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EKG signal

# EKG signal

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EKG signali
EKG signali

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07/23/2013

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1
UNIVERZITET U NOVOM SADU – FAKULTET TEHNI
Č
KIH NAUKAODSEK ZA RA
Č
UNARSTVO I INFORMATIKUKATEDRA ZA AUTOMATIKU I UPRAVLJANJE SISTEMIMA
VIRTUELNI SIMULATOR I GENERATOR EKG SIGNALA
KANDIDAT: MENTOR:
Dejan Prijevi
ć

doc. dr. Nikola Jorgovanovi
ć

2

1

UVOD.......................................................................................................................................................4

2

URE
Đ
AJI ZA SIMULIRANJE EKG SIGNALA...............................................................................6

2.1

P
RIMENA URE
Đ
AJA ZA SIMULIRANJE
EKG
SIGNALA
......................................................................6

2.2

P
OSTOJE
Ć
I TIPOVI
EKG
SIMULATORA
............................................................................................7

3

ELEKTRI
Č
NA AKTIVNOST SRCA, KARAKTERISTI
Č
NI TALASI I NORMALNIINTERVALI EKG ZAPISA..........................................................................................................................10

3.1

F
.......................................................10

3.2

ARAKTERISTI
Č
NI TALASI
EKG
SIGNALA
....................................................................................11

3.3

N
ORMALNI INTERVALI
EKG
SIGNALA
..........................................................................................12

4

VIRTUELNI SIMULATOR I GENERATOR EKG SIGNALA.....................................................13

4.1

V
IRTUELNA INSTRUMENTACIJA
....................................................................................................13

4.1.1

LabVIEW programski alat.......................................................................................................13

4.2

M
ATEMATI
Č
KO MODELOVANJE KARAKTERISTI
Č
NIH TALASA
EKG
SIGNALA
..............................14

4.2.1

Matemati
č
ko modelovanje P talasa.........................................................................................14

4.2.2

Matemati
č
ko modelovanje F (flater ili lepršaju
ć
ih) talasa.....................................................15

4.2.3

Matemati
č
ko modelovanje QRS kompleksa.............................................................................17

4.3

G
ENERISANJE CIKLUSA
EKG
SIGNALA
.........................................................................................18

4.4

P
RIMERI
EKG
RITMOVA I ARITMIJA SIMULIRANIH POMO
Ć
U
V
IRTUELNOG
EKG
SIMULATORA
...21

4.4.1

Normalan sinusni ritam............................................................................................................21

4.4.2

Sinusna (respiratorna) aritmija...............................................................................................22

4.4.3

Lepršanje pretkomora..............................................................................................................22

4.4.4

Atrijalna fibrilacija...................................................................................................................23

4.4.5

Ventrikularna tahikardija.........................................................................................................24

4.5

G
ENERISANJE SIGNALA NA ANALOGNOM IZLAZU AKVIZICIONE KARTICE
....................................25

4.6

ORISNI
Č
KI INTERFEJES
V
IRTUELNOG
EKG
SIMULATORA
..........................................................26

5

TESTIRANJE VIRTUELNOG EKG SIMULATORA....................................................................27

5.1

EZULTATI SNIMANJA SIGNALA
EKG
SIMULATORA OSCILOSKOPOM
..........................................27

5.1.1

Normalan sinusni ritam............................................................................................................27

5.1.2

Atrijalna tahikardija.................................................................................................................28

5.1.3

Lepršanje pretkomora (atrijalni flater)...................................................................................28

5.1.4

Ventrikularna bigeminija.........................................................................................................29

5.1.5

Ventrikularna tahikardija.........................................................................................................30

5.1.6

Ventrikularna fibrilacija..........................................................................................................31

6

ZAKLJU
Č
AK........................................................................................................................................32

7

PRILOG.................................................................................................................................................34

7.1

S
NIMCI SIMULIRANIH
EKG
RITMOVA I ARITMIJA
.........................................................................34

7.1.1

Normalan sinusni ritam............................................................................................................34

7.1.2

Nodalna tahikardija.................................................................................................................35

7.1.3

Atrijalna tahikardija.................................................................................................................36

7.1.4

AV blok I stepena......................................................................................................................37

7.1.5

AV blok II stepena tip Mobitz I...............................................................................................37

7.1.6

AV blok II stepena tip II (Mobitz II).........................................................................................38

7.1.7

AV blok III stepena...................................................................................................................39

7.1.8

Lepršanje atrija (Atrijalni flater).............................................................................................40

7.1.9

Atrijalna fibrilacija...................................................................................................................41

7.1.10

Preuranjeni atrijalni kompleks (PAC).....................................................................................42

7.1.11

Preuranjeni ventrikulani kompleks (PVC)...............................................................................43

3
7.1.12

Ventrikularna tahikardija.........................................................................................................43

7.1.13

Ventrikularna fibrilacija..........................................................................................................44

8

LITERATURA......................................................................................................................................46