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ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER

Julie Lee #19

3 Types of ADHD

ADHD stands for attentiondeficit/hyperactivity
disorder

POSITIVE CHARACTERISTICS
OF PEOPLE WITH ADHD

1.

Predominantly Inattentive Presentation
Characteristics: The individual finds it difficult to organize,
finish a task, pay attention to details, follow instructions, or
follow conversations. The person is easily distracted or forgets
details of daily routines.

2.

Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Presentation
Characteristics: The individual fidgets and talks a lot. The

Energetic

The ability to connect

individual finds it difficult to sit still, wait their turn, or listen to

multiple train of thoughts

directions. The person may interrupt others often, be impulsive,

Creative

Ability to think outside the

speak at inappropriate times, grab things without permission, and
may have more accidents and injuries than others.

box

Outgoing

Curious

Sensitive

Spontaneous

Eager

3.

Combined Presentation: The individual shows symptoms of the
above two types equally.

The presentation may change over time because symptoms
can change over time.

Q&A
Who can develop ADHD?
Children, teens, and adults of all backgrounds
What causes ADHD?

www.health.com

No one knows for sure but it often runs in families. Research has found genetics to be linked to ADHD.
Is there a cure?
No, but ADHD can be managed with medicine, behavior therapy, or a combination of the two.
Usually as a person grows older, the symptoms become less severe and easier to manage.

Julie Lee #19

Suggested Classroom Accommodations

Be patient when waiting for a student’s response

Provide visual references throughout the lesson

Assign homework according to quality rather than quantity

Make assignments/expectations clear and concise

Limit the number of things the student has to track by using a homework folder

Use the student’s first name before calling on him/her

Display the classroom rules

Assign jobs such as teachers’ assistant or materials manager to help students participate

Allow time for movement/exercise, possibly during transitions

Use technology in the classroom because it provides:

High-speed, instant feedback

Ability to self-control stimuli

Bright colors and sounds

 Interactive aspects

Don’t Forget the

Successful Strategies for Teaching Students with
ADHD

One Teach, One Drift – One teacher instructs, the other

Parents!
Communication with the student’s
parents is vital to best help the

drifts to monitor and redirect students who may be off

student succeed.

task

Suggestions:

Parallel Teaching – The two teachers split off into two
groups and teach the same content. This allows for more

weekly update on what’s

individualized attention and the ability to correct
misconceptions, misunderstandings, confusion, and

going on in the classroom

Team Teaching – Tag team delivery. While one teacher

and counselor

instructs, the other teacher is on the lookout for confusion
and disruption then can address the issue with the flow of
instruction rather than after the lesson or on an individual
basis.

Set up meetings with the
student, parents, teacher,

disruption.

Send home a daily or

Give parents guidance
on how to assist their child
with their homework.

Make sure to tell the
parents when their child
has had a good day for
positive reinforcement

Reference List
Armstrong, T. (1999). Chapter 3. Strategies to Empower, Not Control, Kids Labeled ADD/ADHD. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.
Facts About ADHD. (2016). Retrieved February 27, 2016, from http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/facts.html
Hallahan, D. P., Kauffman, J. M., & Pullen, P. C. (2015). Exceptional Learners (13th ed).
Upper Saddle River; NJ, Pearson, Chapter 7.
Hassan, S. (Ed.). (1995-2016). What is ADHD? The Nemours Foundation. Retrieved January 27, 2016, from
http://kidshealth.org/PageManager.jsp?dn=KidsHealth&lic=l&ps=l
Tips for Managing ADHD in the Classroom. (n.d.). Retrieved January 1, 2016, from
http://www.education.vic.gov.au/Documents/school/principals/participation/tipsmanagingadhdinclass.pdf