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SOUND the ALARM- Reporting Violence Against Children in Cambodia

SOUND the ALARM- Reporting Violence Against Children in Cambodia

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Published by Lisa Woods
In October 2006, the United Nations published a World Report on Violence Against Children , which noted among its key recommendations the need to create accessible and child-friendly reporting systems and services.

The Royal Government of Cambodia developed a draft national report to feed into the World Report, in which it states that currently no official complaints or reporting procedures exist in the country to report violence against children in the home and family, in school, in institutions, the workplace, the street or community.

The purpose of this study is to:
1) Map and assess existing governmental, NGO, community or local reporting mechanisms on violence against children
2) Determine by whom (teachers, social workers, doctors, police, etc) and how cases of violence against children are discovered, and if and how they are tracked and followed up.
3) Draw out lessons learned, identify issues and potential, and provide recommendations on follow-up actions that can be taken by UNICEF, Government and other relevant stakeholders.
In October 2006, the United Nations published a World Report on Violence Against Children , which noted among its key recommendations the need to create accessible and child-friendly reporting systems and services.

The Royal Government of Cambodia developed a draft national report to feed into the World Report, in which it states that currently no official complaints or reporting procedures exist in the country to report violence against children in the home and family, in school, in institutions, the workplace, the street or community.

The purpose of this study is to:
1) Map and assess existing governmental, NGO, community or local reporting mechanisms on violence against children
2) Determine by whom (teachers, social workers, doctors, police, etc) and how cases of violence against children are discovered, and if and how they are tracked and followed up.
3) Draw out lessons learned, identify issues and potential, and provide recommendations on follow-up actions that can be taken by UNICEF, Government and other relevant stakeholders.

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Categories:Types, Research, Law
Published by: Lisa Woods on May 02, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/15/2013

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The Prakas on Minimum Standards on Residential Care for Children outline management, monitoring and
reporting guidelines for centres. Article 5 requires that the district/commune authorities are informed
immediately if a child is abducted, is missing, or is deceased. Collaboration with DoSVY (the Provincial Office
of Social Affairs) must take place at the same time so a concerted effort can be made to find the child. Article
7 deals with complaints and legal protection of the child while in residential care and requires that
management and staff of the facility ensure that children are informed of their rights and procedures to make
a complaint; and that an incident management plan for handling any allegations or suspicions of misconduct
toward children is established by the facility; that the Case Management Officer ensure that the children are
protected from harm when filing a complaint or taking legal action.

Gaps in implementation

In reality the prescribed monitoring and reporting process does not happen in residential care institutions.
Recent UNICEF studies show that 91 per cent of alternative care institutions have no written principles on
complaints procedures (which should include reporting mechanisms) in place.49

This is an ever-present
situation in most social service provider situations due to the limited funding for staff and other professionals
needed to support children living in community-based care and the inability of civil society to fill this gap.

48

The Royal Government of Cambodia/The Ministry of Social Affairs, Veterans and Youth Rehabilitation, Prakas on the Promulgation of
Policy on Alternative Care for Children, Phnom Penh, 2006.

49

Written correspondence with Harknett, Steven, Social Policy Advisor, UNICEF Cambodia, Phnom Penh, 2 December 2007.

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