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Case 4

Dividend Policy at FPL Group, Inc. (A)

Team members (G13):

Mohammad Akramali 0227/52
Pasupuleti Shalini
P.S.M Siddartha
Priyanka Sarkar

1. What are the main issues confronting FPL Group in May 1994? Which
amongst those you identified are relevant to the dividend decision?

With the deregulation in early 1994 brought a proposal by the State of California to the
table introducing the notion of retail wheeling.
As a result of retail wheeling initiative, Californias three largest utilities lost total of $1.8
billion in market value in one week.
23 other states began to consider variations of the California retail wheeling proposal.
These proposals had a profound effect on the competitive landscape of the utilities
As of a result of this new competition, companies must reevaluate their business
strategies to accommodate this new competitive environment and remain successful.
A previously mature industry is now transforming into an industry with prospects for
FPLs stock price has fallen by 19.6% while S&P index has decreased by 22.1%
Despite selling / writing off several acquisitions, FPL still maintained ESI Energy, Turner
Foods and Qualtec Quality Services
Lawsuit from the Florida Municipal Power Agency is still ongoing and may have
material impact to the firms operations
Relevant to dividend decision-

As a result of the now competitive landscape, Standard and Poors rating group
announced a revision of its guidelines for evaluating investor owned electric utilities.
Because of the competitive market, the dividend pay will be reduced as it will use the
cash in positive NVP project.
Factors in the new guidelines included customer and sales growth prospects, revenue
vulnerability and dependencies as well rates by consumer class relative to competing
utilities among others

2. From FPLs perspective, is the current payout ratio appropriate? If not,

what is appropriate?
FPLs current payout ratio(1994)= cash dividends/net income
According to exhibit 9, FPL has the highest payout ratio in comparison to other electric
utilities in the same industry
With deregulation giving rise to competition FPL Group, Inc. needs to focus its
operations and begin to grow its business in order to survive.

By retaining only 9% of its earnings, the firm would find it very difficult to grow quickly
without the expensive acquisition of capital. The current dividend payout ratio is too high
considering the challenges the company will face in a deregulated and competitive
FPL currently maintains an inappropriate payout ratio. Given the situation that the new
regulation will be soon implemented, FPL will face strong competition not only from
Florida but also from all other states. To prepare for competition and sustainable growth
in near future FPL should use its excess cash to invest in new positive NPV projects.

Therefore FLP should not maintain high payout ratio at 107.3%. Instead it should lower
to or below average ratio of industry which is around 82.9% since the dividend cut does
not lower the firm value.
3. From an investors perspective, is the payout ratio appropriate?
FPL investor
Institutions 36.9%
Individual Investors It would be advantageous for individual investors to have FPLs Dividend payout ratio at a
lower level for the following reasons:
Tax advantages: 28% capital gains tax Vs. Up to 39.6% personal income tax.
Possibility of stock repurchase plan in the future
Allows dividend payout ratio to grow in the future
Possibility for increase in stock price caused by higher growth rates.
For individual investors the payout ratio has little meaning because they can use
homemade dividend strategy to obtain capital gains rather than receiving high cash
dividends and paying tax on them. Furthermore they do not need dividends to convert
shares to cash.
Institutions Investors For institutional investors, this payout ratio may be appropriate because they prefer high
payout ratio in seeking for high earnings from their investment.
FPL has to increase the ratio over time to satisfy these investors expectations.
4. As Kate Stark, what would you recommend regarding investment in
FPLs stock?
By calculating the share price which has increased due to the dividend pay cut .(excel
So in the short run, as FPL does a dividend pay cut , investors will get a negative
signaling and share price might go down.

So FPL should buy back the shares to retain its share price.
But in the long run, the cash from the dividend pay cut will be utilized in positive NVP
projects which will increase its share price. So the shares should be bought to gain a long
term profit.