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Whos Who Among Greek Gods?

How the World Was Createdaccording to GREEK Mythology

Whos Who Among


Greek Gods?
Resource Packet

Whos Who Among Greek Gods?


How the World Was Createdaccording to GREEK Mythology
Out of
CHAOS

(confusion)

emerged two
beings

GAEA

URANUS

(Mother Earth)

(Heavens)

whose CHILDREN were 12 TITANS


including these 8
OCEANUS

TETHYS

HYPERION

THEA

(sun)

(moon)

(ruled the sea)

RHEA
(Great Mother)

THEMIS

MNEMOSYNE

(Law & Justice)

(memory)

and MONSTERS
HECATONCHIRES
(hundred hands)

3 CYCLOPES
THE PLOT:

(one-eyed)

URANUS hated all of his children, but particularly the monstersand


these he sent to TARTARUS (the underworld)
GAEA asked the TITANS to rescue the monsters but only CRONUS
agreed to helpand he overthrew his father
from URANUS blood came GIANTS (fierce fighters more like
men than Gods) and ERINYES (the furies with serpents for hair and
wings to fly)
CRONUS and RHEA eventually got married!

CRONUS
(youngest &
strongest)

Whos Who Among Greek Gods?


Cronus

Rhea

Now ruler
of the
earth

and they had 6 children


3 Daughters

Hestia

Demeter

3 Sons

Hera

Hades

Poseidon

Zeus

Cronus, fearing that his children would destroy him, swallowed all of
them but Zeus (who escaped with help from his mother). When Zeus
grew up, he and Rhea waged a war against Cronus.

A LOOOONG battle followed Cronus disgorged his children. Zeus


received help from his brothers and sistersbut also from the
monsters who gave him weapons. Cronus received help from some of
his own brothers and sisters the Titans yet he was defeated by
Zeus.

So - - Zeus divided the world with his brothers and sisters (and himself)

Hestia

Demeter

Hera

Hades

Poseidon

Zeus

Goddess of
Hearth and Home

Goddess of
Agriculture

Queen of the
Gods

in charge of the
Underworld

in charge of
Oceans

in charge of the
Gods and Men

Goddess of Women,
Marriage, and
Childbirth

(but also horses and


earthquakes)

ruled from
Mt. Olympus

Whos Who Among Greek Gods?

Zeus

The Gods lived on Mt.


Olympus (10,000 feet
altitude) between
Macedonia and
Thessaly. Its top is
always covered with
snow.

Maia

In charge of everything - gods and man, good


and evil, law and
ordereven the
weather!

had 12 wives6 of them are listed below

Alcmene

Themis

Leto

Goddess of Law and


Justice

Demeter
Goddess of Earth and Crops

mother of

mother of

mother of

mother of

Hermes
Artemis

Heracles

Apollo

Persephone

Goddess
Gods of
messenger.
moon, healing,
God
ofthe
oratory,
chase,
patron
purityofin

the hero.

God of sun,
song, music,
prophecy, and
led the choir of
music.

Goddess of
Springtime

Mnemosyn
e
mother of

father of

The Muses
Pan
A wood nymph,
God of lonely
scenes - followers called
SATYRS.

Clio
history

Euterp
e
lyric
poetry

Thalia
comedy

Melpom
ene
tragedy

Terpsich Polyhym
ore
nia
dancing &
chorus

religious
poetry

Erato

Urania

love
poetry

astronomy

Caliop
e
epic
poetry

Whos Who Among Greek Gods?


The Council of Gods
serving on Mt. Olympus
had 13 members.*
They were: Zeus, Hera,
Athena, Ares, Apollo,
Hestia, Poseidon, Hades,
Hephaestus, Artemis,
Hermes, Aphrodite, and
Demeter.

above all were 3 MOIRAE (fates) to


whom even ZEUS was obedient.

Zeus

CLOTHO
who spun the web of life

LACHESIS
who gave each man his fateATROPUS
who cuts out the fatal web

had 12 wives(the other) 6 of them are listed below

*They ate nectar and ambrosia

Eurynome

Semele

Dione

Hera

mother of

mother of

mother of

Hestia
Goddess of
hearth and
family. Couldnt
marry. Most
Greek
communities
had a shrine to
her.

Hephaestus
in charge of fire.
The blacksmith
of the Gods.

Dionysus

Aphrodite

God of wine,
fertility, and
drama

Goddess of
beauty. Could
make any
woman beautiful
with her magic.

Proteus

Metis
mother of

Iris

Heras attendant.
Goddess of rainbow

Athena
Goddess of
wisdom.
Patroness of fine
arts. Born from
Zeus head.

Maenads
Female followers of
Dionysus

Hebe

Ares

Goddess of Youth.
Cupbearer to other
gods. Married
Heracles.

God of war. Rode


chariot dressed in
armor. Symbols:
spear and burning
torch

Poseidon

Amphitrite

God of the sea

One of NEREIDS
their son

Poseidons
attendant

Europa

Triton

Ilithyia
Hades

Hecate

Ruler of

Queen of
underworld
Goddess of

Whos Who Among Greek Gods?


How the World Was Createdaccording to GREEK Mythology

And the others include


Minor Gods

Minor Nature Deities


(nymphs)

Dike goddess of justice


Nemesis spirit of just

anger and punishment


Nike goddess of victory
Phosphor morning star
Hesperus evening star
Aeolus king of the four
winds
3 Charities (Graces)
3 Horae (seasons)

Dryads lived in trees as


long as the tree lived
Nereids 50 half fish, half
woman; lived in the oceans
Naiads lived in fresh
water
Oreads lived in mountains
and grottoes

Monsters

Scylla ate sailors


Charybdis swallowed the
sea

Sirens half bird, half woman;


lured sailor to ruin by their
singing
3 Erinyes caught
unpunished sinners
Cerberus 3-headed dog
guarded the gate to the
underworld so no one could

3 Regions of the Underworld


Tartarus

A place of misery and torture. Titans lived here as well as


Tantalus: for killing his son; stood just out of reach of food and water
Ixion: condemned to be chained to a wheel that kept rolling downhill
Sisyphus: condemned to roll a wheel uphill over and over again
Tityus: for insulting Leto; gnawed by vultures
Sonhad
of to carry water in a sieve Elysium
Danaids: for killing their husbands;
Apollo
& sun and stars. Great poets came here.
In the West; ruled by Cronus, a paradise which had
its own

Calliope
Orpheus
lived here
And it was here he met and fell in love with Eurydice.

Acheron
A place where people wandered aimlessly. Home of the majority of those who died.
Here lived 3 gods:
Hypnos: god of sleep
Thanatos god of death
Morpheus god of dreams