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You are on page 1of 52

Basic Questions

Table of Contents

I.

ELECTRICITY:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

II.

Gausss Law

Electric Potential

Capacitance and Dielectrics

Current, Resistance and E.M.F.

Direct-Current Circuits

Magnetic Fields and Magnetic Forces

Sources of Magnetic Fields

RELATIVITY:

1

5

10

13

17

20

24

27

31

Mechanics Part 2

Mechanics Part 3

Mechanics Part 4

Mechanics Part 5

Mechanics Part 6

Mechanics Part 7

Mechanics Part 8

35

38

41

50

53

57

60

62

65

V.

WAVES:

Chapter 15 (Mechanical Waves)

Chapter 16 (Sound and Hearing)

SABIS Proprietary

71

76

Chapter 21:

Electric Charge and Electric Field

[chap 21-page 717]

Solution:

The magnitude of the electric force between two point charges is directly

proportional to the product of the charges and is inversely proportional to the

square of the distance between them.

F

(b)

k q1q2

r2

Two point charges, q1 = -3.0 nC and q2 = +5.0 nC are separated by a distance of 2.0

cm. Find the magnitude of the electric force that q1 exerts on q2.

[chap 21-page 720]

Solution:

(c)

9

9

k q1q2 k 3.0 10 5.0 10

F

3.37 104 N

2

2

r

2 m

2.0 cm 10

cm

[chap 21-page 722]

Solution:

charge q0 placed in the field divided by the charge q0 (providing q0 is small

enough so as not to disturb the charges generating the field).

B 2. (a) Find the magnitude of the electric field at a field point 4.0 m from a point charge

q = 2.0 nC.

[chap 21-page 724]

Solution:

(b)

9

k q k 2.0 10

E E 2

1.12 N/C

r

(4.0)2

The electric field caused by a certain charge at a distance 2.0 cm from the charge is

4.5 x 105 NC-1 away from the charge. What is the charge?

[chap 21-page 725]

SABIS Proprietary

Solution:

kq

E E 2 q

2.0 108 C

r

k

k

Since the field is away from the charge, the charge is positive

q 2.0 108 C

B 3. (a) Find the distance from a charge of 16 nC where the electric field due to the charge has

a magnitude of 4.0 x 104 NC-1.

Solution:

9

k q k 16 10

E 2

4.0 109

r

r2

k .(16 109 )

r

6.00 102 m

4

4.0 10

(b)

A point charge q = 6.00 nC is located at the origin. What is the magnitude of the

electric field vector at the point of coordinates (- 15.0 cm, - 20.0 cm)?

[chap21-page 725]

Solution:

+y

15

P

kq

E 2

r

Q = 6.00 nC

+x

20

k 6.00 109

(0.15) 2 (0.20) 2

B 4. Three charges lie along the x-axis as shown in the diagram. The positive charge q1 = 4.00

C is at x = 4.00 m, and the positive charge q2 = 8.00 C is at the origin. A negative charge

q3 is placed on the x-axis such that the resultant force on it is zero. What is the x-coordinate

of q3?

O

q3

q1

q2

[chap 21-page 720]

Solution:

The changes q1 and q2 exert forces on q3: F13 and F23 since the resultant force

is zero.

SABIS Proprietary

Fx 0 F13 F23

k . q1 q3 k . q2 q3

(r13 ) 2

(r23 ) 2

q

q

8 106 4 106

12 22

(r13 )

(r23 )

x2

(4 x) 2

x2

32 16 x 2 x 2 x 2

2

16 8 x x

2

x 16 x 32 0

b

16 128

x

x 13.66 or x 2.34

2a

2

x is a distance so it must be positive, x is also between 0 and 4 as given in the

figure:

16 128

x

2.34 m

2

x

BG 5.

y

q2 -

+ q3

a

q1 +

Consider three point charges located at the corners of a triangle, as shown in the diagram,

where q1 = q3 = 3.00 C, q2 = - 8.00 C, and a = 0.120 m.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(f)

Calculate the angle the resultant force makes with the positive x-axis.

[chap 21-page 721]

Solution:

Since q2 and q3 are of opposite sign, the force F2 by q2 on q3 is an attractive

force.

SABIS Proprietary

tan 1

a

tan 1 1 450

a

(a)

6

6

k q1 q3 k 3.00 10 3.00 10

F1

2.81N

2

(r13 )2

a2 a2

(b)

F2

(c)

(d)

Ry F1 y F2 y F1 sin 45 i 0 1.99i N

(e)

(f)

tan 1

6

6

k q2 q3 k 8.00 10 3.00 10

15 N

(r23 )2

a2

1.99

0

tan 1

8.7 with the positive x-axis

Rx

13.01

Ry

B 6.

y

P

+

q1

q2

A charge q1 = 8.00 C is located at the origin, and a second charge q2 = -3.00 C is located

on the x-axis 0.800 m from the origin, as shown in the diagram. Point P has coordinates

(0, 0.600) m.

SABIS Proprietary

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(f)

Calculate the angle the resultant electric field makes with the positive x-axis.

[chap 21-page 728]

Solution:

Since q2 is negative, the electric field at P due to q2 is towards q2.

tan 1

0.6

3

tan 1 36.870

0.8

4

(a)

6

k q1 k 8.00 10

E1

2

2

(r1 )

0.6

(b)

k 3.00 106

k q2

E2

2

2

2

(r2 )

0.6 0.8

(c)

(d)

(e)

SABIS Proprietary

(f)

x

E

x

BG 7.

--------------------

v0

E

+ +| + + + + + + + + + + +

An electron of mass 9.11 x 10-31 kg enters the region of a uniform electric field as shown

in the diagram, with v0 = 2.00 x 106 m/s and E = 300 N/C. The width of the plates is l =

0.250 m.

G

(a)

(b)

Find the time it takes the electron to travel through the region of the electric field.

(c)

What is the vertical displacement y of the electron while it is in the electric field?

(d)

Calculate the speed of the electron as it emerges from the electric field.

Solution:

direction opposite to the direction of the electric field.

(a)

(b)

Fe

Fe E.e (300 j )(1.60 1019 ) 4.8 1017 N j

q0

F mg

Fy ma Fe mg ma a e

5.27 1013 j m/s 2

m

a 5.27 1013 m/s 2 vertically downwards

E

SABIS Proprietary

(c)

(d)

X

0.250

t 1.25 107 s

6

V0 2.00 10

1

1

y at 2 Voy t at 2 0

2

2

1

y (5.27 1013 j )(1.25 107 ) 2 0.412 m j

2

V

V Vx2 Vy2 6.88 106 m/s; tan 1 y 73.10

Vx

V 6.88 106 m/s at an angle of 73.10 below the +ve x-axis

B 8. (a) In a thundercloud there may be an electric charge of + 30.0 C near the top and 30.0

C near the bottom. These charges are separated by approximately 3.00 km. Find the

magnitude of the electric force between them.

[chap 21-page 720]

Solution:

(b)

k q1 q2 k 30 30

8.99 105 N

r2

(3 103 )2

What are the magnitude and direction of the electric field that will balance the weight

of three protons, of mass 1.67 x 10-27 kg each?

[chap 21-page 725]

Solution:

+y

Fy 0

Fe

Fe mg

E q0 m.g

E

3.m proton .g

3 q proton

3 1.60 10

19

mg

must also be vertically upwards:

B 9. A 45.0-g insulating sphere carries a charge Q = - 40.0 C and is suspended by a silk thread

from a fixed point. An external electric field which is uniform and vertical downward is

applied.

(a)

The applied electric field has a magnitude of 2.00 x 103 N/C. What is the tension in the

thread?

Solution:

SABIS Proprietary

+y

Fy 0 T Fe mg

T mg Fe

T (0.045)(9.8) E q0

T (0.045)(9.8) (2.00 103 )(40.0 10 6 )

T 0.361N

(b)

T

Fe

Q = 40.0 C

The applied electric field holds the sphere in place above the fixed point of suspension,

and the tension in the thread is 0.450 N. Find the magnitude of the electric field.

[chap 21-page 722]

Solution:

downwards:

+y

Fy 0 Fe T 0 E.q0 j (mg ) j (0.450) j

Fe

(9.8)(0.045) j (0.450) j

E

40.0 106

Q = 40.0 C

4

E 2.23 10 N/C j

T

SABIS Proprietary

Chapter 22:

Gausss Law

BG 1.

G

(a)

[chap 22-page 759]

Solution:

The total electric flux through any closed surface is directly proportional to

the net electric charge enclosed within the surface.

E E.dA

(b)

[chap 22-page 761]

Solution:

G

(c)

[chap 22-page755]

Solution:

G

(d)

Give the expression of the magnitude of the electric field outside a charged conducting

sphere.

[chap 22- page 762]

Solution:

Let the Gaussian surface be a sphere with radius R larger than that of the

conducting sphere.

point.

E E.dA

qenc

E .dA

0;cos 1 E.dA

qenc

qenc

E cos dA

E.4 R 2

SABIS Proprietary

qenc

qenc

qenc

4 R 2 0

10

BG 2.

G

(a)

What Gaussian surface is used to find the electric field outside an infinitely long

charged wire?

[chap 22-page 763]

Solution:

G

(b)

A cylinder with the wire as its axis and with ends perpendicular to the wire.

The radius of the cylinder is R and the length is L.

[chap 22-page 764]

Solution:

E = E since E points perpendicularly away from the sheet at every point.

E E.dA

but E 1 2 3 ; 3 0 since E 0

1 E.dA E .dA E dA EA

& 2 E.dA E .dA E dA EA

E 1 2 2 EA

0

.A

2 EA

E

0

2 0

(c)

qenc

1

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

E

2

3 represents the lateral area of the cylinder.

q

Surface charge density =

A

What is the magnitude of the field between oppositely charged parallel conducting

plates?

[chap 22-page 765]

Solution:

(d)

The shaded conductor shown in the figure carries a total charge of Q = +7.0 nC. The

charge within the cavity, insulated from the conductor, is q = -2.0 nC. What is the

charge on the inner surface of the conductor?

SABIS Proprietary

11

Solution:

B 3.

S!

S3

S2

q2

q4

q3

q1

q5

S4

Four closed surfaces S1 through S4, together with the charges q1, q2, q3, q4 and q5 are

sketched in the figure. q1 = -4Q, q2 = +Q, q3 = -2Q, q4 = -3Q, q5 = -Q

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

[chap 22-page 759]

Solution:

4Q

(a)

qenc

(b)

qenc

q1 q2 q3 q5

(c)

qenc

q3 q4 q5

(d)

qenc

q5

q1

4Q Q 2Q Q

2Q 3Q Q

6Q

6Q

B 4. (a) A point charge Q = 7.00 C is located at the centre of a cube of side L = 0.150 m. Six

other point charges, each carrying a charge q = -1.50 C, are positioned symmetrically

around Q, inside the cube. What is the electric flux through one face of the cube?

(permittivity of free space = 8.85 x 10-12)

Solution:

qenc

Q 6q

0

E through one face = E 6 3.77 104 b

SABIS Proprietary

22.6 104 b

12

(b)

The total electric flux through a closed surface in the shape of a cylinder is

4.80 x 104 Wb. What is the net charge within the cylinder?

(permittivity of free space = 8.85 x 10-12)

[chap 22-page 759]

Solution:

qenc

B 5. A thin square conducting plate 35.0 cm on a side lies in the xy plane. A total charge of

1.96 x 10-8 C is placed on the plate. (permittivity of free space = 8.85 x 10-12).

(a)

(b)

What is the magnitude of the electric field just above the plate?

[chap 22-page 764]

Solution:

q 1.96 108

A (0.35)(0.35)

(a)

(b)

1.6 10

2 0

2 0

9.04 10 N/C

3

BG 6. A conducting spherical shell of radius 13.0 cm carries a net charge of 5.07 C uniformly

distributed on its surface.

G

(a)

Find the magnitude of the electric field just outside the shell.

(b)

(c)

What is the magnitude of the electric field at a point very far away from the shell?

[chap 22-page 762]

Solution:

qenc

5.07 106

2

2

4 r 0 4 (0.13) . 0

(a)

(b)

E = 0 since qenc = 0

(c)

qenc

;as r , E 0

4 r 2 0

B 7. A conducting spherical shell having an inner radius of 5.00 cm and outer radius of 6.00 cm

carries a net charge of 9.00 C. If a +4.00 C point charge is placed at the centre of the

shell, determine the surface charge density on:

SABIS Proprietary

13

(a)

(b)

[chap 22-page 767]

Solution:

inner surface of the shell. Consequently the charge on the outer surface of the

shell is +13.00 mC (since 13 + (4) = 9)

(a)

inner

2

2

Ainner

4 r

4 (0.05)

(b)

outer

2

2

Aouter

4 r

4 (0.06)

B 8.

Two infinite, nonconducting sheets of charge are parallel to each other as shown in the

figure.

(a)

Both sheets have positive uniform charge densities 1 = 2 = 5.31 x 10-4 C/m2. What is

the electric field at point A?

Solution:

E1 E2

+

+

+

+

+

E2

+

+

+

+

+

+

1

Plate 1

+

+

+

+

E1 + C

+

+

+

+

+

+

2

Plate 2

E1

E2

+x

SABIS Proprietary

14

* Note:

(a)

points away from it.

2) the electric field caused by a negatively charged plate always

points towards it.

plates 1 and 2 respectively:

Etotal E1 E2

(5.31104 )

2 0 2 0

0

0

(b)

Both sheets have positive uniform charge densities 1 = 2 = 5.31 x 10-4 C/m2. What is

the electric field at point B?

Solution:

(c)

At B, the two electric fields E1 and E2 are equal in magnitude and opposite

in direction; they cancel so: EB 0 N/C .

Both sheets have positive uniform charge densities 1 = 2 = 5.31 x 10-4 C/m2. What is

the electric field at point C?

Solution:

and 2 respectively:

5.31104

Etotal E1 E2

2 0 2 0

0

0

EC 6.0 107 N/Ci

(d)

The sheet on the left has a uniform surface density 1 = 5.31 x 10-4 C/m2, and the one

on the right has a uniform charge density 2 = -5.31 x 10-4 C/m2. What is the electric

field at point A?

Solution:

E1

A E2

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

1

Plate 1

SABIS Proprietary

E1

E2

E2

2

Plate 2

+x

E1

15

(d)

respectively) are equal in magnitude

but opposite in

2

0

(e)

The sheet on the left has a uniform surface density 1 = 5.31 x 10-4 C/m2, and the one

on the right has a uniform charge density 2 = -5.31 x 10-4 C/m2. What is the electric

field at point B?

Solution:

and 2 respectively:

5.31104

Etotal E1 E2

2 0 2 0

0

0

(f)

The sheet on the left has a uniform surface density 1 = 5.31 x 10-4 C/m2, and the one

on the right has a uniform charge density 2 = -5.31 x 10-4 C/m2. What is the electric

field at point C?

[chap 22-page 765]

Solution:

EC 0 N/C

B 9.

E1

E2

A non-uniform electric field is directed along the x-axis at all points in space. The

magnitude of the field varies with x, but not with respect to y and z. The axis of a cylindrical

surface, 1.00 m long and 0.500 m in diameter, is aligned parallel to the x-axis. The electric

fields E1 and E2, at the ends of the cylindrical surface, have magnitudes 5.00 x 103 N/C and

1.50 x 103 N/C respectively, and are directed as shown in the diagram.

(a)

Find the electric flux entering the cylindrical surface at the left end.

(b)

Find the electric flux leaving the cylindrical surface at the right end.

(c)

[chap 22-page 755]

(d)

[chap 22-page 760]

Solution:

(a)

E E1.dA E .dA E . dA E A

left

SABIS Proprietary

16

(b)

right

E2 .dA E .dA E2 . dA E2 A

1.5 10

r 1.5 10 0.25

2

This flux is out of the surface, therefore: Eright 93.75 b

(c)

(d)

total

total

qenc

qenc 6.08nC

BG 10.

Three hollow, concentric spherical conductors are charged as follows: The inner sphere

carries -2Q, the middle sphere carries +3Q and the outer sphere carries -Q.

(a)

(b)

[chap 22-page 767]

Solution:

entirely on the outer surface of the innermost sphere. This induces a charge

of +2Q on the inner surface of the middle sphere. Since the total charge on

the middle sphere is +3Q, we conclude that the charge on the outer surface of

SABIS Proprietary

17

the middle sphere is +Q. This induces a charge of Q on the inner surface of

the outermost sphere. The net charge on the outermost sphere is Q, so the

charge on the outer surface of the outermost sphere is 0.

(a)

+Q

(b)

SABIS Proprietary

18

Chapter 23:

Electric Potential

BG 1.

G

(a)

What is the electric potential energy of two point charges q and q0 a distance r apart?

[chap 23-page 784]

Solution:

(b)

1

4 0

qq0

r

A pair of charged metal plates (the top is negative and the bottom is positive) sets up

a uniform electric field with magnitude E. What are the direction and magnitude of

the force exerted on a positive charge q placed in that field?

[chap 23-page 782]

Solution:

(c)

direction: vertically upwards

The potential at a certain distance from a point charge is 720 V, and the electric field

is 180 NC-1. What is the charge?

[chap 23-page 788]

Solution:

V E.x x 4m

V

kq

rV xV

q

3.20 107 C

r

k

k

BG 2.

G

(a)

The potential difference between two oppositely charged parallel metal plates is 120

V and the distance between them is 3.0 cm. Find the magnitude of the electric field

between the plates.

[chap 23-page 796]

Solution:

V 120

d 0.02

SABIS Proprietary

19

(b)

The potential difference between two oppositely charged parallel metal plates is 450

V. Find the work done on a charge of 40 mC as it moves from the higher potential

plate to the lower.

[chap 23-page 788]

Solution:

(c)

electric field, 240 J of work is done. What is the potential difference between M

and N?

[chap 23-page 788]

Solution:

BG 3.

G

(a)

VMN

12.0V

q0

20 106

A positive charge of 4.0 C is moved through an electric field to a point where the

potential is +250 V higher than before. Find the increase in the potential energy of

the system.

[chap 23-page 788]

Solution:

A proton, of mass 1.67 x 10-27 kg, is released from rest in a uniform electric field of

magnitude 7.50 x 104 V/m directed along the positive x-axis. The proton undergoes a

displacement of 0.600 m in the direction of E.

G

(b)

[chap 23-page 796]

(c)

Find the change in potential energy of the proton for this displacement.

[chap 23-page 781]

(d)

What is the speed of the proton after it has moved 0.600 m, starting from rest?

[chap 23-page 783]

Solution:

(b)

(c)

(d)

k.e q.V

1

1

mV 2 mV0 2 q(4.5 104 )

2

2

1

(1.67 1027 )V 2 0 (1.602 1019 )(4.5 104 )

2

SABIS Proprietary

20

BG 4.

G

A 3.00-C point charge is located at the origin, and a second point charge of 6.00 C is

located on the y-axis at the position (0,2.00) m.

(a) Find the total electric potential due to these charges at the point P, whose coordinates

are (1.50,0) m.

(b) What is the work required to bring a -3.00-C point charge from infinity to the point

P?

[chap 23-page 792]

Solution:

q2 =-6.00 C

2.02 1.52

2.02 +1.52

2.00 m

P

q1 =3.00 C

1.50 m

qi

1 3 106 6.0 106

3

3.60 10 V

2

2

ri 4 0 1.50

1.5 2

(a)

VP

(b)

W qV

. P 3.0 106 3.6 103 1.08 102 J

4 0

.

i

B 5. (a) What is the change in potential energy a 16.0-C charge experiences when it is moved

between two points for which the potential difference is 75.0 V?

[chap 23-page 790]

Solution:

(b)

The gap between the electrodes in a spark plug is 0.0800 cm. To produce an electric

spark in a gasoline-air mixture, an electric field of 4.50 x 106 V/m must be achieved.

When starting the car, what is the minimum voltage that must be applied by the

ignition circuit?

[chap 23-page 789]

Solution:

1m

3.6 103 V

102 cm

B 6. What is the speed of a proton, of mass 1.67 x 10-27 kg, that is accelerated from rest through a

potential difference of 105 V?

[chap 23-page 788]

SABIS Proprietary

21

Solution:

k.e q.V

1

1

mV 2 mV02 1.602 1019 105

2

2

V (1.42 105 ) m/s

*Note: the proton will accelerate from +ve to ve: V = Vfinal Vinitial since V

decreases as the proton moves from +ve to ve: V = 0 105 = 105

B 7. An electron, of mass 9.11 x 10-31 kg, moving parallel to the x-axis has an initial speed of

3.00 x 106 m/s at the origin O. Its speed is reduced to 2.10 x 105 m/s at point A. Find the

potential difference VAO of point A relative to the origin O.

[chap 23-page 788]

Solution:

k.e q.V

1

1

mVA2 mV02 q. VA V0 * Note :VA0 VA V0

2

2

1

(9.111031 ) VA2 V02 (1.602 1019 )(VA0 )

2

VA0 25.5 V

BG 8.

A q1

B q2

C

q3

The three charges in the figure are at the vertices of an isosceles triangle ABC, where

AB = AC = 5.00 cm, and BC = 4.0 cm. q1 = +4.00 C, q2 = q3 = -4.00 C. O is the

midpoint of BC.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d) A point charge q0 = 3.00 C is placed at O. Find the electric potential energy

associated with qo.

[chap 23-page 788]

SABIS Proprietary

22

Solution:

kq1

q

1

1 4.00 106

. 1

.

Vq1 7.85 105 V

r

4 0 AO 4 0 2.1103

(a)

Vq1

(b)

kq2

1 q2

1 4.00 106

Vq2

.

Vq2 1.80 106 V

r

4 0 OB 4 0

0.02

(c)

VTotal Vq1 Vq2 Vq3

(d)

q0

q

q q q q

. i 0 1 2 3 q0 .Vtotal

4 0 i ri 4 0 r1 r2 r3

U 8.45J

B 9. Two point charges Q1 = +7.00 nC and Q2 = -2.00 nC, are separated by 36.0 cm.

(a)

[chap 23-page 785]

(b)

[chap 23-page 788]

Solution:

(a)

(b)

3.5 107 J

2

r

(36.0 10 )

kQ1 kQ2 2k

2 (9 109 )

V V1 V2

(Q1 Q2 )

(7.00 2.00) 109

2

r

r

r

36.0 10

2

2

2

V 2.50 10 V 250V

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Chapter 24:

Capacitance and Dielectrics

BG 1.

(a)

[chap 24-page 816]

Solution:

A

d

0 kA

d

k: relative permittivity of the dielectric dielectric constant

permittivity of the dielectric; 0: permittivity of free space

(b)

plate area A and plates separated by a layer of dielectric constant K and thickness d.

[chap 24-page 830]

Solution:

G

(c)

(a)

A

d

0 kA

d

difference of 24.0V, find its capacitance.

[chap 24-page 817]

Solution:

BG 2.

Q 156 106

6.5 106 F

V

24.0

The plates of a parallel-plate capacitor in vacuum are 3.54 mm apart and 4.00 m2 in

area. Permittivity of free space = 8.85 x 10-12 F/m. Calculate its capacitance.

[chap 24-page 817]

Solution:

G

(b)

0 A

d

0 4.00

3.54 103

1.0 108 F

2.0 F

4.0 F

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9.0 F

24

Solution:

BG 3.

(a)

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

6

6

6

Ceq C1 C2 C3 2.0 10

4.0 10

9.0 10

2.0 F

4.0 F

9.0 F

Solution:

(b)

Ceq C1 C2 C3 (2.0 106 ) (4.0 106 ) (9.0 106 ) Ceq 1.5 105 F

A 0.25-F capacitor is charged so that the potential difference between its plates is

400 V. What is the stored energy?

[chap 24-page 824]

Solution:

1

1

U CV 2 0.25 106 (400) 2 2.0 102 J

2

2

B 4. (a) A capacitor of capacitance 25.0 F has a charge of 12.5 C. Find the stored energy.

6

Q 2 12.5 10

U

3.125 106 J

6

2C 2(25.0 10 )

2

Solution:

(b)

The potential difference across a capacitor is 60 V and its charge is 3.5 C. Calculate

the stored energy.

[chap 24-page 824]

Solution:

1

1

U QV 3.5 106 (60) 1.05 104 J

2

2

mm thickness of bakelite of relative permittivity 4.90 and dielectric strength 2.40 x 107 V/m.

Permittivity of free space 8.85 x 10-12.

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(a)

[chap 24-page 830]

(b)

[chap 24-page 833]

Solution:

(a)

C

0

2.32 1011 F

3

d

d

1.40 10

(b)

12

2

1

1

U max C.Vmax 2 2.32 1011 3.36 104 1.31102 J

2

2

BG 6.

(a)

capacitor, the plates carry a surface charge density of 35.0 nC/cm2. What is the

spacing between the plates?

Q .A

V

0 (175)

V

V A 0 A

d 0

4.43 106 m

9

4

A

d

35.0 10 10

V

C 0

Solution:

A small object with a mass of 300 g carries a charge of 20.0 nC and is suspended by a

thread between the vertical plates of a parallel-plate capacitor. The plates are separated by

5.00 cm. The thread makes an angle of 18.0 with the vertical.

(b)

(c)

(d)

[chap 24-page 817]

Solution:

(b)

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(c)

(d)

Fx 0 Fe Tx T sin18

F

T sin18

E E e

4.78 107 N/C

q0 20.0 109

V Ed 4.78 107 5.0 102 = 2.39 106 V

B 7.

C2

C1

C3

V

In the capacitor network shown in the figure: C1 = 4.00 F, C2 = 6.00 F, C3 = 3.60 F, V =

15.0V.

(a)

[chap 24-page 823]

(b)

[chap 24-page 823]

(c)

[chap 24-page 823]

(d)

[chap 24-page 817]

Solution:

(a)

1

1

1

1

1

C4 2.4 106 F

6

6

C4 C1 C2 4.00 10

6.00 10

(b)

Ceq C3 C4 3.60 106 2.4 106 6.0 106 F

(c)

C1 & C2 are in series Q1 = Q2

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V1 9.0 V

(d)

V3 = 15 V

Q

C3 3 Q3 C3V3 (3.60 106 )(9) 5.4 105 C

V3

BG 8. A 4.00-F capacitor and a 16.0-F capacitor are connected in series across a 50.0-V

supply line.

(a)

(b)

[chap 24-page 821]

G.

The charged capacitors are disconnected from the line and from each other and then

reconnected to each other, with terminals of like sign together.

(c)

[chap 24-page 821]

(d)

[chap 24-page 817]

Solution:

(a)

In series

1

1

1

1

1

6

Ceq C1 C2 4.00 10

16.0 106

(b)

(c)

* since C1 & C2 have two points in common, they are in parallel and V1

= V2 = V

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V 16.0 V

(d)

BG 9. The square plates of a 7.50-nF capacitor measure 50.0 mm by 50.0 mm and are separated

by a dielectric which is 0.250 mm thick. The voltage rating of the capacitor is 400 V.

Permittivity of free space = 8.85 x 10-12.

G

(a)

[chap 24-page 832]

(b)

[chap 24-page 830]

(c)

[chap 24-page 833]

Solution:

(a)

1

1

2

U max C.Vmax 2 7.50 109 400 6.0 1014 J

2

2

(b)

(c)

k 0 A

d .c

k

84.7

d

0 A

Vmax

400

3

d

0.25 10

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Chapter 25:

Current, Resistance and E.M.F.

B 1. (a) A current of 3.20 A flows through a bulb. How many coulombs of charge flow through

the bulb in 7.50 h?

Solution:

(b)

A wire of cross-sectional area 1.40 mm2 has 8.20 x 1027 free electrons per cubic metre.

The electrons, each of charge 1.60 x 10-19 C, drift at an average speed of 1.10 mm/s.

Find the current in the wire.

[chap 25-page 849]

Solution:

BG 2.

G

(a)

A wire of resistivity 9.42 x 10-8 m is 15.0 m long and has a radius of 2.00 mm. What

is its resistance?

[chap 25-page 853]

Solution:

(b)

l

A

l 9.42 108 15

0.112

r2

4 106

coefficient is 0.00600 (C)-1. Calculate its resistivity at 35.0 C.

[chap 25- page 852]

Solution:

BG 3.

G

(a)

2.51107 m

internal resistance 0.400 . What is the p.d across the 3.20- resistor?

Solution:

Rr

10.8

10.8

3A

3.2 0.4 3.6

V IR 3 3.2 9.60 V

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(b)

A cell of e.m.f. 12.0 V and internal resistance 1.50 is connected across a 2.50-

resistor. Find the charge which passes any point in the circuit in three minutes.

[chap 25-page 858]

Solution:

BG4.

G

(a)

Rr

12

12

3A

2.5 1.5 4

Q It 3 3 60 540 C

temperature coefficient of copper is 4.00 x 10-3 K-1, what is its resistance at 65.0 C ?

[chap 25-page 854]

Solution:

(b)

R R0 1 T T0 3 1 4 103 65 20 3.54

A cell of e.m.f. 6.4 V and internal resistance 0.10 is connected across a 1.5-

resistor. Find the net output of the battery.

[chap 25-page 864]

Solution:

Rr

6.4

6.4

4A

1.5 0.1 1.6

V Ir IR 4 1.5 6 V

P VI 6 4 24 W

BG 5.

1.5 ,14 V

3.3

4.0

1.2 ,10 V

(a)

[chap 25-page 862]

(b)

(c)

(d)

[chap 25-page 865]

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Solution:

e

14 10

4

0.40 A

R

1.5 3.3 1.2 4 10

(a)

(b)

P I 2R 0.42 10 1.6 W

(c)

P eI 10 0.4 4.0 W

(d)

P I 14 0.4 5.6 W

resistance of a conductor, is made from silver, of temperature coefficient of resistivity 3.80 x

10-3 (C)-1, and has a resistance of 40.0 at 31.0C. When immersed in a vessel containing

melting lead, its resistance increases to 85.0 . Calculate the melting point of lead.

[chap 25-page 854]

Solution:

R R0 1 T T0

R

1

1

85

T 1 T0 1

31 327 C

3

R

40

3

.

8

10

Nichrome wire of total resistance 10.0 . Find the power rating of the heater, in kW.

[chap 25-page 864]

Solution:

(b)

V 2 1502

2250 W 2.25 kW

R

10

A 20.0- metal wire is cut into four pieces that are then connected side by side to form

a new wire the length of which is equal to one-fourth the original wire. What is the

resistance of this new wire?

[chap 25-page 853]

Solution:

l'

l

A' 4A

4

l

A

R'

l '

A'

R' l ' A 1 1 1

R 20

R'

1.25

R l A ' 4 4 16

16 16

B 8. (a) A 2.10-V potential difference is maintained across a 2.00-m length of tungsten wire of

resistivity 5.60 x 10-8 m, that has a cross-sectional area of 0.500 mm2. Find the

current in the wire.

[chap 25-page 853]

Solution:

9.375 9.38 A

R l l

5.6 108 2

A

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(b)

is initially at 21.0C. To which temperature must the wire be heated to quadruple its

resistance?

[chap 25-page 854]

Solution:

R R0 1 T T0 4 R0 T T0

21

3

790 C

3.9 103

B 9. A wire with resistance 6.00 is lengthened 1.50 times its original length by pulling it

through a small hole. Find the resistance of the wire after it is stretched.

[chap 25-page 853]

Solution:

R

l

A

R'

l '

A'

B 10.

A l'

1.5

A' l

R' l ' A

1.5 1.5 R ' 2.25 6 13.5

R l A'

E1

r1

B

R

D

r2

E2

(a)

(c)

[chap 25-page 865]

[chap 25-page 865]

Solution:

14 10 24

2.40 A

R 3 2 5 10

(a)

(b)

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(c)

(d)

P I 2R 2.42 10 57.6 W

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Chapter 26:

Direct-Current Circuits

B 1. (a) Three resistors of resistances R1 = 1.00 , R2 = 3.00 and R3 = 5.00 are connected

in series. Find their equivalent resistance.

[chap 26-page 882]

Solution:

(b)

Req R1 R2 R3 1 3 5 9.00

in parallel. Find their equivalent resistance.

[chap 26-page 883]

Solution:

1

1 1

1 1 1 1 23

15

Req

0.652

Req R1 R2 R3 1 3 5 15

23

1.20 A

0.920 A

2.00 A

b

[chap 26-page 888]

Solution:

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(b)

Applying Kirchhoffs loop rule for the loop abcdefa, find the resistance x.

0.450 A

2.00

b

4.00

0.505 A

1.50 A

(1 mark)

Solution:

0.45 2 0.505 4

1.946 1.95

1.5

B 3. (a) A galvanometer has coil resistance RC and f.s.d. current Ifs. If it is to be converted to an

ammeter of f.s.d. current Ia ,what is the shunt resistance required?

[chap 26-page 892]

Solution:

(b)

I a I fs Rsh I fs RC Rsh

I fs RC

I a I fs

voltmeter of f.s.d. VV , find the resistance required.

[chap 26-page 892]

Solution:

VV I fs Rs RC Rs

VV

RC

I fs

B 4. (a) An ammeter of 48.5 resistance gives a full scale deflection for 3.0 mA. What must

the meter have added to it to give a full scale deflection for 100 mA?

[chap 26-page 892]

Solution:

Rsh

I fs RC

3 48.5

1.5 in parallel

I a I fs 100 3

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(b)

to a voltmeter with a maximum range of 16.0 V. What is the series resistance to be

used?

[chap 26-page 892]

Solution:

Rs

VV

16

RC

20 7980

I fs

2 103

BG 5. (a) In the R-C circuits, give the formulae of current and charge in terms of time:

(i)

while charging

(ii)

while discharging

[chap 26-page 897]

Solution:

(i)

(ii)

q QF 1 e RC

q Q0e

t

RC

t

RC

t

RC

i I 0e

i I 0e

capacitance 2.00 F and a battery with e.m.f. 12.0 V. Before the switch is closed at t = 0,

the capacitor is uncharged.

(b)

[chap 26-page 898]

(c)

(d)

[chap 26-page 897]

Solution:

(b)

RC 12 2 24.0 s

(c)

I0

(d)

QF C 2 12 24.0 C

12

1.00 A

12

B 6. A resistor with resistance 12.0 M is connected in series with a capacitor with capacitance

2.00 F and a battery with e.m.f. 12.0 V. Before the switch is closed at t = 0, the capacitor is

uncharged.

(a)

(b)

[chap 26-page 897]

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Solution:

(a)

RC 12 2 24.0 s

i I 0e

t

RC

I0

12

1 A

12

i 1 e1 0.368 A

(b)

q QF 1 e RC

QF C 2 12 24 C

1

q 24 1 e 15.2 C

B 7.

R3

R2

R1

R4

Four resistors are connected as shown. R1 = 3.00 , R2 = 4.00 , R3 = 24.0 , R4 = 12.0 .

Vac = 22.5 V

(a)

(b)

[chap 26-page 882]

Solution:

(a)

R5 R1 R2 3 4 7

1

1

1

1 1 1

R6 8

R6 R3 R4 24 12 8

Req R5 R6 7 8 15.0

(b)

VAC 22.5

1.5 A

Req

15

Vbc IR6 I 3 R3 I 3

IR6 1.5 8

0.500 A

R3

24

B 8. (a) The currrent in a loop circuit that has a resistance R1 is 4.0 A. The current is reduced to

3.0 A when an additional resistor R2 = 2.5 is added in series with R1. What is the

value of R1?

Solution:

I1R1 I 2 R1 R2 I 2 R1 I 2 R2 R1 I1 I 2 I 2 R2 R1

R1

I 2 R2

I1 I 2

3 2.5

7.5

43

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(b)

across a load resistor R. If the current in the circuit is 2.50 A, find the power dissipated

in R.

[chap 26-page 882]

Solution:

rR

15

0.8 5.2

2.5

B 9. The current in a circuit is quadrupled by connecting a 600- resistor in parallel with the

resistance R of the circuit. Calculate the resistance R.

[chap 26-page 883]

Solution:

1

1

1 R 600

600 R

Req

Req 600 R

600 R

R 600

I R 4 I Req R 4

600 R

2400 R 600 R 1800 1.80 k

R 600

BG 10. Three resistors each having resistance R = 3.0 are connected as in the figure. Each can

dissipate a maximum power of 48 W without being excessively heated. Find the

maximum power the network can dissipate.

R

R

R

[chap 26-page 883]

Solution:

R

I /2

1

R

I /2

3

48 W

2

R

P3 48 W

1

P1 P2 48 12 W

4

PT P1 P2 P3 12 12 48 72 W

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BG 11. Initially, for the circuit shown, the switch S is open and the capacitor, of capacitance

20.0 F, has a voltage of 120 V, and R = 3.00 M. The switch is closed at time t = 0.

S

(a)

Calculate the charge on the capacitor, when the current in the circuit is 35.0 A.

[chap 26-page 898]

Solution:

G

(b)

VR VC iR

q

q iRC 35 3 20 2100 2.10 103 C

C

[chap 26-page 897]

Solution:

q Q0e

t

RC

t

75

5

q Q0 RCt

RC

203

e

v V0e

120e

120e 4

C C

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34.4 V

40

Chapter 27:

Magnetic Field and Magnetic Forces

BG 1. (a) An electron of charge 1.6 x 10-19 C moves with a speed of 4.0 x 106 m/s along the x

axis. It enters a region where there is a magnetic field of magnitude 1.5 T, directed at

an angle of 30 to the x-axis and lying in the xy plane. Find the magnitude and

direction of the magnetic force on the electron.

[chap 27-page 919]

Solution:

A

B

37

F qv B

F 4.8 10

G

(b)

13

N,()ve z direction.

A disc of radius 1.5 cm is found in a region of uniform magnetic field of 4.0 T making

an angle of 37 with the plane of the disc. Calculate the magnetic flux through the

disc.

[chap 27-page 924]

Solution:

A

B

37

BA cos B r 2 cos

4 1.5 102 cos53 1.7 103 Wb

2

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B 2. (a) A proton of mass 1.67 x 10-27 kg and charge 1.60 x 10-19 C moving with a speed of

2.50 x 105 m/s enters a region of uniform magnetic field perpendicular to its direction

of motion and of magnitude 0.800 T. Find the radius of its trajectory.

[chap 27-page 926]

Solution:

(b)

mv 2

mv 1.67 1027 2.5 105

qvB r

r

qB

1.6 1019 0.8

In a velocity selector of crossed electric and magnetic fields, the magnitude of the

electric field is 5.0 x 106 V/m and that of the magnetic field is 0.80 T. What is the

speed of the particle?

[chap 27-page 929]

Solution:

E 5 106

FE FB q E q vB v

6.25 106

B

0.8

BG 3. (a) A wire carries a steady current of 2.5 A. A straight section of the wire is 0.60 m long

and lies along the x axis within a uniform magnetic field, B = (2.4 T) k. If the current

is in the + x direction, find the magnetic force on the section of the wire.

[chap 27-page 933]

Solution:

(b)

A circular coil 6.0 cm in radius, with 60 turns of wire, carries a current of 5.0 A . The

coil is in a uniform magnetic field with magnitude 4.0 T making an angle of 60 with

the plane of the coil. Find the torque on the coil.

[chap 27-page 936]

A

Solution:

B

60

90 60 30

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BG 4. (a) The Earths magnetic field at a certain place is 3.2 x 10-5 T at an angle of 30 with the

horizontal. Calculate the flux through the horizontal ceiling of a rectangular room 6.0

m by 8.0 m.

[chap 27-page 924]

Solution:

30

90 30 60

BA cos 3.2 105 48 cos 60 7.68 104 7.7 104 Wb

G

(b)

(4.5 x 104 m/s )j Find the force exerted on the particle by a magnetic field (5.0T)k.

[chap 27-page 919]

Solution:

0.014 N i

B 5. (a) An electron experiences a magnetic force of magnitude 6.7 x 10-15 N when moving at

an angle of 37 with respect to a magnetic field of magnitude 3.5 x 10-3 T. What is the

speed of the electron ?

[chap 27-page 919]

Solution:

(b)

F

6.7 1015

F qvB sin v

1.988 107

19

3

qB sin 1.6 10 3.5 10 sin 37

7

v 2.0 10 m/s

A circular area with a radius of 5.0 cm lies in the xy plane. Find the magnitude of the

magnetic flux through this circle due to a uniform magnetic field of magnitude 0.60 T

in the +z direction.

[chap 27-page 924]

Solution:

z

B

A

x

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2

BG 6.

G

(a)

A singly charged ion moving with a speed of 3.9 x 105 m/s enters a region of uniform

magnetic field of magnitude 0.52 T, perpendicular to the direction of motion of the

ion, and describes a circular arc of radius 50 cm. What is the mass of the ion?

[chap 27-page 926]

Solution:

G

(b)

mv

rqB 0.5 1.6 1019 0.52

m

5

qB

v

3.9 10

location of the rod a uniform horizontal magnetic field has magnitude 0.020 T and

direction perpendicular to the rod. The magnetic force on the rod is measured by the

balance and is found to be 0.21 N. Find the current.

[chap 27-page 933]

Solution:

F IlB sin I

F

0.21

30 A

lB 0.35 0.02

B 7. A wire having a mass per unit length of 0.600 g/cm carries a 3.00-A current horizontally to

the north. What are the magnitude and direction of the minimum magnetic field needed to

lift this wire vertically upward?

[chap 27-page 933]

Solution:

I

West

East

mg

m

mg m g 0.6 103 9.8

0.6 g/cm F mg IlB mg B

l

Il

l I

102

3

B 0.196 T, West

B 8. Alpha particles (charge =+2e, mass = 6.68 x 10-27 kg) are accelerated in a cyclotron to a

final orbit radius of 0.800 m. The magnetic field in the cyclotron is 0.600 T.

(a)

(b)

What is the magnitude of the centripetal acceleration of the alpha particles in the final

orbit?

[chap 27-page 926]

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Solution:

(a)

(b)

mv

rqB

2 r 2 m

v

T

qB

m

qB

r qB

m

27

2 6.68 10

T

2.186 107 s 0.2186 s

2 1.6 1019 0.6

2 r

v

a 2r

4 2

4 2

r

2

2

T

2.186 107

0.219 s

6.611014 m/s 2

region of space. A uniform electric field is also present. An electron projected with an initial

velocity v0 = 2.5 x 104 m/s in the positive x-direction, traverses the region without

deflection. What is the electric field vector?

[chap 27-page 929]

Solution:

FB

j

B

v0

i

FE

q 0 E along j Fy 0 FE FB q E q vB

E vB 2.5 104 0.6 1.5 104

E 15 kV/m j

B 10. A 12-m length of wire carrying a current of 5.6 A lies on a horizontal table with a

rectangular top of dimensions 180 x 240 cm2. The ends of the wire are attached to opposite

ends of a diagonal of the rectangle. A vertical magnetic field of 0.25 T is present. Find the

magnitude of the magnetic force acting on this segment of wire.

[chap 27-page 933]

Solution:

l

180

240

l 2402 1802 300 cm

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F Il B

B 11. (a) A circular coil of wire of 250 turns and diameter 2.50 cm carries a current of 4.50 A. It

is placed in a magnetic field of 0.400 T with the plane of the coil making an angle of

37.0 with the magnetic field. Find the torque on the coil.

[chap 27-page 936]

Solution:

A

B

37

90 37 53

NIAB sin 250 4.5 1.25 102 0.4 sin 53

2

0.176 Nm

(b)

A particle of charge -5.00 C and mass 3.50 x 10-12 kg has velocity 4.00 km/s as it

enters a region of uniform magnetic field. The particle is observed to travel in a

circular path of radius 7.50 cm. What is the magnitude of the magnetic field in the

region?

[chap 27-page 937]

Solution:

mv

mv 3.5 1012 4 103

B

0.0373 T

qB

rq 7.5 102 5 106

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Chapter 28:

Sources of Magnetic Field

BG 1. (a) What is the constant current flowing in a straight wire required to give a magnetic field

of 2.0 x 10-5 T at 2.5 cm from the wire?

Solution:

G

(b)

0 I

2 rB 2 2.5 102 2 105

I

2.5 A

2 r

0

4 107

A circular coil of radius 4.0 cm and 200 turns lies in the plane of this paper and carries

a current of 2.5 A in an anticlockwise sense. Determine the field at the centre of the

coil.

[chap 28-page 968]

Solution:

2a

2 0.04

B 2.

(1)

(2)

S

(a)

Two long parallel conductors run North-South in the same horizontal plane as shown

in the diagram. (1) carries a current 20 A northward and (2) a current 20 A southward,

and they are 5.0 cm apart. Determine the force per unit length of (2) on (1).

[chap 28-page 966]

Solution:

F 0 II ' 4 107 20 20

l

2 r

2 0.05

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47

(b)

A solenoid with 800 turns, 75 cm long and 6.0 cm in diameter, lies with its axis NorthSouth and carries a current of 6.0 A in a clockwise sense when viewed from the South

end. Find the magnitude and direction of the field at the centre of the solenoid.

[chap 28-page 974]

Solution:

S

B 0 nI

0 NI

l

4 107 800 6

8.0 103 T, from south to north.

0.75

B 3. (a) What is the magnitude of the magnetic field produced by a straight long wire carrying

a current of 45 A at 18 cm from the wire?

[chap 28-page 963]

Solution:

(b)

0 I 4 107 45 90 107

5.0 105 T

2 r

2 0.18

0.18

Two long, parallel wires are separated by a distance of 3.5 cm. The force per unit

length that each wire exerts on the other is 6.0 x 10-5 N/m, and the wires attract each

other. If the current in one wire is 2.1 A, find the current in the second wire.

[chap 28-page 966]

Solution:

F 0 II '

2 r F 2 3.5 102

I'

6 105

7

l

2 r

0 I l 4 10 2.1

B 4. (a) A closely wound circular coil with 600 turns carries a current of 2.5 A and produces at

its centre a magnetic field of magnitude 3.8 x 10-3 T. What is its diameter?

Solution:

(b)

N 0 I

N 0 I 600 4 107 2.5

B

2a D

0.496 m 50 cm

2a

B

3.8 103

carries a current of 16.00 A. Find the number of turns per unit length?

[chap 28-page 974]

Solution:

B 0 nI n

B

0.0603

2999 turns/m

0 I 4 107 16

SABIS Proprietary

48

B 5.

(a)

y

P

x

A long, straight conductor lies along the x-axis and carries a current of 200 A in the

positive x-direction. Determine the magnetic field at point P in the diagram, such that

OP = 1.50 m and = 40.0:

[chap 28-page 963]

Solution:

a OP sin

0 I 4 107 200

2 a 2 1.5sin 40

(b)

[chap 28-page 966]

Solution:

The ampere is that unvarying current that, if present in each of two parallel

conductors of infinite length and one meter apart in empty space, causes each

conductor to experience a force of exactly 2 107 newtons per meter of

length.

BG 6.

I

x

O

d

2d

The figure is an end view of two, long, straight, parallel wires perpendicular to the xy-plane,

each carrying a current I = 7.00 A but in opposite directions. d = 8.00 cm.

G

(a)

(b)

[chap 28-page 963]

Solution:

(a)

B B1 B2 2B1

SABIS Proprietary

49

B1 B2

0 I

2 4 107 7

B

3.5 105

2 d

2 0.08

B 3.5 10

(b)

B B2 B1

T j

0 I

I

B1

0

2 3d 6 d

B1

I

B2 0

2 d

B2

B2

0 I 1 2 0 I

I

B 0

1

2 d 3 3 2 d

3 d

7

4 10 7

B

1.17 105 T

3 0.08

B

B 1.17 10

B 7.

T j

B1

I1

I2

Two long, straight, parallel wires are 4.00 m apart. They carry currents in opposite direction,

as shown in the figure. I1 = 9.00 A, I2 = 16.0 A, AP = 2.40 m, CP = 3.20 m.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Find the acute angle the resultant magnetic field at P makes with the direction AP.

[chap 28-page 963]

Solution:

B

B2

B1

B

SABIS Proprietary

50

42 2.42 3.22

(a)

B1

0 I1 4 107 9

2 r1

2 2.4

(b)

B2

0 I 2 4 107 16

2 r2

2 3.2

(c)

B B12 B2 2

(d)

7

B1

1 7.5 10

tan

tan

tan 2 0.75 36.9

6

B2

110

7.5 10 110

7 2

6 2

1.25 106 T

BG 8.

I1

P

z

I2

A coil consisting of 40.0 turns has a radius of 12.6 cm and carries a current I1 = 4.00 A as

shown in the figure. A long, straight conductor, which is in the plane of the coil, carries a

current I2 = 350 A at a distance of 17.5 cm from the centre P of the coil.

(a)

(b)

[chap 28-page 963]

(c)

(d)

If the current I2 were 350 A in the positive y direction, what would the net field at P

be?

[chap 28-page 968]

Solution:

(a)

B1

N10 I1 40 4 107 4

7.98 104 T

2a

2 0.126

(b)

B2

0 I 2 4 107 350

4 104 T

2 r2

2 0.175

(c)

SABIS Proprietary

51

(d)

1.20 103 T

B 9.

F

v

ex

Bext

A conducting ring of radius 6.28 cm carries a current of unknown magnitude and sense. A

uniform external magnetic field Bext = 150 T, directed into the plane, is applied as shown in

the figure. An electron is projected from the centre of the ring, with an initial velocity 4.00 x

105 m/s towards the right. The electron experiences an initial force 1.60 x 10-17 N in the upward

direction.

(a)

[chap 27-page 919]

(b)

(c)

Deduce the magnitude of the magnetic field produced by the current at the centre of the

ring.

[chap 28-page 9687]

Find the current in the ring.

[chap 28-page 968]

Solution:

(a)

(b)

F

1.6 1017

2.50 104 T

qv 1.6 1019 4 105

Right-hand rule B net is out of the page. But Bexternal is into the page,

F qvB

Bnet

net

(c)

Bcurrent

0 I

2a

2a Bcurrent

SABIS Proprietary

40.0 A

4 107

52

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