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# Solids for Which

V=(1/3)bh
Pyramid
Cone

CONE

## A cone is a solid bounded by a conical surface (lateral

surface) whose directrix is a closed curve, and a plane
(base) which cuts all the elements.

base

directrix

Properties:
1. The altitude of a cone is the perpendicular
distance from the vertex to the plane of the base.
2. Every section of a cone made by a plane passing

## through its vertex & containing two points of

base is a triangle.
3. The axis of a cone is the straight line joining
vertex with the center of the base.
4. A right section of a cone is a section perpen-

## dicular to its axis & cutting all the elements.

5. A circular cone is a cone whose right section is a circle

A right circular
is a circula
perpendicular to its base.
cone
r

Properties:

## 1. The slant height of the right

circular
cone is the length of an
element.
2. The altitude of a right circular cone is
the

## distance between the vertex & the

center
of the circle which forms its base.

## 4. All elements of a right

circular cone are equal.
5. A section of a right circular cone
parallel to the base is a circle

## whose center is on the axis of

the cone.
6. A section of a right circular
cone which contains the
vertex & two points of the
base is an isosceles triangle.

h
r
r

FORMUL
AS

TSA = area
of bas +surfac are
2
=r +
the
e
e
a
rl
where
,
h is the height
r is
l is the slant
the
height
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## 1. The crater of a volcano is approximately in the

a cone of base 3.1416 sq.
The craters depth is
shape of
ft. How many cubic yards of earth will be required to
mile.
1500
this cavity?
fill
((1mile=5280ft)
Ans: 16.219 x 108 cu. yard )

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## 2. A pile of sand is in the form of a right circular

of altitude 7 ft. and slant height 25 ft. What is the
cone
weight of the sand, if
sand weighs 107.5 lbs /
the

cu.

ft.?

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make

## a conical tent 15 ft. high and 18 ft. in diameter, if

10%
of the
( Ans: 61.061
sq. yd. )
material is wasted?

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## 4. A right circular cone of slant height 10 in.

radius of 4 Find the angle of the sector of a circle
has a
radius 10 in. whose area is equal to the lateral
in.
of
area of
Ans: 144o

the cone.

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## 5. Find the least waste in cutting two conical blocks from a

block of
altitude 7
( Ans: 117.29 cu.
wood
in the
form of
a right
circular
cylinder
of
4
in. and
6.
A
right
circular
cone
has
an
altitude
of
18
cm.
and
in.
in.)
base is 5 cm. Inscribed is a
pyramid. Find the
of
of the
the cone and the pyramid. ( Ans 15 cu.cm ; 30 cu.cm.
in it
square
volume
:
0
.
0
)

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