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Module 1: Probing over

ADJECTIVES/ MODIFIERS
INTRODUCTION

Good day learners!


How are you doing? Welcome to our first
lesson. We will be probing over a grammar lesson.
In this lesson, we will be talking about
Adjectives/ Modifiers, which are words that modify
a noun or a pronoun by describing, identifying, or
quantifying words. An adjective usually precedes
the noun or the pronoun which it modifies. This
lesson is a good tool for you to acquire the
following skills:

1. identifies the adjectives used in the selections


and the words they modify.
2. distinguishes an appropriate adjective and
transforms it into the degree of comparison
being asked.
3. writes an essay using adjectives.

Wishing you the best of luck! Keep moving and God


Bless!
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Before we proceed in the discussion of the


topic, kindly answer the pretest below. Be
sure to write your answers in your Activity Tests
notebook. After
that, let your facilitator check
your work.
PRE- TEST ( Recognizing Adjectives)
Underline the adjectives in the following sentences. Draw an arrow
from the adjective to the noun it describes.
Ex. The purple and gold mountains lay in the distance.
1. The brown fox jumped over a lazy dog.
2. The eloquent speaker was awarded a gold medal.
3. Five high school students attended the national conference.
4. Mrs. Barcelons gray Toyota car is parked under the old acacia tree.
5. All typewritten compositions must be submitted this afternoon.
6. Tired and sleepy students cannot do their work well.
7. Bicolandias Mayon Volcano is well-known for its near perfect cone.
8. Polished rice has lost its Vitamin-rich bran.
9. Has each student received his own copy of the elocution piece?
10.

Every athlete has to take special exercises to toughen his legs.

Are you through? So how do you find the pre-test? Is it easy? Or


it is hard? Or did you enjoy doing it? You dont have to worry about your
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score. This test is given


not to test you and record your scores
immediately but also to help us know what aspect of the lesson you
need to focus on.

Score

Description

10

Exemplary

6-9

Excellent

0-5

Work harder for improvement

Before we proceed to the lesson proper, please


observe and answer these activities.
A. Yukio
a. Yukio is very helpful.
b. He lives in a peaceful village.
c. He saw a strange creature.
1. Look at sentence a, who is very helpful?
Look at sentence b, where does Yukio live?
Look at sentence c, what did Yukio see?
2. What
What
What
What

kind
kind
kind
kind

of
of
of
of

boy is Yukio?
village does he live in?
creature did he see?
words do they describe?

B. Write five adjectives/ modifiers describing the noun at the


center of the circle.

LIFE

LOVE

GOD

CITY

Hello!! Good that you were able already to reach this


part. Please
pay a thorough attention to the content below in
order for you to be able to answer the needed activities thaw will
follow.

LESSON
PROPER
ADJECTIVES/ MODIFIERS
An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun by describing, identifying,
or quantifying words. An adjective usually precedes the noun or the pronoun
which it modifies.
In the following examples, the highlighted words are adjectives:
The truck-shaped balloon floated over the treetops.
Mrs. Morrison papered her kitchen walls with hideous wall paper.
The small boat foundered on the wine dark sea.
The coal mines are dark and dank.
Many stores have already begun to play irritating Christmas music.
A battered music box sat on the mahogany sideboard.
The back room was filled with large, yellow rain boots.
DEGREE OF COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES
Positive Degree

The positive degree is used when simply describing persons or


things.
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Examples

It is a small pencil.
This is a thick book.
The lion has sharp teeth.
That is a beautiful dress.
He is tall.

Comparative Degree
The comparative degree is used when comparing two person or things.
Examples

The elephant is taller than the horse.


The shirt is longer than the shorts.

Superlative Degree:
The superlative degree of adjectives is formed by adding est to the
adjective.
The superlative degree of adjective with two or more syllables is formed
by adding most before the adjective.
Examples
Dado runs the fastest.
Christy is the most responsible person in the class.

This is the longest pencil.


Positive

Comparative

Superlative

busy

busier

busiest

happy

happier

happiest

noisy

noisier

nosiest

pretty

prettier

prettiest

wealthy

wealthier

wealthiest
5

big

bigger

biggest

fat

fatter

fattest

hot

hotter

hottest

sad

sadder

saddest

thin

thinner

thinnest

Adjectives of more than two or more syllables form the comparative by


using the adverb more, and form superlative by using the adverb most.
Positive

Comparative

Superlative

beautiful

more beautiful

most beautiful

courageous

more courageous

most courageous

difficult

more difficult

satisfactory

more satisfactory

most satisfactory

useful

more useful

most useful

Positive

most difficult

Comparative

Superlative

good

better

best

bad

worse

worst

little

less

least

far

farther

farthest

many

more

most

REMEMBER:
An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun by describing, identifying,
or quantifying words. An adjective usually precedes the noun or the pronoun
which it modifies.
PONDER ON:
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*Why do you think we need to study adjectives?


*Imagine your everyday life without adjectives? What will be the
situation?
*Do you now realize how important adjectives are in our daily life??

Learning Check:
Choose the adjective from the box and translate it into the
degree required for each number.
happy ,
fat,
cold,
large.

tall ,
heavy ,

good ,
thin,

strong ,
fast,

old,

Example

Lead is the heaviest of all the metals. (Superlative degree)


1. This coffee is very weak. I prefer it a bit __________. ( Positive
Degree )
2. The Wabash River flows __________ in spring than in fall.
( Comparative )
3. Bill has bought a __________ car. ( Positive Degree )
4. The giraffe is __________ than the man. (

Comparative Degree )

5. Paul is the __________ boy in our class. ( Superlative Degree )

POST -TEST

WRITING A DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY


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Write a descriptive essay creatively about a topic close to


your heart using adjectives/ modifiers. You may use variety of
styles depending on your interest in arts. You may use pictures,
comic strip, images and etc. Do this in a long size bond paper.
You may now take your mastery test after submitting your project.

References:
*Serrano, Josephine (2011) English Communication Arts through
Afro-Asian Literature. Quezon City. SIBS Publishing House.
*Afuang, Precy et. al. (2006) Communication Arts in English.
Xavier High School
*http://www.phrasemix.com/collections/the-50-most-importantenglish-proverbs
*http://www.writingcentre.uottawa.ca/hypergrammar/adjectve.ht
ml
*http://iteslj.org/Techniques/Jaiswal-Adjectives.html