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PTE Essays with Solution.

Pros and Cons of extreme/adventure sports.
OR
Dangerous activities like extreme skiing, bungee jumping etc. and whether you
support them or not.

Intro:
It is irrefutable to say that, the popularity of extreme sports have continually increasing
from last few decades. These days in many countries people like to play skydiving,
bungee jumping, bull fighting, and etc rather than going for traditional sports.
Considering this, some analyst argue that people should not play these sports, while
others opine it helps people to increase their confidence. This essay will discuss some
advantages and disadvantages of adventure sports before giving an appropriate
conclusion.
Agree (In favor)

Disagree(Not in Favor)

To begin, most people are keen to play
extreme sports for many reasons.
Perhaps the fundamental reason is
that, people want to overcome fear
against certain things. For example,
bungee jumping, a sport which people
leap off from several hundred metres
high with just a rope tied to their feet,
requires a great deal of courage.
Another important reason is that, these
sports tend to be highly stimulating. It
is often a good way to relieve anxiety
and tension which come from various
aspects. Furthermore, a lot of fame
and money is involved in these sports.
Players easily come in the limelight
by doing stunts on motorcycles and
jumping from tall buildings which
eventually make celebrities. Above all,
playing these games person becomes
physically and mentally fit due to
which he or she can live his or her life
in a healthy way.

On the other hand, opponents of extreme
sports say that, these sports are very
dangerous which may cause lifethreatening threat. For instance, if a rope
tears while bungee jumping, a participant
will be seriously injured or even die. In
addition, equipment needed for these
sports are very expensive, sometimes a
person cannot purchase them which
increases the chance of tragedy.
Furthermore, youngsters who gravitate
toward these types of sports do not
concentrate on their studies, due to which
they are not able to get lucrative jobs.

temperature is increasing day by day. and have to work in direction to control environmental pollution. which will draw to drastic consequences in the globe (example for point 1). First of all. and they can build phenomenon to diminish pollution issue. (Written by someone) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Climate has been changing since past many years owing to innumerable reasons(intro line). individual have to understand the ramifications are arising in many forms( explaining point 1). the governments are in high command. people are making huge amount of carbon dioxide emission every days (main point 1).Conclusion: To sum up. As a result. . Some people are thinking that the governments should make changes at the upper level to protect atmosphere. As an example. Thus. The following paragraphs will analyse the impact and reason. and pollution also ameliorating. However. government has taken only 45 corrective decisions in last three decades. Government must take appropriate steps to educate people so that tragedies can be decreased. which is rising since past era. Environment pollution is too alarming to be managed by individuals. studies shown that Indian population rising. melting polar ice and rising sea level. while others argue that individuals are responsible to take initiative towards environment change and their impact. individuals should establish strategies. it is recommended that these sports should be tried under proper guidance and supervision of a guard. Environment pollution has sparked the controversy over the potential effect of this trend on marketing. self-confidence and team-work. What extent do you agree or disagree. For example. and thus will lead to a logical conclusion. advertising and fossil fuel in the recent time just because of governments are lagging behind to sustain environment. though. we can say that adventure sports have many impressive benefits including problem solving. Real change can be made at the government level. because of tremendous amount carbon dioxide emission. I am inclined to believe that both government and individual are equally have to take part in order to stop polluting environment (opinion in intro). Second of all.

We can help reduce waste by reusing and recycling. Climate change and about the roles that Government. the foregoing discussion propound the view that every person is equally responsible as government. Corporate and Individuals can play to improve it. therefore reducing emissions. In my opinion both government and individuals should take responsibility to address the environmental issues. choose products with less packaging. The following paragraphs will analyze the potential causes. They could introduce laws to limit emissions from factories or to force companies to use renewable energy from solar. while others says that lack of the governments and individuals concentration leads to various atmospheric changes. but we can also take steps to reduce the damage that we are causing to the planet. Two of the biggest threats to the environment are air pollution and waste.In conclusion. This essay will discuss environmental problems and the measures that governments and individuals can take to address these problems. people would be encouraged to use public transport and to take fewer flights abroad. the government should establish the guidelines to reduce pollution. both national governments and individuals must play their part in looking after the environment. They could also impose ‘green taxes' on drivers and airline companies. Environment we are living in is in danger due to various problems? Who do u think should be responsible to solve it? Is it the government's. Gas emissions from factories and exhaust fumes from vehicles lead to global warming. (Written by someone) The global climate has been changing drastically since past decades owing to numerous reasons and human activities. I am inclined to believe that both the government and individuals are equally responsible for causes and their control. wind or water power. plastic and paper in their car parks. As the human population increases. which contaminates the earth and pollutes rivers and oceans. organization or each individual? Humans are responsible for a variety of environmental problems. and their measures. Individuals should also take responsibility for the impact they have on the environment. and recycle as much as possible. They can take public transport rather than driving. we are also producing ever greater quantities of waste. which may have a devastating effect on the planet in the future. In this way. In conclusion. Some activists believe that environment change is occurring due to global warming. Government could certainly make more effort to reduce air pollution. It is expected that people take cognisance of education and further. . and both have to work together to develop pollution free society for the generation. underlying responsible authorities. Most supermarkets now provide reusable bags for shoppers as well as ‘banks' for recycling glass.

global warming is a major concern for the nations for the climate change. Most companies focus on the packing with intent of how this will drive customers to the product and how much does it costs? The environmental sustainability takes backseat for product packing. people are driving their personal car every day for commuting. research and provide optimal solutions to save environment. reduce shipping volume. organizing “green seminars” every six month in order to think.Firstly. the global warming leads to rise in temperature. the governments should establish climate change guidelines to educate people. The governments should run campaigns. and US citizens are actively becoming members of this seminar clubs. the foregoing discussion propounds the view that. increasing sea levels. 1. Thus. It is expected that cognizance of this education and further. Do you think consumer should avoid over packed products or it is responsibility of producer to avoid extra packaging of products?" Give your views or any relevant example with your own experience . Whether the consumers should avoid over packed products or the responsibility lies with the owner is definitely a matter of deliberation. the governments and individuals have to take care of the climate in which they are living in. and using fossil fuel. which emitting lots of carbon dioxide in the environment. melting polar ice. Second. more graphics friendly and doesn't consume much shelf space. for example. For example. In my opinion. . This is happening because of the arduous human activities. As an example. and thus. the downside is they aren't recyclable. both the producer and the end user should take the onus to avoid excessive packaging of a product until or unless it's severely required or unavoidable. the USA government. and individual have to follow and promote these adverts awareness into the societies. the typical snack chip bag is made up of seven layers of foil and plastic which make them light. Packaging of a product plays a vital role in the sale of the goods and is required to store the product for a long time. transport the product and carry product information. Also. However. global warming is a prime reason for the environment change. In conclusion. both states and folks have to participate actively in this movement of environment change.

both the producers and consumers should put their best foot forward to stop this malpractice. There are a lot of other factors that drives an individual towards success. Bill gates. On the other side. However. today we have 3D and curved television available as well. Native environment plays a valuable role in inculcating new traits such as leadership. An individual acquires these qualities over a period of time. Medium to spread news & awareness and for some it acts like a companion. What is your opinion? The invention of television around 2 decades back opened the frontiers for the transmission of visual communication and awareness. composted and recycled Many people think regions affect successful persons. What is your opinion about native regions and accomplished person influence on the regions they belong to? Many people argue that the success of an individual depends on the region in which he or she has grown up. It allows the person to think in broad perspective and this open-minded thinking. In fact. the research and development on this has never paused. the consumers should refrain from buying excessively packaged products and prefer products with packaging that could be reused. determination and hard work also play a pivotal role in achieving success. native region is not only the factor in achieving success. On the other hand. Customers should give preference to the products with minimum covering or to the products packed with recyclable material. The manufacturers should voluntarily reduce packaging and give more stress on using recyclable materials. etc. To conclude. Since then. in my opinion. exposure to new environment. Nowadays TV has become an essential part of life. the consumer should also be aware that the manufacturers are not liable for disposal of the waste produced from the packaging.A business has legal duty to meet general environmental obligations . APJ Abdul Kalam set a perfect example of successful individuals in their respective fields. native environment is not only the factor that is responsible for the development of an individual and his success. The effects should be mitigated by using of more recyclable materials for packing rather than using plastics or other nondegradable materials. only native region may not be the reason or factor of an individual's success. it is very difficult to find a domestic family without . determination and hard work plays a vital role in achieving success. On the other hand. A person’s attitude. capability. For example. surrounding yourself with friends who are self-disciplined ca help you to be selfdisciplined. The behavior of people in neighborhood. Ratan tata. challenges and circumstances enables him to respond. think and behave in different perspective. social skills. In conclusion. behavior. To illustrate. school friends and college friends significantly influences the behavior and skills of an individual. A person’s zeal to learn new things.

Expressing views enables effective communication between co-workers. television has some disadvantages too. Discuss Employee involvement means every employee is regarded as a unique human being. which is often necessary when alone. For many.watching a TV during their daily life. Employee and management recognize that each employee is involved running the business. In fact. music. while it brings a feel of team work among other employees in a team. it is our responsibility to limit anything in excess. with each employee bringing individual strengths to a specific project or task and ultimately an increase in team work and performance. the information is so useful that people plan their holiday based on the tourism show. On the other hand. however this can result in negative effects. and become aware of all sorts of happenings around the world and least to mention the craze of sports event. news updates and information on all areas via wide range of channels. prepare new dishes by following the recipes. Every employee’s input is solicited and valued by his/her management. quizzes and many other interactive functions. An employee that has potential in making many decisions is commending to managers. This will improve the relationship between the employee and manager. Nowadays TVs come with many features such as Internet. But. It has made the world a small place to live in by making all sorts of shows. staring at television’s screen for a long period can be harmful to the eyes and the nerves. Moreover. Company Top level Authorities should or should not take employees suggestions or ideas to take any decisions. TV is almost become indispensable as they believe it to be a friend who is always there when needed. the benefits which TV has bought in our lives cannot be denied. not just a cog in a machine. children who watch action serials or movies are more aggressive and start losing their control from themselves. sports and many more. food. can be used to play video games. each employee is involved in helping the organization to meet its goals. experience or competence on specific business decisions can misunderstand the organization success or create internal conflicts in . Employees who don’t have sufficient knowledge. It can be a good way to spend time with. qualification. news. Firstly. movies. In conclusion. Employee involvement or participation in decision making process provides every employee with an opportunity to express their views and share their experience knowledge with other employees. Televisions provides a wide range of channels to choose from such as tourism. travel.

who is rich and famous for the wrong reasons.the business. determination and ambition. On the other hand. employee involvement plays a very important role in the success of any organizations. On the one hand. Somebody influences positively whereas somebody do the same negatively. This kind of self-made celebrity can inspire children to develop their talents through application and perseverance. But the difference lies in the pattern of influence they have on us. It is our responsibility to choose whom to follow. we can say that all celebrates set examples for the people in the society. In conclusion. That is some business decision roles cannot be taken by an employee as it requires skills. and her behaviour promotes the idea that appearance. Actors. musicians and sports stars become famous idols because they have worked hard and applied themselves to develop real skills and abilities. An example is the actor and martial artist Jackie Chan. married a famous or wealthy person. glamour and media profile are more important than hard work and good character. Though employee involvement has various negative impacts on the organization. They demonstrate great effort. who has become world famous through years of practice and hard work. and that school work is not necessary. or they may have appeared in gossip magazines or on a reality TV programme. In a nutshell. which is required for someone who wants to be truly successful in their chosen field. it shows that under certain conditions employees are more committed to decisions and that better decisions are made if they are involved. Do u support it or not? (Agree/Disagree) It is true that some celebrities are known for their glamorous lifestyles rather than for the work they do. I believe that other famous people act as positive role models. She spends her time attending parties and nightclubs. The message to young people is that success can be achieved easily. A good example would be Paris Hilton. . They may have inherited money from parents. there are at least as many celebrities whose accomplishments make them excellent role models for young people. many people do achieve fame without really working for it. While I agree that these celebrities set a bad example for children. Employee involvement increases team work and produce better performances. Successful sports stars and glamorous film stars are a role model for youngsters.

these are conducted in the presence of invigilator. They have their reasons as well. In last. The large shopping malls are not often convenient for lower and middle class population. Large shopping malls are replacing small shops. and restaurants etc. Thus. big shopping malls have immense benefits to the modern society that outweigh the options and conveniences offered by the small shops. we can say that it is not a reliable method to judge student capabilities. Evaluation method of a student’s performance has always been an area of contention around the world. It may be defined as majority of them prefer to go to the shopping malls rather than the single stores because varieties of options are available in one complex. As a result. . however. What is your opinion about this? Discuss with appropriate examples. Continual assessment such as coursework and projects is not a satisfactory way to do this. I believe the latter is more appropriate option. There are some groups who are in favour of single shops and opine that this trend should be continued. this can be considered as a more reliable method of testing one’s ability. Many believe that this can be done by continual assessment of their assignments and project work. For example. Not only this. First and foremost time saving from shopping from such multi-complex buildings could be significant factor. As a result shoppers have to spend a long time in the parking bays rather than the shopping in small shops. upon which opinion varies greatly. That restricts students to take any external help. This can be proved by analysing the fact that the homework and projects done at home can be copied and also memory of a student can be tested only through a formal assessment. especially on weekends and holidays. pharmacies. clothes. There including excursive crowding in the shopping complex. I believe the method should be implied across the globe and it can be predicted that many countries will adopt this way of assessment because of its effectiveness. people are also in favour of formal examination. the projects are also copied in order to submit the same on time. banks. looking at the discussion it is clear that advantages of formal testing outweighs the advantages of testing by assignments and projects. groceries. The prices in large shopping malls are often unreasonable and people end up purchasing more than they actually need. a great number of shopping malls has established in past two decades in almost all cities of the world. the work book assignments submitted by the students are not always done by them. undoubtedly. Therefore. are all available under a single roof and people get better environment from such establishment. Parking problems could be substantial reason behind the opponent's viewpoint. In spite of views discussed above regarding why large shopping malls are ideal to the modern society. There are reasons for people to believe that large shopping malls are important to be established as multi stories shopping malls come with a large number of stores and other facilities under one roof. the examination that is taken in education institutes make students learn the concept and also memorize the same that they have studied in their class.Formal examinations are the only effective way to assess a student's performance. Therefore. Secondly. as far as I am concerned. cinemas. On the other hand. people are motivated to buy their necessities from competitive market. Moreover. food courts. This shows how much grasping power does an individual have. The question whether this boom of mall's trend is positive or negative is a complex issue. To conclude. whether shopping in a large shopping complex or single small shops could be matter of discussion. A study by education department of India proved that many parents help their children in completion of assignments. Firstly. This is a true fact to consider that present world has become a global village.

In fact. and they are used in almost all fields for any purpose. For example. airplanes and computers. However. This kind of dependency on technology puts people at a distinct disadvantage.Some people think that technology improves the quality of life whereas others feel that creates new problems that threaten the quality of life. science or technology? Or Any recent invention that you think proved beneficial or detrimental to society It is evident how life has changed since technology has been introduced in the human life. human workers retain less value. humans become almost disabled until the problem is resolved. Agricultural processes that once required dozens upon dozens of human workers can now be automated. At the same time. This results in cost savings for business owners. Discuss both these views and suggest your opinion? or Talk about the pros/ cons of this era as is full of daily inventions. Medical discoveries occur at a much more rapid rate. where just about everything is more convenient and accessible due to advances in technology across almost all sectors. thanks to advances in technology. Technology advances show people a more efficient way to do things. despite how far technology has taken humans and no matter how convenient it may make things. there have been many inventions such as antibiotics. Technological advancements such as computers have been designed and created with the only purpose to help humans and make their lives easier. which contributes on a positive level to the economy as a whole. education has been greatly advanced by the technological advances of computers. Students are able to learn on a global scale without ever leaving their classrooms. The more advanced society becomes technologically. it may seem as though it's a misnomer to even mention any disadvantages of technological advances. . there are some disadvantages accompanying this level of access. Companies find they don't need to employ as many people to get the job done which is a disadvantage of technological advances. the more people begin to depend on computers and other forms of technology for everyday existence. they can display and let you manipulate stored information. Computers have become indispensable in any workplace where they are basically considered a compliment for people to help them on developing their activities. thanks to machines and computers that aid in the research process and allow for more intense educational research into medical matters. This will continue to be a growing disadvantage of technology and an issue that has a global impact. because they become less self-reliant. When we think about technology mostly the first thing that comes to our mind is the image of a computer. computers are the greatest invention of all time because they have multi-tasking features that can minimize your work. What do you think is the most important of them? Why? Greatest invention in the last 100 years. medicine. In today's world. and these processes get results. which means cost-efficiency for farmers. This means that when a machine breaks or a computer crashes. allowing them to invest in growth in other areas of the business. Any new technological development in the recent years is a boon or curse for the society in general. or In the past 100 years.

and any type of job. You don’t even have to rewrite a whole paper because you did a mistake or you have to add more information to the written form. Information revolution has changed the way of mass communications and had some negative and positive effects on individual lives as well as on society. For example. computers are used in almost all fields for any purpose such as entertainment. we can not only share an information quickly and efficiently. computers avoid you having to calculate any result on doing math. Intro: Information technology has brought the world closer together and made it a global village. you can use computers to play videogames. watch movies. Now. You can have as many files as you can in your computer and organize them the way you like it without having to use any extra material or space. computers can display and let you manipulate stored information. Computers have become the most powerful tool ever created. Secondly. In other words. Therefore computers are the greatest invention of all time because they reduce your time consumption on your activities. Finally. PowerPoint presentations or just using their basic features discussed in the first point. the only thing you must do is to type the information needed and your work is done. you can save your information and edit it anytime. education.First of all computers have multi-tasking features that can minimize the work you have to do. you don’t need to use paper in order to store any information on shelves. listen to music or chat on the internet for entertainment. and they let you do almost everything you need. In favour Not In Favour . but we can also bring down barriers of linguistic and geographic boundaries. For example. Discuss pros and cons impacts. To what extent do you agree or disagree? or Communication has changed significantly in the last 10 years. In education or any job you can use them for videoconferences. This essay will discuss pros and cons of mass communication on individual lives before delivering conclusion.

However. if he or she wishes for their job to be secure. people are now worried about their once private information becoming public knowledge. while information technology may have streamlined the business process it has also crated job redundancies. while others opine people must complete their academic path first. We can now communicate with anyone around the globe by simply text messaging them or sending them an email for an almost instantaneous response. To what extent do you agree or disagree? Intro: It is irrefutable to say that. But. This means that a lot of lower and middle level jobs have been done away with causing more people to become unemployed.To begin with. Conclude: To recapitulate. and more efficient. thus increasing awareness and reducing prejudice. An individual cannot live peacefully if there is no synchronization between these two lives. Due to website and email hacking. Though information technology may have made communication quicker. communication has also become cheaper. Considering this. it has also bought along privacy issues. This means that one has to be in a constant learning mode. and allow for the exchange of views and ideas. quicker. professional life and married life both have a pivotal role in our life. Bridging the cultural gap . some people argue that getting married prior to settlement of career is good. Agree Disagree . so government should create some laws to handle negative side of mass communication. mass communication has tremendous benefits for all of us. It is argued that getting married before finishing school or getting a job is not a good choice. easier and more convenient.Information technology has helped to bridge the cultural gap by helping people from different cultures to communicate with one another. This essay will assert both sides of the argument before delivering a reasonable conclusion. The internet has also opened up face to face direct communication from different parts of the world thanks to the helps of video conferencing. we should keep in our mind that every garden has some weeds. Industry experts believe that the internet has made job security a big issue as since technology keeps on changing with each day. downsizing and outsourcing.

Thirdly. Some people believe law changes human behaviour. they do not get enough time to study and most of them leave their study. Do you agree/disagree? It is possible to pass laws that control or place limits on people’s behaviour. as maturity level is low in youngsters chances of divorce increases. there are many disadvantages if a person marries before 30 years. Specifically. women have to sacrifice their professional life because of caring their children and they have to depend on their husband. Conclusion: To recapitulate. due to which. but legislation cannot reform human nature. .however if this was true there would not have been such a high crime rate as we see today.An acute system like this is enough to keep people from all kinds of crimes and wrongdoings. For instance.To maintain such a control. laws are developed to discipline the society and so that every individual can live in peace and harmony without any insecurities and fears. rules are formulated to prevent all offences and punishment are devised for every social and personal transgression so that crimes once committed are not repeated again. Lastly. marrying late is a better option than marrying in early age. if these youngsters get married earlier they get a partner to help them.To begin. On the other hand. Secondly. mostly parents force their children to live separately. Moreover. I pen down saying that. Furthermore.Laws cannot change what is in people’s hearts and minds. But when they marry they get more freedom to go out with her husband and enjoy the life more. individuals have to take more responsibilities toward their family. marrying at an early age also increases the population. girls have many restrictions in their parents house. To start with . in developed countries. This makes a person a more responsible and mature before taking this crucial step.Many problems of modern society cannot be solved by laws and legal system because moral behaviour cannot be legislated. Firstly. it is proved that people who married in early age have greater number of children as compared to those who married in late in their life. according to India's 2014 population statistics. if a person marries in an early age then he or she has more time to spend with their loved ones before they die.

There can be little doubt that a child’s development is most susceptible to the nurture and education from his or her parents. For those reasons. Such a practice is . but rather intuitive and accidental. Also there is an active collaboration required between the legal system and the reformatory facilitative organisations to bring in a necessary change to the lives of individual who went on such a heinous path. To conclude . there is no surprise that parents play a vital role in molding the behaviors of their children. Firstly. If young individuals are provided with a healthy and educational environment in which their mannerisms are well taught. in my opinion . only then it will help transform human immorality which in turn will facilitate the development of a peaceful novel society. Such a notion appears to be supported by a multitude of people. delinquents frequently share an unhappy childhood where they lack parental guidance as a result of various reasons. Judging by most cases. such as divorces. The issue that attracts more attention and discussion is whether the parents should be liable for any law-offending act committed by their kids. Often. What is your opinion? Support it with personal examples. many people strongly suggest that parents should be responsible any law-breaking act of their children. The majority of countries around the world have endorsed legislation which formally recognizes the children’s legal responsibility for their action when they are over 18 years of age. it is likely that they will become ethical adults in the future. Law should not just be a system of restriction and punishments but also of rehabilitation. A punishment in such cases may deter the individual from doing it again but a more contemplative question here is whether such a punishment brings in any reform which I think is not the case. In contrast. a youngster’s illegal action is rarely motivated by a clear incentive.Also humans have a tendency of getting intrigued and do something which is generally not allowed to. to thwart a crime the state of the mind and heart of the individual should be explored to determine the core cause which perpetuated the crime. children’s behaviors are a reflection of surrounding elements. especially their parents’ influence. Parents should be held legally responsible for their children’s acts.

However. a business needs to consider these factors closely in order to run it successfully and profitably. in a business.widely supported as people are generally conscious of their behaviors and able to judge right and wrong at that stage of life. old stock is sold at discounts due to the arrival of new stocks or if a business is going out of business. the business offers customers a reduction in price. Various marketing strategies have to be utilized in order to increase the profits of a business. As a result. Sometimes. Only when individuals reach adulthood should such a rule is no longer needed and be relaxed. advertising this factor will also encourage buyers to purchase other items which are not on sale too. In addition. Marketing strategy for big companies should be placed on offer and discounts. This can be due to a special season. this can be a twoedged sword. the profit margin in the store will decline as the goods are sold at reduced prices. It is not an easy task deciding if offering discounts in a business is good choice or a bad one. As suggested by the aforementioned reasons. If the marketer does not give the discount customer may be discouraged and look at other areas to conduct business.If only certain items are on sale. This essay is about the pros and cons of offering discounts in a business.although there will be sales. On the other hand. Many customers may be put off by this reputation and stop visiting the store. a shop that offers discounts always provides the reputation that the business is not doing so well. A business will see more customers during this period than any other. However. Whatever the reason. can either be a good thing or a bad thing. these prices may even be below market value. and in what ways this can impact on their reputation. parental protection is no longer necessary in the development of those individuals. advertising discounts on various products or all products will definitely draw in the customers. Most people cannot resist a sale. Offering discounts to customers. when children are yet to mature and comprehend the implications of their actions. A business usually decides to offer discounts to customers for a particular reason. parents should be responsible for any unlawful action that their children take. Many businesses consider offering discounts a good way to increase sales. .