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Trinomials

Guided Notes

1

Name:

Pd:

Factoring Trinomials

Clear Targets:

Concept:

When factoring polynomials, we are doing reverse multiplication or un-distributing.

Remember: Factoring is the process of finding the factors that would multiply together to make a certain polynomial.

Example A.

Multiply: 6(3 2 7 4)

Factor by GCF: 18 3 42 2 24

Multiply: (3 2 1)(7 + 6)

Factor by Grouping: 21 3 + 18 2 7 6

Example B.

Strategy:

Strategy for Factoring Trinomials:

Step 1: Multiply the first and third coefficients to make the magic number. Make sure your trinomial is in

descending order.

Step 2: Write out the factor table for the magic number.

Step 3: Play the X Game: Circle the pair of factors that adds up to equal the second coefficient. If there is no possible

pair that will work, the polynomial cannot be factored using this method.

Step 4: Rewrite the middle term (the term with only an x) of the trinomial using the pair of factors you circled.

Step 5: You should now have four terms in your polynomial, so use factor by grouping to complete the problem.

1.

2 2 + 17 + 21

2.

22 + 15 + 7

3.

2 + 6 27

4.

2 + 7 + 10

5.

9 2 11 + 2

6.

2 13 + 36

7.

2 36

8.

8 2 10 3

Practice Work:

Directions: Factor each polynomial. Show all of your work!

1.

2 2 63

2.

3.

2 + 8 9

4.

5.

2 4 45

6.

2 + 90

2 7 + 12

2 10 + 16

Multi-Step Factoring

Sometimes, you will have to use more than one factoring strategy to

complete a problem. Most commonly, you will need to pull out a GCF

first, then factor the trinomial.

Practice:

7.

8.

52 + 30 + 40

62 60 + 150

9.

22 6 4

10.

4 2 + 52 + 160

11.

5 3 30 2 + 45

12.

4 3 + 482 + 108

Due Date:

Name:

Pd:

1. 2 + 18 + 81

2. 2 13 + 30

3. 2 + 12 + 32

4. 2 6

5. 2 + 14 + 48

6. 5 2 11 12

7. 22 11 63

8. 3 2 5 28

9. 7 2 + 52 + 60

10. 3 2 + 31 70

This second parge is all multi-step factoring problems. Be sure to check for GCF first, then factor the remaining trinomial!

11. 20 2 104 + 20

13. 18 2 120 42

14. 9 2 + 87 + 54

17. 3 2 + 11 + 8

18. 92 39 30

19. 2 2 + 25 + 63

20. 5 2 + 48 + 20

Name: KEY

Pd:

Clear Targets:

Concept:

When factoring polynomials, we are doing reverse multiplication or un-distributing.

Remember: Factoring is the process of finding the factors that would multiply together to make a certain polynomial.

Example A.

Example B.

Multiply: 6(3 2 7 4)

Factor by GCF: 18 3 42 2 24

18 3 42 2 24

6(3 2 7 4)

Multiply: (3 2 1)(7 + 6)

Factor by Grouping: 21 3 + 18 2 7 6

: 21 3 + 18 2 7 6

(3 2 1)(7 + 6)

Strategy:

Strategy for Factoring Trinomials:

Step 1: Multiply the first and third coefficients to make the magic number. Make sure your trinomial is in

descending order.

Step 2: Write out the factor table for the magic number.

Step 3: Play the X Game: Circle the pair of factors that adds up to equal the second coefficient. If there is no possible

pair that will work, the polynomial cannot be factored using this method.

Step 4: Rewrite the middle term (the term with only an x) of the trinomial using the pair of factors you circled.

Step 5: You should now have four terms in your polynomial, so use factor by grouping to complete the problem.

1.

2 2 + 17 + 21

2.

(2 + 1)( + 7)

(2 + 3)( + 7)

3.

2 + 6 27

( 3)( + 9)

22 + 15 + 7

4.

2 + 7 + 10

( + 5)( + 2)

10

5.

9 2 11 + 2

6.

2 13 + 36

( 9)( 4)

( 1)(9 2)

7.

2 36

( + 6)( 6)

8.

8 2 10 3

(2 3)(4 + 1)

11

Practice Work:

Directions: Factor each polynomial. Show all of your work!

1.

2 2 63

2.

2 + 90

( 9)( + 10)

( 9)( + 7)

3.

2 + 8 9

4.

2 7 + 12

( 3)( 4)

6.

2 10 + 16

( + 9)( 1)

5.

2 4 45

( 9)( + 5)

( 2)( 8)

12

Multi-Step Factoring

Sometimes, you will have to use more than one factoring strategy to

complete a problem. Most commonly, you will need to pull out a GCF

first, then factor the trinomial.

Practice:

7.

52 + 30 + 40

5( + 2)( + 4)

8.

62 60 + 150

6( 5)( 5)

9.

22 6 4

2( + 2)( + 1)

10.

4 2 + 52 + 160

4( + 5)( + 8)

11.

5 3 30 2 + 45

5( 3)( 3)

12.

4 3 + 482 + 108

4( + 3)( + 9)

13

Due Date:

Name:

Pd:

1. 2 + 18 + 81

2. 2 13 + 30

( + 9)( + 9)

3. 2 + 12 + 32

( 10)( 3)

4. 2 6

( + 4)( + 8)

5. 2 + 14 + 48

( + 2)( 3)

6. 5 2 11 12

( + 6)( + 8)

7. 22 11 63

(5 + 4)( 3)

8. 3 2 5 28

(2 + 7)( 9)

9. 7 2 + 52 + 60

(7 + 10)( + 6)

(3 + 7)( 4)

10. 3 2 + 31 70

(3 10)( 7)

14

This second parge is all multi-step factoring problems. Be sure to check for GCF first, then factor the remaining trinomial!

11. 20 2 104 + 20

4(5 1)( 5)

5(5 9)( 4)

13. 18 2 120 42

6(3 + 1)( 7)

14. 9 2 + 87 + 54

3(3 + 2)( + 9)

4( + 6)( 8)

5(5 2)( 7)

17. 3 2 + 11 + 8

(3 + 8)( + 1)

18. 92 39 30

3(3 + 2)( 5)

(2 + 7)( + 9)

20. 5 2 + 48 + 20

(5 + 2)( 10)

19. 2 2 + 25 + 63

15

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