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Solids for Which

V=(1/3)bh
Pyramid
Cone

CONE

A cone is a solid bounded by a conical surface (lateral


surface) whose directrix is a closed curve, and a plane
(base) which cuts all the elements.

base

directrix

Properties:
1. The altitude of a cone is the perpendicular
distance from the vertex to the plane of the base.
2. Every section of a cone made by a plane passing

through its vertex & containing two points of


base is a triangle.
3. The axis of a cone is the straight line joining
vertex with the center of the base.
4. A right section of a cone is a section perpen-

dicular to its axis & cutting all the elements.


5. A circular cone is a cone whose right section is a circle

A right circular
is a circula
perpendicular to its base.
cone
r

Properties:

1. The slant height of the right


circular
cone is the length of an
element.
2. The altitude of a right circular cone is
the

distance between the vertex & the


center
of the circle which forms its base.

cone whose axis is

4. All elements of a right


circular cone are equal.
5. A section of a right circular cone
parallel to the base is a circle

whose center is on the axis of


the cone.
6. A section of a right circular
cone which contains the
vertex & two points of the
base is an isosceles triangle.

h
r
r

FORMUL
AS

TSA = area
of bas +surfac are
2
=r +
the
e
e
a
rl
where
radius
,
h is the height
r is
l is the slant
the
height
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1. The crater of a volcano is approximately in the


a cone of base 3.1416 sq.
The craters depth is
shape of
ft. How many cubic yards of earth will be required to
mile.
1500
this cavity?
fill
((1mile=5280ft)
Ans: 16.219 x 108 cu. yard )

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2. A pile of sand is in the form of a right circular


of altitude 7 ft. and slant height 25 ft. What is the
cone
weight of the sand, if
sand weighs 107.5 lbs /
the

cu.

Ans: 453,900 lbs.

ft.?

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3. How many square yards of canvas will be required to


make

a conical tent 15 ft. high and 18 ft. in diameter, if


10%
of the
( Ans: 61.061
sq. yd. )
material is wasted?

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4. A right circular cone of slant height 10 in.


radius of 4 Find the angle of the sector of a circle
has a
radius 10 in. whose area is equal to the lateral
in.
of
area of
Ans: 144o

the cone.

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5. Find the least waste in cutting two conical blocks from a


block of
altitude 7
( Ans: 117.29 cu.
wood
in the
form of
a right
circular
cylinder
of
radius
4
in. and
6.
A
right
circular
cone
has
an
altitude
of
18
cm.
and
radius
in.
in.)
base is 5 cm. Inscribed is a
pyramid. Find the
of
of the
the cone and the pyramid. ( Ans 15 cu.cm ; 30 cu.cm.
in it
square
volume
:
0
.
0
)

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