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‫ﻣﺴﺠﺪ ﺳﻴﺪﻧﺎ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻇﻢ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ ـ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﻴﺪﺓ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺤﻖ ﻗﺎﻃﺒ ﹰﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺠﺪ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪﺓ

‫ﻋﻘﻴﺪﺓ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺤﻖ ﻗﺎﻃﺒ ﹰﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺠﺪ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪﺓ ﻧﻔﻴﺴﺔ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ـ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮﺓ‬

‫ﺗﻨﺰﻳﻪ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳊﺪ ﻭﺍﳉﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺰﻳﻪ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻥ‬


‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﻣﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﻦ ﺃﺑﻲ ﻃﺎﻟﺐ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﻣﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﻦ ﺃﺑﻲ ﻃﺎﻟﺐ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ‪:‬‬

‫»ﻣﻦ ﺯﻋﻢ ﺃﻥ ﺇﳍﻨﺎ ﳏﺪﻭﺩ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺟﻬﻞ ﺍﳋﺎﻟﻖ ﺍﳌﻌﺒﻮﺩ«‪.‬‬ ‫»ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻻ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻛﺎﻥ«‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹼﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻦ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺯﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺑﺪﻳﻦ ﹼ‬
‫ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﺣﺎﺩﻳﺚ ﺍﳌﺘﺸﺎﲠﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺣﻴﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺰﻳﻪ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳉﺴﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺟﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫»ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺵ ﺇﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍ ﻟﻘﺪﺭﺗﻪ ﻭﱂ ﻳﺘﺨﺬﻩ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎ ﻟـﺬﺍﺗﻪ«‪.‬‬

‫»ﺃﻧﺖ ﺍﷲ ﺳــﺒﺤﺎﻧﻚ ﻻ ﳛﻮﻳﻚ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻟﺴﺖ ﺑﻤﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﹶﻓﺘ ﹶﹸﺤﺪ‪,‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺭﻑ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﺃﺣﻤﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﻓﺎﻋﻲ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻨﻲ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ‪:‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺭﻑ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﺃﺣﻤﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﻓﺎﻋﻲ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻨﻲ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺭﻑ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﺃﺣﻤﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﻓﺎﻋﻲ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻨﻲ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﻷﺩﻫﻤﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﺍﺑﻠﺴﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺪﺙ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺩﺭﻭﻳﺶ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺮﻭﺗﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻨﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺲ ﻭﻻ ﹸﲡ ﹼ‬
‫ﺲ«‪.‬‬ ‫ﺲ ﻭﻻ ﹸﲤ ﹼ‬
‫ﻻ ﹸﲢ ﹼ‬ ‫»ﺻﻮﻧــﻮﺍ ﻋﻘﺎﺋﺪﻛﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺴــﻚ ﺑﻈﺎﻫﺮ ﻣﺎ ﺗﺸــﺎﺑﻪ ﻣــﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬
‫»ﻏـــﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻌــﺮﻓـﺔ ﺑﺎﷲ ﺍﻹﻳﻘـــﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺟـــﻮﺩﻩ ﺗﻌـــﺎﱃ ﺑـﻼ‬
‫»ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺣﻴــﺪ ﻭﺟــﺪﺍﻥ ﻋﻈﻴــﻢ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﻠــﺐ ﻳﻤﻨــﻊ ﻣــﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻄﻴــﻞ‬ ‫»ﻭﻫــﻮ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻻ ﺍﺑﺘــﺪﺍﺀ ﻟﻮﺟﻮﺩﻩ ﻭﻻ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎﺀ ﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﻳﺸــﺒﻪ ﺷــﻴﺌﺎ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫»ﻓﺎﻋﻠــﻢ ﺃﻧﻪ ﳚـﺐ ﻋﲆ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻜﻠــﻒ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﻌـﺎﱃ ﻟﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌـﺎﱃ‪:‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺻﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ«‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﳊﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺸﺒﻬﻪ ﺷــﻰﺀ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﳛﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻭﳏﻞ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ‬ ‫﴾ ﻓﺎﳌﻌﺮﻓــﺔ ﻓﺮﺽ ﻋــﲔ ﻋﲆ ﻛﻞ‬ ‫﴿‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ ﻭﻻ ﻣﻜــﺎﻥ«‪.‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺟﻌﻔﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﻕ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻴﻪ«‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﻐﲑﻩ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ«‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻜﻠﻒ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻟﻎ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻗﻞ«‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻋﺜﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺮﻏﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﻨﻔﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻨﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ‪:‬‬
‫»ﻣﻦ ﺯﻋﻢ ﺃﻥ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﺷــﻰﺀ ﺃﻭ ﻣﻦ ﺷــﻰﺀ ﺃﻭ ﻋﲆ ﺷــﻰﺀ ﻓﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‬ ‫»ﻭﻟﻴــﺲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺑﺠﻮﻫﺮ ﻭﻻ ﺟﺴــﻢ ﻭﻻ ﻋﺮﺽ ﻭﻻ ﻣﺘﺤﺮﻙ ﻭﻻ‬
‫ﺃﴍﻙ‪ ,‬ﺇﺫ ﻟــﻮ ﻛﺎﻥ ﰲ ﺷــﻰﺀ ﻟﻜﺎﻥ ﳏﺼــﻮﺭﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻮ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﻫﻮﺍ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻦ ﺳــﲈﺕ ﺍﳌﺤﺪﺛﲔ ﻭﺻﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺨﻠﻮﻗﲔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻃﻬﺮﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺇﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﺍﺑﻠﺴﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻮﻡ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺭﺍﻣﺰ ﺑﻦ ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﺍﺑﻠﺴﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﻣﺤﺪﺙ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺩﺭﻭﻳﺶ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻨﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻘﺎﺋﺪﻛﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻮﺍﺀ ﰲ ﺣﻘﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺑﺎﻻﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺳﺘﻮﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻛﻦ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﻳﻮﺻﻒ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﻐﺮ ﻭﻻ ﹺ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻟﻜ ﹶﱪﹺ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻮﻗﻴﺔ ﻭﻻ‬
‫ﺷــﻰﺀ ﻟﻜﺎﻥ ﳏﻤﻮﻻ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻮ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺷــﻰﺀ ﻟﻜﺎﻥ ﳏﺪﺛﺎ ــ ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﱪﺃ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﲑ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺘﻮﺭ ﻻ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ ﺑﻴﻨﻪ‬
‫»ﻣﻨﺰﻩ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻴﺰ ﻭﺍﳊﻠﻮﻝ ﹼ‬ ‫»ﺇﻥ ﺗﻨﺰﻳــﻪ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺸــﺎﲠﺔ ﺍﳌﺨﻠﻮﻗﲔ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺟﺴﺎﻡ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻷﺟﺴﺎﻡ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻠﺰﻡ ﻟﻠﺤﻠﻮﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻳﺎﻛﻢ‬ ‫»ﻭﻛﻼﻣﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﴘ ﻗﺪﻳﻢ ﻛﺴﺎﺋﺮ ﺻﻔﺎﺗﻪ ﻭﺃﺳﲈﺋﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﻨﺰﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺤﺘﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﺑﺎﳊﻠﻮﻝ ﰲ ﺍﻷﻣﻜﻨﺔ ﻭﻻ ﺑﺎﻻﲢﺎﺩ ﻭﻻ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﻭﻻ‬
‫ﳐﻠﻮﻗﺎ«‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺑﲔ ﺍﻷﺷــﺒﺎﺡ ﻭﻻ ﻳﻌﱰﻳﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻌﱰﻱ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻮﺱ ﻭﺍﻷﺭﻭﺍﺡ ﻣﺘﻌﺎﻝ ﻋﲈ‬ ‫ﹰ‬
‫ﻭﺧﻠﻔﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺪ‪ ,‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺍﻋﺘﻨﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﲈﺀ ﹰ‬
‫ﺳﻠﻔﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻮﻗﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﻜﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻴﺪ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﲔ ﺑﺎﳉﺎﺭﺣﺔ«‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﺍﳊﺮﻭﻑ ﻭﺍﻷﺻﻮﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﳌﺨــﺎﺭﺝ ﻭﺍﻷﻟﻔﺎﻅ ﻭﺍﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ ﻭﲨﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﻧﻔﺼﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﺑﺎﻟﻴﻤﲔ ﻭﻻ ﺑﺎﻟﺸــﲈﻝ ﻭﻻ ﺑﺎﳋﻠﻒ ﻭﻻ ﺑﺎﻷﻣﺎﻡ‪،‬‬
‫ﺻﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﳊﺮﻭﻑ ﻷﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﻻ ﻳﺘﺼﻒ ﺑﺼﻔﺔ ﺍﳊﻮﺍﺩﺙ«‪.‬‬
‫ﺗﻨﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﻷﻭﻫﺎﻡ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﻻ ﲢﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻷﻓﻬﺎﻡ«‪.‬‬ ‫ﳐﺎﻟﻔﺘﻪ ﻟﻠﺤﻮﺍﺩﺙ‪:‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺑﻬﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻣﻬﺪﻱ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺍﺱ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻨﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻓﻆ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻮﻱ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻣﺮﺗﻀﻰ ﺍﻟﺰﺑﻴﺪﻱ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻨﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻭﻻ ﺑﻐﲑ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺻﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﳊﻮﺍﺩﺙ«‪.‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺭﻑ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﻼﻧﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻨﻲ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺗﻘﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﻣﺸﻘﻲ‪:‬‬
‫»ﻟﻴﺲ ﻛﻤﺜﻠﻪ ﺷﻰﺀ ﻻ ﳛﺪﻩ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﻭﻻ ﲢﻮﻳﻪ ﺍﻷﻗﻄﺎﺭ ﻭﻻ‬ ‫»ﺍﻟﺮﲪٰــﻦ ﻋــﲆ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺵ ﺍﺳــﺘﻮﻯ ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﺫﻟــﻚ ﺇﻻ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﻘﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺳﻞ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﱪﻙ ﺑﺎﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـــﺮﺩﺓ‬
‫ﻛﻔﻮﺍ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻟﻴﺲ‬
‫»ﻭﺍﺣــﺪ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻓﺮﺩ ﺻﻤﺪ ﱂ ﻳﻠﺪ ﻭﱂ ﻳﻮﻟﺪ ﻭﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ ﻟﻪ ﹰ‬ ‫»ﺗﻘﺪﺱ ﻭﺗﺒﺎﺭﻙ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺸﺎﲠﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺗﻨﺰﻩ ﻋﻦ ﺻﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﳊﺪﻭﺙ‪،‬‬
‫ﲢﻴﻂ ﺑﻪ ﺍﳉﻬﺎﺕ ﻭﻻ ﺗﻜﺘﻨﻔﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻤٰﻮﺍﺕ«‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﻴﻼﺀ«‪.‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺐ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺯﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺑﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﻱ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﻀﺮﻣﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻓﻤﻦ ﺷﺒﻪ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺷﺎﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻣﺮﺓ ﻭﺃﺑﺎ ﺟﻬﻞ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﻋﻄﻞ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻴﻪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺎﺑﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﻣﺸﻘﻲ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺷﻴﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻛﻤﺜﻠﻪ ﺷــﻰﺀ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﺼﲑ ﻻ ﺷــﺒﻴﻪ ﻭﻻ ﻧﻈﲑ ﻭﻻ ﻋﻮﻥ ﻭﻻ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻓﻆ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻮﻱ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻣﺮﺗﻀﻰ ﺍﻟﺰﺑﻴﺪﻱ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻨﻲ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﺩ ﻋﲆ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﳊﻠﻮﻝ ﻭﺍﻻﲢﺎﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫»ﺣﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺳﻞ ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﺎﻧﺔ ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﺎﺛﺔ ﲠﻢ ﺃﻱ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺂﺀﻭﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬ ‫ﴍﻳﻚ ﻭﻻ ﻇﻬﲑ ﻭﻻ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻭﻻ ﻧﺪ ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﺑﺠﺴﻢ ﻓﻴﻤﺲ ﻭﻻ ﺑﺠﻮﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺛﺒــﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺻﻔﺎﺗﻪ ﺑﺎﻷﺩﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻃﻌــﺔ ﻓﻬﻮ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳊﻖ ﻣﺎﺋﻞ ﻭﳏﻴﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫»ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺳــﺤﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﳌﺎﻟﻜﻲ‪ :‬ﺃﲨﻊ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻋﲆ ﺃﻥ ﺷﺎﲤﻪ‬
‫ﺷﺮﺡ ﺇﺣﻴﺎﺀ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺍﻟﻬﺪ￯ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻨﻲ ﻧﻘﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻷﺷﺮﺍﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺣﻠﺐ‪:‬‬ ‫ﰲ ﻗﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﳊﻮﺍﺋﺞ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﻮﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﺧﺮﻭﻳﺔ ﺟﺎﺋﺰ ﴍﻋﺎ ﺑﺈﲨﺎﻉ ﺃﻫﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺤﺲ ﻭﻻ ﻋﺮﺽ ﻓﻴﻘﻀﻰ ﻭﻻ ﺫﻱ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ ﺃﻭ ﺀﺍﻟﺔ ﻭﺗﺄﻟﻴﻒ ﻭﻣﺎﻫﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻛﻼ ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻤﲔ ﺳﻔﻴﻪ ﻭﺷﻘﻲ ﻭﻏﲑ ﺭﺷﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﻭﺭﺍﺋﻬﲈ ﻋﺬﺍﺏ‬ ‫ــ ﺃﻱ ﺷﺎﺗﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ ــ ﻛﺎﻓﺮ«‪.‬‬
‫ﻗﺪﺭ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻤﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﻛﻔﺮ«‪.‬‬
‫»ﻭﻣﻦ ﱠ‬ ‫»ﺇﻳﺎﻛــﻢ ﻭﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﻫﺪﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻳﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻘﺔ ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﳉﲈﻋﺔ ﻭﻫﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻷﻋﻈﻢ«‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﲢﺪﻳﺪ«‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻳﺪ«‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻤٰﻦ ﺑﻦ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻨﻲ ﻧﻘﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺓ‬
‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ«‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺷﺮﺍﻑ ﻓﻲ ﻭﻻﻳﺔ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﺕ‪:‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺭﻑ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﻼﻧﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻨﻲ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻒ ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﺠﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﺍﺑﻠﺴﻲ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ‪:‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﻣﺤﺪﺙ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺩﺭﻭﻳﺶ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻨﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫»ﺛﺒــﺖ ﰲ ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﺍﳌﺨﺎﻟﻔﺔ ﻟﻠﺤــﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻟﻴــﺲ ﺟﻮﻫﺮﺍ ﻭﻻ‬ ‫»ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺷــﻴﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﻜﻔﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﺿﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﻔﺮ ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﻔﺎﻑ ﺑﺎﺳﻢ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻌــﺪ‬ ‫»ﻭﻻ ﳚــﻮﺯ ﻋﻠﻴــﻪ ﺍﳊــﺪﻭﺩ ﻭﻻ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻳــﺔ ﻭﻻ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺒــﻞ ﻭﻻ ﹶ‬ ‫»ﻓﺎﻋﻠﻢ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺗﻌــﺎﱃ ﻣﻨﺰﻩ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳊﻠﻮﻝ ﻭﺍﻻﲢﺎﺩ ﺑﺸــﻰﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﺴــﲈ ﻓﻼ ﳛﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﻓﻴــﻪ‪ ،‬ﻷﻥ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻴﺎﺝ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺳــﲈﺋﻪ ﺃﻡ ﹾﺃﻣﺮﻩ ﺃﻭ ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ﺃﻭ ﻭﻋﻴﺪﻩ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺴــﺨﺮﻳﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﴩﻳﻌﺔ‬
‫ــﺪﺍﻡ ﻭﻻﺧﻠــﻒ ﻭﻻ ﻛﻴﻒ ﻷﻥ ﲨﻴــﻊ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻻﲢــﺖ ﻭﻻ ﹸﻗ ﹼ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﳊﻠﻮﻝ ﻭﺍﻻﲢﺎﺩ ﻓﻬﻮ ﻛﺎﻓﺮ«‪.‬‬ ‫ﺃﻭ ﺣﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺣﻜﺎﻣﻬﺎ ﺃﻭ ﺷﺘﻢ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ ﺃﻭ ﻣﻠﻜﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺧــﻮﺍﺹ ﺍﳉﻮﺍﻫﺮ ﻭﺍﻷﺟﺴــﺎﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﺛﺒﺖ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺃﻧــﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻟﻴﺲ‬
‫ﻭﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﴩﻉ ﺇﻻ ﻣﺎ ﺫﻛﺮﻧﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺵ ﺍﺳﺘﻮﻯ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ ﻧﺒﻴﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺷــﺘﻢ ﺩﻳﻦ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺃﺣﻜﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺮﺩﺓ‬
‫ﻋﺮﺿــﺎ ﻓﻼ ﳛﺘــﺎﺝ ﺇﱃ ﳏﻞ ﳛﻞ ﻓﻴــﻪ ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑــﻪ ﻛﲈ ﲢﺘﺎﺝ‬
‫ﹼ‬
‫ﻭﺟﻞ ﺧﺎﻟﻖ ﳉﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻭﺭﺩ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺀﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﻷﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺑﻞ ﻫﻮ ﻋﺰﹼ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﺮﺍﺽ ﻛﺎﻷﻟﻮﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻄﻌﻮﻡ«‪.‬‬ ‫ﺃﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻭﻗﻊ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ ﻣﺎﺯﺣﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺃﻭ ﻏﺎﺿﺒﺎ ﺧﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ‬
‫ــﻞ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺪﺭﹺ ﱞﻱ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺟﻌﻔﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﻕ ﺭﴈ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻳﺎ‬
‫ﹶﺩ ﹶﺧ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳉﻬﺎﺕ ﻭﻻ ﳚﻮﺯ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﳉﻬﺔ«‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻻ ﻳﻌﻮﺩ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺑﺎﻟﺸﻬﺎﺩﺗﲔ«‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﺑﻦ ﺑﻨﺖ ﺭﺳــﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ؛ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻥ ﳜﻠﻖ ﺍﻟﻔﺤﺸــﺎﺀ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺪﺙ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻄﻴﻒ ﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻨﻲ ﻣﻔﺘﻲ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﺕ‪:‬‬
‫ﹼ‬
‫ﻭﺟﻞ ﺭﺑﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﰲ ﻣﻠﻜﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻻ ﻳﺸــﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ‪ :‬ﻳﺎ ﺃﻋﺮﺍﰊ‬
‫»ﻗﺪ ﺛﺒــﺖ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﻟﻴﻠﲔ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﲇ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻘﲇ ﳐﺎﻟﻔﺘــﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻟﻠﺤﻮﺍﺩﺙ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘــﺪﺭﻱ‪ :‬ﻳﺎ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺑﻨﺖ ﺭﺳــﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺃﳛﺐ ﺭﺑﻨــﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻌﺼﻰ؟ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‬
‫ﻭﻏــﲑ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﻨﻘــﲇ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﻣــﺎﻡ‪ :‬ﻳﺎ ﺃﻋﺮﺍﰊ ﺃﻓﻴﻌﺼﻰ ﺭﺑﻨﺎ ﻗﻬﺮﺍ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭﻱ‪ :‬ﻳﺎ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺑﻨﺖ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺩﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻠﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ ﺫﻛﺮﻫﺎ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﻜﻼﻡ«‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﺭﺃﻳﺖ ﺇﻥ ﺻﺪﲏ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳍﺪﻯ ﻭﺳﻠﻚ ﰊ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﺮﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﺃﺣﺴﻦ ﰊ ﺃﻡ ﺃﺳﺎﺀ؟ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ‪ :‬ﺇﻥ ﻣﻨﻌﻚ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻟﻚ ﻓﻘﺪ ﻇﻠﻢ‬
‫ﻧﻔﻲ ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‪:‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﺳــﺎﺀ ﻭﺇﻥ ﻣﻨﻌﻚ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻟﻪ ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ﳜﺘﺺ ﺑﺮﲪﺘﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻳﺸﺎﺀ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺡ ﺍﻟﺰﻋﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻨﻲ ﻧﻘﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻷﺷﺮﺍﻑ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻓﺄﻓﺤــﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭﻱ ﻭﲠﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﺟﺮﻯ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﰊ ﺍﳉﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺑﻠﺲ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻡ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺭﴈ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﲈ‪.‬‬ ‫»ﻛﻴﻒ ﳛﻴﻂ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻞ ﺑﻤﻦ ﺗﻘﺪﺱ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﻳﻨﻴﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺷﻌﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﷺ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺭﻛﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺐ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻠﻮﻱ ﺍﻟﺤﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﻀﺮﻣﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺰﻫﻮﺍ ﺭﺑﻜﻢ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳋﻮﺍﻃﺮ ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺮﻳﺔ«‪.‬‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺷﻌﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﷺ‬
‫»ﻭﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻻ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻛﺎﺋﻦ ﺻﻐﲑ ﻭﻻ ﻛﺒﲑ ﺇﻻ ﺑﻘﻀﺎﺀ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺪﺙ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺩﺭﻭﻳﺶ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺮﻭﺗﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻨﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﻭﻣﺸــﻴﺌﺘﻪ ﻭﺇﺭﺍﺩﺗــﻪ ﻭﻗﺪﺭﺗــﻪ‪ ,‬ﻭﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺒــﺎﺩ ﻭﺃﻓﻌﺎﳍﻢ ﺧﲑﻫﺎ‬
‫»ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻟﻴﺲ ﺑﻨﺎﺭ ﻭﻻ ﺿﻮﺀ ﻭﻻ ﺭﻭﺡ ﻭﻻ ﺭﻳﺢ ﻭﻻ ﺟﺴــﻢ ﻭﻻ‬
‫ﻭﴍﻫﺎ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ«‪.‬‬
‫ﻋــﺮﺽ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺘﺼﻒ ﺑﻤــﻜﺎﻥ ﻭﻻ ﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﻭﻻ ﻫﻴﺌــﺔ ﻭﻻ ﺣﺮﻛﺔ ﻭﻻ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻓﻆ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻮﻱ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻣﺮﺗﻀﻰ ﺍﻟﺰﺑﻴﺪﻱ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻨﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺳﻜﻮﻥ ﻭﻻ ﻗﻴﺎﻡ ﻭﻻ ﻗﻌﻮﺩ ﻭﻻ ﺟﻬﺔ ﻭﻻ ﺑﻌﻠﻮ ﻭﻻ ﺑﺴﻔﻞ ﻭﻻ ﺑﻜﻮﻧﻪ‬
‫»ﱂ ﻳﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻋﻠﲈﺀ ﻣﺎ ﻭﺭﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺮ ﰲ ﺗﻜﻔﲑ ﺍﳌﻌﺘﺰﻟﺔ«‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﺃﻭ ﲢﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﻳﻘﺎﻝ ﻛﻴﻒ ﻫﻮ ﻭﻻ ﺃﻳﻦ ﻫﻮ«‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺴﺠﺪ ﺳﻴﺪﻧﺎ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻦ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ ـ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮﺓ‬


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