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Hierarchic: 4 Main Ideas

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Makes Sense
Sense Strategies
Name: Leah Tabor

2008 Edwin Ellis, All Rights Reserved Published by Makes Sense Strategies, LLC, Northport, AL


Student Teams Achievement Division (STAD)


Is about

A model that is used to help students work together to understand a concept or skill. Usually used after this skill or concept is
modeled by the teacher. This strategy also allows students to attempt to improve their grade.




1) Planning Whole Group Instruction:

-You would plan the presentation of content
the same way you would present any other
lesson: have clear learning objectives,
high-quality examples, and promote
2) Organizing Groups:
- Teams must be prepared in advance
-The goal is to diversify your groups as much as
you can while keeping the student number
in the group as close to four as possible
3) Planning for a Team Study:
-Success of these groups depend on high
quality materials (learning objectives)
-Must include answers that are either correct
or incorrect (no grey area)
4) Calculating Base Scores and Improvement Points:
-Calculate the base scores prior to introducing
the model
-Give all students equal opportunity for success
-Establish a system for improvement points,
and stick to it

1) Instruction:
-Teach the skill/concept they will be working on in
their groups
-Do not transition to teams until the vast majority
of students seem to understand the content
2) Transition to teams:
- Simplify the transition by having well defined
tasks, materials set in place, and clear instructions
of where they need to be.
-Explain and illustrate how the improvement points
exist in order to motivate the students to work
together as a team
3) Team Study:
-Gives students the opportunity to practice and
get immediate feedback with their peers
-Monitor students and intervene whenever you find
it to be necessary; use professional judgment
4) Recognizing Achievement:
-Assess as you usually would, but include the
improvement points and the team awards
-Important to reiterate how the improvement
system and the points work again where students
can comprehend their achievement

Increasing Motivation:
1) This model allows students to interact with their
2) Enhances boring activities
3) Increases student success
4) Increases involvement
5) Competition paired with group unity can be
motivating to many students

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Cognitive Learning Theory:
-Social interaction and the use of
language facilitate knowledge
Vygotskys Theory:
-More knowledgeable other when a
group cannot reach a unanimous
-Social Interaction is key to
-Make the improvement system
-Within the groups you are assigning
activities that meet the specific needs
of your students

Two Part Assessment:

1) Are the students understanding the content?
-Quizzes, multiple choice, short essay questions
-Critical that the assessments are clear-cut and
have a single correct answer
2) How are the students growing socially?
(Assessing the group cooperation)
-Less formal assessment (not assessed by quizzes,
multiple choice, etc. just observation)
-Does not affect students grades, however, it is
important to give feedback on how they could work
to improve themselves in group-work

So what? What is important to understand about this?

This model helps allow students to participate together in small groups in order to accomplish a task. This model also helps build social skills such as listening,
diplomatically resolving disagreements, and understanding others point-of-view. This model also helps culture students by intentionally diversifying the groups.