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: Three Hours

GATE: 2008

EC : Electronics and Communication Engineering

Maximum Marks: 150

Read the following instructions carefully

1. Using HB pencil, ~arken the appropriate bubble under each digit of your registration number and the letters corresponding to your paper code.

2. All the questions in this question paper are of objective type.

3. Questions must be an:wered on O?jecti,:,e Response Sheet (ORS) by darkening the appropriate bubble (marked A, B, C, D) usmg HB pencil against the question number on the left hand side ofthe ORS. Each question has only one correct answer. In case you wish to change an answer, erase the old answer completely. More than one answer bubbled against a question will be treated as a wrong answer.

4. Questions 1 through 20 are 1- mark questions 21 through 85 are 2- mark questions.

5. Questions 71 through 73 is one set of common data questions, questions 74 and 75 is another pair of common data questions. The question pairs (76, 77), (78,79), (80, 81), 82,83) and (84, 85) are questions with Jinked answers. The answer to the second question of the above pairs will depend on the answer to the first question of the pair. If the first question in the linked pair is wrongly answered or is un-attempted, then the answer to the second question in the pair will not be evaluated.

6. Un-attempted questions will carry zero marks.

7. NEGATIVE MARKING: For Q.l to Q.20, 0.25, mark will be deducted for each wrong answer. For Q.21 to Q.75, 0.5 mark will be deducted for each wrong answer. For the pairs of. que~tions with linked

th 'n be negative marks only for wrong answer to the first question, i.e. for Q. 76, Q.78,

answers, ere WI There i ti kin f

Q.80, Q.82 and Q.84, 0.5 mark will be deducted for each wrong answer. ere IS no nega ive mar g or

Q.77, Q:79, Q.81, Q.83 and Q.85.

8. Calculator without data connectivity is allowed in the ellamination hall.

9. Charts, graph sheets and tables are NOT allowed in the examination hall.

ti itself Additional blank pages are given at the end of the

10. Rough work can be done on the ques ion paper I .

question paper for Tough work.

Q.l - Q.20 carry one mark each.

1. All the four entries of the 2 x 2 matrix P "' [~~: ~~~] are nonzero, and one of its eigenvalues is zero.

Which of the following statements is true?

(c) p"p" - P,2P;, =1 (e) P"p,. - p,.P2, = 0

2. The system of linear equa tions

4x + 2y = 7 2x + y = 6

has

(a) a unique solution

(e) an infinite number of solutions

3. The equation sin (z) = 10 has (c) no real or complex solution (e) a unique solution

(6) P"P,. - p,.p" =-1 (d) P"P" + p"p" = 0

(6) no solution

(d) exactly two distinct solutions

(6) exactly two distinct complex solutions (d) an infinite number of complex solutions

(a) 2 (el 0.5

4. For real values of x, the minimum value of the function J(x) = exp (xl + exp (-x) is

(6) 1 (d) 0

5. Which of the following functions would have only odd powers of x in its Taylor series expansion about the point x = O?

(a) sin (x") (b) sin (x")

(e) cos (x'') (d) cos (x")

6. Which of the following is a solution to the differential equation dx(t) + 3x (t) = O? dt

(a) x(t) = 3e-' (bl x(t) = 2e-3<

3 (e) x(t) = __ t2

2

(d) x(t) = 3t"

7. In the following graph, the number of trees (P) and the number of cut-sets (Q) are

(a) P",2, Q" 2 (b) P == 2, Q" 6 (c) P = 4, Q = 6 (d) P = 4, Q = 10

(1) ,

~

(4)

8. In the following ciruit, the switch S is closed at t " O. The rate of change of current di (0 +) is given by dt

(a) 0

(6) R,I, L

(c) (R + R.lI.

L

(d) co

9. The input and output of a continuous time system are respectively denoted by xtt) and yet). Which of the following descriptions corresponds to a causal system?

(a) yet) = x(t - 2) + x(t + 4) (b) yet) = (t - 4) x(t + 1)

(c) yet) = (t + 4) x(t - 1) (d) yet) = (t + 5) x(t +5)

to. The impules response hit) of a linear time-invariant continuous time system is described by h(t) = exp (at)u(t) + exp (Ptju(-t), where u(t) denotes the unit step function, and a and P are real constants. This system is stable if

(aJ u is positive and P is positive (c) CI. is positive and Il is negative

(b) u is negative and P is negative (d) o. is negative and ~ is positive

n. The pole-zero plot given below corresponds to a

(c) Low pass filter

(6) High pass filter

(e) Band pass filter

(d) Notch filter

o

o

12. Step responses of a set of three second-order underdamped systems all have the same percentage overshoot. Which of the following diagrams represents the poles of the three systems?

(c) ,0) (6) jr»

X

~

. *.)( ·X.··· ..... o. 0

~ X X

(e)

x

'X

c

~ .• )( OX" •.•••. 0 •••

x

jw

(d)

.X )(

X'

X

~

~

X

X o

jw

o

(J

13. Which of the following is NOT associated with a p-n junction?

(a) Junction Capacitance (b) Charge Storage Capacitance

(c) Depletion Capacitance (d) Channel Length Modulation

14. Which of the following is true?

(a.) A silicon wafer heavily doped with boron is a p+ substrate (b) A silicon wafer lightly doped with boron is a p' substrate (c) A silicon wafer heavily doped with arsenic is a p' substrate (d) A silicon wafer lightly doped with arsenic is a psubstrate

15. For a Hertz dipole antenna, the half power beam width (HPBW) in the E-plane is

(e) 3600 (b) 1800

(c) 90° (d) 45°

16. For static electric and magnetic fields in an inhomogeneous sourc-e-free medium, which of the following represents the correct form of two of Maxwell's equations? -,

(a) V.E = 0 VxB = 0

(b) \7.E = 0 \7.B = 0

(e) \7xE =' 0 (d) \7xE.= 0

V xB = 0 \7.B = 0

17. In the following limiter circuit, an input voltage V; = 10 sin 100nt is applied, Assume that the diode drop is 0.7 V when it is forward biased, The Zener breakdown voltage is 6.SY.

The maximum and minimum values of the output voltage respectively are

(a) 6.1 V, -0.7 V

(b) 0.7V,-7.5 V 02 v,

(e) 7.5 V; -0.7 V

(d) 7.5 V,-7.5 V .8V 18. A silicon wafer has 100 nm of oxide on it and is inserted in a furnace at a temperature above 1000°C for further oxidation in dry oxygen. The oxidation rate

(a) is independent of current oxide thickness and temperature

(b) is independent of current oxide thickness but depends on temperature (e) slows down as the oxide grows

Cd) is zero as the existing oxide prevents further oxidation

19.

The drain current of a MOSFET in saturation is <riven by 1 '" K(V -V) • where K is a constant.

. ~. n ~ r

The magnitude of the transconductance gmis

(a) KNGS - VT)2

(c)

(d)

K(Vcs - Vr)2 Vas

20.

Co.nsider the amplituda modulated (AM) signal A, cose.t +2coswmtcosw,t. For demodulating the signal usmg envelope detector, the minimum value of A should be

~) 2 ~) ;

(c) 0.5

Cd) 0

Q.21 to Q.75 carry two marks each.

21. The Thevenin equivalent impedance Z" between the nodes P and Q in the fnllowing circuit is (a) 1

1 H

1 F

1 (b) 1+5 +.5

10.

1 (e) 2 +s +S

(d)

S2 + s + 1 s:l ~ 2s + 1

22. The driving point impedance of the following network

. . b Z( ) O.2s Th I

IS given y S" 2 . . e component va ues are

s + D.ls + 2

(a) L" 5H. R ,,0.50., C" O.IF (b) L" O.lH. R = 0.50., C '" 5F (c) L", 5H. R '" 20, C '" O.IF (d) L", D.1H, R = 20., C = 5F

23. The circuit shown in the figure is used to charge the capacitor C alternately from two current sources as indicated. The switches 81 and 82 are mechanically coupled and connected as follows:

For 2nT $ t < (2n+llT, (n =0,1.2 ... )

81 to PI and 82 to P2.

For (2n +1)T":; t < (2n+2)T, (n =0,1,2 ... )

81 to Ql an d 82 to Q2.

Assume that the capacitor has zero initial charge. Given that u(t) is a unit step function, the voltageV,tt) across the capacitor is given by

'"

(a) I{-I)" tu{t- nT)

HIi:iO

1Q

'"

(b) utt) +2 I (-I)" uCt - nT)

pj=l

«

(c) tu(t) +2 i.:(-Il" (t - n'I') uCt - nT)

Il~l

Cd) f, [0.5_e....('-2-nTI +O.5e---{,-2"T-TI]

,.~O

24. The probability density function (PDF) of a random variable X is as shown below.

x

-1

o

(a)

CDF

(b)

CDF

The corresponding cumulative distribution function (CDF) has the form

x -1 X

(dl COF

1

CDF

1

-, 0 x

X

-1 (c) (e)

-1

25. The recursion relation to solve x " eo' using Newton -Raphson method is

1

26. The residue of the function fez) = at 2 = 2 is

(2 + 2)2(z _ 2)2

Cal-2. 32

1 (e) 16

(b) _ 1 16

(d)

1 32

-1]. The value of ee is

[e-1+e-2 2 -2 -I]

(b) e -e

2e-1 _ 4e-2 3e-1 + 2e-2

(d) [2e-1 _ e-2 e-I _e-2 ]

-2e-1 + 2e-2 -e-I + 2e-2 28. In t.he Taylor series expa naion of cxprx) .. sinlx) abou t the point X"", the coefficient of (x~rt)' is

(a) exprn) (b) 0.5 exp(rr)

(e) exp(rr)+l

(d) exp (rt) -1

29. P, (x) = M exp(-2!x!) - N exp(-31 x I) is the probability density function for the real random variable X

over the entire x axis. M and N are both positive real numbers. The equation relating M and N is '

2

(a) M-SN = 1

(c) M +N =1

(b) 2M+~N = 1 3

(el) M +N =3

30. The value of the integral of the function g(x.y) = 4x' +10y' along the straight line segment from the point (0,0) to the point (1,2) in the x-y plane is

(a) 33 (e) 40

(b) 35 (d) 56

31. A linear, time -invariant, causal continuous time system has a rational transfer function with simple poles at s =-2 and 5 =-4, and one simple zero at s =-1. A unit step u(t) is applied at the input of the system. At steady state, the output has constant value ofl. The impulse response of this system is

(c) [exp(-2t) + exp(-4tl]u (t)

(e) 1.-4 cxp(-2tl +12 exp(-4t»)u(t)

32. The signal x(t) is described by

(b) [-4 exp(-2t) -12 exp(-4t) - exp(-tl]u(t) (d) [-0.5 exp(-2t) +1.5 exp(-4t)]u(t)

{I for-:'>t:<>+1 xC:) = 0 otherwise

Two of the angular frequencies at which its Fourier transform becomes zero are

(a) 11 2 11 (c) 0,11

(b) 0.511, 1.511 (d) 211,2.511

33. A discrete time linear shift-invariant system has an impulse response hlnl with h[O] =1, h[l) =-1. h[21 =2, and zero otherwise. The system is given an input sequence x[nl with x[O] = x[2] = 1, and zero otherwise. The number of nonzero samples in the output sequencey[n], and the value ofy(2) are respectively.

(c) 5,2 (e) 6,1

(b) 6,2 (d) 5,3

Q

34. Consider points P and Q in the x-plane, with Poo( 1,0) and Q=(O, 1). The line integral 2 J (xdx + ydy) along p

the semicircle with the line segment PQ as its diameter (c) is-l

(b) is 0

(e) is 1

(d) depends on the direction (clockwise or anti-clockwise) of the semicircle

35. Let ,,(t) be the input and yet) be the output of a continuous time system. Match the system properties PI, P2 and P3 with system relations RI, R2, R3, R4

Properties

PI: Linear but NOT time·invariant P2: Time-invariant but NOT linear P3 Linear and time-invariant

Relations Rl: yet) = t'x(t) R2: yet) = t I x(t) I R3: yet) = I x(t) I R4: yet) " x(t-5)

(b) (PI, R2), (P2, R3), (P3, R4) Cd) (PI, RI), (P2, R2), (P3, R3)

(a) (PI, Rl), (P2, R3), CP3, R4) rer (PI, R3), (P2, Rl), CP3, R2)

36. A memoryless source emits n syrnboly each with a probability p. The entropy of the source as a function of n

(a) increases as Jog n (e) increases as n

(b) decreases as log (lIn) (d) increases as n log n

37. {x(n») is a real-valued periodic sequence with a period N. x(n) and X(k) form N-point Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) pairs. The DFTY(k) of the sequence

1 N-l

yen) = - LX (r) xtn-sr) is

N roO

1 12 1 N-l

Cal X(k) (b) - LX(r)X(k+r)

N r=O

1 N-)

(e) - LX (r) X (k+r)

N ,=0

38. Group I lists a set of four transfer functions. Group II gives a list of possible step responses yet).

Match the step responses with the corresponding transfer functions.

Group I

p ,,~ Q" 36 R == 36 S = 49

52+25 52+20s+36 82+12s+36 S2+75+49

Group II

I. 2,

Cd) 0

1,(1)

i(

4,

y(l)

(a) P - 3, Q - 1, R - 4, S - 2 (el P - 2, Q - 1, R - 4, S - 3

(b) P - 3, Q - 2, R - 4, S - 1 (d) P - 3, Q - 4, R - 1, S - 2

8+8

39. A certain system has transfer function G(s) = 2 ' where a is a parameter, Consider the

s +a8-4

standard negative unity feedback configuration as shown below.

Which of the following statements is true?

(a) The closed loop systems is never stable for any value of a,

(b) For some positive values of c, the closed loop system is stable, butnot for all positive values. (e) For all positive values of a, the closed loop system is stable.

Cd) The closed loop systems stable for all values of n, both positive and negative.

40. A signal flow graph of a system is given below, -rJ_

1

1/5

1

-y

The set of equations that correspond to this signal flow graph is

d (Xl) [0 a =~ H;i)+[g ~] (~~)

(b) - X2 = 0 -((

dt x3 0 p

(X) [-a p ~](;n+[g·~](~:)

(c) ~ x~ O'-p -y

dt x3 a y

d(XI) [-a 0 ~ ] (:: ) +[6 ~] (~~)

(d)- Xz = Y 0

dt X3 -p 0 -(J. X3 0 0

10 is

41. The number of open right half plane poles of G{sl = 85 + 2S4 + 3s3 + 6s2 + 58 + 3 (alO (e) 2

(b) 1 (d) 3

42. The magnitude of frequencey response of an underdamped second order system is 5 at 0 rad/sec and peaks to ~ at 5-J2 radfsec. The transfer function of the system is

500 375

(aJ S2 +105 + 100 (b) s2+5s+75

720 1125

(c) s2+12s+144 (d) s2 +25s+225 43. Group I gives two possible choices for the impedance Z in the diagram. The circuit elements in Z satisfy the cond ition R,C, > R, C,. The transfer function ~: represents a kind of controller. Match the impedances in Group I with the types of controllers in Group II.

e,

Group I

Group II

Q.

R.

LPID controller 2.Lead compensator 3.Lag compensator

(aj Q-l, R-2 (e) Q-2, R-3

(b) Q-l, R-3 (d) Q-3, R-2

44. For the circuit shown in the following figure, transistors MI and M2 are identical NMOS transistors.

Assume the M2 is in saturation and the output is unloaded.

VOD

The current I is related to I as

:s bl.1K

(n) I. = I";,,, +I,

(d) I = I -(v _ V"U()

~ bill~ DD R£

45.

The. measured transconductance go< of an NMOS transistor operating in the linear region is plotted against the gate voltage VG at a constant drain voltage Vo' Which of the following figures represents the expected dependence of g,,, on V,,?

(a)

(b)

9m

9m

(d)

9m

(e)

46. Consider the following circuit using an ideal OPAMP. The I-V characteristics of the diode is described

by the relation 1= 10 ( e':;; -1 J where VT= 25 mV, 10 = If.U\and Vis the voltage across the diode (taken as positive for forward bias)

D 4K

Vi: ~1 V '--f60K;'-~v;,

For an input voltage Vor '" -I V, the output voltage Vo is

~) OV ~) O.IV

(c) 0.7 V (d) 1.1 V

47.

The OPAMP circuit shown above represents a

(a) high pass filter (c) band pass fi Iter

(b) low pass filter (d) band reject filter

48. Two identical NMOS transistors Ml and M2 are connected as shown below. Vb' .. is chosen so that both

transistors are in saturation. The equivalent g", of the pair is defined to be a~~u, at constant Vout

,

The equivalent gm of the pair is

VOUI

(a.) the sum of individual gm's of the transistors

(b) the product of individual gm's of the transistors

(e) nearly equal to the gm ofMl

(d) nearly equal to gm/g, of M2

49. An 8085 executes the following instructions 2710 LXI H, 30AOH

2713 DADH

2714PCHL

All addresses and constants are in Hex. Let PC be the contents of the program counter and HL be the contents of the HL register pair just after executing PCHL.

Which of the following statements is correct?

(a) PC = 2715H (b) PC =30AOH

HL= 30AOH HL= 2715H

(e) PC = 6140H (d) PC = 6140H

HL= 6140H HL= 2715H 50. An astable multivibrator circuit using Ie 555 timer is shown below Assume th t th . .. .

ing steadily. . a e CIrcUIt IS oscillat,

9V

Thevoltage V, across the capacitor varies between (a) 3Vto 5V

(b) 3Vto6V

(c) 3,6 V to 6V

(d) 3,6 V to sv

51. Silicon is doped with boron to a concentration of 4 x 1017 atoms em". Assume the intrinsic carrier concentration of silicon to be 1.5 x lOlO/cm' and the value of kT to be 25 m V at 300 k.

q

Compared to undoped silicon, the Fermi level of doped silicon

Cal goes down by 0.13 eV (b) goes up by 0.13 eV

(c) goes down by 0.427 eV (b) goes up by O,427eV

52. The cross section of a JFET is shown in the following figure. Let Vcbe -2V and let V" be the initial pinch-off voltage. If the width W is doubled (with other geometrical parameters and doping levels remaining the same), then the ratio between the mutual transconductances of the initial and the modified JFET is

(a) 4 Gate Va

2

(l-J27V;J I _.

--T' p wI 1

(b) 1- Jll (2Vp ,

Source I Drain

n

I

(1-J27V;) r p.

(e) I 6

I-Jl/{2Vp Gate VG

Cd) 1-(21.jV;)

1- (1(2,JV;» IJimsider the Schmidt trigger circuit shown below

A triangular wave which goes from -12 V to 12 V is applied to the inverting input of the OPAMP. Assume that the output of the OPAMP swings from +15V to -15V The voltage at the non-inverting input switches between

(a) -12V and +12 V (e) -5V and +5V

(6) -7.5Vand -7.SV Cd) OVand 5V

54. The logic function implemented by the following circuit at the terminal OUT is

OUT

Cal PNORQ (e) PORQ

(6) P NAND Q (d) PANDQ

55. Consider the following assertions.

81 : For Zener effect to occur, a very abrupt junction is required.

S2: For quantum tunneling to occur, a very narrow energy barrier is required.

Which of the following is correct? (a) Only 82 is true

(b) 81 and S2 are both true but S2 is not a. reason for 81 (e) 81 and S2 are both true and S2 is a reason for 81

Cd) Both SI and 82 are false

56. The two numbers represented in signed 2's complement form are P =11101101 and Q = 11100110.

IrQ is subtracted from P, the value obtained in signed 2's complement form is

(a) 100000111 (b) 00000111

(el 11111001

(d) llllll001

57. Which of the following Boolean Expression correctly represents the relation between P, Q, Rand M,?

(a) M" (P ORQ)XORR

(b) M, " ( P AND Q) XOR R

(e) M ",(PNORQ)XQR R

(d) M, '" (P XOR Q) XOR R

58. For the circuit shown in the following figure, 10 -I, are inputs to the 4 : 1 multiplexer. R (MSB) and S are co n trol bits.

The output Z can be represented by

z

p

1-----112

4:1 Mux P-----I11

(a) PQ+PQS +QRS

Q

(b) PQ + P QR + PQS

(c) PQR +PQR+PQRS+QRS

(d) P Q R + P Q R S - P Q R S + Q R is

R S

59. For each of the positive edge-triggered J·K flip flop used in the following figure,the propagation delay is tiT .

o

0,

CLK

CLK

Which of the following waveforms correctly represents the output at Q,? (a)

r" ...... ~ T 2T I

l,+~T

(b)

~W - I I

r-.. .......•....•.. ,..[

T 4T r !,+2~T

o

(d)

~lJ

~ - ~

T 4T I

1,+L'iT

60. For the circuit shown in the figure, D has a transition from 0 to 1 after CLK changes from 1 to 0, Assume gate delays to be negligible.

1

l_ CLK, --,

o .

o 1~

o '

o

Which of the following statements ia true?

(c) Q goes to 1 at the eLK transition and stays at L (b) Q goes to a at the CLK transition and stays at 0,

Cc) Q goes to 1 at the CLK transition and goes to 0 when D goes to 1. Cd) Q goes to ° at the CLK transition and goes to 1 when D goes to L

61. A rectangular waveguide of internal dimensions (a = 4 cm and b = 3 ern) is to be operated in TEn mode.

The minimum operating frequency is

(a) 6.25 GHz (b) 6.0 GHz

(e) 5.0 GHz

(d) 3.75 GRz

62. One end of a loss-less transmission line having the characteristic impedance of 7511 and length of 1 em is short-circuited, At 3 GHz, the input impedance at the other end of the transmission line is

(a) 0 (b) Resistive

(e) Capacitive

(d) Inductive

63. A uniform plane wave in the free space is normally incident on an infinitely thick dielectric slab (dielectric constant E = 9). The magnitude of the reflection coefficient is

(a) 0 (b) 0.3

eel 0.5 Cd) 0.8

64. In the design or ~ ~ingle mode step index optical fiber close to upper cut-off. the single-mode operation ,s NOT preserved ,f

(o.) radius as well as operating wavelength arc halved

(6) radius as well !IS operating wavelength arc doubled (e) radius is halved and operating wavelength is doubled (d) radius is doubled and operating wavelength is halved

65. At 20 Gl lz. the g'(I;n of a parabolic dish antenna of 1 meter diameter and 70% efficiency is

«(1) 15 dB (bl 25 dB

(c) 35 dB

(d) 45 dB

66. oisc with double -sided power spectral density of K over all frequencies is passed through a RC low

P;1S$ lilter with 3d13 cui-off frequency off. The noise power at the filter output is

(aJ I< (h) I( '<

(e) ){ »L,

(ti) q;,

67. Consider a Binary Symmetric Channel (ESC) with probability of en-or being p. Te transmit a bit, say 1, we transmit a sequence of three Is. The reveiver eill interpret the received sequence to representl if a least two bits are l The probability that tho transmitted bit will be received in error is

(a) p"+ 3p~!l-p) (b) p'

(c) (l-p)"

(d) p" + p'( I-p)

68. Four message band limited to VI, W, 2W and 3W respectively are to be multiplexed using Time Division Multiplexing (TOM). The minimum band width required for transmission of this TDM signa! is

(a) W (b) 3W

(c) 6W

(d) 7W

69. Consider the frequency modulated signal 10 cos[2rr »: 10't + 5sin(2rr x1500t) + 7.5sin(211 " lOOOt}) with carrier frequency of 10' Hz, The modulation index is

la) ]2.5 (h) 10

(e) 7.5 (d) 5

70. The signal cos(»,t- 0,5 C05W",t sinnit is (al FM only

(c) both AM and FM .

(b) AlVI only

(d) neither AJlr! nor FM

Common Data Questions

Common Data for Questions 71, 72 and 73:

A speech signal, band limited to 4 kHz and peak voltage varying between +5V and -5V, is sampled at the Nyquist rate. Each sample is quantized 110d represented by 8 bits.

71. If the bits 0 and 1 are transmitted using bipolar pulses, the minimum band width required for distortion free transmission is

(a) 64 kHz (el 8 kH:G

fb) 32 kHz (d) 4 kHz

72. Assuming the signal to be uniformly distributed between its peak to peak value, the signal to noise ratio at the quantizer output is

(al 16 dB (bl 32 dB

(c) 48 dB

(d) 64 dB

73. The number of quantization levels required to reduce the quantization noise by a factor of 4 would be

fa) 1024 fbI 512

(e) 256 (d) 64

Common Data for Que .. tions 74 and 75 :

The following series RLC circuit with zero initial conditions is excited by a unit impulse functions 5(t)

1 H 1Q

:3=:V,(I)

74. For t >0, the output voltage V,(t) is

[ t ,13 )

2 --t 9"t

(a) - e 2 -e _

.J3

2 _'!'t

(b) -te 2

.J3

2 _'!'t (.J3 J

(e) -e 2 cos -t

J3 2

75. For t >0, the voltage across the resistor is

1 [ - ~ -~t 1 _.!.t[ (~t) 1 (Fat)]

(a) _ e 2 -e 2 (b) e 2 cos 2 - J3 sin "2

J3

(e) 2 _'!'t . (../3t) (d) 2 _'!'t ( ../3t)

-e 2 sm- -e 2 cos -

../3 2 ..{3 2 Linked Answer Questions :Q.76 to Q.85 carry two marks each. Statement for Linked Answer Quelltions 76 and 77:

A two -port network shown below is excited by external dc scource. The voltages and the currents are measured with voltmeters V,. Vz and ammeters A,. A2(all assumed to be ideal), as indicated. Under following switch conditions, the readings obtained are:

(i) 8, - Open, 82- Closed A,=O A, V, = 4.5 V, V2 : 1.5 V, Az = lA

(ii) 8,- Closed, 82 - Open AI: 4 A, V,= 6 V, V, = 6V, A., = OA

51

+~

-=- 6V V1

1.SV

~--------------~~1' 2'~~ ~

Two Port

Network

**76. The z-parameter matrix for this network is
**

(a) [1.5 1.5] [1.5 4.5J

4.5 1.5 (b) 1.5 4.5

(e) [1.5 4.5] [ 4.5 1.5J

1.5 1.5 (d) 1.5 4.5

77. The h-parametor matrix for this network is

(a) [j O.~7] (b) [33 -1 ]

0.67

(e) r~ {\ ~'71 (d) r 3'1 __ (,1&:''11 Statement (or Linked Answer Questions 78 and 79:

In the following network, the switch is closed at 1.=0- and the sampling starts f l={) Th .

frequency is 10 Hz. rom . e sampling

Sampler (fs=10Hz)

78. The samples x(n) n =(0.1, 2 •..... ) arc given by

«(1) 5(1- e-Oo.,") (e) 5(1- e-'")

(b) 5e -0,"''" (d) 5e--"

79. The expression and the region of convergence of the a-transform of the sampled signal are

() 5z I I .

a --,. z < e~

z -. eO)

(b) __ 5_z_., z I < e-O'os z_e-<lo:;

(c) __ 5_z_, I z I> e.-!l·oo z _ e-1)05

Statement (or Linked Answer Questions 80 and 81:

In the following transistor circuit. V"e '" 0.7V, T. = 25 m VI IE' and j3 and all the capacitances are very large.

SO. The value ofOC currentJg is {allmA

(c) 5mA

(b) 2 rnA (d) lOrnA

81. The mid-band voltage gain of the amplifier is approximately (b) -120

(a) -180 (c) -90

(d) -60

Statement fo r Linked Answer Questions 82 and 83:

In the following circuit. the comparator output is logic "I" if V, > V, and is logic "0" otherwise. The DIA conversion is done as per the rcla tion

3

V . s: I20-1b" Volts, where h,.(MSB), b, b, and bo (LSB) are the counter outputs.

Il/\r r:::C!

The ccu ntcr starts from the clear state.

VIlM.:

~

~

Vin::6.2 V Clock----------~

2 Digit LED Display

82, The stable reading- of the LED display is (a) 06

(c) 12

(b) 07 (d) 13

83. The magnitude ofthe error between VU,\C and V"' at steady state in volts is

lu) 0.2 (e) 0.5

(b) 0.3 (d) 1.0

Statement for Linked Answer Questions 84 and 85:

The impulse response hIt) of a linear time -invariant continuous time system is given by ht t) = exp(-2t) urt), where u{t) denotes the unit step function.

84. The frequency response Huo) of this system in terms of angular frequency e, is given by Htrc) =

(a) 1 sinew)

(1))

1+ j2w (oj

1 jw

(e) (d)

2+ jw 2 + jo: 85. The output of this system, to the sinusoidal input x(t) = 2cos(2t) for all time t, is (a) 0

(b) 2-0·" cos (2t - 0.12511) (e) 2-0·0 cos (2t·- 0.125,,) (d) 2-0':; cos(2t _ 0.25,,)

ANSWERS

J. (e) 2. (I.» 3.(a) 4.(CI) 5. (a' G. ib) 7. Ie) 8. (b) 9. (cl 10.ld)

11. (b) 12. Ie) 13. (d) 14,IQ) 15. Ie) 16.ld,· 17.(c) H!.(r) 19. (b) 20. (a)

21. (a) 22 (d) 23.«1) 2'1. Crt) 25.lcJ 2fl. (a) 27.(r{) 28. (b) 29. (a) 30.(0.)

31. (e) 32.(a) 33,(d) 34.(iJ) 35.(a) :)6. (rn 37. (a) 38. (d) 39. (c) 40. (d)

41. tc) 42. (a) 43.lb) ,14. \&1 45.le) 16.(1;) 47. (b) 4fUc) 49. (c) 50. (b)

51. le) 52. (el 53. te) 54. (d) 55. Ie) 56.lb) 57. (d) ,,1"0) 59. (6) 60.k)

61. (a) 62. (d) 63.(ei 54(ei) 65. (d,1 6H.{Gt 67.WI 6B(d) 69. (d) 70. (bJ

71. (b) 72. (c) 131b) 74.(c/) 75.lbl 76.(1;1 77.la1 78.(b1 79. (e) so. (a)

81. Ie) 82. (d) 83.(b) 84. (e) 85.(d) EXPLANATIONS

1. P- A.I = 0 For

), = O. P = 0

=

PllP.,-P'2P,,=O

2. Given and

4x + 2y '" 7 2x + y = 6

=

[OO]rxl.J-Sl

2 1 LYJ L 7 j

On comparing LHS and RHS

o = - 5. which is irrelevant so no solution.

AlternateJy

or

4x + 2y '" 7 7 2x + Y '" - 2

2x+y=6 ..

Since both the linear equation represent parallel set of straight lines, therefore solution exists.

3. Since - 1 s: sin a s 1

therefore, it has no real or complex solution exists.

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