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Landslide, slope failure, Timor-Leste, Multivariate Statistical Analysis

Landslide, slope failure, Timor-Leste, Multivariate Statistical Analysis

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ACTUAL CONDITION AND CHARACTERISTICS OF SLOPE
FAILURE IN EAST TIMOR BY MULTIVARIATE
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS
By:
05KC051
Lourenco Soares
A thesis submitted to Department of Civil and Environmental
Engineering, Saitama University, Japan for the Requirements of
Master’s Degree
August 2007
Supervisor
ACTUAL CONDITION AND CHARACTERISTICS OF SLOPE
FAILURE IN EAST TIMOR BY MULTIVARIATE
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS
By:
05KC051
Lourenco Soares
A thesis submitted to Department of Civil and Environmental
Engineering, Saitama University, Japan for the Requirements of
Master’s Degree
August 2007
Supervisor

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Published by: hopffer2008 on May 01, 2010
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Slope length is the distance along a slope subject to uninterrupted overland flow, from of

the point at which overland flow begins to where deposition starts, or where flow enters a

well-defined channel (Wischmeier and Smith, 1978). This distance is computed on the

horizontal and normal to the contours of the surface of the slope. It is, in fact, the horizontal

projection of the slope distance, which is measured along the slope surface.

In this study, slope length was estimated using by topography map investigation which

generates real slope length values. Table 3.12 and figure 3.16 shows that most of landslide

occurred in all study sites frequently do have length with ranging from 31m to 150m and a

few numbers of landslides were occurred with length 180m to 210m. In some site as well as

Bobonaro and Cailaco study site, a few number of landslide occurred with ranges greatest

than 240m to 510m. Table 3.13 and figure3.17 shows that most of surface failure occurred in

all study site frequently do have length highest with ranging from 31m to 90m and

moderately number of surface failure were occurred with length 91m to 180m in Bobonaro,

Cailaco and Zumalai study site, and a few number of surface failure occurred in Bobonaro ,

59

Cailaco and Hatobuilico site do have ranging greatest than 180m. Carrara et al. (1995) argue

that field and laboratory analyses show that slide density increases linearly with slope length

up to a threshold value of about 500 m. However, slope length may be considered an

important factor in landslide activity since longer slope lengths increase the potential of

erosive agents to dislodge and transport materials downslope. Moreover, downslope water

velocity is greater on longer slopes. The slope length is of paramount importance for the

travel distance of materials.

Table 3.12 Length of landslide

Ranges(m) Bobonaro Cailaco Zumalai Atsabe Maliana Ainaro Hatolia Hatobuilico Total

0.1 - 30

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

30.1 - 60

13

6

12

2

2

0

3

0

38

60.1 - 90

24

11

6

3

4

2

3

0

53

90.1 - 120

19

18

5

5

6

0

3

0

56

120.1 - 150

14

20

5

4

3

1

2

3

52

150.1 - 180

7

4

7

3

0

0

0

0

21

180.1 - 210

1

11

4

1

1

2

1

1

22

210.1 - 240

2

7

2

0

0

0

0

1

12

240.1 - 270

1

2

1

0

0

0

0

0

4

270.1 - 300

3

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

5

300.1 - 330

2

1

0

0

0

0

1

0

4

330.1 - 360

1

6

0

1

0

0

0

0

8

360.1 - 390

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

390.1 - 420

0

1

0

1

0

0

0

0

2

420.1 - 450

0

1

0

1

0

0

0

0

2

450.1 - 480

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

480.1 - 510

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

Total

88

93

42

21

16

5

13

5 283

60

0

5

10

15

20

25

0.1 - 30

30.1 - 60

60.1 - 90

90.1 - 120

120.1 - 150

150.1 - 180

180.1 - 210

210.1 - 240

240.1 - 270

270.1 - 300

300.1 - 330

330.1 - 360

360.1 - 390

390.1 - 420

420.1 - 450

450.1 - 480

480.1 - 510

Length (m)

N

um

ber of Landslide

Bobonaro

Cailaco

Zumalai

Atsabe

Maliana

Ainaro

Hatolia

Hatobuilico

Figure 3.16 Length of landslide

Table 3.13 Length of Surface failure

Ranges(m) Bobonaro Cailaco Zumalai Atsabe Maliana Ainaro Hatolia Hatobuilico Total

0.1 - 30

0

0

1

3

1

4

0

0

9

30.1 - 60

10

2

22

6

5

8

1

0

54

60.1 - 90

24

14

5

3

5

2

5

3

61

90.1 - 120

9

5

3

0

1

1

0

3

22

120.1 - 150

8

3

0

0

2

1

1

1

16

150.1 - 180

5

3

2

0

0

1

0

3

14

180.1 - 210

1

0

0

0

1

1

0

1

4

210.1 - 240

3

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

5

240.1 - 270

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

270.1 - 300

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

300.1 - 330

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

330.1 - 360

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

Total

61

30

33

12

15

18

7

13 189

61

0

5

10

15

20

25

0.1 - 30

30.1 - 60

60.1 - 90

90.1 - 120

120.1 - 150

150.1 - 180

180.1 - 210

210.1 - 240

240.1 - 270

270.1 - 300

300.1 - 330

330.1 - 360

Length (m)

num

ber of Surface Failure

Bobonaro

Cailaco

ZumalaiAtsabe

Maliana

Ainaro

Hatolia

Hatobuilico

Figure 3.17 Length of surface failure

Table 3.14 Length of surface failure and landslide

Ranges(m) Bobonaro Cailaco Atsabe Total

0.1 - 30

3

0

0

3

30.1 - 60

4

3

4

11

60.1 - 90

7

2

1

10

90.1 - 120

1

3

1

5

120.1 - 150

0

2

0

2

150.1 - 180

1

0

0

1

180.1 - 210

1

0

0

1

210.1 - 240

1

0

0

1

Total

18

10

6

34

62

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

0

0.1 - 30

30.1 - 60

60.1 - 90

90.1 - 120

120.1 - 150

150.1 - 180

180.1 - 210

210.1 - 240

Length (m)

N

um

ber of Landslide and Surface Failure

Bobonaro(MIX)Cailaco(MIX)Atsabe(MIX)

Figure 18. Length of surface failure and landslide

63

CHAPTER IV

ANALYZING METHOD

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