgRisVVgS
syLRi [zqsLji (18).
xqsVaSxqsQ sNS[aRPLi W s s[R ssLRiNRPsV e xqs NRPRLi gRiVsaRPLid NRPLRiVLi

xqs LRisVVxmsNRPs[V ` ee 19
B sbPR [ xmsoy xqsV=jRV\ZaPQQNRP [RxqsM e xmssV RLi xmsLjiNRPsWRVVLSLRi sVssLRiNRPsV ee
20
yLRiR R*Li sVsaRP+Li[L][ NSssRL][ sVVs[ e sLji*NSL][ sV}aSs sV[sXNRPLRixqs=y ee 21
NS[ gRi[ xRlLi[ sVsV xmsoRM xmsxmsM e yaRPLi saRPsV xmsoyLi yLRiy Rs*RxmsR ee 22
aSxqsQs[V RLiT. aSxqsQsVV ssXs [jLiRVRVsj. @ aSryQ[aRPsVVsV RVsyRV
gRiVsVVsV ssVVN]s xqsXztsQNTP xmspsVN]sV VV F~xqsgRiVsV? (19). Vj aSVV,
RXRsaRPRVsVV gRiyLRiVsgRiV A RORPQ xmsoRVV BV saRPLiVVLiRVN]s, A yLRiRVsNRPV
ssVxqsLjiLi, xmsROTPQsVV [zqs xmsosLSsX [s ssWLRisVV[sNTP sLji (20). J
yLRiy! aRPLiVs sVsxqsV= dss[ (FsLRiVLigRiVRVso) .J sVxL<ki! dsso ILiLjigS [NRPsVVsV
LRiVgSRso. dsso sNSLRisVVV [syR\s xqsLRi*y sV}aRP*LRiVs sV[sXRVsV
(AaRPRVsVVsV ) sLRis[lLiRso (21). y NSsVV gRiRs RLRiVyR y NRPVsWLRiVRgRiV RORPQ
xmsxms Rs NRPVsWLRiVV yLRiRVs ss xmssX sWLRisVV sVLiT ]gjiLRis ss sVNTP
RVMLisV (22).
sVVxLRiVxLRiVy[ xqsVxmsR*Li aRPVRLi xmsRsV e aRPVa][R xa][ RORPQ bP+ssWRW
ssWzRM ee 23
@xsWgRiR xqsV{msy ryLiR*RVLi RORPQ sWRsV e aSLi sLi xmsR\lLiQQ+Qs [sLi
xmssVRR ee 24
@R RORPQM FyLiRyLi sVRW xqs xmsLjiryLi*RM e aRPaS*ys xmsoys xqsxxqsLi yxms
s` ee 25
[szms gRiVxqsR xqsVyM zmsyjuy RXRsyM e xmsxqslLi[ RVR zqsy xqs=Q*xmspLRi*RL][
RVRVVM ee 26

sVLi NRPVsWLRiVsV NRPgji RVVLiRV RVMsVVNRPV syssVV @s xmsVsWLRiV xmsVNRPVRW RORPQRV


bPssWRV[ sWzRV\ @s[NRP sRsVVVgS RVMLisV (23). s[sV s NRPVsWLRiVRgRiV RORPVsNRPV
aSLiRsVVgS sVLiRVsVsRVV, \ssVV dRV\sVsRsRVV zms {msxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS JyLjis
(24). y[ BV JyLRi Ts RORPVRV FyLiRs (xmsLiRsVs NRPVsWlLi) RVsV Rs
LRiRVLiRV aRPaRPV*sV }msLRiVgRi s[LiVVsVLij NRPVsWLRiVsV gRissV (25). RXR\sVs sRsVV
gRi A RORPQxmsoRVV NRPWy RLiT[ A[bPLixmsTs y\lLi xms xqsXztsQs [RVg][Lji, RsV rRLRiVV
xmspLRi*sVV zqsj F~Lijs dLRisVVsZNP[ sLji (26).
RRVxmsxqsLRi+y[s suyxmnsW ssVaRPRWM e [xmsoLRixRxmsxqsR xmsLi][ x xqsVsyM ee 27
xmsxqsL][RyLirys \s y* gRi[* yLRiR e xmspLRi*sygRi][ yNRPLi xqsLixqsLRi\sQaRP*LkiLi
gRisV ee 28
RXxmsLiys sWjaRP R*Li sVVs[ssWxmnsVRLRi+sM e @RVa][LRiQ*gRiLi [szms RXsWLRiLi
RVRVVxqsV=yM ee 29
Dyys xa][sxmsaRPRQ\s xqs xmsxmsM e szqs][sWR= s[Vxmso][ RO][Q sVszqs RVMRM ee
30
xmspLRi* sRQ*RQXRLi RORPQ aRPV+aSs RNTP][ XaRPsV e xmsoRyaRPLi aRPVa][y xmsoRa][NRPssVWLjiRM ee
31
A dLRisVVsV xqsQXbPLiRV][Rs[ yLji FyxmssVVV sbPLi, @LiRMNRPLRisVVV aRPVRsWVsV.
yLRiR sRxmsLSRVV\ JLi NSLRisVVsV zmsLiRVRW g]xms RxmsxqsV=sV [zqsLji (27). J
yLRiy! yLRiV xmsxqsXztsQNTP zqsRxmsRVRVLiRgS A xqsLigRi zqs dsso xmspLRi*sVV[ ss[ yLji
sRNRPV s, CaRP*LRiVs ssVVsV xqsLjiLi, sVLRi yLjiNTP Dxms[bPLis (28).
sVxL<ki! @sWxmnsVssVV gRi dsso yLjiNTP rRLRiVV ss sWLRisVVsV Dxms[bPLi, ds yLjis
ss. yLRiV NRPWR rRLRiV sWLRisVV[ xmsRVsLi sWORPQsVVsV F~LijLji (29). @[
xqssVRVsVV[ A RORPQ xmsxmsNTP @s[NRP DyRsVVV NSsssV. y NRPVsWLRiVRV RORPVRV

AaRPLRiRNTPRV\ sVsxqsV= [ y RVMLisV (30). yLRiRVRV xmspLRi*sVV [zqss sRsVVgRis[


BxmsVRV NRPWR [zqsyRs RORPVRV ss sVNTP RVMLisV. ARRV AaRPLRiRNTPRV\
xmsoRa][NRPsVV[ sVWLjiRVRVsV (31).
RVN][R RVLi RO][Qsr RVuRVsV yds` e AgRiRxqsR \yRQ*sVsVgRixNRPLRixqsy ee 32
aSNSsxtsQxqs= RO][Q z L][xtsQsxqsVLjiyRLRiM e Dxms RsWxR jN`P jN`P FR sgRiL>RiRVs ee 33
C RORPVRV ds\|ms N][zmsLi 'dsRV RVxtsvRV' @s NRPWR xmsZNPsV. @sVgRixsVVsV B[ dsso @xmsoRV
@RNRPV \ssaRPsVVs ss (32). a][NRPsVV[ Asxtsv\ RVVs RORPVsNRPV L][xtsQsVV[ @RLRisVV
sZNPsV. ssV RWsLiRs[ jN`P, jN`P (sLiR) @s xmsNTP ssV @xqszLiRVN]ssV (33).
RORPQ DyR e
NTPLi NRPXRLi [sRsVZaP[xtsQ ryRWyLi ryRVLigRiRM eOSQ sWL][sLRiNSyLi \s RLji+R ry=RVNSLji
[ ee 34
VV\ zqsQLRisVVNSyLi [NRPWLRiVWM NRPXRM e sxmnsWRZaP[Q+RVrsdsVuyLi sLRi[Vs aRP# lhi[s [
ee 35
VVs dFyNRPXR W gRiX RQs[RVsWs e sWRLRiLi zmsRLRiLi RQQNSQ* sWORPQsVRs
sRRM ee 36
sLRiRVxqsQ*Li xqsVsLRiQ bP+aRPVkaRPVkRa][sxms e xlLi[M FyL<RiRsV[ z sXy RLRizqs sVWRkM ee
37
RORPVTV xmsZNPsV c
dsNRPV s[sV GsV @xmsNSLRisVVsV [zqss? dsso ryRVs[xtsQsVV[sVs NRPxmss. zmsNRPV
OSQsWLRisVV (xqsyQQxqssVV) sV RWzmsLis. Bj ryRVNRPXRsVV NSRV (34).
yLjiNTPLiNRPsWsVWRV VVsVV sVLiT ssVVNTP NRPVgRi[RV. yLRiV BxxmsLRisVV sVLiT xtsv\Lji.

RRV[s sWxqsgSRso dsso. yLji ZaP[RVxqsV=sNRPV sxmnsWRsVVsV NRPgjiLis (35). sVWRV


VVsVV sVLiT ssVVNTP F~LiRNRPVLiRgS R RLiRVsV sR sWORPQsVVsV g][LRiVy\ BLis
dsT xqssQQzqsLiRV sQQNTP xmsRVRgRiVsV (36). dsNRPV RRV[RV.zqsgRiV @xqs[ [RV. zms Vjs
Rg] yLji RVaRPxqsV=sV @xmsxLjiLis. sVWLRiVRsgRiV dsso sxtsv }qssNRPV[ NRPzqs sXygS
xqsLiRLjiLiRVRVyso (37).
sVVxLRiVxLRiRLi R*sVRL][s[VsRsWRsV e s# s[RQsVR}qssRM xmsRLi [ZNP[xtsv s
zqsLRisV ee 38
aRPaS}ms aRPVy RORPQryQ*Li Ry ryRVxqsLisVRsV e V[R s[aRP*lLi[yLi xqs bPssWRW ssWzRM
ee 39
aSxmsLi xmsRgRi{aRP R*Li xqs sVVs[ sLji*NSLRikM e G xtsQ Gs x ry][ xqsx[ rszms R
xqs*RVsV ee 40
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi j*dW xqsdLi[ yLRiRaSF
ysV RW Ra][syRVM (13).
dsso @s[NRP xmsLSRVsVVV yNRPV @sVLigRisVVyRLjiLis @RsWRsVVRso. dsso zqsLRisVgRiV
ryssVV [sy\ [NRPsVV[ LRiVgSRVRVLiRgRiso (38) @s RORPVRV @xmsoRV ryRVsoNRPV
gRiWR xmspRsgRiV ssV aRPzmsLisV. bPssWRV[ ssWzRVRgRiV yRsNTP CaRP*LRiVs
xqsLiNRPsVV @LRisVV NS[RV (39). J sVxL<ki! dsso sNSLRisVV [s sVsxqsV=][ A aSxmssVVsV
{qs*NRPLjiLis. xsxtsQ @sgS sj[V. } ryRW!gRiysVRV NRPWR BVs[ xqszLiRVsV
(40).
$bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsjRVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizR[ lLiLiRsjRVgRiV xqsd LiR[
yLRiRVsNRPV aSxmssVV @s[ xmsRsVWRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (13).
@R RRVLRia][syRVM

xqsds c sVV
x[yR e
GRzqssLiRlLi[ [ssVVs[ [NRPzmsysVxM e Ry gRisVsVxLi {msy y* RRLjiRLi RVRsV
ee 1
A ryLiR*RVsVxLi RORPQLi xmspLRi*sRV=sRORPQM e@NSL<RiLi [s xqsV}qsxLi Rs xqsV{mssWsxs
ee 2
ry*RLi sVVssLRiLi y*Li xqsV{msy [sssV e xqssWaS*xqs xqssWyRV xmsRxms[
xqs*ysV x ee 3
RRM xmsxmsLRiO][QssVds][ s[V szqsQRWsV e sRWsWxqs RVzRYxqsV=gSxt<sQztsQ xqsLisVyM ee
4
x BV xmsZNPsV c
} [sL<ki! BLiR[ [NRPzmsysVxRsgRiV s[sV ys sXyLiRsVV sLjiLigji, {ms][ s[gRisVVgS
sRNRPV s[zqss (1). sy*LixqsVRsgRiV s[sV xmspLRi*sVVsLiRV s s[ RORPVs JyLjis.
ys][ dsNRPV sVLi }qsxsVVsV NRPgjiLi, dsNRPV sVNTP {mss NRPgjiLis (3). y NRPVsWLRiVRso,
sVVsZaP[xtsvRso, [sRNRPV BxtsvRso @gRiV ssV sVNTP {ms][ JyLji,ssV dxqsVN]s s[sV y
ysVsVVsNRPV [LRiVN]Lis (3). RLRiVyR y[ JyLRiTs RORPQ xmsxms Rs LRiRVLiRV
@LRi\s sVLij xqsVLiRLkisVVgRiV NRPVsWlLisV NRPssV (4).
yryLi syxLi NRPXRys RLSj LRiLiRLijRM eR[s aRPXV xqsV{msy xmssysV sVVdsaRP*LRi ee 5
R_ RaRP xqsVy RO][Q RLSRV sjssVs[ eRWRaRP NRPaRPFyRV sVVs[V ss[LiRs[ ee 6
WyLigjiLRiM NRPXaSZaP[*[ [* [* xmsodM xmsRRys e yL`i OSQQRV yxmsLSM NRPyM xmsxqsW
xmsxqs\sLRiRM ee 7

[NSM xmspLjiyxqs[ sLRiQ[ yxqs][ RW` e ZNP[R*RLi yLi [uyLi


sVRsWLi yxmslLi[ bPysV ee 8
ARRV aRPR][ yLji syxsVVsV RLRiRV sVVRgRiV yLji][ [|qssV. J sVxL<ki! A
sxtsQRVsVVsV sVNTP {ms][ |msRsV. ssVsVV (5). J sVxL<ki! RORPVRV RLRiVsNRPV
xmsjsVLijs, NRPaRPxms sVxL<jiNTP xmsRsVVgRiVLjis, RLiRVsNRPV BLRi\s GRV sVLijs (6), @LigjiLRixqsVsNRPV
BRLjis, NRPXaSaRPV*sNRPV BRLjis, yL`i ORPVQsNRPV sVgjis NRPssV B RVysjgS syxsVVsV
[|qssV. yLji xqsLiyssVV][ (7) sVV[NRPsVVV sLisV. sxqsLRi d[ A ssLRisVVsV xmsV
[RV. xqsd[s |msR NRPVsWlLiRVs N]LiRLRiV sVRsV NRPVsWlLiRVs N]LiRLRiV |msRLRiV (18).
xqsLS*sLiRLRi Li ZNP[R [yRQRVLi R xqs` e @sLiRLRiLi xqsV][R[ xqs=xmsdNRPM xmsxmsM
ee 9
RO][Q R_ xqsV{msyyyLi sVsry gRiRLiNSsV e @RM }mssW R RVuys gjiLS gRiRRRW zxqsM
ee 10
WW WW ssVxqsQXR ryLiLji*sRWs*RM e xqsLiRVuy ry Ry [ds syLRiLi sVs{qs
R ee 11
RZNP[ssyLRiLi dsLjiLi NRPVLSLi xms sxmspLji[V e @R ryxqs sVszqs RORPQxqs gRiRLiNS ee 12
NRPsxtsQ NRPVsWlLi RVs sVLji N]LiRLji sVRsVV. NRP [RsVV[ C sVWRV xmsORPQsVVV xqsRs[V.
NRPVsWLRiVV xmsos RLRiVyR RORPQ xmsxms LRi][ gRiWT (9), sVNTP xqsLiRzqsLis sVsxqsV=
gRiy\ A gRiyRsV sVsxqsV=[ ysLisV. ARRV gRiR RsVgRiV yNRPV][ }mssV][ AsVsV
xqsVLisV (10). AsVNRPV ssRVsVV][ ][zqs VVgji @s[NRP xmssVsVVRLjiLisV. @xmsoy [s
xqsLiRzqsLi sVsxqsV=[ BV RF|qssV (11). s[sV xmssV sLRis[LRiVN]sV\ZNP C dsLjiRVLiRV
@sRLjiLiRsV. BV R A gRiyR RORPVs sVsxqsV[ zqsLRisVVgRisVLisV (12).

sxqs Ryds xqs RO][Q sVVsxqsRsV e xqsVsVWxlLi[yR RO][Qszms xqs*xmsyQQLi sR[ sVVy ee
13
RORPQ xmsyQQxqsy [ bP[yxqs RRWs*y e AsLRi WsobPs ][xRry s \s ee 14
slLi[[ dsLji yR xXxtsQyjNS R ry e bPyyxqs xmsyRV sV sVLigRi LRiWzms ee 15
NRPVxqs xqsLixmsR\ZaPQQs aRPV[bPR xqssVVs[M e sRR xqsVNTPRW RORPQM {msy xmsoLixqssyjNSM ee 16
J sVLRiL<ki! @xmsoy RORPVRV sVNTP DxqssVVgRi sVLisV. @xmsoRV RORPVRV xqsVsVVxLRisVVsLiRV
AsLiRsVV][ LRi][ NRPzqs LRisVLisV (13). @xmsoRV RRWsRVgRiV DsV RORPVs LRi VVNRP
sVsxqsV=[ sszqsLisV. RORPVs LRiNRPV RLRiVyR gRiLji xsVVsRVW RVV [lLisV
(14). sy=! sVNTP AsLiRsVV][ sLiTs sVsxqsV=gRi A dsLji @jNRPsVVgS xmsNSbPLisV. DsV
AsV gRiLRisVV[ sVLiRV[ AsV sV sVLigRi LRiWzmsgS NRPssV (15). RORPVRV Rs
NRPVsVVsNRPV, xqsLixmsRNRPV, sRNRPV, sVsxqsV= VVNRP DyLRiRNRPV @sVLRiWxmssVVgS {ms][ AsVNRPV
xmsoLixqssyj xqsLiryLRisVVsV [LiVVLisV (16).
DR=[sds xqsLiRxqsy [xtsv NRPLRixqsV e sRLi R_ j*[ RVyNSsVLi xmsxmsM ee 17
@R RzqsssxqslLi[ xqslLi[* xLSRRVxqsV=LSM e y* gRiLRi gRiyLi [dsLi dsLji}qs sVVRLi
RVRVVM ee 18
RygRiR R xqslLi[* [ RVxtsvsoLRigRiRLiNSsV e [N][xms NSLRiNRPLjiLi xmssV R sVVxLRiVxM ee
19
NRPXy* RR}qs xy xmsaRPLiryLi xXxtsQsWsryM e RORPQ xmsxms[\ZaPQQs dsLjixqs=Q* gRiXxLi
RVRVVM ee 20
@xmsoy xqsLiryLRi NRPLRiRVLiRV g]xms DR=ssVV LjilgisV. A xmsxms xVNRPV N][LjisLiR
RssVVssV (17). @xmsoRV DsW[s dsLji VVNRP gRiLRisVV[ sVsRs VLjiLigji sxtsvso
sVVRgRiV [sRV AsLijLiLji (18). yLRiLiRLRiV @RNRPV s gRiyRsV xqsVLiLji.

[NRPsVVNRPV DxmsNSLRisVVsV [RVV A RNTP @s[NRP xmsLSRVsVVV xmssVLji (19). @xmsoRV yLRiV
AsLiRsVV][ sLiTs sVsxqsV=V gRiy\lLi RORPQ xmsxmss, dsLjis @s[NRP sRsVVVgS
xmsaRPLizqsLi RsV gRiXxsVVNRPV sLji (20).
gRi[xtsv sssW}qsxtsv NSLRiLiVVy* R NTPNUPsV e gRiLi bPy R xmsplLi[ ry RaRP# s[V sWzqs yLRiR eee 21
AsLRi Ws xmsoLRi][ sWRVxqs=Rxqsy sVVs[ e sVVxlLi[ xqsV[ RLiRgRix yLSsVNRPWZNP[ ee
22
RryLi RV RsWyRVLi xqsV{ms][sr xmsxmsM e \|qss [ds yLi s[Vs[ RXuy* yLi [
rsV ee 23
Ry WRVxtsQ xqsR*QXztsQlLi[xmnsWaRP ssXxmnsVLRisV e jaRPaS+Liy RVRLi RryLi yRWLi R
sVVdsaRP*LRi ee 24
@yRRVLiR RaS aRPV+yys
xqs=LRi*sW{qsRV=sVLigRisV ee 25

gRiyM

*V

aSgRiRVaS+Liy

J yLRiy! ]sVj sWxqssVVV gRiRVsgSs[ RORPVRV NTPNRP NRPLRisV [LiVVLisV. xmsRs sWxqssVV
sLiRgSs[ A DsW[s (21) RsVVLiRV sLis[ AsLRisLisV. xqsVNRPLRisVgRiV A
sVVxLRisVV[ RLiR gRixyLRiV @sVNRPWsVVgRi sVLisV (22). AsV xmsos ][Rs[ xmsxms
FsLiRRVW xqsLiRzqsLisV. [[sVLiRsVV[ RVV yLRiTRVVs A bPaRPVsosV RW AsV[V
[sRVs ARRV sVVLji|qssV (23). @xmsoRV RNRPs xmsoxtsQsXztsQ NRPVLji|qssV. s[VxmnsVsVVV dss
sL<jiLiss. J sVxL<ki! AsV xmsos ssVsLis[ jNRPVV xmsxqsssVVVsV (24). [sRV
ANSaRPsVVsLiRV aRPVyRsVVsV sWgjiLiLji. @gRiVV aSLiRsVVgS xms*Ljiss. xqsLRi*sVV
xqsVsVLigRisWVsV (25).
dsLji[ xqsLiyLi RXuy* RORPQryLi gRiRLiNSsV e ssVxqsQXR NRPL_ y* x RVuys NTPRM
ee 26

RORPVRV dsLji RVLiRV sLis A gRiyRsV RW, [RVV NRP ssVxqsLjiLi, NTP][
xmsVsRsVV xqsVLisV (26).
RORPQ DyR e
sV}aSs ssVxqsVLi gRiRLi[ xqsyRs e NRPXFyLi NRPVLRiV sV[s xqs[ xqsR xqs*LRiWzms ee 27
bPy aSLiy sVsWRW WgRisy gRisLiVW e RW FR[ s[R sjLRisWsV y*Li
zyssV ee 28
RVRW yy gRiR=QXu sRVVNRPryLi xmsoLSNRPL][` e yLi y*Li ssWsV xmsLRisWLi gRiydLi
sV}aRP*LkisV ee 29
RVRW sxtsvLRigRi` zqs\Q sRVVNRPryLi xqsyNRPL][` e yLi y*Li ssWsV xmsLRisWLi gRiydLi
sV}aRP*LkisV ee 30
RORPVTV xmsZNPsV c
} sV}aRP*Lki! gRiyy! dsso xqsyRss. dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV. J sV[ds! RRVsV
RWxmsosVV. xqsRsVV dss[. xqsRsVV ds xqs*LRiWxmssVV (27). s[Rs[RV ssV bPy, aSLiy, sV
sVRW, WgRisy, gRiR=Q*LRiWzms @s sLjiLiRVLRiV. zRsVVsV [gRiWLRiV ssV s[sV
ssVxqsLjiLiRVRVysV (28). xmspLRi*sVV dsso yRsV xqsXztsQNSLRisVV sLiRV sWgjiLiRgS,
ARVs xqsXztsQs [|qssV. @ dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV. dsso sxtsvsosV gRiRORPQ NSLRisVVsLiRV
sWgjiLiRgS,ARRV gRiRORPQsV [|qssV. dsso xmsLRix xqs*LRiWzmss. gRiyRso.
sV}aRP*Ljis (30).
RVRW LRiV][ gRiyZaP[ sRVVNRPryLi xqsysNRPL][` e yLi y*Li ssWsV xmsLRisWLi gRiydLi
sV}aRP*LkisV ee 31
LRixqs=RQ*RsWLRiWFyLi xqsLRi*NSLRiNRPLkiLi xqsy e [s sdsLi [dsLi y*Li ssWsV R yLi bPysV
ee 32

RVryQ*Li sLiR[V[dsLi sy syNSLi xmsLSsV e Rxqs VNTPaRP sVVNTPaRP xqsy NRPLRiR[ zqsy
ee 33
RVryQ*Li xmsRQORPQ][ [s bPyLi xmsaRP FysdssV e Rry saRPLi # s[sVQQNTP Lji*ysy xmsNSbPNS
ee 34
dsso LRiVRVs gRiyaRPsVV N]LRiNRPV sWgjiLiRgS, ARVs @V [|qssV. @ dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV.
xmsLRix xqs*LRiWzmss, gRiyRso, sV}aRP*Ljis dss[ (31). LRixqs=RQ*RsWgRiVNRPsgRiV dsso
sVWLRiV LRiWxmssVV[ xqsLRi*NSLRisVVsV [RVVRVyso. dsso sss. }bPs[! dsNRPV s[sV
ssVxqsLjiLiRVRVysV (32). sR , @sRV ds xqs*LRiWxmss[V. xmsLS[ss @gRiV ssV
ysLiRVysNTP Bx[NRPrs[V gSNRP, sWORPQsVV NRPWR @LRi[ RVLiRVRVLisV (33). J
[ds! FysssgRiV ssV xmsRQORPQsVVgS RLji+LiRVysNTP @sRsV xmsNSbPLixms[RVV sR DRLiVVLi
sVVNTP LiRV saRPRVsVV (34).
[VxqsVsLi gRiyR LRiyds @LiZNP[ R e gRiyLiVW RVlLi[ xqsLRi*Li [uyLi sxtsQ ee 35
J gRiyy! ssV Fss\lLi[ yds! @LiNS! gRiyy! RVLS! @s xqsVLiRL][ yLjiNTP
xqsLRi*sVV zqsjLiRVsV (35).
x[yR e
B xqsVy gRiyy bPy RZOP[Q ksVy eR][yR Ry RORPQLi RVy sWy aRPX[ s ee 36
xqsLRi*Li sVVsWx RRLi R Ry RORPQaRP+QX[RV R` e ysxqsy bPy Fyx y[M xmsLRis[VaRP*Lki
ee 37
x BV xmsZNPsV c
Vj aSRVgRiV RORPVTV xqsVLiRgS, gRiyR RVgRiV A DsV RNTP ssRs sRsVVgS
RORPVs][ BssV (36). ARsVs BRLRiVLiRLRiW sWxsVVsV F~LijLji. AsV sWsV
RORPVRV RNRP BRLRiVV ss[NRPFLiVVLji. A xmsLRis[VaRP*Lji dV @xqsLiNRPsVVV gRiy!(37).

[soyR e
@xsWLSjy xmspLRi*Li xqsVyLRiLi [ xmsxms[ e Czms=RLi Rs zqsRLi RV RF yLRiRV xqsLixms ee
39
[s BV xmsZNPsV c
J xmsxmsd! dsso xmspLRi*sVV ssV NRPVsWlLi NSys N][Lji ALSjLis. dsN][LjiNRP zqsjLisj.
BxmsoRV dsso ds RxmsMxmnssVVsV @LiRVN]Lis (39).
x[yR e
G ssVVNSQ* Ry [ds RORPQLi R ssWRVRW e AryRV\ZaPaRPsLi sLi ssLi[ LRiVL][R ry ee
40
RXuy* zqsNUP xqsVyLRiWxmsLi ssLiRVxqs=LRi* WztsQRM e xqslLi[* FLRiyaSzms RNRPVLRiRVLRisLi Ry ee
41
DR=saRP sVy{qs ysyR xmsoLRixqs=LRisV e RO][QzqsNUP sVVRLi [[ aRPVLi RXuy* xqsVysssV
ee 42
RORPQaRPVQ+NRPVyLRiLi RZNP[ R sjsRy e ysLi R_ j*[ss[aRP RsLi Ry ee 43
x BV xmsZNPsV c
A [s @xmsoRV RORPVs][ sV xmsNTP, Rs sWRV[ sVLRi bPaRPVssVVsV F~Lij, R
xqsdsVxmssVV[ L][jLisV (40). @zqsNTP, sVLjiRVV BRLRi {qsQV @LiRLRiV A bPaRPVso VVNRP
LRiWxmssVVsV RW AsLijLiLji. FLRisVLiRLRiV NRPWy @xmsoRV RVy*ssVVsV [zqsLji (41).
gSssVVV, yRsVV][ gRiWTs g]xms DR=ssVV xmssLjisV. A NRPVsWlLi VVNRP sVLigRi
LRiWxmssVVsV RW RORPVRV sVLjiRVV @zqsNTP AsLijLiLji (42). @xmsoRV RORPVRV RVysjgS s[][NRP

xqsLiryLRisVV][ V NRPVyLRisVVsV NRPWy @sVztsQLisV. xVZNPLiRLjiN][ RssVVsV


yssVV [|qssV (43).
Ws xqsLRi*][ gSsLi sLRisLi R RV][ RsV e s[RVLS*ys xaRPxqsV=sVLigRi xmsoLRixqs=LRisV
ee 44
@R xLSRW [yxqs=lLi[* rysVRLSxqsy esVVsXLi\xqs=sWgRi][R=sLi
RNRPVLRiysj ee 45
RXuy* RORPQ xqsVysVLiLi gRiRM xmsLRis[VaRP*LkisV e s[sVVxqs=ssRWxqs=lLi[* RVxtsvsoaRP aRPV\xqs= \sM
ee 46
DRVxqs=lLi[* xmssVVjy gjiLRiLi RVRWNSsV e xmsaRPaRPLixqsVLRiVy RORPQLi dsLjiLi R sZaP[xtsQRM ee
47
@LiR xqssVVRsVgRiV gSs ysVV][, sVLigRi yRsVV][ DR=ssVV xmssLjisV (44).
@xmsoRV sxtsvso sVVRVgS gRi xqsLRi*[sRV sVxL<ji xqsLixmnsVsVV][ NRPWT s[zqs RVysjgS
DR=ssVV sLiRV FysLji (45). RORPVs NRPVsWlLigS @sRLjiLis gRiyRRVgRiV xmsLRis[VaRP*Ljis
RW sLSLiRLRiV ssRVsVV][ ssVxqsLjiLi aRPVrRsVV][ xqsVLiLji (46). yLRiLiRLRiV
sVNTP AsLijLi RVRV aRPsVVsV xmsNTP, {ms][ RORPVs, xms[NTPLi dsLjis xmsaRPLizqsLiLji
(47).
R][s[V ysV RZNP[ Rry RORPQxqsy RW e xmsaRPryRWxqs=LRi*gRiV xqsyQ*Rzms sVVys*RM ee 48
ysWsys RryxqsV xmsaRPys [NRPRM e sVsVLigRiys[s RVMxmnsWs sZaP[xtsQRM ee 49
RORPQxqsy xLjiLi sy* sWLi xqsLS*ssVLSszms e sVVdsszms NRPL_ y* xqsVy* ysLRi NTPRM ee 50
@R suy*RRVxqs=lLi[* xqsVxmsaRPrysLiRssV e {msy RVRVVxqs=Q*ysWs xqsLixqsLRis xqsbPsLi
bPssV ee 51

@xmsoRV RORPVRV AsV A[ AsVNRPV DsVRVs }msLjisV. AsV VVNRP xmsaRPLizqsLixms Rgjis
xqsLRi*gRiVsVVsV RW ARRV AsLijLisV (48). RLRiVyR AsVNRPV [NRPsVV[
BRLRiysVsVVV NRPlgisV. A ysVsVVsRVW sVsVLigRisVV sRVss[. A ysVsVVV
sZaP[ztsQLi RVMsVVsV Fg]VsV (49). @xmsoRV RORPVRV sxtsvsosNRPV, yNRPV, xqsLRi*[sRNRPV,
sVVsVNRPV [RVV [TLi ssVxqsLjiLi xqsVLi NTP][ ALSjLisV (50). @xmsoRV sxtsvso
sVVRgRiV [sRLiRLRiV x NRPVsWLRiVRgRiV RORPVs xmsaRPLizqsLi AsLiRsVV][
DsWxmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVsV xqsLjiLiRVNRPVLiW RsVRsV ysVsVVNRPV sLji (51).
@RryLi R xqsVyLi sWy xqsVxqsLixqsQXR RV][RsV e bPaRPVFys[s sjy R\|qs#xqsyjNRPLi R_
ee 52
Fyy ryR dsLji RZOP[Q R sVRy e ssX[ aRPVNRP xmsORPQxqs RVy aRPbPNRPs*xsV ee 53
RryLi RV xqsRVxqs=lLi[* ssaRPVLjiQ*xqsRsV e\ZaPaRP# s[szms RVy RLi[ NRPxqs=LS* sV[xLSM ee 54
ARLRiss[s xqsdsVRgRiy RVy e Ry [ LRixqs xmssWsVs*xLi sVVxM ee 55
@xmsoy R bPaRPVsosV RVyWgRisVVgS xqsLixqsLjiLi AsVNRPV xqsssVV s LisV (52).
sVRVRgRiV RORPVRV sVLjiRVV dsLji AsVsV |msLiRVRVLiTLji. AsV aRPVNRP xmsORPQsVV[s RLiRlLi[
s jsjs xmssLRisWs\V szqssV (53). J xZaP[uy! AsVRVLiRV
xqsRVsVVsRVW xmss[bPLiss. AsV sVVsLi[ sV[xLRisVgRiV NRPsLi][ gRiWTs
RLiRVss sLSsV (54). AsV xqsVLSLiR sVR[ sVsxmsVRV Rs sVsxqsV=[s
ssVVsNRPV @sVLRiWxmssVVgS xmsjssVV @s[NRP xmsLSRVsVVV bPsos RsVVsV
LiRVRVLiTj (55).
RVy g_ xqsVgkiys bPy [ys ry e Ry ryVLi xLRiLi LRiVRLi xqsryLRi xqsLRiaSxqsssV ee
56
ssX[sds RLixms][M xmsRxLi NRPLRiVsRV eRry [szms NSRWxqsWLjiRLi
sVVxLRiVxM ee 57

xqsLRi* gRiVNSLiy xqsy ry*RVNSLji e ][xtsQRWsWxqs zmsRL_ sRLi sRLi


sVVxLRiVxM ee 58
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi xqsdLi[ xqsds d
sLRisLi ysV RRVLRia][syRVM (14).
AsV sxqsNRPV Rgjis FysV FyRVRW ryVso, xLRiVRV, LRiVRVRV, xqsLRiaSxqssVRV
(sVsRVs sRVLiLis yRV) Byj bPsysVsVVsV xqsLjiLiTj (56). AsV sVV
sVLiTRVW xms jssVV NRPVLSs xmssLjiLiRVsV gSLis A RRLiRVNRPV ry[s NRPLRiV
NRPgji sXj F~LiRsV (57). gRiVsVVsLi][ NRPWTRVVs A xqs xmsjssVV
yssVVsLiRV ssVgRiVLSgRiVRW, @s[NRP xmsLSRVsVVV RRLiRVNRPV AsLiRsVVsV
NRPgjiLisV (58).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsj RVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizR RVLiRV xqsdLiRsVV[ xqsd s
sVLjiRVV dV @s[ xmsRVys @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (14).
@R xmsLiRRa][syRVM
sLiysRsVV c bPsxqsV
x[yR e
@\NRPy zmsRVM FylLi[+Q* xtsQLidLi yLi xqsdsVxsV e R*RW xqsx sVVs[syORPQLi ryLRiWyLi
[NRPZNP[ ee 1
zmsy ssVxqsQXRLi dsORPQ xqsRQXRLi y*Li R sWLi xqsd xmsysV sVVy NSQ
[NRPdsVryLji ee 2

xmssWLi[ xqsdLi dsORPQ RORPQRR aRPVxqss[ e zqs][sxLi yLRiR R*Li R ssysVxsWgRiRsV ee


3
y*s[Vs RVM NSsVRV[ RVLi RV NSsVRV}qs xqs e RsWxmsoz xmsLi [sLi xqsLRi*Li
gRikaRP*LRisV ee 4
x BV xmsZNPsV c
J sVVds! RLRiVyR INRPyRV s[sV ds][ gRiWT RLiT xmsNRPs sTRVVs A xqsd [ss
RWs. sVV[NRPsVV ryLRiWR\sVs xmsNRPX AsV[V (1). RLiT dsNRPV, yNRPV ssVxqsLjiLi
xqsRLjiLiRVsV RWs xqsd[s AsLiRsVV][ [NRPdsV @sVxqsLjiLiRVs\ NTP][ sVsNRPV
ssVxqsLjiLisV (2). J yLRiy! sVssVRLRisVV RORPVs[ CRVTs aRPVxqsssVV sLiRV
NRPWLRiVLiT RVVLisV. @xmsoRV ssVryLRisVV [zqs ssRVsVVgS sTRVVs xqss RW s[sV
BLis (3). ssV FssRV GNSLiR sxtsQ][ }mssVLiRVRVy][, J xqsd! Fssss dsso
}mssVLiRVRVy[ @ xqsLRi*RVxqs,gRiRQVso @gRiV [s [sos LRigS F~LiRVsVV (4).
W yyLi gRiX} yzms gRiX s gRi{xtsQ e RWLi xqs[ xmsLRiWRWRss
xqsRXaRPaRPV+[ ee 5
BRVQQNSQ* xqsVLRiLi yLi \s zqsy* ROSQ[V xmsosM e sxqsXu [s xqsLiRWf xqs*rysLi f R
yLRiR ee 6
RO][QSsR xqsV{msRxqsyNRPLRiQ gRiR*LRiM e AR[ RsRWLi ry*Li yLi sVy* z xmsLRis[VaRP*LkisV
ee 7
BRLi s\lLi LRiV\lLiM N_sW\lLi LRiQ NRPsR= e ssryLi N_sWLkiLi }qs*yRXRsLSNRPXM ee 8
G CaRP*LRiVRV BRLRi {qsQs {qs*NRPLjiLiR[][, {qs*NRPLjiLiRV [][, sxtsQRV[ {qs*NRPLjiLiR][ ARRV
dsNRPV LRiRVgRiVgSNRP! J aRPVNRPLki! ds LRiNRPV ry sVLjiVVNRPLRiV [LRiV (5). yLRiy!sVssVV BV
xmsNTP y}qsxmso RORPVs BLi[ sVLiT AsVsV RWsV. RLRiVyR RORPVRV rygRisLixmsgS

xqs*ryssVVsV F~LijsV (6). A sWsV ss RORPVRV sVNTP xqsLiRzqsLisV. ARs LiR


]lgisV. ARRV Rs NRPVsWlLisV RgRiLRiNRPV dxqsVN]ssV. AsV xmsLRis[VaRP*LjiRVs ARRV FsLRiVLigRiVsV
(7). NRPsR=, }qs*R[ RLjiLixmsTs sWsyNRPX gRij RVgRiV xqsd[s C dLRiVs sVVsV
@LiRsVgRiV A Fy][ gRiTzms, NSNRPsVsVV[sxqssV y FsjlgisV (8).
Li sdR ry Fyxms NTPLi_ssyLi xqsd e @ds RsVyLilgi[s xqsLS*Lilgi[xtsv sV[xLS ee 9
RORPQryLi dsORPQ [ZNP[aRPM FjyLiRLRi*RVzqs= ysV e LiRRWsWxqs LSRV NRPRLi yxqs
BsWLi xqsVysV ee 10
@R ryzms xqs*RVLi LRiLi FyxmsoQ\sVRR ys*xsV e zmsRVLRi[gRiLi y* sWRVLji
NRPsWgRisV` ee 11
xmsxmsyLi RF }][ aRP+LiNRPLRixqs sdsRkM e sWRVbP+yR dsLjiry= xqsd xmsLRis[VaRP*Lki ee 12
A xqsd[s sVVsV y RsssVV[ @RVgjisV. AsV xqsLS*RVs xqsVLiRLji\V
RVVLisV. AsV xqsss [xsVV][ a][sV (9). RORPQ xmsxms RsssVV[ @RVgjiTs
AsVsV RW, CsVsV bPsosNRPV B syxsVVsV [RVV FsRVs A[LisV (10). AsV
NRPWy @[ NSsVV[ bPsos LRigS F~LiRsss g][lLisV. AsV RLiT sVsxqsV=sV FsLjiLigji R
sRNRPV ssV (11). xmsLRis[VaRP*LjiRVgRiV A xqsd[s ssRVsVV][ NRPWTs sVsxqsV=gRi\, bPsos
D[bPLi RxmsxqsV=sV[RVV\ZNP RRVgRiV dsLjis @sVsVs g][lLisV (12).
RRxqs=d sV}aSsLi xmsLi FyxmsoLi RXRsy e ry RsWLSRRWsWxqs gRiX} sWRVLRisVRW
ee 13
@bP*s[ sWzqs sLiyRWLi yysLRi NTPRM e gRiV_R\sxqs=s\QL>RiLRiLi sy* syRV RsV ee
14
NSLjiNRPxqs RRVLRiaSsVxmsp\|msM FyRV\|qsLRizms e xqssWNUPlL^ixqs=sWLSR xqsryLRi xmsLRis[VaRP*LRisV ee 15

sWLRibdPlL<i[szqsyxtsQsWLi xqs\xqs= RV_R\sM e xmspLiVVy* xLRiLi OUPQ \lLiLjiyRV jsrys xqsd ee


16
RXRsVgRiV sRsVVgRi xqsd[s sV}aRP*LRiVs LRigS F~LiRV N]LRi\ZNP R @sVsV F~Lij
BLiRVLiRV ARVssV ALSjLisV (13). AsV AaRP*RVVsWxqssVV[ FyRsV, xtsQztsQ, GNSRbP
RVRVLiRV xmsox[LRisV, sVRVLSssVVsV \ss[RsVT bPsos NTP][ xmspLiRVRW gRiT|mssV
(14). NSLkiNRP RRVLRibPyRV RNRPgS RRWLRiV[zqss @xmssVVsV, FyRVxqssVVsV \ss[RsVT
xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVs ALSjLisV (15). sWLRibdPL<Ri NRPXuyxtsQsV yRV ds][ @}tsQNTPLi RVsysxmso
@ssVVsV \ss[RsVT xqsd[s bPsos sVLRi Fy][ @}tsQNTPLisV. AsV jssVVds dLRiVs
gRiT|mssV (16).
F}tsQ RV aRPVNRP xqsxmssWLi NRPXy* gRiLRiLi sbP e @xmspRVsLi FyRM NRPXaRPLSs[s ry xqsd ee
17
sW}mnsV RV xmspLRisWryLi NRPXy* gRiLRiLi sbP e ALRiQsryQ skdlLi[sNRPL][RLiNRPLRi xmspssV ee
18
RxmsxqszqsR WyRWLi NRPXy* gRiLRiLi sbP e sZaP[xtsQRxqs=sWsLRi \ZaPW\|tsQxqs=LRi*RWsVxqsV ee 19
\[ aRPVNRP RRVLRiaSLi xms\ZaPQLRisV\sbP+ssV e @xmspRVjyLSf xqsLixqsLRis ry syRV RsV ee
20
xmsoxtsQ aRPVNRP xqsxmssVyRV LSRVLiRV gRiLRisVV [zqs , A xqs DRRVsVV NRPWLRigSRV][ NRPzms
sLiTs @ssVVsV bPsosNRPV \ss[RsVT xmspLisV (17). AsV sWxmnsVxmspLjisV yRV LS
RVLiRV gRiLRisVV [zqs RT ][ sk dLRisVVLiRV aRPLiNRPLRiVs xmspLisV (18). FnyV NRPXxtsQ
RRVLRibP yRV LS gRiLRisVV [zqs yV RWsVsVV RVLiRV sWlLi[RV RsVV][ sZaP[xtsQ
xmspsV [|qssV (19). \R aRPVNRP RRVLRibP yRV AsV LSLigRi bPsos sWRVgRiV
xmsoxtsQsVV][ sVLjiRVV RsVssVV @s[ xqsVgRiLij xmsRsVV][ xmspLisV. sVLjiRVV A
sWxqssVVsV bPsyssVV][ gRiT|mssV (20).

LSRaRPVNRP RXdRWRWLi LRiRV_R\sM e xmspLiVVy* xqsd LRiVRLi s\sQLSxqsLi syRV


RsV ee 21
[xtsQxqs xmspLjisWRWLi \s LSf xqsLixmsp aRPLiNRPLRisV e sxqss\sLRixd xmso\|tsQ#LjiLSLS
syRV RsV ee 22
AuyRxqs RRVLRiaSLi aRPVNSRWLi NRPXxtsQyxqsry e XxdNRPVxqsV\sVM xmsp LRiVR ryNSLji\s RRW
ee 23
aSsxqs zqsyxtsQsWLi RRVLRiaSLi R ry bPssV e RV[xmsds\ LS*rM xmss\QLRixmsxmspRV`
ee 24
[ NRPXxtsQRWRaSLi xmso\|tsQ#LSys\M xmns\M e xqsLixmsp R RRVLRiaSLi RNSLRi [ssV
ee 25
\saS aRPVNRP RjRVyRV xqsd[s sVso* ALRisVVsV, s @ssVVsV \ss[RsVT LRiVRVs
xmspLisV. AsV A ssV @[ dLRiVs ALSjLiRVRW gRiT|mssV (21). [xtsQxmspLjisVyRV
LSRVLiRV AsV aRPLiNRPLRiVs sWR sxqsQsVV][, sVLjiRVV Xxd xmsoxtsQsVV][ xmspLi
DxmsyxqssVV [|qssV. AsV A sWxqssVVsV B ALSRs][ gRiT|mssV (22). AsV AuyR aRPVNRP
RRVLRibPyRV ss sxqsQsVVsV RLjiLi Xxd xmsoxtsQsVV][ LRiVRVs xmspLisV (23). aSs
aRPVR @xtsQsVyRV, sVLjiRVV RRVLRibPyRV AsV bPsos RV[ xmsdRsVVsV xmssRsVgRiV
sxqsQsVVsV xqssVLjiLi xmspLisV (24). AsV RxmsR NRPXxtsQ RWRbPyRV, sVLjiRVV
RRVLRibPyRV yysRsVV xmsoxtsQsVV][, xmnssVV][ bPsos xmspLi, dss sWRs[V ygji
DxmsszqsLisV (25).
yys\M xmns\M xmso\|tsQ# xqs=Q\|qs#xqsy xqsLi# \sM e RZNP[ xqsVsRVyLRi xmsy}qs bPyLRissV ee
26
xqsLRi*sW}qs xqsLRi*js[ bPyLRisLRiy xqsd e RXRsyss[ds }qs*yRXRsLSNRPXM ee 27

BRLi sLiysRLi NRPXR=QLi xqssWxms xqsVxqssWzy e R_bPsLi xqsd }mssW saRP


WRsskM ee 28
GRzqssLiRlLi[ [y sVVsRVaS sVVs[ e sxtsvLi sWLi R xmsoLRixqsQXR RVRVVLRiQxtsvLi
xqsdRxmsM ee 29
AsV @s sWxqssVV RVLiRV g]xms ALRisRVsVsVV gRi\ ARW VVRVso[ LiRV
xqsxqssVV][ \ss[RsVVsV RRWLRiV[|qssV. ARW VVRVso[ LiRV xmsoxtsQsVV][
xmspLi xmnssVVsV NRPWy \ss[RsVT bPsos @LjiLi sVLiRsVVsV zmsLisV (26). Rs
BR[ sWsyNRPXs RLjiLis A xqsd[s sWxqssVVs][ xmsjssVV RXR kORPQ][
bPyLRisRVLiRV gRisVVsV (27). A xqsd[s sVNTP aRPR][ sLiy sRsVVsV C dLRiVs
sVVgjiLi, BRLRi sxtsQRVsVV\|ms xmsxqsLjiLiRNRPVLiRgS saRPsVVgRisVs sVsxqsV=][ bPsos }mssV
xmspLRi*NRPsVVgS ysLisV (28). J sVxL<ki! BLiR[ [sRV, sVxL<RiVV @LiRLRiV sxtsvsosV,
ssV sVVLijRVN]s, xqsd[s VVNRP RxmsxqsV=sV NTPLiRVNRPV RVV[LjiLji (29).
RXuygRiR xqsd [\sLRiWQQLS zqsjLjiyxmsLS e bPsys sVsVgS zqsysryLi gRiy Ry ee 30
RNRPVxqs=lLi[* xqsVLSxqs=Q\Q sVVy ryLiW ssV e sVVsRVaRP sRxqsLiy suy*yM
{msRsWsryM ee 31
@R xqslLi[* xqsVxmsxqsy suy*yaRP xqsVLRiL<RiRVM e xmsaRPaRPLixqsVxqsxmsxqsry xqs=yxqsryR=sxqsRWM ee
32
RRM xmssV yLi [dsLi xmsos}qs sVVsRVxqsV=LSM e gRiVLjiLjisLRiLi xqsRM \ZNPxqsLi bPsssVee
33
[sRV @RNRPV s, sVWLkisLis Rxmszqs=j ssVsj, bPsos yssVVsLiRV
xmspLRisVVgS ssVgRiQQ\sVsj, zqsRV @sxqssV F~LijRVVsj @gRiV xqsd[ss RLji+LiLji (30).
[sRLiRLRiV, sVVsVV sVLjiRVV sxtsvso sVVRgRiV yLRiV {ms][ gRiWTs sVsxqsV= gRiy\lLi
AsLiRsVV][ bPLRixqsVsLi ][zqs VVgji xqsd[sNTP ssVxqsLjiLiLji (31). @xmsoRV sxtsvso sVVRgRiV

[sRV, VVxtsvV sVNTP AaRPLRisVVsV F~LijLji. yLRiV xqsd[s VVNRP RxmsxqsV=sV RWzqs
sVNTP xmsxqssVQQ\ AsVsV N]sRWTLji (32). A [sRV, VVxtsvV A xqsd[sNTP sVLRi
xmssV, sLis[ bPsosNTP zmsRVsVgRiV \ZNPxqs xmsLRi*R LSsVVsNRPV sLji (33).
rysd xqszRaSxLi xqsx OSQQQ sVVys*RM e yxqsV[[szms gRiys gSsWR xLSLiNRPsV
ee 34
gRiy* RR xmsVLi RXuy* xqsVxmssV xqsVxqsLisWM e RVxtsvso Lji*s\ rQ=Q\QM NRPL_ y*
sssVNSM ee 35
xqsLRixqs*d xqsyRVRsgRiV s[sV, OUPQ [s][ NRPWTRVVs yxqsV [s gRiysVRV NRPWy
AsLijLiRVRW bPsos xqssjNTP ssV (34). @RNRPV s bPsxmsVsosV RW ]VFyV][
xmssV [RVV [TLi ssR rRsVV][ xqsssRVsVVgS xqsVLisV (35).
[y ERVM ee
ssW gRis[ RVLi RVR GRRLSRLRisV e xmsoLRiVuyRV sV}aSRV xmslLi[aSRV sVRs[ ee
36
Aj dRV xqslLi[*uyLi RWFyRV xmsLSRV R e x[ sLji*NSLSRV xmsNRPX[M xmsoLRiVxtsQxqs R ee
37
RV BRLi xms xmsLi[RLi [Vs[RLi sRNSzqs z e RVryjRLi RVRZaP[RLi RV}qsRLi R*Li R
RVRRM ee 38
WsryRLRiryR xmsL][ sLji*NSLki sVxmsVM eCORPQ[ RVry=Q*RdsRLi RLi syxqs=Q
xqs*RVLiVssV ee 39
[sRV xmsNTPLji c

gRisLiRVRV, xmsoLRiVxtsvRV, sV}aRP*LRiVRV, xqslLi[*aRP*LRiVRV, xmsLRisWRVRV @gRiV dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV.


C RLSRLRigRiRV dssVLiT DRsLisj (36). xqsLRi*FyV Aj NSLRisVV, RssVV, xmsNRPX
xmsoLRiVxtsQ sNSLRi LRizR xmsLRixsVVsgRiV dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV (37). FssRV C gRiRWxmssVVs
sVy][, Fsss[ C gRiRV xmsNSbPLiRVRVs][, Fsss sVLiT DRsLis][, FsssNTP
xqsLiLijLi Ds][, Fsss RVLiRV dssVgRiV[ @ xmsLRisWRso dss[. dsNRPV
RVRxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS ssVxqsLjiLiRVRVysVV (38). Bx xmsLRi[NRPsVVNRPV @dRVRV, sLji*NSLRiVRV,
sVxmsVso, xqs*RVLiVso @gRiV dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV. dsso ds ARRVLiRV C gRiRVsV
RLji+LiRVRVyso (39).
@sRRXN`P xmsLRiry=QOUPQ xqsLS*yss[NRPLRiWxmsRXN`P e AR WRM xmsLRix RxmsLiRLi aRPLRiLi gRiyM ee
40
s RVxqs [y VVxtsQRVzqs=yaRP s sRVM xmsRsV e NRPM xmsosLRiLiRVLRixmsL][ RVsVL>Ri s[jRVsV ee
41
jRXORPQ [RVxqs xmsRLi sVVNRPxqsLigS xqsV=ryRsM eRLjiRLi xqsVgRiLRiQxqsQ*Li xqs[NRPsRsVssV ee 42
R*yjsNSLS [ sRLi[ ZNP[szms RVMyM e Ryzms sWRVRW R*Li z gRiXzqs NRPXxmsRW R
ys ee 43
R\|qs#ssVM xmslLi[aSRV RVsWaRPLRi NRPLRi[ e ssW gjiLSLi sRWLSRV x[ xmsLRisWRs[ ee
44
@sWxmnsVsVgRiV RXztsQ gRiyRV, xmsLRisWR, ryOTPQ, xqsLS*R, @s[NRP LRiWxmssVVsV RLjiLiRVyRV,
@sNTP ARQ\VsyRV, xmsLRix, RxmsxqsV=sV [RVVRVsyRV @gRiV ssV aRPLRiV s[RsV
(40). ds xmsRsVVsV [sRV, VVxtsvV, sVLjiRVV zqsRVV NRPWy FsLRiVLigRiVsV. BRLRi FyV[
Fss*LRiV ssV FsLRiVLigRi gRiLRiV? (41). ds xmsRsVVsV RWRg][Ljis sWssoV xqsLigRisVVsV dsT
ryRVsogRiVRVyLRiV. ds RLjiRsVV sWNRPV sWORPQsVVsRVsV. [NRPsVVsV dssVLiT[V
xqsXztsQLissW, dsso ssVV (RsVV) [s yRso (42). dsNRPV RVMsVVs[ yj

sNSLRisVVV [sVRVW [so NSs, dsso sWRW[ RRV][ ys {qs*NRPLjiLiRVRVyso (43).


xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV, AaRPLRiNRPLRisVgRiV NRPLRisV [RVVyRV, sWNRPV @LiRs yRV, xmsLRix,
xmsLRisWR @gRiV dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV (44).
@LRiWFyWLRiV LRiWFyRV xmsLSRWsLiRaRPNRP[V e [NRPxmsR[V xqsLRi*ryOTPQ[ xqsLRi*gSRV R ee 45
ssV AR xmskFyRV sLS* xqsVxqsLixms[ e yRs[ ssV}qssxqsV yxmsNS[VaRP*LSRV R ee 46
\sxtsQlLi[Q xqsVRV \ZNPs xmsR[V ssVM e xmsoLRiVuyRV xmslLi[aSRV ssV}qs xqsLRi*yRV R ee
47
ZOP[Q R RWR LRiWFyRV xqsLRi*xmsR RV}Rs[ e xqsLS*RQOSQRV sVx[ sVW xmsNRPXR[V
ssVM ee 48
LRiWxmssVV [syRV, |msR LRiWxmssVV gRiyRV, @sLiRaRPNTP gRiyRV, sVV[NRPsVVNRPV xmsVso.
xqsLRi*ryOTPQ, xqsLRi*sVVsV F~LijRVVsyRV (45), ARLRiWxmsoRVgS sVLiT xqsLRi*sVVsV xmsNSbPLixms
[RVVyRV, sWORPQxqs*LRiWxmsoRV, AsLiRxmnsVsVRV, sxmnsVsVRV, xqsLRi*yxmsNRPVRV, xqsLRi*sVVsNRPV
xmsVso (46), xqsLRi*NRPLRi xqsyQQxqs WgRisVV[ [NRPgS LiRVyRV, sWORPQsVVsRV xmsVso,
xmsoLRiVxtsQ xqs*LRiWxmsoRV, xqslLi[*aRP*LRiVRV, xqsLRi*sVVsRVyRV (47), [xsVVsLiRVLi[ ryOTPQ, AR
LRiWxmsoRV, sV[sXRVsLiNUP NSLRi\sVsyRV, xqsLRi*sVVsNRPV @RQORPVRV, xqssVztsQ Vj
xqs*LRiWxmsoRV, sVW xmsNRPX xqs*LRiWxmsoRV @gRiV xmsLRisWRNRPV ssVryLRisVV (48).
s[ y[VxtsvsNSQRV xqsyryRV [ ssVM e xqslLi[*LijRVgRiV R}tsQ suyLRi ssWsxqsV[
ee 49
[NRPNSLRiRWyxmssLSRV ssW ssVM e @xmssLRi xmsyRWaRPV aRPLRi gRiR yLji[ ee 50
xqsLS*sWRW gRisWyLi ][RR[V xmsLRis[VztsQs[ e xmsLSRVRV NSyLi gRiVyLi R
ssWsxqsV[ ee 51

ssW gRiVLRiRs RWuyRV sV}aRP*LRi e sVWR RVuyQxms LRiWFyRV s xXy*zqss[


xqsy ee 52
sVWRV s[RsVVV gRiyRV, bPLRixqsV= ssVNRP sVVsV RLjiLisyRV, xqsRsVRV, RsVRV,
BLijRV gRiVsVVsLiNTP ryOTPQ, NSLRisVV [syRV (49), sVV[NRPsVVNRPV NSLRi\sVsyRV,
sWORPQxqs*LRiWxmsoRV, bdPxmnsVsVVgRi sWORPQsVV sRVyRV, aRPLRiV F~Lijs yLjis LRiOTPQLiRVyRV (50),
xqsLRi*s[R aSxqsQsVVNRPV |mssj, xmsLRis[VztsQ xqs*LRiWxmsoRV, NRPVNRPV F~LiRRgjis xqsLRi*ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV
ryssVV @LiVVsyRV, xqsLRi*xqsRV sj (51), xqsRQ*LRixqssWgRiVsVVV @s[ @LRi[
yRVVLiRTs RsVRV, sV}aRP*LRiVRV, sVWRV[ F~LiR aRPNRPsVV NSs LRiWxmssVV gRiyRV,
sV xXRRVsVV[ sR syzqs @gRiV bPsosNRPV ssVryLRisVV.(52).
xmsaRPVFyaRP ssWOSQRV NRPxqssVQQNTP yRV Re xqs*xmsNSaSRV syRWsRW RWxqsxqsLis[ ee 53
xmsRgRiQ}tsQssNSLSRV xmsLRi\sVaRP*LRi yLji[ e RVLi Li RRVLRi*LRiLi NSsVRVLidxtsQ xqsRsV ee
54
rsWRNRPLRiVxqsQ*Li sM xmsxqs[ s [ ssVM e GNSLisM NRPLiRyLRiLi NS yLiRLi RVxqs s
ee 55
ZNP[sLi RLjiRLi [ [ gSRVLi xmsLRisVLigRisV e @ORPQLRiLi xmsLRisVLi x RsVsQQNSNRPXLi sVsV
ee 56
@yR WgRigRisVLi y*Li xmsLjixmspLRiLi xqsVsW sRVsV e @dLijRVsVyyLRiLi
xqsLS*yLRisV}RVNRPsV ee 57
@sLiR sWRLi xqsWORPQ Li y*Li xmssWsWs[aRP*LRisV e
so LiRsVVsV Fg]VyRV, NRPVNRPV xqsRWxmssVgRiV sVVNTPs BRVyRV,
xqs*xmsNSaRPxqs*LRiWxmsoRV, sRVRV, yaRPsVV[syRV, sxmnsVsVR (53), xmsRgSR LRiWxmsoRVgS
sVLiT xqsLRi*sVVsV RWRVyRV, NSs sNSLRisVVV [syRV, xmsLRis[VaRP*LRisVVsV

RLjiLiRVVsyRV @gRiV xmsLRisWRNRPV ssVryLRisVV. ssV }qssLiRVyLjiNTP


RLSLRiNSsVsWORPQsVVV sVLjiRVV @ztsQRsVgRiV xqsR LiRVsV (54). @ dsso sW RVLiRV
RRVsV dsTs. sW\|ms xmsxqssVRso NRPsVV. dsNRPV sVsryLRisVV. ds GNSLiR NRPVV G
sxqsVso\sssW N][LRiLRiV (55). yLRiV xmsLRisV sVLigRiNRPLRisVgRiV ds RLjiRsV sWRs[V gSssVV
[|qsRLRiV. @ORPQLRi xmsLRix, @sQQNRP xqs*LRiWxmsoRV, xqsLRi*yzms (56), @yRWgRisVV[
F~LiRRVyRV, xmsLjixmspLRiVRV, BLijRVsVVNRPV g][RLRisVV NSsyRV, AyLRisVV[syRV,
xqsLRi*sVVsNRPV AyLRi\sVs yRV, NSLRisVV [s yRV @gRiV ssV s[VsVV xqsVLiRVRVysVV (57).
@sLiRVRV, ARVRV, BLijRWg][RLRiVRV, xqslLi[*aRP*LRiVRV @gRiV dsNRPV xmssVV RVysVV.
xLSRWs [yxqsy [NSaRPLSRLSM ee 58
ysVLRiWxmss[[s xmns* R NRPRW NRPXyM e RVyLjiuslgi[ xqs=sRVLSLi sLSLi yxqsNRPX`
ee 59
gRixqsRVxqsyRVLi \s xmsyx[ g_ DR[ e s R*Li [[sxqsVL][ sVL][Q s LRi s j*M
xms[ ee 60
s {qsQ s xtsQLi][ s xmsosWs xqsRxqss R NTPLiRs e s}tsQRZaP[xtsQxqs=LRi*Li R*Li saRP*NRPXj*aRP*FyNRPM ee
61
saRP*RV NRPXj*aS*y xmsyxqs=Qxms dsVaRP*LRisV e
sxtsvso sVVRgRiV xqssVxqs [sRsV, [NRPsVVsV, RLSRLRi gRiRVsV dsso ysVLRiWxms[RsVV
NRPVgRiVsVgS @xmsRVRsVV[ sLjiLis (58). @gji sVLiT sxqsV LigRisVVV s,
xqsWLRiVs sVLiT NTPLRisVVV s C gRiV xmsyx LRiWxms\sVs gRiRV ds sVLiT DRsLi
sVLRi ds[ dssVgRiVRVsj (59). } xms[! ds so [sRso NSRV, LSORPQxqsVRso NSRV,
sWssoRV NSRV, xmsaRPVso NSRV , xmsOTPQs NSRV (60). dsso {qsQ NSRV, sxmsoLixqsNRPVRso NSRV,
xmsoLRiVxtsvRso NSRV, xqs` NSRV, @xqs` NSRV, RssVV NSRV xqsLRi*sVVsV s}tsQjLiRgS sVgji[

@R*RVRRQ*s[V dsso. saRP*sVVsV sLjiLi, FyLi (61), RVsVVsV [RVV saRP* xqs*LRiWxmsoRso
dss[. xqslLi[*aRP*LRiVRsgRiV dsNRPV xmssVVRVysVV.
WgRiLRiLijRNRPLS[ RVLi xmsxmsaRPLi WgjisM ee 62
WgRi xqsLis[ [ Wlgi[aRPLi y*Li sy sRVsV e ssWsxqsV [sxqsxs[gRi aRPNTPRRV
RLiVWsVRV ee 63
ssVM xmsxqss FyRV ssV}qs WLjiaRPNRP[V e NRPjLijRWLi RVlLi[aS syxms xmsLRisLRiQs[ ee 64
N][ yLRi LRiyRWR ssV}qs gRiWRsLRi}qs e RVRQ NSQxLi kRWysLi xRLi s[R s
sVWRkM ee 65
RLi RVLRiRRV sVRQLi y*Li s yM r sVxmsVsV e
WgRiVV, WgRisVV[ aRPVR\sVs NRPLRiV gRiy\lLi, WgRisVV[ sLji\sVs RsVV sLiRV
Wlgi[aRP*LRiVRsgRiV ssV RLji+LiRLRiV. @ ssV s[VsVV ssVxqsLjiLiRVRVysVV (62). ds
s[gRisVV xqszLixmsLSsj. By aRPNTP NTPRWaRPNTP s aRPNRPVV, VVgRiry=sV s[RsVVV ds
xqs*LRiWxmss[V (63). aRPLRiV s yLjis LRiOTPQLiRVyRV, @sLiR aRPNTP sVLiRVRV @gRiV dsNRPV
ssVryLRisVV. DsWxmsd!BLijRV sgRixsVV[s yLjiNTP F~LiR aRPNRPsVV NSs ssWLRisVV dsj
(64). NRPVsVRLjiLiRV RVLiRV {ms gRi dsNRPV ssVryLRisVV. ds xmsNSaRPsVV sgRiWRsVVgRi
sVLiRVsV. ds sWRW aRPNTP[ s[sV sWxsVVsV F~Lij, sVWLRiVR\s ds sVzsVsV, y
@xqssVLRiRsV VxqsVN]s [NRPFs (65). ds sVzsV @FyLRisVV. sVxmsVsgRiV ssV s[VsVV
ssVxqsLjiLiRVRVysVV.
B xqsVy* sV[sLi xqslLi[* suy* jNSxqsV=LSM ee 66
RW{tsQsWxqss xms[LRilgi[ xqsRQ NTP sR NRPLiRLSM ee 67
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi xqsdLi[ sLiysR sys
bPsxqsV sLRisLi ysV xmsLiRRa][syRVM (15).

suy*j [sRLiRLRiV sV [sos C sRsVVgS xqsVLi (66), A xmsVso VRV sVLi


NTP][ ryuyLigRi xmssVsVVsV [zqs, sVsNRPVLiTLji (67).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[s lLiLiRsjRVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizRRVLiRV lLiLiRsjRVgRiV
xqsdLiRsVV[ sLiy sR syssVV, bPsxqsV @s[ xmsRV\sRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (15).
@R uRa][yRVM
sxtsvso, x bPsos xqsVLiRV
x[yR e
B xqsVLi R xLSj NRPXRsWNRPLRiQ aRPLiNRPLRiM e Wy xmsxqs[ z sxqs R xqsWNRPX` ee 1
x sxtsw RV RXuy* f xqs{qsQN_ xqsLigRif xLRiM e RV][RLi xqssW xtsQ xmsxmsygRisVsLi
RWM ee 2
x BV xmsZNPsV c
sxtsvso sVVRgRiV [sRV [zqss C rRsVVsV ss xqsLRi*NSLRi NSLRiVRgRiV aRPLiNRPLRiVRV sVNTP
xmsxqssVQQ\ sVLiRxqssVVsV [|qssV (1). x, sxtsvsosV LRi][ xqs RW bPsoRV
yLjis RVy WgRisVVgS xmsNRPLjiLi yLji LSNRPNRPV NSLRisVVsV @TlgisV (2).
LRiVR DyR e
} xlLi[ } s[ [y sVVsRVaSR sLRiRWM e sgRisVs}RVLi z NRPRRVxqs* xqsVRRQ*RM
ee 3
NTP sVLRi sWgRiy RVWRVLi NTPLi NSLRiLi [x sR[ e RR=LRi*Li a][RVsVysV s` xqsVy
xmsxqss kM ee 4

LRiVRVTV xmsZNPs c
} su! xs! [sRLS! sVVsVLS! dsVLjixmsoRV RVsVVsV dsT dsV LSNRPNRPV gRi
NSLRisVVsV xqsVxqsxtsQsVVgS xmsVRV (3). dsVLRiV [s N]LRiNRPV s[zqsLji? BR dsVNRPV gRi xmss
[VsV? C sxtsQRVsVVsLiRsW s[sV ssg][LRiVRVysV. dsV rRsVV[ y sVsxqsV= xmsxqssQQ\sV
sj (4).
x[yR e
B xmsX}tsQ xlLi[ xLi xqsLRi*[NRPzmsysVxM e sVVs[s[RLi sV[sLi sxtsvy xmsLji][jRM ee 5
[s[s sV[s NRPLRiVrygRiLRi xms[ e RVRLRi sWgRiyyyLi RRQXV R*Li xqsVLRiL<jiM ee 6
sZaP[xtsQR xqsQ\s yLRi sWgRiy sXxtsQR* e xqsLjisxqs=y WgRisVsy s gRiRs[` ee 7
ZNP[RsxtsQLiR xqsVLS sVsV sy sV}aRP*LRi e xlLi[ LRi*yxqsy ZNP[RsRaSzms ZNP[Rs ee 8
x BV xmsZNPsV c
J sVxL<ki! bPsoRV BV xmsbPLiRgS sxtsvso ssV }mslLi[zmsLisV. xqsLRi*[NRP zmsysVxRsgRiV
s[sV sV[sos][ sLis (5). [s[y!sV[y!NRPLRiV xqssVVy!xms[! s[VsVV
[sR][, VVxtsv][ NRPzqs BRNRPV sRVNRPV gRi NSLRisVV ssVsVV (6). }
sXxtsQR*! s[VsVRLRisVV xms[NTPLi ds N]LRiNRPV sWRs[V ssV. sVssVV sVVgRiVLRisVV NRPzqs
DLiRV ZaP[xtsQsVV. @V gSs][, C gRiRV sVsRV (7). } sV}aRP*LS! N]LiRLRiV LSORPQxqsVV
y[, sVLjiN]LiRLRiV sxtsvso[, BLiN]LiRLRiV ds[ xqsLixLjiLixmsRLRiV (8).
ZNP[ yQ* k*LRi* Rxqs RsRVxqs sVxms[ e sWRWsyM xms[ ZNP[R sxtsQLiR
xqsVLSxqs=y ee 9
R\ss NRPXxmsRW aRPLi[ xqsVLSLi xqsVsVVRsVsV e yaRPLiVVy*sxqsVLSs |mnsWLSs gRiy=Q*xqs*Li
xqsyRVsV ee 10

WgRiRVVZNP[ R*LiVV xqsy LSgRi[*xtsQssLji[ e RRW Fy\QNRP sLRi[ s sy Ry Rs ee 11


ALSj[xtsv [{tsQ*aRP NRPRLi xqsXztsQxqsy zqsM e @RaRP sy RVVNRPLi sRLi sRLi sXxtsQR*ee 12
J sVxms[! N]LiRLRiV dssVLiT sLis NRPVsWLRiVs[ sjLixmsRLRiV. }
xms[! sVLjiN]LiRLRiV LSORPQxqsVsV aRPNTP sjLiRgRiRV (9). } aRPLi[! ds NRPXxms [Rs[
RVLiNRPLRiVgRiV LSORPQxqsVLiRLRiV sbPLiRgS, [sRNRPV DRsV xqsVsVV, sRsVV @RVsVV,
gRiRVsNRPV xqs*xqsR Lisj (10).dsso sRsVV WgRixmsLSRVVR\s, LSgRi [*xtsQsVVsV
sRyT, RRWxqssVVRVRso @LiVVs][ yLjis dsso xqsLixLjiLiRso (11). } CaRP! yLjis C
sRsVVgS @sVgRizLis][, xqsXztsQ zqsRVV FsV N]srygRiVsV?NSsos, } sXxtsQR*! dss
sRsVV gRiyLRisVVsNRPV xqsxNRPLjiLiRV[V RVVNRPsVVgRisVLiRVsV (12).
xqsXztsQzqsRLiR NRPLS s NSLS RVy Ry e aRPLkiLRi[RaSryNRPLi sWRWRWaRPs RVV[ ee
13
GNRPxqs*LRiWFy z sRVLi y NSLRixqs [RRM e NSLRi[][ s
zqsR ZaP[RWxms[][sxmsWsM ee 14
GNRP Gs y sM xmsLRisWy sV}aRP*LRiM e sWRWry*NSLRi[s xqs*RLi][ dRW xmsVM ee
15
ysWLigRi[ xLjixqsxqs ROTPQLigRi [ xxsV e bPsxqs xXRRWRxqsQ* z xmspLRi
RsVbP+sM ee 16
sVssVV xqsXztsQzqs RV NRPLRisV [RVs yRV sVsNRPV sWRW xmsssVV[ Lis aRPLkiLRi
[RsVV xmsWs LRizRsVgRiVsV (13). sVs xqs*LRiWxmssVV INRP[V @LiVVy, NSLRi [RsVV[
sVs[ [RsVV NRPgjisj. C NSLRi [RsVV zqsjLiRs][, LRiWxms[RsVV sxtsQQWssVgRiVsV
(14). sV}aRP*LRi xmsLRisWRV]NRP[ sVVgRiVLjigS [RsVVsV F~LijyRV. xqs*RLiRVRgRiV A xmsVso
Rs sWRWaRPNTP[ C dsV sLRizmsyRV (15). ARVs FsRsV gRisVV sVLiT sxtsvso, NRPVT

gRisVVsVLiT s[sV, xXRRVsVV sVLiT dsso sLiysVV. xmspLRi xqs*LRiWxmsoRsgRiV bPsoRso


dss[ NRPy ! (16).
BRLi sRVLi y WyM xmss xqs*LRiWzmsM e bPybPsxqsVyxqsRQ*Li xXy sj xqsyRs ee
17
@xLi sxtsvaRP xqs{qsQ N_ xqsLif NSLRi}RVRM e [NRPNSLRiNRPL_ {msy Rs aSxqssRM xms[ee 18
Rryj*aRP*zyLSRV xqsVLSLi xqsV}Rs[ e xmsLjigRiX{xtsQ* LSlLi[ LSsWs[VNSLi xqsVa][ysV
ee 19
@sRQXV sV}aSs xmspLRi*sXRLi xqsQXRLi sVRW e RV_xmsoLRiM xmsoLS FNRPLi R*Q\Vs
bPsLRiWzms ee 20
sVssVV C sRsVVgS sVWLRiVV gS DssW \Rs xqs*LRiWxmssVV[ sVsNRPV [RsVV [RV.
sVssVV FyLRi*d xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiV xmsoRVsVV. } xqsyRy! dsds xqsRsVVsV ds sVsxqsV=[
sLRiVLigRiVsVV (17). s[sV, sVLjiRVV sxtsvso NRPLRissVV[ gRisVVgS syxsWTsV. }
xmsW! s[VsVV ds A[ gRiyLRisVVsV {ms][ sLRi*zLiRVRVysVV (18). NSs,
gRiRsVV N]LRiNRPV, [sRNRPV xqsVsVVsV NRPgjiLiRV N]LRiNRPV INRP @LiR\sVs RVVss
LRigS \lgiN]sVsVV (19). J sV}aRP*LS!BLiRNRPV sVVLiRV Ljigjis sXyLiRsVVNRP yNRPV xqsQXNTP
ssj. ssVsVV. xmspLRi*sVV bPsLRiWxmssVV[ sVs dsso sW BRLjiNUP INRP sxtsQRVsVVsV
zmsRVVLis (20).
sVRWxmsLi xmsLRisVLi xds RXaRPLi sRLigRiRM e xmsNRP sy [ZNP[ ysW LRiVRM xmsNUPLjiRM ee
21
xqsXztsQNRPLSssRQ xLjiM Fys NSLRiNRPM e RVNSLki suysV LRiVRLRiWF gRiVNRPXM ee 22
zqsQRVLi syx [NRPxqs NRPLji}tsQ NSLRisVVRsVsV e B xqsLixqsQXR xqs*FNRPLi xmspLRiLi NRPVLRiV
sLi xmssV ee 23

s[aRPxqss R ry*sVsxLi xqsXztsQNRPL][ xLjiM e FyN][ RV}RVxqsQ* sWsLRiWRxqs=Q*RVLi bPsM


ee 24
y*Li sy s xqssVL_ z AyLi R xqs*xqs*NRPLRi e [NRPNSLRiLRi][ Rry[NRPLi gRiX{xtsQ*Li
NSsVdssV ee 25
J !BVsLi y ZaP[xtsQ LRiWxmssVV ds [xsVV sVLiT xmsNRP\sV [NRPsVV[ LRiVRysVsVV][
xmszqsjs gSLiRgRiRV (21). x xqsXztsQs [|qssV. sxtsvso zqss [RVVRVyRV. s[sV gRiV
xqsLiLiRsVV[ LRiVRLRiWxmssVVsV {qs*NRPLjiLi RVsVVsV [RVgRisV (22). s[sV INRP {qsQs
syxsWT DRsVsVgRiV [NRPNRPsVVsV [|qsRsV. dssV zmsRVVLis. dsds xqsRsVVsV
gRiVLRiVsNRPV RVN]s, dsso Bs ygSssVVsV sVN]sVsVV (23). } ry*sVs! xqsXztsQs
[zqs s[sV, zqss [zqs sxtsvso ds AsV FyLiysVV. bPso[ xqs*RVsVVgS ds LRiWxmssVV][
AsLRisLi RVNRPLRi @gRiVRVyRV (24). ds][RV [s[ s[VsVRLRisVV sWNRPLRissVVsV
sLRis[LRi sVV. NSsos, dsso gRiyLRisVVsV sLRi*QQLjiLiRV\ZNP INRP xqsVLiRLjis LRigS
{qs*NRPLjiLiRVsVV (25).
RVy xmsyRW su ry=sd R RVy sVsV e Ry xqsxRLkiLi aRPLi[ NSLiyLi gRiX{xtsQ*
xqsLixms ee 26
B aRPVy* s][ s[V z xM xmsoLRi][ xlLi[M e xqs sWLi gSR [ZNP[aRPM }qsLSsssVV[ xLRiM ee
27
} aRPLi[! sxtsvsosNRPV OTPQ s, yNRPV xqsLRixqs* s, dsNRPV ][RVgS sVLi[ xqsVLiRLjis BxmsoRV
LRigS gRizLixmsosVV (26). sxtsvso xqssVORPQsVV[ xsgRiV y C sWsV ss, [ZNP[aRPVRgRiV
bPsoRV LRiVsso*][ sLiTs sVVsVV gRiy\ y][ sssV (27).
CaRP*LRi DyR e
} xs } xlLi[ s[V z RVVyLi xmsRVR L_ xqsy e RXuy* y*Li R sVsWsLi][ sR
RLSLi V ee 28

RVVyLi xqsVLRisbPu z s ry*sV_ NTP e NRPRsLi yLi gRiLji}tsQ sNSLRiLRiyR[M ee 29


DRLi xqsVLRiZaP[u syxNRPLRiLi sVsV e RFLRi sLRiNRPxqs xqsy sRRWgjisM ee 30
W ssX xqsVsWLRiQxqs ry=Q*yLSsW sLRiLisM e @sRWRRsVL`i ds xqs*Ruy NSsVsLjiRM ee
31
CaRP*LRiVTV xmsZNPsV c
} xs!J xLki! dsVLjiRLRiV yNRPV Fss[ sVNTP zmsRV\sVs yLRiV gRiy! ssV
RWsxmsVRV yNRPV g]xms AsLiRsVV NRPVgRiVsV (28). dsVLjiRLRiV [sR[ xmssVVVV,
sVV[NRPsVVNRPV xmsVsoV. gRiyLRisVVsLiRV gRiQQ\sVss sVsxqsV= gRi dsVLRiV zmss sW
y WgRiQ\sVsj (29). [syZaP[xtsvLS! yNRPV syxsVV DRsVV NSRV. s[sV
RFsxtsvRsV. sLSgjis. xqsLRi*y WgRisWLRisVVsLiRVLiRV yRsV (30). s[sV xmssR\sVs ssX
sWLRisVV[ sLji*NSLRisVVgS yRVLiRV s[sV LRisVLiRVRW DsyRsV. ssgRiV y LRiWxmssVV
@sRWRsV FRVVLiRVsV. yNRPV NSsVsVVV [so. s[sV Ay[NRPs xmsLRiVRsV (31).
@sNSLki x[gki R xqs yaRPV LRisVLigRiM e Rxqs xmsWsLi [ZNP[ NSsVy NTPLi syRVy ee 32
ZNP[sLi WgRigRixqs sWsWsLiRxqs=yzqs \s e s{sxqsV xmsoLRiVu sVsV[ xNSsVNRPsV ee
33
syxNRPLRiLi [ZNP[ s[RVLi xmsLRiLiRssV e RryRxqs LRiVL][ s[V xqsRLi sysVxsV ee 34
s ry*LRiLi s[V xmssXQL>ji xqssVN`P ry*LRi sRLiRy` e Ryzms RRLjiuysV sRVNRPLi gRijRsV
ee 35
s[sV sNSLRisVVV [s yRsV, [gRisVV @NRPLRi [syRsV, s[sV xqsLRi*y @aRPV @sVLigRi
s[xtsQsVVsV RLjiLiRVyRsV. @ yNTPxmsoRV C [NRPsVV[ LRi][ s[sV xmsWssVV gRi][
xmsVsVV (32). sRWgRi sxtsvRsgRiV yNRPV AsLiRsVV sRsVVgRisVLiRVsV gRiy! s
s{sV\s xmsoLRiVxtsv\[ @s[NRP N][lLisV sVsxqsV=[ sLiRVRVLiRVsV (33). [NRPsVV[

syxsVVsV [xqsVN]sV BRLRiV LiRsVV[ NRPVN]sV[Vss RVssV. NSsos yNRPV


syxsVVsLiRV LRiV [RV. s[sV sVVsWNUP xqsRsVVsV xmsVNRPVRVysV (34). AR
sxtsvRsV, xqssVgRiLRi+s sxtsvRsV @gRiV y xmssX y N]LRi\ZNP DLiRRV gRiy! @LiVVsxmsNUP
[NRPNRP N]LRi\ZNP dsVLRiV zmssV [RVgRisV (35).
sVy* s][ gRiLjixtsQLi y sWNTP xmsLjixmspLRi[V e NRPLjiuysV syxLi \s NRPsaRPxqs=y xxsV ee
36
xmsLRiLi RV RWRXbdPLi NSLiyLi gRi{uysV Ry xmssV e RRQXVxtsQ* xlLi[ xs RVVNRPs[Vs
s][ sVsV ee 37
RW s[V [xqs=sVLSz gRi{RVLi ryj*gRiaRPM e yLi s[aRPRV LRilLi[ WgjidsLi
NSsVLRiWzmssV ee 38
WgRiRVVZNP[ sVLiVV Ry Wgjis[s sxtsQ e NSsWxqsZNP[ sVLiVV Ry NSsVs[s sxtsQ ee 39
xqsLRi*y NRPVNRPV saRPVR\s DLi[ s[sV ds sWsV g]xms sWgS {qs*NRPLjiLi, Bs sWsV
sVN]sV N]LRi\ZNP syxsVVsV [xqsVN]sgRisV (36). NSs, s[sV FsVsLi xqsVLiRLjis G
xtsQLRiRV\|ms syxsWR[ |msRsV. ssVsVV. J ! su! s[sV WgRisVgRiV sWsV
sWRs[V |msRsV (37). G {qsQ y [xqsV=sV ss[NRPsVV][ RLjiLixms xqssVLRiVLSgRiV[, @
WgRiaRPNTP gRi, BRss LRiWxmssVVsV RLjiLiRgRi RVVss yNRPV LRigS {qs*NRPLjiLiRV\ZNP
RWzmsLiRVRV (38). s[sV WgRisxtsvR\s RVVLiRgS AsV NRPWR WgRi sxtsvLSV gSssV.
sVLjiRVV,s[sV NSsWxqsNRPVR\ss][, AsV NRPWy NSsVxqsNRPVLSV NSssV (39).
RVsVORPQLRiLi s[Rs][ sgRiRLi sVdsztsQM e [LRiWxmsLi bPsLi [ R LiRLiVV}tsQ xqsyRssV ee 40
RLiyRWLi RVysxqsN][ xs gRiysV s dssV e RR RW sxmnsVsds s sd
xyxqsVs[V ee 41

R*Li y sxtsvLRixLi yzms bPsxqs x LRiWzmsM e @LiaRPWy sVgS WgRiLi


RRsVLiRssV ee 42
RLiRRW s[y*xLi ryry*sV NRPsVxqss e Rry RWLi Fyj aRP R*Li
sVRLSsVgRiyLi xqsy ee 43
Ry}msNRPLi xmsLi s[V R*Li aRPXV xLiaRP sWLi xms e @saS*r sVRVZNP[ [sRW RQQNS
sxtsQ ee 44
s[R s[RgRiV sy*LixqsVV G bPsos [xqs=Q*LRiWxmssVgRiV @ORPQLRixmsLRixsVs sLjiLiRL][,
xqsyRsVRgRiV bPsos ysLiRL][ (40), @ bPsos ysLiRs xqssVRVsVV[ s[sV AsV][
sxLjiLiRsV } xs! y yssVVsLiRV sxmnsVsVVsV NRPgjiLiRV {qsQ y[
sbPLixms[RVRVsV (41). dsso, sxtsvso sVLjiRVV s[sV xmsLRix RVgRiV bPsos @LiaRPsVVsVV.
NSs, sVssVV sVRVsVV. NSsos sVssVV ARVssV ysLiRV DRsVV (42). }
xmsRxqsLiy! ARVssV xqsLjiLiRVRW s[sV syxsVV [NRPVLiRgRi\sssW DLiRgRisV. NSsos,
NRPLRi[ ssV xqsy @sVxqsLjiLi DLiRgRilgi[ LRisV yNRPV dsso RW|msVsVV (43). }
xs! A sxtsQRVsVV[ sVLjiVVNRP xtsQLRiRV gRiRV. ssVsVV. AsV y sWRVLiRV
saS*xqssVVsV N][[LiVVs yRV AsVsV s[sV RLiRsV (44).
x[yR e
B Rxqs sRaRPVQ+y*xLi xqs sxtsvL>RiLRixqs R e xqszqsRLi sWj RsV[s[RLi [ sssVNRPM ee
45
aRPXV yR sV}aSs sWLjiy RW RXbdP R*RW e ss[RRWsV xqsV{msy yLi zqsQRVLi
yRXbdPLi xms[ ee 46
DsW ry s LRiW}ms xqsLiy NSLRiryjds e xqsLRixqs*d Ry OUPQ QLjiQ*y LRiWFy xmsoLS xms[ ee
47

Fyy NSLiyssj*uxqsy sVsV xqsLRixqs*d e RXdRV LRiWFy ry y W[NRP NSLRiz\ztsQ ee


48
x BV xmsZNPsV c
bPsos C sWsV ss s[sV sVLjiRVV sxtsvso AsLijLis sVsxqsV= gRiyLRi\sV ssRVsVVgS
LRiVsso*][ sV xmsNTPsV (45). xms[! sV}aRP*LS! ssVsVV. dsso Fs {qsQs N][Lji[, xqsLjigS
@[ ORPQsVVV gRi {qsQs dsNRPV ss[jLiRVNRPV s[VsVV y xqsLiRzqsLiRVRVysVV (46). }
xms[! xmspLRi*sVV DsW[s OUPQ xqsLRixqs*d LRiWxmssVVsV RLjiLi gRiyLRi ryRsNRPV
][RTRVVsj (47). OTPQ sxtsvsosNRPV, xqsLRi* yNRPV @LSLigji @LiVVsj. @xmsoysV sVWRs
LRiWxmssVVsV {qs*NRPLjiLiR[RV. NSs BxmsoysV gRiRV VVNRP NRPsVVsV g][Lji gRiyLRisVVsV
[RVg][LRiVRVsj (48).
RORPQxqs RsRW RWWR=d ysW RV ry s[ e \|qss[RXbdP # s[yLS # s[j zRNSLji ee
49
ry Rxmsxqs [s[aRP R*RLRiLi z RXRsy e y*Li xmsLi FyxmsoNSsW\s sV[[sd xqsd ee 50
yRVLi gRiR sLRiLi R\|qs# NRPXFyLi NRPVLRiV sV}aRP*LRi e yLi syxRV xqsV{msy sLRiLi RyQ* R
yRXaRPsV ee 51
xlLi[LRisV R [yy sVRVLi yLiyzqs aRPLiNRPLRi e xmsLjixmspLRiRV xqsRQXuy xmsaSsWR=s sWRLS`
ee 52
} xms[! AsV xqsRVsV }msLRi RORPVs NRPVsWlLigS sLisj. AsV RVLiRV dsso N][Ljis
ORPQsVVV gRiso. AsV dsNRPV LRiQ\V zRsVVsV [RVgRiRV (49). }
[s[y! RXRsRRVgRiV AsV ds N]LRi\ZNP RxmsxqsV=sV [RVVRVsj. sV[aS+sRVgRiV A
xqsd[s ssV LRigS F~LiRg][LRiVRVsj (50). } sV}aRP*LS! dsso RRV[zqs AsVNRPV
sLRisVVsRVNRPV s[Li[RVVsVV. AsV N][Ljis sLRisVVs, AsVsV {ms][ syxsWRVsVV (51).
} aRPLiNRPLS! Bj sxtsvso VVNRP, y VVNRP sVLjiRVV [sR VVNRP @dxtsQsVV. dsso

NRPXFyRXztsQ][ sW N][lLisV xmspLji [RVVsVV. s[VsVV syxsVx[R=ssVVsV ARLRisVV][


NTPLiRsVV (52).
sVLigRiLi xmsLRisVLi WRWQ [ZNP[xtsv xqsVsxsV e xqsLRi**L][ ssZaP[Q\Q* xqslLi[*uyLi yR
xqsLiaRPRVM ee 53
@RyxqsR*RZaP[+}tsQ s[RLi sVRVxqsWRsM e d NRPX dsVaSsLi NRPsR= sVRVRM ee 54
Bj g]xms sVLigRi# \sV sVV[NRPsVVNRPV xqsVsVVdsRVgRiRV. @LiRLjiNUP @s RVMsVVV
sbPLiRVssV[ xqsLiaRPRVsVV [RV (53). s[sV xmsgS sVgjis sWsV sVRVxqsWRsVRgRiV
@RVRVRV, d[ LRiVyNRPXs ys xmsLRisVbPsoRsgRiV dsNRPV xmsgRiRV. dsso NRPsR=VRso
gRiy! (54).
sxtsv LRiVyR e
[s [s sV[s NRPLRiVNRPLRi aRPLiNRPLRi e RVRVNRPLi x xqsLRi*Li sVRVNRPLi Rs xqsLiaRPRVM ee 55
RRVLRiVxtsQ* sV}aSs NRPXFyLi NRPXy* sVsWxmsLji e xqsyRLi NRPVLRiV xqsRQXuy [NRPLi xqsVsyx
ysV ee 56
sxtsvso BV xmsZNPsV c
[s [y!sV[y! NRPLRiVsVWLki! aRPLiNRPLS! x zmss sWsRVW s[sV
zmssVgRis[ {qs*NRPLjiLixmsosVV. ys[ xqsLiaRPRVsVV [RV (55). J sV}aRP*LS! dsso y\|ms
RRVsoLi @Vs[ [RVVsVV. AsVsV syxsWT, sVV[NRPsVVsV NRPXFyRXztsQ][
xqsyRVsV [RVVsVV (56).
x[ yR e
BRVQQNSQ* gRiys sxtsv xqsW{tsQsWxqs sVVs[ xqsVkM e Ry xqsVLi sxryx xqs
xmsVLRiQ NRPsR=M ee 57

RRryQ*yLi R xqsLiFyxms yLi xqssVVsxqsV=Q\lLiM e @gRiys }qs*xtsQ[aRPLi xqs{qsQ N_ xmsLRixL<jif


ee 58
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi xqsdLi[ sxtsvxNRPXR
bPsFyLRiy sLRisLi ysV uRa][syRVM (16).
x BV xmsZNPsV c
J sVxL<ki! VjaSRVgRiV sxtsv gRiysVRV BV xmsNTP ELRiNRPVLisV. NRP sR=VRgRiV A bPs
xmsVso s[VsVV [zqss rRsVVsV ss LRiVsso* ss*sV (57). @xmsoRV s[VsVRLRisVV LRi][,
sVVsV][ sVLjiRVV [sR][ gRiWT bPsos AsV F~Lij sWNRPV BxtsQ\sVs ryssVVNRPV sVNTP
AsLiRsVV][ [LRiVNRPVLisV (58).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsj RVgRiV LRiVRxqsLizR[ lLiLiRsj RVgRiV xqsdLiRsVVsLiRV
sxtsvxNRPXR bPsFyLRissVs[ xmsRVyLRis @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (16)
@R xqsxmsRa][syRVM
xqsd sLRiFyzms
x[yR e
BRVQQNS xqsLRi*[\saRP NRPXy aRPLi[LRiVM xmsLS e bPyR ry sLRiLi FyFy aRPXV RLRi][ sVVs[ ee
1
@][ xqsd xmsosaRPV+NRP xmsZOP[Q sxtsQsW sVVFztsQy e AbP*s[ sWzqs xqslLi[*aRPLi xmspRWsWxqs NTPRM ee 2
B sLiys[ xmsplLi[ ssVsWLijs gRiRM e RryxqsV yssVgSRWM xmsRQORPQ sVsRLRiM ee
3

xqsLS*LigRi xqsVLiRL][ g_LRiM xmsLiRsNRPQzqsQ [RsM e RLiRM xmsxqsyy bPNRPLihRiaRPRVLRiVM ee


4
x BV xmsZNPsV c
J sVxL<ki! C sRsVVgS [sRV bPsos g]xms rRsVV][ xqsVLiLji. bPsos sVLiT A xqsd[s
sLRisVVsV F~LisV. C sXyLiRsVVsV aRPR][ ssVsVV (1). @xmsoRV xqsd[s AaRP*RVV aRPVNRP
@xtsQsV yRV sVLRi DxmsszqsLi xqslLi[*aRP*LRiVs NTP][ xmspLisV (2). C dLRiVs sLiy sRsVV
xmspLji @VsV. sssVyRV xmsgRi xqssVRVsVVsLiRV AsV yssVVsLiRV ssVgRiVLS\
RVVLiRgS bPsoRV xmsRQORPQsVVsV (3). ARVs xqsLS*sRVsVVRVLiRV xqsVLiRLRiVRV. s
yRV. @LiVVRV sWsVV yRV. sVVNRPLi . sVRV\|ms RLiRVs RLjiLiRVVLisV. xmsxqssQQ\sVs
sVsxqsV= gRiyRV. s NRPLihRisVV (dsgRisVV RNRP) gRiyRV. yV VsVVV NRPyRV (4).
aRPW x NRPsLSRVRXgRixqsxqs*LRiM e xqs*LRiVy sxqsdL<Ri xqs=NRPLigRi sV[xLRiM ee 5
sV sysW R N][ RLiR xqssWssM e N][ xqsLRi xqssW NSLixqs=LRi*y {qsQ zmsRWNRPXM
ee 6
xmsRQORPQ][ xLRiLi dsORPQ xqsd }qsRXgji*RLi xmsVsV e ssLi[ RLRi Rxqs xqsVssysy ee 7
@R Fyx sV[sxqs=dLi xqsRQ*R yLjisV e ysVRszms LRiLRiLi RxmsaRPLSxmnsxmsRM ee 8
aRPWsVVsV xNRPFysVVsV sLRisVVRsV @RVsVVRsV [RVRVLiRV RLjiLisV. ARVs
xqs[ gS xmsNSbPLiRVRVLisV. ARVs bPLRixqsV=Q\|ms sVLiyNTPs szqsV RVLisV.ARVs
xqsLS*LigRi xqsVLiRLRiVRV (5). ARVs ssVVsNRPV |mssj. N][ RLiRV][ xqssWssVVgS
xmsNSbPLisV. N][ sVsRV][ xqssVsVgRiV NSLis gRigji RVVLisV.ARVs ANSLRisVV
RVVsRVNRPV @s sRsVVVgS {msFyRsVgRiVsV (6). xqsd[s C sRsVVgS ssV
bPsxmsVsosV xmsRQORPQsVVgS gSLi zqsgRiV][ sLigjis sVVsVVgRi\ ARVs FyRsVVNRPV
xqssVxqsLjiLisV (7). @xmsoRV sV[soRV RxmsxqsV=sNRPV xmnssVVgS AsVsV LRigS
{qs*NRPLjiLiRg][Lji, sVsRsVVssVztsQLiRVRVs xqsd[s][ sssV (8).

sV[s DyR e
RORPQ sLijs {ms][szqs s[ ys[s xqsVs[ e sLRiLi sLRiRV xqsLiy}qs RVRysVRLi # s[` ee 9
sV[soRV BV xmsZNPsV c
J RORPQxmsod! dsso sVLi sRsVVsV [zqss. ds LiVW sRsVV[ s[sV xqsLiRzqsLis. dsNRPV
BxtsQ\sVs sLRisVVsV N][LRiVN]sVsVV. BRsV (9).
x[yR e
ss {msx RysLi sV[[ gRiRM e g_ sLRiLi sX}tsQ* Ry*NRPaRPs[RRW ee 10
ryzms RFysaS RVVNS sNRPVsLi [ xXj RV` zqsRsV e aRPaSNRP ry R*dxtsQLi RVRyjRLi
xmsosM ee 11
x BV xmsZNPsV c
gRiRQ VsgRiV sV[sosNRPV AsV sVsxqsV=[ ssVV zqss[. NSs AsV sWsV ssV
N][LjiNRP][ sLRisVVsV N][LRiVN]sVsVV @s xmsZNPsV (10). NSs AsV [ xXRRVsVV[s sWsV
xms[NRPFVsV. AsV @xtsQsVV [ NRPzmss[RVsV (11).
}mssVsVgSssy= aRPVy* bPssRM zmsRVsV e R` y* xqsVxmsxqs[sWRLiNRPL][
NRPsR=M ee 12
sLRiLi Wz sLRiLi Wz Fy} xqs xmsosLRiVRsV e xqsd NTP saRP aRP+LiVLRiLiRLSdsV xqsyLi gRiM
ee 13
@R RFyLi ry*Li xqsLiyRV RVy Fyx xLRiLi xqsd e RV[xtsQLi [z sLRiR sLRisVRsyLRiNRPsV
ee 14

Ry yNRPrysrys sVss[ORPQ sXxtsQR*M e s R*Li sVsV lLi[ Fyx yLi NRPsR=M ee


15
AsV bPsos zmsRV\sVs xmsVNRPVsV ss @aRPLiVVLis }mssV[ sVVsgjiFVsV. NRPsR=VRgRiV
aRPLiNRPLRiVy sxtsQRVsVVsLjiLigji sVNTP xmsxqssVyVsV (12). @LiRLSsV, xqsRVLRiVxtsvNRPV
aRPLRiVRV @gRiV aRPLiVRV xqsd[s VVNRP NTPNTP saRPV\ sLis[ 'sLRisVV sRVgRiVsVV, sLRisVV
sRVgRiVsVV' @s
sVLRi
xmsZNPsV
(13).
@xmsoysV
Rs
zqsgRiVsV
sRVLiLiRVN]s, 'sLRisVVsRVyy! syLjiLixmsaRPNRPsVV NSs sLRisVVsV dsNRPV BxtsQ\sVs yss
BsVV' @s xmsVNRPgS (14), @xmsoRV NRPsR=VRgRiV sXxtsQR*RV yNRPsVV xmspLji RVgRiVsLRiNRPV
s[ RVVLiR[RV. dsso y LRiso NRPsVV @s ARVs AsV][ xmsZNPsV (15).
GRRVQy* sRxqsxqs ry dxtsQ xmnssssV e RW{tsQLi Rr xmssVVjy sLRiLi Fyxms
sV[gRiRsV ee 16
xqsNSsVxqs xLRirylgi[ zqsy ry yLRiVzqsds . @NRPL][syLiaRP yrysVsLRiys ee 17
R][ ys xqssWyRV aRPXLigSLS[ LRixqsxqsy e RWbP[ ss[aSaRPV NRP y RV][jRsV ee
18
RRQs[aSRV [slL<i[ [NRPdsVryLji[M e NSxms RWLS{qs y RLiRsVrLRiy ee 19
@dxtsQ xmnssVVsV xmsyssVV [}qs bPsos C sWsV ss, Rs sVsxqsV=[ sVs N][LjiNRP dLRiV[
sVNTP AsLijLis\ xqsd[s sVsNRPVLisV (16). }mssV][ NRPWTRVVs bPsos VRV sT
xqsVLiRLRisVgRiV LRiVsso*gRi A xqs bPsos NSsVsVVsV sXj F~LijLi[ s ssVVsV
xmsNRPLisV (17). @xmsoRV ssVV][ NRPWT aRPXLigSLRiLRixqssVV sLis[ yLji xXRRVsVV[
xmss[bPLisV. \|msgS zmss dLRiVs sssVVV xqsVLiRLRisVVgS xmsNRPsVVsV (18). J
[sL<ki! [NRPdsV @sVNRPLjiLi[ yLjiRLji[ aRPXLigSLRi xmss[aRPsVV ss yRLiRsVxqsVRVLiRV
s yLjiRLji RVLiRV sLjiLixmsaRPNRPsVV NSs a][ NRPssV (19).
lLi[[ xqsd xLRiLi zqsQgRiyLis xqssVxms e RLiy ZaP[s[[s xqsN][* sL<RiQM ee 20

@R ry RsVVy[RLi xLRiLi yOSQRV sVVxM e xqsVxmsxqsy NRPL_ y* syNS NRPsR=sV


ee 21
NRPs NSVNRP NSLi gRi xqs xqsNRPsVVs xmsNSbPLiRV [xsVVgRi bPsos xqsdsVxmssVV[ RLiRVs
xmsNRPs s[VxmnsVxmsLiNTP s zqssV(20).@xmsoy yOSQRV sVNTP xmsxqssVLS\ NRP sR=VRgRiV
bPsosNRPV [RVV [TLi @s[NRP ssVryLRisVVsV [zqs, ARVs][ sssV (21).
xqsRVyR e
[s [s sV[s syx sjy xms[ e zmsRVlLi[ g][RLkiNRPXR sWLi gRiX gRiR[ ee 22
xqs BV xmsZNPsV c
[s[y! sV[s! xmsW! gRiyNS! y RLiTNTP VxmsoRV [zqs ssV RVysjgS
syxsWT {qs*NRPLjiLiRVsVV (22).
x[yR e
GsLi xqsdsRaRPVQ+y* sV}a][ NRPsR=M e RyzqsQ* sRM Fyx sLkiORPQ }mssVRaRP ysV ee
23
yOSQRVzms RLi sy* aRPLiVLi sxms NTPRM e FyFy sWRVLRiaRPsVgS[
xsVVys*y ee 24
xL][szms zssRQxqsLi xmssaRP
NRPXRQysxmsL][ss` ee 25

saRPsVsV

yOSQRV

sWgS\Q*

xqssWyRV sVsaRP+LiV L_NTPNUPLi gRi sWbPM e LiRRWsWxqs [slL<i[ sVsry sWLi sXxtsQR*M
ee 26
x BV xmsZNPsV c

NRP sR=VRgRiV sV}aRP*LRiVRV xqsd [s VVNRP C sWsV ss, AsVsV }mssV][


RW '@Vs[ @gRiVgSNRP!'@s xmsZNPsV (23). yOSQRV NRPWy aRPLiVsNRPV ssVxqsLjiLi NTP][
sssLi AsV F~Lij }mssV][ AsLiRsVV][ sLiTs sVsxqsV=gRi\ R sRNRPV ssV (24).
bPsoRV NRPWy zsVsRLRi*R \sVyssVV[s Rs AaRPsVsVV[ xmss[bPLi, yOSQRV
sWgRisVV[ @ NRPxtsQsVV][ yssVVsV [RV sVVRsV (25). sXxtsQR*RgRiV aRPLiVRV
sVsxqsV=sV sRVLiLiRVN]ssV. J [sL<ki! ARVs NTPNRP xmssX yaRPLiVVLi, sVsxqsV=[ ssV
RLisV (26).
RRxqs=LiLiR sW[sxLi sV}ZaP[s aRPWy exmsoLRiryyQsaRPLi RWLRiLi xLRizqsjxms][jRM ee
27
RVyr zsVsRQ}qs R j*Wgki xLRizqs= RM e xqsLRixqs*d RVVRryR R\Qs xqssVVxmszqsRM ee
28
xqsLRixqs*dRVVRLi sWLi R [slL<i[ dsORPQ xqs xmsVM e DRV=NRPM }mssV RaRP xqsy aRPLiVLRiVyR x
ee 29
aRPW, sV}aRP*LRiVRV sgRiV xLRiVRV ssV xqsLjiLiRgS ARVs VVNRP zqsj[ }msLjiRVR\s s[sV
ARVs sVVLiRV sLis[ sTs (27). sy=! bPsoRV xqsdsWgRisVV][
zsVsRLRi*RsVVVVNRP \sVyssVV[ DLisV. s[sV xqsLRixqs*][ gRiWT @RNRPV [LRiVNRPVLis
(28). J [sL<ki! xqsd[s RVLiRV RXR\sVs }mssVgRi A aRPLiV xmsVRV DRLihRi][ gRiWT
RVVLisV xqsLRixqs*][ gRiWT ss ssV RW ARVs BV xmsZNPsV (29).
aRPLiVLRiVyR e
@xLi xs ry*LRixmsLRiM xmsLjigRixNRPXf R RV` e Ry xqs*R*sVs ry*lLi[ xms sVRW
RVy ee 30
@x sWLSjR xqs=y yOSQRVR NTPRM e R\|qs# sL][ sVRW R][ sLiysR xmssRM ee
31

LS # s[ R RRW sV][ xs sL][ sXRM e sVsV LS # s[RVQQNRPLi sVRW RV}tsQs


xqsLRi*y ee 32
@ysRRy sWLi ry xqsd yOSQRV * e zmsRVlLi[ g][RLkiNRPXR sWLi gRiX gRiR[ ee 33
aRPLiVRV BV xmsZNPsV c
} xs! s[sV syxsVV [xqsVN]sg][Lji ry*LRi xmsLRiVR\sysV. BxmsVRV yNRPV
ry*LRiLiRs[V y xqs*ssVsV ][RVRVsj (30). RORPVs NRPVsWlLi RVgRiV xqs ssV NTP][
ALSjLisV. AsV [zqss sLiy sRsVV VVNRP xmsssVV[ AsVNRPV s[sV sLRisVVss
(31). } xs! 'yNRPV LRiso NRPsVV' @s AsV sLRisVVsV ysVLiT N][lLisV. s[sV FsLiRRVW
xqsLiRzqsLi RVVLis. 'y LRiso NRPsVV' @s @Lis (32). @xmsoRV RORPQxmsoRVgRiV A xqsd [s
y][ sssV. } gRiRQ[! y RLiTNTP ss[jLi ssV {qs*NRPLjiLiRVsVV (33).
RRxmsLigkiNRPXRLi xsRW RRQ NTPRVztsQRM e ry gRiy ssLi sWRV LRixsVygRi][ s[ ee
34
RryRQ*Li gRiR ssLi RORPQxqs sVsV aSxqsy` e yLi RO][Qszms RVy NRPyLi Rys[sLRiLi
Ry sR ee 35
xqsdsWgRi LigRiry=QRys[V R*Li Ry NRPVLRiV e xqssWaS*xqsRV RLi RORPQLi xqsLRi*syRV
saSLRiRM ee 36
} xs! AsV NTP[ xqsLiRzqss s[sV ysNTP NRPWy @LigkiNRPLjiLis. J ! AsV Rs
sssVVsNRPV R sRNRPV ssV. s[sRNRPV ss (34). NSsos dsso y A[ RORPVs
gRiXxsVVsNRPV ssVV. RORPVRV yNRPV A NRPssV syxsVV[ bdPxmnsVsVVgS BRV dLRiVs RORPVsNRPV
sR xmsVsVV (35). yNRPV C xqsdsWgRisVV sVLiT ssVVNTP NRPVgRiV DFyRVsVV ssVztsQLixmsosVV.
dsso @s sR RVLiRV jso. A RORPQs IzmsLiRVsVV (36).
x[yR e

BRVkLRi sV[sxqs=NSZaP[s[V xmsxms[M e xqsLRixqs*dLi s[NSaRPV sWgRisaRPg][ss` ee 37


[y xsVzms yzmsM NRPXRNRPX][ sVVys*RM e FyRLi [ gRiyLi yRLi RLi NRPsR=sV
ee 38
RVyR gRiys aRPLi[ Rj*yLRi xqsVsbPRsV e [yyLi sVV ry=Q*L][ z sVsWzms
sXxtsQR*ee 39
RORPQxqsVLi xqsVyLi ry*Li R xqs*RVs[Vs xmsyxqs e @xLi yzms sjuysV R*y*NRPLi
RR=sVORPQRM ee 40
BRVkLRi sV[ssVxLi xqslLi[*aRP*LRiLi xmsVsV e @gRisVLi RORPQ sRVLi xqsLiRs[ y s[gjiy ee
41
x BV xmsZNPsV c
xmsxmss @gRiV y][ BV sWT sV[soRV xqsLRixqs*s RW, sLis[ xqsdsWgRisVVsNRPV
saRPVRVsV (37). bPsoRV C dLRiVs AzmsLiRgS, NRPXRNRPXRVR\s s[sV sVNTP xqsLiRzqsLis.
NRPsR=VRgRiV A gRiyRVs][ s[sV BV xmsNTPs (38). } gRiys! aRPLi[! dsso zmss
xmsVNRPVsV syLRi [zqs RVVNRPs[Vss s[sV saRPLiVVLiRVN]Lis. } sXxtsQR*! C
syxsVVsLiRV xmsyssVVgS [sRNRPV, sVLjiRVV yNRPV NRPWR ry*LRisVV gRiRV (39). RORPVRV
xqs*RVsVVgRis[ dsNRPV Rs NRPVsWlLisV CRVgRiRV. dssWsV s[sV NRPWy ARsNTP xmsgRisV (40).
xqslLi[*aRP*LRiVRV, xmsVso @gRiV sV[sos][ s[sV xmsNTP sVNTP s[gRisVVgRi LRiRsVV\|ms sNTP
RORPVs BLiNTP ss (41).
yLRiR DyR e
s[ Fy sVgRi sR [ sRyLi sLRi e xqs\Q gRiXgRiy\V xqs RORPQM NTP sVNRPL][RRM ee 42
yLRiRVTV xmsZNPsV c

} s[! Fy! sVy! dsso xmssNRP[ ZaP[xtsvRso. xqsd[s gRiXxsVVsNRPV ss RLRiVyR


RORPV[sV [|qssV ? sWNRPV xmsVsVV (42)
x[yR e
RxmsxqsFyQ* sLRiLi FyxmsRV sV[ztsQRLi xqsd e gRiXxLi gRiy* zmsRVLSRVM xmssVsVNRPL][Ry ee
43
sW[ zms[sR RR=LRi*Li xqssWR sV}aRP*LS` e sLRiFyzmsxqs=Q* xqs \s xqsyxqsVxtsQxqsV
NTPRM ee 44
sWy zmsy R sXyLiRLi xqsLRi*Li aRPVy* xqsdsVV` e AsLiRLi xmsLRisVLi [[ RZNP[ R
xmsLRisWR=ssV ee 45
RsLi R_ j*[ RVydxtsQsVVyLRikM e @s[aSLiR ks[[ dsLji R sVsVyM
ee 46
x BV xmsZNPsV c
xqsd RxmsxqsV=sV [zqs, sVsxqsV=sNRPV @dxtsQ\sVs sLRisVVsV F~Lij, BLiNTP s,@xmsoRV
RRLiRVNRPV ssVxqsLjiLisV (43). xqsd[s VVNRP NTPNTP xqsLiRzqsLi sV}aRP*LRiVRV
sLRisVVss sXyLiRsVVsV AsV Rs xqs [R xqssVgRisVVgS R RLiRVNRPV zmsLiLji (44).
xqs [sVLiT C syLiRsVVsV sss RRLiRVV xmsLRisWsLiRsVVsV F~Lij, g]xms
DR=ssVVsV [zqsLji (45). saS xXRRVVRgRiV RORPVRV xVNRPV N][LjisLiR RssVVssV.
g]xms sVsxqsV gRi dsLji NRPWy @LiRVV, ksVV sVVRgRiV yLjiNTP RssVVssV (46).
dsLji yLi xqssWLigRi xqs*xqsVyLi {ms sLjidssV e sVWLRiVQQFyxmnsWRV sVVjy xmsaRPLixqs
sVVxLRiVxM ee 47
@R RORPQM NTPRVy[ sd[ RLRisRsVM e LiRRWsWxqs [[VRVLi xqs*xqsVy aRPLi# s[ NRPRsV ee
48

AgRi][szms sV[sM xmsxqssxqs= gSsV x e xmsoslLi[s NRPRLi rszms xqsVylLi[sygRisVxtsQ ee 49


FyryFsR sVRW NRPbP RLi[LjiNRPsVLiry e \sR][gRiLi gRiX{RW R[sLi sxmnsLRiy
ee 50
dsLji }mssVsV sLjiQ [RVV Rs NRPVsWlLisV N_gjiLiRVN]s, sVVsLiRV sVVjT,
AsLiRsVV][ sVLRi sVLRi N]sRWsV (47). N]LiR NSsVV gRiTs RLRiVyR RLRis[R[
ZaP[xtsvRgRiV RORPVRV BV LisV. C y NRPVsWlLisV bPsosNTP syxsVVsV [RVV
VV?(48) xmsxqssVQQ\ s[zqss A sV[soRV Ljigji syR. C y NRPVsWlLi N]LRiNRPV
ARRV sVLRi BRNRPV sRV DFyRVs[Vj? (49) s[sV sLis[ FssLji[ INRPLjis aRPLiVssRNRPV
xmsLizmsLiRssV. NSs @V [RVV WgRisVV NS[sW! ARVs y NRPVsWlLisV gRizLiRs][ y
FyLRis sLRisVgRiVsV (50).
@Ry xmspLiVVuysV Rs[Vs sXxtsQR*sV e sVkRVRsRW NSQ xqs*RVs[Vs RVy # s[`
ee 51
R\Vs xmspRr=szms yLiRyLRi xmsRVRRM e aRPLiVLRisRV sVRQ lLi[[sLi RRslLi[ R`
ee 52
B LiRRVRxqsxqs RORPQxqs xmsoLRi][ss*xsV e Dxmszqs][sxLi xqsxry xqsLRi*xqs*Rs*Rxqsy ee 53
sWLi RXuy* zmsRLRiLi RORPQM xmssWssRzqs=RM e AxqssLi R R_ sVxLi xqs*yRV
RV][RsV ee 54
R][ sWLi xqsLRi*[ZNP[aRPLi RygRisVsLi NSLRisV e RORPQM xmsxmsR xqs OTPQ xmsLi Liy suszms xL<jiRM ee
55
[y, s[sV A sXxtsQR*s xmspLiRsV. B NTP[ y NRPVsWlLi xqs*RVsVVgRis[ ARVsNRPV
LRi NSgRiRV (51). sVLjiRVV, AsV[ xmspLixmsTs aRPLiVRV ysV AsVNRPV LRi NSgRiss
sLRisV RVVyRV. ARVs NRPWy |msR y*LS syxRVRsVVsV [RVsRVsV (52).

RORPVRV C dLRiVs LiV RVLiRgS s[sV xqsLRixqs*][ NRPWT ARs FsRV ssVsLis[ sTs
(53). RLiTsgRiV ssV RW RORPVRV xmssV ssRVsVV][ ssV. sVLjiRVV ARRV yNRPV
WgRisVgRiV AxqsssVVsV xqssVLjiLisV (54). RORPVRV LiR][ NRPWT RVVssW ssV RW
AsLijLi, sLis[ xqsLRi*gRiRQVsosgRiV ssV @V s[RVVNRPV gRi NSLRisVVsV gRiWLji
xmsbPLisV (55).
RORPQ DyR e
Ryy gRisVs[ }RVM NRPM xmss[ZaP[ xqs xqsXztsQNRPX` e sVsW xmsLji xqsVxmsryRLi NRPXy*RORPQ * gRiRVL][ ee
56
xmsoR }qsyLRi saSRRy [NRP NSLRiNRP e sWsWaRPsVLi xqssWRW][ xXxtsQxqs Rs RLRi+y`
ee 57
RORPVTV xmsZNPsV c
} gRiRVL][! xqsXztsQNRPLRisgRiV dsso y\|ms g]xms @sVgRixsVV gRiyR\s BRNRPV s RVVLis.
ds LSNRPNRPV NSLRisVVsV xmsVsVV (56). } [NRPNRPLS! dsso y AaRPsVsVVsNRPV xmsoR}mssV[
sy [NRP, G[s NSLRisVV N]LRi\ZNP sy? dsV RLRi+ssVV[ yNRPV AsLiRsVV NRPgjisj
(57).
x[yR e
B xmsXxtsQxqs=Q*xmso[ RZOP[Q sVVsxqsRsV e sxxqssQVsLi yNRPLi sWRRVLixqsLi xmsxmssV ee
58
aRPXV RORPQ RVRLRiLi R*R=dsVxmssVxsWgRiRM e R*][NRPxqs zRLi s[Vszms s][szms Rkzms=RsV ee
59
Rs xmsod xqssWLSR sV[sLi gRiRsV e W sLRiM FyLjiRxqsxqs xqssVWsRVsVVFygRiRM ee
60

aRPLiVy Rs xmsoRQLRiLi R*R=NSaRPsVxLi RVssV e xmsryzms][szqs RV` NRPXRLi


ZaP[RVxqsRsyLRiRV ee 61
x BV xmsZNPsV c
y NRPVsWLRiVRgRiV RORPQ xmsxms BV xmsbPLisV. J sVxL<ki! s[sV LRiVsso* ss* ARsNTP
AsLiRsVVsV NRPgjiLiRVRW BV xmsNTPs (58). } ROSQ! s[sV ds sRNRPV ss NSLRisVVsV
ssVsVV. s[sV ds NRPVsWlLi zRsVVsV g][LRiVRVysV. ds N][LjiNRP NRPWR @j[V (59). ds NRPVsWlLi
bPsos ALSjLi INRP sLRisVVsV N][LjiRVVsj. ysNTP BxmsoRV xqssVRVsVV AxqssQQ\sVsj (60).
bPsoRV ssV ds sRNRPV xmsLizmsyRV. ARVs ds NRPVsWlLi N]LRiNRPV ssV xmsLizmsyRV. dsNRPLRissVVsV,
dsNRPV ZaP[RVxqsV= NRPVgRiV sRsVVgS aRPRgS ssVsVV (61).
sLRiLi RyQ* gRi][ LRiVR rysRQ X aRPLiNRPLRiM e R*RV=yRW sWlgi[s s aRPLRi #[Liry ee
62
@RsVR[ gSRV gjiLjiaRPLi s RVsV e xqs\lLiQQ*M xmsoxtsQsV\VLSQ\ LRiRLi NRPXy*zms
WLjiaRPM ee 63
xqs NSsVs][szms xmsLjiRRLiRssV e xqsdLi sLiRRRWyQ}qs yNRPVM FyNRPX][
RVy ee 64
sxqsQXR xmsaRPVyLi yLi gRilgi[ sxmsWgRiRM e NRP* xqsd[ssV][ xtsQ[ saRP+Q*xqsRzms ee 65
bPsoRV sLRisVV s ss ysVLiTRVW ds NRPVsWlLi VVNRP sWgRisVV[ xqsVsVVsV
F~LiR[NRPVyRV (62). sVsRVRV xmsoxtsQsVVsLi][ |msR xmsRVRsVVsV [zqsRVW,
RsVV (_LRisVV) LiRNRPFso[ G bPsos LiVVLixms[NRPFLiVVy][(63),A bPsoRV BxmsoRV
NSsVsVV[ N]RNRPFLiVVssW, AR yssVVsV dsT, RVMRV\ FyNRPXRsVss
xqss ysLiRVRVyRV (64). ARVs sWgRi RVMRV\ gRisVV FsRV ALRiLiLis
xmsxqsLigRisVVsV sVLji 'xqs FsNRPR?' @s xmsNTP sV\sxmso xmsLjiNTPLiRVRVyRV. sVLjiRVV
sWLRiVsV sRVRVRVyRV(65).

sVRW RVy*LiRLi xmspLRi*Li R*RW R sVRs[s R e sVLkiyQ\QLRiVss\lLi xqsxqs=R sVRVy


xqsVR ee 66
R*RVQyQ LSjR aRP+LiVr=szms Rry sLiRy` e @sVL][RLiVVRVLi }msxmso=LRi*QQLRi[
zsVsjL_ ee 67
RVy yy s\LSQ\s xqs=yQ*[s s[s R e aRPLiVLSLSjR}qss R\sLSR[ xqsd ee 68
RryRV RORPQRsRWLi aRPLi*LRiLi xmsLjiNRPysV e R\|qs#[ xsLi[s NRPXy [ NRPXRNRPXRy ee
69
NRPVsWLS! xmspLRi*sVV s[sV, dsso, sVsRVRV, sVLjiRVV sVLki sVVRgRiV sVxL<RiVV [ss
N][LjiL][, @j BxmsVRV zqsjLisj (66). ds NRPVsWlLi aRPLiVs ALSjLisj. ARVs AsVsV
ysLiRVRW AsVsV F~LiRg][Lji AsVNRPV @sVNRPWV\ zsVsRLRi*RsVVsLiRVyRV (67).
AsV yy sR ssVV][, xqsRQ*gRiVbdP\V RXRsRsVV][ aRPLiVs G dLRiVs
ALSjLis][,ARVs A xqss @Vs[ ALSjLiRVRVyRV (68). NSsos, aRPLiVs N]LRiNRPV
RsVsosV ys yOSQRVs ARVsNRPV xqssVLjiLiRVsVV. sLisVVsV [RVNRPVsVV. @V [zqs
dsso NRPXyLRiVRso NRPsVV (69).
@xLi RsWsLiVVuysV yLRi[s R*yRVsV e R\|qs# R*s[VyLi xqsLiRVR RRlLi[
xmsLjiNRPysV ee 70
aRPVy* sVsV sRZaP[ xqs s[V xmso][sxL<jiRM e Gs s[Vs[ sWLi RORPQ DyR xmsLjixL<jiRM ee 71
RRr=sxLi sVVs[ Ry gRisVsVRLiRxL<jiRM e DRV=N][ [NRPsLRi][ gjiLjia][ RVR xqsLizqsRM ee 72
gRi[ yLRiR RO][Qszms xqsyLRiRsW xzms e@sRWLRi NSsVxqsV=R {msRVW\|tsQLjis xmspLjiRM ee 73
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi xqsdLi[ xqsdsLRiMysV
xqsxmsRa][syRVM (17).

s[sV yLRiRVs y*LS ARVssV ds BLiNTP LRizmsLiRsV. dsso ARVs N]LRiNRPV RsVsosV ys
CsVsV ARVsNRPV xqssVLjiLiRVsVV (70). y NRPVsWLRiVRgRiV RORPVRV y C sWsV ss, sVNTP
xqsLiRzqs, '@Vs[ @gRiVgSNRP!'@s y][ xmsZNPsV (71). J sVxL<ki! @xmsoRV [NRPNSLRisVV sLiRV
ssVgRiVR\ss s[sV Dy=xsVV][ sVNTP AsLiRsVV][ bPsoRV Ds ryssVVsNRPV ss
(72).J yLRiy! s[sV sgSs[ RORPVRV LRi][ , NRPVsWlLi][ gRiWT @sVXR FyssVVsV RXzmsgS
[zqss yRV s xmspLRisV[LRiRVyVsV (73).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsjRVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizRRVLiRV lLiLiRsjRVgRiV xqsdLiRsVV[
xqsdsLRiFyzms @s[ xmsRVs[Rs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (17).
@R @uyRa][syRVM
xqsd NRPsVV
yLRiR DyR e
LRiVRFylLi[+Q*R*LiVV gRi[ NTPsV WRLjiRLi RRM e NS yLS x syR NTPLi RNSLRi
xLRixqs=Q*RVsV ee 1
yLRiRVTV xmsZNPsV c
dsso LRiVRVs sRNRPV ss RLRiVyR GsV sXyLiRsVV Ljigjisj? RLiU! xLRiVRV xqs*RVsVVgS
GsV [zqsyRV?(1)
x[yR e
@yxLi bPssWs[RVLi xmsxqssM xmsLRis[VaRP*LRisV eAxqsRLi z sV [sLi zsVsjLji xqsLizqsRsV ee
2

sWLi dsORPQ [NRPxqsuyLRisWRWLiRLi sXxtsQR*M e sVsry xqsLiaRPRVLi RZNP[ xqsd FyF


sVVxLRiVxM ee 3
@R {msy xL][ [NRPgRi sWbPR dRW e xqsyLi NSQ R sWLi OTPQ xmssVVyR FyNRPX][
RVy ee 4
xBV xmsZNPsV c
RLRiVyR s[sV xmsxqssVR\s xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRgRiV bPsos ][]s sRV\ZNP, zsVsRLRi*sVV
sLiRVs A sV[sos sRNRPV ss (2). xqsXztsQ NRPLRisgRiV s[sV sRVRVLiRVsV gSLi A
sXxtsQR*RV Rs sVsxqsV=[ xqsd [ss F~Li[ sxtsQRVsVV[ @s[NRP xqsLiaRPRVsVVNRPV
yssV (3). @xmsoRV xLRiVRV FyNRPXR sVs s [NRPxmso dLRiVsV FyLi[ dsV [
g]sy\ xqsd[sRVLiR }mssV][, ssV D[bPLi {msxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS sLis[ BV xmsZNPsV
(4).
CaRP*LRi DyR e
NTPsVNSL<kiRV=LRi[xtsQ xqsRlLi[ R*RV=Rxqs= sWsV e NRPRRVxqs* RVy ry*LiRLi s klLi[ sVs[s
z ee 5
yssW[ sxmsWg][ sWs[Vs R xqsdLi xms e @xLi xqsVLRi[xtsQ RQQNSQ* yLi
FyyLjisV ee 6
xqsd xqsRRLi xs sR NSLRiLi NRPL][sVxsV e @[yssV ry FyFy Rj*[ NTPRVyLi
Ry ee 7
CaRP*LRiVTV xmsZNPsV c
[sR[ |msR\ss J ! y sVsxqsV= sWgRi RVMsVV[ RV NSNRPsVVLi[ xmsVsVV. ds
NRPVsWLRiVRV xqsd sxtsQRVsVV[ GsV [RVVsV?(5). } xqsVLRi[uy! C xqsdsWgRisVV
RsWNRPsVgRiV *LRisVV @jNRPsVVgS |msLRiVgRiVRVsQQ\ ssV y zLizqsLiRVRVsj. B

RVMsVV BRLRi FyVsV dsT ssV xmsVNRPVsj (6). } xs! s[sV sLRiLiRLRisVV xqss[
ysLiRVRVysV. s[s[sV [RVsRVV[ xmsVsVV. [|qsRsV. s[ysVNRPV RWLRisVV gSNRPVLiy
sLis[ AsVsV F~Li[ syssVVsV ARLjiLixmsosVV (7).
x[yR e
B LRiV][NRPsRsLi [NSyLRixqsVgRiLjiysV e aRPVy*xLi yLRiRsVVs[ ryLiR*RVsgRiRLi bPssV ee
8
xqsRLRiLi RVssV xqsV][ sR xqs sXxtsQR* e RRQXVxtsQ* sryR zqsR sVRsyLRiRV ee
9
[RW R\|qs# sVRW xmsod RRLRiLi xmsLjiNRPy e sVsW dxtsQsVRLi NSLRi R*y*NSLRiRjNRPLi
xmsosM ee 10
sVRV yQLSjRaRP+Li VlLi[RRLRiLi xqs*RVLi xmsosM e rsxtsQs*xtsQ sWLi RVryRy [RW
sVRW xlLi[ ee 11
aRPV[ lgi[ xqsVsVWxlLi[ xqssWgRiR RV ryLiNRPsV e Ry yrysV RsRWLi OSQLRiLi aRPLi# s[
s[ ee 12
x BV xmsZNPsV c
J yLRiRsVxL<ki! C dLRiVs [NRP xmssX][ sLiTRVVs LRiVRVs sWsV ss s[y bPsos
JyLRiVRW BV xmsNTPs (8). } sXxtsQR*! xqs sxtsQRVsVV[y NRPVsWLRiVRV zmss
sW yNTPLixmsosVV. dsNRPV ryRsVV NSsj [RV. C NSLRisVV zqsjLis Rs saRPLiVVLiRVsVV
(9). y NRPVsWlLi bPsos N]LRi\ZNP RsVsosV ysj. AsVsV ARVsNRPV xqssVLjiLiRssV. C
NSLRisVV yNRPV @xtsQsVV. ds A[aRPsVV [ @j sVLjiLiR @xtsQsVgRiV RVsj (10). y NRPVsWlLi
ks N]LRi\ZNP xqs*RVsVVgS aRPLiVs ALSjLi RVVsj.A bPsoRV NRPWy ssV xqs N]LRiNRPV
FyLjiLiRVRVyRV. NSs AsVsV bPsosNTP syxsVVsV [RVssV (11). }

xs! aRPLiVRV aRPVgRisVV[ xqsVsVxLRisVV[ NRPy ORPQ N]LRiNRPV y sRNRPV sRV


gSNRP! s[sV y NRPVsWlLisV B syxsVVsV [RVgRisV(12).
BRVyR xqs sWLi RORPQ xqsryRQ*Li sXxtsQR* e aRPV[ sVVxlLi[ R[*aRP gRiR ysWsRVxqs*
R ee 13
B aRPVy* sVsV s][ NTPNUPLi gRisWbPRM e DyR sxxqssV][ sVVs[ sWLi NRPsR=M ee 14
} sXxtsQR*!RORPQRV y][ BV xmsNTPyRV. NSs dsso aRPVsVVxLRisVV[ ARs
gRiXxsVVsNRPV s AsVsV dxqsVNRPVLRisVV(13). C y sWsV ss NRPsR=VRgRiV LRiVRVRV
[NRPxmssX yaRPLiVVLi ss*sV. J sVxL<ki! ARVs y][ BssV (14).
LRiVR DyR e
gRisV}tsQ sy ryLRiLi yLRi[s R RRQXxsV e @xs[Vs gRiRQ=xtsQxqsryRQ*Li yLRiRLi xqsLRi ee
15
sVLkiyks xqs*xmsoyLiaRP sWsryszms xqsLixqsLRi e \ ry=LRiLi RORPQ sRVLi gRisV}tsQ xqsgRi[ s[ ee
16
LRiVRVTV xmsZNPsV c
J xqsXztsQ NRPLS! ds][ sVLjiRVV yLRiRVs][ gRiWT s[sV xqs*RVsVVgS ARs BLiNTP sgRisV. NSs
dsso yLRiRVs xqsLjiLixmsosVV (15). J sk! ds sWsxqsxmsoRVgRiV sVLki sVVRgRiV yLjis NRPWy
xqsLjiLiRVsVV. s[sV yLji][, sVLjiRVV gRisVV][ NRPWT RORPVs gRiXxsVVsNRPV sRsV (16).
x[yR e
ByFsx dsVZaP[s [NSyLRixmslLi[ x e xqsLixqsLRiLi yLRiRLi y*Li R sVLkiyksV=yLixqsy ee
17

RRxqs=sWgRiyxqs=lLi[* sWsryxqs sRWxqsQ*RW e sVsV xqsLRisW[ xXuy}qs RVRsWRLS`


ee 18
sxtsvxqs=sWgRiRxqsWLRiLi xqsQX][ LRiV[ \ZaPsLS e xqsxqs*Q\|qssM NRPsVRW gRiLRiVy LRiWR Gs R ee
19
@R \Rzqs[ xmsZOP[Q sORPQ [ gRi\s[ e RWRaSLi js[ _ sLRiRR= sV}aRP*LRiM ee 20
x BV xmsZNPsV c
[NSyLRi xmsLSRVVRgRiV CaRP*LRiVTV AzmsLigS, s[sV ssV (yLRiRVs), sVLjiRVV sVLki
sVVRgRiV NRPVsWLRiVsV xqsLjiLis (17). @xmsoy sWsxqsxmsoRVLiRLRiV ds][ gRiWT s[sV
xqsLjiLisLiRs[ AsLiRsVV][ ARLRisVV][ ssV sLis[ @RNRPV s[zqsLji (18). bPsNS
gRigRiVRgRiV sxtsvsosV LRiVRVRV xqsLjiLiRgRi ARVs OUPQ [s][ gRiWT Rs \|qsssVVsV
sLiVN]s gRiLRiVRVs @jztsQLi ssV sLis[ s[|qssV (19). RLRiVyR \R aRPVNRP RWRbdP
AjyLRisVV DRLS sORPQ RsVV yRV A sV}aRP*LRiVRV RVV [lLisV (20).
xqs\lLiQQ*xqsV=LRigRi\ry=LRiLi xsxtsv xmsoLRixqs=Q\lLiM e Ry \LRiVsLRiRs xqs xmsj aRPLiNRPLRiM ee 21
sWlLi[ xqssVVRV=N][ ][ [ykyLi R gRiRysV e Ry xLRigRiyLi R rysLiR sVsrysV ee
22
gRig][yxmnsVxqsLSaRP RLiR NRP Ry e gRiVxqs=lLi[* WxtsQR*Li RVy WgRiLi
bPs[RRW ee 23
RRM ORPQ[s y dslLi[s Wgjiy e xqs sxtsv xmssVVM {msy Fyxms ROSQRVLi xLRiM ee 24
R][ RO][Q sdsyR xqsLixmsxXxtsQ RsWLRiVxM e xmsRVR xqssVLi Rxqs xqsLiRVVNRP
xqs=NRP\LjiQQ\M ee 25

A aRPLiNRPLRiVRV xqsLRi* [sygRisVV][, x sxtsvso][, sVLjiRVV sVxL<RiV][ NRPWT sWLRisVV


sLiRV sRW sVNTP a][sV (21). [sRNRPV bPsgRisVVNRPV, BRLRiVNRPV sRVLiRgS
sWLRisVV sLiRV g]xms Dy=xsVV, sVsxqsV=[ xmsLSs AsLiRsVV NRPlgisV (22). gRisVV
,g][so , yxmnsVsVV, xqsLRisVVV, sVVV, sVLjiRVV RLiRNRP @sVss bPsos
xqsLiNRPsVV[ WgRisVgRiV WxtsQsVVVgS sWLjiFLiVVss (23). RLRiVyR bPsoRV sxtsvso
sVVRgRiV yLji][ gRiWT aS, WgRiaRPNTP gRij @gRiV sXxtsQsVV sjztsQLi ORPQNSsVV[
AsLiRsVVgS RORPVs gRiXxsVVsNRPV [lLisV (24). @xmsoRV AsLiRsVV][ gRigRiVLSV gRi RORPVRV
ssRVsVV][ NRPWTs y\ Rs LiRVsoLiRLji][ gRiWT ARVsNRPV FsRVlLi[lgisV (25)
xqslLi[* xqsVLRigRixqsR xqs*RVLi RZOP[Q xqsRQXyM e FylL<i[Q* ZaP[xtsQLi R sVVsLRiVxmssuy RVyNRPsVsV
ee 26
xmsLjiyLSs [ys gRiLiaRP sVVsLRiy e RORPQxqs=sWsRWsWxqs gRiXLiRLRiRbP+ssV ee
27
@R RO][QM xmsxqsyyLRixqs*RVLi xqslLi[*aRP*LRiLi xLRisV e xqssWsLRi sys[s RRy
xqsssVsVRsVsV ee 28
R][ sxtsvLiR sWLi sFys xqsVLSs xqsLS*s gRiLixqsy e xmspRWsWxqs xqsRQ NSQ
RV][RsysRM ee 29
RORPVRV Rs gRiXxgRisVVsNRPV s[zqss [sRsLiRLjids xqs*RVsVVgS xqsRLjiLisV. ZaP[xtsvRgRiV
bPsos NRPWLRiVLiR , ARVs xmsNRPs sVVsVLiRLjis sLRiVxqs[ NRPWLRiVLiRVsV [|qssV (26).
@xmsoRV RORPVRV [sRsLiRLjids, sVLjiRVV sVVsVsV xmsROTPQsVV [zqs, yLji][ xqs bPsos
BLi[xmsNTP ][][s ssV (27). @xmsoRV xmsxqsssVgRiV RsVV gRi RORPVRV xqslLi[*aRP*LRiVRgRiV
xLRiVsNRPV xqsLRi*ZaP[xtsQsVgRiV AxqsssVVsV xqs*RVsVVgS s sj syssVVgS xmspLisV (28).
RLRiVyR ARRV sVLi NTP][ xqsLjiRVgRiV syssVV[ sVs, sxtsvsosV xVsV, xqsLRi*
[sRsV, sVLjiRVV LRiVRgRisVVsV xmspLisV (29).,

NRPXy* RV][ yLi xmspLi [uyLi xmspjxqsy e RNSLRi xqsLisRLi RO][Q sVVsLSs\|qsM
xmsosM ee 30
R][ sWLi zmsRLRiLi Fyx RORPQM {msy z sVRV=RMe xmsxmsR R*RW NRPLRi NSLRiLi \syzNRPLi
s[ ee 31
RsVRxsVxmsoQQNSQ* xmsxX}tsQyLiRLSRy e xqssVVyRV R][sNSL<RiLi RyLRisVLi Ry
ee 32
RRaRPV+[ sVVxlLi[ z lgi[ gRixs*[ e xqsdLi sxqsVyLi RO][Q R_ xlL<i[ aRPLi# s[ ee 33
xmspgRiV sVxL<RiV][ NRPWTRVVs yLjiNTP RVy WgRisVgRiV xmspsV [zqs RORPVRV sVLRi y
sWsxqsxmsoRVgRiV sVVsV][ xqsLixmsjLisV (30). RLRiVyR y NRPVsWLRiVRgRiV A RORPVRV {ms][
RLiTsgRiV y][ 'xms[!syx NRPLRisV dss[ LjizmsLixmsosVV' @s xmsNTP xmssVsV (31). s[sV
NRPWy xqsLiRzqss @LiRMNRPLRisVV gRiyR\s, xqslLi[ @s xmsNTP, [ A NSLRisVVsLiRsW
sLRi*QQLjiLis (32). @xmsoRV aRPVsVVxLRisVVsLiRV gRixsVV][ NRPWTs gRisVV[ RORPVRV
AsLiRsVV][ Rs NRPVsWlLi RVgRiV xqss aRPLiVsNTPsV (33).
Dy*xsjy rszms FyLi gS x xL<jiRM e yOSQRV sLRiR[xqsydsLi sXxtsQR*M ee 34
@xLi xLjixqsQ* yyQ\s sVVsRVaRP xqsVLS gRiM e s[sVVxqs=lLi[* xqsLixqsV
rQ= xtsQRWsWxqsVLkiaRP*LRisV ee 35
xqssVVR=[ sVy{qssQQXRgSs xmsoLRixqs=LRiM eAsLiRLi xmsLRisVLi gRiVxqs=lLi[* sVVs gRixqsV=LSM ee
36
NRPyLi RyQ* NRPXyL][sWRy RO][Q zsVRV=RM e bPybP_ xmsxqs_ R sLi
sVLigRiRVsV ee 37

B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi j*d[V xqsdLi[ NRPyys


sLRisLi ysV @uyRa][syRVM (18).
@xmsoy sXxtsQR*RV AsLijLi RVysjgS syx NRPLRisV @sVztsQLi xqsVLiRLjiRVgRiV
yOSQRV][ Fy gRixsVVsV [|qssV (34). s[sV, sxtsvso, dsso, BRLRisVVsVV, [sRV,
bPsgRisVVV @LiRLRiV CaRP*LRiVsNRPV ssVxqsLjiLi g]xms xqsVRV[ xqsLi][xtsQ|msLji (35). g]xms
DR=ssVV LjilgisV. ysVVV gSssVVV sLRi*zLiRsV. sVVs gRisVVV, [sRV
@LiRLRiV xmsLRisWsLiRsVVsV F~LijLji (36). y NRPVsWLRiVRgRiV RORPVRV AyRV NRPyyssVVsV [zqs
NRPXyLRiVyVsV. DsW xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVV xmsxqssVQQ\Lji. xqsLRi*sVV sVLigRi syssWVsV.(37).
$bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[ lLiLiRsj RVgRiV xqsdLiRsVV[ NRPyys sLRissVs[ xmsRVsssVRs
@yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (18).
@R GN][ssLia][syRVM
xqsdNRPsVV c bPsd
x[yR e
NRPXy* RORPQxqsV=y ysLi RRNRPLi s sRLi R_ e xLSRV xqsVxmsxqssaRP ssRLi RssV ee 1
@R aRPLiV sVVy gRiR xqssVVyRV NRPXyLiM e ryLRiLi NRPsVRW [RsVVyR gRiLRiVRR*M ee 2
x BV xmsZNPsV c
RORPVRV NRPyyssVVsV [zqs bPsosNRPV @s[NRP sxqsVsosV rylLigS s, sVNTP xmsxqssVQQ\ ssR
xqsLixmsRsV xVNRPV BsV (1). @xmsoRV gRiLRiVRR*RgRiV sxtsvso OUPQ [s][ gRiWT
bPsos sRNRPV s ][zqsVVgji BV xmsZNPsV (2).
sxtsvLRiVyR e

[s[s sV[s NRPLRiV rygRiLRi xms[ e R*Li zmsy gRiyLi yR xqsd sWyxqs R ee 3
RVVyLi dsyL_ \s xqsyLi ZOP[QsWRV xqsLRi*y e yLi sgRiLSRV aRPVlLi[uy xqsyRds ee 4
zqsQgRi dsLis aSsV a][RW a][# }qs xLRi e yOSQRV RVy RxLi xms[s[Vs xmsRRW
ee 5
[yyLi y sXLi LRiOSQLi NRPVLRiV xqsysRW xqsysV e xqsLiryLRiryLjiLi aRPLi[ sVLigRiLi xqsLRi*y
Ry ee 6
RV GyLi ryu \s RXuy* aRPVy*Ry # s[` e RLi xyxqs=LRi*W[aRP szmsLji s[V xms[
ee 7
sxtsvso BV xmsZNPsV c
[s[y!sV[y!NRPLRiV xqssVVy! } xms[! RLiU! C gRiRVsNUP dsso RLiTs. xqs
R (3). dsVLRiV xqsLRi*y xqsRVLRiVxtsv ZOP[QsVsVV N]LRiNRPV, RVxtsv sgRixsVV N]LRiNRPV d[
@sRLjiLiRLRis xqsyRssVgRiV s[RsVV sNSLiRVRVsj (4). } xLS! NRPs ss NSVNRP
s aSsV sLRisVV][ a][V xqs][ gRiWT RVVs g_LRisLRisVV gRi dsso, g_LRisLRisVV gRi
OTPQ ][ aSsVsLRisVVgRi s[sV s, a][V RVyso (5). } aRPLi[! dsso [sR[, sVLjiRVV
sWsso[ gRi xqsRVLRiVxtsvsV C xqsd[s][ gRiWT LRiOTPQLixmsosVV. C xqsLiryLRisVV[
ryLRiWRVgRiV xqsRVLRiVxtsvNRPV xqsLRi*y sVLigRisVV gRiVgRiV gSNRP! (6). }
xqsLRi*W[aRP*LS! CsVsV Fss\lLi[ @xtsQ][ RWRV[,yss dsso xqsLixLjiLixmsosVV. Bj y
ssxmssVV (7).
x[yR e
B aRPVy* s][ suLji*xxqs xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiM e GssVzqsQ* xqsLRi*M FyR sVRVxqsWRssV ee 8
xqs*rysLi xLjiLSgRiR zqsR A{qssVdsaRP*LRi e DR=sLi NSLRiRWsWxqs g][xms RLjiRLi R R` ee 9

@xLi [dsLi xqssWgRiR gRiXx[Q NRPsjyssV e @gjiNSLRiLi RV][jxtsQsVNSL<RiLi R xqsVsxqsLRisV


ee 10
RRbP+y bP\s\ZaPQQs RVysj xmsxXxtsQs` e Algi[M xmsROTPQLi RZNP[ sVyyLRi j*RW ee 11
x BV xmsZNPsV c
sxtsvso VVNRP C sWsV ss xqsLRi*RgRiV xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV ss*, '@Vs[ @gRiVgSNRP!' @s
sVRV xqsWRsVs][ xmsZNPsV (8). J sVxL<ki! @xmsoRV sxtsvso Rs ryssVVsNRPV Ljigji s,
DR=ssVVsV [LiVVLisV. sVLjiRVV A sXyLiRsVVsV LRixxqssVVgS sVLisV (9). s[sV gRiXx
xqsWRsVV[ zmss sRsVVgS x[sWj NSLRisVVssds sryLRisVVgS RVysjgS
xqsdbPso[ [LiVVLis (10). @xmsoRV xqsdbPsoV AsLijLi, AyLRiVRsgRiV s[sV, sVLjiRVV
BRLRi xVV AzmsLiRgS RVysjgS @gji xmsROTPQsVVsV [Ljizqs (11).
Ry sVx[R=sxqsyRV][sWj* xqsRsV e xqslLi[*uyLi xqsVRLi yRLi gkiRsXR
xmsoLRixqs=LRisV ee 12
Ryds sVRVRLi RR RLjiRLi xqssVWj e xqsVsxqsRVNRPLRiLi yR RRQXV R*Li sysV [ ee
13
RVL`i [RW aSLids sWRW RRW xqsLisWzRLi gRi` e xqsRLSRLRisVRLiRLi xqs
[yxqsVLRisWsVxtsQsV ee 14
WsxLi aRPLiVLi sWxLiVVRVLi xmso\lLi RLi NRPxms[sx e sWLi R RLi aRPLiNRPLRiryR sWxRW
sWxqs dRW ee 15
J j*ZaP[uy! @xmsoRR @RVRsVgRiV sVx[R=ssVV xmssLjisV. ys[s yRsVVV,
gkiRsVVV, sXRsVVV xqsLRiV*NRPV xqsVsVVsV NRPgjiLisV (12). @xmsoRR @yaRPLRiNRP\sVs
@RVR sXyLiRsVV xmnsVsV sy=! yss dsNRPV |msRsV ssVsVV (13). aRPLiV sWRVsV
RV sVNTP NRPxtsQsVV. A sWRV [ gRiRV xmspLjigS sWzLixmsT RVVsj. [sRV,

LSORPQxqsVV, sVsVxtsvV][ xqs RLSRLRigRiRV A sWRV[ sVNTP sWxsVVsV LijRVVsj


(14). xmspLRi*sVV s[sV NRPxms[ FyRVsVV[ aRPLiVs sWzLixms[RV g][Ljis. sy=! @ ssV
aRPLiNRPLRiVRV @sdgS sWzLixms[|qssV (15).
B[RLSxmsNSLRiLi RVxqs= R\|qs#s # s[RVssV e B sVy*xmsNSLRiLi [ NRPVLSRsxqs xmspLRiVxtsQM
ee 16
xmsROTPQLi xmsNRPVLRi*Liy s} xqs=yM xmsRR*RVsV e AsLRi Ws sxqsyRR yORPQ sVxLi
sVVs[ ee 17
sVRy sxtsQ[ yaRP Wy*LigSs s[NRPRVsV e @xLi xqsy j*ZaP[xtsQ bPssWRW
ssWzRM ee 18
RVy RVyxLi LRisW \sQORPQsVLigSs N_RVNS` e ryQ Ws xqsLixXxtsQM NSsWL][ z Ry
Ry ee 19
BRLRiVNRPV FssLRiV @xmsNSLRisVVsV RRL][, @j yLjiZNP[ LRiVgRiV saRPRVsVV. C xqsRsVV
sLjiLigji sWssoRV BRLRiVNRPV @xmsNSLRisVVsV [RVLSRV (16). JsVxL<ki!xqsd[s @gjiNTP
xmsROTPQsVsVVsV [RVV RVLiRgS dLRi ]gji AsV FyRsVVV lLiLiRV NRPsR ss. s[sV
ys RWs (17). J j* ZaP[uy! bPssWRV[ ssWzRVR\ss s[sV sVsRVs[
As[bPLixmsTs sVsxqsV= gRiyR\s xqsd[s VVNRP @LigRisVVsV RWs (18). s[sV xqsd[s
VVNRP @LigRisVVsV xL<RisVV][ DRLihRi][ RWRV RVLiRgS, y[s NSsVs[Rs @jNRPsVV
N]sV (19).
@xs[VsLi Ry RXuy* RORPQLi R xmssysV e xqsLSsxtsQsVy sNRPQLi RVxtsQNSsW%sLi
sVVs[ ee 20
s aRPLi[LRiQRW sNRPQLi xmsRQORPQLi R s[NTPRsV e s R ry RWsuy NRPL][ xmsNRPLi sVVsV
ee 21

RRxqsRLRi+yLSRV xqsRVFyRVLi syLRiRVs e RWsV |mnsWlLi[ NSsWL][%NSL<RiLi RR RRM


xmsLRisV ee 22
AlLi[QLiRys WLki OTPQFyQ* RR ssr e xqs*x syry yLRiQ R[Rsxqsy
ee 23
J sVxL<ki! xmssRRVgRiV yOSQRVs s[sV C dLRiVs RW sVsRVs[ As[bPLixmsTs
sVsxqsV= gRiyR\s AsV sVVsVVsV RWRg][Ljis (20). s[sV zqsgRiV[ aRPLiVs sVVsVVsV
xmsRQORPQsVVgS RWR[RV. AsV zqsgRiV[ Rs sVVsVVsV NRPsR NRPVLiRVsV NRPxmsVN]s RVVLisV
(21). AsV sVVsVVsV RW[ sVLi DFyRVsVVsV gRiWLji s[sV A[Lis. |mnsWLRisVgRiV
FyxmsxmsssVV[ s[sV NSsV {msTRVR\s @xmso]NRP xmsss [zqss (22). @R @gji RVLiRV xms
NRPLRisV @jNRPsVVgRisV, Axs @sVVgRisV s[zqs RT RssVV @jNRPsVVgRi sVLiRVsV
[zqss (23).
FyRVLRiWRxqs][ RWsW WRWLixqsR xqssVLiRRM e yRXg`i [Vs RsW WRLi s[k
WsVssLjiRsV ee 24
R][ RWsWNRPV[ s[[ sV}aRPM xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiM e xryLi yRRWsWxqs xdNRPLRiM xmsVM ee
25
R][ sxqsQLi xqssVV`OTPQxms xqsdsNRPQsVxLi sVVs[ e @s[ORPQLi NTP NSsWLRiM xmsxX}tsQyLiRLSRy ee
26
sVxLRiVx LRixLi yR xmsaSsV xqs xqsdsVVsV e @[LijRV sNSLRiLi R Fyxmsyszqs
r%saRPM ee 27
@xmsoRV @R @LiR F~gRi @jNRPsVVgS yzmsLi, s[j xqsdsVxms WsV @LiRRVW dNRP
sLiTsV AVsV (24). @xmsoRV xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRgRiV sV}aRP*LRiVRV F~gRi][ sLiTs NRPsV lLiLiRV
[RV][ sVVxqsVN]ssV. A xmsVso @s[NRP dsV xmsRLji+LiRVsV gRiy!(25). J sVxL<ki! @xmsoRV
s[sV sxqsQsVVsV \|msNTP dzqs xqsd [s sVVsVVsV xqsLi][xtsQsVV][ sLiTs sVsxqsV= gRiyR\s

RW NSsV {msTRVR\ss (26). sy=! s[sV xqsd[s sVVsVVsV @s[NRP xmsLSRVsVVV RW


BLijRV sNSLRisVVsV F~Lijs. y sVVxqsV= y saRPsVV[ [NRPVLisV (27).
sVsV lLi[RM xmsRxqsLiR
RVuyLRiRRVxqsLissV ee 28

RRxqsk*QORPQRVRsV

RRVLjiLiRV

sVRLi

Ws

R][%xLi aRPLiNTP][ sds R` ORPQLi szqs][ sVVs[ e AyR[V xqsR[][ RVy


NRPbPRV[Rs ee 29
@R RRgRiys aRPLiVL`i y* js[s RORPVuy e lLi[][% sxqsLiRyRxqs N][Fy[R RVyR x
ee 30
AsVsV RWRV ss sVLiRV sVVRs sVs yV LiRVso xmsLjisWsVV gRi y lLi[RxqsV=
WsV\|ms LjixmssV (28). J sVxL<ki! s[sV A ORPQsVV[ sxqsRVsVVsV Lij RVxmsTsyR\s
GsVRVW sWRNRPVLiRgS, A lLi[RxqsV=sV BRLRiVNRPV NSsLSNRPVLiRVsV NRPzmss[zqss (29).
@xmsoRV gRiys aRPLiVRV jsRXztsQ[ A sxtsQRVsVVsV VxqsVN]ssV. lLi[R}qs=NRPsVV LRiVgRiV[
ARVsNRPV y N][xmssVV ssV. ARVs BV xmsZNPsV (30).
LRiVR DyR e
NTPs[VRj*xRLi Fyxms R*RW NRPLRi sgRiL>jiRsV e sy} sVsV NSLiyRW sNRPQLi RXxtsQLi s
LSgRiRM ee 31
R*Lis[= aRPLiNRPlLi[\RRLS RLi s NTPLiRs e \Q[ZNP[szms ss[VsRLi gRiWRLi RryRLiRLi
s[ ee 32
RVLiQxtsv [ZNP[xtsv LigRisVLi rysLRiLi Ry e RryxLi sVRg][ sVWR\Li RVR*
LiNRPsV ee 33
JLki Fy{ms! dss gRiVzms=RsVgRiV NRPLRisV G [zqss ?dsso syxsVV[ y LRi VVNRP
sVVsVVsV @sVLSgRisVV][ RWR[RV (31). aRPLiNRPLRiVsNRPV RVsj GjRVW DLiRRs dsso

FsLRiVLigRiVRVso. sVV[NRPsVV[ \sssW yNRPV RVs LRixxqssVV [RV. } s[! BV G


[zqss?(32). }sVWy! C sVV[NRPsVV[ xqssVxqs RLSRLRi Fy xqssVWxsVV[xms s[sV
RVLiRV \sVV s yzmsLi RVVysV (33).
x[ yR e
BRVQQNSQ* zmsRVsxtsvLSLi Ry sxtsvsRxqs=QLRisV e B[VxtsQ xLiRVLi Li aRPWsVVRsV
aRPLiNRPLRiM ee 34
aRPLiV[RsV[ aRPW[ sWLi R xLiRVLi j*[RsV e sVLki xmssVV}qs \s NSLRiLi R RNTPlLi[
ee 35
R][ [sgRixqs=lLi[* sVVsRVaSxqsy e RVxtsvso aRP+LiNRPLRiLi RR xms*LiRLi RVLiNRPLRisV ee
36
x BV xmsZNPsV c
sxtsvso zmsRV\sVs yRVgS gRi aRPLiNRPLRiVRV @xmsoRV BV xmsNTP, sxtsvsosWsV xqsLjiLi,
aRPWsVVs xsV xqsLixLjiLixms sVRsVLisV (34). } j*ZaP[uy! aRPLiVRV aRPWsVVs
ssV RLixmsoNRPV zqsRxmsRgS, sVLki sVVRgRiV yLRiLiRLRiV xNSLRisVVsV [zqsLji (35). @xmsoRV
xqsLRi*[sgRisVVV, sVVsVV sVLjiRVV BRLRiVV @LiRLRiV, sVLiTxmsRVRW RVLiNRPLRisVVgSsVs
aRPLiNRPLRiVs xqsVLiLji (36).
[y ERVM e
[s [s sV[s aRPLRi gRiRsR= e Li LRiORPQ LRiZOP[QaRP NRPXFyLi NRPVLRiV sV}aRP*LRi ee 37
gRiy sV}aRP R*Li gRiyy xqsd sVy e xLjiRRVxqs=lLi[* Rs yryxqsV=LRixms[ee 38
@RVyNRPX dxqsQ*Li Rs sWRWRVy xms[ e RRW ssWzRLi xqsLRi*Li sy R*RQ NTP
dsVaRP*LRi ee 39

[sRV BV xmsNTPLji c
} [s[y! sV[y! dsso aRPLRiVs yLjis }mssV][ LRiOTPQLiRso. CaRP*LS! xsV
LRiOTPQLixmsosVV. sV}aRP*LS!RRVsV RWxmsosVV (37). sV}aRP*LS! dsso gRiRVsNRPV RLiTs. xqsd[s
gRiyR. } [s xms[! xLjiRVLiRLRiV dsNRPV yxqsVV (38). ds ANSLRisVV, ds dV
@RVR\sVss. } xms[! ds sWRV @RVR\sVsj. } CaRP*LS! ds NTP [s sLjisLiRLjids A
sWRV sWzLixms[RVVsV (39).
x[yR e
BRLi xRLRiLi ky sLRiy sVVsRVaRP [ e RVxtsvsolLi[s[s[aRPLi N][ysxtsQLi sV}aRP*LRisV ee
40
RO][Q \sVsLi \sVssV Fy sVVRsV aRPLiNTPRM e yLRiRW sWxqs W[aRPLi OTPQ xmss[VR xmsoL][gRiRM ee
41
@ylgi[ xqsLigRiRLi dsORPQ Ry RORPQLi sV}aRP*LRiM e xmsRVyy zmsRVsVRLi xqsLixqsLRis FyLRiyLi
xlLi[M ee 42
x BV xmsZNPsV c
N][ys[aRPsVVsV F~Lijs [s[s[aRP*LRiVRgRiV sV}aRP*LRiVs A [sRV sVLjiRVV sVVsVV C
dLRiVs kssVVgS @s[NRP sRsVVVgS xqsVLiLji (40). RORPVRV dRV\ sRV sRV @s xmsVNRPVRW
s[gRisVVgS sVVLiRVsNRPVLjiNTP [s xmsVN]s WRyRVRgRiV bPsos Azmss[|qssV (41). @xmsoRV
sV}aRP*LRiVRV sxtsvso VVNRP @LRissV xqsLjiLi, sVVLiRVsNRPV ss RORPVs RW, ARss
D[bPLi C @zmsRVsRssVVsV xmsZNPsV (42).
sV}aRP*LRi DyR e
sxtsvy s[V% # ZNP[s RVjyds sVVkLjiRsV e sVRWxmsLigki NRPXRLi NRPLRiVLi Rj\|s xmsxms[ ee
43

xqsdLi RVryxtsQxqs=s dsZOP[QR sR RLi xms[ e B sxtsvsRxqs=RLi sjLi xy*


NRPL][sVxsV ee 44
ryxtsQxqs=dLi NRPRLi xqssVs[NRPRV` e @sRQQ NRPlLi[yxqsV R][ xs NRPXygRixqssV ee 45
sV}aRP*LRiVTV xmsZNPsV c
J xmsxmsd! yNRPV g]xms NRPVRgRiV sxtsvso yNRPV BLiRNRPV sVVLiRV zmss xqssV
ARLjiLiRVNRPV s[sV @LigkiNRPLjiLis. NSs, s[y xqssV BxmsoRV @NRPR ARLRi[ |msRsV
(43). J xmsW! xqss NSsVy RXztsQ][ RWRV yss sjLixmsosVs sxtsvso zmsRVVyRV.
s[sV xsV sjLi A sWsV xqsRsVV [|qsRsV (44). x xqsd[ss NSsV RXztsQ][ FsV
RWRgRiyRV? \|msgS lLi[Rxqs=ssVV NRPWR Ljigjisj gRisVNRP, C Fyzmss xqsLixLjiLisV (45).
x[yR e
BRVQQNRPs [s[ZaP[ sV}ZaP[ N][RxqsLiNRPV[ e RNTPLizmslLi[ yxqs=lLi[* xqs[ssVVs sWsVuyM ee 46
NSL][ sVy{qs_ y{qssLi R xqsLRi*aRPM e @WsLi sNRP[%ds RyxLi Rj*sWxNRPM ee
47
@R sxtsv LRi}aS zmsRVM NSLRi sRORPQM e Rs[VsLi yjsLi LRiVRLi RVuys xmsRxqsV=kM ee 48
xqsVy* R ss\rQ= \QaRP+LiNRPLRiLi NRP sR=sV e BRsVW[ yLRiRVLixqsLi OTPQ xmsLi Wy*
xmsoLRixqs=LRiM ee 49
x BV xmsZNPsV c
[s[soRgRiV sV}aRP*LRiVRV N][xmssVV][ sVLiT xmsRVRW BV xmsVNRPgSs[ [sRV, sVVsVV,
BRLRiVV xqsLRiV*V sNTP FLiVVLji (46). g]xms NSLRisVV RVV [lLisV. @LiRLRiV Dy{qssV\
DLiTLji. @xmsoRV s[y xmnsVs[ sWzRVR\s sVNTP RVMRVR\s RVVLis (47).
sV}aRP*LRiVsNRPV sVNTP zmsRVVRV, NSLRiNRPVaRPVRV, VjaS RVgRiV sxtsvso @xmsoRV C sRsVVgS

xmsVNRPVRVs LRiVRVsNTP ssVxqsLjiLi xqsVLisV (48). NRPsR=VRgRiV aRPLiNRPLRiVs


ssRrRsVV[ xqsVLi, sxtsvso sVVLiRVsNRPV s[gRisVVgS s A LRiVRVs yLjiLiRVRW BV
xmsZNPsV (49).
sxtsvLRiVyR e
sjLi s z W[aRP xqs=uyLRiLi gRiyLi xmsVsV e @RVLi aRPLRigRi}qs%R aRPLRi gRiRsR=M ee
50
@xLi [% zmsW N][ NRPLS BdLjiRM e szmsLi xXj s[V sVyQ* NRPXFyLiNRPVLRiV sVsWxmsLji
ee 51
@sR aRPXV s[V yR sRsLi }RVgRiLjiRsV e RssVxtsQ* sV}aSs NRPXFyLi NRPXy*
sVsWxmsLji ee 52
xmsxqs=QxtsvsVRVLi aRPLi[ FyRWLRiVRaRPRVLRiV M e @zqss x[ xmsxqs=uy yxqsQsM
FyNRPX][%RVy ee 53
sxtsvso BV xmsZNPsV c
WRyy! xqsXztsQNRPLRi, gRiRQVso @gRiV xsV xqsLixLjiLiRsRV. CRUyRV ssV aRPLRiV
F~LiRVRVyRV. dsso aRPLRigRiR sR=VRso (50). s[sV dsNRPV sVNTP zmsRVsVgRiV NRPVRsV.
yNRPV NRPLS @sV NUPLji gRiRV. dsso y ssxmssVVsV sVsLi y\|ms RRVsV RWxmsosVV (51).
} yy! s[sV RVVNTP RVVNRP sVgRiV sVLjiVVNRP sWsV |msRsV. ssVsVV. sV}aRP*LS! dsso
y\|ms RRV[zqs y sWsV sVsLixmsosVV (52). } aRPLi[! C yV sWsVV x xmssV
xqsXztsQLiRVZNP[ AsLRisLiyRV. CRVssV xqsLixLjiLis][ sVLjiVVNRP xqsXztsQNRPLRi DLiRRV.
sVLjiVVNRP xqsXztsQNRPLRisV dssjsLRi[ xqsXztsQLiR[RV (53).
xqsXztsQ zqsRLiRNRPLS NRPLjiuysVM xmsosM xmsosM e RW [y sRVLi yR bPsLRiWxms R*yRW ee
54

GRzqssx[ aRPLi[ NRPxqsQ*RLRi NRPLjixtsQ e Rrys s][ sy xqsXztsQNRPXRVNRPXj*[ ee 55


@s[\ss xqsd NRPy RORPQxqs R bPy s[ e xqsRVFy[Vs \s LS sRlLi[ xmsNRPy ee 56
} yy! bPsLRiWxmssVV[ sVs ds A[ sVssVV sVWLRiVsVV xqsXztsQzqsRV NRPLRisV
sVLRi sVLRi [RVV RVLiRVsVV (54). } aRPLi[! C xsV xqsLixLjiLis][, A xqsXztsQNRPLRisV
FssLRiV [|qsRLRiV? } RVNRPLS! } xms[! NSsos dsso xqsXztsQ NRPLRi RVgRiV CRss
xqsLixLjiLiRsRV (55). RORPVs NRPVsWlLi RVgRiV xqsd[s LRiWxmssVV[ sVs DsW [ss, }
xms[! CR[ sVLi DFyRVsVV][ dsNRPV LRi @gRiVsV ssxqssV [zqsyRV (56).
x[yR e
ByNRPLRiQ sV}aRPxqsV szmsLi sxtsvy NRPXy sV e xmsRVyyLiryLiaRP aSsRVLiaRP
RXRsRM ee 57
x BV xmsZNPsV c
RXRsVgRiV sRsVV gRi sV}aRP*LRiVRV sxtsvso [zqss C ssxmssVVsV ss, yLRiLiRLjiNTP
ssxmsRVsVgS, xmsRVRLRisVVsV BV |mssV (57).
sV}aRP DyR e
[s[s LRis[VaSs su sVyQs e s ssLRi RV sWLi yR syRxqs xqsQ*RVsV ee 58
xmspLRiLiVVuysV szmsLi xmspLRi*Li [LigkiNRPXRLi sVRW e sVFyxmsNRPLRiLi RVxtsQLi xs[QsLi
RRVLSsssV ee 59
@xs[Vs xmsxqs=QQZOP[Q xqsLS*zqs= LRiRLS @zms e@sLi xqsZOP[Q xqsXztsQNRPLRisVR yxLi xqs*[ry ee
60

x\Q*sLi sjs[VyxLi xqs*xmsLi xmspLRiRVs NRPXRsV e xqsuyLRis[VNRPLi xqsOSQQsV s syLRiRV s[VaRP


sWsV ee 61
sV}aRP*LRiVTV xmsZNPsV c
} [s[y ! LRisWxmsd ! sxtsw! dsso yNRPV FysVVs zmsRVVRso. sy=! s[dsRss
xqsLixLjiLixms[gS dsso ssV syLjiLiRsRV. CRRV RVxtsvRV (58). xmspLRi*sVV dsso [zqss
ssxmssVVsV s[sV @LigkiNRPLjiLis. yss BxmsVRV xmspLji|qsRsV sVFyxmssVVsV [zqssyRV,
RVxtsvRV, yV sVVsVVV gRiyRV @gRiV C xsV s[sV xqsLixLjiLiRsV (59). rysLRi
LigRisWRNRPsVgRiV xqsLRi*FyVsV s[s[ xqsXztsQLiRsV. [y, y aRPNTP[ sVLjiVVNRP xqsXztsQNRPLRisV
s[sV xqsXztsQLiRsV (60). C xsV xqsLixLjiLi, s[sV [zqss aRPxmsRsVVsV xmspLji[zqs, sVLjiVVNRP
xqsXztsQNRPLRisV xqsXLiRsV. J OUPQ xmsd! dsso ssV syLjiLiRNRPVsVV (61).
x[yR e
B Rxqs sRaRPVQ+y* gjiLkiaRPryx yRVRM e zqsR xmss xXRRVM xmsos\lLiQQs sVdLRiRVs ee
62
x BV xmsZNPsV c
gjiLkiaRPVs C sWsV ss, LRiVsso*][ xmsNRP\sVs
@RVRVRV 'sRV' @s sVLRi xmsVNRPVRW, BssV (62).

NRPLRiVxXRRVsVV

gRi

@RVR DyR e
xmsxmspLRiLi WgRiLi xmsLRizqss xmsoLRiV}tsQ%zqsQ\s e syLRiRVxqs* s[aRP syRs s xms[ ee
63
RW [y sRVLi aRPLi[ R*yysM xmsLS sz e GNRPLRiWFy s yaRP RRQ* RxqsV=syLRiRV
ee 64

RRxqsR*RsLi aRPVy* sury=Q* zmsRVxqsxqsM e aRPLiVLRiW[ xmsosxqsLi \s xmsRVyR[


gRisV ee 65
@RVRVRV BV xmsZNPsV c
xmsLRisV xmsoLRiVxtsvRsgRiV dsso xmssV LiRV N]sV WgRiQ\sVs sxtsQRVs[V. NSs, dsso
syLjiLiRVsVV. } xmsW! CaRP*LS! RssV ysV sjLiRV N]sV RgRiRV (63). }
aRPLi[! sVssVV sVWLRisVV ds xqs*LRiWxmsosVV gSs s[lLi[*LRiV gSRV. sVs xqs*LRiWxmssVV INRP.
C RRQ*sVVsV dsso syLjiLiRVsVV (64). sVNTP zmsRVVRgRiV sxtsvso VVNRP A sWsV ss
@xmsoy aRPLiVRV AR xqs*LRiWxmssVVsV xmsNRPLixms [RVR sVLRi ARs][ sssV (65).
aRPLiVLRiVyR e
} su xqsLRi*# ZNP[aRP NRPRsWy sjLRisV e ORPQ [ s GyRVLi xmsRQZOP[QgRiRzqs=RM ee 66
aRPLiVso BV xmsZNPsV c
} su! dsso NRPVLiRLji[ ZaP[xtsvRso. x yNRPV AR FsV @gRiVsV? CRRV y NRPLi
ssVVgS FsRVLRiVgRi sT xmsRQORPQsVVgRi NRPsRV RVyRV gRiy! (66).
x[yR e
ByF sV}ZaP[s xqslLi[*uyLi xmsoLRiRxqsy e BRsVW[ sV[sLi ][xtsQRVs gRiLRiVRR*M ee 67
x BV xmsZNPsV c
sV}aRP*LRiVs[ BV AzmsLiRTs, gRiLRiVR R*RV
xqsLi][xtsQ|msVRVsy\ @xmsoRV @LiRLji VRV BV xmsZNPsV .
sxtsvLRiVyR e

sxtsvso

sV[sos

s x s][ [ s R*Li RryR=ybPs e s yxLi s][ [ s sVRQ*Li xmsLRis[VaRP*LRi


ee 68
xqsLRi*Li yzqs xqsLRi* xmsLRis[VaRP xqsybPs e sVsVRs=LRi*Li xqsLiaSsLiVVRVsVRzqs ee 69
R*yRW sydsVaRP xqsXV*LiRV sxqsV=LSM e sVVsRVaSxmslLi[\ZaPsLi RRQ*Li xqsLiyLRi xqs*Li
sVsM ee 70
xmsysryxmsysxqs gS gRixqs LRiWzmsM e [LRiRVxqs gS}qs sRVLi [yM xms[xqsQRVM
ee 71
sxtsvso BV xmsZNPsV c
J xqsybPy! x dsNRPLi s[LRiVgSRV. dsso ARs NRPLi s[LRiV gSRV. sVLjiRVV, s[sV dsNRPLi s[LRiV
gSRV. J xmsLRis[VaRP*LS! dsso yNRPLi s[LRiV gSRV (68). }xqsLRi*!xmsLRis[VaS!xqsybPy!dsNRPLiRRVW
RVVsV. dsso y [gRiVLiy @LiRLjiNUP xqsLRi*sVVsV sszmsLiR g][LRiVRVyso (69). CaS! ds
A[ bPsRRQ*sVVsV sNRPR @LiVVs sVsxqsV=][ xmsV RVysV. xqsLRi*[sRV, sVVsVV,
BRLRiVV ssRLRiV gSNRP!(70). dsso xmsNRPX xqs*LRiWxmsoRso. xmsNRPXNTP @dRVRso. [NRPsVV[
ssVVgS NRPs[ xqsLRi*sVV dss[. NSs dsRVLiRV [RsVV [RV. sVssVV sVWLRiVsVV
[LRiRVVRgRiV bPsos @LiaRPsVV\s [sRsVV (71).
NRPxqsQ*Li N][sxLi R N][ R\ss xmsLRisWRsM e @LiaRPRRVsVRLi sLi
xqsXztsQzqsRLiRNSLRisV ee 72
LiRRVry*R yysLi xqs*d RXy sgRixM e GNRPxqsQ*Li x xqsgRiV[ xLiaRP Wy
sRVLi RRVM ee 73
bPL][ gkiyj [[s RV\NRP\|qs#s sL<RiQM e @LigSs [R[aRPxqs Rxqs gRiRRVLi xLRi ee 74
RV[QLRiLi xqs*xmsoLRiLi xmsoLSLi NRPWxqssVsQQNRP sVsLiR LRiWxmssV e

sRLi R kLSj sZaP[xtsQ\QM {sLi bPsxqsQ*Li RR Gs xqsLRi*sV ee 75


dsssLRiV?s[ssLRiV? x FssLRiV? xmsLRisWRRVgRiV ds sVWRV @LiaRPsVVV xqsXztsQzqsRV
sLRi*x N]LRi\ZNP sVWRV LRiWxmssVV][ s[lLi[*LRiVgS zqsLiRVRVss (72). ds xqs*LRiWxmssVVsV dss[
syLRi [RVVsVV. dsso ds d[ [xsVVsV RLjiLi RVVyso. @R*RV xso dss[. xqsgRiV
xso dss[. s[VsVV sVVgRiVLRisVV ds @LiaRP\sV RVVysVV. (73). IZNP[ [xsVVsLiRV bPLRixqsV=,
sVR Byj @LigRisVVV s[lLi[*LRiVgS sVss. } xLS! @Vs[ s[VsVV sVVgRiVLRisVV bPsos
sVWRV @LigRisVVVgS sVysVV (74). @gji, s[VxmnsVsVV ds syxqs ryssVVV. dsso xqsyRsVRso.
sNSLRi LRizRVRso. @sNRPVRso. dsNRPV @sLiRLRiWxmssVVV gRiso. dsso sRVRso. dsRVLiRV
kLRisVV sVVRgRiV sZaP[xtsQsVVV [so. dsso bPsoRso. xqsLRi*sVV ds sVLiT[V DRsLisj (75).
x[yR e
GRRVQy* sRxqsxqs sV[[ sVVdsaRP*LRi e Ws xqsVxmsxqssaRPs xmnsWs xqs sWLi RRM ee
76
B $ bPs sVxmsoLS[ j*dRWRWLi LRiVR xqsLizyRWLi j*d[V xqsdLi[ xqsd syx
bPsd sLRisLi ysV GN][ssLia][syRVM (19).
x BV xmsZNPsV c
J sVxL<ki! sV[soRV @Rs C sVsV ss sVNTP xmsxqssVyVsV. sVLjiRVV ARVs
@xmsoRV ssV xqsLixLjiLiR[RV (76).
$ bPs sVxmsoLSsVV[s lLiLiRsj RVgRiV LRiVR xqsLizRRVLiRV lLiLiRsj RVgRiV
xqsdLiRsVV[ xqsdsyx bPsd sLRissVs[ xmsLi]sVRs @yRVsVV sVVgjizqssj (19).
@R sLia][syRVM

xqs \ZNPxqssVVsNRPV xmsRVssVgRiV


yLRiR DyR e
xs s[ sVgRi bPsNRPsLRi xms[ e aSsRLi RLjiRLi aRPLi[LRiRVRLi sVLigRiRVRssV ee
1
RRM NTPsVsyR NRPRLiyLi aRPbPssM e xqsyaRP RLjiRLi jsLi xqsLS*xmnsxmnsVsyaRPssV ee 2
yLRiVRVTV xmsZNPsV c
J ! sk! sVy! bPsNRPZaP[uy! xmsW! @RVRsVV, sVLigRisVVNRPV |mssjRVgRiV
aRPLiVs RLjiRsVVsV sszmsLis (1). RLiU! RLRiVyR G\sVsj?xqsLRi*Fyxms xqssVWxsVVsV
sbPLixms[RVV xqsd RLiRZaP[LRiV jsRLjiRsVVsV xmsVsVV (2).
x[yR e
ssX[ aRPLiNRPlLi[ yxqs R*yRQ NSsVNRPLizmss e @ssLRiRWxqs=lLi[* xqsVsxqsV= xmsxqss NSM ee 3
sRxqsLiyry=LiRVM xms[sVVLjiaRP [ e RVxtsvso aRP+LiNRPLRiLi NSQ RNRPVLRiRVLRisLi sVVy
ee 4
GRzqss[s NS[sxLi xmsxqs[ sLRiW sVVs[ e @xqssLi aRPLiNRPLRiLi NSQ ss\aRP aRPVxqsQ\sM ee 5
RRxqsVxtsQsVyaRP+LiVLRixdNRPLRiM xmsVM e sVVs[ sWLi xqssVVy[RLi xqslLi[*uyLi aRPX*yLi
Ry ee 6
x BV xmsZNPsV c
NRPVRVLiRV RRVsV RW}ms aRPLiNRPLRiVRV ssV sjLi[ RVRsVVsVLiT ssXRVRV NSgS,
xqsLRiV*V RVsVVsV dsT xqsVsVVsV, xmsxqssRsV F~LijLji (3).yLRiLiRLRiV bPLRiry xmssV ][zqs
VVgji aRPLiNRPLRiVs NTP][ xqsVLi Dy=xsVV][ RVy*ssVVsV [zqsLji (4). J sVxL<ki! @[

xqssVRVsVV[ s[sV RVsVVsV dsT xmsxqsssVgRiV sVsxqsV=][ NTP][ ssR sVLigRirRsVV][


aRPLiNRPLRiVs xqsVLis (5). @xmsoRV @s[NRP dsV xmsRLji+Li[ aRPLiV xmsVRV xqsLiRzqsLisV. J
sVxL<ki! @xmsoyRVs @LiRLRiV ssVRVLiRgS y][ BssV (6).
LRiVR DyR e
xs yR xmsxqs[%xLi sLRiRVxqsQ*Li yRVy e xqs*bdPL<RiLi xqsQXaRP x}qss sVyLi NRPV
LRisxqsLiaRPRVsV ee 7
LRiVRVTV xmsZNPsV c
J sy=! ! s[sV xmsxqssVR\ss. dsso BxmsoRV RVsVVsV sRyT, [][ dsRsV
xmsV N]sVsVV. dsso xqsLiaRPRVsVVsV dsT y AsV FyLixmsosVV (7).
x[yR e
ByNRPLRiQ sRaRP+Li[LRix dNRPXRM xms[M e xqsQXaRPs xqs*Li NRPLi Ry Wy* FysVLi
sXxtsQR*sV ee 8
RWs[ssVxLi xqs*Li NRPLi xqsQXaSsV sFyy e ysRR zqsRLi xqsRxqs RWxms sXxtsQyxssV
ee 9
R][ xmsLkiyLigRizqs= RaSx sV][sVVM e BLiy\QLRisV\lLixqs=Q\lLiQQ* xqsV=RXxtsQxqs=LRi*Rzqs=Q\M
ee 10
@yxLi RW sxtsQM xmsxmsR sV}aRP*LRisV e xms[RLi xqsLixqsVLi NRPXy* ORPQsVyLi
ORPQsVysV ee 11
x BV xmsZNPsV c

@s[NRP dsV xmsRLji+Li[ aRPLiVxmsVs CsWsV ss, s[sV y bPLRixqsV=sV xqsXbPLiRVRW,


@Vs[ DLiT sXxtsQR*s ssVxqsLjiLis (8). s[sV FsLiR[ y bPLRixqsV=sV y [][
xqsQXbPLi[, @LiR[ @R sXxtsQyxsVRgRiV bPsos LRiWxmssVV DLisV (9). s[sV @xmsoRV
zqsgRiV[ sVVRVRVNRPVs @sRVssVVV gRiyR\s RsLi sTs. @R @LiR Ds
BLiyj [sRLiRLRiV xqsxtsQsVVgS RWyLRiV (10). RLRiVyR s[sV zqsgRiV][ sLiTs yR\s
sV}aRP*LRiVsNRPV xmssV, RNRPsrRsVVsV [zqs, 'ORPQsVLiRVsVV ORPQsVLiRVsVV' @s xmsNTPs (11).
@xqs Fyxmsxqs aRPVRLRiLi FyRVbPRLi sR xms[ e sgRixLi R Ry yRVLi [Vs FyxmsLi
xmsRWRV s[V ee 12
BRVQQNRPxqsV sVRW aRPLiVLRiVyR xmsRLi zRsV e xqsVxmsxqssRL][ Wy* xqslLi[*a][ NRPsR=M ee
13
} xms[! C FyxmssVV OSQRsV[V FyRVbPRsVVsV xmsVsVV. C y FyxmssVV ]gji Fso
N]LRi\ZNP, BLijRVsgRixsVVsV, ss[NRPVjs xmsryjLiRVsVV (12). NRPsR=VRgRiV xqslLi[*aRP*LRiVs][
s[sV BV xmsNTP ssVxqsLjiLiRgS, A aRPLiVRV sVNTP xmsxqssVQQ\ BV xmsZNPsV (13).
aRPLiVLRiVyR e
@s[\ss xqs*LRiW}ms sVRjztsQRZNP[s z e RxmsM NRPVLRiV xmsxqsyy sVyLSRsRRLRiM ee 14
Li RWxqszqs xqsLRi*R ysW LRiVRbPLRiM OTPQf e ryRNRPxqs=LRi*NRPXyyLi [[Li
j*sysV ee 15
sVsVuysVRLi NRPXRLi RVryk*LRiLi R*RW%RVy e RryRQ*Li sWsVu Wy*
sRLjixtsQzqs WR[ ee 16
RVryQ*Li ys[s LRiW}ms RXuy* N_ sRLjixtsQ e NTPs[VR RQx[ sVWLjiQ sRs
xmsoLSLiRNRPM ee 17
aRPLiVRV BV xmsZNPsV c

s[sV bPLRixqsV=sV @jztsQLiRVVs C LRiWxmssVV][s[, dsso xmsxqsssVgRiV sVsxqsV= gRiyR\s,


ssV ALSjLiRV[ ssVgRiQQ\sV RxmsxqsV=sV [RVVsVV (14). [NRPsVV[ xqsLRi*y dsNRPV LRiVR
bPLRixqsVRV @sV }msLRiV xmszqsj gSLiR gRiRV. [aS+VgRiV xVNRPV xqsLRi*NSLRisVVsV dsso
zqsjLixms[RV gRiso (15). dsNRPV Ljigjis C dsLRixmsRssVV sWsso ORPQ\sV RVVsj. NSs dsso
ssVVxtsvR\s W[NRPsVV[ xqsLiRLjiLiRVsVV (16). dsso W[NRPsVV[ xqsLiRLjiLiRVRVLiRgS
ssV FssLRiV RWRL][, yLRiV 'Bj [VsV? x bPLRixqsV=Q\|ms bPsoRV DyRV' @s xmsZNPRLRiV
(17).
RR}qs [ ztsQRLi xqsLRi*Li N_RVNS][QxtsQd RVM e xmsLRiyLRiNRPXR ygSsVQQNTPLi xqsRxqs=
RWxqs ee 18
RVy RVy s\ZaPQQRRQXRLi[ NUPLRiLiVVxtsQ e Ry Ry saRPVj}qs Fyxmsryxqs sxtsQ ee 19
GR[s z [ xs FyRVbPRLi sV[VLjiRsV e sxqsNRPLRiLi [ZNP[ Rs gRiL>SNRPLRiLi xmsLRisV ee
20
GRR Rs dsLRiLi z xmsRLi s[jsVRgRisV e NSsWLRixqs sVRW RXxtsQLi \sRyLRiLi sxtsQ
ee 21
C ds sXyLiRsVVsLiRsW DRV=NRP][ FssLRiV sLiRVL][, yLRiV xmsLRiyLRiRVLiR LSgRisVV @s[
][xtsQsVVsVLiT ssVVNRPVQ\ bdPxmnsVsVVgS sWORPQsVVsV F~LiRgRiLRiV (18). sVV FsLiR @jNRPsVVgS
dsso [zqss xmsss xmsVN]sRL][, @LiR @jNRPsVVgS ds FyxmssVV ]gji aRPVjs F~LiRgRiso (19).
J ! s[sV dsNRPV }ms FyRVbPRsVj[V. sVV ds gRiVLjiLi xmsLjixqssVVsV [RVV,
[NRPsVV[ ds\|ms dssVgRiV gRiVxms= @sVss dsNRPV FyRVbPRsVV (20). C s[j sVR[
NSsWLRiVRsgRiV ds dsLRisVV xqsLiRVsV s[sV gRisVsLis. C dsLRisVV RLjiLixmsWgRisVV
NSRV (21).
RRVLjiLiRVsVRLi lLi[RM xmsRLi RV` OTPQf Rs e RsyrRVy [sV # s[RVVM
xmsRVLiNRPLSM ee 22

GRzqssLiRlLi[ RR [sL<kiLi xmsoL][ RVRsV e R[Rxqsxqs=sV sLixqssyaRP xNS iM ee 23


xqsLisLRiNRPxqsy sLRiM xmsoxtsQN][ ][ Gs R e G[ RRVLji*yryR sV s[VxmnsW RVLiNRPLSM ee 24
gRiLRiLiRaSR sVVLiRLiRrRW dsxtsQs[RRW e }mnsV L][*QsV sVVsZaP[xtsQ ][ RVy}qs
NRPyLRiyM ee 25
dslLi[RxqsV= yV LiRVsoV WsV\|ms xmsTss gSs, ANSaRPsVVsLiRV xmsRVsVVsV xqsXztsQLiRgRi
yV s[VxmnsVsVVV xmsoVsV (22). sLis[ @R [sRV, VVxtsvV RWRV RVLiRgS A lLi[RxqsV=
sVLiT yV s[VxmnsVsVVV xmsoss (23). sy=! xqsLisLRiNRPsVV, AsLRisVV, xmsoxtsQNRPsVV, ][sVV
@s[ C yV sVs[VxmnsVsVVV xmsRVsVVsV NRPgjiLiRVsV (24). J sVxL<ki! @sVLigRi gRiLRissV
[RVV A s[VxmnsVsVVV @xmsoRV bPsos BR[ N]j sVVsV sL<jiLiRVRW, gRiLjiLiRVRW
ANSaRPsVVsLiRV sxqsLjiLiss (25).
\xqsV xqsLiyj[ [sV xqsVgRiLRijaRP aRPLiNRPLRiM e xmsaSs yOSQRV [ds XaRPLi
aSLi][%sRVRsV ee 26
@R yxLi dsRRV aRP+LiNRPLRiryRW Ry e ZaP[xtsQLi \syzNRPLi NRPLRi xqssWzms sVsRVLi sVVs[ ee
27
xmsFyR xmsoxtsQsXztsQaRP bPybPsbPLRixqs WM e xqsLRi*R R sVVsZaP[xtsQ sVVy [sgRi[y ee 28
yRsWs[xtsv y[xtsv gSRVsWs[xtsv [xtsv R e xmshRiRV= sxmsslLi[xtsv s[ys NSQs*[xtsv R
ee 29
ANSaRPsVLiRRVW |msRgS gRiLjiLiRVRVs A s[VxmnsVsVV[ NRPzmss[RVsV. @xmsoRV yOSQRV
[s, sVLjiRVV aRPLiNRPLRiVRV aSzqsLixqsgS sLis[ xmspLRisVgRiV aSLi sN]ssV (26). @xmsoRV s[sV
]gjis RVsVV NRPyR\ss. J sVxL<ki! s[sV aRPLiNRPLRiVs A[ @xmsoRV sVgjis
syxNRPLRisV xmspLji [LiVVLis (27). xqsdbPso bPLRixqsV=Q\|ms, sVLjiRVV xqsLRi*y [sgRisVV[
sRVs Ts xmsoxtsQsXztsQ NRPVLji|qssV. J sVxL<ki! [sRLiRLRiV AsLijLiLji (28). yLRiV

yRsVVsV yLiVVLiRVRW, FysV FyTLji. NTP][ NRPWTs x ZaP[xtsvV s[RsVVsV


xmshjiLiLji (29).
LRiLijxtsv xmsoLRiLikxtsv sXRsWyxqsV ryRLRisV e sVx[R=[ sVy{qs[sxmsdxtsv yLRiR ee
30
@R NRPLRi sys[aRPM xmsxqssM xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiM e Fyx sWLi FyLiLi {msy NTPNUPLi gRisWbPRM ee 31
J yLRiy! LRiLiRxms=LRixqsV aRPR][ ysVV [RVVRVLiRgS [sR LRiV g]xms
DR=ssVVsV [xqsVN]sLji (30). @xmsoRV RVj NRPLRiNRPV xmsVsgRiV xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV xmsxqssVQQ\,
[NRPxmso FNRPRsV AaRPLiVVLi {ms][ @Li Igji y][ sssV (31).
CaRP*LRi DyR e
} xs xqsVNRPXRLi NRPLRi xqsLRi*Li \syzNRPLi R RV` e xmsxqs[%zqs R*sWyL][ RyLi
[ROTPQLi R NSsV ee 32
RWRxqs* yLi xqsVLRi[xtsQ RVRzms ryRV=RVLRi e Wz $xmnsVLi sV gRi y[RVLi sR[
sVsV ee 33
CaRP*LRiVTV xmsZNPsV c
J ! syxNRPLRisV @LiRsW AyLRiVRsgRiV dsso RNRPgS sLRi*zLis. s[sV
xmsxqssVR\ss. s[sV dsNRPV G ROTPQsV CRVssV? (32). dsso [sR[ [xtsvRso. ROTPQsV
N][LRiVN]sVsVV. sVy! sLis[ xmsVsVV. sVNTP RVLRi# \sVsV ROTPQ\sssW CRVgRisV.
s[sV CRV[sj [s[ [RV (33).
x[yR e
ByNRPLRiQ sR r=sxLi aRPLiNRPLRixqs NRPXyLiM e sVVs[s[RLi sdsyy xmss[VaRPLi
sVVxLRiVxM ee 34

RVj xmsxqs[ [s[aRP sLRiWg][sxqsQxLi RVj e RRVLRiV R*Li sV}aSs xqsV{msy


RVR*ysVxsV ee 35
@s[ \ss RV LRiW}ms s[ysVryLi sV}aRP*LRi e R*RW}qsRVLi xqs\yR sXLi FyxmssaRPVR[V
ee 36
[Vyxqs xqss_ NRPXy* ry*aRPsVLi aRPbPZaP[LRi e RxmsM NRPVLSLi syaSRV xqs*Fyxmsryxqs aRPLiNRPLRi ee
37
x BV xmsZNPsV c
J sVxL<ki! aRPLiNRPLRiVs C sWsV ss, s[sV ][zqs VVgji, @s[NRP xmsLSRVsVVV CaRPVsNRPV
xmssV, ssRVsVV][ NRPWTs sVsxqsV= gRiyR\s BV xmsNTPs (34). J [s[y! dsso
xmsxqssVR\ss][, s[sV sLRisVVsNRPV @L>RiVR\ss ][, J sV}aRP*LS! s[sV xms [so NSLRisVVsV
dsso {ms][ [RVVsVV (35). sV}aRP*LS! dsso B[ LRiWxmssVV][ C s[j RVLiRV BNRPR xqsLRi*y
DsyR\s sWsso FyxmssVVsV Fg] xmssRVsV [RVVsVV (36). J RLiRZaP[LS! s[sV C
s[jNRPNRPV RgRiLRi[ y AaRPsVsVVsV sLjiLiRVN]s s[sV [zqss C FyxmssVVsV syLjiLiRV N]sV\ZNP
RxmsxqsV= [|qsRsV (37).
\RaRPVNRPQRWRaSLi sORPQ [ gRi\s[ e xqsWLRiylLi[ R W NSQdsZOP[QR Vs sWssM ee 38
R\s Rxqs FyFys xmsRWLiRV xmsLRi xqsLiORPQRVsV e sLRi[ sxmsoLi xmsoLi L][gRi saRPLiRV xqsLRi*aRPM ee
39
RW yLki RVLRigS sLiy NS LRiWxmsssLjiy e ryzms R*RLRi+ y[s sL][uy xqsLi# s[RVssV ee
40
ByNRPLRiQ s][ s[V z ry*R xqsL`iZ%[sxqsVsxsV e RyzqsQ* bPsM Fyx xqsVxmsxqss[s [Rry
ee 41

C [NRPsVVsLiRV G sWsso\[ \R aRPVNRP RWRbdP, DRLS sORPQ R RVVNRP AjyLRisVV


RVLiRV ssV NTP][ RLji+LiRV[ (38), ys FyxmssVVV A ORPQsVVsLi[ syaRPsVVsV
F~LiRVgSNRP! J xLS! ysNTP xmsosVV sryLRisVVgS sLjiQ, L][gRisVVV xmspLjigS sbPLiRVgSNRP! (39).
G RVLRiRXxtsQ sLiRVLSgRiV {qsQ sLiR gSs, @LiRVLSV gSs, NRPVLRiWzmsgSs @LiVV DLiRV[, AsV
NRPWy ds RLRi+ssWRsVV [Rs[ saRPRVsVVgS ][xtsQsVVV [sj @gRiVsV (40). C y sWsV
ss bPsoRV Rs sVsxqsV=[ sVNTP AsLijLi, xmsxqsssVgRiV sVsxqsV=][ 'RyxqsV' @s xmsZNPsV
(41).
bPs DyR e
zyRV xqsLRi*[NRPxqs s[yLi RryLi sszqsRM e ryrysV xqszRM xmsyQQ xqsy
R*R*Ryj*[ ee 42
bPsoTV xmsZNPsV c
J ! ds sW[ xqsLRi*[NRPsVVNRPV zRsVVsV [RVV\ZNP s[sV y xms RVgRiV xqsd [s][
gRiWT A s[jRVLiRV zqsLRisVVgS sVLiRgRisV (42).
x[yR e
BRVQQNSQ* gRiyLixqsR xqsL][ sXxtsQR*M e Dyxqs s[j sVRr sVWLjiLi
NRPXy*LiaRPLRiWzmssV ee 43
R][ RORPQLi xqssWsVLiRQ aRPLiNRPLRiM xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiM e xmsyQQ xqsy gRiLiRVsVy @WR=Q* s
sR=M ee 44
GRzqssLiRlLi[ RO][Q ssRWssRxqsV=kM e ryLiLRiRNRPM {msy RVuys sXxtsQR*sV ee 45
suy*RRVxqsV=LSxqs=lLi[* sVVsRVaRP gRixqsy e sy* xqsLixqsWRV ssRLi RNRPVLRiRVLRisLi sVVy
ee 46

x BV xmsZNPsV c
gRiys sXxtsQR*RV @R BV xmsNTP, LRi][ gRiWT s[j sVR RVLiRVs y\, Rs
@LiaRPsVV][ sVWLjis sLjiLi @Rs[ sszqsLi RVVLisV (43). RLRiVyR RsyLji RVLiRV
}mssV NRPgjis aRPLiNRPLRi xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV RORPVs zmszmsLisV. ARVs Rs LRiRVgRiV xqsd[s][ gRiWT
RVV [LRisRgjiLisV (44). A xqssVRVsVV[ xmsLiTRVRgRiV RORPVRV ssRVsVV][ sLigji ][zqs
VVgji ssVxqsLjiLi sXxtsQ R*s AsLiRsVV][ xqsVLisV (45). @xmsoRV sxtsvso sVVRgRiV
[sRV, sVVsVV, sVLjiRVV gRisVVV bPsosNRPV ssVzqsLjiLi, @s[NRP LigRiV xqsVLi,
AsLiRsVV][ RVRV y*ssVVsV [zqsLji (46).
AL][xms sXxtsQ[ aRPLiVxqs=dLi ROSQRW sVVy e gSsV zsVsRQ xqsLi sXxtsQxqs xqs=Q*RVLi
xmsVM ee 47
@R ry aRPLiNRPLS}qs xqsVRd RWLRiV zqsds e slLi[[ sXxtsQry \s RLiyLi[ NSNS RVy ee 48
suy*RRVxqsV=LSxqs=lLi[* sVLkiyyxqsRL<RiRVM e RO][QszmssWzRaS {qsRys[ saRP yM ee
49
ZNP[ y*yy*RRVLi][ gSRVLiR xqsV=xqs*LRiLi xmslLi[ e bPsLi bPsRVaRPaRPV+R sVsV gRiVbP+sLi
sVVy ee 50
aRPLiVRV RORPVs AsV F~Lij, xqsd[ss AsLiRsVV][ sXxtsQsVV\|ms NRPWLRiVLiR , ysV
NRPWy ys\|ms @jztsQLi, A xmsVso zsVsRLRi*RsVV\|ms sVs Rs AaRPsVsVVsNRPV
RVV[lLisV (47). @xmsoRV @LiR\sVs RLiRsVVV, xqsVLiRLRisVgRiV LRiVsso* gRi A xqsd[s
sXxtsQsVV\|ms aRPLiNRPLRiVs xmsNRPs RLiRVs][ sVRs xmsNSbPLisV (48). sxtsvso sVVRgRiV
[sRV, sVLki sVVRgRiV VVxtsvV, RORPVRV sVVRgRiV yLRiLiRLRiV sWzRV\Lji. sVgjis
sVV NRPRNRPVLiR sVLiTLji (49). N]LiRLRiV yRsVVsV yLiVVLiRVRW, sVLji N]LiRLRiV
AsLiRsVV][ sVLigRiNRPLRisVV, aRPVRsVV @gRiV bPsos NUPLjis gSssVV [RVVRW, bPsos ssVNRP sLji
(50).

sVRsWLSj*xqsXu z RORPQM {msyR aRPLiVy e xqs*ysV Fyxms xqsgRiaRP+LiVM }mssVxqssWNRPVM


ee 51
sxqsXuy @zms suy* y* aRP+LiVy xmsoslLi[s [e @sV gRiV bP+sLi NSQ xqsVLSM xmsLRisVRW
sVVy ee 52
\xqs=Q\lLiQQ*xqs=gRi\aRP+LiVxqs=y R xqs*zqsQRWRVVRM e Fyxmsxqs*Li ysV xqsLixXu zsVsjLji
a][RsV ee 53
RR gRiy* s[ys sVVdsszms xmsLSLixqsy e sVVy sxqsLRiRWsWxqs x xqssWs ryRLRisV ee
54
@xmsoRV bPsoRV sWLRisVRsVVsVLiT {ms][ RORPVs ssVNRPNRPV xmsLi|mssV. }mssV][ sLiTs
xXRRVsVV gRi aRPLiVRV gRisVV][ gRiWT Rs ysVsV [LRiVN]ssV (51). bPsoRV sxtsvso
sVVRgRiV [sRNRPV ssVNRPNRPV sVLRiVRs @sV BsV. NSs yLRiV xmsLRisWsLiRsVV][, NTP][
bPsos ssVNRP sLji (52). bPsoRV yLRiLiRLji][, Rs gRisVV][, sVLjiRVV Rs LRi][ gRiWT
zsVsRLRi*RsVVsLiRV xmsNSbPLi[Rs ysVsVVsV AsLiRsVV][ [LRiVN]ssV (53). @RNRPV
[Ljis zmsRxms, [