World’s 10 Largest Countries in Population

2007

2050
Population
(millions)

Country

Population
(millions)

Country

China

1,318

India

1,747

India

1,132

China

1,437

United States

302

United States

420

Indonesia

232

Indonesia

297

Brazil

189

Pakistan

295

Pakistan

169

Nigeria

282

Bangladesh

149

Brazil

260

Nigeria

144

Bangladesh

231

Russia

142

Dem. Rep. of Congo

187

Japan

128

Philippines

150

Developing Countries With the Highest and Lowest Shares
of Children Under Age 5 Who Are Underweight
Highest
Country

Lowest
Percent

Afghanistan
India (under age 3)
Yemen
Niger
Bangladesh
East Timor
Burundi
Nepal
Sudan
Madagascar

46
46
46
44
43
41
39
39
38
37

Country

Percent

Grenada
Chile
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Kuwait
Samoa
Georgia
Jamaica
Mexico
Palestinian Territory
Singapore

<1
1
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
3

Countries With the Highest and Lowest Life Expectancy
Highest
Country
Japan
Australia
France
Iceland
Italy
Sweden
Switzerland
Austria
Canada
Israel
Malta
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Singapore
Spain
© 2007 Population Reference Bureau

Lowest
Years
82
81
81
81
81
81
81
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80

Country

Years

Swaziland
Botswana
Lesotho
Zimbabwe
Zambia
Malawi
Angola
Afghanistan
Central African Republic
Mozambique

33
34
36
37
38
40
41
42
43
43

2007 WORLD POPULATION DATA SHEET 2

WOR LD POPULATION HIGHLIGHTS
Levels of Income Inequality Vary
Around the World.

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The Gini index is the most common measure of income inequality. It is
constructed so that zero corresponds to perfect income equality (that
is, everyone has the same income), while 100 corresponds to perfect
income inequality (that is, one person has all the income while everyone
else has none). The median value of the Gini index across the world’s
countries is 39.
The United States has a Gini index of 41, above the level of most industrialized countries and reflecting its greater income inequality. Among
developing countries, the Gini index varies from below 40 (India, Burkina
Faso) to above 50 (Zambia, Bolivia). Greater income inequality is associated with weakened social cohesion and worse health status. Income
inequality appears to increase, at least in the short term, in countries that
are innovating and growing rapidly economically. Countries can influence
their levels of income inequality through policies affecting taxation, public
transfer programs, education, and migration.
S OURCE : World Bank, World Development Indicators, online database (http://
publications.worldbank.org/WDI/, accessed May 25, 2007).

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Long a Problem in Industrialized
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Countries,
Obesity Is a Problem
in the Developing World.
Globally, at least 1 billion adults are overweight (body mass index, or
BMI, exceeding 25), with about 300 million of those adults considered
obese (BMI of 30 or greater). While obesity has long been a problem
in industrialized countries, levels are rising in many developing countries as well. For example, one-fourth of Mexican men and one-third
of Mexican women are considered obese. Similarly, obesity rates are
21 percent for Moroccan women and 35 percent for South African
women—significantly greater than the rates for women in many industrialized nations.

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S OURCE : World Health Organization, WHO Global InfoBase Online, Country
Comparable Data (http://infobase.who.int, accessed June 15, 2007).

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2007 WORLD POPULATION DATA SHEET 3

Foreign-Born Populations Are
Rising in Both Industrialized and
Developing Countries.

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Much press has been given to the increase in immigration in the indus����������
trialized world—most of which has come from developing countries.
The United States and Canada, for example, both have long traditions
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of immigration, while many countries in western Europe have seen
the influx of migrants from both former colonies in Asia and Africa (to
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the Netherlands) and eastern Europe (to Ireland). Less well known,
however, is that several countries in the developing world have seen a
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rise in their foreign-born populations. Costa Rica, for example, has long
attracted refugees escaping civil strife in nearby countries, and more
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recently has been a destination for Nicaraguans and Panamanians
seeking seasonal work. Botswana provides another case in point, as it
has attracted both refugees and economic migrants from its neighbors
in southern Africa.
S OURCES : United Nations Population Division and U.S. Census Bureau.

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Among Women in Developing
Countries, More Education Often
Leads to Lower Fertility.
A large body of research over the years has linked higher education for
women and girls with reduced fertility levels. Indeed, recent data from
many countries have shown that women with at least a secondary-level
education eventually give birth to one-third to one-half as many children as women with no formal education. In some of these countries,
the fertility of these well-educated women approaches replacement
level. Better-educated women are able to delay marriage and exercise
more control over their reproductive lives, including decisions about
childbearing.
S OURCE : ORC Macro, MEASURE DHS STATcompiler (www.measuredhs.com,
accessed June 15, 2007).

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2007 WORLD POPULATION DATA SHEET 4

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Urbanization Has Grown
Dramatically Since the 1970s.
As recently as 1975, one in three persons worldwide lived in urban
areas, with most of those 1.5 billion urbanites living in areas of fewer
than 1 million persons. (Many urban dwellers, in fact, live in communities of fewer than 5,000 residents.) Over the past 30 years, the urban
population has increased so that more than half of the world population will be living in cities by 2008. Parallel to this overall urban growth
(and the continued rise of smaller cities) is the emergence of “megacities”—urban areas of at least 10 million persons. Between 1975 and
2005, the number of such large cities has mushroomed from three
(two of which were in industrialized countries) to 20 (15 of which are
in developing countries).
S OURCE : United Nations Population Division, World Urbanization Prospects:
The 2005 Revision (2006).

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Iron-Deficiency Anemia Remains
a Problem in Many Parts of the
Developing World.
Nearly three in five children under age 5 live in countries where anemia is
a severe public health problem. The prevalence is most severe in Africa
and Asia, where in some countries, more than 40 percent of preschoolage children have moderate or severe anemia (hemoglobin levels below
10 grams per deciliter). High rates of iron-deficiency anemia in young
children are particularly worrisome because the lack of sufficient iron in
their diet hinders their growth and cognitive development. In addition,
iron deficiency affects pregnancy outcomes and reduces work productivity, and severe iron-deficiency anemia increases the probability of
disability and death among women of childbearing age.
SOURCE: ORC Macro, MEASURE DHS STATcompiler (www.measuredhs.com,
accessed June 15, 2007).

© 2007 Population Reference Bureau

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2007 WORLD POPULATION DATA SHEET 5

Population Aging Is Occurring Worldwide.
Over the past half-century, both the worldwide drop in fertility and concurrent rise in life expectancy have led to the gradual aging of the world’s population. Since 1950, the share of persons ages 65 and older has risen from 5 percent to 7 percent worldwide. As the map shows, Europe and Japan have
led the way, with North America, Australia, and New Zealand close behind. However, older persons are now more than 5 percent of the inhabitants in
many developing countries and by 2050 are expected to be 19 percent of Latin America’s population and 18 percent of Asia’s.
Percent of Persons Ages 65
and Older
2007
WORLD
Industrialized Countries
Developing Countries

2025

2050

7

10

16

16

21

26

6

9

15

Europe

16

21

28

North America

12

18

21

Oceania

10

15

19

Latin America & Caribbean

6

10

19

Asia

6

10

18

Africa

3

4

7

S OURCES : C. Haub, 2007 World Population Data Sheet, and United Nations Population Division.

© 2007 Population Reference Bureau

2007 WORLD POPULATION DATA SHEET 6

DEMOGRAPHIC DATA AND ESTIMATES FOR THE COUNTRIES AND REGIONS OF THE WORLD

WORLD
MORE DEVELOPED
LESS DEVELOPED
LESS DEVELOPED (Excl. China)
AFRICA
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
NORTHERN AFRICA
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Morocco
Sudan
Tunisia
Western Sahara
WESTERN AFRICA
Benin
Burkina Faso
Cape Verde
Côte d’Ivoire
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Liberia
Mali
Mauritania
Niger
Nigeria
Senegal
Sierra Leone
Togo
EASTERN AFRICA
Burundi
Comoros
Djibouti
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Kenya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mauritius
Mayotte
Mozambique
Reunion
Rwanda
Seychelles
Somalia
Tanzania
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe
MIDDLE AFRICA
Angola
Cameroon
Central African Republic
Chad
Congo
Congo, Dem. Rep. Of
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Sao Tome and Principe

Population
mid-2007
(millions)

Births per
1,000
Population

Deaths per
1,000
Population

Rate of
Natural
Increase
(%)

6,625
1,221
5,404
4,086
944
788
195
34.1
73.4
6.2
31.7
38.6
10.2
0.5
283
9.0
14.8
0.5
20.2
1.5
23.0
10.1
1.7
3.8
12.3
3.1
14.2
144.4
12.4
5.3
6.6
294
8.5
0.7
0.8
4.9
77.1
36.9
18.3
13.1
1.3
0.2
20.4
0.8
9.3
0.1
9.1
38.7
28.5
11.5
13.3
118
16.3
18.1
4.3
10.8
3.8
62.6
0.5
1.3
0.2

21
11
23
27
38
41
26
21
27
24
21
33
17
28
42
42
45
30
38
38
33
42
50
50
48
35
48
43
39
48
38
41
46
37
30
40
40
40
40
46
14
39
41
19
43
17
46
40
48
41
31
46
49
37
38
47
41
50
40
28
35

9
10
8
9
14
16
7
4
6
4
6
11
6
8
15
12
15
5
14
11
10
14
19
19
16
9
15
18
10
23
10
15
16
7
12
10
15
12
12
18
7
3
20
6
16
8
17
15
16
22
21
18
22
14
19
16
14
19
16
12
8

1.2
0.1
1.5
1.8
2.4
2.5
1.9
1.7
2.1
2.0
1.5
2.2
1.1
2.0
2.7
3.0
3.0
2.5
2.4
2.7
2.3
2.9
3.1
3.1
3.3
2.7
3.4
2.5
3.0
2.5
2.8
2.5
3.0
2.9
1.8
3.0
2.5
2.8
2.7
2.8
0.7
3.6
2.1
1.3
2.7
1.0
2.9
2.6
3.1
1.9
1.1
2.8
2.7
2.3
1.9
3.1
2.7
3.0
2.3
1.6
2.7

© 2007 Population Reference Bureau

Net
Migration
Rate
per 1,000
Population

mid–2025

0
3
-0
-0
-0
-0
-1
-1
-2
-0
-2
-1
-1
6
-0
2
1
-6
5
3
-0
-8
-1
3
-3
1
-0
-0
-2
-4
-0
-0
6
-3
0
7
-0
-0
0
-0
-0
5
-0
1
1
5
5
-2
-1
-3
-1
-0
2
-0
-1
2
-2
-1
0
1
-9

7,965
1,254
6,711
5,235
1,359
1,160
253
43.2
95.9
8.1
38.9
54.3
12.1
0.8
419
14.5
23.7
0.7
27.4
2.2
33.1
15.7
2.9
6.8
20.6
4.5
26.3
204.9
18.0
7.6
9.9
438
15.0
1.0
1.1
7.7
108.7
51.3
28.2
20.6
1.4
0.3
27.5
1.0
14.6
0.1
14.9
57.4
55.9
14.8
16.0
191
26.2
25.5
5.8
17.5
6.1
107.5
0.8
1.7
0.2

See Notes on page 14.

mid–2050

Projected
Population
Change
2007–2050
(%)

Infant
Mortality
Ratea

Total
Fertility
Rateb

<15

65+

9,294
1,259
8,036
6,599
1,953
1,716
310
50.0
117.9
9.7
45.3
73.0
13.2
0.9
616
22.5
37.5
0.9
36.4
3.2
47.8
24.5
5.3
12.5
34.2
6.4
53.2
281.6
25.3
10.9
14.1
650
28.3
1.5
1.5
11.5
145.9
65.2
41.8
30.9
1.5
0.6
37.2
1.1
21.7
0.1
25.5
81.5
117.0
18.4
19.1
315
42.7
34.9
7.6
29.4
9.6
186.8
1.2
2.1
0.3

40
3
49
61
107
118
59
47
61
57
43
89
29
95
118
149
154
87
80
114
108
142
214
232
177
104
274
95
104
103
113
121
233
104
78
136
89
77
129
136
18
183
83
33
133
38
180
110
310
61
43
167
162
93
75
173
153
198
133
56
88

52
6
57
61
86
92
42
30
33
21
38
69
20
49
98
98
81
28
104
75
59
113
117
138
96
74
126
100
61
158
91
83
107
59
67
59
77
77
79
96
14.4

108
7
86
11
117
78
83
100
60
113
141
74
102
102
75
120
101
62
77

2.7
1.6
2.9
3.3
5.0
5.5
3.1
2.4
3.1
3.0
2.4
4.5
2.0
2.9
5.7
5.7
6.2
3.5
5.0
5.1
4.4
5.7
7.1
6.8
6.6
4.8
7.1
5.9
5.3
6.1
5.1
5.5
6.8
4.9
4.2
5.3
5.4
4.9
5.2
6.3
1.7
4.5
5.4
2.4
6.1
2.1
6.8
5.4
6.7
5.5
3.8
6.3
6.8
4.9
5.0
6.5
5.3
6.7
5.6
3.4
4.1

28
17
31
34
41
43
33
30
33
30
30
41
26
31
44
44
47
38
41
42
40
46
48
47
48
40
48
45
44
42
43
44
45
42
39
43
43
42
45
46
24
42
43
27
46
25
45
44
50
46
41
46
47
42
43
46
42
47
42
26
42

7
16
6
5
3
3
5
5
5
4
5
4
6
2
3
3
3
6
3
3
4
3
3
2
4
4
3
3
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
2
3
2
3
3
7
2
3
7
3
8
3
3
3
2
3
3
2
3
4
3
3
3
4
5
4

Projected Population
(millions)

Percent of
Population
of Age

2007 WORLD POPULATION DATA SHEET 7

DEMOGRAPHIC DATA AND ESTIMATES FOR THE COUNTRIES AND REGIONS OF THE WORLD

SOUTHERN AFRICA
Botswana
Lesotho
Namibia
South Africa
Swaziland
NORTHERN AMERICA
Canada
United States
LATIN AMERICA/CARIBBEAN
CENTRAL AMERICA
Belize
Costa Rica
El Salvador
Guatemala
Honduras
Mexico
Nicaragua
Panama
CARIBBEAN
Antigua and Barbuda
Bahamas
Barbados
Cuba
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Grenada
Guadeloupe
Haiti
Jamaica
Martinique
Netherlands Antilles
Puerto Rico
St. Kitts-Nevis
Saint Lucia
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Trinidad and Tobago
SOUTH AMERICA
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
French Guiana
Guyana
Paraguay
Peru
Suriname
Uruguay
Venezuela
ASIA
ASIA (Excl. China)
WESTERN ASIA
Armenia
Azerbaijan
Bahrain
Cyprus
Georgia
Iraq
Israel

Population
mid-2007
(millions)

Births per
1,000
Population

Deaths per
1,000
Population

Rate of
Natural
Increase
(%)

55
1.8
1.8
2.1
47.9
1.1
335
32.9
302.2
569
148
0.3
4.5
6.9
13.4
7.1
106.5
5.6
3.3
40
0.1
0.3
0.3
11.2
0.1
9.4
0.1
0.5
9.0
2.7
0.4
0.2
3.9
0.05
0.2
0.1
1.4
381
39.4
9.8
189.3
16.6
46.2
13.5
0.2
0.8
6.1
27.9
0.5
3.3
27.5
4,010
2,692
223
3.0
8.6
0.8
1.0
4.5
29.0
7.3

24
26
28
27
23
28
14
11
14
21
23
27
16
25
34
27
21
28
20
19
21
16
14
11
24
24
19
16
29
17
13
13
13
18
15
18
14
21
19
29
21
15
20
26
31
21
27
21
21
15
22
19
23
26
15
18
21
12
11
36
21

16
27
25
13
15
29
8
7
8
6
5
5
4
6
6
6
5
5
4
8
6
7
8
8
7
5
7
6
11
6
7
8
7
9
7
7
8
6
8
8
6
5
6
6
4
9
6
6
7
9
5
7
7
6
9
6
3
6
10
11
6

0.8
-0.1
0.3
1.5
0.8
-0.1
0.6
0.3
0.6
1.5
1.8
2.3
1.2
1.9
2.8
2.1
1.7
2.3
1.5
1.1
1.5
1.0
0.6
0.3
1.7
1.8
1.2
1.0
1.8
1.1
0.7
0.5
0.5
1.0
0.8
1.1
0.6
1.5
1.2
2.1
1.4
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.7
1.2
2.1
1.5
1.4
0.6
1.7
1.2
1.5
2.0
0.6
1.2
1.8
0.5
0.1
2.5
1.5

© 2007 Population Reference Bureau

Net
Migration
Rate
per 1,000
Population
0
-1
-4
-0
0
0
4
7
4
-2
-5
10
4
-4
-4
-4
-6
-7
0
-3
-6
1
-1
-3
-12
-3
-15
2
-3
-6
1
21
-2
-6
7
-8
-3
-1
-1
-1
-0
2
-1
-4
5
-7
-2
-4
-7
-3
0
-0
-0
2
-3
0
7
29
18
-3
2

See Notes on page 14.

mid–2025

mid–2050

Projected
Population
Change
2007–2050
(%)

58
1.7
1.7
2.6
51.5
1.0
387
37.6
349.4
691
181
0.4
5.6
9.0
19.9
9.7
124.7
7.5
4.2
46
0.1
0.4
0.3
11.5
0.1
11.9
0.1
0.5
11.5
3.0
0.4
0.2
4.1
0.1
0.2
0.1
1.5
463
46.4
13.3
228.9
19.1
55.6
17.5
0.3
0.8
8.0
34.1
0.5
3.5
35.2
4,768
3,292
292
3.4
9.7
1.0
1.1
4.1
43.2
9.3

62
1.7
1.6
3.0
54.8
0.8
462
41.6
419.9
784
205
0.6
6.3
11.9
27.5
12.1
132.3
9.8
5.0
51
0.1
0.5
0.3
10.8
0.1
14.7
0.1
0.5
14.3
3.4
0.4
0.2
3.8
0.1
0.2
0.1
1.4
528
53.7
16.0
259.8
20.2
61.9
20.4
0.4
0.6
9.9
39.0
0.5
3.6
41.8
5,378
3,941
367
3.4
11.6
1.2
1.1
3.2
61.9
11.2

13
-5
-10
47
14
-34
38
26
39
38
39
85
41
73
106
70
24
75
50
27
0
36
-8
-4
20
57
-12
4
59
26
-12
11
-4
34
31
-12
-1
38
36
63
37
22
34
51
84
-15
61
40
-7
9
52
34
46
65
12
35
56
5
-29
114
52

Projected Population
(millions)

Infant
Mortality
Ratea
46
56
91
55
43
73
6
5.3
6.5
24
23
25
10
25
34
23
21
26
15
32
20
12.7
14.2
6.2
22.2
30
17
6.9
57
24
5
9
9
14.5
19.4
18.1
15
24
14.4
51
27
8.4
19
25
10
48
36
24
20
14.5
17.5
48
53
41
26
10
9
6
20
94
3.9

Percent of
Population
of Age

Total
Fertility
Rateb

<15

65+

2.8
3.1
3.5
3.6
2.7
3.6
2.0
1.5
2.1
2.5
2.7
3.3
1.9
2.9
4.4
3.3
2.4
3.2
2.4
2.5
2.3
1.9
1.9
1.5
3.0
2.9
2.1
2.2
4.0
2.1
2.0
1.8
1.7
2.3
1.7
2.0
1.6
2.4
2.5
3.7
2.3
2.0
2.4
3.1
4.0
2.7
3.5
2.5
2.5
2.1
2.7
2.4
2.8
3.4
1.7
2.1
2.6
1.5
1.3
4.9
2.8

33
38
39
41
32
41
20
18
20
30
33
41
28
35
43
38
32
39
30
28
28
28
22
19
29
33
32
26
39
30
22
23
21
28
28
29
25
29
27
38
28
25
30
33
35
32
36
32
30
24
31
28
31
34
22
24
27
19
18
42
28

4
3
5
3
4
4
12
13
12
6
5
4
6
5
4
4
6
4
6
8
7
6
12
11
10
6
5
8
4
8
12
10
13
8
7
7
6
6
10
4
6
8
5
6
4
5
5
6
6
13
5
6
6
5
11
7
3
11
13
3
10

2007 WORLD POPULATION DATA SHEET 8

DEMOGRAPHIC DATA AND ESTIMATES FOR THE COUNTRIES AND REGIONS OF THE WORLD

Jordan
Kuwait
Lebanon
Oman
Palestinian Territory
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
Turkey
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
SOUTH CENTRAL ASIA
Afghanistan
Bangladesh
Bhutan
India
Iran
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Maldives
Nepal
Pakistan
Sri Lanka
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
SOUTHEAST ASIA
Brunei
Cambodia
East Timor
Indonesia
Laos
Malaysia
Myanmar
Philippines
Singapore
Thailand
Vietnam
EAST ASIA
China
China, Hong Kong SARd
China, Macao SARd
Japan
Korea, North
Korea, South
Mongolia
Taiwan
EUROPE
NORTHERN EUROPE
Channel Islands
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
Iceland
Ireland
Latvia
Lithuania
Norway
Sweden
United Kingdom
WESTERN EUROPE

Population
mid-2007
(millions)

Births per
1,000
Population

Deaths per
1,000
Population

Rate of
Natural
Increase
(%)

5.7
2.8
3.9
2.7
4.0
0.9
27.6
19.9
74.0
4.4
22.4
1,662
31.9
149.0
0.9
1,131.9
71.2
15.5
5.2
0.3
27.8
169.3
20.1
7.1
5.4
26.5
574
0.4
14.4
1.0
231.6
5.9
27.2
49.8
88.7
4.6
65.7
85.1
1,550
1,318.0
6.9
0.5
127.7
23.3
48.5
2.6
22.9
733
98
0.2
5.5
1.3
5.3
0.3
4.4
2.3
3.4
4.7
9.1
61.0
187

28
21
19
25
33
17
30
28
19
17
40
25
47
27
20
24
18
20
23
19
28
31
18
26
25
24
21
19
26
44
21
36
23
20
27
10
14
19
12
12
10
8
9
16
9
18
9
10
12
12
12
11
11
15
15
10
9
13
12
12
10

4
2
5
3
4
2
3
4
6
2
9
8
21
8
7
8
6
10
7
3
9
8
7
7
8
7
7
3
9
11
7
12
5
10
5
4
7
5
7
7
5
3
9
7
5
6
6
11
10
9
10
13
9
6
7
14
13
9
10
10
9

2.4
1.9
1.5
2.2
2.9
1.5
2.7
2.5
1.2
1.5
3.2
1.7
2.6
1.9
1.3
1.6
1.2
0.9
1.6
1.6
1.9
2.3
1.2
1.9
1.6
1.7
1.4
1.6
1.7
3.3
1.4
2.4
1.8
0.9
2.1
0.6
0.7
1.3
0.5
0.5
0.4
0.5
0.0
0.9
0.4
1.2
0.3
-0.1
0.2
0.2
0.2
-0.2
0.2
0.8
0.9
-0.5
-0.4
0.4
0.2
0.3
0.1

© 2007 Population Reference Bureau

Net
Migration
Rate
per 1,000
Population

mid–2025

7
15
-0
16

36
0
2
0
35
-1
-0
0
-1
3
-0
-3
2
-6
0
-1
-1
-1
-1
-0
-2
-0
3
0
0
-1
0
4
-0
-2
27
-0
-0
-0
-0
5
53
0
0
-2
0
1
2
4
2
-0
2
17
16
-1
-1
5
6
4
1

7.7
3.9
4.6
3.1
6.2
1.1
35.7
27.5
87.8
6.2
36.6
2,080
50.3
190.0
1.1
1,391.2
88.2
17.1
6.6
0.4
36.1
228.8
21.2
9.4
6.6
32.9
691
0.5
19.6
1.7
271.2
8.5
34.5
55.4
120.2
5.3
70.2
103.6
1,705
1,476.0
8.1
0.6
119.3
25.8
49.1
3.1
23.1
719
104
0.2
5.6
1.2
5.6
0.3
4.9
2.2
3.1
5.2
9.9
65.8
191

See Notes on page 14.

mid–2050

Projected
Population
Change
2007–2050
(%)

Infant
Mortality
Ratea

Total
Fertility
Rateb

<15

65+

9.8
5.1
5.0
3.9
8.8
1.4
49.7
34.9
88.7
8.4
58.0
2,601
81.9
231.0
1.3
1,747.3
100.2
17.4
8.1
0.5
42.6
295.0
19.5
11.4
7.4
37.2
778
0.6
25.5
3.0
296.9
11.8
40.5
58.7
149.8
5.3
68.9
116.9
1,632
1,437.0
8.7
0.6
95.2
26.4
42.3
3.4
18.9
669
108
0.1
5.5
1.0
5.7
0.4
5.1
1.8
2.9
5.8
10.5
69.2
187

71
84
27
42
120
55
80
75
20
90
159
56
157
55
42
54
41
13
56
77
53
74
-3
59
36
40
35
55
78
188
28
102
49
18
69
13
5
37
5
9
25
9
-26
13
-13
29
-18
-9
11
-3
1
-23
9
14
16
-22
-15
24
15
13
-0

24
8
17
10
25
7
16
19
23
9
75
64
166
65
40
58
32
29
50
15
51
78
11
65
74
58
32
7
71
98
34
85
10
75
27
2.6
20
18
25
27
1.8
3
2.8
21
5
41
5.0
6
5
3.4
3.9
4.4
3.0
2.4
3.8
7.6
6.8
3.2
2.8
4.9
4

3.5
2.6
2.3
3.4
4.6
2.8
4.1
3.5
2.2
2.7
6.2
3.0
6.8
3.0
2.9
2.9
2.0
2.5
2.8
2.8
3.1
4.1
2.0
3.4
2.9
2.7
2.5
2.3
3.4
7.0
2.4
4.8
2.9
2.3
3.4
1.3
1.7
2.1
1.6
1.6
1.0
0.9
1.3
2.0
1.1
2.0
1.1
1.5
1.8
1.4
1.9
1.6
1.8
2.1
1.9
1.4
1.3
1.9
1.9
1.8
1.6

37
26
27
33
44
23
38
37
28
20
47
34
45
33
33
33
29
27
32
34
41
40
27
32
34
35
29
30
37
45
28
44
33
27
35
19
23
29
19
20
14
15
14
27
18
29
18
16
18
15
19
15
17
21
20
14
16
19
17
18
16

3
2
8
3
3
1
2
3
6
1
2
5
2
4
5
5
5
8
6
4
4
4
6
3
5
5
5
3
3
3
6
4
4
6
4
8
7
7
9
8
12
7
21
8
10
4
10
16
16
13
15
17
16
12
11
17
16
15
17
16
17

Projected Population
(millions)

Percent of
Population
of Age

2007 WORLD POPULATION DATA SHEET 9

DEMOGRAPHIC DATA AND ESTIMATES FOR THE COUNTRIES AND REGIONS OF THE WORLD

Population
mid-2007
(millions)
Austria
Belgium
France
Germany
Liechtenstein
Luxembourg
Monaco
Netherlands
Switzerland
EASTERN EUROPE
Belarus
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Hungary
Moldova
Poland
Romania
Russia
Slovakia
Ukraine
SOUTHERN EUROPE
Albania
Andorra
Bosnia-Herzegovina
Croatia
Greece
Italy
Macedoniae
Malta
Montenegro
Portugal
San Marino
Serbia
Slovenia
Spain
OCEANIA
Australia
Federated States of Micronesia
Fiji
French Polynesia
Guam
Kiribati
Marshall Islands
Nauru
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Palau
Papua New Guinea
Samoa
Solomon Islands
Tonga
Tuvalu
Vanuatu

© 2007 Population Reference Bureau

8.3
10.6
61.7
82.3
0.04
0.5
0.03
16.4
7.5
295
9.7
7.7
10.3
10.1
4.0
38.1
21.6
141.7
5.4
46.5
153
3.2
0.1
3.8
4.4
11.2
59.3
2.0
0.4
0.6
10.7
0.03
9.5
2.0
45.3
35
21.0
0.1
0.9
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.01
0.2
4.2
0.02
6.3
0.2
0.5
0.1
0.01
0.2

Births per
1,000
Population

Deaths per
1,000
Population

Rate of
Natural
Increase
(%)

9
11
13
8
11
12
25
11
10
10
9
10
10
10
11
10
10
10
10
10
10
14
11
9
10
10
10
11
10
12
10
10
11
9
11
18
13
26
21
18
21
31
38
26
18
14
14
32
29
34
27
27
31

9
10
9
10
6
8
16
8
8
14
14
15
10
13
12
10
12
15
10
16
9
6
4
9
12
9
9
9
8
9
10
6
12
9
8
7
6
6
6
5
4
8
5
7
5
7
7
10
6
8
6
10
6

0.0
0.1
0.4
-0.2
0.5
0.4
0.9
0.3
0.2
-0.4
-0.5
-0.5
0.0
-0.3
-0.2
0.0
-0.2
-0.5
0.0
-0.6
0.1
0.8
0.7
0.0
-0.2
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.0
0.4
-0.0
0.0
0.3
1.0
0.6
2.0
1.4
1.3
1.6
2.3
3.3
1.9
1.3
0.7
0.7
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.1
1.7
2.5

Net
Migration
Rate
per 1,000
Population
4
3
2
0
4
6
8
-2
5
1
0
-0
3
2
1
-1
-0
2
1
0
4
-3
15
0
2
4
4
-1
2
-1
5
11
1
4
7
5
7
-17
-5
0
0
0
-6
0
3
4
1
0
-1
0
-18
-1
0

See Notes on page 14.

Projected Population
(millions)
mid–2025

mid–2050

8.8
10.8
66.1
79.6
0.04
0.5
0.04
16.9
8.1
271
9.0
6.6
10.2
9.6
3.7
36.7
19.7
128.5
5.2
41.7
153
3.5
0.1
3.7
4.3
11.3
58.7
2.0
0.4
0.6
10.4
0.04
9.6
2.0
46.2
42
24.7
0.1
0.9
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.02
0.3
4.7
0.02
8.6
0.2
0.7
0.1
0.01
0 .4

9.0
11.0
70.0
71.4
0.04
0.6
0.04
16.8
8.1
229
7.8
5.0
9.4
8.9
3.0
30.5
17.1
109.4
4.7
33.4
144
3.5
0.1
3.1
3.8
10.8
55.9
1.7
0.3
0.6
9.3
0.04
9.3
1.9
43.9
49
28.1
0.1
0.9
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.02
0.4
5.0
0.03
11.2
0.2
1.0
0.1
0.02
0.5

Projected
Population
Change
2007–2050
(%)
8
3
13
-13
19
35
12
3
7
-22
-20
-35
-8
-11
-24
-20
-21
-23
-12
-28
-5
12
-4
-20
-14
-4
-6
-15
-20
-4
-13
13
-2
-6
-3
41
34
21
8
36
48
119
60
64
49
21
30
76
15
93
-27
83
113

Infant
Mortality
Ratea
3.6
4.4
3.7
3.8
2.9
3.2

4.4
4.2
9
7
9.7
3.3
5.7
12
6.0
14.0
10
6.8
10
5
8
2.5
7
5.7
3.8
3.7
13
6.0
9.5
3.5
3.3
13
3.3
3.8
27
5.0
40
16
6.3
11.3
43
29
42
6
5.1
18
64
20
48
12
35
27

Percent of
Population
of Age

Total
Fertility
Rateb

<15

65+

1.4
1.7
2.0
1.3
1.4
1.7

1.7
1.4
1.3
1.2
1.4
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.4
1.8
1.3
1.2
1.4
1.3
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.6
1.4
1.2
1.8
1.3
1.4
2.1
1.8
4.1
2.5
2.2
2.8
4.2
4.9
3.4
2.3
2.0
2.1
4.1
4.4
4.5
3.6
3.7
4.0

16
17
18
14
17
19
13
18
16
15
16
13
15
15
20
16
16
15
16
14
15
27
15
18
16
14
14
20
17
20
16
15
20
14
14
25
20
39
31
28
30
39
42
39
28
21
24
41
41
40
35
36
41

17
17
16
19
12
14
22
14
16
14
14
17
14
16
10
13
15
14
12
16
18
8
12
13
17
19
20
11
13
13
17
16
15
16
17
10
13
3
4
5
6
3
2
2
7
13
6
2
4
3
6
6
3

2007 WORLD POPULATION DATA SHEET 10

DEMOGRAPHIC DATA AND ESTIMATES

Life Expectancy
at Birth (years)
WORLD
MORE DEVELOPED
LESS DEVELOPED
LESS DEVELOPED (Excl. China)
AFRICA
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
NORTHERN AFRICA
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Morocco
Sudan
Tunisia
Western Sahara
WESTERN AFRICA
Benin
Burkina Faso
Cape Verde
Côte d’Ivoire
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Liberia
Mali
Mauritania
Niger
Nigeria
Senegal
Sierra Leone
Togo
EASTERN AFRICA
Burundi
Comoros
Djibouti
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Kenya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mauritius
Mayotte
Mozambique
Reunion
Rwanda
Seychelles
Somalia
Tanzania
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe
MIDDLE AFRICA
Angola
Cameroon
Central African Republic
Chad
Congo
Congo, Dem. Rep. Of
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Sao Tome and Principe

Total

Males

Females

Percent
Urban

68
77
66
64
53
49
68
72
71
73
70
58
74
65
51
56
51
71
51
58
59
54
46
45
53
62
56
47
62
48
58
48
49
64
54
57
49
53
57
40
72
74
43
76
47
72
48
50
47
38
37
46
41
50
43
51
52
45
49
57
64

66
73
64
62
52
48
67
71
68
71
68
56
72
63
50
54
49
68
49
57
58
52
44
44
51
61
57
46
60
48
56
48
47
62
53
54
48
53
55
40
69
72
42
72
47
67
46
49
47
38
38
45
39
50
42
49
51
44
48
56
63

70
80
67
65
54
50
70
74
73
76
72
59
76
67
51
57
52
74
53
59
59
55
48
46
55
64
55
47
64
49
60
49
50
66
55
59
50
53
59
40
76
76
44
80
48
77
50
51
47
37
37
47
43
51
45
52
53
46
51
58
66

49
75
43
42
37
34
50
58
43
85
55
41
65
92
40
39
16
56
47
50
44
30
30
58
31
40
17
44
41
36
40
22
10
37
82
19
16
19
26
17
42
28
35
89
17
53
34
23
12
35
36
37
40
53
38
21
60
32
39
84
58

© 2007 Population Reference Bureau

NUTRITION

Percent of Married
Percent of
Women 15–49 Using
Population
Percent of
Contraception*
Ages 15–49
Children Under
With HIV/AIDS
All
Modern
Age 5
2005/2006 Methods Methods Underweight
0.9
0.5
1.1
1.4
4.5
5.4
0.4
0.1
<0.1

0.1
1.6
0.1

3.0
1.2
2.0

4.7
2.4
2.3
1.5
3.8

1.3
0.7
0.7
3.9
0.7
1.5
3.2
6.2
3.3
<0.1
3.1
2.4
1.4
6.1
0.5
12.7
0.6

16.1

3.0

0.9
6.5
6.7
17.0
18.1
3.9
3.7
5.4
6.2
3.5
5.3
3.2
3.2
7.9

62
68
60
51
28
22
50
57
59
49
63
10
63

13
17
14
53
15
10
17
9
8

8
8
11
12
12
5
26
25
16
26
18
8
15
39
27
42
76

17
70
17

8
26
24
34
60
25
6
26
28
3
44
31

33
29

See Notes on page 14.

54
58
53
43
22
16
44
52
57
26
55
7
53

8
6
9
46
7
9
14
6
4

6
5
5
8
10
4
9
20
10
19
17
5
14
32
17
39
42

12

10

1
20
18
23
58
6
5
13
7
2
13
4

12
27

23

24
28
24
26
15
10
5

10
38
4

27
23
35

18
15
18
23
22
23
32
30
44
27
15
31
23
25
39
25
29
35
35
17
37
19


21

23

23
17
20
23
17
29
28
15
22
34
12
34
16
9
10

ECONOMY

ENVIRONMENT

DENSITY

GNI PPP
per Capita
(US$)
2006

Carbon Dioxide
Emissions
Percent
per Capita of Natural
(metric tons) Habitat
2002
Remaining

Population
Density
per Sq.
Kilometer

$9,940
29,680
5,480
4,760
2,550
2,000
4,660
6,900
4,680

5,000
2,160
8,490

1,330
1,160
1,330
5,980
1,550
1,970
2,640
2,410
830

1,130
2,600
830
1,050
1,830
850
1,490
1,180
710
2,010
2,540
1,090
1,190
1,300
960
720
13,500

1,220

1,270
16,590

740
1,490
1,000
1,940
1,370
2,360
2,370
1,280
1,230
940
720
10,150
5,310

4.0
11.7
2.1
1.9
1.1
0.8
1.9
2.8
2.0
9.5
1.2
0.3
2.3

0.5
0.3
0.1
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.4
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
1.1
0.1
0.7
0.4
0.1
0.3
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.5
0.2
0.1
0.3
0.1
0.1
2.6

0.1

0.1
6.9

0.1
0.1
0.2
0.9
0.3
1.0
0.4
0.1
0.0
0.8
0.0
3.1
3.1
0.6

78
82
76
76
84
81
91
>95
>95
>95
77
76
90
>95
75
83
36

50
30
66
72
88
30
80
>95
>95
50
41
23
87
75
57
69
>95

60
86
77
68

46
87

41

94
73
56
89
64
90
95
85
>95
77
95
93
84
94

49
27
65
56
31
32
23
14
73
4
71
15
62
2
46
80
54
122
63
134
96
41
47
34
10
3
11
156
63
74
116
46
306
318
36
41
70
64
31
110
618
524
25
319
355
190
14
41
118
15
34
18
13
38
7
8
11
27
18
5
161

2007 WORLD POPULATION DATA SHEET 11

DEMOGRAPHIC DATA AND ESTIMATES

Life Expectancy
at Birth (years)
SOUTHERN AFRICA
Botswana
Lesotho
Namibia
South Africa
Swaziland
NORTHERN AMERICA
Canada
United States
LATIN AMERICA/CARIBBEAN
CENTRAL AMERICA
Belize
Costa Rica
El Salvador
Guatemala
Honduras
Mexico
Nicaragua
Panama
CARIBBEAN
Antigua and Barbuda
Bahamas
Barbados
Cuba
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Grenada
Guadeloupe
Haiti
Jamaica
Martinique
Netherlands Antilles
Puerto Rico
St. Kitts-Nevis
Saint Lucia
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Trinidad and Tobago
SOUTH AMERICA
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
French Guiana
Guyana
Paraguay
Peru
Suriname
Uruguay
Venezuela
ASIA
ASIA (Excl. China)
WESTERN ASIA
Armenia
Azerbaijan
Bahrain
Cyprus
Georgia
Iraq
Israel

Total

Males

Females

50
34
36
52
51
33
78
80
78
73
74
70
79
71
69
71
75
71
75
71
72
71
76
77
74
72
65
79
58
72
79
76
78
70
74
71
69
72
75
65
72
78
72
75
75
65
71
70
69
75
73
68
66
70
71
72
74
78
73
57
80

48
35
35
50
49
33
75
78
75
70
72
67
77
68
66
67
73
68
73
69
70
69
73
75
71
71
63
75
56
70
76
72
74
68
72
69
67
69
71
63
68
75
69
72
72
63
69
68
66
72
70
67
65
68
67
70
73
76
69
55
78

51
33
36
53
53
34
81
83
80
76
77
74
81
74
73
74
78
74
78
73
74
74
79
79
77
74
66
82
60
75
82
79
83
72
77
73
71
76
79
67
76
81
76
78
79
68
73
73
73
79
76
70
68
72
75
75
75
80
77
59
82

© 2007 Population Reference Bureau

Percent
Urban
50
54
13
33
53
23
79
81
79
76
69
50
59
59
47
48
75
59
64
62
39
90
53
76
73
65
31
100
36
49
98
70
94
32
28
45
12
80
89
63
81
88
72
62
76
28
57
73
74
93
88
41
39
64
64
52
100
62
52
67
92

NUTRITION

Percent of Married
Percent of
Women 15–49 Using
Population
Percent of
Contraception*
Ages 15–49
Children Under
With HIV/AIDS
All
Modern
Age 5
2005/2006 Methods Methods Underweight
19.3
24.1
23.2
19.6
18.8
25.9
0.6
0.3
0.6
0.5
0.5
2.5
0.3
0.9
0.9
1.5
0.3
0.2
0.9
1.2

3.3
1.5
0.1

1.1


2.2
1.5






2.6
0.5
0.6
0.1
0.5
0.3
0.6
0.3

2.4
0.4
0.6
1.9
0.5
0.7
0.2
0.3

0.1
0.1


0.2

58
44
37
44
60
28
73
75
73
71
66
56
80
67
43
65
68
69

59



73

61
54

32
66


78



38
75

58
76

78
73

35
73
71
42


66
56
51
53
51
65

47
50

See Notes on page 14.

58
42
35
43
60
26
69
73
68
62
58
49
72
61
34
56
59
66

55



72

60
49

25
63


68



33
66

35
70

68
59

34
61
47
41


60
47
33
20
14


27
33

11
11
20
20
10
9
1

1
5
6


6
18
9
3
8
6
11
2


4

5
z

22
3



6


4
4
2
6
4
1
5
6

12
4
8
11
6
5
27
34
12
4
8


3
8

ECONOMY

ENVIRONMENT

DENSITY

GNI PPP
per Capita
(US$)
2006

Carbon Dioxide
Emissions
Percent
per Capita of Natural
(metric tons) Habitat
2002
Remaining

Population
Density
per Sq.
Kilometer

11,210
12,240
4,340
8,110
11,710
5,170
43,290
34,610
44,260
8,630
9,700
6,640
10,770
5,340
4,800
3,540
11,330
4,010
7,680

13,490



6,490
8,290
7,810

1,490
4,030



12,680
6,960
7,000
16,250
8,790
15,390
2,890
8,800
11,260
7,620
4,400

4,680
5,070
6,070
8,120
11,150
7,440
$6,630
6,100
8,180
5,880
5,960
18,770
21,480
3,690

25,470

7.0
2.3
0.1
1.2
7.8
0.9
19.6
16.5
19.9
2.5
3.1
3.1
1.3
0.9
0.9
0.9
3.8
0.8
2.4
2.9
4.7
6.7
5.1
3.2
1.6
2.5
2.3

0.2
3.9



2.8
2.4
1.6
16.9
2.2
3.3
1.2
1.9
3.4
1.4
2.0

2.2
0.7
1.0
5.2
1.4
5.2
2.6
2.4
5.2
1.0
3.4
21.8
8.9
0.7
3.2
10.5

86
90
82
>95
77
>95
85
95
75
73
75
83
43
23
46
43
82
47
53
48
90
>95

36
>95
59

85
46
46

80
40
66


75
73
79
91
64
90
71
62
>95
>95
74
93
>95
51
80
69
66
85
19
63
>95
48
70
>95
80

20
3
59
3
39
65
15
3
31
28
60
14
88
327
123
63
54
43
44
171
195
24
647
101
93
192
288
274
323
244
368
248
445
180
315
286
270
21
14
9
22
22
41
48
2
4
15
22
3
19
30
126
121
46
101
99
1,098
111
65
66
332

2007 WORLD POPULATION DATA SHEET 12

DEMOGRAPHIC DATA AND ESTIMATES

Life Expectancy
at Birth (years)
Jordan
Kuwait
Lebanon
Oman
Palestinian Territory
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
Turkey
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
SOUTH CENTRAL ASIA
Afghanistan
Bangladesh
Bhutan
India
Iran
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Maldives
Nepal
Pakistan
Sri Lanka
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
SOUTHEAST ASIA
Brunei
Cambodia
East Timor
Indonesia
Laos
Malaysia
Myanmar
Philippines
Singapore
Thailand
Vietnam
EAST ASIA
China
China, Hong Kong SARd
China, Macao SARd
Japan
Korea, North
Korea, South
Mongolia
Taiwan
EUROPE
NORTHERN EUROPE
Channel Islands
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
Iceland
Ireland
Latvia
Lithuania
Norway
Sweden
United Kingdom
WESTERN EUROPE

Total

Males

Females

72
78
71
74
72
73
75
73
72
79
60
63
42
62
64
64
70
66
66
70
62
62
74
64
62
67
69
75
63
58
69
55
74
60
69
80
71
72
73
72
82
79
82
71
79
66
77
75
79
78
78
73
79
81
78
72
71
80
81
79
80

71
77
69
73
71
71
73
71
69
77
59
63
42
62
62
63
68
61
62
70
62
61
72
61
58
63
66
72
61
57
67
53
72
57
66
78
68
70
72
71
80
77
79
68
75
64
74
71
76
76
76
67
76
79
75
66
65
78
79
77
77

72
79
73
75
74
76
77
75
74
81
62
64
42
63
65
64
71
72
70
70
63
63
76
66
67
70
71
77
65
59
71
57
76
63
72
82
75
73
75
74
86
82
86
73
82
68
80
79
81
80
80
78
83
83
80
77
77
83
83
81
83

© 2007 Population Reference Bureau

Percent
Urban
82
98
87
71
72
100
81
50
66
74
26
30
20
23
31
28
67
57
35
27
14
34
15
26
47
36
39
72
15
22
42
21
62
29
48
100
33
27
49
44
100
100
79
60
82
59
78
72
83
31
72
69
62
93
60
68
67
78
84
90
75

NUTRITION

Percent of Married
Percent of
Women 15–49 Using
Population
Percent of
Contraception*
Ages 15–49
Children Under
With HIV/AIDS
All
Modern
Age 5
2005/2006 Methods Methods Underweight


0.1








0.3
<0.1
<0.1
<0.1
0.4
0.2
0.1
0.1

0.5
0.1
<0.1
0.1
<0.1
0.2
0.4
<0.1
0.6

0.1
0.1
0.5
1.3
<0.1
0.3
1.4
0.5
0.1
0.1


<0.1

<0.1
<0.1

0.5
0.2

0.2
1.3
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.8
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.2

56
52
63
24
50
43
32
47
71
28
23
54
10
58

56
74
66
60
40
48
30
70
38
62
68
59

40
10
60
32
55
37
51

72
77
84
87
86

56
69
81
66
71
67
82


70
79


85
47


84
74

See Notes on page 14.

41
39
40
18
39
32
29
35
43
24
13
45
9
47
31
49
56
53
49
35
44
22
50
33
53
63
52

27
9
57
29
30
33
36
73
70
66
82
86
80

48
58
67
61

53
76


56
78


60
30


79
70

4
2
4
13
3


9
4

46
41
46
43
14
46c
9
4
8
26
39
31
23
17
10
6
21

36
41
20
36
16
30
21
3
7
27
6
6



18

6














ECONOMY

ENVIRONMENT

DENSITY

GNI PPP
per Capita
(US$)
2006

Carbon Dioxide
Emissions
Percent
per Capita of Natural
(metric tons) Habitat
2002
Remaining

Population
Density
per Sq.
Kilometer

6,200
29,200
5,460
14,570


16,620
3,920
9,060
23,990
920
3,620

2,340

3,800
8,480
7,780
1,980

1,630
2,500
5,000
1,410

2,240
4,930

2,920

3,950
2,050
11,300

5,980
31,700
9,140
3,300
10,270
7,730
38,180

33,730

23,800
2,280

22,690
34,430

36,110
17,530
34,810
35,980
35,540
15,340
14,930
43,920
34,780
35,690
32,740

3.2
25.3
4.8
11.7

36.5
13.7
2.8
3.0
23.6
0.6
1.3
0.0
0.3
0.2
1.1
5.5
10.1
1.0
3.4
0.1
0.7
0.6
0.8
9.1
4.9
1.7
15.2
0.1

1.6
0.3
5.6
0.2
0.9
13.1
3.3
0.8
3.9
2.9


9.5
3.2
10.6
3.3

8.4
8.8

9.7
11.4
12.7
8.0
11.1
2.9
3.6
8.3
5.9
9.2
9.0

>95
>95
44
>95
87
>95
>95
89
28
>95
94
66
75
<5
58
36
94
77
73
90
54
63
46
79
>95
91
44
80
42
<5
59
31
58
37
28
<5
19
22
76
76
39

65
77
49
80
79
76
78
<5
6
38
89
>95
92
36
22
89
86
63
40

64
156
377
9
666
80
13
108
94
53
42
154
49
1,035
19
344
43
6
26
1,020
189
213
306
50
11
59
128
65
79
70
122
25
82
74
296
6,785
128
257
132
138
6,308
20,346
338
193
487
2
636
32
54
768
127
30
16
3
62
35
52
12
20
251
169

2007 WORLD POPULATION DATA SHEET 13

DEMOGRAPHIC DATA AND ESTIMATES

Life Expectancy
at Birth (years)
Austria
Belgium
France
Germany
Liechtenstein
Luxembourg
Monaco
Netherlands
Switzerland
EASTERN EUROPE
Belarus
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Hungary
Moldova
Poland
Romania
Russia
Slovakia
Ukraine
SOUTHERN EUROPE
Albania
Andorra
Bosnia-Herzegovina
Croatia
Greece
Italy
Macedoniae
Malta
Montenegro
Portugal
San Marino
Serbia
Slovenia
Spain
OCEANIA
Australia
Federated States of Micronesia
Fiji
French Polynesia
Guam
Kiribati
Marshall Islands
Nauru
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Palau
Papua New Guinea
Samoa
Solomon Islands
Tonga
Tuvalu
Vanuatu

Total

Males

Females

80
79
81
79
80
78

80
81
69
70
73
76
73
69
75
71
65
74
68
79
75

74
75
79
81
74
80
73
78
81
72
78
80
75
81
67
68
74
78
62
70
62
75
80
71
57
73
62
71
64
67

77
76
77
76
79
75

78
79
63
63
69
73
69
65
71
68
59
70
62
76
72

71
72
77
78
71
78
71
75
78
69
74
77
73
79
67
66
71
75
59
68
58
72
78
69
54
72
62
70
62
66

83
82
84
82
82
81

82
84
74
76
76
79
77
72
79
75
72
78
74
82
79

77
79
81
84
76
81
75
81
84
74
81
83
78
83
67
71
76
81
65
72
66
79
82
73
60
74
63
72
65
69

NOTES
(—) Indicates data unavailable or inapplicable.
z Rounds to zero.
a Infant deaths per 1,000 live births. Rates shown
with decimals indicate national statistics reported
as completely registered, while those without are
estimates from the sources cited on reverse. Rates
© 2007 Population Reference Bureau

Percent
Urban
67
97
77
75
15
83
100
65
68
68
73
71
74
65
45
62
55
73
56
68
66
45
91
46
56
59
68
59
95
64
55
84
52
49
77
72
91
22
51
53
93
47
68
100
71
86
77
13
22
17
24
47
21

NUTRITION

Percent of Married
Percent of
Women 15–49 Using
Population
Percent of
Contraception*
Ages 15–49
Children Under
With HIV/AIDS
All
Modern
Age 5
2005/2006 Methods Methods Underweight
0.3
0.3
0.4
0.1

0.2

0.2
0.4
0.8
0.3
<0.1
0.1
0.1
1.1
0.1
<0.1
1.1
<0.1
1.4
0.5


<0.1
<0.1
0.2
0.5
<0.1
0.1

0.4

0.2f
<0.1
0.6
0.4
0.1

0.1






0.1

1.8




67
79
75
75



79
57
63
50
41
67
77
68
49
58
67
74
68
58
75

48


60

86



41
71
56

85





34









65
75
69
72



76
54
42
42
26
58
68
44
19
34
49
41
38
42
8

16


39

43



19
57
53
59
75
70
40


22



72
17
9
54
16
23
29
15












2
2

3

4


4

17

4



1

2


2




15



13
27




18
2
21


shown in italics are based upon fewer than 50
annual infant deaths and, as a result, are subject
to considerable yearly variability.
b Average number of children born to a woman during her lifetime.
c Child under age 3.

ECONOMY

ENVIRONMENT

DENSITY

GNI PPP
per Capita
(US$)
2006

Carbon Dioxide
Emissions
Percent
per Capita of Natural
(metric tons) Habitat
2002
Remaining

Population
Density
per Sq.
Kilometer

35,300
34,460
32,130
31,280

55,970

35,800
40,630
11,610
8,810
10,140
21,160
17,920
2,880
14,530
9,820
11,620
16,910
7,510
24,270
5,840


13,670
24,570
29,840
7,610
18,620

20,850


23,960
28,420
23,320
31,860
7,830
6,200


8,970



26,470

2,410
6,400
2,170
8,580

3,280

8.5
11.3
6.3
10.5

21.6

11.1
6.2
8.5
6.1
5.7
12.0
5.7
1.6
7.7
4.3
10.6
7.5
6.6
7.2
1.3

3.6
4.8
8.6
7.8
4.1
6.4

6.6

4.8
8.1
7.8
12.2
17.3

1.7


0.3

10.7

8.6
11.7
0.5
0.8
0.4
1.1

0.4

76
23
39
29
>95
37

25
88
81
31
33

12
13
26
33
87

18
37
36
>95


54
47



61
12


40
89
91
78
88

30



>95
66

73

>95


94

99
348
112
230
221
180
33,104
394
182
16
47
69
131
108
118
122
90
8
110
77
116
110
173
75
79
85
197
80
1,288
45
116
508
108
99
90
4
3
154
47
65
315
132
370
667
13
15
44
14
66
17
135
379
19

d Special Administrative Region.
e The former Yugoslav Republic.
f Data are for the former Serbia and Montenegro.
* Data prior to 2001 are shown in italics.
Data prepared by PRB demographer Carl Haub.
2007 WORLD POPULATION DATA SHEET 14

Acknowledgments, Notes, Sources, and Definitions
Acknowledgments

The author gratefully acknowledges the valuable
assistance of PRB staff members Lori Ashford, Donna
Clifton, Sara Maki, Zuali Malsawma, and Kelvin Pollard;
staff of the International Programs Center of the U.S.
Census Bureau; the United Nations (UN) Population
Division; the Institut national d’etudes démographiques
(INED), Paris; and the World Bank in the preparation of
this year’s World Population Data Sheet. This publication is funded by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the U.S.
Agency for International Development (Cooperative
Agreement GPO-A-oo-o3-oooo4-oo), and supporters.
The information in this data sheet was not provided by
and does not represent the views of the United States
government or the USAID.

Notes

The Data Sheet lists all geopolitical entities with populations of 150,000 or more and all members of the UN.
These include sovereign states, dependencies, overseas
departments, and some territories whose status or
boundaries may be undetermined or in dispute. More
developed regions, following the UN classification, comprise all of Europe and North America, plus Australia,
Japan, and New Zealand. All other regions and countries
are classified as less developed.
Sub-Saharan Africa: All countries of Africa except the
northern African countries of Algeria, Egypt, Libya,
Morocco, Tunisia, and Western Sahara.
World and Regional Totals: Regional population totals
are independently rounded and include small countries
or areas not shown. Regional and world rates and percentages are weighted averages of countries for which
data are available; regional averages are shown when
data or estimates are available for at least three-quarters
of the region’s population.
World Population Data Sheets from different years should
not be used as a time series. Fluctuations in values
from year to year often reflect revisions based on new
data or estimates rather than actual changes in levels.
Additional information on likely trends and consistent
time series can be obtained from PRB, and are also available in UN and U.S. Census Bureau publications.

Sources

The rates and figures are primarily compiled from the
following sources: official country statistical yearbooks and
bulletins; United Nations Demographic Yearbook, 2003 of
the UN Statistics Division; World Population Prospects:
The 2006 Revision of the UN Population Division; Recent
Demographic Developments in Europe, 2005 of the Council
of Europe; and the data files and library resources of the
International Programs Center, U.S. Census Bureau. Other
sources include recent demographic surveys such as the
Demographic and Health Surveys, Reproductive Health
Surveys, special studies, and direct communication with
demographers and statistical bureaus in the United States
and abroad. Specific data sources may be obtained by contacting the author of the 2007 World Population Data Sheet.
For countries with complete registration of births and
deaths, rates are those most recently reported. For more
developed countries, nearly all vital rates refer to 2005
or 2006.

Definitions

the Global AIDS Epidemic and recent Demographic and
Health Surveys.

Estimates are based on a recent census, official national
data, or UN and U.S. Census Bureau projections. The
effects of refugee movements, large numbers of foreign
workers, and population shifts due to contemporary political events are taken into account to the extent possible.

Contraceptive Use

Mid-2007 Population

Birth and Death Rate
The annual number of births and deaths per 1,000 total
population. These rates are often referred to as “crude
rates” since they do not take a population’s age structure
into account. Thus, crude death rates in more developed
countries, with a relatively large proportion of highmortality older population, are often higher than those in
less developed countries with lower life expectancy.

Rate of Natural Increase (RNI)
The birth rate minus the death rate, implying the annual
rate of population growth without regard for migration.
Expressed as a percentage.

Net Migration
The estimated rate of net immigration (immigration
minus emigration) per 1,000 population for a recent
year based upon the official national rate or derived as
a residual from estimated birth, death, and population
growth rates. Migration rates can vary substantially
from year to year for any particular country.

Projected Population 2025 and 2050
Projected populations based upon reasonable assumptions on the future course of fertility, mortality, and
migration. Projections are based upon official country
projections, series issued by the UN or the U.S. Census
Bureau, or PRB projections.

Infant Mortality Rate
The annual number of deaths of infants under age 1 per
1,000 live births. Rates shown with decimals indicate
national statistics reported as completely registered,
while those without are estimates from the sources cited
above. Rates shown in italics are based upon fewer than
50 annual infant deaths and, as a result, are subject to
considerable yearly variability.

“Modern” methods include clinic and supply methods
such as the pill, IUD, condom, and sterilization. Data are
from the most recently available national-level surveys,
such as the Demographic and Health Surveys, Reproductive Health Survey programs, and the UN Population
Division World Contraceptive Use 2005. Other sources
include direct communication with national statistical
organizations and the U.S. Census Bureau. Data refer to
some point in the 1990s and early 2000s. Data prior to
2001 are shown in italics.

GNI PPP per Capita, 2006 (US$)
GNI PPP per capita is gross national income in purchasing
power parity (PPP) divided by midyear population. GNI
PPP refers to gross national income converted to “international” dollars using a purchasing power parity conversion
factor. International dollars indicate the amount of goods
and services one could buy in the United States with a
given amount of money. Data are from the World Bank.
Figures in italics are for 2004 or 2005.

Percent of Children Under 5 Who Are Underweight
The share of children under age 5 whose weight is
2 or more standard deviations below the median
weight for their particular age, according to the World
Health Organization Child Growth Standards. Source:
World Health Organization Global Database on Child
Growth and Malnutrition, accessed online at www.who.
int/nutgrowthdb/database/en/, on June 27, 2007, and
supplemental data from national surveys.

Carbon Dioxide Emissions per Capita

The average number of children a woman would have
assuming that current age-specific birth rates remain
constant throughout her childbearing years (usually
considered to be ages 15 to 49).

The amount of carbon dioxide, in metric tons, produced
or emitted per person in a country or region. (A metric
ton is equivalent to 1,000 kilograms.) The data shown
here include all carbon dioxide produced through the
combustion of solid, liquid, or gaseous fuels, or through
the manufacturing of cement. Emissions produced
through land use conversion or from bunker fuels
used in international transportation are not included.
Source: World Resources Institute, EarthTrends database, accessed online at www.earthtrends.wri.org, on
June 27, 2007.

Population Under Age 15/Age 65+

Percent of Natural Habitat Remaining

Total Fertility Rate (TFR)

The percentage of the total population in these ages,
which are often considered the “dependent ages.”

Life Expectancy at Birth
The average number of years a newborn infant can
expect to live under current mortality levels.

Percent Urban
Percentage of the total population living in areas termed
“urban” by that country. Typically, the population living
in towns of 2,000 or more or in national and provincial
capitals is classified “urban.”

The share of the land area in a country or region that has
not been converted to human use. Land converted to
human use includes land devoted to agriculture, roads,
railroads, cities, and towns. Although the data shown
here indicate the amount of habitat remaining, they do
not represent actual biodiversity. Many large areas of
remaining natural land nonetheless have been stripped
of all animal wildlife. Source: Michael D. Jennings, Gross
Amount of Habitat Lost by Country (Moscow, Idaho: The
Nature Conservancy, 2007).

Percent of Adult Population Ages 15 to 49
With HIV/AIDS
The estimated percentage of adults living with HIV/AIDS
in 2005/2006. Data are from UNAIDS’ 2006 Report on

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The percentage of currently married or “in-union”
women of reproductive age who are currently using any
form of contraception.

Data prepared by PRB demographer Carl Haub.
Graphs and tables prepared by PRB demographer Kelvin Pollard.
Design and production: Becca Gurney, PRB.
© August 2007 Population Reference Bureau.
ISSN 0085-8315.
Photo Credits from cover, counter-clockwise from left: © 2004 Bruce Coyne, courtesy of
Photoshare; © 2004 Rouslan Kadiev, courtesy of Photoshare; © 2006 Sean Hawkey, courtesy
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2007 WORLD POPULATION DATA SHEET 15

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