You are on page 1of 5

9/3/2016

CompositesectionTutorialsComputersandStructures,Inc.TechnicalKnowledgeBase
GeneralTopicsSAP2000 CSiBridge ETABSSAFEPERFORM3D CSiCOL Tutorials

TestProblemsDocumentationLicensing
Tutorials / / Compositebehavior

Compositesection
AddedbyOndrejKalny,lasteditedbyOndrejKalnyonMay15,2013

Tutorial
Name:

Compositesection

Description:

Severalapproachestothemodelingofcompositesections.

Program:

SAP2000

Version:

12.0.0

Status:

Finalize

ModelId:

Onthispage:
Modeloverview
Approachestomodelingcompositebehavior
Fixedbeammodel
Simplysupportedbeammodel
Attachments
SAP2000providesvariouswaystomodelthecompositebehaviorofabeamslabassembly.AttachedarefourSAP2000
modelswhichdemonstratevariousapproaches.Thegeometricandmaterialpropertiesofthemodelusedforcomparisonare
listedasfollows:
Slabwidth=2.0m
Slabthickness=0.2m
Totalgirderheight=1.2m
Topandbottomflangewidth=1.0m
Topandbottomflangethickness=0.1m
Webthickness=0.1m
Appliedloadatmidspan=100kN
Modulusofelasticity,E=33000000kN/m2
SpanlengthL=20m
Boundarycondition:fixedatbothends

Midspandeflectionsarecalculatedasfollows:
Nakedgirder,=0.0018m
Compositegirder,=0.00083m

Modeloverview

https://wiki.csiamerica.com/display/tutorials/Composite+section

1/5

9/3/2016

CompositesectionTutorialsComputersandStructures,Inc.TechnicalKnowledgeBase

Figure1Modeloverview

Approachestomodelingcompositebehavior

https://wiki.csiamerica.com/display/tutorials/Composite+section

2/5

9/3/2016

CompositesectionTutorialsComputersandStructures,Inc.TechnicalKnowledgeBase

Figure2Modelingcompositebehavior

Fixedbeammodel
Theeightapproachestomodelingcompositebehavior,describedabove,areappliedusingeightdifferentbeammodelswhich
arefixedateitherend.Resultsaresummarizedasfollows:

BeamDesignation

Behavior

MidspanDeflection

https://wiki.csiamerica.com/display/tutorials/Composite+section

Comments
3/5

9/3/2016

CompositesectionTutorialsComputersandStructures,Inc.TechnicalKnowledgeBase

[mm]
TheoreticalBeam

composite

0.8181

TheoreticaldeflectionisbasedonthePL^3/192EI
formulation.PleasenotethatSAP2000calculations
produceslightlygreatervaluesbecauseshear
deformationisconsideredindeflection.

Beam1
(topbeam)

nocomposite

1.7938

Thedeckslabcenterlinecoincideswiththesection
neutralaxis.Therefore,thedeckslabcontribution
tosectionflexuralstiffnesswillbenegligible.
Further,becausethereisnocompositeaction,
midspandeflectionshouldbeclosetothatofa
nakedgirder.

Beam2

composite

0.8313

Inthismodel,slabshellobjectsaredrawnatthe
girdercenterofgravity(COG),andthenoffset
vertically,abovethegirder,tomodelcomposite
action.Theshellsareoffsetsuchthattheslabsoffit
islocatedabovethegirdertopflange.

Beam3

composite

0.8313

Inthismodel,thegirderandtheslabaredrawnat
theirrespectivecenterlines.Thecorresponding
girderandslabjointsarethenconnectedthrough
bodyconstraints.

Beam4

composite

0.8313

Inthismodel,compositeactionismodeledusing
frameinsertionpoints.

Beam5

noncompostite

1.7938

Equalconstraintsareusedtomodelnoncomposite
behavior.

Beam6

noncomposite

1.7938

Linksareusedtomodelnoncompositebehavior.

Beam7

partially
composite

1.0302

Linksareusedtomodelpartiallycomposite
behavior.

Beam8
(bottombeam)

composite

0.8313

Linksareusedtomodelcompositebehavior.

Asimpliedbythelistabove,thecompositeactionofabeamslabassemblymaybemodeledusingeitherareaoffsets,body
constraints,frameinsertionpoints,orlinks.

Simplysupportedbeammodel
Theeightapproachestocompositebehaviormodeling,describedabove,areappliedusingeightdifferentsimplysupported
beammodels.Resultsaresummarizedasfollows:

BeamDesignation

Behavior

MidspanDeflection
[mm]

Comments

TheoreticalBeam

composite

3.2725

TheoreticaldeflectionisbasedonthePL^3/48EI
formulation.PleasenotethatSAP2000calculations
produceslightlygreatervaluesbecauseshear
deformationisconsideredindeflection.

Beam1
(topbeam)

nocomposite

7.1752

Thedeckslabcenterlinecoincideswiththesection
neutralaxis.Therefore,thedeckslabcontribution

https://wiki.csiamerica.com/display/tutorials/Composite+section

4/5

9/3/2016

CompositesectionTutorialsComputersandStructures,Inc.TechnicalKnowledgeBase

tosectionflexuralstiffnesswillbenegligible.
Further,becausethereisnocompositeaction,
midspandeflectionshouldbeclosetothatofa
nakedgirder.
Beam2

composite

3.2624

Inthismodel,slabshellobjectsaredrawnatthe
girdercenterofgravity(COG),andthenoffset
vertically,abovethegirder,tomodelcomposite
action.Theshellsareoffsetsuchthattheslabsoffit
islocatedabovethegirdertopflange.

Beam3

composite

3.2624

Inthismodel,thegirderandtheslabaredrawnat
theirrespectivecenterlines.Thecorresponding
girderandslabjointsarethenconnectedthrough
bodyconstraints.

Beam4

composite

3.2624

Inthismodel,compositeactionismodeledusing
frameinsertionpoints.

Beam5

noncompostite

7.1752

Equalconstraintsareusedtomodelnoncomposite
behavior.

Beam6

noncomposite

7.1752

Linksareusedtomodelnoncompositebehavior.

Beam7

partially
composite

3.5036

Linksareusedtomodelpartiallycomposite
behavior.

Beam8
(bottombeam)

composite

3.2624

Linksareusedtomodelcompositebehavior.

Attachments
ModelingcompositebehaviorinSAP2000.zip(zippedSDBfile),whichcontains:
SAP2000V12.0.0filewhichdemonstratesthemodelingofcompositebehaviorforeightfixedbeams.
SAP2000V12.0.0filewhichdemonstratesthemodelingofcompositebehaviorforeightsimplysupportedbeams.
Sketcheswhichillustratethemodelingofcomposite,noncomposite,andpartiallycompositebehavior.

https://wiki.csiamerica.com/display/tutorials/Composite+section

5/5