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Day4:

PART1:SUMMARYOFTHEENTIRESESSION:
Onceyougothroughthisdocument,comebacktothissectionandreadthesefivepointsagain.Thislaysout
theconceptsthatwillbeexplainedthroughoutthisdocument.
1. Anisa+a .Itisdefinedlooselyasanyphrasewithanofinbetween.

2. Theisthewordbeforetheofandmustbelightwithoutwhilethe mustbe.

3. Pronounsareallproper.Therearetwokindsofpronouns;originalandattached(pg18).
4. Originalpronouns(whitecellspg18)areallwhiletheattachedones(greencells)canonlybeor.

5. Whenattachedtoan,thepronounmustbebecauseitbecomea .

PART2:SESSIONINTRODUCTION:
Wevemovedonfrompropertiesofthetoscenarioswhentheystartcomingtogethertoformmeaningfullanguage.
Wordscomingtogethereithercreate(a)fragmentsor(b)sentences.Afragmentisanythingmorethanasingleword
butlessthanasentence.Beforewedealwithsentences,wementionedthatwelltryandtackle5differentkindsof
fragmentsondays4,5and6.Thesefragmentsarelistedasfollows:
1. Thewhichismadeupof(beforeof)and ( afterof)

2. Adjectivesorthestudyof (thenoun)and (theadjective)


3. of


4. of


5. Pointingfragmentsmadeupof and

Onceweunderstandatleastthesefivefragments,wecanhaveahealthydiscussionaboutsentenceswhichwould

beitem#6:Thesentenceinvolvingthe.
Inyesterdayssessionweprimarilydealtwiththefirstofthefivefragmentsmentionedaboveandthatisthe.

PART3:
a. ThinkingAboutinEnglish:
Anytimeyouthinkoftwowordscomingtogetherwithanofinbetweenthem,chancesareyouarethinkingofa
caseof.ThemessengerofAllah,thehouseofAllah,theMuslimsfaith,theteachersbook,thedayof

judgment,hishouse,yourreligion,ourcommunityareallcasesofbecausetheyallhaveanofeitherspelled
outexplicitlyorunderstoodimplicitly.
b. TheBasicConceptofinArabic:
Arabicdoesntactuallyhaveawordforof.Inanyphrasecomprisingxofy,therearecertainrulesthatapplyto
x(wordbeforetheof)andaseparateconditionthatappliestoy(wordaftertheof).First,letustakenoteof
somebasicterminology:
The beforetheofiscalled.

Theaftertheofiscalled .

The isalways.Thisseemstocorrelatewithsomethingwelearnedonthefirstdayofclass.was

definedasafterof.Inthenextsessionwewillseethat isthemostpopularcaseofbutnottheonly

casebutdontworryaboutthatfornow.
Sincethe isfairlyeasytounderstand,weturnourattentiontothe(thebeforetheof).This

wordneedstomeettwoconditionswithoutexception:
a. Amustbelight

b. A cannothaveinthebeginning

Examples:

In each of the case above, the first is a because it is light without and the second is

becauseitis .Rememberthatadoesnthavetobe ,nordoesa havetobelight.WhatIm

tryingtosayisthatyoushouldneverconfusethecriteriaofawiththatofthe .Whenyoulookat

thefirst,onlyaskyourselftwoquestionsifyouwanttoseeifitsa.ThosetwoquestionsareIsthis

lightanddoesithave?Ifyoufindthattheisinfacta,turntotheimmediatenextandaskonlyone

question:Isthisin ?.Dontlookforthingsinathatyoushouldbelookingforina and


viceversa.

Onpage21,wewentthroughanumberofcasescheckingtoseeifthefirstwouldworkasa andifthe

followingwouldworkasa .Herearetheanswers:

1NO,2YES,3NO,4YES,5YES,6NO,7YES,8NO,9YES,10YES,11NO,12YES,13YES,14NO,15YES,16YES
SUMMARIZING;
a. Anismadeupoftwoparts;the andthe .

b. The islooselydefinedasthebeforeofanditmustmeettwoconditions:LIGHT,NO

c. The islooselydefinedastheafterof andtheonlyconditiononitisthatitmustbe.

PART4:PRACTICEEXERCISE:
Arethehighlightedportionsofthiscasesof?





( )








()

()

PART5:ANINTRODUCTIONTOPRONOUNS
Bytheendofthelesson,wemadeanattempttotiethelessonontothis,thelessononpronouns.Firstofall,
recallthatwehavemadementionofpronounsinpassingduringthefirstthreesessionstwice.Hereswhatwehave
alreadynoteddown:
a. Pronounsareoneofthe7kindsofthatarealwaysproper.
b. Pronounscannotbeidentifiedas, orbasedonendingsoundsorendingcombinations.Theyare

identifiedwithamethoduniquetothem.
Westartedbyfirstgoingthroughtheoriginalpronounswiththeirmeanings:
they

theyfem.
youall

youallfem.

we

bothofthem

youboth

he

she

you

youfem.
I

Thenwetooknoteofsomecriticalstudytipsinregardstopronouns:
a. Originalpronounsmustbememorized.Heresthesequenceweusedinclass








b. Onemustbeabletoreciteeachpronounwithitsmeaningfrommemory.(usethechartabove)
c. Coregrammarinvolvingthepronouns:
i.

Originalpronouns(whitecellsonpg18orthetableabove)areall.

ii.
iii.

Allpronouns,originalorattachedareproper.
Eachoriginalpronounhasanattachedversionofitself.Thisattachedversionisusedwhen
expressingthepronounin or.

Itdoesntmatterwhatsoundyouhearattheendoftheoriginalorattachedpronoun.That

soundcannotbeusedtotellitsstatus.Ifyouseeanyoriginalpronounlikeor,you

knowwithcertaintythatitis.Ifyouseeanattachedpronounsuchasor,youknowfor

iv.

surethatitcantbeleavingbehindonlytwootherpossibilities;or
.

Studentsmustmemorizeeachattachedversionthatcorrespondstoeachoriginalversion.
Herestherawlist

istheoriginal()whoseattached(or)versionisor

or

istheoriginal()whoseattached(or)versionis

istheoriginal()whoseattached(or)versionis or

istheoriginal()whoseattached(or)versionis

istheoriginal()whoseattached(or)versionis


or

istheoriginal()whoseattached(or)versionis

istheoriginal()whoseattached(or)versionis


istheoriginal()whoseattached(or)versionis

istheoriginal()whoseattached(or)versionis

istheoriginal()whoseattached(or)versionis

istheoriginal()whoseattached(or)versionis or

istheoriginal()whoseattached(or)versionis

PART6:WhatDoPronounsHaveToDoWith?

Wewentthrougheachexampleonpage22.Eachandeverycaseonthatpageisacaseofinvolvingpronouns.
Herestheruleyouhavetotrytoremember:
Anwithanattachedpronounformsan.Theservesastheandthepronounattheendofitserves

asthe .Fromthefirstcaseonpage22(
) tothelastcase() thegrammaticalanalysiswillbethe

same. istheand isthe .


istheandisthe
.

Thismakescompletesense.Thinkabout
yourlord.AnotherwayofiteratingthatinEnglishwouldbetheLordof

yoursandsincethereisanofhere,itmustbeacaseofand .