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Practice Exam: Paper 1
Topic 4: Bonding

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SL
1.

What is the correct Lewis structure for hypochlorous acid, a compound containing chlorine, hydrogen and oxygen?

A.

B.

C.

D.
2.

3.

4.

Which compound forms hydrogen bonds in the liquid state?
A.

C2H5OH

C.

CH3CHO

B.

CHCl3

D.

(CH3CH2)3N

How do the bond angles in CH4, NH3 and H2O compare?
A.

CH4

=

NH3

=

H 2O

B.

CH4

<

NH3

<

H 2O

C.

NH3

<

CH4

<

H 2O

D.

H2O

< NH3

<

CH4

Which combination of the characteristics of element X, a metal, and element Y, a non metal, is most likely to
lead to ionic bonding?
X

Y

A.

low ionization energy

high electronegativity value

B.

low ionization energy

low electronegativity value

C.

high ionization energy

high electronegativity value

D.

high ionization energy

low electronegativity value

1

5.

6.

Which particles are responsible for electrical conductivity in metals?
A.

Anions

C.

Electrons

B.

Cations

D.

Protons

Which molecule has a non-bonding (lone) pair of electrons on the central atom?
A.

BF3

C.

CO2

B.

SO2

D.

SiF4

7.
When C2H2, C2H4 and C2H6 are arranged in order of increasing carbon-carbon bond strength (weakest bond
first), what is the correct order?

8.

9.

A.

C2H2, C2H4, C2H6

B.

C2H2, C2H6, C2H4

C.

C2H6, C2H4, C2H2

D.

C2H6, C2H2, C2H4

The number of electrons in the valence shell of elements A and B, are 6 and 7 respectively. What is the formula
and type of bonding in a compound formed by these elements?
A.

A2B, covalent

C.

A2B, ionic

B.

AB2, covalent

D.

AB2, ionic

Lewis structures are represented in different ways in different parts of the world. Two ways of drawing the
Lewis structure for H3O+ are shown below.

Which statement is correct about H3O+?
A.

The ion has a tetrahedral shape.

B.

The H–O–H bond angle is 120°.

C.

The H–O–H bond angle is 90°.

D.

The ion has a trigonal pyramidal shape.

2

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

Which statement best describes metallic bonding?
A.

Electrostatic attractions between oppositely charged ions

B.

Electrostatic attractions between a lattice of positive ions and delocalized electrons

C.

Electrostatic attractions between a lattice of negative ions and delocalized protons

D.

Electrostatic attractions between protons and electrons

Which is the best description of the bonding present in the ammonium ion, NH4+?
A.

Sharing of electrons between atoms

B.

Electrostatic attraction between ions

C.

Electrostatic attraction between positive ions and delocalized electrons

D.

Sharing of electrons between atoms and electrostatic attraction between ions

The formula of cerium(III) sulfate is Ce2(SO4)3. What is the correct formula of cerium(III) phosphate?
A.

CeP

C.

Ce3(PO4)2

B.

Ce2(PO4)3

D.

CePO4

Which molecule has the shortest carbon-oxygen bond length?
A.

CH3COOH

B.

CH3CH2OH

C.

CO2

D.

CO

Which pair of compounds is arranged in correct order of relative boiling points?

Lower Boiling Point

Higher Boiling Point

A.

H 2S

H2O

B.

NH3

PH3

C.

HF

HCl

D.

CH3COOH

CH3CH2OH

3

15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

Which statement about the bonding between carbon atoms is correct?
A.

In C60 fullerene each carbon atom is covalently bonded to three other carbon atoms.

B.

In C60 fullerene each carbon atom is covalently bonded to four other carbon atoms.

C.

In graphite each carbon atom is covalently bonded to four other carbon atoms.

D.

In graphite each carbon atom forms a double covalent bond with three other carbon atoms.

Which intermolecular forces exist between molecules of carbon monoxide, CO?
A.

Hydrogen bonds and van der Waals’ forces

B.

Dipole-dipole attractions and van der Waals’ forces

C.

Van der Waals’ forces only

D.

Dipole-dipole attractions only

What is the formula of magnesium fluoride?
A.

Mg2F3

B.

Mg2F

C.

Mg3F2

D.

MgF2

What is the shape of the ammonia molecule, NH3?
A.

Trigonal planar

B.

Trigonal pyramidal

C.

Linear

D.

V-shaped (bent)

Which molecule is polar?
A.

CH2Cl2

B.

BCl3

C.

Cl2

D.

CCl4

4

20.

21.

22.

Which substance can form intermolecular hydrogen bonds in the liquid state?
A.

CH3OCH3

B.

CH3CH2OH

C.

CH3CHO

D.

CH3CH2CH3

Which compound has a covalent macromolecular (giant covalent) structure?
A.

MgO(s)

B.

Al2O3(s)

C.

P4O10(s)

D.

SiO2(s)

The electronegativities of four different elements are given below (the letters are not their chemical symbols).

Element

W

X

Electronegativity
0.9
1.2
Based on this information which statement is correct?

23.

A.

W is a non-metal.

B.

W and X form an ionic compound.

C.

Y is a metal.

D.

Y and Z form a covalent compound.

Y

Z

3.4

4.0

Which species contain a dative covalent bond?
I.

HCHO

II.

CO

III.

H3O+

A.

I and II only

B.

I and III only

C.

II and III only

D.

I, II and III

5

24.

25.

26.

27.

28.

Which substance is made up of a lattice of positive ions and free moving electrons?
A.

Graphite

B.

Sodium chloride

C.

Sulfur

D.

Sodium

Which order is correct when the following compounds are arranged in order of increasing melting point?
A.

CH4 < H2S < H2O

B.

H2S < H2O < CH4

C.

CH4 < H2O < H2S

D.

H2S < CH4 < H2O

What are the correct formulas of the following ions?
Ammonium

Hydrogencarbonate

Phosphate

A.

NH4+

HCO32–

PO4–

B.

NH3+

HCO3–

PO43–

C.

NH4+

HCO32–

PO42–

D.

NH4+

HCO3–

PO43–

What happens when magnesium metal reacts with chlorine gas?
A.

Each magnesium atom loses two electrons and each chlorine atom gains two electrons.

B.

Each magnesium atom gains one electron and each chlorine atom loses one electron.

C.

Each magnesium atom loses two electrons and each chlorine atom gains one electron.

D.

Each magnesium atom gains one electron and each chlorine atom loses two electrons.

Which is the best description of ionic bonding?
A.

The electrostatic attraction between positively charged nuclei and an electron pair

B.

The electrostatic attraction between positive ions and delocalized negative ions

C.

The electrostatic attraction between positive ions and delocalized electrons

D.

The electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions

6

29.

30.

Which is the best description of the bonding present in silicon dioxide, SiO2?
A.

Each silicon atom forms four single covalent bonds to oxygen atoms.

B.

Each silicon atom forms two double covalent bonds to oxygen atoms.

C.

Each silicon atom forms two single covalent bonds to oxygen atoms.

D.

Each silicon atom forms four double covalent bonds to oxygen atoms.

Which statement best describes the intramolecular bonding in HCN(l)?
A.

Electrostatic attractions between H+ and CN– ions

B.

Only van der Waals’ forces

C.

Van der Waals’ forces and hydrogen bonding

D.

Electrostatic attractions between pairs of electrons and positively charged nuclei

HL
1.

2.

3.

4.

How many σ and π bonds are present in a molecule of propyne, CH3CCH?
σ

π

A.

5

3

B.

6

2

C.

7

1

D.

8

0

Which species does not contain delocalized electrons?
A.

CH3CH2O–

C.

O3

B.

CH3CO2–

D.

NO3–

How many sigma and pi bonds are there in propyne, CH3CCH?
A.

2 sigma and 2 pi

C.

6 sigma and 2 pi

B.

7 sigma and 1 pi

D.

5 sigma and 3 pi

Which species does not have delocalized electrons?
A.

NO3–

C.

O3

B.

NO2–

D.

C3H6

7

5.

In which compound are all the carbon atoms sp2 hybridized?

6.

In which substance does a carbon atom have sp2 hybridization?

7.

8.

9.

A.

2-methylbutan-1-ol

B.

Propyne, CH3CCH

C.

C60 fullerene

D.

Diamond

How many lone pairs and bonding pairs of electrons surround xenon in the XeF4 molecule?
Lone pairs

Bonding pairs

A.

4

8

B.

0

8

C.

0

4

D.

2

4

The Lewis structure of XeF2 contains two bonding pairs of electrons and three non-bonding pairs of electrons
(lone pairs) around the central xenon atom. What is the shape of XeF2 molecule?
A.

Bent

C.

Square planar

B.

Trigonal bipyramidal

D.

Linear

How many sigma (σ) bonds are present in (CH3)2C=CClCH2CH3?
A.

1

C.

16

B.

4

D.

17

8

10.

The graph below shows the first four ionization energies of four elements A, B, C and D (the letters are not
their chemical symbols). Which element is magnesium?

11.

Which molecule has an octahedral shape?

12.

13.

A.

SF6

C.

XeF4

B.

PCl5

D.

BF3

Which species have delocalized electrons?

A.

I and II only

C.

II and III only

B.

I and III only

D.

I, II and III

Identify the hybridization of carbon atoms in this molecule

1

2
3

3
2

4
2

A.

sp

sp

sp

B.

sp2

sp2

C.

sp3
sp

sp2
sp

D.

2

sp

sp2
sp

sp2
sp
sp
sp2

9

14.

15.

16.

17.

Which structure has delocalized π electrons?
A.

O3

B.

CO

C.

HCN

D.

CO2

How many bonding pairs and lone pairs of electrons surround the sulfur atom in the SF4 molecule?
Bonding pairs

Lone pairs

A.

4

1

B.

4

0

C.

6

0

D.

8

2

Which of the following best describes the formation of π bonds?
A.

They are formed by the sideways overlap of parallel orbitals.

B.

They are formed by the axial overlap of orbitals.

C.

They are formed by the sideways overlap of an s and p orbital.

D.

They are formed by the axial overlap of either s or p orbitals.

What is the type of hybridization of the silicon and oxygen atoms in silicon dioxide?
Silicon

18.

Oxygen

A.

3

sp

sp3

B.

sp3

sp2

C.

sp2

sp3

D.

sp2

sp2

How many sigma (σ) and pi (π) bonds are present in the structure of HCN?
σ

π

A.

1

3

B.

2

3

C.

2

2

D.

3

1

10