Memory Systems

IC Assignment
Guided By: Mr. Anoop, ECE Dept.

BY
AMRITH KRISHNA AGIN P JOSE

The place where the computer holds current programs and data that are in use

What is Memory

ROM
Whose contents can be accessed and read but cannot be changed to.

HOW ROM WORKS

ROM contains the programming that allows your computer to be "booted up" or regenerated each time you turn it on. Unlike a computer's random access memory (RAM), the data in ROM is not lost when the computer power is turned off. The ROM is sustained by a small long-life battery in your computer

PROM

EPROM

EEPROM

Bit line Word line

T P Not connected to store a 1 Connected to store a 0

A typical ROM Cell

RAM Random Access Memory
The main memory that consist of memory chips that an be read from and written to by the processor and other devices

RAM Random Access Memory

SRAM Static Random Access Memory

SRAM Static Random Access Memory
b b′

T1

X

Y

T2

Word line Bit lines

Figure 5.4.  A static RAM cell.

DRAM Dynamic Random Access Memory

The long lines connecting each row are known as word lines.

Each column is actually composed of two bit lines, each one connected to every other storage cell in the column

Burst read of length 4 in an SDRAM.

Clock

R/ W

RA S

CA S Address Row Col

Data

D0

D1

D2

D3

b7 W0

b′ 7

b1

b′1

b0

b′ 0

• • •
FF FF

A0 A1 A2 A3 Address decoder

W1 • • • • • •

• • •
• • • • • • • • • • • • Memory cells

W15

• • •
Sense / Write circuit Sense / Write circuit Sense / Write circuit R /W CS

Data input/output lines:

b7

b1

b0

Figure 5.2. Organization of bit cells in a memory chip.

5­bit row address

W0 W1 5­bit decoder W31 32× 32 memory cell array Sense/ Write circuitry

10­bit address

 32­to­1 output multiplexer and input demultiplexer 5­bit column address Data input/output

R/ W CS

Figure 5.3.  Organization of a 1K ×  1 memory chip.