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Optics formula sheet- basic as this subject is at this point. Has plenty of diagrams missing lenzmakers equation for some reason I forgot to put him on

Optics formula sheet- basic as this subject is at this point. Has plenty of diagrams missing lenzmakers equation for some reason I forgot to put him on

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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= +

𝒇 𝒅𝒐 𝒅𝒊

𝒇𝒅𝒐

𝒅𝒊 =

(𝒅𝒐 − 𝒇)

𝒇𝒅𝒊

𝒅𝒐 =

(𝒅𝒊 − 𝒇)

CONCAVE-CONVERGING

𝒅𝒊 × 𝒅𝒐

A: Real, Inverted, Smaller, Between C and F 𝒇=

B: Real, Inverted, Same size as object, At C (𝒅𝒐 + 𝒅𝒊 )

DENSER MEDIUM=increased speed

C: No image, Reflected rays are parallel

D: Virtual, Erect, Larger than object, Behind mirror 𝒅𝒊 𝒉𝒊

Depth Shallow Deep 𝑴= =

Wavelength Short Long 𝒅𝒐 𝒉𝒐

Speed Slow Fast

𝐷𝑡 ג1 𝑣1 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝜃1 𝐶

= = = = = 𝑛𝐴

𝐷𝑎 ג 𝑣2 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝜃2 𝑣 𝟏

2 Optical power/ Lens Power

𝒇

REFLECTION 𝑛𝐴1 × sin 𝜽𝟏 = 𝑛𝐴2 × sin 𝜽𝟐 𝒅𝒊 = 𝒅𝒗 = 𝒗 = 𝒅𝒊𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒏𝒄𝒆 𝒐𝒇 𝒊𝒎𝒂𝒈𝒆

Angle of incidence =Angle of Refration

𝜽𝟏 = 𝑖𝑛𝑐𝑖𝑑𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝑎𝑛𝑔𝑙𝑒

𝒅𝒐 = 𝒅𝒖 = 𝒖 = 𝒅𝒊𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒏𝒄𝒆 𝒐𝒇 𝒐𝒃𝒋𝒆𝒄𝒕

REFRACTION (transmission)

𝜽𝟐 = 𝑟𝑒𝑓𝑟𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑒𝑑 𝑎𝑛𝑔𝑙𝑒

𝒉𝒊 = 𝒉𝒆𝒊𝒈𝒉𝒕 𝒐𝒇 𝒊𝒎𝒂𝒈𝒆

𝑠𝑖𝑛𝜃2 𝑣2 𝑪 = 𝑠𝑝𝑒𝑒𝑑 𝑜𝑓 𝑙𝑖𝑔𝑡 𝑖𝑛 𝑣𝑎𝑐𝑢𝑢𝑚(𝑎𝑖𝑟)

=

𝑠𝑖𝑛𝜃1 𝑣1 𝒉𝒐 = 𝒉𝒆𝒊𝒈𝒉𝒕 𝒐𝒇 𝒐𝒃𝒋𝒆𝒄𝒕

𝒗 = 𝑠𝑝𝑒𝑒𝑑 𝑜𝑓 𝑙𝑖𝑔𝑡 𝑖𝑛 𝑡𝑎𝑡 𝑝𝑎𝑟𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑢𝑙𝑎𝑟 𝑚𝑒𝑑𝑖𝑢𝑚

𝑠𝑖𝑛𝜃1 = 𝑎𝑛𝑔𝑙𝑒 𝑜𝑓 𝑖𝑛𝑐𝑖𝑑𝑒𝑛𝑐𝑒 (1𝑠𝑡) Critical Angle-Denser medium to lighter medium

𝒏𝑨 = 𝐴𝑏𝑠𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑡𝑒 𝑟𝑒𝑓𝑟𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑣𝑒 𝑖𝑛𝑑𝑒𝑥 𝑜𝑓 𝑡𝑎𝑡 𝑚𝑒𝑑𝑖𝑢𝒎

Direction of propagation 𝟏

𝒗𝟏 = 𝑆𝑝𝑒𝑒𝑑 𝑜𝑓 𝑙𝑖𝑔𝑡 𝑖𝑛 𝑓𝑖𝑟𝑠𝑡 𝑚𝑒𝑑𝑖𝑢𝑚 Medium to air 𝐬𝐢𝐧 𝜽𝒄 = 𝒏

the direction in which the energy is travelling

𝑨𝒉

𝒗𝟐 = 𝑆𝑝𝑒𝑒𝑑 𝑜𝑓 𝑙𝑖𝑔𝑡 𝑖𝑛 𝑠𝑒𝑐𝑜𝑛𝑑 𝑚𝑒𝑑𝑖𝑢𝑚

Wavelength 𝐬𝐢𝐧 𝜽𝒉 𝒏𝑨𝑳

distance between to poimts in phase 𝑫𝒕 = 𝑇𝑟𝑢𝑒 𝑑𝑒𝑝𝑡 = 𝒏𝒓 = 𝐬𝐢𝐧 𝜽𝒄 =

distance between 2 successive crests 𝐬𝐢𝐧 𝜽𝑳 𝒏𝑨𝒉

𝑫𝒂 = 𝐴𝑝𝑝𝑎𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝑑𝑒𝑝𝑡

𝐬𝐢𝐧 𝜽𝒉 = 𝑎𝑛𝑔𝑙𝑒 𝑜𝑓 𝑒𝑎𝑣𝑖𝑒𝑟 𝑚𝑒𝑑𝑖𝑢𝑚

DENSER MEDIUM=bends toward the normal and

slower speed for electromagnetic waves 𝐬𝐢𝐧 𝜽𝑳 = 𝑎𝑛𝑔𝑙𝑒 𝑜𝑓 𝑙𝑖𝑔𝑡𝑒𝑟 𝑚𝑒𝑑𝑖𝑢𝑚

𝐑→𝐎→𝐘→𝐆→𝐁→𝐈→𝐕

Typical tranverse wave CONVEX-bi convex-CONVERGING

c. Magnified, inverted, real, Di is pos, f is pos Wavelengths decrease

d. Magnified, upright, virtual, Di is neg, f is pos Refracts more

As an object moves toward F the image increases in size critical angle decreases

frequency increases

𝝀𝑨

𝝀𝒉 =

𝒏𝒉

tension(F), the speed of the wave is given by

CONCAVE-bi concave-DIVERGING

DIVERGING-CONVEX 𝑽=

𝑭𝑳

a. Diminished, upright, virtual, Di is neg, f is neg 𝒎

ALWAYS-Virtual, Erect, Smaller than object

Behind mirror between F and V b. Diminished, upright, virtual, Di is neg, f is neg

Mark Riley

All measurements are made from the optical centre of

Di or f is negative

the lens markriley85@hotmail.com

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