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ANSYS Workbench Dynamics v11.0 Tim Pawlak ANSYS, Inc. © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. 1 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Introduction • Dynamics background – ANSYS long established flexible dynamic capabilities – Major v11 development theme • Objectives – Improved existing capabilities – Established new capabilities – Achieve mechanism simulation – Combine advantages of rigid and flex representations – Offer exceptional product © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. 2 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Model • Geometry import as usual – Associative – Parametric • Stiffness types – Flexible • Usual 3D meshed models • Nonlinear materials allowed – Rigid • Limited to single body parts – Flexible Beam (beta) • Avoids over constraint • Solution time shorter • Limited to single body parts – Mixtures of rigid and flexible parts © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. 3 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Joints and Coordinate Systems • Joints – New way to connect parts – Associative to geometry – Between two parts or part to ground • By faces • By edges and vertices (beta) – Have up to two coordinate systems • Reference • Mobile (optional) • Coordinate systems – Inherent to joint definition – Associative to geometry – Geometry based construction – Options for precise positioning © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. 4 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Joint Types • • • • • • • • • Fixed Revolute Translational Slot Cylindrical Universal Spherical Planar General • • 6 Degrees of Freedom Combinations of fixed and free © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. 5 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Configure • • • • Model assembly Interactive real time operation – To validate mechanism definition Graphical joint DOF triad – Mouse pick selection to locate and orient Set position – Useable for all analysis types © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. 6 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Analysis Types • • • • New way of categorizing analyses – Not input and output driven – Objective driven Clearly delimitates capabilities Links analyses and transfers data Joints applicable to – Static Structural – Flexible Dynamic – Rigid Dynamic – Modal – Harmonic (beta) © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. 7 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Flexible Dynamic Analysis Type • Finite element formulation of geometry and equations for motion • 9 joints types • Longitudinal spring/damper • Torsional spring/damper (beta) • HHT implicit transient time solver • Time history displacements, velocities, accelerations, forces, stresses, etc. © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. 8 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Rigid Dynamic Analysis Type • Relative degree of freedom formulation of geometry and equation of motion • 9 joints types • Longitudinal spring/damper • Torsional spring/damper (beta) • Runge Kutta explicit time solver • Time history displacements, velocities, accelerations, forces, etc. © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. 9 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary General Load Information • • Types – Constant, table, function GUI controls for defining loads – Details view – Timeline – Tabular data © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. 10 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary General Load Information • Types – Displacement/Rotation – Velocity – Acceleration – Force/Moment • GUI operations in timeline or tabular data – Activate/Deactivate – Multi select © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. 11 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Rigid Dynamic Loads • Methods – Primarily by joint conditions – Optionally to parts by using joint to ground • With appropriate DOFs free (even all DOFs free) • • Requirements – Mechanism must be ground in some manner – Free floating parts can be represented by a general joint to ground with all DOFs free Table loads – Data points are fit within load step, but not between load steps – Curve display is piecewise linear (i.e. fit is not shown) – Warning issued if fit is inappropriate • Inappropriate is area under fitted curve differs significantly from area under piecewise linear curve © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. 12 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Results • • • Data – Saved in files managed by the WB project system (.rst and .mbd) Probes – Deformation, position, rotation (beta), velocity, angular velocity, acceleration, angular acceleration, energy, force, moment Force and moment – Graphic indication by arrow © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. 13 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Results • Charts – Useful for comparisons of tabular data (loads and results) – Normalizes data when of dissimilar type – Applicable to objects within the same model branch • And across model branches (beta) • Timeline “Zoom to Range” – Useful for detailed investigation of tabular data – Horizontal and vertical zoom (vertical beta) © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. 14 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Strategy Recommendations • • • • • • Utilize options that parts can be rigid/flexible Remember that there are more options now for connecting parts Build up the mechanism part by part Operate the mechanism interactively to validate its behavior before launching solution Consider the flex beam option because it is typically quicker and avoids overconstraint Leverage strengths of rigid and flex solvers © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. 15 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary CMS Flexible Representation • CMS stands for Component Mode Synthesis • Linear approach to represent part flexibly using 3D mesh at reduced computational cost • Similar to super element approach • Available in the ANSYS solver © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. 16 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary CMS within Workbench • Analysis Types – Dynamic – Static • Made possible by Command objects • Named Selection used to group mesh – Variable to activate convenient grouping • Results available for post processing © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. Vane Example 17 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary CMS Vane Deform vs. Regular © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. 18 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary CMS Vane Stress vs. Regular © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. 19 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary CMS Joint Force vs. Regular © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. 20 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Computation Time Comparison CMS Regular Release 11.0BETA UP20061004 INTEL NT Release 11.0BETA UP20061004 INTEL NT Maximum Scratch Memory Used = 45.966 MB Maximum Scratch Memory Used = 43.744 MB CP Time (sec) = 27.281 Elapsed Time (sec) = 56.000 CP Time (sec) = 124.312 Elapsed Time (sec) = 137.000 Date = 10/05/2006 Date = 10/05/2006 © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. 21 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary CMS Landing Gear Example © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. 22 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary CMS Landing Gear Close-Up © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. 23 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary CMS Summary • Available in WB via Commands • Enables significant computational efficiency • Limited to linear materials © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. 24 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Miscellaneous Features I • • • Automatic joint generation – Based on geometry (similar to auto contact generation) – Finds candidate revolute and fixed joints User preferences – Automatic joint and/or contact generation “on” or “off” Graphics window RMB (right mouse button) – Go To (bodies, joints, etc.) – Disable Transparency – Hide All Other – Flip Reference/Mobile – Body Views • Standard, reference, and mobile windows • Isolates the parts involved in a joint © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. 25 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Miscellaneous Features II • Over constraint “Joint Checker” (partially beta) – Estimate of mechanism available degrees of freedom – Estimate of individual joint DOF condition © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. 26 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Product Packaging (Tentative) • ANSYS Dynamics Productivity Pack* – WorkBench enabled task add-on for • ANSYS Structural • ANSYS Mechanical • ANSYS Multiphysics – Not available as standalone – Enables • Joint construction • Configure feature • Rigid Dynamic analysis type – Advantages • Flexible and rigid dynamics capabilities in a single system © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. 27 * Name subject to change ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Future • • • • Joints – Stops and locks – Friction – Stiffness – Events – Hydrodynamic bearings – Gears – Cable and pulleys Contact – For rigid bodies Diagnostics – Callout where and why mechanism numerically fails Leverage combination – Share constraint info from rigid solver to flex © 2006 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. 28 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary