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Process control is a principle relates to statistics and engineering used for maintaining the
output of a certain process within the desired range. Process control study also includes
designing process system, identifying instrumentations and also determining the right parameters
for controllers. Process control is extensively used in industry such as oil refining, paper
manufacturing, chemicals, power plants and many other to enables mass production and
consistent products from continuously operated processes. In fact,

process control also

enables automation, which can reduce the number of personnel that have to operate the system
and the system can be monitor easily in the control room.

The are 4 types of control system which are feedback, cascade, feed forward and also ratio. In
specific process, the parameter involve in process control includes flow, level, temperature or
pressure. Selecting right parameters however involves in either to adjust the proportional (P),
integral (I) or the derivative (D) of the control system. By right, the implementation of process
control has the potential to reduce undesired output and also provide precise measurement and
control parameter.

1. To perform open loop test, closed loop test, Load disturbance test and set point test on
flow and level using Emerson Delta V controller systems

1. Calculation of RR, Td and Tc must be repeated at least 3 times in each method in order
to get more accurate value. This may give more accurate data and leads to better values
of P, I and D.
2. The parallex error must be avoided during locating the Td and Tc on the graph.

3. It is recommended to adjust P and I values one by one not simultaneously. Adjusting P

and I simultaneously can lead to worst oscillation of the process or even leads to offset

1. Abdul Aziz Ishak & Zalizawati Abdullah. (2014). PID TUNING: Fundamental Concepts
and Application. UITM Press.


Delta v interface