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# PETROLEUM REFINERY ENGINEERING (CHL 794)

TUTORIAL SHEET -3
Q1) The conversion of fuels to hydrogen can be carried out by the
partial oxidation.
Rank=0; conversion=40%
Rank=1:conversion=60%
What is the molar flow of the following components in the product steam?
Methane: 25.4 kmol/hr
Nitrogen: 205.4 kmol/hr
Oxygen: 0 kmol/hr
CO: 40 kmol/hr
CO2: 34.6kmol/hr
Hydrogen: 149.2 kmol/hr
Q2) Water gas shift reaction (WGS) has been employed in the industrial
process for H2 production from liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons. The
role of the WGS reaction is to increase the H 2 yield and decrease the CO
concentration.

## a) What is the molar flow of the following components?

Methane: 25.4 kmole/hr
Nitrogen: 205.4 kmole/hr
Oxygen: 0 kmole/hr

## CO: 23.60 kmole/hr

CO2: 51 kmole/hr
Hydrogen: 165.6 kmole/hr

## b) Calculate the percentages of the following

Solution: CO reduced: 41 %
Hydrogen increased: 10.99 %

3H2+N2

2NH3

## a) What is the composition of product at 4000C and 200 atm?

Nitrogen: 20.28 kmol/hr
Ammonia: 9.438 kmol/hr
b) Plot the graphs between mole fraction of ammonia in the product
and pressure at different temperature i.e at 200, 300, 400, 500,
600, 7000C.
Answer: Excel file containing the plot has been attached.
Q1) Propylene oxide is combined with water to produce propylene
glycol in a CSTR .Propylene oxide and water streams are combined in a
mixer. The combined stream is fed to a reactor, operating at
atmospheric pressure, in which propylene glycol is produced.

## H2O + C3H6O C3H8O

Complete the following:
Reactor Temperature: 113F
Actual Percent Conversion: 100%

## 2) CO2 is absorbed into propylene carbonate in a packed column. The inlet

gas stream is 20 mol% CO2 and 80 mol% methane. The gas stream flows at
a rate of 2m3/s and the column operates at 600C and 60.1 atm. The inlet
solvent flow is 2000 kmol/h. Use Aspen HYSYS to determine the
concentration of CO2 (mole%) in the exit gas stream, the column height (m)
and the column diameter (m).( Fluid package: Sour-PR )
Section Diameter (m): _________________________________
Section Height (m): ___________________________________
CO2 composition: ____________________________________
Problem:
Change the Solvent In flowrate from 2000 kmol/h to 2500 kmol/h. Run the
simulation and
see how the column dimension and exit concentration of CO2 have changed.
Section Diameter (m): _________________________________
Section Height (m): ___________________________________
CO2 composition: ____________________________________