physics problem with its solution

© All Rights Reserved

21 views

physics problem with its solution

© All Rights Reserved

You are on page 1of 2

korsunbo@post.harvard.edu

w Lord of the ring

A small massive bead can slide without friction along a wire ring

of radius R mounted in the vertical plane. A light elastic cord is

attached to the top of the ring and to the bead. Initially, the bead

is at rest at the bottom of the ring, and the force exerted on the

bead by the ring is twice the beads weight.

After a small disturbance, the bead begins to slide upward along

the ring, reaching its maximum velocity at the moment it covers

one-third of the rings circumference. What is the length of the

relaxed cord?

(1)

that

2R cos q = L + DL DL = 2R cos(f/2) L (2)

using Eq. (1) in the last step.

Assuming the bead is traveling toward its point of maximum speed, then v must be directed counter-clockwise

as indicated above. In addition, the tangential acceleration at = dv/dt must be in that same direction, since

the bead is speeding up. (The other component of the

acceleration is the centripetal contribution ac, which is

directed radially inward toward C.) Newtons second law

in the tangential direction is

(3)

Solution:

Consider an instant in time when the cord makes angle q

relative to the vertical, as in the following diagram. Let the

relaxed length of the cord be L and its current length be L

+ DL . The cord is stretched if DL > 0, in which case the

cords elastic force F = kDL is directed toward the attachment point O, where k is the force constant. The normal

force N that the ring exerts on the bead must be directed radially away from or toward the center C; the figure assumes

that q is small enough that N points away from C. The third

force acting on the bead is gravity mg directed vertically

downward where m is the beads mass.

maximum and hence that at = 0 when f = 120 (corresponding to one-third of 360). Substituting these values

of at and f into Eq. (3) and rearranging, we find that the

relaxed length of the cord is

L = R mg/k . (4)

To express this answer purely in terms of R, we use the

given information about the starting point of the bead at

the bottom of the ring where f = 0. Denote the normal

force as N0 = 2mg and the stretch of the cord as DL0 at

that point. According to Eqs. (2) and (4),

DL0 = 2R L = R + mg/k . (5)

The forces must balance at the starting point since the

bead is initially at rest and thus ac = v2/R = 0. Consequently

N0 + mg = kDL0 . (6)

Substituting in the preceding expressions for N0 and DL0,

Eq. (6) can be rearranged into

mg/k = R/2

(7)

f in the diagram above. We can use geometry to relate q

and L + DL to f and R by considering the isosceles triangle

formed by O, C, and the bead. First, the sum of its internal

angles has to add up to 180 so that

L = R/2. (8)

The problem can be extended to find two more interesting quantities. Using conservation of energy, one can

show that the maximum speed of the bead is

(9)

Finally we can use the centripetal component of Newtons second law to show the ring is exerting an inward

(i.e., toward O) normal force on the bead equal to half of

the beads weight at its point of maximum speed.

(Submitted by Carl E. Mungan, U. S. Naval Academy,

Annapolis, MD)

We also recognize the following successful contributors:

Philip Blanco (Grossmont College, El Cajon, CA)

Phil Cahill (The SI Organization, Inc., Rosemont, PA)

Don Easton (Lacombe, Alberta, Canada)

Supriyo Ghosh (KolKata, India)

Fredrick P. Gram (Cuyahoga Community College,

Cleveland, OH)

Gerald E. Hite (TAMUG, Galveston, TX)

Art Hovey (Galvanized Jazz Band, Milford, CT)

Jos Ignacio iguez de la Torre (Universidad de Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain)

Philip Keller (Holmdel High School, Holmdel, NJ)

Matthew W. Milligan (Farragut High School, Knoxville,

TN)

Daniel Mixson (Naval Academy Preparatory School,

Newport, RI)

Clark M. Neily, Jr. (Hermons of Alaska Christian

School, Allston, MA)

Thomas Olsen (TAOM Tutoring, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)

Pascal Renault (John Tyler Community College, Midlothian, VA)

Joseph Rizcallah (School of Education, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon)

Daniel Schumayer (University of Otago, Dunedin, New

Zealand)

Robert Siddon (U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD)

Jason L. Smith (Richland Community College, Decatur,

IL)

Cssio dos Santos Sousa, student (Instituto Tecnolgico

de Aeronutica, So Paulo, Brazil)

Clint Sprott (University of Wisconsin Madison, WI)

Robert Stewart (retired, Forestburgh, NY)

Hiroki Sugimoto, student (Embry-Riddle Aeronautical

University, Daytona Beach, FL)

We ask that all solutions, preferably in Word format, be

submitted to the dedicated email address

challenges@aapt.org. Each message will receive an automatic acknowledgment.

The subject line of each message should be the same as the

name of the solution file (see the instructions below).

The deadline for submitting the solutions is the last day of

the corresponding month.

We can no longer guarantee that well publish every successful solvers name; each month, a representative selection of names will be published, both in print and on the

web.

If your name isfor instanceLisa Randall, please name

the file Randall16March (do not include your first

initial) when submitting the March 2016 solution.

If you have a message for the Column Editor, you may

contact him at korsunbo@post.harvard.edu; however,

please do not send your solutions to this address.

As always, we look forward to your contributions and hope

that they will include not only solutions but also your own

Challenges that you wish to submit for the column.

Many thanks to all contributors and we hope to hear from

many more of you in the future!

Boris Korsunsky

- Electromagnetism II 2012Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- May 2015Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- Apr 2010Uploaded byFabiano Nitolo Antonagi Campos
- Feb 2015Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- August 2015Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- Sept 2015Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- March 2015Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- Sep 2014Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- Spectrum February 2015Uploaded byshreeji2017
- PsyhForYouMay2015Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- Nov 2014Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- Feb 2014Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- September 2015Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- 01.pdfUploaded bySankar Kumarasamy
- Dec 2014Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- Sep 2013Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- October 2015Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- ChemistryToday December 2015Uploaded bySoumya
- Oct 2012Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- May 2012Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- Jan 2010Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- Feb 2016Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- Sep 2010Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- Oct 2010Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- Iit Jee VideosUploaded bySesha Sai Kumar
- Jan 2016Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- msrch 2010Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- SpectrumMathemDecem2015.pdfUploaded byREDDY
- Nov 2015Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- december.pdfUploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης

- Thermodynamic and Statics GrainerUploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- crux maths 2018.pdfUploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- Real Analysis via Sequences an Series. Charles Little, Teo Kee, Bruce Van BruntUploaded byJaime Trujillo
- Physics for Youfebruaty 2013Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- November 2015Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- Crux Mathematicorum 37Uploaded byXristos Demirtzoglou
- Mag 2013Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- STEP Paper 2 2014Uploaded byPatbal
- September 2015Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- mathematics magazine 2003.pdfUploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- _4JWd3zYZHaUploaded byChhim Tykoykinds
- October 2015Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- Mathematics Magazine 2012Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- Crux Maths 2012Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- Lectures on Geometrical OpticsUploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- march-2016Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- Physics for You - June 2013 (Gnv64)Uploaded byHimanshu Sanadhya
- kaczor IUploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- STEP Paper 1 2014Uploaded byPatbal
- STEP 1 2015Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- April-2016Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- Hints and Solutions 2015Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- STEP 3 2015Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- Feb 2014Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- Jan-2016Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- STEP 2 2015Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- Feb-2016Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- Jan 2014Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- december.pdfUploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης

- Fluent.4.boundary.pptUploaded byYunching Leong
- 12th-science-hsc-physics-numericals.pdfUploaded bycolorado wilderness
- 4305_5401_PS2_Solns_W2008Uploaded byscoobeeney
- CHAPTER 03.docxUploaded bySk Sherwani
- DRAG COEF..pdfUploaded byBartosz Reszka
- Joukowski MappingUploaded byzero lift
- Practica III Graficos CinematicaUploaded byYobinson Cruz
- How Do Wings WorkUploaded bythonwer
- Test for EcatUploaded byKamran Ali
- Unit 1 Properties of FluidsUploaded byVinay Korekar
- A new k-eddy-viscosity model for high Reynolds number turbulent flowsUploaded byZakMan
- CFD LES of Jets in Cross Flow and Its Application.pdfUploaded bymojicap
- DTU Wind Speed Course CupsUploaded byAlfie Cocteau
- ITA-vs-NITAUploaded byAttique Javaid
- 04 - friction-forces and energy conservation.docxUploaded byBradley Nartowt
- Computational FluidUploaded byAntarip Poddar
- Chapter 3. Drag Force and its Coefficient_noPW.pdfUploaded byashoku2
- papamoschou2008.pdfUploaded bySujesh G Prabhakar
- hydraulics and pneumaticUploaded bysurendar
- CFD Numerical simulation of a jet in crossflow..pdfUploaded bymojicap
- Chapter1 QuestionsUploaded byRiyad Mohammed
- 2008 Int ANSYS Conf Particulate Modeling in Ansys CfdUploaded byrongweius
- Metric Errata Document Nov2012Uploaded byNene
- M12Mae Report - HypermeshUploaded byUday Shankar
- 11th FinalUploaded byYogesh Chauhan
- 3 Free FallingUploaded byAhmed Maged
- The Pelton WheelUploaded byJoseph Gazalet
- Boundary LayerUploaded byRob Foreman
- Question Bank_6912100454af3a47cb525f672e3d3620Uploaded byShivang Agarwal
- 1 - Flowmeters - Alfino Alomairah AmideiUploaded byLorenz Banada

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.