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Annotated Bibliography on Alcoholism

Jaime Avendano

University of Texas at El Paso

Agarwal, D. P., & Seitz, H. K. (2001). Alcoholic liver disease. In, Alcohol in Health and
Disease. (pp.335-338). New York: CRC Press.
Alcoholism is a widely thought to be a multifactorial, polygenic disorder involving
complex gene with gen and gen with environment interactions. They conducted a study
with 280 subjects with alcoholic liver injury, and they found out that within 48 months of
follow up in the experiment of inducing alcohol, more than half of those subjects died
from cirrhosis. The cirrhosis give the most number of deaths taking first on the most
lethal diseases related with alcohol. This is important to my investigation since it show
how strong an alcoholic disease can be. The study also explains how the ethanol and a
bad nutrition can destroy the pancreas and liver which is the cause of other popular
alcohol related diseases.
Black, C. (2001). Family Violence. In, It Will Never Happen to Me: Growing up with Addiction
As Youngsters, Adolescents, and Adults. (pp.85-104) Center City, Minn: Hazelden.
Living in an addictive family means to live with psychological and physical damage, the
kids are the most damaged members in this situations since they are harmless and this
environment takes a major role during their development. In this type of families there is
a 66% probability that the kids are abused which leads to develop a higher tolerance with
the violence. The physical action isnt the only thing that affect the children also the
verbal one since they make emotional scars that can alter in a big magnitude their
conscience. This is important to my investigation since explains how you affect others
while you are in that state like your wife or your children which care about you. And also
that being in a dysfunctional family can contribute to your alcoholism since as a child
you perceived as something normal.
Choate, P. W. (2015). Adolescent Alcoholism and Drug Addiction: The Experience of Parents.
Behavioral Sciences (2076-328X), 5(4), 461-476. doi:10.3390/bs5040461
Alcohol addiction in youth people is one of the most difficult ones since they are in a
transition where they are looking for their place in this world and addictive substances
can take a bad role during this times. The parents are very affected when they discover
their childs addiction so most of them dont find the correct way to approach them. In
the moment of helping them, the parents feel powerless since they try everything for their

child and nothing seems to work. This is very important to my research since most of the
people think that the parents are the ones who have a drinking problem and make a
dysfunctional family, but in some cases they child is the reason of that dysfunctionality.
Other factor is that youth people are in a transition when the hormones change the attitude
of someone, but adding an addictive substance such as alcohol can be very lethal to their
Donahue, W. (2013). When Father has a drinking problem. U.S. Catholic, 78(6), 23-27.
People who have a drinking problems arent aware of what damage are doing, the more
you cover them, the more easily they can stay in that distorted belief system where they
think that there is no problem for drinking. People can fall under this circumstances by
other problems, such as stress for the work, relationship problems or emotional issues.
This article is relevant to my investigation since it talks about how people get into
alcoholism while they are avoiding other problems such as stress at work. You are guilty
while you cover their addiction since is your responsibility to help the people that you
care of because they are recurring to someone who helps them. The people who
overcome their problems generally is because of the support of their loved ones, which
help them during their entire treatment.
Flax, P. (2016). The drinking problem that you already have. Men's Health, 31(3), 91-95.
It is difficult to accept that you have a drinking problem, only 17% of drinkers had
discussed their problem with a doctor. This small amount of people get prejudiced by that
choice since most of the doctors send you with a counselor who was a former addictive
which is mostly to have only a high school diploma. You must enter to a rehab center
since it is difficult to overcome this problem by yourself, you can do it by setting limits
about how much are you going to drink. This is very relevant to my investigation since it
shows numbers of how many people declare their problem, and also the measurement of
alcohol in drinks. They also talk about how difficult is to overcome alcoholism and how
important is the first step which is recognizing that you have a problem.
Fletcher, A. M. (2001). Its Not How Much You Drink: How the Masters Faced Up to Their
Alcohol Problems. In, Sober for Good: New Solutions for Drinking Problemsadvice
From Those Who Have Succeeded. (pp. 26-30) Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

Publishing Company.
It is difficult to know when you overpass the line of normal drinking, every addiction
starts with something small like an occasional beer that turns into an entire 12 pack. To
start an alcohol treatment the first step is to admit the problem which is very difficult
since most of the people cant admit it. The excuses are the ones that stop this first steps
since everyone will have one for hiding their problem and not facing it. This is important
to my investigation since it explains the cause of why people do not face their problems
that are the excuses, but when someone decides to step over is just a matter of
persistence. The excuses are along the entire treatment since they are always in the three
steps of the problem admitting, overcoming it and staying clean.
Freeman, D. (2011, September 15). 12 Health Risks of Chronic Heavy Drinking. Retrieved from
Heavy drinking can cause up to 60 diseases but the most popular ones are anemia, cancer
cardiovascular disease, cirrhosis, dementia, depression, seizures, gout, infectious
diseases, nerve damage and pancreatic Cancer. Between this diseases one of the most
lethal is cancer which is caused when the body converts alcohol into acetaldehyde, a
potent carcinogen. Other deadly disease is the cardiovascular disease caused by heavy
drinking which makes platelets more likely to clump together into blood clots, which can
lead to heart attack or stroke. This is important to my investigation since most of the
people think that the only cause of death for heavy drinking is liver cancer but there are
other 60 alcohol related diseases that can cause death. It is also important since it explains
in detail who the alcohol creates those diseases for example the cancer and cardiovascular
Galanter, M., American Society of Addiction, M., & Research Society on, A. (2000). Medical
Consequences of Alcoholism. In, The Consequences of Alcoholism: Medical,
Neuropsychiatric, Economic, Cross-cultural. (pp.1-8) New York: Springer.
The current knowledge that we have on alcohol and how it acts on the hepatic
metabolism and its toxicity are summarized. The most sever alcohol induced alterations
occur in the liver, and cirrhosis of the liver are common cause of death. Alcohol is a

small molecule that is water and lipid soluble, thank to this it readily permeates all organs
of the body and affect most of their vital function, mainly in the liver. This is
relevant to my research since it explains in detail how the alcohol causes cirrhosis which
is a common cause of death between alcoholics. Other key point in this information is
that states how the alcohol not only affects the liver but other organs since it has a unique
solubility, this is very important to my investigation, since it describes that other organs
are affected beside the liver, because of its toxicity.
Galvani, S. (2012). Working with people using substances In, Social Work in Practice Series:
Supporting People with Alcohol and Drug Problems: Making a Difference. (pp.15-36)
Bristol, GBR: -Policy Press.
The stereotypical images take a major role in todays society, since we relate an alcoholic
person as someone who looks depressed and doesnt take care of his/hers appearance.
This is major problem since this images may reflect some people, but they are not an
accurate representation of what this people look like, they can vary from gender, ethnic,
age or class. People generally start using alcohol to experience something new, have fun,
feel more confident, take a risk, rebel, relax and escape pain. This book help me with my
research since it describes the causes that make people fall in this problem, for example
when someone drink to have fun, but it becomes an addiction since it is not the same as
when they didnt drink. Also it states that its difficult to recognize people under this
condition since, they look like they dont have problems.
Maltzman, I. (2008). A Biosociobehavioral Disease Conception of Alcohol. In, Alcoholism: Its
Treatments and Mistreatments. (pp.1-24) New Jersey: World Scientific Publishing
The causes of alcoholism can differ from individual to individual, for example it can be
an inherent biochemical abnormality, genetic influence, family pathology, social learning
process conflictual emotions, social cultural influences, self- regulation failure, or
personal choice. The alcoholism is well known for the diseases that it causes, for example
cancer, infectious diseases and non-infectious diseases such as cardiovascular disease.
This information is relevant to my investigation since it explain that there are other
causes for alcoholism than the common one of social influence, which is presented in

individuals from 16-25. It also explains the self-regulation failure which is the cause of
alcoholism for adults. Other main point that the e-book states is the diseases that are
caused by alcoholism, which are very important for my research, since they are one of
the main points used to convince people to stop drinking.
Melinda Smith, M. (2016, February 1). Alcohol Abuse Treatment and Self-Help. Retrieved from
Overcoming an addictive disease can be difficult but is possibly with the help of your
friends, and also yours. There is popular 12 steps method to stop drinking which can be
summarized in: Commitment, setting goals, doing it safely, build a new life, plan triggers,
get support, start a treatment. It is your own choice if you want to overcome it nobody
can do it for you, they are just a support but you will need to beat it by yourself. This is
relevant to my investigation since it mentions the 12 steps treatment which is a popular
technique to quit Alcohol. And also because it describes how to make correctly each step
according your needs.
Nordqvist, C. (2015, September 8). What is an Alcoholic? How to treat Alcoholism. Retrieved
Alcohol abuse is referred to people that dont present the characteristic of alcoholism but
still they have a problem with it, while alcoholism is referred to people who has a serious
problem with alcohol and its causing problems with their home, work and financial
situation. An Alcoholic person is considered the one who drinks alone, drinks secretly,
feels an urge to drink or requires a large quantity of alcohol to feel its effect. In United
States of America an estimated 30% of Americans have reported to be in an alcohol
disorder at some time of their lives, 15% of Americans are binge drinkers and between
7%-10% are consider to have an alcohol dependency according to the National Institute
of Health. This information is very useful to my investigation since it provides numbers
to my investigation, which help to get more impact. Other important thing is that they
define in detail what an alcoholic person, which is one of my key points of my

Samuels, H. C., & O'Boyle, J. (2013). The story of my addiction. In, Alive Again. (pp.17-24)
Somerset, US: Wiley.
It is a testimony of a person that beat the alcoholism and write how he did it, and he
stated that he couldnt beat it if it wasnt for her brothers, sisters and friends who always
were there for him the most difficult times. The two biggest challenges for him were
recovering the trust of his friends and family since alcoholic persons are recognized for
lying, and the manipulation. This disease is difficult since there isnt a treatment were
you just take a pill and its over, its a long and painful time of desointoxication where
the mind is the only treatment. This is relevant to my investigation since it supports my
past arguments were the family and friends take a major role in helping a person with this
disease. Other thing mentioned is the manipulation and lying of this individuals since in
that state they only goal is to obtain more of the substance even if they hurt people to get
Shively, R. (2015). Alcoholism: Some Hopeful Steps for Corrections. Corrections Today, 77(2),
Alcoholism has many effects in the human body, which lead to many dangerous diseases
such as cancer, liver disease, pancreatitis and heart disease. One of the main parts
damaged by excessive drinking is the brain since the long lasting effects in the frontal
lobe caused by alcohol can decrease the grey and white matter. This is a serious problem
since the frontal lobe is in charge of the behavior, abstract thinking, cognitive flexibility,
judgment and problem solving. This is very important to my investigation since it
explains that alcohol not only affects the liver but also other parts of the body such as the
liver, pancreas and heart. Other thing mentioned is that there is damage in the brain in a
specific part called frontal lobe which deals with the judgment, this is very important
since one of the problems that people who has addictions is the lack of judgment that is
caused for excessive drinking.
Stim, R. (2016). Texas DUI and DWI Laws. Retrieved from
The penalties in Texas for drunk driving consist in offences, the first offence has a range
of jail of 3-180 days and up to 2000 dollars of fines. The second offence has a range of
jail of 30 days-1 year and up to 4000 dollars of fines. The third offence has a range of jail

of 180 days-2 years and up 10,000 dollars. This is important because besides hurting
yourself when you are an alcoholic, you can hurt other people will driving in a drunk
state. They also explain in detail how the penalties work and how much money and jail
time you must complete or pay in case you break one of them.