What is ISDN? 

ISDN - Integrated Services Digital Network ISDN - is a set of communication standards for simultaneous Digital Transmission of voice, video, data, and other network services over the traditional circuits of the public switched telephone network(PSTN) Used for voice, image and data



ISDN Architecture
ISDN devices TE1


TE2 Analog devices: phone, Fax III,...



ISDN Architecure Devices
± NT1 ± TE1 - ISDN devices ± TE2 - analog devices (need TA) ± TA - Terminal Adapter


Terminal Equipment type 1 (TE1)
ISDN compatible device (Router with ISDN Interface) * TE1s connect to the ISDN network through a four-wire, twisted-pair digital link


Terminal Equipment type 2 (TE2)
* * ISDN Non-compatible devices. Will require a terminal adapter. Converts standard electrical signals into the form used by ISDN Needed for connection with TE2 devices 

Terminal Adapter (TA)
* *


**Network termination type 1 (NT1)

* Is the termination of the connection between the user terminal system and ISDN Network **Network termination type 2(NT2) * Performs function at Layer 1, Layer2 and Layer 3 of the OSI model * Provides Multiplexing at Layer 1, Flow Control at Layer2 and Paketizing at Layer 3 * It is used to interface between Multiuser system and NT1

ISDN Reference points
ISDN specifies a number of reference points that define logical interfaces between functional groupings, such as TAs and NT1s. ISDN reference points include the following:

R---The reference point between non-ISDN equipment and a TA. S---The reference point between user terminals and the NT2. T---The reference point between NT1 and NT2 devices. U---The reference point between NT1 devices and line-termination
equipment in the carrier network.


ISDN, CEENet Workshop '97, Zagreb, August '97


‡ Types of channels
± Bearer channel (B-channel=64 kb/s) clear pipe for data Carries user service information including: digital data, video, and voice. ± Delta channel (D-channel, 16 kb/s or 64 kb/s) call signaling information:
‡ who is calling ‡ type of call ‡ calling what number


‡ Types of ISDN Network
± Basic Rate Interface (2 B channels + 1 D channel (16 kb/s)) ± Primary Rate Interface (30 B channels + 1 D channel (64 kb/s))


‡ BISDN is an extension of ISDN in terms of capabilities, i.e. it not only has the narrowband capability of ISDN but also the broadband capability. ‡ Any service inquiry with a speed greater than 600 Mbps


Advantages of ISDN
‡ Digital
± reliable connection

‡ Speed
± 128 kb/s (160 kb/s) for BRI ± 1920 kb/s (2048 kb/s) for PRI

‡ Multiple devices
± phone, fax, PC, videoconferencing system, router, terminal adapter,.. each with its own subaddress