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1)

Conductors suspended between two equal support A and B

L = Length of span (m)


W = Weight per unit length of conductor (kg)
T = Tension in the conductor (kg)
Let the cordinatioin of P are x, y and assuming that at small length of OP = x
a) The weight (w, kg) w.x of conductor acting at a distance x/2 from O
b) The working tension T (kN) acting at point O
Moment's equation of above two forces about point O, we get:

T y w x

x
2

w x2
2T

Ultimated Strength (kN )


Saftety factor

The maximum dip (sag) is represented by the value of y at either of support A and B.
At support A:
x = l/2
Sag,

and y = S

(1kN = 101.9716 kgf)

w(l /2) 2
wl2
S

2T
8T
L=
W=
ultimate strenght =
safety factor =
T=
S=

90 m
660 kg/km
38.4 kN
1.5
25.6 kN
2609.58 kg
0.26 m

260 m
680 kg/km
3100 kg
2
1550 kg
15.21 kN
3.71 m

40
0.01506
38.4
2.56
1.18

th (kN )
or

m
kg/km
kg
kg
kN
m

2)

Conductors suspended between two are not equal support A and B

L=
W=
T=
h=
x1 =
x2 =

Length of span (m)


Weight per unit length of conductor (kg)
Tension in the conductor (kg)
different in levels between two supports
Distance of support at higher level
Distance of support at lower level

Let the cordinatioin of P are x, y and assuming that at small length of OP = x


a) The weight (w, kg) w.x of conductor acting at a distance x/2 from O
b) The working tension T (kN) acting at point O
from the previous Moment's equation, we get:

w x2
y
2T

1kN = 101.9716 kgf


1kg = 1000/9.81 kN

x1 + x2 = l
Sag at x1,

Ultimated Strength (per unit) condu


Saftety factor

S1

w x12
8T

S2

w x22
8T

w
w
x22 x12
( x2 x1 )( x2 x1 )
2T
2T
wl
S 2 S1 h
( x2 x1 )
2T
2T h
( x2 x1 )
wl
S 2 S1

x1

3)

l T h

2 wl

Effect of wind and ice loading

x2

l
T h

2
wl

by neglecting the ice loading, then total weight of conductor per unit length is:

wt
S

w2 ww2

tan

ww
w

wt l 2
8T

Veritcal Sag is defined by

VS S Cos

h (per unit) conductor area


aftety factor

Example:

A distribution line of 22 kV with 3 wire of 150 mm conductor, ha

Conductor 150 mm
weight (kg/m) =
pole span
x1(m) =
60
x2 (m) =
Allowable sag for overhead line
S1(m) =
Wind velocity (m/s)
32
diameter of conductor (mm)
wind pressure (Pa) =
680

20

Weight of conductors by wind pressure


The maximum tension of conductors is

if the two conductor is alliagned by T1 is 0 deg from T2, then


P = T2 - T1cos30 =
0
N

h 3 wire of 150 mm conductor, has the following data:


0.66
60
2.0

Wt =
T1 =
T2 =

g from T2, then

S2 (m) =

14
9,256
9,256

2.0

max. sag =

N
N
N
0

3.3%

Design Data
Component
Cylindrical concrete pole
Rectangular concrete pole
Square
Narrow face to wind
Wide face to wind
Crossarms
Insulators
Conductor
Transformer and Similar items
conductor data
Cross sectional area (mm)
Overall outside diamter (mm)
Stranding (No/mm)
Weight (kg/km)
Ultimate tensile strenght (kN)

Wind pressure (Pa)


425
900
800
425
800
800
600
680
900
value
240
20
19/4
660
38.4

185
17.57
19/3.51
508.5
29.9

150

70

Design Condition:
Allowable sag for overhead line =
Wind pressure =
Wind velocity =

5.0%
680
32

Cross-sectional area (mm)


Overall conductor diameter (mm)
Ultimate tensile strenght (Breaking load) (kN)
Weight of conductor (kg/km)

Pole Span
S1 (m)
S2 (m)
40
40
45
45
50
50
55
55
60
60
65
65
70
70
75
75
80
80
85
85
90
90
95
95
100
100
105
105
110
110
115
115
120
120
125
125
130
130
135
135
140
140
145
145
150
150

Tension on Pole
T1 (kN)
T2 (kN)
0.198
0.198
0.223
0.223
0.248
0.248
0.272
0.272
0.297
0.297
0.322
0.322
0.347
0.347
0.371
0.371
0.396
0.396
0.421
0.421
0.446
0.446
0.470
0.470
0.495
0.495
0.520
0.520
0.545
0.545
0.569
0.569
0.594
0.594
0.619
0.619
0.644
0.644
0.668
0.668
0.693
0.693
0.718
0.718
0.743
0.743

Pa
m/s

240

deg 45
P (kN)
0.0580
0.0652
0.0725
0.0797
0.0870
0.0942
0.1015
0.1087
0.1160
0.1232
0.1305
0.1377
0.1450
0.1522
0.1595
0.1667
0.1740
0.1812
0.1885
0.1957
0.2030
0.2102
0.2175

185

150
20
38.4
0.66

70

35