- modelos_para_sólidos_fortran_friends(8).pdf
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- Apti Basic 2
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- Quiz
- South African Mathematics Olypiad 2012 Senior Sector
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- volume
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- Name
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Cuboctahedron

A cuboctahedron is a very unique shape and has three different ways to find the

volume. When it is broken down, the cuboctahedron goes from being a very complex

three dimensional shape to being nothing more than a configuration of smaller figures.

Finding the volumes of these smaller shapes can prove to be easier rather than finding

the volume of the whole cuboctahedron. There are three ways to break down this figure,

and find the volume from a much simpler standpoint. You can also find the surface area

of the cuboctahedron with similar methods.

Case #1:

The first way to find the volume is using the corners that are cut off

from the original cube. There are eight corners, meaning eight triangular

pyramids. The vertices of the bases of these triangular pyramids are the

midpoints of the edges of the cube. The edges of these pyramids that are

shared with the cube are 5.4 cm. This is because they are half of the length

of the original cube edge, which was 10.8 cm. The edge that is not shared

with the original cube is 5.4√2 cm, according to the 45-45-90 triangle rule. To

find the volume you must multiply the area of the base triangle by the

height. The base can be looked at as either an isosceles or equilateral

triangle. If the isosceles triangle is used, the height of the pyramid will be 5.4

cm, as it is one of the sides shared with the cube. Although, to find the area

of a triangle you must multiply the triangle’s height by the length of its base.

In this case, the formula would be ½(2.7√2 * 5.4√2)= Area. The result of this

Mardlin 2

equation is 14.58.

The volume of a pyramid can be found by multiplying the area of the base by the

height and dividing the result by 3. In this situation the equation would be set up as

⅓( 14.58 * 5.4)= Volume. Furthermore, the result is that the volume of one triangular

pyramid is 26.244 cm³ which means the total volume of all of the pyramids is 209.952

cm³, as there are eight. The volume of the original cube is 1,259.712 cm³. This number

is calculated by taking one edge of our cube, 10.8 cm, and cubing that. If we want to

find the volume of our cuboctahedron we simply subtract the volume of the eight corner

pyramids from the volume of our original cube. Thus, the equation will be 1259.712209.952=1049.76. The volume of the cuboctahedron, which is yet to be proven further,

is 1049.76 cm³.

**Figure 1. Case One
**

Figure 1 above shows the lengths of the edges of the corner piece and the corner of the

cube in which it resides.

Case #2:

The second case is a rectangular prism that has four rectangular

pyramids on each lateral side. There are four lateral sides, meaning four

rectangular pyramids. The volume of the inner rectangular prism can be

Mardlin 3

**found by multiplying the area of the base by the height. The base is a square
**

that is 5.4√2 by 5.4√2 because of the 45-45-90 rule and the sides of the

square are connected to isosceles right triangles. The area of the base can

be found by multiplying the base and height of the square; 5.4√2 * 5.4√2=

58.32 cm. The height of the inner prism is 10.8 as it is the original height of

the cube. To find the volume of the inner prism you must multiply the area of

the base, 58.32 cm, by the height, 2.7√2 cm. The equation is 58.32 * 10.8

which is equal to the volume of the inner prism,629.856 cm.

The rectangular pyramid’s volume as well can be found with the area

of the base and the height. Although, you must divide by three after

multiplying. To find the area of the base you must multiply the length and

height of the base. The length is 5.4√2 because of the properties of 45-45-90

rule and the height is 10.8 as it is still an original edge of the cube. The result

of multiplying these is 5.4√2 * 10.8=58.32√2. To find the volume of the

rectangular prism you must take the height and the area of a base and

multiply them, then divide them by 3. Applied the equation is

⅓(58.32√2 * 2.7√2). Simplified, you get 104.976 cm.

To find the volume of the cuboctahedron within this case you simply multiply the

volume of the rectangular by four, as there are four, and add that to the volume of the

inner prism. Therefore, (104.976 * 4) + 629.856=1049.76 cm³. Our volume is, once

again, 1049.76 cm³.

Mardlin 4

**Figure 2. Case Two
**

Figure 2 above shows the lengths of the rectangular prism inside of the original cube

and the rectangular pyramids erecting from the lateral faces of said rectangular prism.

Case #3:

Case three is eight tetrahedrons and six square pyramids. There is a

tetrahedron at every corner (eight corners) and a square pyramid at every

side (six sides). A configuration of these will form a cuboctahedron. Every

edge of the tetrahedron is 5.4√2 cm because the corners of the are 5.4√2 cm

because the 45-45-90 rule. The base of the tetrahedron is also the base of

the corner that is cut off. Every edge of the square pyramid is 5.4√2 cm as

well because of the 45-45-90 rule. When the corners of the cube are cut off,

the square sides are 5.4√2 cm, and these square sides are the base of the

regular square pyramid. To find the volume of the pyramid in the case you

must initially find the volume of both the tetrahedron and the square

pyramid. To find the volume of the tetrahedron you need to find the area of

any one of the triangles. The triangles are 5.4√2 cm on each side, you must

take this length and multiply it by the height, then divide the result by two to

get the area of a face of the tetrahedron. The height is 2.7√6 cm because

Mardlin 5

**you take half the base of the equilateral triangle, and multiply it by √3,
**

according to the 30-60-90 rule. Applied, the formula would be ½(5.4√2 *

2.7√6) = 14.58√3 cm. To get the volume of the tetrahedron you must must

take this area and multiply it by the height of the tetrahedron and divide that

by three.

To find the height of the tetrahedron you can use the formula

Height=⅓(egde)√6 cm. An edge in this case is 5.4√2 cm. The formula in this

case is Height=⅓(5.4√2)√6 cm. Simplification will bring us to Height=1.8√12

cm, which can be further simplified to Height=3.6√3 cm. Now, plugging the

height into our volume formula, we get Volume=⅓(14.58√3 * 3.6√3). The

simplified volume of the tetrahedron is 52.488 cm³.

The volume the regular square pyramid can be found by multiplying

the area of the base by the height and divided that by 3. The area of the

base can be found by using the formula Area=Base(Height). The length of

the base is 5.4√2, the height is also because it is a square. The height can be

found using Pythagorean Theorem, a²+b²=c². The value for a is 2.7√2, half of

the length of the base. The value for c is 2.7√6, the height of a triangle of the

square pyramid. Plugging these into the Pythagorean Theorem will result in

2.7√2²+b²=2.7√6². Furthermore, 14.58+b²=43.74. Simplified, b=5.4 cm, or

height is equal to 5.4 cm. To find the volume you must multiply the area of

the base by the height divided by three. Applied this is ⅓(58.32 *

5.4)=104.976 cm³.

To find the volume of the cuboctahedron you must take the volume of the

Mardlin 6

**tetrahedron and multiply it by eight as there are eight corners. Then, add that to the
**

volume of the square pyramid multiplied by six, as there are six sides. Your end result is

629.856+419.904=1049.76 cm. Once again, we have found our notorious volume,

1049.76 cm³.

**Figure 3. Case Three
**

Figure 3 above shows the lengths of the edges of the tetrahedron and regular square

pyramid.

Surface Area:

All edges of the cuboctahedron are 5.4√2 which is found by using

the properties of a 45-45-90 triangle. To find the surface area of one square

face of the cuboctahedron you simply multiply 5.4√2 by 5.4√2. This will give

you 58.32 cm². You then have to multiply 58.32 by 6 for the six faces of a

cuboctahedron. This will give you 349.92. To find the surface area of the

triangular faces of the cuboctahedron you must use the properties of 30-6090 find the height of the equilateral triangles. You use this information to

multiply 5.4√2 by 2.7√6, you will get 14.58√12. You can simplify this down to

29.16√3. You then multiply that number by 8, as there are 8 triangular faces

Mardlin 7

**of the cuboctahedron. This will give you 233.28√3. When you add this
**

number to 349.92(sum of the cube faces of the cuboctahedron), you get

583.2√3.

Conclusion:

After having done our first figure, our second figure did not fit on the

paper which made a minor difficulty in making our models. Besides this,

there was little difficulty although it was rather time consuming and tedious.

The volume of the cuboctahedron with a 10.8 cm edge has a total volume of

1049.76 cm³. The total volume was the same in all three cases because the

models themselves were the exact same. The only difference is how the

cuboctahedron was broken up. This is very evident because of how many

times repeated numbers, such as 5.4√2 and 2.7. The cuboctahedron, as

intimidating as it looks and sounds, is really quite simple.

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