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Factoring

Trinomials
Guided Notes
1

Algebra 1 Notes Packet

Name:
Pd:

Factoring Trinomials
Clear Targets:

I can factor trinomials with and without a leading coefficient.

Concept:
When factoring polynomials, we are doing reverse multiplication or un-distributing.
Remember: Factoring is the process of finding the factors that would multiply together to make a certain polynomial.
Example A.
Multiply: 6(3 2 7 4)

Factor by GCF: 18 3 42 2 24

Multiply: (3 2 1)(7 + 6)

Factor by Grouping: 21 3 + 18 2 7 6

Example B.

Strategy:
Strategy for Factoring Trinomials:
Step 1: Multiply the first and third coefficients to make the magic number. Make sure your trinomial is in
descending order.
Step 2: Write out the factor table for the magic number.
Step 3: Play the X Game: Circle the pair of factors that adds up to equal the second coefficient. If there is no possible
pair that will work, the polynomial cannot be factored using this method.
Step 4: Rewrite the middle term (the term with only an x) of the trinomial using the pair of factors you circled.
Step 5: You should now have four terms in your polynomial, so use factor by grouping to complete the problem.

Directions: Factor each polynomial.


1.

2 2 + 17 + 21

2.

22 + 15 + 7

3.

2 + 6 27

4.

2 + 7 + 10

5.

9 2 11 + 2

6.

2 13 + 36

7.

2 36

8.

8 2 10 3

Practice Work:
Directions: Factor each polynomial. Show all of your work!
1.

2 2 63

2.

3.

2 + 8 9

4.

5.

2 4 45

6.

2 + 90

2 7 + 12

2 10 + 16

Multi-Step Factoring
Sometimes, you will have to use more than one factoring strategy to
complete a problem. Most commonly, you will need to pull out a GCF
first, then factor the trinomial.
Practice:
7.

8.

52 + 30 + 40

62 60 + 150

9.

22 6 4

10.

4 2 + 52 + 160

11.

5 3 30 2 + 45

12.

4 3 + 482 + 108

Due Date:

Name:

Pd:

Factoring Trinomials Homework


1. 2 + 18 + 81

2. 2 13 + 30

3. 2 + 12 + 32

4. 2 6

5. 2 + 14 + 48

6. 5 2 11 12

7. 22 11 63

8. 3 2 5 28

9. 7 2 + 52 + 60

10. 3 2 + 31 70

Factoring Trinomials Homework Page 2


This second parge is all multi-step factoring problems. Be sure to check for GCF first, then factor the remaining trinomial!

11. 20 2 104 + 20

12. 25 2 145 + 180

13. 18 2 120 42

14. 9 2 + 87 + 54

15. 20 2 + 136 + 192

16. 252 + 185 70

17. 3 2 + 11 + 8

18. 92 39 30

19. 2 2 + 25 + 63

20. 5 2 + 48 + 20

Algebra 1 Notes Packet - KEY

Name: KEY
Pd:

Factoring Trinomials - KEY


Clear Targets:

I can factor trinomials with and without a leading coefficient.

Concept:
When factoring polynomials, we are doing reverse multiplication or un-distributing.
Remember: Factoring is the process of finding the factors that would multiply together to make a certain polynomial.
Example A.

Example B.

Multiply: 6(3 2 7 4)

Factor by GCF: 18 3 42 2 24

18 3 42 2 24

6(3 2 7 4)

Multiply: (3 2 1)(7 + 6)

Factor by Grouping: 21 3 + 18 2 7 6

: 21 3 + 18 2 7 6

(3 2 1)(7 + 6)

Strategy:
Strategy for Factoring Trinomials:
Step 1: Multiply the first and third coefficients to make the magic number. Make sure your trinomial is in
descending order.
Step 2: Write out the factor table for the magic number.
Step 3: Play the X Game: Circle the pair of factors that adds up to equal the second coefficient. If there is no possible
pair that will work, the polynomial cannot be factored using this method.
Step 4: Rewrite the middle term (the term with only an x) of the trinomial using the pair of factors you circled.
Step 5: You should now have four terms in your polynomial, so use factor by grouping to complete the problem.

Directions: Factor each polynomial.


1.

2 2 + 17 + 21

2.

(2 + 1)( + 7)

(2 + 3)( + 7)

3.

2 + 6 27

( 3)( + 9)

22 + 15 + 7

4.

2 + 7 + 10

( + 5)( + 2)

10

5.

9 2 11 + 2

6.

2 13 + 36

( 9)( 4)
( 1)(9 2)

7.

2 36

( + 6)( 6)

8.

8 2 10 3

(2 3)(4 + 1)

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Practice Work:
Directions: Factor each polynomial. Show all of your work!
1.

2 2 63

2.

2 + 90
( 9)( + 10)

( 9)( + 7)

3.

2 + 8 9

4.

2 7 + 12
( 3)( 4)

6.

2 10 + 16

( + 9)( 1)

5.

2 4 45
( 9)( + 5)

( 2)( 8)

12

Multi-Step Factoring
Sometimes, you will have to use more than one factoring strategy to
complete a problem. Most commonly, you will need to pull out a GCF
first, then factor the trinomial.
Practice:
7.

52 + 30 + 40
5( + 2)( + 4)

8.

62 60 + 150
6( 5)( 5)

9.

22 6 4
2( + 2)( + 1)

10.

4 2 + 52 + 160
4( + 5)( + 8)

11.

5 3 30 2 + 45
5( 3)( 3)

12.

4 3 + 482 + 108
4( + 3)( + 9)

13

Due Date:

Name:

Pd:

Factoring Trinomials Homework


1. 2 + 18 + 81

2. 2 13 + 30
( + 9)( + 9)

3. 2 + 12 + 32

( 10)( 3)

4. 2 6
( + 4)( + 8)

5. 2 + 14 + 48

( + 2)( 3)

6. 5 2 11 12
( + 6)( + 8)

7. 22 11 63

(5 + 4)( 3)

8. 3 2 5 28
(2 + 7)( 9)

9. 7 2 + 52 + 60
(7 + 10)( + 6)

(3 + 7)( 4)

10. 3 2 + 31 70
(3 10)( 7)

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Factoring Trinomials Homework Page 2


This second parge is all multi-step factoring problems. Be sure to check for GCF first, then factor the remaining trinomial!

11. 20 2 104 + 20
4(5 1)( 5)

12. 25 2 145 + 180


5(5 9)( 4)

13. 18 2 120 42
6(3 + 1)( 7)

14. 9 2 + 87 + 54
3(3 + 2)( + 9)

15. 20 2 + 136 + 192


4( + 6)( 8)

16. 252 + 185 70


5(5 2)( 7)

17. 3 2 + 11 + 8
(3 + 8)( + 1)

18. 92 39 30
3(3 + 2)( 5)

(2 + 7)( + 9)

20. 5 2 + 48 + 20
(5 + 2)( 10)

19. 2 2 + 25 + 63

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