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AUTOMOTIVE AIR

CONDITIONING
SYSTEM
VIVEK PRASAD 54227
NIKHIL SAHA 54212
RAHUL TIWARI 54265

COMPONENTS IN AUTOMOTIVE AIR


CONDITIONING
ECU

Heater
Control Panel

Air Purifier

Core
Evaporator

Radiator

Servo
Motor
Condenser
HVAC

Cooling Fan

Compressor

Blower

Bus A/C System

SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM

P-H CHART
3

Enthalpy kJ/kg

Typical A/C System and


Flow

OBJECTIVE
Goal: Study and Experimental analysis of Air-

distribution in automobiles.
The Challenge: The system must be capable of
keeping a temperature of 22C inside a stationary
black vehicle with four occupants, with an
outside temperature of 40C. Also, the system must
be an efficient heating system, keeping an internal
temperature of 15C with an outside temperature of
0C.

Objectives:
1. Duct design
2. Uniform Temperature and Velocity

Distribution

ABSTRACT
With the development of vehicle industry and

the improvement of life quality, many


factories and scholars are more focused on
heating facility and air quality of the
Passenger car. In this project we are going to
analyze effect pattern of inlet parameters for
temperature field and velocity field for the
Passenger car indoor air distribution .In this
project we are going to provide theoretical
basis for improvements of indoor thermal
environment and heating comfort .It is also
going to serve as guidance for the optimal

DIAGRAM

BLOCK DIAGRAM

WORKING
When high-pressure air is tangentially injected

into the vortex chamber via the inlet nozzle, a


swirling flow is created inside the vortex chamber.
In the vortex chamber, part of the gas exists via
the cold exhaust directly, and another part called
as free vortex swirls to the hot end, where it
reverses by the control valve creating a forced
vortex moving from the hot end to the cold end..
To run the system some power from the vehicle
engine shaft is diverted by a pulley arrangement
to run an air compressor. The high pressure
created in the air compressor is used as inlet to a
vortex tube which is placed inside the vehicle
cabin. The cold air from the vortex tube is used to
cool the vehicle cabin and the hot air is exhausted

EXPERIMENTAL SETUP
Air inlet pipe with air filter
Single cylinder, single h.p Reciprocating Air-

Compressor.
Vortex tube assembly.
Rectangular acrylic model
filter
Air receiver tank ( 40 lts) with safety valve and
pressure gauge
Air delivery pipe
Air hoses
Compressor seating plate.
Probe Thermometer

ADVANTAGES
The system overcomes the major problems such as global warming

and ozone depletion.


In Vortex Tube System air is being used in place of refrigerant is of
having zero ozone depletion, zero global warming potential, non
pollutant, non toxic, inflammable, cheaper and eco friendly to the
environment.
Cooling conditions met by the Vortex System is healthier than the
comfort conditions met by the VCRS system, because air is free
from chemicals but refrigerant is a gas which is a chemical
mixture.
Energy consumption per ton of refrigeration in System is 4 h.p,
whereas energy consumption per ton of refrigeration to run VCR
System in vehicle is 6 h.p. So Vortex System is economical.
Vortex Tube System is of having no moving parts, so its durability
is more. Installing and maintaining is easier than the current air
conditioning system.
Performance of the Cooling system is good at high speeds of the
vehicle as high pressures are created in the Air compressor.
Cooling system works well in the vehicles with less cabin space as

DISADVANTAGES
Vortex Tube System is giving cooling

conditions but not humidity conditions inside


the vehicle cabin.
WAYS TO OVERCOME:
For getting comfort conditions in the vehicle

both cooling as well as humidity conditions


are to be maintained.
By installing humidifier along with the Vortex
Tube System, the required comfort conditions
i.e. temperature & humidity will be maintained
in the vehicle cabin.

CALCULATIONS

SR.NO

Air velocity(m/s)

Discharge(m3/min0.47)

0.47

0.015

0.24

0.010

2.90

0.083

1.04

0.034

1.98

0.058

0.60

0.012

0.13

0.003

0.05

0.001

0.70

0.030

CONCLUSION
The foremost outcome in this stage of the project

is that the duct required for cooling in the cabinet


is of approximately 1 inch. The project is focused
on modeling and evaluating, optimum air velocity
required for maximum human comfort. Analysis of
air conditioning system using system approach
was achieved in this stage of the project. Two
different methodologies are presented to achieve
the objectives of this work. First approach consists
of air flow through the air-conditioning unit in the
RAC lab in order to achieve the objective of
evaluation and optimum selection of air
conditioning system from different alternatives.
The second approach focuses on the cooling
provided by Vortex tube which will be studied in

REFRENCES
Air cooling in automobiles using vortex tube

refrigeration system by B.Sreenivasa Reddy.


Experimental Analysis of an Automotive air
conditioning system with two phase flow
measurement by Shu Jun Wang .
Experimental Investigation on Modified
Vortex tube with dual forced vortex flow by
G. Maruthi Prasad Yadav.