Jason Saba

CHAPTER 29: ³Civil Rights´ ______________________________________________________
Section 2: The Triumphs of a Crusade
One Americans Story: [no longer added] Riding for Freedom Freedom riders: rode with other members on a historic trip across the South to test the new law banning segregated seating on interstate bus routes in bus terminals. They hoped to provoke a violent reaction that would convince the Kennedy administration to enforce the law. New Volunteers More people became freedom riders and headed toward Montgomery Police beat them up Arrival of Federal Marshals Angry white men showed up with pipes and bats prepared to beat up the freedom riders Violence Kennedy sent 400 U.S. marshals to protect the riders Standing Firm Integrating Ole Miss James Meredith: Air Force veteran who won a court case that allowed him to enroll in an all white University of Mississippi (Ole Miss). Governor Ross Barnett refused to let him register as a student. Kennedy ordered marshals to escort him to the registration office Riots + 200 arrests Heading into Birmingham Alabama, Birmingham = most segregated city in America Martin Luther King Jr. and other supporters held demonstrations King sent to jail ³children¶s crusade´: African-American children marched to Birmingham 90% arrested using police dogs, fire hoses, and police clubs Protests + boycott + media end of segregation in Birmingham Kennedy Takes a Stand Kennedy calls for new civil rights bill sniper murdered NAACP field secretary Marching to Washington Kennedy sent civil rights bill to congress march to Washington to support the bill The Dream of Equality In Washington, King gave his ³I Have a Dream´ speech appealing for peace and racial harmony More Violence Kennedy was assassinated LBJ pledged to finish his work Civil Rights Act of 1964: prohibited discrimination because of race, religion, national origin, and gender

Notes taken from, The Americans, by McDougal Littel

Fighting for Voting Rights Freedom summer: CORE workers in the South began registering as many African Americans as they could to vote to influence Congress to pass a voting rights act Freedom Summer Recruited college students and trained them in non-violent resistance beatings A New Political Party Mississippi¶s Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) Fannie Lou Hamer: led the MFDP and asked for seats in Congress LBJ feared losing the Southern white vote compromise: gave 2 seats to MFDP The Selma Campaign SCLC conducted a voting rights campaign in Selma, Alabama set out for Montgomery tear gas and beatings Voting Rights Act of 1965 Voting Rights Act of 1965: eliminated the impossible ³literacy tests´ that AfricanAmericans were forced to take to register to vote more blacks could vote

Notes taken from, The Americans, by McDougal Littel

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