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The lllinois Leaming Standards for Fine Arls were developed using the National
Standards for Arts Education, 1 985 State Goals for Fine Arts, various other national
and state resources, and local standards contributed by team members-

Throughouttime, the arts have been essential to human existence- \A/hen people
create in sounds, images, gestures and words, they discover ways to shape and
share theirthoughts and feelings with others. The arts enrich the quality ol lile.
A11 students deserve access to the arts through creation, performance and shJdy.
Young children 'respond to gestures and movement before they reacl to the
spoken word. They understand and explore sound before they leam to speakThey draw pictures before they form letters. They dance and act out stories
before they leam to read (Fowler, 1984). The fine arts-dance, drama, music,
and visual arts-are fundarnental ways of knowing and thinking. In addition to
their intrinsic vaiue, the arts contribute to children's development. Becent research
shows that study in music improves test scores in spatial temporal reasoning in
young children (Rauscher, 1997).
Works of art are some of the highest achievements of civilization. ln school,
students leamthe language of the arts and howto interpretvisual images, sounds,
movement and story. Because the arts are both universal and culturally specific,
they are a powerful means of increasing intemational and interculhrral awareness.
Through the arts, students gain a greater understanding of their own cultural
heritage, as well as a sense of the larger world communityThe lllinois Leaming Standards in the Fine Arts address the language of the fine
arts, sensory elements, organizational principles and expressive qualities and
how the arts are similar, different or related to each other. Students also leam
about production and performance in the arts and the role ol the arts in civilization.
When students study the arts they become informed audience members and
informed consumers of the popular culture including electronic media. The
standards in fine arts define a comprehensive arts education and reflect a
commitrnent to a quality education for every lllinois school child-


Through Applications of Learning, students demonstrate and deepen their

understanding of basic lmowledge and skills. These applied leaming skills

cross academic diseiplines and reintorce the important learning of the

disciptines. The ability to use these skitls will greatly influence students'
sucoess in school, in the workplace and in the community.

s0lvtf,B Pn0BuMs
Recognize alrd inres'tigate

pmblem$ formulate and proPose

sohtiom slpported by:eason and


Problem solving is integral to the arts-froviding students the opportunity to

innovate and seek original solutions to open-ended problems. Muttiple solutions
are construc'ted using various sensory modes, traditional and eleclronic media
and iools, and indMidual and group experiences- Strdents leam the relaiionships
between processes and end products; they leam to communicate ideas, themes
and meaning through solving problems in their art work-


Eryress and interprct

information and ideas.

The arts are forms of commun'lcation extending beyond reading, writing, listening
and speaking. Communicating in the fine arts means leaming to translate ideas
through dance, drama, music and visual arts. Students also participate in the

communi:ation process as receivers- observing, analyzing, evaluating, critiquing

and interacting.

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ustlf8 TEGHT0L0GY
appropriate insiruments,

Computers, synthesizers, film and video provide opportunities to create and record

electronis equipment, computerc

and nehrorks to access
inlormation, process ideas and
communicate results.

sound composition, animated images, montages and other works- These


experiences can lead to careers in areas such as music, graphic arts, video and
film produclion, scene design and choreography. Technology (CD-ROM, slides,
film, video, laserdisk, on-line services) also can link the classroom with the work
of renowned artists and performers.


tearn and conhibute

productirely as individuals
and as members of groups.

lndividual creativity and inspiration are at the hearl of the arts, but so are
collaboration and group dynamics. Teamwork acfuities include planning dramatic
scenes, developing choreography, creating group murals and performing music
in ensembles. These activities give students experience in communicating ideas,
considering the ideas of others and reaching consensus.

MAKlltG C0illtEcTtolts

Recognize and apply connections

of imporlanl information and ideas
within and among learning areas.

Through the arts, students observe how dance, drama, music and visual art reflec1

history society and everyday life- They see links between the individual and
society in the creation and understanding of works of art. The arts relate to and
reinforce other learning areas-lor example, dance and the language arts (action
relating to words and poetry), drama and social science (theatre conveying history
and culture), music and mathematics (note duration expressed in fractions), and
visual arts and science (color influencing the thermodynamics).





As a result of their schooling students will

25: Know the language of the arts,

fu able to:

25.4.1a 0ance: ldentify the elemenls of

25.t\2. Danca: ldentily and

personal and shared space, direction in space,

quick and slow speed, firm and fine force; the

elemenb of patwrys, bvel,foes, range inspace,

susbined and percussive qualilies of speed; he

principles of AB choreographic form and

sequence; and the expressive qualilies ol mood

principles of ABA and round choreographic

fom, contast and repetition; and he expressive

and emolion.

gualities of mood and emotion.

25.A.1b Drama: Understand the elemenb of

2S.A.2b Dnma: Undersbnd the elemenb of

acling, bcomotor and nonlocomotor morement,

vocal and nonvocal sound, story making; the
principhs of plot, charac{er, sefling, problem/
resolution and message; and the expressive
chancteristics of simple emotions.

acting, scripting, speaking, improvising,

25.A.1c ltlusic ldentify diflerences in elemenb

low pitctr/direction; long and short duralion;

25.A.2c Music: ldentity elements and expressive qualilies such as tone color, harmony,
melody, form (rondo, theme and variation),
rhythm/meter and dynamics in a variety ol

same and different form. tone color or timbre,


and expressive qualities (e.9., between last and

slow tempo; loud and sofl dynamics: high and

and beat).

25.41d Visual Arts: ldentily the elements of

line, shape, space, color and texture; the
principles of repelition and pattern; and the

describe the

physical movement, gesture, and picturizafion

(shape, line, and level); the principles ofconflicU

resolution and theme; and the expressive

characteristics ol mood and dynamics.

25.4.2n Visual Arb: ldentily and describe the

elements ol 2- and 3-dimensional space, figure

ground, value and form; the principles of


rhythm, size, proportion and composition; and

the expressive qualities ol symbol and story.

ldentify similarities in and among the

arts (e.9., pattem, sequence and mood).

25.8.2 Understand how elements and principles combine within an art form to express

expressive qualities

ol mood, emolion

pictorial representation.




Examples are designated by "e.g-" and enclosed in parentheses- They are meantto guide tre teacher as to the genenl intent of the standards and

benchmarts, not to identity dl possible items.

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STATE GOAL 27: Understand

civilizations, past and present,

As a resuft of their


students will be ahle to:



ldentifr the distinclive roles of


27.LZa ldentif and describe the nhtionship

between the arb and various emironmenls
(e.9., home, school workplace, theate, galhry).

and audiences.

n-A.7b ldentify how the arts conldbute to

communication, celebralions, occupations and

27.4.2b Describe how the arts function in


commercialapplicalions (e.9., mass media and

produci design)-



i;;;'il 1;;;;;,';il; il

movemenl convsy stories about people, places

and limes.


Examples are designaled by "e.9." and enclosed in parentheses. They

benchmarks, not to idenliry all possible items.

84 - mopuil Tns9l

the role of the arts in






;;il;'ffi il il':

communicate the similarities and differences :

among various peoph, placrs and times.

an meant to guide the teacher

as to the general intent of the standards and



Students acquire skills to produce and perform dance, drama, music and visual
art. They leam to use media, tools and technologies. They leam to shape ideas
and emotions into sounds, images and actions. As students create and perform
their own artworks and review the works of others, they becorne more imaginaWe,
strengthen their problem-solving skills and leam lo respond to the creativity of

others. Creating and performing are at the core of the fine arts. Studenls also
leam about the role of the artist (e.9., dancer, painter, actor, director, scriptwriter,

'16.4.3a []aftce" L]escribe how body actions,

typer *X acr:ernrpanjrienl, lighting, costuming
and proees:;es ie.0., reordering and refining)


6'xpr4s5sys qualities of dance.

llr*riro Dcscribe the use of the

primary tools (body, mind and voice) and the
support i0ols {costurnes, scenery props, lights,
rnake-up, :rn,.t;'r{\ tci convey an idea through
actinq. piawv:r',lrrq and designing a drama or


26"4"3s Musr*. Describe lhe orocesses involved

in compcslni; ,,:rrndilcting and performing.
26"4-3d fulusu Flladand interorettraditional
music !'toleti:,,' i!l t: varied reoertoire.

26.4.3e lrisuai Arls: Oescribe howthe choices


26-A.4a Dance: Analyze how resources,

lechnologies and processes are combined to
express meaning in dance and evaluab expressive

Common forall tourarls: Analyzeand

evaluale how the choice ol media, tools,
lechnologies and processes support and

content, stylistic differences and aspects of

influence the communication of ideas.


26-4.4b Drama: Understand how the primary

tools, support tools and creative processes
(researching, auditioning, designing, directing,
rehearsing, relining, presenting) interact and
shape drama, theatre and film production.

26.A.4c Music: Analyzeways in which musical

sounds are produced and how they are used in
composing, conducting and performing.

26.A.4d Music: Demonstrate the ability to read

a vocal 0r instrumenlal part-

written notation lor

of toolsAeclinriogies and processes are used to

g1g3lg 5Begiir:; ':'ilects rn the arts"

26.A.4e Visual Arb: Analyze and evaluale how

loolsAechnologies and processes combine to
convey meaning.

26,8.3a ;Ja*e rl. .tt*monstrale body alignmenl

movemeilr, f, .:i r l":{:;tteri awareness of accent,
meter' anij l.:'.'l!i,nu; and step patterns trom

26.8.4a Oance: Create and perform

diflerent dJric;; ;;ivles andforms.

solving related to specific Auidelines.

26.8"3b {?rarrral iiernonstrate storytelling,

26.8.4b Drama: Create and perform an

ensemble drama or theatre scene using

lmpr0rrltln ft ;iiiii iilemorizing SCripted malerial

supported b1 ;rupie auml and visualeftects and
per5Onai har:r.;liuund knowledge needed t0
create anci peiturm rn dramaltheahe.

26"8.3e Flu:;rs; $rnQ or play with expression

and acr:irttir;1' x ;3irety of music representing
diverss ritttirri::. and styles,

26.8.3d Visua! Arts: Demonstrate knowledge

and skiilr.r ?{i r-irntF 1}- and 3-dimensionalwo*s

ad\ ir,


film, animation, video) that

are realisti. ails'nact. lunctional and decorative.
and tirrie


a composition communicating clear and focused ideas

based on phnning, research and complex problem


ZO.S.S Common for all four arls:

Create and

perlorm a complex work o{ art using a variety ol

techniques, technologies and resources and
independent decision making.

research, collaboration, characterization and

siaging in combination with aural and visual
technologies (e.9., video, lights, sets, costumes,
make-up, sound, props).

26.8.4c Music: Greate and perform music of

challenging complexity and length with


26.8.4d Visual Arts: Demonstrate knowledge

and skills that communicale clear and focused
ideas based on planning, research and problem


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Through observation, discussion, interpretation and analysis, students leam the

"language" of the arts. They leam to understand how others erpress ideas in dance,
drama, music and visual art forms. ln addilion to acquiring knowledge essential to
performance and production, students become arts consumers (e.g., attending live
performances ormovies, purchasing paintings or jewelry orvisiting museums) who
understand the basic elements and principles underlying arlworks and are able to
critique lhem.

25.4.3a Dancg: Describe how elements are

combined and confasbd; identitybe principbs
of transition, variety and balance; and the


expressive qualilies of movemenl

music and visual arts.

professional works for how aesthetic qualities

are used lo convey intent, expressive ideas and/
or meaning.



Analyze and eraluatethe efleclive use

of elemenb, principles and expressive gualities
in a composilion/performance

in dance, drama,

25.A-5 Analyze and evaluate student and

25,4.3b Dnma: Undenbnd howthe elemenb

ol acting, directing, playwriling and designing
combine with the principles of tension, rhylhm,
pattern, unity, balance, repetition and idea to

25.4-3c Music: ldenlify and describe changes

in elemenls and expressive qualities (e.9.,
crescendo, ritardando. fermala. meter.

25.4.3d Visual Art: ldentily and describe the

elements of value, perspective and color
schemes; the principles ol contrast, emphasis
and unity; and the expressive qualities of
thematic development and sequence.

25.4.30 VisualArb: Analpe howthe elemenb

and principles can be organized to coovey
meaning through a variety of media and


Compare and Contrast



and principles in two or more arl works that

share similar themes.

Analyze and evaluate similar and

distinctive characteristics ol works in two or
more of lhe arts lhat share the same historical

Undersland how different art forms

combine to create an interdisciplinary wo* (e-9.,

musical theatre, opera or cinematoSraphy)"

period or societal contexl


7n5M -81

26: Thtough crcating and performing' understand

how works of art are produced.


As a result of their schooling students will be able to:

Understand that the body is

26-\.2a Dance: Describe processes (e.9,,

tbe primary tool of dance and identify secondary

conditioning, practicing) used b prepare &e body

as a tool of dance and how visual aids, stories,
poelry, props, music and lechnology are used
lor performance of dance.

26.Ala Dance:

lools (e.9., pictures, visual aids, words, pmps

and recordings).

26.A.1b Dnma: Understand the tools of body,

the processes of planning, practicing and

26.A.zb Drama: Describe various ways the

body, mind and voice are used with acting,

collaborating used lo create or perlorm drama/

scripting and staging processes to create or


perform dramaltheatre.

mind, voice and simple visuaUaural media and


c Music ldentily a variety

of sounds and

sound sources (e.9., instruments, voices and

environmental sounds).

26.A.1d Music: Relate symbol systems (e.9.,

icons, syllables, numbers and letters) to musical

26-A.'le Visual Arb: ldentify media and tools

and how to use them in a sale and rcsponsible
mannerwhen painting, drawrng and constructing-


Music: Classity musical


sources into groups (e.9., instrumental families,

vocal raoges, solo/ensembles).

26-A-?n ilusiq Read and interpret the lraditional music notation of nole values and lelter
?6 -LZe Visual Arls Describe the relalhnships
among media, looMechnologry and processes,

26.4.2t Visual Arts: Understand the artistic

processes ol printmaking, weaving, photognphyand sculpture.

26.8.1a Dance: Perlorm basic locomotor. nonlocomotor rp\rements and tradlbnal dance
and create simple dance sequences.


26-B-1b Dnma: Demonsffie individual shlls

(e.9., vocalizing, listening, moving, observing,
crncenffiing) and group skills (e.9,, decbion
makiq, planning, pnclicing, spacing) necessary


create or perlorm slory elements and


choreographic form-

26.B.2bDrama: Demonstrate actions,

charaeters, narrative skills, collaboration,
environmerds, simple sbging and sequence ot
evenb ardshJdiors h solo andersemble dwras.

26.B.2c Music: Sing or play acoustic or

26-8.1c lllusic: Sing or play on classrotim

electronic instruments demonstraling technical

instruments a variety ol music representing


diverse culfures and slyles-

26.8.1d Visual Arts: Demonstrate knowledge

and skills to create visual works of art using
manipulafrcn, eye-hand coordination, building
and imagination.


26.B.2a Dance: Demonstrate control. coordination, balance, elevation and accuracy in

rhythmic response and awareness of

26-B-2d Visual Arls: Demonstrale knowledge

and skills to create works of visual art using

problem solving, observing, designing,

sketching and constructing.

Examples are designated by "e.9." and enclosed in parenlheses. They are meant lo guide the teacher as to
benchmarks, not to identify all possible items.

82 - mopnd



general inlent ol the sbndards and

The arts are a record of civilizations, past and present. Artists are influenced



| tdentifuanddescribecareersandiobs i
- in and among the arts and how they contribute .
' to the world ol work'
I Compare and contrast how the ans I
- Junction in ceremony, technology, politics, .
I communication and enlertainment- :

27 .B-3 Know and describe how artisb and their

works shape cuhure and increase understanding
ofsocieties, pastand



and influence-the times and places in which they live and work. As students
learn through the arts about people and civilizations, they leam about others and
themselves. Also, sludents leam aboutcareers related to this goal (e.9., animator,
curator, art historian, sound technician).

I Evaluatehowconsumerlrendsinthe
arts affect the types and styles of art products.

Anarvze how the arts are used to

intorm and persuade through traditional and


.8-4a Analyze and classrfy the distinguishing

characteristics of hislorical and coniemporary
art works by style, period and culture.

: ',J;i;ll,Yliil'#:l'n:.*i'-s


Analyze how careers in the arts are

expanding based on new technologies and
societal changes.


Analyze how the arts shape and reflecl

ideas, issues orthemes in a particular culture
or historical oeriod.

chanse in

Adopted 7ns97