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Rhodophyta are plant-like Protista, because they
o Are autotrophic and have a pigment of phycoerythrin that
allows them to photosynthesize.
o Are eukaryotic and aerobic.
o Have cell walls made of cellulose.
o Have similar life cycle to plants (Alternation of generation)
o Are mostly multicellular, but can be unicellular. Since they
can be unicellular, they are classified as Protista and not
Acquisition of Energy
Photosynthetic autotrophs
They have the pigment phycoerythrin that absorbs blue light,
and allows them to photosynthesize deeper in the ocean.
They are immobile, lacking
cilia or flagellum.
Life Cycle
They have an Alternation of
Generation life cycle, in
which the first generation will
be haploid, and the second
generation will be diploid.
The Life Cycle:
o Spores (haploid cells)
develop into
(multicellular haploid
organisms) through
o The gametophytes produce haploid gametes (mature
reproductive cell) that are released into the environment.
(Generation 1 ends here).
o When male and female
Rintoul, David, and Robert Bear. "Early Plant Life." CNX. Rice
gametes meet, they
University, n.d. Web. 29 Feb. 2016.
join. The fusion of the
gametes produces a
diploid zygote that
develops into a diploid
sporophyte (multicellular diploid organism).
o The sporophyte then produces haploid spores through
meiosis to complete the cycle (generation 2 ends here),

and these spores will go on to create a gametophyte and

continue the cycle.

Mode of Reproduction
Dont have motile sperm, so they rely on water currents to carry
their gametes to female
Generally diplohaplontic mode
of reproduction (alternation of
generation, as discussed in life
cycle section)
Reproduce both sexually and
Example Organism
Chondrus crispus (Irish Moss)
Found predoinately on the
Atlantic Coasts where it is
Has industrial use as a thickener or stabilizer in items such as
lunch meat or ice cream.

Busti, David. "Touffe de Chondrus crispus."

Dpartement de Biologie. N.p., Sept.
2011. Web. 29 Feb. 2016. <>.

Interesting Facts
Rhodophyta contain many nutrients and protein, and are often
used in sushi, nori, and other food products.
Most of the worlds types of seaweeds are part of the rhotophyta
There are approximately 4000 species of rhodophyta, and nearly
all of them live in marine environments such as oceans.
Agar, the bacteria food used in our lab, is produced in the cell
walls of some species of rhodophyta.

Rhodophyta are very important to ecosystems, because they are

primary producers and provide shelter for other organisms.

Busti, David. "Touffe de Chondrus crispus." Dpartement de Biologie. N.p.,
2011. Web. 29 Feb. 2016. <
"Introduction to the Rhodophyta." UCMP Berkeley. U of California, 17 June
Web. 28 Feb. 2016. <
"Red Algae". Encyclopdia Britannica. Encyclopdia Britannica Online.
Encyclopdia Britannica Inc., 2016. Web. 29 Feb. 2016
"Red Algae." Virtual Classroom Biology. Radbound University, 1 Sept. 2013.
29 Feb. 2016.
Rintoul, David, and Robert Bear. "Early Plant Life." CNX. Rice University, n.d.
Web. 29 Feb. 2016. <