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Zadatak 1

Za dati nosač na skici usled zadatog opterećenja metodom sila odrediti dijagrame M, T, N.
Uticaj N, T sila zanemariti na deformaciju. Modul elastičnosti je E=3×107 kN/m 2

Statička neodređenost:
Zo =5
Zu =1
Zs =5
Zk =3

∑ Z=14
2k=2×6=12

∑ Z-2k=2 x statički
Osnovni sistem:

neodredjen sistem

8 VA ⋅ 8 − H A ⋅= 3 0 0.8 ⇒ HA = VB ⋅ 8+H B ⋅ 8=1 ⋅ 12 ⇒ H B =0.3 ⇒ V= A .075 Stanje x 2 = 1 ∑ V=0: ∑ H =0: ∑ M A =0: ∑ M zl =0: VA + VB =1 ⇒ VB =0.7 H A =H B 0.2 H B =H A ⇒ H B =0.075 VB ⋅ 8-H B ⋅ 8-1=0 ⇒ H A =0.Stanje x1 = 1 ∑ M zl =0: ∑ M A =0: ∑ H=0: ∑ V=0: VA ⋅ 8-H A ⋅ 3=0 ⇒ VA =0.2 VA =VB ⇒ VB = 0.

69 = ⇒ H A 101 VA ⋅ 8 − H A ⋅ 3 − 60 ⋅ 3 − 45 ⋅ 1.31 H B ⋅ 5-10 ⋅ 4 ⋅ 2-100 ⋅ 7=0 ⇒ H B =156 .5 = 0 ⇒ VA = 91.Od osnovnog opterećenja ∑ V=0: ∑ H =0: ∑ M zl =0: ∑ M zd =0: VA + VB =100+10 ⋅ 4+60 − H A +H B −= 10 − 45 0 ⇒ VB =108.

25 ⋅ 5 + 1.3 ⋅ 125.22 ⋅ 4 + 42 ⋅ 4 + 42 ⋅ = 40 238.25 ⋅ 4 − 780 ⋅ 1 ⋅ 40 =−5110.3 ⋅ 1.25 ⋅ 5 − 0.9866 22 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 − 0.2 ⋅ 4 + ⋅ 1 ⋅ 4 ⋅ 40 = EIδ12 = 25.60333 3 3 3 1 2 1 1 1 EIδ= 1.3 ⋅ 125.2 ⋅ 125.483333 6 3 EIδ= 11 13.875 ⋅ 5 + 0.2 ⋅ 5 + 1.3 ⋅ 46.3 ⋅ 5 + 0.2 ⋅ 5 − 0.32 ⋅ 4 + 12 ⋅= 40 13.58666 3 3 6 1 1 1 1 EIδ10 = 0.3 ⋅ 1.58666 ⋅ x1 + 238.48333 = ⇒ x 2 194.1 2 1 1 0.2 ⋅ 46.98666 = ⋅ x 2 46810.58666 = ⋅ x 2 5110.25 ⋅ 4 − ⋅ 780 ⋅ 4 ⋅ 40 − 3 3 3 3 1 1 − ⋅ 4 ( 2 ⋅ 780 + 300 ) ⋅ 4 + ⋅ 4 ⋅ 20 ⋅ 4 =−46810.60333 ⋅ x1 + 25.875 ⋅ 5 − 1.1158 25.2 ⋅ 125.71 = ⇒ x1 9.895 M=M 0 +M1 x1 + M 2 x 2 Z=Z0 +Z1 x1 + Z2 x 2 .7125 3 3 3 6 1 1 1 1 EIδ 20 =− 1.

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Uticaj N.Zadatak 2 Za dati nosač prikazan na skici nacrtati uticajnu liniju za vertikalno pomeranje tačke 6 sa ordinatama u označenim tačkama. T sila zanemariti na deformaciju. Modul elastičnosti je E=3×107 kN/m 2 Statička neodređenost: Zo =4 Zu =0 Zs =6 Zk =3 ∑ Z=13 2k=2×6=12 ∑ Z-2k=1 x statički Osnovni sistem neodredjen sistem .

888 2 6 EIδ= 11 12.Stanje x1 =1.333 + 4 ) ⋅ 8 =−40.333 ⋅ 1 ⋅ 8 − ⋅ 1 ⋅ ( 2 ⋅ 5.888 x1 = 3.0 ⋅ 5 + 12 ⋅ 8 + ⋅ 12= ⋅ 8 12.3333 3 3 1 1 EIδ10 =− 5.315 M=M 0 +M1 x1 + M 2 x 2 .0 Od P 1 2 1 1.333 ⋅ x1 = 40.

018 − 0.648 )  ⋅ 4 − 6 1 137.04 − 2.666 ( 2 ⋅ 3.009 + 4 ) + 4 ( 2 ⋅ 4 + 3.333 ( 2 ⋅ 2.009 + 2.666 ( 2 ⋅ 3.315 ) ⋅ 4 = 6 .009 ) + 4.666 ( −2 ⋅ 0.666 ( −2 ⋅ 0.009 )  ⋅ 4 + 3 6 1 + 5.018 )  ⋅ 4 + 6 1 +  2.333 ( 2 ⋅ 2.Fiktivni nosač Proračun x1f x1f = ∫ MM 0 ds = S 1 1 ⋅ 4 ⋅ 4 ⋅ 4 +  4.018 ) + 5.018 + 3.648 + 2.648 + 3.