You are on page 1of 10

RIFA Insecticides and Other Organophosphates

:
Use Pattern, Concentration and Toxicity in Runoff
Water, Source Identification, and Mitigation
Measures

March 1999-June 2000

Dave Kim, Johanna Walters, Kean S. Goh
Department of Pesticide Regulation
www.cdpr.ca.gov/docs/rifa

Outline





Introduction
Monitoring
Runoff
Sources
Mitigation
Conclusions

September 21, 2000
Santa Ana RWQCB, Riverside

Aquatic Toxicity (LC50 ppb)
The Insecticides: RIFA





Bifenthrin (Talstar®)
Chlorpyrifos (Dursban®)
Fenoxycarb (Award®)
Hydramethylnon (Amdro®)
Pyriproxyfen (Distance®)
Diazinon

Chemical

R. Trout

D.
magna

C. dubia

Bifenthrin

0.15

0.16

na

Chlorpyrifos

3

1.7

0.13

Diazinon

2600

0.96

0.51

Fenoxycarb

1600

400

na

Hydramethylnon 160

1140

na

Malathion

170

1.8

1.14

Pyriproxyfen

>325

400

na

San Joaquin Marsh Preserve

Newport Bay Ecological Reserve

1

Irrigation Runoff:
base flow

fenoxycarb
chlorpyrifos
diazinon
malathion

5
bifenthrin
fenoxycarb
chlorpyrifos
diazinon
dimethoate
malathion

Concentration (ppb)

Concentration (ppb)

5

1

4
3
2
1
0

0

fenoxycarb
bifenthrin
% mortality

Central Irvine/ Hines Channel

Central Irvine/ Hines Channel

2

chlorpyrifos

Month

Month

3

100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

diazinon

Jun-99Sep-99Oct-99 Dec- Jan-00Feb-00 Mar- Apr-00 May- Jun-00
99
00
00

Jun- Sep- Oct- Dec- Jan- Feb- Mar- Apr- May- Jun99 99 99 99 00 00 00 00 00 00

4

100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

Mortality of C. dubia (%)

bifenthrin

10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0

Mortality of C. dubia (%)

9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0

el modeno Gardens

Concentration (ppb)

Concentration (ppb)

el modeno gardens

May- Jun- Sep- Oct- Dec- Jan- Feb- Mar- Apr- May- Jun99 99 99 99 99 00 00 00 00 00 00

May- Jun- Sep- Oct- Dec- Jan- Feb- Mar- Apr- May- Jun99 99 99 99 99 00 00 00 00 00 00

Month

Month

malathion
dimethoate
diazinon
chlorpyrifos
fenoxycarb
bifenthrin
% mortality

2

Bordier's
5

Concentration (ppb)

bifenthrin
4

chlorpyrifos
diazinon

3

malathion

2
1
0
Jun- Sep- Oct- Dec- Jan- Feb- Mar- Apr- May- Jun99
99
99
99
00
00
00
00
00
00

dimethoate

100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

1

dimethoate
diazinon
chlorpyrifos
% mortality

r-99
Apr
-9 9
Ma
y-9
9
Jun
-9 9
Sep
-99
Oct
-9 9
Dec
-9 9
Jan
-00
Feb
-00
Ma
r-00
Apr
-0 0
Ma
y-0
0
Jun
-00

0

Bonita Creek
2
Concentration (ppb)

0

malathion

Ma

1

malathion

Ma r
-99
Apr
-99
Ma y
-99
Jun
-99
S ep
-99
Oct
-99
Dec
-99
Jan00
F eb
-00
Ma r
-00
Apr
-00
Ma y
-00
Jun
-00

Concentration (ppb)

chlorpyrifos
diazinon

Concentration (ppb)

2

2

Mortality of C. dubia (%)

San Diego Creek

San Diego Creek

diazinon
malathion

1

0
Sep-99 Oct-99 Dec-99 Jan-00 Feb-00 Mar-00 Apr-00 May-00 Jun-00

3

Concentration (ppb)

2
malathion
diazinon
% mortality

1

0

100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

Mortality of C. dubia (%)

Bonita Creek

Sep- Oct- Dec- Jan- Feb- Mar- Apr- May- Jun99 99 99 00 00 00
00 00 00

Westcliff Park

chlorpyrifos

2
diazinon
malathion

1

Concentration (ppb)

3

0

100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

2

1

0
Dec-99 Jan-00 Feb-00 Apr-00 May-00 Jun-00

malathion
diazinon
chlorpyrifos
% mortality

Dec-99 Jan-00 Feb-00 Apr-00 May-00 Jun-00

East Garden Grove Channel
3

Concentration (ppb)

Concentration (ppb)

3

Mortality of C. dubia (%)

Westcliff Park

chlorpyrifos
diazinon
malathion

2

1

0

Jun- Sep- Oct- Dec- Jan- Feb- Mar- Apr- May- Jun99
99
99
99
00
00
00
00
00
00

4

Bolsa Chica Channel

East Garden Grove Channel

Concentration (ppb

diazinon
chlorpyrifos

2

% mortality

1

0
Jun-99

Se p-99

O ct-99

Dec-99

Jan-00

Fe b-00

Mar-00 Apr-00 May-00 Jun-00

100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

3

diazinon
Concentration (ppb)

malathion

Mortality of C. dubia (%)

3

dimethoate
2

malathion

1

0
Apr- May- Jun- Sep- Oct- Dec- Jan- Feb- Mar- Apr- May- Jun99
99
99
99
99
99
00
00
00
00
00
00

Concentration (ppb)

3

2

100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

malathion
dimethoate
diazinon
%mortality

1

Ap
r-99
Ma
y-9
9
Jun
-99
Sep
-99
Oc t
-99
De
c-9
9
Jan
-00
Feb
-00
Ma
r-0 0
Ap
r-00
Ma
y-0
0
Jun
-00

0

Mortality of C. dubia (%)

Bolsa Chica Channel

Arroyo Trabuco

Arroyo Trabuco

Mortality of C. dubia (%)

Oct
-99
De c
-99
Ja n
- 00
Feb
-0 0
Ma
r-0 0
Apr
- 00
Ma
y- 0
0
Jun
-0 0

9

-99

Jun
-9

S ep

Ma
y- 9
9

99

99

0
Apr
-

0

1

Apr
-

malathion

99

diazinon

99

chlorpyrifos

Apr
-

1

2

Apr
-

pyriproxyfen

Ma
r-9 9

hydramethylnon

100
90
chlorpyrifos
80
pyriproxyfen
70
hydramethylnon 60
fenoxycarb
50
bifenthrin
40
% mortality
30
20
10
0
diazinon

Concentration (ppb)

fenoxycarb

malathion

3

Ma
r-9 9

bifenthrin

Ma
r-99
Ma
r-99
Ap
r-99
A pr
-99
A pr
-99
A pr
-99
Ma
y-9
9
Ju n
-99
Sep
-99
Oc
t-99
Dec
-9 9
Ja n
-00
Fe b
-00
Ma
r-00
Ap
r-00
Ma
y-0
0
Ju n
-00

Concentration (ppb)

2

5

2

diazinon

1

malathion

Concentration (ppb)

chlorpyrifos

100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

1

Apr
-99
May
-99
Sep
-99

99
Oc
t-99
D ec
-9 9
Jan
-00
Feb
-00
Ma
r-0
0
Ap
r -0
0
Ma
y -0
0
Jun
-0 0

9

Sep
-

99
Ma
y-

Ap
r -9

malathion
diazinon
chlorpyrifos
% mortality

Oct
-99
Dec
-99
Jan
-00
Feb
-00
Mar
-00
Apr
-00
May
-00
Jun
-00

0

0

G- Drain at Bee Canyon
1.5

6

5

1

4

Storm Runoff
3

0.5

2

1

0

0
1

2

3

4

5

6

Samp ling Int erval

M arshburn Slough

F- Hine s Channe l
1.5

6

6

4

3

0.5

2

1

Bifenthrin concentration
(ppb)

1

Concentration (ppb)

5
5

4

1

3
0.5

2
1

0

Bifenthrin concentration
(ppb)

1.5

Concentration (ppb)

Concentration (ppb)

2

Mortality of C. dubia (%)

San Juan Creek

San Juan Creek

0
1

2

3

4

5

6

Sam pling Inte r val
0

0
1

2

3

4

Sampling Interval

5

6

fe n o xyc a rb

hydra m e t hylno n

pyripro xyfe n

c h lo pyrifo s

dia zino n

m a la thio n

bife nthrin

6

San Die go Cre e k

D- Bonita Cree k
1.5

6

1.5

6

Concentration (ppb)

5
1

5

4
1

4

3
0.5

2
1

0

3

0.5

2

0
1

2

3

4

5

6

1

Sam pling Inte r val
fe no xyc a rb

hydra m e thylno n

pyripro xyfe n

c hlo pyrifo s

dia zino n

m a la thio n

0

0
1

bife nthrin

2

3

4

5

6

S a mp l i ng Int e rv a l

We stcliff Park
1.5

6

Concentration (ppb)

5
4

1

3
0.5

Insecticide Use Pattern

2
1

0

0
1

2

3

4

5

6

Sam pling Inte r val
fe no xyc a rb

hydra m e thylno n

pyripro xyfe n

c hlo pyrifo s

dia zino n

m a la thio n

bife nthrin

Bifenthrin Use Reported, Orange Co. 1999
(5,180 lbs ai)
STRUCTURAL
PEST CONTROL
6%
STRAWBERRY
2%

SOIL
APPLICATION
(RIFA)
75%

LANDSCAPE
MAINTENANCE
2% NURSERY
13%

RIGHTS OF
WAY
2%

Diazinon Use Reported in Orange Co. 1999
24,323 lbs ai

LANDSCAPE
3%
VEGETABLES
1%
NURSERY
5%

STRUCTURAL
PEST
CONTROL
91%

7

LANDSCAPE
1%
NURSERY
3%

Chlorpyrifos Use in Orange Co. 1999
79,306 lbs ai
STRAWBERRY
1%

Orange Co. Use Report 1999 (lb ai)
300

LEMON
1%

250

PYRIPROXYFEN

200

FENOXYCARB

150

HYDRAMETHYLNON

100
50
STRUCTURAL
PEST
CONTROL
94%

0
1995 1996
1997 1998
1999

Mitigation

8

9

0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0

Inflow

athio
n

Detections
• Single detect: hydramethylnon,
pyriproxyfen
• Nursery: Bifenthrin, Fenoxycarb,
Diazinon, Chlorpyrifos, Malathion,
Dimethoate
• Urban: Diazinon, Chlorpyrifos
Malathion, Dimethoate

Prevention & Mitigation
Insecticide Application
Irrigation Management
Water Recovery
Sediment Pond
Buffer Strip

Conclusions

meth
id

on
diazin

rin

Outflow

bif en
th

Concentration (ppb)

Canna Filter Strip (June 2000)

Toxicity
• Nursery sites:
– 18: Bifenthrin, Diazinon, Chlorpyrifos,
Malathion
– 1 unknown
– 2 non toxic

• Urban and integrated sites:
– 27 Diazinon, Malathion, Chlorpyrifos
– 27 unknown
– 21 non toxic

Acknowledgments

California Dept of Food and Agriculture
Center for Analytical Chemistry
Department of Fish and Game
Orange County Dept of Agriculture
Regional Water Quality Control Board
UC Cooperative Extension
Bordiers Nursery
el modeno Gardens
Hines Nursery

www.cdpr.ca.gov/docs/rifa

10