NOTES ON SOCIAL STRATIFICATION

 Inequality is viewed in terms of the distribution of scarce goods

Society is divided into a number of strata or layers

People are ranked according to:
 WEALTH – how much of the resources of society are owned by certain
individuals.
 PRESTIGE – the degree of honor one’s position evokes.

POWER – the degree to which one directs, manages or dominates others.

Views on Social Stratification:
 The Conservative View
 The Liberal View
Origin of the Concept of Inequality:
 According to Rousseau
 According to Gustav Schmeller
 Kingsley Davis & Wilbert Moore
Elements of Social Stratification:
 CLASS ( Marx )
 The division of people in society by their relationship to the means of
production.
 STATUS
 The social position that an individual occupies in a society.
 POWER
 Ability of an individual to get other people to do “ what he wants them
to do with or without their consent “.
Types:
 Upper Class
 They are the very rich and consists of the elite families who are
successful in agriculture, industry and government.
 Upper Upper
 Upper Middle
 Lower Upper

Middle Class
 Includes small business and industry owners and managers,
professionals, office workers and farm owners. Education is the main
indicator of social status.

Lower Class
 The largest in number and live on a subsistence level.
 Upper Lower
 Lower Lower

KINDS OF STRATIFICATION:
 CLOSED SOCIETY
 ESTATE SYSTEM
 OPEN SOCIETY
APPROACHES IN THE STUDY OF SOCIAL STRATIFICATION:
 LIFESTYLE APPROACH
o Recreational activities
o Material possessions
o Organizational affiliations
o Schools attended

REPUTATIONAL APPROACH
o People they know in the community
o Residence type of the respondents



SUBJECTIVE APPROACH
OBJECTIVE APPROACH
OCCUPATION PRESTIGE APPROACH

CHARACTERISTICS OF SOCIAL STRATIFICATION:
 It is social
 It is ancient
 It is ubiquitous
 It is diverse in its forms
 It is consequential
EFFECTS OF SOCIAL CLASS:
 Family Life
 Child rearing
 Education
 Political outlook
 health