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A2?.=6.12 9..3.@6.

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BA696G.06n; 1292;3<>B2
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I^p pb``flkbp mob`babkqbp ab bpqb j^kr^i e^k bpq^al abaf`^a^p ^ i^ `ljå
mobkpfÜk ab i^ kbrolm^qlildÉ^ v ^i af^dkÜpqf`l ab i^ ^c^pf^ v ab ^iqbo^`flkbp ^plå
`f^a^p, Bpq^ qbo`bo^ pb``fÜk bpq~ abaf`^a^ ^i qo^q^jfbkql ab ilp qo^pqloklp ^c~pf+
`lp, Krbpqolp l_gbqfslp bk bpqb `^mÉqril plk ilp ab molmlo`flk^o ^ ilp bpmb`f^ifpq^p*
q^kql i^p s^of^_ibp kbroliÜdf`^p* `ldkfqfs^p v jbq^`ldkfqfs^p* `ljl ilp mol`bplp
fjmif`^alp bk ilp bcb`qlp qbo^mÅrqf`lp9 ^abj~p* pb molmlkao~ rk^ bpqor`qro^
lmbo^qfs^ m^o^ i^ qbo^mf^ ab i^ ^c^pf^* nrb ^vrab ^ ilp ildlmba^p ^ abp^oolii^o v
pbib``flk^o moldo^j^p sf^_ibp ab qbo^mf^ m^o^ prgbqlp bpmb`Écf`lp,

=% J5F=56@9G B9IFC@Ä;=75G =AD@=7585G
9B @CG 9:97HCG H9F5DjIH=7CG
Bk bi `^mÉqril 1 afp`rqfjlp i^ fkcirbk`f^ ab i^p s^of^_ibp jÅaf`^ v kbroliÜdf+
`^ bk i^ ^c^pf^, Jr`e^p ab bpq^p s^of^_ibp &m, bg,* i^p `ofpfp v `fboqlp jbaf`^jbkå
qlp' q^j_fÅk mobpbkq^k fjmif`^`flkbp bk i^p obpmrbpq^p ^ i^ qbo^mf^ ^c~pf`^, @r^kå
al i^ ^c^pf^ pb lofdfk^ mlo rk qo^pqlokl moldobpfsl* `ljl mrbab pbo rk qrjlo
l rk^ abjbk`f^* pb ab_b mi^kqb^o i^ `rbpqfÜk ab pf i^ qbo^mf^ ^c~pf`^ bp ^molmf^å
a^ mlo `ljmibql v* bk `^pl mlpfqfsl* e^v nrb bpqraf^o nrÅ ab_b e^`bopb, I^p
ab`fpflkbp obi^`flk^a^p `lk bi qo^q^jfbkql ab i^ ^c^pf^ `^rp^a^ mlo qo^pqloklp
moldobpfslp pb _^p^ bk `lkpfabo^`flkbp kbroliÜdf`^p* mo~`qf`^p v Åqf`^p &m, bg,* i^
buqbkpfÜk qbjmlo^i ab i^ bkcbojba^a* ilp mol_ibj^p `lk`ljfq^kqbp jÅaf`lp v
`ldkfqfslp* v bi abob`el ab rk^ mboplk^ ^ ob`f_fo qo^q^jfbkql', > jbkral* il j~p
fjmloq^kqb bk bpqlp `^plp `lkpfpqb bk ^`lkpbg^o v a^o ^mlvl ^ ilp m^`fbkqbp v
^ ilp c^jfif^obp* ^pÉ `ljl bk sfdfi^o l j^kfmri^o i^p s^of^_ibp ^j_fbkq^ibp m^o^
^rjbkq^o i^ `ljrkf`^`fÜk bk ilp afsboplp bpq^aflp ab rk^ bkcbojba^a &m^o^
j~p fkcloj^`fÜk* sbo ?^vibp* /772',
I^p `^rp^p kl+moldobpfs^p j~p `ljrkbp ab i^ ^c^pf^ plk ilp f`qrp &>@S' v i^p
ibpflkbp qo^rj~qf`^p* e^pq^ bi mrkql nrb `ljmobkabk i^ j^vlo m^oqb ab ilp `^plp
ab rk qbo^mbrq^ ab i^ ^c^pf^, Bp j~p mol_^_ib nrb bk ilp m^`fbkqbp `lk ibpflkbp
qo^rj~qf`^p ^rjbkqbk ilp mol_ibj^p jbq^`ldkfqfslp +^Ö^afalp ^ i^ ^c^pf^+ nrb
^nrÅiilp nrb mobpbkq^k rk f`qrp bk bi ebjfpcbofl fwnrfboal &m, bg,* `lkl`fjfbkql
abi molmfl vl* jlqfs^`fÜk* jbjlof^', @ljl pb afp`rqfo~ j~p ^abi^kqb* bpqlp molå
_ibj^p mrbabk qbkbo `lkpb`rbk`f^p pfdkfcf`^qfs^p bk i^ obpmrbpq^ ^ i^ qbo^mf^ ^c~å
pf`^* ab cloj^ nrb ab_bk bs^ir^opb v* nrfw~p* q^j_fÅk qo^q^opb,

Bi do^al bk nrb bpqlp aljfkflp mrbabk bpq^o mobpbos^alp l a^Ö^alp mrbab fkcirfo pbof^jbkqb bk i^ obpmrbpq^ ^ bcb`qlp qbo^å mÅrqf`lp v crk`flk^ibp. I^ fkcloå j^`fÜk ibpflk^i prbib rqfifw^opb `ljl drÉ^ m^o^ i^ qbo^mf^ ^c~pf`^ v ab_b qbkbopb bk `rbkq^ bk i^p ab`fpflkbp abi qo^q^jfbkql8 m. B7 7<7I?7O :.* i^ ob`rmbo^`fÜk qo^p rk ^``fabkqb ebjloo~df`l pbo~ j~p ibkq^ v j~p i^od^ nrb i^ ob`rmbo^`fÜk ab rk ^``fabkqb qolj_l+bj_Üif`l* mbol mrbab `lkpbdrfo jbglobp obpriq^alp. Bk bi kfsbi j~p _~pf`l* i^ qbo^mf^ obnrfbob nrb ilp prgbqlp / I^p ~ob^p ab i^ ibpfÜk ab prpq^k`f^ _i^k`^ pr_`loqf`^i nrb pb ^pl`f^k `lk rk^ fk`^m^`fa^a ab ob`rå mbo^o bi e^_i^ Fkqbk`flk^a^ plk i^p pfdrfbkqbp8 ^' i^ mlo`fÜk j~p jbaf^i v j~p olpqo^i &`o^kb^i' abi c^p`É`ril pr_`^iilpl9 v _' i^ prpq^k`f^ _i^k`^ mbofsbkqof`ri^o `bo`^ abi `rboml abi sbkqoÉ`ril i^qbo^i* Fkqbok^jbkqb bk i^ m^oqb Fkcboflo ab i^ `loqbw^ jlqlo^-pbkplof^i* bi ~ob^ m^o^ i^ _l`^. m^`fbkqbp ob`f_fbolk qbo^mf^ bk pr molar``fÜk e^_i^a^* mbol bk bpq^ qbo^mf^ kl pb `lkqoli^_^ kfkdrk^ s^of^_ib. Ab_b qbkbopb mobpbkqb nrb 7 ab ilp /. .B=H=JCG =AD@=758CG 9B @CG 9:97HCG H9F5DjIH=7CG Bk bi `^mÉqril //* afp`rqfjlp `r^qol aljfkflp `ldkfqfslp* ^abj~p abi ibkdr^å gb* nrb ab_bk bs^ir^opb bk rk bu^jbk bue^rpqfsl ab `r^inrfbo mboplk^ `lk ^c^å pf^./'.$+) C7DK7B :..H7F?7 :. bg.* K^bpbo* M^irj_l* Ebij+Bpq^+ _ollhp* Pqf^ppkv+Babo v >i_boq &/767' bk`lkqo^olk nrb ilp bkcbojlp `lk rk^ kl+ cirfabw fkqbkp^ &jrqfpjl* obar``fÜk abi sl`^_ri^ofl +ml`^p m^i^_o^p foobibs^kå qbpî l pÜil bpqboblqfmf^p' krk`^ jo_^_h l_]oj_l[l f[ ][j[]c^[^ `oh]cih[f ^_f b[\f[* fk`irpl `lk qbo^mf^* `r^kal prp ibpflkbp fkslir`o^k alp ~ob^p ab prpq^k`f^ _i^kå `^ pr_`loqf`^i bk bi ebjfpcbofl fwnrfboalò. 0 > ilp pbfp jbpbp mlpqboflobp ^ i^ ibpfÜk* ilp m^`fbkqbp `lk ^c^pf^ ab Tbokf`hb v `lk ibpflkbp pÜil bk i^ jfq^a l bk jbklp ab i^ jfq^a abi ~ob^ ab Tbokf`hb &alp qbo`flp mlpqboflobp abi iÜ_ril qbjå mlo^i prmboflo'* jrbpqo^k rk^ _rbk^ ob`rmbo^`fÜk ab i^ `ljmobkpfÜk ^rafqfs^.J. Bp fjmloq^kqb ob`loa^o nrb bpqb bpqrafl pÜil fk`irvb m^`fbkqbp `lk ^c^pf^ ab Tbokf`hb. Lqol bpqrafl `lk Q@ ab K^bpbo v `li^_lo^alobp* obi^`flk^ i^ ibpfÜk v i^ ob`rå mbo^`fÜk bk obi^`fÜk `lk i^ `ljmobkpfÜk ^rafqfs^ ab /. B7 7<7I?7 @r^kal i^ ^c^pf^ bp `lkpb`rbk`f^ ab rk^ ibpfÜk àkf`^ cl`^i abi ebjfpcbofl fwnrfboal bk rk^ mboplk^ afbpqo^ `lk i^p `^m^`fa^abp `ldkfqfs^p v jbq^`ldkfqf+ s^p obi^qfs^jbkqb mobpbos^a^p* bi qfml ab ^``fabkqb s^p`ri^o v i^ wlk^ v buqbkpfÜk ab i^ ibpfÜk mrbabk molklpqf`^o i^ obpmrbpq^ qbo^mÅrqf`^8 m. Ob`fbkå qbjbkqb* ebjlp qo^_^g^al `lk alp m^`fbkqbp nrb mobpbkq^k rk^ pbsbo^ kl+cirfå abw* ^`ljm^Ö^a^ ab rk^ ml_ob `ljmobkpfÜk ^rafqfs^* `rv^p ibpflkbp kl fkslirå `o^k i^ j^vlo m^oqb abi ~ob^ ab Tbokf`hb* fkaf`^kal* ^pÉ* nrb bpqb aÅcf`fq m^oqf`ri^o mrbab bpq^o `^rp^al mlo afcbobkqbp jb`^kfpjlp pr_v^`bkqbp bk ^idrklp bkcboå jlp &@lkklo* Ebij+Bpq^_ollhp v M^irj_l* 0. ==% DFC79GCG 7C. I^ ob`rmbo^`fÜk bp bpmb`f^ijbkqb bp`^p^ `r^kal i^p ibpflkbp mobpbkå q^k rk^ buqbkpfÜk ^kqboflo b fkcboflo bk bi jbafl ab i^ `fo`rkslir`fÜk qbjmlo^i. Bpqlp `r^qol aljfkflp plk i^ ^qbk`fÜk* i^ jbjlof^* i^p crk`flkbp bgb`rqfs^p v i^p `^m^`fa^abp sfprlbpm^`f^ibp. bg. >nrÅiilp nrb mobå pbkq^k rk^ ibpfÜk bk j~p ab i^ jfq^a abi ~ob^ ab Tbokf`hb* jrbpqo^k rk^ ml_ob `ljmobkpfÜk* fk`irpl abpmrÅp ab rk ^Öl. m^`fbkqbp `lk ^c^pf^ ab Tbokf`hb &K^bpbo* Ebij+Bpq^_ollhp* E^^p* >rbo_^`e v Pofkfs^p^k* /765'0.

DJH7:E . Rkl ab klplå qolp &Ebij+Bpq^_ollhp* /776' abp`of_fÜ rk bkclnrb í`ldkfqfslì ab i^ qbo^mf^ ^c~å pf`^* ^ m^oqfo abi qo^q^jfbkql ab rk elj_ob `lk mol_ibj^p sbo_^ibp ab jlabå o^alp ^ fkqbkplp v nrb* ^abj~p* mobpbkq^_^ rk aÅcf`fq pbsbol bk lqolp aljfkflp `ldkfqfslp. I^ obibs^k`f^ ab i^p `^m^`fa^abp `ldkfqfs^p bk i^ qbo^mf^ ^c~pf`^ crb pr_o^v^a^ mlo Efk`hibv* @^oo v M^qqboplk &0. Ab eb`el* bp jrv afcÉ`fi mobsbo bi do^al ab mobpbos^`fÜk l ^iqbå o^`fÜk ab lqolp aljfkflp `ldkfqfslp bk m^`fbkqbp ^c~pf`lp8 m../' ^ m^oqfo ab rk bpqrafl qbo^mÅrqf`l `lk /0 m^`fbkqbp ^c~pf`lp. >idrklp bkcboå jlp `lk ^c^pf^ fkqbkp^ ob^ifw^k _^pq^kqb _fbk i^p pbofbp ab bu^jbk `ldkfqfsl* jfbkqo^p nrb `^plp `lk cloj^p j~p ibsbp ab ^c^pf^ ^`qà^k ab cloj^ _^pq^kqb ml_ob. B77<7I?71 KJ?B?P79?âD :.B FHE9./'. Bk i^ mo~`qf`^ `iÉkf`^* bi bu^jbk ab mboplk^p ^c~pf`^p `r_ob ^molufj^a^jbkå qb qlal bi bpmb`qol ab i^p `^m^`fa^abp `ldkfqfs^p. bg.H7F?7 :. 9.B .D . Pf i^p obpmrbpq^p ^ bpqlp qbpqp ab p`obbkfkd prdfbobk i^ mobpbk`f^ ab mol_ibj^p `ldkfqfslp klq^_ibp* ^abj~p ab ilp molmflp abi ibkdr^gb &^c^pf^'* bkqlkå `bp ab_b ob^ifw^opb rk^ bumilo^`fÜk j~p ^ clkal ab i^p ~ob^p* rqfifw^kal rk^ s^ilo^`fÜk bpmb`Écf`^ ab aljfkfl* cloj^i b fkcloj^i* `ljl i^p nrb pb `fq^olk bk bi `^mÉqril /. bg.IE O %%% $+* ^c~pf`lp ^qfbka^k v pb `lk`bkqobk9 bi ^mobkafw^gb fkqbk`flk^al ob`^b pl_ob i^ jbjlof^9 i^p crk`flkbp bgb`rqfs^p plk `or`f^ibp m^o^ i^ ob^ifw^`fÜk* fkabmbkafbkå qbjbkqb ab jbafa^p `ljmbkp^qlof^p nrb ^pbdrobk rk^ _rbk^ `ljrkf`^`fÜk ^ mbp^o ab i^ ^c^pf^9 i^ obi^qfs^ fkqbdofa^a ab i^p `^m^`fa^abp sfprlbpm^`f^ibp bp fjmloq^kqb* kl pÜil m^o^ obpmlkabo ^ jr`elp j^qbof^ibp abi qo^q^jfbkql* pfkl q^j_fÅk m^o^ rqfifw^o qÅ`kf`^p `ljrkf`^qfs^p `ljmbkp^qlof^p `ljl i^ bp`ofqro^* bi af_rgl l ilp dbpqlp.* Pqrpp* Tfkl`ro v . Bk lqo^p m^i^_o^p* `r^kql j~p _^g^p pb^k bpq^p mrkqr^`flkbp* pbo~k kb`bp^of^p j~p pbpflkbp ab qo^q^jfbkql. Pf rk bu^jbk `ldkfqfsl fkaf`^ mol_ibj^p ab jlabo^alp ^ do^sbp bk i^p ~ob^p ab i^ ^qbk`fÜk* jbjlof^* crk`flkbp bgb`rqfs^p v-l `^m^`fa^abp sfprlbpm^`f^ibp* ab_bk bkcl`^opb bpqlp mol_ibj^p ^kqbp ab `ljbkw^o i^ qbo^mf^ abi ibkdr^gb* l _fbk e^`bo nrb clojbk m^oqb abi molql`lil ab qo^q^jfbkql ^c~pf`l... Bpq^ prmlpfå `fÜk bp booÜkb^.J.D<EGK.* Ebij+Bpq^_ol+ lhp* ?^vibp* O^j^db v ?ov^kq &/773' kl bk`lkqo^olk rk^ obi^`fÜk pfdkfcf`^qfs^ bkqob bi do^al ab i^ ^c^pf^ v i^p `^m^`fa^abp `ldkfqfs^p kl+sbo_^ibp ab 10 bkcboå jlp* obmobpbkq^qfslp ab i^ qlq^ifa^a ab kfsbibp ^c~pf`lp do^sbp. Ilp ^rqlobp bk`lkqo^olk nrb kl bo^k i^p mrkqr^`flkbp sbo_^å ibp i^p nrb j^o`^_^k i^ kb`bpfa^a ab ^i`^kw^o rk abqbojfk^al `ofqbofl ab ^`qr^å `fÜk* pfkl i^p mrkqr^`flkbp l_qbkfa^p bk bi N_mn ^_ =f[mc`c][]c}h ^_ N[ld_n[m ^_ Qcm( ]ihmch #Qcm]ihmch =[l^ Milncha N_mn' T@PQ9 Do^kq v ?bod /771' v bk i^p G[nlc]_m Jlial_mcp[m =ifil_[^[m ^_ L[p_h &L[p_h"m =ifiol_^ Jlial_mmcp_ G[nlc]_m' O@MJ9 O^sbk /773'. I^p ëab^p obi^`flk^a^p `lk i^ qbo^mf^ `ldkfqfs^ mrbabk bk`lkqo^opb q^j_fÅk bk if_olp nrb qo^q^k pl_ob pr obe^_fifq^`fÜk &m. Abpab i^ mbopmb`qfs^ ab i^ fksbpqfd^å `fÜk* klplqolp rp^jlp bi =iahcncp_ Fchaocmnc] Koc]e N_mn &@INQ9 Ebij+Bpq^_ol+ lhp* 0. @lk cob`rbk`f^* pb ^prjb nrb i^ ^c^pf^ bp rk qo^pqlokl ^fpi^al abi ibkdr^gb* jfbkqo^p nrb lqolp aljfkflp ab i^ `ldkf`fÜk kl bpq~k ^cb`q^alp mlo rk ^``fabkqb nrb molsl`^ ^c^pf^. >pÉ* `r^kal kl pb qfbkbk ilp obpriq^alp ab rk bu^jbk kbrolmpf`liÜdf`l `ljmibql* bi qbo^mbrq^ ab i^ ^c^pf^ ab_b fksbpqfd^o bpq^p `^m^`fa^abp ^kqbp ab bpq^_ib`bo rk moldo^j^ ab obe^_fifq^`fÜk.

. 5% 7CBC7=A=9BHC 89@ DFCD=C MC 9 =BHI=7=ÄB Bi `lkl`fjfbkql abi molmfl vl v i^ fkqrf`fÜk obcibg^k pf ilp fkafsfarlp mlpbbk rk^ obmobpbkq^`fÜk `lkp`fbkqb v ^ab`r^a^ ab pr ^iqbo^`fÜk crk`flk^i8 m..* Plei_bod* 0./. Bi do^al ab ^cb`q^`fÜk ab bpqlp m^`fbkqbp ab_b `lkl`bopb jbglo* mlo il nrb prmlkb &m.* pb p^_b nrb bpqlp bpq^alp jbq^`ldkfqfslp cob`rbkqbjbkqb bpq~k ^iqbo^alp bk afsboå plp m^`fbkqbp &ibpflkbp qo^rj~qf`^p* f`qrp bk bi ebjfpcbofl abob`el v ibpflkbp nrb ^cb`q^k ^ i^p ~ob^p obpmlkp^_ibp abi mol`bp^jfbkql abi bpm^`fl'* e^`fbkal nrb Åpqlp pb^k afcÉ`fibp ab qo^q^o mlonrb kl `ljmobkabk i^ k^qro^ibw^ v i^ buqbkpfÜk ab prp mol_ibj^p.. Bk i^ afp`rpfÜk nrb fkf`f^jlp ^elo^* e^objlp prdbobk`f^p pl_ob i^ cloj^ ab grwd^o i^ fkqbdofa^a ab ilp mol`bplp jbq^`ldkfqfslp bk bkcbojlp ^c~pf`lp. B7 7<7I?7 Ol_boqplk* /777'9 pfk bj_^odl* ab_bjlp ^asboqfo ^ ilp ib`qlobp nrb jr`elp jÅqlalp rp^alp m^o^ jbglo^o i^ ^qbk`fÜk* i^ jbjlof^ v i^p crk`flkbp bgb`rqfå s^p* abp`ofqlp bk ^idrklp ab bpqlp if_olp* pb e^k abp^oolii^al m^o^ bkcbojlp nrb kl mobpbkq^k ^c^pf^* mlo il nrb kl mrbabk ^mif`^opb afob`q^jbkqb ^ mboplå k^p ^c~pf`^p. Bpqb fkpqorjbkql ab bs^ir^`fÜk kb`bpfq^ nrb ilp bkcbojlp af_rgbk rk^ iÉkb^ m^o^ fkaf`^o bi kfsbi ^`qr^i ab crk`flk^jfbkql bk rk^ q^ob^ a^a^. bg. B77<7I?7O :.H7F?7 :. J.=A=H=JCG =ADCFH5BH9G D5F5 @CG 9:97HCG H9F5DjIH=7CG >abj~p ab ilp mol`bplp `ldkfqfslp fjmloq^kqbp m^o^ bi Åufql bk bi qo^q^jfbkå ql* s^oflp mol`bplp jbq^`ldkfqfslp fkcirfo~k bk i^p obpmrbpq^p bk+`ropl &ih(fch_' ab ilp moldo^j^p qbo^mÅrqf`lp bpmb`Écf`lp v bk i^ dbkbo^ifw^`fÜk ab i^p obpmrbpå q^p c^slo^_ibp ^ i^p ^`qfsfa^abp ab i^ sfa^ af^of^* q^j_fÅk ii^j^a^p ícrk`flk^ibpì. bg. Bpq^p ^k^ildÉ^p pb _^p^k bk ilp bpqraflp abp^oolii^å alp mlo Pqbok &/775* /777' m^o^ s^ilo^o ilp bpq^alp ab ~kfjl ab ilp bkcbojlp nrb kl mrbabk bumobp^o mlo jbafl ab i^ molar``fÜk ^oqf`ri^a^ prp pbkqfjfbkå qlp l bpq^alp bjl`flk^ibp. ===% DFC79GCG A9H57C. bg.$++ C7DK7B :.* fkqbkq^o `^jfk^o ab j^kbo^ mbopfpqbkqb pl_ob i^ mfbok^ nrb kl mrbab plmloq^o bi mbpl' l mlo il nrb ilp m^`fbkqbp lmfk^k pl_ob prp mol_ibj^p. Bkqob bpqlp mol`bplp jbq^`ldkfqfslp pb bk`rbkqo^k bi ]ihi]cgc_hni ^_f jlijci si' i^ chnoc]c}h' i^ gincp[]c}h' bi [oni]ihnlif' i^ [oni[]_jn[]c}h v i^p ]ih^o]n[m ^clcacÑ ^[m b[]c[ oh i\d_ncpi) Bpqlp mol`bplp plk afcÉ`fibp ab s^ilo^o* mlo il nrb bi bu^å jfk^alo ab_b grwd^o bi do^al bk nrb pb bk`rbkqo^k a^Ö^alp v* bk `lkpb`rbkå `f^* i^ mlpf_fifa^a ab nrb ^cb`q^o^k ^ ilp obpriq^alp abi qo^q^jfbkql.'. >rknrb bp jbklp mol_^_ib nrb ilp prgbqlp `lk ^``fabkqbp qolj_l+bj_Üif`lp pfqr^alp bk bi ebjfpcbofl fwnrfboal j^kfcfbpqbk bpq^ ^iqbo^å `fÜk* ^idrklp pÉ il mobpbkq^k v* bk bpqlp `^plp* ab_bk pbo fk`irfalp bk bi molå do^j^ qbo^mÅrqf`l &sbo* m. M^o^ `^plp `lk bumobpfÜk kl+sbo_^i* ab_b rqfifw^opb m^o^ bs^ir^o i^ fkqrf`fÜk* ^k^ildÉ^p sfpr^ibp* `ljl i^p nrb pb jrbpqo^k bk i^ cfdro^ /0.

J.DJH7:E . 7% 5IHC7CBHFC@ Pfk bi ^rql`lkqoli ilp prgbqlp kl fkqbkq^k `loobdfo l `ljmbkp^o ilp boolobp. 6% ACH=J57=ÄB I^ jlqfs^`fÜk bp bpbk`f^i m^o^ i^ obpmrbpq^ ^i qo^q^jfbkql. Qo^p 7.... B7 7<7I?71 KJ?B?P79?âD :. >pÉ* bi fkqbkql ab ^rql`loob``fÜk bp rk^ fkaf`^`fÜk abi ^rql`lkqoli. M^o^ jlqfs^o ^ ilp m^`fbkqbp* ilp qbo^mbrq^p ab_bk mobpbkq^o q^ob^p `lk ís^ifabw ^ mofå jbo^ sfpq^ì m^o^ ilp bkcbojlp &bp ab`fo* ilp m^`fbkqbp ab_bk `ljmobkabo mlo nrÅ bp kb`bp^ofl ob^ifw^o `fboq^p q^ob^p* ^`bmq^o nrb bp fjmloq^kqb nrb i^ bgb`rqbk v p^_bo nrb pr qo^_^gl s^iao~ i^ mbk^ abpab rk mrkql ab sfpq^ crk`flk^i'.IE O %%% $+. I^peibv jlpqoÜ nrb p^_É^ `Üjl jlqfs^o ^ rk bkcboå jl* ^rknrb i^ q^ob^ abi ^ic^_bql ab Co^kw bp jrv ml_ob `ljl jlqfs^`fÜk.B. obmbqf`flkbp* bi bkcbojl qla^sÉ^ kl mlaÉ^ ob^ifw^o `loob`q^jbkqb bpq^ q^ob^. `fd^oolp. `fd^oolp ^ nrb kl mlaoÉ^ ob`fq^o bi ^ic^_bql ^i cfk^i ab i^ pbj^k^9 bi m^`fbkqb il efwl pÜil bk qobp pbpflkbp v obqrsl bpq^ `^m^`fa^a e^pq^ nrb ob`f_fÜ ilp /.D<EGK. I^peibv fkqbosfkl v pb ^mlpqÜ `lk bi elj_ob /.B FHE9.H7F?7 :. 9. I^ efpqlof^ nrb mobå pbkq^jlp ^ `lkqfkr^`fÜk bgbjmifcf`^ bpqb mrkql. Bk /716* bi mpf`Üildl H^oi I^pe+ ibv abp`of_fÜ rk m^`fbkqb `lk ^c^pf^ qo^q^al mlo Pebmeboa Fslov Co^kw* nrfbk e^_É^ rqfifw^al bgbo`f`flp obmbqfqfslp m^o^ bkpbÖ^o bi ^ic^_bql.D . >idrklp bkcbojlp .

>rknrb i^ ^rqlfkf`f^`fÜk bp afcÉ`fi ab `r^kqfcf`^o* bp c~`fi l_pbos^o v grwd^o* pl_ob qlal bk bi `lkqbuql ab i^p pfqr^`flkbp v ^j_fbkqbp ab i^ sfa^ af^of^. I^p fjmif`^`flkbp ab i^ `lkar`q^ lofbkq^a^ e^`f^ bi l_gbqfsl* pf pb qfbkb bk `rbkq^ i^ rqfifw^`fÜk ab `^m^`fa^abp ^mobkafa^p bk i^ qbo^mf^ ^c~pf`^* plk bsfå abkqbp `r^kal ilp bkcbojlp `lk aÅcf`fq obpfar^ibp sbo_^ibp ab_bk fkf`f^o ^`qlp .# C7DK7B :.H7F?7 :. B77<7I?7 kl ob^ifw^k kfkdàk fkqbkql ab ^rql`loobdfopb* mbol kl l_pq^kqb abjrbpqo^k ^rqlå `lkqoli do^`f^p ^ prp obpmrbpq^p fkjbaf^q^p ^ ilp boolobp &m.* rk prgbql nrb qbkÉ^ rk if_ol pl_ob i^ `ljrkf`^`fÜk* p^_É^ nrb bpqb if_ol bo^ rk^ ^vra^* mbol pÜil mlaÉ^ rp^oil `r^kal lqo^p mboplk^p ib ab`É^k írqfif`b bi if_olì.* íBpql kl bp `loob`å qlì l kfbd^k `lk i^ `^_bw^'. 432'* bk i^ `ljmlpf`fÜk v mi^kfcf`^`fÜk ab ilp l_gbqfslp rk^ mboplk^ íab_b pbo `^m^w ab `lk`bmqr^ifw^o ilp `^j_flp ab i^p `fo`rkpq^k`f^p mobpbkqbp &bp ab`fo* íqbkbo bk `rbkq^ bi crqrolì'* bkcobkq^opb l_gbqfs^jbkqb ^ rkl jfpjl bk obi^å `fÜk `lk bi bkqlokl v l_pbos^oil q^j_fÅk l_gbqfs^jbkqb &bp ab`fo* ídbkbo^o rk^ ^`qfqra ^_pqo^`q^ì'ì. Lqolp m^`fbkqbp ^c~pf`lp kl lcob`bk kfkdrk^ fkaf`^å `fÜk ab pbo `lkp`fbkqbp ab prp boolobp9 bk bpqlp `^plp* ilp qbo^mbrq^p ab_bk fk`objbkq^o i^p `^m^`fa^abp ab ^rql`lkqoli ab ilp bkcbojlp ^kqbp ab bpmbo^o nrb pb ^rql`loofg^k plilp l* fk`irpl* ab nrb bsfqbk prp boolobp. J. Fk`irpl bk bi `lkqbuå ql j~p obpqofkdfal ab rk^ pbpfÜk ab qbo^mf^* rk bkcbojl mrbab jlpqo^o bpq^ `lkå ar`q^ &m. Mlo il `ljàk* ilp moldo^j^p ab qbo^å mf^ rqfifw^k m^o^afdj^p ab bpqÉjril+obpmrbpq^ lod^kfw^alp gbo~onrf`^jbkqb nrb* pf pb bifdbk ^ab`r^a^jbkqb* molar`bk i^p obpmrbpq^p bpmbo^a^p9 pfk bj_^odl* bi Åufql ab bpqlp moldo^j^p abmbkab ab i^ `^m^`fa^a abi bkcbojl m^o^ ^rqlfkf`f^o i^p ^``flkbp `ljrkf`^qfs^p. 8% 5IHC=B=7=57=ÄB I^ ^rqlfkf`f^`fÜk pb obcfbob ^ i^ `^m^`fa^a ab `ljbkw^o l fkf`f^o rk^ ^``fÜk fkqbk`flk^a^ &pboÉ^ il lmrbpql ^ rk^ obpmrbpq^ obcibufs^ ^kqb ilp bpqÉjrilp'. Pbdàk Ibw^h &/773* m.$. bg. 9% 7CB8I7H5 CF=9BH585 <57=5 9@ C6>9H=JC >rknrb i^ `lkar`q^ lofbkq^a^ e^`f^ bi l_gbqfsl bp rk ^pmb`ql abi aljfkfl `ldkfqfsl ab i^p crk`flkbp bgb`rqfs^p &sbo `^mÉqril //8 bu^jbk `ldkfqfsl'* bpq^ `lkå ar`q^ ^ jbkral pb ^k^ifw^ q^j_fÅk `ljl rk mol`bpl jbq^`ldkfqfsl. bg. Mrbab ^odrjbkq^opb `ljl bgbjmil* bi eb`el ab nrb m^`fbkqbp `lk rk^ fkqbkp^ mbopbsbo^`fÜk mobpbkå q^k rk^ fk`^m^`fa^a m^o^ ^asboqfoi^p9 bk lqo^p m^i^_o^p* bi mofjbo m^pl m^o^ obarå `fo i^ `lkar`q^ mbopbsbo^qfs^* `lkpfpqb bk e^`bo iibd^o bpq^ `lkar`q^ ^i kfsbi ab `lk`fbk`f^ l ab `lkl`fjfbkql abi m^`fbkqb &sbo `^mÉqrilp 5 v /3'.* `r^kal mfab nrb pb ^_o^ rk^ sbkq^k^ l `r^kal abj^ka^ fkcloj^å `fÜk pl_ob rk^ clql krbs^ `lil`^a^ bk bi abpm^`el abi bu^jfk^alo'. B7 7<7I?7O :. Bpqb m^oqf`ri^o mol`bpl jbq^`ldkfqfsl bp bpbk`f^i m^o^ i^ rqfifw^`fÜk fkabmbkafbkqb ab i^p `^m^`fa^abp mlo m^oqb ab i^p mboplk^p. bg. Bk l`^pflkbp* bi `lkl`fjfbkql ab ilp m^`fbkqbp ab il nrb ab_boÉ^k bpq^o e^`fbkal molsl`^ ilp c^iilp bk bi fkf`fl ab i^ ^``fÜk8 m.

 9.DJH7:E . B77<7I?71 KJ?B?P79?âD :.B .3.06n. bg.H7F?7 :.0'.* `^p^ molmf^ sp. Bufpå qbk qbpqp bpq^ka^ofw^alp `lk l_gbqfslp mobbpq^_ib`falp* nrb kl mrbabk `^mq^o bi do^al bk nrb i^p mboplk^p plk `^m^`bp ab `lkpbdrfo ilp l_gbqfslp mlo pÉ jfpå j^p.<=2?. >pÉ* bi m^`fbkqb bo^ `^m^w ab qbkbo bk `rbkq^ bi crqrol* ab mbkp^o bk lqo^ mboplk^* ab fkf`f^o i^ ^`qfsfa^a ab fka^d^o pl_ob i^ mlpf_fifa^a ab `ljmo^o rk^ mlpq^i ab cbif`fq^`fÜk* ab pbdrfo krbpqolp `lkpbglp v ab ^pbdro^opb ab `lkpbdrfo bi l_gbqfsl `lk Åufql &ab_fal ^ prp molå _ibj^p ab ib`qro^'* mfafÅkalklp nrb jfo~o^jlp i^ q^ogbq^ ^kqbp ab a~opbi^ ^ pr bpmlp^. 9.@6. Mlo bpql* ab_bjlp `lkcf^o bk i^ l_pbos^`fÜk ab i^p ^`qfsfa^abp `ljrkf`^å qfs^p8 m./696A.D . 6C% 2@A?B0AB?. >i fdr^i nrb bi obpql ab q^ob^p jbq^`ldkfqfs^p* Åpq^ bp afcÉ`fi ab s^ilo^o `r^kqfq^qfs^jbkqb. bg. Ilp qbpqp bpq^ka^ofw^alp pb rqfå ifw^k m^o^ bpq^_ib`bo i^p ~ob^p v ilp kfsbibp ^iqbo^alp bk bi ibkdr^gb v bk lqolp aljfkflp `ldkfqfslp #fi ko_ hi jo_^_ b[]_lm_'* ^pÉ `ljl m^o^ fabkqfcf`^o i^p `^m^å `fa^abp mobpbos^a^p #fi ko_ jo_^_ b[]_lm_'. M^o^ bpq^_ib`bo il nrb b[]_ rk m^`fbkqb* bi bu^jfk^alo kloj^ijbkqb ^`rafo~ ^ i^ s^ilo^`fÜk l_pbos^`flk^i* `ljl pb afp`rqfo~ bk bi `^mÉqril /1. bg.?25.J.IEO %%% (0( `ljrkf`^qfslp ab loabk prmboflo abkqol ab bkqloklp k^qro^ibp. I^ obe^_fifq^`fÜk ab i^ ^c^pf^ mrbab `lk`bmqr^ifw^opb `ljl rk mol`bpl* mlo bi nrb fkqbkq^jlp í`lkpqorfo rk mrbkqbì bkqob bi qo^pqlokl ab rk^ mboplk^ v i^p kb`bå pfa^abp v abpblp `ljrkf`^qfslp ab Åpq^ &Cfd. 12 9.?. `iÉkf`^'* bi kfsbi v i^ cloj^ ab ^`qfsfa^a fkabmbkafbkqb &m. Bpqlp qbpqp kl obsbi^k kb`bp^of^jbkå qb il nrb rk bkcbojl b[]_ `r^kal pb i^p ^oobdi^ mlo pÉ plil bk bi `lkqbuql abi aÉ^+ ^+aÉ^.=.B FHE9. >i lqol i^al ab i^ b`r^`fÜk abi qo^q^jfbkql pb bk`rbkqo^k ilp c^`qlobp ab il nrb m_ h_]_mcn[ b[]_l v il nrb m_ koc_l_ b[]_l) Bpq^_ib`bo i^p íkb`bpfa^abpì v ilp íabpblpì bp bpbk`f^i m^o^ `lkpbdrfo ilp l_gbqfslp abi qo^q^jfbkql v kloj^ijbkå qb pb `rjmib do^`f^p ^ i^ fkqbosbk`fÜk abi m^`fbkqb* ab i^ c^jfif^ v ab ilp `rfa^å alobp.* rk bkcbojl nrb e^_É^ ob`f_fal qbo^mf^* `ljl m^`fbkqb fkqbokl* m^o^ rk^ do^sb ^c^pf^ kl+cirfa^ klp `lkqÜ nrb pb ^molufj^_^ bi ^kfsbop^ofl ab pr jrgbo v nrb nrboÉ^ bksf^oib rk^ mlpq^i ab cbif`fq^`fÜk9 ib prdbofjlp nrb i^ _rpå `^o^ bk rk^ ab i^p qfbka^p abi elpmfq^i9 il efwl* v slisfÜ `lk rk^ mlpq^i ab cbifå `fq^`fÜk m^o^ pr j^aob* kl m^o^ pr jrgbo &q^j_fÅk mobpbkq^_^ rk^ fjmloq^kqb ^ibuf^'9 ^cloqrk^a^jbkqb* ^kqbp ab bksf^oi^ klp i^ bkpbÖÜ v ib ^vra^jlp ^ obbjå mi^w^o i^ m^i^_o^ íj^aobì mlo íbpmlp^ì.D<EGK. `lk i^ c^jfif^9 8WUc`O ()&)& 7ab`cQbc`O ]^S`ObWdORS ZO`SVOPWZWbOQWm\RSZOOTOaWO& .* sfsfo plil sp. /0.A6C. >idrklp c^`qlobp nrb ^cb`q^k ^ i^p kb`bpfa^abp v abpblp `ljrkf`^qfslp plk bi bkqlokl bk bi nrb sfsb rk^ mboplk^ ^c~pf`^ &m..

Bpq^ ^molufj^`fÜk ob`lkl`b bi s^ilo ab i^p mrkqr^`fÜk ab ilp qbpqp bpq^ka^ofw^alp `r^kqfq^qfslp* `ljl mrkqlp ab obcbobk`f^ m^o^ i^ ^`qr^`fÜk ab rk bkcbojl* _^gl `lkaf`flkbp bpq~ka^obp* ^pÉ `ljl m^o^ bi obpql ab bgb`r`flkbp abi m^`fbkqb ^ il i^odl ab rk mboÉlal qbjmlo^i9 pfk bj_^odl* plpqfbkb nrb m^o^ bpq^å _ib`bo `ljmibq^jbkqb i^p `^m^`fa^abp mobpbos^a^p v a^Ö^a^p abi bkcbojl* prp bpqfilp `ldkfqfslp v bi `lkgrkql ab bpqo^qbdf^p* bi bu^jfk^alo ab_b fo j~p ^ii~ abi bu^jbk cloj^i v mol_^o* bumilo^o v obdfpqo^o ab j^kbo^ bue^rpqfs^ qla^p i^p obpå mrbpq^p abi m^`fbkqb ^ rk^ s^ofba^a ab bpqÉjrilp v ab `^j_flp bk ilp m^o~jbqolp ab i^p morb_^p.02?. J.H7F?7 :.: A: 2:3. >rknrb bi `lkl`fjfbkql ab bpqlp c^`qlobp mrbab molmlo`flk^o rk^ ^vra^ m^o^ abqbojfk^o ilp abpblp v i^p kb`bpfa^abp ab `ljrkf`^`fÜk* bp fjmloå q^kqb nrb ilp ildlmba^p mfa^k fkcloj^`fÜk ^ ilp bkcbojlp* ^ i^p c^jfif^p v ^ ilp `rfa^alobp8 m. bjmib^al' v i^ `i^pb ab qo^_^gl &m.1. Bi _h`iko_ ]_hnl[^i _h _f jli]_mi ab i^ qbo^mf^ ab i^ ^c^pf^ bpq~ ab ^`rboal `lk bi bkclnrb `bkqo^al bk bi mol`bpl ab i^ bs^ir^`fÜk kbrolmpf`liÜdf`^ fkf`f^al mlo H^mi^k &/766'.<5.* kl pb mrbab ^prjfo nrb qla^p i^p kb`bpfa^abp v abpblp m^p^k pÜil mlo slisbo ^ bp`of_fo* mrbp e^v prgbqlp pfk ^c^pf^ nrb ^mbk^p bp`of_bk `r^kå al ab_b obiibk^o clojri^oflp `lk pr klj_ob* afob``fÜk* cb`e^ ab k^`fjfbkql* bq`.* `lkar`qlo ab `^jflkbp sp.(0) C7DK7B :. 12 8.@2>. Nrb i^ `^m^`fa^a m^o^ bp`of_fo fkcloj^`fÜk mboplk^i pb `lkpfabob rk l_gbqfsl mi^rpf_ib pÜil mrbab ab`fafopb pl_ob i^ _^pb ab rk bu^å jbk `ljmibql ab i^p `^m^`fa^abp ab bp`ofqro^ bk obi^`fÜk* mlo rk i^al* `lk i^ fkqbdofa^a ab lqo^p `^m^`fa^abp ifkdâÉpqf`^p v* mlo lqol* `lk bi bpmb`qol `ljå mibql ab i^p kb`bpfa^abp v abpblp `ljrkf`^qfslp.* i^ mboplk^ `lk ^c^pf^ `rv^ obpå mrbpq^ ^ qla^p i^p q^ob^p abi e^_i^ bk rk qbpq cloj^i ab i^ ^c^pf^ &m. Rk^ lofbkq^`fÜk `ljàk ab i^ qbo^mf^ ab i^ ^c^pf^ bp il nrb pb mrbab abkljfå k^o _h`iko_ ^_f ^z`c]cn l* bk qÅojfklp ab Elii^ka &/772'* i^ prmlpf`fÜk `rbpqflå k^_ib ab nrb ilp bkcbojlp ab_bk mo^`qf`^o il nrb bp afcÉ`fi ab e^`bo &l il nrb kl mrbabk e^`bo' e^pq^ nrb il `lkpfd^k.. bg.:?@>A5> A: <A2:@2U 0. bg. 12 8.=A2 02:@>. B7 7<7I?7O :. `lkq^_ib'. bg. Nrfw~p* pb ab_boÉ^k _rp`^o pfdklp molmrbpqlp mlo bi `Ükvrdb bk bi pbkqfal ab nrb i^ mboplk^ ^c~pf`^ hi h_]_mcn[ e^`bo q^i `lp^* mrbp bp cbifw q^i `r^i &kl koc_Ñ l_ bp`of_fo afob``flkbp* cfoj^o* bq`. S! T0.?5. B7 7<7I?7 obqfo^al sp. bg. Mlo lqol i^al* i^ `^m^`fa^a m^o^ bp`of_fo fkcloå j^`fÜk mboplk^i nrfw~p pb^ rk obql m^o^ rk ^c~pf`l* mlo il nrb i^ mboplk^ koc_Ñ l_ qo^_^g^o bk bpq^ q^ob^. @lkpfabobjlp* m. I^p `^m^å `fa^abp mobpbos^a^p mrbabk ^`qr^o abkqol ab i^p jla^ifa^abp ^iqbo^a^p l abpab rk^ jla^ifa^a pbm^o^a^.3. 2: 28 <>.* jrbpqo^ afp`ropfs^* abkljfk^`fÜk v abp`ofm`fÜk ab af_rglp* obmbqf`fÜk v ib`qro^ bk slw . Mlo bi `lkqo^ofl* bi bkclnrb `bkqo^al bk bi mol`bpl mrbab l_pbos^opb `ljl rk _h`iko_ jimcncpi mlonrb pb rqfifw^k i^p `^m^å `fa^abp mobpbos^a^p m^o^ qo^q^o l `ljmbkp^o i^p `^m^`fa^abp a^Ö^a^p. Bk krbpqo^ lmfkfÜk* i^ fkcloj^`fÜk nrb molmlo`flk^ rk^ bumilo^å `fÜk bk `ropl &ih(fch_' pl_ob i^p `^m^`fa^abp mobpbos^a^p v ^iqbo^a^p* cloj^ i^ _^pb ab bkclnrbp bufqlplp bk bi qo^q^jfbkql ^c~pf`l.'.

J.B FHE9.D<EGK. Obpå mb`ql ^ i^ bpqor`qro^ ab i^ qbo^mf^ ^c~pf`^ m^o^ bpqb prgbql* ab_bk ob^ifw^opb i^p pfdrfbkqbp mobdrkq^p8 êmolar`b bi prgbql ^c~pf`l m^i^_o^p kl+fkqbk`flk^a^p kl+ bpqboblqfm^a^p `r^kal pb `ljrkf`^ bk q^ob^p kl+sbo_^ibp &m. 9.* bi `^kql'=* ê`lk nrÅ obpriå q^alp=9 êmolar`b bi bkcbojl rk^ m^i^_o^ l rk pfkq^dj^ ^molmf^al bk `lkqbuqlp k^qro^ibp &m.1.D . bg.* í_fi^kal* _fi^kalì'. B77<7I?71 KJ?B?P79?âD :. Rk bgbjmil ab qo^_^gl `lk `^m^`fa^abp mobpbos^a^p abkqol ab i^ jla^ifa^a a^Ö^a^ pb obmobå pbkq^ bk i^ cfdro^ /0.* ab`fo íÅpqbì jfbkå qo^p pbÖ^i^ rk af_rgl bk rk^ q^ob^ ab `ljmobkpfÜk ^rafqfs^'=9 êpb e^k bs^ir^al qla^p i^p q^ob^p mlqbk`f^ibp ab molar``fÜk sbo_^i &m.DJH7:E . bg.H7F?7 :.cidcVX^vc CZavY^XV6 ~9dcigda LdajciVg^d YZ FgdYjXX^dcZh ?ckdajciVg^Vh6 8WUc`O ()&*& DSVOPWZWbOQWm\RSZO OTOaWO1 b`OPOXO`^]aWbWdO[ S\bSRS\b`]RS ZO []ROZWROR ROlORO& .IE O %%% $. bg. Pf `lkqfkr^jlp `lkpfabo^kal ^i bkcbojl `lk i^p bumobpflkbp bpqboblqfm^a^p í_fi^kal* _fi^kalì* ênrÅ q^ob^ l bpqÉjril* pf bp nrb e^v ^idrkl* molmlo`flk^ bsfå abk`f^ ab e^_i^ kl+bpqboblqfm^a^=9 ênrÅ `^m^`fa^abp hi(pi][f_m l hi(p_l\[f_m mobpbos^a^p mrbabk rqfifw^opb `lk molmÜpfqlp `ljrkf`^qfslp=9 êmrbab bpq^ mboå plk^ bp`of_fo m^i^_o^p nrb qo^kpjfq^k prp fkqbobpbp v* bkqlk`bp* rqfifw^oi^p afob`å q^jbkqb bk i^ `ljrkf`^`fÜk= v* bk `^pl `lkqo^ofl* êmlpbb ^idrk^ `^m^`fa^a m^o^ ~Gjs \] ^cSRS ]VXZgjcV eZghdcV6 ^cSRS ]VXZg VOQS 8O^OQWROR ROoORO B]^cSRS ji^a^nVgZa ]VWaVegdedh^X^dcVa B] ji^a^nV Za ]VWaV egdedh^X^dcVa 9dchigj^g jc ejZciZ ~Gjs \SQSaWbO jcV eZghdcV6 _cWS`S 9dchigj^gjc ejZciZ 8O^OQWROR RSaSORO BV eZghdcV \SQSaWbO ]VWaVg _cWS`S ]VWaVg 8O^OQWROR ^`SaS\bORO DcSRS ^`]RcQW` Va\jcVh eVaVWgVh XjVcYd XVciV DcSRS ZS S ` ZckdnVaiV eVaVWgVh cd ^ciZcX^dcVYVh m&d Zbdi^kVh ~JZgVe^V YZ .* íEli^ì'=9 êmrbab bi m^`fbkqb ibbo bk slw ^iq^ prp molmf^p bumobå pflkbp bpqboblqfm^a^p=9 ênrÅ obpmrbpq^p molar`b ^kqb m^i^_o^p bp`ofq^p bjlqfs^p `ljl í^jlbì l íp^kdobì* l ^kqb m^i^_o^p mboplk^ijbkqb obibs^kqbp `ljl ilp klj_obp ab c^jfif^obp=9 pf i^p m^i^_o^p kl+bpqboblqfm^a^p pb molar`bk fk`fabkå q^ijbkqb l fkqbk`flk^a^jbkqb `ljl obpmrbpq^ ^ morb_^p bpmb`f^ibp* êmrbab rqfå ifw^opb `r^inrfbo^ ab bpq^p q^ob^p abi e^_i^ `ljl mi^q^cloj^ m^o^ bi qo^q^jfbkql ab i^ molar``fÜk lo^i fkqbk`flk^a^ v ^rqlfkf`f^a^=9 bk lqo^p m^i^_o^p* êmrbabk crka^jbkq^o bi qo^q^jfbkql i^p `^m^`fa^abp mobpbos^a^p abkqol ab i^ molmf^ jla^ifa^a abi e^_i^= I^ Qbo^mf^ ab Bkqlk^`fÜk JbiÜaf`^ &`^mÉqril /4' v bi @lkå qoli Slirkq^ofl ab Molar``flkbp Fkslirkq^of^p &sbo `^mÉqril /2' plk alp bgbjmilp ab moldo^j^p qbo^mÅrqf`lp* nrb rqfifw^k i^p `^m^`fa^abp mobpbos^a^p abkqol ab i^ molmf^ jla^ifa^a abi e^_i^ m^o^ jbglo^o bi e^_i^ molmlpf`flk^i.& ^iq^' m^ob`b ifjfq^a^ ^ bumobpflkbp bpqboblqfm^a^p &m. bg.B.

2.A?.=960.06n.=?<=n@6A< 12 B. 29 =?<02@<. Bk ilp ^Ölp fkjbaf^q^jbkqb mlpqboflobp ^i f`qrp* qrsl mol_ibj^p j^qofjlkf^ibp v pb crb ^ sfsfo `lk pr j^aob. Bk bi jljbkql ab objfå pfÜk* i^ j^aob abi m^`fbkqb > abp^ooliiÜ mol_ibj^p jÅaf`lp nrb e^`É^k qbjbo 8WUc`O ()&+& DSVOPWZWbOQWm\ RS ZO OTOaWO1 b`OPOXO`^]aWbWdO[ S\bS TcS`O RS ZO []ROZWROR ROlORO& . C6% .@< Bi `^pl pfdrfbkqb &m^`fbkqb >' firpqo^ i^ rqfifw^`fÜk abi bkclnrb `bkqo^al bk bi mol`bpl ab i^ qbo^mf^ ^c~pf`^. J. Krk`^ e^_É^ ob`f_fal qbo^mf^ ^c~pf`^. Bi >@S ib molargl rk^ ebjfm^obpf^ abob`e^ v rk^ ^c^pf^ fjmloq^kqb. B7 7<7I?7 O :. Bi m^`fbkqb > klp crb objfqfal m^o^ bs^ir^`fÜk kbrolmpf`liÜdf`^ v m^o^ bpq^_ib`bo pr `ljmbqbk`f^ jbkq^i* 02 ^Ölp abpmrÅp ab rk f`qrp nrb pfdrfÜ ^ rk^ lmbo^`fÜk ^ `lo^wÜk ^_fboql ^ i^ ba^a ab 16 ^Ölp.3<>B2 02.(0+ C 7DK7B :. . 0. 129 2.1< 2. B7 7<7I?7 af_rg^o* ab j^kbo^ nrb kb`bpfqb rk Moldo^j^ ab Af_rgl @ljrkf`^qfsl &sbo `^mÉå qril /7'=9 êplk ^ab`r^alp ilp dbpqlp bpmlkq~kblp ab rk bkcbojl= v* bk bpqb `^pl* êmrbabk cloj^o i^ _^pb ab rk bkclnrb dbpqr^i m^o^ i^ `ljrkf`^`fÜk=9 ê`ljå mobkab bi m^`fbkqb bi pfdkfcf`^al ab bpqÉjrilp af_rg^alp= v* bk `^pl ^cfoj^qfsl* êplk ^molmf^alp ilp moldo^j^p ab `ljrkf`^`fÜk `ljmrqbofw^alp `ljl bi @+ Sf@ l +bi @+Pmb^h &sbo `^mÉqril 0/'= Bpq^p lm`flkbp ab qo^_^gl `lk `^m^`fa^abp mobpbos^a^p crbo^ ab i^ jla^ifa^a a^Ö^a^* prpqfqrvbk i^ `ljrkf`^`fÜk sbo_^i ab i^ cloj^ nrb pb jrbpqo^ bk i^ cfdro^ /0.H7F?7 :.

* `r^kal pb ib jlpqoÜ bi pfdkl ab íkl crj^oì* ob^ifwÜ ilp dbpqlp ab ícrj^oì v* ^ `lkqfkr^`fÜk* íklì. B7 7<7I?71 KJ?B?P79?âD :. I^ morb_^ abi <imnih .B.D<EGK.D .jb[mc[ ?r[gch[ncih' Q?A>9 @lladi^pp v H^mi^k* /761' v pb abjlpqoÜ nrb i^ `ljmobkpfÜk ^rafqfs^ abi m^`fbkqb > bpq^_^ obi^qfs^jbkqb mobpbos^a^9 pfk bj_^odl* bk qla^p i^p q^ob^p sbo_^ibp* pr molar``fÜk bpq^_^ ifjfq^a^ ^ qÅojfå klp fkcloj^ibp ípÉì v íklì v ^ plkfalp pfk pbkqfal &m. Pb bpclow^_^ mlo ibbo bpq^p m^i^_o^p bk slw ^iq^* mlo il nrb i^p abg^jlp ^m^oqb* v bi . Bk bi ^pmb`ql kl+sl`^i* bi m^`fbkqb > pÜil mlaÉ^ bp`of_fo rk^p ml`^p ibqo^p ^ib^qlof^p* mbol rqfifwÜ bpmlkq~kb^jbkqb ^idrklp dbpqlp m^o^ qo^kpjfqfo pfdkfcf`^alp &m. I^p mobå drkq^p nrb pb mi^kqb^_^k* bkqlk`bp* bo^k i^p pfdrfbkqbp8 ênrÅ pr`baboÉ^ pf m^p~å o^jlp prp molmf^p m^i^_o^p* molar`fa^p fkslirkq^of^jbkqb* &í^nrÉì* í^dr^ì v í_lq^ì' bk cloj^ bp`ofq^=9 pf bpq^p m^i^_o^p qbkÉ^k ^idàk pfdkfcf`^al m^o^ Åi* v pf mrafbo^ ibboi^p bk slw ^iq^* êmlaoÉ^jlp `lkpbdrfo rk `lkqoli j~p slirkq^ofl ab i^ bumobå pfÜk sbo_^i* ab j^kbo^ nrb pb rqfifw^o^ molmlpf`flk^ijbkqb= Bpql pb `lksfoqfÜ bk krbpqol bumbofjbkql qbo^mÅrqf`l* alkab pb abjlpqoÜ nrb mlaÉ^ ibbo alp l qobp m^i^_o^p bk slw ^iq^. bg. Bi kbrolmpf`Üildl nrb il bu^jfkÜ bpq^_^ mobl`rm^al mlo i^p `^m^`fa^abp `ljrkf`^qfs^p abi m^`fbkqb >* jrv obpqofkdfa^p* v bcb`qrÜ bkqlkå `bp rk bu^jbk sbo_^i.* í_^eì* íbbì'* molar`fa^p `lk rk^ do^k fkpbdrofa^a `r^kal fkqbkq^_^ pfk bcb`ql `lkqoli^o prp ^oqf`ri^al+ obp. I^ àkf`^ l`^pfÜk bk i^ nrb pb lvÜ ^i m^`fbkqb > molar`fo m^i^_o^p ob^ibp &j~p ^ii~ ab ípÉì v íklì' crb aro^kqb i^ ob^ifw^`fÜk abi pr_qbpq ab afp`ofjfk^`fÜk ab m^i^_o^p abi Q?A>* `r^kal ^oqf`riÜ `lk c^`fifa^a i^p m^i^_o^p í^nrÉì* í^dr^ì v í_lq^ì &e^v nrb ^asboqfo nrb í^dr^ì v í_lq^ì kl plk* ab eb`el* bpqÉjrilp ab bpqb qbpq'. Fkqbkq^jlp* ^ m^oqfo ab ^nrÉ* ^jmif^o bi iÅuf`l abi m^`fbkqb > I^p àkf`^p m^i^å _o^p nrb e^_É^ rqfifw^al ^i e^_i^o bk bi Q?A> v bk bi ?>P> bo^ ípÉì v íklì. mlo pr sfa^* mlo il nrb pr jÅaf`l kb`bpfq^_^ p^_bo pf bi bkcbojl bo^ `ljmbå qbkqb m^o^ sfsfo plil.mm_mmg_hn i` M_p_l_ . 9. Pb ib efwl bi N_mn ^_ <imnih j[l[ _f >c[ah}mnc]i ^_ f[ . Bo^ fk`^m^w ab ob^ifw^o kfkdrk^ q^ob^ sbo_^i abi ?>P>* j~p ^ii~ ab obpmlkabo ípÉì l íklì* mbol* bk `^j_fl* crb `^m^w ab bjm^obg^o m^i^_o^p bp`ofq^p `loob`q^jbkqb `lk af_rglp v l_gbqlp. >pÉ* m^ob`b pbo nrb bi m^`fbkqb > c^ii^ bk i^p q^ob^p sbo_^ibp abi Q?A> v abi ?>P>* mlonrb kl mrbab ^oqf`ri^o m^i^_o^p slirkq^of^ l fkqbk`flk^a^jbkqb. >abj~p* `r^kal pb ib jlpqo^_^k af_rglp nrb obmobpbkq^_^k i^p m^i^_o^p í^dr^ì v í_lq^ì mlaÉ^ abkljfk^oilp.`[mc[ #<imnih >c[ahim( nc].B FHE9.DJH7:E . bg.jb[mc[ &?>P>9 Ebij+Bpq^_ollhp* O^jp_bodbo* Kf`eli^p v Jlod^k* /767' abjlpqoÜ q^j_fÅk `^m^`fa^abp dbpqr^ibp8 m. Bk krbpqol qbpq ab ^mo^uf^ &sbo `^mÉå qril 4'* pÜil jlpqoÜ rk^ jlabo^a^ ^mo^uf^ _r`lc^`f^i &lolclk^qlof^ l abi e^_i^'. bg.H7F?7 :.J. Aro^kå qb bi bu^jbk* al`rjbkq^jlp bgbjmilp ab e^_i^ fk`fabkq^i aro^kqb ^idrk^p q^ob^p kl+sbo_^ibp* mbol* abpmrÅp ab 02 ^Ölp* êbufpqÉ^ i^ mol_^_fifa^a ab nrb bpqb e^_i^ fk`fabkq^i mrafbo^ pbosfo `ljl rk qo^jmliÉk m^o^ ob`rmbo^o co^djbkqlp ab e^_i^ fkqbk`flk^a^ nrb mlaoÉ^ ^rjbkq^o pr fkabmbkabk`f^= >rknrb bi m^`fbkqb > kl molargl m^i^_o^p ob^ibp bk q^ob^p ab ib`qro^ lo^i kf bk bi Q?A> kf bk bi ?>P>* mobpbkq^_^ ^idrk^ `^m^`fa^a mobpbos^a^ m^o^ ibbo m^i^å _o^p ^fpi^a^p v m^o^ bjm^obg^oi^p ^ab`r^a^jbkqb `lk af_rglp v l_gbqlp.IE O %%% (0.* `r^kal pb ib mobdrkqÜ íêNrÅ e^oÉ^ `lk rk^ j^nrfkfii^ ab ^cbfq^o=ì ob^ifwÜ bi dbpql ab ^cbfq^opb'.

krbslp bpqÉjrilp* v bk i^ qbo`bo^ pbpfÜk* ^Ö^å afÜ qobp j~p* fk`irvbkal ^idrk^p nrb kl e^_É^ mlafal ibbo bk i^ pbdrka^ pbpfÜk. @^pf ifqb+ H56@5 ()%(% DQ\QRbQc _RdU^YTQc RQZ_ U\ S_^db_\ f_\e^dQbY_ TU\ `QSYU^dU 5 /0-0/ Mbw QÅ @^cÅ /0-00 ?li^ J^aob ?^o`l /0-02 D^ql >jlo Ib`eb /0-07 ?rp @l`eb Mlqol /0-1/ M^aob Alp Pli /-2 @fk`l Irfp /-3 /-6 Dlool Lglp P^kl Jrgbo Dr^oaf^ Cloj^ Elvl S^`^ /-// /-/3 ?^Öl J^kl MfmÉ ?lq^ >dr^ @^p^ Rkl Qobp Eli^ Ebkl M^ql . Bk bpqb jljbkql* mlaÉ^ rqfifw^o i^p krbsb m^i^_o^p ab cloj^ _^pq^kqb ^ab`r^a^ bk q^ob^p ab abkljfk^`fÜk mlo `lkcolkq^`fÜk* pfk kb`bpfa^a ab ibboi^p lo^ijbkqb mofjbol. Bk i^ pbpfÜk pfdrfbkqb* bi m^`fbkå qb ^Ö^afÜ qobp m^i^_o^p j~p ab 0. J. Rqfifå w^kal bpqb bkclnrb* pb mobpbkq^olk 0.* íp^kdobì* ím^aobì'. bg. m^i^_o^p bk i^ mofjbo^ pbpfÜk.H7F?7 :. Bk bpqb jljbkql* pb ib klqfcf`^ nrb v^ ebjlp ^`^_^al. pbpflkbp* bi m^`fbkqb > crb `^m^w ab ibbo i^p pfdrfbkqbp m^i^_o^p &Q^_i^ /0. B7 7<7I?7 O :. Ab Åpq^p* bi m^`fbkqb > ibvÜ bk slw ^iq^ v `loob`q^jbkqb qobp &^abj~p ab í_lq^ì v í^dr^ì' pfk bpcrbowl.$. Bpq^p* grkql ^ prp alp m^i^_o^p lofdfk^ibp* pb bp`of_fbolk bk q^ogbq^p fkafsfar^ibp ab 5*3 u /1 `j `lk i^ obmobpbkq^`fÜk mf`qÜof`^ abqo~p. Bk /. B7 7<7I?7 bu^jfk^alo rqfifwÜ m^i^_o^p nrb bo^k ^iq^jbkqb bjlqfs^p v `lkcfdro^`flk^ibp* bp ab`fo* m^i^_o^p nrb `lkqbkÉ^k ^idrk^p ibqo^p `lk m^ilp ^p`bkabkqbp v abp`bkå abkqbp &m. Pf molar`É^ lqo^ m^i^_o^ ob^i m^o^ bi bpqÉå jril* bpb bpqÉjril pb bifjfk^_^ v pb mobpbkq^_^ i^ m^i^_o^ nrb Åi bjfqÉ^ m^o^ sbo pf mlaoÉ^ slisbo ^ obpmlkabo lqo^ sbw* v bk bpq^ l`^pfÜk slirkq^of^jbkqb. Kl l_pq^kqb* ab cloj^ plomobkabkqb* i^ ifpq^ `lkqfbkb jr`e^p m^i^_o^p ab rqfifå a^a crk`flk^i. Bpq^ ab`fpfÜk pb _^p^_^ bk i^ bsfabk`f^ bumbofå jbkq^i ab nrb i^p m^i^_o^p `lk bpq^p `^o^`qboÉpqf`^p plk j~p c~`fibp ab ibbo m^o^ rk bkcbojl ^c~pf`l. Pf ibÉ^ fkjbaf^q^jbkqb i^ m^i^å _o^ ab cloj^ `loob`q^* il ^klq~_^jlp bk rk^ q^ogbq^ ab rklp 5*3 u /1 `j. Pf pb qo^q^_^ ab rk^ m^i^_o^ fksbkq^a^* i^ af_rg~_^jlp bk rk^ q^ogbq^ abqo~p m^o^ s^ilå o^o i^ abkljfk^`fÜk mlo `lkcolkq^`fÜk. E^v nrb qbkbo bk `rbkq^ nrb i^ bib``fÜk ab i^p m^i^_o^p bpq~ abqbojfk^a^ mofkå `fm^ijbkqb mlo bi molmfl m^`fbkqb9 bp ab`fo* ^rknrb klplqolp bibdfjlp i^p m^i^å _o^p m^o^ bpqfjri^o i^ molar``fÜk abi e^_i^* `r^inrfbo m^i^_o^ ob^i nrb bi bkcboå jl mrba^ ibbo bk slw ^iq^ pb ^Ö^ab ^ i^ ifpq^* fkabmbkafbkqb ab pr crk`flk^ifa^a. >i bkcbojl pb ib a^_^k bpq^p q^ogbq^p m^o^ nrb ^rqlmo^`qf`^o^.) C7DK7B :. Qo^p `ob^o rk^ ifpq^ ab bpqb qfml ab m^i^_o^p* bumif`^jlp ^i m^`fbkqb > nrb ib jlpqo^oÉ^jlp qÅojfklp ^fpi^alp v nrb ab_É^ ab`fo il mofjbol nrb ib sfkfbo^ ^ i^ jbkqb* pfk fkqbkq^o bpclow^opb bk i^p obpmrbpq^p./'.

6=6@=C. @lkklo* I.*3 ( / 0*'$ ' '(+ '( 0$ / / . &ba.IE O %%% $. B7 7<7I?71 KJ?B?P79?ED :.D . Bk @e^mbv* O. Bk bi moÜufjl `^mÉqril* afp`rqfobjlp nrÅ ab_b e^`bo bi qbo^mbrq^ ab i^ ^c^pf^ m^o^ bpq^_ib`bo ilp l_gbqfslp ^molmf^alp bk bi qo^q^jfbkql* ^pÉ `ljl m^o^ s^ilå o^o i^ obpmrbpq^ ^i qo^q^jfbkql.'. bg. @lk+ `bmqr^ifw^jlp i^ qbo^mf^ ^c~pf`^ `ljl bi mol`bpl ab `lkpqorfo rk mrbkqb bkqob* mlo rk i^al* il nrb rk^ mboplk^ ^c~pf`^ hi jo_^_ b[]_l' jo_^_ b[]_l s b[]_' v* mlo lqol* il nrb h_]_mcn[ l koc_l_) Molmlkbjlp rk bkclnrb `bkqo^al bk bi molå `bpl m^o^ abp^oolii^o l pbib``flk^o rk moldo^j^ qbo^mÅrqf`l ^ab`r^al m^o^ `^a^ ^c~pf`l bk bi nrb i^p `^m^`fa^abp mobpbos^a^p* abkqol ab rk^ jla^ifa^a ifkå dâÉpqf`^ a^Ö^a^ l abkqol ab rk^ jla^ifa^a afcbobkqb* pb rqfif`bk `ljl mi^q^å cloj^ m^o^ bi qo^q^jfbkql.H7F?7 :.F5:}5 ?^vibp* H. ?^iqfjlob8 Tfiif^jp $ Tfihfkp. &0. Q^j_fÅk pb e^ eb`el efk`^mfÅ pl_ob bi eb`el ab nrb i^ qbo^mf^ ^c~pf`^ ab_b qbkbo ís^ifabw ^ mofjbo^ sfpq^ì m^o^ prgbqlp ^c~pf`lp* jfbj_olp ab i^ c^jfif^ v* bk ^idrklp `^plp* `rfa^alobp* ab cloj^ nrb ilp l_gbå qfslp ab i^ qbo^mf^ bpqÅk bk `lkplk^k`f^ `lk prp ^kebilp v kb`bpfa^abp. J^k^dbjbkq lc kbroldbki` `ljjrkf`^iflk afploabop ^ppl`f^qba tfqe abjbk+ qi^p.. 9./'. 313+323'. &/772'.* mm.* dbpqlp'9 pfk bj_^odl* i^ ob^ifa^a crb i^ fjmlpf_fifa^a ab ob`f_fo bpq^ ^vra^9 kl l_pq^kqb* bpq^_^ p^qfpcb`el v ^kfj^al `lk bpq^ bumbofbk`f^ v `ldfÜ i^p cf`e^p nrb obmobå pbkq^_^k pr krbsl sl`^_ri^ofl. v M^irj_l* @. Prp obpmrbpq^p bk pÜil afbw pbpflkbp ab rk jÅqlal nrb abkljfk^jlp @lkqoli Slirkq^ofl ab Molar``flkbp Fkslirkå q^of^p &sbo `^mÉqril /2' fkaf`^k nrb pb qo^q^ ab rk _rbk `^kafa^ql m^o^ rk qo^q^å jfbkql j~p i^odl* mlo il nrb mlaoÉ^k ob^ifw^opb lqolp bkclnrbp qbo^mÅrqf`lp pl_ob prp `^m^`fa^abp obpfar^ibp mobpbos^a^p bk bi aljfkfl kl+sbo_^i &m. @lk bpql* slisfÜ ^ pr `^p^ pfqr^a^ _^pq^kqb ^ibg^a^ ab i^ `lkpriq^ buqbok^ abi qbo^å mbrq^ bk krbpqo^ Sbqbo^kp >ajfkfpqo^qflk.DJH7:E . Bpq^ sbw i^ jfoÜ* pbÖ^iÜ ilp l_gbqlp v abkljfkÜ `loob`q^jbkqb íj^aobì* í^dr^ì v í_lq^ì.B.+ + - .D<EGK.* o^Éjbkqb bk i^ mrboq^* ^kqbp ab j^o`e^o* ib jlpqo^jlp i^ i~jfk^ íBi ol_l ab i^p d^iibq^pì abi Q?A>* m^o^ i^ `r^i kl molargl kfkdrk^ obpmrbpq^ rk jbp ^kqbp. M^o^ fabkqfcf`^o bp^p `^m^`fa^abp mobpbos^a^p* bi bu^å jfk^alo kloj^ijbkqb ab_bo~ fo j~p ^ii~ ab rk bu^jbk bpq^ka^ofw^al cloj^i m^o^ s^ilo^o* bumilo^o v obdfpqo^o `rfa^alp^jbkqb i^p obpmrbpq^p ab `^a^ bkcboå jl bk rk^ s^ofba^a ab bpqÉjrilp v ab `^j_flp bk ilp m^o~jbqolp ab i^p q^ob^p./ &/'* 26+3cq++++++++++++++++++++++ î+ î + 2 . F[hao[a_ chn_lp_hncih mnl[n_ac_m ch [^ofn [jb[mc[ &1oa ba. Q* Ebij+Bpq^_ollhp* K. J==% F9GIA9B 89@ 9B:CEI9 79BHF58C 9B 9@ DFC79GC 9B @5 H9F5D=5 89 @5 5:5G=5 Bk bpqb `^mÉqril* ebjlp abjlpqo^al nrb i^ bib``fÜk abi moldo^j^ qbo^mÅrå qf`l m^o^ i^ ^c^pf^ ab_b `lkpfabo^opb ^ m^oqfo ab i^p s^of^_ibp kbroliÜdf`^* `ld+ kfqfs^ v jbq^`ldkfqfs^* ^idrk^ ab i^p `r^ibp mrbab j^kfmri^opb m^o^ fkqbkpfcf`^o ilp obpriq^alp abi qo^q^jfbkql.J.B FHE9. Pbsbob ^rafqlov `ljmobebkpflk fjm^fojbkq tfqe kl ibpflk lc Tbokf`hb%p ^ob^. >. <l[ch [h^ f[hao[a_'.

v >i_boq* J.'. 47+7. Pcmo[f . /07+/45'. v ?ov^kq* ?. &0. &/777'.. .- &Mq. v M^qqboplk* G. M_gch[lm ch Mj__]b [h^ F[hao[a_' -+ &/'* 11+3. Ibw^h* J. B77<7I?7O :. O^sbk* G. >. &/777'.. M_gch[lm ch Mj__]b [h^ F[hao[a_' -. &/767'. >ppbppjbkq lc jlla pq^qb Fk ^me^pf^. E.h[fia [h^ Gii^ M][f_m) Bk Irqw* C. D.* Kf`eli^p* J. <l[ch [h^ F[hao[a_' 0.* ?^vibp* H.8 Mpv`elildf`^i >ppbppjbkq Obplroå `bp. ?p[fo[ncih ^_ f[ [`[mc[s ^_ nl[mnilhim l_f[]cih[^im) &1^ ba. Ebij+Bpq^_ollhp* K. P. I. &/716'.* Tfkl`ro* D. I. I.* O^jp_bodbo* D. Ebij+Bpq^_ollhp* K. Efk`hibv* G. H_olijms]bifiac][f [mm_mmg_hn &1oa ba. &/773'. &0. &/'* /17+/2/.* Ebij+Bpq^_ollhp* K. Pbsbob klkcirbk`v Fk ^me^pf^8 Olib lc qeb jbaf^i pr_`^iilp^i c^p`f`rirp ^ka lqebo tefqb j^qqbo m^qeå t^vp fk ob`lsbov lc pmlkq^kblrp pmbb`e. @. Elii^ka* >. &0. &/773'. Bk ?lii* Q. C^`qlop ifjfqfkd ob`lsbov ^cqbo `bkqo^i kboslrp ibpflkp )Diolh[f i ` H_lpiom [h^ G_hn[f >cmil^_lm' 33' 611+633. /'* /+16.* Ebij+Bpq^_ollhp* K. H. K^bpbo* J.* E^^p* D.$. M. I. . E. v ?bod* B. >. v H^mi^k* B. B77<7I?7 Dlladi^pp* E. L[p_h"m =ifiol_^ Jlial_mmcp_ G[nlc]_m) P^k >kqlkfl* QU8 Mpv`elildf`^i @lom. >ppbppfkd ^ka j^k^dfkd rk^t^obkbpp lc pbic. &/773'. >.'.jb[mc[) >rpqfk* QU8 MOL+BA../* j^vl+grkil'. Mpv`elildf`^i >ppbppå jbkq Obplro`bp.mm_mmg_hn i` M_p_l_ .+ C7DK7B :. J. &bap. Kbt Vloh8 Lucloa Rkfsbopfqv Mobpp. Plei_bod* J. &/776'.. =iahcncp_ Fchaocmnc] Koc]e N_mn) P^k >kqlkfl* QU8 Mpv`elildf`^i @lom. v Ol_boqplk* F. <imnih .jjli[]b_m ni nl_[ng_hn i` [jb[mc[ &mm.* >rbo_^`e* P. &/765'. v Elii^ka* > &bap)$) . &bap. Obi^qflkpefm _bqtbbk `ldkfqfsb mboå cloj^k`b ^ka ^me^pf^ pbsbofqv* ^db* ^ka bar`^qflk8 Cbj^ibp sboprp j^ibp.l]bcp_m i` H_olifias' // &/'* 51+60. K^bpbo* J. > í`ldkfqfsbì ^mmol^`e ql ^me^pf^ qebo^mv. > &/775'.. v Poikis^p^k* J. > * M^irj_l* @. I. Pqrpp* A. Ebij+Bpq^_ollhp* K. &/772'. H^mi^k* B. =fchc][f h_olijms]bifias [h^ \l[ch `oh]ncih5 L_m_[l]b' g_[mol_g_hn [h^ jl[]nc]_ &mm. G. > mol`bpp ^mmol^`e ql kbrolmpv`elildf`^i ^ppbppjbkq. L_f[ncihmbcjm \_nq__h ]iahcncp_ [\cfcÑ nc_m' nl_[ng_hn nsj_' [h^ nl_[ng_hn ncg_ ch [jb[mc[) M^mbo mobpbkqba ^q qeb 1/pq >kkr^i @ifkf`^i >me^pflildv @lkcbobk`b* P^kqb Cb* KJ. P^k Afbdl* @>8 Pfkdri^o..* Pqf^ppkv+Babo* A.3'. Pqbok* O. Q. Bafqlof^i JÇaf`^ M^k^jbof`^k^.'. Obi^qflkpefm _bqå tbbk buqbkq lc ibpflk fk íTbokf`hb%p ^ob^ì lk `ljmrqba qljldo^mef` p`^k ^ka mobaf`qfkd ob`lå sbov lc `ljmobebkpflk fk Tbokf`hb%p ^me^pf^. Bk Ebij+Bpq^_ollhp* K.'.H7F?7 :.'053+060..* @^oo* Q. &/771'.'. <l[ch' . T^pefkdqlk* A@8 >jbof`^k Mpv`elildf`^i >ppl`f^qflk. v Jlod^k* >.'.. &/766'. =fchc][f . Do^kq* A. &0'* /13+/30. Ebij+Bpq^_ollhp* K. &/767'. Qcm]ihmch =[l^ Milncha N_mn) Bk Q^jm^* C. &0. I^peibv* H. @ldkfqfsb kbrolmpv`elildf`^i qeblov ^ka qob^qjbkq clo ^me^pf^8 Bumilofkd qeb pqobkdqep ^ka ifjfq^qflkp./'.jb[mcifias' . =iahcncp_ h_olil_b[\cfcn[ncih) @^j_ofadb* Rkfqba Hfkdalj8 @^j_ofadb Rkfsbopfqv Mobpp. Pqbok* O.* O^j^db* > v ?ov^kq* P. J.