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Running Head: Women in the Military

Genre Comparison: Women in the Military


Natalie Brooke Neufeld
University of Texas at El Paso
Professor Nugent
RWS 1302

Women in the Military


All throughout the world, different countries have incorporated women into their armed
forces. Since the beginning of the development of militaries, women have always been seen as
an underdog when compared to men. It is no secret that in the past there was large amounts of
inequality and discrimination towards these women who wanted to serve their country, but
surprisingly this lack of equality still exists today. There are plenty of resources available full of
information regarding the role of women in the armed forces including books, movies, pictures,
and much more. Each of these different genres has a unique way of approaching the argument,
and each has its own way of expressing facts and opinions. Different authors can arouse different
emotions from an audience based on the specific wording and tone he or she uses. When
comparing two completely different genres, two completely different moods can be extracted.
Lets take a look at the difference between a dated journal written about women in the military,
and a personal interview with a woman who currently serves in the military.

Audience and Purpose


The journal we will be using as a comparison in this analysis is titled, The Changing Role
of Women in the Military, and is an article written mainly for information-seeking individuals in
both academic and military societies. The author writes in a gender neutral tone, as not to offend
any readers. The personal interview on the other hand, comes from a woman with first-hand
experience in the military field. The interview is very straightforward and argues on the side of
women, so it is mainly intended for women interested in military matters. The main purpose of
the journal is to inform individuals about the past, present, and future of women involved in the

military. The author begins with details about the role of females in the earliest of wars. The
article states that these ladies were not seen as soldiers, but as nurses and caregivers. They were
simply there to make sure that the men serving in the military were well taken care of, not to help
defend their land from enemies. The men didnt see these women as members of their operation,
they saw them as help. Fast forward a few decades and the role of female militants is still
inferior to that of the males. These ladies are now more involved however, they still are not
treated equally to their male counterparts. The author makes an attempt to inform the reader
about why things are the way they are in the military. When it comes to the personal interview
conducted with a female service member, the tone is completely different. Instead of just giving
us facts, this interview gives a personal recollection of how life really is for a woman working in
a field of mainly men. The tone of the interview was much more one-sided than that of the
journal. The woman who was interviewed was not shy when it came to offensive topics. She was
very honest about how men live up to the stereotype of seeing themselves as better and stronger
than women when it came to both active combat and regular duty. She was not shy about putting
the blame for gender inequality on men. She gave first hand encounters about how she personally
endured discrimination in her place of work. I dont believe the interviewees purpose was to
bash males in the military, but to give a more realistic and less censored view on how life really
is for a woman in the armed forces. Both the journal and the interview inform the audience about
hardships that come with being part of the minority in a workplace, however one is more
personal and straightforward while the other is vague on emotion but full of facts.

Ethos
Both of the styles of writing have credibility behind them. When it comes to the journal
written by Nancy Goldman, you can be sure that the information you are receiving is accurate,
credible, and trustworthy. The author has an extensive knowledge in military science, and has
written numerous articles regarding this topic. She has gathered her information from a variety of
people with different backgrounds and positions in the military, making it very likely that what
she has written is reliable. The interview is credible because it comes from someone who
experiences life in the military daily. The interviewee is the type of person that Nancy Goldman
would have questioned to get information for the journal she wrote. We can trust that this woman
who currently serves in the United States military has correct insight on the topic she is speaking
about.

Pathos
When it comes to using emotion and values to add depth to the information, the personal
interview prevails. The topic is obviously something that is very important to the interviewee,
and she was very passionate about her responses. This type of emotion shines through in the
information because she has experienced what she talks about firsthand. When discussing the
journal, it is much less emotional and much more factual. The author writes her piece through the
emotions of others, so it is hard for it to be portrayed as strongly. An author rather than a female
member of the military wrote the journal, so it is much less exclusive. The author was not
intending to evoke emotion, her main goal was to deliver facts and provide accurate information.

Logos
To make information seem more accurate and credible, it is often necessary to use
statistics, facts, and other proof to support the topic. When conducting an interview, it is not very
likely that the interviewee has statistical evidence, unless they did some research prior. With the
written journal however, the author had plenty of time to gather information and facts to support
her argument. While the interview only contained estimations and personal recollections, the
written journal had proven facts and numbers that made her information seem more dependable.
Through the use of government data and tables, the journal seems to have no incorrect or faulty
information. It is hard to gain provable facts from an interview, but the interviewees logic and
experience can make up for missing statistical proof.

Structure and Delivery


The author of the journal in this case organizes her information in chronological order.
She begins by informing the audience of the role of women in the earliest of wars, and goes
through a timeline up until the present day. She also goes on to make educated assumptions on
how the role of women in the military will be in the future. This sequence of information makes
reading easy to follow and understand since it goes in order from past to present and on to the
future. The interview on the other hand, is a little more complicated to organize. The information
that will be received has a lot to do with what type of question the interviewer asks, and how the
question is worded. There is no specific order other than the sequence in which the questions are
asked, so the interviewer has total control over how the information is organized. The article

from the journal is delivered as a factual piece of information, while the interview is delivered as
an emotional but accurate piece of information.

Conclusion
Both genres have a very unique way of approaching the subject of women in the military.
The journal takes a very factual approach and uses lots of statistics and proof to support the
subject. The author did extensive research to make this article credible and reliable. There may
not be much emotion involved with the written journal, but you can most certainly gain some
knowledge after reading it. The personal interview takes a different approach to the subject of
women in the military. The interviewee is directly involved with the United States military, and
therefore has a personal insight on the matter. The responses from the interview were much more
emotional and were easy to connect with on an intimate level. Instead of just stating facts, the
interviewee gave a retrospection of her everyday life. The journal feels more like reading a
textbook full of facts, while the interview feels like an interesting story is being told to you. Both
styles give accurate and detailed information, but one has more of an emotional touch to it while
the other has more of an informative ambiance. Depending on what the goal is for the reader,
similar information can be obtained through either of the above pieces.

Bibliography

IT2 Neufeld, A. (2016, Feb.16).Telephone Interview.

Goldman,N.(1973).TheChangingRoleofWomenintheArmedForces.AmericanJournalof
Sociology,78(4),892911.RetrievedFebruary16,2016.