You are on page 1of 23

ASME B31.

8 Minimum Allowable Wall Thickness Calculation (Design Conditio


Plant ID
Plant
Equipment Number: 1234
Equipment Name:
Name
Equipment Type:
Riser (Gas)
Date:
19th August, 2014
Piping Classification
Piping Spec & Grade: C4
API 5L Grade B Smls
Pipe Schedule:
4" XS
Nominal Thickness: 0.337 in
Design Conditions: 1415 psig, -20 F to 150 F
Design Code:
ASME B.31.8
P&ID Dwg:
5-006.065.PI.10-0159
Pressure design wall thickness (t)
Reference: ASME B31.8-2012, 841.1.1 (a)

PD
t = 2SFET

P = 2St FET
D

where
D = nominal outside diameter of pipe, inches
E = longitudinal joint factor
F = design factor (0.5 for gas riser)
P = design pressure, psig
S = specified minimum yield strength, psi
T = temperature derating factor
t = pressure design wall thickness, inches
S=
D=
F=
E=
T=
P=
t=

35000 psi
4.5 in
0.5
1
1
1415 psi
0.182 in

4.6 mm

Minimum allowable wall thickness (tn)

tn = t + A
where
tn = pressure design wall thickness + A, inches
A = corrosion allowance
t=
A=
tn =

0.182 in
0.05 in
0.232 in

5.9 mm

Page

1 of 1

ASME B31.8 Minimum Allowable Wall Thickness Calculation (Operating Condi

Page

Plant ID
Plant
Equipment Number: 1234
Equipment Name:
Name
Equipment Type:
Riser (Gas)
Date:
19th August, 2014
Piping Classification
Piping Spec & Grade: C4
API 5L Grade B Smls
Pipe Schedule:
4" XS
Nominal Thickness: 0.337 in
Operating Conditions:1440 psig
Design Code:
ASME B.31.8
P&ID Dwg:
5-006.065.PI.10-0159
Pressure design wall thickness (t) for MAOP
Reference: ASME B31.8-2012, 841.1.1 (a)

PoD
t = 2SFET

Po = 2St FET
D

where
D = nominal outside diameter of pipe, inches
E = longitudinal joint factor
F = design factor (0.5 for gas riser)
Po = maximum allowable operating pressure (MAOP), psig
S = specified minimum yield strength, psi
T = temperature derating factor
t = pressure design wall thickness, inches
S=
D=
F=
E=
T=
Po =
t=

35000 psi
4.5 in
0.5
1
1
1440 psi
0.185 in

4.7 mm

Minimum allowable wall thickness (tn) for MAOP

tn = t + A
where
tn = pressure design wall thickness + A, inches
A = corrosion allowance
t=
A=
tn =

Percentage wall thickness remaini


T-nominal
0.337
T-actual:
0.115

0.185 in
0.05 in
0.235 in

6.0 mm

% T-Remaining:

34

1 of 1

Percentage wall thickness remaining


in
in
%

ASME B31.8 Design Pressure Calculation


(MAOP based on actual minimum corroded thickness)
Plant ID:
Plant
Equipment Number: 1234
Equipment Name:
Name
Equipment Type:
Riser (Gas)
Date:
19th August, 2014
Piping Classification:
Piping Spec & Grade: C4
API 5L Grade B Smls
Pipe Schedule:
4" XS
Nominal Thickness: 0.337 in
Design Conditions: 1415 psig, -20 F to 150 F
Design Code:
ASME B.31.8
P&ID Dwg:
5-006.065.PI.10-0159
Calculation for offshore platform gas riser MAOP
Reference: ASME B31.8-2012, 841.1.1 (a)
Steel Pipe Design Formula:

P = 2St
D FET
where
D = nominal outside diameter of pipe, inches
E = longitudinal joint factor obtained from Table 841.1.7-1
F = design factor obtained from Table 841.1.6-1 (0.5 for gas riser)
P = design pressure, psig
S = specified minimum yield strength, psi
T = temperature derating factor obtained from Table 841.1.8-1
t = nominal wall thickness, inches
Calculation for design pressure (Pi)
S=
t=
D=
F=
E=
T=
P=

35000 psig
0.115 in
4.5 in
0.5
1
1

Actual corroded wall thickness as determined by profile RT

894 psig MAOP

ASME B31.8 Design Pressure Calculation


(MAOP based on actual minimum corroded thickness)
Plant ID:
Meren PP
Equipment Number: 4-MER1-PP-MER-65-1-G-0596-IR
Equipment Name:
4" Incoming Riser from Gas Pipeline, 4-MER-65-1-MER1-PP-G-0596
Equipment Type:
Riser
Date:
19th August, 2014
ASME B31.8-2012, Table 841.1.6-1
Location Class
Location
Location
Location
Location
Location

Class
Class
Class
Class
Class

1, Division 1
1, Division 2
2
3
4

Basic Design Factor, F

Design Factor, F
0.8
0.72
0.6
0.5
0.4

NoteSubsea
for risers:
Ref:
Pipelines and Risers,Edited by Yong Bai, Qiang Bai, 2005
Design Factors and Test Pressures in the US Regulations: 49 CFR 192 requires the factor to be 0.50

ASME B31.8-2012, Table 841.1.8-1 Temperature Derating Factor, T, for Steel Pipe

Temperature, F (C)
250
300
350
400
450

(121) or lower
(149)
(177)
(204)
(232)

Temperature
Derating Factor, T
1
0.967
0.933
0.9
0.867

GENERAL NOTE: For intermediate temperatures, interpolate for derating factor

d by profile RT

Page 1 of 2

Page 2 of 2

ER1-PP-G-0596

es the factor to be 0.50 for risers

for Steel Pipe

ASME B31.8-2012, Table 841.1.6-1


Location Class
Location
Location
Location
Location
Location

Class
Class
Class
Class
Class

Basic Design Factor, F

Design Factor, F
1, Division 1
1, Division 2
2
3
4

0.8
0.72
0.6
0.5
0.4

Note
for risers:
Ref: Subsea
Pipelines and Risers,Edited by Yong Bai, Qiang Bai, 2005
Design Factors and Test Pressures in the US Regulations: 49 CFR 192 requires the factor to be 0.50

s the factor to be 0.50 for risers

Page 1 of 1

ASME B31.8-2012, Table 841.1.7-1 Longitudinal Joint Factor, E


Spec. No.
ASTM A53

ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM

A106
A134
A135
A139
A333

ASTM A381
ASTM A671

ASTM A672

ASTM A691

ASTM A984
ASTM A1005
ASTM A1006
API 5L

Pipe Class
Seamless
Electric-Resistance-Welded
Furnace-Butt Welded, Continuous Weld
Seamless
Electric-Fusion Arc-Welded
Electric-Resistance-Welded
Electric-Fusion Arc-Welded
Seamless
Electric-Resistance-Welded 1.00
Submerged-Arc-Welded
Electric-Fusion-Welded
Classes 13, 23, 33, 43, 53
Classes 12, 22, 32, 42, 52
Electric-Fusion-Welded
Classes 13, 23, 33, 43, 53
Classes 12, 22, 32, 42, 52
Electric-Fusion-Welded
Classes 13, 23, 33, 43, 53
Classes 12, 22, 32, 42, 52
Electric-Resistance-Welded
Double Submerged-Arc-Welded
Laser Beam Welded
Electric Welded
Seamless 1.00
Submerged-Arc Welded (Longitudinal
Seam or Helical Seam)
Furnace-Butt Welded, Continuous Weld 0.60

E Factor
1
1
0.6
1
0.8
1
0.8
1
1
1
0.8
1
0.8
1
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.6

ASME B31.8-2012, Table 841.1.8-1 Temperature Derating Factor, T, for Steel Pipe

Temperature, F (C)
250 (121) or lower
300 (149)
350 (177)
400 (204)
450 (232)

Temperature Derating
Factor, T
1
0.967
0.933
0.9
0.867

GENERAL NOTE: For intermediate temperatures, interpolate for derating factor


factor

eel Pipe

ASME B31.8-2012, MANDATORY APPENDIX D


SPECIFIED MINIMUM YIELD STRENGTH FOR STEEL PIPE COMMONLY USED IN PIPING SYSTEMS
Table D-1 Specified Minimum Yield Strength for Steel Pipe Commonly Used in Piping Systems
Spec. No.

Grade

Type [Note (1)]

SMYS, psi

API 5L [Note (2)]

A25

BW, ERW, S

API 5L [Note (2)]

ERW, S, DSA

API 5L [Note (2)]

ERW, S, DSA

API 5L [Note (2)]

x42

ERW, S, DSA

API 5L [Note (2)]

x46

ERW, S, DSA

API 5L [Note (2)]

x52

ERW, S, DSA

API 5L [Note (2)]

x56

ERW, S, DSA

API 5L [Note (2)]

x60

ERW, S, DSA

API 5L [Note (2)]

x65

ERW, S, DSA

API 5L [Note (2)]

x70

ERW, S, DSA

API 5L [Note (2)]

x80

ERW, S, DSA

ASTM A53

Type F

BW

ASTM A53

ERW, S

ASTM A53

ERW, S

ASTM A106

ASTM A106

ASTM A106

25000
30000
35000
42000
46000
52000
56000
60000
65000
70000
80000
25000
30000
35000
30000
35000
40000

ASTM A134

...

EFW

[Note (3)]

ASTM A135

ERW

ASTM A135

ERW

ASTM A139

EFW

ASTM A139

EFW

ASTM A139

EFW

ASTM A139

EFW

ASTM A139

EFW

ASTM A333

S, ERW

ASTM A333

1
3
4
6
7
8
9

ASTM A381

Class Y-35

DSA

ASTM A381

Class Y-42

DSA

ASTM A381

Class Y-46

DSA

ASTM A381

Class Y-48

DSA

ASTM A381

Class Y-50

DSA

ASTM A381

Class Y-52

DSA

ASTM A381

Class Y-56

DSA

ASTM A381

Class Y-60

DSA

ASTM A381

Class Y-65

DSA

30000
35000
30000
35000
42000
46000
52000
30000
35000
35000
35000
35000
75000
46000
35000
42000
46000
48000
50000
52000
56000
60000
65000

ASTM A333
ASTM A333
ASTM A333
ASTM A333
ASTM A333

S, ERW
S
S, ERW
S, ERW
S, ERW
S, ERW

Spec. No.

Grade

Type [Note (1)]

SMYS, psi

ASTM A984

35
50
60
70
80
35
50
60
70
80
35
50
60
70
80

ERW

35000
50000
60000
70000
80000
35000
50000
60000
70000
80000
35000
50000
60000
70000
80000

ASTM A984
ASTM A984
ASTM A984
ASTM A984
ASTM A1005
ASTM A1005
ASTM A1005
ASTM A1005
ASTM A1005
ASTM A1006
ASTM A1006
ASTM A1006
ASTM A1006
ASTM A1006

ERW
ERW
ERW
ERW
DSA
DSA
DSA
DSA
DSA
LW
LW
LW
LW
LW

GENERAL NOTE: This table is not complete. For the minimum specified yield strength of other
grades and grades in other approved specifications, refer to the particular specification.
NOTES:
(1) Abbreviations: BW = furnace buttwelded; DSA = double submerged-arc welded; EFW = electric
fusion welded; ERW = electric resistance welded; FW = flash welded; S = seamless; LW = laser
welded.
(2) Intermediate grades are available in API 5L.
(3) See applicable plate specification for SMYS.

PIPING SYSTEMS

n Piping Systems
SMYS, (MPa)
-172
-207
-241
-290
-317
-359
-386
-414
-448
-483
-552
-172
-207
-241
-207
-241
-276
[Note (3)]

-207
-241
-207
-241
-290
-317
-359
-207
-241
-241
-241
-241
-517
-317
-241
-291
-317
-331
-345
-359
-386
-414
-448

SMYS, (MPa)
-241
-345
-414
-483
-552
-241
-345
-414
-483
-552
-241
-345
-414
-483
-552

strength of other
pecification.

welded; EFW = electric


amless; LW = laser