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Corey Bessetti

English 102
March 8th, 2016
Annotated Bibliography
I do not know much about Benito Mussolini, but this is what I do know. Benito
Mussolini grew up at a young age getting involved in politics with his father. He went off to
Swiss to study Marxism, but actually fled to Swiss because he didnt want to be called up in the
army with his class. Mussolini was thrown in prison for about 3 months. Later on in life, he
became the prime minister of Italy and developed a relationship with the Pope. He led Italy into
a socialism and fascism era, and changed the Italian political culture. He entered his country into
WWII alongside Hitler, which was part of the Axis side of WWII. He was later overthrown by
the people out of government for the choices that he had made. Mussolini, before he passed
away, wrote an autobiography about his life, and how he rose to power in descriptive detail. The
reason why I chose Benito Mussolini as my topic is because I found wars interesting, and I like
to know how different cultures change when someone new is in charge of the country.
I went about looking for my sources by being taught on how to find them. I took part in
three classes that taught me how to find books, and online articles on our schools library page. I
used Edinboros library page to look up topics on Mussolini, and his rise to power. I also used a
database called Academic Search Complete to help me find articles on or related to Benito
Mussolini, or the era of fascism. The common theme I have found for my research is Benitos
rise to power, and how the rise of fascism came to Italy.

Aristotle, Kallis. "The 'Third Rome" of Fascism: Demolitions and the Search for a New Urban
Syntax." Journal of Modern History 84.1 (2012): 40-79. Academic Search Complete.
Web. 8 Mar. 2016.
The Article looks into how Urban Rome was constructed under the Dictator Benito
Mussolini. It concentrates on how Rome should look, and how the dictatorship wanted to
change it into the fascism Italy they had. The article Shows how they planned to build
the city with visuals, and descriptive text.
Bond, John. Mussolini, The Wild Man of Europe. Washington: Independent, 1929. Print.
This book focuses on the main points of Mussolinis life. It talks about how Mussolini
was attracted to women, and also tried to flee when his class in school got called up to the
army. He was arrested and imprisoned for 3 months. The book mentions a friend ship
between the Pope and Mussolini, as they try to find ways to make Italian Fascism better.

Didier, Musedlak. "Religion and Political Culture in the Thought of Mussolini." Totalitarian
Movements & Political Religions 6.3 (2005): 395-406. Academic Search Complete. Web.
8 Mar. 2016.
This Article explains how the culture changed when Benito Mussolini took power. It
explains how the government changed, how he went to Swiss to learn about Marxism,
and different languages he knew while running the government like German, English,
and French. The article also mentions how Mussolini was able to turn Italy from a
socialist standpoint, to a fascism point of view.
Finer, Herman. Mussolini's Italy. Hamden: Archon, 1964. Print.

The book analyzes Mussolinis point of view of his life, and looks into his character as a
person. It recognizes the rise of fascism, and how it was achieved under the dictator
Benito Mussolini. It explains how he rose to power, and how Italy switched from
socialism to fascism.
Fraddosio, Maria. "The Fallen Hero: The Myth of Mussolini and Fascist Women in the Italian
Social Republic (1943-1945)." Journal of Contemporary History 31.1 (1996): 99.
Academic Search Complete. Web. 8 Mar. 2016.
This article examines how women were treated during the era of fascism and under the
dictator of Benito Mussolini. It explains how women responded to the demands of the
government, and how women worked during this era. The article looks into how women
took part in fascist party activities, and what it was like for women living in the era.
Luca, Larovere. "Interpretations of Fascism as a Political Religion in Post-Fascist Italy (1943
1948)." Politics, Religion & Ideology 15.1 (2014): 23-44. Academic Search Complete.
Web. 8 Mar. 2016.
Megaro, Gaudens. Mussolini in the Making. New York: Howard Fertig, 1967. Print.
This book explains how Benito Mussolini was a fan of Socialism, and fascism, as he used
it to lead Italy under his command. The book reflects his personal achievements in his
early life, and while he was dictator of Italy. The text is descriptive, and gives facts about
Benito Mussolinis rein of power.
Mussolini, Benito. My Autobiography by Benito Mussolini. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons,
1928. Print.

This book talks about Benito Mussolinis early life, and how he rose to power. Benitos
autobiography talks about his father, and how he was influenced at an early age to get
involved in politics. He later explains how he rose to power, and lead a march to Rome
to change the city into fascism.
Patrick, Bernhard. "Borrowing from Mussolini: Nazi Germany's Colonial Aspirations in the
Shadow of Italian Expansionism." Journal of Imperial & Common Wealth History 41.4
(2013): 617-43. Academic Search Complete. Web. 8 Mar. 2016.
This article focuses on the debate of a relationship between Hitler and Mussolini. It
argues that Nazi Germany was basically based around Fascist Italy. Mussolini was a
forceful figure and people in both Germany and Italy followed his ways of fascism.
Villari, Luigi. Italian Foreign Policy Under Mussolini. New York: Devin-Adair, 1956. Print.
This book examines how the Italy government was running under the power of
Mussolini. It talks about how Mussolini lead Italy into WWII, and described why the
conflicts happened between the countries of WWII. Italian Policy was recognized finally
after attacking different countries, in which those countries accepted the foreign policy of
Mussolini.