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Republic of the Philippines

POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES


College of Engineering
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
NDC Compound, Pureza St., Sta. Mesa, Manila

FORCED VIBRATION
WRITTEN REPORT ON
VIBRATION ENGINEERING
Submitted by:
AROMIN, ALBERT S.
JARILLO, DARWIN JAY T.
LIBAO, MARC RUSSELL

BSME 5-1

Submitted to:
Engr. Armingol Morales
Professor

VIBRATION ENGINEERING
FORCED VIBRATION

Forced vibrations occur when the object is forced to


vibrate at a particular frequency by a periodic input of force.
Objects which are free to vibrate will have one or
more natural frequency at which they vibrate,
If an object is being forced to vibrate at its natural
frequency, resonance will occur and you will observe large
amplitude vibrations. The resonant frequency is fo.

The phase relationship between the driving oscillation and


the oscillation of the object being driven is different at
different frequencies.
Below resonance they are in phase with each other.
At resonance the phase relationship is 90o or pi/2 rad.
Above resonance the phase relationship is 180o or pi rad.
In engineering practice, we are almost invariably interested
in predicting the response of a structure or mechanical
system to external forcing. For example, we may need to
predict the response of a bridge or tall building to wind
loading, earthquakes, or ground vibrations due to traffic.

Equation of Motion for

Equation of Motion for External Forcing


We have no problem setting up and solving equations of
motion by now. First draw a free body diagram for the system

Newtons law of motion gives


Rearrange and substituted for F(t)

our equation can be reduced to the form

Equation of Motion for Base Excitation

The equation reduces to the standard form

Equation of motion for Rotor Excitation


Finally, we will derive the equation of motion for the third case. Free
body diagrams are shown below for both the rotor and the mass