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Friday, January 22, 2010

Organizational Behavior

***The big five model:

Lack of supporting evidences of MBTI, led to this big 5 models. This

supports 5 basic dimension they are:-

1. Extroversion

2. Agreeableness

3. Emotional stability

4. Open to experience

5. Conciseness

1. Extroversion: - This is the personality dimension describing someone who is

sociable and assertive.

2. Agreeableness: - These personalities dimension someone who is good nature,

co-operative and trusting. Highly agreeable people are co-operative, warm and

3. Emotional stability: - These dimensions measure the person’s ability to

withstand stress. People with high score will be calm, self confident and secure.

4. Openness to experience: - This dimension addresses individual’s range of

interest and fascination with novelty. Extremely open people are creative, curious,
and sensitive.

5. Consciousness: - This personality dimension describes those characters of an

individual’s who is responsible, defendable, persistent and organized.

*** Major Personality Attribute Influence in O.B:-

The most important personality attribute influences in ob are:-

1. Locus of Control

2. Machiavellianism

3. Self esteem

4. Self Monitoring

5. Risk Taking

6. Type A Personality

7. Type B Personality
Friday, January 22, 2010
Organizational Behavior

8. Proactive Personalities

9. Internals


* Locus of Control: - Persons, perceptions of the source of their face is termed as

locus of control.

The categories of people who believe that they are the master of their field and
believe that they control what happened to them are classified as internals.

The other categories of people who believe that their lives are being control by
outside focus and they believe that whatever happens to them is due to luck or
chance are classified as externals.

Various researches on externals & internals have concluded the following:-

Externals less satisfied with their job, have higher abstention rates and are less
involved on their jobs.

Externals are more dissatisfied because they have little control over the
organizational outcomes

Externals are more suited to jobs that are well structured in which success depends
with the direction of others.

Internals exhibits more motivation and willingness to take actions for their

Internals do well on sophisticated task including managerial, professional jobs that

requires complex information processing and learning.

Externals are most suited to jobs that required initiative and independence of

*** Machiavellianism: -

This character was identified by Niccole Machiavelli during 16th century. It the
degree to which an individual is programmatic and maintains emotional distance

People with high mach manipulate more and with more.

High Mach: - Will flow under 3 situations

1. When they interacts face to face to other

2. When the situation have minimum rules & regulation.

Friday, January 22, 2010
Organizational Behavior

3. When emotional with details irrelevant to within describe low mach.

*** Self Esteem :-

It is the individual degree of the liking & disliking nature.

High self esteem individuals that they possess the ability they need to succeed at
work, they take more risk in job selection and choose unconventional job and they
are more satisfied

Low esteem people are more susceptible to external influences and they depend on

*** Self Monitoring:-

It measures an individual ability to adjust his/her behavior to external, situation

factors people with high esteem sure considerable adoptability in adjusting their
behavior to external situation factors and they can behave differently in different
situation. They pay closer attention to the behavior the receive better performance
rating and more promotions. They merge as leaders an occupied central position in
the organization. They are more successful in managerial position where multiple,
contradicting rules are to be followed.

*** Risk Taking: - People differ in their willingness to take chances. High risk
taking managers make more rapid decisions and use less information in making
their choice than low risk taking managers.

Ex: - High risk taking propensity lies to more effective performance in case of
stock trader in a brokerage firm because this job needs rapid decision making.

An accountant performing auditing activity is suitable for low risk taking individual.

*** Type A Personality:- A person with this type of personality is aggressively

involved in a chronic and struggle to achieve more and more in less & less time, if
required to do so, against the opposite effort of other things or other persons.

The several characteristics:-

They are always moving, walking and eating rapidly.

They feel important with the rate at which most events take place.

They stripe to think or to do all things at once.

Friday, January 22, 2010
Organizational Behavior

They cannot go with laser time.

*** Type B Personality:- Type B's are rarely hurried by the desire to obtain a
widely increasing no of things in and endless growing series of evened in and every
decreasing amount of time.

Type B personality is a contrast with type A and their characteristics is acutely

opposite of type A.

The characteristic B is they will never suffer from a sense of time emergence.

They feel that there is no need to display or discuss their achievements unless such
expose is demanded by the situations.

They play for fun and relaxation.

They can relax for a long time without guilt.

*** Pro-Active Personality:-

It is the in which an individual identify opportunity show initiative and take actions.
They create positive in their environment regardless of

Proactive is likely to be seen as leader. They achieve carrier success because they
select, create an influence work situation in their favor.

They developed contacts in high places and are likely to seek out jobs and
organizational information. And they engage themselves in planning...

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1. Define Personality.

2. Describe the three Personality determinants.

3. What is Personality Traits? And mention its Types.

4. Explain type B time indicator.

5. Explain Big 5 Model.

6. Explain Major Personality attribute influence in OB.