You are on page 1of 132

!

,

. ,
, ,
.. ... .
,
? ?
,

.
. . ,
.
.
. .
,
.

,
, , .
3
,
.
. ,

.
, , .
()
,




, .

, , ,
, .

. ,

.
,
. .

,

.


, , ,
, , , ,
.
, .
. -
.
.
-
,
? .
.
,
.
,
.

.
, .

: - :
,
.

i.

.
ii.

.

i.

ii.

-

,
.

: 1



................ 9
?..........13
..............20
................ 28
............... 30

: 4

: 2

...........69
.......72

...........74

...........79


- ...............33
..............38
?
..............40
..............41
().............42

: 5

: 3

............... 83
............... 96
............... 105

: 6

?
.............. 52

?.............. 61

.............. 62
(RTE)............63
.............. 67

................ 113

................ 121
................ 123
................ 126
7

1
2
3
4

.

.

.
, /
.

,
( ) .

1
/ ?
/ .
.
.

, . .
, .
.
, .

, .
.

.

. ,,
. .
, ,
.

?
, .
, ,
.
,
, ,
. , .
, .
, .
.
!
.
, . - H. W. Longfellow

10

,
.

: - , , , , , , , , ,
, , , , , , , , , ,
,

&

.
.
.

..
.

11

: , ,
.
, :


,
,
,

,

,
.


(, ,
, ,
)
.

,
,
,

.

12

:

,

.

.
,
.
.
.
, ! -
.


, ,
. , , , ,
, ,, ,
.
.

.
,,

.,

:
e
.
.,

.
.
.
,
.
.

13

.

. .
. .

.

. .
.

14

,
,
.
. ,
, , , .

? ?

?

?

.
.
,
.

15

, :
,


, .

16


, .
.
.
. , .

. , ,
, ,,
.
. ,
.

.
,
.
, , ,
.


?
, ,
, .
,

. , ,
,

17

,

,


.
,

,



.

,

,



,
,
.

,



18

() :

19

.
, . ,
.

, ,
.
:

,
,



.

, ,
, ,
,
. /
.



(,
,
) .

20


, ,

.

,
, ,
, ,
/
,

.

, &


, .
.

. ,

.

21

Increased crime

/
,

Say no to
corruption

.

&

22

23



,
. , ,
.

, , ,
.
.


80

25%

20%

60

5%

40

50%

20

,
.
,
.
, ( ) ( )


.


, , ,
- .

.
?

?

24

:

. ?

, , ,,
.

, ,
. .
, , ,
, , ;
.
.
,
.

25

:
, , , .
,
, .
, , , , , ,, ,
,- , ,
.



,
.

,

.




.
,

.

.


.
,

, ,

,
.

.


.
,

,
, ,


.

26



,
?


.


,

.



, ,

, .


,

.

. .
.

27

. .

, , ,
.

,
.

,
.

.
,
. , , ,

28

-
,
!
.
, , .
.
.
.

School

29

?
,
, , .

, ,
.
, .

!


.
,
, ,
.

,
.
. ,
,
( -, ,)
.

,
,,

.

30

/ .
. ,
, -
.


?

/ .

1. ____________________________________________________________________________________
2. ____________________________________________________________________________________
3. ____________________________________________________________________________________

( , )

1. ____________________________________________________________________________________
2. ____________________________________________________________________________________
3. ____________________________________________________________________________________

31

DO NOT

VOTE

BRIBE

Make INDIA
CORRUPTION
FREE!!

32

1
2
3
4
5


() .( )

?
, .

(
) ,
()

.


.

.

33

,
, .
,
.
.
, ,

.

, , ,
.
,
,
- .
. ,
, .
.

,
o


.

34


1. .
2. ,
, ,

.
3. ,
.

LOCAL
GOVERNMENT

1. , ,
.
,
.
2. ,
,

,
.
3. ,


.
4.

,

.
5.

.


1. 29
.
2. ,
-
.
3. ,


, , /
,

.
4.

!
.
5. , ,
.
.

35

36

/ .

.


.
, ,
,

.

,
,
,


.
:
1.
2.

3.
4. , ,

.
, , .

37

,
.
? .

Basic
Needs


.
, . ,

?
,
,
.
.
.

38

, ,
,
.
, , , , ,
.
.
() ( ) .
/
.

,
.
,
.
.
.
.
.

,
. , .
, ,
.

.

39

:
/
.



36 .

()

,
.


.

. ,
? ?

40

,
. .
.
.
!

.

.
?
?
.

,
, ,

.

, , ,

.


.
.
,
.

,
, ,
. ,
.
,
.

,
, , ,
,
.

41

,
,

.
.
. .
.

.
.
. .

. ,
.

()

. ,
.

.
.

42

() , ,
( ) .

/
? .
.

.
.

.
. .

10
.


. / .

43

,

, ,
.
( ) .
.

, ,
-
,
. ,

.

( ) ( )
/
/, , / ,

, ,

.


, ( ) ( )
/ ( )
.

44

,
.
?
/ , - ,
. .
1) ?

2) ?
?

3)
.

4) ?

.
.

45

,
, ,

.
, ,
,
.
,
,
.


,
,
.

46

- .

.
-
.
1) ?

2) ?
.?

3) - ?

4) ?

.
.

47

() .
.
( ) , ,
,

1. .
2. ?
3. ?

4.
. , .

5. .
48

:
.
. , , , ,
.
.

. ,
.

:




.

49

50
58
50

,
:

,
.

1
2
3

/
- .
-
.

4
5
6

.
.

51

?
,
.


,
,

.

, ,,,,,
.

, ( ,
) , ,
.


, .



, ,
.
,

52


( ),
. .
,,,
. ( 1)

1.

., ,
, , .
( ) .

. ( )
( ) .
. ( )
. ,
, ( ).
.
, . ( )
,
, ,
.( )
, . . ( )
, ( )

2.
,
. ( )
.

, ,
( )

( )
,
( )

53

, .
. .
( )

( )
.( )

3.

. /
. ,
.
( ) .
,
.
. ( )
.
, , .
. ( )
,
( )
. ( )
. , , .
. ()
. ( )

.( )

4.

. , .
.
,
. ( )

. ( )
,
( ).
,
().
,
. ().
.( )
, ,
.( )

54

/
1
2
3
4
/ ?
1
2
3
4
?
1
2
3
4

/
?

2
3
4

55

.
. .
.

, ,




56

,
.


.
.

,
.



, / .

57

.
. .

,
,,,,

,

,

,
. ?
. .
()
() ?

58


. ,
.
?
.

.
, , . /
. ,
. /
. .
.
.
, .
, .
.

. ,
. , .

:

,
.

.
, /
.

. .
.
.
.

59





( ).


. .

,

,




.


(
).

.
.
,,

.

60

,
, .
, .
, , ,
.
,
. .
.

2
?

.
( ), (
) ( ).
.
, .
.
,

. .

W
E, THE CHILDREN OF INDIA, having
taken a firm decision to make India an

INDEPENDENT DEMOCRATIC COUNTRY that


will provide a BETTER LIFE for all Indians; that
will not make any religion more important
than any other, and will RESPECT ALL RELIGIONS
and BELIEFS; and will make sure that all
of us:
are treated FAIRLY AND HONESTY
are FREE to think and to act, and to practice a
religion or belief of our choice;
are EQUAL and are given the same chance to
make our lives better;
and will encourage among us LOVE and
RESPECT for each other, so that we stand
united and care for our country;
NOW GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION

WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA , having


solemnly resolved to constitute India into
a SOVEREIGN DEMOCRATIC
REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:
JUSTICE, social, economic and political:
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief,
faith and worship:
EQUALITY of status and opportunity:
and to promote among them all:
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the
indivisual and unity and integrity of the
nation:
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this
twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do
HREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO
OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.

61

?
,

.

., ,
, .
, ,
, ,
, ?
.
,
.
.
.
. ,,
.
, ,
. .

.
- .
. ,
. .
. .
. .
.
, .
.
,
.


3
:

, .

., , ,
.
,
/ .

62

, , ,
. .
, ,
.
. , ,
, ,
,
.
.
. , ,
,
, .

.
, .

/ .
( ) .
.
, .
.
. , %
, -
. ,

.

.

63

.

,

.
,

.

.




-

.

.
.




,

.

(
) ,
, ,
.

64


,
.

,
-
.

. ,
,
,
.....



..


,
.

( )
, ()
, () , ()
()
, .



.


,
, ,


.
.

65

?

, ,
?
.
.
-( ,
) ,

.
66

( )!

,
, ( ) .
,
. ( +)
.

( )!
,
. .

,( )
.
( ),
.
,
. :

2014 4, - .

.

67

68

1
2
3
4
5

69


.

.
,
.

.
,

,

. /



.


. ,
,
.

70

[

]

[

]

[


( ) ]

[
(, )


]


,
.

.

,

,



.,
( )


,
.


.

, . ,
( )
. / -
.

71

2

? ? ,
,,, .
, ,
,
, .
, , ,
. .
//
.

,
.
:
,
,
,


.

,
, ,

.


,



.

, ,

,

72

, , .
.
.
.

. , , ,
. , ,
, , ,
, .
,
.
.
.

/
, / .
. ,
.
, ,
. ,
. ,
.

.
, ( )
(
, ).

73

3 :
?


.

,
. .

.
, , ,
.
.
. ,
. , ,
.
,
, .
,
.
, ,
. , ,
. .

.
,
. . ,
.
, /
.
, ,
, , ,
.

74

, ,

. ,
.
.
,
. , , ,
, ,
( ) . .
,
. .

.
, .
,
,
. , /
/

,


-

?

/
.
.

75

, , ,
.
.

,
, .
.

, ,
,

76

,
.
. : , ,
,
. .
.
.
. ,
.

,

. , -

.
.
/
,/
,
.
o .
.
.
.

SAY NO T
O
HAVE A FIRECRACKER
POLLUT
ION-FRE S!
FESTIVA
E
L!

BUT SAY YES TO


CELEBRATIONS!

77

NO!!!

, :
, ;

;
;
;
;
.

;
, ;

,

.


.


78

,

.
:


,
,

.

,
1, , ,

, .
,
,
, .
. ,
- .
- ,
: ,
, , . .

79

.
, .
.
: .

( ,
, )

80

81

!
82
68
82

:

:

1
2
3
4
5
6

, ,
.


, ,

( ) ( )
?

! ,
, ,
. , ,
, , ,
. ( ,
).

83

- :
, .
. , , .
, .
. .


,
. , ,
. .
,
. .
, .
.


.
. - / , ,
. (
).
.
- , , , ,
, . , , ,
, . ,
,
, .
.
. .
. ,
. .
.
,
? ,

84

,

,

.

85

I CONSERVE
WATER
?

?

!!
.

. . ?
,
.
,
.

,

.

86


. ,
.
.




.
.
, .
.
,
. ,

.


. ,
. %
.
.
.
, % .

.
.
,
.

87

rinking 2%
ooking 3%
athing
15%
lushing 29%


Washing clothes
19%

. ,
Washing utensils
15%
- .

()

1951

361

5,177

846

2,209

1955

395

2001

1,027

2050

1,640

1991
2025



( -
)

1,394

4,732
1,820

1,341
1,140

Use of water


;
v ,
,
Washing
Gardening
,
utensils 15%
Drinking 2%
17%

Cooking 3%

.
Washing clothes
Bathing 15%
19%
:
-

Flushing 29%
v -
.
v

88

:
, :
, , ,
.

.
.
.
.
,
?

:
:

,

.

,
% .
,
.



.

.

89


. ?

.
.
. H2O !!

? !!

!! ;

, ;

.
.

90

,
/ ,
..
(, , )
,
.

,
, .
,
.
. / -
.
,
.

?
,
/ ,
.

,
. ?

91

92

93


- .
, . .
. .


, ,
.

94


!
.

?
,
? . .

95

.
. , , , ,
.
, .

,
.
. ,
. , , , ,
,
, .

96


, .
,

. .
,
, .
.
. .
,
. , ,
.
.

. ,
.
,
. .

97



.

.
, ,
,
.
:

.




,
.



, ,

.

98



, .

,
,
.

-




.

.


.

,
.

. .


, .

99

Electricity is
generated

3 Electricity travels

across the province


on transmission lines

Electricity is carried to
your neighbouhood
transformers on
distribution lines

The transformer on the


pole decrteases voltage
before entering house

is
2 Voltage
increased at

the transformer
station

The
neighbourhood
transformer
station decreases
voltage

?
.
?
.
, .
. ,
.
.

Power Production in India


Hydro
25%

Nuclear
3%

Thermal
64%

Renewable
8%

100

, , ( )
.
.
, , ,

.
,
.
. / . /

.


.

.

.

l
.
l .
.
l ;

l ;
l .
.
l ,
, .
l ,
. .
.
l
l , . , , ,
; .
l ;

101

!!

!

.
;
;
;
;
;

, .

: , . ,
.

:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

______ . ?
________
______ _____ .
? __________
, , / , _____
. ?_________
.
. _________
.
?_________
102


.
-
.
.
.

.

!!

*
. , , ,
, , , , ,

. , *
.

.
. !

, !

103

- .

1.
.
.
.

2.

.
. ,
.
.
, .
3.
.
.
. ,

4.

.
.
. -
5. ?

.
.
.
.

104

( )

( ), , , ,
.
.
( ) ( ),
.
.
, :

, .
.


;

.

.

. /
.
, ,

,

105

:
.
?
.

- ;

2 -
. ;

-
;

-
/ ;

- - ,

.

106


, ( )
.

.

.
!

107

/
.
?
.
;
.
.
;

;
-
.

- , , .
.
. .
.
. ;
.;
. ;
;
;
.
;
;
, , , ;

.

:
.
.
. ,
.
.
. .

108

: - , - , - , ,, ,
, .
109

: ,
.
.
, , /
,
. / ,
.
,

.


. ,

.

.
.
.

110

,
( / )
.


. , ? .

/ /
.

111

126
112

:
,

1
2
3

.
, , .
. ,
.
.

.
, ,
. ,
.
,
.

113

/ /



.

/
,
/ ,




. ,
,

114


?
,
, .
.
.
:




,

.





,
,




,
,





,
,


115

.
.
; ; ,

.
, . ,
/ ,
.

116


. .
.

.
. /
.
-
/

117

.
. . ,
. .
.
( )
.
.
1. ?
2. ?
3. ?
.
. .

118


.



(
)
,

, ;
. ,
.

119

,
.

, , ,

, ,

,
, . ,
. ,
,
.

.

120

SAFETY
TIPS FOR
CHILDREN

;
;

, ;
, ;

, ,
;

, ;
;

, ,

. ,
, .
.
. ,
, . .
. ,
, , ,
, .
. , ,
, ,
.

121

, ;

: - .
?

,
;

-
;

.
, / /
. ,
, ,
/ .

- , , .

122


.
. .
.

123

,
, .
. ? .

, ,
,
, , .

, . ,
.
, .
,
, .
,
. ,
, .

.
. .
, .
, ,
. .
, /
, /
. . (
)
,
.

124

,
, .
, . .
.
/
.

125


.
, .
, .
,
.

-
: .

. -
.







126

127

128

Janaagraha Centre for Citizenship and Democracy


4th Floor, UNI Building, Thimmaiah Road,
Vasanth Nagar,
Bengaluru - 560 052
Ph: +91-80-40790400
Fax: +91-80-41277104
www.janaagraha.org
info@janaagraha.org

http://www.ichangemycity.com/groups/bala-janaagraha
https://www.facebook.com/BalaJ.Page
balajana@janaagraha.org