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Problem Set 10 Solutions

(30 Points Total – 3 points for each part)
1.

An aqueous solution of ethylene glycol (antifreeze; C2H6O2) is 16.0% ethylene glycol by
mass. The density of the solution is 1.019 g/mL. Calculate:

a)

molarity
Assuming 1.0 L solution:
Moles C2H6O2 =

1000 mL !

1.019 g 16 g C2 H 6O 2
1 mol
!
!
1 mL
100 g
62.069 g

Molarity = 2.63 M
b)

molality
Assuming 1.0 L solution:
Mass solution =
Mass C2H6O2 =
Mass of water =
Molality

c)

2.63 mol C2 H 6O 2
0.856 kg H 2O

= 3.07 m

mole fraction of water

! H2 O

d)

=

1.019 g
= 1019 g
1 mL
16 g C2 H 6O 2
1019 g !
= 163 g
100 g
1019 – 163
= 865 g

1000 mL !

=

856 g
18.02 g/mol
856 g
2.63 +
18.02 g/mol

= 0.943

freezing point
!T
F.P.

=
=
=

m Kf
3.07 m ! 1.86°C/m
0°C – 5.71°C

= 5.71°C
= – 5.71°C

= 2.63 mol

89°C = –4. assuming complete dissociation of the KI.2.31 m .89°C The freezing point of this solution is measured to be –4.02 g/mol = 0.15 g = 1150 g 1 mL 166.24 ) + 18.83 Therefore.955 b) Predict the vapor pressure of water over this solution at 25°C.15 g/cm3.46°C.0 L solution: 1.83 = 1.944 kg 0°C – 4. assuming complete dissociation of the KI.86 oC/m Let x be the fraction dissociated: KI " K+ + I– 1 0 0 –x +x +x 1–x x x 1.955 ! 23.24 mol KI 0.89°C 0.83 x = 1–x + x + x = 1 + x = 0.24–M solution of KI has a density of 1.31m ! 1.02 g/mol 944 g 2 (1.86°C/m = 4.46 oC 1.73 torr c) Predict the freezing point of this solution. assuming that the KI is completely dissociated. d) = m Kf 1. = 1. 83% of the KI is dissociated.8 torr = 22. PH2 O = 0.24 mol 2! ! 1.24 mol ! = 206 g 1 mol = 944 g Mass solution = 1000 mL ! Mass KI Mass water ! H2 O = 944 g 18. Calculate the mole fraction of water in this solution.0 g = 1. What percent of the KI is actually dissociated in this solution? Molality KI (nonelectrolyte) = Calculate i: i= 1.P. !T = = F. a) A 1. Assuming 1.944 kg H 2O 4.

colorless solids which are similar in outward appearance.0821 L·atm/mol·K)(298 K) = 1.953   760 atm (0.g = m(sucrose) + m(salt) Solving these two equations gives: m(sucrose) = 90g and m(salt) = 10g .605 moles = n(sucrose) + 2n(salt) = 342 g/mol + 2 58.076 × 10–5 moles so the molar mass is: 0.5 g/mol 100.3. Calculate the mass of sugar and salt in the original mixture.25°C =   × ( 1. It is found in tears and egg whites and elsewhere.39 × 104 g/mol Table sugar (sucrose. C12H22O11) and table salt (NaCl) are both crystalline.500 kg water   moles of dissolved solutes = 0. A solution containing 0. You are given 100. grams of water and find that the resulting solution freezes at –2.150 g of lysozyme in 210.076 × 10–5 mol 4. What is the molar mass of lysozyme? Osmotic pressure πV = nRT so:  0. grams of a mixture of these two solids. 13900 g/mol or 1. mL of water solution has an osmotic pressure of 0.86°C/m) 0.210 L) πV   n = RT = (0.150 g = 1.25°C. You dissolve the mixture in 500. Lysozyme is an enzyme that breaks down bacterial cell walls.953 torr at 25°C. Let's do 2 equations 2 unknowns: m(sucrose) m(salt) 0.605 moles For each mole of salt we get 2 moles of solutes.  moles of dissolved solutes  2.