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Marine Riser Systems

ChevronTexaco
ChevronTexaco BP
BP Training
Training Alliance
Alliance
Floating
Floating Drilling
Drilling

Integrating
Wellhead, BOP
and Riser Design

Vetco Gray - 2
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1 Feb 2004

The design of casing and


wellhead systems should
be performed with the
complete wellhead system
including the riser.

Vetco Gray - 3
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1 Feb 2004

Guideline Type
Drilling System

Guidelineless Drilling
Systems
Connector to Housing Interface

Guidebase/GRA
Interface

Housing Interface

Vetco Gray - 4
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1 Feb 2004

Mudmat Interface

Vetco Gray - 5
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1 Feb 2004

MS-700 Family of Wellhead Systems

Vetco Gray - 6
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1 Feb 2004

H-4 Family of Wellhead Connectors

Vetco Gray - 7
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1 Feb 2004

BOP and Lower


Marine Package

Courtesy of Hydril Company

Vetco Gray - 8
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1 Feb 2004

Lower BOP
w/ Frame

Courtesy of Hydril Company

Lower BOP

LMRP Mandrel

w/o Frame

Annular

Choke Line

Blind -Shear Rams


Kill Line

Super Shear Rams

Upper Pipe Rams


Accumulators (x4)
Middle Pipe Rams
(Varible)
Lower Pipe Rams

Vetco Gray - 9
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1 Feb 2004

(Varible Bore)

Wellhead
Connector
Courtesy of Hydril Company

Vetco Gray - 10
CT-DTC-Floating-CDE.ppt
1 Feb 2004

Lower Marine
Riser Package
(LMRP)

Courtesy of Hydril Company

Lower Marine
Riser Package
(LMRP)
Riser Adapter

Mud Boost Line


Control Pod
(1 of 2)
Single Flexjoint

Annular

Vetco Gray - 11
CT-DTC-Floating-CDE.ppt
1 Feb 2004

Choke Line Stab

LMRP Connector (H4)


Courtesy of Hydril Company

Vetco Gray - 12
CT-DTC-Floating-CDE.ppt
1 Feb 2004

Funnel Down (Optional)

Hydrate Protection
Hydrates must be prevented from entering the bottom of the connector. Ice
formed from hydrates will prevent the connector from releasing

Fiber Reinforcement
PN H12025-2 (16-3/4" Wellhead)
PN H12025-3 (Super Wellhead)
Rubber

Groove

Vetco Gray - 13
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1 Feb 2004

Groove

Vetco Gray - 14
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1 Feb 2004

Hydrate Protection
(Methane Gas)

Hydrate Protection
Plum H4 To Inject
Freezing Inhibitor

Glycol Inhibitor

Outlet Thru
Wash Ports
ROV Hot Stab
Inlet Thru
Wash Ports

SHD H-4 Wellhead


Connector

Vetco Gray - 15
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1 Feb 2004

Cavity Capacity
32 Gallon

Type of Well

Vetco Gray - 16
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1 Feb 2004

Exploratory Wells

Disposal

Non-Disposal

Developmental

Vetco Gray - 17
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1 Feb 2004

Wellhead ReEntry Systems

DP

Moored

Vetco Gray - 18
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1 Feb 2004

Subsea Wellhead Angle

Riser Deployment and Retrieval

Environmental conditions
Location
Season
Vessel

Deployment / Retrieval
Riser fatigue life

Vetco Gray - 19
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1 Feb 2004

Currents

Vetco Gray - 20
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1 Feb 2004

Riser Handling and Lifting Gear Capacity

Substructure

Derrick

Drawworks

Hook block

Handling gear

Riser Running Tool

Riser Gimble Shock Absorber

API Riser Coupling Class

Vetco Gray - 21
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1 Feb 2004

API RP 2R establishes riser coupling classes based on the tensile


capacity of the coupling. These are;
API Riser Coupling Class

Tensile Capacity in millions of


pounds

.5

1.0

1.25

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

J (Proposed)

4.0

Vetco Gray - 22
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1 Feb 2004

MR-6E Riser Coupling

Easy stabbing, fast makeup, and


positive alignment

Suitable for operating in water


depths up to 7,500 ft depending
on environmental and well control
conditions; MR-10 designs can
operate in depths to 10,000 ft.

Preloaded connection
significantly reduces the range of
alternating stresses induced by
cyclic loading to improve fatigue
life

Primary load path for tensile and


bending loads through the dogs
and into the body, does not
impact actuating screws

MR Riser Running Tool


4-1/2 IF API
Connection

18o Tapered Drill


pipe Connection

Lift / Handling Eye

Vetco Gray - 23
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1 Feb 2004

Choke, Kill & Auxillary


Test Caps

MR Box Connection
Profile

Vetco Gray - 24
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1 Feb 2004

HMF Riser Coupling

Ideal for deep water applications


where high load operating conditions
exist

Stepped diameter design of pin and


box simplifies engagement, even with
severe vessel movement

No loose parts preventing bolt loss


and potential thread damage

Field removable and replaceable


nose piece

Locking bolts preloaded in excess of


rated coupling loads to extend
fatigue load of riser system

HMF Riser Running Tools

Casing Elevator
Lift Shoulder

Handling Lift
Eye

Vetco Gray - 25
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1 Feb 2004

HMF Male
Connection Profile

Mechanical
Running Tool

Hydraulic
Running Tool

Vetco Gray - 26
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1 Feb 2004

Riser Handling Tool

Spider

Vetco Gray - 27
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1 Feb 2004

MR-style riser handling spider


supports the riser string on
manual or hydraulically operated
sliding dogs.

Hydraulic-gate riser spider is used


when running or retrieving HMF riser
joints through the rotary table.

Gimbal

Vetco Gray - 28
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1 Feb 2004

Gimbal shock absorber supports up to


2,000,000 lb and gimbals when the
riser is positioned in the spider.

Reduces impact loads when


running and landing marine riser
joints.

Vetco Gray - 29
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1 Feb 2004

Single Flex Joint


with Mud Boost Line

Flex Joints

Vetco Gray - 30
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1 Feb 2004

Single Flex Joint & Intermediate Flex Joint

Vetco Gray - 31
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1 Feb 2004

Riser Extension

Key Riser Components and Inspection

Drilling Riser

Vetco Gray - 32
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1 Feb 2004

Prepped for Buoyancy

Vetco Gray - 33
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1 Feb 2004

Installation of Syntactic Foam Buoyancy Modules


on a Riser Joint

Vetco Gray - 34
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1 Feb 2004

90 (27.4m) Riser Joint


(w/ Spreader Bar)

Vetco Gray - 35
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1 Feb 2004

Telescopic Joint

Telescopic Joint

Available for both multiple riser systems


Compensates for heave and offset of the vessel
Maximum rated riser tensile load capacity in

locked position
Hydraulic latch release for inner and outer barrels

available
Vetco Gray - 36
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1 Feb 2004

Dual split/solid packer elements


Fixed or rotating integral/non-integral tensioner

rings
SDL, SLS, KT and SDC tensioning rings

Primary Components of Telescopic Joint


The outer barrel sub assembly has several functions:

Providing a means to apply tension to the Marine


Riser / BOP

Fluid assist bearing to allow rig rotation

Tension ring to eliminate the tensioner wire removal

Dual packer assembly

Kill, choke and Auxiliary line supply assembly

The inner barrel sub assembly functions:

Providing communication between the vessel and the


BOP during drilling

Contains an Auto latch system to lock inner/outer

Vetco Gray - 37
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1 Feb 2004

barrel

Split lock nut for easy servicing

Cross-over flange to riser connection and diverter

Fully extended can support 1.5m lbs

Crossover to Riser
Connector

Split Lock Nut

Hydraulic Latch

Dual Packer
Inner Barrel Latch

Vetco Gray - 38
CT-DTC-Floating-CDE.ppt
1 Feb 2004

Inner Barrel

Slipjoint /
Telescopic Joint

Slipjoint /
Telescopic Joint

Options
Options

SDL Tension Ring

Fluid Assist
Bearing

Kill & Choke & Hydraulic


Supply Terminations

SLS Tension Ring

Options

Vetco Gray - 39
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1 Feb 2004

KT Tension Ring

Vetco Gray - 40
CT-DTC-Floating-CDE.ppt
1 Feb 2004

Type SDL Riser Support Ring

Saves rig time by eliminating tensioner


wire removal

Stored below diverter and allows the


rest of the riser to be pulled through

Contains two sets of hydraulic dogs


One to latch to diverter for storage
The other to latch to outer barrel
while drilling

Diverter System

In Floater Operations

Vetco Gray - 41
CT-DTC-Floating-CDE.ppt
1 Feb 2004

The primary function of a diverter is to divert shallow gas through


overboard piping before the installation of the BOP stack. This vents the
well and protects the formation before it is capable of handling closed-in
pressure from the installed BOP. After the BOP is installed it is used to
vent gas in the riser, above the BOP.

There are two primary models of Vetco Gray diverters used on


floaters:

KFDS using an expandable rubber packer

KFDS- CSO using a collapsible rubber element

There is one primary model of diverter used on Jack-ups and


Platform rigs :

KFDJ using an expandable rubber packer

Diverters are available in 39-1/2, 49-1/2 and 60 nominal sizes

Pressure ratings range from 500 to 1000 psi

Hang-off capacities range 500 kips 2000 kips

KFDS Diverter System

Pressure Rating (Wellbore): 500


PSI

Diverter Operating Pressure:

Rotary Table

Control Lines/Block

Normal 750 psi ( 52 bar)


Maximum 1500 psi (103 bar)

Insert Packer

Diverter Assembly

DiverterLocking
Dogs

Diverter Housing
Flowline

Flowline Seals
(x2)

Vetco Gray - 42
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1 Feb 2004

Flex Joint

Crossover to
Riser Connector

KFDS Diverter System

Pressure Rating (Well bore): 500 PSI

Diverter Operating Pressure:


Normal 750 psi ( 52 bar)

Control Lines/Block

Maximum 1500 psi (103 bar)

Insert Packer

Diverter Assembly
DiverterLocking
Dogs

Diverter Housing

Flowline Seals
(x2)

Vetco Gray - 43
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1 Feb 2004

Flowline

Diverter Assembly
Packer Element

CSO
Diverter
Divert Line
Flow Line

Vetco Gray - 44
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1 Feb 2004

Diverter Flex Joint

B D

Current induced loads can


cause the Riser to bind as
it is run through the Rotary
Table and Diverter
Housing.

A D

DIVERTER HOUSING
REGION

W.L.

CURRENTS

Vetco Gray - 45
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1 Feb 2004

A STRUCTURE/RISER CONTACT
B

BINDING CONTACT, RESULTING IN RISER DAMAGE AND


FOAM MODULE DAMAGE.

C MAKE-UP DIFFICULTIES DUE TO ANGLE.


D RISER OVERSTRESS.

Lifting Equipment
Rig lifting equipment must
be able to deploy the Riser
with the LMRP/BOP
Package without exceeding
design capacity.

WAVE HEAVE
W.L.

HOOK LOAD INDICATOR

RATED LIFTING GEAR CAPACITY

DYNAMIC LOAD ON LIFTING GEAR

HOOK
LOAD
NET WEIGHT OF RISER ON
LIFTING GEAR

Vetco Gray - 46
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1 Feb 2004

TIME

AMPLIFIED
RISER RESPONSE

MUDLINE

Storm Hang-off of Riser


HARD HANGOFF,
RISER HEAVES WITH
VESSEL

SOFT HANGOFF,
RISER HEAVE IS
MINIMIZED BY
TENSIONER STROKE

Stay attached during


storm conditions

Disconnect the riser and pull


out of the hole

Hang-off Hard or Soft

Vetco Gray - 47
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1 Feb 2004

W.L.

LMRP

Riser Fatigue Considerations

Wave Loads
Environmental Conditions
Riser Pipe

Current-induced
Vortices

Vetco Gray - 48
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1 Feb 2004

Steady
Current

VIV Excitation Due to Currents


Vortex shedding due to steady current acting on a
pipe results in pipe dynamic motions and fatigue.

Drift-Off/Drive-Off
D E G R A D IN G S T A T U S
G REE N

P REP FO R E DS

E D S T IM E ( A P P R O X .
60 SEC ON D S)

YE LL O W A LE RT

R E D ALER T

D IS C O N N E C T C I R C L E

V ESSEL O FFSE T
FR OM W ELL C EN TE R

G R E E N - N O R M A L O P E R A T IO N S
Y ELL O W A LER T - P RE PA RE FO R E DS
R E D A L E R T - E D S IN IT IA T E D

Vetco Gray - 49
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1 Feb 2004

D IS C O N N E C T C IR C L E - E D S C O M P L E T E D , R IS E R
D IS C O N N E C T E D

Disconnect Speed
Control System

Riser Tension Recoil


Control of Disconnect

Limits for Connected


Riser Operations

VESSEL
MOTIONS
ANGLE

WAVE ACTION

CURRENTS

Vetco Gray - 50
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1 Feb 2004

ANGLE

MUDLINE

W.L.

VESSEL
OFFSET
ANGLE

W.L.

POSSIBLE WEAKPOINTS
C
ANGLE
D

Vetco Gray - 51
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1 Feb 2004

MUDLINE
F

Riser, Wellhead
and Conductor
Strength

TENSIONERS/TELESCOPIC JOINT

RISER

FLEX JOINT

LMRP/BOP

WELLHEAD & CONNECTORS

CONDUCTOR PIPE

To prevent failure
of Riser/Well System
Components, Emergency
Disconnect must be
completed before vessel
offset causes the
Riser/Well System to
exceed allowable limits.

System Considerations
F

System Objective
Provide a system level
solution for drilling in ultra
deepwater drilling:

BOP Flange
Wellhead
Connector

~6.6 MM ft-lbs

~7 MM ft-lbs

~7.7 MM ft-lbs
~8.4 MM ft-lbs

15,000 psi to 20,000 psi


rated pressure

Vetco Gray - 52
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1 Feb 2004

Wellhead
System
Conductor/
Casing
Connectors

BOP Flange
Wellhead Connector
Subsea Wellhead System
Conductor Sizing
(Analysis)
Conductor/Casing
Connectors

~14 MM ft-lbs
(40' Below Mudline)

7,000,000 ft.-lbs. Bending @


15,000 psi

MUST MAINTAIN CLEARANCE


IN TELESCOPIC JOINT

Riser Recoil
Response

NO SLACK IN
WIRE ROPES

W.L.

LMRP
LMRP MUST MAINTAIN
CLEARANCE ABOVE BOP
STACK

BOP

Vetco Gray - 53
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1 Feb 2004

LMRP

BOP
MUDLINE

After riser disconnect, the LMRP


must be lifted to prevent contact
with the BOP stack during vessel
down heave.

Riser Burst Pressure

Minimal pressure device

Contingency plan for


bubble in riser

W.L.

MUD
PRESSURE

Vetco Gray - 54
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1 Feb 2004

SEAWATER
PRESSURE
BOP
MUDLINE

Vetco Gray - 55
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1 Feb 2004

Gas in Riser vs Choke/Kill Line

Riser Collapse/Riser Fill-Up


Valve Placement

W.L.

During an emergency
disconnect, external pressure
from seawater can collapse the
Riser if the mud column drops
too fast.

EMPTY
RISER

LMRP

Vetco Gray - 56
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1 Feb 2004

MUD RELEASE
FROM RISER
SEAWATER
PRESSURE
BOP
MUDLINE

Torque Loads due to


Heading Change

Vetco Gray - 57
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1 Feb 2004

As vessel heading is changed,


excessive torque can be
applied to the connected
drilling riser.

Wellhead with a rigid


lockdown mechanism to
enhance fatigue life.

Control Panel
Release Piston
Indicator
Power Piston
Indicator

Vetco Gray - 58
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1 Feb 2004

Latch to 36

Riser Monitoring Systems


and Inspection Methods
Daily:
Mud weight
Environmental conditions change
Riser tension and rig location

Vetco Gray - 59
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1 Feb 2004

Long Term:
Corrosion
Cracks
Wear and Damage
Choke and Kill lines

Vetco Gray - 60
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1 Feb 2004

Benefits from Composites

General
Increased fatigue life
Elimination of corrosion problems

Composite Choke and Kill Lines


Provides a 60% weight savings over equivalent steel lines
Can save about 25-30% of the total riser string weight, thus
extending an existing rigs drilling depth accordingly

Composite Drilling Riser System


Provides a 65% weight savings over steel riser systems
Can increase the drilling depth of an existing rig or platform
Significantly reduces the variable deck weight

Composite Production Riser


Provides a 60-80% weight savings over equivalent steel risers
Can eliminate the need for tensioners on TLPs and SPARs
Can increase the number of wells for a given vessel
smaller space requirements
less deck weight
Can increase the water depth for a given production system.

VGI Composite Products

X
X

Vetco Gray - 61
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1 Feb 2004

Choke & Kill Lines


Drilling Risers
Production Risers

Harnessing incredibly
strong carbon fiber and
durable epoxy matrix to
produce light-weight
oilfield products

Composite products are


providing solutions to
todays challenges

Composites enable use


of existing rig fleets and
production platform
designs to go deeper -safer and less
expensively.

5,000 Rig
Upgrade to 10,000

Baseline 5,000 Water Depth Capable Rig


X
All Steel Riser System (C&K, booster, hydraulic)
X
Nominal 2,000 Kip Tension with 15 ppg Mud
X
46 Diameter Buoyancy
X
Deck Weight of 2.3 M lbs
X
Day Rate of $30k

Steel System

Composite System

Vetco Gray - 62
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1 Feb 2004

10,000 Composite Riser Upgrade


X
System Deck Weight
X
5,000 of Steel Riser Body
X
10,000 of ALL Aux. Lines
X
Added 3,000 of Buoyancy
X
Total

$8.4 Million
Savings

3.55 M lbs
$2.0 M
$11.7 M
$1.5 M
$15.2 M

OR

10,000 Steel Riser Upgrade


X
System Deck Weight
X
5,000 of Full Riser
X
7,200 of 56 Buoyancy
X
Total

5.8 M lbs
$5.3 M
$6.1 M
$11.4 M

Savings in Upgrades on Rig


X
12 Months of Docked (50%)
X
60 Rotary Table Upgrade
X
Rig Buoyancy Upgrade ($2.36/lb)
X
Total

$5.5 M
$1.5 M
$5.2 M
$12.2 M

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