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# QNT 275 Week 5 Final Exam

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1
The salaries of teachers in a particular school district are normally distributed
with a mean of \$50,000 and a standard deviation of \$2,500. Due to budget
limitations, it has been decided that the teachers who are in the top 2.5% of
the salaries would not get a raise. What is the salary level that divides the
teachers into one group that gets a raise and one that doesn't?

45,100

54,900

-1.96

1.96
2
In the accompanying stem-and-leaf diagram, the values in the stem and leaf
portions represent 10s and 1s digits, respectively.
The stem-and-leaf diagram shows that the distribution is ___________.

negatively skewed

symmetric

positively skewed

3
Which of the following is a quantitative variable?

House age

House price

House size
4
Which of the following meets the requirements of a stratified random sample?

## A population contains 10 members under the age of 25 and 20 members over

the age of 25. The sample will include six males chosen at random, without
regard to age.

## A population contains 10 members under the age of 25 and 20 members over

the age of 25. The sample will include six people who volunteer for the
sample.

## A population contains 10 members under the age of 25 and 20 members over

the age of 25. The sample will include six people chosen at random, without
regard to age.

## A population contains 10 members under the age of 25 and 20 members over

the age of 25. The sample will include two people chosen at random under the
age of 25 and four people chosen at random over 25.
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Which of the following can be represented by a continuous random variable?

The number of typos found on a randomly selected page of this test bank

## The average temperature in Tampa, Florida, during the month of July

The number of customers who visit a department store between 10:00 a.m.
and 11:00 a.m. on Mondays

## The number of students who will get financial assistance in a group of 50

randomly selected students
6
In the sample regression equation what is ?

The y-intercept

## The slope of the equation

7
Mutually exclusive events ______________.

## may share common outcomes

8
Which of the following can be represented by a discrete random variable?

## The time of a flight between Chicago and New York

9
A manager of a fast food restaurant wants to ensure that staff are scheduled
with the sufficient hours required to meet customer demands without
overspending on labor costs. The manager has daily guest counts, sales data,
and staff hours for the prior year. What should the manager do next in order
to reach conclusions about scheduling restaurant staff?

Provide the data sets to the restaurant owner for analysis by the owners staff.

Schedule staff based on the staffing levels used on the same date the prior
year.

## Perform descriptive statistics, inferential statistics, and time series analysis.

Create a graph of the data and extend the graph forward in time to set the
schedule.
10
A-Plus Dry Cleaners wants to understand its customers perceptions of the
quality of the companys customer service. They plan to survey a sample of
its customer base. What will A-Plus need to do to ensure that their data is
valid and reliable?

The survey must include items that ask customers to rate the appearance of
the dry cleaning store, the survey must include all customers, and the survey
method must include setting up a table outside the local dollar store.

The survey must include items that ask customers to rate the quality of the
companys customer service, the survey sample must represent all parts of
the customer population, and the survey method must be repeatable.

The survey must include items that ask customers to rate the friendliness of
the staff, the survey must include all customers from the north side of the
city, and the survey method must appeal to all respondents.

The survey must include items that ask customers about their dry cleaning
experiences, the survey sample must include the first 15 customers off the
customer database, and the survey method must be repeatable.
11
The two branches of the study of statistics are generally referred to as
___________.

## descriptive and inferential statistics

12
Serial correlation is typically observed in:

## time series data

outliers

sparse data

cross-sectional data
13
The manager of a retail shoe store has applied statistics to analyze sales,
purchasing, and data and reached the conclusion that the store could reduce
costs by reducing inventory of very small and very large sizes, and
substituting an online ordering service to drop-ship rare sizes directly from
suppliers. How should the manager communicate those results to the store
owner?

## Summarize the recommendations, supported by visual representation of the

data and statistics.

Schedule a conference call with the owner and suppliers to discuss online
ordering options.

## Project the future online sales data using a line graph.

Provide the complete data set and all statistical analyses to the owner in
14
Professors at a local university earn an average salary of \$80,000 with a
standard deviation of \$6,000. The salary distribution is approximately bellshaped. What can be said about the percentage of salaries that are at least
\$74,000?

15

## The error term does not have the normal distribution.

16
The study of statistics can be defined as:

## the study of collecting, analyzing, presenting, and interpreting data.

17
What is the name of the variable that's used to predict another variable?

Coefficient of determination

Response

Explanatory

## Standard error of the estimate

18
Consider a population with data values of 12, 8, 28, 22, 12, 30, 14.
The median is:

12

22

14

18
19
Which scales of data measurement are associated with quantitative data?

## Interval and ratio

20
What is (are) the most widely used measure(s) of dispersion?

## Covariance and the correlation coefficient

Interquartile range

Variance and standard deviation

Range
21
Frequency distributions may be used to describe which of the following types
of data?

## Nominal, ordinal, interval, and ratio data

22
A company wants to estimate the mean price of oil over the past 10 years.
What kind of data does the company need?

Descriptive statistics

Cross-sectional data

## Time series data

Inferential statistics
23
What type of relationship is indicated in the scatterplot?

## A negative curvilinear relationship

No relationship
24
Which of the following is most influenced by outliers?

75th percentile

Mean

Mode

Median
25
Bias can occur in sampling. Bias refers to _____________________.

## the tendency of a sample statistic to systematically over-or underestimate a

population parameter
26
The owner of a company has recently decided to raise the salary of one
employee, who was already making the highest salary, by 20%. Which of the
following is(are) expected to be affected by this raise?

Median only

## Mean and median only

Mean only
27
The estimation of which of the following requires sampling?

## Total rainfall in Phoenix, Arizona, in 2010

28
Horizontal bar charts are constructed by placing:

each interval of values on the vertical axis and the appropriate range of
values on the horizontal axis.

each category on the horizontal axis and the appropriate range of values on
the vertical axis.

each category on the vertical axis and the appropriate range of values on the
horizontal axis.

29
A hedge fund returns on average 26% per year with a standard deviation of
12%. Using the empirical rule, approximate the probability the fund returns
over 50% next year.

0.5%

1%

5%

2.5%