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Measuring Acidity of

Soil
Group: Arin, Rafi, & Fadil

Background of Experiment
A certain pH measured in the soil is influenced by a
set of specific chemical factors. Therefore, the
determination of soil pH is the most important thing
to diagnose problems with crop growth. Usually soil is
acidic in wet areas and soil in dry areas is alkaline
(alkali).

Objective
Determine the soil pH by using litmus.
Know how to define the soil pH by using a
pH meter.
Find out the result of the comparison of soil
pH by using litmus paper and pH meter.

Materials & Equipment

Litmus paper or pH meter.


Clear water.
Glass.
Teaspoon.
Soil samples.

Procedure (Litmus Paper)


1. Take a small sample of soil and clear water.
2. Pour into a glass.
3. Stir until completely homogeneous.
4. Allow a few minutes to a mixture of water and land had been
separated [soil settles].
5. After the water looks rather clear insert the end of litmus
paper or pH indicator into the mixture but not too deep.
6. Wait a while until the litmus paper or pH indicator changes
color.
7. Once the color is stable, the color shown in the litmus paper
is the indicator of the pH.

#
1

#4

#2

#3

#5

Pictures

#6

Observation Result
SAMPLE 1

SAMPLE 2

Sample 1
changes litmus
paper from RED
to BLUE

Sample 1
changes litmus
paper from RED
to BLUE

Procedure (pH meter)


1.Measuring acidity using pH meter is done manually,
firstly, find an area of soil you want to measure.
2. Dig a little hole just to place the nip of the pH meter.
3. Pour some distilled water to the hole.
4. Place the pH meter and press the power button. Ph
meter will start to measure pH automatically.
5. Wait until the number settles and stabilize. Once it
stopped, thats the level of the pH.

#SAMPLE 1

#SAMPLE 2

Observation Result
SAMPLE 1

SAMPLE 2

The first
sample we
took was in a
humid area.
The pH level
was 7.7

The second
sample we
took was in a
drier area.
The pH level
was 7.8

Conclusion
From this experiment we can conclude by
analyzing the observation result, SAMPLE 1 was
taken in a humid area and has a pH level of 7.7.
SAMPLE 2 was taken in a drier are and has a pH
level of 7.8. We can conclude that the humidity
and drought of the soil effects the level of pH.